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1.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1363165

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Riociguate e outros medicamentos de controle da hipertensão pulmonar. Indicação: Tratamento de Hipertensão Pulmonar Tomboembólica Crônica (HPTEC). Pergunta: Há superioridade em eficácia e segurança do riociguate, comparado a medicamentos disponíveis no SUS, no tratamento de HPTEC inoperável ou operada com hipertensão pulmonar residual? Métodos: Revisão rápida de evidências (overview) de revisões sistemáticas, com levantamento bibliográfico realizado na base de dados PUBMED, utilizando estratégia estruturada de busca. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Resultados: Foram selecionadas 4 e incluídas 2 revisões sistemáticas. Conclusão: Comparado ao placebo, em tratamento de curto prazo de HPTEC, riociguate melhora a tolerância ao exercício, aumenta a chance de melhora da classificação funcional e tem similar risco de eventos adversos sérios, porém não reduz a mortalidade. Treprostinil tem efeitos similares a riociguate. Entretanto, ambrisentana, bosentana, macitentana ou sildenafila não diferem do placebo no tratamento de HPTEC


Technology: Riociguat and other drugs to control pulmonary hypertension. Indication: Treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Question: Is riociguat more effective and safe than other drugs available in the Brazilian Public Health System for the treatment of inoperable or recurrent CTEPH? Methods: Rapid review of evidence (overview) from systematic reviews, with a bibliographic search in the PUBMED database, using a structured strategy. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed with AMSTAR-2 (Methodological Quality Assessment of Systematic Reviews). Results: Four systematic reviews were selected and two included in this study. Conclusion: Compared to placebo, in the short-term treatment of CTEPH, riociguat improves exercise tolerance, increases the chance of improving functional classification, and has a similar risk of serious adverse events, but does not reduce mortality. Treprostinil has similar effects to riociguat. However, ambrisentan, bosentan, macitentan or sildenafil do not differ from placebo in the treatment of CTEPH


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Guanylate Cyclase/therapeutic use , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Placebos , Evidence-Informed Policy
2.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 28(2): 1-14, 2021-05-18. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362619

ABSTRACT

Background: Ayanin (3,7,4'-Tri-O-methylquercetin) and 3,7-Di-O-methylquercetin (DMQ) are the main active metabolites isolated by bioguided fractionation from Croton schiedeanus, species known popularly in Colombia as "almizclillo", which has been studied in experimental models in rats, exerting vasodilator and antihypertensive effects. Also, when the effect of these flavonoids was studied separately, important vasodilation was observed. Objective:To evaluate whether flavonoids from Croton schiedeanus have synergistic vasodilator properties when different combinations are used in isolated aorta rings. Methods: Cumulative concentrations of ayanin (10-8 M - 6x10-5 M or 0.01 µM - 60 µM) were assayed in the absence and presence of an increasing concentration of 3,7-Di-O-methylquercetin (DMQ) (10-8 ­ 3x10-5M or 0.01­30 µM) in isolated rings from Wistar rats, pre-contracted with phenylephrine. The concentration-response curve with the maximal effect was compared with that obtained by Croton schiedeanus whole ethanolic extract (10-6 ­ 3x10-4 g/mL). Also, this combination was assayed in the presence of the nitric oxide synthetase inhibitor L-NAME (10-4 M) and the guanylate cyclase inhibitor methylene blue (10-4 M) to assess the role of the NO/cGMP pathway in this interaction. Results: Ayanin and DMQ display a dual interaction in vascular relaxant response: agonism at higher concentration ranges (10-6 ­ 3x10-5 M or 1­30 µM) and antagonism at lower concentration ranges (10-8 ­ 3x10-7 M or 0.01­0.3 µM). The efficacy at the highest concentration was greater than that obtained by the whole extract (Emax: 98.4% vs. 33.9%). This response was decreased but not reverted in the presence of L-NAME and methylene blue. Thus, the vasodilator effect of this combination does not depend entirely on the NO/cGMP cyclic pathway. Conclusion: The combined use of appropriate concentrations of these flavonoids could represent an advantage over Croton schiedeanus whole extract for vasodilator purposes


Antecedentes: Ayanina (3,7,4'-Tri-O-metilquercetina) y 3,7-Di-O-metilquercetina (DMQ) son los principales metabolitos activos aislados mediante fraccionamiento bioguiado, a partir de Croton schiedeanus, especie conocida popularmente en Colombia como "almizclillo", la cual ha sido estudiada en modelos experimentales en ratas, ejerciendo efectos antihipertensivos y vasodilatadores. Además, al estudiar por separado el efecto de los flavonoides, se observó importante vasodilatación. Objetivo:Evaluar si los principales flavonoides de Croton schiedeanus tienen propiedades vasodilatadoras sinérgicas al utilizar diferentes combinaciones de ellos en anillos de aorta aislados. Metodología: Se analizaron concentraciones acumulativas de ayanina (10-8 M - 6x10-5 M o 0,01 µM - 60 µM) en ausencia y en presencia de concentraciones crecientes de DMQ (10-8 M - 3x10-5 M o 0,01 µM ­ 30 µM) en anillos aislados de ratas Wistar, pre-contraídos con fenilefrina. La curva concentración respuesta obtenida con el efecto máximo, fue comparada con la obtenida con el extracto etanólico de Croton schiedeanus (10-6 - 3x10-4 g/mL). Adicionalmente, esta combinación fue ensayada en presencia del inhibidor de óxido nítrico sintetasa L-NAME (10-4 M) y el inhibidor de guanilato ciclasa, azul de metileno (10-4 M) para evaluar el papel de la vía NO/GMPc en esta interacción. Resultados: Ayanina y DMQ muestran una interacción dual en la respuesta vascular relajante: agonismo en el rango más alto (10-6 M ­ 3x10-5 M o 1 µM ­ 30 µM), y antagonismo en el rango más bajo (10-8 M ­ 3x10-7 M o 0.01 µM ­ 0,3 µM). A altas concentraciones, la eficacia de los flavonoides fue mayor que las obtenidas por el extracto completo (Emáx: 98,4% vs 33,9%). Esta respuesta disminuyó, pero no se revirtió en presencia de L-NAME y azul de metileno. Por lo tanto, el efecto vasodilatador de esta combinación no depende enteramente de la vía NO/GMPc. Conclusión: El uso combinado de las concentraciones apropiadas de estos flavonoides podría representar una ventaja sobre el extracto de Croton schiedeanus, con propósitos vasodilatadores


Subject(s)
Humans , Flavonoids , Croton , Drug Synergism , Guanylate Cyclase , Nitric Oxide
3.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200476, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339315

ABSTRACT

Abstract Leptospirosis is a wide spread bacterial zoonosis that is common worldwide. The disease symptoms are mild or acute. Leptospira has pathogenic and non-pathogenic species; it has a lot of surface antigens. Adenylate Guanylate Cyclase (AGC) is a membrane protein that is found only in pathogenic species. In this study, the complete coding sequences of AGC protein of 242 pathogen serovars were investigated by bioinformatics tools. A Pattern was selected as a target sequence based on high prevalence pathogenic serovars in Iran Antigen sites; moreover, B-cell and T-cell epitopes were predicted by IEDB web server. An antigen site amino acid (D259-R462) in complete coding sequence of AGC protein was selected. This nucleotide related sequence was cloned into the pET32a+ expression vector. Expression of recombinant protein was optimized in E. coli strain Bl21-DE3 by 0.2mM IPTG after 16-hour incubation at 37 ͦ C and confirmed by 10% SDS-PAGE and western blotting. Antigenic peptide D259-R462 was highly expressed as Trx tag fusion protein. Recombinant peptide (rAcB) was purified by 6M urea from inclusion body with high extent yield 514.2 mg per 1000ml culture of E. coli. 20µg rAcB protein with montanide adjuvant was injected subcutaneously in BALB/c mice. Results showed that the recombinant peptide D259-R462 was produced significant antibody compared to adjuvant and PBS groups. The induced antibody in sera of immunized animal with Leptospira vaccine was detected by 250 ng of rAcB coated in ELISA microplate. This study demonstrated that antigenic region (D259-R462) of AGC protein might be useful for evaluation of antibody level in vaccinated animal.


Subject(s)
Guanylate Cyclase , Recombinant Proteins , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Adenylyl Cyclases , Leptospirosis
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716442

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effects and molecular mechanisms of the Schisandra chinensis fruit extract (SC) and its major compound gomisin A (GA), on the contractility of rabbit penile corpus cavernosum smooth muscle (PCCSM). MATERIALS/METHODS: PCCSM was exposed to SC or GA after appropriate pretreatment with nitric oxide synthase (NOS) blocker, guanylate cyclase blocker, adenylyl cyclase blocker or protein kinase A blocker. Subsequently, we evaluated the cyclic nucleotide in the perfusate by radioimmunoassay, protein expression level of neuronal NOS (nNOS) and endothelial NOS (eNOS) by western blot, and the interaction of SC or GA with udenafil and rolipram. RESULTS: Both SC and GA induce PCCSM relaxations in a concentration-dependent manner. Pretreatment with NOS blocker, guanylate cyclase blocker, adenylyl cyclase blocker or protein kinase A blocker result in significantly decreased relaxation. SC and GA also induce the levels of cyclic nucleotide in the perfusate in a concentration-dependent manner. Perfusion with GA also showed significantly higher levels of eNOS protein. Furthermore, the udenafil and rolipram induced relaxations of PCCSM were enhanced after exposure to SC and GA. Our results indicate that SC and GA induce the relaxation of PCCSM via the nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP and cAMP signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: The SC and GA are potential alternative treatments for men who want to consume natural products to ameliorate erectile function, or who do not respond to the commercially available medicines.


Subject(s)
Adenylyl Cyclases , Biological Products , Blotting, Western , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases , Erectile Dysfunction , Fruit , Guanosine Monophosphate , Guanosine , Guanylate Cyclase , Humans , Lignans , Male , Muscle, Smooth , Neurons , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Nitric Oxide , Perfusion , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors , Radioimmunoassay , Relaxation , Rolipram , Schisandra
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713893

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This phase 1 dose-escalation portion of the study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and antitumor activity of TAK-264 in Asian patients with advanced gastrointestinal (GI) carcinoma or metastatic or recurrent gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma expressing guanylyl cyclase C (GCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult patients with advanced GI malignancies expressing GCC (H-score ≥ 10) received TAK-264 on day 1 of 3-week cycles as 30-minute intravenous infusions for up to 1 year or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary objectives were to evaluate the safety profile including dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) during cycle 1, determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and characterize the PK profile of TAK-264. RESULTS: Twelve patients were enrolled and treated with 1.2 mg/kg (n=3), 1.5 mg/kg (n=3), or 1.8 mg/kg TAK-264 (n=6). Median number of treatment cycles received was two (range, 1 to 10). None of the patients experienced a DLT and the MTD was not determined. Ten patients (83%) experienced adverse events (AEs). The most common were neutropenia, anorexia, and nausea (each reported by four patients). Five patients (42%) experienced grade ≥ 3 AEs consisting of tumor hemorrhage and hypertension, ascites, adrenal insufficiency, neutropenia and asthenia. Serum exposure to TAK-264 increased proportionally with the dose and the median half-life was approximately 5.5-6.6 days. No patients experienced an objective response. CONCLUSION: TAK-264 demonstrated a manageable safety profile with limited antitumor activity consistent with studies conducted in Western patients with advanced GI malignancies. TAK-264 exposure increased proportionally with the dose.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Adrenal Insufficiency , Adult , Anorexia , Ascites , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Asthenia , Disease Progression , Esophagogastric Junction , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Guanylate Cyclase , Half-Life , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension , Infusions, Intravenous , Maximum Tolerated Dose , Nausea , Neutropenia , Pharmacokinetics , Stomach
6.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 169-174, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58160

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and action mechanism of quercetin on penile corpus cavernosum smooth muscle (PCCSM). PCCSM precontracted with phenylephrine (Phe) was treated with four different concentrations of quercetin (10−7, 10−6, 10−5 and 10−4 M). PCCSM were preincubated with N-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME) and 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) to block nitric oxide synthase and guanylate cyclase, respectively. The changes in PCCSM tension were recorded, and cyclic nucleotides in the perfusate were measured by radioimmunoassay. The interactions of quercetin with phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) such as sildenafil, udenafil and mirodenafil, were also evaluated. PCCSM relaxation induced by quercetin occurred in a concentrationdependent manner. The application of quercetin to PCCSM pre-treated with L-NAME and ODQ significantly inhibited the relaxation. Quercetin significantly increased cGMP in the perfusate. Furthermore, quercetin enhanced PDE5-Is-induced relaxation of PCCSM. Quercetin relaxed the PCCSM by activating the NO-cGMP signaling pathway, and it may be a therapeutic candidate or an alternative treatment for patients with erectile dysfunction who do not completely respond to PDE5-Is.


Subject(s)
Erectile Dysfunction , Guanylate Cyclase , Humans , Male , Muscle, Smooth , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Nucleotides, Cyclic , Phenylephrine , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors , Quercetin , Radioimmunoassay , Relaxation , Sildenafil Citrate
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57413

ABSTRACT

Guanylyl cyclase C (GC-C) is a member of a family of enzymes that metabolize GTP to cGMP and was first identified as a receptor for heat-stable enterotoxin. Guanylin (GNY) has since been identified as an endogenous ligand for GC-C in the intestine of several mammalian species. The GNY/GC-C system regulates ion transportation and pH in the mucosa. Recently, it was reported that GC-C and GNY are involved in lipid metabolism in rat mesenteric adipose tissue macrophages. To examine the role of GC-C and GNY in lipid metabolism in cattle, we used a bovine mesenteric adipocyte primary culture system and a coculture system for bovine adipocytes and GNY-/GC-C-expressing macrophages. Fat droplets were observed to accumulate in bovine mesenteric adipocytes cultured alone, whereas few fat droplets accumulated in adipocytes indirectly cocultured with macrophages. We also observed that GC-C was present in bovine mesenteric adipose tissue, and that fat droplet accumulation decreased after in vitro GNY administration. Expressions of mRNAs encoding lipogenic factors decreased significantly in adipocytes after either coculture or GNY administration. These results suggest that the GNY/GC-C system is part of the control system for lipid accumulation in bovine mesenteric adipose tissue.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Adipose Tissue , Animals , Cattle , Coculture Techniques , Enterotoxins , Guanosine Triphosphate , Guanylate Cyclase , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , In Vitro Techniques , Intestines , Ion Transport , Lipid Metabolism , Macrophages , Mucous Membrane , Rats , RNA, Messenger
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(1): 45-48, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776428

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Recent mutation analysis identified several missense mutations in CARD14 in psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: We performed the genomic sequence analysis on CARD14 in southern Chinese Han Cantonese with Psoriasis Vulgaris (PsV) to reveal more causative missense mutations. METHODS: A total of 131 patients with PsV and 207 matched controls were included. We conducted sequence analysis of all the exon and exon-intron boundaries of CARD14 in the group of PsV patients and subsequent case control analysis of potential sequence variants of significance. RESULTS: We found five rare mutations and four of them are annotated or reported. Only the variant (c.1291C>G) has not been reported and annotated, but the variant was also found in controls. No significant difference was detected among all rare variant allele frequencies of patients and controls. CONCLUSION: None of the new definite variants were pathogenic. The other pathogenic mutations for PsV are still elusive in our cohort.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , CARD Signaling Adaptor Proteins/genetics , Guanylate Cyclase/genetics , Mutation, Missense , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Psoriasis/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Cohort Studies , Gene Frequency , Genotyping Techniques , Predictive Value of Tests
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728441

ABSTRACT

Human cardiac fibroblasts (HCFs) have various voltage-dependent K+ channels (VDKCs) that can induce apoptosis. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) modulates VDKCs and induces oxidative stress, which is the main contributor to cardiac injury and cardiac remodeling. We investigated whether H2O2 could modulate VDKCs in HCFs and induce cell injury through this process. In whole-cell mode patch-clamp recordings, application of H2O2 stimulated Ca2+-activated K+ (K(Ca)) currents but not delayed rectifier K+ or transient outward K+ currents, all of which are VDKCs. H2O2-stimulated K(Ca) currents were blocked by iberiotoxin (IbTX, a large conductance K(Ca) blocker). The H2O2-stimulating effect on large-conductance K(Ca) (BK(Ca)) currents was also blocked by KT5823 (a protein kinase G inhibitor) and 1 H-[1, 2, 4] oxadiazolo-[4, 3-a] quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ, a soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor). In addition, 8-bromo-cyclic guanosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (8-Br-cGMP) stimulated BK(Ca) currents. In contrast, KT5720 and H-89 (protein kinase A inhibitors) did not block the H2O2-stimulating effect on BK(Ca) currents. Using RT-PCR and western blot analysis, three subtypes of K(Ca) channels were detected in HCFs: BK(Ca) channels, small-conductance K(Ca) (SK(Ca)) channels, and intermediate-conductance K(Ca) (IK(Ca)) channels. In the annexin V/propidium iodide assay, apoptotic changes in HCFs increased in response to H2O2, but IbTX decreased H2O2-induced apoptosis. These data suggest that among the VDKCs of HCFs, H2O2 only enhances BK(Ca) currents through the protein kinase G pathway but not the protein kinase A pathway, and is involved in cell injury through BK(Ca) channels.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases , Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinases , Fibroblasts , Guanosine , Guanylate Cyclase , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Hydrogen , Oxidative Stress , Phosphotransferases , Potassium Channels, Calcium-Activated , Protein Kinases
10.
Fortaleza; s.n; 2016. 87 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-971962

ABSTRACT

Os AINEs são um dos principais agentes que contribuem para a patogênese da úlcera gastrintestinal e representam um importante fator etiológico por serem comum enteutilizados na prática clínica. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito protetor do complexo de rutênio (II)(cis-[RuCl(qui)(bpy)2]PF6), contra a lesão gástrica induzida por na proxeno (NPX) em camundongos. Métodos: Foram utilizados camundongos Swiss (18-22g). Mensuramos os níveis de GMPc incubando amostras de tecidos gástricos com DMSO, com o complexo de Ru (II) e com ODQ, 30 μm de cada composto, por 5 minutos. Os grupos avaliados foram: grupo controle que recebeu CMC, grupo veículo, em que foi administrado NPX (300 mg/kg)e o que recebeu complexo de Ru (II), todos por gavagem. Os animais foram tratados com o complexo de Ru (II), nas doses de 0,3, 3 e 30 mg/kg. Após 30 minutos, seguiu-se com a indução da lesão com NPX. Seguindo o mesmo protocolo,avaliou-se o efeito do composto em estudo e de seus precursores, na dose de 3mg/kg, por gavagem.Verificou-se o efeito do composto na adesão e rolamento leucocitários; seguindo os protocolos descritos, tanto o rolamento quanto a adesão foram avaliados 3h após a indução de gastropatia e de modulação com ODQ (10 mg/kg) por gavagem. Analisou-se o efeito do complexo de Ru (II)em artérias mesentéricas de ratos wistar(200-250g) pré-contraídas com fenilefrina(PHE)(0,3 μM). Simulou-sea ligação entre o composto e a enzima GCs a partir de recursos disponíveis em site que contém banco de dados de proteínas...


NSAIDs contribute to the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal ulcers and represent an important etiologic factor because iscommonly used in clinical practice. Aim:To evaluate the protective effect of the ruthenium complex (II) (cis-[RuCl(qui)(bpy)2]PF6), against the gastric damageinduced by naproxen(NPX)in mice. Methods: Swiss mice were used (18-22g). Measure the GMPc levels incubating samples of gastric tissues with DMSO, with the complex of RU (II) and with ODQ, 30 μm of each compound, for 5 minutes. The groups evaluated were: control group that received CMC, group vehicle, in which was administered NPX (300 mg/kg) and who received complex of RU (II), all by gavage. The animals were treated with the complex of RU (II), in the doses of 0.3, 3 and 30 mg/kg. After 30 minutes, was followed with the induction of the lesion with NPX. Following the same protocol, it was evaluated the effect of the compound and its precursors, in dose of 3mg/kg, by gavage. It was verified theeffect of compound in accession and leukocyte bearing; following the protocols described, both the bearing for accession were evaluated 3h after the induction of gastropathy and modulation with ODQ (10 mg/kg) by gavage. It examined the effect of the complex of RU (II) in mesenteric arteries of Wistar rats (200-250 g) pre-contracted with phenylephrine (PHE) (0.3 μM). Simulated-If the connection between the compound and the enzyme GCs from resources available in the site that contains the database of proteins...


Subject(s)
Humans , Ruthenium , Guanylate Cyclase , Protective Agents
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(5): e5135, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778343

ABSTRACT

The heme oxygenase-carbon monoxide pathway has been shown to play an important role in many physiological processes and is capable of altering nociception modulation in the nervous system by stimulating soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). In the central nervous system, the locus coeruleus (LC) is known to be a region that expresses the heme oxygenase enzyme (HO), which catalyzes the metabolism of heme to carbon monoxide (CO). Additionally, several lines of evidence have suggested that the LC can be involved in the modulation of emotional states such as fear and anxiety. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the activation of the heme oxygenase-carbon monoxide pathway in the LC in the modulation of anxiety by using the elevated plus maze test (EPM) and light-dark box test (LDB) in rats. Experiments were performed on adult male Wistar rats weighing 250-300 g (n=182). The results showed that the intra-LC microinjection of heme-lysinate (600 nmol), a substrate for the enzyme HO, increased the number of entries into the open arms and the percentage of time spent in open arms in the elevated plus maze test, indicating a decrease in anxiety. Additionally, in the LDB test, intra-LC administration of heme-lysinate promoted an increase on time spent in the light compartment of the box. The intracerebroventricular microinjection of guanylate cyclase, an sGC inhibitor followed by the intra-LC microinjection of the heme-lysinate blocked the anxiolytic-like reaction on the EPM test and LDB test. It can therefore be concluded that CO in the LC produced by the HO pathway and acting via cGMP plays an anxiolytic-like role in the LC of rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Anxiety Agents/pharmacology , Anxiety/metabolism , Behavior, Animal/drug effects , Carbon Monoxide/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing)/metabolism , Locus Coeruleus/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , Carbon Monoxide/physiology , Guanylate Cyclase/metabolism , Locus Coeruleus/drug effects , Locus Coeruleus/physiology , Maze Learning , Rats, Wistar
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 30-34, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234038

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the CARD11 expression and its prognostic value in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This retrospective study included previously untreated patients diagnosed with DLBCL from January 2007 to December 2012. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded blocks of these patients were collected. Tissue microarray was built and expression of CARD11 was examined immunohistochemically. Subtype of DLBCL was determined by Hans algorithm (CD10, BCL6, MUM1). The pattern of CARD11 was further studied and their correlation with outcome was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>79 patients with DLBCL were enrolled and two reactive lymph nodes were used as control. The positive rate of high CARD11 expression in DLBCL was 65.33%, which showed no significant associations with patients' characteristics. Positive CARD11 expression was associated with an inferior event free survival (EFS)(2- year EFS: 52.03%vs 86.12%,P=0.036). Even in patients with a high international prognostic index (IPI, 3-5 points), this difference still remained significant (Median EFS not reached vs 557 days,P=0.033).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DLBCL patients with high CARD11 expression had a shorter EFS compared with low level of CARD11. This difference remained significant when patients were in high IPI (3-5 points), which might indicate the value of CARD11 in stratification of high-risk DLBCL patients.</p>


Subject(s)
CARD Signaling Adaptor Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease-Free Survival , Guanylate Cyclase , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Diagnosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121237

ABSTRACT

Coronary artery disease is a common occurrence in human, and causes enormous social cost. Poncirus fructus (PF), the dried immature fruits of Poncirus trifoliata Rafinesquem, is used in the treatment of womb contraction and dyspepsia, as a prokinetic, and in improving blood circulation. This study was performed to investigate the effects of PF and some of its flavonoids components on the coronary from the pig. The arterial ring was suspended by a pair of stainless steel stirrups in an organ bath. The end of the upper stirrup was connected to an isometric force transducer. A dose-dependent induction of relaxation was observed by both water and 70% ethanol extracts of PF in the porcine coronary artery precontracted with U46619 (100 nM), a stable analogue of the potent vasoconstrictor thromboxane A2. The 70% ethanol extract showed more efficacy than the water extract. Pretreatment of the artery with L-NAME (100 microM), a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, resulted in a significant reduction in the relaxation induced by PF extract. In addition, ODQ (10 microM), a soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor, also significantly reduced the effects of PF extracts. Hesperidin, a flavonoid present in PF, induced very weak relaxation of the porcine coronary artery at a high concentration (100 microM), while its aglycone, hesperetin, demonstrated a dose-dependent relaxation. In conclusion, PF extracts induced relaxation in the porcine coronary artery, partially through the nitric oxide-cGMP pathway, and the aglycones of flavonoids might be also involved in the relaxation of the same artery.


Subject(s)
15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid , Arteries , Baths , Blood Circulation , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Dyspepsia , Ethanol , Flavonoids , Fruit , Guanylate Cyclase , Hesperidin , Humans , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Poncirus , Relaxation , Stainless Steel , Thromboxane A2 , Transducers , Water
14.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Apr; 52(4): 375-382
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-150369

ABSTRACT

The first set of competitive inhibitors of molt inhibiting hormone (MIH) has been developed using the effective approaches such as Hip-Hop, virtual screening and manual alterations. Moreover, the conserved residues at 71 and 72 positions in the molt inhibiting hormone is known to be significant for selective inhibition of ecdysteroidogenesis; thus, the information from mutation and solution structure were used to generate common pharmacophore features. The geometry of the final six-feature pharmacophore was also found to be consistent with the homology-modeled MIH structures from various other decapod crustaceans. The Hypo-1, comprising six features hypothesis was carefully selected as a best pharmacophore model for virtual screening created on the basis of rank score and cluster processes. The hypothesis was validated and the database was virtually screened using this 3D query and the compounds were then manually altered to enhance the fit value. The hits obtained were further filtered for drug-likeness, which is expressed as physicochemical properties that contribute to favorable ADME/Tox profiles to eliminate the molecules exhibit toxicity and poor pharmacokinetics. In conclusion, the higher fit values of CI-1 (4.6), CI-4 (4.9) and CI-7 (4.2) in conjunction with better pharmacokinetic profile made these molecules practically helpful tool to increase production by accelerating molt in crustaceans. The use of feeding sub-therapeutic dosages of these growth enhancers can be very effectively implemented and certainly turn out to be a vital part of emerging nutritional strategies for economically important crustacean livestock.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Arthropod Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Arthropod Proteins/chemistry , Arthropod Proteins/metabolism , Binding, Competitive , Crustacea/metabolism , Drug Design , Guanylate Cyclase/antagonists & inhibitors , Guanylate Cyclase/chemistry , Guanylate Cyclase/metabolism , Invertebrate Hormones/antagonists & inhibitors , Invertebrate Hormones/chemistry , Invertebrate Hormones/metabolism , Models, Molecular , Molecular Sequence Data , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(3): 179-191, 03/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-704624

ABSTRACT

The isolation of heat-stable enterotoxin (STa) from Escherichia coli and cholera toxin from Vibrio cholerae has increased our knowledge of specific mechanisms of action that could be used as pharmacological tools to understand the guanylyl cyclase-C and the adenylyl cyclase enzymatic systems. These discoveries have also been instrumental in increasing our understanding of the basic mechanisms that control the electrolyte and water balance in the gut, kidney, and urinary tracts under normal conditions and in disease. Herein, we review the evolution of genes of the guanylin family and STa genes from bacteria to fish and mammals. We also describe new developments and perspectives regarding these novel bacterial compounds and peptide hormones that act in electrolyte and water balance. The available data point toward new therapeutic perspectives for pathological features such as functional gastrointestinal disorders associated with constipation, colorectal cancer, cystic fibrosis, asthma, hypertension, gastrointestinal barrier function damage associated with enteropathy, enteric infection, malnutrition, satiety, food preferences, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and effects on behavior and brain disorders such as attention deficit, hyperactivity disorder, and schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacterial Toxins/genetics , Enterotoxins/genetics , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Gastrointestinal Hormones/genetics , Guanylate Cyclase/physiology , Natriuretic Peptides/genetics , Water-Electrolyte Balance/physiology , Adenylyl Cyclases/physiology , Bacterial Toxins/isolation & purification , Evolution, Molecular , Enterotoxins/isolation & purification , Escherichia coli Proteins/isolation & purification , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Forecasting , Guanylate Cyclase/therapeutic use , Mammals/physiology , Peptides/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(2): 90-100, 2/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-699775

ABSTRACT

Physiological evidence indicates that the supraoptic nucleus (SON) is an important region for integrating information related to homeostasis of body fluids. Located bilaterally to the optic chiasm, this nucleus is composed of magnocellular neurosecretory cells (MNCs) responsible for the synthesis and release of vasopressin and oxytocin to the neurohypophysis. At the cellular level, the control of vasopressin and oxytocin release is directly linked to the firing frequency of MNCs. In general, we can say that the excitability of these cells can be controlled via two distinct mechanisms: 1) the intrinsic membrane properties of the MNCs themselves and 2) synaptic input from circumventricular organs that contain osmosensitive neurons. It has also been demonstrated that MNCs are sensitive to osmotic stimuli in the physiological range. Therefore, the study of their intrinsic membrane properties became imperative to explain the osmosensitivity of MNCs. In addition to this, the discovery that several neurotransmitters and neuropeptides can modulate their electrical activity greatly increased our knowledge about the role played by the MNCs in fluid homeostasis. In particular, nitric oxide (NO) may be an important player in fluid balance homeostasis, because it has been demonstrated that the enzyme responsible for its production has an increased activity following a hypertonic stimulation of the system. At the cellular level, NO has been shown to change the electrical excitability of MNCs. Therefore, in this review, we focus on some important points concerning nitrergic modulation of the neuroendocrine system, particularly the effects of NO on the SON.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Neurons/physiology , Neurosecretory Systems/physiology , Nitric Oxide/physiology , Oxytocin , Supraoptic Nucleus/physiology , Vasopressins , Action Potentials/physiology , Guanylate Cyclase/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Donors/pharmacology , Nitric Oxide Synthase/antagonists & inhibitors , Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism , Water-Electrolyte Balance/physiology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313024

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the reversal effect of multidrug resistance of Curcuma Wenyujin (CW) and its possible mechanism by establishing Vincristine-resistant gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells (SGC-7901/VCR) induced subcutaneous transplanted tumor in nude mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>First we identified the resistance of SGC-7901/VCR by using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT). The SGC-7901/VCR induced subcutaneous transplanted tumor model was established in 50 BALB/c nude mice by tissue block method. After 2 -3 weeks 36 mice with similar tumor size were selected and divided into 6 groups by random digit table, i.e., the model group, the Vincristine (VCR) group, the low dose CW group, the high dose CW group, the low dose CW combined VCR group, and the high dose CW combined VCR group, 6 in each group. Normal saline was intraperitoneally injected to mice in the model group at 10 mL/kg, once per 2 days. VCR was intraperitoneally injected to mice in the VCR group at 0.28 mg/kg once per 2 days. CW at 1.4 and 2.8 g/kg was administered to mice in the low and high dose CW groups by gastrogavage, 0.2 mL each time, once daily. CW at 1.4 and 2.8 g/kg was administered by gastrogavage and VCR was intraperitoneally injected at 0.28 mg/kg, once per 2 days to mice in the low dose CW combined VCR group and the high dose CW combined VCR group. All medication lasted for 14 days. The tumor growth was observed. The inhibition rate was calculated. Meanwhile, the positioning and expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SGC-7901/VCR had strong resistance to VCR, Adramycin (ADM), fluorouracil (5-FU), and Cisplatin (DDP), especially to VCR. Proliferation activities of SGC-7901/VCR were significantly enhanced after drug elution. The tumor volume gradually increased as time went by. The tumor volume was the minimum in the high dose CW combined VCR group. The tumor volume was obviously reduced in the high dose CW combined VCR group with obviously reduced with increased inhibition rate of 51.56%, when compared with that of the model group and the VCR group (P < 0.05). Western blot test showed that, when compared with the model group, the gray level of P-gp in the VCR group increased (P < 0.05), and the relative expression of P-gp in the high dose CW group, the low dose CW combined VCR group, and the high dose CW combined VCR group significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Compared with the VCR group, the gray level of the P-gp decreased in the low dose CW group, the high dose CW group, the low dose CW combined VCR group, and the high dose CW combined VCR group (P < 0.05). Results of immunohistochemistry showed that, when compared with the model group, expression scores of P-gp in the high dose CW group, the low dose CW combined VCR group, and the high dose CW combined VCR group decreased with statistical difference (P < 0.05). Compared with the VCR group, expression scores of P-gp were obviously lowered in the low dose CW group, the high dose CW group, the low dose CW combined VCR group, and the high dose CW combined VCR group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CW could reverse the drug resistance of SGC-7901/VCR subcutaneous transplanted tumor. And its mechanism might be related to down-regulating the expression of P-gp, suggesting that CW could be used as a kind of multidrug resistance reversal agent based on P-gp.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Metabolism , Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin , Therapeutic Uses , Curcuma , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Fluorouracil , Therapeutic Uses , Guanylate Cyclase , Mice , Mice, Nude , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear , Soluble Guanylyl Cyclase , Stomach Neoplasms , Vincristine , Therapeutic Uses
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727704

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to examine the effects of histamine on gastric motility and its specific receptor in the circular smooth muscle of the human gastric corpus. Histamine mainly produced tonic relaxation in a concentration-dependent and reversible manner, although histamine enhanced contractility in a minor portion of tissues tested. Histamine-induced tonic relaxation was nerve-insensitive because pretreatment with nerve blockers cocktail (NBC) did not inhibit relaxation. Additionally, K+ channel blockers, such as tetraethylammonium (TEA), apamin (APA), and glibenclamide (Glib), had no effect. However, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and 1H-(1,2,4)oxadiazolo (4,3-A) quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ), an inhibitor of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), did inhibit histamine-induced tonic relaxation. In particular, histamine-induced tonic relaxation was converted to tonic contraction by pretreatment with L-NAME. Ranitidine, the H2 receptor blocker, inhibited histamine-induced tonic relaxation. These findings suggest that histamine produced relaxation in circular smooth muscle of human gastric smooth muscle through H2 receptor and NO/sGC pathways.


Subject(s)
Apamin , Glyburide , Guanylate Cyclase , Histamine , Humans , Muscle, Smooth , Nerve Block , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Nitric Oxide , Ranitidine , Receptors, Histamine H2 , Relaxation , Tetraethylammonium
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727599

ABSTRACT

Nitric oxide (NO) is recognized as a mediator and regulator of inflammatory responses. NO is produced by nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and NOS is abundantly expressed in the human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). NO produced by NOS can be cytotoxic at higher concentrations to HDPCs. However, the mechanism by which this cytotoxic pathway is activated in cells exposed to NO is not known. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the NO-induced cytotoxic mechanism in HDPCs. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a NO donor, reduced the viability of HDPCs in a dose- and time-dependent manner. We investigated the in vitro effects of nitric oxide on apoptosis of cultured HDPCs. Cells showed typical apoptotic morphology after exposure to SNP. Besides, the number of Annexin V positive cells was increased among the SNP-treated HDPCs. SNP enhanced the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) ameliorated the decrement of cell viability induced by SNP. However, a soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor (ODQ) did not inhibited the decrement of cell viability induced by SNP. SNP increased cytochrome c release from the mitochondria to the cytosol and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 expression levels. Moreover, SNP-treated HDPCs elevated activities of caspase-3 and caspase-9. While pretreatment with inhibitors of caspase (z-VAD-fmk, z-DEVD-fmk) reversed the NO-induced apoptosis of HDPCs. From these results, it can be suggested that NO induces apoptosis of HDPCs through the mitochondria-dependent pathway mediated by ROS and Bcl-2 family, but not by the cyclic GMP pathway.


Subject(s)
Acetylcysteine , Annexin A5 , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Cell Survival , Cyclic GMP , Cytochromes c , Cytosol , Dental Pulp , Guanylate Cyclase , Humans , Mitochondria , Nitric Oxide , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Nitroprusside , Reactive Oxygen Species , Tissue Donors
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 40(6): 480-489, nov.-dez. 2013. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-702658

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: estudar o uso terapêutico do bloqueio da guanilato ciclase pelo azul de metileno em um modelo experimental de pancreatite aguda grave em suínos. MÉTODOS: a pancreatite aguda necrotizante foi induzida em porcos anestesiados por infusão ductal pancreática retrógrada de 1ml/kg de taurocolato de sódio a 5% e 8U/kg de enteroquinase. Três grupos foram estudados (n=5): controle (C), pancreatite (PA), "bolus" de azul seguido por pancreatite (AM+PA). Os dados incluíram enzimas séricas e do líquido abdominal, variáveis hemodinâmicas, hemogasometria arterial, volume de líquido abdominal, marcadores inflamatórios plasmáticos, nitrito/nitrato e mieloperoxidase e malondialdeído plasmático. Aplicou-se a análise de variância seguida do pós-teste de Bonferroni (p<0,05). RESULTADOS: os valores de amilase e lipase foram três e dez vezes mais elevados no grupo PA. A atividade da mieloperoxidase foi 50% superior no grupo PA. Os dados hemodinâmicos indicaram choque hipovolêmico precoce seguido de choque cardiogênico. Observou-se grave translocação de líquidos para a cavidade peritoneal. A nitrito/nitrato plasmática permaneceu inalterada. O grupo AM+PA teve aumento de cinco vezes do mieloperoxidase em comparação com o grupo C. CONCLUSÕES: a utilização de azul de metileno em suínos com pancreatite não demonstrou efeitos significativos sobre variáveis hemodinâmicas e inflamatórias. Seu uso terapêutico na pancreatite necro-hemorrágica pode ser inadequado e extremo cuidado deve ser tomado dado o aumento da peroxidação lipídica evidenciado pelo aumento dos valores do malondialdeído.


OBJECTIVE: To study the therapeutic application of guanylate cyclase inhibition by methylene blue in an experimental model of acute pancreatitis in pigs. METHODS: acute necrotizing pancreatitis was induced in anesthetized pigs by the retrograde infusion of 1 ml/kg of 5% sodium taurocholate and 8 U/kg enterokinase in the pancreatic duct. Three groups were studied (n = 5): control (C), pancreatitis (AP), and MB bolus followed by pancreatitis (MB+P). The data included serum and abdominal fluid enzymes, hemodynamic variables, arterial hemogasometry, abdominal fluid volume, inflammatory markers, plasma nitrite/nitrate (NOx), plasma myeloperoxidase (MPO) and plasma malondialdehyde (MDA). One- and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed, followed by the Bonferroni test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: amylase and lipase were three and 10-fold higher in the AP group. Myeloperoxidase activity was 50% higher in the AP group. The hemodynamic data indicated early hypovolemic shock followed by cardiogenic shock. Severe fluid translocation to the peritoneal cavity was observed. Plasma NOx remained unchanged. The MB+P group had a five-fold increase in MDA compared with the C group. CONCLUSION: preemptive application of MB in pigs with AP demonstrated no significant effects on hemodynamic and inflammatory variables. The use of MB is inadequate in cases of exponential NO release, and extreme caution must be exercised, given the increase in lipid peroxidation based on the malondialdehyde dosage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Guanylate Cyclase/antagonists & inhibitors , Methylene Blue/therapeutic use , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/complications , Shock, Cardiogenic/drug therapy , Shock, Cardiogenic/etiology , Analysis of Variance , Disease Models, Animal , Methylene Blue/pharmacology , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/enzymology , Swine
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