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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254011, 2024. graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355886

ABSTRACT

Abstract Livestock is a fundamental part of the agriculture industry in Pakistan and contributes more than 11.53% to GDP. Among livestock species, the buffaloes are regarded as the black gold of Pakistan. Being the highest milk producers globally, Nili-Ravi buffaloes are the most famous ones. Buffaloes are affected by many endemic diseases, and "Hemorrhagic septicemia" (HS) is one of them. This study was designed to ascertain the effects of experimental exposure ofP. multocida B:2 (oral) and its immunogens, i.e., LPS (oral and intravenous) and OMP (oral and subcutaneous) on reproductive hormonal profiles in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Repeated serum samples were collected from the jugular vein of experimental animals for 21 days (0, 02, 04, 08, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, 72, 120, 168, 216, 264, 360, 456 and 504 hours). Hormonal assays to determine the serum concentrations of Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH), Estrogen (E2) and progesterone (P4) were performed using (MyBioSource) commercial Elisa kits. The hormonal profile of all treatment groups of the buffalo heifers exhibited significant (P<0.05) variations as compared to the control group (G-1). These results indicate suppression in Nili-Ravi buffaloes' reproductive hormonal profile on exposure to P. multocida B:2 and its immunogens. This influence warrants that exposure to H.S may be a possible reason for delayed puberty and poor reproduction performance in Nili-Ravi buffaloes.


Resumo A pecuária é uma parte fundamental da indústria agrícola no Paquistão e contribui com 11,53% do PIB nacional. Entre as espécies de gado, os búfalos são considerados o ouro negro do Paquistão. Sendo os maiores produtores de leite em todo o mundo, os búfalos Nili-Ravi são os mais famosos. Os búfalos são afetados por muitas doenças endêmicas, entre as quais a "septicemia hemorrágica" (SH). Este estudo busca verificar os efeitos da exposição experimental de P. multocida B:2 (oral) e seus imunógenos, ou seja, LPS (oral e intravenoso) e OMP (oral e subcutâneo), nos perfis hormonais reprodutivos em búfalos Nili-Ravi. Amostras de soro repetidas foram coletadas da veia jugular de animais experimentais por 21 dias (0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, 72, 120, 168, 216, 264, 360, 456 e 504 horas). Os ensaios hormonais para determinar as concentrações séricas do hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina (GnRH), hormônio foliculoestimulante (FSH), hormônio luteinizante (LH), estrogênio (E2) e progesterona (P4) foram realizados usando kits comerciais Elisa (MyBioSource). O perfil hormonal de todos os grupos de tratamento das novilhas bubalinas apresentou variações significativas (P < 0,05) em relação ao grupo controle (G-1). Esses resultados indicam supressão no perfil hormonal reprodutivo de búfalos Nili-Ravi na exposição a P. multocida B:2 e seus imunógenos. Essa influência garante que a exposição à SH possa ser uma possível razão para o atraso da puberdade e o baixo desempenho reprodutivo em búfalos Nili-Ravi.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pasteurella Infections/veterinary , Reproduction , Gonadal Steroid Hormones/blood , Buffaloes , Progesterone , Cattle , Lipopolysaccharides , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Pasteurella multocida
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): S1-S8, feb 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353845

ABSTRACT

Desde hace varias décadas, los análogos de la hormona liberadora de gonadotrofinas (aGnRH) son el tratamiento de elección en la pubertad precoz central (PPC) en niñas y en niños. Causan una inhibición del eje hipotálamo-hipófiso-gonadal, disminuyen la secreción de gonadotrofinas, estradiol y testosterona; como consecuencia, producen una regresión de los caracteres sexuales secundarios durante el tratamiento. En los últimos años, estos análogos también se utilizan en adolescentes transgénero, en adolescentes y adultas jóvenes con enfermedades oncológicas, en algunas situaciones muy particulares en niños y niñas con talla baja, y en pacientes con trastornos del neurodesarrollo. En Argentina, los más utilizados son el acetato de triptorelina y el acetato de leuprolide en sus formas de depósito. Estos medicamentos han demostrado eficacia y seguridad. El objetivo de esta publicación es realizar una revisión y actualización del uso de los aGnRH en niños, niñas y adolescentes.


For several decades, gonadotropin releasing hormone analogs (GnRHa) are the medical treatment selected for central precocious puberty (CPP) in girls and boys. They generate an inhibition of the hypothalamus-pituitarygonadal axis decreasing LH, FSH, estradiol and testosterone secretion and, in this way, they produce a regression of secondary sexual characters under treatment. In the last years, these analogs are also used in trans adolescents, in adolescents and young adults with oncological diseases, in some very particular situations in children with short stature and in patients with neurodevelopmental disorders. In Argentina the most commonly used formulations are triptorelin and leuprolide acetate depot forms. These analogs have proven both their efficacy and their safety. The aim of this paper is to review and update about the use of GnRHa in children and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Puberty, Precocious/drug therapy , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/analogs & derivatives , Luteinizing Hormone , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/therapeutic use , Leuprolide/therapeutic use , Triptorelin Pamoate/therapeutic use
3.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1354998

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar o número de mulheres diagnosticadas com endometriose em consultórios médicos particulares do munícipio de Cruz Alta ­ RS. Método: transversal, prospectivo e descritivo, com cinco médicos ginecologistas que responderam à um questionário sobre as formas de diagnóstico e tratamento da endometriose. Resultados: os resultados demonstraram que a média de mulheres com endometriose foi de quatro pacientes por médico (total de 20 pacientes). A forma de diagnóstico mais utilizada foi a videolaparoscopia, relatada por 80% dos médicos, e as principais formas de tratamento foram por meio dos Análogos do Gonadotrofina (GnRH), como a Gosserrelina e os progestogénos como o Dienogest®. Conclusão: verifica-se que houve um número elevado de mulheres diagnosticadas com endometriose em consultórios particulares no município de Cruz Alta


Objective: to determine the number of patients diagnosed with endometrioses in private medical consultancies in the municipality of Cruz Alta ­ RS. Method: cross-sectional, prospective and descriptive, with five gynecologist doctors who will answer a question about the forms of diagnosis and treatment of endometriose. Results: the results showed that by means of women with endometrium, there were four patients per doctor (total of 20 patients). The most commonly used form of diagnosis was videolaparoscopy, reported by 80% of doctors, and the main forms of treatment were by two Gonadotrophin Analogs (GnRH), such as Gosserrelin and progestogens such as Dienogest®. Conclusion: it was verified that there was a high number of patients diagnosed with endometrioses in private clinics in municipal Cruz Alta


Objetivo: determinar el número de mulheres diagnosticadas con endometriose en consultas médicas particulares del municipio de Cruz Alta ­ RS. Método: transversal, prospectivo y descriptivo, con cinco médicos ginecologistas que responden a un cuestionario sobre formas de diagnóstico y tratamiento de la endometriosis. Resultados: los resultados demostraron que un medio de mulheres com endometriosis de cuarto pacientes por médico (total de 20 pacientes). Una forma de diagnóstico más precisa para una videolaparoscopia, relatada por 80% de dos médicos, y como formas principales de tratamiento de forma por medio de Análogos do Gonadotrofina (GnRH), como Gosserrelina y os progestogénos como o Dienogest®. Conclusión: verifique que tiene un número elevado de multas diagnosticadas con endometrio en consultas particulares no municipales de Cruz Alta


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Combined Modality Therapy , Endometriosis , Progestins
4.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 15(1): 23-28, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359362

ABSTRACT

Históricamente la sociedad ha rechazado el abuso sexual de menores de 13 años, dictándose leyes al respecto. La justicia luego de un debido proceso condenaba al victimario con reclusión incluso hasta la década del 70-80, con orquiectomía. Los adelantos en neurobiología, endocrinología, sicofarmacología y sicología se consideraron las bases para tratar al pedófilo y someterlo a libertad condicional, ahorrándose el costo financiero de la reclusión de por vida. Diversos países dictaron leyes contra la conducta pedófila. En dicha legislación ejerció gran influencia la promulgación en EE.UU. (estado de Washington "sobre el ofensor sexual" y el dictamen de la Corte Suprema en 1997 en el juicio de Kansas vs Hendricks). En Chile en los 90 el caso del pedófilo apodado "Zacarach" sacó a la luz pública el tema que no se quería ver. En esa fecha se presentó al parlamento un proyecto de Ley para "curar" la pedofilia con acetato de Medroxiprogesterona imitando legislación de EE.UU. Causó sorpresa en el medio endocrinológico que se usara terapia hormonal como "cura" de la pedofilia. Se ha utilizado en varios países la castración química producida por gestágenos o agonístas del GnRH más antiandrógenos (acetato de Ciproterona), para inhibir la secreción y acción de la testosterona disminuyendo líbido y erección. No se ha demostrado que exista curación de la orientación pedófila y existen dudas de la prevención primaria y secundaria de la pedofilia. Pese al adelanto tecnológico en neurociencias para estudio de las zonas vinculadas a la sexualidad, aún no existen marcadores que permitan diagnosticar o pronosticar futuros resultados de la terapia. El tratamiento médico de la pedofilia no garantiza curación ni prevención del delito pedofílico.


Historically, society has rejected sexual abuse of children under 13, with there having been laws enacted in this regard. The judicial system, after a due process, condemned the perpetrator with reclusion and even up until the decades of the 70s and 80s with orchiectomy. Advances in neurobiology, endocrinology, psychopharmacology and psychology were considered the basis for treating the pedophile and putting them on probation, saving the financial cost of imprisonment for life. Multiple countries have enacted laws against pedophilic behaviour. Such legislation was greatly influenced by the enactment in the USA (state of Washington "on the sex offender" and the ruling of the Supreme Court in 1997 in the trial of Kansas against Hendricks). In Chile in the 90s, the case of a pedophile nicknamed "Zacarach" brought to light an issue that nobody wanted to see. Around that time, a bill was presented to Parliament to try and "cure" pedophilia with Medroxyprogesterone acetate, imitating US legislation. It was a surprise in the endocrinological world that hormonal therapy would be used as a "cure" for pedophilia. Chemical castration produced by gestagens or GnRH agonists plus antiandrogens (Cyproterone acetate) has been used in several countries to inhibit the secretion and action of testosterone, reducing libido and erection. It has not been proven that there is a cure for pedophile orientation and there are doubts about the primary and secondary prevention of pedophilia. Despite technological advances in neurosciences for the study of the zones pertaining to sexuality, there are still no indicators that allow for diagnosis or prediction of future results of therapy. The medical treatment of pedophilia does not guarantee cure or prevention of pedophilic crime.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pedophilia/drug therapy , Castration/methods , Androgen Antagonists/therapeutic use , Pedophilia/diagnosis , Pedophilia/etiology , Pedophilia/therapy , Sex Offenses/legislation & jurisprudence , Testis/drug effects , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/agonists , Medroxyprogesterone Acetate/therapeutic use , Cyproterone Acetate/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(10): 749-758, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357062

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate whether patients with a previous recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH)-stimulated cycle would have improved outcomes with rFSH + recombinant luteinizing hormone (rLH) stimulation in the following cycle. Methods For the present retrospective case-control study, 228 cycles performed in 114 patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) between 2015 and 2018 in an in vitro fertilization (IVF) center were evaluated. Controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) was achieved with rFSH (Gonal-f, Serono, Geneva, Switzerland) in the first ICSI cycle (rFSH group), and with rFSH and rLH (Pergoveris, Merck Serono S.p.A, Bari, Italy) in the second cycle (rFSH + rLH group). The ICSI outcomes were compared among the groups. Results Higher estradiol levels, oocyte yield, day-3 high-quality embryos rate and implantation rate, and a lower miscarriage rate were observed in the rFSH + rLH group compared with the rFSH group. In patients < 35 years old, the implantation rate was higher in the rFSH + rLH group compared with the rFSH group. In patients ≥ 35 years old, higher estradiol levels, oocyte yield, day-3 high-quality embryos rate, and implantation rate were observed in the rFSH + rLH group. In patients with ≤ 4 retrieved oocytes, oocyte yield, mature oocytes rate, normal cleavage speed, implantation rate, and miscarriage rate were improved in the rFSH + rLH group. In patients with ≥ 5 retrieved oocytes, higher estradiol levels, oocyte yield, and implantation rate were observed in the rFSH + rLH group. Conclusion Ovarian stimulation with luteinizing hormone (LH) supplementation results in higher implantation rates, independent of maternal age and response to COS when compared with previous cycles stimulated with rFSH only. Improvements were also observed for ICSI outcomes and miscarriage after stratification by age and retrieved oocytes.


Resumo Objetivo: Investigar se há algum efeito da suplementação com hormônio luteinizante (LH, na sigla em inglês) no regime com antagonista do hormônio liberador de gonadotropina (GnRH, na sigla em inglês) sobre os resultados dos ciclos consecutivos de injeção intracitoplasmática de espermatozoides (ICSI, na sigla em inglês). Métodos Para o presente estudo retrospectivo de caso-controle, foram avaliados 228 ciclos de microinjeção intracitoplasmática de espermatozoides (ICSI, na sigla em inglês) realizados em 114 pacientes entre 2015 e 2018 em um centro privado de fertilização in vitro (FIV) afiliado a uma universidade. O estímulo ovariano controlado (EOC) foi feito com hormônio folículo- estimulante recombinante (rFSH, na sigla em inglês) (Gonal-f, Serono, Genebra, Suíça) no primeiro ciclo de ICSI (grupo rFSH), e com rFSH e rLH (Pergoveris, Merck Serono S.p.A, Bari, Itália) no segundo ciclo (grupo rFSH + rLH). Os desfechos dos ciclos de ICSI foram comparados entre os grupos. Resultados Níveis mais elevados de estradiol, de recuperação oocitária, taxa de embriões de alta qualidade no 3° dia e taxa de implantação, e menor taxa de aborto foram observados no grupo rFSH + rLH. Em pacientes < 35 anos, a taxa de implantação foi maior no grupo rFSH + rLH em comparação com o grupo rFSH. Em pacientes com ≥ 35 anos, maiores níveis de estradiol, recuperação oocitária, a taxa de embriões de alta qualidade no 3° dia e a taxa de implantação foram observados no grupo rFSH + rLH. Em pacientes com baixa resposta ao EOC (≤ 4 oócitos recuperados), a recuperação oocitária, a taxa de oócitos maduros, a taxa de velocidade normal de clivagem, a taxa de implantação e a taxa de aborto foram melhoradas no grupo rFSH + rLH. Em pacientes com resposta normal ao EOC (≥ 5 oócitos recuperados), níveis mais elevados de estradiol, recuperação oocitária e taxa de implantação foram observados no grupo rFSH + rLH. Conclusão A estimulação ovariana com suplementação de LH resultou em taxas de implantação mais altas, independentemente da idade materna e da resposta ao EOC, em comparação com os ciclos anteriores estimulados apenas com rFSH. Melhorias também foram observadas nos resultados da ICSI e na taxa de aborto quando as pacientes foram estratificadas por idade e número de oócitos recuperados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Ovulation Induction , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Luteinizing Hormone , Fertilization in Vitro , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Pregnancy Rate , Follicle Stimulating Hormone
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To systematically evaluate the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) treatment on the final adult height of children over 6 years of age with central precocious puberty (CPP) or early and fast puberty (EFP).@*METHODS@#PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Wanfang Data were searched for related articles on GnRHa treatment for children with CPP or EFP. Stata 12.0 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of related data.@*RESULTS@#A total of 10 studies were included, and the total sample size was 720 children, with 475 children in the GnRHa treatment group and 245 children in the control group. The Meta analysis showed that compared with the control group, the GnRHa treatment group had significantly better final adult height (@*CONCLUSIONS@#GnRHa treatment is safe and effective in improving the final adult height of children over 6 years of age with CPP or EFP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Height , Child , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Puberty , Puberty, Precocious/drug therapy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888362

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen proteins interacting with ring finger protein 216(RNF216) through yeast two hybrid experiment, and further clarify the role of RNF216 in the pathogenesis of gonadotropin-releasing hormone deficiency.@*METHODS@#A recombinant expression vector pGBKT7-RNF216 was constructed and transformed into yeast Y2HGold, which was hybridized with a human cDNA library in order to screen proteins interacting with RNF216. The interaction was verified in yeast Y2HGold.@*RESULTS@#A recombinant expression vector pGBKT7-RNF216 was successfully constructed and expressed in yeast Y2HGold. Filamin B (FLNB) was identified by yeast two hybrid experiment, and their interaction was verified in yeast Y2HGold.@*CONCLUSION@#An interaction between FLNB and RNF216 was identified through yeast two hybrid experiment. RNF216 may affect the proliferation and migration of GnRH neurons by regulating FLNB or FLNB/FLNA heterodimers.


Subject(s)
Gene Library , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/genetics , Humans , Proteins , Two-Hybrid System Techniques , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1152-1159, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878126

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Compared to adult studies, studies which involve the treatment of pediatric congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) are limited and no universal treatment regimen is available. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)/human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) therapy for treating male adolescents with CHH.@*METHODS@#Male adolescent CHH patients were treated with hCG/hMG (n = 20) or a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pump (n = 21). The treatment was divided into a study phase (0-3 months) and a follow-up phase (3-12 months). The testicular volume (TV), penile length (PL), penis diameter (PD), and sex hormone levels were compared between the two groups. The TV and other indicators between the groups were analyzed using a t-test (equal variance) or a rank sum test (unequal variance).@*RESULTS@#Before treatment, there was no statistical difference between the two groups in terms of the biochemistry, hormones, and other demographic indicators. After 3 months of treatment, the TV of the hCG/hMG and GnRH groups increased to 5.1 ± 2.3 mL and 4.1 ± 1.8 mL, respectively; however, the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05, t = 1.394). The PL reached 6.9 ± 1.8 cm and 5.1 ± 1.6 cm (P  0.05, t = 0.314). After 9 to 12 months of treatment, the T level was higher in the hCG/hMG group. Other parameters did not exhibit a statistical difference.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The hCG/hMG regimen is feasible and effective for treating male adolescents with CHH. The initial 3 months of treatment may be a window to optimally observe the strongest effects of therapy. Furthermore, results from the extended time-period showed positive outcomes at the 1-year mark; however, the long-term effectiveness, strengths, and weaknesses of the hCG/hMG regimen require further research.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02880280; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02880280.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Chorionic Gonadotropin/therapeutic use , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Hypogonadism/drug therapy , Male , Menotropins/therapeutic use , Spermatogenesis , Testosterone
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eAO5859, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286287

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the effectiveness of oral progestins and injectable gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist medication in cancer fertility preservation in patients with breast cancer. Methods A cross-sectional study with 40 breast cancer patients submitted to cancer fertility preservation, who were divided into two groups according to histochemical analysis of progesterone receptors to define luteinizing hormone block: if positive, use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist, if negative, use of oral progestins. The mean age, medication days, antral follicle count, number of oocytes in metaphase II and the occurrence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome were compared. Results A total of 20 patients both in the group using gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist, and in the group with oral progestins, respectively, had a mean age of 33.9 (32-35.8) and 33.8 (32-35.6) years; days of medications of 11 (9.7-12.3) and 12.8 (11.6-13.9), p=0.037; antral follicle count of 9 (7.11-12) and 8.5 (6-11.9), p=0.370; metaphase II oocyte number of 4 (2.1-9.8) and 7.5 (3.1-10), p=0.348; and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome of 2 (10%) and 5 (25%) cases, p=0.212. Conclusion The use of oral progestins, in spite of requiring longer treatment time, is effective in relation to the protocol with gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist, and offers greater comfort at a lower cost in breast cancer patients with negative progesterone receptors, submitted to cancer fertility preservation.


RESUMO Objetivo Comparar a efetividade dos progestágenos orais em relação à medicação injetável antagonista de hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina na preservação da fertilidade oncológica de pacientes com câncer de mama. Métodos Estudo transversal com 40 pacientes com câncer de mama submetidas à preservação da fertilidade oncológica, que foram divididas em dois grupos, conforme análise histoquímica dos receptores de progesterona, para definir o bloqueio de hormônio luteinizante: se positivos, uso de antagonista de hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina; se negativos, uso de progestágenos orais. Comparou-se média de idade, dias de medicações, contagem de folículos antrais, número de oócitos em metáfase II e ocorrência de síndrome do hiperestímulo ovariano. Resultados Vinte pacientes, tanto no grupo com uso de antagonista de hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina, quanto no grupo com progestágenos orais, respectivamente, apresentaram média de idade de 33,9 (32-35,8) e 33,8 (32-35,6) anos; 11 (9,7-12,3) e 12,8 (11,6-13,9) de dias de medicações com p=0,037; contagem de folículos antrais de 9 (7,11-12) e 8,5 (6-11,9), com p=0,370; número de oócitos metáfase II de 4 (2,1-9,8) e 7,5 (3,1-10), com p=0,348, e síndrome do hiperestímulo ovariano de 2 casos (10%) e 5 casos (25%), com p=0,212. Conclusão O uso de progestágenos orais, apesar de necessitar de maior tempo de tratamento, é efetivo em relação ao protocolo com antagonista de hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina e oferece maior conforto com menor custo em pacientes com câncer de mama com receptores de progesterona negativos, submetidas à preservação da fertilidade oncológica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fertility Preservation , Ovulation Induction , Progestins , Pilot Projects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(10): 649-658, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144157

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRH-a) have been used preoperatively before hysteroscopic myomectomy to decrease the size and vascularization of the myomas, but evidence to support this practice is weak. Our objective was to analyze the use of GnRH-a in the reduction of submucous fibroid as a facilitator for surgical hysteroscopy from published clinical trials. Data sources Studies from electronic databases (Pubmed, Scielo, EMBASE, Scopus, PROSPERO), published between 1980 and December 2018. The keywords used were fibroid, GnRH analogue, submucous, histeroscopy, histeroscopic resection and their correspondents in Portuguese. Study selection The inclusion criteria were controlled trials that evaluated the GnRH-a treatment before hysteroscopic resection of submucous myomas. Four clinical trials were included in the meta-analysis. Data collection Two review authors extracted the data without modification of the original data, using the agreed form. We resolved discrepancies through discussion or, if required, we consulted a third person. Data synthesis The present meta-analysis included a total of 213 women and showed no statistically significant differences in the use of GnRH-a compared with the control group for complete resection of submucous myoma (relative risk [RR]: 0.94; 95%; confidence interval [CI]: 0.80-1.11); operative time (mean difference [MD]: - 3.81; 95%;CI : - 3.81-2.13); fluid absorption (MD: - 65.90; 95%;CI: - 9.75-2.13); or complications (RR 0.92; 95%;CI: 0.18-4.82). Conclusion The present review did not support the routine preoperative use of GnRH-a prior to hysteroscopic myomectomy. However, it is not possible to determine its inferiority when compared with the other methods due to the heterogeneity of existing studies and the small sample size.


Resumo Objetivo Análogos de hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina (GnRH-a) têm sido usados no pré-operatório de miomectomia histeroscópica para reduzir o tamanho e vascularização dos miomas, mas a evidência que suporta essa prática é fraca. Nosso objetivo foi analisar o uso de GnRH-a na redução do mioma submucoso como um facilitador de histeroscopia cirúrgica em ensaios clínicos publicados. Fonte de dados Estudos de bases de dados eletrônicas (Pubmed, Scielo, EMBASE, Scopus, PROSPERO), publicados entre 1980 e dezembro de 2018. As palavras-chave usadas foram fibroid, GnRH analogue, submucous, histeroscopy, histeroscopic resection e seus correspondentes em português. Seleção dos estudos Os critérios de inclusão foram ensaios clínicos controlados que avaliaram o tratamento com GnRH-a antes da ressecção histeroscópica de miomas submucosos. Quatro ensaios clínicos foram incluídos na meta-análise Coleta de dados Dois autores revisores extraíram os dados, sem modificarem os dados originais, usando a forma acordada. Nós resolvemos as discrepâncias através de discussão ou, se necessário, consultando um terceiro autor. Síntese dos dados A meta-análise incluiu um total de 213 mulheres e não demonstrou diferença estatisticamente significativa no uso de GnRH-a comparado com o grupo controle para ressecção completa de mioma submucoso (risco relativo [RR]: 0.94. índice de confiança [IC] 95%;: 0.80-1.11); tempo cirúrgico (diferença de média [MD]: - 3.81; IC95%;: -3.81-2.13); absorção de fluidos (MD: - 65.90; IC95%;: - 9.75-2.13); ou complicações (RR 0.92; IC95%;: 0.18-4.82). Conclusão A presente revisão sistemática não suporta o uso pré-operatório rotineiro de GnRH-a antes de miomectomia histeroscópica. No entanto, não é possível determinar sua inferioridade quando comparado aos outros métodos devido à heterogeneidade dos estudos existentes e ao pequeno tamanho da amostra.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/analogs & derivatives , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage , Leiomyoma/blood , Hysteroscopy , Operative Time
12.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(1): 34-38, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102292

ABSTRACT

Las mujeres han sido tratadas por décadas con testosterona intentando aliviar una gran variedad de síntomas con riesgos y beneficios inciertos. En la mayoría de los países, la testosterona se prescribe "off-label", de modo que las mujeres están utilizando compuestos y dosis ideadas para tratamientos en hombres. En este sentido, varias sociedades médicas de distintos continentes adoptaron recientemente por consenso una toma de posición sobre los beneficios y potenciales riesgos de la terapia con testosterona en la mujer, explorar las áreas de incertidumbre e identificar prácticas de prescripción con potencial de causar daño. Las recomendaciones con respecto a los beneficios y riesgos de la terapia con testosterona se basan en los resultados de ensayos clínicos controlados con placebo de al menos 12 semanas de duración. A continuación se comentan las recomendaciones. (AU)


There are currently no clear established indications for testosterone replacement therapy for women. Nonetheless, clinicians have been treating women with testosterone to alleviate a variety of symptoms for decades with uncertainty regarding its benefits and risks. In most countries, testosterone therapy is prescribed off-label, which means that women are using testosterone formulations or compounds approved for men with a modified dose for women. Due to these issues, there was a need for a global Consensus Position Statement on testosterone therapy for women based on the available evidence from placebo randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This Position Statement was developed to inform health care professionals about the benefits and potential risks of testosterone therapy intended for women. The aim of the Consensus was to provide clear guidance as to which women might benefit from testosterone therapy; to identify symptoms, signs, and certain conditions for which the evidence does not support the prescription of testosterone; to explore areas of uncertainty, and to identify any prescribing practices that have the potential to cause harm. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Testosterone/therapeutic use , Postmenopause/drug effects , Appetite Depressants/adverse effects , Phenytoin/adverse effects , Placebos/administration & dosage , Psychotropic Drugs/adverse effects , Tamoxifen/adverse effects , Testosterone/administration & dosage , Testosterone/analysis , Testosterone/adverse effects , Testosterone/pharmacology , Cardiovascular Agents/adverse effects , Indomethacin/adverse effects , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/adverse effects , Postmenopause/physiology , Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic , Cholinergic Antagonists/adverse effects , Contraceptives, Oral/adverse effects , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/etiology , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/therapy , Danazol/adverse effects , Consensus , Aromatase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Off-Label Use , Factor Xa Inhibitors/adverse effects , Amphetamines/adverse effects , Histamine Antagonists/adverse effects , Androgen Antagonists/adverse effects , Androgens/physiology , Ketoconazole/adverse effects , Narcotics/adverse effects
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of body fat ratio with precocious puberty in girls. Previous studies have shown that body mass index (BMI) is associated with the girls' age of puberty but have not revealed the association of body fat ratio with age of puberty.@*METHODS@#Based on the consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of central precocious puberty (CPP), 128 children with precocious puberty who were admitted to the hospital from July to August, 2017, were divided into a CPP group with 87 children and a peripheral precocious puberty (PPP) group with 41 children. A total of 51 girls without any puberty development signs were enrolled as the control group. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure the body fat ratios of upper limbs, legs, trunk, android area, gynoid area, and the whole body. The association between body fat ratios and precocious puberty was analyzed with reference to age, BMI, BMI-Z score, bone age, ovarian volume, and hormone levels.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the CPP and PPP groups had significantly higher body fat ratios of upper limbs, legs, trunk, android area, gynoid area, and the whole body, legs/whole body fat ratio, and (upper limbs+legs)/trunk fat ratio (P0.05). For the girls with precocious puberty, the high body fat ratio group had significantly higher luteinizing hormone (LH) base value, luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH)-stimulated LH peak value, and LH/follicle-stimulating hormone peak value than the low body fat ratio group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, both the high body fat ratio and low body fat ratio groups had a significantly higher LH base value (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The increase in body fat may be a factor inducing precocious puberty in girls, but further studies are needed to determine the mechanism.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Child , Female , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Luteinizing Hormone , Puberty, Precocious , Sexual Maturation
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828497

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of aromatase inhibitor letrozole in treatment of male adolescents with idiopathic short stature (ISS). Seventy five boys with height less than 2 standard deviation (SD) below the mean who had entered puberty were enrolled in our study from 2004 to 2017, in the Pediatric Department of the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University. Among 75 patients, 28 in letrozole group received letrozole and spironolactone, 30 in gonadotrophin releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) group received GnRHa injection and 17 had no intervention. Height velocity (HV), increment of bone age/chronological age (ΔBA/ΔCA), the final adult height (FAH) were compared among groups and the safety of letrozole treatment was evaluated. HV maintained faster during letrozole treatment when compared with other groups. HV during GnRHa treatment showed slightly decline in the first 6 months, but decreased remarkably after 6 months, and was significantly lower than that in letrozole group ( < 0.05). The maturation of BA slowed down in both letrozole and GnRHa groups. But the ΔBA/ΔCA in letrozole group during the first and the second year of treatment were significantly higher (0.67±0.09, 0.50±0.15, respectively) when compared with GnRHa group (0.59±0.16, 0.44±0.13, respectively) ( =2.78 and 2.20, all < 0.05). FAH in letrozole group and GnRHa group were (170±4) cm and (170±6)cm, there was no significant differences between the two groups ( >0.05), and both were higher than that in no intervention group (162±4 cm, < 0.01). After 6 months of letrozole treatment, testicular volumes and serum testerone levels increased; 39.2% (11/28) boys had clinical manifestations of hyperandrogenemia, and 82.1% (23/28) boys had decreased serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Serum levels of HDL and testerone returned normal and the hyperandrogenemia disappeared after the cessation of letrozole treatment. No significant changes in serum triglyceride, serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL), fating serum levels of insulin and glucose, HOMA-IR were observed. No abnormal liver function, myalgia, scoliosis or aggravations of scoliosis was found. Long term letrozole therapy during puberty in boys with ISS can delay bone maturation without significant decrease of linear growth, and thus can improve the final adult height. No severe adverse reactions were found.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Body Height , Bone Development , Child , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Growth Disorders , Humans , Letrozole , Therapeutic Uses , Male
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828093

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to study the effect of Wubi Shanyao Pills on sexual dysfunction in rats with kidney-Yang deficiency and to investigate its possible mechanism. Adenine(100 mg·kg~(-1)) was administered to male SD rats for 8 weeks to establish kidney-Yang deficiency model, and at the same time, Wubi Shanyao Pills(2, 1, 0.5 g·kg~(-1)) were administered to rats for 8 weeks. The syndrome manifestation of kidney-Yang deficiency was observed in rats and the scores of symptoms were evaluated. Sexual behavior indexes(incubation period and times of capture, straddle and ejaculation) were measured by mating experiment. The levels of serum testosterone(T), estradiol(E_2), follicle stimulating hormone(FSH), luteinizing hormone(LH), and gonadotropin releasing hormone(GnRH) were measured by radioimmunoassay. The wet weights of testis and seminal vesicle were measured. The content of fructose in seminal plasma was detected by UV spectrophotometry. The pathological changes of testis and epididymis were observed by HE staining. The expression levels of transforming growth factor(TGF-β1) and cytochrome P450 aromatase(CYP19) in testis were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. The results showed that Wubi Shanyao Pills could significantly reduce the score of kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome, improve the symptoms of kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome, shorten capture, straddle and ejaculation latency, increase capture and straddle times, increase serum T, LH, FSH, E_2 and GnRH levels, increase the wet weight of testis and seminal vesicle and fructose content in seminal plasma, improve the pathological structure of testis and epididymis, and inhibit the expression of TGF-β1 and increase CYP19 in testis of the model rats. Therefore, Wubi Shanyao Pills can significantly improve sexual dysfunction in rats with kidney-Yang deficiency, and its mechanism may be related to regulating the low function of hypothalamus pituitary gonad(HPG) axis and improving the disorder of sex hormone secretion. In addition, it may be also related to inhibiting the expression of testicular TGF-β1, increasing the expression of CYP19 protein, and then regulating the amount of T converted to E_2.


Subject(s)
Adenine , Animals , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Luteinizing Hormone , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testis , Testosterone , Yang Deficiency
17.
Actual. osteol ; 16(3): 176-186, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253780

ABSTRACT

Una persona transgénero es aquella en la cual el género autopercibido difiere del asignado al nacer, mientras que el término cisgénero es utilizado en aquellos individuos no trans. El tratamiento hormonal cruzado (THC) constituye una opción para lograr caracteres sexuales secundarios deseados. Es conocido que los esteroides sexuales desempeñan un rol fundamental en la adquisición de la densidad mineral ósea (DMO) durante la pubertad. Por lo tanto, el impacto del THC sobre la masa ósea se ha convertido en materia de estudio. En estadios puberales tempranos, los análogos de la hormona liberadora de gonadotrofinas (GnRH) son utilizados con un efecto reversible. Si bien la DMO parece mantenerse estable, cuando se compara con una población de referencia del mismo sexo biológico y edad, el Z-score se encuentra por debajo de lo esperado. En adultos, durante el THC no se informaron disminuciones en la DMO. Está reportado que las mujeres trans antes del inicio del TH presentan características densitométricas diferentes de los hombres cisgénero. Hasta el momento, la carga de datos para los calculadores del riesgo de fractura y el software del equipo DXA se basan en el sexo biológico y no en identidad de género. Recientemente, la International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) emitió sus recomendaciones para la evaluación de la masa ósea en personas transgénero y en aquellos individuos no conformes con el género. Si bien la ISCD sugiere realizar la evaluación únicamente en aquellos pacientes con factores de riesgo, es de importancia realizar DXA basal, sobre todo en mujeres transgénero, para determinar el riesgo inicial de dicha población. En este artículo se revisa la evidencia disponible sobre el impacto del THC en la salud ósea de personas transgénero. (AU)


Cross sex hormone therapy (CSHT) in transgender women (TW) it is an option to achieve desired secondary sexual characteristics. It is known that sex steroids play a fundamental role in the acquisition of bone mineral density during puberty, in addition to determining a different characteristic bone pattern between both biological sexes. So the impact of affirming HT on bone is it has become in subject of study. In early pubertal stages, GnRH analogs are used with a reversible effect. Although bone mineral density (BMD) seems to remain stable, when compared with a reference population of the same biological sex and age, the Z-score is lower than expected. In adults, during CSHT no decreases in BMD were reported. However, it was reported that TW prior to starting CSHT present different densitometric characteristics than cisgender men. So far, the data load for the fracture risk calculators and DXA software is based on biological sex and not gender identity. Recently the ISCD issued its recommendations for the evaluation of bone mass in transgender subjects and in those non-conforming to gender. Although the ISCD suggests performing the evaluation only in those patients with risk factors, our group recognizes that baseline DXA, especially in TW, constitutes a useful tool to determine the initial risk of this population. Our proposal arises from our own experience and from that compiled in the international literature, where it is observed that even without starting CSHT, transgender women have lower BMD. DXA. This article reviews the available evidence regarding the effect of CSHT on health bone in transgender people. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bone Density/drug effects , Cisgender Persons , Gonadal Steroid Hormones/therapeutic use , Testosterone/therapeutic use , Sex Factors , Risk Factors , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/analogs & derivatives , Puberty , Sex Characteristics , Densitometry , Estrogens/therapeutic use , Sex Reassignment Procedures , Transgender Persons , Androgen Antagonists/therapeutic use
19.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(2): 184-190, mar.-abr. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286481

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de ovarios poliquísticos es la enfermedad endocrina más frecuente en la edad reproductiva; se caracteriza por alteraciones menstruales, hiperandrogenismo clínico o bioquímico e identificación ultrasonográfica de quistes ováricos. Las alteraciones neuroendocrinas y metabólicas que lo acompañan implican desensibilización del eje hipotálamo-hipófisis-ovario, esteroidogénesis e hiperandrogenismo. Recientemente se ha explorado el papel de la resistencia a la insulina. Se ha establecido que la principal causa del síndrome de ovarios poliquísticos es el hiperandrogenismo, debido a alteraciones enzimáticas en la vía esteroidogénica, por lo que existe sobreestimulación por parte de la hormona luteinizante a causa de los pulsos rápidos generados por la hormona liberadora de gonadotropinas. Diversos factores de crecimiento y citocinas inhiben la conversión de andrógenos a estrógenos. En la desregulación característica de este síndrome también están involucradas la activina y las prostaglandinas e, incluso, altos niveles de insulina.


Abstract Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrine disease in reproductive age, characterized by menstrual alterations, clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism, and ultrasound-identified ovarian cysts. The neuroendocrine and metabolic alterations that accompany this condition involve the desensitization of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary axis, steroidogenesis and hyperandrogenism; recently, the role of insulin resistance has been explored. Hyperandrogenism has been established to be the main cause of polycystic ovary syndrome, due to enzymatic alterations in the steroidogenic pathway that cause luteinizing hormone over-stimulation because of quick pulses generated by gonadotropin-releasing hormones. Various growth factors of and cytokines inhibit the conversion of androgens into estrogens; activin and prostaglandins are also involved, even high levels of insulin participate in the characteristic deregulation of this syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/physiopathology , Hyperandrogenism/physiopathology , Pituitary-Adrenal System/metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Luteinizing Hormone/metabolism , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/metabolism , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System/metabolism
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and medical management of transgender people in South Korea. METHODS: The electronic medical records of 54 transgender persons who had visited Soonchunhyang University Hospital from January 2016 to December 2017 for medical care were retrospectively reviewed. We identified patient demographics and gender identity-related characteristics. Moreover, we compared our hospital protocol with official guidelines. RESULTS: At the time of the medical record search, the average age of these 52 transgender persons was 27 years, and 46 (88.5%) were Korean. Ten (19.2%) persons had a mental disorder other than gender dysphoria. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist, estrogen, antiandrogen agents, and testosterone were used according to the guidelines issued by the World Professional Association for Transgender Health and the Endocrine Society. Ten (19.2%) transgender persons, including 6 (22.2%) male-to-females (MTFs) and 4 (16.0%) female-to-males (FTMs), had a mental disorder other than gender dysphoria. Among persons who were administered testosterone, 3 had high triglyceride and lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Nine patients, including 6 (66.7%) MTFs and 3 (33.3%) FTMs, underwent both gonadectomy and gender affirmative surgery. Seven (43.8%) persons, including 1 (14.3%) MTF and 6 (85.7%) FTMs, underwent only gonadectomy. There was a significant difference (P=0.040) between MTFs and FTMs. CONCLUSION: Medical providers should have adequate knowledge of and experience in managing transgender persons and be familiar with the relevant guidelines and literature. Long-term follow-up examinations should also be performed.


Subject(s)
Cholesterol , Demography , Electronic Health Records , Estrogens , Follow-Up Studies , Gender Dysphoria , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Korea , Lipoproteins , Medical Records , Mental Disorders , Retrospective Studies , Testosterone , Transgender Persons , Triglycerides
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