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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226341, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354797

ABSTRACT

Treatment of dental caries in children still remains challenging due to lack of cooperation with conventional treatment modalities. Recently, the use of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) has proved useful in addressing this challenge. Aim: This clinical trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) in arresting caries in children in Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: This was a phase III balanced randomized controlled school based interventional study on 240 children. The study group was treated with SDF while GIC was used in the control group. Follow up visits in 2 weeks, 1 month, and 3 months were carried out to assess the treatment outcome. Inferential statistics with the use of Pearson Chi-square test and Independent Student t-test were used at 5% level of significance. Results: There was significant relationship between SDF and caries arrest in 2 weeks, 1 month and 3 months' assessment period (p = 0.001). The control group showed continuous decline (71.7%, 54.3% and 50.9%) in restorative success from 2 weeks to 3 months respectively. The mean ± SD and Confidence Interval (CI) of arrested caries in the SDF group were 113± 1.24 and 113.1 ­ 113.5 respectively. In the control group the mean ± SD and CI of restorative success were 69.3±11.8 and 67.2 ­ 71.4. The effect size was 5.24. Conclusion: The result of the study showed that SDF was effective in arresting caries in children without any harm and there was statistically significant difference in the use of 38% SDF in arresting caries in children


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Child , Fluorides, Topical , Dental Caries , Glass Ionomer Cements
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213981, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254747

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the microleakage of Cention N, a subgroup of composite resins with a resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) and a composite resin. Methods: Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces of 46 extracted human molars. The teeth were randomly assigned to four groups. Group A: Tetric N-Bond etch-and-rinse adhesive and Tetric N-Ceram nanohybrid composite resin, group B: Cention N without adhesive, group C: Cention N with adhesive, and group D: Fuji II LC RMGI. The teeth were thermocycled between 5°-55°C (×10,000). The teeth were coated with two layers of nail vanish except for 1 mm around the restoration margins, and immersed in 2% methylene blue (37°C, 24 h) before buccolingual sectioning to evaluate dye penetration under a stereomicroscope (×20). The data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests (α=0.05). Results: Type of material and restoration margin had significant effects on the microleakage (p<0.05). Dentin margins showed a higher leakage score in all groups. Cention N and RMGI groups showed significant differences at the enamel margin (p=0.025, p=0.011), and for the latter group the scores were higher. No significant difference was found at the dentin margins between the materials except between Cention N with adhesive and RMGI (p=0.031). Conclusion: Microleakage was evident in all three restorative materials. Cention N groups showed similar microleakage scores to the composite resin and displayed lower microleakage scores compared with RMGI


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Dental Leakage , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar, Third
3.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2): 18-24, abr.-maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369090

ABSTRACT

A escolha errada do sistema cimentante pode levar ao fracasso clínico na cimentação de coroas e próteses parciais fixas. Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar "in vitro" a espessura de película de seis cimentos odontológicos para fixação de peças protéticas, de três grupos distintos, sendo eles: dois cimentos de fosfato de zinco, dois cimentos de ionômero de vidro convencional e dois cimentos resinosos. Foi realizado a manipulação dos cimentos de acordo com as instruções dos fabricantes e após, interposto 1g de material entre duas placas de vidro polidas e sobre as mesmas um peso de 3 Kg, durante 10 minutos. Estas placas foram medidas com um paquímetro digital antes e após a presa dos materiais. Foi realizada a análise estatística com o teste T Student e com o Teste de Variância ANOVA e foi observado uma menor espessura de película de um cimento de ionômero de vidro perante os outros cimentos testados, com diferenças estatísticas ao nível de 5%. Os autores concluíram que o cimento de ionômero de vidro obteve a menor espessura de película, sendo apropriado para cimentação de coroas e pontes fixas... (AU)


The incorrect choice of the cementing system may lead to clinical failure in the cementation of fixed partial crowns and prostheses. The aim of this study was to study the film thickness of six dental cements for the fixation of prosthetic pieces from three different groups of cement: two zinc phosphate cements, two conventional glass ionomer cement and two resin cements. Handling of the cements was carried out according to the manufacturers' instructions and after 1g of material was placed between two polished glass plates and a weight of 3 kg was placed thereon for 10 minutes. These plates were measured with a digital caliper before and after the prey of the materials. Statistical analysis was performed with the Student T test and the ANOVA Variance Test, and a lower film thickness of a glass ionomer cement was observed compared to the other cements tested, with statistical differences at the level of 5%. The authors concluded that glass ionomer cement had the lowest film thickness and was suitable for cementation of fixed crowns and bridges... (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis , Physical Properties , Dental Cements , Prostheses and Implants , Resin Cements , Glass Ionomer Cements
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 3-8, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255177

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar clínicamente el comportamiento, el tiempo operatorio requerido, el costo y la dificultad de diferentes técnicas de restauración en piezas primarias, empleando ionómero vítreo fotoactivado (IVF) polvo/líquido, con y sin uso de acondicionamiento dentinario, y en cápsulas, con acondicionamiento. Materiales y métodos: El diseño de este estudio fue experimental y comparativo. Se realizaron, en 18 pacientes de 7±2 años, 33 restauraciones con IVF de una o más piezas primarias vitales con lesiones amelodentinarias en 1 o 2 superficies. Según su día de concurrencia a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños, se empleó: A) IVF polvo/líquido, con acondicionamiento (3M™ VitremerTM); B) IVF polvo/líquido, sin acondicionamiento (3M™ VitremerTM); y C) IVF en cápsulas, con acondicionamiento (Riva Light Cure). Las restauraciones fueron evaluadas clínicamente al inicio y a los 12 meses según los siguientes criterios: pérdida total, pérdida total con caries, requerimiento de reemplazo por pérdida parcial, requerimiento de reemplazo por caries, aceptable con deterioro, en condiciones. El grado de dificultad se analizó utilizando una planilla diseñada para tal fin. El tiempo operatorio requerido se midió sin considerar el tiempo de inserción. Resultados: El tiempo operatorio requerido fue de 2 minutos, 15 segundos en A; 1 minuto, 25 segundos en B; y 1 minuto, 10 segundos en C, sin considerar el tiempo de inserción. El costo fue 61,11% mayor para C. La dificultad fue de 3,2±0,6 para A y B, y de 1,5±0,7 para C (ANOVA; P<0,001). El comportamiento clínico no registró diferencias significativas entre los grupos (Fisher; P=0,339). Conclusión: Los ionómeros de restauración fotoactivados encapsulados utilizados en este estudio presentaron menor dificultad de manipulación, mayor costo y similar comportamiento clínico a un año que las presentaciones polvo-líquido, con o sin uso de acondicionamiento previo en piezas primarias (AU)


Aim: To assess the clinical performance, operative time required, cost and technical difficulties of different restorative techniques in primary teeth, using light cured glass ionomers (LCG), powder/liquid, with and without dentin conditioning and light cured glass ionomer in capsules with conditioning. Materials and methods: The design of this study was experimental and comparative. 33 restorations with LCG were performed in 18 patients, 7 ± 2-years-old, in one or more vital primary teeth with carious lesions involving one or more tooth surfaces. Patients were assigned to one of the three groups according to the day of the week in which they attended to the Pediatric Department of the Dental School: A) LCG powder/liquid, with conditioning (3M™ VitremerTM); B) LCG powder/liquid without conditioning (3M™ VitremerTM); and C) LCG in capsules with conditioning (Riva Light Cure). The restorations were clinically evaluated at baseline and after 12 months according to the following criteria: complete loss of the restoration, complete loss with caries, need of replacement because of partial loss, need of replacement because of caries, good condition with some wear and good condition. Technical difficulties were analyzed using a data sheet designed for that purpose. The operative time required was evaluated without considering the insertion time. Results: Time operative time required was 2 minutes 15 seconds in A, 1 minute 25 seconds in B and 1 minute 10 seconds in C. Cost was 61.11% higher for C. Difficulty was 3.2±0.6 for A and B and 1.5±0.7 for C (ANOVA; P<0.001). No significant differences were observed among the three groups in relation to the clinical performance (Fisher; P=0.339). Conclusions: In these 12 months, study in primary teeth, the light cured glass ionomers used dispensed in capsules showed to be the easiest to handle, had higher cost and similar clinical performance than the powder liquid presentations with and without dentin conditioner (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Care for Children/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Clinical Trial , Costs and Cost Analysis , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Time-to-Treatment
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-13, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1141394

ABSTRACT

Objective: to compare the clinical performance of newly introduced resin modified glass ionomer varnish (Clinpro™ XT) versus resin infiltration in treatment of post-orthodontic white spot lesions. Material and Methods: Six participants (70 teeth) were enrolled with post-orthodontic white spot lesions. Randomization was performed according to patient selection for the sealed envelope containing which half will receive the control (resin infiltration (ICON, DMG) and the other will receive the intervention (resin modified glass-ionomer cement varnish (Clinpro™ XT, 3M)). Follow up was done after 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months, 6 months and 12 months. The color was assessed by spectrophotometer while the degree of demineralization was measured by Diagnodent pen 2910. Patient satisfaction was assessed using (VAS) Visual analogue scale Results:Regarding color change, significant improvement in lightness for ICON group, while Clinpro™ XT group, the change was insignificant. The demineralization data revealed significant decrease in demineralization with resin infiltration after immediate application. Clinpro™ XT showed also significant decrease after immediate assessment and significant increase in demineralization in 6 and 12 months. Conclusion: Resin infiltration can be considered more as an alternative treatment rather than fluoride varnish. Clinpro™ XTis considered as a preventive protocol, provided that renewal application is needed after 3 months (AU)


Objetivo: comparar o desempenho clínico do recém-introduzido verniz de ionômero de vidro modificado por resina (Clinpro ™ XT) com a infiltração de resina no tratamento de lesões de manchas brancas pós-ortodônticas. Material e Métodos: Seis participantes (70 dentes) foram inscritos com lesões pós-ortodônticas de manchas brancas. A randomização foi realizada de acordo com a seleção do paciente para o envelope lacrado contendo qual metade receberá o controle (infiltração de resina (ICON, DMG) e a outra metade receberá a intervenção (verniz de cimento de ionômero de vidro modificado por resina (Clinpro ™ XT, 3M)). O acompanhamento foi feito após 1 dia, 1 semana, 1 mês e 3 meses, 6 meses e 12 meses. A cor foi avaliada por espectrofotômetro, enquanto o grau de desmineralização foi medido pela caneta Diagnodent 2910. A satisfação do paciente foi avaliada usando (VAS) Escala visual analógica. Resultados: Em relação à mudança de cor, houve uma melhora significativa na luminosidade para o grupo ICON, enquanto o grupo Clinpro ™ XT, a mudança foi insignificante. Os dados de desmineralização revelaram diminuição significativa da desmineralização com infiltração de resina após a aplicação imediata. O grupo Clinpro ™ XT também mostrou diminuição significativa após avaliação imediata e aumento significativo na desmineralização em 6 e 12 meses. Conclusão: A infiltração de resina pode ser considerada mais como uma alternativa de tratamento do que o verniz fluoretado. O Clinpro ™ XT é considerado um protocolo preventivo, uma vez que a renovação é necessária após 3 meses. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Random Allocation , Patient Satisfaction , Resin Cements , Fluorides , Glass Ionomer Cements
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-10, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1145375

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the effect of the polishing procedure and surface sealant application on the fluoride release of restorative materials. Material and Methods: The groups were consisted of using five different restorative materials were employed: Beautifil II, GCP Glass Fill, Amalgomer CR, Zirconomer and Fuji IX GP. 30 disk-shaped specimens (8x2 mm) were prepared from each material. Each group was subdivided into three groups considering finishing procedures: Mylar strip, polishing with Super-Snap discs, G-Coat Plus application after polishing with Super-Snap discs. The amount of fluoride released into distilled water was measured using a fluoride ion-selective electrode and ion analyzer after 24 hours, followed by measurement on days 3, 7, 15, 21, and 28. Surface analysis of the materials was performed with SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and EDS (Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy). The data were statistically analyzed using two-way repeated measure ANOVA and LSD test (p=0.05). Results: The highest amount of fluoride released was measured after the first 24 h for all materials. Beautifil II released less fluoride than other materials in all measurement periods (p<0.05). After polishing, the amount of fluoride released from all materials except Beautifil II increased (p<0.05). The application of G-Coat Plus did not impact the amount of fluoride release of any materials (p>0.05). EDS analysis showed the most percentage of oxygen in all materials. Conclusion: The polishing procedure might induce an increase in fluoride release of glass ionomer-based materials, and the application of G-Coat Plus cannot affect the amount of fluoride release. (AU)


Objetivos: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do procedimento de polimento e aplicação de selante superficial na liberação de flúor de materiais restauradores. Material e Métodos: Os grupos consistiram na utilização de cinco materiais restauradores diferentes: Beautifil II, GCP Glass Fill, Amalgomer CR, Zirconomer e Fuji IX GP. Trinta espécimes em forma de disco (8x2 mm) foram preparados a partir de cada material. Cada grupo foi subdividido em três grupos considerando os procedimentos de acabamento: tira Mylar, polimento com discos Super-Snap, aplicação de G-Coat Plus após polimento com discos Super-Snap. A quantidade de flúor liberada na água destilada foi medida usando um eletrodo íon-seletivo de fluoreto e analisador de íons após 24 horas, seguido pela medição nos dias 3, 7, 15, 21 e 28. A análise da superfície dos materiais foi realizada com MEV (Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura) e EDS (Espectroscopia de Energia Dispersiva de Raios-X). Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente usando ANOVA de dois fatores com medidas repetidas e teste LSD (p = 0,05). Resultados: A maior quantidade de flúor liberado foi medida após as primeiras 24 horas para todos os materiais. O Beautifil II liberou menos flúor do que outros materiais em todos os períodos avaliados (p <0,05). Após o polimento, a quantidade de flúor liberada de todos os materiais, exceto Beautifil II, aumentou (p <0,05). A aplicação de G-Coat Plus não afetou a quantidade de liberação de flúor de nenhum material (p> 0,05). A análise por EDS revelou a maior porcentagem de oxigênio em todos os materiais. Conclusão: O procedimento de polimento pode induzir um aumento na liberação de flúor de materiais à base de ionômero de vidro, e a aplicação de G-Coat Plus não pode afetar a quantidade de liberação de flúor (AU)


Subject(s)
Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Fluorides , Glass Ionomer Cements
7.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 8-16, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1150644

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar capacidade seladora de um cimento resinoso autoadesivo como tampão cervical para clareamento interno. Métodos: Quarenta incisivos inferiores bovinos recém-extraídos foram tratados endodonticamente. Após 72 horas, foi realizada a desobturação parcial do canal radicular para confecção de tampão cervical dividido em quatro grupos aleatório (n = 40), cada um contento dez amostras (n = 10), com os seguintes materiais: cimento resinoso autoadesivo, cimento resinoso adesivo, cimento de óxido de zinco sem eugenol com presa por água e cimento de ionômero de vidro quimicamente ativado (grupo controle). Após 24 horas de presa dos materiais, os elementos dentais foram submetidos ao clareamento interno com perborato de sódio misturado com água destilada pelo período de 7 dias em câmara umidificadora a 37 ºC. Posteriormente, o material clareador foi removido e um corante (fucsina básica 0,5%) foi colocado no interior da câmara pulpar, sendo renovado de 8 em 8 horas, pelo período de 24 horas. Os elementos dentais foram seccionados no sentido longitudinal em máquina de corte para avaliação quantitativa em um microscópio óptico sob aumento de 20x. O grau de penetração do corante foi analisado ao longo do tampão cervical (topo até base). Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa entre os materiais tamponantes utilizados (p = 0,5997). Conclusão: O cimento resinoso autoadesivo apresentou baixo grau de infiltração, sendo uma opção de material alternativo com finalidade de tampão cervical.


Aim: To evaluate the sealing ability of a self-adhesive resin cement as a cervical barrier for internal bleaching. Methods: Forty recently extracted bovine lower incisors were endodontically treated. After 72 hours, partial disobturation of the root canal was performed, a cervical barrier was placed, and the teeth were divided into four random groups (n = 40), each containing ten samples (n = 10), using the following materials: self-adhesive resin cement, adhesive resin cement, zinc oxide cement without eugenol cured by water, and chemically activate glass ionomer cement (control group). Twenty-four hours after the materials were cured, the teeth were subjected to internal bleaching with sodium perborate and distilled water for a period of seven days in a humidified chamber at 37°C. After, the bleaching material was removed and a dye (0.5% basic fuchsin) was placed inside the pulp chamber and renewed every eight hours for a period of 24 hours. The teeth were sectioned longitudinally in a cutting machine for quantitative evaluation using an optical microscope under 20x magnification. The degree of dye penetration was evaluated through the cervical barrier (top to bottom). Results: No significant difference was observed among the cervical barrier materials used in this study (p = 0.5997). Conclusion: The self-adhesive resin cement had low degree of leakage and represents an alternative material option to be used as a cervical barrier.


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Resin Cements , Dental Cements/analysis , Endodontics , Tooth Bleaching Agents/analysis , Glass Ionomer Cements , Epidemiology, Experimental
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200609, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154615

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the effectiveness of ART restorations using High Viscosity Glass-ionomer cement (HVGIC) with conventional restorations using resin composite in Class II cavities of permanent teeth, in a 2-year follow-up. Methodology Seventy-seven restorations were made with each restorative material, Equia Fil-GC Corporation (ART restorations) and Z350-3M (conventional restoration), in 54 participants in this parallel and randomized clinical trial. Restorations were evaluated at 6 months, 1 and 2 years using the ART and the modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. Chi-square test and Survival Analysis (p<0.05) were used for statistical analysis. Results The success rates for ART restorations were 98.7% (6 months) and 95.8% (1 year) for both criteria. At 2 years, success rate was 92% and 90.3% when scored by the modified USPHS and ART criteria (p=0.466), respectively. The success rates for conventional restorations were 100% (6 months), 98.7% (1 year) and 91.5% (2 years) for both assessment criteria. ART restorations presented a lower survival rate by the criterion of ART (83.7%) when compared to the modified USPHS criterion of (87.8%), after 2 years (p=0.051). The survival of conventional restorations was 90.7% for both evaluation criteria. Conclusion At the 2-years follow-up evaluation, no statistically significant difference was observed between the success rate of ART restorations with HVGIC compared to conventional restorations with resin composite in Class II cavities of permanent teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Caries , Glass Ionomer Cements , Viscosity , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration, Permanent
9.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(2): 24-30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1357504

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the superficial microhardness of enamel-restorations margins of glass ionomer cement reinforced with silver (RS), modified with resin (RI) and composite resin (CO) after cariogenic biofilm. Materials and Methods: Thirty bovine enamel blocks with standard cavities were divided into three groups according to the materials used: RI (Riva Light Cure™, SDI), RS (Riva Silver™, SDI) and CO (Filtek™ Z350 XT, 3M). Half of each enamel block surface was covered by acid resistant varnish. After that, the blocks were exposed to Streptococcus mutans biofilm. The varnish was removed from the blocks and superficial microhardness (MDS) was measured (Knoop, 50 g, 15 s), with five indentations, 100 µm from each other in three different directions. The data were analyzed by the Shapiro Wilk, Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney tests (p<0.05). Results: MDS analysis indicated that in 50 µm distance from the restoration, RS group obtained hardness gain (6.31±0.01), unlike RI (-0.36±0.05) and CO (-11.43±0.02) groups that demonstrated significant loss (p<0.05). In other distances did not observe statistical difference between the groups. Regardless of the distance up to 450 µm, significant high total mineral gain was observed for RS group compared to the CO group; however, RS and RI presented similar enamel microhardness. Conclusion: All glass ionomers increased microhardness of enamel blocks even in contact with cariogenic biofilm. Although only the silver reinforced glass ionomer prevented demineralization at the margin restorations in 50 µm from the margin.


Objetivo: Comparar a desmineralização nas margens da interface dente/restauração utilizando cimento de ionômero de vidro modificado com resina (RI) e reforçado com prata (RS) e com resina composta (CO) após desafio cariogênico. Materiais e Métodos: 30 blocos de esmalte bovino com cavidades padronizadas foram divididos em 3 grupos de acordo com os materiais utilizados: RI (Riva Light CureTM, SDI), RS (Riva SilverTM, SDI) e CO (FiltekTM Z350 XT, 3M). Metade de cada superfície de esmalte restaurada foi protegida com verniz ácido-resistente. Os blocos foram expostos ao biofilme de Streptococcus mutans. O verniz foi removido dos espécimes com algodão e álcool para mensuração da microdureza superficial (MDS - Knoop, 50 g, 15 s), através de 3 linhas com 5 indentações em cada e 100 µm de distância entre elas. Os dados foram submetidos ao programa SPSS 20.0, teste de normalidade de Shapiro Wilk, Kruskal Wallis e Mann Whitney (p<0,05). Resultados: A análise da MDS demonstrou que na distância de 50 µm da restauração, o grupo RS apresentou ganho percentual de dureza (6,31 ± 0,01), diferentemente dos grupo RI (-0,036 ± 0,05) e CO (-11,43 ± 0,02) que apresentaram perda significativa (p<0,05). Nas demais distâncias, não foi observada diferença estatística entre os grupos. Conclusão: Todos os cimentos de ionômero de vidro aumentaram a microdureza superficial total dos blocos de esmalte mesmo após exposição ao biofilme cariogênico. No entanto, apenas o grupo RS impediu a desmineralização a 50 µm das margens de restaurações submetidas a biofilme cariogênico.


Subject(s)
Dental Materials , Composite Resins , Dental Enamel , Glass Ionomer Cements , Hardness Tests
10.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351218

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Tocompare the effect of tooth brushing on surface roughness of Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer Cement (RMGIC; GC Gold label 2LC Light Cured Universal Restorative) and Glass Hybrid (GH; GC EQUIA SYSTEM- EQUIA Forte™ Fil and EQUIA Forte™ Coat) restorative material at 1- and 3-months interval simulated by tooth brushing. Material and Methods: RMGIC and GH material specimens (20 each) were prepared according to manufacturer instructions in 10mm × 2 mm dimensions using a mylar strip. A specially designed toothbrush simulator was used along with Oral B Pro 2 2000N powered toothbrush and Colgate Total dentifrice (Colgate-Palmolive India limited; Relative dentin abrasivity - RDA:70- Low abrasive) to perform brushing strokes. Specimens were subjected to surface roughness analysis before and after simulated tooth brushing at baseline, 1, and 3 months. Results: The intragroup comparison was done using repeated-measures ANOVA. Intergroup comparisons were done using an independent sample t-test and General Linear Model (ANCOVA). Surface roughness increased from baseline through 3 months in both RMGIC and GH groups. The mean surface roughness in RMGIC group was significantly higher than GH group at baseline 1 and 3-months, respectively (p<0.001, <0.001, and <0.001). Interaction between group and baseline surface roughness was not significant (p=0.466). The estimated marginal means were significantly higher in RMGIC than GH group (p=0.008). Conclusion: The surface roughness of both RMGIC and GH restorative increased from baseline to 1 month and 3 months after the simulated toothbrushing protocol. GH exhibited significantly lower surface roughness than RMGIC at all the tested intervals.


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Toothbrushing/instrumentation , Microscopy, Atomic Force/instrumentation , Dental Materials , Glass Ionomer Cements , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , India/epidemiology
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180857

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the initial mechanical stabilization of conventional glass ionomer cements (GICs) indicated for the atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) in different storage periods. Material and Methods: Specimens were divided according to the GIC (n=12): IZ - Ion-Z, KM - Ketac Molar Easymix, RS - Riva Self Cure, and GL - Gold Label 9. They were prepared and stored in distilled water. Superficial microhardness (SMH) was evaluated (KHN) in three phases: (A) after 1, (B) 3, and (C) 7 days of storage. Data were submitted to 2-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 5%). Results: The average KHN values for phases A, B, and C were, respectively, 33.05 ± 9.74; 33.21 ± 10.31 and 52.07 ± 11.75 (IZ); 50.35 ± 11.39; 66.05 ± 10.48 and 67.77 ± 13.80 (KM); 89.63 ± 15.59; 71.31 ± 23.86 and 57.70 ± 16.89 (RS); 42.18 ± 9.03; 68.54 ± 6.83 and 57.95 ± 8.24 (GL). Significant differences were observed: GIC, time, and interaction of both (p<0.05). KHN values differed between the groups, except in the GIC parameter for KM and GL. The time parameter values of phase A were lower than those of B and C, except for IZ and RS. Conclusion: The initial mechanical stabilization differed between the types of GIC tested and the storage time, and after the final period, all had similar SMH.


Subject(s)
Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment/instrumentation , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Hardness Tests , Molar , Zinc , Brazil , Analysis of Variance
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e058, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285725

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive and micro-invasive treatments on the arrest of occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 27 subjects, aged 5-11 years, with 64 erupting permanent molars presenting active occlusal enamel carious lesions (as assessed by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System [ICDAS]; scores 1-3). The sample was randomly assigned into two treatment groups: 1) resin-modified glass ionomer cement sealant (Clinpro XT Varnish; 3M ESPE) and 2) 4-week topical fluoride varnish application (Duraphat; Colgate). All children and parents received oral hygiene and dietary instructions. Teeth were evaluated at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months regarding the eruption stage, biofilm accumulation, as well as severity and activity of the carious lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the survival estimates for inactivation of the carious lesions for both treatment groups. Multivariate Cox regression models with shared frailty were performed to identify factors associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). After 12 months, 22% and 3% of the lesions treated with topical fluoride varnish and sealant, respectively remained active. The adjusted model demonstrated that younger children had a higher probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting (hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.78; p=0.01). However, the probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting after sealant application was 8.85 times higher compared with fluoride varnish applications (p=0.01). Sealing is a more effective approach than fluoride varnish for arresting occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Dental Caries/therapy , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Fluorides , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e062, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278591

ABSTRACT

Abstract This in vitro study evaluated the impact of TiO2 nanotubes (n-TiO2) incorporated into glass ionomer cement (GIC) on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) characteristics at cellular and molecular levels. n-TiO2, synthesized by the alkaline method (20 nm in size), was added to Ketac Molar EasyMix® at 0%, 3%, 5%, and 7% by weight. S. mutans strains were cultured on GIC disks with addition or not of n-TiO2 for 1, 3, and 7 days and the following parameters were assessed: inhibition halo (mm) (n=3/group); cell viability (live/dead) (n=5/group); cell morphology (SEM) (n=3/group); and gene expression by real-time PCR (vicR, covR, gtfB, gtfC, and gtfD) (n=6/group). The data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis test, repeated-measures ANOVA or two-way ANOVA, and Tukey's and Dunn's post-hoc tests (α=0.05). The agar diffusion test showed a higher antibacterial property for 5% n-TiO2 compared with 3% and 7% (p<0.05) with no effect of time (1, 3, and 7 days). The cell number was significantly affected by all n-TiO2 groups, while viability was mostly affected by 3% and 5% n-TiO2, which also affected cell morphology and organization. Real-time PCR demonstrated that n-TiO2 reduced the expression of covR when compared with GIC with no n-TiO2 (p<0.05), with no effect of time, except for 3% n-TiO2 on vicR expression. Within-group and between-group analyses revealed n-TiO2 did not affect mRNA levels of gtfB, gtfC, and gtfD (p>0.05). Incorporation of n-TiO2 at 3% and 5% potentially affected S. mutans viability and the expression of key genes for bacterial survival and growth, improving the anticariogenic properties of GIC.


Subject(s)
Streptococcus mutans , Nanotubes , Titanium , Virulence , Materials Testing , Glass Ionomer Cements/pharmacology
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250443

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the survival of occlusal and occlusal-proximal restorations performed with resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (RMGIC) in deciduous molars using rubber dam and cotton rolls isolation. Material and Methods: Ninety-two patients were included and 200 deciduous molars with cavitated occlusal or occlusoproximal dentin caries lesions were randomized into two groups: cotton rolls (n = 100) and rubber dam (n = 100) and RMGIC restorations were placed. At baseline and in the follow-up visit, presence, severity and activity of caries lesions were registered. Two independent, blinded examiners evaluated the treated teeth clinically using the USPHS criteria and radiographically after 9 months. Descriptive analysis, survival curve (log-rank test) and Cox regression were performed to assess risk factors related to failure. Results: Out of the 179 teeth (92 cotton rolls group and 87 rubber dam group) evaluated at 9-month follow-up period. No lesion progression was observed radiographically. The overall treatment success rate was 85.47% (83.47% for cotton rolls and 87.35 rubber dam group). No significant difference between isolation methods was observed in the log-rank test (p = 0.16). Cox regression showed no risk factors related to failure. Conclusion: No difference was found in the survival of occlusal and occlusal-proximal restorations performed with RMGIC in deciduous molars using a rubber dam and cotton rolls isolation after a 9-month follow-up period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Survival Analysis , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar/anatomy & histology , Survival , Brazil/epidemiology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Single-Blind Method , Regression Analysis
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 445-452, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132320

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different commercial liquid phases (Ketac, Riva, and Fuji IX) and the use of spherical pre-reacted glass (SPG) fillers on cement maturation, fluoride release, compressive (CS) and biaxial flexural strength (BFS) of experimental glass ionomer cements (GICs). The experimental GICs (Ketac_M, Riva_M, FujiIX_M) were prepared by mixing SPG fillers with commercial liquid phases using the powder to liquid mass ratio of 2.5:1. FTIR-ATR was used to assess the maturation of GICs. Diffusion coefficient of fluoride (DF) and cumulative fluoride release (CF) in deionized water was determined using the fluoride ion specific electrode (n=3). CS and BFS at 24 h were also tested (n=6). Commercial GICs were used as comparisons. Riva and Riva_M exhibited rapid polyacrylate salt formation. The highest DF and CF were observed with Riva_M (1.65x10-9 cm2/s) and Riva (77 ppm) respectively. Using SPG fillers enhanced DF of GICs on average from ~2.5x10-9 cm2/s to ~3.0x10-9 cm2/s but reduced CF of the materials on average from ~51 ppm to ~42 ppm. The CS and BFS of Ketac_M (144 and 22 MPa) and Fuji IX_M (123 and 30 MPa) were comparable to commercial materials. Using SPG with Riva significantly reduced CS and BFS from 123 MPa to 55 MPa and 42 MPa to 28 MPa respectively. The use of SPG fillers enhanced DF but reduced CF of GICs. Using SPG with Ketac or Fuji IX liquids provided comparable strength to the commercial materials.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes fases líquidas comerciais (Ketac, Riva e Fuji IX) e o uso de partículas esféricas de vidro pré-reagido (SPG) na maturação do cimento, liberação de flúor, força de compressão (CS) e resistência biaxial à flexão (BFS) de cimentos de ionômero de vidro (GICs) experimentais. Os GICs experimentais (Ketac_M, Riva_M, FujiIX_M) foram preparados pela mistura de partículas SPG com fases líquidas comerciais usando a proporção de pó para massa líquida de 2,5: 1. O FTIR-ATR foi usado para avaliar a maturação dos GICs. O coeficiente de difusão do flúor (DF) e a liberação cumulativa de flúor (CF) em água deionizada foram determinados usando o eletrodo específico do íon fluoreto (n = 3). CS e BFS em 24 h também foram testados (n = 6). GICs comerciais foram usados como comparações. Riva e Riva_M exibiram rápida formação de sal de poliacrilato. Os maiores DF e CF foram observados com Riva_M (1,65x10-9 cm2/s) e Riva (77 ppm), respectivamente. O uso de partículas SPG melhorou o DF de GICs em média de ~ 2,5x10-9 cm2/s a ~ 3,0x10-9 cm2/s, mas reduziu o CF dos materiais em média de ~ 51 ppm a ~ 42 ppm. O CS e BFS de Ketac_M (144 e 22 MPa) e Fuji IX_M (123 e 30 MPa) foram comparáveis aos materiais comerciais. Usar SPG com Riva reduziu significativamente CS e BFS de 123 MPa para 55 MPa e 42 MPa para 28 MPa, respectivamente. O uso de SPG partículas melhorou o DF, mas reduziu o CF dos GICs. O uso de partículas SPG com líquidos Ketac ou Fuji IX proporcionou resistência comparável aos materiais comerciais.


Subject(s)
Dental Cements , Glass Ionomer Cements , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Compressive Strength
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 440-444, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132310

ABSTRACT

Abstract Posterior build-ups are auxiliary devices to orthodontic treatment which are made with resin-based or glass ionomer composites. Their removal requires care to protect the tooth surface, therefore, pigmented materials are preferred for a better visualization. This study proposed a pigmentation experimental technique of a regular composite resin, evaluating the microshear bond strength test (µ-SBT) of this experimental pigmented resin and comparing with a blue-colored polyacid-modified composite resin, used for posterior buildups. Forty-eight buccal and lingual surfaces of human teeth were used and randomly divided into 4 groups (n=12). The groups were divided into: C (control), regular composite resin; P, regular composite resin pigmented; UBL, Ultra Band Lok™; OB, Ortho Bite™. The composites were bonded using a matrix to obtain microcylinders and prepared for each experimental groups. The samples were then stored in distilled water for 24h at 37°C followed by a µ-SBT. The types of bond failures were evaluated using a stereoscopic magnifying glass (10×). The data were analyzed by ANOVA with Fisher post hoc and Dunnett´s test. Means of µ-SBT± standard deviation (MPa) were: C (39.98a±13.0), P (40.09a± 14.3); UBL (33.26ab±8.6); OB (28.70b±5.5). The most prevalent type of failure was adhesive (80.4%). Further, was not observed a statistically significant correlation between the bond strength values and failure patterns. The pigmentation of a commercially available resin did not alter the µ-SBT and exhibited similar adhesiveness as a polyacid-modified composite resin.


Resumo Levantes de mordida posterior são dispositivos para o tratamento ortodôntico confeccionados com resinas compostas ou materiais ionoméricos. Cuidado com a remoção destes se faz necessário para proteção da superfície dentária; para tanto, materiais pigmentados são preferidos por proporcionar melhor visualização. Este estudo propõe uma técnica de pigmentação experimental de resinas compostas convencionais, avaliando a resistência ao microcisalhamento (µ-SBT) na interface de união da resina experimental e superfície de esmalte dental e comparando-a com materiais comercialmente disponíveis para a confecção de levantes de mordida. Quarenta e oito superfícies de dentes humanos foram selecionadas aleatoriamente e divididos em quatro grupos (n=12), de acordo com o material adesivo utilizado: C (Controle, resina composta convencional); P (pigmentação experimental da resina composta convencional); UBL (Ultra Band Lok®); OB (Ortho Bite®). Microcilindros foram preparados para cada tipo de compósito utilizando uma matriz de silicone. As amostras foram mantidas em água destilada por 24h a 37°C, antes da realização do µ-SBT. Os padrões de fratura foram avaliados através de uma lupa estereoscópica com magnificação de 10x. ANOVA com pós teste de Fisher e teste de Dunnett foram utilizados para avaliar os dados. As médias obtidas do µ-SBT ± desvio padrão (MPa) foram: C (39.98a±13.0), P (40.09a± 14.3); UBL (33.26ab±8.6); OB (28.70b±5.5). O tipo de fratura mais prevalente foi a adesiva (80.4%). Além disso, não foi observada correlação estatisticamente significante entre os valores de resistência de união e os padrões de fratura. A técnica de pigmentação experimental não alterou os resultados de µ-SBT da resina composta convencional e mostrou adesividade semelhante à dos compósitos modificados por poliácidos utilizados neste estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding , Composite Resins , Materials Testing , Pigmentation , Resin Cements , Glass Ionomer Cements
17.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(4): 319-325, ago. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179153

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the influence of dentin conditioning with polyacrylic acid on the shear bond strength of the nano-filled resin-modified glass ionomer cement Ketac N100 (3MESPE). Material and methods: Eighteen bovine incisors were randomly divided into two groups (n=18): group 1, without dentin surface treatment, and group 2, with dentin surface treated with 10% polyacrylic acid for 15 seconds. In both groups the primer was applied before the application of the nano-filled resin-modified glass ionomer cement (Ketac N100) and light-cured for 20 seconds. After 24 hours, the specimens were submitted to thermocycling for 350 cycles, and the teeth were immersed in distilled water at room temperature. After 24 hours, specimens were tested for shear bond strength at 1mm/minute crosshead speed. The collected data were analyzed using the non-parametric test of Mann Whitney (p<0.05). Results: There was a significant difference in shear bond strength values between the treatment and control groups, the group with dentin conditioning with 10% polyacrylic acid showed higher shear strength values than the group without dentin treatment. Conclusion: Application of 10% polyacrylic acid on dentin increases the shear bond strength values of nano-filled resin-modified glass ionomer cement.


Este estudio in vitrotuvo como objetivo evaluar la influencia del acondicionamiento de la dentina con ácido poliacrílico sobre la resistencia al cizallamiento del cemento de ionómero de vidrio modificado con resina con tecnología de nano relleno Ketac N100 (3MESPE). Material y Métodos: Dieciocho incisivos bovinos se dividieron aleatoriamente en dos grupos (n = 18): el grupo 1, sin tratamiento de la superficie dentinaria, y el grupo 2, con la superficie dentinaria tratada con ácido poliacrílico al 10% durante 15 segundos. En ambos grupos, el Primer se aplicó antes de la aplicación del cemento de ionómero devidrio modificado con resina con tecnología de nano relleno (Ketac N100) y se fotopolimerizó durante 20 segundos. Después de 24 horas, las muestras se sometieron a 350 ciclos de termociclado y los dientes se sumergieron en agua destilada a temperatura ambiente. Después de 24 horas, las muestras se evaluaron para determinar la resistencia al cizallamiento a una velocidad constante de 1 mm / minuto. Los datos recolectados fueron analizados mediante la prueba no paramétrica de Mann Whitney (p<0.05). Resultados: Hubo una diferencia significativa en los valores de resistencia al cizallamiento entre los grupos de tratamiento y control, el grupo con acondicionamiento de dentina con ácido poliacrílico al 10% mostró valores de resistencia al cizallamiento más altos que el grupo sin tratamiento de la dentina. Conclusión: La aplicación de ácido poliacrílico al 10% sobre la dentina aumenta los valores de resistencia al cizallamiento del cemento de ionómero de vidrio modificado con resina con tecnología de nano relleno.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Composite Resins/chemistry , Shear Strength , Dentin/radiation effects , Temperature , In Vitro Techniques , Dental Cements , Dental Stress Analysis , Glass Ionomer Cements
18.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(4): 1461-1470, 01-06-2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147322

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the mechanical properties of fluoride-releasing dental materials after an accelerated fluoride recharge/discharge procedure. Two fluoride-releasing glass ionomer types of cement (Ketac Molar Easymix and IonoStar Molar), a resin-modified glass ionomer (Photac Fil Quick Aplicap), and two compomers (Compoglass F and Glasiosite) were used in this study. A total of 30 rectangular specimens and 30 disk specimens of each material were prepared and placed in distilled/deionized water (n = 5). The amount of fluoride released was analyzed from the materials for 7-day discharge, 1st recharge, 7-day discharge, 2nd recharge, and 7-day discharge, and 3rd recharge. The de/pre- and post-recharge fluoride release were measured using an ion chromatography for 24 days. The flexural strength and microhardness of each group were evaluated. The microhardness of all restorative materials showed no significant change (p > 0.05) over the experimental period. The flexural strength properties of the restorative materials did not change within the time of the study. The study showed that the fluoride release/uptake causes no effect on the mechanical and physical properties of dental materials.


Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar as propriedades mecânicas de materiais dentários liberadores de flúor após um procedimento acelerado de recarga/descarga de flúor. Dois tipos de cimento de ionômero de vidro liberador de flúor (Ketac Molar Easymix e IonoStar Molar), um ionômero de vidro modificado por resina (Photac Fil Quick Aplicap) e dois compômeros (Compoglass F e Glasiosite) foram utilizados neste estudo. Um total de 30 amostras retangulares e 30 amostras de disco de cada material foram preparadas e colocadas em água destilada/deionizada (n = 5). A quantidade de fluoreto liberado foi analisada a partir dos materiais para descarga em 7 dias, 1ª recarga, descarga em 7 dias, 2ª recarga e descarga em 7 dias e 3ª recarga. A liberação de fluoreto pré e pós-recarga foi medida usando uma cromatografia de íons por 24 dias. A resistência à flexão e a microdureza de cada grupo foram avaliadas. A microdureza de todos os materiais restauradores não apresentou alteração significativa (p > 0,05) durante o período experimental. As propriedades de resistência à flexão dos materiais restauradores não mudaram no período do estudo. O estudo mostrou que a liberação/captação de flúor não afeta as propriedades mecânicas e físicas dos materiais dentários.


Subject(s)
Fluorine , Glass Ionomer Cements
19.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-8, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1097768

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the influence of lengths and different luting agents on the bond strength of fiberglass posts' adhesion to dentin.Methods: Sixty single-root bovine teeth were endodontically treated and included in polyether and acrilyc resin to simulate a periodontal ligament. These were divided into 6 groups according to the post lengths (6, 10 or 14 mm) and luting agents (self-adhesive dual resin cement ­ U; or etch-and-rinse dual resin cement ­ A): U6, U10, U14, A6, A19, and A14. All fiberglass posts were cemented according to manufacturer instructions. After this, mechanical aging was performed (1.2x106 cycles; 4 Hz, 90 N). The push-out specimens were then conducted (2.0 ± 0.1 mm), with the test executed in a universal machine (10 kgf at 0.5 mm/min). Data obtained were submitted to the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's test. Results: No statistically significant difference was observed in bond strength between the groups due to the type of luting agent (p > 0.05). However, the isolated post-length factor showed significantly different results for the U groups (p < 0.05). The U10 group showed similar union values to U6 but statistically inferior to U14. Conclusion: bond strength of fiberglass posts of the same length as the dentin presented no differences according to the luting agent, but the post-length property influenced the bond strength when self-adhesive resin cement was used.


Objetivo: avaliar a influência dos agentes cimentantes e dos diferentes comprimentos de pinos na resistência de união de pinos de fibra de vidro a dentina. Métodos: Sessenta dentes bovinos uniradiculares tiveram a raiz endodonticamente tratada, e foram incluídos em poliéter e resina acrílica para simular o ligamento periodontal. Os espécimes foram divididos em seis grupos de acordo com o comprimento dos pinos (6, 10 ou 14mm) e dos agentes de cimentantes (cimento resinoso dual autoadesivo (RelyX U200, 3M ESPE) - U; ou cimento resinoso dual convencional (AllCem Core, FGM) - A: U6, U10, U14, A6, A19 e A14. Todos os pinos de fibra de vidro foram cimentados conforme as recomendações do fabricante. Após, o envelhecimento mecânico (1,2x106 ciclos; 4 Hz, 90 N) as amostras foram fatiadas para o teste de push-out (2,0 ± 0,1 mm) executado em uma máquina de ensaio universal (10 kgf a 0,5 mm/min). Os dados foram submetidos ao teste de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn. Resultados: não houve diferença estatística na resistência de união entre os grupos devido ao tipo de agente cimentante (p > 0,05), mas houve para o comprimento dos pinos dos grupos U (p < 0,05). O grupo U10 apresentou valores de união semelhantes a U6, mas estatisticamente inferiores ao U14. Conclusão: a resistência de união dos pinos de fibra de vidro de um mesmo comprimento não apresentou diferenças mesmo quando cimentados com cimentos diferentes, mas o comprimento dos pinos isoladamente influenciou quando o cimento resinoso autoadesivo foi utilizado.


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Material Resistance , Glass Ionomer Cements , Dental Pins
20.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(1): 1-11, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1049834

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the marginal fit and microleakage of monolithic zirconia crowns cemented by bio-active cements (Ceramir) compared to that cemented with glass ionomer cement, and to evaluate the effect of thermocycling on marginal fit. Material and Methods: Twenty sound human molar teeth were prepared to receive monolithic zirconia crowns. Teeth were divided randomly into two equal groups according to the type of luting cement: Group I (glass ionomer cement) and group II (Ceramir cement). After cementation, the vertical marginal gap was assessed using stereomicroscope before and after thermocycling. Twenty equidistant measurement points were taken for each crown. Leakage assessment was carried out using Fuchsin dye penetration followed by digital photography under a stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test to compare between the two luting cements. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to evaluate the effect of thermocycling on the marginal fit (P ≤ 0.05). Results: Whether before or after thermocycling, the results showed no significant difference between the marginal gap values of the two tested groups. For both groups, there was a significant increase in marginal gap values after thermocycling. Also, there was no significant difference between leakage scores of the two tested groups. Conclusion: Similarity in the physical properties and chemical composition of the two cements resulted in a nonsignificant effect on the vertical marginal fit and the extent of microleakage of translucent zirconia crowns. Thermocycling had a negative impact on the vertical marginal gap of the two tested luting agents. (AU)


Objetivo: avaliar a adapatação marginal e a microinfiltração de coroas monolíticas de zircônia cimentadas com cimentos bioativos (Ceramir) em comparação com o cimento de ionômero de vidro e avaliar o efeito da termociclagem na adaptação marginal. Material e Métodos: Vinte molares humanos sadios foram preparados para receber coroas monolíticas de zircônia. Os dentes foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos iguais, de acordo com o tipo de cimento: Grupo I (cimento de ionômero de vidro) e grupo II (cimento Ceramir). Após a cimentação, a adaptação marginal vertical foi avaliada com estereomicroscópio antes e após a termociclagem. Vinte pontos de medição equidistantes foram obtidos para cada coroa. A avaliação da infiltração foi realizada utilizando a penetração do corante de fucsina, seguida de fotografia digital sob estereomicroscópio. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Mann-Whitney para comparação entre os dois cimentos. O teste de Wilcoxon foi usado para avaliar o efeito da termociclagem na adaptação marginal (P ≤ 0,05). Resultados: Antes ou depois da termociclagem, os resultados não mostraram diferença significativa entre os valores de fenda marginal dos dois grupos testados. Para ambos os grupos, houve um aumento significativo nos valores de fenda marginal após a termociclagem. Além disso, não houve diferença significativa entre os escores de infiltração dos dois grupos testados. Conclusão: A similaridade nas propriedades físicas e na composição química dos dois cimentos resultou em um efeito não significativo na adaptação marginal vertical e na extensão da microinfiltração de coroas translúcidas de zircônia. A termociclagem teve um impacto negativo na fenda marginal vertical dos dois agentes de cimentação testados. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Zirconium , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Crowns , Dental Cements , Dental Leakage , Temperature , In Vitro Techniques , Random Allocation , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar
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