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1.
Lima; Perú. Congreso de la República; 20200500. 13 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIPECS | ID: biblio-1116572

ABSTRACT

El documento contiene las medidas para fortalecer al Instituto Nacional de Salud y la rectoría del Ministerio de Salud para la prevención y control de las enfermedades, a fin de mejorar la salud pública, promover el bienestar de la población y contribuir con el desarrollo sostenible del país.


Subject(s)
Guideline Adherence , Legislative Decree , Capacity Building , Health Facilities
3.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 27(4): 188-195, Oct-dic 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1087612

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) adopta el Curso Avanzado de Apoyo a la Lactancia Materna (CAALMA) para capacitar al personal. El apego del personal de enfermería al programa permitirá brindar a la madre información de calidad. Objetivo: identificar el nivel de apego que tiene el personal de enfermería al programa CAALMA. Metodología: estudio transversal analítico con n = 62 enfermeras, se diseñaron 2 instrumentos, con 62 ítems apegados al programa CAALMA; utilizando estadística descriptiva y pruebas no paramétricas. Resultados: se encontró apego regularmente significativo con 56.5%, la antigüedad en el hospital y la capacitación sobre lactancia materna se encontró una p < 0.001. Discusión: el apego se encontró regularmente significativo en contraste con lo reportado por Zamudio Costeño et al., quienes reportan un nivel aceptablemente significativo. Conclusión: el apego que se mostró fue regular lo que da pie a la implementación de nuevas estrategias educativas para aumentar el nivel de apego.


Introduction: The Institute Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) adopts the Advanced Maternal Breastfeeding Support Course (CAALMA) to train personnel. The attachment of the nursing staff to the program will provide the mother with quality information. Objective: To identify the level of attachment that nurses have to the CAALMA program. Methodology: Analytical cross-section with n = 62 nurses, 2 instruments were designed, with 62 items attached to the CAALMA program; using descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests. Results: Regularly significant attachment was found with 56.5%, hospitality and training on breastfeeding was found p < 0.001. Discussion: Attachment was found to be regularly significant in contrast to that reported by Zamudio Costeno et al.; who report an acceptably significant level. Conclusion: The attachment that was shown was to regulate what gives rise to the implementation of new educational strategies to increase the level of attachment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Programs and Plans , Breast Feeding , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Collection , Nursing , Strategies , Guideline Adherence , Hospitals, Public , Inservice Training , Nursing Staff , Nursing Staff, Hospital , Mexico
4.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(2): 140-148, Apr.-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013293

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the structure and the processes of care for pregnant women/newborn infants, including the Essential Newborn Care (ENC), in maternity hospitals in Sergipe State, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study carried out between June 2015 and April 2016 in all maternity hospitals of Sergipe with more than 500 deliveries/year (n=11). A questionnaire on the existing structure and work processes was administered to the managers. Subsequently, a representative number of postpartum women from these hospitals were interviewed (n=768). Their medical records, as well as newborn infants' records, were also analyzed. Results: Sergipe has 78 beds of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and 90 beds of Intermediate Care Unit (IMCU) to meet spontaneous and programmed demand. Only six maternity hospitals (54.5%) performed the risk classification, and four (36.3%) had protocols for high-risk parturient care. Regarding the ENC components, only 41% (n=315) of the women had early skin-to-skin contact with their babies, 33.1% (n=254) breastfed in the first hour of life, and 18% (n=138) had a companion always during birth. Conclusions: The distribution of NICU beds between capital city and other cities of the State is adequate, considering Brazilian guidelines. However, there was a low adherence to the protocols for hypertensive and hemorrhagic emergencies, and a low coverage of humanization policies, pregnancy risk classification and ENC practices, especially breastfeeding in the first hour of life, and companion always during birth.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a estrutura e os processos de atendimento a gestante/recém-nascido, incluindo os componentes do Essential Newborn Care (ENC), das maternidades de Sergipe, Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado entre junho de 2015 e abril de 2016 em todas as maternidades de Sergipe (n=11) com mais de 500 partos/ano. Foi aplicado um questionário aos gestores sobre a estrutura e os processos de trabalhos existentes. Posteriormente, um número representativo de puérperas desses hospitais foi entrevistado (n=768) e seus prontuários, bem como o dos recém-nascidos, foram analisados. Resultados: Sergipe conta com 78 leitos de Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN) e 90 de Unidade Intermediária (UI) para atendimento da demanda espontânea e programada. Somente seis maternidades (54,5%) realizam a classificação de risco e quatro (36,3%) possuem protocolos para atendimento das parturientes de alto risco. No que se refere aos componentes do ENC, apenas 41% (n=315) das mulheres tiveram contato pele a pele precoce com seu filho, 33,1% (n=254) amamentaram na primeira hora de vida e 18% (n=138) tiveram a presença do acompanhante em todos os momentos do parto. Conclusões: A distribuição de leitos de UTIN entre capital/interior é adequada no Estado, levando-se em consideração a legislação vigente no país. Entretanto, houve baixa adesão aos protocolos das emergências hipertensivas e hemorrágicas, e baixa cobertura das políticas de humanização, da classificação de risco para a gestante e das práticas do ENC, principalmente quanto à amamentação na primeira hora de vida e à presença do acompanhante na parturição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/standards , Clinical Protocols , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Patient Care Management/methods , Patient Care Management/organization & administration , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/standards , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/organization & administration , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Perinatal Care/methods , Perinatal Care/organization & administration , Health Services Needs and Demand , Hospitals, Maternity/standards , Hospitals, Maternity/statistics & numerical data
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 48-54, jan.-fev. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-984518

ABSTRACT

Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is one of the main risk factors for heart disease. Among the benefits linked to different modalities of physical exercise, post-exercise hypotension (PEH) is a key point for exercise prescription in this condition. Objective: To investigate and compare PEH in response to continuous aerobic exercise (CONT) and high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), matched by volume, in sedentary individuals. Methods: A randomized cross-over study, composed of sedentary, healthy male subjects submitted to two acute physical exercise protocols matched by volume, HIIE and CONT, on a treadmill. Hemodynamic measures for the evaluation of PEH were performed pre, immediately after exercise and every five minutes thereafter, during one hour of recovery. Two-way ANOVA with repeated measurements was used for comparisons between groups and Bonferroni post hoc test as appropriate. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Both exercise protocols promoted significant PEH, with reductions in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP). HIIE promoted a reduction of SBP and MAP at the 15th minute, whereas the same effect was observed at the 30th following CONT. Conclusion: Both HIIE and CONT, matched by volume, promote PEH of similar magnitude. However, PEH occurs earlier following HIIE, suggesting a better time / effectiveness ratio, and an additional beneficial effect of this modality


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise , Sedentary Behavior , Post-Exercise Hypotension , Hypertension/physiopathology , Research Design , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Cardiomegaly , Guideline Adherence/standards , Exercise Test/methods , Heart Rate
6.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 48-54, jan.-fev. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-981576

ABSTRACT

Background: Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is one of the main risk factors for heart disease. Among the benefits linked to different modalities of physical exercise, post-exercise hypotension (PEH) is a key point for exercise prescription in this condition. Objective: To investigate and compare PEH in response to continuous aerobic exercise (CONT) and high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), matched by volume, in sedentary individuals. Methods: A randomized cross-over study, composed of sedentary, healthy male subjects submitted to two acute physical exercise protocols matched by volume, HIIE and CONT, on a treadmill. Hemodynamic measures for the evaluation of PEH were performed pre, immediately after exercise and every five minutes thereafter, during one hour of recovery. Two-way ANOVA with repeated measurements was used for comparisons between groups and Bonferroni post hoc test as appropriate. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Both exercise protocols promoted significant PEH, with reductions in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP). HIIE promoted a reduction of SBP and MAP at the 15th minute, whereas the same effect was observed at the 30th following CONT. Conclusion: Both HIIE and CONT, matched by volume, promote PEH of similar magnitude. However, PEH occurs earlier following HIIE, suggesting a better time /effectiveness ratio, and an additional beneficial effect of this modality


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise , Sedentary Behavior , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypotension , Research Design , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Cardiomegaly , Guideline Adherence/standards , Exercise Test , Heart Rate
7.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-763948

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methods are known to have validity for capturing momentary changes in variables over time. However, data quality relies on the completion rates, which are influenced by both participants' characteristics and study designs. This study applied an EMA method using a mobile application to assess momentary moods and stress levels in patients with Moyamoya disease to examine variables associated with EMA completion rates. METHODS: Adults with Moyamoya disease were recruited from a tertiary hospital in Seoul. Patients with cognitive impairment were excluded. The EMA survey was loaded as a mobile application onto the participants' personal smartphones. Notifications were sent at semi-random intervals four times a day for seven consecutive days. Daily completion rates were calculated as the percentage of completed responses per day; overall completion rates were calculated as the proportion of completed responses per total of the 28 scheduled measures in the study and assessed through a descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and regression analysis, with mixed modeling to identify the point at which the daily completion rate significantly decreased. RESULTS: A total of 98 participants responded (mean age, 41.00 ± 10.30 years; 69.4% female; 75.5% married). The overall completion rate was 70.66%, with no gender or age differences found. The daily completion rate decreased significantly after day 5 (p = 0.029). CONCLUSIONS: Obtaining a good completion rate is essential for quality data in EMA methods. Strategic approaches to a study design should be established to encourage participants throughout a study to improve completion rates.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cognition Disorders , Data Accuracy , Epidemiologic Factors , Female , Guideline Adherence , Humans , Methods , Mobile Applications , Moyamoya Disease , Seoul , Smartphone , Tertiary Care Centers
8.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-741842

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate intra- and inter-observer variability and guideline adherence amongst pediatricians in treating children aged between 4 and 18 years referred with recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) without red flags. METHODS: The first part of the study is a retrospective single-center cohort study. The diagnostic work-ups of eight pediatricians were compared to the national guidelines. Intra- and inter-observer variability were examined by Cramer's V test. Intra-observer variability was defined as the amount of variation within a pediatrician and inter-observer variability as the amount of variation between pediatricians in the application of diagnostic work-up in children with RAP. Prospectively, the same pediatricians were requested to provide a report on their management strategy with a fictitious case to prove similarities in retrospective diagnostic work-up. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients per pediatrician were analyzed. Retrospectively, a (very) weak association between pediatricians' diagnostic work-ups was found (0.22), which implies high inter-observer variability. The association between intra-observer diagnostic was moderate (range, 0.35–0.46). The Cramer's V of 0.60 in diagnostic work-up between pediatricians in the fictitious case implied the presence of a moderately strong association and lower inter-observer variability than in the retrospective study. Adherence to the guideline was 66.8%. CONCLUSION: We found a high intra- and inter-observer variability and moderate guideline adherence in daily clinical practice amongst pediatricians in treating children with RAP in a teaching hospital.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Child , Cohort Studies , Guideline Adherence , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Observer Variation , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(5): e20192311, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1057170

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: identificar a adesão ao checklist de cirurgia segura, a partir do seu preenchimento, em um hospital geral de referência do interior do Estado de Minas Gerais, bem como, verificar os fatores associados à sua utilização. Métodos: trata-se de estudo transversal, documental, retrospectivo de abordagem quantitativa. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio da revisão retrospectiva de prontuários de uma amostra de pacientes operados no período de um ano. Foram incluídos os atendimentos de pacientes cirúrgicos de todas as especialidades, com idade de 18 anos ou mais, e período de internação igual ou maior do que 24 horas. A amostra probabilística foi de 423 casos. Resultados: o checklist estava presente em 95% dos prontuários. Porém, apenas 67,4% deles estavam com preenchimento completo. A presença do checklist no prontuário apresentou associação significativa com o risco anestésico do paciente. Não houve diferença no percentual de preenchimento entre os três momentos do checklist: antes da indução anestésica (sign in), antes da incisão cirúrgica (time out ou parada cirúrgica) e antes do paciente deixar a sala de cirurgia (sign out). Também não foram encontradas diferenças significativas em relação ao percentual de preenchimento dos itens de responsabilidade do cirurgião. Considerando o procedimento cirúrgico realizado, foram encontradas incoerências no item lateralidade. Conclusão: apesar do elevado percentual de prontuários com checklist, a presença de incompletude e incoerência pode comprometer os resultados esperados na segurança do paciente cirúrgico.


ABSTRACT Objective: to identify adherence to the safe surgery checklist from its filling out in a general referral hospital in the interior of Minas Gerais state, as well as to verify factors associated with its use. Methods: this is a retrospective, documentary, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Data collection was performed through a retrospective review of medical records of patients undergoing surgery within one year. Patients of all specialties, aged 18 years or older, and with hospitalization period equal to or greater than 24 hours were included. The probabilistic sample was composed of 423 cases. Results: the checklist was present in 95% of the medical records. However, only 67.4% of them were completely filled out. The presence of the checklist in the medical record was significantly associated with the anesthetic risk of the patient. There was no difference in the filling out percentage among the three checklist moments: before anesthetic induction (sign in), before surgical incision (time out or surgical pause), and before the patient leaves the operating room (sign out). There were also no significant differences regarding the filling out percentage of the surgeon's responsibility items. Considering the surgical procedure performed, inconsistencies were found in the laterality item. Conclusion: despite the high percentage of medical records with checklist, the presence of incompleteness and inconsistency may compromise the expected results in the safety of the surgical patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Operating Rooms/standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative/standards , Safety Management/methods , Perioperative Care/standards , Checklist/standards , Retrospective Studies , Guideline Adherence , Checklist/statistics & numerical data , Patient Safety , Hospitals, General , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40(spe): e20180270, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1004104

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Avaliar a conformidade da execução da lista de verificação de segurança cirúrgica. MÉTODOS Estudo avaliativo, observacional, transversal e descritivo, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com 431 cirurgias pediátricas, em hospital público do Distrito Federal, entre agosto de 2017 e fevereiro de 2018. Os dados foram coletados por observação não participante e analisados por estatística descritiva. RESULTADOS O checklist foi realizado em 90,3% das cirurgias, no entanto, a completude do instrumento e a adesão verbal a todos os itens não foram observadas em nenhum procedimento. 95,4% das cirurgias prosseguiram mesmo com a identificação de falhas em processos de segurança. Observou-se checagens inapropriadas, inexatidão do momento de aplicação, execução na ausência de profissionais essenciais e falta de participação ativa. CONCLUSÕES O estudo revelou inconformidades na adesão ao checklist e na execução de práticas seguras, configurando um alerta para o risco sistemático sofrido pelo paciente cirúrgico e para a necessidade de intervenções imediatas.


Resumen OBJETIVO Evaluar la conformidad de ejecución de la lista de verificación de la seguridad de la cirugía. MÉTODOS Estudio evaluativo, observacional, transversal y descriptivo, con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado con 431 cirugías pediátricas, en un hospital público del Distrito Federal, entre agosto de 2017 y febrero de 2018. Se recolectaron los datos a través de la observación no participante y estos se analizaron por medio de la estadística descriptiva. RESULTADOS El checklist se realizó en 90,3% de las cirugías, sin embargo, no se pudo observar el uso total de la herramienta, así como la adhesión verbal a todos los elementos en ningún procedimiento. 95,4% de las cirugías prosiguieron aún con fallas en los procesos de seguridad. Se pudo observar controles inapropiados, inexactitud del momento de uso, ejecución en ausencia de profesionales cruciales y falta de participación activa. CONCLUSIONES El estudio reveló inconformidades en la adhesión al checklist y en la ejecución de prácticas seguras, configurando una alerta para el riesgo sistemático sufrido por el paciente quirúrgico y para la necesidad de intervenciones inmediatas.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To evaluate compliance with the surgical safety checklist. METHODS Evaluative, observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study with a quantitative approach, performed in 431 pediatric surgeries, in a public hospital in the Federal District, between August 2017 and February 2018. Data were collected by non-participant observation and analyzed by descriptive statistics. RESULTS The checklist was performed in 90.3% of the surgeries, however, the completeness of the instrument and the verbal adherence to all the items were not observed in any procedure. 95.4% of the surgeries continued even with the identification of failures in safety processes. Inappropriate checks, inaccuracy of timing, performance in the absence of key professionals, and lack of active participation were observed. CONCLUSIONS The study showed the existence of nonconformities in the adherence to the checklist and in the execution of safe practices, being an alert for the systematic risk suffered by the surgical patient and for the need for immediate interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Surgical Procedures, Operative/standards , Checklist , Patient Safety/standards , Patient Safety/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data
11.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40: e20180263, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1004092

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Analisar as evidências das pesquisas desenvolvidas sobre a humanização no atendimento de urgência e emergência, tendo em vista suas contribuições para o cuidado de enfermagem. MÉTODOS Revisão integrativa nas bases de dados LILACS, CINAHL, SciELO, Web os Science, SCOPUS e BDENF, utilizando os descritores: humanização da assistência, urgências, emergências, serviços médicos de emergências e enfermagem. RESULTADOS A busca resultou em um total de 133 publicações, sendo 17 incluídas no escopo desta revisão. A análise possibilitou a elaboração das unidades de evidência: Acolhimento com classificação de risco: dispositivo com bons resultados e Barreiras e dificuldades para a utilização das diretrizes da Política Nacional de Humanização. CONCLUSÃO O Acolhimento com Classificação de Risco foi evidenciado como principal dispositivo para a efetiva operacionalização da Política Nacional de Humanização e existem barreiras para sua efetivação relacionadas à organização das redes de atenção à saúde, problemas estruturais e ao trabalho multiprofissional.


Resumen OBJETIVO Analizar las evidencias de las investigaciones desarrolladas sobre la humanización en la atención de urgencia y emergencia, teniendo en cuenta sus contribuciones en el cuidado de enfermería. MÉTODOS Revisión integradora con búsqueda en bases de datos LILACS, CINAHL, SciELO, Web of Science, SCOPUS y BDENF, utilizando descriptores: humanización de la asistencia, urgencias, emergencias, servicios médicos de emergencias y enfermería. RESULTADOS La búsqueda resultó en un total de 133 publicaciones, siendo 17 incluidas en el alcance de esta revisión. El análisis posibilitó la elaboración de unidades de evidencia: 'Acogida con clasificación de riesgo: dispositivo con buenos resultados' y 'Barreras y dificultades para la utilización de las directrices de la Política Nacional de Humanización'. CONCLUSIÓN El Acogimiento con Clasificación de Riesgo fue evidenciado como principal dispositivo para una efectiva operacionalización de la Política Nacional de Humanización y existen barreras para su efectividad relacionadas con la organización de las redes de atención a la salud, con los problemas estructurales y el trabajo multiprofesional.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To analyze the evidence of researches carried out on humanization in urgent and emergency care, considering their contributions to nursing care. METHODS Integrative review of LILACS, CINAHL, SciELO, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and BDENF databases, using the keywords: humanization of care, urgencies, emergencies, emergency medical services, and nursing. RESULTS The search resulted in a total of 133 publications, of which 17 were included in the scope of this review. The analysis enabled the elaboration of the evidence units: 'Reception with Risk Classification: a device with good results' and 'Barriers and difficulties to use the guidelines of the National Humanization Policy'. CONCLUSION The Reception with Risk Classification was evidenced as the main device for the effective implementation of the National Humanization Policy and there are barriers to its effectiveness related to the organization of health care networks, structural problems, and multi-professional work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Emergency Nursing/ethics , Emergency Medical Services/ethics , Humanism , Guideline Adherence , Health Policy , Nursing Care/ethics
12.
Singapore medical journal ; : 130-135, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-777562

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Timely administration of prophylactic antibiotics within 60 minutes before surgical incision is important for reducing surgical site infections. This quality improvement initiative aimed to work towards achieving 100% compliance with perioperative antibiotic administration.@*METHODS@#We examined the workflow in our Anaesthesia Information Management System (AIMS) and proposed interventions using cause-and-effect analysis of anonymised anaesthetic records from eligible surgical cases extracted from AIMS. This ultimately led to the implementation of an antibiotic pop-up reminder. The overall process was done in a few small plan-do-study-act cycles involving raising awareness, education and reorganisation of AIMS before implementation of the antibiotic pop-up reminder. Data analysis took place from August 2014 to September 2016. Compliance was defined as documented antibiotic administration within 60 minutes before surgical incision, or as documented reason for omission.@*RESULTS@#The median monthly compliance rate, for 33,038 cases before and 28,315 cases after the reminder was implemented, increased from 67.0% at baseline to 94.5%. This increase was consistent and sustained for a year despite frequent personnel turnover. Documentation of antibiotic administration also improved from 81.7% to 99.3%, allowing us to identify and address novel problems that were initially not apparent, and resulting in several department recommendations. These included administering antibiotics later for cases with predicted longer-than-expected preparation times and bringing forward antibiotic administration in lower-segment Caesarean sections.@*CONCLUSION@#The use of information technology and implementation of an antibiotic pop-up reminder on AIMS streamlined our work processes and brought us closer to achieving 100% on-time compliance with perioperative antibiotic administration.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Methods , Documentation , Drug Administration Schedule , Electronic Health Records , Guideline Adherence , Humans , Perioperative Period , Quality Improvement , Reminder Systems , Software , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Reference Standards , Surgical Wound Infection
13.
Diagn. tratamento ; 23(4): [141-146], out-dez 2018. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-987476

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Guidelines em saúde somente terão benefícios potenciais se tiverem sido planejadas e desenvolvidas com alto rigor metodológico. Objetivos: Apresentar e descrever os itens da ferramenta Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation, AGREE II. Métodos: Estudo descritivo realizado na Disciplina de Medicina Baseada em Evidências da Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp). Resultados: Os 23 itens da ferramenta AGREE II foram apresentados em sua versão em português, assim como as recomendações para sua aplicação. Conclusão: O AGREE II é uma ferramenta internacional, já disponível em vários idiomas, e que avalia o rigor metodológico e a transparência com que uma guideline é desenvolvida. Pode ser aplicada a guidelines novas, já existentes ou atualizações de guidelines prévias. O uso do AGREE II no desenvolvimento de guidelines em saúde precisa ser disseminado, uma vez que tais guidelines somente terão benefícios potenciais se tiverem sido planejadas e desenvolvidas com alto rigor metodológico.


Subject(s)
Clinical Protocols , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Evidence-Based Medicine , Guideline Adherence , Methodology
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(1): 28-34, feb. 2018. graf, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-887423

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El manejo inadecuado del dolor es frecuente en Urgencias. El objetivo fue analizar el manejo del dolor de niños con patología infecciosa o traumática del área facial/oral en Urgencias y evaluar el cumplimiento y satisfacción sobre la analgesia prescrita al momento del alta. Población y métodos. Estudio transversal, observacional y analítico en niños que acudieron a Urgencias con patología infecciosa/traumática de la región facial/oral durante 2 meses. Se recogieron el manejo del dolor en Urgencias, la analgesia prescrita para el domicilio y, tras el contacto telefónico con los padres, el tratamiento realizado y su adecuación al dolor del niño. Resultados. Fueron incluidos 252 pacientes (edad media de 4,5 años, desvío estándar 3,89). En 8,7%, figuraba la evaluación del dolor en triaje y, en 3,6%, en el informe médico. Se administró analgesia en Urgencias al 41,3%. Al momento del alta, en un 13,9%, no se prescribió analgesia; en 25,4%, se prescribió pautada y, en 60,3%, a demanda. Los pediatras usaron más analgesia pautada que los cirujanos (34,4% vs. 16,5%, p < 0,01). En el domicilio, no administraron analgesia en el 39,3%; en un 36,1%, pautada y, en un 23%, a demanda. Existió escasa correlación entre la pauta al momento del alta y la administrada en el domicilio (kappa: 0,178). Se consideró la analgesia adecuada en el 84%, con más frecuencia en patología traumática que infecciosa (85,7% vs. 14,3%, p < 0,01). Conclusiones. Se observó escasa evaluación y tratamiento del dolor en Urgencias. La prescripción más usada fue a demanda en vez de pautada, al contrario de lo recomendado en las guías. El control analgésico fue mejor en patología traumática que infecciosa.


Introduction. An inadequate pain management is common in the emergency department. Our objective was to analyze pain management among children with an orofacial infection or trauma in the emergency department and to assess compliance and satisfaction with analgesia prescribed at discharge. Population and methods. Cross-sectional, observational and analytical study in children attending the emergency department for an orofacial infection or trauma over 2 months. Pain management in the emergency department, analgesia prescribed at home and, following a call to parents, treatment provided and its adequacy to control pain were registered. Results. In total, 252patients (mean age: 4.5 years, SD: 3.89) were included. Pain assessment was recorded at the triage for 8.7%, and in the medical report, for 3.6%. Analgesia was administered to 41.3% in the emergency room. At discharge, no analgesia was prescribed to 13.9%; scheduled analgesia, to 25.4%; and as needed, to 60.3%. Pediatricians prescribed scheduled analgesia more frequently than surgeons (34.4% versus 16.5%, p < 0.01). At home, no analgesia was administered to 39.3%; scheduled analgesia, to 36.1%; and as needed, to 23%. There is little correlation between prescription at discharge and at home (Kappa: 0.178). Analgesia was considered adequate in 84% of cases, and was more frequent in trauma injuries than in infections (85.7% versus 14.3%, p < 0.01). Conclusions. Pain assessment and management was scarce in the emergency department. The most common prescription was as needed, contrary to what is recommended in the guidelines. Analgesic control worked better for trauma injuries than for infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Facial Pain/therapy , Pain Management , Home Care Services , Analgesia , Parents , Patient Discharge , Pediatrics , Pain Measurement , Facial Pain/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Guideline Adherence , Emergency Service, Hospital , Facial Injuries/complications , Infections/complications
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-718154

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to propose a set of quality indicators (QIs) based on the clinical guidelines for cervical cancer treatment published by The Japan Society of Gynecologic Oncology, and to assess adherence to standard-of-care as an index of the quality of care for cervical cancer in Japan. METHODS: A panel of clinical experts devised the QIs using a modified Delphi method. Adherence to each QI was evaluated using data from a hospital-based cancer registry of patients diagnosed in 2013, and linked with insurance claims data, between October 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014. All patients who received first-line treatment at the participating facility were included. The QI scores were communicated to participating hospitals, and additional data about the reasons for non-adherence were collected. RESULTS: In total, 297 hospitals participated, and the care provided to 15,163 cervical cancer patients was examined using 10 measurable QIs. The adherence rate ranged from 50.0% for ‘cystoscope or proctoscope for stage IVA’ to 98.8% for ‘chemotherapy using platinum for stage IVB’. Despite the variation in care, hospitals reported clinically valid reasons for more than half of the non-adherent cases. Clinically valid reasons accounted for 75%, 90.9%, 73.4%, 44.5%, and 88.1% of presented non-adherent cases respectively. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed variations in pattern of care as well as an adherence to standards-of-care across Japan. Further assessment of the causes of variation and non-adherence can help identify areas where improvements are needed in patient care.


Subject(s)
Guideline Adherence , Humans , Insurance , Japan , Methods , Patient Care , Platinum , Proctoscopes , Qi , Standard of Care , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
16.
Gut and Liver ; : 426-432, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-715589

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: People around the world are increasingly choosing to undergo colorectal cancer screening via colonoscopy. As a result, guideline adherence to postpolypectomy colonoscopy surveillance has drawn increasing attention. The present study was performed to assess recognition and adherence to guidelines among primary care physicians and gastroenterologists and to identify characteristics associated with compliance. METHODS: A nationwide sample of primary care physicians employed at cancer screening facilities and registered members of the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy were recruited. Participants were asked to complete a survey of six hypothetical clinical scenarios designed to assess their potential course of action in response to screening or follow-up colonoscopy results. Frequencies and odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for guideline adherence were estimated. RESULTS: The proportions of doctors recommending shortened colonoscopy surveillance intervals for low- and high-risk adenomas were greater than 90% among primary physicians and were much lower among gastroenterologists. Guideline adherence was relatively good among groups of doctors who were young, had a specialty in gastroenterology, worked at tertiary hospitals, and cared for an appropriate number of patients. CONCLUSIONS: The present study reveals a remaining discrepancy between practitioner recommendations and current guidelines for postpolypectomy surveillance. Several factors were shown to be related to guideline adherence, suggesting a need for appropriate control and continuing education or training programs among particular groups of practitioners.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Compliance , Early Detection of Cancer , Education , Education, Continuing , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Follow-Up Studies , Gastroenterology , Guideline Adherence , Humans , Korea , Mass Screening , Odds Ratio , Physicians, Primary Care , Tertiary Care Centers
17.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-780430

ABSTRACT

@#Needlestick injury (NSI) is a serious occupational hazard against healthcare workers (HCWs) in a hospital setting with multiple implications, thus adherence to post-NSI management including follow-up protocol is crucial.This research was conducted to describe the distribution of NSI cases among HCWs working in Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH)’s hospital in Selangor and adherence to a follow-up protocol, as well as the factors related to it.This was a cross-sectional quantitative study reviewing retrospectively all notified NSI cases in January-September 2016. Data were taken from Sharps Injury Surveillance (SIS) system and analyzed into descriptive and analytical statistics.There were 143 notified NSI cases. The majority of the cases were female(76.2%), Malay(60.1%), medical doctors(56.6%) and in a medical-based department (44.8%). The median age of NSI cases was 27 years old (IQR:5) and median years of employment was 1.5 (IQR:4.5). Most cases happened in a ward setting (58.7%) involving contaminated (95.8%) hypodermic needle (43.4%), occurred mostly during the procedure of drawing blood (23.1%). Only 86.7% of NSI cases were source-known and some were tested positive with blood borne pathogens. However, no occurrence of seroconversion among the injured HCWs detected. The overall adherence rate to the follow-up protocol was 72.3%. Multiple logistic regression yielded significant association between age, gender, department, device contamination, procedure conducted and source HBV status with adherence to follow-up of post-NSI protocol. Further comprehensive studies involving more determinants such as therapy-related factors and potential interventions are needed to optimize adherence rate to the follow-up protocol post-NSI.


Subject(s)
Guideline Adherence , Needlestick Injuries , Health Personnel , Post-Exposure Prophylaxis , Blood-Borne Pathogens
18.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 19: e32567, jan. - dez. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-947621

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar as evidências científicas acerca da frequência de checagem de itens da Lista de Verificação de Segurança Cirúrgica em hospitais brasileiros. Métodos: revisão integrativa. Utilizaram-se as bases de dados: Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online, Índice Bibliotecário Español de Ciencias de La Salud, Base de Dados em Enfermagem, Centro Nacional de Informação de Ciências Médicas de Cuba, Cochrane Library e Cummulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature. A busca ocorreu em janeiro de 2018, combinando-se os descritores: segurança do paciente, centros cirúrgicos, salas cirúrgicas, procedimentos cirúrgicos operatórios e checklist. Resultados: apesar da grande variação da frequência de checagem dos itens, a maioria apresentou baixa aferição, com média menor que 80,0%. Melhor verificação foi observada na primeira etapa do instrumento. Conclusão: a frequência de checagem mostrou-se insatisfatória, evidenciando necessidade de melhorias, alicerçadas na cultura de segurança do paciente cirúrgico. (AU)


Subject(s)
Checklist , Guideline Adherence , Patient Safety , Surgicenters
19.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 26: e3017, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-961200

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the conformity of care practices of the nursing team during the administration of drugs through central vascular catheter. Method: a descriptive, prospective, observational study conducted in an Intensive Care Unit. The non-probabilistic intentional sample consisted of 3402 observations of drug administrations in patients with central vascular catheters. The previously validated collection instrument was constructed based on the Guideline for Prevention of Intravascular catheter-related infections. Data was collected through direct observations of nursing practices performed by the nursing team. The analysis used analytical, descriptive and inferential statistics (Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test). Results: a total of 3402 procedures of drug administrations were observed. Female nursing technicians performed the highest number of actions. In none of the procedures did the professional perform all necessary actions. 0.2% of drug administrations were preceded by hand hygiene and 1.3% by disinfection of the multidose vial, ampoule or injectors. Conclusion: the practice evaluated was classified as undesirable. Failure to achieve the desired conformity was probably due to the low adherence of professionals to the practice of hand hygiene and disinfection of materials, injectors and connectors.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a conformidade da prática assistencial da equipe de enfermagem durante a administração de medicamentos por cateter vascular central. Método: estudo descritivo, prospectivo, observacional, realizado em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. A amostra não probabilística, do tipo intencional, é constituída de 3402 observações de administrações de medicamentos em pacientes em uso de acesso vascular central. O instrumento de coleta, previamente validado, é construído e alicerçado no Guideline for Prevention of Intravascular cateter-related infections. A coleta se deu a partir da observação direta da prática assistencial realizada pela equipe de enfermagem. A análise utilizou estatística analítica, descritiva e inferencial (Teste de Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fisher). Resultados: foram observadas 3402 ações relacionadas a administrações de medicamentos. O maior número de ações foi realizado por Técnicos de Enfermagem do sexo feminino. Em nenhum dos procedimentos o profissional executou todas as ações necessárias, com 0,2% das administrações de medicamento antecedidas pela higienização das mãos e 1,3% pela desinfecção do frasco multidose, ampola ou injetores. Conclusão: a prática avaliada foi classificada como indesejada. A não obtenção da conformidade almejada deu-se, provavelmente, pela baixa adesão dos profissionais à prática de higienização das mãos e à desinfecção de materiais, injetores e conectores.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la conformidad de la práctica asistencial del equipo de enfermería durante la administración de medicamentos vía catéter vascular central. Método: se trata de un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, observacional, realizado en una Unidad de Terapia Intensiva. La muestra no probabilística, de tipo intencional, está constituida de 3402 observaciones de administraciones de medicamentos en pacientes con acceso vascular central. El instrumento de recolección, validado previamente, está construido y fundamentado en la Guía para la Prevención de Infecciones Relacionadas con el Catéter Intravascular. La colecta se llevó a cabo a partir de la observación directa de la práctica asistencial desempeñada por el equipo de enfermería. El análisis utilizó la estadística analítica, descriptiva e inferencial (Distribución de Pearson o Ji-cuadrada y el Test Exacto de Fisher). Resultados: se observaron 3.402 acciones relacionadas con la administración de medicamentos. El número mayor de acciones lo realizaron los Técnicos de Enfermería del sexo femenino. En ninguno de los procedimientos el profesional ejecutó todas las acciones necesarias, con el 0,2% de las administraciones de medicamentos antecedidas por la higienización de las manos y el 1,3%, por la desinfección de frascos multidosis, ampollas o inyectores. Conclusión: la práctica evaluada fue clasificada como indeseada. La no obtención de la conformidad anhelada ocurrió, probablemente, debido a la baja adhesión de los profesionales a la práctica de higienización de las manos y a la desinfección de materiales, inyectores y conectores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infusions, Intravenous/nursing , Infusions, Intravenous/standards , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Catheter-Related Infections/prevention & control , Patient Safety/standards , Catheterization, Central Venous , Prospective Studies , Practice Patterns, Nurses'
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 26: e3000, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-901929

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to analyze the internal consistency of the evaluation instrument of the adherence to the good practices of childbirth and birth care in the professionals, through Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient for each of the dimensions and for the total instrument. Method: this is a descriptive and cross-sectional study performed in obstetric centers of eleven public hospitals in the Federal District, with a questionnaire applied to 261 professionals who worked in the delivery care. Results: The study was attended by 261 professionals, 42.5% (111) nurses and 57.5% (150) physicians. The reliability evaluation of the instrument by the Cronbach Alfa resulted in 0.53, 0.78 and 0.76 for dimensions 1, 2 and 3, after debugging that resulted in the exclusion of 11 items. Conclusions: the instrument obtained Cronbach's alpha of 0.80. There is a need for improvement in the items of dimension 1 that refer to attitudes, knowledge, and practices of the organization of the network of care to gestation, childbirth, and birth. However, it can be applied in the way it is used to evaluate practices based on scientific evidence of childbirth care.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a consistência interna do instrumento de avaliação da adesão dos profissionais às boas práticas de atenção ao parto e nascimento por meio do Coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach para cada uma das dimensões e para o instrumento total. Método: estudo descritivo e transversal, realizado em centros obstétricos de onze hospitais públicos do Distrito Federal, com aplicação de questionário a 261 profissionais que atuavam na atenção ao parto. Resultados: participaram do estudo 261 profissionais, sendo 42,5% (111) enfermeiros e 57,5% (150) médicos. A avaliação da confiabilidade do instrumento pelo Alfa de Conbrach resultou em 0,53, 0,78 e 0,76 para as dimensões 1, 2 e 3, após depurações que resultarama na exclusão de 11 itens. Conclusões: o instrumento obteve Alfa de Cronbach de 0,80. Há necessidade de aperfeiçoamento nos itens da dimensão 1 que se referem a atitudes, conhecimentos e práticas de organização da rede de atenção à gestação, parto e nascimento. Todavia, pode ser aplicado na forma como está para avaliação das práticas baseadas em evidências científicas de atenção ao parto.


RESUMEN Objetivos: analizar la consistencia interna del instrumento de evaluación de la adhesión de los profesionales a las buenas prácticas de atención al parto y nacimiento, por medio del Coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach para cada una de las dimensiones y para el instrumento total. Método: estudio descriptivo y transversal, realizado en centros obstétricos de once hospitales públicos del Distrito Federal, con aplicación de cuestionario a 261 profesionales que actuaban en la atención al parto. Resultados: Participaron del estudio 261 profesionales, siendo 42,5% (111) enfermeros y 57,5% (150) médicos. La evaluación de la confiabilidad del instrumento por el Alfa de Conbach resultó en 0,53, 0,78 y 0,76 para las dimensiones 1, 2 y 3, después de depuraciones que resultaron en la exclusión de 11 ítems. Conclusiones: el instrumento obtuvo Alfa de Cronbach de 0,80. Hay necesidad de perfeccioamiento en los ítems de la dimensión 1 que se refieren a actitudes, conocimientos y prácticas de organización de la red de atención a la gestación, parto y nacimiento. Todavía puede ser aplicado en la forma como está para evaluación de las prácticas basadas en evidencias científicas de atención al parto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Benchmarking/methods , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Delivery Rooms/standards , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results
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