Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 466
Filter
1.
Lima; Perú. Congreso de la República; 20200500. 13 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1116572

ABSTRACT

El documento contiene las medidas para fortalecer al Instituto Nacional de Salud y la rectoría del Ministerio de Salud para la prevención y control de las enfermedades, a fin de mejorar la salud pública, promover el bienestar de la población y contribuir con el desarrollo sostenible del país.


Subject(s)
Guideline Adherence , Legislative Decree , Capacity Building , Health Facilities
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(2): 715-727, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055837

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fizemos estudo transversal para iniciar coorte em dois Hospitais Universitários de dois países - Brasil e Colômbia - para avaliar a prevalência de acidentes com material biológico (AT-MB), o nível de adesão às Precauções Padrão (PP) e o conhecimento sobre patógenos transmissíveis pelo sangue e fatores associados entre trabalhadores e estudantes da saúde, no marco da implementação da norma NR-32. Criamos escalas para estimar conhecimento e adesão baseadas em 12 e 11 perguntas respectivamente. Utilizamos Regressão de Poisson-Tweedie para avaliar a associação do conhecimento e da adesão às PP com sofrer AT-MB. Avaliamos 965 indivíduos (348 estudantes e 617 profissionais). O conhecimento teve média de 10,98 com mediana de 11 (10, 12) e α-Cr de 0,625. A média de adesão foi de 30,74 com mediana de 31 (28, 34) e α-Cr de 0,745, associando-se a País, grupo (estudantes) e percepção de risco. Entre os fatores associadas ao relato de AT-MB encontraram-se o conhecimento, a adesão às PP, País de origem e ter tomado o esquema completo de vacinação contra Hepatites B. Concluímos que o nível de conhecimento e adesão foram adequados, ainda melhores entre os participantes do Brasil e associaram-se ao relato AT-MB.


Abstract This was a cross-sectional study to start a cohort in two University Hospitals of two countries - Brazil and Colombia - for assessing the prevalence of needlestick and sharps injuries (NSI), the level of compliance with standard precautions (SPs), and knowledge on blood borne pathogens and associated factors among health students and professionals, within the framework of the implementation of the NR-32 standard. We created compliance scales based on 12 and 10 questions, for assessing knowledge. We used the Multinomial Poisson-Tweedie Regression to evaluate the relationship between knowledge and compliance with SPs within NSI. We evaluated 965 individuals (348 students and 614 professionals). The mean score points for level of knowledge was 10.98, with a median of 11 (10; 12) and α-Cr of 0,625. Compliance with SP had a mean of 30.74 and median of 31 (28; 34), with a α-Cr coefficient of 0.745, associated with country, group (student) and risk perception. Among the factors associated with the report of NSI, we singled out knowledge and compliance, country of origin, and full vaccination scheme against the Hepatitis B virus. We concluded that the level of knowledge and compliance were adequate among participants, but better among Brazilian participants, and it was associated with NSI reporting.


Resumen Hicimos estudio transversal como punto de partida de estudio de cohorte en dos Hospitales Universitarios en dos países - Brasil y Colombia - para evaluar la prevalencia de accidentes con material biológico (AT-MB), el nivel de adhesión a las Precauciones Estándares (PUs) y el conocimiento sobre patógenos transmisibles y factores asociados entre trabajadores y estudiantes de la Salud en el marco de la implementación de la norma NR-32. Creamos escalas para evaluar el conocimiento y la adhesión con base en 12 e 11 preguntas respectivamente. Utilizamos Regresión de Poisson-Tweedie para evaluar asociación entre el conocimiento y la adhesión a las PUs con sufrir AT-MB. Evaluamos 965 individuos (348 estudiantes e 617 profesionales). El puntaje medio de conocimiento fue 10,98 con mediana de 11 (10, 12) y α-Cr de 0,625. La media de adhesión fue de 30,74 con mediana de 31 (28, 34) e α-Cr de 0,745, asociándose a país, grupo (estudiantes) e percepción de riesgo. Entre los factores asociados al relato de AT-MB encontramos conocimiento, adhesión a las PUs, país de origen y tener el esquema completo de vacunación contra Virus da Hepatitis B. Concluimos que el nivel de conocimiento y adhesión fueron adecuados, aunque mejores entre los participantes del Brasil y se asociaron a los AT-MB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Needlestick Injuries/prevention & control , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control , Students, Health Occupations/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Colombia , Blood-Borne Pathogens , Guideline Adherence , Hospitals, University , Middle Aged
3.
Physis (Rio J.) ; 30(3): e300329, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135685

ABSTRACT

Resumo Embora o princípio de regionalização dos serviços de saúde conste em documentos oficiais e norteie a organização atual do Sistema Único de Saúde, esse processo depende em certa medida da ação coletiva e da cooperação entre os entes federados. Consideram-se a ação coletiva e a cooperação como elementos de políticas federativas e como comportamento social. Nesta perspectiva, buscou-se analisar como a ação coletiva e a cooperação são abordadas nos documentos oficiais de regulamentação e organização das políticas de saúde que tratam da regionalização. Trata-se de uma análise documental de 16 normas oficiais, publicadas entre 1988 e 2018, e discussão do tema, apoiado sobretudo nos referenciais de coletividade e institucionalidade política. Para a análise dos documentos oficiais, utilizou-se a técnica de análise do conteúdo. Os resultados apontam que a ação coletiva e a cooperação são abordadas em documentos oficiais, especialmente pelos vocábulos "solidariedade" e "cogestão", e que as políticas de regionalização possuem caráter altamente normativo. Sua implementação dependerá de mecanismos de coordenação, coerção e recompensa, além de aspectos relacionados à gestão dos serviços, como equilíbrio entre os interesses coletivos e individuais, e a construção de identidades sociais entre gestores com vistas à cogestão.


Abstract Although the principle of regionalization of health services is contained in official documents and guides the current organization of the Unified Health System, this process depends to a certain extent on collective action and cooperation between federated entities. Collective action and cooperation are considered elements of federal policies and social behavior. In this perspective, we sought to analyze how collective action and cooperation are addressed in the official documents of regulation and organization of health policies that deal with regionalization. It is a documentary analysis of 16 official norms, published between 1988 and 2018, and discussion of the theme, supported mainly by the collective and political institutional frameworks. For the analysis of official documents, the technique of content analysis was used. The results show that collective action and cooperation are addressed in official documents, especially by the words "solidarity" and "co-management", and that regionalization policies have a highly normative character. Its implementation will depend on coordination, coercion, and reward mechanisms, as well as aspects related to the management of services, such as balance between collective and individual interests, and the construction of social identities between managers with a view to co-management.


Subject(s)
Public Health Administration/standards , Regional Health Planning/standards , Unified Health System/standards , Health Management , Public Health Policy , Health Administration/trends , Participative Planning , Brazil , Guideline Adherence , Health Policy
4.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(supl.2): e20200316, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1115410

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to perform a situational diagnosis of the behavior of health professionals concerning hand hygiene practices in highly-complex sectors. Methods: this quantitative and retrospective study was based on reports (2016 and 2017) of Adult and Pediatric ICUs of a Federal hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Results: one thousand two hundred fifty-eight opportunities for hand hygiene were analysed. The chance of professionals sanitizing hands in Pediatric ICUs is 41.61% higher than in Adult ICUs. Concerning proper hand hygiene, the medical team had a 39.44% lower chance than the nursing team. Others had a 30.62% lower chance when compared to the nursing team. The moment "after contact with the patient" presented 4.5275 times the chance in relation "before contact with the patient". Conclusion: in front of hand hygiene recommendations to control COVID-19, diagnostic assessment and previous analysis of the behavior of professionals proved to be positive.


RESUMEN Objetivo: realizar un diagnóstico situacional del comportamiento de los profesionales de la salud con respecto a las prácticas de higiene de manos en sectores altamente complejos. Métodos: estudio cuantitativo, retrospectivo, basado en informes (años 2016 y 2017) de los sectores de UCI Adultos y Pediátricos de un hospital federal en Rio de Janeiro. Resultados: se analizaron 1.258 oportunidades de higiene de manos. La posibilidad de un lavado de manos profesional en la UCI Pediátrica es 41.61% mayor que en la UCI Adultos. Con respecto a la higiene de las manos, el equipo médico tuvo una probabilidad 39.44% menor que el equipo de enfermería y otros tuvieron una probabilidad 30.62% menor en comparación con el equipo de enfermería. El momento "después del contacto con el paciente" fue 4.5275 veces mayor que "antes del contacto con el paciente". Conclusión: contra la recomendación de higiene de manos en el control de COVID-19, la evaluación diagnóstica y el análisis previo del comportamiento de los profesionales resultaron ser positivos.


RESUMO Objetivo: realizar um diagnóstico situacional do comportamento de profissionais de saúde quanto às práticas de higienização das mãos em setores de alta complexidade. Métodos: estudo quantitativo, retrospectivo, baseado em relatórios (anos de 2016 e 2017) dos setores CTI Adulto e Pediátrico de um hospital Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Resultados: analisaram-se 1.258 oportunidades para higiene das mãos. A chance de um profissional higienizar as mãos no CTI Pediátrico é 41,61% maior que no CTI Adulto. Quanto higienizar as mãos adequadamente, a equipe médica obteve chance 39,44% menor que a equipe de enfermagem e outros tiveram chance 30,62% menor quando comparada à equipe da enfermagem. O momento "após o contato com o paciente" apresentou 4,5275 vezes a chance em relação a "antes do contato com o paciente". Conclusão: frente à recomendação da higiene das mãos no controle da COVID-19, avaliação diagnóstica e análise prévia do comportamento dos profissionais demonstrou ser positiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Hand Disinfection/standards , Health Personnel/education , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Intensive Care Units/standards , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 27(4): 188-195, Oct-dic 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1087612

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) adopta el Curso Avanzado de Apoyo a la Lactancia Materna (CAALMA) para capacitar al personal. El apego del personal de enfermería al programa permitirá brindar a la madre información de calidad. Objetivo: identificar el nivel de apego que tiene el personal de enfermería al programa CAALMA. Metodología: estudio transversal analítico con n = 62 enfermeras, se diseñaron 2 instrumentos, con 62 ítems apegados al programa CAALMA; utilizando estadística descriptiva y pruebas no paramétricas. Resultados: se encontró apego regularmente significativo con 56.5%, la antigüedad en el hospital y la capacitación sobre lactancia materna se encontró una p < 0.001. Discusión: el apego se encontró regularmente significativo en contraste con lo reportado por Zamudio Costeño et al., quienes reportan un nivel aceptablemente significativo. Conclusión: el apego que se mostró fue regular lo que da pie a la implementación de nuevas estrategias educativas para aumentar el nivel de apego.


Introduction: The Institute Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) adopts the Advanced Maternal Breastfeeding Support Course (CAALMA) to train personnel. The attachment of the nursing staff to the program will provide the mother with quality information. Objective: To identify the level of attachment that nurses have to the CAALMA program. Methodology: Analytical cross-section with n = 62 nurses, 2 instruments were designed, with 62 items attached to the CAALMA program; using descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests. Results: Regularly significant attachment was found with 56.5%, hospitality and training on breastfeeding was found p < 0.001. Discussion: Attachment was found to be regularly significant in contrast to that reported by Zamudio Costeno et al.; who report an acceptably significant level. Conclusion: The attachment that was shown was to regulate what gives rise to the implementation of new educational strategies to increase the level of attachment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Programs and Plans , Breast Feeding , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Collection , Nursing , Strategies , Guideline Adherence , Hospitals, Public , Inservice Training , Nursing Staff , Nursing Staff, Hospital , Mexico
7.
SMAD, Rev. eletrônica saúde mental alcool drog ; 15(3): 1-9, jul.-set. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1058929

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: caracterizar a mensuração da fidelidade de intervenções em saúde mental em crianças de escolas do ensino fundamental primário. Os dados foram levantados nas bases de dados ERIC, LILACS, APA, PubMed, Scopus, SciELO e Web of Science. Foram incluídos 45 artigos empíricos, publicados entre 2007 e 2016, os quais foram analisados em relação a categorias definidas previamente. Os resultados indicam variações na definição, dimensionalidade e forma de mensuração da fidelidade, havendo poucos indicadores de validade e precisão dos instrumentos, o que pode enviesar a avaliação do processo de implementação e a validade interna dos resultados das intervenções.


OBJECTIVE: characterize the measurement of fidelity of mental health interventions for children in primary schools. Data were collected at the ERIC, LILACS, APA, PubMed, Scopus, SciELO and Web of Science databases. We included 45 empirical articles, published between 2007-2016, which were analyzed in relation to categories defined previously. The results indicate variations in the definition, dimensionality and form of fidelity measurement, with few indicators of validity and accuracy of the instruments, which may bias the evaluation of the implementation process and the internal validity of the results of the interventions.


OBJETIVO: caracterizar la medición de la fidelidad de intervenciones en salud mental en niños de escuelas de enseñanza primaria primaria. Los datos fueron recogidos en las bases de datos ERIC, LILACS, APA, PubMed, Scopus, SciELO y Web of Science. Se incluyeron 45 artículos empíricos, publicados entre 2007 y 2016, los cuales fueron analizados en relación a categorías definidas previamente. Los resultados indican variaciones en la definición, dimensionalidad y forma de medición de la fidelidad, habiendo pocos indicadores de validez y precisión de los instrumentos, lo que puede enviar la evaluación del proceso de implementación y la validez interna de los resultados de las intervenciones.


Subject(s)
Psychometrics , Program Evaluation , Mental Health , Guideline Adherence
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(6): 2135-2145, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011807

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a adesão às boas práticas de atenção ao parto e nascimento, entre médicos, enfermeiros e residentes dos programas de residência em obstetrícia, dos hospitais públicos do Distrito Federal (DF). Estudo transversal do tipo inquérito aplicado a profissionais em 11 hospitais públicos do DF de janeiro a março de 2015. Instrumento com 20 questões sociodemográficas e 39 itens do tipo escala Likert. Para análise estatística, os profissionais foram separados em 4 grupos (enfermeiros, enfermeiro residentes, médicos e médicos residentes). Foram também avaliados os escores de cada hospital estudado. A dimensão processo de trabalho apresentou os maiores escores em relação as demais dimensões. Na comparação entre os grupos e entre os hospitais não foram observadas diferenças significativas em nenhuma das dimensões. A maioria dos profissionais estimula o parto natural. É necessário reforçar as ações para maior adesão às boas práticas de atenção ao parto, tanto na organização da rede de serviços quanto nas atitudes e valores da formação dos novos profissionais de saúde.


Abstract Objective To assess adherence to best practices in labor and childbirth care by doctors, nurses, obstetric nursing residents, and obstetric medical residents working in public hospitals in the Federal District of Brazil. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted with care providers working in 11 public hospitals in the Federal District of Brazil between January and March 2015. A questionnaire containing 20 sociodemographic questions and 50 five-point Likert items was administered. The average scores of each group and each hospital were analyzed. Results Nurses obtained the highest scores for the use of evidence-based practices (57.8 ± 12.9), while doctors achieved the highest scores for the work process dimension (72 ± 8.5). Medical residents obtained the highest scores for organization of labor and childbirth care (56.5 ± 8.5). No statistically significant differences were found between groups. Hospital scores ranged from 55 to 64. No statistically significant differences were found between hospitals. Most professionals encourage natural childbirth. Conclusion It is necessary to strengthen actions to promote greater adherence to best care practices, both in relation to organization of labor and childbirth care and to the attitudes and values of health professionals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Guideline Adherence , Hospitals, Public/standards , Maternal Health Services/standards , Quality of Health Care , Brazil , Labor, Obstetric , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Personnel/standards , Delivery, Obstetric/standards , Evidence-Based Practice , Middle Aged , Obstetric Nursing
9.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(3): 774-779, May.-Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1013555

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the compliance of the care process involving insertion of central vascular catheter (CVC) in hemodialysis. Method: Cross-sectional quantitative approach developed at the hemodialysis service of a reference hospital in Sergipe, Brazil. Sample consisting of 1,342 actions evaluated, corresponding to 122 forms for monitoring and control of CVC insertion. Data collection was held from July to December 2016. Results: The adherence rate to the use of the insertion form was 54.9%. The procedure evaluated achieved 93% overall compliance. Of the 11 specific actions observed, seven (64%) presented 100% compliance. The density of the overall incidence of primary bloodstream infections reduced from 10.6 to 3.1 infections per 1,000 patients/day. Conclusion: Although the observed actions reached specific desired conformities, the use of the checklist was lower than expected. Strategies for monitoring, coaching and educational and organizational actions can contribute to safe care.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar la conformidad del proceso asistencial relacionada a inserción del catéter venoso central(CVC) en hemodiálisis. Método: Enfoque cuantitativo, corte transversal, realizado en el servicio de hemodiálisis de un hospital de referencia del estado de Sergipe, Brasil. Muestra constituida por 1342 acciones evaluadas, que corresponden a 122 formularios para monitoreo y control de la inserción de CVC. La recolección de datos fue realizada de julio a diciembre del 2016. Resultados: La tasa de adhesión al uso del formulario de inserción fue del 54,9%. El procedimiento evaluado obtuvo un 93% de conformidad general. De 11 acciones específicas observadas,7(64%) presentaron 100% de conformidad. Se observó reducción en la incidencia global de infecciones primarias de corriente sanguínea de 10,6 para 3,1 por 1000 pacientes/día. Conclusión: Aunque las acciones observadas tuvieron conformidades específicas, el uso de la lista de verificación fue inferior a lo esperado. Estrategias para monitoreo, coaching y acciones educativas podrian contribuir para una asistencia segura.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a conformidade do processo assistencial envolvendo a inserção do cateter vascular central (CVC) em hemodiálise. Método: Abordagem quantitativa, de corte transversal, desenvolvida no serviço de hemodiálise de um hospital de referência do estado de Sergipe, Brasil. Amostra constituída por 1.342 ações avaliadas, correspondendo a 122 formulários para monitoramento e controle da inserção de CVC. A coleta de dados ocorreu de julho a dezembro de 2016. Resultados: A taxa de adesão ao uso do formulário de inserção foi de 54,9%. O procedimento avaliado alcançou 93% de conformidade geral. Das 11 ações específicas observadas, sete (64%) apresentaram 100% de conformidade. Observou-se redução da densidade de incidência global das infecções primárias da corrente sanguínea de 10,6 para 3,1 infecções por 1.000 pacientes/dia. Conclusão: Apesar das ações observadas alcançarem conformidades específicas desejadas, a utilização do checklist foi aquém do esperado. Estratégias para monitoramento, coaching e ações educativas e organizacionais podem contribuir para uma assistência segura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Infection Control/standards , Guideline Adherence/standards , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Quality Assurance, Health Care/methods , Brazil , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis/instrumentation , Renal Dialysis/methods , Infection Control/statistics & numerical data , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Central Venous Catheters/statistics & numerical data
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(5): 526-531, May 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011197

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Despite its great relevance, there are no studies in our country evaluating the application of the 2012 guidelines for the appropriate use of cardiac diagnostic catheterization. Objective: To analyze the adequacy of coronary angiography performed in two hospitals in the southern region of Brazil. Methods: This is a multicenter cross-sectional study, which analyzed indications, results and proposals for the treatment of 737 coronary angiograms performed in a tertiary hospital with multiple specialties (Hospital A) and a tertiary cardiology hospital (Hospital B). Elective or emergency coronary angiographies were included, except for cases of acute myocardial infarction with ST segment elevation. The level of statistical significance adopted was 5% (p < 0.05). Results: Of the 737 coronary angiograms, 63.9% were performed in male patients. The mean age was 61.6 years. The indication was acute coronary syndrome in 57.1%, and investigation of coronary artery disease in 42.9% of the cases. Regarding appropriation, 80.6% were classified as appropriate, 15.1% occasionally appropriate, and 4.3% rarely appropriate. The proposed treatment was clinical for 62.7%, percutaneous coronary intervention for 24.6%, and myocardial revascularization surgery for 12.7% of the cases. Of the coronary angiographies classified as rarely appropriate, 56.2% were related to non-performance of previous functional tests, and 21.9% showed severe coronary lesions. However, regardless of the outcome of coronary angiography, all patients in this group were indicated for clinical treatment. Conclusion: We observed a low number of rarely appropriate coronary angiograms in our sample. The guideline recommendation in these cases was adequate, and no patient required revascularization treatment. Most of these cases are due to non-performance of functional tests.


Resumo Fundamento: Apesar de sua grande relevância, não existem trabalhos em nosso país que avaliem a aplicação das diretrizes de 2012 para uso apropriado do cateterismo cardíaco diagnóstico. Objetivo: Analisar a apropriação das coronariografias realizadas em dois hospitais da região sul do Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal multicêntrico, que analisou as indicações, resultados e propostas de tratamento de 737 coronariografias realizadas em um hospital terciário com múltiplas especialidades (Hospital A) e um hospital cardiológico terciário (Hospital B). Foram incluídas coronariografias eletivas ou de urgência, com exceção dos casos de infarto agudo do miocárdio com elevação do segmento ST. O nível de significância estatística adotado foi de 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados: Do total de 737 coronariografias, 63,9% foram realizadas em pacientes do sexo masculino. A média de idade foi 61,6 anos. A indicação foi síndrome coronariana aguda em 57,1% e investigação de doença arterial coronariana em 42,9% dos casos. Em relação à apropriação, 80,6% foram classificadas como apropriadas, 15,1% ocasionalmente apropriadas e 4,3% raramente apropriadas. O tratamento proposto foi clínico para 62,7%, intervenção coronária percutânea para 24,6% e cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica para 12,7% dos casos. Das coronariografias classificadas como raramente apropriadas, 56,2% foram relacionadas à não realização de provas funcionais prévias e 21,9% apresentaram lesões coronarianas graves. Porém, independentemente do resultado da coronariografia, todos os pacientes nesse grupo foram indicados para tratamento clínico. Conclusão: Observamos baixo número de coronariografias raramente apropriadas em nossa amostra. A recomendação da diretriz nesses casos foi adequada, sendo que nenhum paciente necessitou de tratamento de revascularização. A maior parte desses casos se deve à não realização de provas funcionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Angiography/statistics & numerical data , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Guideline Adherence , Hospitals
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(5): 602-611, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014269

ABSTRACT

Background: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) promote better quality and equity in health care and potentially they could improve patients' outcomes. However, their implementation is hindered by a number of factors including some related to health care professionals. Aim: To assess the perceptions and attitudes of primary care physicians regarding CPGs developed by the Chilean Ministry of Health in the context of the Health Sector Reform. Material and Methods: An adaptation of the survey "Knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards Clinical Practice Guidelines" was sent to 1,264 primary care physicians in Chile and answered completely by 354. The analysis assessed the attitudes towards CPG, their use in primary care and their relationship with socio demographic features of respondents. Results: Eighty two percent of respondents reviewed the flowcharts of the guidelines, 85% consulted their online version. The classification of evidence levels and the strength of recommendations generated a high level of confidence with the guidelines in 70 and 64% of respondents. Eighty five percent considered that CPG could help to standardize clinical practice. The most relevant barrier hindering CPG use was the lack of a brief, simple and easy to access format in 63% of respondents. The three dimensions of the theory of planned behavior (attitude toward behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control) were associated with a greater frequency of guideline use. A higher age and not being Chilean were associated with a lower frequency of use. Conclusions: The identified factors associated with CPG use should be considered in future guideline design.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Primary Health Care/standards , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/standards , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Physicians, Primary Care/standards , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data , Attitude of Health Personnel , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Guideline Adherence/standards , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Physicians, Primary Care/statistics & numerical data
13.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(2): 552-565, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1003461

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate, from the literature, the effectiveness of the implementation of the multimodal strategy for health professionals compliance with Hand Hygiene and its sustainability over time. Method: Integrative review, with a view to answering the following question: "Is the implementation of the multimodal strategy effective in health professionals compliance with Hand Hygiene and can it be sustained over time?". The MEDLINE, SCOPUS, LILACS and CINAHL databases were used to retrieve the primary articles. Results: Twenty-five studies were analyzed. Among the components of the multimodal strategy, three need to be better worked: health education, feedback from practices and management involvement. Although it needs to focus more on its five elements, interventions based on the multimodal strategy have favored HH compliance and its long-term sustainability. Conclusion: The strategy proved to be effective for HH compliance, especially when all integrating components are adequately addressed.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar, a partir de la literatura, la eficacia de la implementación de la estrategia multimodal en la adhesión de los profesionales de salud a la Higiene de las Manos y su sostenibilidad a lo largo del tiempo. Método: Revisión integradora, para responder a la siguiente pregunta: "¿La implementación de la estrategia multimodal es eficaz en la adhesión de los profesionales de la salud a la Higiene de las Manos y puede ser sostenida a lo largo del tiempo?" Se utilizaron las bases de datos MEDLINE, SCOPUS, LILCAS y CINAHL para recuperar los artículos primarios. Resultados: Se analizaron 25 estudios. Entre los componentes de la estrategia multimodal, tres necesitan ser mejor trabajados: educación en salud, feedback de prácticas e involucramiento de la gestión. Aunque necesite un mayor enfoque de sus cinco elementos, las intervenciones basadas en la estrategia multimodal favorecieron la adhesión a la HM y su sostenibilidad a largo plazo. Conclusión: La estrategia se mostró eficaz en la adhesión a la HM, en particular cuando todos los componentes integradores están adecuadamente contemplados.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar, a partir da literatura, a eficácia da implementação da estratégia multimodal para adesão dos profissionais de saúde à Higiene das Mãos e sua sustentabilidade ao longo do tempo. Método: Revisão integrativa, com vistas a responder a seguinte questão: "A implementação da estratégia multimodal é eficaz na adesão dos profissionais de saúde à Higiene das Mãos e pode ser sustentada ao longo do tempo?". Utilizaram-se as bases de dados MEDLINE, SCOPUS, LILACS e CINAHL para recuperar os artigos primários. Resultados: Foram analisados 25 estudos. Dentre os componentes da estratégia multimodal, três precisam ser melhor trabalhados: educação em saúde, feedback de práticas e envolvimento da gestão. Embora necessite maior enfoque dos seus cinco elementos, as intervenções baseadas na estratégia multimodal favoreceram a adesão à HM e sua sustentabilidade em longo prazo. Conclusão: A estratégia se mostrou eficaz para adesão à HM, em especial, quando todos componentes integradores são adequadamente contemplados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Guideline Adherence/standards , Education, Continuing/standards , Hand Hygiene/standards , Education, Continuing/methods , Hand Hygiene/methods
14.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(2): 140-148, Apr.-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013293

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the structure and the processes of care for pregnant women/newborn infants, including the Essential Newborn Care (ENC), in maternity hospitals in Sergipe State, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study carried out between June 2015 and April 2016 in all maternity hospitals of Sergipe with more than 500 deliveries/year (n=11). A questionnaire on the existing structure and work processes was administered to the managers. Subsequently, a representative number of postpartum women from these hospitals were interviewed (n=768). Their medical records, as well as newborn infants' records, were also analyzed. Results: Sergipe has 78 beds of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and 90 beds of Intermediate Care Unit (IMCU) to meet spontaneous and programmed demand. Only six maternity hospitals (54.5%) performed the risk classification, and four (36.3%) had protocols for high-risk parturient care. Regarding the ENC components, only 41% (n=315) of the women had early skin-to-skin contact with their babies, 33.1% (n=254) breastfed in the first hour of life, and 18% (n=138) had a companion always during birth. Conclusions: The distribution of NICU beds between capital city and other cities of the State is adequate, considering Brazilian guidelines. However, there was a low adherence to the protocols for hypertensive and hemorrhagic emergencies, and a low coverage of humanization policies, pregnancy risk classification and ENC practices, especially breastfeeding in the first hour of life, and companion always during birth.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a estrutura e os processos de atendimento a gestante/recém-nascido, incluindo os componentes do Essential Newborn Care (ENC), das maternidades de Sergipe, Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado entre junho de 2015 e abril de 2016 em todas as maternidades de Sergipe (n=11) com mais de 500 partos/ano. Foi aplicado um questionário aos gestores sobre a estrutura e os processos de trabalhos existentes. Posteriormente, um número representativo de puérperas desses hospitais foi entrevistado (n=768) e seus prontuários, bem como o dos recém-nascidos, foram analisados. Resultados: Sergipe conta com 78 leitos de Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN) e 90 de Unidade Intermediária (UI) para atendimento da demanda espontânea e programada. Somente seis maternidades (54,5%) realizam a classificação de risco e quatro (36,3%) possuem protocolos para atendimento das parturientes de alto risco. No que se refere aos componentes do ENC, apenas 41% (n=315) das mulheres tiveram contato pele a pele precoce com seu filho, 33,1% (n=254) amamentaram na primeira hora de vida e 18% (n=138) tiveram a presença do acompanhante em todos os momentos do parto. Conclusões: A distribuição de leitos de UTIN entre capital/interior é adequada no Estado, levando-se em consideração a legislação vigente no país. Entretanto, houve baixa adesão aos protocolos das emergências hipertensivas e hemorrágicas, e baixa cobertura das políticas de humanização, da classificação de risco para a gestante e das práticas do ENC, principalmente quanto à amamentação na primeira hora de vida e à presença do acompanhante na parturição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/standards , Clinical Protocols , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Patient Care Management/methods , Patient Care Management/organization & administration , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/standards , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/organization & administration , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Perinatal Care/methods , Perinatal Care/organization & administration , Health Services Needs and Demand , Hospitals, Maternity/standards , Hospitals, Maternity/statistics & numerical data
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 190-198, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004332

ABSTRACT

Background: Gestational diabetes (GD) impacts maternal and fetal morbidity. In 2012, the World Diabetes Foundation provided financing project in Barranquilla (Colombia), aimed to implement a clinical guide for the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Aim: To estimate the adherence of the guide in primary care centers. Material and Methods: A Cross-sectional study of pregnant women suspected of having gestational diabetes. Pregnant women were classified according to the week of admission to the prenatal control program: < week 24 or later. Women with a fasting blood glucose over 92 mg/dL and under 126 mg/dL or with some positive result to the oral glucose tolerance test were included. Results: Nine percent (1,887 women) of 21,699 registries of pregnant women, were at risk for gestational diabetes. Of these, 1,880 registries with complete data were analyzed. Sixty nine entered the program at less than 24 weeks of pregnancy and 71% had had a fasting blood glucose measured in the first control. In 69.2% of these women, criteria for gestational diabetes was met. A glucose tolerance test was suggested to women with a blood glucose below 92 mg/dl. Among 72% of the latter, the glucose tolerance test met the criteria for gestational diabetes. Among the 498 women who entered the program after 24 weeks of gestation, 68% met the criteria for gestational diabetes with the fasting blood glucose levels. In 90 women, a glucose tolerance test was performed and 80% met the criteria for gestational diabetes. Conclusions: An adequate adherence to guidelines favors the detection of pregnant women with gestational diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Primary Health Care/standards , Mass Screening/standards , Diabetes, Gestational/diagnosis , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Prenatal Care/standards , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Blood Glucose/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gestational Age , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Colombia/epidemiology , Guideline Adherence/standards
16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 48-54, jan.-fev. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-981576

ABSTRACT

Background: Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is one of the main risk factors for heart disease. Among the benefits linked to different modalities of physical exercise, post-exercise hypotension (PEH) is a key point for exercise prescription in this condition. Objective: To investigate and compare PEH in response to continuous aerobic exercise (CONT) and high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), matched by volume, in sedentary individuals. Methods: A randomized cross-over study, composed of sedentary, healthy male subjects submitted to two acute physical exercise protocols matched by volume, HIIE and CONT, on a treadmill. Hemodynamic measures for the evaluation of PEH were performed pre, immediately after exercise and every five minutes thereafter, during one hour of recovery. Two-way ANOVA with repeated measurements was used for comparisons between groups and Bonferroni post hoc test as appropriate. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Both exercise protocols promoted significant PEH, with reductions in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP). HIIE promoted a reduction of SBP and MAP at the 15th minute, whereas the same effect was observed at the 30th following CONT. Conclusion: Both HIIE and CONT, matched by volume, promote PEH of similar magnitude. However, PEH occurs earlier following HIIE, suggesting a better time /effectiveness ratio, and an additional beneficial effect of this modality


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise , Sedentary Behavior , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypotension , Research Design , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Cardiomegaly , Guideline Adherence/standards , Exercise Test , Heart Rate
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763948

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methods are known to have validity for capturing momentary changes in variables over time. However, data quality relies on the completion rates, which are influenced by both participants' characteristics and study designs. This study applied an EMA method using a mobile application to assess momentary moods and stress levels in patients with Moyamoya disease to examine variables associated with EMA completion rates. METHODS: Adults with Moyamoya disease were recruited from a tertiary hospital in Seoul. Patients with cognitive impairment were excluded. The EMA survey was loaded as a mobile application onto the participants' personal smartphones. Notifications were sent at semi-random intervals four times a day for seven consecutive days. Daily completion rates were calculated as the percentage of completed responses per day; overall completion rates were calculated as the proportion of completed responses per total of the 28 scheduled measures in the study and assessed through a descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and regression analysis, with mixed modeling to identify the point at which the daily completion rate significantly decreased. RESULTS: A total of 98 participants responded (mean age, 41.00 ± 10.30 years; 69.4% female; 75.5% married). The overall completion rate was 70.66%, with no gender or age differences found. The daily completion rate decreased significantly after day 5 (p = 0.029). CONCLUSIONS: Obtaining a good completion rate is essential for quality data in EMA methods. Strategic approaches to a study design should be established to encourage participants throughout a study to improve completion rates.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cognition Disorders , Data Accuracy , Epidemiologic Factors , Female , Guideline Adherence , Humans , Methods , Mobile Applications , Moyamoya Disease , Seoul , Smartphone , Tertiary Care Centers
18.
Singapore medical journal ; : 130-135, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777562

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Timely administration of prophylactic antibiotics within 60 minutes before surgical incision is important for reducing surgical site infections. This quality improvement initiative aimed to work towards achieving 100% compliance with perioperative antibiotic administration.@*METHODS@#We examined the workflow in our Anaesthesia Information Management System (AIMS) and proposed interventions using cause-and-effect analysis of anonymised anaesthetic records from eligible surgical cases extracted from AIMS. This ultimately led to the implementation of an antibiotic pop-up reminder. The overall process was done in a few small plan-do-study-act cycles involving raising awareness, education and reorganisation of AIMS before implementation of the antibiotic pop-up reminder. Data analysis took place from August 2014 to September 2016. Compliance was defined as documented antibiotic administration within 60 minutes before surgical incision, or as documented reason for omission.@*RESULTS@#The median monthly compliance rate, for 33,038 cases before and 28,315 cases after the reminder was implemented, increased from 67.0% at baseline to 94.5%. This increase was consistent and sustained for a year despite frequent personnel turnover. Documentation of antibiotic administration also improved from 81.7% to 99.3%, allowing us to identify and address novel problems that were initially not apparent, and resulting in several department recommendations. These included administering antibiotics later for cases with predicted longer-than-expected preparation times and bringing forward antibiotic administration in lower-segment Caesarean sections.@*CONCLUSION@#The use of information technology and implementation of an antibiotic pop-up reminder on AIMS streamlined our work processes and brought us closer to achieving 100% on-time compliance with perioperative antibiotic administration.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Methods , Documentation , Drug Administration Schedule , Electronic Health Records , Guideline Adherence , Humans , Perioperative Period , Quality Improvement , Reminder Systems , Software , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Reference Standards , Surgical Wound Infection
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741842

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate intra- and inter-observer variability and guideline adherence amongst pediatricians in treating children aged between 4 and 18 years referred with recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) without red flags. METHODS: The first part of the study is a retrospective single-center cohort study. The diagnostic work-ups of eight pediatricians were compared to the national guidelines. Intra- and inter-observer variability were examined by Cramer's V test. Intra-observer variability was defined as the amount of variation within a pediatrician and inter-observer variability as the amount of variation between pediatricians in the application of diagnostic work-up in children with RAP. Prospectively, the same pediatricians were requested to provide a report on their management strategy with a fictitious case to prove similarities in retrospective diagnostic work-up. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients per pediatrician were analyzed. Retrospectively, a (very) weak association between pediatricians' diagnostic work-ups was found (0.22), which implies high inter-observer variability. The association between intra-observer diagnostic was moderate (range, 0.35–0.46). The Cramer's V of 0.60 in diagnostic work-up between pediatricians in the fictitious case implied the presence of a moderately strong association and lower inter-observer variability than in the retrospective study. Adherence to the guideline was 66.8%. CONCLUSION: We found a high intra- and inter-observer variability and moderate guideline adherence in daily clinical practice amongst pediatricians in treating children with RAP in a teaching hospital.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Child , Cohort Studies , Guideline Adherence , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Observer Variation , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
20.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(1): 44-51, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990885

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La anafilaxia es una emergencia. De acuerdo con las últimas recomendaciones internacionales el reconocimiento de los criterios clínicos y el tratamiento temprano con adrenalina intramuscular se asocian a mayor sobrevida. OBJETIVO: Determinar el conocimiento de los médicos pediatras de un Hospital Pediátrico de tercer nivel sobre los criterios diagnósticos y el tratamiento de la anafilaxia. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo transversal que considera diseño, aplicación y validación de una encuesta anónima a médicos con residencia completa en pediatría que realizan guardias en un hospital de tercer nivel. Los ítems de la Encuesta comprendieron tres dimensiones, experiencia del operador (2 ítems), manejo farmacológico (3 ítems) e identificación del cuadro (4 ítems). El análisis estadístico utilizó el programa SPSS v.21, presentando medidas de tendencia central (mediana, rango y tabla de frecuencias) y para su comparación prueba de Chi cuadrado. Se consideró significativo un valor de p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: Se encuestaron 71 médicos con una mediana de 3 años transcurridos desde el fin de la residencia. 35% identificó todos los criterios clínicos; 99% (70) indicó adrenalina, 73% por vía intramuscular y 55% a dosis correcta (solo el 48% contestó la dosis y vía correctamente). En forma global la adecuación para identificación más manejo correcto fue del 21%. Los médicos con menos de 5 años de experiencia tuvieron mejor desempeño en la administración de adrenalina intramuscular (83% vs 52% p = 0,005) y en la detección de síntomas gastrointestinales (60%vs35% p = 0,043). CONCLUSIONES: Existen dificultades para la identificación y el manejo apropiado de la anafilaxia por pediatras de un Hospital de tercer nivel en un escenario teórico. Aunque la mayoría eligió la adrenalina como droga de primera línea, la mitad no la indicó de forma correcta y solo un tercio reconoció el cuadro en todos sus escenarios.


INTRODUCTION: Anaphylaxis is an emergency condition. According to the latest international guide lines, early recognition and treatment with intramuscular epinephrine are associated with increased survival. OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of knowledge of pediatricians in a tertiary Pediatric Hos pital about the diagnostic criteria and treatment of anaphylaxis. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sec tional descriptive study was conducted, designing, applying, and validating an anonymous survey to physicians with complete residency in pediatrics who are on call at a third level hospital. The statisti cal analysis was made using the SPSS v.21 software, presenting measures of central tendency (median, range, and frequency table) and Chi-square test for comparison. A value of p < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: 71 physicians completed the survey with a median of three years after the end of residency.35% of them identified all clinical criteria, 99% (70) indicated epinephrine, 73% chose the intramuscular route, and 55% indicated the correct dose. Only 48% of responders chose the dose and administration route correctly. In general, 21% recognized anaphylaxis and used epinephrine correctly. Physicians with less than five years of experience performed better in the intramuscular administration of epinephrine (83% vs 52% p = 0.005) and in the detection of gastrointestinal symp toms (60% vs 35% p = 0.043). CONCLUSIONS: There are difficulties in the identification and proper management of anaphylaxis by pediatricians of a tertiary Pediatric Hospital in a theoretical clinical setting. Although most of pediatricians chose epinephrine as a first-line drug, half of them did not indicate it correctly, and only one-third recognized anaphylaxis in all scenarios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Sympathomimetics/therapeutic use , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data , Epinephrine/therapeutic use , Clinical Competence/statistics & numerical data , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Anaphylaxis/diagnosis , Anaphylaxis/drug therapy , Argentina , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/standards , Cross-Sectional Studies , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Health Care Surveys , Emergencies , Pediatricians/standards , Pediatricians/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Pediatric , Injections, Intramuscular
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL