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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 214-225, 20220316. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362926

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El trasplante renal es el tratamiento de elección para la enfermedad renal crónica. Debido a la brecha con la disponibilidad de donantes, el uso de criterios expandidos es una opción que busca mejorar la tasa de donación mundial. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la sobrevida del injerto y del paciente trasplantado con donante de criterios expandidos versus el donante estándar. Métodos. Cohorte retrospectiva de 1002 pacientes con trasplante renal donde se determinó la sobrevida del injerto renal y del receptor a 10 años después del trasplante. La sobrevida del injerto renal y el receptor fueron estimadas por el método de Kaplan-Meier. Una regresión de Cox fue realizada ajustando el modelo multivariado.Resultados. El análisis incluyó 1002 receptores, con un 18,8 % (n=189) que correspondían al uso de donante de criterios expandidos. El grupo de trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos tuvo menor sobrevida del paciente (48,1 % versus 63,8 %) y del injerto (63,3 % versus 74,7 %) en comparación con el grupo de trasplante renal con donantes con criterios estándar a los 10 años después del trasplante. La asociación de trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos y muerte o pérdida del injerto renal no fueron significativas cuando se ajustaron las variables en el modelo multivariado. Conclusión. El trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos tiene menor sobrevida del receptor y del injerto frente al grupo de trasplante renal con donante estándar. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en cuanto al trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos frente a la pérdida del injerto renal o muerte.


Introduction. Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for chronic kidney disease. Due to the gap with donor availability, the use of expanded criteria is an option that seeks to improve the global donation rate. The objective of this study was to compare the survival of the graft and the transplanted patient with an expanded criteria donor versus the standard donor. Methods. Retrospective cohort of 1002 kidney transplant patients where survival of the kidney graft and the recipient was determined at 10 years after transplantation. The survival of the kidney graft and the recipient were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. A Cox regression was performed by fitting the multivariate model. Results. The analysis included 1002 recipients with 18.8% (n=189) corresponding to the use of an expanded criteria donor. The expanded criteria donor kidney transplant group had lower patient (48.1% versus 63.8%) and graft (63.3% versus 74.7%) survival compared to the donor kidney transplant group with standard criteria at 10 years post-transplant. The association of kidney transplantation with expanded criteria donor and death or loss of the kidney graft were not significant when the variables were adjusted in the multivariate model. Conclusion. Kidney transplantation with an expanded criteria donor has a lower recipient and graft survival compared to the standard kidney transplant group. There were no statistically significant differences in expanded criteria donor kidney transplantation versus kidney graft loss or death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Graft Survival , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Donor Selection , Transplant Donor Site , Graft Rejection
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 744-753, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285210

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: O transplante cardíaco é a principal alternativa terapêutica para pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca avançada. Diversos fatores de risco influenciam a sobrevivência desses pacientes, entretanto, poucos estudos acerca do tema estão disponíveis no Brasil. Objetivos: Analisar a sobrevivência de pacientes transplantados cardíacos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde no Brasil entre 2000-2015. Métodos: Trata-se de uma coorte não concorrente, aberta, de pacientes transplantados cardíacos no Brasil. A probabilidade acumulada de sobrevivência foi estimada por Kaplan-Meier e a comparação entre as curvas realizada pelo Teste de Log-Rank. O modelo de Cox foi utilizado para calcular o Hazard-Ratio (HR). As análises foram realizadas ao nível de 95% de confiança. Resultados: A mediana de sobrevivência do transplante cardíaco no Brasil no período foi 8,3 anos. Cada ano adicional na idade do receptor, a ocorrência de infecções e a realização do procedimento cirúrgico na região Sul relacionaram-se ao maior risco de perda do enxerto. Maior proporção de uso dos imunossupressores micofenolato e azatioprina atuou como fator protetor. Conclusões: As análises realizadas fornecem a primeira informação quanto ao tempo de sobrevivência mediana do transplante cardíaco no Brasil. A diferença observada entre as regiões pode estar relacionada aos diferentes protocolos de tratamento adotados no país, principalmente no início dos anos 2000. A proporção de uso de micofenolato e azatioprina como fator protetor sugere que, apesar de não haver diferença entre as estratégias terapêuticas, o uso desses medicamentos pode favorecer a sobrevida de determinados pacientes. O estudo apresenta dados epidemiológicos robustos e importantes para a saúde pública.


Abstract Background: Heart transplant is the main therapeutic alternative for advanced heart failure patients. Several risk factors affect these patients' survival; however, few studies about the topic are available in Brazil. Objectives: To review the survival rates of heart transplant patients in the Brazilian Public Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS) between 2000 and 2015. Methods: This is a non-concurrent, open cohort study, involving cardiac transplant patients in Brazil. The cumulative survival probability was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier curve, and the curve comparison was done using the Log-Rank test. The Cox model was used to calculate the Hazard-Ratio (HR). Analyses were conducted at the 95% confidence level. Results: The heart transplant survival rate median in Brazil, during the period, was 8.3 years. Each additional year in the recipient's age, the occurrence of infections, and the performance of the surgical procedure in the South Region were associated with a higher risk of graft loss. A higher use ratio of immunosuppressants mycophenolate and azathioprine acted as a protection factor. Conclusions: The analyses conducted provide the first information about the median survival time in heart transplant patients in Brazil. The difference noticed among the geographical regions may be related to the different treatment protocols adopted in the country, especially in the early 2000s. The rate of mycophenolate and azathioprine use as a protection factor suggests that, despite the absence of differences among therapeutic strategies, use of these drugs may favor survival of certain patients. The study provides robust epidemiological data, which are relevant for public health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Transplantation , Immunosuppressive Agents , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Graft Survival
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922600

ABSTRACT

Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is a rare and serious complication after lung transplantation, with no characteristic of pathological manifestation, no systematic standard treatment, and the poor efficacy and prognosis. We reported a case of early AMR after lung transplantation and the relevant literature has been reviewed. A male patient presented with symptoms of cold 99 days after transplantation and resolved after symptomatic treatment. He admitted to the hospital 14 days later because of a sudden dyspnea and fever. Anti-bacteria, anti-fungi, anti-virus, and anti-pneumocystis carinii treatment were ineffective, and a dose of 1 000 mg methylprednisolone did not work too. The patient's condition deteriorated rapidly and tracheal intubation was done to maintain breathing. Serum panel reactive antibody and donor specific antibody showed postive in humen leukocyte antigen (HLA) II antibody. Pathological examination after transbronchial transplantation lung biopsy showed acute rejection. Clinical AMR was diagnosed combined the donor-specific antibody with the pathological result. The patient was functionally recovered after combined treatment with thymoglobuline, rituximab, plasmapheresis, and immunoglobulin. No chronic lung allograft dysfunction was found after 3 years follow up. We should alert the occurrence of AMR in lung transplantation recipient who admitted to hospital with a sudden dyspnea and fever while showed no effect after common anti-infection and anti-rejection treatment. Transbronchial transplantation lung biopsy and the presence of serum donor-specific antibody are helpful to the diagnosis. The treatment should be preemptive and a comprehensive approach should be adopted.


Subject(s)
Graft Rejection , Graft Survival , HLA Antigens , Humans , Isoantibodies , Lung Transplantation/adverse effects , Male
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 181-186, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921253

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Delayed graft function (DGF) is the main cause of renal function failure after kidney transplantation. This study aims at investigating the value of hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) parameters combined with perfusate biomarkers on predicting DGF and the time of renal function recovery after deceased donor (DD) kidney transplantation.@*METHODS@#HMP parameters, perfusate biomarkers and baseline characteristics of 113 DD kidney transplantations from January 1, 2019 to August 31, 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University were retrospectively analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#In this study, the DGF incidence was 17.7% (20/113); The multivariate logistic regression results showed that terminal resistance (OR: 1.879, 95% CI 1.145-3.56) and glutathione S-transferase (GST)(OR = 1.62, 95% CI 1.23-2.46) were risk factors for DGF; The Cox model analysis indicated that terminal resistance was an independent hazard factor for renal function recovery time (HR = 0.823, 95% CI 0.735-0.981). The model combining terminal resistance and GST (AUC = 0.888, 95% CI: 0.842-0.933) significantly improved the DGF predictability compared with the use of terminal resistance (AUC = 0.756, 95% CI 0.693-0.818) or GST alone (AUC = 0.729, 95% CI 0.591-0.806).@*CONCLUSION@#According to the factors analyzed in this study, the combination of HMP parameters and perfusate biomarkers displays a potent DGF predictive value.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Delayed Graft Function , Graft Survival , Humans , Kidney/physiology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Organ Preservation , Perfusion , Retrospective Studies , Tissue Donors
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(4): e9369, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153534

ABSTRACT

Tacrolimus (TAC), a calcineurin inhibitor, and everolimus (EVL), an mTOR inhibitor, have been used as immunosuppressive (ISS) drugs in post-kidney transplantation therapy. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of EVL vs TAC in the ISS maintenance triple therapy. Ninety-seven kidney transplant patients, who received triple maintenance therapy with TAC, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and methyl prednisone (PRED), were evaluated. After four months of post-kidney transplant therapy, 30 patients enrolled in a randomized controlled clinical trial, in which 16 patients received TAC+MMF+PRED (cohort 1), and 14 patients switched to EVL+MMF+PRED (cohort 2). The patients were followed-up for 36 months. Two patients from cohort 1 lost their grafts after one year due to non-adherence. Two patients from cohort 2 had intolerance to mTOR inhibitors and were switched back to TAC from EVL. One case (6.25%) in cohort 1 and three cases (21.43%) in cohort 2 of acute T-cell-mediated rejection was observed. Antibody-mediated acute rejection (ABMAR) was observed in four patients (25.0%) in cohort 1, and antibody-mediated chronic rejection (ABMCR) was observed in two patients (12.50%). One patient from cohort 2 lost the graft after 15 months due to polyomavirus infection. The graft survival rate was 87.50% in cohort 1 and 92.86% in cohort 2. This clinical trial showed that the EVL+MMF+PRED triple maintenance therapy was efficacious compared with TAC during 32 months of follow-up. However, further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of this regimen for long-term graft survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Everolimus/therapeutic use , Graft Rejection/prevention & control , Graft Survival , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(3): 353-358, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136204

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Melatonin has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that can influence tissue growth and apoptosis. This aspect may influence the success of organ transplantation. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between melatonin and organ transplantation. METHODS A systematic review was performed in PubMed databases using the search terms: "melatonin physiology" or "melatonin therapy" and "transplant pharmacology" or "transplant physiology" or "transplant therapy" or "Transplant therapy". Experiments on the organs of the reproductive system were not included. After analysis, five articles were selected after reading the title and abstract of 50 manuscripts. The works were divided into two aspects: a) analysis of the influence of the organ transplantation procedure on melatonin production; b) action of melatonin on organ transplantation. RESULTS The cardiac transplantation surgical procedure, immunosuppression, and graft did not influence melatonin secretion in rodents, but there was a significant reduction of melatonin in the renal transplantation procedure in patients with renal insufficiency. Melatonin administration in experimental models decreased rejection and improved transplant success. CONCLUSION Studies show that melatonin can reduce organ and species dependence, and the use of melatonin decreases graft rejection.


RESUMO A melatonina tem propriedades anti-inflamatórias e antioxidantes que podem influenciar o crescimento e a apoptose dos tecidos. Esse aspecto pode influenciar o sucesso do transplante de órgãos. OBJETIVO Avaliar a relação entre a melatonina e o transplante de órgãos. MÉTODO A revisão sistemática foi realizada nas bases de dados do PubMed, usando os termos de pesquisa: "fisiologia da melatonina" ou "terapêutica da melatonina" e "farmacologia do transplante" ou "fisiologia do transplante" ou "terapêutica do transplante" ou "terapia do transplante". Não foram incluídos os experimentos sobre os órgãos do sistema reprodutivo. Após análise, cinco artigos foram selecionados após a leitura do título e do resumo de 50 manuscritos. Os trabalhos foram divididos em duas vertentes: a) análise da influência do procedimento de transplante de órgão na produção de melatonina; b) ação da melatonina sobre o transplante de órgãos. RESULTADOS O procedimento cirúrgico do transplante cardíaco, a imunossupressão e o enxerto não influenciaram a secreção de melatonina em roedores, mas houve redução significante da melatonina nos casos do procedimento de transplante renal em pacientes com insuficiência renal. A ministração de melatonina em modelos experimentais diminuiu a rejeição e melhorou o sucesso de transplante. CONCLUSÃO Os estudos mostram que a melatonina pode reduzir a dependência da espécie e do órgão e que o emprego da melatonina diminui a rejeição do órgão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Organ Transplantation , Graft Rejection/prevention & control , Melatonin/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Heart Transplantation , Immunosuppression , Kidney Transplantation , Graft Survival/drug effects , Melatonin/physiology
9.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(1): 34-39, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249867

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad del Bajío inició sus funciones en 2007 para atender la demanda de salud de 5.8 millones de habitantes, cuenta con 184 camas y una unidad de trasplantes con 26 camas. En 2008 inició actividades el programa de trasplante renal. Objetivo: Presentar la supervivencia de los pacientes receptores de trasplante renal y del riñón injertado en el Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad del Bajío, Guanajuato, México. Método: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo en el que se incluyeron los trasplantes consecutivos realizados entre 2008 y 2016. El análisis estadístico se efectuó con el método de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: Se analizaron 837 trasplantes. La supervivencia del injerto censurada para muerte con injerto funcional a uno y cinco años fue de 94.6 y 78.9 %. La supervivencia del paciente a uno y cinco años fue de 95.4 y 88.1 %. Conclusiones: El programa de trasplante renal constituye uno de los mejor establecidos en México, tanto por el número de trasplantes renales de donante fallecido realizados como por la supervivencia obtenida de paciente e injerto. Los datos indican que el programa de trasplante renal ha tenido un desarrollo sostenido.


Abstract Introduction: The Bajío High Specialty Regional Hospital started operating in 2007 to tackle the health demands of 5.8 million inhabitants. It has 184 beds and a transplant unit with 26 beds. In 2008, the renal transplant program launched activities. Objective: To describe the survival of kidney transplant receptor patients and of the grafted kidney at the Bajío High Specialty Regional Hospital. Methods: Retrospective cohort study, where consecutive transplants carried out between 2008 and 2016 were included. Statistical analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: A total of 837 transplants were analyzed. Graft survival censored for death, with a functional graft at 1 and 5 years, was 94.6% and 78.9%. Patient survival at 1 and 5 years was 95.4% and 88.1%. Conclusions: The renal transplant program is one of the the best programs established in Mexico, both for the number of deceased-donor kidney transplants performed and for the patient and graft survival achieved. These data indicate that the renal transplant program has had a sustained development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Kidney Transplantation/mortality , Transplant Recipients/statistics & numerical data , Graft Survival , Time Factors , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Program Evaluation , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Cause of Death , Kidney Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
11.
Clinics ; 75: e1529, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze clinical and laboratory parameters and their association with long-term outcomes in patients who underwent liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma treatment, according to the etiology of the underlying chronic liver disease, in order to identify predictors of response to this therapeutic modality. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data from a cohort of 134 patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma treatment at a referral center in Brazil were retrospectively selected and compared according to the etiologic group of the underlying chronic liver disease. Events, defined as tumor recurrence or death from any cause, and event-free survival were also analyzed, and multivariate analysis was performed. RESULTS: The etiologies comprised hepatitis C and B virus infection, alcohol abuse, and cryptogenic disorder. Although liver transplantation was performed outside the Milan criteria in 33.3% of the subjects, according to pathologic examination of the explanted liver, the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score was low (<22) in most patients (70.6%) and recurrence was identified in only 10 (7.9%) patients. Events occurred in 37 patients (28.5%), and the median event-free survival was 75 months (range, 24-116 months). No difference among etiologic groups was found in the parameters analyzed, which were not independently associated with outcome. CONCLUSION: Clinical and laboratory characteristics according to etiologic groups were not different, which might have led to comparable long-term outcomes among these patient groups and failure to identify predictors that could aid in better selection of subjects for liver transplantation in the management of this cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Liver Transplantation , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Brazil , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Graft Survival , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828948

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the optimal dose range of immunosuppressants in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) after renal transplantation.@*METHODS@#A cohort of 68 patients with ADPKD who received their first renal transplantation between March, 2000 and January, 2018 in our institute were retrospectively analyzed, with 68 non-ADPKD renal transplant recipients matched for gender, age and date of transplant as the control group. We analyzed the differences in patient and renal survival rates, postoperative complications and concentrations of immunosuppressive agents between the two groups at different time points within 1 year after kidney transplantation. The concentrations of the immunosuppressants were also compared between the ADPKD patients with urinary tract infections (UTI) and those without UTI after the transplantation.@*RESULTS@#The recipients with ADPKD and the control recipients showed no significantly difference in the overall 1-, 5-, and 10- year patient survival rates (96.6% 96.0%, 94.1% 93.9%, and 90.6% 93.9%, respectively; > 0.05), 1-, 5-, and 10-year graft survival rates (95.2% 96.0%, 90.8% 87.2%, and 79.0% 82.3%, respectively; > 0.05), or the incidences of other post- transplant complications including acute rejection, gastrointestinal symptoms, cardiovascular events, pneumonia, and neoplasms ( > 0.05). The plasma concentrations of both tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil (MPA) in ADPKD group were significantly lower than those in the control group at 9 months after operation ( < 0.05). The incidence of UTI was significantly higher in ADPKD patients than in the control group ( < 0.05). In patients with ADPKD, those with UTI after transplantation had a significantly higher MPA plasma concentration ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients with ADPKD after renal transplant, a higher dose of MPA is associated with a increased risk of UTI, and their plasma concentrations of immunosuppressants for long-term maintenance of immunosuppression regimen can be lower than those in other kidney transplantation recipients.


Subject(s)
Graft Survival , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Kidney Transplantation , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant , Retrospective Studies
13.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 534-538, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056606

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The number of incident and prevalent patients on dialysis has increased, as well as the number of candidates for renal transplantation in Brazil, without a proportional increase in the number of organ donors. The use of expanded kidneys, as to renal function, may be an alternative to increase the supply of organs. Objective: to discuss the feasibility of using expanded kidneys for renal function, which are in severe acute renal injury. Methods: All cases of renal transplantation of deceased donors performed at the Hospital das Clínicas de Botucatu of UNESP, from January 2010 to June 2018, totaling 732 cases were evaluated. Cases with final donor creatinine greater than 6 mg/dL were selected. Results: four patients were selected, of whom all donors were in severe acute kidney injury (AKI). These donors presented rhabdomyolysis as a probable cause of severe AKI, were young, with no comorbidities and had decreased urinary volume in the last 24 hours. The clinical evolution of all the recipients was satisfactory, with a glomerular filtration rate after transplantation ranging from 48 to 98 mL/min/1.73 m2. Conclusion: this series of cases shows the possibility of using renal donors in severe AKI, provided the following are respected: donor age, rhabdomyolysis as the cause of AKI, and implantation-favorable biopsy findings. Additional studies with better designs, larger numbers of patients and longer follow-up times are needed.


RESUMO Introdução: O número de pacientes incidentes e prevalentes em diálise tem aumentado, assim como o número de candidatos ao transplante renal no Brasil, sem um aumento proporcional do número de doadores de órgãos. O uso de rins expandidos, quanto à função renal, pode ser uma alternativa para aumentar a oferta de órgãos. Objetivo: discutir a viabilidade do uso de rins expandidos quanto à função renal, que estejam em lesão renal aguda severa. Métodos: foram avaliados todos os casos de transplante renal de doador falecido realizados no Hospital das Clínicas de Botucatu da UNESP, de janeiro de 2010 a junho de 2018, totalizando 732 casos. Selecionou-se os casos com creatinina final do doador maior do que 6 mg/dL. Resultados: quatro pacientes foram selecionados, dos quais todos os doadores estavam em lesão renal aguda (LRA) severa. Esses doadores apresentavam rabdomiólise como provável causa de LRA severa, eram jovens, sem comorbidades e apresentavam diminuição de volume urinário nas últimas 24 horas. A evolução clínica de todos os receptores foi satisfatória, com taxa de filtração glomerular após o transplante variando entre 48 a 98 mL/min/1,73m2. Conclusão: essa série de casos mostra a possibilidade de utilização de doadores renais em LRA severa, desde que respeitadas as condições seguintes: idade do doador, rabdomiólise como causa de LRA e achados de biópsia favoráveis à implantação. Estudos adicionais com melhores desenhos, maior número de pacientes e maiores tempos de seguimento são necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rhabdomyolysis/diagnosis , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Transplantation/methods , Delayed Graft Function/diagnosis , Acute Kidney Injury/surgery , Research Design , Brazil/epidemiology , Cadaver , Feasibility Studies , Retrospective Studies , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Creatinine/blood , Delayed Graft Function/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Glomerular Filtration Rate/physiology , Graft Survival/physiology , Kidney/physiopathology
14.
Cambios rev. méd ; 18(2): 116-121, 2019/12/27. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099818

ABSTRACT

El Ecuador no contaba con un programa de trasplante hepático infantil y fue un problema para las autoridades de salud. Como alternativa de tratamiento se implementó un sistema de deriva-ción internacional para que los pacientes hayan accedido al trasplante en centros calificados, con la modalidad del donante vivo relacionado. Se logró acreditar en el 2019 en la ciudad de Cuenca, el primer programa de trasplante infantil para generar un cambio importante en el sis-tema de atenciones, pero fue necesario dejar clara todas las normas y regulaciones que involu-cren la prioridad de éstos pacientes y los aspectos técnicos quirúrgicos que han implicado la uti-lización de éste tipo de procedimientos como: split, hígado reducido y donante vivo relacionado.


Ecuador did not have a child liver transplant program and was a problem for health authorities. As an alternative treatment, an international referral system was implemented so that the patients had access to the transplant in qualified centers, with the modality of the living donor related. It was possible to accredit in 2019 in the city of Cuenca, the first child transplant program to generate a major change in the care system, but it was necessary to make clear all the rules and regulations that involve the priority of these patients and the technical aspects Surgical that have involved the use of these types of procedures such as: split, reduced liver and related living donor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Tissue Donors , Transplantation , Liver Transplantation , Donor Selection , Graft Rejection , Graft Survival , Pediatrics , Biliary Atresia , Program Accreditation , Liver Diseases
15.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 414-418, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047171

ABSTRACT

O aumento do dorso nasal nas rinoplastias é foco de estudo de diversos trabalhos que buscam as melhores fontes de enxerto e técnicas cirúrgicas. A utilização de cartilagem já é consagrada para este fim, a partir do septo nasal, da concha auricular ou dos arcos costais. Nos últimos anos, têm-se buscado meios para reduzir a palpabilidade e dispersibilidade dos enxertos cartilaginosos. Assim, são descritos materiais sintéticos, como o SURGICEL®; e, autólogos, representados pelas fáscias. A fáscia temporal é mais amplamente utilizada, porém requer uma nova incisão cirúrgica, aumentando o tempo e a morbidade da cirurgia. É também descrito o uso de fáscia lata e fáscia reto abdominal, comparativamente mais espessas e menos flexíveis. Em muitos casos de rinoplastia fazse necessária a retirada da cartilagem costal, o que permite a coleta de fáscia do músculo peitoral maior pela mesma incisão cirúrgica. Dessa forma, descrevemos a utilização da fáscia do músculo peitoral maior envolvendo cartilagem costal picada, em uma rinoplastia estruturada com aumento do dorso.


Increasing the nasal dorsum in rhinoplasty is the focus of several studies that seek the best graft sources and surgical techniques. The use of cartilage from the nasal septum, ear shell, or costal arches is already established for this purpose. In recent years, methods have been sought to reduce the palpability and dispersibility of cartilaginous grafts. Thus, synthetic materials such as SURGICEL® and autologous materials such as fascia have been explored. Temporal fascia are more widely used but require a new surgical incision, increasing surgical time and morbidity. Also described is the use of fascia lata and rectus abdominis fascia, which are comparatively thicker and less flexible. In many rhinoplasty procedures, it is necessary to remove the costal cartilage, which allows the collection of fascia from the major chest muscles through the same surgical incision. Thus, we describe the use of major chest muscle fascia and chopped costal cartilage in structured rhinoplasty to increase the dorsum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Prostheses and Implants , Rhinoplasty , Transplantation, Autologous , Fascia , Costal Cartilage , Graft Survival , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Rhinoplasty/adverse effects , Rhinoplasty/methods , Transplantation, Autologous/adverse effects , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Transplants/surgery , Fascia/anatomy & histology , Fascia/transplantation , Costal Cartilage/surgery , Costal Cartilage/cytology
16.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 368-377, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047157

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Com o objetivo de obter lipoenxerto autógeno e injetável de tecido ressecado em dermolipectomias, este estudo propõe um novo método para colheita e processamento do tecido adiposo, através de um dispositivo fragmentador específico. O principal objetivo foi estabelecer uma análise comparativa das características de qualidade e viabilidade do novo lipofragmentado em relação ao já conhecido lipoaspirado, amplamente aceito como fonte viável de lipoenxerto. Ensaios in vivo e in vitro foram delineados para avaliar o comportamento biológico das amostras, a fim de orientar novos e possíveis estudos em humanos com aplicações clínicas. Métodos: Uma paciente pós-bariátrica que foi submetida a dermolipectomia abdominal teve sua peça cirúrgica ressecada e dividida em quatro partes que foram submetidas a Lipoaspiração e Lipofragmentação, sem e com infiltração prévia. Todas as amostras foram submetidas a centrifugação e então distribuídas para os ensaios que envolveram avaliação histológica, imunohistoquímica, citometria de fluxo, cultura celular e ainda a injeção de xenoenxerto no dorso de 10 ratos Wistar, retirados após seis semanas para avaliação de massa, volume e características histológicas. Resultados: As amostras de gordura fragmentada, seca e infiltrada, mostraram características estruturais e comportamento biológico semelhantes aos das amostras de lipoaspirado. Conclusões: A fragmentação da gordura transformou o tecido celular subcutâneo das dermolipectomias em uma nova variante de lipoenxerto injetável e viável, com características biológicas semelhantes àquelas do lipoaspirado tradicional. Embora ainda preliminares, nossos resultados embasam a realização de novas investigações buscando otimizar a técnica com vistas ao aprimoramento da enxertia gordurosa e suas possíveis aplicações na medicina regenerativa.


Introduction: Aiming to obtain autogenous and injectable lipografts from resected tissues in dermolipectomies, this study proposes a new method for harvesting and processing adipose tissue through a specific fragmenting device. The main objective was to establish a comparative analysis of the quality and viability characteristics of the new lipofragmentation technique and those of the well-known liposuction technique, widely accepted as a viable source of fat grafting. In vivo and in vitro assays were designed to evaluate the biological behavior of the samples to guide new and possible human studies with clinical applications. Methods: A post-bariatric patient who underwent abdominal dermolipectomy had her surgical specimen resected, which was divided into four parts that underwent liposuction and lipofragmentation, with and without prior infiltration. All samples were centrifuged and distributed for assays with assessments involving histological analysis, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, cell culture, and xenograft injection on the back of 10 Wistar rats, which was evaluated after six weeks for mass, volume, and histological features. Results: The structural characteristics and biological behaviors of fragmented, dry, and infiltrated fat samples were similar to those of liposuction samples. Conclusions: Fat fragmentation transformed the subcutaneous cellular tissue of dermolipectomies into a new, viable injectable lipograft variant, with biological characteristics similar to those of traditional liposuction. Although still preliminary, our results support further investigations to optimize the technique and improve fat grafting and its possible applications in regenerative medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Rats , History, 21st Century , Specimen Handling , Surgery, Plastic , Transplantation, Autologous , Bioprosthesis , Adipose Tissue , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Graft Survival , Specimen Handling/methods , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Bioprosthesis/standards , Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods
17.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(2): 231-241, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012530

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Delayed graft function (DGF) is a frequent complication after deceased donor kidney transplantation with an impact on the prognosis of the transplant. Despite this, long-term impact of DGF on graft function after deceased donor kidney transplantation has not been properly evaluated. Objective: The main objective of this study was to evaluate risk factors for DGF and the impact of its occurrence and length on graft survival and function. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 517 kidney transplant recipients who received a deceased donor organ between January 2008 and December 2013. Results: The incidence of DGF was 69.3% and it was independently associated with donor's final serum creatinine and age, cold ischemia time, use of antibody induction therapy and recipient's diabetes mellitus. The occurrence of DGF was also associated with a higher incidence of Banff ≥ 1A grade acute rejection (P = 0.017), lower graft function up to six years after transplantation and lower death-censored graft survival at 1 and 5 years (P < 0.05). DGF period longer than 14 days was associated with higher incidence of death-censored graft loss (P = 0.038) and poorer graft function (P < 0.001). No differences were found in patient survival. Conclusions: The occurrence of DGF has a long-lasting detrimental impact on graft function and survival and this impact is even more pronounced when DGF lasts longer than two weeks.


Resumo Introdução: A função tardia do enxerto (FTE) é uma complicação frequente após transplantes renais com doadores falecidos com repercussões sobre o prognóstico do transplante. Contudo, o impacto a longo prazo da FTE sobre a função do enxerto após transplante renal com doador falecido não foi avaliado adequadamente. Objetivo: O principal objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar os fatores de risco para FTE e o impacto de sua ocorrência e duração na sobrevida e função do enxerto. Métodos: O presente estudo observacional retrospectivo incluiu 517 receptores de transplante renal que receberam órgãos de doadores falecidos entre janeiro de 2008 e dezembro de 2013. Resultados: A incidência de FTE foi de 69,3%. Foi identificada associação independente entre FTE e creatinina sérica final e idade do doador, tempo de isquemia fria, uso de terapia de indução com anticorpos e diabetes mellitus do receptor. A ocorrência de FTE também foi associada a incidência mais elevada de rejeição aguda com classificação de Banff ≥ 1 A (P = 0,017), função reduzida do enxerto até seis anos após o transplante e menor sobrevida do enxerto censurada para óbito em 1 e 5 anos (P <0,05). Períodos de FTE superiores a 14 dias foram associados a maior incidência de perda do enxerto censurada para óbito (P = 0,038) e pior função do enxerto (P <0,001). Não foram identificadas diferenças de sobrevida nos pacientes. Conclusões: A ocorrência de FTE traz prejuízos de longa duração à função e sobrevida do enxerto. Tal impacto é ainda mais pronunciado quando a FTE persiste por mais de duas semanas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Tissue Donors , Cadaver , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Delayed Graft Function/epidemiology , Graft Survival , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Creatinine/blood , Delayed Graft Function/economics , Cold Ischemia/adverse effects , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Graft Rejection/epidemiology , Hypertension/complications
19.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(2): 284-287, Apr.-June 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012548

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The prediction of post transplantation outcomes is clinically important and involves several problems. The current prediction models based on standard statistics are very complex, difficult to validate and do not provide accurate prediction. Machine learning, a statistical technique that allows the computer to make future predictions using previous experiences, is beginning to be used in order to solve these issues. In the field of kidney transplantation, computational forecasting use has been reported in prediction of chronic allograft rejection, delayed graft function, and graft survival. This paper describes machine learning principles and steps to make a prediction and performs a brief analysis of the most recent applications of its application in literature. Discussion: There is compelling evidence that machine learning approaches based on donor and recipient data are better in providing improved prognosis of graft outcomes than traditional analysis. The immediate expectations that emerge from this new prediction modelling technique are that it will generate better clinical decisions based on dynamic and local practice data and optimize organ allocation as well as post transplantation care management. Despite the promising results, there is no substantial number of studies yet to determine feasibility of its application in a clinical setting. Conclusion: The way we deal with storage data in electronic health records will radically change in the coming years and machine learning will be part of clinical daily routine, whether to predict clinical outcomes or suggest diagnosis based on institutional experience.


Resumo Introdução: A predição de resultados pós-transplante é clinicamente importante e envolve vários problemas. Os atuais modelos de previsão baseados em padrões estatísticos são muito complexos, difíceis de validar e não fornecem previsões precisas. Machine Learning, é uma técnica estatística que permite que o computador faça previsões futuras usando experiências anteriores, está começando a ser usada para resolver essas questões. No campo do transplante renal, o uso da previsão computacional foi relatado na predição de rejeição crônica de aloenxerto, função tardia do enxerto e sobrevida do enxerto. Este artigo descreve os princípios e etapas de machine learning para fazer uma previsão e realiza uma breve análise das aplicações mais recentes de seu uso na literatura. Discussão: Existem evidências convincentes de que as abordagens de machine learning baseadas nos dados do doador e do receptor são melhores para proporcionar melhor prognóstico dos resultados do enxerto do que a análise tradicional. As expectativas imediatas que emergem dessa nova técnica de modelagem de previsão são que ela gerará melhores decisões clínicas baseadas em dados de práticas dinâmicas e locais e aperfeiçoará a alocação de órgãos, bem como o gerenciamento de cuidados pós-transplante. Apesar dos resultados promissores, ainda não há um número substancial de estudos para determinar a viabilidade de sua aplicação em um cenário clínico. Conclusão: A forma como lidamos com dados de armazenamento em prontuários eletrônicos de saúde mudará radicalmente nos próximos anos e a machine learning fará parte da rotina clínica diária, seja para prever resultados clínicos ou sugerir um diagnóstico baseado na experiência institucional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Machine Learning , Forecasting/methods , Prognosis , Tissue Donors , Survival Rate , Kidney Transplantation/trends , Medical Errors , Delayed Graft Function , Data Accuracy , Graft Rejection , Graft Survival
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786194

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have recommended a 2- to 5-year waiting time prior to kidney transplantation (KT) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and symptomatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and no delay for incidental early-stage RCC. Data on Asian KT recipients are unavailable.METHODS: This is a Korean single-center retrospective study on 35 KT recipients with ESRD and RCC. Patients were classified into two groups: early KT (KT performed within 1 year after nephrectomy for RCC, including KT with simultaneous nephrectomy) and delayed KT (KT performed over than 1 year after nephrectomy for RCC). Patient survival, graft survival, and cancer recurrence were compared between both groups.RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in patient survival (P = 0.388), graft survival (P = 0.317), or graft rejection rate (P = 0.207) between the early and delayed KT groups. Additionally, there were no differences in pathological characteristics or RCC stage other than cancer histology: acquired cystic disease-associated RCC (47.4%) was the most common RCC type in the early KT group, whereas clear cell type (62.5%) was the most common RCC type in the delayed KT group. No RCC recurrence was observed.CONCLUSION: Patients with early-stage and asymptomatic RCC do not require a mandatory observational period prior to KT after curative nephrectomy


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Graft Rejection , Graft Survival , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Nephrectomy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplant Recipients
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