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National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 926-933, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880294


Objective@#To investigate the relationship of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from 900 MHz cellphone frequency with testicular oxidative damage and its influence on the Prdx2 protein expression in the rat testis, and to explore the mechanism of Guilingji Capsules (GC) alleviating oxidative damage to the testis tissue.@*METHODS@#Fifty healthy SD male rats were randomly divided into five groups of equal number, sham-EMR, 4-h EMR, 8-h EMR, 4-h EMR+GC and 8-h EMR+GC and exposed to 900 MHz EMR (370 μW/cm2) for 0, 4 or 8 hours daily for 15 successive days. The rats of the latter two groups were treated intragastrically with GC suspension and those of the first three groups with pure water after exposure to EMR each day. After 15 days of exposure and treatment, all the rats were sacrificed and their testis tissue collected for observation of the histomorphological and ultrastructural changes by HE staining and transmission electron microscopy, measurement of the levels of serum glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) with thiobarbiuric acid and determination of the Prdx2 protein expression by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the rats in the sham-EMR group, those in the 4-h and 8-h EMR groups showed different degrees of histomorphological and ultrastructural changes in the testis tissue, significantly decreased levels of GSH ([80.62 ± 10.99] vs [69.58 ± 4.18] and [66.17 ± 8.45] mg/L, P < 0.05) and SOD ([172.29 ± 10.98] vs [158.92 ± 6.46] and [148.91 ± 8.60] U/ml, P < 0.05) and increased level of MDA ([7.51 ± 1.73] vs [9.84 ± 1.03] and [11.22 ± 2.13] umol/ml, P < 0.05), even more significantly in the 8-h than in the 4-h EMR group (P < 0.05). In comparison with the sham-EMR group, the expression of the Prdx2 protein was markedly downregulated in the 4-h and 8-h EMR groups (0.56 ± 0.03 vs 0.49 ± 0.03, 0.21 ± 0.01, P < 0.05), but again upregulated in the 4-h and 8-h EMR+GC groups (0.55±0.03 and 0.37±0.04) (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Electromagnetic radiation from cellphones can cause ultrastructural damage to the testis tissue of male rats, while Guilingji Capsules can alleviate it, presumably by upregulating the Prdx2 protein expression in the testis tissue and reducing testicular oxidative damage.

Animals , Capsules , Cell Phone , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Electromagnetic Radiation , Glutathione/blood , Male , Malondialdehyde/blood , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Oxidative Stress , Peroxiredoxins/metabolism , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/drug therapy , Rats , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Testis/pathology , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(5): 545-551, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983794


ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate the relationship between exogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism and oxidative stress through the analysis of the redox profile of patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism exogenous (SCH) grade I (TSH = 0.1 to 0.4 IU/mL) and grade II (TSH < 0.1 IU/mL). Subjects and methods: We analyzed 46 patients with SCH due to the use of TSH suppressive therapy with LT4 after total thyroidectomy along with 6 control euthyroid individuals (3M and 3W). Patients were divided into two groups, G1 with TSH ≥ 0.1-0.4 IU/mL (n = 25; and 7M 14W) and G2 with TSH < 0.1 IU/mL (n = 25; and 4M 21W). Venous blood samples were collected to measure the levels of markers for oxidative damage (TBARS, FOX and protein carbonylation), muscle and liver damage (CK, AST, ALT, GGT) and antioxidants (GSH, GSSG and catalase). Results: Individuals in G2 showed a GSH/GSSG ratio ~ 30% greater than those in G1 (p = 0.004) and a catalase activity that was 4 times higher (p = 0.005). For lipid peroxidation, the levels measured in G2 were higher than both control and G1 (p = 0.05). No differences were observed for both protein carbonyl markers. G1 and G2 presented with greater indications of cell injury markers than the control group. Conclusion: TSH suppression therapy with LT4 that results in subclinical hyperthyroidism can cause a redox imbalance. The greater antioxidant capacity observed in the more suppressed group was not sufficient to avoid lipid peroxidation and cellular damage.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Thyroxine/pharmacology , Thyrotropin/antagonists & inhibitors , Hyperthyroidism/drug therapy , Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects , Phenols/blood , Reference Values , Sulfoxides/blood , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Catalase/blood , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Glutathione Disulfide/blood , Protein Carbonylation , Glutathione/blood , Hyperthyroidism/metabolism
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(3): 229-235, Mar. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956434


Summary Introduction: Obesity refers to the accumulation of fatty tissues and it favors the occurrence of oxidative stress. Alternatives that can contribute to body weight reduction have been investigated in order to reduce the production of reactive oxygen species responsible for tissue damage. The aim of the current study was to assess whether the oxidant and antioxidant markers of obese women before and after bariatric surgery were able to reduce oxidative damage. Method: We have assessed 16 morbidly obese women five days before and 180 days after the surgery. The control group comprised 16 non-obese women. Levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, carbonylated proteins, reduced glutathione and ascorbic acid were assessed in the patients' plasma. Results: Levels of lipid peroxidation and protein carbonylation in the pre-surgical obese women were higher than those of the controls and post-surgical obese women. Levels of reduced glutathione in the pre-surgical obese women were high compared to the controls, and declined after surgery. Levels of ascorbic acid fell in the pre--surgical obese women compared to the control and post-surgical obese women. Conclusion: Body weight influences the production of reactive oxygen species. Bariatric surgery, combined with weight loss and vitamin supplementation, reduces cellular oxidation, thus reducing tissue damage.

Resumo Introdução: Na obesidade, verifica-se um acúmulo de tecido adiposo, o que favorece a ocorrência de estresse oxidativo. A fim de diminuir a produção das espécies reativas que levam a danos teciduais, buscam-se alternativas que contribuam para a redução do peso corporal. Este estudo avaliou se os marcadores oxidantes e antioxidantes de obesas antes e após cirurgia bariátrica reduziram o dano oxidativo. Método: Foram avaliadas 16 mulheres obesas mórbidas cinco dias antes e 180 dias após o procedimento cirúrgico. O grupo controle constituiu-se de 16 mulheres não obesas. Os níveis das substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico, das proteínas carboniladas, da glutationa reduzida e do ácido ascórbico foram avaliados no plasma dessas pacientes. Resultados: Os níveis de lipoperoxidação e da carbonilação de proteínas nas obesas pré-cirúrgicas eram mais elevados quando comparados ao controle e às obesas pós-cirúrgicas; os níveis de glutationa reduzida eram maiores nas obesas pré-cirúrgicas em comparação ao controle e diminuíram após a cirurgia; os níveis de ácido ascórbico eram menores nas obesas pré-cirúrgicas em relação ao controle e às obesas pós-cirúrgicas. Conclusão: Observou-se que a massa corporal influenciou na produção das espécies reativas. A cirurgia bariátrica, somada à perda de peso e à suplementação vitamínica, diminui a oxidação celular e, com isso, reduz os danos teciduais.

Humans , Female , Adult , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Obesity/surgery , Obesity/metabolism , Postoperative Period , Ascorbic Acid/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Lipid Peroxidation/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Analysis of Variance , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Reactive Oxygen Species/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Protein Carbonylation/physiology , Glutathione/blood , Middle Aged , Antioxidants/analysis
Acta cir. bras ; 31(12): 801-806, Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837659


ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of silymarin on oxidative stress and hepatic injury induced by obstructive jaundice in an experimental model. METHODS: Thirty Wistar-Albino type female rats were divided into 3 groups each including 10 rats. Only laparotomy was performed in group 1. Bile duct ligation was performed in group 2. In group 3, bile duct ligation was performed and orogastic silymarin 300 mg/kg/day dose was given for seven days. At the end of seven days, rats were sacrificed. The blood and liver tissue samples were taken to be examined biochemically and histopathologically. RESULTS: The plasma and liver levels of malondialdehyde were significantly lower in silymarin group than in the bile duct ligated group. Although liver levels of GSH were significantly higher in silymarin group than in the bile duct ligated group, there was no significant difference between the plasma GSH levels of these groups. In silymarin group; the enlargement of hepatocytes, dilatation of canaliculi and the edema were regressed. CONCLUSION: Silymarin diminished the harmful effects of obstructive jaundice on liver.

Animals , Female , Rats , Silymarin/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Jaundice, Obstructive/complications , Liver/pathology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Bile Ducts , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Jaundice, Obstructive/pathology , Glutathione/blood , Ligation , Malondialdehyde/blood
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 92(4): 394-399, July-Aug. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792577


Abstract Objective To determine eight parameters of oxidative stress markers in erythrocytes from children with sickle cell disease and compare with the same parameters in erythrocytes from healthy children, since oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathophysiology of sickle cell disease and because this disease is a serious public health problem in many countries. Methods Blood samples were obtained from 45 children with sickle cell disease (21 males and 24 females with a mean age of 9 years; range: 3–13 years) and 280 blood samples were obtained from children without hemoglobinopathies (137 males and 143 females with a mean age of 10 years; range: 8–11 years), as a control group. All blood samples were analyzed for methemoglobin, reduced glutathione, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, percentage of hemolysis, reactive oxygen species, and activity of the enzymes glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase. Data were analyzed using Student's t-test and were expressed as the mean ± standard deviation. A p-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results Significant differences were observed between children with sickle cell disease and the control group for the parameters methemoglobin, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, hemolysis, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity, and reactive oxygen species, with higher levels in the patients than in the controls. Conclusions Oxidative stress parameters in children's erythrocytes were determined using simple laboratory methods with small volumes of blood; these biomarkers can be useful to evaluate disease progression and outcomes in patients.

Resumo Objetivo Determinar parâmetros de estresse oxidativo em eritrócitos de crianças com doença falciforme e compará-los com os mesmos parâmetros em eritrócitos de crianças saudáveis, pois o estresse oxidativo desempenha um importante papel na fisiopatologia da doença falciforme, considerada um sério problema de saúde pública em muitos países. Métodos Foram obtidas amostras de sangue de 45 crianças com doença falciforme (21 meninos e 24 meninas com média de 9 anos, variação de 3 a 13) e 280 amostras de sangue de crianças sem hemoglobinopatias (137 meninos e 143 meninas com média de 10 anos, variação de 8 a 11), como grupo controle. Em todas as amostras foram determinados meta-hemoglobina, glutationa reduzida, substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico, porcentagem de hemólise, espécies reativas de oxigênio e atividade das enzimas glucose6-fosfato desidrogenase, superóxido dismutase e catalase. Os dados foram analisados com o teste t de Student e foram expressos como média ± desvio padrão. Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados Foram observadas diferenças significativas entre as crianças com doença falciforme e o grupo controle para os parâmetros meta-hemoglobina, substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico, porcentagem de hemólise, espécies reativas de oxigênio e atividade da enzima glucose6-fosfato desidrogenase, com níveis aumentados nos pacientes. Conclusões Foi possível determinar parâmetros de estresse oxidativo em eritrócitos de crianças, com técnicas laboratoriais simples e pequenos volumes de sangue. Esses biomarcadores podem ser úteis na avaliação da progressão e dos resultados de tratamentos da doença.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Erythrocytes/metabolism , Anemia, Sickle Cell/blood , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Methemoglobin/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Catalase/blood , Case-Control Studies , Reactive Oxygen Species/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase/blood , Glutathione/blood , Hemolysis/physiology , Anemia, Sickle Cell/physiopathology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218584


This study was undertaken to investigate the antioxidant/oxidant status in recurrent miscarriage patients. Antioxidants including glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), reduced glutathione (GSH) and selenium (Se), as well as the oxidants hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), oxidised glutathione (GSSG) and lipid peroxidation were assayed in plasma, whole blood and placental tissue of non-pregnant women (NP), healthy pregnant women (HP), and recurrent miscarriage (RM) patients. Results indicated that all antioxidant activities and levels in plasma and whole blood of HP women were consistently moderately lower, and much more significantly lower in RM patients when both were compared to those seen in NP women (P<0.05 and P<0.001, respectively). Furthermore, whereas plasma antioxidant activities and levels were significantly lower in RM patients, those of whole blood and placental tissue were much more significantly lower when compared with HP women (P<0.001). Concurrent with these findings there were consistent increases of equal statistical significance and magnitude in the levels of all investigated oxidants assayed in all samples when compared in between subjects of the study as indicated above. Data thus illustrated a distinct shift in favor of oxidative reactions and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and very significant decreases in the GSH/GSSG ratios in whole blood and placental tissue of RM patients when compared to HP and NP women (P<0.001). The above noted oxidative stress could have been a major causative factor of recurrent miscarriage.

Abortion, Habitual/blood , Adult , Antioxidants/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Catalase/blood , Female , Glutathione/blood , Glutathione Peroxidase/blood , Glutathione Reductase/blood , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide/analysis , Lipid Peroxidation , Oxidative Stress , Placenta/metabolism , Pregnancy , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Selenium/blood
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2016; 29 (2): 381-387
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-176366


Investigation of toxicological effect of various metals is the field of interest for toxicological scientists since four to five decades and especially the toxicological effect of those drugs containing metals and there use is common because there is no other choice except to use these metal containing drugs. Inorganic as well as organic salts of lithium are commonly used in prophylaxis and treatments of many psychiatric disorders. The aim of the present study was to see the difference between the effect of organic and inorganic salt of lithium commonly used in psychiatric disorders on the GSH of human blood plasma. It is the scientific fact that ionic dissociation of organic and inorganic salts of any metal is always quite different hence to prove this fact, the effect of lithium citrate [organic salt of lithium] and lithium carbonate [inorganic salt of lithium] was investigated on human blood plasma GSH to find the difference between the effect of two. Ellman's method was used for the quantification of glutathione contents in plasma. It was found that lithium citrate decrease plasma GSH contents less than lithium carbonate indicating that organic salts of lithium are safe than inorganic salts of lithium when are used in psychiatric disorders. Further to analyze the effect of organic and inorganic salt of lithium on blood plasma GSH with the increase in incubation time was also evaluated and was found that both concentration and time dependent effect of organic salt of lithium shows that this salt has decreased plasma GSH contents of human blood less than inorganic salt of lithium either by promoting oxidation of GSH into GSSG or by lithium glutathione complex formation. These results suggest the physicians that the use of organic lithium salts is much safer than inorganic salts of lithium in terms of depletion of blood plasma GSH contents

Humans , Lithium Compounds , Citrates , Glutathione/drug effects , Glutathione/blood , Inorganic Chemicals , Organic Chemicals
Biol. Res ; 49: 1-6, 2016. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950835


BACKGROUND: The radiation-induced lung injury is a common complication from radiotherapy in lung cancer. CpG ODN is TLR9 activator with potential immune modulatory effects and sensitization of radiotherapy in lung cancer. This study aimed to examine the effect of CpG ODN on acute radiation-induced lung injury in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: The mouse model of radiation-induced lung injury was established by a single dose of 20 Gy X-rays exposure to the left lung. The results showed that the pneumonia score was lower in RT+CpG group than in RT group on 15th and 30th days. Compared with RT group, CpG ODN reduced the serum concentrations of MDA (P < 0.05) and increased the serum concentrations of SOD, GSH (P < 0.05). The serum concentration of TNF-α in RT+CpG group was lower on 15th and 30th days post-irradiation (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The study demonstrated that CpG ODN has preventive effects of acute radiation-induced lung injury in mice. Lung inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress are promoted in the initiation of radiation-induced pneumonia. CpG ODN may reduce the injury of reactive oxygen species and adjust the serum TNF-α concentration in the mice after irradiation, which reduces the generation of the inflammatory cytokines.

Animals , Mice , Oligodeoxyribonucleotides/pharmacology , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/prevention & control , Acute Lung Injury/prevention & control , Pneumonia/etiology , Pneumonia/pathology , Pneumonia/prevention & control , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/blood , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Reproducibility of Results , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Acute Lung Injury/etiology , Acute Lung Injury/pathology , Acute Lung Injury/blood , Glutathione/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 91(5): 478-484, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-766167


ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To compare the biochemical and immunological profiles of pediatric patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with healthy children and adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which 21 therapy-naïve patients with AML were compared with a group of 24 healthy individuals. The following data were analyzed: serum proteins, leucocytes and subgroups, erythrocytes, hematocrit, hemoglobin, platelets, cytokines in peripheral blood mononuclear cells cultures under spontaneous and BCG- or PHA-stimulated conditions, immunoglobulin A, and erythrocytic glutathione. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software, considering as significant p-values < 0.05. RESULTS: Serum albumin levels were higher (p < 0.0001) in the control group, as well as all the parameters related to red blood cells (p < 0.0001). For leucocytes and subgroups, no statistical difference was found between the AML and the control groups. For cytokines, the concentrations were significantly higher under spontaneous and BCG-stimulated conditions for TNF-a, IL-6, IL-10, and IFN-? in the control group. Under PHA-stimulated conditions, the concentration was higher (p = 0.002) only for IL-6. No difference was found between the two groups for the other cytokines and for IgA in the saliva. Erythrocytic glutathione was higher (p < 0.0001) in AML patients. CONCLUSIONS: It was possible to characterize the biochemical and immunological profile of pediatric patients with AML, as well as highlight some significant differences in these parameters when comparing with healthy children and adolescents.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: Comparar o perfil bioquímico e imunológico de pacientes pediátricos portadores de leucemia mieloide aguda (LMA) em relação a um grupo de crianças e adolescentes saudáveis. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal, em que foram avaliados 21 pacientes com LMA virgens de terapia e 24 indivíduos saudáveis. Foram analisados: proteínas séricas, leucócitos e subgrupos, eritrócitos, hematócrito, hemoglobina e plaquetas, citocinas em cultura de células mononucleares do sangue periférico sob condição espontânea e estimulada por BCG ou PHA, imunoglobulina A e glutationa eritrocitária. Análise estatística foi feita com o software SPSS considerando p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: Albumina sérica foi superior (p < 0,0001) no grupo de controle, bem como todos os parâmetros relacionados com os glóbulos vermelhos (p < 0,0001). Para os leucócitos e subgrupos não houve diferença estatística entre os pacientes com LMA e o grupo controle. As concentrações foram significativamente mais elevadas sob condições espontânea e estimulada por BCG para as citocinas TNF-a, IL-6, IL-10 e IFN-? no grupo controle. Sob condição estimulada com PHA a concentração foi superior (p = 0,002) apenas para a IL-6. Não houve diferença estatística para as demais citocinas e para IgA salivar entre os dois grupos. Glutationa eritrocitária foi superior (p < 0,0001) nos pacientes LMA. CONCLUSÕES: Diante do exposto, foi possível caracterizar o perfil bioquímico e imunológico de pacientes pediátricos com LMA, bem como evidenciar diferenças significativas em alguns desses parâmetros ao se compararem os indivíduos doentes e o grupo de crianças e adolescentes saudáveis.

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Young Adult , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/immunology , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cytokines/metabolism , Erythrocytes/metabolism , Glutathione/blood , Immunoglobulin A, Secretory/analysis , Leukocytes/metabolism , Prealbumin/analysis , Saliva/immunology , Serum Albumin/analysis
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 91(4): 373-379, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759341


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between oxidative and inflammatory stress markers with peri-intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) in very-low birth weight newborns.METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted in a level III neonatal unit. Basal and stimulated reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs), reduced glutathione (GSH), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were measured in umbilical cord blood. Newborns underwent serial ultrasound at the bedside, at 6, 12, 24, and 72 hours of life and at seven days for the diagnosis of PIVH, classified as grades I to IV. Two groups were assessed, those with and without PIVH; maternal and neonatal control variables were used for comparison. Univariate and multiple regression analyses were applied.RESULTS: A total of 125 newborns were assessed. PIVH incidence rate was 12.0%. In the univariate analysis, basal ROI, the use of two or more doses of corticosteroids, birth weight < 1,000 g, ventilatory support use, and SNAPPE II value ≥ 22 were significantly associated with PIVH. However, in the multivariate analysis, only antenatal steroid use was independently associated with the disease (OR 0,194; 95% CI: 0,048 to 0,773; p=0,02).CONCLUSION: ROI, GSH, and IL-6 levels were not associated with the occurrence of PIVH in very-low birth weight infants.

OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a associação entre marcadores de estresse oxidativo e inflamatório com a hemorragia peri- e intraventricular (HPIV) em recém-nascidos (RN) de muito baixo peso ao nascer.MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo em unidade neonatal nível III. Foi feita dosagem em sangue de cordão umbilical de intermediários reativos de oxigênio (ROI) basal e estimulado, glutationa reduzida (GR) e interleucina-6 (IL-6). Recém-nascidos foram submetidos a ultrassonografia seriada, à beira do leito, com seis, 12, 24 e 72 horas de vida e sete dias para o diagnóstico de HPIV, classificada em graus de I a IV. Foram avaliados dois grupos: com e sem HPIV e variáveis de controle maternas e neonatais foram usadas para comparação. Análise univariada e de regressão múltipla foram aplicados.RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 125 recém-nascidos. A taxa de incidência de HPIV foi de 12%. Na análise univariada o valor basal de ROI, o uso de duas ou mais doses de corticosteroide, peso ao nascer menor do que 1.000 g, o uso de assistência respiratória e valor de SNAPPE II maior ou igual a 22 foram significativamente associados à HPIV. Porém, na análise multivariada, apenas o uso antenatal de esteroides se mostrou independentemente associado à doença (OR 1,94 IC95% 0,048-0,773 p = 0,02).CONCLUSÃO: ROI, GR e Il-6 não foram associados à ocorrência de HPIV em RN de muito baixo peso ao nascer.

Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Cerebral Ventricles , Cerebral Hemorrhage/blood , Fetal Blood , Glutathione/blood , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Reactive Oxygen Species/analysis , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/pharmacology , Biomarkers/blood , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Cerebral Ventricles , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Inflammation/metabolism , /blood , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Prospective Studies , Protective Agents/pharmacology
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 57(3): 245-250, May-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-752591


Introduction: In order to examine the effectiveness of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in combating the oxidative insult caused by Trypanosoma cruzi during the development of the chronic phase of Chagas disease, Swiss mice were infected intraperitoneally with 5.0 × 104 trypomastigotes of T. cruzi QM1strain. Methods: Mice were given supplements of two different doses of vitamin C for 180 days. Levels of lipid oxidation (as indicated by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances-TBARS), total peroxide, vitamin C, and reduced glutathione were measured in the plasma, TBARS, total peroxide and vitamin C were measured in the myocardium and histopathologic analysis was undertaken in heart, colon and skeletal muscle. Results: Animals that received a dose equivalent to 500 mg of vitamin C daily showed increased production of ROS in plasma and myocardium and a greater degree of inflammation and necrosis in skeletal muscles than those that received a lower dose or no vitamin C whatsoever. Conclusion: Although some research has shown the antioxidant effect of vitamin C, the results showed that animals subject to a 500 mg dose of vitamin C showed greater tissue damage in the chronic phase of Chagas disease, probably due to the paradoxical actions of the substance, which in this pathology, will have acted as a pro-oxidant or pro-inflammatory. .

Introdução: Para verificar a eficácia da vitamina C em combater o insulto oxidativo causado pelo Trypanosoma cruzi durante a evolução da fase crônica da doença de Chagas, camundongos Swiss foram previamente infectados via intraperitoneal com 5.0 × 104 tripomastigotas da cepa QM1 de T. cruzi. Métodos: Camundongos foram suplementados com duas diferentes doses de vitamina C por 180 dias. Foram mensurados os níveis de peroxidação lipídica (indicado por substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico-TBARS), peróxido total, vitamina C, e glutationa reduzida no plasma e TBARS, peróxido total e vitamina C no miocárdio, e foi realizado o estudo histopatológico em coração, cólon e músculo esquelético. Resultados: Animais que receberam diariamente uma dosagem equivalente a 500 mg de vitamina C apresentaram aumento na produção de ROS e RNS no plasma e no miocárdio e maior grau de inflamação e necrose em músculo esquelético em comparação àqueles que receberam doses menores ou nenhuma vitamina C. Conclusão: Embora muitas pesquisas tenham mostrado o efeito antioxidante da vitamina C, nossos resultados mostraram que os animais que foram expostos a 500 mg de vitamina C apresentaram maior dano tecidual na fase crônica da doença de Chagas, provavelmente devido a ações paradoxais desta substância, onde nesta patologia, poderá agir como pró-oxidante ou pró-inflamatória. .

Animals , Male , Mice , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Ascorbic Acid/administration & dosage , Chagas Disease/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements , Biomarkers/blood , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chronic Disease , Chagas Disease/blood , Chagas Disease/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Glutathione/blood , Lipid Peroxidation , Nitric Oxide/blood , Peroxidase/blood , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-162158


Aim: The current study aims to examine the balance between glutathione and glutathione sulfide and how this was disturbed in patients with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) level. The study also included 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine to provide a more comprehensive picture of the overall redox state. Methodology: A cross-sectional analysis of ninety medication free participants without reported history of cardiovascular disease and/or diabetes mellitus was undertaken with data collected from the Diabetes Complications Research Initiative database at Charles Sturt University. Fasting blood glucose, HbA1c and cholesterol as standard markers for diabetes mellitus and associated complications were measured in addition to the emerging biomarkers glutathione (GSH), glutathione disulfide (GSSG), and urinary 8- hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine (8OHdG). Results: The IFG group had a mean blood glucose level above 6.1mmol/L being significantly higher compared to control (P<0.001). Traditional clinical markers were all within the normal range for both groups. However the GSH/GSSG ratio (8.53±5.4 vs 6.62±2.2, P=.04) was significantly lower in the IFG group. GSH and 8OHdG, being markers for oxidative stress, were not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: The free radical related changes in metabolic redox pathways are linked to oxidative stress and related pathologies but may not be associated with disease progression, providing an explanation why conflicting results are presented in the literature concerning any individual biomarkers and risk of diabetes. Our study included individuals with no medication use and mild hyperglycemia (impaired fasting glucose) and indicates a pro-oxidant response to mild-moderate hyperglycemia with a moderate rise in oxidative DNA damage.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antioxidants , Female , Glucose/metabolism , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glucose Intolerance/metabolism , Glutathione/blood , Glutathione/chemistry , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Oxidative Stress
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154667


Background: Periodontal disease is an immune-inflammatory disease characterized by connective tissue breakdown, loss of attachment, and alveolar bone resorption. Under normal physiological conditions, a dynamic equilibrium is maintained between the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant defense capacity. Oxidative stress occurs when this equilibrium shifts in favor of ROS. Oxidative stress is thought to play a causative role in the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases. Aim: The present study was designed to estimate and compare the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) levels in the serum of periodontitis, gingivitis, and healthy individuals before and after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Periodontics, A. B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Deralakatte, Mangalore. The study was designed as a single blinded interventional study comprising 75 subjects, inclusive of both sexes and divided into three groups of 25 patients each. Patients were categorized into chronic periodontitis, gingivitis, and healthy. The severity of inflammation was assessed using gingival index and pocket probing depth. Biochemical analysis was done to estimate the SOD and GSH levels before and after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Results obtained were then statistically analyzed using ANOVA test and paired t-test. Results: The results showed a higher level of serum SOD and GSH in the healthy group compared to the other groups. The difference was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.0001). The post-treatment levels of SOD were statistically higher than the pre-treatment levels in periodontitis and gingivitis group.

Antioxidants/pharmacokinetics , Female , Glutathione/blood , Humans , Male , Patients , Periodontitis , Superoxide Dismutase/blood
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 7(3): 94-98, jul.2014. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-789304


Several biological processes are involved in the oxidative stress present in diabetes mellitus; among them we can find glucose autooxidation, proteins glycation and decreased antioxidant defenses. Free radicals yielded at mitochondrial level could be a trigger to unchain the vicious circle of the oxidative stress in diabetes mellitus. Aims: to determine antioxidant system’s alterations and indicators of oxidative damage on lipids and proteins in patients with type II Diabetes and a control group. Materials and Methods: It was analyzed 120 serum samples; 60 from patients that suffer type II diabetic from endocrinology surgery belonging “Casa de atención al paciente diabético”in Santa Clara, Villa Clara and 60 samples from healthy individuals used as control group. Spectrofotometric techniques were used to assess levels of Superoxide dismutase and Catalase activity as well as concentrations of reduced glutathione, malonildialdehide and advanced products of proteins Oxidation. Results were compared using the statistical software SPSS. Results: Diabetes type 2 patients showed decreased of Superoxide Dismutase and Catalase enzymatic activity (p = 0,003) and (p = 0,013) respectively as well as and reduced Glutathione levels (p = 0,038). Malondialdehide and Advanced Products of Proteins Oxidation were increased (p = 0,000) in diabetics patients compared with control group. Conclusions: it was found redox alterations in patients that suffer type 2 Diabetes. These alterations are evidenced by a reduced antioxidant enzymatic system and damage on macromolecules such as lipids and proteins...

Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , /enzymology , /metabolism , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Antioxidants/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Catalase/physiology , /blood , Free Radicals , Glutathione/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood , Superoxide Dismutase/physiology
Acta cir. bras ; 29(7): 450-456, 07/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-714577


PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of acupuncture (Ac) and electroacupuncture (EAc) on oxidative stress and inflammation in testis torsion/detorsion (T/D) model in rats. METHODS: Thirty male Wistar rats were randomized into five groups. G1 Group (Sham) served as control. The remaining groups were submitted to spermatic cord torsion (720°) for 3 hours, followed by detorsion and reperfusion for 4 hours. Before detorsion G3, G4 and G5 rats were treated with Ac, EAc 2Hz and EAc 10 Hz, respectively, applied to acupoint Gulai (S-29) bilaterally under anesthesia for 5 minutes. Next, the testes were detorsioned and reperfused for 4 hours. Afterwards, blood samples and the right testis were collected for biochemical assays: reduced Glutathione (GSH), Malonaldehyde (MDA), Myeloperoxidase (MPO). RESULTS: EAc stimulation (2 and 10 Hz) promoted significant increase in concentrations of GSH in plasma and testis of G4-G5 rats, compared with G1. There was significant increase of tissue MDA in groups G4-G5 and plasma MDA in all groups, compared with G1. There was a significant reduction in MPO activity in groups G4-G5 compared with G1. CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture stimulation (2 and 10 Hz) attenuates oxidative stress and inflammatory response in rats subjected to testicular torsion/detorsion. .

Animals , Male , Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture/methods , Oxidative Stress , Spermatic Cord Torsion/therapy , Glutathione/blood , Lipid Peroxidation , Malondialdehyde/blood , Peroxidase/blood , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Reperfusion Injury/therapy , Spermatic Cord Torsion/metabolism , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Testis/blood supply , Testis/metabolism
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(5): 355-360, 02/05/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709436


Recurrent aphthous ulcer (RAU) is an inflammatory condition of the oral mucosa characterized by painful, well-circumscribed, single or multiple round or ovoid ulcerations. The exact etiologic factor(s) of these ulcerations are not yet understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate inflammatory processes and free radical metabolism of 25 patients with RAUs compared to 25 healthy controls. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-10, and IL-12 were determined by ELISA. Nitric oxide (NO), myeloperoxidase (MPO), total antioxidant status (TAS), and total oxidant status (TOS) levels were measured spectroscopically in serum. The levels of MDA, GSH, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-12, MPO, and TOS, and oxidative stress index (OSI) were higher, and the levels of NO, IL-10, and TAS were lower in patients with RAU than in controls. Statistical analysis showed that GSH, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-10, and OSI differed significantly in patients with RAU compared to controls. These parameters have important roles in oxidant/antioxidant defense.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Glutathione/blood , Immunity, Cellular/immunology , Malondialdehyde/blood , Oxidative Stress/immunology , Stomatitis, Aphthous/immunology , Antioxidants/metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Free Radicals/metabolism , /blood , /blood , /blood , Nitric Oxide/blood , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Peroxidase/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 46(5): 645-649, Sept-Oct/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-691420


Introduction The immune response caused by Mycobacterium leprae is a risk factor for the development of oxidative stress (OS) in leprosy patients. This study aimed to assess OS in leprosy patients before the use of a multidrug therapy. Methods We evaluated the nitric oxide (NO) concentration; antioxidant capacity; levels of malondialdehyde, methemoglobin and reduced glutathione; and the activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in leprosy patients. Results We observed lower SOD activity in these leprosy patients; however, the NO levels and antioxidant capacity were increased. Conclusions The infectious process in response to M. leprae could primarily be responsible for the OS observed in these patients. .

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antioxidants/physiology , Glutathione/blood , Leprosy/metabolism , Nitric Oxide/blood , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Leprosy/drug therapy , Leprosy/physiopathology , Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 47(3): 530-539, set. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-694572


El glutatión (GSH) es una molécula única que participa en aspectos esenciales de la homeostasis celular, teniendo un rol central en la defensa contra el daño oxidativo. El GSH (L-g-glutamil-L-cisteinil-glicina) es un tripéptido hidrosoluble formado por los aminoácidos ácido glutámico, cisteína y glicina que se encuentra presente en el citoplasma de todas las células. La forma oxidada de la molécula, GSSG, se encuentra principalmente en forma extracelular. Las concentraciones de GSH y GSSG y su relación molar son indicadores de la funcionalidad celular y su alteración está relacionada con varios procesos patológicos en el hombre y en los animales de compañía. En esta revisión se abordan importantes aspectos de la homeostasis, las principales funciones biológicas y las metodologías analíticas disponibles para el análisis de GSH en sangre y plasma.

Glutathione is a unique molecule that participates in key cellular homeostasis, having a central role in defense against oxidative damage. GSH (L-g-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine) is a water soluble tripeptide composed of amino acid glutamic acid, cysteine and glycine. GSH is present in every cell cytoplasm. The oxidized form of the molecule, GSSG, is found primarily in extracellular form. GSH and GSSG concentrations and their molar ratio are indicators of cell function and its alteration is associated with several disease processes in humans and in companion animals. This review focuses on important aspects of homeostasis, major biological functions and available analytical methodologies for the analysis of GSH in blood and plasma.

A glutationa (GSH) é urna molécula única envolvida em aspectos essenciais da homeostase celular, tendo um papel central na defesa contra o dano oxidativo. O GSH (L-g-glutamil-L-cisteinil-glicina) é um tripeptídeo hidrossolúvel formado pelos aminoácidos: ácido glutámico, cisteína e glicina que se encontra presente no citoplasma de todas as células. A forma oxidada da molécula, GSSG, acha-se principalmente em forma extracelular. As concentragoes de GSH e GSSG e a sua relagáo molar sao indicadores da funcionalidade celular e a sua alteragao está relacionada com vários processos patológicos no homem e nos animais de estimagáo. A presente revisáo aborda questoes importantes da homeostase, as principais fungoes biológicas e as metodologias analíticas disponíveis para a análise de GSH em sangue e plasma.

Humans , Glutathione/blood , Homeostasis , Homeostasis/physiology , Hemostatic Techniques , Oxidative Stress , Plasma
Acta cir. bras ; 28(6): 435-440, June 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-675578


PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of bioflavonoid ternatin (TRT) on rat liver regeneration and oxidative stress after 70% partial hepatectomy (PH). METHODS: Thirty six young male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two groups of 18 animals each - control (G1) and experimental (G2) - and were submitted to PH under inhalatory diethylether anesthesia. G1 rats received daily intraperitoneal (ip) injections of saline (NaCl 0.9% solution) 0.1 mL/kg for 14 days; G2 animals received daily ip injections of TRT 0.1% 1.0mg/kg for 14 days. At 36h (T1), 168h (T2) and 336h (T3) post-PH timepoints, a subgroup of six rats in each group was chosen in a randomized way to complementary hepatectomy (CH) and blood samples haversting. Collected material was saved for laboratory analysis (total bilirubin (TB), D-Glucose, glutathione (GSH) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and assessment of liver regeneration. RESULTS: TRT induced a significant decrease in liver and plasma GSH concentrations; liver regeneration process was not affected. TRT promoted a significant decrease in blood glucose levels 168h after partial hepatectomy compared with controls. TB levels remained unchanged. CONCLUSION: Intraperitoneal bioflavonoid ternatin injection in partially hepatectomized rats induces a decrease in oxidative stress and a significant hypoglycemic state, but does not promote any change in the evolution of liver regeneration.

Animals , Male , Rats , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Liver Regeneration/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Bilirubin/blood , Glucose/analysis , Glutathione/blood , Hepatectomy/methods , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Liver Regeneration/physiology , Liver/metabolism , Organ Size , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis