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1.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-12, 20211213.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369125

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Diabetes Tipo 2 es considerado un problema de salud pública que afecta principalmente a las mujeres, que sumado a una mala adherencia al tratamiento terapéutico y, a una falta de calidad de sueño, aumentan la problemática de salud. Objetivo: Determinar las interrelaciones existentes entre la Calidad de Sueño, la Adherencia al Tratamiento Terapéutico y los valores de HbA1c en Mujeres con DT2, perteneciente a una comunidad de la ciudad de Puebla. Materiales y Métodos: El diseño del estudio fue de tipo descriptivo, correlacional y de corte transversal. La muestra se calculó con un nivel de significancia de .05, un coeficiente de correlación .30 y un poder estadístico del 90%, obteniendo una n=110. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron: una cédula de datos personales, el Índice de calidad de sueño de Pittsburgh (PSQI), el Cuestionario de Adherencia Terapéutica MBG (Martín-Bayarre-Grau) y el dispositivo Eclipse A1c. Resultados: Se encontró una relación negativa y significativa para la calidad de sueño con los niveles de HbA1c (rs=-.355; p=.001); no así para con la variable de adherencia al tratamiento terapéutico. Discusión: La información obtenida concuerda con otros estudios, al reafirmar de manera indirecta, las reacciones bioquimicas que ocurren durante la privación del sueño. Conclusiones: Los resultados descubiertos contribuyen al fortalecimiento científico de enfermería, orientando en la mejora de cuidados, que servirá para el diseño de intervenciones que favorezcan a la salud de las mujeres con Diabetes Tipo 2.


Introduction: Type 2 Diabetes is considered a public health problem that mainly affects women, which, added to poor adherence to therapeutic treatment and a lack of quality sleep, increase health problems. Objective: To determine the existing interrelations between Sleep Quality, Adherence to Therapeutic Treatment and HbA1c values in Women with T2D, belonging to a community in the city of Puebla. Materials and Method: the study design was descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional. The sample was calculated with a significance level of .05, a correlation coefficient of .30 and a statistical power of 90%, obtaining n = 110. The instruments used were: a personal data card, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the MBG Therapeutic Adherence Questionnaire (Martín-Bayarre-Grau) and the Eclipse A1c device. Results: a negative and significant relationship was found for sleep quality with HbA1c levels (rs = -. 355; p = .001); not so for the variable of adherence to therapeutic treatment. Discussion: The information obtained agrees with other studies, indirectly reaffirming the biochemical reactions that occur during sleep deprivation. Conclusions: the results discovered contribute to the scientific strengthening of nursing, guiding the improvement of care, which will serve to design interventions that favor the health of women with Type 2 Diabetes.


Introdução: A diabetes tipo 2 é considerada um problema de saúde pública que afeta principalmente as mulheres, o que somado a uma má aderência ao tratamento terapêutico e, a falta de qualidade do sono, aumenta o problema de saúde. Objetivo: Determinar as inter-relações entre a qualidade do sono, a adesão ao tratamento terapêutico e os valores de HbA1c nas mulheres com DT2, pertencentes a uma comunidade da cidade de Puebla. Materiais e Métodos: O desenho do estudo foi descritivo, correlacional e transversal. A amostra foi calculada com um nível de significância de 0,05, um coeficiente de correlação de 0,30 e um poder estatístico de 90%, obtendo-se uma n=110. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: um formulário de dados pessoais, o Índice de Qualidade de Sono de Pittsburgh (PSQI), o Questionário MBG para Avaliar Adesão Terapêutica (Martín-Bayarre-Grau) e o dispositivo Eclipse A1c. Resultados: Foi encontrada uma relação negativa e significativa da qualidade do sono com os níveis de HbA1c (rs=-.355; p=.001); este não foi o caso para a variável de aderência ao tratamento terapêutico. Discussão: As informações obtidas concordam com outros estudos, reafirmando indiretamente as reações bioquímicas que ocorrem durante a privação do sono. Conclusões: Os resultados descobertos contribuem para o fortalecimento científico da enfermagem, orientando a melhoria dos cuidados, que servirão para o desenho de intervenções que favoreçam a saúde das mulheres com diabetes tipo 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sleep , Women , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1191-1208, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352105

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la diabetes mellitus es un trastorno metabólico caracterizado por hiperglucemia crónica con alteraciones en carbohidratos, grasas y proteínas. Debido al aumento de la morbimortalidad por diabetes, esta constituye un problema de salud en el mundo, en Cuba y en el contexto matancero. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de diabéticos controlados con la hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c), los factores asociados, y las barreras para una intervención posterior. Materiales y métodos: estudio epidemiológico, transversal, analítico a una cohorte de 601 diabéticos tipo 2 mayores de 18 años, en dos policlínicos, estudiados anteriormente. Se encuestaron y procesaron en el programa Epi-Info 7. Se obtuvieron frecuencias y proporciones de variables, prevalencia de diabéticos controlados con la hemoglobina HbA1c, los factores asociados, las comorbilidades con el OR, y las diferencias de variables entre los dos policlínicos, con el Chi2 y p < 0,05 %. Resultados: la prevalencia de diabéticos controlados fue de un 69,3 %. Las variables demográficas, comorbilidades y factores del estilo de vida no tuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Todas las variables (presencia y ausencia del factor) presentaron un control por encima del 64 %. El peso saludable, sobrepeso, enfermedades del corazón y respiratorias crónicas, ingestión de bebidas azucaradas y alimentación inadecuada, presentaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los dos policlínicos. Conclusiones: No existieron diferencias entre las variables de diabéticos controlados y no controlados. Se identificaron las barreras para mejorar el control de los pacientes para una postintervención y mejorar su calidad de vida, pues un 30 % de los diabéticos no controlados presentaron algunos de los factores de riesgo estudiados (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with alterations in carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Due to the increase of the morbidity and mortality rates, this is a health problem in the world, in Cuba and the province of Matanzas. Objective: to determine the prevalence of diabetics controlled with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), associated factors, and barriers to further intervention. Materials and method: an epidemiological, cross-sectional, analytical study was carried out in a cohort of 601 previously studied, type 2 diabetics over 18 years of age, in two polyclinics. The patients were surveyed and data processed in the Epi-Info 7 program. Frequencies and proportions of variables, prevalence of diabetics controlled by hemoglobin HbA1c, associated factors, comorbidities with odds ratio, as well as differences of variables between the two polyclinics were calculated by using Chi2 and p value <0.05 %. Results: the prevalence of controlled diabetics was 69.3 %. There were no statistically significant differences between demographic variables, co-morbidities and associated life style risk factors. All variables (presence and absence of the factor) showed control above 64 %. Healthy weight, overweight, heart and chronic respiratory diseases, sweet beverages intake and inadequate diet revealed statistically significant differences between the two polyclinics. Conclusions: there were no differences between the variables controlled and non-controlled diabetics. Barriers to improve patients control were identified for the sake of performing a subsequent intervention and improving their life quality, because 30 % of uncontrolled diabetic patients had some of the studied risk factors (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin A/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Patients , Comorbidity/trends , Prevalence , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy
3.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 39(3): 117-130, 15 octubre del 2021. Tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1348235

ABSTRACT

Objective. To identify the proportion of poor of glycemic control and associated factors among people with type 2 diabetes attending a regional reference outpatient clinic in Mato Grosso (Brazil). Methods. This is a cross-sectional quantitative study based on data from medical records of 338 people with type 2 diabetes who attend a state reference outpatient clinic in Mato Grosso (Brazil). Information on glycemic control, sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and clinical conditions was collected. Results. The prevalence of elevated glycated hemoglobin was 47.34%. In the Poisson multiple regression model analysis with robust variance, poor glycemic control was significantly associated (p<0.05) with the following factors: insulin use (Prevalence Ratio -PR = 2.03), fasting glucose ≤70 and ≥100 mg/dL (PR = 2.0), postprandial glucose ≥180 mg/dL (PR = 1.76), no physical activity (PR = 1.62), the interaction between age group ≤59 years and the time of disease diagnosis >10 years (PR = 1.58), and presence of arterial hypertension (PR = 0.79). Conclusion. Most users of the reference outpatient clinic with type 2 diabetes had poor glycemic control associated with risk factors that alter glycated hemoglobin and negatively affect the achievement of established glycemic levels.


Objetivo. Identificar la proporción de falta de control glucémico y los factores asociados entre las personas con diabetes tipo 2 que acuden a un ambulatorio regional de referencia en Mato Grosso (Brasil). Métodos. Se trata de un estudio transversal basado en los datos de las historias clínicas de 338 personas con diabetes tipo 2 atendidas en un ambulatorio estatal de referencia. Se tomó información del control glucémico, los factores sociodemográficos, el estilo de vida y las condiciones clínicas. Resultados. La prevalencia de hemoglobina glicosilada elevada fue del 47.34%. En el análisis del modelo de regresión múltiple de Poisson con varianza robusta mostró que el descontrol glucémico estaba significativamente asociado (p<0.05) con los siguientes factores: el uso de insulina (Ratio de Prevalencia -RP = 2.03), la glucemia en ayunas ≤70 y ≥100 mg/dL (PR = 2), la glucemia postprandial ≥180 mg/dL (PR = 1.76), la ausencia de actividad física (PR = 1.62), la interacción entre el grupo de edad ≤59 años y el tiempo de diagnóstico de la enfermedad >10 años (PR = 1.58) y la presencia de hipertensión (PR = 0.79). Conclusión. Una buena parte de los usuarios del ambulatorio de referencia con diabetes tipo 2 presentaba descontrol glucémico asociado a factores de riesgo que alteran la hemoglobina glicosilada y afectan negativamente la consecución de los niveles glucémicos establecidos.


Objetivo. Identificar a proporção de falta de controle glicêmico e fatores associados entre pessoas com diabetes tipo 2 que visitam um ambulatório de referência regional em Mato Grosso (Brasil). Métodos. Trata-se de um estudo transversal e quantitativo, com base em dados de prontuários de 338 pessoas com diabetes tipo 2 atendidas em ambulatório de referência estadual de Mato Grosso (Brasil). Foi recolhida informação sobre controlo glicémico, factores socio-demográficos, estilo de vida e condições clínicas. Resultados. A prevalência de hemoglobina glicada elevada foi de 47,34%. Na análise do modelo de regressão múltipla de Poisson com variância robusta, foi demonstrado que o descontrole glicêmico foi significativamente associado (p<0,05) aos seguintes fatores: uso de insulina (Razão de Prevalência -RP = 2.03), glicemia de jejum ≤70 e ≥100 mg / dL (RP = 2.0), glicemia pós-prandial ≥180 mg / dL (RP = 1.76), nenhuma atividade física (RP = 1.62), a interação entre a faixa etária ≤59 anos e o tempo de diagnóstico da doença > 10 anos (RP = 1.58) e apresentar hipertensão arterial (RP = 0.79). Conclusão. Boa parte dos usuários do ambulatório de referência com diabetes do tipo 2 apresentou descontrole glicêmico associados a fatores de risco que alteram a hemoglobina glicada e afeta negativamente o alcance dos níveis glicêmicos estabelecidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Control , Glycemic Control , Life Style
4.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 311-314, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288589

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia. It is a metabolic syndrome in which blood sugar levels increase due to defects in insulin secretion or impaired function, or even both defects. Object To understand the effect of diabetic patients in controlling blood sugar through physical exercise, the paper analyzes the correlation between the exercise status and physiological indicators of diabetic patients in our hospital. Methods We randomly selected 41 diabetic patients and monitored their exercise. At the same time, we check the physiological indicators of the patients after the exercise is completed and analyze the control of blood sugar by sports. Results After healthy physical exercise, the blood sugar level of diabetic patients tended to stabilize, and the glycosylated hemoglobin level decreased. The blood sugar levels of patients who did not participate in healthy physical exercises were not stable, and their glycosylated hemoglobin levels did not improve. Conclusion Healthy sports is a simple, easy, safe and effective adjuvant therapy for the prevention and treatment of diabetes, and it is worthy of clinical promotion. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução O diabetes é uma doença metabólica caracterizada por hiperglicemia. É uma síndrome metabólica em que os níveis de açúcar no sangue aumentam devido a defeitos na secreção de insulina ou função prejudicada, ou mesmo ambos os defeitos. Objetivo Para compreender os pacientes diabéticos no controle da glicemia por meio do exercício físico, o artigo analisa a correlação entre o estado de exercício e os indicadores fisiológicos de pacientes diabéticos em nosso hospital. Métodos Selecionamos aleatoriamente 41 pacientes diabéticos e monitoramos seus exercícios. Ao mesmo tempo, verificamos os indicadores fisiológicos dos pacientes após a realização do exercício e analisamos o controle da glicemia pelo esporte. Resultados Após exercícios físicos saudáveis, o nível de açúcar no sangue de pacientes diabéticos tendeu a se estabilizar e o nível de hemoglobina glicosilada diminuiu. Os níveis de açúcar no sangue dos pacientes que não praticavam exercícios físicos saudáveis não foram estáveis e os níveis de hemoglobina glicosilada não melhoraram. Conclusão O esporte saudável é uma terapia adjuvante simples, fácil, segura e eficaz para a prevenção e tratamento do diabetes e merece divulgação clínica. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción la diabetes es una enfermedad metabólica caracterizada por hiperglucemia. Es un síndrome metabólico en el que los niveles de azúcar en sangre aumentan debido a defectos en la secreción de insulina o función alterada, o incluso a ambos defectos. Objeto Para comprender a los pacientes diabéticos en el control de la glucemia a través del ejercicio físico, el trabajo analiza la correlación entre el estado de ejercicio y los indicadores fisiológicos de los pacientes diabéticos en nuestro hospital. Métodos Seleccionamos aleatoriamente a 41 pacientes diabéticos y monitoreamos su ejercicio. Al mismo tiempo, verificamos los indicadores fisiológicos de los pacientes una vez finalizado el ejercicio y analizamos el control del azúcar en sangre mediante los deportes. Resultados Después de un ejercicio físico saludable, el nivel de azúcar en sangre de los pacientes diabéticos tendió a estabilizarse y el nivel de hemoglobina glicosilada disminuyó. Los niveles de azúcar en sangre de los pacientes que no participaron en ejercicios físicos saludables no fueron estables y sus niveles de hemoglobina glicosilada no mejoraron. Conclusión El deporte saludable es una terapia adyuvante simple, fácil, segura y eficaz para la prevención y el tratamiento de la diabetes y es digno de promoción clínica. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Glucose/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Exercise/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus/blood
5.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 277-285, set 29, 2021. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354479

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a infecção crônica pelo vírus da hepatite C (HCV) e a obesidade podem induzir esteatose hepática e diabetes mellitus (DM). Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência de obesidade e de distúrbios metabólicos em pacientes com HCV; estudar a prevalência de HCV e os distúrbios metabólicos em pacientes obesos. Comparar o perfil glicêmico entre os grupos. Metodologia: estudo analítico, com pacientes acompanhados nos ambulatórios de Hepatite C e Obesidade. Variáveis analisadas: glicemia, hemoglobina glicada (A1C), esteatose hepática, HCV, estágio de fibrose hepática e dados sociodemográficos. Resultados: no ambulatório de obesidade 45 pacientes foram avaliados, dos quais 6,7% tinham hepatite C, 40% DM e 61-73% esteatose hepática. As médias das enzimas hepáticas (U/L) foram: AST 22,9; ALT 25,2; FAL 146,5 e GGT 63. Nos obesos com DM, 72,2% apresentavam A1C < 7%. A segunda amostra continha 159 portadores de HCV do ambulatório de hepatologia: 17,9% tinham obesidade, 18,9% DM e 27% esteatose hepática. As médias das enzimas hepáticas (U/L) consistiram em: AST 70,5; ALT 90,6; FAL 108,5 e GGT 131,7. Entre os diabéticos com HCV, 52% não apresentavam A1C < 7%. Conclusão: foi encontrada alta prevalência de hepatite C em pacientes com obesidade (6,7%) quando comparados com a população de Salvador (1,5-1,8%). Os distúrbios metabólicos foram mais frequentes entre obesos, porém os diabéticos com obesidade revelaram A1C menores do que os diabéticos com HCV, sugerindo, neste estudo, que pode existir interferência viral no controle glicídico. A esteatose hepática foi mais prevalente entre obesos.


Introduction: Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) and Obesity can to induce hepatic steatosis and diabetes mellitus (DM). Objectives: to evaluate the prevalence of obesity and metabolic disorders in HCV viremic patients. To study the prevalence of hepatitis C and metabolic disorders in patients with obesity. To compare glycemic profile between the groups. Methods: analytical study, with patients followed up at hepatitis C and Obesity outpatient clinics patients. Variables studied: blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin (A1C), hepatic steatosis, HCV, hepatic fibrosis stage and sociodemographic data. Results: in Obesity clinic sample 45 patients were evaluated, 6,7% was hepatitis C, 40% DM and 61% -73% hepatic steatosis. Mean of liver enzymes levels (U/L) were: AST 22.9; ALT 25.2; FAL 146.5 and GGT 63. In obese with DM, 72.2% of them were able to maintain A1C < 7%. The second sample contained 159 HCV carriers at the hepatology clinic, 17,9% was Obesity, 18,9% DM and 27% hepatic steatosis. Averages of serum liver enzymes level (U/ L) were: AST 70.5; ALT 90.6; FAL 108.5 and GGT 131.7. Among diabetics with HCV, 52% are unable to maintain A1C < 7%. Conclusions: found high prevalence of hepatitis C in patients with obesity (6.7%) when compared to the population of Salvador (1.5%-1.8%). Metabolic disorders were more frequent in the obese group, but diabetics with obesity have lower A1C values than diabetics with HCV, suggesting, in this study, that there may be a viral interference with glycid control. Liver steatosis is more prevalent among obese people


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Comorbidity , Prevalence , Hepatitis C , Diabetes Mellitus , Obesity , Blood Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Analytical Methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Fatty Liver
6.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 4(3): 169-159, jul. 29, 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1282998

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 genera un incremento de riesgo de daño, tanto a nivel microvascular como a nivel macrovascular, lo que da lugar a una disminución en la calidad de vida. En años recientes ha habido numerosos esfuerzos por implementar intervenciones de atención farmacéutica para mejorar el control y evitar la progresión de esta enfermedad. Objetivo. Conocer el efecto de las intervenciones de atención farmacéutica en el control glicémico de pacientes ambulatorios con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Metodología. Se efectuaron búsquedas en Medline y en Cochrane Registro Central de Ensayos Controlados para obtener ensayos controlados aleatorios que evaluaran la efectividad de las intervenciones de atención farmacéutica provistas por farmacéuticos comunitarios, clínicos u hospitalarios, dirigidas a pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 a nivel ambulatorio, en comparación con la atención habitual. Resultados. En el grupo de intervención, la disminución en la diferencia media neta de hemoglobina glicosilada fue estadísticamente significativa en 27 estudios, pues el rango osciló entre 0.4 % y 3.3 %; en 14 estudios, dicha disminución fue estadísticamente significativa y superior o igual a 1 %. En cuanto a la disminución en la diferencia media neta mostrada en el cambio de hemoglobina glicosilada, desde el inicio hasta el final del seguimiento, entre el grupo de intervención y el grupo control, fue significativa en 22 estudios y el rango osciló entre 0.3 y 2.3 %. Conclusión. Las evidencias recopiladas demuestran el efecto significativo que tienen las intervenciones de atención farmacéutica en la mejora del control glicémico de pacientes ambulatorios con diabetes mellitus tipo 2


Introduction. Type 2 diabetes mellitus generates an increased risk of damage, both at the microvascular and macrovascular levels, which leads to a decrease in the quality of life. In recent years there have been numerous efforts to implement pharmaceutical care interventions to improve control and prevent progression of this disease. Target. To know the effect of pharmaceutical care interventions on glycemic control in outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methodology. Medline and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of pharmaceutical care interventions provided by community, clinical or hospital pharmacists, targeting patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at the outpatient level, in compared to usual care. Results. In the intervention group, the decrease in the mean net difference in glycosylated hemoglobin was statistically significant in 27 studies, since the range ranged between 0.4% and 3.3%; in 14 studies, this decrease was statistically significant and greater than or equal to 1%. Regarding the decrease in the net mean difference shown in the change in glycosylated hemoglobin, from the beginning to the end of the follow-up, between the intervention group and the control group, it was significant in 22 studies and the range ranged between 0.3 and 2.3 %. Conclution. The evidence collected demonstrates the significant effect that pharmaceutical care interventions have in improving glycemic control in outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Services , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Attention
7.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 64-72, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281783

ABSTRACT

La diabetes mellitus es una enfermedad metabólica caracterizada por altos niveles de glucosa en sangre y defectos en la producción y/o la acción de la insulina. La hiperglucemia crónica puede derivar en complicaciones metabólicas y vasculares como micro- y macroangiopatías y alteraciones en el metabolismo de lípidos y proteínas. Los pacientes diabéticos mal controlados o no controlados presentan signos y síntomas evidenciables a nivel bucal. En el mundo, alrededor del 8,8% de los adultos de entre 20 y 79 años padecen este trastorno endócrino, y se estima que para el año 2045 unos 629 millones de personas de este rango etario tendrán diabetes. Por ello, es fundamental que el odontólogo se encuentre familiarizado con el manejo médico de estos pacientes, a fin de estar preparado para brindarles un tratamiento adecuado y responder a las emergencias médicas que se presenten durante su atención. En esta revisión se emplearon resultados extraídos manualmente de artículos indexados en las bases de datos MEDLINE y EBSCO que responden a la búsqueda de los términos diabetes mellitus, dental management, oral surgery y HbA1c, con el objetivo de describir el manejo médico-odontológico del paciente diabético hasta la fecha (AU)


Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood glucose levels and defects in the production and/or the use of insulin. Chronic hyperglycemia can lead to metabolic and vascular complications. Vascular complications include micro and macroangiopathies. The metabolic disorders are: alterations of lipid and protein metabolism. Patients with poorly controlled or uncontrolled diabetes present symptoms that are evident in the oral cavity. Around 8.8% of adults between 20-79 years old, worldwide, have this endocrine disorder and it is estimated that by 2045, 629 million people in this age group, will have diabetes. Therefore, it is essential for dentists to be familiar with the medical management of these patients, in order to provide adequate treatment and eventual management of medical emergencies that may occur during dental treatment. The present review used data extracted manually from articles indexed in the MEDLINE and EBSCO databases, using the terms: Diabetes mellitus, Dental Management, Oral Surgery and HbA1c. The following article aims to describe the medical/dental management of the diabetic patient updated to date (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus/pathology , Surgery, Oral/methods , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Databases, Bibliographic , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Hyperglycemia/complications
8.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e899, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289522

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes con retinopatía diabética desde el punto de vista epidemiológico y clínico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en el Centro Oftalmológico de Santiago de Cuba, desde octubre del año 2017 hasta octubre de 2019, en una población de 42 pacientes diabéticos tipo 2. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes con tiempo de diabetes mellitus mayor de 10 años, y edades de 55 años o más (60,0 por ciento); el mayor porcentaje correspondió al color de piel negra (66,7 por ciento ); la agudeza visual mayor de 0,6 se presentó en el 49,4 por ciento de los casos; la retinopatía diabética proliferativa fue la más presentada con 55,9 por ciento. Hubo predominio, además, de los valores de hemoglobina glicosilada por encima del 7 por ciento y de la normoalbuminuria con 46,7 y 66,7 por ciento, respectivamente, en ambos grupos. Conclusiones: Los valores elevados de hemoglobina glicosilada y la normoalbuminuria se asocian, desde el punto de vista clínico, a la retinopatía diabética proliferativa(AU)


Objective: Characterize diabetic retinopathy patients from a clinical and epidemiological point of view. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted of 42 type 2 diabetic patients at Santiago de Cuba Ophthalmology Center from October 2017 to October 2019. Results: A predominance was found of patients who had had diabetes mellitus for more than 10 years and were aged 55 years or over (60.0 percent); black skin color prevailed with 66.7 percent; visual acuity above 0.6 was present in 49.4 percent of the cases, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy was the most common type (55.9 percent). In both groups glycosylated hemoglobin values above 7 percent prevailed, whereas normal albuminuria was predominant with 46.7 percent and 66.7 percent, respectively. Conclusions: High glycosylated hemoglobin and normal albuminuria values are clinically associated to proliferative diabetic retinopathy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Glycated Hemoglobin A/adverse effects , Diabetic Retinopathy/epidemiology , Albuminuria/etiology , Visual Acuity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hemoglobinuria/diagnosis
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(2): 107-112, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156093

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the obstetric and sociodemographic characteristics of gestational diabetic women who maintained hyperglycemia in the postpartum period (6-12 weeks postpartum). Methods This is a longitudinal cohort study with women who have had gestational diabetes and/or macrosomic children between March 1st, 2016 and March 1st, 2017. Between 6 and 12 weeks after birth, women who had gestational diabetes collected fasting glycemia, glucose tolerance test, and glycated hemoglobin results. The data were collected from medical records and during an interview in the first postpartum consultation. A statistical analysis was performed using frequency, percentage, Chi- Squared test, Fisher exact test, Mann-Whitney test, and multivariate Poisson regression. The significance level adopted for the statistical tests was 5%. Results One hundred and twenty-two women were included. Most of the women were younger than 35 years old (70.5%), white, multiparous, and with no history of gestational diabetes. Thirteen percent of the participants developed persistent hyperglycemia. A univariate analysis showed that maternal age above 35 years, being overweight, having grade 1 obesity and weight gain under 5 kg was related to the persistence of hyperglycemia in the postpartum period. Conclusion Maternal age above 35 years, obesity and overweight, and the diagnosis of gestational diabetes in the first trimester of pregnancy are associated with hyperglycemia during the postpartum period.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar características sociodemográficas e obstétricas de mulheres com diabetes gestacional que mantêm hiperglicemia no período pós-parto (6-12 semanas pós-parto). Métodos Este é um estudo longitudinal de coorte com mulheres com diagnóstico de diabetes gestacional e/ou macrossomia fetal entre 1° de março de 2016 a 1° de março de 2017. As mulheres coletaram glicemia de jejum, teste de tolerância a glicose e hemoglobina glicada entre 6 a 12 semanas pós-parto. Os dados foram coletados de prontuários médicos e durante entrevista na primeira consulta de revisão pós-parto. Uma análise estatística foi realizada através do cálculo de frequências, porcentagens, teste do qui-quadrado, teste exato de Fisher, teste de Mann-Whitney e regressão multivariada de Poisson. A significância estatística adotada foi de 5%. Resultados Cento e vinte e duas mulheres foram incluídas. A maioria delas tinha menos de 35 anos de idade (70,5%), eram brancas, multíparas, e não tinham história de diabetes gestacional. Treze por cento das participantes desenvolveu hiperglicemia persistente. A análise univariada mostrou que os fatores relacionados com a persistência de hiperglicemia no período pós-natal foram: idade materna acima de 35 anos, sobrepeso, obesidade grau 1 e ganho de peso abaixo de 5 quilos. A análisemultivariada incluiu o diagnóstico no primeiro trimestre como fator de risco para hiperglicemia persistente. Conclusão Mulheres acima de 35 anos, obesidade, sobrepeso e diagnóstico de diabetes gestacional no primeiro trimestre estão relacionados com hiperglicemia persistente no período pós-parto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Puerperal Disorders/epidemiology , Diabetes, Gestational/physiopathology , Hyperglycemia/physiopathology , Obesity/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications/physiopathology , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Puerperal Disorders/physiopathology , Puerperal Disorders/blood , Socioeconomic Factors , Blood Glucose , Brazil/epidemiology , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Cohort Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Hyperglycemia/blood
10.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 34(1): 1-12, 17/02/2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292269

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar la asociación entre sentido de coherencia y control glucémico en adultos con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: Estudio de tipo transversal desarrollado durante el año 2018 en el cual fueron encuestados 220 diabéticos de tres unidades de Salud de la Secretaría de Salud del Estado de Jalisco en Ciudad Guzmán, México. Se les aplicó el instrumento SOC-13 para sentido de coherencia y el control glucémico se evaluó por medio del nivel de hemoglobina glucosilada que se obtuvo del expediente médico. Los datos se analizaron por medio del análisis de regresión logística. Resultados: Se obtuvieron resultados con un total de 220 participantes en un rango de edad entre 23 y 69 años de los que el 67% presentó control glucémico inadecuado y el 33% control glucémico adecuado; de los encuestados con control glucémico inadecuado el 24% refirió puntuaciones bajas de sentido de coherencia, mientras que el 96% de quienes tienen control glucémico adecuado obtuvo puntuaciones medio/alta de sentido de coherencia. Los análisis de regresión logística arrojan que el sentido de coherencia se asocia significativamente con el control glucémico (OR = 7.2; 95% C.I: 2.0-24.7; p = 0.002) después de ajustar los análisis por diversas variables confusoras como sexo, apego al plan alimenticio, actividad física, ausencia de complicaciones y ausencia de tabaquismo. Conclusión: Los diabéticos con puntuaciones medio/altas de sentido de coherencia tienen hasta 7 veces más probabilidad de tener control glucémico adecuado que diabéticos con puntuaciones bajas de sentido de coherencia independientemente de variables intervinientes.


Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre senso de coerência e controle glicêmico em adultos com diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: Estudo transversal desenvolvido durante 2018, com 220 diabéticos de três unidades de saúde da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado de Jalisco na cidade de Guzmán, México. Aplicou-se o instrumento SOC-13 para senso de coerência, e avaliou-se o controle glicêmico por meio do nível de hemoglobina glicosada obtido nos prontuários. Assim, obtiveram-se os dados por análise de regressão logística. Resultados: Os 220 participantes tinham faixa etária de 23 a 69 anos, dos quais 148 (67%) apresentavam controle glicêmico inadequado e 72 (33%) controle glicêmico adequado; 24% dos pesquisados com controle glicêmico inadequado relataram escores baixos para senso de coerência, enquanto 96% daqueles com controle glicêmico adequado obtiveram escores médios/ altos para senso de coerência. As análises de regressão logística mostram que o senso de coerência está significativamente associado ao controle glicêmico (OR=7,2; IC 95%: 2,0-24,7; p=0,002) após ajustar as análises para variáveis de confusão, como sexo, adesão ao plano alimentar, atividade física, ausência de complicações e ausência de tabagismo. Conclusão: Diabéticos, com escores médios/altos de senso de coerência, têm até 7 vezes mais chances de apresentar controle glicêmico adequado do que diabéticos com baixos escores de senso de coerência, independentemente das variáveis intervenientes.


Objective: To evaluate the association between a sense of coherence and glycemic control in adults with type 2 Mellitus Diabetes. Methods: Cross-sectional study, developed during 2018, 220 diabetics from three health units of the Secretaria de Salud del Estado de Jalisco in Ciudad Guzmán, Mexico, the SOC-13 instrument was applied for a sense of coherence, glycemic control was evaluated through the level of glycosylated hemoglobin obtained from the medical record, the data was analyzed through logistic regression analysis. Results: Results were obtained with a total of 220 participants in an age range of 23 to 69 years of which 67% presented inadequate glycemic control and 33% adequate glycemic control; 24% of those surveyed with inadequate glycemic control reported low scores for a sense of coherence, while 96% of those with adequate glycemic control obtained medium/high scores for a sense of coherence. The logistic regression analyzes show that the sense of coherence is significantly associated with glycemic control (OR=7.2; 95% CI: 2.0-24.7; p=0.002) after adjusting the analyzes for various confounding variables such as sex, adherence to eating plan, physical activity, absence of complications and absence of smoking. Conclusion: Diabetics with medium/high scores of coherence sense are up to 7 times more likely to have adequate glycemic control than diabetics with low scores of coherence sense regardless of intervening variables.


Subject(s)
Glycated Hemoglobin A , Sense of Coherence , Health Promotion , Metabolism
11.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(1): 50-54, ene.-feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279073

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad cardiovascular (ECV) constituye la principal causa de mortalidad en mujeres; la preeclampsia (PE) y la diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG) están asociadas a incremento en el riesgo de ECV. Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento de los médicos generales (MG) sobre complicaciones obstétricas asociadas a ECV. Métodos: Se envió a los MG un cuestionario electrónico anónimo basado en casos, diseñado para evaluar el entendimiento de la influencia de la historia obstétrica en el riesgo cardiovascular a largo plazo y el conocimiento general sobre riesgo de ECV. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta fue de 35 % (161/465). Los participantes reconocieron que la PE y la DMG son factores de riesgo para ECV (98 y 83 %, respectivamente) y reportaron las siguientes estrategias de tamizaje de ECV en mujeres con historial de PE y DMG: monitoreo de presión arterial (PE 100 %, DMG 46 %), cálculo de índice de masa corporal (PE 68 %, DMG 57 %), evaluación del perfil de lípidos (PE 71 %, DMG 57 %), hemoglobina glucosilada (PE 26 %, DMG 92 %) y glucosa en ayuno (PE 28 %, DMG 91 %). Conclusión: Las estrategias de tamizaje para identificar ECV en mujeres con antecedentes de PE y DMG reportadas por los MG fueron variables.


Abstract Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in women; preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are associated with an increased risk of CVD. Objective: To evaluate general practitioners (GP) knowledge about complicated pregnancies and their association with CVD. Methods: An anonymous case-based electronic questionnaire designed to assess the level of understanding on the influence of a history of pregnancy complications on long-term cardiovascular risk and general knowledge about CVD risk was sent to GPs. Results: The response rate was 35 % (161/465). The participants recognized that PE and GDM are risk factors for CVD (98 and 83 %, respectively), and reported the following CVD screening strategies in women with a history of PE and GDM: blood pressure monitoring (PE 100 %, GDM 46 %), body mass index calculation (PE 68 %, GDM 57 %), lipid profile evaluation (PE 71 %, GDM 57 %), glycated hemoglobin (PE 26 %, GDM 92 %), and fasting glucose (PE 28 %, GDM 91 %). Conclusion: GP-reported screening strategies to identify CVD in women with a history of PE and GDM were variable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/etiology , Clinical Competence , Diabetes, Gestational , General Practitioners , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnosis , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blood Pressure Determination , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Fasting/blood , Health Care Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Lipids/blood
12.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 15(1): 1-11, 20210102.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145460

ABSTRACT

La diabetes mellitus afecta negativamente la calidad de vida de quienes la padecen; al respecto, se realizó un estudio no experimental de corte transversal, con el objetivo de determinar la relación entre calidad de vida según las dimensiones del cuestionario Euro-Qol (EQ-5D) y los valores de HbA1c 42 en pacientes con diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 del barrio El Reta-mal de la ciudad de Riobamba entre los meses de enero y febrero de 2019. Los datos sobre calidad de vida relacionada con la salud se recolectaron mediante el cuestionario EQ-5D, mien-tras que los valores de hemoglobina glicosilada se obtuvieron a partir de las historias clínicas. A través de una regresión lineal univariante, se estableció la relación estadísticamente significativa entre todas las dimensiones del cuestionario EQ-5D y los valores de hemoglobina glicosilada con un valor de p<0,001; lo que permitió concluir que la autopercepción de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud y los valores de hemoglobina glicosilada guardan una estrecha relación


Diabetes mellitus negatively affects the quality of life of patients who suffer it. In this regard, a non-experimental cross-sectional study was carried out in order to determine the relationship between quality of life according to the dimensions of the Euro-Qol (EQ-5D) questionnaire and the HbA1c 42 values in patients diagnosed with type 2diabetes mellitus in El Retamal neighbor-hood, city of Riobamba from January to February 2019. Data about health-related quality of life were collected using the EQ-5D questionnaire, while glycosylated hemoglobin values were obtained from the medical records. The statistically significant relationship was established between all the dimensions of the EQ-5D questionnaire and the glycosylated hemoglobin values with a value of p<0.001 through a univariate linear regression. It was concluded that self-percep-tion of health-related quality of life and glycosylated hemoglobin values are closely related


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Patients , Health , Life
13.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 29(1): 27-34, Ene-Mar 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1284101

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en la actualidad, la diabetes se considera una emergencia mundial debido al aumento de su prevalencia, posibles complicaciones y elevada mortalidad. Algunos factores culturales, como las creencias fatalistas, pueden representar una barrera para su control. Objetivo: revisar la evidencia científica disponible de la relación entre el fatalismo y el control glucémico en adultos con diabetes tipo 2. Metodología: se realizó una búsqueda en EBSCO Academic Search Complete, Science Direct, Web of Science, Pubmed, Springer, Redalyc, Latindex, Mediclatina y Fuente Académica vía EBSCO, delimitada a 10 años (2008-2018). Se utilizaron los descriptores DeCS y MeHS y la búsqueda de los estudios se efectuó en español e inglés. Los estudios se evaluaron para su validez a través de la guía para estudios analíticos transversales del Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal. Resultados: de 275 resultados que arrojó la búsqueda, se seleccionaron cinco estudios correlacionales-transversales, publicados en inglés en Estados Unidos, Líbano, Turquía e Israel, que incluyeron entre 130 y 615 pacientes con diagnóstico (5-14.4 años) de diabetes tipo 2. La evidencia disponible sugiere que existe una relación entre el fatalismo y el control glucémico. Conclusión: la relación entre el fatalismo y el control glucé-mico en adultos con diabetes tipo 2 es compleja y represen- ta en pacientes fatalistas una barrera para el control de la enfermedad.


Introduction: Diabetes is currently considered a worldwide emergency due to its increased prevalence, possible complications, and high mortality. Some cultural factors, such as fatalistic beliefs, may represent a barrier to diabetes control. Objective: Review scientific evidence avaible on the relationship between fatalism and glycemic control in adults with Type 2 Diabetes. Methods: A search was carried out in EBSCO Academic Search Complete, Science Direct, Web of Science, Pubmed, Springer, Redalyc, Latindex, Mediclatina y Fuente Académica EBSCO, limited to ten years (2008-2018). DeCS and MeHS descriptors were used, the search for studies was in Spanish and English. The studies were evaluated for validity through the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Assessment guide for cross-sectional analytical studies. Results: The information query delivered 275 results and 5 from these studies were included. These are correlational-cross-sectional studies, published in English, from countries such as The United States of America, Lebanon, and Israel, which studied between 130 and 615 patients with diagnosis of T2D (between 5 and 14.4 years). Available evidence suggests that there is a relationship between fatalism and glycemic control. Conclusion: The relationship between fatalism and glycemic control in adults with Type 2 Diabetes is complex and represents, in more fatalistic patients, a barrier to disease control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cultural Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/ethnology , Self Care , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
14.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(5): e00076120, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249440

ABSTRACT

O diabetes mellitus é uma das doenças mundialmente mais prevalentes em adultos e está entre as principais causas de perda de anos de vida saudável, o que se agrava com o acelerado envelhecimento populacional no Brasil. Este estudo visa dimensionar o problema do diabetes mellitus e suas complicações e caracterizar a atenção à saúde do diabético no Brasil, segundo regiões. As prevalências foram estimadas utilizando modelo de regressão multinomial, e a caracterização da atenção à saúde se deu a partir da triangulação entre a Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS), o Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica (PMAQ-AB) e dados da Farmácia Popular. A prevalência de diabetes mellitus no Brasil foi de 9,2%, pelo modelo multinomial, e a prevalência da PNS corrigida (autorreferida + alterada na hemoglobina glicosilada - HbA1c ≥ 6,5) foi de 9,4%. A proporção de subnotificação do diabetes mellitus no país foi de 42,5%, chegando a 72,8% na Região Norte. Dentre os diagnosticados, mais da metade apresentou HbA1c ≥ 6,5. A insuficiente realização de exame de fundo de olho (40%), com ampla variação regional (Norte 25% - Sudeste 52%), reflete-se na alta prevalência de retinopatia. O exame dos pés apresentou baixa realização (30%), podendo levar a mais amputações. Cerca de 80% dos diabéticos usavam medicamentos, o que indica uma alta parcela ainda sem tratamento. Deficiências na atenção à saúde do diabético levam a maior morbidade, internações (15%) e idas a emergências (27% - PMAQ). O cenário apresentado em 2012, apesar de não ser ideal, deu-se num contexto de fortalecimento do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Com a crescente prevalência de diabetes mellitus e cortes no investimento em saúde pública, cabe a reflexão sobre o controle da doença nos próximos anos.


Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide and is among the leading causes of loss of healthy years of life, which is aggravated in Brazil by accelerated population aging. This study aims to measure the problem of diabetes mellitus and its complications and characterize healthcare for diabetics in Brazil, according to regions. Prevalence rates were estimated using a multinomial regression model, and characterization of healthcare was based on triangulation between the Brazilian National Health Survey (PNS), the National Program for Improving Access and Quality in Primary Care (PMAQ-AB), and data from the Popular Pharmacy program. Diabetes prevalence in Brazil was 9.2%, according to the multinomial model, and prevalence in the corrected PNS (self-report + altered glycated hemoglobin - HbA1c ≥ 6.5) was 9.4%. The proportion of diabetes mellitus underreporting in the country was 42.5%, reaching 72.8% in the North. Among individuals diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, half presented HbA1c ≥ 6.5. Insufficient fundus eye examination (only 40% on average), with major regional variation (North 25% - Southeast 52%), is reflected in the high prevalence of retinopathy. Insufficient examination of feet (only 30%), can lead to more amputations. About 80% of diabetics used medications, indicating a persistently high proportion still without treatment. Healthcare deficiencies for diabetics lead to greater morbidity, hospitalizations (15%), and visits to emergency departments (27%, PMAQ). The scenario in 2012, although not ideal, occurred in a context of strengthening of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS). The growing prevalence of diabetes mellitus and cutbacks in public health budgeting call for serious reflection on control of the disease in the coming years.


Resumen: La diabetes mellitus es una de las enfermedades mundialmente más prevalentes en adultos y está entre las principales causas de pérdida de años de vida saludable, lo que se agrava con el acelerado envejecimiento poblacional en Brasil. Este estudio tiene como objetivo dimensionar el problema de la diabetes mellitus y sus complicaciones, así como caracterizar la atención a la salud del diabético en Brasil, según regiones. Las prevalencias fueron estimadas utilizando un modelo de regresión multinomial, además, la caracterización de la atención a la salud se produjo a partir de la triangulación entre Encuesta Nacional de Salud (PNS), el Programa Nacional para la Mejora del Acceso y la Calidad en Atención Primaria (PMAQ-AB) y datos de la Farmacia Popular. La prevalencia de diabetes mellitus en Brasil fue de 9,2%, por el modelo multinomial y la prevalencia de la PNS corregida (autoinformada + alterada en la hemoglobina glicosilada - HbA1c ≥ 6,5) fue de 9,4%. La proporción de subnotificación de la diabetes mellitus en el país fue de 42,5%, llegando a 72,8% en la región Norte. Entre los diagnosticados, más de la mitad presentó HbA1c ≥ 6,5. La insuficiente realización de exámenes de fondo de ojo (40%), con amplia variación regional (Norte 25% - Sureste 52%), se refleja en la alta prevalencia de retinopatía. El examen de los pies presentó baja realización (30%), pudiendo conducir a más amputaciones. Cerca de un 80% de los diabéticos usaban medicamentos, lo que indica un alto porcentaje todavía sin tratamiento. Deficiencias en la atención a la salud del diabético conducen a una mayor morbilidad, internamientos (15%) e idas a emergencias (27% - PMAQ). El escenario presentado en 2012, a pesar de no ser el ideal, se produjo en un contexto de fortalecimiento del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS). Con la creciente prevalencia de diabetes mellitus y cortes en la inversión en salud pública, cabe la reflexión sobre el control de la enfermedad durante los próximos años.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Prevalence , Delivery of Health Care
15.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e57337, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356118

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: A Disfunção do Trato Urinário Inferior (DTUI) é uma complicação do Diabetes Mellitus (DM) e embora cause impacto negativo na qualidade de vida, não é contemplada nos programas de atenção a essa população. Objetivo: Levantar a ocorrência de DTUI em uma população com DM Tipo 2e avaliar sua associação com a história clínica. Método: Estudo transversal. Entrevista com 60 pacientes de um centro privado de DM por meio de instrumento contendo dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e sintomas de armazenamento e esvaziamento vesical apresentados nos últimos 30 dias. Análise estatística por meio do programa computacional IBM SPSS Statistics, v20.0. Resultados: Amostra predominantemente aposentada com alta escolaridade, bom padrão alimentar e intestinal, sedentária, obesa ou em sobrepeso, com taxas de hemoglobina glicada elevadas. Do total, 25% apresentavam incontinência urinária aos esforços, 60% pelo menos um sintoma de bexiga hiperativa, 41,7% pelo menos um sintoma de esvaziamento vesical incompleto, 70,1% pelo menos um sintoma de DTUI. Foi encontrada associação entre os sintomas urinários e o tempo de diagnóstico de DM. Conclusão: A população com DM tipo 2 apresenta alta ocorrência de DTUI, com predominância de sintomas de bexiga hiperativa, associada ao tempo de diagnóstico de DM.


RESUMEN Introducción: la Disfunción del Tracto Urinario Inferior (DTUI) es una complicación de la Diabetes Mellitus (DM) y aunque cause impacto negativo en la calidad de vida, no es contemplada en los programas de atención a esa población. Objetivo: obtener la incidencia de DTUI en una población con DM Tipo 2 y evaluar su asociación con la historia clínica. Método: estudio transversal. Entrevista con 60 pacientes de un centro privado de DM a través de un instrumento que contiene datos sociodemográficos, clínicos y síntomas de almacenamiento y vaciado vesical presentados en los últimos 30 días. Análisis estadístico por medio del programa computacional IBM SPSS Statistics, v20.0. Resultados: muestra predominantemente jubilada con alta escolaridad, buen patrón alimentario e intestinal, sedentaria, obesa o en sobrepeso, con niveles de hemoglobina glicosilada elevados. Del total, el 25% presentaba incontinencia urinaria a los esfuerzos, el 60% por lo menos un síntoma de vejiga hiperactiva, el 41,7% por lo menos un síntoma de vaciado vesical incompleto, el 70,1% por lo menos un síntoma de DTUI. Se encontró asociación entre los síntomas urinarios y el tiempo de diagnóstico de DM. Conclusión: la población con DM tipo 2 presenta alta incidencia de DTUI, con predominancia de síntomas de vejiga hiperactiva, asociada al tiempo de diagnóstico de DM.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms(LUTS) are a complication of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and although it negatively impactsthe quality of life, it is not considered in care programs for this population. Objective: To survey the occurrence of LUTS in a population with Type 2 DM and assess its association with clinical history. Method: Cross-sectional study. Interview with 60 patients from a private DM clinic using a tool with sociodemographic and clinical data and symptoms of bladder storage and voiding in the last 30 days. Statistical analysis was performed using the computer program IBM SPSS Statistics, v20.0. Results: Most of the participants were retired with high education, good dietary, and intestinal pattern, sedentary, obese, or overweight, with high glycated hemoglobin rates. Of the total, 25% had stress urinary incontinence, 60% had at least one symptom of overactive bladder, 41.7% had at least one symptom of incomplete bladder voiding, 70.1% had at least one LUTsymptom. An association was found between urinary symptoms and time since DM diagnosis. Conclusion: The population with type 2 DM has a high occurrence of LUTS, with a predominance of symptoms of overactive bladder, associated with the time of DM diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Tract , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Patients , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence , Urinary Bladder , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Urinary Retention , Nursing , Diet , Disease Prevention , Overweight , Urinary Bladder, Overactive , Sedentary Behavior
16.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 64-70, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252886

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer la relación entre el grado de enfermedad periodontal y el control metabólico de la glucemia en pacientes que padecen diabetes tipo 2. Es un estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo, transversal. Se seleccionaron 42 pacientes con diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 de ambos sexos, entre 25 y 75. Se realizó odontograma y se evaluó el grado de enfermedad periodontal para determinar el grado de compensación metabólica de los pacientes se tomaron muestras de sangre venosa y se midieron los valores de hemoglobina glicosilada. Un 23,55% de los pacientes no presentaron enfermedad periodontal y el resto se dividió en leve, moderada y severa presentándose la enfermedad leve en primer orden. Los pacientes con mayor grado de enfermedad periodontal presentaron mayor número de piezas dentarias perdidas (p 0,0334). La enfermedad periodontal se distribuye de la misma manera en ambos grupos de control glucémico (p=0,1211). En el grupo estudiado, el grado de enfermedad periodontal es independiente del control glucémico de los pacientes (AU)


The objective of this work was to establish the relationship between the degree of periodontal disease and the metabolic control of glycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. 42 patients with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus of both sexes, between 25 and 75, were selected. An odontogram was performed and the degree of periodontal disease was evaluated; venous blood samples were taken and glycosylated hemoglobin values were measured to determine the degree of metabolic compensation of the patients. 23.55% of the patients did not present periodontal disease and the rest were divided into mild, moderate, and severe, with mild disease presenting in the first order. The patients with a higher degree of periodontal disease had a higher number of missing teeth (p 0.0334). Periodontal disease is distributed in the same way in both glycemic control groups (p = 0.1211). In the group studied, the degree of periodontal disease is independent of the glycemic control of the patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Argentina/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Blood Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Dental Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Tooth Loss/epidemiology , Sex Distribution , Dental Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Observational Study
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921832

ABSTRACT

High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is currently the mainstream technology for detecting hemoglobin. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a gold indicator for diagnosing diabetes, however, the accuracy of HbA1c test is affected by thalassemia factor hemoglobin F (HbF)/hemoglobin A2 (HbA2) and variant hemoglobin during HPLC analysis. In this study, a new anti-interference hemoglobin analysis system of HPLC is proposed. In this system, the high-pressure three-gradient elution method was improved, and the particle size and sieve plate aperture in the high-pressure chromatography column and the structure of the double-plunger reciprocating series high-pressure pump were optimized. The system could diagnose both HbA1c and thalassemia factor HbF/HbA2 and variant hemoglobin, and the performance of the system was anti-interference and stable. It is expected to achieve industrialization. In this study, the HbA1c and thalassemia factor HbF/HbA2 detection performance was compared between this system and the world's first-line brand products such as Tosoh G8, Bio-Rad Ⅶ and D10 glycosylated hemoglobin analysis system. The results showed that the linear correlation between this system and the world-class system was good. The system is the first domestic hemoglobin analysis system by HPLC for screening of HbA1c and thalassemia factor HbF/HbA2 rapidly and accurately.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Fetal Hemoglobin/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Hemoglobin A2/analysis , Hemoglobins
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population.@*Methods@#The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models.@*Results@#A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices).@*Conclusion@#An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Glucose/analysis , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Glycemic Index , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/blood
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880686

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To determine the association between glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and ambulatory blood pressure or heart rate in hypertensive patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 585 patients, who performed ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) from September 2018 to April 2019 in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, were enrolled and assigned into 2 groups (470 in a hypertensive group and 115 in a normal group). HbA1c levels were compared. According to the HbA1c level, the hypertensive group was divided into 2 subgroups: A high HbA1c group (HbA1c≥6.1%, @*RESULTS@#The hypertensive group had higher HbA1c level than the normal group [(6.1±1.3)% vs (5.1±1.7)%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#In hypertensive patients, HbA1c is positively correlated with ambulate blood pressure, blood pressure load, and heart rate, and it has no correlation with blood pressure variability, heart rate variability, or morning blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Heart Rate , Humans , Hypertension
20.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 52(4): 359-365, 20201230. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223708

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a correlação entre os níveis de hemoglobina glicada A1c (HbA1c) e os valores de microalbuminúria como parâmetro auxiliar no diagnóstico precoce de dano renal. Métodos: Analisaram-se 56 pacientes que apresentaram os exames de glicemia de jejum, HbA1c e microalbuminúria, durante o período de um ano em um laboratório do município de Videira-SC. A análise dos dados foi realizada pelo teste de correlação de Pearson's estabelecendo como valores estatisticamente significativos p < 0,05. Resultados: Os valores de glicose de jejum se apresentaram alterados em ambos os sexos e faixa etária. Na hemoglobina glicada indivíduos do sexo feminino com faixa etária de até 60 anos de idade demostraram maiores alterações no controle glicêmico. Para os resultados de micro­albuminúria, 68% dos participantes apresentaram valores normais e 32% exibiram valores acima dos de referência, indicando presença de microalbuminúria e possível dano renal. Os valores mostraram correlação entre microalbuminúria e HbA1c em mulheres e homens respectivamente (p < 0,0001). Conclusão: Quando os valores de HbA1c apresentaram-se aumentados consequentemente os valores de microalbuminúria também estavam elevados. Portanto, a utilização desses marcadores na busca de identificar danos renais é fundamental.


Objective:This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between the levels of glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and the values of microalbuminuria as an auxiliary parameter in the early diagnosis of kidney damage. Methods: Fifty-six patients who had fasting blood glucose, HbA1c and microalbuminuria tests were analyzed during a period of one year in a laboratory in the municipality of Videira-SC. Data analysis was performed using Pearson's correlation test, establishing as statistically significant values p < 0.05. Results: Fasting glucose values were altered in both sexes and age groups. In glycated hemoglobin, female individuals aged up to 60 years old showed greater changes in glycemic control. For the results of microalbuminuria, 68% of the participants had normal values and 32% showed values above those of reference, indicating the presence of microalbuminuria and possible kidney damage. The values showed a correlation between microalbuminuria and HbA1c in women and men respectively (p <0.0001). Conclusion: When the HbA1c values were consequently increased, the microalbuminuria values were also high. Therefore, the use of these markers in the search to identify kidney damage is essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Glycemic Index , Diabetes Mellitus , Albuminuria
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