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1.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 353-358, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The Prex2 protein is a member of the Rac family proteins that belongs to small G proteins with a critical role in cell migration, cell proliferation, and apoptosis through its effects on PI3K cell signaling pathway and phosphatase activity of PTEN protein. The effect of PREX2 gene expression has been shown in some cancer cells. A survey of PREX2 gene expression in gastric antral epithelial cells of gastric cancer patients with Helicobacter pylori various genotypes infection can conduct to better understanding H. pylori infection's carcinogenesis. METHODS: In a case-control study, PREX2 gene expression was evaluated in gastric antral biopsy samples on four groups of patients referred to Sanandaj hospitals, including gastritis with (n=23) and without (n=27) H. pylori infection and gastric cancer with (n=21) and without (n=32) H. pylori infection. Each gastric biopsy sample's total RNA was extracted and cDNA synthesized by using Kits (Takara Company). The PREX2 gene expression was measured using the relative quantitative real-time RT-PCR method and ΔΔCt formula. RESULTS: The PREX2 gene expression increased in gastric antral biopsy samples of gastritis and gastric cancer patients with H. pylori infection (case groups) than patients without H. pylori infection (control groups) 2.38 and 2.27 times, respectively. The patients with H. pylori vacA s1m1 and sabB genotypes infection showed a significant increase of PREX2 gene expression in gastric cancer antral epithelial cells. CONCLUSION: H. pylori vacA s1m1 and sabB genotypes have the positive correlations with PREX2 gene expression in gastric antral epithelial cells of gastritis and gastric cancer patients.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A proteína Prex2 é membro das proteínas da família Rac que pertencem a pequenas proteínas G com um papel crítico na migração celular, na proliferação celular e na apoptose através de seus efeitos na via de sinalização celular PI3K e atividade fosfatase da proteína PTEN. O efeito da expressão genética PREX2 tem sido mostrada em algumas células cancerosas. Um levantamento da expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais gástricas de pacientes infectados com vários genótipos de Helicobacter pylori pode conduzir a um melhor entendimento da carcinogênese da infecção por H. pylori. MÉTODOS: Em estudo de caso-controle, a expressão genética PREX2 foi avaliada em amostras de biópsia antral gástrica em quatro grupos de pacientes encaminhados aos hospitais de Sanandaj, incluindo gastrite com (n=23) e sem (n=27) infecção por H. pylori e de câncer gástrico com (n=21) e sem (n=32) infecção por H. pylori. O RNA total de cada amostra de biópsia gástrica foi extraído e cDNA sintetizado por meio de kits (Takara Company). A expressão genética PREX2 foi medida utilizando-se o método RT-PCR em tempo real quantitativo relativo e a fórmula ΔΔCt. RESULTADOS: A expressão genética PREX2 aumentou em amostras de biópsia antral gástrica de pacientes com gastrite e câncer gástrico com infecção por H. pylori (grupos de casos) em relação aos sem infecção por H. pylori (grupos de controle) 2,38 e 2,27 vezes, respectivamente. Os pacientes com infecção por genótipos H. pylori vacA s1m1 e sabB apresentaram um aumento significativo da expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais de câncer gástrico. CONCLUSÃO: Os genótipos H. pylori vacA s1m1 e sabB têm correlações positivas com a expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais gástricas de pacientes com câncer gástrico e gastrites.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter Infections , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics , Gastritis/genetics , Gastritis/microbiology , Case-Control Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93416

ABSTRACT

Previously, we demonstrated that the p190 Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor (p190RhoGEF) was induced following CD40 stimulation of B cells. In this study, we examined whether p190RhoGEF and a downstream effector molecule RhoA are required for B cell differentiation. Expression of p190RhoGEF positively correlated with the expression of surface markers and transcriptional regulators that are characteristic of mature B cells with plasma cell (PC) phenotypes. Moreover, either the overexpression of p190RhoGEF or the expression of a constitutively active RhoA drove cellular differentiation toward PC phenotypes. B cell maturation was abrogated in cells that overexpressed p190RhoGEF and a dominant-negative form of RhoA simultaneously. CD40-mediated maturation events were also abrogated in cells that overexpressed either dominant-negative p190RhoGEF or RhoA. Together, these data provide evidence that p190RhoGEF signaling through RhoA in CD40-activated B cells drives the induction of the PC differentiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , B-Lymphocytes/cytology , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Cell Line , Cells, Cultured , Female , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics , Humans , Lymphocyte Activation/genetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Plasma Cells/cytology , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/genetics
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(7): 642-646, July 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595708

ABSTRACT

To explore how cytohesin-1 (CYTH-1) small interfering RNA (siRNA) influences the insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGFR)-associated signal transduction in prostate cancer, we transfected human prostate cancer PC-3 cell lines with liposome-encapsulatedCYTH-1 siRNA in serum-free medium and exposed the cells to 100 nM IGF-1. The mRNA and protein levels of the signal molecules involved in the IGFR signaling pathways were determined by real-time PCR and detected by Western blotting. The relative mRNA levels of CYTH-1, c-Myc, cyclinD1 and IGF-1R (CYTH-1 siRNA group vs scrambled siRNA group) were 0.26 vs 0.97, 0.34 vs 1.06, 0.10 vs 0.95, and 0.27 vs 0.41 (P < 0.05 for all), respectively. The relative protein levels of CYTH-1, pIGF-1R, pIRS1, pAkt1, pErk1, c-Myc, and cyclinD1 (CYTH-1 siRNA group vsscrambled siRNA group) were 0.10 vs 1.00 (30 min), 0.10 vs 0.98 (30 min), 0.04 vs 0.50 (30 min), 0.10 vs 1.00 (30 min), 0.10 vs 1.00 (30 min), 0.13 vs 0.85 (5 h), and 0.08 vs 0.80 (7 h), respectively. The tyrosine kinase activity of IGF-1R was associated with CYTH-1. The proliferative activity of PC-3 cells transfected with CYTH-1 siRNA was significantly lower than that of cells transfected with scrambled siRNA at 48 h (40.5 vs87.6 percent, P < 0.05) and at 72 h (34.5 vs 93.5 percent, P < 0.05). In conclusion, the interference of siRNA with cytohesin-1 leads to reduced IGFR signaling in prostate cancer; therefore, CYTH-1 might serve as a new molecular target for the treatment of prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/antagonists & inhibitors , Prostatic Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology , Receptors, Somatomedin/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , GTPase-Activating Proteins/genetics , GTPase-Activating Proteins/metabolism , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/metabolism , Phosphorylation , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/metabolism
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-196698

ABSTRACT

Angiotensin II (Ang II) stimulates migration of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) in addition to its contribution to contraction and hypertrophy. It is well established that Rho GTPases regulate cellular contractility and migration by reorganizing the actin cytoskeleton. Ang II activates Rac1 GTPase, but its upstream guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) remains elusive. Here, we show that Ang II-induced VSMC migration occurs in a betaPIX GEF-dependent manner. betaPIX-specific siRNA treatment significantly inhibited Ang II-induced VSMC migration. Ang II activated the catalytic activity of betaPIX towards Rac1 in dose- and time-dependent manners. Activity reached a peak at 10 min and declined close to a basal level by 30 min following stimulation. Pharmacological inhibition with specific kinase inhibitors revealed the participation of protein kinase C, Src family kinase, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) upstream of betaPIX. Both p21-activated kinase and reactive oxygen species played key roles in cytoskeletal reorganization downstream of betaPIX-Rac1. Taken together, our results suggest that betaPIX is involved in Ang II-induced VSMC migration.


Subject(s)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/metabolism , Angiotensin II/metabolism , Animals , Cell Movement , Cells, Cultured , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/cytology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/cytology , NADPH Oxidases/metabolism , Protein Kinase C/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , p21-Activated Kinases/metabolism , rac1 GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism , src-Family Kinases/metabolism
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 32(4): 459-461, July-Aug. 2006. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-436893

ABSTRACT

Aarskog-Scott syndrome (ASS) is an X-linked disorder characterized by facial, skeletal and genital anomalies, including penoscrotal transposition in males. We report on a girl from a family with ASS who exhibits a transposition of the clitoris.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Clitoris/abnormalities , Face/abnormalities , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked/genetics , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics , Hypertelorism/genetics , Penis/abnormalities , Syndrome
6.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2006. 95 p. ilus, tab, graf. (MCS-CPqRR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-516311

ABSTRACT

RasGEF1b é um fator de troca de nucleotídeos guanina (GEF) hipotético e altamente conservado. Esse gene contém um domínio RASGEFN com um motivo zíper de leucina e um domínio RASGEF com três sítios de localização nuclear. A expressão do mRNA do RasGEF1b em macrófagos é induzida por diferentes agonistas de receptores do tipo Toll (TLRs), tais como LPS (TLR4), GPI-mucina (TLR2) e Poli I:C (TLR3). A fim de expressar a proteína recombinante, nós clonamos o cDNA do RasGEF1b no vetor pQE-30, utilizado para transformar bactérias E. coli (XL1-Blue). A His-RasGEF1b expressa em bactérias foi purificada utilizando tampão com alto conteúdo de uréia, seguido por cromatografia de afinidade utilizando resina carregada com níquel. A expressão da proteína foi confirmada em gel 2D, análise por espectometria de massa e Western blotting utilizando um anticorpo monoclonal anti-His. Além disso, o cDNA do RasGEF1b foi inserido em um plasmídeo que permite a fusão do epitopo FLAG (pFLAGCMV2) com a proteína RasGEF1b. O pFLAGCMV2 codificando o cDNA do RasGEF1b foi utilizado para transfectar células HEK293T e a expressão protéica foi avaliada com gel 2D gel e Western blotting utilizando um anticorpo monoclonal anti-FLAG. A proteína reconhecida pelo anti-FLAG mostrou um peso molecular aparente de 56 KDa e ponto isoelétrico de 7,25. Utilizando a técnica de centrifugação diferencial e anticorpos monoclonais para as proteínas específicas das diferentes frações subcelulares, nós demonstramos que a proteína FLAG-RasGEF1b estava presente principalmente nas frações de núcleo e de membranas pesadas. Através do alinhamento entre seqüências da RasGEF1b de diferentes espécies filogeneticamente distintas vimos que esta proteína é altamente conservada com similaridade de 57 por cento a 97 por cento em relação à RasGEF1b murina.


Subject(s)
Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics , Trypanosoma cruzi
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