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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e391224, 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1556663

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To investigate the effect of ellagic acid (EA) in gingival tissues injury in rats. Methods: Twenty rats were categorized into two groups. In burn group, an excisional wound area was created by removing a 4-mm diameter flap from the left molar region in the mucoperiosteal region of the gingiva. In burn + ellagic acid group, 1.2 mg/mL EA was administered as irrigation for one week. Animals was sacrificed under anesthesia at the end of experiment. Malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and glutathione (GSH) level were measured. Hematoxylin and eosin, fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) immunostainings were applied to tissues. Results: MDA, MPO, inflammation and leukocyte infiltration were high in burn group. Degeneration epithelium, edema and inflammatory cell infiltration in connective tissue areas, and dilatation and congestion in blood vessels were observed in burn group. In burn + EA group, the gingival epithelium improved, collagen fiber production increased and organized dermis were observed. After burn injury, FGF and EGF activity was increased in EA treated groups. Conclusions: We suggest that EA have the potential for better healing outcomes in oral wounds. EA seems to have promising therapeutic efficacy to enhance oral wound healing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ellagic Acid , Epidermal Growth Factor , Fibroblasts , Gingiva/injuries , Animals, Laboratory
2.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 25(3): 99-117, Sep.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1529072

ABSTRACT

Abstract Reduced sleep duration, poor sleep quality and fatigue are related to reduced immunity and increased inflammatory markers. Due to its potential to influence inflammation, poor sleep quality and fatigue could be factors for periodontitis and quality of life. Ninety-three individuals with untreated periodontitis and thirty-one individuals with healthy gingiva were included in the study. The research involved a clinical examination and a questionnaire. Demographic information, information on oral health, oral hygiene habits, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Jenkins Sleep Scale, Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale, and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 were included in the questionnaire. Patients were diagnosed based on the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions. No statistically significant difference was revealed between sleep quality, fatigue, oral health related quality of life, and stage-grade of periodontitis (p<0.05). However, periodontitis group had higher Oral Health Impact Profile-14 scores (p<0.05). A statistically significantly lower sleep duration was observed in stage IV periodontitis group than the other groups (p<0.05). A statistically significant positive correlation was observed between the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the scores of the other questionnaires (p<0.05). The stage of periodontitis may impact sleep duration.


Resumen La reducción de la duración del sueño, la mala calidad del sueño y la fatiga están relacionados con una inmunidad reducida y un aumento de los marcadores inflamatorios. Debido a su potencial para influir en la inflamación, la mala calidad del sueño y la fatiga podrían ser factores determinantes en el desarrollo de la periodontitis e incidir en la calidad de vida. Noventa y tres personas con periodontitis no tratada, además de treinta y una personas con encía sana se incluyeron en el estudio. La investigación involucró un examen clínico y un cuestionario. En el cuestionario se incluyeron información demográfica, información sobre salud bucal, hábitos de higiene bucal, el índice de calidad del sueño de Pittsburgh, la escala de sueño de Jenkins, la escala de evaluación multidimensional de la fatiga y el perfil de impacto en la salud bucal-14. Los pacientes fueron diagnosticados en base al Taller Mundial 2017 sobre la Clasificación de Enfermedades y Condiciones Periodontales y Periimplantarias. No se revelaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la calidad del sueño, la fatiga, la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal y el grado de etapa de la periodontitis (p<0,05). Sin embargo, el grupo de periodontitis tuvo puntajes más altos en el Perfil de Impacto en la Salud Oral-14 (p<0.05). Se observó una duración del sueño significativamente menor desde el punto de vista estadístico en el grupo de periodontitis en estadio IV que en los otros grupos (p<0,05). Se observó una correlación positiva estadísticamente significativa entre el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh y las puntuaciones de los otros cuestionarios (p<0,05). La etapa de la periodontitis puede afectar la duración del sueño.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fatigue , Sleep Quality , Gingiva , Periodontitis/epidemiology
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(2): 53-59, maio-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428072

ABSTRACT

A estética tem um papel importante na aceitação e autoestima das pessoas e, em virtude disso, os pacientes buscam cada dia mais ter um sorriso harmonioso. As reabilitações estéticas devem envolver um planejamento completo, atrelando função e estética, avaliando tamanho dos dentes, perfil e alturas gengivais, altura do sorriso e corredor bucal. Por conta disso, a odontologia nos permite uma série de abordagens terapêuticas diferentes que chegam a resultados satisfatórios para o paciente. Sendo assim, o presente trabalho tem como objetivo descrever um relato de caso de uma paciente com queixa estética do seu sorriso devido à diferentes tonalidades, formas e tamanhos dos dentes. Após anamnese, exame clínico e radiográfico, o plano de tratamento proposto foi de harmonizações periodontal com aumento de coroa e enxerto gengival, além de coroas em cerâmicas de dissilicato de lítio. Dentro desse contexto, mostra-se que uma abordagem multidisciplinar para reabilitação estética e funcional do sorriso é fundamental, a qual nos proporciona equilíbrio e naturalidade entre estética branca e vermelha no resultado do tratamento reabilitador(AU)


Aesthetics plays an important role in people's acceptance and self-esteem and, as a result, patients increasingly seek to have a harmonious smile. Aesthetic rehabilitations must involve a complete planning, linking function and aesthetics, evaluating tooth size, gingival profile and heights, smile height and buccal corridor. Because of this, dentistry allows us a series of different therapeutic approaches that reach satisfactory results for the patient. Therefore, the present work aims to describe a case report of a patient with an aesthetic complaint of her smile due to different shades, shapes and sizes of teeth. After anamnesis, clinical and radiographic examination, the proposed treatment plan was periodontal harmonization with crown augmentation and gingival graft, in addition to lithium disilicate ceramic crowns. Within this context, it is shown that a multidisciplinary approach to the aesthetic and functional rehabilitation of the smile is fundamental, which provides us with balance and naturalness between white and red aesthetics in the result of the rehabilitation treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Ceramics , Crowns , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva/transplantation , Crown Lengthening , Dental Veneers , Gingivoplasty , Lithium
4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 44(2): 60-66, maio-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1428073

ABSTRACT

Sorriso gengival é comumente conhecido pela exposição excessiva das gengivas ao sorrir, acarretando assim na diminuição das coroas dos elementos. No que tange a etiologia dessa condição, ela se apresenta de maneiras diversas e sua identificação é fundamental para o desenvolvimento de um plano de tratamento eficaz. O planejamento clínico pode ser feito usando uma abordagem dinâmica e digital do sorriso, como softwares, exames de imagem, modelos virtuais 3D e guias cirúrgicos, melhorando a qualidade e precisão do tratamento, oferecendo diversos benefícios aos pacientes. Sendo assim esse estudo teve como objetivo demonstrar a importância dos processos digitais no planejamento e correção do sorriso gengival. Paciente queixou-se da desproporção do sorriso, caracterizado por coroas curtas nas regiões de pré-molares e incisivos ligadamente com a exposição excessiva da gengiva ao sorrir. Após estudos clínicos e de imagem, a etiologia foi diagnosticada como erupção passiva alterada, tipo I (fenótipo espesso). O tratamento de escolha foi o remodelamento gengival associado à osteotomia e osteoplastia obtendo assim uma maior precisão no tratamento, sendo confeccionado um guia cirúrgico duplo. Sendo assim, é possível contemplar que o planejamento digital permite uma maior previsibilidade da execução, compatibilidade em relação a expectativa do paciente e profissional, além da total individualização do caso, tornando os resultados mais favoráveis e exatos e minimizando as chances de iatrogenias(AU)


Gummy smile is commonly known for exposing the gums to the smile, thereby increasing the crowns elevation of the elements. Regarding a condition, it presents itself in different ways and its identification is fundamental for the development of a treatment plan. The clinician can be done using a dynamic and digital approach to image treatment, such as software, imaging exams, various 3D virtual models and elaborate guides, improving the quality and precision of treatment, offering benefits to patients. Therefore, this study aimed to demonstrate the importance of digital processes in planning and correcting the gummy smile. Patient complained of disproportion of the smile, facing the regions of premolar crowns and incisors of the smile, facing the exposure of the gingiva when smiling. After clinical and imaging exams, the diagnostic studies were diagnosed as passive eruption, type I (phenotype and specific). The choice of choice was remodeling associated with surgery treatment and surgery treatment, thus providing a greater precision in the treatment, being a double guide elaborated. Therefore, it is possible that the digital is possible a predictability of execution, compatibility in relation to patient and professional care, in addition to the greater possibility of individualization planning than it allows, making the results more planned as possibilities and exactly the iatrogenic(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Planning , Gingivoplasty , Osteotomy , Bicuspid , Crowns , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Gingiva
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 926-936, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514292

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The dentogingival junction (DGJ) is an adaptation of the oral mucosa composed of epithelial and connective tissues intimately related with the mineralised tissues of the tooth. The histological evidence available is mainly based on studies in animals, separate evaluations of hard and soft tissues, and studies using conventional histological techniques that eliminate the enamel from preparations. The aim of this study was to carry out a review of the existing evidence on histological techniques available for study of the tooth and periodontium in conjunction in humans. A scoping review was carried out of the available literature referring to study of the tooth and the periodontium in conjunction in humans, in the Web of Science (WoS), EMBASE, Scopus and SciELO databases, using the terms "Histological Techniques"[Mesh]) and "Epithelial Attachment"[Mesh]. One hundred and fifty-nine articles were found, of which 54 were selected for full- text reading. Ten were finally included in the qualitative synthesis, and we applied the Anatomical Quality Assurance (AQUA) checklist for analysis the methodological quality of the selected articles. The results showed that the only articles with a low risk of bias in all five domains according to the AQUA criteria corresponded to Silva et al. (2011) and Agustín-Panadero et al. (2020). Finally, we conclude that the quality of the histological sections to observe tissues that simultaneously contain the tooth and the periodontium, is conditioned by the selected technique and by the care required in certain specific tasks during the histological processing of the samples.


La unión dentogingival (DGJ) es una adaptación de la mucosa oral compuesta por tejidos epitelial y conectivo íntimamente relacionados con los tejidos mineralizados del diente. La evidencia histológica disponible se basa principalmente en estudios en animales, evaluaciones separadas de tejidos duros y blandos y estudios utilizando técnicas histológicas convencionales que eliminan el esmalte de las preparaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión de la evidencia existente sobre las técnicas histológicas disponibles para el estudio del diente y el periodonto en conjunto en humanos. Se realizó un scoping review de la literatura disponible referente al estudio del diente y el periodonto en conjunto en humanos, en las bases de datos Web of Science (WoS), EMBASE, Scopus y SciELO, utilizando los términos "Histological Techniques"[Mesh]) y "Epithelial Attachment"[Mesh]. Se encontraron 159 artículos, de los cuales 54 fueron seleccionados para lectura de texto completo. Diez fueron finalmente incluidos en la síntesis cualitativa, y se aplicó la lista de verificación Anatómica Quality Assurance (AQUA) para el análisis de la calidad metodológica de los artículos seleccionados. Los resultados mostraron que los únicos artículos con bajo riesgo de sesgo en los cinco dominios según los criterios AQUA correspondían a Silva et al. (2011) y Agustín-Panadero et al. (2020). Finalmente, concluimos que la calidad de los cortes histológicos para observar los tejidos que contienen simultáneamente el diente y el periodonto, está condicionada por la técnica seleccionada y por el cuidado requerido en ciertas tareas específicas durante el procesamiento histológico de las muestras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth/anatomy & histology , Histological Techniques , Epithelial Attachment/anatomy & histology , Checklist , Gingiva/anatomy & histology , Periodontium/anatomy & histology
6.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 86-99, abr. 4, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512278

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the morphology, proliferation, and differentiation of gingival mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) irradiated with a 970 nm Diode Laser (LLLT). It is essential to validate the efficacy of treatment, optimize irradiation conditions and guarantee the safety and quality of stem cells for future use in dental applications. Materials and Methods: GMSCs were cultured in standard conditions and irradiated with a Diode laser (970 nm, 0.5W) with an energy density of 9J/cm2. Cell proliferation was assessed with the WST-1 proliferation kit. GMSCs were differentiated into chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages. Cell morphology was performed with Hematoxylin/eosin staining, and quantitative nuclear analysis was done. Cell viability was monitored with trypan blue testing. Results: GMSCs subjected to irradiation demonstrated a significant increase in proliferation at 72 hours compared to the non-irradiated controls (p=0.027). This indicates that the 970 nm diode laser has a stimulatory effect on the proliferation of GMSCs. LLLT-stimulated GMSCs exhibited the ability to differentiate into chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages. A substantial decrease in cell viability was observed 24 hours after irradiation (p=0.024). However, after 48 hours, the cell viability recovered without any significant differences. This indicates that there might be a temporary negative impact on cell viability immediately following irradiation, but the cells were able to recover and regain their viability over time. Conclusions: This study support that irradiation with a 970 nm diode laser could stimulate the proliferation of GMSCs, maintain their ability to differentiate into chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages, and has minimal impact on the mor- phological characteristics of the cells. These results support the potential use of NIR Lasers in combination with GMSCs as a promising strategy for dental treatments.


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la morfología, proliferación y diferenciación de las células madre mesenquimatosas (GMSC) irradiadas con un láser de diodo de 970 nm (LLLT). Es fundamental validar la eficacia del tratamiento, optimizar las condiciones de irradiación y garantizar la seguridad y calidad de las células madre para su uso futuro en aplicaciones dentales.Materiales y Métodos: Las GMSC se cultivaron en condiciones estándar y se irradiaron con un láser de diodo (970 nm, 0,5 W) con una densidad de energía de 9 J/cm2. La proliferación celular se evaluó con el kit de proliferación WST-1. Las GMSC se diferenciaron en linajes condrogénicos y osteogénicos. La morfología celular se realizó con tinción de hematoxilina/eosina y se realizó un análisis nuclear cuantitativo. La viabilidad celular se controló con prueba de azul de tripano. Resultados: Las GMSC sometidas a irradiación demostraron un aumento significativo en la proliferación a las 72 horas en comparación con los controles no irradiados (p=0,027). Esto indica que el láser de diodo de 970 nm tiene un efecto estimulante sobre la proliferación de GMSC. Las GMSC estimuladas con LLLT exhibieron la capacidad de diferenciarse en linajes condrogénicos y osteogénicos. Se observó una disminución sustancial de la viabilidad celular 24 horas después de la irradiación (p=0,024). Sin embargo, después de 48 horas, la viabilidad celular se recuperó sin diferencias significativas. Esto indica que podría haber un impacto negativo temporal en la viabilidad de las células inmediatamente después de la irradiación, pero las células pudieron recuperarse y recuperar su viabilidad con el tiempo. Conclusión: En conclusión, este estudio respalda que la irradiación con un láser de diodo de 970 nm podría estimular la proliferación de GMSC, mantener su capacidad para diferenciarse en linajes condrogénicos y osteogénicos y tiene un impacto mínimo en las características morfológicas de las células. Estos resultados respaldan el uso potencial de láseres NIR en combinación con GMSC como una estrategia prometedora para tratamientos dentales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low-Level Light Therapy , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Lasers, Semiconductor , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/radiation effects , In Vitro Techniques , Gingiva/radiation effects
7.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 35-47, abr. 4, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442660

ABSTRACT

Background: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to answer the questions ''Does lip repositioning surgery reduce the amount of gingiva exposed in the smile in individuals with excessive gingival display EGD (excessive gingival display)?'' and ''Is the reduction of the amount of gingiva exposed when smiling obtained with lip repositioning surgery stable over time?'' to evaluate the effectiveness of lip repositioning surgery for correcting EGD on smiling. Materials and Methods: A systematic structured search was carried out in five databases without data restriction. Studies reporting the degree of reduction in gingival ex-posure after lip repositioning surgery were included. Study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment were performed in duplicate Results: One hundred sixty-four references were retrieved and eleven studies met the eligibility criteria. Meta-analysis demonstrated that lip repositioning surgery results in a significant reduction in the amount of exposed gingival tissue (mean difference = -3.03; confidence interval = -3.55; -2.52). In addition, the results remained stable in the evaluated follow-up periods (1, 3, 6 and 12 months). Included studies had a low risk of bias. Conclusions: Lip repositioning surgery is effective for the treatment of EGD on smiling and exhibits stable results in the evaluated periods. The study was registered (CRD42020184866) in the international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO)


Antecedentes: el objetivo de esta revisión sistemática y metanálisis fue responder a las preguntas "¿La cirugía de reposicionamiento de labios reduce la cantidad de encía expuesta en la sonrisa en personas con exposición gingival excesiva (EGE)?" y "¿La reducción de la cantidad de encía expuesto al sonreír obtenido con cirugía de reposicionamiento de labios estable en el tiempo?" para evaluar la efectividad de la cirugía de reposicionamiento de labios para corregir la EGE al sonreír. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática estructurada en cinco bases de datos sin restricción de datos. Se incluyeron los estudios que informaron el grado de reducción de la exposición gingival después de la cirugía de reposición de labios. La selección de estudios, la extracción de datos y la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo se realizaron por duplicado. Resultados: Se recuperaron ciento sesenta y cuatro referencias y once estudios cumplieron con los criterios de elegibilidad. El metanálisis demostró que la cirugía de reposicionamiento de labios da como resultado una reducción significativa en la cantidad de tejido gingival expuesto (diferencia de medias = -3,03; intervalo de confianza = -3,55; -2,52). Además, los resultados se mantuvieron estables en los periodos de seguimiento evaluados (1, 3, 6 y 12 meses). Los estudios incluidos tenían un bajo riesgo de sesgo. Conclusión: La cirugía de reposicionamiento de labios es efectiva para el tratamiento de la EGE al sonreír y presenta resultados estables en los períodos evaluados. El estudio fue registrado (CRD42020184866) en el registro prospectivo internacional de revisiones sistemáticas (PROSPERO).


Subject(s)
Humans , Gingiva/surgery , Gingivectomy , Lip/surgery , Smiling , Esthetics, Dental
8.
Rev. estomatol. Hered ; 33(1): 62-67, ene. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1441868

ABSTRACT

La exposición gingival excesiva es una condición conocida como sonrisa gingival. Esta alteración genera en muchos casos insatisfacción y solicitud de tratamiento por parte de los pacientes. Este exceso de exposición gingival podría obedecer a diferentes etiologías como un exceso maxilar en sentido vertical, un labio superior corto e hipermóvil, la erupción pasiva alterada, la extrusión dentoalveolar en el sector anterior o la combinación de estas causas. El enfoque de tratamiento va a depender del diagnóstico, de la complejidad del caso y de las expectativas de cada paciente. Por lo tanto, las rutas terapéuticas principales son el alargamiento de corona clínica, el reposicionamiento labial, la cirugía ortognática o la aplicación de toxina botulínica. Para ello, se debe considerar las ventajas y limitaciones de cada tratamiento estético, para garantizar predictibilidad y éxito.


Excessive gingival exposure is a condition known as a gummy smile. This generates in many cases dissatisfaction and request for treatment by patients. This excess of gingival exposure could be due to different etiologies such as vertical maxillary excess, a short and mobile upper lip, altered passive eruption, dentoalveolar extrusion in the anterior sector or a combination of these causes. The treatment approach will depend on the diagnosis, the complexity of the case and the expectations of each patient. Therefore, the main therapeutic routes are clinical crown lengthening, lip repositioning, orthognathic surgery, or the application of botulinum toxin. For this, the advantages and limitations of each aesthetic treatment must be considered, to guarantee predictability and success.


Subject(s)
Humans , Smiling , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva , Patients , Orthognathic Surgery
9.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 46-46, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010701

ABSTRACT

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a rare inherited condition with fibromatoid hyperplasia of the gingival tissue that exhibits great genetic heterogeneity. Five distinct loci related to non-syndromic HGF have been identified; however, only two disease-causing genes, SOS1 and REST, inducing HGF have been identified at two loci, GINGF1 and GINGF5, respectively. Here, based on a family pedigree with 26 members, including nine patients with HGF, we identified double heterozygous pathogenic mutations in the ZNF513 (c.C748T, p.R250W) and KIF3C (c.G1229A, p.R410H) genes within the GINGF3 locus related to HGF. Functional studies demonstrated that the ZNF513 p.R250W and KIF3C p.R410H variants significantly increased the expression of ZNF513 and KIF3C in vitro and in vivo. ZNF513, a transcription factor, binds to KIF3C exon 1 and participates in the positive regulation of KIF3C expression in gingival fibroblasts. Furthermore, a knock-in mouse model confirmed that heterozygous or homozygous mutations within Zfp513 (p.R250W) or Kif3c (p.R412H) alone do not led to clear phenotypes with gingival fibromatosis, whereas the double mutations led to gingival hyperplasia phenotypes. In addition, we found that ZNF513 binds to the SOS1 promoter and plays an important positive role in regulating the expression of SOS1. Moreover, the KIF3C p.R410H mutation could activate the PI3K and KCNQ1 potassium channels. ZNF513 combined with KIF3C regulates gingival fibroblast proliferation, migration, and fibrosis response via the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathways. In summary, these results demonstrate ZNF513 + KIF3C as an important genetic combination in HGF manifestation and suggest that ZNF513 mutation may be a major risk factor for HGF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Fibromatosis, Gingival/pathology , Gingiva , Kinesins/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics
10.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 450-462, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007927

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and long-term stability of tunnel technique (TUN) and coronally advanced flap (CAF) combined with connective tissue graft (CTG) in treating gingival recession.@*METHODS@#Databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and CNKI were electronically searched to collect randomized controlled trial (RCT) of CAF+CTG compared to TUN+CTG in the treatment of Miller class Ⅰ or Ⅱ gingival recession on September 1, 2022.@*RESULTS@#There were 8 RCTs with 305 patients (454 recession sites) participating. The results of the Meta-analysis revealed that, in terms of mean root coverage (MRC) of main indicators, no significant difference was found between the CAF group and the TUN group in both short- and long-term results, which were [MD: 1.45%, 95%CI (-2.93%, 5.82%), P=0.52] and [MD: -0.70%, 95%CI (-6.41%, 5.00%), P=0.81]. However, the CAF group outperformed the TUN group in the long term [MD: 5.69%, 95%CI (0.87%, 10.50%), P=0.02], and the results of complete root coverage (CRC) analysis were similar to those of MRC. In the short term, the TUN group grew keratinized gingiva significantly faster than the CAF group [MD: -0.38 mm, 95%CI (-0.67 mm, -0.10 mm), P=0.008]. Long-term findings revealed no significant difference between the two groups [MD: -0.26 mm, 95%CI (-0.94 mm, 0.43 mm), P=0.46]. The TUN group's secondary index root coverage esthetic score (RES) was statistically significantly higher than the CAF group's [MD: 0.62, 95%CI (0.28, 0.96), P=0.000 3]. Given that there were few results included in the literature and the heterogeneity was too great, no significant difference was observed in the postoperative VAS pain index score [MD: 0.53, 95%CI (-1.96, 3.03), P=0.68].@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study discovered that both CAF+CTG and TUN+CTG can achieve good root coverage in treating gingival recession, with CAF outperforming TUN and both groups achie-ving good long-term stability. After the operation, the TUN group had a higher RES than the CAF group. Given the limitations of this study, more high-quality studies are needed in the future to demonstrate the efficacy of TUN in gingival retraction surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gingival Recession/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Tooth Root , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva/surgery
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 548-552, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986888

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the cement flow in the abutment margin-crown platform switching structure by using the three-dimensional finite element analysis, in order to prove that whether the abutment margin-crown platform switching structure can reduce the inflow depth of cement in the implantation adhesive retention.@*METHODS@#By using ANSYS 19.0 software, two models were created, including the one with regular margin and crown (Model one, the traditional group), and the other one with abutment margin-crown platform switching structure (Model two, the platform switching group). Both abutments of the two models were wrapped by gingiva, and the depth of the abutment margins was 1.5 mm submucosal. Two-way fluid structure coupling calculations were produced in two models by using ANSYS 19.0 software. In the two models, the same amount of cement were put between the inner side of the crowns and the abutments. The process of cementing the crown to the abutment was simulated when the crown was 0.6 mm above the abutment. The crown was falling at a constant speed in the whole process spending 0.1 s. Then we observed the cement flow outside the crowns at the time of 0.025 s, 0.05 s, 0.075 s, 0.1 s, and measured the depth of cement over the margins at the time of 0.1 s.@*RESULTS@#At the time of 0 s, 0.025 s, 0.05 s, the cements in the two models were all above the abutment margins. At the time of 0.075 s, in Model one, the gingiva was squeezed by the cement and became deformed, and then a gap was formed between the gingiva and the abutment into which the cement started to flow. In Model two, because of the narrow neck of the crown, the cement flowed out from the gingival as it was pressed by the upward counterforce from the gingival and the abutment margin. At the time of 0.1 s, in Model one, the cement continued to flow deep inside with the gravity force and pressure, and the depth of the cement over the margin was 1 mm. In Model two, the cement continued to flow out from the gingival at the time of 0.075 s, and the depth of the cement over the margin was 0 mm.@*CONCLUSION@#When the abutment was wrapped by the gingiva, the inflow depth of cement in the implantation adhesive retention can be reduced in the abutment margin-crown platform switching structure.


Subject(s)
Finite Element Analysis , Cementation/methods , Gingiva , Crowns , Dental Abutments , Dental Cements , Dental Stress Analysis
12.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22452, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439503

ABSTRACT

Abstract Candidiasis is one of the most common fungal infections of oral cavity in humans, causing great oral discomfort, pain and aversion to food. To develop more effective antifungal systems for the treatment of oral candidiasis, an oral mucoadhesive wafer containing sertaconazole solid dispersion (STZ-SD) was developed in this study. Dispersion of STZ in Soluplus® as a solubility enhancement excipient was done by melting, solvent evaporation and freeze drying method at various STZ to Soluplus® ratios. The optimized STZ-SD was then incorporated in the sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (SCMC) gel, xanthan gum gel, or their combination to prepare the lyophilized wafers. The swelling capacity, porosity, and mechanical, release and mucoadhesive properties of the wafers, together with their antifungal activity, were then evaluated. The melting method sample with the ratio of 8:1 showed the best results in terms of saturation solubility and dissolution rate. The STZ-SD-composite wafer exhibited higher hardness and mucoadhesion, as compared to those made of the SCMC polymer. The STZ-SD-wafer also exhibited a greater antifungal effect when compared to the STZ-wafer. The present study, thus, suggested that the STZ-SD-wafer could serve as a novel effective delivery system for oral candidiasis treatment.


Subject(s)
Mouth/pathology , Candidiasis, Oral/drug therapy , Food/classification , Freeze Drying/classification , Gingiva/abnormalities
13.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225946, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384159

ABSTRACT

Aim This study aims to evaluate and validate the sensibility and the level of agreement between different gingival color measures obtained by a spectrophotometer (SPECTRO) and a photography (PHOTO) method. Methods Among 40 patients, the color was measured 2 mm apical to the gingival margin by CIE L*, a*, b* system using a reflectance spectrophotometer and the photography's plus software. The level of agreement between three different measures (m1, m2, m3) in parameters L*, a*, b*, and ∆E (color variation) was evaluated by random and systematic errors, as well as the limits and coefficient of concordance. A comparison between the methods was performed by the Bland-Altman test and the sensibility level was evaluated accordingly to the ∆E: 3.7 thresholds with p<0.05 as the level of significance for these comparisons. Results The SPECTRO method has not presented the systematic error (p>0.05) and had reproducibly and agreement level in three variable measures L* (r: 0.6), a* (r: 0.3), and b* (r: 0.5) as to the PHOTO method L* (r: 0.6), a* (r: 0.5), and b* (r: 0.5), which presented systematic error in L* values (p<0.05). The means of ∆E between measurements were: 6.5 SPECTRO and 5.9 PHOTO. There was no good level of sensitivity ∆E> 3.7 and agreement between the methods, mainly for the a* values. On the other hand, for the L* and in for the most comparisons of b* values, the level of agreement was higher. Conclusion Both methods could quantify the gingival color from the coordinates L *, a *, and b *, which has shown greater reliability between the measurements acquired by the SPECTRO method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Spectrophotometers , Color , Photography, Dental , Gingiva , Incisor
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e224977, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354723

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aims to evaluate the clinical assessment results of periimplant soft tissue with morse taper (internal abutment connection). Methods: The study was conducted using a rapid review by searching the articles from PubMed NCBI and Cochrane by using keywords. All articles were selected by the year, duplication, title, abstract, full-text, and finally, all selected articles were processed for final review. Following clinical parameters were included; Periimplant Probing Pocket Depth (PPD), Plaque Score (PS), modified Plaque Index (mPI), Mucosal Thickness (MTh), Gingival Height (GH), periimplant mucosal zenith, Pink Esthetic Score (PES), Bleeding On Probing (BOP), Sulcus Bleeding Index (SBI), and modified Gingival Index (mGI). Results: 9 selected articles were obtained from the initial literature searching count of 70 articles. The overall samples included 326 morse taper implants. Based on the evaluation, 3 out of 4 articles reported pocket depth < 4 mm, no bleeding was reported in 2 out of 4 articles. 4 out of 4 articles reported low plaque accumulation, low soft tissue recession was reported in 3 out of 3 articles, and 4 out of 4 articles reported acceptable PES values. Conclusion: The evaluations indicate that the morse taper (internal abutment connection) has favorable assessment results based on various clinical parameters


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Dental Abutments , Soft Tissue Injuries , Dental Implant-Abutment Design , Gingiva , Mouth Mucosa
16.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022201, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363551

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The use of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) to correct gummy smile has become popular in recent years. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of BTX-A application in the correction of gummy smile 2 and 32 weeks after application. METHODS: The sample comprised 35 patients (30 female, 5 male) at a mean age of 25.51 years (±5.59) with gummy smile due to muscular hyperfunction. In each patient, 2U of botulinum toxin was applied in the levator labii superioris alaeque nasi, 2 mm from the nasolabial fold. Photographs of spontaneous smiles were taken at 3 stages: before, 2 and 32 weeks after BTX application. Measurements of the gingival display were performed with the Radioface Studio 2 Software, and the calibration used the actual size of the right maxillary central incisor. Comparison of the three stages evaluated was performed with repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey tests. RESULTS: Gingival display decreased significantly 2 weeks after BTX-A application and increased after 32 weeks but did not return to the initial value. CONCLUSION: There was a significant improvement in gummy smile 2 weeks after botulinum toxin application, and a significant relapse in the gingival display after 32 weeks, however not returning to baseline values.


INTRODUÇÃO: A toxina botulínica tipo A (BTX-A) tem se tornado popular na correção do sorriso gengival nos últimos anos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da aplicação de BTX-A na correção do sorriso gengival 2 e 32 semanas após a aplicação. MÉTODOS: A amostra compreendeu 35 pacientes (30 mulheres, 5 homens) com uma idade inicial média 25,51 anos (±5,59) portadores de sorriso gengival devido à hiperfunção muscular. Em cada paciente foi aplicado 2U de BTX-A no músculo elevador superior da asa do nariz, 2 mm a partir da dobra nasolabial. Foram feitas fotografias dos sorrisos espontâneos dos pacientes em 3 fases: antes, 2 e 32 semanas após a aplicação de BTX-A. As medidas da exposição gengival foram feitas com o Software Radioface Studio 2, e a calibração utilizou o tamanho real do incisive central superior direito. A comparação das 3 fases foi feita com ANOVA de medidas repetidas e teste de Tukey. RESULTADOS: A exposição gengival diminuiu significantemente 2 semanas após a aplicação e aumentou novamente após 32 semanas, mas não retornando aos valores iniciais. CONCLUSÃO: Houve uma melhora significante no sorriso gengival 2 semanas após a aplicação de toxina Botulínica, e uma recidiva significante após 32 semanas, mas não retornando aos valores iniciais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Smiling , Gingival Overgrowth , Botulinum Toxins, Type A , Gingiva
17.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(57): 147-157, jan.-abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391490

ABSTRACT

A gengiva oral pode ser dividida em inserida ou livre. A gengiva inserida é queratinizada e apresenta grande importância na proteção do periodonto contra inflamações, sendo importante na proteção mecânica durante à escovação e ao acúmulo de biofilme. Uma faixa de gengiva queratinizada aderida é importante para a saúde dos tecidos periodontais. Os tecidos peri-implantares tem aspecto e estruturas parecidas com o epitélio ao redor dos dentes. A faixa de mucosa queratinizada ao redor da área peri-implantar de 1 a 2mm pode diminuir o acúmulo de placa e consequentemente a peri-implantite que é um dos fatores responsáveis pela perda de implantes. Diversas técnicas têm sido utilizadas para se ter um aumento dessa faixa de mucosa queratinizada favorecendo um aumento da taxa de sucesso instalações de implantes como: enxertos gengivais livres, de tecido conjuntivo, de matriz dérmica acelular, de matriz de colágeno, membranas e implantes imediatos ao invés da técnica comum. O objetivo do estudo foi discutir as características anatômicas da mucosa aderida ao redor de implantes e sua importância para saúde peri-implantar. Para o desenvolvimento do estudo proposto de revisão da literatura, foram realizadas pesquisas em diferentes plataformas de bases de dados bibliográficos sendo: Scielo (scientific Eletronic Library online), PubMed e Google Acadêmico e livros de referência na área da Periodontia. Com base, na revisão crítica realizada, conclui-se que, quando há a presença de uma mucosa queratinizada aderida ao redor do implante maior que 1mm, os implantes apresentam melhor selamento biológico, menor acúmulo de biofilme e baixo risco para a peri-implantite.


The oral gingiva can be divided into attached or free. The attached gingiva is keratinized and is of great importance in protecting the periodontium against inflammation, being also important in mechanical protection during brushing and biofilm accumulation. A range of keratinized mucosa is important for the health of periodontal tissues. Peri-implant tissues have an appearance and structures similar to the epithelium around the teeth. The keratinized mucosa range around the peri-implant area of ​​1 to 2 mm can reduce plaque accumulation and consequently peri-implantitis, which is one of the factors responsible for implant loss. Several techniques have been used to increase this range of keratinized gingiva, favoring an increase in the success rate of implant installations such as: free gingival grafts, connective tissue, acellular dermal matrix, collagen matrix, membranes, and immediate implants. instead of the common technique. The aim of the present study was to discuss, based on the scientific literature, the anatomical characteristics of the keratinized attached mucosa around implants and their importance for peri-implant health. For the development of the proposed study of literature review, searches were carried out on different platforms of bibliographic databases, namely: Scielo (scientific Electronic Library online), PubMed and Google Scholar and reference books in ​​Periodontics. Based on the critical review performed, it was concluded that when there is a keratinized mucosa adhered around the implant greater than 1mm, the implants present better biological sealing, less biofilm accumulation and low risk for peri-implantitis.


Subject(s)
Epithelium , Peri-Implantitis , Gingiva , Mucous Membrane
18.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 366-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935876

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide reference for clinical application of liquid plasmatrix, and to investigate the optimal centrifugation time of liquid plasmatrix prepared by horizontal centrifugation for soft tissue regeneration from the aspects of mechanical properties, biological properties, and the effect of promoting soft tissue regeneration. Methods: Venous blood was collected from 6 healthy volunteers [3 males and 3 females, aged (26±2) years, with informed consent] who volunteered to donate blood at School of Stomatology, Wuhan University from September to November 2021. The collected venous blood was centrifuged at 500 ×g for 3, 5, 8 and 12 min to obtain liquid plasmatrix. The volume, weight, solidification time, and mechanical properties of liquid plasmatrix prepared at different centrifugation time were measured and recorded (the sample size at each time point was 3). The microstructure of different groups of liquid plasmatrix clot was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The rheological properties of each group of liquid plasmatrix clot were measured by rheological test. The number and concentration of cells in the whole blood group and in each liquid plasmatrix group were measured using complete blood count test. The distribution of cells in the liquid plasmatrix clots was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The effect of control group (Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium containing 20% fetal bovine serum) and liquid plasmatrix clot exudates in 3, 5, 8, 12 min group (the sample size at each time point was 3) on gingival fibroblast migration was detected by cell migration method. Finally, the effects of control group and liquid plasmatrix clot exudates on the morphology of gingival fibroblasts were observed by fluorescence microscope. Results: The volume of liquid plasmatrix in 3, 5, 8 and 12 min group were approximately (2.47±0.12), (2.67±0.12), (3.53±0.12) and (3.73±0.12) ml, respectively. The weight of liquid plasmatrix in 3, 5, 8 and 12 min group were approximately (0.35±0.01), (0.46±0.02), (0.88±0.06) and (1.03±0.01) g, respectively. The maximum tensile force of liquid plasmatrix clots in 3, 5, 8 and 12 min group were (0.55±0.03), (0.56±0.03), (1.31±0.05) and (1.38±0.02) N, respectively. SEM results showed that the fibers inside the liquid plasmatrix clot became denser with increased centrifugation time. Compared with other groups, the concentrations of leukocytes, neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes in 8 min group were the highest, and the distribution of cell was more even. Compared with other groups, the efficiency of stimulating gingival fibroblast migration in 8 min group was the best (1.60±0.01). Fluorescence staining test showed that the liquid plasmatrix clot exudates could make gingival fibroblasts more stretched compared with control group. Conclusions: The present study shows that liquid plasmatrix prepared by centrifugation with 500 ×g centrifugal force for 8 min has higher concentration of viable cells and the ability to promote the migration of gingival fibroblasts.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cell Movement , Centrifugation/methods , Fibroblasts , Gingiva , Wound Healing
19.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 340-345, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935872

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore and analyze the correlation between labial gingival morphology and alveolar bone morphology of maxillary anterior teeth in patients with posterior dental implant, so as to provide reference basis for restoration design and esthetic reconstruction of anterior teeth. Methods: Sixty-four patients [24 males, 40 females (25.6±3.3) years old] who planned to receive posterior dental implant restoration were recruited randomly with the inclusion and exclusion criteria in Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University from May 2020 to May 2021. According to the visibility of periodontal probe through gingival margin, the subjects were divided into thin and thick gingival biotypes, including 29 cases of thin biotype and 35 cases of thick biotype. The 3Shape software was used to perform oral scanning, and cone beam CT (CBCT) was taken for each patient. Geomagic and Mimics software were used to measure and record the labial crown width and length, gingival papilla height, gingival angle, bone papilla height and bone margin angle of maxillary anterior teeth. Results: The crown width length ratios of maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines were 0.85±0.08, 0.80±0.08 and 0.86±0.09 (F=10.71, P<0.01). The height of gingival papilla between maxillary central incisors, between central incisors and lateral incisors, between lateral incisors and canines were (3.93±0.86), (3.47±0.84) and (3.38±0.91) mm respectively (F=7.44, P<0.01), and the height of corresponding bone papilla were (3.44±0.88), (3.12±0.75) and (2.72±0.63) mm respectively (F=14.26, P<0.01). The gingival margin angles of maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines were 88.3°±7.7°, 84.7°±8.9° and 81.2°±6.6° (F=13.15, P<0.01), and the bone margin angles were 103.2°±13.1°, 99.5°±11.2° and 110.6°±13.0° (F=13.25, P<0.01). The crown width length ratio (0.81±0.08), gingival margin angle (82.2°±7.4°) and bone margin angle (99.4°±12.9°) of thin gingival subjects were significantly lower than those of thick gingival subjects (0.85±0.09, 86.5°±8.6°, 108.5°±11.4°) (t=-2.79, 3.63, 5.20, P<0.01). The height of gingival papilla [(3.93±0.81) mm] and bone papilla [(3.43±0.80) mm] in thin gingival subjects were significantly lower than those in thick gingival subjects [(3.34±0.84) and (2.85±0.71) mm, respectively] (t=-4.89, -5.36, P<0.01). The height of labial gingival papilla of upper anterior teeth was positively correlated with that of bone papilla in all patients (r=0.66, P<0.01); the ratio of crown width to length of upper anterior teeth was positively correlated with the angle of bone margin (r=0.42, P<0.01); the height of anterior gingival papilla was negatively correlated with the angle of bone margin (r=-0.58, P<0.01), and the height of bone papilla was negatively correlated with the angle of bone margin (r=-0.82, P<0.01). Conclusions: The crown shape, gingival shape and alveolar bone shape of maxillary anterior teeth were different in different tooth positions. Patients with different periodontal phenotypes had different crown width length ratio, gingival papilla height, bone papilla height, gingival margin angle, and bone margin angle.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implants , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva/anatomy & histology , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Crown
20.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 85-90, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935833

ABSTRACT

Objective: To measure the labial gingival thickness and bone lamella thickness in the maxillary anterior area using digital method, and to analyze the correlation between the two, so as to provide a reference for esthetic restoration and implantation treatment of the upper anterior area. Methods: Fifty-seven patients [23 males, 34 females, (25.8±4.5) years old] who planned to receive posterior dental implant restoration were recruited randomly with the inclusion and exclusion criteria in Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University from May 2020 to October 2020. The 3Shape software was used to perform oral scanning, and cone beam CT (CBCT) was taken for each patient. The image data was fitted and registered by the 3Shape software. The gingival thickness at 2 mm below the gingival margin, bone thickness and gingival thickness at 2 and, 4 mm below the crest of the labial alveolar crest in maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines, were measured. Results: The gingival thickness at 2 mm below the gingival margin of maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors and canines was (1.42±0.21), (1.19±0.17) and (1.23±0.20) mm respectively (F=12.47, P<0.001). The gingival thickness at 2 mm below gingival margin and 4 mm below crest of residual ridge in the male patients were (1.31±0.21) and (0.67±0.22) mm, and those in the female patients were (1.26±0.22) and (0.58±0.19) mm respectively, and there were statistically significant differences in the gingival thickness between the "2 mm below gingival margin" group and the "4 mm below crest of residual ridge" group (t=2.01 and 3.97, P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between gingival thickness and alveolar bone thickness at 2 mm and 4 mm below the crest of residual ridge in maxillary anterior region, and the correlation coefficients (r) were 0.387 and 0.344 respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: Gingival thickness of maxillary anterior area is related to the tooth position and gender. The gingival thickness of men is greater than that of women.The gingival thickness at 2 and 4 mm below the crest of the alveolar crest is positively correlated with the thickness of the alveolar bone.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva/diagnostic imaging , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
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