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Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e231303, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1442844


Aim: To evaluate the potential of inducing mineral density changes of indirect pulp capping materials applied to demineralized dentin. Methods: A total of 50 cavities were prepared, 5 in each tooth, in extracted ten molars without caries, impacted or semi-embedded. The cavities were scanned by microcomputed tomography (µ-CT) after creating artificial caries by microcosm method (pre-treatment). Each cavity was subjected to one of 5 different experimental conditions: control (dental wax), conventional glass ionomer cement (Fuji IX GP Extra), resin-modified calcium silicate (TheraCal LC), resin-modified calcium hydroxide (Ultra-Blend Plus), MTA (MM-MTA) and the samples were kept under intrapulpal pressure using simulated body fluid for 45 days. Then, the second µ-CT scan was performed (post-treatment), and the change in dentin mineral density was calculated. Afterward, elemental mapping was performed on the dentinal surfaces adjacent to the pulp capping agents of 5 randomly selected samples using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) apparatus attached to a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The Ca/P ratio by weight was calculated. Friedman test and Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test were used to analyze the data. Results: There was a significant increase in mineral density values of demineralized dentin after treatment for all material groups (p<0.05). Resin-modified calcium silicate had similar efficacy to MTA and conventional glass ionomer cement, but was superior to resin-modified calcium hydroxide in increasing the mineral density values of demineralized dentin. Conclusions: Demineralized dentin tissue that is still repairable can be effectively preserved using materials with remineralization capability

Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Calcium Hydroxide , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , X-Ray Microtomography , Glass Ionomer Cements
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e230356, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1435223


Aim: Evaluate the influence of the cervical margin relocation (CMR) on stress distribution in the lower first molar restored with direct nano-ceramic composite (zenit). Methods: A 3D model of the lower first molar was modeled and used. Standardized mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) preparation consisted in two models used in this study with mesial subgingival margin in model II. (CMR) was applied in model II using flowable composite or resin glass ionomer (Riva). Both models were restored with nanoceramic composite and then subjected to six runs (2 for the model I and 4 for model II) with load (100N) as two load cases, one at (11º) and other at (45º) from the vertical axis. The stress distributions (FEA) in the final restoration and (CMR) material were analyzed using 3D models. Results: The two models recorded an equivalent Von Mises stress and Total deformation in the final restoration, regardless of the difference in the oblique angle incidence from (11º to 45º) or the type of the material used for (CMR) there was no significant difference in the (FEA) between the model with CMR (model II) and the model without CMR (model I). Conclusions: (CMR) technique seems to be biomechanically beneficial with high eccentric applied stress, (CMR) with resin glass ionomer or flowable composite resin in combination with nanoceramic composite improved the biomechanical behavior of (MOD) cavities extended below cement enamel junction (CMR) with high modulus elasticity material like (Riva) exhibits a more uniform stress distribution

Composite Resins , Finite Element Analysis , Glass Ionomer Cements
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226341, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354797


Treatment of dental caries in children still remains challenging due to lack of cooperation with conventional treatment modalities. Recently, the use of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) has proved useful in addressing this challenge. Aim: This clinical trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) in arresting caries in children in Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: This was a phase III balanced randomized controlled school based interventional study on 240 children. The study group was treated with SDF while GIC was used in the control group. Follow up visits in 2 weeks, 1 month, and 3 months were carried out to assess the treatment outcome. Inferential statistics with the use of Pearson Chi-square test and Independent Student t-test were used at 5% level of significance. Results: There was significant relationship between SDF and caries arrest in 2 weeks, 1 month and 3 months' assessment period (p = 0.001). The control group showed continuous decline (71.7%, 54.3% and 50.9%) in restorative success from 2 weeks to 3 months respectively. The mean ± SD and Confidence Interval (CI) of arrested caries in the SDF group were 113± 1.24 and 113.1 ­ 113.5 respectively. In the control group the mean ± SD and CI of restorative success were 69.3±11.8 and 67.2 ­ 71.4. The effect size was 5.24. Conclusion: The result of the study showed that SDF was effective in arresting caries in children without any harm and there was statistically significant difference in the use of 38% SDF in arresting caries in children

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Child , Fluorides, Topical , Dental Caries , Glass Ionomer Cements
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(1): 31-39, Jan-Apr 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1382163


Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito de um protetor de superfície na sorção e solubilidade de cimentos de ionômero de vidro. Materiais e Métodos: Quatro materiais foram selecionados: ionômero modificado por resina encapsulado (Riva Light Cure); modificado por resina pó/líquido (Vitremer); convencional encapsulado (Equia Forte) e convencional pó/líquido (Fuji IX). Foram confeccionados 20 espécimes de cada, sendo metade com proteção superficial do Equia Forte Coat. As amostras foram mantidas em estufa a 37°C em repouso por 5 dias. Em seguida, esses foram pesados em intervalos de 24 horas. A espessura e o diâmetro foram medidos com um paquímetro digital para o cálculo do volume. Novas pesagens foram realizadas para a obtenção da massa intermediária. Em seguida, as amostras foram mantidas em repouso por 5 dias a 37°C e realizada nova pesagem. Resultados: Os dados obtidos de sorção e solubilidade foram submetidos à análise de variância (ANOVA dois fatores, material e protetor de superfície) e teste Tukey ( =0,05). Para sorção, houve diferença significativa apenas para o fator material (p<0,05), Vitremer > Equia Forte > Riva Light Cure > Fuji IX. O ionômero Fuji IX apresentou os menores valores de sorção, diferindo significativamente dos demais materiais, independentemente do uso do protetor superficial. Não houve diferença significativa para o fator proteção de superfície (p>0,05). Para solubilidade não houve diferença significativa no fator material, protetor de superfície ou interação material*protetor. Conclusão: O uso do protetor superficial não influenciou nos valores de sorção e solubilidade dos ionômeros avaliados e o ionômero convencional Fuji IX apresentou menores taxas de sorção.

Objective: evaluate the effect of a surface coating agents on the sorption and glass ionomer cements solubility. Materials and Methods: Four materials were selected: Encapsulated resin-modified ionomer (Riva Light Cure); Powder/liquid Encapsulated resin-modified (Vitremer); Encapsulated conventional (Equia Forte) and powder/ liquid conventional (Fuji IX). Twenty samples of each were made, half with surface protection of Equia Forte Coat. The samples were kept in an oven for 5 days. These were then weighed at 24-hour intervals. The thickness and diameter were measured using a digital caliper to calculate their volume. New weightings were performed to obtain the intermediate mass. Then, the samples were kept at rest for 5 days and weighed again. Results: The sorption and solubility data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance (two-way ANOVA, material and surface coating agents) and Tukey test ( =0.05). For sorption, there was a significant difference only for the material factor (p<0.05), Vitremer > Equia Forte > Riva Light Cure > Fuji IX. The Fuji IX ionomer showed the lowest sorption values, differing significantly from the other materials, regardless of the use of surface coating agents. There was no significant difference for the surface protection factor (p>0.05). For solubility there was no significant difference for the material factor, surface coating agents or material*surface coating agent interaction. Conclusion: The use of surface coating agents did not influence the sorption and solubility values of the evaluated ionomers and the conventional Fuji IX ionomer showed lower sorption rates.

Solutions/chemistry , Dental Materials , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Solubility , Materials Testing , Water , Absorption
São Paulo; s.n; 20220606. 73 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1371265


O objetivo deste ensaio clínico randomizado foi comparar a taxa de sobrevida das restaurações oclusais e oclusoproximais em molares decíduos usando duas versões de cimentos de ionômero de vidro: pó-líquido, manipulado manualmente (MAN) e encapsulado (ENC) após 24 meses. Crianças entre 3 e 10 anos de idade que apresentaram lesões de cárie em dentina nas superfícies oclusais e/ou oclusoproximais de molares decíduos foram selecionadas na Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil. Elas foram alocadas aleatoriamente em dois grupos: M/M (Fuji IX®, GC Europa) ou ENC (Equia Fill®, GC Europa). A ocorrência de falha das restaurações foi avaliada por duas examinadoras calibradas e cegas e em relação aos grupos. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas no software Stata 13 (StataCorp, EUA). A análise de Kaplan-Meier foi utilizada para ilustrar a sobrevida e o comportamento das restaurações ao longo dos 24 meses de acompanhamento enquanto a Regressão de Cox com fragilidade compartilhada foi realizada para avaliar a associação entre falha de restauração e variáveis independentes (=5%). Realizamos ainda a análise por intenção de tratar (ITT) considerando os 24 meses de acompanhamento. Um total de 323 restaurações foram realizadas em 145 crianças. A sobrevida para o grupo MAN foi de 58,2% e 60,1% para o grupo ENC, sem diferença estatisticamente significativa (p=0,738). As restaurações oclusoproximais tiveram menor taxa de sobrevida quando comparadas às oclusais (HR=3,83; p<0,001). A taxa de sobrevida nos molares decíduos não é influenciada pelas diferentes formas de apresentação do CIV Registro do ECR: Este ensaio clínico randomizado foi registrado no ClinicalTrials.Gov em 15/10/2014 sob protocolo (NCT 02274142).

Tooth, Deciduous , Pediatric Dentistry , Glass Ionomer Cements
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(3): 1-11, jun. 30, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427951


Objetive: To evaluate microleakage of composite resins (CR) placed over different cavitary liners after managing deep caries lesions through selective removal of soft carious tissue to soft dentin (SRCT-S). Material and Methods: Fifty four human teeth were collected for microleakage testing. Each assay comprised ICDAS 5 or ICDAS 6 carious lesions and sound teeth for controls. Sound teeth were prepared with cavities that mirrored the carious teeth cavities, which were prepared with SRCT-S. Sound and carious teeth were further randomly assigned to one of the three experimental groups: Group A: universal adhesive (UA) + CR, Group B: glass ionomer cement liner + UA + CR, and Group C: calcium hydroxide + UA+ CR. Occlusal microleakage (OM) and cervical microleakage (CM) was classified within one of 5 depth categories. ANOVA and Chi-square tests were computed (p<0.05). Results: OM and CM were similarly distributed across subgroups (p>0.05). All Group C samples with carious lesions presented some degree of microleakage. However, no statistically significant differences were observed between groups and within each group (p>0.05). Conclusion: Teeth restored with CR after SRCT-S using calcium hydroxide as a liner material seem to exhibit higher microleakage than those restored using glass ionomer or UA alone. Further clinical research is needed to deepen these findings. Clinical significance: The application of calcium hydroxide as a liner under a composite resin may reduce the longevity of a restoration after performing selective or partial removal of carious tissues. Clinicians should rethink the need of using calcium hydroxide for this application, albeit the lack of clinical evidence.

Objetivo: Evaluar la microfiltración de resinas compuestas (RC) colocadas sobre diferentes liners cavitarios después del manejo de lesiones de caries profundas mediante la remoción selectiva de tejido cariado blando hasta dentina blanda (SRCT-S). Material y Métodos: Se recolectaron 54 dientes humanos para pruebas de microfiltración. Cada ensayo comprendía lesiones cariosas ICDAS 5 o ICDAS 6 y dientes sanos para los controles. Se prepararon dientes sanos con cavidades que reflejaban las cavidades de los dientes cariados, que se prepararon con SRCT-S. Los dientes sanos y cariados se asignaron al azar a uno de los tres grupos experimentales: Grupo A: adhesivo universal (AU) + RC, Grupo B: revestimiento de cemento de ionómero de vidrio + AU + RC, y Grupo C: hidróxido de calcio + AU+ RC. La microfiltración oclusal (MO) y la microfiltración cervical (MC) se clasificaron dentro de una de las 5 categorías de profundidad. Se calcularon las pruebas ANOVA y Chi-cuadrado (p<0,05). Resultados: La MO y MC se distribuyeron de manera similar en los subgrupos (p> 0,05). Todas las muestras del Grupo C con lesiones cariosas presentaron algún grado de microfiltración. Sin embargo, no se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre grupos y dentro de cada grupo (p>0,05). Conclusión: Los dientes restaurados con RC después de SRCT-S usando hidróxido de calcio como material de revestimiento parecen exhibir una mayor microfiltración que aquellos restaurados usando ionómero de vidrio o AU solo. Se necesita más investigación clínica para profundizar estos hallazgos. Relevancia clínica: la aplicación de hidróxido de calcio como revestimiento debajo de una resina compuesta puede reducir la longevidad de una restauración después de realizar la eliminación selectiva o parcial de los tejidos cariados. Los médicos deberían reconsiderar la necesidad de usar hidróxido de calcio para esta aplicación, aunque no haya evidencia clínica.

Humans , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Cavity Lining , Dental Leakage/classification , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide , Intervention Studies , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Caries/therapy
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210185, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422268


Abstract Objective: To compare the cytotoxicity level of a new calcium silicate-based resin cement (TheraCem) with two commonly used cements, including a conventional self-adhesive resin cement (Panavia SA) and a resinmodified glass ionomer cement (FujiCem2), on the human gingival fibroblast cells after 24 and 48 hours. Material and Methods: Twelve discs of each cement type were fabricated. The extract of cement disks was made by incubating them in the cell medium. Human gingival fibroblast cells were cultured and exposed to cement extracts for 24 h and 48 h. MTT assay was performed on extracts and optical density and cell viability rates were calculated by the spectrophotometer device at 570 nm. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests. Results: The cell viability rates after 24 hours and 48 hours were as follows: TheraCem: 89.24% and 85.46%, Panavia SA: 49.51% and 46.57% and FujiCem2: 50.63% and 47.36%. TheraCem represented the highest cell viability rate. However, no significant difference was noted between Panavia SA and FujiCem2. Time had no significant effect on cell viability. Conclusion: TheraCem exhibited the best results among three tested cements and was considered non-toxic. Panavia SA and FujiCem2 were not significantly different regarding the cell viability rate. Time had no significant effect on the cytotoxicity level of cements (AU).

Calcarea Silicata , Resin Cements , Fibroblasts/microbiology , Glass Ionomer Cements , Cell Survival , Spectrophotometers , Analysis of Variance
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1410481


Objective: The aim was to evaluate the influence of fluoride-releasing restorative materials in enamel and dentin microhardness. Material and Methods: 40 blocks (5x5x3 mm) from cervical third of human molars received a cavity preparation between the enamel and dentin, and the restorations were subjected to in vitro caries model. Specimens were randomly restored with (n=10): conventional glass ionomer cement (Ketac Cem, 3M ESPE); polyacid-modified composite resin (Ionoseal, VOCO); resin-modified glass ionomer cement (Ionofast, Biodinâmica); or microhybrid composite resin (Filtek Z250, 3M ESPE). The specimens were sectioned longitudinally and enamel and dentin Knoop microhardness were determined at different distances from the restorative material (100, 200 and 300 µm) and depth of surface (20, 40 and 60 µm). The data were submitted to three-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey ́s test ( α =0.05). Results: For enamel, the double interactions between material x distance and material x depth were statistically significant. In all depths and distances, the highest values of enamel microhardness were observed for Ketac Cem. In dentin, the materials differed statistically from each other, and Ionoseal obtained higher microhardness values than those found in Ionofast. Conclusion: Conventional glass ionomer cement is more effective in preventing enamel demineralization around restoration followed by the polyacid-modified composite resin. In dentin, the polyacid-modified composite resin obtained better performance than resin-modified glass ionomer cement. (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo foi avaliar a influência de materiais restauradores liberadores de flúor na microdureza do esmalte e da dentina. Material e Métodos: 40 blocos (5x5x3 mm) do terço cervical de molares humanos receberam preparo cavitário entre esmalte e dentina, e após a restauração foram submetidas a um modelo in vitro de cárie. As amostras foram restauradas aleatoriamente com (n=10): cimento de ionômero de vidro convencional (Ketac Cem, 3M ESPE); resina composta modificada por poliácidos (Ionoseal, VOCO); cimento de ionômero de vidro modificado por resina (Ionofast, Biodinâmica); ou resina composta microhíbrida (Filtek Z250, 3M ESPE). As amostras foram seccionadas longitudinalmente e a microdureza Knoop de esmalte e dentina foi determinada em diferentes distâncias do material restaurador (100, 200 e 300 µm) e profundidade de superfície (20, 40 e 60 µm). Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA para medidas repetidas de três fatores e teste de Tukey (α =0,05). Resultados: Para o esmalte, as duplas interações entre material x distância e material x profundidade foram estatisticamente significativas. Em todas as profundidades e distâncias, os maiores valores de microdureza do esmalte foram observados para o Ketac Cem. Na dentina, Ionoseal obteve valores de microdureza superiores aos encontrados no Ionofast. Conclusão:O cimento de ionômero de vidro convencional é mais eficaz na prevenção da desmineralização do esmalte ao redor da restauração, seguido pela resina composta modificada por poliácidos. Na dentina, a resina composta modificada por poliácidos obteve melhor desempenho que o cimento de ionômero de vidro modificado por resina. (AU)

Composite Resins , Compomers , Dental Caries , Glass Ionomer Cements , Hardness Tests
Arq. odontol ; 58: 97-108, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411753


Objetivo: Esta revisão de escopo teve como objetivo comparar a taxa de sucesso de restaurações confeccionadas com cinco marcas diferentes de Cimento de Ionômero de Vidro de Alta Viscosidade (CIVAV), referência no Tratamento Restaurador Atraumático (Atraumatic Restorative Treatment-ART).Métodos: Buscas no PubMed, Scopus e Web of Science foram feitas. Buscas no OpenGrey e no Google Scholar também foram feitas. Critérios de inclusão foram estudos (ensaios clínicos e estudos de acompanhamento) que avaliavam a taxa de sucesso de restaurações confeccionadas com CIVAV. Não houve restrição de idioma ou data. Título/resumo e texto completo das referências encontradas foram avaliados por dois autores. Referências que preencheram os critérios de inclusão foram selecionadas. Extração de dados foi feita. Modelos de regressão de Cox foram idealizados para comparação da probabilidade de sucesso das restaurações com diferentes tipos de CIVAV. Os resultados foram relatados em razão das chances (RC) e intervalos de confiança (IC). Análises de Kaplan Meyer foram feitas para o cálculo da probabilidade de sucesso de restaurações com CIVAV. Resultados: Nove artigos avaliando o ChemFil Rock, ChemFlex, Equia Fil, Ketac Molar ou Fuji IX foram incluídos. Restaurações com cimentos de ionômero de vidro Fuji IX (RC = 3,51; IC = 1,96 ­ 6,28), Ketac Molar (RC = 4,01; IC = 2,40-6,68) e ChemFlex (RC = 4,20; IC = 1,01-17,66) apresentaram uma taxa de sucesso significativamente maior do que aquelas com ChemFil Rock. EquiaFil alcançou a segunda menor eficácia, ligeiramente maior que o ChemFil Rock. Conclusão:Restaurações com Fuji IX, Ketac Molar e ChemFlex apresentaram altas taxas de sucesso ao longo do tempo de avaliação do ART.

Aim: This scoping review aimed to compare the success rate of restorations using five different brands of High Viscosity Glass Ionomer Cement (HVGIC), reference material in Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART). Methods: Searches were carried out in PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. OpenGrey and Google Scholar searches were also performed. Inclusion criteria were studies (clinical trials and follow-up studies) that evaluated the success of restorations using HVGIC. Title, abstract, and full text of the references were evaluated by two authors. Articles that met the inclusion criteria were included. Data extraction was performed. Cox regression models were created to compare the success rate of restorations produced with different types of HVGIC. The results were reported as odds ratio (OR) and confidence intervals (CI). Kaplan Meyer analyses were performed to calculate the HVGIC restorations' probability of success.Results: Nine articles evaluating ChemFil Rock, ChemFlex, Equia Fil, Ketac Molar, or Fuji IX were included. Restorations with glass ionomer cements Fuji IX (OR = 3.51; CI = 1.96 - 6.28), Ketac Molar (OR = 4.01; CI = 2.40-6.68), and ChemFlex (OR = 4.20; CI = 1.01-17.66) had a significantly higher success rate than those with ChemFil Rock. EquiaFil achieved the second lowest efficacy, slightly higher than ChemFil Rock.Conclusion: Restorations with Fuji IX, Ketac Molar, and ChemFlex showed high success rates over the ART evaluation time.

Survival Analysis , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment , Glass Ionomer Cements
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 160 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1401290


O objetivo do ensaio clínico foi avaliar o desempenho clínico de 2 materiais bioativos (Cention N e EQUIA Forte) em comparação a resina composta. O estudo in vitro teve como objetivo avaliar o desenvolvimento de lesões de cárie induzida por desafio cariogênico bacteriano na margem de restaurações em esmalte e dentina com Cention N com e sem adesivo, EQUIA Forte e resina composta. A revisão sistemática teve como objetivo responder a seguinte pergunta: A avaliação clínica de restaurações em dentes permanentes com materiais bioativos evidencia maior sucesso do que restaurações com materiais não bioativos? Para o estudo clínico foram selecionados 120 participantes aleatoriamente divididos em 3 grupos (n=40), TC: Tetric N-Ceram, EF: EQUIA Forte, CN: Cention N. O preenchimento das cavidades foi realizado seguindo as indicações do fabricante. Foi utilizado o dispositivo de fluorescência DIAGNOdentTM Pen para avaliação da recorrência de cárie. No estudo in vitro foram confeccionados 100 espécimes a partir de dentes bovinos. Foram divididos em 5 grupos (n=20) metade em esmalte e metade em dentina: Cention N sem adesivo (CN), Cention N com adesivo (CA), EQUIA Forte (EF); Tetric N-Ceram (TC); e sem restauração (SR). Foram submetidos a envelhecimento térmico; leitura de microdureza Knoop (KHN) inicial, esterilizados e expostos a um desafio cariogênico com Streptococcus mutans por 28 dias. Lesões de cárie artificial foi quantificado por meio de KHN superficial e de subsuperfície, e análise com microscopia de luz polarizada. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA 1 fator e teste Tukey no esmalte e teste de Kruskal-Wallis na dentina. Em esmalte os grupos EF, CN, CA apresentaram menor porcentagem de perda da microdureza (%PMS) 57,85%, 63,88% e 66,65% respectivamente. Na dentina, EF, CN e CA apresentaram menores valores de %PMD sendo 31,7%, 34,1% e 40,8% respectivamente. Os valores mais altos de %PMS foram registrados para os grupos TC e SR tanto na dentina como no esmalte. Na revisão sistemática, com base na pergunta de pesquisa e estratégia PICO: P- Dentes permanentes, I- Restaurações (classe I, classe II, classe III, classe V) com materiais bioativos, C- Restauração com materiais não bioativos, O- Retenção; foi traçada a estratégia de busca. Após a obtenção dos estudos eles foram analisados por dois revisores independentes. No total foram 27 ensaios clínicos randomizados, com acompanhamento mínimo de 2 anos, foram os qualificados para realizar a revisão e meta-análise em rede. Os resultados de meta-análise em rede mostraram que em cavidades classe III cimento de ionômero de vidro modificado (CIV modificado), foi significativamente mais propenso a falhas do que a resina composta (RC), em restaurações classe I e II, o compômero foi significativamente mais propenso a falhas do que a RC e em restaurações classe V o cimento de ionômero convencional (CIV convencional) foi significativamente mais propenso a falhas do que o CIV modificado. No estudo in vitro foi evidente o maior potencial de inibição da desmineralização dos materiais bioativos. Na revisão sistemática ficou evidente que a maioria de materiais bioativos apresentam um bom comportamento, em relação as taxas de retenção e desempenho clínico. (AU)

The objective of the clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of 2 bioactive materials (Cention N and EQUIA Forte) compared to composite resin. The in vitro study aimed to evaluate the development of caries lesions induced by bacterial cariogenic challenge at the margin of enamel and dentin restorations with Cention N with and without adhesive, EQUIA Forte and composite resin. The systematic review aimed to answer the following question: Does the clinical evaluation of restorations in permanent teeth with bioactive materials show greater success than restorations with nonbioactive materials? For the clinical study, 120 participants were randomly selected and divided into 3 groups (n=40), TC: Tetric N-Ceram, EF: EQUIA Forte, CN: Cention N. The filling of the cavities was performed following the manufacturer's instructions. The DIAGNOdentTM Pen fluorescence device was used to assess caries recurrence. In the in vitro study, 100 specimens were made from bovine teeth. They were divided into 5 groups (n=20) half in enamel and half in dentin: Cention N without adhesive (CN), Cention N with adhesive (CA), EQUIA Forte (EF); Tetric N-Ceram (TC); and without restoration (SR). They were subjected to thermal aging; initial Knoop microhardness (KHN) reading, sterilized and exposed to a cariogenic challenge with Streptococcus mutans for 28 days. Artificial caries lesions were quantified using surface and subsurface KHN and analysis with polarized light microscopy. Data were submitted to 1-way ANOVA and Tukey test on enamel and Kruskal-Wallis test on dentin. In enamel, groups EF, CN, CA had the lowest percentage of microhardness loss (%PMS) 57.85%, 63.88% and 66.65% respectively. In dentin, EF, CN and CA presented lower %PMD values, being 31.7%, 34.1% and 40.8% respectively. The highest %PMS values were recorded for the TC and SR groups in both dentin and enamel. In the systematic review, based on the research question and PICO strategy: P- Permanent teeth, I- Restorations (class I, class II, class III, class V) with bioactive materials, C- Restoration with non-bioactive materials, O- Retention; the search strategy was designed. After obtaining the studies, they were analyzed by two independent reviewers. In total, 27 randomized clinical trials, with a minimum followup of 2 years, were qualified to perform the review and network meta-analysis. The results of network meta-analysis showed that in class III cavities modified glass ionomer cement (modified GIC) was significantly more prone to failure than composite resin (RC), in class I and II restorations, the compomer was significantly more prone to failure than RC and in class V restorations the conventional ionomer cement (conventional GIC) was significantly more prone to failure than the modified GIC. In the in vitro study, the greatest potential for inhibiting the demineralization of bioactive materials was evident. In the systematic review it was evident that most bioactive materials have a good behavior in relation to retention rates and clinical performance (AU).

Animals , Cattle , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel , Glass Ionomer Cements , In Vitro Techniques
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220005, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377171


Introduction: Some experimental models have been used to evaluate the use of biomaterials in bone regeneration. Among them are the critical size defects (CSD) created in rat calvaria. An experimental model has been described in the literature, in which "L" markings are performed on the margins of the bone defects in order to assist in the precise identification of these defects during laboratory processing and analysis of the results. In the proposed model, the "L" markings are filled with amalgam. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the amalgam replacement of an experimental bony defect model in rat calvaria by heated or unheated glass ionomer. Material and method: 24 rats were used. A 5 mm CSD was created at each animal calvaria. Two "L" shaped markings were made 2 mm from the margins of the bone defect, filled with amalgam (Group AM), heated glass ionomer cement (Group GIh) or not (Group GI). The animals were euthanized 15 days postoperatively. The areas of the surgical defect and the L-shaped marking were histomorphometrically analyzed and the data were analyzed statistically (p <0.05). Result: There were no significant clinical, histological or methodological differences among the experimental groups. Conclusion: It can be concluded that GI can replace AM in the proposed experimental model and GI heating did not promote additional benefits.

Introdução: Alguns modelos experimentais têm sido usados para avaliar o uso de biomateriais na regeneração óssea. Entre eles estão os defeitos de tamanho crítico (DTC) criados em calvárias de ratos. Um modelo experimental foi descrito na literatura onde marcações em L são realizadas nas margens do defeito ósseo para auxiliar na identificação precisa desses defeitos durante o processamento laboratorial e análise dos resultados. No modelo experimental proposto, as marcações em "L" são preenchidas com amálgama. Objetivo: Avaliar a substituição do amálgama por ionômero de vidro aquecido ou não em um modelo experimental para identificação de defeito ósseo criado em calvária de ratos. Material e método: Foram utilizados 24 ratos. Um DTC de 5 mm de diâmetro foi criado na calvária de cada animal. Duas marcações em "L" foram realizadas a 2 mm das margens do defeito ósseo, preenchidas com amálgama (Grupo AM), ionômero de vidro aquecido (Grupo CIVaq) ou não (Grupo CIV). Os animais foram eutanasiados aos 15 dias pós-operatórios. A área do defeito cirúrgico e das marcações em "L" foram histomorfometricamente avaliadas e os dados estatisticamente analisados (p<0,05). Resultado: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos experimentais para as análises metodológicas, clínicas ou histomorfométrica realizadas. Conclusão: Dentro dos limites deste estudo, pode-se concluir que CIV pode substituir o AM no modelo experimental proposto e o aquecimento do CIV não promoveu benefícios adicionais.

Rats , Skull , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Regeneration , Dental Amalgam , Glass Ionomer Cements , Mathematical Computing , Analysis of Variance
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1370587


Objective: Resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) cements are among the commonly used restorative materials in low stress-bearing areas and also for temporary restorations. The competition between acid-base reactions and light polymerization reactions in delayed curing of RMGIs can affect their physical and mechanical properties, as well as their degree of conversion. Since solubility, color stability, and opacity are among the main physical properties affecting the durability and clinical service of RMGI restorations, this study aimed to assess the effect of delayed curing on solubility, color stability, and opacity of Fuji II LC RMGI. Material and Methods: This in vitro, experimental study evaluated 80 Fuji II LC RMGI specimens (10 specimens per each in 4 groups) in terms of solubility, color stability, and opacity at 6 months later. Specimens were cured immediately or were cured with 1, 5 and 10 min delay. Results: Maximum solubility and minimum change in opacity and color stability at 6 months were noted in the group with delayed curing by 10 min. A significant difference was noted in the solubility of specimens cured after 10 min and 1 min. Significant differences were also noted in the opacity and color stability of specimens cured after 10 min and all other groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Delayed curing by 1 min decreased the solubility of RMGI specimens compared with immediate curing or curing after 5 min. Although this difference did not reach statistical significance. Color stability and changes in opacity are mainly influenced by the acid-base reactions rather than polymerization reactions.(AU)

Objetivo: Cimentos de ionômero de vidro modificado por resina (CIVMR) estão entre os materiais restauradores mais comumente utilizados em áreas de baixa tensão e também para restaurações temporárias. A competição entre reações ácido-base e reações provenientes da fotopolimerização tardia dos CIVRMs podem afetar suas propriedades físicas e mecânicas, bem como seu grau de conversão. Uma vez que a solubilidade, estabilidade de cor e opacidade estão entre as principais propriedades físicas que afetam a durabilidade e o tempo de serviço clinico de restaurações de CIVMR, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da fotopolimerizaçao tardia na solubilidade, estabilidade de cor e opacidade do CIVMR Fuji II LC. Material e Métodos: Este estudo experimental in vitro avaliou 80 espécimes de CIVMR Fuji II LC (4 grupos com 10 espécimes cada) em termos de solubilidade, estabilidade de cor e opacidade apos 6 meses. As amostras foram fotopolimerizadas imediatamente ou com 1, 5 e 10 min de atraso. Resultados: Máxima solubilidade e mínima alteração na opacidade e estabilidade da cor em 6 meses foram observadas no grupo com fotopolimerização tardia em 10 min. Uma diferença significativa foi observada na solubilidade das amostras fotopolimerizadas após 10 min e 1 min. Diferenças significativas também foram observadas na opacidade e estabilidade de cor das amostras fotopolimerizadas após 10 min e em todos os outros grupos (P <0,05). Conclusão: A fotopolimerizaçao tardia em 1 min diminuiu a solubilidade das amostras CIVMR em comparação com a fotopolimerizaçao imediata ou após 5 min. Embora essa diferença não tenha alcançado significância estatística. A estabilidade da cor e as mudanças na opacidade são influenciadas principalmente por reações ácido-base, em vez de reações causadas pela polimerização(AU)

Solubility , Color , Glass Ionomer Cements
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213981, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1254747


Aim: To compare the microleakage of Cention N, a subgroup of composite resins with a resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) and a composite resin. Methods: Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces of 46 extracted human molars. The teeth were randomly assigned to four groups. Group A: Tetric N-Bond etch-and-rinse adhesive and Tetric N-Ceram nanohybrid composite resin, group B: Cention N without adhesive, group C: Cention N with adhesive, and group D: Fuji II LC RMGI. The teeth were thermocycled between 5°-55°C (×10,000). The teeth were coated with two layers of nail vanish except for 1 mm around the restoration margins, and immersed in 2% methylene blue (37°C, 24 h) before buccolingual sectioning to evaluate dye penetration under a stereomicroscope (×20). The data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests (α=0.05). Results: Type of material and restoration margin had significant effects on the microleakage (p<0.05). Dentin margins showed a higher leakage score in all groups. Cention N and RMGI groups showed significant differences at the enamel margin (p=0.025, p=0.011), and for the latter group the scores were higher. No significant difference was found at the dentin margins between the materials except between Cention N with adhesive and RMGI (p=0.031). Conclusion: Microleakage was evident in all three restorative materials. Cention N groups showed similar microleakage scores to the composite resin and displayed lower microleakage scores compared with RMGI

Composite Resins , Dental Leakage , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar, Third
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(3): 1-10, jun. 30, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391196


Background: The aim of this study was to elaborate a randomized clinical trial protocol to evaluate the effectiveness of class I restorations in resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) and bulk-fill resin in primary molars with untreated early childhood caries in toddlers. Material and Methods: A total of 59 toddlers up to 36 months old with at least two primary molar teeth with untreated dental caries of single surface on different sides of the mouth will be selected at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinics of the Faculty of Dentistry at Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil. Teeth with untreated dental caries in the left and right sides of each patient's mouth will be randomly distributed into 2 groups: Group 1 (Control): encapsulated RMGIC restoration with Riva light cure (SDI, Florida, USA) and Group 2 (Test): Filtek bulk-fill composite resin restoration (3M/ESPE, St. Paul, USA) with universal single bond adhesive system (3M/ESPE, St. Paul, USA). A single trained dentist will perform all restorative procedures. The restorations will be evaluated after 1, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months by two trained and calibrated examiners. Cost-efficacy analysis will be carried out. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, Log-rank test, Cox regression, Poisson regression analysis, Mann-Whitney test or Kruskal-Wallis will be performed to analyze data. Conclusion: The protocol will make it possible to determine the most efficacy material for the restoration of cavities in cavities in primary molars of toddlers.

Antecedentes: El objetivo de este estudio fue elaborar un protocolo de ensayo clínico aleatorizado para evaluar la efectividad de las restauraciones de clase I en cemento de ionómero de vidrio modificado con resina (RMGIC) y resina bulk-fill en molares primarios con caries de la primera infancia no tratadas en niños preescolares. Material y Métodos: Un total de 59 niños de hasta 36 meses de edad con al menos dos molares temporales con caries no tratada de superficie única en diferentes lados de la boca serán seleccionados en las Clínicas de Odontología Pediátrica de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brasil. Los dientes con caries no tratada en los lados izquierdo y derecho de la boca de cada paciente se distribuirán aleatoriamente en 2 grupos: Grupo 1 (Control): restauración RMGIC encapsulada con fotopolimerización Riva (SDI, Florida, EE. UU.) Y Grupo 2 (Prueba): Restauración de resina compuesta bulk-fill Filtek (3M / ESPE, St. Paul, EE. UU.) con sistema adhesivo de unión simple universal (3M / ESPE, St. Paul, EE. UU.). Un solo dentista capacitado realizará todos los procedimientos de restauración. Las restauraciones serán evaluadas después de 1, 6, 12, 18 y 24 meses por dos examinadores capacitados y calibrados. Se llevará a cabo un análisis de coste-eficacia. Se realizarán análisis de supervivencia de Kaplan-Meier, prueba de rango logarítmico, regresión de Cox, análisis de regresión de Poisson, prueba de Mann-Whitney o Kruskal-Wallis para analizar los datos. Conclusión: El protocolo permitirá determinar el material más eficaz para la restauración de caries en molares temporales de niños preescolares.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Pediatric Dentistry , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Caries , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Molar
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2): 18-24, abr.-maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369090


A escolha errada do sistema cimentante pode levar ao fracasso clínico na cimentação de coroas e próteses parciais fixas. Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar "in vitro" a espessura de película de seis cimentos odontológicos para fixação de peças protéticas, de três grupos distintos, sendo eles: dois cimentos de fosfato de zinco, dois cimentos de ionômero de vidro convencional e dois cimentos resinosos. Foi realizado a manipulação dos cimentos de acordo com as instruções dos fabricantes e após, interposto 1g de material entre duas placas de vidro polidas e sobre as mesmas um peso de 3 Kg, durante 10 minutos. Estas placas foram medidas com um paquímetro digital antes e após a presa dos materiais. Foi realizada a análise estatística com o teste T Student e com o Teste de Variância ANOVA e foi observado uma menor espessura de película de um cimento de ionômero de vidro perante os outros cimentos testados, com diferenças estatísticas ao nível de 5%. Os autores concluíram que o cimento de ionômero de vidro obteve a menor espessura de película, sendo apropriado para cimentação de coroas e pontes fixas... (AU)

The incorrect choice of the cementing system may lead to clinical failure in the cementation of fixed partial crowns and prostheses. The aim of this study was to study the film thickness of six dental cements for the fixation of prosthetic pieces from three different groups of cement: two zinc phosphate cements, two conventional glass ionomer cement and two resin cements. Handling of the cements was carried out according to the manufacturers' instructions and after 1g of material was placed between two polished glass plates and a weight of 3 kg was placed thereon for 10 minutes. These plates were measured with a digital caliper before and after the prey of the materials. Statistical analysis was performed with the Student T test and the ANOVA Variance Test, and a lower film thickness of a glass ionomer cement was observed compared to the other cements tested, with statistical differences at the level of 5%. The authors concluded that glass ionomer cement had the lowest film thickness and was suitable for cementation of fixed crowns and bridges... (AU)

Dental Prosthesis , Dental Cements , Prostheses and Implants , Resin Cements , Glass Ionomer Cements
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 3-8, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255177


Objetivo: Comparar clínicamente el comportamiento, el tiempo operatorio requerido, el costo y la dificultad de diferentes técnicas de restauración en piezas primarias, empleando ionómero vítreo fotoactivado (IVF) polvo/líquido, con y sin uso de acondicionamiento dentinario, y en cápsulas, con acondicionamiento. Materiales y métodos: El diseño de este estudio fue experimental y comparativo. Se realizaron, en 18 pacientes de 7±2 años, 33 restauraciones con IVF de una o más piezas primarias vitales con lesiones amelodentinarias en 1 o 2 superficies. Según su día de concurrencia a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños, se empleó: A) IVF polvo/líquido, con acondicionamiento (3M™ VitremerTM); B) IVF polvo/líquido, sin acondicionamiento (3M™ VitremerTM); y C) IVF en cápsulas, con acondicionamiento (Riva Light Cure). Las restauraciones fueron evaluadas clínicamente al inicio y a los 12 meses según los siguientes criterios: pérdida total, pérdida total con caries, requerimiento de reemplazo por pérdida parcial, requerimiento de reemplazo por caries, aceptable con deterioro, en condiciones. El grado de dificultad se analizó utilizando una planilla diseñada para tal fin. El tiempo operatorio requerido se midió sin considerar el tiempo de inserción. Resultados: El tiempo operatorio requerido fue de 2 minutos, 15 segundos en A; 1 minuto, 25 segundos en B; y 1 minuto, 10 segundos en C, sin considerar el tiempo de inserción. El costo fue 61,11% mayor para C. La dificultad fue de 3,2±0,6 para A y B, y de 1,5±0,7 para C (ANOVA; P<0,001). El comportamiento clínico no registró diferencias significativas entre los grupos (Fisher; P=0,339). Conclusión: Los ionómeros de restauración fotoactivados encapsulados utilizados en este estudio presentaron menor dificultad de manipulación, mayor costo y similar comportamiento clínico a un año que las presentaciones polvo-líquido, con o sin uso de acondicionamiento previo en piezas primarias (AU)

Aim: To assess the clinical performance, operative time required, cost and technical difficulties of different restorative techniques in primary teeth, using light cured glass ionomers (LCG), powder/liquid, with and without dentin conditioning and light cured glass ionomer in capsules with conditioning. Materials and methods: The design of this study was experimental and comparative. 33 restorations with LCG were performed in 18 patients, 7 ± 2-years-old, in one or more vital primary teeth with carious lesions involving one or more tooth surfaces. Patients were assigned to one of the three groups according to the day of the week in which they attended to the Pediatric Department of the Dental School: A) LCG powder/liquid, with conditioning (3M™ VitremerTM); B) LCG powder/liquid without conditioning (3M™ VitremerTM); and C) LCG in capsules with conditioning (Riva Light Cure). The restorations were clinically evaluated at baseline and after 12 months according to the following criteria: complete loss of the restoration, complete loss with caries, need of replacement because of partial loss, need of replacement because of caries, good condition with some wear and good condition. Technical difficulties were analyzed using a data sheet designed for that purpose. The operative time required was evaluated without considering the insertion time. Results: Time operative time required was 2 minutes 15 seconds in A, 1 minute 25 seconds in B and 1 minute 10 seconds in C. Cost was 61.11% higher for C. Difficulty was 3.2±0.6 for A and B and 1.5±0.7 for C (ANOVA; P<0.001). No significant differences were observed among the three groups in relation to the clinical performance (Fisher; P=0.339). Conclusions: In these 12 months, study in primary teeth, the light cured glass ionomers used dispensed in capsules showed to be the easiest to handle, had higher cost and similar clinical performance than the powder liquid presentations with and without dentin conditioner (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Care for Children/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Clinical Trial , Costs and Cost Analysis , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Time-to-Treatment
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e058, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285725


Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive and micro-invasive treatments on the arrest of occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 27 subjects, aged 5-11 years, with 64 erupting permanent molars presenting active occlusal enamel carious lesions (as assessed by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System [ICDAS]; scores 1-3). The sample was randomly assigned into two treatment groups: 1) resin-modified glass ionomer cement sealant (Clinpro XT Varnish; 3M ESPE) and 2) 4-week topical fluoride varnish application (Duraphat; Colgate). All children and parents received oral hygiene and dietary instructions. Teeth were evaluated at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months regarding the eruption stage, biofilm accumulation, as well as severity and activity of the carious lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the survival estimates for inactivation of the carious lesions for both treatment groups. Multivariate Cox regression models with shared frailty were performed to identify factors associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). After 12 months, 22% and 3% of the lesions treated with topical fluoride varnish and sealant, respectively remained active. The adjusted model demonstrated that younger children had a higher probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting (hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.78; p=0.01). However, the probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting after sealant application was 8.85 times higher compared with fluoride varnish applications (p=0.01). Sealing is a more effective approach than fluoride varnish for arresting occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars.

Humans , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Dental Caries/therapy , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Fluorides , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar
Arq. odontol ; 57: 8-16, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1150644


Objetivo: Avaliar capacidade seladora de um cimento resinoso autoadesivo como tampão cervical para clareamento interno. Métodos: Quarenta incisivos inferiores bovinos recém-extraídos foram tratados endodonticamente. Após 72 horas, foi realizada a desobturação parcial do canal radicular para confecção de tampão cervical dividido em quatro grupos aleatório (n = 40), cada um contento dez amostras (n = 10), com os seguintes materiais: cimento resinoso autoadesivo, cimento resinoso adesivo, cimento de óxido de zinco sem eugenol com presa por água e cimento de ionômero de vidro quimicamente ativado (grupo controle). Após 24 horas de presa dos materiais, os elementos dentais foram submetidos ao clareamento interno com perborato de sódio misturado com água destilada pelo período de 7 dias em câmara umidificadora a 37 ºC. Posteriormente, o material clareador foi removido e um corante (fucsina básica 0,5%) foi colocado no interior da câmara pulpar, sendo renovado de 8 em 8 horas, pelo período de 24 horas. Os elementos dentais foram seccionados no sentido longitudinal em máquina de corte para avaliação quantitativa em um microscópio óptico sob aumento de 20x. O grau de penetração do corante foi analisado ao longo do tampão cervical (topo até base). Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa entre os materiais tamponantes utilizados (p = 0,5997). Conclusão: O cimento resinoso autoadesivo apresentou baixo grau de infiltração, sendo uma opção de material alternativo com finalidade de tampão cervical.

Aim: To evaluate the sealing ability of a self-adhesive resin cement as a cervical barrier for internal bleaching. Methods: Forty recently extracted bovine lower incisors were endodontically treated. After 72 hours, partial disobturation of the root canal was performed, a cervical barrier was placed, and the teeth were divided into four random groups (n = 40), each containing ten samples (n = 10), using the following materials: self-adhesive resin cement, adhesive resin cement, zinc oxide cement without eugenol cured by water, and chemically activate glass ionomer cement (control group). Twenty-four hours after the materials were cured, the teeth were subjected to internal bleaching with sodium perborate and distilled water for a period of seven days in a humidified chamber at 37°C. After, the bleaching material was removed and a dye (0.5% basic fuchsin) was placed inside the pulp chamber and renewed every eight hours for a period of 24 hours. The teeth were sectioned longitudinally in a cutting machine for quantitative evaluation using an optical microscope under 20x magnification. The degree of dye penetration was evaluated through the cervical barrier (top to bottom). Results: No significant difference was observed among the cervical barrier materials used in this study (p = 0.5997). Conclusion: The self-adhesive resin cement had low degree of leakage and represents an alternative material option to be used as a cervical barrier.

Tooth Bleaching , Resin Cements , Dental Cements/analysis , Endodontics , Tooth Bleaching Agents/analysis , Glass Ionomer Cements , Intervention Studies
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210192, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346397


Abstract: Objective: To evaluate non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) restored with different adhesion strategies. Methodology: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, split-mouth study. An adhesive restorative system (Single Bond Universal/Filtek Z350XT - SBU) was evaluated both without and with selective enamel conditioning (E-SBU), resin-modified glass-ionomer cements (Vitremer; RMGIC), and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid pretreatment (EDTA; E-RMGIC). In total, 200 restorations, placed in 50 patients, were evaluated at baseline and at a 3-year follow-up using the modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. Data were analyzed using the two-proportion equality test, multinomial logistic regression, Wilcoxon test, and Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Results: In total, 42 (84%) patients returned for the 3-year follow-up. SBU showed restoration losses statistically different from RMGIC. Retention was also statistically different in SBU between baseline and the 3-year follow-up. Marginal defects and surface texture were statistically significant for all groups in the period studied, except for the surface texture of SBU and the marginal integrity in E-RMGIC. We observed no statistically significant difference in wear, secondary caries, anatomical form, surface staining, and color over time. Recession degree was the only factor to influence retention rates. Cumulative survival (%) was 89, 98, 98, and 95.3, for SBU, SE-SBU, RMGIC, and E-RMGIC, respectively, without significant differences among them. There was a statistically significant difference between survival curves; however, multiple comparison procedures found no statistical differences. Conclusion: Selective enamel etching affected the retention of non-carious cervical restorations. Adhesion using EDTA and resin-modified glass-ionomer cements delayed marginal defects over time. The degree of gingival recession influenced retention rates. Resin composite restorations showed initial marginal defects, and ionomer restorations, reduced surface luster. EDTA pre-treatment followed by resin-modified glass-ionomer cements may be a promising adhesion strategy for NCCL restorations.

Humans , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e062, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278591


Abstract This in vitro study evaluated the impact of TiO2 nanotubes (n-TiO2) incorporated into glass ionomer cement (GIC) on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) characteristics at cellular and molecular levels. n-TiO2, synthesized by the alkaline method (20 nm in size), was added to Ketac Molar EasyMix® at 0%, 3%, 5%, and 7% by weight. S. mutans strains were cultured on GIC disks with addition or not of n-TiO2 for 1, 3, and 7 days and the following parameters were assessed: inhibition halo (mm) (n=3/group); cell viability (live/dead) (n=5/group); cell morphology (SEM) (n=3/group); and gene expression by real-time PCR (vicR, covR, gtfB, gtfC, and gtfD) (n=6/group). The data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis test, repeated-measures ANOVA or two-way ANOVA, and Tukey's and Dunn's post-hoc tests (α=0.05). The agar diffusion test showed a higher antibacterial property for 5% n-TiO2 compared with 3% and 7% (p<0.05) with no effect of time (1, 3, and 7 days). The cell number was significantly affected by all n-TiO2 groups, while viability was mostly affected by 3% and 5% n-TiO2, which also affected cell morphology and organization. Real-time PCR demonstrated that n-TiO2 reduced the expression of covR when compared with GIC with no n-TiO2 (p<0.05), with no effect of time, except for 3% n-TiO2 on vicR expression. Within-group and between-group analyses revealed n-TiO2 did not affect mRNA levels of gtfB, gtfC, and gtfD (p>0.05). Incorporation of n-TiO2 at 3% and 5% potentially affected S. mutans viability and the expression of key genes for bacterial survival and growth, improving the anticariogenic properties of GIC.

Streptococcus mutans , Nanotubes , Titanium , Virulence , Materials Testing , Glass Ionomer Cements/pharmacology