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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 23(4): 571-577, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-761703

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: to analyze the process of tissue repair in patients with venous ulcers using inelastic compression therapy (the Unna Boot), in comparison with the use of the elastic bandage.Method: a controlled randomized clinical trial in which the patients (n=18) were allocated to two groups, those who used the Unna Boot (group B) and those who used the elastic bandage (group A). The study's follow-up period was 13 weeks.Results: a significant reduction took place, at the level of 5%, in the area, in square centimeters, of the ulcers of group B (p<0.0001) throughout the treatment, and there was a tendency of group A for reduction in the area of the ulcer, in centimeters squared (p=0.06), only after the fifth week.Conclusion: the treatment with the Unna Boot presented better results in venous ulcers with areas over 10cm², and the elastic bandage with Petrolatum(r) gauze in venous ulcers below 10cm². Brazilian Clinical Trials Register: Trial (req: 195) and WHO UTN U1111-1122-5489.


ResumoObjetivo:analisar o processo de reparo tecidual de pacientes com úlcera venosa em uso da terapia compressiva inelástica (Bota de Unna), em comparação ao uso da bandagem elástica.Método:ensaio clínico controlado randomizado em que os pacientes (n=18) foram alocados em dois grupos, os que utilizavam a Bota de Unna (grupo B) e os que utilizavam a atadura elástica (grupo A). O tempo de seguimento da pesquisa foi de treze semanas.Resultados:ocorreu redução significativa, no nível de 5%, na área, em centímetros quadrados, das úlceras do grupo B (p<0,0001) ao longo de todo o tratamento, e tendência do grupo A à redução, na área da úlcera, em centímetros quadrados (p=0,06), apenas após a quinta semana.Conclusão:o tratamento com a Bota de Unna apresentou melhor resultado em úlceras venosas com áreas superiores a 10cm², e a atadura elástica com a gaze Petrolatum(r)em úlceras venosas inferiores a 10cm². Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: Trial (req: 195) e WHO UTN U1111-1122-5489.


ResumenObjetivo:analizar el proceso de reparación del tejido de pacientes con úlcera venosa que usan la terapia compresiva inelástica (Bota de Unna), en comparación con el uso del vendaje elástico.Método:ensayo clínico controlado aleatorio en que los pacientes (n=18) fueron designados en dos grupos, los que utilizaban la Bota de Unna (grupo B) y los que utilizaban el vendaje elástico (grupo A). El tiempo de duración de la investigación fue de trece semanas.Resultados:se constató reducción significativa, al nivel de 5%, en el área, en centímetros cuadrados, de las úlceras del grupo B (p<0,0001) a lo largo de todo el tratamiento; y tendencia del grupo A a la reducción, en el área de la úlcera, en centímetros cuadrados (p=0,06), solamente después de la quinta semana.Conclusión:el tratamiento con la Bota de Unna presentó mejor resultado en úlceras venosas con áreas superiores a 10cm², y el vendaje elástico con la gasa Petrolatum(r)en úlceras venosas inferiores a 10cm². Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos: Trial (req: 195) y WHO UTN U1111-1122-5489.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Graft vs Host Disease , Kidney Neoplasms , Lymphocyte Transfusion , Stem Cell Transplantation , Allografts , Cell Line, Tumor , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Graft vs Host Disease/pathology , Graft vs Host Disease/therapy , Kidney Neoplasms/immunology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/therapy , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred DBA , Neoplasm Metastasis
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 23(4): 587-594, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-761693

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: to relate complaints presented by emergency room patients, classified using the Manchester Triage System, with the final outcome (discharge/death/transfer).Methods: prospective cohort study, involving 509 patients who were admitted to the emergency room and remained there for more than 24 hours after admission, being monitored to the final outcome. Data were analyzed with a statistical program using descriptive and analytical statistics.Results: the mean age of the patients was 59.1 years and 59.3% were male. The main complaints were unwell adult (130 - 22.5%), shortness of breath in adults (81 - 14.0%), abdominal pain in adults (58 - 10.0%) and behaving strangely (34 - 5.9%), with 87% of the patients being discharged. More deaths were found in the patients classified in the severe colors, with 42.8% classified as red, 17.0% as orange and 8.9% as yellow. Among the patients classified as green, 9.6% died.Conclusion: in the various colors of the Manchester Triage System, death prevailed in patients that presented the complaints of unwell adult, shortness of breath, head injury, major trauma, diarrhea and vomiting. The higher the clinical priority the greater the prevalence of death.


ResumoObjetivo:relacionar queixas apresentadas pelos pacientes classificados pelo Sistema de Triagem de Manchester em um pronto-socorro com o desfecho final (alta/óbito/transferência).Métodos:estudo de coorte prospectivo, realizado com 509 pacientes que deram entrada no pronto-socorro e que nele permaneceram por mais de 24 horas após a admissão, sendo acompanhados até o desfecho final. Os dados foram digitados e analisados com estatística descritiva e analítica em um pacote estatístico.Resultados:entre os pacientes, 59,3% eram do sexo masculino, com idade média de 59,1 anos. As queixas principais eram de mal-estar no adulto (130-22,5%), dispneia em adulto (81-14,0%), dor abdominal em adulto (58-10,0%), alterações de comportamento (34-5,9%), sendo que, desses, 87% recebeu alta. Foram encontrados mais óbitos nos pacientes classificados nas cores mais graves, sendo 42,8% classificados como vermelho, 17,0% laranja e 8,9% como amarelo. Entre os pacientes classificados como verde, 9,6% evoluiu para óbito.Conclusão:nas diversas cores do Sistema de Triagem Manchester, o óbito prevaleceu nos pacientes que apresentaram a queixa de mal-estar no adulto, dispneia, sofreram trauma craniano, trauma maior, diarreia e vômito. Quanto maior a prioridade clínica maior a prevalência de óbito.


ResumenObjetivo:relacionar las quejas presentadas por los pacientes clasificados por el Sistema de Clasificación de Manchester, en un servicio de urgencia, con el desenlace final (alta/muerte/ transferencia).Métodos:estudio de cohorte prospectiva, realizado con 509 pacientes que dieron entrada en el servicio de urgencia y que en él permanecieron por más de 24 horas después de la admisión, siendo seguidos hasta el desenlace final. Los datos fueron introducidos y analizados con estadística descriptiva y analítica, en un programa estadístico.Resultados:entre los pacientes, 59,3% eran del sexo masculino, con edad promedio de 59,1 años. Las quejas principales eran de malestar en adulto (130-22,5%), disnea en adulto (81-14,0%), dolor abdominal en adulto (58- 10,0%), alteraciones de comportamiento (34-5,9%), siendo que, de estos, 87% recibió alta. Fueron encontradas más muertes entre los pacientes clasificados con los colores más graves, siendo 42,8% clasificados como rojo, 17,0% naranja y 8,9% como amarillo. Entre los pacientes clasificados como verde, 9,6% evolucionó para la muerte.Conclusión:en los diversos colores del Sistema de Clasificación Manchester, la muerte prevaleció en los pacientes que presentaron la queja de malestar en adulto, disnea, sufrieron trauma craniano, trauma mayor, diarrea y vómito. Cuanto mayor es la prioridad clínica mayor es la prevalencia de la muerte.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , HLA-B Antigens , Haplotypes/immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Allografts , Disease-Free Survival , Graft vs Host Disease/genetics , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Graft vs Host Disease/mortality , HLA-B Antigens/genetics , HLA-B Antigens/immunology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/immunology , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/mortality , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/pathology , Siblings , Survival Rate , Tissue Donors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/immunology
3.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-8, 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950805

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: CD4+CD25highFOXP3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells, which include thymus-derived and peripherally induced cells, play a central role in immune regulation, and are therefore crucial to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The increasing use of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for elderly patients with thymus regression, and our case of allo-HSCT shortly after total thymectomy, raised questions about the activity of thymus-derived Treg cells and peripherally induced Treg cells, which are otherwise indistinguishable. RESULTS: We found that despite pre-transplant thymectomy or older age, both naïve and effector Treg cells, as well as naïve and effector conventional T cells, proliferated in allo-HSCT recipients. Higher proportions of total Treg cells 1 month post allo-HSCT, and naïve Treg cells 1 year post allo-HSCT, appeared in patients achieving complete chimera without developing significant chronic GVHD, including our thymectomized patient, compared with patients who developed chronic GVHD. CONCLUSIONS: Treg cells that modulate human allogeneic immunity may arise peripherally as well as in the thymus of allo-HSCT recipients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Thymectomy , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Transplantation, Homologous , Age Factors , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 89(4): 632-637, Jul-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-715521

ABSTRACT

The graft-versus-host disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Aiming at contributing to the understanding of the role of myeloid and plasmacytoid dendritic cells, and natural killer cells in chronic graft-versus-host disease, we examined biopsies of jugal mucosa of 26 patients with acute myeloid leukemia who had undergone allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Half of these patients developed oral chronic graft-versus-host disease. Microscopic sections were immunohistochemically stained for anti-CD1a, anti-CD123 and anti-CD56. We calculated the number of immunostained cells in the corium per square millimeter and applied the Mann-Whitney test. Results showed a statistically significant increase of myeloid dendritic cells (CD1a+; p=0,02) and natural killer cells (CD56; p=0,04) in patients with oral chronic graft-versus-host disease. CD123 immunostaining showed no statistical difference between groups. It was concluded that myeloid dendritic cells and natural killer cells participate in the development of oral chronic graft-versus-host disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Dendritic Cells/pathology , Graft vs Host Disease/pathology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Killer Cells, Natural/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Apoptosis , Antigens, CD/immunology , Biopsy , Cell Count , Chronic Disease , Dendritic Cells/immunology , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Immunohistochemistry , Killer Cells, Natural/immunology , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/immunology , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/immunology , Statistics, Nonparametric
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213996

ABSTRACT

In the last 10 years, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as a therapeutic approach to regenerative medicine, cancer, autoimmune diseases, and many more due to their potential to differentiate into various tissues, to repair damaged tissues and organs, and also for their immunomodulatory properties. Findings in vitro and in vivo have demonstrated immune regulatory function of MSCs and have facilitated their application in clinical trials, such as those of autoimmune diseases and chronic inflammatory diseases. There has been an increasing interest in the role of MSCs in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), including hematopoietic stem cell engraftment and the prevention and treatment of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and their therapeutic potential has been reported in numerous clinical trials. Although the safety of clinical application of MSCs is established, further modifications to improve their efficacy are required. In this review, we summarize advances in the potential use of MSCs in HSCT. In addition, we discuss their use in clinical trials of the treatment of GVHD following HSCT, the immunomodulatory capacity of MSCs, and their regenerative and therapeutic potential in the field of HSCT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chimerism , Clinical Trials as Topic , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunomodulation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology
6.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 140(5): 555-560, mayo 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-648580

ABSTRACT

Background: Minor histocompatibility antigens (mHAgs) play a critical role in the immune responses associated with allogeneic stem cell transplantation, such as graft versus host disease (GVHD) and graft-versus-tumor (GVT). Aim: To determine the gene frequencies of the mHAgs HA-1, HA-2 and HA-8 in Chilean Blood Bank donors. Material and Methods: Blood from 192 blood donors was analyzed. The presence of haplotype HLA-A*02 was determined by flow cytometry. The frequency of mHAgs was determined by allele specific polymerase chain reaction in genomic DNA. Results: Sixty one participants were carriers of the haplotype HLA-A*02. The relative allele frequency HA-1H was 45%, HA-Ir 55%, HA-2V 80.6%, HA-2M 19.4%, HA-8R 49.8% and HA-8P was 50.2%. Based on mHAgs disparity between HA-1, HA-2 or HA-8, the probability to generate a GVT response in HLA-A*02 individuals was 40%. Conclusions: The mHAgs frequency in Chilean population is under Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and they are similar to those of other ethnic populations in the world.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Donors , Graft vs Host Disease , Gene Frequency/genetics , HLA Antigens/genetics , Minor Histocompatibility Antigens/genetics , Chile , Graft vs Host Disease/genetics , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Graft vs Tumor Effect/genetics , Histocompatibility Testing , Minor Histocompatibility Antigens/analysis , Minor Histocompatibility Antigens/immunology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Homologous
7.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 130(4): 219-224, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-647946

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is one of the complications following allogenic stem cell transplantation. This study investigated an association between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and the occurrence of acute and chronic GVHD in patients who had received stem cell transplantations from HLA-identical siblings. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective study at Hematology and Hemotherapy Center, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp). METHODS: The participants were 176 patients whose first transplant was between 1997 and 2009. HLA genotyping was performed serologically and using the polymerase chain reaction with specific primer sequence. RESULTS: Acute GVHD was positively associated with HLA-A10 (P = 0.0007), HLA-A26 (P = 0.002), B55 (P = 0.001), DRB1*15 (P = 0.0211) and DQB1*05 (P = 0.038), while HLA-B16 (P = 0.0333) was more frequent in patients without acute GVHD. Chronic GVHD was positively associated with HLA-A9 (P = 0.01) and A23 (P = 0.0292) and negatively with HLA-A2 (P = 0.0031) and B53 (P = 0.0116). HLA-B35 (P = 0.0373), B49 (P = 0.0155) and B55 (P = 0.0024) were higher in patients with acute GVHD grade 3 or above, than in other patients. In patients with extensive chronic GVHD, HLA-A9 (P = 0.0004), A24 (P = 0.0059) and A26 (P = 0.0411) were higher than in other patients, while HLA-A2 was lower (P = 0.0097). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that HLA can influence the incidence and severity of acute and chronic GVHD. However, a study with a better design and more patients will be needed to confirm these results.


CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: A doença do enxerto contra o hospedeiro (DECH) é uma das complicações pós-transplante alogênico de células progenitoras hematopoéticas. Este estudo investigou uma associação entre o antígeno leucocitário humano (HLA) e a ocorrência de DECH aguda e crônica, em pacientes que receberam transplantes de irmãos HLA-idênticos. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo retrospectivo no Centro de Hematologia e Hemoterapia da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp). MÉTODOS: Os participantes foram 176 pacientes cujo primeiro transplante foi entre 1997 e 2009. A tipagem HLA foi realizada por sorologia e reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) com sequência específica de primers. RESULTADOS: A DECH aguda foi associada positivamente com HLA-A10 (P = 0,0007), HLA-A26 (P = 0,002), B55 (P = 0,001), DRB1*15 (P = 0,0211) e DQB1*05 (P = 0,038), enquanto HLA-B16 (P = 0,0333) foi mais frequente em pacientes sem DECH aguda. A DECH crônica foi associada positivamente com HLA-A9 (P = 0,01) e A23 (P = 0,0292) e, negativamente, com HLA-A2 (P = 0,0031) e B53 (P = 0,0116). HLA-B35 (P = 0,0373), B49 (P = 0,0155) e B55 (P = 0,0024) estavam aumentados em pacientes com DECH aguda grau 3 ou maior, em comparação aos outros pacientes. Em pacientes com DECH crônica extensa, HLA-A9 (P = 0,0004), A24 (P = 0,0059) e A26 (P = 0,0411) estavam aumentados em comparação aos outros pacientes, enquanto HLA-A2 estava diminuído (P = 0,0097). CONCLUSÕES: Este estudo sugere que o HLA pode influenciar a ocorrência de DECH aguda e crônica e a sua gravidade. No entanto, um estudo com melhor desenho e com mais pacientes será necessário para confirmar esses resultados.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , HLA Antigens/immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Acute Disease , Chi-Square Distribution , Chronic Disease , Gene Frequency , Graft vs Host Disease/genetics , HLA Antigens/genetics , Living Donors , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Transplantation, Homologous/adverse effects , Transplantation, Homologous/immunology
8.
Clinics ; 65(11): 1099-1103, 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-571423

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Minor histocompatibility antigen HA-1 (MiHAg-HA-1) disparity between a patient and his or her human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genoidentical donor has been widely associated with an increased risk of graft-versus-host disease following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of HA-1 disparity on the incidence of both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease in Tunisian recipients of hematopoietic stem cells. METHODS: A total of 60 patients and their 60 respective sibling hematopoietic stem cell donors were enrolled in this study. All patients prophylactically received cyclosporine A and/or methotrexate for graft-versus-host disease. An HA-1 genotyping assay was performed with the SSP-PCR method, and HLA-A*0201- and/or HLA-A*0206-positive samples were identified using the Luminex HLA typing method. RESULTS: The Luminex HLA typing assay showed that 54 patients were positive for either the HLA-A*0201 or HLA-A*0206 alleles. Among these cases, six pairs were mismatched for MiHAg-HA-1. Both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease occurred in four mismatched patients (Fisher's p-values were 0.044 and 0.170, respectively). A univariate logistic regression model analysis showed that only acute graft-versus-host disease may be affected by recipient MiHAg-HA-1 disparity (p: 0.041, OR: 6.727), while chronic graft-versus-host disease correlates with both age and recipient/donor sex mismatch (p: 0.014, OR: 8.556 and p: 0.033, OR: 8.664, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our findings support previously reported data suggesting a significant association between HA-1 disparity and the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , HLA Antigens/immunology , Minor Histocompatibility Antigens/immunology , Oligopeptides/immunology , Alleles , Histocompatibility Testing , Logistic Models , Minor Histocompatibility Antigens/genetics , Oligopeptides/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Tunisia
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193636

ABSTRACT

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is mediated by mature donor T cells contained in the hematopoietic stem cell graft. During the development of GVHD, signaling through a variety of costimulatory receptors plays an important role in allogeneic T cell responses. Even though delivery of costimulatory signals is a prerequisite for full activation of donor T cells in the phase of their interactions with host APCs, their involvement with GVHD might occur over multiple stages. Like many other aspects of GVHD, promise of therapeutic interventions with costimulatory pathways has been gleaned from preclinical models. In this review, I summarize some of the advances in roles of costimulatory molecules in GVHD pathophysiology and discuss preclinical approaches that warrant further exploration in the clinic, focusing on novel strategies to delete pathogenic T cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Transplantation Immunology/immunology , Transplantation, Homologous
10.
Assiut Medical Journal. 2009; 33 (1): 121-132
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-112025

ABSTRACT

Outcome of unrelated donor marrow transplantation is influenced by donor/recipient matching for HLA. Prior studies assessing the effect of mismatch at specific HLA loci have yielded conflicting results. Disparity for HLA-A or HLA-B antigens increases the risk of poor marrow graft outcome, but little is known about the relevance of HLA-C matching. This work aimed to evaluate the effect of HLA-C matching on hematopoietic stem cell transplant, outcome specifically on the acute graft versus host disease [aGVHD]. Seventy patients given hematopoietic stem cell transplant [HSCT] in different transplant centers with their relevant donors were included in the study, HLA class I [HLA-A, -B] and class II [DRB1, DQR1, DPB1] typing was performed using polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe [PCR-SSOP] and HLA-C typed by PCR-sequence specific priming [PCR-SSP] technique. The risk of aGVHD during the first three months after HSCT was estimated. Fifty two [74.3%] donor/recipient pairs were mismatched for HLA class I alleles, eighteen [34.6%] of them experienced aGVHD. While no history ofaGVHD was reported in eighteen HLA class I full matched pairs [25.7%]. Higher incidence of aGVHD was observed with isolated HLA-A mismatch [28.6%], and for isolated HLA-B and HLA-C locus mismatch, the incidence were 25% and 16.7% respectively. The incidence of aGVHD was elevated if HLA-A or HLA-B mismatch is associated with HLA-C mismatch [40% and 37.5% respectively]. Much higher incidence of aGVHD was associated with combined HLA-A-B and-C mismatch [44.4%]. The estimated odds ratio [OR] of aGVHD for total HLA-C mismatch relative to matched pairs [univariable model] was 5.0 [95% CI 1.3-19.4; P= 0.01]. The degree of HLA-C allele mismatch [one or two alleys mismatch] were significantly related to aGVHD outcome [OR, 3.9, P= 0.03; OR, 10.8; P .009 respectively]. HLA-A or HLA-B allele disparity was also associated with aGVHD. As regard the analysis of total HLA-A and -B mismatched pairs with their corresponding matched locus, they demonstrated significant adverse effect on aGVHD [OR, 2.8; P=0.04; OR 3.0; P=0.03]. It was concluded that HLA-C may function as a powerful transplantation antigen. HLA-C compatibility should be incorporated into algorithms for donor selection to improve the outcome especially in patients who have an increased risk. The presence of HLA-C mismatch with either HLA-A or HIA-B mismatch leads to a synergistic increase in cytotoxic responses and poor graft outcomes [the development of aGVHD]; however, isolated HLA-C mismatch may be acceptable with respect to T-cell mediated alloreactivity


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , HLA-C Antigens
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71710

ABSTRACT

Severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients without an HLA-matched sibling donor need alternative treatment options. Umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) has become an alternative means for treating various diseases, but it has not been proved to be a satisfactory method to treat SAA. Here, we report the case of a girl who underwent successful two-unit UCBT after engraftment failure with a single unit. Twounit UCBT is proposed to have better engraftment potential and to offer a better chance of survival, according to some reports. Increased cell dose and graft-versus-graft reaction could contribute to these advantages. With this promising result, two-unit UCBT could be an alternative treatment option for patients with SAA without an HLA-matched donor.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/diagnosis , Child, Preschool , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Female , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , HLA Antigens/immunology , Histocompatibility , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
12.
Clinics ; 63(5): 667-676, 2008.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-495043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to evaluate the dynamics of CD28 and CD57 expression in CD8+ T lymphocytes during cytomegalovirus viremia in bone marrow transplant recipients. METHODS: In a prospective study, blood samples were obtained once weekly once from 33 healthy volunteers and weekly from 33 patients. To evaluate the expression of CD57 and CD28 on CD8+ T lymphocytes, flow cytometry analysis was performed on blood samples for four months after bone marrow transplant, together with cytomegalovirus antigenemia assays. RESULTS: Compared to cytomegalovirus-seronegative healthy subjects, seropositive healthy subjects demonstrated a higher percentage of CD57+ and a lower percentage of CD28+ cells (p<0.05). A linear regression model demonstrated a continuous decrease in CD28+ expression and a continuous increase in CD57+ expression after bone marrow transplant. The occurrence of cytomegalovirus antigenemia was associated with a steep drop in the percentage of CD28+ cells (5.94 percent, p<0.01) and an increase in CD57+ lymphocytes (5.60 percent, p<0.01). This cytomegalovirus-dependent effect was for the most part concentrated in the allogeneic bone marrow transplant patients. The development of acute graft versus host disease, which occurred at an earlier time than antigenemia (day 26 vs. day 56 post- bone marrow transplant), also had an impact on the CD57+ subset, triggering an increase of 4.9 percent in CD57+ lymphocytes (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: We found continuous relative changes in the CD28+ and CD57+ subsets during the first 120 days post- bone marrow transplant, as part of immune system reconstitution and maturation. A clear correlation was observed between the expansion of the CD57+CD28-CD8+ T lymphocyte subpopulation and the occurrence of graft versus host disease and cytomegalovirus viremia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Antigens, CD/immunology , Bone Marrow Transplantation/immunology , /immunology , Cytomegalovirus Infections/immunology , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Viremia/immunology , /immunology , /immunology , /immunology , /virology , Cytomegalovirus Infections/blood , Cytomegalovirus Infections/prevention & control , Graft vs Host Disease/virology , Linear Models , Prospective Studies , Viremia/blood , Viremia/prevention & control , Young Adult
13.
Braz. oral res ; 20(3): 191-195, Jul.-Sept. 2006. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-435805

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the impact of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) on Helicobacter pylori colonization of the oral mucosa by nested polymerase chain reaction (nested-PCR). Forty six consecutive patients submitted to HSCT and 46 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Oral swabs were taken from the oral mucosa of the patients and control group. The medical records of the patients were reviewed and the following information was retrieved: gender and age of the patient, donor gender, primary disease, stem cell source (bone marrow or blood stem cells), leukocyte, neutrophil and platelet counts, and chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) of salivary glands. The results demonstrated an increased frequency of H. pylori in the oral mucosa of HSCT patients compared to controls (rho = 0.002). The presence of H. pylori in the oral mucosa was not related to the severity of cGVHD. The median counts of platelet/mm³, leukocytes/mm³ and neutrophils/mm³ in the group of HSCT patients positive for H. pylori were not statistically different from those of the patients negative for it. In conclusion, the present study shows increased frequency of H. pylori in the oral mucosa of HSCT patients compared to non-transplanted healthy volunteers.


O objetivo do estudo é investigar o impacto do transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas (TCTH) na colonização da mucosa bucal pela Helicobacter pylori através do "nested-PCR". Quarenta e seis pacientes submetidos ao TCTH e 46 indivíduos saudáveis foram incluídos no estudo. Raspados de mucosa bucal foram realizados nos pacientes do grupo de estudo e grupo controle. Os dados médicos dos pacientes foram revisados e as seguintes informações foram coletadas: gênero e idade do paciente, gênero do doador, doença primária, fonte de células-tronco (medula óssea ou células-tronco sanguíneas), número de leucócitos, neutrófilos e plaquetas, doença do enxerto contra o hospedeiro crônica (DECHc) de glândulas salivares. Os resultados demonstram aumento na freqüência de H. pylori na mucosa bucal de pacientes submetidos ao TCTH comparado com grupo controle (r = 0.002). A presença da H. pylori na mucosa bucal não teve relação com a severidade da DECHc. As medianas de número de plaquetas/mm³, leucócitos/mm³ e neutrófilos/mm³ no grupo de pacientes TCTH positivos para H. pylori não foram estatisticamente diferentes das medianas dos pacientes negativos. Concluindo, o presente estudo mostra um aumento da freqüência da H. pylori na mucosa bucal de pacientes submetidos ao TCTH quando comparada com a de um grupo de voluntários não transplantados saudáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Graft vs Host Disease/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Mouth Mucosa/microbiology , Carrier State , Case-Control Studies , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Gastrointestinal Diseases/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/pathology , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Graft vs Host Disease/pathology , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/standards , Immunocompromised Host , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tissue Donors
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-181050

ABSTRACT

In a murine model of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-like chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD), donor CD8+T cells rapidly fall into anergy to host cells, while donor CD4+T cells hyperactivate B cells and break B-cell tolerance to self-Ags in the recipient mouse. The functional recovery of donor CD8+T cells can result in the conversion of cGVHD to acute GVHD (aGVHD), indicating that donor CD8+T-cell anergy is a restriction factor in the development of cGVHD. In this report, we present evidence that donor CD4+CD25+regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells) are critical in maintaining the donor CD8+T-cell anergy and thus suppressing the development of aGVHD in mice that are naturally prone to cGVHD. Our results provide a novel insight into the role of T(reg) cells in determining cGVHD versus aGVHD.


Subject(s)
T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , Mice, Inbred DBA , Mice , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit/metabolism , Immune Tolerance/physiology , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Female , Clonal Anergy/physiology , Chronic Disease , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Animals
15.
Rev. invest. clín ; 57(2): 291-297, mar.-abr. 2005. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-632483

ABSTRACT

The feasibility of applying allogeneic cell -mediated therapy in conjunction with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation following reduced -intensity conditioning, with minimal toxicity and no serious transplant-related complications, makes it possible to perform such procedures on an outpatient basis as well to offer a valid option for cure to elderly individuals and patients with less than optimal performance status. Based on available experience, clinical application of this innovative therapy may open new horizons for the treatment of patients with leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma and other diseases. Many patients can now benefit from the advantages of immunotherapy mediated by alloreactive donor lymphocytes, while minimizing transplant-related toxicity and mortality. This kind of transplant is making real progress in the world of transplantation.


El trasplante alogénico no mieloablativo basa su efecto en la capacidad de los linfocitos del donador de erradicar a la enfermedad residual del paciente. El empleo de dosis reducidas de intensidad de radioterapia y/o quimioterapia permite su empleo en pacientes de edad avanzada y aún con comorbilidad. La poca toxicidad del procedimiento evita frecuentemente la hospitalización del paciente, se asocia a menor frecuencia de infecciones y de transfusiones, por ello el costo es sensiblemente menor e ideal para países pobres. Se ha utilizado con éxito desde hace ocho años y en nuestro país su aplicación es cada vez más frecuente. La utilidad principal se ha observado en leucemias crónicas y linfomas indolentes. En leucemia aguda mieloblástica en primera remisión también es útil, siendo menos efectivo en la leucemia aguda linfoblástica y los linfomas no-Hodgkin agresivos. También puede ser utilizado en niños y en pacientes con enfermedades benignas. El trasplante no-mieloablativo es una realidad en el área de los trasplantes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation Conditioning/methods , Clinical Trials as Topic , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Forecasting , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Hematologic Diseases/surgery , Hematologic Neoplasms/surgery , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Mexico , Transplantation Chimera , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome , Transplantation Conditioning/mortality , Transplantation Conditioning/statistics & numerical data
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 55(4): 801-11, dez. 1997. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-209380

ABSTRACT

O envolvimento da doença do enxerto contra o hospedeiro crônica (DECH-C) no sistema nervoso central tem sido especulado. Há uma série de semelhanças clínicas e fisiopatológicas entre DECH-C e doenças auto-imunes, o que leva a questionar sobre a síntese intratecal de imunoglobulinas. Este estudo avalia esta síntese, em particular durante a DECH-C, de forma quantitativa, a fim de observar sua incidência e possível fisiopatologia. Foram estudadas amostras pareadas de LCR e soro de 33 pacientes com leucemia mielóide crônica submetidos a transplante de medula óssea (TMO) alogênico, com doador aparentado, HLA idêntico. As amostras foram coletadas nos períodos pré TMO, pós TMO e concomitante à DECH-C. Näo foi evidenciada produçäo intratecal de IgG ou IgA nas várias fases do TMO. Apenas casos isolados evidenciaram síntese, inclusive de IgM, durante a DECH-C.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adult , Bone Marrow Transplantation/immunology , Graft vs Host Disease/cerebrospinal fluid , Immunoglobulins/analysis , Central Nervous System/immunology , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology
20.
In. Schiabel, Homero; Slaets, Annie France Frère; Costa, Luciano da Fontoura; Baffa Filho, Oswaldo; Marques, Paulo Mazzoncini de Azevedo. Anais do III Fórum Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Saúde. Säo Carlos, s.n, 1996. p.443-444.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-233810

ABSTRACT

A transfusão de sangue e dos componentes celulares contendo linfócitos vivos pode resultar na doença do Enxerto-Versus-Hospedeiro (DEVH) em pacientes imunocomprometidos. Ela pode ser prevenida pela irradiação dos componentes do sangue antes da transfusão. Este trabalho apresenta uma visão da realidade brasileira na prática de prevenção da doença, e apresenta proposta de otimização do problema.


Subject(s)
Immunocompromised Host/radiation effects , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Radiation Injuries/blood , Blood Transfusion , Brazil , T-Lymphocytes , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Equipment and Supplies/standards
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