Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.478
Filter
2.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20200154, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1287093

ABSTRACT

Inflammation is closely related to renal diseases. This is particularly true for renal diseases caused by infections as in viral diseases. In this review, we highlight the inflammatory mechanisms that underlie kidney dysfunction in SARS-CoV-2, human immunodeficiency (HIV), hepatitis C (HCV), and hepatitis B (HBV) infections. The pathophysiology of renal involvement in COVID-19 is complex, but kidney damage is frequent, and the prognosis is worse when it happens. Virus-like particles were demonstrated mostly in renal tubular epithelial cells and podocytes, which suggest that SARS-CoV-2 directly affects the kidneys. SARS-CoV-2 uses the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptor, which is found in endothelial cells, to infect the human host cells. Critical patients with SARS-CoV-2-associated acute kidney injury (AKI) show an increase in inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-8, IFN-γ, TNF-α), known as cytokine storm that favors renal dysfunction by causing intrarenal inflammation, increased vascular permeability, volume depletion, thromboembolic events in microvasculature and persistent local inflammation. Besides AKI, SARS-CoV-2 can also cause glomerular disease, as other viral infections such as in HIV, HBV and HCV. HIV-infected patients present chronic inflammation that can lead to a number of renal diseases. Proinflammatory cytokines and TNF-induced apoptosis are some of the underlying mechanisms that may explain the virus-induced renal diseases that are here reviewed.(AU)


Subject(s)
Hepatitis B virus , HIV , Hepacivirus , COVID-19 , Glomerulonephritis , Inflammation , Kidney Diseases
3.
Med. lab ; 25(3): 569-580, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343146

ABSTRACT

La glomerulonefritis rápidamente progresiva mediada por complejos inmunes (GMNRP II) es un síndrome clínico caracterizado por el rápido deterioro de la función renal asociado a hematuria, edemas y oliguria. Histológicamente se manifiesta como una glomerulonefritis crescéntica, con la presencia de depósitos granulares en la inmunofluorescencia. Aunque es una enfermedad rara, es grave y puede evolucionar a una enfermedad renal crónica, por lo cual es fundamental su identificación temprana. A continuación, se presenta una revisión sobre este tipo de glomerulonefritis, con énfasis en su etiología y en las opciones terapéuticas existentes en la actualidad


Rapidly progressive immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis (RPGNMN II) is a clinical syndrome characterized by severe deterioration of renal function associated with hematuria, edema, and oliguria. It is histologically characterized as a crescentic glomerulonephritis, with the presence of granular deposits on immunofluorescence. Although it is a rare condition, it is a potentially serious disease that may progress to chronic renal disease, therefore its early identification is essential. Here we present a review of this form of glomerulonephritis, with emphasis on its etiology and the currently available therapeutic options


Subject(s)
Glomerulonephritis , Purpura , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Steroids , Biopsy , ISCOMs , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Kidney Failure, Chronic
4.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 58(2): 191-197, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115484

ABSTRACT

Resumen La Granulomatosis con Poliangeitis, también conocida como granulomatosis de Wegner presenta una incidencia de 5-10 casos por millón de habitantes y solo el 2-11% de los casos presentan manifestaciones en el sistema nervioso central. No existen unos criterios diagnósticos estandarizados, sin embargo, la sospecha clínica, la serología positiva para ANCA, la evidencia histológica de vasculitis necrotizante, la glomerulonefritis necrotizante o la inflamación granulomatosa de órganos como piel, pulmón o riñón, pueden hacer pensar en dicha patología. La neurocirugía es una opción tanto diagnostica como terapéutica y debería realizarse en aquellos casos en que las lesiones se encuentren en zonas accesibles y tengan bajo riesgo de generar comorbilidades. Presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 39 años con cuadro de Granulomatosis con Poliangeítis con compromiso en fosa posterior a quién se le realiza un abordaje occipitocervical derecho. Posterior al manejo quirúrgico presenta infección meningea. Adicionalmente, realizamos una revisión de la literatura sobre dicha patología.


Granulomatosis with Poliangeitis or Wegner's granulomatosis has an incidence of 5-10 cases per million of habitants and only 2-11% of cases present manifestations in the central nervous system. There are no standardized diagnostic criteria, however, clinical suspicion, positive serology for ANCA 'S, histological evidence of necrotizing vasculitis, necrotizing glomerulonephritis or granulomatous inflammation of organs such as skin, lung or kidney, may suggest this pathology. Neurosurgery is a diagnostic and therapeutic option and could be a possibility in those cases in which the lesions are in accessible areas and have low risk of generating comorbidities. We present the case of a 39-year-old female patient with granulomatosis and polyangiitis with involvement in the posterior fossa. After surgical management, it presents meningeal infection. Additionally, we conducted a review of the pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Central Nervous System , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Glomerulonephritis , Neurosurgery
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(5): 702-706, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139356

ABSTRACT

C1q nephropathy is a rare glomerulopathy characterized by mesangial deposition of the complement component C1q. These deposits can be isolated or associated with immunoglobulins or complement fractions, which are observed by immunofluorescence or immunohistochemical microscopy. In ultramicroscopy, dense mesangial deposits and alterations of the podocyte are observed. Clinically it presents as a nephrotic syndrome (NS) or by alterations of the urinalysis such as proteinuria and/or hematuria in children and young adults. In light microscopy, it is expressed with a morphological pattern of minimal change disease (MCD), mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). The NS during its evolution usually evolve in steroid resistance or steroid dependency, often requiring the association of immunosuppressants to obtain remission. We report a 14 years old male with a history of NS and its evolution under various treatments during a 12-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Complement C1q/metabolism , Glomerulonephritis/diagnosis
6.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(2): 177-180, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125062

ABSTRACT

La endocarditis bacteriana con hemocultivo negativo constituye un dilema diagnóstico. Tanto Bartonella como Coxiella pueden causarla, con presentaciones clínicas similares que pueden simular una vasculitis sistémica no infecciosa. Sin embargo, difieren en el tipo y la duración del tratamiento, por lo que es fundamental identificar el agente etiológico. Presentamos un caso de endocarditis por Bartonella henselae asociada a glomerulonefritis y neurorretinitis, con hemocultivo negativo, anticuerpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilos y antiproteinasa 3 positivos, y serología positiva para Bartonella con reacción cruzada para Coxiella burnetti. El diagnóstico etiológico fue confirmado a posteriori mediante amplificación y secuenciación parcial del gen ribC a partir de tejido de la válvula cardíaca. El paciente recibió tratamiento antibiótico e inmunosupresor seguido de recambio valvular aórtico y presentó evolución favorable.


Blood-culture negative endocarditis is a diagnostic challenge. Both Bartonella and Coxiella can cause it with similar clinical presentations mimicking a systemic vasculitis. The identification of the etiologic agent is essential because they differ in treatment type and duration. We present a case of blood-culture negative endocarditis caused by Bartonella henselae, associated with glomerulonephritis and neuroretinitis, with negative blood culture, positive anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic and antiproteinase 3 antibodies. The serology was positive for Bartonella with cross-reactivity to Coxiella burnetti. The etiological diagnosis was achieved by polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing of a ribC gene fragment. The patient received antibiotic and immunosuppressive treatment followed by replacement of the aortic valve with favorable medium-term evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Retinitis/microbiology , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Endocarditis, Bacterial/microbiology , Glomerulonephritis/microbiology , Retinitis/complications , Endocarditis, Bacterial/complications , Glomerulonephritis/complications
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e208-e210, abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100488

ABSTRACT

La glomerulonefritis aguda desencadenada por Streptococcus pneumoniae es una patología de baja prevalencia. Existen diversos reportes que comunican distintas cepas nefritogénicas; sin embargo, la 6C ha sido escasamente señalada como tal.Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 4 años, quien ingresó a Terapia Intensiva con pleuroneumonía por Streptococcus pneumoniae serotipo 6C y desarrolló, de modo concomitante, edemas, hipertensión arterial, hematuria, proteinuria, disminución del filtrado glomerular y del nivel de complemento C3. Se diagnosticó glomerulonefritis aguda. Su evolución fue satisfactoria en un breve plazo. Esta patología, por lo general, es de curso transitorio y benigno; sin embargo, en ocasiones, puede complicar la evolución de un paciente críticamente enfermo, por lo cual se hace necesario tenerla entre los diagnósticos diferenciales para considerar.


Acute glomerulonephritis caused by Streptococcuspneumoniaeis a low prevalence pathology. There are several reports communicating different nephritogenic serotypes, however, 6C has been scarcely indicated as such. It is presented the case of a 4-year-old patient who entered Intensive Therapy Unit with pleuropneumonia due to Streptococcuspneumoniae serotype 6C and concomitantly developed edemas, arterial hypertension, hematuria, proteinuria, decreased glomerular filtration rate and C3 complement level. Acute glomerulonephritis was diagnosed. His evolution was satisfactory in a short time. This pathology is usually of a transitory and benign course; however, sometimes it can potentially complicate the evolution of a critically ill patient, so it is necessary to have it among the differential diagnoses to consider.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Pleuropneumonia/diagnosis , Glomerulonephritis , Pleuropneumonia/drug therapy , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Diagnosis, Differential
8.
Rev. Soc. Colomb. Oftalmol ; 53(1): 37-43, 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1128157

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la retinopatía tipo Purtscher es una complicación asociada a varias enfermedades. En muchos casos el tratamiento de la enfermedad de base es suficiente para la resolución de la retinopatía. Objetivo: reporte de caso que sugiere la validez de la OCT para el estudio de la retinopatía tipo Purtscher. Diseño del estudio: reporte de caso. Resumen del caso: hombre de 36 años presentó una retinopatía tipo Purtscher asociada a glomerulonefritis aguda postestreptocóccica. La mejor agudeza visual corregida (MAVC) era de contar dedos en ambos ojos (AO). La funduscopia reveló manchas algodonosas, hemorragias intrarretinianas y retinianas superficiales. La tomografía de coherencia óptica (OCT) mostró edema macular en AO. Realizamos el seguimiento el primer y tercer mes tras la presentación inicial hasta la resolución de la retinopatía sin tratamiento oftalmológico. Conclusión: la OCT es un método no invasivo útil en el estudio de la retinopatía tipo Purtscher.


Background: Purtscher-like retinopathy is a complication associated with several diseases. In many cases the treatment of the underlying desease is sufficient for the resolution of retinopathy. Objective: to report a case and suggest the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the study of Purtscher-like retinopathy. Study design: a case report Case summary: a 36-year-old man presented a Purtscher-like retinopathy associated with acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was to count fingers in both eyes (OU). Funduscopy revealed cotton spots, intraretinal hemorrhages and superficial retinal hemorrhages. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed macular edema in OU. We monitored the first and third month after the initial presentation until the resolution of retinopathy without ophthalmological treatment. Conclusion: OCT is a non-invasive method useful in the study of Purtscherlike retinopathy.


Subject(s)
Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Retinal Hemorrhage , Macular Edema , Glomerulonephritis
9.
Niger. j. paediatr ; 47(4): 345-352, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1267480

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute glomerulonephritis (AGN) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in children in developing countries while its incidence has declined in the developed world. This study was to document its present impact in our setting.Aim: To evaluate the sociodemographic features and clinical outcomes in children hospitalized for AGN in the Paediatric Nephrology Unit of the University College Hospital, Ibadan.Subjects and Methods: This was a descriptive analytical study of children aged 2 to 14 years admitted with AGN between 2007 and 2019. Their sociodemographic data, clinical features, complications and outcome were analysed.Results: AGN accounted for 116 (8.9%) of new renal cases admitted over the period. Seventy-four (63.8%) were male, mean age (SD) was 8.2 (3.3) years and peak age incidence between 5 and 9 years. Average annual hospital incidence rose from 4-5 new cases to 8-9 new cases/annum with an upsurge to 17 cases in 2019. Highest yearly monthly incidence was between June and December. Forty -five out of 50 (90%) evaluated subjects were in the middle/ low socioeconomic classes. Stage 2 hypertension occurred in 30/50 (60%) with hypertensive crises in 24%. RPGN occurred in 6/50 (12%) of cases accounting for 5 of the 8 dialysed patients and 4 of the 5 deaths. The case fatality rate was 4.3%.Conclusion: The study showed a progressive increase in the hospital incidence of AGN.RPGN was a major risk factor for death in children with AGN and therefore requires a high index of suspicion and an appropriate early intervention


Subject(s)
Glomerulonephritis , Nigeria
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 363-367, ago. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054937

ABSTRACT

La glomerulonefritis rápidamente progresiva de etiología posinfecciosa es rara en la infancia, con una prevalencia estimada del 1-3 %. La mayoría debuta como insuficiencia renal aguda y su tratamiento se basa en el uso de corticoides y ciclofosfamida. Si se realiza diagnóstico precoz, el 70 % presenta una recuperación temprana de la función renal. En los últimos años, se han descrito "glomerulopatías por C3", que presentan características que se superponen. Son útiles, en el diagnóstico diferencial, la inmunofluorescencia y la determinación del factor nefrítico. Se presenta un varón de 4 años que acude por fiebre y cuadro respiratorio. Se observa microhematuria, proteinuria, descenso de filtrado glomerular y descenso de C3, y se sospecha glomerulonefritis aguda. Se realiza una biopsia, cuya microscopía óptica muestra la presencia de semilunas epiteliales, y la electrónica, depósitos subepiteliales en forma de joroba, por lo que se diagnostica glomerulonefritis rápidamente progresiva de etiología posinfecciosa.


Postinfectious glomerulonephritis is rarely presented as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in children; the prevalence is approximately 1-3 %. Most children have acute onset of renal failure; initial treatment involves corticosteroids and immunosuppressive therapy. Early diagnosis improves prognosis. In recent years, an entity known as "C3 glomerulopathies" has been described, presenting characteristics that overlap. In the differential diagnosis, the immunofluorescence and the determination of the nephritic factor are useful. We report a 4-year-old boy with fever, respiratory symptoms and hyporexia. Microhematuria, proteinuria, decline in glomerular filtration and depressed C3 were found. Acute glomerulonephritis was suspected. Renal biopsy showed crescent formation, immunofluorescence staining for C3 and subepithelial humps. Therefore, postinfectious glomerulonephritis with crescent formations was diagnosed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Glomerulonephritis/diagnosis , Pediatrics , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Glomerulonephritis/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
11.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(2): 293-295, Apr.-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012528

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Pauci-immune glomerulonephritis (GN) is more common in elderly people compared to children and the etiology is not completely understood yet. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) positivity occurs in 80% of the patients. We report a case of a 7-year-old girl who presented with malaise and mildly elevated creatinine diagnosed as ANCA-associated pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis with crescents in 20 of 25 glomeruli (80%). Of these 20 crescents, 12 were cellular, 4 fibrocellular, and 4 globally sclerotic. She did not have purpura, arthritis, or systemic symptoms and she responded well to initial immunosuppressive treatment despite relatively severe histopathology. The patient was given three pulses of intravenous methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg on alternate days) initially and continued with cyclophosphamide (CYC; 2 mg/kg per day) orally for 3 months with prednisone (1 mg/kg per day). In one month, remission was achieved with normal serum creatinine and prednisone was gradually tapered. The case of this child with a relatively rare pediatric disease emphasizes the importance of early and aggressive immunosuppressive treatment in patients with renal-limited ANCA-associated pauci-immune crescentic GN even if with a mild clinical presentation. As in our patient, clinical and laboratory findings might not always exactly reflect the severity of renal histopathology and thus kidney biopsy is mandatory in such children to guide the clinical management and predict prognosis.


RESUMO A glomerulonefrite (GN) pauci-imune é mais comum em idosos em comparação com crianças, e a etiologia ainda não é completamente compreendida. A positividade do anticorpo citoplasmático antineutrófilo (ANCA) ocorre em 80% dos pacientes. Relatamos o caso de uma menina de 7 anos de idade que apresentou mal-estar e creatinina discretamente elevada, diagnosticada como glomerulonefrite rapidamente progressiva pauci-imune associada a ANCA com crescentes em 20 dos 25 glomérulos (80%). Destes 20 crescentes, 12 eram celulares, 4 fibrocelulares e 4 globalmente escleróticos. Ela não apresentava púrpura, artrite ou sintomas sistêmicos e respondeu bem ao tratamento imunossupressor inicial, apesar da histopatologia relativamente grave. A paciente recebeu três pulsos de metilprednisolona intravenosa (30 mg/kg em dias alternados) inicialmente e continuou com ciclofosfamida (2 mg/kg por dia) por via oral durante 3 meses com prednisona (1 mg/kg por dia). Em um mês, a remissão foi alcançada com creatinina sérica normal e a prednisona foi gradualmente reduzida. O caso desta criança com uma doença pediátrica relativamente rara enfatiza a importância do tratamento imunossupressor precoce e agressivo em pacientes com GN rapidamente progressiva renal associada à ANCA, mesmo com uma apresentação clínica leve. Como em nossa paciente, os achados clínicos e laboratoriais podem nem sempre refletir exatamente a gravidade da histopatologia renal e, assim, a biópsia renal é obrigatória nessas crianças para orientar a conduta clínica e auxiliar no prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic/blood , Glomerulonephritis/diagnosis , Glomerulonephritis/blood , Kidney/pathology , Biopsy , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Creatinine/blood , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Glomerulonephritis/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(3): 681-697, mayo.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094076

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las glomerulopatías agrupan varias nefropatías con lesiones fundamentalmente del corpúsculo renal y que se expresan principalmente por proteinuria, hematuria, edemas e hipertensión arterial. La presentación clínica varía en dependencia del tipo de enfermedad de que se trate. Constituye la causa más frecuente de enfermedad renal crónica en adultos jóvenes, por lo que su estudio resulta imprescindible sobre todo para el nivel primario de salud. El propósito fue actualizar consideraciones pertinentes sobre la conducta diagnóstica y terapéutica integral ante una glomerulopatía y valorar emisión de recomendaciones al respecto. Se realizó una búsqueda, análisis y síntesis de información a través de Bases de datos ScieLO Cuba, ScieLO regional, Pubmed, Cumed, Clinical Key en el período 2012-2017 con las palabras clave: síndrome nefrótico, glomerulonefritis, diagnóstico, terapéutica, atención integral. El abordaje en las glomerulopatías es integral, multidisciplinario e individualizado. En Cuba constituyen la cuarta causa de enfermedad renal crónica y predomina el síndrome nefrítico agudo postinfeccioso. El método clínico juega en ello un papel trascendental a la hora de reconocer y registrar sus aspectos clínicos, su etiología, su fisiopatología, y los exámenes complementarios que confirman su presencia o sus complicaciones, así como un tratamiento oportuno que garanticen el perfeccionamiento asistencial. El arma más poderosa ante el reto de los trastornos glomerulares es la visión integradora y con enfoque individual y social protagonizado por el médico ante este grupo de nefropatías en adultos.


ABSTRACT Glomerulopathies encompass a group of several renal disorders with lesions, mainly in the renal corpuscle, expressed in proteinuria, hematuria, edemas and arterial hypertension. Their clinical manifestations change in dependence of the kind of disease. They are the most frequent cause of chronic renal disease in young adults; therefore their study is very important above all in the health care primary level. The aim was updating pertinent considerations on the diagnostic behavior and comprehensive therapy in the case of glomerulopathy, and evaluating the emission of recommendations regarding to them. A search, analysis and synthesis of information was carried out in the databases ScieLO Cuba, ScieLO regional, Pubmed, Cumed, and Clinical Key in the period 2012-2017, using the key words nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, diagnosis, therapeutics, comprehensive care. The approach to glomerulopathies is comprehensive, multidisciplinary and individualized. They are the fourth cause of chronic renal disease; the acute post-infectious nephritic syndrome predominates. The clinical method plays a transcendental role at the moment of recognizing and registering their clinical characteristics, etiology and physiopathology, while complementary tests confirm their presence or complications, and therefore an opportune treatment guarantying the healthcare improvement. The most powerful weapon against the challenge of the glomerular disorders is the integrated vision with an individual and social approach led by the physician in the case of these nephropathies in adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Urination Disorders , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology , Glomerulonephritis/complications , Glomerulonephritis/diagnosis , Glomerulonephritis/etiology , Glomerulonephritis/pathology , Glomerulonephritis/blood , Glomerulonephritis/therapy , Glomerulonephritis/epidemiology , Hypertension/etiology , Kidney/physiology , Kidney/physiopathology , Kidney/pathology , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Glomerulus/physiopathology , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Nephrotic Syndrome/diagnosis , Nephrotic Syndrome/etiology , Nephrotic Syndrome/pathology , Nephrotic Syndrome/blood , Nephrotic Syndrome/therapy , Nephrotic Syndrome/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Nephrosis, Lipoid
13.
Rev. med. Rosario ; 85(1): 17-19, ene.-abr. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052376

ABSTRACT

El síndrome pulmón-riñón es una entidad infrecuente, que comprende un gran espectro de patologías, como las vasculitis asociadas a ANCA y la enfermedad por anticuerpos antimembrana basal glomerular entre otras. Se describen en esta serie 12 casos donde las entidades más prevalentes fueron las antes mencionadas, observándose además un caso de lupus y uno de granulomatosis con poliangeítis, que se encuentran dentro de las causas menos frecuentes. La forma de presentación clínica inicial fue simultánea renal y pulmonar en 5/12 pacientes y renal en 7/12 de los mismos. El diagnóstico temprano de dichas patologías basándose en criterios clínicos, radiológicos, de laboratorio e histológicos, permite instaurar terapéuticas tempranas como la inmunosupresión y plasmaféresis, pudiendo prevenir complicaciones tales como las infecciones y la insuficiencia renal crónica terminal, siendo las primeras la principal causa de muerte (AU)


Pulmonary-renal syndrome is an infrequent condition. It includes a wide variety of conditions such as ANCA (antineutro-phil cytoplasmic autoantibody) associated with systemic vasculitis and anti-GBM (anti-glomerular basement membrane) disease among others. In this series we describe twelve cases, in which the most prevalent diseases were the above mentioned as well as one case of lupus and one of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (these being less frequent causes). The clinical presentation was both renal and pulmonary simultaneously in five of twelve patients and renal in seven of twelve patients. Early diagnosis of this condition on the basis of clinical, radiological, histological and analytic criteria allows early treatments such as immunosuppression and plasma exchange, thus avoiding complications such as infections (the main cause of death) and terminal chronic renal failure (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis/diagnosis , Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis/therapy , Glomerulonephritis/diagnosis , Glomerulonephritis/therapy , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Immunosuppression , Plasmapheresis , Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
14.
Acta méd. colomb ; 44(1): 39-42, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1019294

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: la asociación entre glomerulopatía membranosa y glomerulonefritis necrosante crescéntica es infrecuente: 0.4%, confiriendo un escenario de peor pronóstico. Se requieren estudios que precisen el esquema de tratamiento óptimo, sin embargo, el rápido inicio de terapia inmunosupresora impacta en la preservación de la función renal. Objetivo: exponer un caso en el cual se presenta esta asociación y tiene adecuada respuesta con el tratamiento realizado. Métodos: en este artículo se presenta un caso de una mujer con síndrome nefrótico a quien se le documenta glomerulopatía membranosa con proliferación extracapilar confirmada con biopsia renal, sin evidencia de autoinmunidad, neoplasia ni proceso infeccioso. Tras el diagnóstico se inició manejo con metilprednisolona y ciclofosfamida con adecuada evolución, sin deterioro de la función renal y con mejoría de proteinuria. Conclusión: la presencia de proliferación extracapilar da peor pronóstico en los pacientes con glomerulopatía membranosa, el inicio oportuno del tratamiento es fundamental. (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44: 39-42).


Abstract Background: the association between membranous glomerulopathy and crescentic necrotizing glomerulonephritis is infrequent: 0.4%, conferring a worst prognosis scenario. Studies that require the optimal treatment scheme are required; however, it has been described that the rapid onset of immunosuppressive therapy impacts on the preservation of renal function. Objective: to present a case in which this association is presented and has an adequate response to the performed treatment. Methods: in this article, a case of a woman with nephrotic syndrome with a documented membranous glomerulopathy with extracapillary proliferation confirmed by renal biopsy, without evidence of autoimmunity, neoplasia or infectious process is presented. After the diagnosis, treatment with methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide was started with adequate evolution, without deterioration of renal function and with improvement of proteinuria. Conclusion: the presence of extracapillary proliferation gives worse prognosis in patients with membranous glomerulopathy. The timely initiation of treatment is essential. (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44: 39-42).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Glomerulonephritis, Membranous , Kidney Diseases , Immunosuppression , Glomerulonephritis , Nephrotic Syndrome
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 441-445, Mar. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003045

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: We analyzed the distribution and frequency of glomerular diseases in patients biopsied between 1992 and 2016 in centers that make up the AMICEN (Minas Gerais Association of Nephrology Centers). METHODS: We analyzed the biopsy reports of patients from 9 AMICEN nephrology centers. We took note of their age, gender, ultrasound use, post-biopsy resting time, whether the kidney was native or a graft, number of glomeruli and indication for the biopsy. The kidney biopsy findings were broken down into four categories: glomerular and non-glomerular diseases, normal kidneys and insufficient material for analysis. Those patients diagnosed with glomerular diseases were further divided into having primary or secondary glomerular diseases. RESULTS: We obtained 582 biopsy reports. The median age was 38 years (1 to 85). The number of glomeruli varied between 0 and 70 (median = 13.0). In total, 97.8% of the biopsies were ultrasound guided. The main indication was nephrotic syndrome (36.9%), followed by hematuria-proteinuria association (16.2%). Primary glomerular diseases proved to be the most frequent (75.3%), followed by secondary diseases (24.7%). Among the primary glomerular diseases, FSGS was found at a higher frequency (28.8%), while among the secondary diseases, SLE was the most prevalent (42.4%). Regarding prevalence findings, those for both primary and secondary diseases were similar to those found in the large Brazilian registries published thus far. CONCLUSION: Glomerular disease registries are an important tool to identify the prevalence of such disease in regions of interest and can serve as an instrument to guide public policy decisions concerning the prevention of terminal kidney diseases.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: Analisamos a distribuição e frequência de doenças glomerulares de pacientes biopsiados entre 1992 e 2016 em centros que compõem a Amicen (Associação de Minas Gerais de Nefrologia). MÉTODOS: Analisamos os relatórios de biópsia de pacientes de nove centros de nefrologia da Amicen. Observamos idade, gênero, uso de ultrassom, tempo de descanso pós-biópsia, se o rim era nativo ou um enxerto, número de glomérulos e indicação para a biópsia. Os achados da biópsia do rim foram divididos em quatro categorias: doenças glomerulares e não glomerulares, rins normais e material insuficiente para análise. Os pacientes diagnosticados com doenças glomerulares foram ainda divididos em doenças glomerulares primárias ou secundárias. RESULTADOS: Obtivemos 582 relatórios de biópsia. A idade mediana foi de 38 anos (1 a 85). O número de glomérulos variou entre zero e 70 (mediana = 13,0). No total, 97,8% das biópsias foram guiadas por ultrassom. A principal indicação foi síndrome nefrótica (36,9%), seguida de associação hematúria-proteinúria (16,2%). As doenças glomerulares primárias revelaram-se as mais frequentes (75,3%), seguidas de doenças secundárias (24,7%). Entre as doenças glomerulares primárias, o FSGS foi encontrado em maior frequência (28,8%), enquanto nas doenças secundárias, o lúpus eritematoso sistêmico foi o mais prevalente (42,4%). Quanto aos achados de prevalência, aqueles para doenças primárias e secundárias foram semelhantes aos encontrados nos grandes registros brasileiros publicados até o momento. CONCLUSÃO: Os registros de doenças glomerulares são uma ferramenta importante para identificar a prevalência dessas doenças em regiões de interesse e pode servir como um instrumento para orientar decisões de políticas públicas relativas à prevenção de doenças renais terminais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Glomerulonephritis/epidemiology , Kidney Diseases/epidemiology , Biopsy , Brazil/epidemiology , Registries/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Glomerulonephritis/pathology , Kidney/pathology , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Kidney Glomerulus/pathology , Middle Aged , Nephrology/statistics & numerical data
16.
Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl ; 39(1): 50-54, ene. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007125

ABSTRACT

En México la enfermedad renal crónica en la población pediátrica es un grave problema de salud pública. Las alternativas terapéuticas en niños con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) son la diálisis y el trasplante renal (TxR), siendo esta última, la mejor opción terapéutica actual en niños con estadios terminal de la función renal. El objetivo de este manuscrito, fue reportar nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento perioperatorio de pacientes pediátricos sometidos a trasplante renal en bloque. Paciente de sexo femenino, 12 años de edad, originaria de Veracruz, México. Portadora de ERC estadio IV de KDOQI, secundaria a glomerulopatía. Fue programada para TxR en bloque de donante cadavérico pediátrico; el que se realizó bajo anestesia general balanceada, con ventilación mecánica controlada, isquemia fría de 17 hs, isquemia caliente de 30 min y un tiempo quirúrgico de 5 hs y 10 min. El tiempo anestésico total, fue de 6 hs. La paciente fue trasladada a la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica, con adecuada aceptación del injerto renal. Durante los siguientes siete meses, el curso clínico ha sido satisfactorio, con estudios ecotomográficos renales normales. En esta paciente la glomerulonefritis, le ocasionó que debutara a muy corta edad con una enfermedad renal crónica con terapia sustitutiva de hemodiálisis. El trasplante renal en bloque realizado, fue exitoso debido al manejo multidisciplinario que participa en el programa de trasplante renal


In Mexico, chronic kidney disease is a major public health problem in pediatric patients. The therapeutic options for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children are dialysis and kidney transplant (KT); the latter constitutes the current treatment of choice for children suffering from end-stage renal disease. The aim of this study was to describe our experience of perioperative treatment of pediatric patients undergoing en bloc kidney transplant. Female patient, 12 years old, from Veracruz, Mexico, suffering from stage 4 CKD according to KDOQI criteria, secondary to glomerulonephritis. An en bloc kidney transplantarion from a pediatric deceased donor was performed; balanced general anesthesia with mechanical ventilation was used. Cold ischemia time was 17 hours and warm ischemia time was 30 minutes. The surgery lasted 5 hours and 10 minutes and the total anesthesia time was 6 hours. The patient was taken to the pediatric intensive care unit and showed an adequate renal graft acceptance. During the following seven months the clinical course was satisfactory and kidney echotomography showed normal results. Glomerulonephritis made this patient undergo hemodialysis replacement therapy due to CKD at a very early age. The en bloc kidney transplantation performed was successful thanks to the multidisciplinary management involved in the Kidney Transplant Program


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Dialysis , Glomerulonephritis/complications
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766186

ABSTRACT

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a group of systemic vasculitides, that are characterized by inflammation in the small vessels, ranging from capillaries to arterioles or venules. AAV is divided into three variants based on the clinical manifestations and histological findings such as microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and eosinophilic GPA (EGPA). MPA often induces rapid progressive necrotising glomerulonephritis, and occasionally induces diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. In contrast, GPA preferentially affects the respiratory tracts from the bronchus to the nasal cavity. GPA can also involve the kidneys, but the frequency of renal involvement is less than MPA. EGPA is based on allergic components such as asthma, peripheral eosinophilia, migratory eosinophilic pneumonia and eosinophil infiltration. Since 1982, when the association between ANCA and systemic vasculitis was first reported, several classification criteria for AAV have been proposed. This review describes the classification criteria for and nomenclature of AAV from the 1990 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria to the 2012 revised Chapel Hill consensus conference (CHCC) nomenclature of Vasculitides. New classification trials for AAV such as AAV based on the ANCA-types (myeloperoxidase-ANCA vasculitis, proteinase 3-ANCA vasculitis and ANCA negative vasculitis) and the ACR/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) 2017 provisional classification criteria for GPA were also introduced. In addition, the histopathological classification of ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis and the revised 2017 international consensus on testing of ANCAs in GPA and MPA are also discussed.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Arterioles , Asthma , Bronchi , Capillaries , Classification , Consensus , Cytoplasm , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Glomerulonephritis , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Hemorrhage , Inflammation , Kidney , Microscopic Polyangiitis , Nasal Cavity , Pulmonary Eosinophilia , Respiratory System , Rheumatic Diseases , Rheumatology , Systemic Vasculitis , Vasculitis , Venules
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765002

ABSTRACT

D-penicillamine has been reported to cause antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis presenting as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis or pulmonary-renal syndrome mostly in adults. We report a pediatric case of D-penicillamine induced ANCA-associated vasculitis that manifests as a pulmonary-renal syndrome with a mild renal manifestation. A 13-year-old girl who has been taking D-penicillamine for five years under the diagnosis of Wilson disease visited the emergency room because of hemoptysis and dyspnea. She had diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage, microscopic hematuria, and proteinuria. Myeloperoxidase ANCA was positive, and a renal biopsy revealed pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis. Under the diagnosis of D-penicillamine-induced ANCA-associated vasculitis, D-penicillamine was switched to trientine, and the patient was treated with plasmapheresis, glucocorticoid, cyclophosphamide, and mycophenolate mofetil. Pulmonary hemorrhage improved rapidly followed by the disappearance of the hematuria and proteinuria five months later.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Biopsy , Child , Cyclophosphamide , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Emergency Service, Hospital , Female , Glomerulonephritis , Hematuria , Hemoptysis , Hemorrhage , Hepatolenticular Degeneration , Humans , Penicillamine , Peroxidase , Plasmapheresis , Proteinuria , Trientine , Vasculitis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773996

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognosis predictors of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody(ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis treated with glucocorticoid(GC).Methods The clinicopathological data of patients with biopsy-confirmed ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis were retrospective analyzed by retrieving the medical database in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2000 to May 2015. Pathological categories were re-classified. Renal remission rates,infection rates,and death events were compared between intravenous glucocorticoid(GC)pulse therapy group and non-pulse group. Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze factors influencing the short-term prognosis.Results Among the 81 patients with ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis,49(60.5%)received GC pulse therapy and 32(39.5%)did not. The GC pulse group had significantly lower estimated glomerular filtration rate at baseline(eGFR0)than the non-pulse group(t=3.003,P=0.015)but significantly higher 24-hour urinary protein(24 hUP)(t=2.394,P=0.002)and Birmingham Systemic Vasculitis Activity Score(BVAS)(t=0.049,P=0.013). There was no significant difference in the cumulative amount of cyclophosphamide(CTX)(t=1.336,P=0.245)between these two groups. The overall renal remission rate of GC pulse group in the 6 month was significantly lower(48.7% vs. 79.3%;χ =6.591,P=0.024). Univariate analysis showed that baseline 24 hUP(t=6.222,P=0.017),eGFR0(t=3.727,P=0.046),and pathological category(χ =7.654,P=0.045)were associated with the overall renal remission rate in the 6 month. Multivariate analysis showed the crescent category was an independent factor(OR=20.63,95%CI:2.217-191.973,P=0.008;compared with sclerotic category)for overall renal remission rate in the 6 month,while GC pulse therapy was not an predictor(OR=0.271,95%CI:0.062-1.179,P=0.082). A total of 37 patients experienced infections within 6 months. The infection rate in GC pulse group(55.1%,27/49)was significantly higher than that of non-pulse group(31.3%,10/32)(P=0.042). Univariate regression analysis showed that eGFR0(t=1.912,P=0.049),baseline BVAS(t=-3.360,P=0.001)and GC pulse(χ =6.249,P=0.014)were associated with infection events within 6 months. Multivariate analysis showed that the baseline BVAS was the only predictor with 1.089 times for every 1 point increase in BVAS(OR=1.089,95%CI:1.006-1.179,P=0.034). Conclusions Crescentic category favors renal remission independently compared with sclerotic category. Patients with crescentic category may benefit more from intensive treatment. BVAS acts as an independent risk factor of infection.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Glomerulonephritis , Drug Therapy , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL