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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 301-308, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921264

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond the Milan criteria is shown to be beneficial. However, a high rate of post-operative HCC recurrence hinders the long-term survival of the patients. This study aimed to investigate and compare the impacts of tenofovir (TDF) and entecavir (ETV) on the recurrence of hepatitis B viral (HBV)-related HCC beyond the Milan criteria.@*METHODS@#Data pertaining to 1532 patients who underwent hepatectomy and received antiviral therapy between January 2014 and January 2019 were collected from five centers. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was performed to determine prognostic factors for HCC recurrence.@*RESULTS@#The analysis incorporates 595 HBV-related HCC patients. The overall 5-year RFS was 21.3%. Among them, 533 and 62 patients received ETV and TDF treatment, respectively. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year RFS rates were 46.3%, 27.4%, and 19.6%, respectively, in the ETV group compared with 65.1%, 41.8%, and 37.2%, respectively, in the TDF group (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that TDF treatment (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.604, P = 0.005), cirrhosis (HR: 1.557, P = 0.004), tumor size (HR: 1.037, P = 0.008), microvascular invasion (MVI) (HR: 1.403, P = 0.002), portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) (HR: 1.358, P = 0.012), capsular invasion (HR: 1.228, P = 0.040), and creatinine levels (CREA) (HR: 0.993, P = 0.031) were statistically significant prognostic factors associated with RFS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with HCC beyond the Milan criteria exhibited a high rate of HCC recurrence after hepatectomy. Compared to the ETV therapy, TDF administration significantly lowered the risk of HCC recurrence.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatectomy , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tenofovir/therapeutic use
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887715

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the changes in the cytokine profiles of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients undergoing antiviral treatment.@*Methods@#Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients were treated with Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and entecavir (ETV). Clinical biochemistry and cytokines were detected at baseline and every 3 months.@*Results@#In all, 200 patients completed 48 weeks of treatment, 100 in the PEG-IFN group and 100 in the ETV group. During 3-6 months of treatment, compared with baseline, the PEG-IFN group showed a significant decrease in interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-17A (IL-17A), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) ( @*Conclusion@#During antiviral therapy, a change in the cytokine profile occurred; in the aspect of immune control and functional cure, PEG-IFN was significantly better than ETV.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Cytokines/blood , Female , Guanine/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Male , Polyethylene Glycols/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Proteins/therapeutic use
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190469, 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135243

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is responsible for generating DNA lesions and the 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) is the most commonly lesion found in DNA damage. When this base is incorporated during DNA replication, it could generate double-strand DNA breaks and cellular death. MutT enzyme hydrolyzes the 8-oxoG from the nucleotide pool, preventing its incorporation during DNA replication. OBJECTIVES To investigate the importance of 8-oxoG in Leishmania infantum and L. braziliensis, in this study we analysed the impact of heterologous expression of Escherichia coli MutT (EcMutT) enzyme in drug-resistance phenotype and defense against oxidative stress. METHODS Comparative analysis of L. braziliensis and L. infantum H2O2 tolerance and cell cycle profile were performed. Lines of L. braziliensis and L. infantum expressing EcMutT were generated and evaluated using susceptibility tests to H2O2 and SbIII, cell cycle analysis, γH2A western blotting, and BrdU native detection assay. FINDINGS Comparative analysis of tolerance to oxidative stress generated by H2O2 showed that L. infantum is more tolerant to exogenous H2O2 than L. braziliensis. In addition, cell cycle analysis showed that L. infantum, after treatment with H2O2, remains in G1 phase, returning to its normal growth rate after 72 h. In contrast, after treatment with H2O2, L. braziliensis parasites continue to move to the next stages of the cell cycle. Expression of the E. coli MutT gene in L. braziliensis and L. infantum does not interfere in parasite growth or in susceptibility to SbIII. Interestingly, we observed that L. braziliensis EcMutT-expressing clones were more tolerant to H2O2 treatment, presented lower activation of γH2A, a biomarker of genotoxic stress, and lower replication stress than its parental non-transfected parasites. In contrast, the EcMutT is not involved in protection against oxidative stress generated by H2O2 in L. infantum. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Our results showed that 8-oxoG clearance in L. braziliensis is important to avoid misincorporation during DNA replication after oxidative stress generated by H2O2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Rats , Pyrophosphatases/genetics , Pyrophosphatases/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Leishmania braziliensis/drug effects , Leishmania infantum/drug effects , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Antimony/toxicity , Rabbits , Superoxide Dismutase/genetics , Leishmania braziliensis/enzymology , Leishmania infantum/enzymology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism , Guanine/pharmacology , Hydrogen Peroxide/toxicity , Antiprotozoal Agents/pharmacology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the therapeutic effects of entecavir (ETV) and interferon- (IFN-) treatments for 48 weeks for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in patients with different baseline alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of 369 CHB patients receiving ETV and IFN- treatments for 48 weeks. We compared the virological response rates, HBsAg clearance, and HBsAg reduction between the patients receiving ETV and IFN- treatments with different baseline ALT levels[≤ 5×upper limits of normal (ULN) level (subgroup 1), 5-10×ULN (subgroup 2), and > 10× ULN (subgroup 3)].@*RESULTS@#In patients receiving ETV treatment, the virological response rate was 83.3% in subgroup 1, 91.4% in subgroup 2, and 95.5% in subgroup 3, as compared with 19.7%, 40%, and 42.9% in the 3 subgroups with IFN- treatment, respectively, showing significantly differences both among different subgroups with the same treatment and between the same subgroup with different treatments ( < 0.05). HBeAg clearance rates in the 3 subgroups were 8.3%, 16.7% and 35.5% in patients with ETV treatment and were 1.8%, 41.9%, and 38.1% in patients with IFN- treatment, respectively, showing significant differences among the 3 subgroups with the same treatment ( < 0.05); in the same subgroups with different treatments, the rates differed significantly only between subgroups 2 ( < 0.05). In ETV group, the rate of HBsAg reduction to below 200 IU/ml was 2.5% in subgroup 1 and 13.8% in subgroup 2, showing no significant difference between the two subgroups; in IFN- group, the rates were also similar between subgroups 1 and 2 (30.6% 33.3%, > 0.05); but the rates differed significantly between the same subgroups with different treatments ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In all the subgroups with different baseline ALT levels, ETV treatment for 48 weeks results in significantly higher virological response rates than IFN- treatment in patients with CHB. In patients with a baseline ALT of 5-10 ×ULN, IFN- can result in a higher HBeAg clearance rate than ETV. In patients with comparable baseline ALT level, IFN- more effectively reduces HBsAg level than ETV. The patients with a relatively high baseline ALT level (> 5 × ULN) show better responses to both ETV and IFN- treatment than those with ALT level below 5×ULN. We thus recommend IFN- for patients with a baseline ALT of 5-10×ULN and ETV for patients with a baseline ALT either below 5 × ULN or beyond 10×ULN.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , DNA, Viral , Guanine , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713226

ABSTRACT

Olfactory receptors (ORs) in mammals are generally considered to function as chemosensors in the olfactory organs of animals. They are membrane proteins that traverse the cytoplasmic membrane seven times and work generally by coupling to heterotrimeric G protein. The OR is a G protein–coupled receptor that binds the guanine nucleotide-binding G(αolf) subunit and the Gβγ dimer to recognize a wide spectrum of organic compounds in accordance with its cognate ligand. Mammalian ORs were originally identified from the olfactory epithelium of rat. However, it has been recently reported that the expression of ORs is not limited to the olfactory organ. In recent decades, they have been found to be expressed in diverse organs or tissues and even tumors in mammals. In this review, the expression and expected function of olfactory receptors that exist throughout an organism's system are discussed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Membrane , Ectopic Gene Expression , GTP-Binding Proteins , Guanine , Mammals , Membrane Proteins , Olfactory Mucosa , Rats
6.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(2): 207-214, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887224

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background. Patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) are often treated with nucleoside/nucleotide antiviral agents and metabolic bone toxicity is a possible concern. Objective. To determine the relationships between fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a phosphaturic hormone, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone biochemical abnormalities in these patients. Material and methods. This is a cross-sectional observational study comparing HBV-infected subjects treated for at least one year with tenofovir (TDF), lamuvidine (LVD), entacavir (ETV), or not treated (CON). Patients with abnormalities in either calcium (Ca), phosphate (PO4), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) or FGF23 were further evaluated with BMD by DXA. Results. No difference in liver enzymes or renal function seen among groups, but hypophosphatemia was seen in all groups with the highest incidence with TDF treatment (14%). FGF 23 levels were found to be elevated in 11.1% of TDF patients, 2.77% amongst controls. No elevations were found in the LVD or ETV groups. Among a subset of subjects (FGF23, PO4, and/or Ca abnormalities) who underwent further evaluation, 67% had insufficient 25-OH vitamin D, and 30% had elevated 24 h urinary Ca or PO4 excretion. No patients with FGF23 abnormalities had urine abnormalities. 40% had low DXA Z-score (<-2) at spine or hip but there was no difference between control and antiviral treatment groups and the mean FRAX score was 2.33% for major osteoporotic fractures and 0.29% for hip fracture. Conclusion. Abnormalities in bone metabolism, particularly involving vitamin D insufficiency, in HBV-treated subjects were observed with a small increased likelihood in TDF treated patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Phosphates/blood , Bone and Bones/drug effects , Calcium/blood , Lamivudine/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Fibroblast Growth Factors/blood , Tenofovir/therapeutic use , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Time Factors , Vitamin D Deficiency/chemically induced , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Bone and Bones/diagnostic imaging , Biomarkers/blood , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density/drug effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Hepatitis B, Chronic/diagnosis , Hepatitis B, Chronic/blood , Fractures, Bone/chemically induced , Tenofovir/adverse effects , Guanine/adverse effects , Guanine/therapeutic use
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(3): e5796, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839267

ABSTRACT

We aimed to investigate the influence of regulatory T cells including CD4+CD25+, CD8+CD28- and hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype on sustained virological response and tolerance of nucleoside drugs. One hundred and thirty-seven patients were enrolled. Lamivudine was administered to 84 patients. Entecavir was administered to the other 53 patients. Before treatment, biochemical tests, HBV DNA load, HBV serum level, HBV genotype, PB CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+CD25+/CD3+, and CD8+CD28-/CD3+ frequencies were measured. Based on HBV DNA loads after 4 weeks of therapy, patients were divided into response group and suboptimal response group. The lamivudine group received treatment continuously, and then patients were categorized into non-resistance group and resistance group. Compared with the suboptimal response and resistance groups for lamivudine, CD4+CD25+/CD3+ levels were higher in the response and non-resistance groups (t=4.372, P=0.046; t=7.262, P=0.017). In the non-resistance group, CD8+CD28-/CD3+ frequency was lower than in the resistance group (t=5.527, P=0.037). Virus load and hepatitis B E antigen (HBeAg)-positive rate were significantly lower than in the response and resistance group (t=2.164, P=0.038; X2=4.239, P=0.040; t=2.015, P=0.044; X2=16.2, P=0.000). Incidence of drug resistance was high in patients with virogene type C. For the virological response to entecavir, CD8+CD28-/CD3+ level was significantly lower than that of the suboptimal response group (t=6.283, P=0.036). Response and suboptimal response groups were compared in CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+CD25+/CD3+ and virus genotype, and differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Baseline regulatory T cells including CD4+CD25+/CD3+ and CD8+CD28-/CD3+ frequencies have a relationship with the incidence of rapid virological response and the resistance to nucleoside drugs. Patients with HBV genotype C receiving lamivudine more often underwent drug resistance. Antiviral efficacy and the resistance to lamivudine were closely correlated with baseline factors; the same cannot be found for entecavir.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B virus/immunology , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Lamivudine/therapeutic use , Nucleosides/therapeutic use , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Drug Resistance , Genotype , Guanine/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B virus/drug effects , Hepatitis B, Chronic/virology , Sustained Virologic Response , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , Time Factors
8.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(4): 252-257, Apr. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778998

ABSTRACT

There are about 350 million hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers worldwide and chronic HBV is considered a major public health problem. The objective of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of the nucleos(t)ide analogues tenofovir (TDF) and entecavir (ETV) in the treatment of chronic HBV. A cross-sectional study was carried out from March-December 2013, including all patients with chronic HBV, over 18 years of age, undergoing therapy through the public health system in southern Brazil. Only the data relating to the first treatments performed with TDF or ETV were considered. Retreatment, co-infection, transplanted or immunosuppressed patients were excluded. Six hundred and forty patients were evaluated, of which 336 (52.5%) received TDF and 165 (25.8%) ETV. The other 139 (21.7%) used various combinations of nucleos(t)ide analogues and were excluded. The negativation of viral load was observed in 87.3% and 78.8% and the negativation of hepatitis B e antigen was achieved in 79% and 72% of those treated with ETV or TDF, respectively. Negativation of hepatitis B surface antigen was not observed. There was no occurrence of adverse effects. This is a real-life study demonstrating that long-term treatment with ETV and TDF is both safe and effective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Tenofovir/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , DNA, Viral , Guanine/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B e Antigens/immunology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/immunology , Hepatitis B virus/immunology , Public Health , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188161

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Clear indicators for stopping antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients are not yet available. Since the level of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is correlated with covalently closed circular DNA, the HBsAg titer might be a good indicator of the off-treatment response. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the HBsAg titer and the entecavir (ETV) off-treatment response. METHODS: This study analyzed 44 consecutive CHB patients (age, 44.6±11.4 years, mean±SD; men, 63.6%; positive hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg) at baseline, 56.8%; HBV DNA level, 6.8±1.3 log₁₀ IU/mL) treated with ETV for a sufficient duration and in whom treatment was discontinued after HBsAg levels were measured. A virological relapse was defined as an increase in serum HBV DNA level of >2000 IU/mL, and a clinical relapse was defined as a virological relapse with a biochemical flare, defined as an increase in the serum alanine aminotransferase level of >2 × upper limit of normal. RESULTS: After stopping ETV, virological relapse and clinical relapse were observed in 32 and 24 patients, respectively, during 20.8±19.9 months of follow-up. The cumulative incidence rates of virological relapse were 36.2% and 66.2%, respectively, at 6 and 12 months, and those of clinical relapse were 14.3% and 42.3%. The off-treatment HBsAg level was an independent factor associated with clinical relapse (hazard ratio, 2.251; 95% confidence interval, 1.076–4.706; P=0.031). When patients were grouped according to off-treatment HBsAg levels, clinical relapse did not occur in patients with an off-treatment HBsAg level of ≤2 log10 IU/mL (n=5), while the incidence rates of clinical relapse at 12 months after off-treatment were 28.4% and 55.7% in patients with off-treatment HBsAg levels of >2 and ≤3 log₁₀ IU/mL (n=11) and >3 log₁₀ IU/mL (n=28), respectively. CONCLUSION: The off-treatment HBsAg level is closely related to clinical relapse after treatment cessation. A serum HBsAg level of <2 log₁₀ IU/mL is an excellent predictor of a sustained off-treatment response in CHB patients who have received ETV for a sufficient duration.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/blood , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/blood , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138549

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Before tenofovir (TDF) become available in South Korea, combination therapy with entecavir (ETV) and adefovir (ADV) was the most potent regimen for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who fail to respond to rescue therapy for drug resistance. We analyzed the efficacy of ETV-ADV combination therapy and investigated the clinical and clonal results of TDF-based rescue therapy in CHB patients refractory to this combination. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of CHB patients treated for up to 3 years with ETV-ADV combination therapy as a rescue therapy for drug resistance. In cases refractory to this combination, clinical and clonal analyses were performed for TDF-based rescue therapy. RESULTS: The analysis was performed on 48 patients. Twelve patients achieved a virological response (VR) within 3 years. A VR was subsequently achieved in nine of the ten patients without a VR who switched to TDF monotherapy. A VR was also achieved in six of the seven patients who switched to lamivudine-TDF combination therapy, and in two of the two patients who switched to ETV-TDF combination therapy. In an in vitro susceptibility test, viral replication was detected with TDF monotherapy but not with ETV-TDF combination therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of ETV-ADV combination therapy was insufficient in CHB patients who were refractory to rescue therapy. A more potent regimen such as ETV-TDF combination therapy may be considered in such refractory cases.


Subject(s)
Adenine/analogs & derivatives , Adult , Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/analysis , Drug Resistance, Viral , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Organophosphonates/therapeutic use , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Tenofovir/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138548

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Before tenofovir (TDF) become available in South Korea, combination therapy with entecavir (ETV) and adefovir (ADV) was the most potent regimen for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who fail to respond to rescue therapy for drug resistance. We analyzed the efficacy of ETV-ADV combination therapy and investigated the clinical and clonal results of TDF-based rescue therapy in CHB patients refractory to this combination. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of CHB patients treated for up to 3 years with ETV-ADV combination therapy as a rescue therapy for drug resistance. In cases refractory to this combination, clinical and clonal analyses were performed for TDF-based rescue therapy. RESULTS: The analysis was performed on 48 patients. Twelve patients achieved a virological response (VR) within 3 years. A VR was subsequently achieved in nine of the ten patients without a VR who switched to TDF monotherapy. A VR was also achieved in six of the seven patients who switched to lamivudine-TDF combination therapy, and in two of the two patients who switched to ETV-TDF combination therapy. In an in vitro susceptibility test, viral replication was detected with TDF monotherapy but not with ETV-TDF combination therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of ETV-ADV combination therapy was insufficient in CHB patients who were refractory to rescue therapy. A more potent regimen such as ETV-TDF combination therapy may be considered in such refractory cases.


Subject(s)
Adenine/analogs & derivatives , Adult , Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/analysis , Drug Resistance, Viral , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Organophosphonates/therapeutic use , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Tenofovir/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 929-935, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328129

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The ultimate goal of hepatitis B treatment is hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroclearance. Several factors have been suggested to be associated with the rate of HBsAg reduction in antiviral-naive or lamivudine therapy cohorts. However, there are few studies evaluating the factors during long-term entecavir (ETV) therapy. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the factors to predict the outcome of ETV therapy for 7 years.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 47 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients treated with ETV monotherapy were included in this study. Liver biochemistry, hepatitis B virus (HBV) serological markers, serum HBV DNA, and HBsAg titers were tested at baseline, 3 months, 6 months, and yearly from 1 to 7. The associations between factors and HBsAg reduction were assessed using multivariate tests with repeated measure analysis of variance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At baseline, serum HBsAg levels showed a positive correlation with baseline HBV DNA levels (r = 0.625, P < 0.001). The mean HBsAg titers after ETV treatment were significantly lower than the baseline titers (P ranges from 0.025 to 0.000,000,6). The HBsAg reduction rate during the 1st year was greater compared to after 1 year of treatment (P < 0.05). Multivariate test showed that hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroclearance and/or HBsAg reduction ≥0.5 log10 IU/ml at 6 months had a high negative predictive value (96.77%) for HBsAg seroclearance (P = 0.002, P = 0.012, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The HBsAg reduction rate during the 1st year was greater than that after 1 year of treatment. Further, HBeAg status and HBsAg levels at month 6 are the optimal factors for the early prediction of HBsAg seroclearance after long-term ETV therapy in CHB patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , DNA, Viral , Blood , Female , Guanine , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Drug Therapy , Virology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286900

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of long-term therapy with entecavir and Fufang Biejia Ruangan tablet in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB)-associated fibrosis and explore the synergistic therapy that accelerates the reversion of liver fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 197 patients with CHB-associated fibrosis were recruited from Nanfang Hospital between June, 2010 and June, 2015. The patients were divided into two groups after matching for age, gender and liver stiffness measurement (LSM), namely group A (n=98) treated with Fufang Biejia Ruangan Tablet plus entecavir, and group B (n=99) to receive entecavir only. HBV DNA quantification, HBV serological indicators, blood biochemical indexes, and results of abdominal ultrasound and FibroScan were recorded every 12 weeks. FibroScan values were converted to Metavir staging.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both groups showed significant decreases in serum levels of HBV DNA, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and LSM value from baseline (all P<0.05). The median time to achieve Metavir fibrosis staging improvement were 72 weeks in group A and 96 weeks in group B (P<0.05), and the median time to achieve ALT and AST normalization were 12 and 24 weeks in Group A, respectively, significantly shorter than the time in group B (P<0.05). No significant difference was found between the two groups in HBV DNA undetectable rate and HBeAg seroconversion rate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The combination therapy with Fufang Biejia Ruangan tablet and entecavir produces a stronger efficacy than entecavir alone in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B patients with liver fibrosis, and Fufang Biejia Ruangan tablet shows an obvious hepatoprotective effect in these patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , DNA, Viral , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Guanine , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Drug Therapy , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Drug Therapy , Tablets
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46324

ABSTRACT

Recent studies suggest that liver cirrhosis is reversible after administering oral nucleos(t)ide analogue therapy to patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, few studies have addressed whether esophageal varices can regress after such therapy. We report a case of complete regression of esophageal varices during entecavir therapy in patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis, suggesting that complications of liver cirrhosis such as esophageal varices can regress after the long-term suppression of HBV replication.


Subject(s)
Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/blood , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ultrasonography
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54512

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatic damage during transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a critical complication in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Apart from its role in preventing HBV reactivation, there is some evidence for the benefits of preemptive antiviral therapy in TACE. This study evaluated the effect of preemptive antiviral therapy on acute hepatic deterioration following TACE. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included a prospectively collected cohort of 108 patients with HBV-related HCC who underwent TACE between January 2007 and January 2013. Acute hepatic deterioration following TACE was evaluated. Treatment-related hepatic decompensation was defined as newly developed encephalopathy, ascites, variceal bleeding, elevation of the bilirubin level, prolongation of prothrombin time, or elevation of the Child-Pugh score by ≥2 within 2 weeks following TACE. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify factors influencing treatment-related decompensation. Preemptive antiviral therapy involves directing prophylaxis only toward high-risk chronic hepatitis B patients in an attempt to prevent the progression of liver disease. We regarded at least 6 months as a significant duration of preemptive antiviral treatment before diagnosis of HCC. RESULTS: Of the 108 patients, 30 (27.8%) patients received preemptive antiviral therapy. Treatment-related decompensation was observed in 25 (23.1%) patients during the follow-up period. Treatment-related decompensation following TACE was observed more frequently in the nonpreemptive group than in the preemptive group (29.5% vs. 6.7%, P=0.008). In the multivariate analysis, higher serum total bilirubin (Hazard ratio [HR] =3.425, P=0.013), hypoalbuminemia (HR=3.990, P=0.015), and absence of antiviral therapy (HR=7.597, P=0.006) were significantly associated with treatment-related hepatic decompensation. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that preemptive antiviral therapy significantly reduces the risk of acute hepatic deterioration. Preventing hepatic deterioration during TACE by applying such a preemptive approach may facilitate the continuation of anticancer therapy and thus improve long-term outcomes.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Bilirubin/blood , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B/complications , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia/etiology , Incidence , Liver/physiopathology , Liver Diseases/epidemiology , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93970

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to clarify the effect of obesity on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receiving antiviral treatment. METHODS: This study applied a retrospective analysis to a historical cohort in Bundang Jesaeng Hospital. In total, 102 CHB patients were treated with entecavir as an initial treatment for CHB and checked for obesity using a body composition analyzer. Hepatic steatosis was measured semiquantitatively using Hamaguchi’s scoring system in ultrasonography. Risk factors for the development of HCC were analyzed, including obesity-related factors (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference [WC], waist-to-hip ratio [WHR], visceral fat area [VFA], and hepatic steatosis). RESULTS: The median follow-up duration of the patients was 45.2 months (interquartile range: 36.0-58.3 months). The cumulative incidence rates of HCC at 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years were 0%, 5.3%, and 9.0%, respectively. Univariable analysis revealed that the risk factors for HCC development were a platelet count of <120,000 /mm² (hazard ratio [HR]=5.21, P=0.031), HBeAg negativity (HR=5.61, P=0.039), and liver cirrhosis (HR=10.26, P=0.031). Multivariable analysis showed that the significant risk factor for HCC development was liver cirrhosis (HR=9.07, P=0.042). However, none of the obesity-related risk factors were significantly associated with HCC: BMI ≥25 kg/m² (HR=0.90, P=0.894), WC ≥90 cm (HR=1.10, P=0.912), WHR ≥0.9 (HR=1.94, P=0.386), VFA ≥100 cm² (HR=1.69, P=0.495), and hepatic steatosis (HR=0.57, P=0.602). CONCLUSION: HCC development is associated with liver cirrhosis but not obesity-related factors in CHB patients receiving entecavir.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Body Mass Index , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , DNA, Viral/blood , Female , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Humans , Incidence , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Viral Load
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93969

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To analyze the effects of preexisting lamivudine (LAM) resistance and applying antiviral treatment (adefovir [ADV] add-on LAM combination treatment) on long-term treatment outcomes, and comparing the clinical outcomes of antiviral-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients receiving entecavir (ETV) monotherapy. METHODS: This study enrolled 73 antiviral-naïve patients who received 0.5-mg ETV as an initial therapy and 54 patients who received ADV add-on LAM combination treatment as a rescue therapy from July 2006 to July 2010. RESULTS: During 24-month treatments, the decreases in serum log10HBV-DNA values (copies/mL) were significantly greater in the antiviral-naïve patients treated with ETV than the patients receiving ADV add-on LAM combination treatment. The biochemical response rates for alanine aminotransferase normalization at 6 months (ETV) and 12 months (ADV add-on LAM) were 90.4% (66/73) and 77.8% (42/54), respectively (P=0.048). A Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that the rates of serologic response, viral breakthrough, and emergence of genotypic resistance did not differ significantly between the two patient groups. There were also no significant intergroup differences in the rates of disease progression (PD) and new development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). CONCLUSION: The long-term clinical outcomes of antiviral-naïve patients treated with ETV and LAM-resistant patients receiving ADV add-on LAM combination treatment were comparable in terms of the emergence of HCC and disease progression.


Subject(s)
Adenine/analogs & derivatives , Adult , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/blood , Disease Progression , Drug Resistance, Viral/drug effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Genotype , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B e Antigens/blood , Hepatitis B virus/drug effects , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Lamivudine/pharmacology , Male , Middle Aged , Organophosphonates/pharmacology , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22662

ABSTRACT

Entecavir (Baraclude®) is an oral antiviral drug used for the treatment of HBV. Entecavir is a reverse transcriptase inhibitor which prevents the HBV from multiplying. Most common adverse reactions caused by entecavir are headache, fatigue, dizziness, and nausea. Until now, there has been no report of peripheral neuropathy as a side effect associated with entecavir treatment. Herein, we report a case of peripheral neuropathy which probably occurred after treatment with entecavir in a hepatitis B patient. The possibility of the occurrence of this side effect should be carefully taken into consideration when a patient takes a high dose of entecavir for a long period of time or has risk factors for neuropathy at the time of initiating entecavir therapy.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Drug Therapy, Combination , Duloxetine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Guanine/adverse effects , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polyneuropathies/diagnosis , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Pregabalin/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 19(3): 291-295, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751886

ABSTRACT

Background: Research has shown that hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes are closely linked to the clinical manifestations, treatment, and prognosis of the disease. Objective: To study the association between genotype and drug-resistant HBV mutations in 620 Chinese patients with chronic HBV infection. Methods: HBV DNA levels were determined using real-time quantitative PCR in plasma samples. Microarrays were performed for the simultaneous detection of HBV genotypes (HBV/B, C, and D) and drug-resistance-related hotspot mutations. A portion of the samples analyzed using microarrays was selected randomly and the data were confirmed using direct DNA sequencing. Results: Most samples were genotype C (471/620; 76.0%), followed by genotype B (149/620; 24.0%). Among the 620 patient samples, 17 (2.7%) had nucleotide analogs (NA) resistance-related mutations. Of these, nine and eight patients carried lamivudine (LAM)-/telbivudine (LdT)-resistance mutations (rtL180M, rtM204I/V) and adefovir (ADV)-resistance mutations (rtA181T/V, rtN236T), respectively. No patients had both lamivudine (LAM)- and either ade-fovir (ADV) or entecavir (ETV) resistance mutations. Additionally, out of the 620 patient samples, 64.0% (397/620) were also detected with the precore stop-codon mutation (G1896A) by microarray assay. Conclusion: The results of the current study revealed that the prevalence of nucleotide analogs (NA)-resistance in Chinese hospitalized HBV-positive patients was so low that intensive nucleotide analogs (NA)-resistance testing before nucleotide analog (NA) treatment might not be required. In addition, the present study suggests that chronic HBV patients with genotype C were infected with fitter viruses and had an increased prevalence of nucleotide analogs (NA)-resistance mutations compared to genotype B virus. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/virology , Mutation , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Adenine/administration & dosage , Adenine/analogs & derivatives , DNA, Viral/genetics , Genotype , Guanine/administration & dosage , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B virus/drug effects , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Lamivudine/administration & dosage , Microarray Analysis , Organophosphonates/administration & dosage , Prognosis , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Thymidine/administration & dosage , Thymidine/analogs & derivatives
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-119039

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The optimal management of patients exhibiting a partial virologic response (PVR) to entecavir (ETV) has not been determined . The aim of this study was to determine the long-term efficacy of prolonged ETV monotherapy in treatment-naive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients exhibiting a PVR to ETV therapy. METHODS: This study included 364 treatment-naive CHB patients treated with ETV for > or =48 weeks and who received continuous ETV monotherapy for > or =96 weeks. PVR was defined as a decrease in serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA of more than 2 log10 IU/mL from baseline but with detectable HBV DNA by real-time PCR assay at week 48. RESULTS: Fifty-two of the 364 patients (14.3%) showed a PVR. Among them, 41 patients received continuous ETV monotherapy for > or =96 weeks (median duration 144 weeks, range 96-312 weeks), and 40 of these patients (95%) achieved a virologic response (VR, HBV DNA <20 IU/mL) during prolonged ETV monotherapy (median duration 78 weeks, range 60-288 weeks). The cumulative probabilities of a VR at weeks 96, 144, and 192 from treatment initiation were 78.0%, 92.7%, and 95.1%, respectively. The VR rate was 97.2% (35/36) in HBeAg-positive patients and 100% (5/5) in HBeAg-negative patients. In multivariate analysis, HBeAg positivity (odds ratio [OR], 9.231; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-82.91; P=0.047) and a high baseline HBV DNA level (OR, 0.170; 95% CI, 0.08-0.37; P=0.000) were independently associated with a delayed virologic response. No patient developed genotypic resistance to ETV during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term ETV monotherapy is effective for achieving a VR in treatment-naive CHB patients exhibiting a PVR to ETV. HBeAg positivity and high baseline HBV DNA level were independently associated with a delayed virologic response.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/blood , Drug Administration Schedule , Female , Genotype , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B e Antigens/blood , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
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