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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 955-958, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939715

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been widely used in tissue regeneration and treatment graft versus host disease (GVHD) and immune diseases due to their self-renewal, multi-differentiation and immunoregulatory potential. However, more and more scholars begin to put weight on the MSC -derived extracellular vesicles (MSC-EV) for its regulation of inflammation and immunity. MSC-EV can activate the relevant signal pathways and regulate the function and biological behaviors of cells via acting on target cells and mediating communication between cells. MSC-EV has important potential clinical applications for its powerful immunomodulatory and hematopoietic regulatory functions. It is considered as a potential therapeutic tool to treat autoimmune diseases and GVHD. This paper reviewed the immunomodulatory activity of MSC-EV as well as the research progress of MSC-EV in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and discussed its potential clinical applications in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Extracellular Vesicles/transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease/metabolism , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 400-407, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929627

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the differences in the biological effects of different expansion systems on natural killer (NK) cells, as well as the safety and preliminary clinical efficacy in the treatment of patients with recurrence after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: Peripheral blood cells from healthy donors were stimulated with either CD3 combined with CD52 or K562 feeder cells loaded with IL-21/4-1BB to induce NK cell expansion. Changes in the NK cell phenotype, cytokine secretion, and cytotoxicity before and after expansion were detected. We also evaluated the safety and clinical efficacy of two different expansion strategies for patients received NK infusion. Results: Compared with the CD3/CD52 monoclonal antibody amplification system, the feeder cell expansion group had a higher purity of NK cells and higher expression ratios of NK cell surface activation receptors such as DNAM-1 and NKp30, while inhibitory receptor CTLA-4 expression was low and NKG2D/CD25/CD69/ Trail/PD-1/TIM-3/TIGIT had no statistically significant differences between the groups. Further functional results showed that the expression level of KI67 in NK cells after expansion in the two groups increased significantly, especially in the feeder cell expansion group. Simultaneously, the perforin and granzyme B levels of NK cells in the feeder cell expansion group were significantly higher than in the CD3/CD52 expansion group. A retrospective analysis of eight patients who received monoclonal antibody-expanded NK cell reinfusion and nine patients with trophoblast cell-expanded NK cell reinfusion was done. The disease characteristics of the two groups were comparable, NK cell reinfusion was safe, and there were no obvious adverse reactions. Clinical prognostic results showed that in the CD3/CD52 monoclonal antibody amplification group, the MRD conversion rate was 50% (2/4) , and the feeder cell expansion group was 50% (3/6) . After 5 years of follow-up from allo-HSCT, three patients in the monoclonal antibody expansion group had long-term survival without leukemia, and the remaining five patients had died; two patients died in the feeder cell expansion group, and the other six patients had long-term survival. Six cases had GVHD before NK cell reinfusion, and GVHD did not aggravate or even relieved after NK cell reinfusion. Conclusions: Preliminary results show that the biological characteristics of NK cells with diverse expansion strategies are significantly different, which may affect the clinical prognosis of patients with recurrence or persistent minimal residual disease after HSCT. The two groups of patients treated with NK cells from different expansion strategies had no obvious adverse reactions after NK cell infusion, but efficacy still needs to be further confirmed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Graft vs Host Disease/metabolism , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Killer Cells, Natural , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 938-944, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-31552

ABSTRACT

Recently, the association of Th-17 cells or IL-17 with ocular inflammatory diseases such as uveitis, scleritis and dry eye syndrome was discovered. We assessed whether interleukin (IL)-17 was present in the tears of various ocular surface inflammatory diseases and the tear IL-17 concentrations were clinically correlated with various ocular surface inflammatory diseases. We measured concentrations of IL-17 in tears of normal subjects (n = 28) and patients (n = 141) with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), dry eye syndrome (DES), Sjogren syndrome (SS), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), filamentary keratitis, and autoimmune keratitis associated with rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus. Clinical epitheliopathy scores were based on the surface area of corneal and conjunctival fluorescein staining. The mean concentrations of IL-17 in tears of patients with filamentary keratitis, GVHD, autoimmune keratitis, SS, DES, MGD, SJS were significantly higher in order than that in normal subjects. Tear IL-17 concentration was significantly correlated with clinical epitheilopathy scores in the patients with systemic inflammatory disease, while tear IL-17 was not correlated with clinical severity of the cornea and conjunctiva in the dry eye patients without any systemic inflammatory disease. Tear IL-17 is likely to correlate clinically with corneal disease severity only in the patients with systemic inflammatory disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dry Eye Syndromes/metabolism , Eye Diseases/diagnosis , Eyelid Diseases/metabolism , Graft vs Host Disease/metabolism , Interleukin-17/analysis , Keratitis/metabolism , Meibomian Glands/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Sjogren's Syndrome/metabolism , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/metabolism , Tears/metabolism
4.
Bauru; s.n; 2011. 110 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-865851

ABSTRACT

A doença enxerto contra hospedeiro (GVHD) é uma complicação comum nos pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas (TCTH), sendo considerada a maior causa de morbidade e mortalidade nesses pacientes. O principal objetivo do presente estudo foi relacionar a concentração de células de Langerhans em mucosa bucal de pacientes com GVHDc bucal com a expressão da quimiocina CCL20 e de seu receptor CCR6 no epitélio bucal, a fim de elucidar os mecanismos biológicos envolvidos no recrutamento das células de Langerhans na GVHDc. Foram selecionados fragmentos obtidos por biópsia de mucosa bucal de 60 pacientes onco-hematológicos e hematológicos submetidos previamente ao transplante de células tronco hematopoiéticas no Hospital Amaral Carvalho, Jaú SP, onde 30 pacientes desenvolveram GVHDc em mucosa bucal (Grupo 1) e 30 não desenvolveram GVHDc (Grupo 2). Amostras obtidas a partir de 30 biópsias de lesões não inflamatórias em mucosa bucal constituíram o Grupo Controle (Grupo 3). Cortes microscópicos foram avaliados em coloração de rotina Hematoxilina e Eosina, e submetidos à técnica imuno-histoquímica, utilizando-se anticorpos monoclonais anti-CD1a e anti-CCR6, e anticorpos policlonais anti-CCL20. As células de Langerhans CD1a+ foram quantificadas no epitélio da mucosa bucal, e os resultados demonstraram um maior número destas células nos pacientes com GVHDc quando comparados àqueles sem GVHDc e ao Grupo Controle (p<0,001). A análise da imunomarcação das moléculas CCR6 e CCL20 foi subjetiva com aplicação de escores. Quanto à molécula CCR6, houve maior expressão no Grupo 1 (p<0,001) em comparação aos outros Grupos; porém, quanto à expressão de CCL20, não houve diferença estatística entre os três Grupos (p=0,108). Estes resultados sugerem que o aumento das células de Langerhans, na doença enxerto contra hospedeiro crônica, em mucosa bucal, pode estar associado a maior expressão do receptor CCR6. Possivelmente, o maior recrutamento de células de...


The graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a common complication in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and considered a major cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. The main objective of this study was to compare the concentration of Langerhans cells in oral mucosa of patients with oral chronic GVHD (GVHDc) with the expression of the chemokine CCL20 and its receptor CCR6 in oral epithelium, in order to clarify the biological mechanisms involved in the recruitment of Langerhans cells in GVHDc. We selected 60 biopsies of oral mucosa from onco-hematological and hematological patients submitted to prior hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at Hospital Amaral Carvalho, Jaú - SP from which 30 patients developed GVHDc in the oral mucosa (Group 1) and 30 did not develop GVHDc (Group 2). The Control Group (Group 3) was obtained from 30 biopsies of non-inflammatory lesions of oral mucosa. Microscopic sections were evaluated in routine Hematoxylin and Eosin staining, and submitted to immunohistochemistry using anti-CD1a and anti-CCR6 monoclonal antibodies, and anti-CCL20 polyclonal antibody. The Langerhans cells (CD1a+) were quantified in the epithelium of the oral mucosa, and the results showed a greater number of these cells in patients with GVHDc compared to those without GVHDc and the Control Group (p<0.001). Analysis of immunostaining of molecules CCL20 and CCR6 were subjective with application of scores. The expression of CCR6 molecule was more significant in Group 1 (p<0.001) compared to other groups, but in relation to CCL20 expression, there was no statistical difference between the three groups (p=0.108). These results suggest that the increase of Langerhans cells in GVHDc affecting oral mucosa may be associated with increased expression of the receptor CCR6. We suggest that the increased recruitment of Langerhans cells to the oral mucosa in patients with transplanted bone marrow contributes...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Langerhans Cells/pathology , Graft vs Host Disease/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Chemokines/biosynthesis , /biosynthesis , Biopsy , Graft vs Host Disease/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , Mouth Mucosa/metabolism , Sex Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects
5.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 55(4): 812-8, dez. 1997. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-209381

ABSTRACT

A barreira hemato-encefálica (BHE) contribui para o isolamento imunológico do sistema nervoso central (SNC). Sua avaliaçäo nunca foi realizada em pacientes submetidos a transplante de medula óssea (TMO). Neste estudo a integridade da BHE foi avaliada através das proteínas do LCR, de forma quantitativa, a fim de observar a incidência e entender a fisiopatologia da doença do enxerto contra o hospedeiro crônica (DECH-C) no SNC. Foram estudadas amostras pareadas de LCR e soro de 33 pacientes com leucemia mielóide crônica submetidos a TMO alogênico, de doador aparentado, HLA idêntico. As amostras foram coletadas nos períodos pré TMO, pós TMO e concomitante à DECH-C. Nao foi evidenciada quebra de BHE durante a DECH-C em enhum dos casos estudados.


Subject(s)
Adult , Adolescent , Male , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Blood-Brain Barrier , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease/metabolism , Albumins/cerebrospinal fluid , Central Nervous System/physiopathology , Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteins/analysis , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease/physiopathology
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