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1.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e186005, fev. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363195

ABSTRACT

Pythiosis is caused by an aquatic fungus-like organism (Pythium insidiosum). It is considered an important public health issue as it can affect both animals and humans. This paper reports a case of gastrointestinal pythiosis in a dog. The patient was hospitalized for four days, during which the animal received supportive and symptomatic treatment. But the applied treatment was unsuccessful and the dog's clinical condition worsened, culminating in death. Complementary imaging tests such as radiography and ultrasonography, as well as hematological tests, were performed during the hospitalization period. The definitive diagnosis was reached in the postmortem as macroscopic and microscopic characteristics suggested the presence of intestinal granuloma and accentuated multifocal suppurative necrotic enteritis. Additionally, the histological evaluation revealed morphological structures compatible with P. insidiosum. Also, the results of nested PCR performed showed partial amplification (105 bp) of the ITS1 region of the ribosomal gene of P. insidiosum.(AU)


A pitiose é causada por um organismo aquático semelhante a um fungo (Pythium insidiosum) e considerada um importante problema de saúde pública, pois pode afetar animais e humanos. Este artigo relata um caso de pitiose gastrointestinal em um cão. O paciente ficou internado por quatro dias, período em que o animal recebeu tratamento de suporte e sintomático. No entanto, o tratamento aplicado não teve sucesso e o quadro clínico do cão piorou, culminando com a morte. Exames de imagem complementares, como radiografia e ultrassonografia, bem como exames hematológicos, foram realizados durante o período de internação. O diagnóstico definitivo foi feito na autópsia, pois as características macroscópicas e microscópicas sugeriam a presença de granuloma intestinal e acentuada enterite necrótica multifocal supurativa. Além disso, a avaliação histológica revelou estruturas morfológicas compatíveis com P. insidiosum. Além disso, a nested PCR foi realizada e mostrou amplificação parcial (105 pb) da região ITS1 do gene ribossomal de P. insidiosum.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Pythiosis/diagnosis , Granuloma/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Pythium/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Granuloma/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 42: e06923, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1356556

ABSTRACT

Sporotrichosis is a chronic fungal infection caused by Sporothrix species. The occurrence of cases that are resistant to long-term treatment, especially in the nasal planum of cats, emphasizes the importance of studying its pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the inflammatory process of cutaneous lesions of feline refractory sporotrichosis to clinical aspects through cytopathological and histopathological examination. Moreover, the study included 13 cats with cutaneous lesions that had been resistant to itraconazole treatment for more than a year. Cutaneous lesions samples were collected for cytopathological, histopathological, and fungal culture analyses. Tissue fragments were processed and stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Grocott methenamine silver (GMS). Further, two clinical presentations had the highest occurrence: the localized cutaneous form in animals with good general condition and stable disease (n=9, 69.2%) and the disseminated cutaneous form in cats with poor general condition (n=4, 30.8%). In cats with refractory sporotrichosis, the nasal planum (84.6%) was the most common location of lesions. In the cytopathological study, cats with fewer than two lesions and in good general condition (n=9, 69.2%) showed absence or mild yeast intensity (up to 5 yeasts per field), lower intensity of macrophages and neutrophils, and higher intensity of epithelioid cells, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and eosinophils. On the other hand, (n=4, 30.8%) of the cats with disseminated sporotrichosis and a poor general condition had a marked intensity of yeasts, which were mostly phagocytosed by an increased number of macrophages and neutrophils. Of those animals with good general condition, the majority (n=6, 66.7%) had higher eosinophil intensity. In histopathology, malformed suppurative granuloma was the predominant type (n=9, 69.2%) in feline sporotrichosis lesions, followed by well-formed granulomas (n=4, 30.8%). Malformed granulomas showed mild to moderate fungal intensity (55.6%) in animals with good general condition and localized lesions while marked fungal intensity (44.4%) in cats with the disseminated form of the disease and poor general condition. Well-formed granulomas (n=4, 30.7%) had mild to moderate intensity of fungal load, and 75% of the animals with this type of granuloma had only one lesion and were in good general condition. Long-term itraconazole treatment in these cats with refractory sporotrichosis can keep the infection under control and localized lesions stable; however, fungus reactivation can occur, resulting in an exuberant and inefficient immune response.(AU)


A esporotricose é uma infecção fúngica crônica causada por espécies do gênero Sporothrix. A ocorrência de casos refratários ao tratamento de longo prazo, especialmente na região nasal de gatos, alerta para a importância do estudo de sua patogênese. Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar o processo inflamatório das lesões cutâneas de esporotricose felina refratária ao tratamento, por meio de exames citopatológico e histopalógico, e comparar com aspectos clínicos. Treze gatos com lesões cutâneas refratárias ao tratamento com Itraconazol por mais de um ano foram incluídos no estudo. Amostras de lesões cutâneas foram coletadas para análises citopatológicas, histopatológicas e cultura fúngica. Fragmentos de tecidos foram processados e corados pela hematoxilina-eosina (HE) e Prata Metenamina de Grocott (GMS). Duas apresentações clínicas tiveram maior ocorrência: a forma localizada cutânea em animais com bom estado geral e doença estável (n=9, 69,2%); e a forma disseminada cutânea em gatos com estado geral ruim (n=4, 30,8%). A região nasal (84,6%) foi a localização mais frequente das lesões nos gatos com esporotricose refratária ao tratamento. No estudo citopatológico, felinos com menos de duas lesões, e em bom estado geral, (n=9, 69,2%) revelaram ausência ou leve intensidade de leveduras (até 5 leveduras por campo), menor intensidade de macrófagos e neutrófilos, e maior intensidade de células epitelióides, linfócitos, plasmócitos e eosinófilos. Enquanto, (n=4, 30,8%) dos felinos que apresentavam a forma disseminada da esporotricose associada a um estado geral ruim, revelaram acentuada intensidade de leveduras em sua maioria fagocitadas por acentuado número de macrófagos e neutrófilos. Dos animais com bom estado geral, a maioria (n=6, 66,7%) apresentava maior intensidade de eosinófilos. Na histopatologia, o granuloma supurativo mal formado foi o tipo predominante (n=9, 69,2%) nas lesões de esporotricose felina, e (n=4, 30,8%) foram de granulomas bem formados. Granulomas mal formados apresentaram leve a moderada intensidade fúngica (55,6%) nos animais com bom estado geral e lesões localizadas, e acentuada intensidade fúngica (44,4%) nos gatos com a forma disseminada da doença e estado geral ruim. Granulomas bem formados (n=4, 30,7%) apresentaram leve a moderada intensidade de carga fúngica, sendo 75% dos animais com esse tipo de granuloma com apenas uma lesão e bom estadogeral. O tratamento de longo prazo com itraconazol, nesses gatos com esporotricose refratária, pode manter a infecção controlada e lesões localizadas estáveis de forma temporária, contudo a reativação do fungo pode ocorrer levando a uma resposta imunológica exuberante e ineficiente.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Sporotrichosis/pathology , Cat Diseases/pathology , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Sporotrichosis/veterinary , Cat Diseases/microbiology , Granuloma/veterinary
4.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 24(2, cont.): e2403, jul-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1348228

ABSTRACT

O procedimento cirúrgico eletivo realizado com maior frequência na rotina veterinária é a ovário-histerectomia (OVH), com isso há uma alta casuística de complicações pós-operatórias. Entre elas, pode-se citar piometra de coto, ligadura acidental de ureter, síndrome do ovário remanescente, formação de granulomas inflamatórios e aderências a órgãos. Os granulomas de coto ovariano são formados, geralmente por um fio de sutura utilizado inadequadamente, ou a um sítio de infecção. Tais granulomas podem levar à aderências, inclusive a órgãos próximos ao sítio cirúrgico. O presente relato refere-se a uma cadela, que apresentou granulomas ovarianos com aderências no pâncreas e em diversos órgãos após a ovário-histerectomia. Para a solução do caso, foi realizado uma celiotomia exploratória para avaliação da cavidade abdominal, retirada das aderências das estruturas e das formações granulomatosas, sendo necessária a realização de uma pancreatectomia parcial para a retirada completa do granuloma. Após a cirurgia, o paciente desenvolveu quadro de pancreatite, uma complicação muito comum em cirurgias pancreáticas. Ainda assim, o resultado foi considerado satisfatório, pois a pancreatite foi solucionada e os granulomas removidos, e até a última revisão pós-operatória, o paciente encontrava-se bem clinicamente. A OVH é uma das cirurgias mais realizadas na rotina médico veterinária, ainda assim é negligenciada em diversos quesitos. Portanto, há a necessidade dessa técnica cirúrgica e suas possíveis complicações serem realizadas de maneira correta e efetiva.(AU)


The most frequently elective surgical procedure performed in the veterinary routine is the ovary hysterectomy (OVH). As such, there is a high number of post-operative complications, which include stump pyometra, accidental ligation of the ureter, remnant ovary syndrome, formation of inflammatory granulomas, and organ adhesions. Ovarian stump granulomas are usually formed by suture which has been improperly used, or to infection. Such granulomas can lead to adhesions, also affecting organs close to the surgical site. This report refers to a female dog that presented ovarian granulomas with adhesions to the pancreas and to several organs after ovary-hysterectomy. In order to solve the case, an exploratory celiotomy was performed to assess the abdominal cavity, removing the adhesions of the structures and granulomatous formations, which required the performance of a partial pancreatectomy for the thorough removal of the granuloma. After surgery, the patient developed pancreatitis, a very common complication in pancreatic surgery. Even so, the result was considered satisfactory, as the pancreatitis was resolved and the granulomas removed and until the last post-operative review, the patient was clinically well. OVH is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the veterinary medical routine, yet it is neglected in several aspects. Therefore, there is a need for the surgical technique and its possible complications to be performed correctly and effectively.(AU)


El procedimiento quirúrgico electivo que se realiza con mayor frecuencia en la rutina veterinaria es la ovario-histerectomía (OVH), con que existe un elevado número de complicaciones postoperatorias. Estos incluyen piometra del muñón, ligadura accidental del uréter, síndrome de ovario remanente, formación de granulomas inflamatorios y adherencias a órganos. Los granulomas del muñón ovárico se forman por lo general por una sutura mal utilizada o en un sitio de infección. Dichos granulomas pueden provocar adherencias, incluso a órganos cercanos al sitio quirúrgico. El presente informe se refiere a una perra, quien presentó granulomas ováricos con adherencias en el páncreas y en varios órganos tras ovario histerectomía. Para la solución del caso se realizó una celiotomía exploratoria para acceder la cavidad abdominal, removiendo las adherencias de las estructuras y formaciones granulomatosas, requiriendo la realización de una pancreatectomía parcial para la extirpación completa del granuloma. Después de la cirugía, la paciente desarrolló pancreatitis, una complicación muy común en la cirugía pancreática. Aun así, el resultado se consideró satisfactorio, ya que se resolvió la pancreatitis y se retiraron los granulomas, y hasta la última revisión postoperatoria la paciente se encontraba clínicamente bien. La OVH es una de las cirugías que se realizan con mayor frecuencia en la rutina médica veterinaria, pero se descuida en varios aspectos. Por tanto, existe la necesidad de que esta técnica quirúrgica y sus posibles complicaciones se realicen de forma correcta y eficaz.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Ovary , Pancreatectomy , Postoperative Complications , Elective Surgical Procedures , Dogs/surgery , Granuloma , Hysterectomy
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 319-323, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285068

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sweet syndrome is an inflammatory disease characterized by fever, neutrophilia, papules and erythematous plaques, and a skin neutrophilic infiltrate. Syphilis has been reported among the infectious causes of Sweet syndrome. Syphilis can present atypical manifestations; a rare presentation is nodular syphilis, characterized by nodules with granulomas and plasma cells at histopathology. This case report presents a 20-year-old woman patient, with plaques and nodules, and systemic symptoms. The histopathological exam revealed both non-tuberculoid granulomas and a dense infiltration of polymorphonuclear neutrophils in the dermis. These findings, plus laboratory abnormalities, characteristic of both conditions, were conclusive for Sweet syndrome and nodular syphilis association.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Syphilis , Sweet Syndrome/complications , Sweet Syndrome/diagnosis , Skin , Fever , Granuloma
6.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 462-466, jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346486

ABSTRACT

Abstract PTH-independent hypercalcemia due to granulomatous disease is well-documented and sarcoidosis is the most characteristic disease, although there are others. We describe a case of sarcoid-like granulomatous myositis. An 87-year-old man was referred with tetraparesis and hypercalcemia (albumin-corrected calcium of 13.4 mg/dl) following a trip to the Caribbean. The evaluation showed a suppressed PTH, 25-hydroxy vitamin D of 7.5 ng/ml, 18F-FDG PET/CT showed markedly increased uptake in intercostal, back, shoulder, but tock and thigh muscles and a deltoid biopsy confirmed extensive granulomatous myositis. He was prescribed glucocorticoids which resulted in normalized plasma calcium levels and complete recovery from tetraparesis. Sarcoid-like granulomatous myositis should be incorporated into the differential diagnosis of PTH-independent hypercalcemia, especially in the absence of clinical features of sarcoidosis and with special emphasis on the use of 18F-FDG PET/CT to ensure a correct approach.


Resumen La hipercalcemia PTH-independiente asociada a enfermedades granulomatosas está bien documentada y la sarcoidosis es la enfermedad más característica, a pesar de que existen otras. Des cribimos un caso de miositis granulomatosa simil-sarcoidea. Un hombre de 87 años consultó por tetraparesia e hipercalcemia (calcio corregido por albúmina 13.4 mg/dl) luego de un viaje al Caribe. La evaluación mostró una PTH suprimida, 25-hidroxivitamina D 7.5 ng/ml, 18F-FDG PET/CT mostró marcado aumento de captación a nivel de musculatura intercostal, dorsal, deltoidea, glúteos y muslos. Una biopsia deltoidea confirmó una miositis granulomatosa extensa. Se prescribieron glucocorticoides, resultando en normalización del calcio plasmático y completa recuperación de la tetraparesia. La miositis granulomatosa simil-sarcoidea debe ser incorporada den tro del diagnóstico diferencial de la hipercalcemia PTH-independiente, especialmente en ausencia de hallazgos clínicos de sarcoidosis y con especial énfasis en el uso de 18F-FDG PET/CT para su correcta aproximación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Sarcoidosis/complications , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Myositis/complications , Myositis/diagnosis , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Granuloma/complications , Granuloma/diagnosis
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 431-437, Mar.-Apr. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248922

ABSTRACT

Tracheal fungal infections in horses are rare. This case report describes surgical and clinical management of a filly with a Curvularia sp. infection within the trachea and skin that caused severe intraluminal granulomas and cutaneous nodules, respectively. The patient was successfully treated with itraconazole and surgical excision.(AU)


Infecções fúngicas traqueais em equinos são raras. Este relato de caso descreve condutas clínicas e cirúrgicas em uma égua com infecção por Curvularia sp. na traqueia e na pele, causando granulomas intraluminais severos e nódulos cutâneos, respectivamente. O animal foi tratado com sucesso com itraconazol e exérese cirúrgica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Tracheitis/veterinary , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Phaeohyphomycosis/veterinary , Curvularia , Granuloma/veterinary , Horses/surgery
9.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021294, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285393

ABSTRACT

Necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis (NSG) is a rare and under-recognized cause of granulomatous disease, described as a variant of typical nodular sarcoidosis. It can be asymptomatic when the patient has a single pulmonary nodule or may be accompanied by cough, fever, and dyspnea, or even symptoms due to the involvement of other organs such as the eyes, liver, and central nervous system. The histopathological analysis is essential for the differential diagnosis of other infectious and non-infectious causes of granuloma and to determine the appropriate treatment. NSG is characterized by the presence of a granuloma with extensive coagulative necrosis associated with the occurrence of vasculitis. We present the case of a patient diagnosed with NSG who had an unusual outcome with recurrent pulmonary thromboembolisms followed by hemodynamic instability and death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Sarcoidosis, Pulmonary/pathology , Granuloma , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): e0015, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288631

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The authors present a case of lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei , a rare skin disease of unknown etiology, which may cause unaesthetic scarring due to its difficult treatment. The histopathological examination of epithelioid granulomas with caseating necrosis, together with the clinical features, are important for diagnosis and early treatment with better results. Despite difficult and unsatisfactory treatment, there are ongoing studies on therapy to improve aesthetic and social impairment. This case report describes an initial misdiagnosis delaying appropriate treatment, and highlights the value of physical examination and clinical judgment for another pathological examination, whenever necessary, aiming at better treatment outcomes in daily practice.


RESUMO Os autores apresentam um caso de lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei , uma dermatose rara, de etiologia desconhecida, que pode deixar cicatrizes não estéticas, pela dificuldade de tratamento. O exame histopatológico de granulomas compostos por células epitelioides, com necrose caseosa, e as características clínicas, são importantes para o diagnóstico e tratamento precoce, com melhores resultados. Apesar do tratamento difícil e insatisfatório, há estudos em andamento sobre terapias para melhorar o comprometimento estético e social. Este relato de caso descreve um diagnóstico inicial errôneo, que atrasou o tratamento adequado, e destaca o valor do exame físico e raciocínio clínico para solicitar outro exame anatomopatológico, quando necessário, de forma a obter melhores desfechos com o tratamento, na prática diária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Eyelid Diseases/pathology , Eyelid Diseases/drug therapy , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Isotretinoin/therapeutic use , Cicatrix , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Rosacea/pathology , Rosacea/drug therapy , Dapsone/therapeutic use , Granuloma/pathology , Granuloma/drug therapy , Lupus Vulgaris/pathology , Lupus Vulgaris/drug therapy , Minocycline/therapeutic use
11.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020228, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142405

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that involves any organ. However, the primary pituitary tuberculosis is an extremely rare disease. Intracranial tuberculomas account for 0.15-5% of intracranial space-occupying lesions, of which, pituitary as the primary site is unusual, and easily misdiagnosed as pituitary adenoma. In this setting, the late diagnosis can result in permanent endocrine dysfunction. We report the case of a 50-year-old woman who presented to the neurosurgery outpatient department with complaints of progressively increasing headache and diminished vision over the last year. On the clinical examination, the patient was conscious and oriented. The routine hematological and biochemical workup showed an increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and increased prolactin levels. The radiological working diagnosis was consistent with pituitary macroadenoma. No other radiological and/or clinical clue that could elicit the suspicion of pulmonary or extrapulmonary lesions of tuberculosis was found. The transsphenoidal endonasal tumor excision was done. The histopathology showed numerous epithelioid cell granulomas, Langhans giant cells along with scant necrosis. Ziehl Neelsen staining demonstrated acid-fast bacilli, and the final diagnosis of pituitary tuberculoma was made. We report this rare case of pituitary lesion that may be included in the differential diagnosis of sellar lesions to avoid unnecessary surgical interventions, especially in regions where the disease is endemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pituitary Gland/pathology , Pituitary Neoplasms , Tuberculosis/pathology , Adenoma/pathology , Epithelioid Cells , Giant Cells, Langhans , Rare Diseases , Diagnosis, Differential , Granuloma/pathology
12.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 88: e00592020, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1357869

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (TB) by molecular techniques has been broadly studied. These methods allow accelerating the diagnosis, in addition to presenting high specificity and sensitivity in the identification of the pathogen, critical characteristic for public health, especially when it comes to the direct diagnosis of the biologic samples, which has been little explored. This paper has evaluated a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) as a tool to diagnose TB, which was performed directly on the granulomatous material of suspicious lesions collected in a cold chamber under state inspection in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Of the 74 samples evaluated, 14.86% were positive, with 10.81% positive for mPCR and culture, 4.05% negative for cultivation and positive for mPCR. The correlation between the cultivation and the mPCR presented agreeance higher than 61.54% of the cases. The results have indicated that the protocol proved itself effective, fast and very promising in the surveillance in slaughterhouses for the diagnosis of tuberculosis directly from the granuloma.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tuberculosis, Bovine/diagnosis , Diagnosis , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mycobacterium , Abattoirs , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Granuloma , Noxae
13.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(6): 714-717, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250300

ABSTRACT

Resumen La sífilis maligna asociada al virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (HIV). Se presenta con lesiones nodulares cutáneas con tendencia a la ulceración. Entre sus hallazgos histopatológicos se destaca la presencia de granulomas no caseificantes, lo cual obliga al diagnóstico diferencial con otras patologías granulomatosas infecciosas y no infecciosas. La evolución de la enfermedad es favorable con el tratamiento con penicilina en la mayoría de los casos. Presentamos el caso de una paciente con infección por HIV que cumple criterios diagnósticos de sífilis maligna y alertamos sobre esta entidad granulomatosa poco frecuente.


Abstract Malignant syphilis occurs frequently in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and presents with cutaneous nodular lesions that tend to ulcerate. Non caseating granulomas are among the most conspicuous histopathological findings and require differential diagnosis with other infectious and non-infectious granulomatous conditions. The evolution of the disease is usually favourable with penicillin treatment. We present the case of an HIV-positive patient who meets diagnostic criteria for malignant syphilis and alert on this infrequent granulomatous entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Syphilis/complications , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/drug therapy , HIV Infections/complications , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Administration, Cutaneous , Diagnosis, Differential , Granuloma
14.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(5): 1732-1741, 01-09-2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147922

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate outbreak with high mortality in cultured juvenile cobiaoccurred in Southeast Brazil in 2011. Fish displayed retarded growth rates, lethargy, fin ulceration, skin depigmentation, corneal opacity, and physical deformities. Internally, livers were increased in volume and pale in different degrees. Firm whitish nodules were disseminated in the liver, kidney and spleen. A moderate number of parasites identified as Neobenedenia melleni were recovered from the body surface. Microscopically, severe hepatic steatosis and extensive granulomatous lesion were identified in all fish sampled. Microbiological analysis of moribund fish revealed the presence in pure culture of a Gram-negative bacterium identified as Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida using biochemical and molecular characteristics. Analysis of the partial 16S rRNA sequences confirmed the results demonstrating high identity (98%). The isolates were sensitive to chloramphenicol and enrofloxacin and resistant to ciprofloxacin, florfenicol, doxycycline hydrochloride, norfloxacin, oxytetracycline, and tetracycline. Chronic pasteurellosis was considered as the main problem in the farm, while hepatic steatosis and parasitic infestation may have contributed to the development of the process.


Este estudo objetivou investigar um surto com alta mortalidade em cobia juvenis cultivadas na região Sudeste do Brasil em 2011. Os peixes apresentavam baixa taxa de crescimento, letargia, ulceração nas nadadeiras, despigmentação da pele, opacidade da córnea e deformidades físicas. Internamente o fígado apresentava aumentado e pálido em diferentes graus, com nódulos esbranquiçados e firmes disseminados no fígado, rins e baço. Na superfície corporal dos peixes foram observados moderado número de parasitas identificados como Neobenedenia melleni. Microscopicamente verificou-se esteatose hepática grave e extensa lesão granulomatosa em todos os peixes amostrados. A análise microbiológica dos peixes moribundos revelou a presença, em cultura pura de uma bactéria Gram-negativa identificada como Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida usando características bioquímicas e moleculares. A análise das sequências parciais de 16S rRNA confirmou os resultados demonstrando alta identidade (98%). Os isolados foram sensíveis a cloranfenicol e enrofloxacina e resistente a ciprofloxacina, florfenicol, cloridrato de doxiciclina, norfloxacina, oxitetraciclina e tetraciclina. A pasteurelose crônica foi considerada como o principal problema na maricultura, enquanto a esteatose hepática e a infestação parasitária podem ter contribuído para o desenvolvimento do processo.


Subject(s)
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Infections , Fishes , Granuloma
15.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 366-370, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138633

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La tuberculosis (TBC) genital es una infección relativamente poco frecuente en la mujer. Afecta principalmente a mujeres menores de 40 años, y el motivo de consulta más usual es la esterilidad, de ahí la importancia de su diagnóstico precoz. CASO CLÍNICO clínico: Se presenta el caso de una paciente con dolor pélvico crónico que acude a nuestras consultas para valoración. Durante el estudio se toma biopsia dirigida de la cavidad endometrial diagnosticándose la presencia de granulomas no necrotizantes. Posteriormente se realiza un cultivo microbiológico que resulta positivo para micobacterias y se determina el DNA, mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa, de mycobacterium tuberculosis, como causante del cuadro. DISCUSIÓN: El diagnóstico definitivo de TBC requiere el aislamiento en cultivo del bacilo de Koch, aunque en los casos de TBC genital, al ser una entidad paucibacilar, puede no resultar positivo. En éste caso, sería suficiente el diagnóstico de presunción basado en la sospecha clínica y el hallazgo histológico de granulomas. CONCLUSIÓN: La tuberculosis genital es una entidad poco frecuente en nuestro medio, aunque es una causa importante de infertilidad femenina y su predominio generalmente se subestima debido a la naturaleza paucisintomática de la misma. El diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento multidisciplinar son fundamentales.


INTRODUCTION: Genital tuberculosis (TB) is a relatively rare afection in women. It mainly affects women younger than 40 years, and the most frequent reason for consultation is sterility, therefore early diagnosis is important. CLINICAL CASE: We presented the case of a patient with chronic pelvic pain who comes to our consultations. During the study, we take an endometrial biopsy diagnosing the presence of non-necrotizing granulomas. Finally, we determined the mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA through the polymerase chain reaction and positive microbiological culture, as the cause of pathology. DISCUSSION: The definitive diagnosis of TB requires the isolation in culture of the Koch bacillus, although in genital TB cases, as it is a paucibacillary entity, it may not be positive. In this case, the presumptive diagnosis based on clinical suspicion and the histological granulomas would be enough. CONCLUSIONS: Genital tuberculosis is a rare entity in our environment, although it is an important cause of female infertility and its prevalence is generally underestimated due to its paucisymptomatic nature. Early diagnosis and multidisciplinary treatment are essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/complications , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/diagnosis , Endometritis/etiology , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/microbiology , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/pathology , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/drug therapy , Postmenopause , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Granuloma/etiology , Infertility, Female , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolation & purification , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
16.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(2): e2020158, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131814

ABSTRACT

Giant cell reparative granuloma (GCRG) was first described in the 1950s. It is an uncommon and benign reactive tumor that is believed to occur after trauma or inflammation. It most commonly occurs in the maxilla and mandible and rarely affects the nasal cavity. It is often seen in children and during the second to third decades of life, predominantly seen among females. Histopathologically, GCRG shows many osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells scattered in a background of mononuclear stromal cells and spindle-shaped fibroblasts also associated with areas of hemorrhage. The distinction between GCRG and giant cell tumors (GCT)is crucial since both have a similar clinical and histological presentation, but both have different management. GCTs have malignant potential, may metastasize, and have a high rate of recurrence. Surgical excision is the mainstay therapy of GCRG to ensure a low rate of recurrence. Here we discuss two cases GCRG, both presenting as nasal mass.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Giant Cells , Granuloma/pathology , Nasal Cavity , Diagnosis, Differential , Giant Cell Tumors
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 340-342, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130888

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unknown aetiology. Cutaneous involvement occurs in up to 30% of patients and skin findings are often the initial presenting symptom. The facial atrophic form of sarcoidosis without associated ulceration in adolescents has rarely been described in the literature. We report a case of 13-year-old male patient with a facial atrophic sarcoidosis who was successfully treated with the combination of prednisone and hydroxychloroquine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Hydroxychloroquine/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Biopsy , Treatment Outcome , Drug Therapy, Combination , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Granuloma/pathology , Granuloma/drug therapy
18.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 36(1): 18-25, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115458

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades granulomatosas incluyen una amplia gama de enfermedades. Sin embargo, en la práctica clínica, muchos casos de enfermedad granulomatosa permanecen sin etiología después del examen histológico. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar, a partir de las biopsias de pulmón, pleura y ganglios linfáticos mediastínicos, en los que se informaron granulomas, las características clínicas y los diagnósticos de estos pacientes. Así también la mortalidad a un año de seguimiento. Metodología: Analizamos retrospectivamente biopsias de pulmón, pleura y/o ganglios linfáticos mediastínicos con granulomas de 75 pacientes del Instituto Nacional del Tórax (2012-2016), sus características clínicas y de laboratorio. La información se obtuvo de los registros médicos. Los datos de mortalidad se obtuvieron del registro civil. Resultados: Se determinó una etiología en todos los casos, excepto en 3 (4%). Los diagnósticos más frecuentes fueron tuberculosis (n = 37; 49%) y sarcoidosis (n = 18; 24%). Otras causas fueron silicosis (5,3%), vasculitis (4%) y neumonitis por hipersensibilidad (2,7%). Los pacientes con tuberculosis (TB) tenían parámetros inflamatorios más altos, como velocidad de eritrosedimentación y proteína C reactiva. Además, sólo se encontraron granulomas con necrosis caseosa en pacientes con tuberculosis. En cambio, los pacientes con sarcoidosis tenían lesiones cutáneas y una mayor frecuencia de linfadenopatías. Cuatro (5.3%) pacientes fallecieron a un año de seguimiento: dos debido a neumonía, uno por hipersensibilidad crónica y uno por TB. Conclusión: La tuberculosis y la sarcoidosis fueron las causas más frecuentes de granulomas respiratorios en este estudio retrospectivo. Se logró determinar una etiología en el 96% de los casos, considerando variables clínicas, de laboratorio e histopatológicas para un diagnóstico diferencial correcto.


Granulomatous diseases comprise a wide range of pathologies. However, in clinical practice, many pulmonary granulomas remain without etiology after the histologic examination. Our aim was to determine from the biopsies of the lung, pleura and mediastinal lymph nodes in which granulomas were reported, the clinical characteristics and diagnoses of the patients. Methodology: We analyzed retrospectively biopsies of the lung, pleura and mediastinal lymph nodes with granulomas from 75 patients handled at our institution (2012-2016), as well as their clinical and laboratory data. The information was obtained from medical records. A one-year mortality date was obtained from the civil registry. Main results: A cause was determined in all the cases, except in three of them (4%). The most frequent diagnoses were tuberculosis (n =37; 49%) and sarcoidosis (n =18; 24%). Other causes were silicosis (5.3%), vasculitis (4%) and hypersensitivity pneumonitis (2.7%). Patients with tuberculosis (TB) had higher inflammatory parameters such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. Besides granulomas with caseous necrosis were only found in TB patients. Instead, patients with sarcoidosis had skin lesions and a higher frequency of lymphadenopathy. Four patients (5.3%) died in a one-year of follow-up: two of them because of pneumonia and the other two patients because of chronic hypersensitivity and TB respectively. Conclusion: Tuberculosis and sarcoidosis were the most common causes of respiratory granulomas in this retrospective study. A specific cause was determined in 96% of cases, considering clinical, laboratory and histopathological variables to do a right differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Granuloma/diagnosis , Granuloma/pathology , Lung Diseases/diagnosis , Lung Diseases/pathology , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Tuberculosis/pathology , Biopsy , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Diagnosis, Differential
19.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190383, 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135254

ABSTRACT

Schistosomiasis mansoni presents many clinical manifestations during migration of schistosomes in their hosts, including diarrhea, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, liver abscesses, skinlesions, brain tumors and myeloradiculopathy. No lesions have been reported in skeletal striated muscles due to schistosomiasis mansoni in the literature. This short communication reports the histopathological findings on skeletal musculature in a murine model of neuroeschistosomiasis mansoni. Lesions were found in the tongue, masseter muscle, buccinator muscle, digastric muscle and temporalis muscle. Worm recovery was carried out to confirm the infection. We describe here, for the first time in the literature, injuries in the skeletal musculature due to Schistosoma mansoni nfection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Schistosomiasis mansoni/pathology , Neuroschistosomiasis/pathology , Muscle, Striated/parasitology , Muscle, Striated/pathology , Granuloma/parasitology , Granuloma/pathology , Disease Models, Animal
20.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 638-641, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877362

ABSTRACT

@#A 12-year-old female had a three-year history of fever, non-bilious vomiting and abdominal pain. Upper gastrointestinal series showed a filling defect at the duodenum. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy exhibited circumferential mass extending from the duodenal bulb to the 2nd part of the duodenum which on histology disclosed chronic granulomatous inflammation. Chest X-ray suggested miliary tuberculosis; endotracheal tube aspirate was PCR positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Patient was diagnosed as disseminated tuberculosis of the duodenum and lungs. Quadruple anti-tuberculosis medication was started but patient succumbed to nosocomial sepsis.


Subject(s)
Tuberculosis, Miliary , Gastric Outlet Obstruction , Granuloma , Inflammation
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