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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879571

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular basis for an individual with Bw subtype.@*METHODS@#Routine serological reactions were used to determine the surface antigens of erythrocytes and antibodies in serum. PCR-sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT) was used to analyze the coding regions of the ABO gene and erythroid-specific regulatory element in its intron 1. Amplicons for exons 5 to 7 containing the variant site were subjected to TA cloning for the isolation of the haploid and verification of the sequence. The 3D structure of mutant protein was predicted with Pymol software. Changes of amino acid residues and structural stability were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Serological assay showed that the individual had weakened B antigen and anti-B antibody in his serum. His genotype was determined as ABO*B.01/ABO*O.01.01. Sequencing of the entire coding region of the ABO gene identified an additional heterozygous c.734C/T variant. No variant was found in the erythroid-specific regulatory element of intron 1. Haploid cloning and isolation has obtained an ABO*O.01.01 allele and a ABO*B.01 allele containing a c.734T variant, which has led to substitution of Thr by Ile at position 245 in the functional center of glycosyltransferase. Based on the 3D structure of the protein, the residues binding with the mutation were unchanged, but the bonding distance between the hydrogens was changed with the amino acid substitution. Meanwhile, the connections with water molecules were increased.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.734C>T variant of the GTB gene can lead to an amino acid substitution in the functional center of the enzyme, which in turn may affect the stability of glycosyltransferase B protein and reduceits enzymatic activity.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Exons/genetics , Genotype , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Humans , Male , Phenotype
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878915

ABSTRACT

Caffeic acid and its oligomers are the main water-soluble active constituents of the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) Arnebiae Radix. These compounds possess multiple biological activities such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, cardiovascular protective, liver protective, anti-liver fibrosis, antiviral and anticancer activities. The phenylpropanoid pathway in plants is responsible for the biosynthesis of caffeic acid and its oligomers. Glycosylation can change phenylpropanoid solubility, stability and toxic potential, as well as influencing compartmentalization and biological activity. In view of the important role played by de-glycosylation in the regulation of phenylpropanoid homeostasis, the biosynthesis of caffeic acid and its oligomers are supposed to be under the control of relative UDP-glycosyltransferases(UGTs). Through the data mining of Arnebia euchroma transcriptome, we cloned 15 full-length putative UGT genes. After recombinant expression using the prokaryotic system, the crude enzyme solution of the putative UGTs was examined for the glycosylation activities towards caffeic acid and rosmarinic acid in vitro. AeUGT_01, AeUGT_02, AeUGT_03, AeUGT_04 and AeUGT_10 were able to glycosylate caffeic acid and/or rosmarinic acid resulting in different mono-and/or di-glycosylated products in the UPLC-MS analyses. The characterized UGTs were distantly related to each other and divided into different clades of the phylogenetic tree. Based on the observation that each characterized UGT exhibited substrate or catalytic similarity with the members in their own clade, we supposed the glycosylation abilities towards caffeic acid and/or rosmarinic acid were evolved independently in different clades. The identification of caffeic acid and rosmarinic acid UGTs from A. euchroma could lead to deeper understanding of the caffeic acid oligomers biosynthesis and its regulation. Furthermore, these UGTs might be used for regiospecific glycosylation of caffeic acid and rosmarinic acid to produce bioactive compounds for potential therapeutic applications.


Subject(s)
Boraginaceae/genetics , Caffeic Acids , Chromatography, Liquid , Cinnamates , Cloning, Molecular , Depsides , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Phylogeny , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 112-129, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878547

ABSTRACT

Water solubility, stability, and bioavailability, can be substantially improved after glycosylation. Glycosylation of bioactive compounds catalyzed by glycoside hydrolases (GHs) and glycosyltransferases (GTs) has become a research hotspot. Thanks to their rich sources and use of cheap glycosyl donors, GHs are advantageous in terms of scaled catalysis compared to GTs. Among GHs, sucrose phosphorylase has attracted extensive attentions in chemical engineering due to its prominent glycosylation activity as well as its acceptor promiscuity. This paper reviews the structure, catalytic characteristics, and directional redesign of sucrose phosphorylase. Meanwhile, glycosylation of diverse chemicals with sucrose phosphorylase and its coupling applications with other biocatalysts are summarized. Future research directions were also discussed based on the current research progress combined with our working experience.


Subject(s)
Glucosyltransferases/metabolism , Glycoside Hydrolases/metabolism , Glycosylation , Glycosyltransferases/genetics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52130

ABSTRACT

Various kinds of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and proteoglycans (PGs) have been known to be involved in structural and space-filling functions, as well as many physiological regulations in skin. To investigate ultraviolet (UV) radiation-mediated regulation of GAGs and PGs in cultured human dermal fibroblasts, transcriptional changes of many types of PGs and GAG chain-synthesizing enzymes at 18 hr after 75 mJ/cm2 of UV irradiation were examined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction methods. Hyaluronic acid synthase (HAS)-1, -2, and -3 and hyaluronidase-2 mRNA expressions were significantly increased by UV irradiation. Expressions of lumican, fibromodulin, osteoglycin, syndecan-2, perlecan, agrin, versican, decorin, and biglycan were significantly decreased by UV irradiation, while syndecan-1 was increased. Expressions of GAG chain-synthesizing glycosyltransferases, xylosyltransferase-1, beta1,3-glucuronyltransferase-1, beta1,4-galactosyltransferase-2, -4, exostosin-1, chondroitin polymerizing factor, and chondroitin sulfate synthase-3 were significantly reduced, whereas those of beta1,3-galactosyltransferase-6, beta1,4-galactosyltransferase-3, -7, beta-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltran sferase-2, and -7 were increased by UV irradiation. Heparanase-1 mRNA expression was increased, but that of heparanase-2 was reduced by UV irradiation. Time-course investigation of representative genes showed consistent results. In conclusion, UV irradiation may increase hyaluronic acid production through HAS induction, and decrease other GAG productions through downregulation of PG core proteins and GAG chain-synthesizing glycosyltransferases in cultured human dermal fibroblasts.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation/radiation effects , Glucuronosyltransferase/genetics , Glycosaminoglycans/biosynthesis , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid/biosynthesis , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Proteoglycans/biosynthesis , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Skin/metabolism , Transcription, Genetic/radiation effects , Ultraviolet Rays
5.
J Biosci ; 2008 Jun; 33(2): 185-93
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-110994

ABSTRACT

A set of Ds-element enhancer trap lines of Arabidopsis thaliana was generated and screened for expression patterns leading to the identification of a line that showed root-specific expression of the bacterial uidA reporter gene encoding beta-glucuronidase (GUS). The insertion of the Ds element was found to be immediately downstream to a glycosyltransferase gene At1g73160. Analysis of At1g73160 expression showed that it is highly root-specific. Isolation and characterization of the upstream region of the At1g73160 gene led to the definition of a 218 bp fragment that is sufficient to confer root-specific expression. Sequence analysis revealed that several regulatory elements were implicated in expression in root tissue. The promoter identified and characterized in this study has the potential to be applied in crop biotechnology for directing the root-specific expression of transgenes.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis/enzymology , Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics , Base Sequence , DNA, Plant , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Plant Roots/enzymology , Promoter Regions, Genetic
6.
Biol. Res ; 37(4,supl.A): 783-793, 2004. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-399658

ABSTRACT

We have isolated and sequenced the genes encoding the membrane bound transglycosylase B (MltB) and the transferring binding protein B (TbpB) of the salmon pathogen Piscirickettsia salmonis. The results of the sequence revealed two open reading frames that encode proteins with calculated molecular weights of 38,830 and 85,140. The deduced aminoacid sequences of both proteins show a significant homology to the respective protein from phylogenetically related microorganisms. Partial sequences coding the amino and carboxyl regions of MltB and a sequence of 761 base pairs encoding the amino region of TbpB have been expressed in E. coli. The strong humoral response elicited by these proteins in mouse confirmed the immunogenic properties of the recombinant proteins. A similar response was elicited by both proteins when injected intraperitoneally in Atlantic salmon. The present data indicates that these proteins are good candidates to be used in formulations to study the protective immunity of salmon to infection by P. salmonis.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Genetic Code/genetics , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Piscirickettsiaceae/enzymology , Salmon/microbiology , Transferrin-Binding Protein B , Base Sequence , Cell Culture Techniques , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Molecular Sequence Data , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Piscirickettsiaceae/genetics , Piscirickettsiaceae/immunology , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Salmon/immunology
7.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-51590

ABSTRACT

Dental caries, a multifactorial disease requires four principle factor: the host, the microflora, the substrate & time for its occurrence and can be prevented or managed by elimination/modification of either of the above factors. The conventional preventive measure being followed for long time for the dental caries are not successful to the desirable extent due to their non avaibailaballity in the rural areas, lack of awareness & inaccessibility of dental services. Therefore, the focus has now been shifted to submicroscopic level to ensure that these measures can be reached to the farthest areas & each & every member of the population is benefitted. Few of the measures taken are. i) Genetically modifying the S. Mutans: ii) Searching The antagonist peptides to work against the specific enzyme system (Glucosyltransferase) of S. Mutans. iii) Changing the oral environment by those Genetically modified organisms that will produce bases (instead of acids) & these bases provides a milieu favoring remineralization. This paper discusses various ways in which genetically modified strains of microogranisms or genetically modified strains of microogranisms of genetically modified foods can help in the prevention of caries.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Food, Genetically Modified , Genetic Engineering , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Humans , Organisms, Genetically Modified , Streptococcus mutans/enzymology
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