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1.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(1): 42-50, maio 8, 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1102389

ABSTRACT

Os objetivos do presente estudo foram (i) testar se existe associação e (ii) diferença entre o nível de atividade física (NAF) e composição corporal de adolescentes de escolas públicas e p riv adas. Participaram do presente estudo 84 adolescentes (feminino: n = 52; 61,9% e masculino: n = 3 2 ; 3 8 ,1 %) com idade média de 16,4 ± 0,8 anos (feminino = 16,5±0,8 anos e masculino 16,4 ± 0,8 anos) regularmente matriculados em uma escola pública e uma privada do município de Fortaleza/CE. O NAF foi quantificado por meio da aplicação do o questionário de atividade física para adolescentes. Posteriormente foram obtidos dados (massa corporal e estatura) para cálculo do índice de massa corporal (IMC). O percentual de gordura (%G) foi estimado de acordo com o sexo. O teste de correlação de Pea rso n foi utilizado para verificar associação entre as variáveis. Para comparação entre estudantes de escolas públicas e privadas, utilizamos as diferenças de médias estandardizadas, intervalo de co n fiança (90 %), tamanho do efeito e probabilidades de haver diferenças. Não encontramos associações significantes en tre o NAF e IMC (r = 0,033 à 0,214; p > 0,05) e NAF e %G (r = - 0,199 à 0,310; p > 0,05). Não h ouv eram diferenças substanciais entre estudantes de escolas pública e privada para NAF e variáveis de composição corporal. A falta de associação forte entre NAF e composição corporal aponta para o caráter multifatorial que perpassa a relação entre essas duas variáveis na população jovem. Adicionalmente, estudar em escola pública ou privada parece não afetar o NAF e a composição corporal de adolescentes...(AU)


The objectives of present study were (i) to test if there is an association and (ii) differen ce between the level of physical activity (LPA) and body composition of adolescents from public and private schools. A total of 84 adolescents (female: n = 52, 61.9% and males: n = 32, 38.1%), with a mean age o f .4 ± 0.8 years (female = 16.5 ± 0, 8 years and male 16.4 ± 0.8 years) regularly enrolled in a public an d private school in the municipality of Fortaleza/CE. NAF was quantified through the ap p lication o f t he physical activity questionnaire for adolescents. Subsequently data were obtained (body mass and height) to calculate the body mass index (BMI). The percentage of body fat (% BF) was estimated according to sex . The Pearson correlation test was used to verify association between the variables. For comparison between public and private school students, we used the differences of standardized means, co nfiden ce in terv al (90%), effect size and probability of differences. We did not find significant associations bet ween LPA and BMI (r = 0.033 to 0.214; p> 0.05) and LPA and % BF (r = - 0.19 to 0.310; p> 0.05). There were n o substantial differences between public and private school students for LPA and body co mpo sition. The lack of strong association between NAF and body composition points to the multifactorial character t hat per passes the relationship between these two variables in the young population. Additionally, studying in a public or private school does not seem to affect LPA and the body composition of adolescents...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Physical Education and Training , Students , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Adolescent , Motor Activity , Obesity , Schools , Fats , Goals
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): S277-S309, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1051694

ABSTRACT

La seguridad del paciente es una de las dimensiones de la atención. Los avances médicos han tornado los procesos de atención cada vez más complejos, y, usualmente, hay una conjunción de circunstancias que confluyen para que ocurran errores. Los eventos adversos constituyen un problema grave de salud pública al ocasionar daños de diversos grados al paciente y a su familia, lo cual, además, lleva a incrementar el costo del proceso de atención y la estancia hospitalaria.La mayoría de los eventos adversos se producen en los hospitales, ya que, por su complejidad, su población está sometida a un mayor riesgo asociado a la atención. Se presenta este consenso con el objetivo de ofrecer herramientas cuya implementación contribuya a brindar una atención más segura.


Patient safety is one of the dimensions of care. Medical advances have made assistance processes more and more complex, and there isusually a combination of circumstances that converge for errors to occur. Adverse events constitute a serious public health problem, causing damages of varying degrees to the patient and his family, which also leads to an increase in the cost of the care process and hospital stay. Most of the adverse events occur in hospitals because their complexity is subject to a greater risk associated with care. That is why we present this consensus with the aim of offering tools whose implementation can contribute to provide a safer healthcare.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Protocols , Internationality , Patient Safety/standards , Goals , Organizational Objectives , Medical Errors/prevention & control
4.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 14(2): 72-75, jul. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1010417

ABSTRACT

In the clinical research process, the formulation of a well-founded hypothesis and objectives concordant with the research question are key to the proper conduct of the project. The following article reviews the fundamental principles for the adequate formulation of hypotheses and objectives of clinical research projects, providing practical recommendations and examples.


En el proceso de investigación clínica, la formulación de una hipótesis bien fundamentada y objetivos concordantes con la pregunta de investigación, son claves para la adecuada conducción del proyecto. El siguiente artículo revisa los principios fundamentales para la formulación adecuada de hipótesis y objetivos de proyectos de investigación clínica, proporcionando recomendaciones prácticas y ejemplos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypothesis-Testing , Biomedical Research , Goals
5.
BrasÍ­lia; IPEA; 2019. 40 p. ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), ECOS | ID: biblio-1054562

ABSTRACT

O propósito deste documento é elaborar o diagnóstico inicial da situação brasileira em relação ao ODS 3. Com este objetivo, esta seção traz um resumo da proposta de ajuste para as circunstâncias brasileiras das metas do ODS 3. A seção 2 traz um diagnóstico da situação brasileira em relação às metas, considerando os indicadores globais e os indicadores nacionais propostos. A seção 3 discute as políticas públicas que podem contribuir para o alcance das metas e os obstáculos existentes.


Subject(s)
Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Conservation of Natural Resources , Communicable Disease Control , Chronic Disease , Poisoning , Healthcare Financing , Health Status Indicators , Goals , Infant Mortality , Maternal Mortality , Health
6.
Brasí­lia; IPEA; 2019. 56 p. ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), ECOS | ID: biblio-1054563

ABSTRACT

Neste documento, que ora se divulga, é apresentado um diagnóstico sobre a situação do país em relação ao ODS 5: Alcançar a igualdade de gênero e empoderar todas as mulheres e meninas. O trabalho foi elaborado a partir dos indicadores disponíveis para os anos mais recentes, cuidando-se de informar sobre a sua evolução no período imediatamente anterior à vigência da Agenda 2030. Ademais, destacaram-se políticas públicas relevantes para os resultados observados, buscando, sempre que possível, identificar as lacunas existentes no campo da atuação governamental.


Subject(s)
Health Services Accessibility , Contraceptive Agents , Conservation of Natural Resources , Health Status Indicators , Goals , Maternal Mortality , Reproductive Health , Sexual Health
7.
Article in English | AIM (Africa) | ID: afr-200568

ABSTRACT

International Sustainable Development Goals set ambitious elimination targets for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection by 2030. We here set out to review barriers, challenges and opportunities for progress towards these goals, with a particular focus on South Africa. Although many African populations still have a high prevalence of HBV infection (defined as ≥8%), interventions and planning have been hampered by limited data. The majority of HBV infections (>90%) currently remain undiagnosed, and - even when a diagnosis is made - cases are not well stratified to determine prognosis, risk of transmission, and treatment eligibility. Nucleos(t)ide analogues can be successful in suppressing the virus but must generally be taken life-long, and there are concerns around the possible emergence of drug and vaccine resistance. Poor funding, lack of advocacy and education, and the stigma associated with infection represent further barriers. Despite these diverse challenges, we are in an era of opportunity to advance South Africa’s progress towards elimination goals. Widespread deployment of the HBV vaccine in infancy has already markedly reduced paediatric infection, and birth dose vaccinations will further reduce the risk of vertical transmission. South Africa can capitalise on the laboratory and clinical infrastructure that already supports HIV diagnosis and treatment, by expansion of services to include HBV. HBV treatment and diagnostics are now on WHO lists of essential drugs and equipment. In the decade ahead, South Africa can make significant advances, but this will require sustained attention and investment from stakeholders in policy, public health, clinical care, and basic science.


Subject(s)
Hepatitis , Herpesvirus 1, Cercopithecine , Goals , Therapeutics , Vaccination , Africa
9.
10.
Rev. Inst. Nac. Hig ; 49(2): 43-50, 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1096354

ABSTRACT

Este artículo es una revisión del tema Operacionalización de Variables, tema por demás importante, para quienes realizan investigación, o son tutores y/o asesores de estudiantes de pre o postgrado, de trabajos de ascenso o forman parte de un grupo de investigación. En dicho artículo se persigue como propósito no sólo presentar una revisión del tema, sino ofrecer un material de apoyo que sea de consulta obligatoria a la hora de decidir, además del objetivo de la investigación, el cual debe estar expresado con claridad, señalar la finalidad e importancia de operacionalizar las variables incluidas en un proyecto de investigación, así como la utilidad que éste tiene para facilitar, tanto la medición de las variables, como la construcción de los instrumentos necesarios para recabar los datos y llevar a cabo la medición de todas las variables involucradas. Se realizó una revisión de alguna bibliografía, relacionada con el tema, tanto en forma escrita como en forma electrónica, para tratar de ajustarla lo más posible a las necesidades del área de las ciencias de la salud, independiente de que se trate de un enfoque cuantitativo, como cualitativo, complementando con ejemplos relacionados con esta área


This article is a review of the Operationalization of Variables, theme by other important topic for those who conduct research, or are guardians and/or students of pre or postgraduate, ascent works consultants or are part of a research group. In that article pursues intended not only to present a review of the subject, but offer a supporting material that is of compulsory consultation in deciding, in addition to the objective of the research, which must be expressed clearly, point out the purpose and importance of Operationalizing the Variables included in a research project, as well as the utility it has to facilitate , both variables measurement, and the construction of the necessary instruments to collect data and carry out the measurement of all the variables involved. We conducted a review of any bibliography, related issue, both in written form as in electronically, to try to adjust it as much as possible to the needs of the area of the health sciences, independent concerned to focus on quantitative, as qualitatively, complemented by examples related to this area


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Research , Investigative Techniques , Indicators (Statistics) , Methodology , Goals , Multivariate Analysis , Health Status Indicators , Concept Formation , Evaluation of Research Programs and Tools
11.
Ter. psicol ; 35(1): 5-14, Apr. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-846327

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the solution-Focused Inventory (SFI) in a Spanish population, replicating the original validation study of Grant et al. (2012). The SFI, designed to evaluate solution-focused thinking, is a 12-item scale with three subscales: problem Disengagement, goal orientation and resource activation. The instrument was adapted and translated into Spanish, then two studies were carried out to examine its psychometric properties. The first study confirmed the instrument's structure, and its good internal consistency. The second study confirmed its convergent validity; SFI was positively correlated with measures of well-being, resilience, satisfaction with life and perspective taking, and negatively correlated with psychopathology. This second study confirmed the stability of the SFI scores across time. In sum, these two studies provide additional support for the reliability and validity of the SFI as a measure of solution-focused thinking, and open its use to Spanish-speaking populations.


El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario centrado en soluciones (CCS) en una muestra española, replicando el estudio original de Grant et al. (2012). El CCS diseñado para evaluar los pensamientos centrados en las soluciones, compuesta de tres subescalas: Distanciamiento del problema, orientación a la Meta y activación de recursos. Fue traducido y adaptado al castellano, posteriormente se realizaron dos estudios para examinar sus propiedades psicométricas. El primer estudio confirmó la estructura del instrumento y obtuvo una buena consistencia interna. El segundo estudio confirmó su validez convergente; el CCS correlacionó positivamente con el bienestar, resiliencia, satisfacción con la vida y toma de perspectiva, y negativamente con una medida de psicopatología. El segundo estudio confirmó la estabilidad, a lo largo del tiempo. Estos dos estudios confirman que el CCS es una medida que evalúa pensamientos centrados en las soluciones y puede ser utilizado para población española.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Problem Solving , Surveys and Questionnaires , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Goals , Happiness , Personal Satisfaction , Psychometrics
12.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 22(1): 201-207, jan. 2017. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-839892

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo foi avaliar o cumprimento das metas de saúde bucal da Ação Programática da Criança em 12 Unidades de Saúde (US) de um Serviço de Atenção Primária à Saúde, Porto Alegre-RS, através de um estudo analítico transversal sobre a cobertura das consultas odontológicas anuais na primeira infância. Foram incluídas no estudo 660 crianças nascidas em 2010. Em relação à cobertura das consultas odontológicas a cada ano de vida da criança, as unidades de saúde não atingiram as metas estabelecidas (100%). A maior parte das crianças (35%) realizou sua primeira consulta no primeiro ano de vida. Em relação ao número total de consultas, 22% das crianças nunca as tiveram e apenas 8% realizaram as quatro preconizadas. Houve correlação positiva entre a razão da população total e de crianças de 0-4 anos da área adscrita com o número de profissionais da odontologia e a cobertura no primeiro ano de vida de cada US. Apesar de poucas crianças terem o acompanhamento adequado em relação à meta estabelecida, os percentuais de cobertura foram superiores aos encontrados na literatura.


Abstract The objective of this study is to assess fulfillment of the oral health goals of the Children's Preventive Health Care Initiative in 12 Health Units (HU) of a Primary Health Care Service, in Porto Alegre, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, through a cross-sectional analytical study on the annual dental visit coverage in early childhood. The study was comprised of 660 children born in 2010. In relation to the coverage of dental visits for each year of life of children, the health units did not achieve the set targets (100%). However, a considerable number of children (35%) had their first dental visit during the first year of life. In relation to the total number of visits, 22% of the children had never gone to the dentist and only 8% did the recommended four visits. There was a positive correlation between the ratio of the total population and children from ages 0 to 4 years in the area enrolled in the initiative, on the one hand, and the number of dental professionals and coverage in the first year of life in each health unit, on the other. Although few children had adequate follow-up visits in relation to the set targets, the percentage of coverage was higher than that found in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Dental Care for Children/organization & administration , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Preventive Health Services/organization & administration , Primary Health Care/organization & administration , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Goals , Pilot Projects , Retrospective Studies
13.
Univ. med ; 58(4): 1-9, 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-999378

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Está demostrado que alcanzar y mantener una hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c) del 7 % reduce la incidencia de complicaciones micro y macrovasculares en adultos jóvenes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DMT2). Se ha propuesto que esta meta de manejo debe individualizarse en pacientes mayores de 65 años de edad o en aquellos con antecedente de enfermedad cardiovascular; sin embargo, la evidencia es discutida. Objetivos: Definir los potenciales riesgos y beneficios de la terapia intensificada para DMT2 buscando valores de HbA1 < 7 % en pacientes mayores de 65 años, con comorbilidades significativas y sin estas, y en grupos de pacientes con eventos cardiovasculares previos. Métodos: Se elaboró la guía de práctica clínica, siguiendo los lineamientos de la guía metodológica del Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social colombiano. Se revisó la evidencia disponible de forma sistemática y se formularon las recomendaciones utilizando la metodología GRADE. Conclusiones: En los pacientes con DMT2 mayores de 65 años y en aquellos con antecedente de enfermedad cardiovascular, se recomienda no intensificar el manejo para alcanzar valores de HbA1c cercanos a lo normal (< 6,5 %). Las metas de manejo en el grupo de mayores de 65 años deberán definirse para cada paciente de forma individual de acuerdo con una valoración integral que tenga en cuenta su riesgo de hipoglucemia y pronóstico vital.


Introduction: It is demonstrated that reach and maintain a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of 7% reduce the incidence of macro and micro vascular complications in young adults with type 2 diabetes. It has been proposed that this therapeutic goal must be individualized in patients older than 65 years or in those with previous cardiovascular disease, however the evidence supporting this adjustment is controversial. Aim: To define the risk and benefits of intensified therapy to achieve HbA1 <7% in DMT2 patients older than 65 years, with or without significant comorbidities, and in patients with previous cardiovascular events. Methods: A clinical practice guide has been developed following the broad outline of the methodological guide from the Colombian Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, with the aim of systematically gathering scientific evidence and formulating recommendations using the GRADE methodology. Conclusions: In patients with DMT2 who are older than 65 years of age, and in those with antecedents of cardiovascular disease it is recommended not to intensify treatment to reach HbA1c values close to normal (<6,5% HbA1c). The therapeutic goals in patients older than 65 years should be individualized according with an integral evaluation considering hypoglycemia risk and life-threatening situation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Goals
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-633593

ABSTRACT

Empowerment programs focusing on chronically ill older persons remain limited, fragmented, complex in approach, and lacking in nursing theoretical background. The aim of the study was to test the effects of the goal attainment theory-based empowerment (GATE) on self-efficacy and health empowerment among chronically ill older persons in the community. This is a quasi-experimental with non-equivalent control group pre-test post-test study. Older persons aged 60 years old and above living in an urban community with at least one chronic condition namely hypertension, coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus were recruited in two health centers. The participants were randomized into control and intervention groups. The GATE intervention integrated Imogene King's goal attainment theory and empowerment principles in a phone-assisted follow-up. Data were collected at baseline and four weeks after the intervention. A total of 59 participants completed the study. Both intervention (n= 30) and control groups (n= 29) were homogenous in baseline characteristics except for personal monthly income. The intervention group had significantly higher health empowerment than the control group after four weeks. Although self-efficacy did not differ between the groups, there was a significant increase in the intervention group from baseline. Preliminary findings showed that GATE improves health empowerment and self-efficacy of chronically ill older persons in the community. Goals of chronic disease management should be shaped by the older person's health goals and life situation. Further studies are needed to explore the use of nursing theory, empowerment framework and technology in caring for older persons with chronic conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Self Efficacy , Goals , Nursing Theory , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension , Chronic Disease
16.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-633552

ABSTRACT

The case presented multifactorial facets of depression and diabetes leading to noncompliance to both medical and psychiatric treatment resulting in suicide. A biopsychosocial approach was done to elucidate the complexity of the case, factoring in the adolescent storm, vicious cycle of diabetes and depression and effect of enmeshed attachments. Management involved short-term and long-term goals, focusing on psychoeducation about the nature and course of depression, psychiatric impact of depression leading to noncompliance, suicide precaution and treatment plans through psychopharmacology and psychoterapy, family therapy, liaison with the Pediatric Endocrinology and Nutrition service and support group involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Depression , Family Therapy , Psychopharmacology , Goals , Suicide , Depressive Disorder , Psychotherapy , Patient Compliance , Diabetes Mellitus , Self-Help Groups
17.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-633135

ABSTRACT

Continuing care in family and community medicine is a dynamic process that requires regular patient assessments and adjustments of treatment strategies as the patient goes through the wellness and disease process. Family and community physicians need to be aware of any changes in the patient's clinical condition and re-assess therapeutic interventions when such changes occur. The use of clinical pathways can optimize the management of patients with a given disorder in our setting. The overall goal of the project is to improve the quality of health care in Philippine family and community medicine practice.Clinical pathway is defined as a "tool to guide family and community medicine practitioners to implement evidence- based care and holistic interventions to specific group of patients and populations within a specific timeframe adjusted for acceptable variations that may be due to patient and practice setting characteristics designed to achieve optimum health outcome for the patient and community and efficient use of health care resources." In this definition, holistic interventions refer to interventions directed to the individual patient within the context of the family and community. In this context the PAFP Clinical Pathways Project will be developed to promote and implement the clinical pathways in family and community medicine. The PAFP Clinical Pathways Project will be implemented by a group who will review published medical literature to identify, summarize and operationalize the clinical content of diagnostics, interventions and clinical indicators or outcomes to develop an evidence-based clinical pathway in family medicine practice. The group will also identify processes and indicators to measure the effect of implementation of clinical pathways. Linear time-related representations of patient care processes, in terms of assessments, pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions as well as social and community strategies to prevent complications and maintain wellness will be developed. The clinical pathways will be disseminated to the general PAFP membership and other stakeholders for consensus development. We hope that with this process, family and community medicine practitioners will be dedicated to a common goal and overcome organizational, personal, and professional perspectives barriers to the implementation of the clinical pathway.The implementation of the clinical pathways to be adopted by the PAFP will include a nation-wide dissemination, education, quality improvement initiatives and feedback. Dissemination will be in a form of publication in the Family Filipino Physician Journal, conference presentations and focused group discussions. Quality improvement activities will be in a form of patient record reviews, audit and feedback. Audit standards will be the assessment and intervention recommendations in the clinical pathway. Variations will be discussed in focused group meeting and feedback sessions. The clinical pathways recommendations may also be revised if the variations are justified. Quality improvement activities will also be used to identify barriers in the implementation of clinical pathway. An electronic medical information system may also be used to facilitate the implementation.To monitor the implementation of clinical pathways the PAFP need to select, define and use outcomes and impact to monitor the success of implementation. Outcomes and impact will be at the practice level and the organizational level. Practice level can be a simple count of family and community medicine practice using and applying the clinical pathways. Patient outcomes will also be measured based on quality improvement reports. Organizational outcomes can be activities of the PAFP devoted to the promotion, development, dissemination and implementation of clinical pathways.


Subject(s)
Critical Pathways , Community Medicine , Consensus , Quality Improvement , Goals , Family Practice , Physicians, Family , Patient Care , Focus Groups
18.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 30: 20, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-955744

ABSTRACT

Abstract Decisions often imply trade-offs that force people to accept missing an opportunity in the past or in the future. However, it is not fully clear whether a past miss or a future miss elicits more regret. In a direct comparison, previous research had found support for the greater impact of future misses. In an experimental study with 216 participants, we replicated and extended previous research by testing the strength of the future miss in a separate evaluation and with different periods. Results show that, when evaluated separately, future misses caused less regret than past misses. However, future misses made participants change their feelings of regret more intensely than past misses did. Also, regret levels did not decrease when future misses were further away. Our findings support the strength of future misses on regret but also show contrasting effects when evaluated separately.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Decision Making , Emotions , Goals
19.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 30: 25, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-955750

ABSTRACT

Abstract Achievement goals are cognitive representations that guide behavior to a competence-related future end state. Existing theories and empirical findings suggest that achievement goals are potentially related to life satisfaction. However, the relationship between achievement goals and life satisfaction remains relatively unexplored in the psychology literature. In this study, we examined how, why, and when achievement goals affect life satisfaction using original survey data from China. The results suggest that achievement goals were positively related to life satisfaction (R2 = .20, 90% CI [.11, .26]), that the perception of successful agency fully mediated the relationship between achievement goals and life satisfaction (R2 = .22, 90% CI [.12, .27]), and that emotion reappraisal moderated the relationship between achievement goals and life satisfaction (R2 = .34, 90% CI [.23, .39]). Our study indicates that achievement goals have a positive influence on life satisfaction and help to elucidate the mechanism and boundary condition of this influence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Personal Satisfaction , Emotions , Goals , China
20.
Article in English | AIM (Africa) | ID: afr-199194

ABSTRACT

Negative impacts of tobacco result from human consumption and from tobacco-growing activities, most of which now occur in low- and middle-income countries. Malawi is the world’s largest producer of burley tobacco and its population is affected by the negative consequences of both tobacco consumption and production. In countries like Malawi, tobacco control refers to control of the tobacco supply chain, rather than control of consumption. We review the impact of tobacco cultivation, using Malawi as an example, to illustrate the economic, environmental, health and social issues faced by low- and middle-income countries that still produce significant tobacco crops. We place these issues in the context of the sustainable development goals (SDGs), particularly 3a which calls on all governments to strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Other goals address the negative effects that tobacco cultivation has on development. The SDGs offer an opportunity for low- and middle-income countries that are dependent on tobacco production and that are not yet parties to the Convention, to reconsider joining the FCTC


Subject(s)
Tobacco , /economics , /supply & distribution , Smoking/adverse effects , Goals , Malawi
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