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1.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(5): 670-673, oct. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058095

ABSTRACT

Resumen La gnatostomiasis es una parasitosis emergente en países no endémicos. Este nematodo zoonótico requiere de agua dulce para su ciclo de vida, donde sus larvas se enquistan principalmente en peces. La migración subcutánea de las larvas produce habitualmente una paniculitis eosinofílica de rápido avance. Se describe un caso clínico de un paciente con una lesión migratoria, sin mejoría clínica con terapia antibacteriana. La búsqueda de factores de riesgo, sumado a la evolución y a los hallazgos de laboratorio hizo sospechar el diagnóstico. La gnatostomiasis debe ser sospechado en pacientes con lesiones de piel migratorias, que han consumido pescado crudo durante viajes a países endémicos en Sudamérica o Asia.


Gnathostomiasis is an emerging disease in non-endemic countries. This zoonotic nematode requires aquatic freshwater environments to complete its life cycle where larvae get encrusted in fishes. Typically, the infection manifests as migratory subcutaneous lesion caused by the larvae trak, which produces an eosinophilic panniculitis. Here we describe a patient who presented a migratory lesion with no response to antimicrobial therapy, a careful travel and food history together with specific laboratory tests led to the correct diagnosis. Gnathostomiasis should be suspected in patients with migratory skin lesions who have consumed raw freshwater fish during travel to endemic countries in South America or Asia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Adult , Vulvitis/parasitology , Vulvitis/pathology , Gnathostomiasis/pathology , Vulvitis/diagnosis , Panniculitis/parasitology , Panniculitis/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Gnathostomiasis/parasitology , Travel-Related Illness , Gnathostoma
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180025

ABSTRACT

The present study was performed to determine the infection status of swamp eels with Gnathostoma sp. larvae in Myanmar. We purchased total 37 Asian swamp eels, Monopterus albus, from a local market in Yangon in June and December 2013 and 2014. All collected eels were transferred with ice to our laboratory and each of them was examined by the artificial digestion technique. A total of 401 larval gnathostomes (1-96 larvae/eel) were detected in 33 (89.2%) swamp eels. Most of the larvae (n=383; 95.5%) were found in the muscle. The remaining 18 larvae were detected in the viscera. The advanced third-stage larvae (AdL3) were 2.3-4.4 mm long and 0.25-0.425 mm wide. The characteristic head bulb (0.093 x 0.221 mm in average size) with 4 rows of hooklets, muscular long esophagus (1.025 mm), and 2 pairs of cervical sacs (0.574 mm) were observed by light microscopy. The average number of hooklets in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th rows was 41, 45, 48, and 51, respectively. As scanning electron microscopic findings, the characteristic 4-5 rows of hooklets on the head bulb, a cervical papilla, tegumental spines regularly arranged in the transverse striations, and an anus were well observed. Based on these morphological characters, they were identified as the AdL3 of Gnathostoma spinigerum. By the present study, it has been confirmed for the first time that Asian swamp eels, M. albus, from Yangon, Myanmar are heavily infected with G. spinigerum larvae.


Subject(s)
Animal Structures/parasitology , Animals , Fish Diseases/parasitology , Gnathostoma/anatomy & histology , Gnathostomiasis/parasitology , Microscopy , Myanmar , Smegmamorpha/parasitology
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 73(6): 558-561, Dec. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-708580

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso de un paciente de 32 años de edad, residente en Buenos Aires, con manifestaciones dermatológicas compatibles con gnathostomiasis. Había realizado un viaje a Colombia en el mes previo a la aparición de la sintomatología. Allí consumió cebiche (pescado crudo marinado en jugo de limón) en reiteradas oportunidades. El cuadro clínico se presentó como paniculitis eritematosa y migratoria acompañada de eosinofilia sanguínea. Se le realizó biopsia cutánea de una lesión y el diagnóstico anatomopatológico fue "paniculitis eosinofílica". La tríada de paniculitis migratoria, eosinofilia sanguínea y el consumo de pescado crudo durante el viaje a Colombia fue sugestiva de gnathostomiasis por lo que se indicó tratamiento con ivermectina con buena evolución inicial y recaída posterior. Se realizó un nuevo tratamiento con la misma droga con buena evolución y sin recaídas durante tres años de seguimiento. La afección dermatológica es un motivo frecuente de consulta al regreso de un viaje, y representa la tercera causa de morbilidad en viajeros. Es muy importante el reconocimiento de las enfermedades que pueden tener manifestación cutánea, ya que muchas de ellas son potencialmente graves y pueden poner en riesgo la vida del paciente si no son oportunamente diagnosticadas y tratadas.


We describe a case of a 32-year-old man, resident in Buenos Aires, with dermatologic manifestations compatible with gnathostomiasis. The patient had traveled to Colombia in the month prior to the onset of symptoms. There, he repeatedly ate ceviche (raw fish marinated in lemon juice). He presented with an erythematous migratory panniculitis accompanied by eosinophilia. He underwent skin biopsy of a lesion and pathological diagnosis was "eosinophilic panniculitis". The triad of migratory panniculitis, eosinophilia and consume of raw fish during the trip to Colombia was suggestive of gnathostomiasis. Ivermectin treatment started out with good initial response but subsequent relapse. We performed a new treatment with the same drug with good results and no relapses during three years of follow up. The dermatological disease is common upon return from a trip, and is the third leading cause of morbidity in travelers. It is very important to recognize cutaneous manifestations of disease as many of them are potentially serious and may compromise the patient's life if not promptly diagnosed and treated.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Male , Fishes/parasitology , Foodborne Diseases/parasitology , Gnathostomiasis/parasitology , Skin Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology , Gnathostoma/parasitology , Panniculitis/parasitology , Travel
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107275

ABSTRACT

A survey was performed to find out the intermediate hosts of Gnathostoma nipponicum in Jeju-do (Province), the Republic of Korea. In August 2009 and 2010, a total of 82 tadpoles, 23 black-spotted pond frogs (Rana nigromaculata), 7 tiger keelback snakes (Rhabdophis tigrinus tigrinus), 6 red-tongue viper snakes (Agkistrodon ussuriensis), and 2 cat snakes (Elaphe dione) were collected in Jeju-do and examined by the pepsin-HCl digestion method. Total 5 gnathostome larvae were detected in 3 (50%) of 6 A. ussuriensis, 70 larvae in 3 of 7 (42.9%) R. tigrinus tigrinus, and 2 larvae in 2 of 82 (8.7%) frogs. No gnathostome larvae were detected in tadpoles and cat snakes. The larvae detected were a single species, and 2.17x0.22 mm in average size. They had characteristic head bulbs, muscular esophagus, and 4 cervical sacs. Three rows of hooklets were arranged in the head bulbs, and the number of hooklets in each row was 29, 33, and 36 posteriorly. All these characters were consistent with the advanced third-stage larvae of G. nipponicum. It has been first confirmed in Jeju-do that R. nigromaculata, A. ussuriensis, and R. tigrinus tigrinus play a role for intermediate and/or paratenic hosts for G. nipponicum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gnathostoma/isolation & purification , Gnathostomiasis/parasitology , Host Specificity , Humans , Larva , Ranidae/parasitology , Republic of Korea , Snakes/parasitology
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46692

ABSTRACT

Human Gnathostoma hispidum infection is extremely rare in the world literature and has never been reported in the Republic of Korea. A 74-year-old Korean man who returned from China complained of an erythematous papule on his back and admitted to our hospital. Surgical extraction of the lesion and histopathological examination revealed sections of a nematode larva in the deep dermis. The sectioned larva had 1 nucleus in each intestinal cell and was identified as G. hispidum. The patient recalled having eaten freshwater fish when he lived in China. We designated our patient as an imported G. hispidum case from China.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , China , Gnathostoma/isolation & purification , Gnathostomiasis/parasitology , Humans , Male , Republic of Korea , Travel
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