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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363026

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O sucesso da terapia periodontal requer um relacionamento adequado entre o clínico geral e o periodontista. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar, por meio de um questionário, o padrão de encaminhamento de pacientes por dentistas clínicos gerais a periodontistas em Yazd, Irã. Material e Métodos: Este estudo transversal descritivo foi realizado na forma de uma pesquisa incluindo 145 dentistas licenciados em Yazd. Foi elaborado um questionário composto por sete questões com subquestões. Resultados: 89% dos cirurgiões-dentistas encaminham o paciente ao periodontista. A recessão gengival foi o motivo mais frequente de encaminhamento (69,7%), enquanto o sangramento gengival foi o menos frequente (13,1%). Em termos de procedimentos cirúrgicos, os procedimentos mais frequentes para encaminhamentos foram terapias de periimplantite e aumento de rebordo. O encaminhamento realizado por dentistas do gênero feminino foi de 95,9% e pelo gênero masculino foi de 81,7%. O número de pacientes encaminhados por dentistas que atuavam simultaneamente em clínicas privadas e públicas foi maior do que aqueles que atuavam apenas em clínicas privadas ou públicas. O maior percentual de encaminhamento foi no grupo de cirurgiões-dentistas com menos de 5 anos de experiência, com ligeira diferença daqueles com mais de 10 anos de experiência. Apenas 26,1% dos entrevistados relataram ter participado de programas de reciclagem. Conclusão: É necessário que os dentistas gerais considerem os sinais primários da doença periodontal e encaminhem os pacientes mais graves em estágios iniciais para fornecer um resultado ideal a longo prazo para os pacientes.(AU)


Objective: The successful periodontal therapy needs a proper relationship between general dentist and periodontist. The aim of this study was to determine the referral pattern of patients to periodontists by general dentists in Yazd, Iran, by means of a questionnaire. Material and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in the form of a survey among 145 licensed general dental practitioners in Yazd, Iran. A questionnaire comprising of seven questions with sub-questions was prepared. Results: 89% of dentists have referred patient to periodontist. Gingival recession was the most frequent reason for referring (69.7%) and the least was gingival bleeding (13.1%). The most frequent surgical procedure for what patients have been referred were peri-implantitis therapy and ridge augmentation. Referral status to periodontist for female dentists was 95.9% and for male dentists was 81.7%. The number of referred patients form the dentists who were practicing simultaneously at both private and public clinics was higher than those who were practicing only at private or public clinics. The most referral percentage was in the group of dentists with less than 5 years of experience with a slight difference from those with more than 10 years of experience. Only 26.1% of the respondents have participated in retraining programs. Conclusion: There is a need for general dentists to consider the primary signs of periodontal disease and necessity of referring the patients in early stages more serious, to provide an optimal long-term outcome for patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontal Index , Dentists , Peri-Implantitis , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Gingival Recession
2.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 25(2): 213-229, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279417

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la asociación de las técnicas mucogingivales con diversos biomateriales, resultado de la ingeniería de tejidos, ofrece ventajas frente a los procedimientos de cobertura radicular tradicionales. Objetivo: describir los parámetros clínicos y el postoperatorio del colgajo de reposición coronal tradicional asociado a la membrana de fibrina rica en plaquetas. Métodos: se realizó una investigación cuasi-experimental, en pacientes atendidos en la consulta de Periodoncia de la Facultad de Estomatología de Villa Clara, en el período comprendido entre marzo de 2017 a mayo de 2019. La población de estudio estuvo constituida por 41 pacientes. Se empleó un muestreo no probabilístico intencional por criterios; la muestra quedó conformada por 26 personas que cumplieron los criterios establecidos para el estudio. Se establecieron, en cada uno de los pacientes, sitios de estudio y sitios de control. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, clase de Miller, profundidad al sondeo, pérdida de la inserción clínica, afectaciones clínicas, complicaciones postoperatorias y cicatrización. Resultados: la profundidad al sondeo y la pérdida de la inserción clínica disminuyeron en los sitios de estudio para las clases I y II de Miller. En los controles se presentaron las complicaciones postoperatorias: dolor y edema. La cicatrización fue evaluada de buena en todos los sitios de estudio. Conclusiones: se evidenció una evolución superior en los sitios donde se combinó la membrana de fibrina rica en plaquetas con el colgajo de reposición coronal en relación con: los parámetros clínicos estudiados, el postoperatorio de los pacientes y la cicatrización del procedimiento mucogingival.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the association of mucogingival techniques with various biomaterials, as result of tissue engineering, offers advantages over traditional root coverage procedures. Objective: to describe clinical and postoperative parameters of the traditional coronally repositioned flap associated with platelet-rich fibrin membrane. Methods: we conducted a quasi-experimental investigation in patients treated in the Periodontal consultation from the Dentistry Faculty of Villa Clara between March 2017 and May 2019. The study population consisted of 41 patients. An intentional non-probabilistic sampling based on criteria was used; the sample was made up of 26 people who met the criteria established for the study. Study sites and control ones were established in each of the patients. Age, gender, Miller class, probing depth, clinical attachment loss, clinical diseases, postoperative complications and scarring were the variables studied. Results: probing depth and clinical attachment loss decreased at study sites for Miller classes I and II. Postoperative complications such as pain and edema occurred in controls. Healing was evaluated as good at all study sites. Conclusions: a superior evolution was evidenced in the sites where the platelet-rich fibrin membrane was combined with the coronally repositioned flap in relation to the clinical parameters studied, the postoperative period of the patients and the healing of the mucogingival procedure.


Subject(s)
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Gingival Recession
3.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3154, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289406

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La recesión gingival es uno de los defectos estético-funcionales más comunes en la cavidad oral. Se caracteriza por la exposición de la superficie de la raíz debido a un desplazamiento del margen gingival apical a la unión amelocementaria. La literatura reporta un porcentaje de recubrimiento de la raíz favorable en recesiones gingivales clases I y II de Miller; sin embargo, varios estudios no lograron el recubrimiento total, lo que ha sido asociado a varios factores. Objetivo: Identificar los factores asociados al recubrimiento total de recesiones gingivales clases I y II de Miller en dientes tratados con colgajo de reposición coronal. Métodos: Se consultaron las bases de datos PubMed SciELO, Redalyc, Lilacs y Scopus. De 105 investigaciones, se analizaron 7 que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Análisis e integración de las informaciones: El metaanálisis dio resultados no concluyentes, debido a la alta heterogeneidad de los estudios. Sin embargo, se detectaron los siguientes factores: el uso de ácido etilendiaminotetraacético (p < 0,0001), la presencia de tejido queratinizado adjunto ≥ 2 mm (p = 0,019), una profundidad de recesión gingival inicial > 3 mm (p = 0,020) y pacientes que fumaban más de 10 cigarrillos diarios (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: Se identificaron el uso de ácido etilendiaminotetracético, la presencia de tejido queratinizado, la profundidad de la recesión y pacientes fumadores como posibles factores que intervienen el recubrimiento total de recesiones gingivales clases I y II de Miller en dientes tratados con colgajo de reposición coronal(AU)


Introduction: Gingival recession is one of the most common esthetic-functional defects of the oral cavity. It is characterized by exposure of the root surface due to displacement of the apical gingival margin to the cementoenamel junction. The literature about the topic reports a percentage of favorable root coverage of Miller class I and II gingival recessions. However, several studies do not report complete coverage, which has been associated to a number of factors. Objective: Identify the factors associated to complete coverage of Miller class I and II gingival recessions in teeth treated with coronally repositioned flap. Methods: A search was conducted in the databases PubMed, SciELO, Redalyc, Lilacs and Scopus. Of a total 105 studies retrieved, seven met the inclusion criteria. Data analysis and integration: The meta-analysis did not achieve conclusive results, due to the high heterogeneity of the studies. However, the following factors were identified: use of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (p < 0.0001), presence of adjacent keratinized tissue ≥ 2 mm (p = 0.019), initial gingival recession depth > 3 mm (p = 0.020) and patients who smoked more than 10 cigarettes a day (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Use of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, presence of keratinized tissue, recession depth and smoker patients were identified as possible factors involved in the complete coverage Miller class I and II gingival recessions in teeth treated with coronally repositioned flap(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Risk Factors , Smokers , Gingival Recession/epidemiology , Databases, Bibliographic
4.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2): 94-100, abr.-maio 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369220

ABSTRACT

A Mucosite peri-implantar é considerada a precursora da peri-implantite, ela é uma lesão inflamatória da mucosa peri-implantar na ausência de perda óssea marginal contínua. O objetivo desse relato de caso, foi descrever o tratamento da mucosite periimplantar através da cirurgia de enxerto gengival livre. Foi proposto, portanto, um tratamento reabilitador envolvendo uma abordagem multidisciplinar de forma a resgatar e restabelecer estética, função e bem-estar através do enxerto gengival livre para melhorar as características de mucosa e viabilizar uma previsibilidade de uma prótese definitiva implantosuportada em condições teciduais mais estáveis. O uso do EGL para aumento da gengiva queratinizada na cirurgia de implantes em paciente idosos é uma solução prática e segura para a manutenção da saúde periodontal ao redor do implante... (AU)


Peri-implant mucositis is considered the precursor of peri-implantitis, it is an inflammatory lesion of the peri-implant mucosa in the absence of continuous marginal bone loss. The purpose of this case report was to describe the treatment of peri-implant mucositis through free gingival graft surgery. Therefore, a rehabilitation treatment involving a multidisciplinary approach was proposed in order to rescue and reestablish aesthetics, function and well-being through the free gingival graft to improve the characteristics of the mucosa and enable a predictability of a permanent implant prosthesis under more stable tissue conditions. The use of EGL to increase keratinized gingiva in implant surgery in elderly patients is a practical and safe solution for maintaining periodontal health around the implant... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Periodontics , Prostheses and Implants , Peri-Implantitis , Stomatitis , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Gingiva , Gingival Recession , Mucous Membrane
5.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(1): e813, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289455

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La encía queratinizada es un componente importante del complejo mucogingival. Su ausencia puede deberse a recesiones gingivales, traumas, caries radicular, entre otras. La técnica de injerto gingival libre es considerada el estándar de oro, por ser una técnica óptima para aumentar la extensión del vestíbulo y el ancho del tejido queratinizado por sus altas tasas de éxito y predictibilidad clínica. Objetivo: El propósito de este caso clínico fue evaluar el uso de una modificación de la técnica del injerto gingival libre. Presentación de caso: El caso clínico incluyó aumento de la profundidad del vestíbulo y de la encía queratinizada en ambas zonas del sector anteroinferior, para lo cual se utilizaron las dos hemiarcadas del paladar como la zona dadora del injerto (doble injerto). El caso utilizó un doble injerto gingival libre como técnica novedosa para el aumento gingival. Después de dos meses de cicatrización, se observó reducción de la recesión gingival y un aumento notorio del ancho de la encía queratinizada. Conclusiones: La técnica modificada de doble injerto gingival libre, es una buena alternativa para aumentar el grosor de la encía queratinizada en el sector anteroinferior, además de reducir el tiempo posoperatorio y generar una cicatrización uniforme a nivel de la línea mucogingival(AU)


Introduction: Keratinized gingiva is an important component of the mucogingival complex. Its absence may be due to gingival recessions, trauma, root caries, among others. The free gingival graft technique is considered the gold standard, as it is an optimal technique to increase the extension of the vestibule and the width of the keratinized tissue due to its high success rates and clinical predictability. Objective: The purpose of this clinical case was to evaluate the use of a modification of the free gingival graft technique. Case report: The clinical case included an increase in the depth of the vestibule as well as the keratinized gingiva in both areas of the anteroinferior sector, for which the two hemiarchates of the palate were used as the graft donor area (double graft). The case used a free double gingival graft as a novel technique for gingival augmentation. After two months of healing, a reduction in the gingival recession was observed, as well as a noticeable increase in the width of the keratinized gingiva. Conclusions: The modified free double gingival graft technique is a good alternative to increase the thickness of the keratinized gingiva in the anteroinferior sector, in addition to reducing the post-operative time and generating uniform healing at the level of the mucogingival line(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Donors , Wounds and Injuries , Operative Time , Gingival Recession , Herpes Zoster
6.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210051, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352134

ABSTRACT

Introduction The non-carious cervical lesion (NCCL) is currently a common oral disease. Objective This observational and descriptive study aimed to assess risk factors associated with non-carious cervical lesions, cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH), gingival recession (GR) and the relationship between these conditions in students in the last years of undergraduate dentistry. Material and method One hundred eighty-five dentistry students from a private college in Ceará with an average of 22.7 ± 2.3 years participated by filling out a google docs form. Two calibrated examiners performed the exams to verify the presence of NCCL, CDH and RG. Result The presence of NCCL was 22.7%, GR was 48.1% and cervical dentin hypersensitivity 8.6%. The chi-square test with p < 0.05% verified a correlation between the presence of NCCL and the presence of GR and CDH. 25% of students had NCCL and 14% considered themselves stressed. There was no association between the variables bruxism and stress (p=0.529), bruxism and year of graduation course (p=0.716), as well as no association between stress and year of course (p = 0.397) was observed. There were no correlations between NCCL and bruxism, muscle symptoms, parafunctional habits and temporomandibular dysfunction. 10.8% of students who reported using legal and illegal drugs had NCCL. Conclusion The NCCL, GR and CDH were correlated in the group of students in the last two years of an undergraduate dentistry course in Ceará.


Introdução A lesão cervical não cariosa (LCNC) é uma doença bucal incidente na atualidade. Objetivo realizar um estudo observacional e descritivo para avaliar fatores de risco associados às lesões cervicais não cariosas, hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical (HDC), recessão gengival (RG) e a relação entre essas condições em estudantes nos últimos anos de graduação em odontologia. Material e método participaram 185 estudantes de odontologia do Ceará com média de 22,7 ± 2,3 anos de idade. Preencheram um formulário do google docs e dois examinadores calibrados realizaram os exames para verificar a presença de LCNC, HDC e RG. Resultado A presença de LCNC foi de 22,7%, a de RG foi de 48,1% e de hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical de 8,6%. O teste qui-quadrado com p < 0,05%, verificou correlação entre a presença de LCNC e a presença de recessão gengival e hipersensibilidade dentinária. Nos alunos do último ano, 25% apresentaram LCNC, dos quais 14% consideravam-se estressados. Não houve associação entre as variáveis bruxismo e estresse (p=0,529), bruxismo e ano do curso da graduação (p=0,716), bem como não foi observada associação de estresse e ano do curso (p = 0,397). Não houve correlação da LCNC e bruxismo, sintomatologia muscular, hábitos parafuncionais e disfunção temporo-mandibular (DTM). Dos alunos que relataram utilizar drogas lícitas e ilícitas, 10,8% apresentaram LCNC. Conclusão A LCNC, RG e HD apresentaram correlação no grupo de estudantes dos dois últimos anos de um curso de graduação em odontologia do Ceará.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Erosion , Bruxism , Tooth Attrition , Dentin Sensitivity , Gingival Recession , Stress, Psychological , Students, Dental , Chi-Square Distribution
8.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 10-19, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223003

ABSTRACT

La percepción hacia el alcance de la excelencia estética se traduce especialmente en saber interpretar y satisfacer los deseos del paciente, empleándose para eso, todos los conocimientos disponibles en la literatura científica. La utilización de carillas, coronas cerámicas o de Circonio pueden representar un tratamiento, predecible y confiable, cuando las condiciones, básicas de salud se encuentran ya resueltas. Una de estas condiciones, se refiere a un marco de salud Periodontal, con contornos gingivales estéticos y naturales. En algunos casos, donde esto no sucede, la microcirugía estética puede ser un recurso práctico y predecible. A su vez la evidencia científica nos ofrece parámetros para guiarnos y así alcanzar un correcto diagnóstico, planeamiento seguro, técnica adecuada y la utilización del material más indicado para cada situación clínica. La subjetividad estética puede estar escondida entre líneas en la ciencia. Con ésta recopilación acompañado con la ejemplificación de los casos clínicos desarrollados, intentaremos aproximarnos a la excelencia (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Zirconium , Ceramics , Crowns , Esthetics, Dental , Microsurgery , Patient Care Planning , Electrosurgery , Evidence-Based Dentistry , Gingival Recession/therapy
9.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 602-609, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134546

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Comparar mediante una revisión sistemática los resultados clínicos de los procedimientos de cirugía plástica periodontal/periimplantar (CP) con injerto de tejido blando autógeno (ITB) obtenido del área lateral del paladar (ALP) versus del área de la tuberosidad (AT). Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica de ensayos clínicos en la base de datos Medline/Pubmed, Cochrane y las revistas de Periodoncia e Implantes de mayor impacto según la Web of Science, para hallar artículos publicados hasta abril del 2020. Se valoró el riesgo de sesgo de los artículos añadidos según el manual Cochrane Versión 5.1.0 para ensayos clínicos aleatorizados y la escala Newcastle-Ottawa para ensayos clínicos controlados. De una muestra inicial de 930 artículos, cuatro ensayos clínicos (tres aleatorizados) fueron incluidos en el presente estudio, donde se realizaron un total de 87 CP alrededor de piezas e implantes dentales, de las cuales 42 cirugías fueron realizadas con ITB del ALP y 45 cirugías con ITB del AT, se evaluó los resultados desde las 8 semanas hasta los 12 meses. No se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los resultados clínicos entre ambos grupos, se mejoró el fenotipo gingival en la zona receptora para el grupo que obtuvo el ITB del AT y el nivel del dolor del sitio donador del AT fue menor en las dos primeras semanas que el sitio donante del ALP. Los estudios incluidos manifestaron un bajo riesgo de sesgo en promedio. Ambas áreas donantes de injerto de tejido blando proporcionan resultados clínicos similares, el injerto del área de la tuberosidad mejora el fenotipo gingival de la zona receptora y reduce el dolor post operatorio en las primeras semanas del sitio donador.


ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to compare, through a systematic review, the clinical results of periodontal / peri-implant plastic surgery (CP) procedures with autogenous soft tissue graft (ITB) obtained from the lateral palate area (ALP) versus the tuberosity area (AT). We conducted an electronic search of clinical trials in the Medline/Pubmed, Cochrane database and the journals of Periodontics and Implants with the greatest impact according to the Web of Science, to find articles published until April 2020. The risk of bias of the articles added was assessed according to the Cochrane Manual Version 5.1.0 for randomized clinical trials and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for controlled clinical trials. From the initial sample of 930 articles, four clinical trials were included (three randomized) in the present study, where a total of 87 PC were performed around dental pieces and implants, of which 42 surgeries were performed with ITB of the ALP and 45 surgeries with ITB of the AT, the results were evaluated from the 8 weeks to 12 months. No statistically significant differences were found in the clinical results between the two groups, the gingival phenotype in the receiving area was improved for the group that obtained the ITB of the AT and the level of pain at the donor site was lower in the first two weeks than the ALP donor site. The studies showed a lowrisk of bias on average. Both soft tissue graft donor areas provide similar clinical results, grafting the tuberosity area improves the gingival phenotype of the recipient area and reduces post-operative pain of the donor site in the first few weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants/statistics & numerical data , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Palate , Transplantation, Autologous , Selection Bias , Tissue Transplantation , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Gingival Recession
10.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(1): 13-17, jan.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253530

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Quando presente, o terceiro molar inferior (3MI) pode causar vários problemas aos pacientes, dentre esses os defeitos periodontais com comprometimento do segundo molar inferior (2MI). Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar a correlação do posicionamento dos 3MI com as alterações periodontais nos 2MI. Metodologia: Tratou-se de um estudo prospectivo de coorte, do qual participaram pacientes com presença de 3MI. As tomografias foram avaliadas, e registrada a posição do 3MI, de acordo com a classificação de Winter (vertical, mésio-angular, disto-angular e horizontal). Foram avaliadas as variáveis índice de placa, profundidade de sondagem, sangramento à sondagem, nível clínico de inserção e recessão gengival. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 32 pacientes (42 dentes). Os dentes classificados como mésio-angulares apresentaram os maiores índices de profundidade de sondagem tanto nos sítios distais quanto nos mesiais do 2MI (média 3,41mm), em comparação às demais angulações. Sangramento à sondagem (7 dentes) e índice de placa (12 dentes) estiveram mais presentes nos dentes verticais. Nenhum dente apresentou recessão gengival. Conclusões: Os 3MI mesioangulares demonstraram os piores resultados em relação à profundidade de sondagem do 2MI, e os verticais apresentaram maior sangramento à sondagem e maior índice de placa... (AU)


Introduction: When present, the lower third molar (3MI) can cause several problems to patients, including periodontal defects with involvement of the second lower molar (2MI). The objective of this research was to evaluate the correlation of the 3MI positioning with the periodontal changes in the 2MI. Methodology: This was a prospective cohort study involving patients with 3MI. The tomographs were evaluated and the position of the 3MI was recorded according to Winter's classification (vertical, mesio-angular, distal-angular and horizontal). The variables plaque index, probing depth, bleeding on probing, clinical insertion level and gingival recession were evaluated. Results: The sample consisted of 32 patients (42 teeth). The mesioangular teeth presented the highest probing depth indices in both the distal and mesial sites of the 2MI (average 3.41mm), compared to the other angles. Bleeding the probing (7 teeth) and plaque index (12 teeth) were more present in the vertical teeth. No teeth showed gingival recession. Conclusions: The mesioangular 3MI showed the worst results in relation to the 2MI probing depth, and the vertical ones showed greater bleeding on probing and higher plaque índex... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgery, Oral , Cohort Studies , Molar, Third , Tooth , Periodontal Index , Health , Gingival Recession
11.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(1): 21-25, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114888

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Determinar la prevalencia de recesiones gingivales e identificar indicadores de riesgo, en estudiantes de cuarto medio de la ciudad de Valdivia en el año 2018. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio de corte transversal. Se midió la prevalencia, distribución y tipo de recesión gingival según clasificación de Miller en estudiantes de cuarto medio de establecimientos públicos y subvencionados de la ciudad de Valdivia, seleccionados mediante muestreo aleatorio estratificado. Dos examinadores calibrados realizaron un examen clínico utilizando una sonda periodontal carolina del norte y un cuestionario escrito individual a cada estudiante para evaluar indicadores de riesgo. Los datos fueron tabulados y el análisis estadístico se realizó usando el programa estadístico SPSS 18 (IBM® SPSS® software). RESULTADOS: Se examinaron 310 estudiantes. La prevalencia encontrada fue de 68,4%. La Clase I de Miller se presentó en un 97,7%. La arcada mandibular con un 64,8% presentó mayor prevalencia de recesiones gingivales y los premolares inferiores fueron los dientes más afectados con un 47,7%. CONCLUSIÓN: Existe una alta prevalencia de recesiones gingivales en la población estudiada. Los estudiantes de establecimientos públicos presentan significativamente mayor prevalencia de recesiones gingivales y menor frecuencia de cepillado.


AIM: To determine the prevalence of gingival recessions and identify risk indicators in school senior students in the city of Valdivia in 2018. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive observational study. Prevalence, distribution and type of gingival recession were measured according to Miller classification in school senior students of public and charter establishments in the city of Valdivia, selected by stratified random sampling. A clinical examination was performed by two calibrated examiners using a North Carolina periodontal probe and an individual written questionnaire for each student to assess risk indicators. A descriptive analysis was performed using the statistical program SPSS 18 (IMB® SPSS® software). RESULTS: 310 students were examined. The prevalence found of at least one gingival recession was 68.4%. Miller's Class I was present in 97.7%. The jaw presented a higher prevalence of gingival recessions with 64.8% and the lower premolars were the most affected teeth with 47.7%. CONCLUSION: There is a high prevalence of gingival recessions in the population studied. Students in public establishments have a higher prevalence of recessions and a lower frequency of tooth brushing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Gingival Recession/epidemiology , Oral Hygiene , Toothbrushing , Chile/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Tobacco Use , Gingival Recession/classification
12.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(1): 56-63, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089828

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of this study was to determine orthodontists', periodontists', and laypersons' perception of smile esthetics, regarding the presence of different levels of gingival recession on the maxillary left canine. Material and Methods: Two close-up smile images (frontal and oblique) of a white female were selected for this study. The images were digitally altered to create different levels of gingival recession on maxillary left canine, in 0.5-mm increments. They were randomly arranged into a photo album that was shown to 135 evaluators: 45 orthodontists, 45 periodontists, and 45 laypersons. Each evaluator was asked to rate the smile attractiveness, using to a visual analog scale. Data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA, Tukey's post-hoc test, and Student t-test. Results: According to the orthodontists and periodontists, all levels of recession were considered as unesthetic in both types of images. According to the laypersons, gingival recession > 1.5 mm in the frontal image and > 1.0 mm in the oblique image were considered unesthetic. Conclusion: The results showed that the presence of unilateral gingival recession on maxillary canines may negatively influence smile attractiveness, depending on the evaluator type and the level of the recession.


RESUMO Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a percepção estética do sorriso, por ortodontistas, periodontistas e leigos, em relação à presença de recessão gengival no canino superior esquerdo. Métodos: foram selecionadas duas imagens aproximadas do sorriso (frontal e oblíqua) de uma mulher leucoderma. As imagens foram manipuladas para criar diferentes níveis de recessão gengival no canino superior esquerdo, em incrementos de 0,5 mm. Foram, então, distribuídas aleatoriamente em um álbum, que foi entregue a 135 avaliadores: 45 ortodontistas, 45 periodontistas e 45 leigos. Cada avaliador foi convidado a avaliar a atratividade das imagens em uma escala visual analógica. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pela ANOVA e pós-teste de Tukey e teste t de Student. Resultados: para ortodontistas e periodontistas, todos os níveis de recessão foram detectados como antiestético, em ambas as formas de visualização. Para os leigos, na vista frontal, a recessão gengival foi considerada antiestética a partir de 1,5 mm; enquanto na vista oblíqua, a partir de 1,0 mm. Conclusão: os resultados demonstraram que a presença de recessão gengival em caninos superiores pode impactar negativamente a atratividade do sorriso, dependendo do tipo de avaliador e da magnitude da recessão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Gingival Recession , Smiling , Attitude of Health Personnel , Esthetics, Dental , Incisor , Maxilla
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811262

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Subepithelial connective tissue grafts (SCTGs) are commonly performed for the treatment of gingival recession due to their high predictability. This study evaluated and histologically compared connective tissue grafts in terms of the presence of epithelial remnants and composition of the tissue types that were present (epithelium, lamina propria, and submucosa).METHODS: Ten patients underwent epithelium removal using 2 different techniques: the use of a blade (group B) and through abrasion (group A). Twenty samples were collected and each tissue type was analyzed histologically in terms of its area, thickness, and proportion of the total area of the graft.RESULTS: In 4 samples (40%) from group B (n=10) and 2 samples (20%) from group A (n=10), the presence of an epithelial remnant was observed, but the difference between the groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Likewise, no statistically significant differences were observed between the groups regarding the area, mean thickness, or proportion of the total area for any of the tissue types (P>0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Histologically, SCTGs did not show statistically significant differences in terms of their tissue composition depending on whether they were separated from the epithelial tissue by abrasion or by using a blade.


Subject(s)
Connective Tissue , Epithelium , Gingival Recession , Humans , Mucous Membrane , Transplants
14.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-7, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1097355

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:O objetivo desta revisão foi realizar uma análise crítica da literatura quanto à utilização do procedimento enxerto de tecido conjuntivo e da membrana de fibrina rica em plaquetas para recobrimento da raiz exposta, frisando os benefícios e previsibilidade de sucesso de cada uma. Métodos:Foi realizada uma busca nas bases PubMed, SciELO e BIREME em março de 2019, sendo incluídos estudos relevantes relacionados ao tema para síntese deste trabalho. Resultados: Foram selecionados 5 artigos para serem incluídos nessa revisão crítica, sendo 3 ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados, 1 ensaio clínico e 1 um relato de caso. Conclusão:O recobrimento radicular com uso de enxerto de tecido conjuntivo e fibrina rica em plaquetas apresentou resultados satisfatórios, devolvendo estética, saúde e regeneração dos tecidos gengivais e periodontais. Em relação à fibrina rica em plaquetas, há poucos casos na literatura quanto aos resultados clínicos a longo prazo.


Aim: This review sought to perform a critical analysis of the literature regarding the use of the graft procedure of connective tissue and Platelet-rich fibrin to cover the exposed root, emphasizing the benefits and predictability of success of each. Methods: This study performed a search on the PubMed, SciELO, and BIREME databases, and included relevant studies related to the topic for the synthesis of this work. Results:Five articles were selected to be included in this critical review, three randomized controlled clinical trials, one clinical trial, and one case report. Conclusion:The root covering using a subepithelial connective tissue graft and platelet-rich fibrin presents satisfactory results, restoring esthetics and health, and regenerating the gingival and periodontal tissues. Regarding platelet-rich fibrin, there are few cases in the literature regarding long-term clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Connective Tissue , Linings , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Gingival Recession , Transplantation, Autologous , Tissue Transplantation
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190236, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090786

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This clinical trial sought to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of concentrated growth factor (CGF) and compare it with connective tissue graft (CTG) with coronally advanced flap (CAF) in the treatment of Miller Class I gingival recessions (GR). Methodology This split-mouth study included 74 Miller Class I isolated (24 teeth) or multiple (50 teeth) GRs in 23 jaws of 19 patients. GRs were randomly treated using CGF (test group: 37 teeth; 12 teeth in isolated GRs, 25 teeth in multiple GRs) or CTG with CAF (control group: 37 teeth;12 teeth isolated GRs, 25 teeth in multiple GRs). Clinical variables, plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD), recession depth (RD), recession width (RW), clinical attachment level (CAL), keratinized tissue thickness (KTT), keratinized tissue width (KTW), and root coverage (RC) were assessed at the baseline as well as at three and six months post-surgery. Healing index (HI) were obtained in the second and third weeks post-surgery. Postoperative pain was assessed for the first seven days using a horizontal visual analog scale (VAS). Results No significant change was observed in PI, GI, or PD values in either the intergroup or the intragroup comparisons. A statistically significant decrease was observed in CAL, RD, and RW, and KTT increased in all groups at three and six months compared with the baseline. The control group had greater increases in KTW, KTT, and RC at three and six months. No significant difference was found in CAL or RD at the third and sixth months between the two groups. Healing was found to be similar for both groups in the second and third weeks post-surgery. The VAS values in the control group were higher than in the test group, especially at the second, fourth, fifth, and seventh days postoperatively. Conclusions CTG is superior to CGF with CAF for increasing KTT, KTW, and RC. CGF may be preferable due to decreased postoperative pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Gingival Recession/surgery , Pain, Postoperative , Reference Values , Time Factors , Wound Healing , Blood Platelets , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric
16.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e201669, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1116314

ABSTRACT

Root coverage surgery can be performed in patients with gingival recession to cover the exposed root aiming to control hypersensitivity and promotes better aesthetic. Optical magnification has been proposed as a refinement in this surgical technique to increase root coverage. This approach may lead to enhanced soft tissue stability, less post-operative discomfort, better predictability and esthetic appearance. Aim: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of magnification on root coverage surgery when compared to procedures performed without magnification. Methods: Randomized controlled trials with a follow-up of at least 6 months that compared surgeries for root coverage performed under optic magnification versus conventional (macro) root coverage surgery were screened. The primary outcome was mean root coverage (mm) (MRC) and secondary outcomes were percentage of root coverage (PRC) and complete root coverage (CRC). Results: Of 569 papers relevant to this review, seven were included. Meta-analysis showed that the use of magnification may favor greater PRC (7.38%, 95% CI 3.66-11.09). Conclusion: Magnification can increase PRC in root coverage surgeries. More randomized trials with the use of magnification may be necessary to verify if this benefit is clinically relevant, in order to justify the use of this device


Subject(s)
Periodontitis , Gingival Recession , Microsurgery
17.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 457-463, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114921

ABSTRACT

To evaluate clinically the results of two surgical techniques used for root coverage, the coronally advanced flap in '' L '' isolated (CAF) or associated with subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG). The surgical procedures were performed in seventeen individuals, ten individuals in the control group (coronally advanced flap in "L") and seven individuals in the test group (coronally advanced flap in "L" associated with SCTG), who presented Miller class I and II gingival recession. The depth gingival recession (GR) index was evaluated in the following periods: immediate preoperative and 180 postoperative days. The control group had a success rate of 85 +/- 18 % and the test group had a success rate of 95 +/- 4 %. The variable success rates (p=0.36) did not present a statistically significant difference. The isolated CAF or its association with SCTG showed favorable outcomes in the treatments of Miller's class I and II gingival recessions.


El objetivo fue evaluar clínicamente los resultados de dos técnicas quirúrgicas utilizadas para la cobertura radicular, el colgajo coronalmente avanzado en "L" aislado (CAF) o asociado con injerto de tejido conectivo subepitelial (SCTG). Los procedimientos quirúrgicos se realizaron en diecisiete individuos, diez individuos en el grupo de control (colgajo coronario avanzado en "L") y siete individuos en el grupo de prueba (colgajo coronalmente avanzado en "L" asociado con SCTG), que presentaron la clase I de Miller y II recesión gingival. El índice de recesión gingival profunda (RG) se evaluó en los siguientes períodos: preoperatorio inmediato y 180 días postoperatorios. El grupo de control tuvo una tasa de éxito de 85 +/- 18 % y el grupo de prueba tuvo una tasa de éxito de 95 +/- 4 %. Las tasas de éxito variables (p = 0,36) no presentaron una diferencia estadísticamente significativa. La CAF aislada o su asociación con SCTG mostraron resultados favorables en los tratamientos de las recesiones gingivales de clase I y II de Miller.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Flaps , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Gingival Recession/surgery , Tooth Root , Case-Control Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(1): 1-8, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1049727

ABSTRACT

Objective: Periodontal diseases are very common dental disease. Many risk factors may play significant role in the periodontal disease initiation and progression. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of khat chewing, smoking, age and gender on periodontal status among Yemeni adults. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 1231 patients attending the outpatient dental polyclinics of University of Science and Technology during the academic years 2017/2018. All completed sheets were collected throughout the year by the supervisors. Data cleaning, descriptive statistics, and inferential statistics were then performed. Results: Khat chewers were more frequent than non-chewers counterparts (60.7% vs. 39.3%). The prevalence of smoking was 25.5% (297 patients). Study results indicated that periodontitis is more associated with female gender and participants aged more than 35 years old. Results also showed that female and age older participants aged more than 35 years were significantly associated with gingival recession. Mean number of the teeth with gingival recession in male patients were higher than in females. Male gender and patients aged more than 35 years old were significantly associated with furcation involvement. Conclusion: The present study has shown females gender and age older than 35 seem to be risk factors of periodontal diseases. Males has more teeth affected by gingival recession and more furcation involvement (AU)


Objetivo: As doenças periodontais são patologias dentárias com alta prevalência. Diversos fatores de risco podem desempenhar papel significativo no início e progressão das doenças periodontais. Este estudo foi realizado para avaliar os efeitos da mastigação de khat, tabagismo, idade e gênero na condição periodontal de adultos iemenitas. Material e Métodos: Este estudo transversal foi realizado em 1231 pacientes atendidos nas policlínicas odontológicas ambulatoriais da Universidade de Ciência e Tecnologia durante os anos acadêmicos de 2017/2018 através de um questionário para coleta de dados préestabelecido. Todas os questionários preenchidos foram coletados ao longo do ano pelos supervisores. A apuração dos dados, estatística descritiva e estatística inferencial foram realizadas. Resultados: os mastigadores de Khat foram mais frequentes do que as não-mastigadores (60,7% vs. 39,3%). A prevalência de tabagismo foi de 25,5% (297 pacientes). Os resultados do estudo indicaram que a periodontite está mais associada ao gênero feminino e aos participantes com mais de 35 anos de idade. Os resultados também mostraram que participantes do gênero feminino e acima de 35 anos foram significativamente associadas à recessão gengival. O número médio de dentes com recessão gengival em pacientes do gênero masculino foi maior que no feminino. O gênero masculino e os pacientes com mais de 35 anos de idade foram significativamente associados ao envolvimento da furca. Conclusão: O presente estudo mostrou que o gênero feminino e a idade acima de 35 anos parecem ser fatores de risco para doenças periodontais. Pacientes do gênero masculino têm mais dentes afetados pela recessão gengival e mais envolvimento de furca.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Catha , Mastication , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Yemen/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Furcation Defects/etiology , Furcation Defects/epidemiology , Age Distribution , Catha/adverse effects , Gingival Recession/etiology , Gingival Recession/epidemiology
19.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(4): e2137, oct.-dez. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093259

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La recesión periodontal es un problema mucogingival frecuente, de origen multifactorial que usualmente se asocia a hipersensibilidad dentinaria, caries radicular y problemas estéticos. La cobertura radicular es parte integral de su tratamiento quirúrgico. Las técnicas bilaminares con injerto de tejido conectivo subepitelial son las más predecibles. Objetivo: Describir los resultados clínicos obtenidos al realizar en recesiones periodontales múltiples, injerto de tejido conectivo subepitelial cubierto por colgajo reposicionado coronal modificado. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino, blanco, obrero, de 43 años, con antecedentes personales y familiares de salud que acudió al Servicio de Periodoncia de la Clínica Estomatológica "III Congreso del PCC", Matanzas, Cuba, por "cambio de posición de la encía en algunos dientes". Clínicamente existía exposición radicular en los dientes 13, 53 y 14, ausencia del 12, higiene bucal adecuada, no presencia de bolsas periodontales. Se diagnosticó recesión periodontal clase I de Miller localizada en dichos dientes. Para su tratamiento quirúrgico se realizó injerto de tejido conectivo subepitelial y colgajo desplazado coronal sin incisiones verticales de 11 a 15. A la semana, se retiró sutura de zona donante, se observó buena cicatrización. Se citó a los siete días para retirar cemento quirúrgico y sutura de la zona injertada; existía discreto edema, materia alba, biopelícula y cobertura radicular completa del 13, 53 y 14. Al año del procedimiento, las superficies expuestas estaban completamente cubiertas con tejido gingival posicionado en 13 y 53, ganancia de encía insertada y armonía de color entre sitio injertado y área adyacente. El 14 mostró 1 mm de raíz expuesta. Conclusiones: La técnica empleada, cubrió totalmente la superficie radicular del 13, del 53 y parcialmente la raíz del 14. Se obtuvo incremento de encía queratinizada, óptimo aspecto estético y buena evolución posoperatoria(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: periodontal recession is a frequent mucogingival problem, of multifactorial origin that is usually associated to dentin hypersensibility, radicular caries and esthetic problems. Root coverage is an integral part of its surgical treatment, considering bilaminar techniques with subepithelial connective tissue graft as the most predictable ones. Objective: to describe the clinical results obtained when making a sub epithelial connective tissue graft covered by a modified coronal repositioned flap, in multiple periodontal recessions. Case presentation: a male, white, worker patient, aged 43 years, with health personal and family antecedents, who assisted the Periodontics service of the Dental Clinic "III Congreso del Partido", of Matanzas, Cuba, for "a change of the gum position in some teeth". Clinically, there it was a root exposition of the 13, 53 and 14 teeth, lack of the 12 one, adequate oral hygiene and absence of periodontal´s pockets. A Miller´s Class I periodontal recession located in those teeth was diagnosed. A subepithelial connective tissue graft and coronally advanced flap was performed without vertical incisions from 11 to 15 teeth. After a week, the suture of the donor zone was retired, showing good healing. He was cited at the seventh day to retire surgical cement and suture form the grafted zone, observing a discrete edema, debris, biofilm and complete root coverage of the 13, 53 and 14 teeth. At the year after the procedure, the exposed surface was completely covered with gingival tissue positioned in the 13 and 53 teeth, with a gaining of inserted gum and color harmony between the grafted site and adjacent areas. The 14 tooth showed 1 mm of exposed root. Conclusions: the used technique totally covered the root of the 13 and the 53, and most of the root of the 14 tooth, reaching an increase of the keratinized gum, and optimal esthetic aspect and post-surgery evolution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Tissue Transplantation/adverse effects , Gingival Recession/diagnostic imaging
20.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(4): 331-336, nov. 5, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145356

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The gingival biotype of a population is important epidemiological data for the best treatment planning, while preserving periodontal health. In Peru there is a shortage of similar data published. Objective: To determine the prevalence of gingival biotype in adult patients of the Dental Service of the Víctor Lazarte Echegaray and Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo, April - June 2018. Ma-terials and Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive and observational study included 200 patients from the Dentistry Service of the Víctor Lazarte Echegaray and Hospital Regional Docente de Trujillo. Using the accidental non-probabilistic selection method, the gingival biotype was evaluated through the transparency of periodontal probe technique. To determine the reliability of the method the Kappa statistic was used, finding an inter-evaluator reliability of 0.750 and intra-evaluator of 0.762. Descriptive statistics were used for the results, presenting absolute and percentage frequencies. Results: The prevalence of the thick gingival biotype was 57.5%. Males and females presented predominantly a thick biotype, 63.1% and 54.8% respectively. The groups of 18 to 29 and 30 to 39 years old presented 62.1% and 64.5% a thick biotype, respectively. On the other hand, the majority of people 40 to 50 years old presented a thin gingival biotype (52.8%). Conclusions: The thick gingival biotype was predominant in both sexes and in both hospitals. Also, gingival biotype varies with age, with the thick biotype more prevalent in younger age groups.


Introducción: El biotipo gingival de una población es importante como dato epidemiológico para la mejor planificación de tratamientos, preservando la salud periodontal.En Perú existe escasez de trabajos similares publicados. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de biotipo gingival en pacientes adultos del Servicio de Odontología de los hospitales Víctor Lazarte Echegaray y Regional Docente de Trujillo. Abril ­ Junio 2018. Material y Metodos: El estudio transversal, descriptivo y observacional incluyó un total de 200 pacientes del Servicio de Odontología de los hospitales Víctor Lazarte Echegaray y Regional Docente de Trujillo. Utilizando el método de selección no probabilístico accidental, se evaluó el biotipo gingival a través del método de transparencia de la sonda. Para determinar la confiabilidad del método se empleó el estadístico Kappa, encontrando confiabilidades de 0.750 para interevaluador y 0.762 para intraevaluador. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva para los resultados, presen-tando frecuencias absolutas y porcentuales. Resultados: La prevalencia del biotipo gingival fue de 57.5% para el biotipo grueso. El sexo masculino y femenino presentaron predominantemente biotipo grueso, con 63.1% y 54.8% respectivamente. Los grupos de 18 a 29 y de 30 a 39 años tuvieron 62.1% y 64.5%, respectivamente de biotipo grueso. Por otra parte, de 40 a 50 años, destacó el biotipo gingival delgado con 52.8%. Conclusiones: El biotipo gingival predominante fue el grueso en ambos sexos y hospitales. Asimismo, el biotipo gingival varía con la edad, encontrando principalmente el biotipo grueso en los grupos etarios más jóvenes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gingiva/anatomy & histology , Peru , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gingival Recession
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