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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 815-821, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980878

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Immunotherapies such as adoptive immune cell infusion and immune-modulating agents are widely used for cancer treatment, and the concomitant symptoms, including cytokine release syndrome (CRS) or immune-related adverse events (irAEs), are frequently reported. However, clinical manifestations induced by mismatched donor granulocyte colony-stimulating factor mobilized peripheral blood mononuclear cell (GPBMC) infusion in patients receiving microtransplant (MST) have not yet been well depicted.@*METHODS@#We analyzed 88 cycles of mismatched GPBMC infusion in patients with acute myeloid leukemia receiving MST and 54 cycles of chemotherapy without GPBMC infusion as a comparison. Clinical symptoms and their correlation with clinical features, laboratory findings, and clinical response were explored.@*RESULTS@#Fever (58.0% [51/88]) and chills (43.2% [38/88]) were the significant early-onset symptoms after GPBMC infusion. Patients possessing less human leukocyte antigen-matching loci with the donor or those with unrelated donors experienced more chills (3 [2-5] loci vs. 5 [3-5] loci, P  = 0.043 and 66.7% [12/18] vs. 37.1% [26/70], P  = 0.024). On the other hand, those with decreased CD4 + /CD8 + T-cell ratio developed more fever (0.8 [0.7-1.2] vs. 1.4 [1.1-2.2], P  = 0.007). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that younger patients experienced more fever (odds ratio [OR] = 0.963, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.932-0.995, P  = 0.022), while patients with younger donors experienced more chills (OR = 0.915, 95% CI: 0.859-0.975, P  = 0.006). Elevated ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein levels in the absence of cytokine storm were observed following GPBMC infusion, which indicated mild and transient inflammatory response. Although no predictive value of infusion-related syndrome to leukemia burden change was found, the proportion of host pre-treatment activated T cells was positively correlated with leukemia control.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mismatched GPBMC infusion in MST induced unique infusion-related symptoms and laboratory changes, which were associated with donor- or recipient-derived risk factors, with less safety and tolerance concerns than reported CRS or irAEs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Unrelated Donors , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Graft vs Host Disease
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 575-583, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980725

ABSTRACT

Chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (CIN) is a common hematological adverse events and dose-limiting toxicities of chemotherapy. CIN may lead to dose reduction and delay of chemotherapeutic agents, febrile neutropenia and severe infection, which results in increased treatment cost, reduced efficacy of chemotherapy, and even life-threatening morbidities. Assessment of risk of CIN, early detection of FN and infection, and proper prevention and treatment play a crucial role in reducing the occurrence of CIN-related morbidities, improving patient treatment safety and anticancer efficacy. Based on evidence and expert opinion, the expert committee of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association issued "the consensus on diagnosis and treatment of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia in China (2023 edition)", which is an update version of the 2019 edition, aiming to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of CIN for Chinese oncologists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Consensus , Neutropenia/prevention & control , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971128

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and its relative mechanism of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α) in bone marrow(BM) of mice during G-CSF mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) .@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Lin-Sca-1+ c-kit+ (LSK) cells in peripheral blood of C57BL/6J mice before and after G-CSF mobilization. And the expression of HIF-1α and osteocalcin (OCN) mRNA and protein were detected by RQ-PCR and immunohistochemistry. The number of osteoblasts in bone marrow specimens of mice was counted under the microscope.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of LSK cells in peripheral blood began to increase at day 4 of G-CSF mobilization, and reached the peak at day 5, which was significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.05). There was no distinct difference in the expression of HIF-1α mRNA between bone marrow nucleated cells and osteoblasts of steady-state mice (P=0.073), while OCN mRNA was mainly expressed in osteoblasts, which was higher than that in bone marrow nucleated cells (P=0.034). After mobilization, the expression level of HIF-1α increased, but OCN decreased, and the number of endosteum osteoblasts decreased. The change of HIF-1α expression was later than that of OCN and was consistent with the proportion of LSK cells in peripheral blood.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of HIF-1α in bone marrow was increased during the mobilization of HSC mediated by G-CSF, and one of the mechanisms may be related to the peripheral migration of HSC induced by osteoblasts inhibition.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/pharmacology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism , Osteocalcin/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 112-117, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969685

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the advantages and safety of Plerixafor in combination with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in autologous hematopoietic stem cell mobilization of lymphoma. Methods: Lymphoma patients who received autologous hematopoietic stem cell mobilization with Plerixafor in combination with G-CSF or G-CSF alone were obtained. The clinical data, the success rate of stem cell collection, hematopoietic reconstitution, and treatment-related adverse reactions between the two groups were evaluated retrospectively. Results: A total of 184 lymphoma patients were included in this analysis, including 115 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (62.5%) , 16 cases of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (8.7%) , 11 cases of follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (6.0%) , 10 cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (5.4%) , 6 cases of mantle cell lymphoma (3.3%) , and 6 cases of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (3.3%) , 6 cases of NK/T-cell lymphoma (3.3%) , 4 cases of Burkitt's lymphoma (2.2%) , 8 cases of other types of B-cell lymphoma (4.3%) , and 2 cases of other types of T-cell lymphoma (1.1%) ; 31 patients had received radiotherapy (16.8%) . The patients in the two groups were recruited with Plerixafor in combination with G-CSF or G-CSF alone. The baseline clinical characteristics of the two groups were basically similar. The patients in the Plerixafor in combination with the G-CSF mobilization group were older, and the number of recurrences and third-line chemotherapy was higher. 100 patients were mobilized with G-CSF alone. The success rate of the collection was 74.0% for one day and 89.0% for two days. 84 patients in the group of Plerixafor combined with G-CSF were recruited successfully with 85.7% for one day and 97.6% for two days. The success rate of mobilization in the group of Plerixafor combined with G-CSF was substantially higher than that in the group of G-CSF alone (P=0.023) . The median number of CD34(+) cells obtained in the mobilization group of Plerixafor combined with G-CSF was 3.9×10(6)/kg. The median number of CD34(+) cells obtained in the G-CSF Mobilization group alone was 3.2×10(6)/kg. The number of CD34(+) cells collected by Plerixafor combined with G-CSF was considerably higher than that in G-CSF alone (P=0.001) . The prevalent adverse reactions in the group of Plerixafor combined with G-CSF were grade 1-2 gastrointestinal reactions (31.2%) and local skin redness (2.4%) . Conclusion: The success rate of autologous hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in lymphoma patients treated with Plerixafor combined with G-CSF is significantly high. The success rate of collection and the absolute count of CD34(+) stem cells were substantially higher than those in the group treated with G-CSF alone. Even in older patients, second-line collection, recurrence, or multiple chemotherapies, the combined mobilization method also has a high success rate of mobilization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization/methods , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Heterocyclic Compounds/adverse effects , Lymphoma/drug therapy , Lymphoma, T-Cell/therapy , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous
5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 357-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985876

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, treatment regime, and outcome of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with DEK-NUP214 fusion gene. Methods: The clinical data, genetic and molecular results, treatment process and survival status of 7 cases of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene positive AML children admitted to the Pediatric Blood Diseases Center of Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from May 2015 to February 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: DEK-NUP214 fusion gene positive AML accounted for 1.02% (7/683) of pediatric AML diagnosed in the same period, with 4 males and 3 females. The age of disease onset was 8.2 (7.5, 9.5) years. The blast percentage in bone marrow was 0.275 (0.225, 0.480), and 6 cases were M5 by FAB classification. Pathological hematopoiesis was observed in all cases except for one whose bone marrow morphology was unknown. Three cases carried FLT3-ITD mutations, 4 cases carried NRAS mutations, and 2 cases carried KRAS mutations. After diagnosis, 4 cases received IAE induction regimen (idarubicin, cytarabine and etoposide), 1 case received MAE induction regimen (mitoxantrone, cytarabine and etoposide), 1 case received DAH induction regimen (daunorubicin, cytarabine and homoharringtonine) and 1 case received DAE induction regimen (daunorubicin, cytarabine and etoposide). Complete remission was achieved in 3 cases after one course of induction. Four cases who did not achieved complete remission received CAG (aclarubicin, cytarabine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor), IAH (idarubicin, cytarabine and homoharringtonine), CAG combined with cladribine, and HAG (homoharringtonine, cytarabine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) combined with cladribine reinduction therapy, respectively, all 4 cases reached complete remission. Six patients received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) after 1-2 sessions of intensive consolidation treatment, except that one case was lost to follow-up after complete remission. The time from diagnosis to HSCT was 143 (121, 174) days. Before HSCT, one case was positive for flow cytometry minimal residual disease and 3 cases were positive for DEK-NUP214 fusion gene. Three cases accepted haploid donors, 2 cases accepted unrelated cord blood donors, and 1 case accepted matched sibling donor. The follow-up time was 20.4 (12.9, 53.1) months, the overall survival and event free survival rates were all 100%. Conclusions: Pediatric AML with DEK-NUP214 fusion gene is a unique and rare subtype, often diagnosed in relatively older children. The disease is characterized with a low blast percentage in bone marrow, significant pathological hematopoiesis and a high mutation rate in FLT3-ITD and RAS genes. Low remission rate by chemotherapy only and very high recurrence rate indicate its high malignancy and poor prognosis. Early HSCT after the first complete remission can improve its prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin/therapeutic use , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Homoharringtonine/therapeutic use , Idarubicin/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins/genetics , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): e213-e217, oct. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395755

ABSTRACT

La neutropenia congénita grave (NCG) es una entidad heterogénea cuya característica común es un recuento absoluto de neutrófilos inferior a 0,5 x 10 9/l. Presenta gran heterogeneidad genética, las mutaciones más frecuentes son las del gen de la elastasa 2 (ELA 2). El tratamiento de primera elección es la administración de factor estimulador de colonias de granulocitos. Los pacientes con NCG presentan infecciones graves en etapas tempranas de la vida. Se presenta una paciente con NCG asociada a fenotipo peculiar con facies triangular, retromicrognatia, patrón venoso prominente en miembros inferiores, comunicación interauricular y mal progreso ponderal, en quien se diagnosticó déficit de la enzima glucosa 6 fosfato deshidrogenasa, subunidad catalítica 3 (G6PC3). A pesar de lo infrecuente de esta mutación como causa de NCG (2 %), su conocimiento cobra importancia porque la coexistencia del fenotipo característico con una NCG orienta en la solicitud del estudio genético que permite arribar al diagnóstico.


Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is a heterogeneous disease whose more common feature is an absolute neutrophil count less than 0.5 x 10 9/l. It presents great genetic heterogeneity. Autosomal dominant inherited mutations of the elastase 2 gene (ELA2) represent the most common etiology. The first choice treatment is the administration of granulocyte colony stimulating factor. Patients with SCN develop severe infections early in life. We present a patient who associated SCN to a peculiar phenotype, characterized by triangular facies, retromicrognathia, prominent venous pattern in the lower limbs, atrial septal defect and poor weight progress, in whom a deficiency of the enzyme glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase, a catalytic subunit 3 (G6PC3), was diagnosed. Despite the infrequency of this mutation as the origin of SCN (2%), its knowledge becomes important because the coexistence of the characteristic phenotype and SCN guides the request for the genetic study that allows reaching the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase/genetics , Neutropenia/congenital , Neutropenia/diagnosis , Neutropenia/genetics , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/genetics , Congenital Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes/diagnosis , Mutation
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928769

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly worldwide since outbreak in December 2019, and become a global public health crisis. Patients with hematological malignancy concurrently infected with COVID-19 are often associated with severe even fatal complications, due to low basic immune function, high intensity of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and slow immune reconstruction post hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and their treatment strategies, such as anti-infective therapy, blood transfusion, and the use of granulocyte colony stimulating factor need to be adjusted. The characteristics of patients, chemotherapy, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and other clinical factors may affect the prognosis of patients with hematological malignancy concurrently infected with COVID-19. Herein, the latest research progress is reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Prognosis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928707

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect and safety of G-CSF combined with Plerixafor on the mobilization of peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells from healthy related donors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#It was analyzed retrospectively that the data of peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells from 33 (observation group) related donors mobilized by G-CSF plus Plerixafor in Hebei Yanda Lu Daopei Hospital from April 2019 to April 2021. Bone marrow and peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells (PBSCs) of these donors were respectively collected on the fourth and fifth day of G-CSF-induced mobilization. Following the administration of Plerixafor on the night of the fifth day, PBSCs were collected on the sixth day once again. 46 donors using "G-CSF only" mobilization method in the same period were randomly selected as the control and respectively analyzed the differences of CD34+ cell counts on the fifth and the sixth day in two groups. And the donors' adverse reaction to Plerixafor in the form of questionnaire was also observed. Then it was compared that the patients who underwent allo-HSCT in "G-CSF+Plerixafor" group and "G-CSF only" group in terms of acute GVHD at grade I-IV or III-IV, CMV reactivation and EBV reactivation.@*RESULTS@#CD34+ cells count (M±Q) among PBSCs collected on the fifth and the sixth day in the observation group were (1.71±1.02)×106/kg and (4.23±2.33)×106/kg, respectively. CD34+ cell counts on the sixth day was significantly higher than that of the fifth day (P<0.001); While the counterparts in the control group were (2.47±1.60)×106/kg and (1.87±1.37)×106/kg, respectively. By statistical analysis, CD34+ cell counts on the sixth day was significantly less than that of the fifth day (P<0.001). The adverse reaction to Plerixafor for the donors in the study were all grade 1 or 2 (mild or moderate) according to CTCAE 5.0 and disappeared in a short time. The patients who underwent allo-HSCT in the "G-CSF+Plerixafor" group and "G-CSF only" group were not statistically significant in terms of acute GVHD at grade I-IV or III-IV, CMV reactivation and EBV reactivation (P>0.1).@*CONCLUSION@#The cell mobilization program of G-CSF combined with Plerixafor is safe and effective for being applied to allo-HSCT. The addition of Plerixafor can significantly increase the number of CD34 postive cells in the PBSC collection. Key words  ; ;


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD34 , Benzylamines , Cyclams , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Heterocyclic Compounds , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of decitabine (DEC) combined with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on the number of immune cells, efficacy and adverse reactions in the treatment of myeloid neoplasms patients.@*METHODS@#Eighty-four patients with myeloid tumors, including AML, MDS-EB-1 or MDS-EB-2 treated by the regimen containing decitabine in our hospital from January 2009 to October 2019 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed, among the patients, 21 patients treated with DEC alone, 24 patients treated with DEC combined with ATRA (DEC/ATRA) and 39 patients treated with DEC combined with G-CSF priming regimen (DEC/priming). The changes of peripheral blood immune cell levels before and after treatment of the patients between the three groups were compared, and the differences in clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of the patients between the three groups were also compared.@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical differences in the number of immune cells among the patients in the three groups before treatment (P>0.05). NK cell levels decreased significantly in the patients in DEC and DEC/ATRA group after treatment (P<0.05); After treatment, the levels of CD8+ and CD3+T cells in the patients treated by DEC /priming regimen significantly increased (P<0.05), while the levels of CD3-HLA-DR+ B cells significantly decreased (P<0.05). The overall response rate (ORR) of the patients in DEC/ATRA group (75%) and DEC/priming group (74.36%) was significantly higher than 42.86% in DEC monotherapy group, and the differences showed statistically significant (P<0.05), while the ORR between the patients in DEC/ATRA and DEC/priming group showed no statistic differences (P>0.05). There were no statistical differences in overall survival (OS) and incidence of bleeding between the patients in the three groups (P>0.05). The incidences of grade 3 to 4 bone marrow suppression and the infection rate of the patients in DEC monotherapy and DEC/ATRA group were significantly lower than that in DEC/priming regimen group after treatment (all P<0.05), however, there was no statistical difference between DEC monotherapy and the DEC/ATRA group.@*CONCLUSION@#The efficacy of DEC/ATRA on myeloid neoplasms is comparable to that of DEC/priming regimen, and the anti-myeloid tumor effect of DEC/ATRA regimen may be related to the regulation of NK cells and T cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tretinoin/therapeutic use
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939712

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the intervention effect of recombinant human interleukin-11 (rhIL-11) and recombinant human granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) on the duration and severity of agranulocytosis in patients with hematological malignancies after chemotherapy, and to analyze the influencing factors.@*METHODS@#The data of hematological malignancy patients treated with rhIL-11 and rhG-CSF after chemotherapy in the hematology department of The First Hospital of Lanzhou University from July 2017 to July 2020 were collected retrospectively. The duration and differences of agranulocytosis in differeent groups were compared by univariate analysis, and the influencing factors of agranulocytosis duration were further analyzed by multiple regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#The duration of agranulocytosis in 97 patients was 6.47±2.93 days. The results of univariate analysis showed that there were no statistical differences in the duration of agranulocytosis among patients with different sex, age, height, weight, body surface area, body mass index (BMI), dose of rhG-CSF, dose of rhIL-11, spontaneous bleeding after administration of rhG-CSF and rhIL-11, and the duration of agranulocytosis in patients with different red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin(HGB) level, platelet count (PLT) and absolute neutrophil count (ANC), before administration of rhG-CSF and rhIL-11. There were significant differences in agranulocytosis time among patients with different disease types, chemotherapy cycle, fever after rhG-CSF and rhIL-11 administration, and different white blood cell count (WBC) baseline level before rhG-CSF and rhIL-11 administration (P<0.05). Compared with patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) had the longest duration of agranulocytosis, which was 7.07±3.05 d. Compared with patients with chemotherapy cycles of 4-6 and ≥7, patients with total chemotherapy cycle of 1-3 had the shortest duration of agranulocytosis, which was 5.25±2.48 d. Compared with patients without fever, patients with fever within 1 day after administration of cytokines and patients with fever within 2-5 days after administration of cytokines, the duration of agranulocytosis was the longest in patients with fever 6 days after administration of cytokines, which was 8.85±2.85 d. Compared with patients with WBC baseline <1.0×109/L, (1.0-1.9)×109/L and (2.0-3.9)×109/L, patients with WBC baseline ≥4.0×109/L had the shortest duration of agranulocytosis, which was 4.50±2.56 d. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that chemotherapy cycle, different fever after administration of rhG-CSF and rhIL-11, diagnosis of ALL and NHL, and WBC baseline level before administration of rhG-CSF and rhIL-11 were the influencing factors of the duration of agranulocytosis (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The risk of prolonged agranulocytosis is higher in patients diagnosed with AML, with more chemotherapy cycles, lower WBC baseline before cytokines administration and fever later after cytokines administration, which should be paid more attention to.


Subject(s)
Humans , Agranulocytosis , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Interleukin-11 , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939694

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the occurrence of immune dysfunction in children with aplastic anemia (AA) and the factors that may lead to immune dysfunction, analyze the relationship between the expression of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and immune dysfunction.@*METHODS@#A total of 34 children with AA treated in our hospital from December 2016 to September 2018 were selected. All the children received immunosuppressive therapy (IST) for 6 months. According to whether the children had immune dysfunction after 6 months of treatment, they were divided into occurrence group and non occurrence group. General information and laboratory indices were compared between the two groups, and serum G-CSF level was tested, the relationship between serum G-CSF level and immune dysfunction in AA children after treatment with IST was observed and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#After treatment with IST for 6 months, 12 cases developed immune dysfunction (35.29%). Serum interferon (IFN)-γ level of the occurrence group was higher but G-CSF level was lower than those of the non occurrence group (P<0.05), while the difference of other baseline data was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that overexpression of serum IFN-γ and low expression of G-CSF were both the influencing factors of immune dysfunction in AA children after IST treatment (OR>1, P<0.05). ROC curve was drawn, and the result showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of serum G-CSF level predicted the risk of immune dysfunction after IST was 0.843>0.80, when the index cut-off value was set at 6.614 pg/ml, the predictive value was ideal.@*CONCLUSION@#AA children have a higher risk of immune dysfunction after IST, which may be related to the low expression of serum G-CSF. The detection of serum G-CSF expression can be considered to predict the risk of immune dysfunction in AA children after IST, so as to guide early clinical intervention.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Anemia, Aplastic , Antilymphocyte Serum/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Immunity , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 87-92, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248988

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Glycogen storage disease (GSD) type 1b is a multisystemic disease in which immune and infectious complications are present, in addition to the well-known metabolic manifestations of GSD. Treatment with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is often indicated in the management of neutropenia and inflammatory bowel disease. OBJECTIVE To report on the demographics, genotype, clinical presentation, management, and complications of pediatric patients with glycogen storage disease type 1b (GSD 1b), with special attention to immune-related complications. METHODS Retrospective case series of seven patients with GSD 1b diagnosed and followed at a tertiary university hospital in Brazil, from July/2000 until July/2016. RESULTS Mean age at referral was fourteen months. Diagnosis of GSD 1b was based on clinical and laboratory findings and supported by genetic studies in five cases. All patients presented suffered from neutropenia, managed with G-CSF - specifically Filgrastim. Hospitalizations for infections were frequent. Two patients developed inflammatory bowel disease. Six patients remained alive, one died at age 14 years and 9 months. The mean age at the end of the follow-up was 11.5 years. Compliance to treatment was suboptimal: poor compliance to medications, starch and dietetic management of GSD were documented, and outpatient appointments were frequently missed. CONCLUSION Managing GSD 1b is challenging not only for the chronic and multisystemic nature of this disease, but also for the additional demands related dietary restrictions, use of multiple medications and the need for frequent follow-up visits; furthermore in Brazil, the difficulties are increased in a scenario where we frequently care for patients with unfavorable socioeconomic status and with irregular supply of medications in the public health system.


RESUMO CONTEXTO Glicogenose (GSD) tipo 1b é uma doença multissistêmica em que complicações imunológicas e infecciosas estão presentes, além das manifestações metabólicas bem conhecidas da GSD. O tratamento com fator estimulador de colônias de granulócitos (G-CSF) é frequentemente indicado no tratamento da neutropenia e doença inflamatória intestinal. OBJETIVO Relatar sobre a dados demográficos, genótipo, apresentação clínica, manejo e complicações de pacientes pediátricos com GSD tipo 1b (GSD 1b), com atenção especial às complicações relacionadas ao sistema imunológico. MÉTODOS Série de casos retrospectiva de sete pacientes com GSD 1b diagnosticados e acompanhados em um hospital universitário terciário no Brasil, de julho/2000 a julho/2016. RESULTADOS A idade média no encaminhamento foi de 14 meses. O diagnóstico de GSD 1b foi baseado em achados clínicos e laboratoriais e apoiado por estudos genéticos em cinco casos. Todos os pacientes apresentaram neutropenia, tratada com G-CSF - especificamente Filgrastim. As hospitalizações por infecções foram frequentes. Dois pacientes desenvolveram doença inflamatória intestinal. Seis pacientes permanecem vivos, um morreu aos 14 anos e 9 meses de idade. A média de idade ao final do acompanhamento foi de 11,5 anos. A adesão ao tratamento foi sub-ótima: má adesão aos medicamentos, amido e manejo dietético de GSD foram documentados, e consultas ambulatoriais foram frequentemente perdidas. CONCLUSÃO O manejo da GSD 1b é um desafio, não apenas pela natureza crônica e multissistêmica desta doença, mas também pelas demandas adicionais relacionadas a restrições dietéticas, uso de múltiplos medicamentos e a necessidade de consultas de acompanhamento frequentes; no Brasil, isso ainda é dificultado em um cenário em que frequentemente atendemos pacientes com situação socioeconômica desfavorável e com oferta irregular de medicamentos no sistema público de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Glycogen Storage Disease Type I/complications , Glycogen Storage Disease Type I/therapy , Neutropenia , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
15.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(1): e3359, ene.-feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156681

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La polineuropatía desmielinizante inflamatoria crónica (CIDP) es una enfermedad desmielinizante e inflamatoria de mediación autoinmune. El tratamiento convencional es basado en la inmunomodulación e inmunosupresión. El uso de células madre es una terapia novedosa en los trastornos autoinmune, siendo incluida como terapia. Objetivo: Determinar la eficacia de la movilización de células madre mediante la aplicación del factor estimulador de colonias granulocíticas (F-ECG) en pacientes con CIDP que han recibido otras líneas de tratamiento. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio aleatorizado, doble ciego sobre una cohorte de 45 pacientes con CIDP, donde se administró el (F-ECG) en 25 pacientes y 20 continuaron con el tratamiento habitual, tratados anteriormente con otras variantes terapéuticas por más de tres años, sin respuesta satisfactoria. Resultados: Predominio de los hombres para 64,4 por ciento, la Diabetes Mellitus tuvo mayor asociación y la medicación más usada fueron los esteroides. Los síntomas y signos clínicos mejoraron significativamente tras el tratamiento. Los valores de la puntuación del TCSS al mes y 3 meses después del tratamiento disminuyeron significativamente; pero este decremento no se mantuvo al final del estudio. La velocidad de conducción y el potencial de acción de los nervios sensoriales y motores mejoraron considerablemente después del tratamiento. Conclusiones: La efectividad de la aplicación del (F-ECG) para la mejoría de los síntomas clínicos y resultados de estudios neurofisiológicos evolutivamente son mayores que otras variantes terapéuticas en los primeros meses, con buena seguridad y tolerabilidad, por lo que se puede incluir en la terapéutica convencional para la CIDP(AU)


Introduction: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is an autoimmune demyelinating disease. Conventional treatment is based on immunomodulation and immunosuppression. The use of stem cells is a novel therapy in autoimmune disorders, so it is included as therapy. Objective: To determine the efficacy of mobilization of stem cells by applying granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in patients with CIDP who have followed other lines of treatment. Material and Methods: A randomized, double-blind study was carried out on a cohort of 45 patients with CIDP. G-CSF was administered to 25 patients and 20 of them continued with the usual treatment. These patients were previously treated with other therapeutic variants for more than three years without satisfactory response. Results: There was a prevalence of men (64.4 percent), Diabetes Mellitus had a greater association, and the most used medications were steroids. Clinical symptoms and signs improved significantly after treatment. TCSS scores significantly decreased at one and three months after treatment, but this decrease was not maintained at the end of the study. The conduction velocity and action potential of sensory and motor nerves improved considerably after treatment. Conclusions: The effectiveness of the use of G-CSF shows an improvement of clinical symptoms. The results of neurophysiological studies have a better course than other therapeutic variants during the first months, with good safety and tolerability, so it can be included in the conventional therapy for the CIDP(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Demyelinating Diseases/diagnosis , Polyradiculoneuropathy, Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating/therapy , Double-Blind Method , Immunosuppression Therapy , Stem Cell Transplantation/methods
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880177

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of spleen low molecular weight extracts on epileptics hydrochloride-induced leukopenia in mice and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The model of leukopenia in mice was established by the injection of epirubicin hydrochloride (10 mg/kg). After the injection of chemotherapeutic drugs, leukocytopenia mice were treated with different doses of spleen low molecular weight extract, Ganoderma oral solution and recombinant granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF). The general survival status indicators such as body weight, coat color and athletic ability of mice in each group were recorded; the tail vein blood of mice in each group was collected and the white blood cell count in them was calculated; bone marrow of mice was taken and bone marrow smears were observed.@*RESULTS@#In the model group, the weight of the mice gradually decreased in the later period, their coat became dark and rough, and the ability to exercise decreased, while the mice in the treatment groups showed different degrees of improvement in their survival status except for the mice treated by rhG-CSF. There was no significant fluctuation in the white blood cell count of the blank control mice. After injection of epirubicin, the white blood cell count of peripheral blood in the model mice and treated mice were decreased. The white blood cell count was lower in the mice treated with high-dose low molecular weight extract and rhG-CSF than that in other experimental groups. Bone marrow smear showed that the proportion of bone marrow nucleated cells in the mice treated with the low molecular weight extract of the spleen was significantly higher than that of model mice (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The low molecular weight spleen extracts can significantly improve the hematopoietic state of mouse bone marrow, promote the proliferation of inhibited bone marrow cells, and thus has the effect of treating leukopenia in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Epirubicin , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Leukocyte Count , Leukopenia/drug therapy , Molecular Weight , Plant Extracts , Recombinant Proteins , Spleen
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the efficacy and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in 71 normal healthy donors for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#From March 2018 to July 2019, 71 patients received allo-HSCT in The General Hospital of Western Theater Command were enrolled in the study, a single dose of PEG-rhG-CSF was injected subcutaneously at 12 mg to all the stem cell donors. After injection for 4 days, CD34@*RESULTS@#Seventy-one healthy stem cell donors included 39 males and 32 females with a median age of 38 (16-58) years old. The median number of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#For allo-HSCT donor mobilization, PEG-rh-G-CSF is effective, safe, and convenient, providing more options for HSC mobilization.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Graft vs Host Disease , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Recombinant Proteins , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of continuous intravenous infusion of 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) combined with high-dose cytarabine (Ara-C) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (CLAG regiem) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Fifteen patients with refractory/relapsed AML hospitalized in 5 medical units such as Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University and received one course of CLAG regimen from June 2014 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively (specifically: cladribine 5 mg/M@*RESULTS@#Among the 15 patients with refractory/relapsed AML, 9 males and 6 females, the median age was 35 (13-63) years old. FAB classification: 1 case of M@*CONCLUSION@#The CLAG regimen consisting of continuous intravenous infusion of cladribine shows high CR in the treatment of AML patients, but the duration of CR is short, myelosuppression is sever, so that infection control is the key. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation should be performed as soon as possible after CR.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Infusions, Intravenous , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879863

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the risk factors and treatment for neutropenia of late newborns (NLN).@*METHODS@#Related clinical data were collected from the preterm infants and critically ill neonates who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from July 2019 to January 2020. A total of 46 newborns with a blood absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of 37 weeks. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the incidence rates of gestational hypertension, premature rupture of membranes > 18 hours and intrauterine distress, 5-minute Apgar score, the duration of positive pressure ventilation, the incidence rate of early-onset sepsis, and the type of initially used antibiotics (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk of NLN increases with the presence of late-onset sepsis and the increase in the duration of antibiotic use. NLN is generally a benign process. G-CSF appears to be safe and effective for NLN with severe disease conditions or severe reduction in ANC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Infant, Premature , Leukocyte Count , Neutropenia , Risk Factors , Sepsis
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(11): e9728, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132496

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to propose a stem cell therapy for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) based on plasma exchange (PE) for peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection and examine its safety and efficacy. Sixty patients (n=20 in each group) were randomized to PE (PE alone), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (PE after G-CSF treatment), and PBSC transplantation (PBSCT) (G-CSF, PE, PBSC collection and hepatic artery injection) groups. Patients were followed-up for 24 weeks. Liver function and adverse events were recorded. Survival analysis was performed. PBSCT improved blood ammonia levels at 1 week (P<0.05). The level of total bilirubin, international normalized ratio, and creatinine showed significant differences in the 4th week of treatment (P<0.05). The survival rates of the PE, G-CSF, and PBSCT groups were 50, 65, and 85% at 90 days (P=0.034). There was a significant difference in 90-day survival between the PE and PBSCT groups (P=0.021). The preliminary results suggested that PBSCT was safe, with a possibility of improved 90-day survival in patients with HBV-ACLF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Hepatitis B virus , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hepatitis B/complications , Plasma Exchange , Stem Cell Transplantation
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