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2.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4995, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090037

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe antiretroviral treatment regimens prescribed and their compliance with the Clinical Protocol and Therapy Guidelines of the Ministry of Health for the management of HIV infection. Methods Observational and descriptive study. Secondary data of the state of Paraná (Brazil) on drugs, treatment regimens, lines of treatment and number of individuals on treatment, from January to June 2018, were accessed at the Antiretroviral Agents Logistic Control System. Combinations of antiretroviral drugs (treatment regimens) were compared according to the current Clinical Protocol and Therapy Guidelines and non-compliances were classified and quantified. Results In Paraná, 35,127 individuals with HIV were treated with 253 different treatment regimens. Of the prescribed regimens, 19.1% were first-line, 27.4% second-line and 48.5% third-line. Among non-compliances, the most prevalent were absence of association of protease inhibitors and ritonavir (42.8%), low efficacy triple therapy (36.9%), double therapy (26.1%), monotherapy (20.3%), and triple therapy of nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors (17.1%). Conclusion Most individuals receiving HIV treatment in the state of Paraná are on treatment regimens established in the current Clinical Protocol and Therapy Guidelines, which contributes to successful therapy. However, associations not provided by the current Clinical Protocol and Therapy Guidelines were identified in the initial treatment lines, which could lead to ineffectiveness, virologic failure and viral resistance.


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever esquemas terapêuticos de antirretrovirais prescritos e sua conformidade com o Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas, do Ministério da Saúde, para manejo da infecção pelo HIV. Métodos Estudo observacional e descritivo. Os dados do estado do Paraná sobre medicamentos que compõem os esquemas terapêuticos, linhas de tratamento e número de pessoas em uso destes foram acessados no Sistema de Controle Logístico de Medicamentos Antirretrovirais no período de janeiro a junho de 2018. As combinações de antirretrovirais (esquemas terapêuticos) foram comparadas conforme o Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas vigente, e as inconformidades foram categorizadas e quantificadas. Resultados No Paraná, 35.127 pessoas com HIV foram tratadas com 253 esquemas terapêuticos distintos. Dentre os esquemas prescritos, 19,1% eram de primeira linha, 27,4% de segunda linha e 48,5% de terceira linha. Nas inconformidades, predominaram a não associação entre inibidores da protease e ritonavir (42,8%), terapia tripla de baixa eficiência (36,9%), terapia dupla (26,1%), monoterapia (20,3%) e terapia tripla de inibidores da transcriptase reversa análogos de nucleosídeos (17,1%). Conclusão Maior parte das pessoas em tratamento do HIV no Paraná utilizam esquemas terapêuticos previstos no Protocolo Clínico e Diretrizes Terapêuticas vigente, o que contribui para o sucesso terapêutico. Entretanto, associações não previstas foram identificadas nas linhas de tratamento iniciais, podendo ocasionar inefetividade, falha virológica e resistência viral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Protocols/standards , Guideline Adherence/standards , Anti-Retroviral Agents/administration & dosage , Brazil , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Anti-HIV Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination/standards , Drug Therapy, Combination/statistics & numerical data , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data
3.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(3): 774-779, May.-Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1013555

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the compliance of the care process involving insertion of central vascular catheter (CVC) in hemodialysis. Method: Cross-sectional quantitative approach developed at the hemodialysis service of a reference hospital in Sergipe, Brazil. Sample consisting of 1,342 actions evaluated, corresponding to 122 forms for monitoring and control of CVC insertion. Data collection was held from July to December 2016. Results: The adherence rate to the use of the insertion form was 54.9%. The procedure evaluated achieved 93% overall compliance. Of the 11 specific actions observed, seven (64%) presented 100% compliance. The density of the overall incidence of primary bloodstream infections reduced from 10.6 to 3.1 infections per 1,000 patients/day. Conclusion: Although the observed actions reached specific desired conformities, the use of the checklist was lower than expected. Strategies for monitoring, coaching and educational and organizational actions can contribute to safe care.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar la conformidad del proceso asistencial relacionada a inserción del catéter venoso central(CVC) en hemodiálisis. Método: Enfoque cuantitativo, corte transversal, realizado en el servicio de hemodiálisis de un hospital de referencia del estado de Sergipe, Brasil. Muestra constituida por 1342 acciones evaluadas, que corresponden a 122 formularios para monitoreo y control de la inserción de CVC. La recolección de datos fue realizada de julio a diciembre del 2016. Resultados: La tasa de adhesión al uso del formulario de inserción fue del 54,9%. El procedimiento evaluado obtuvo un 93% de conformidad general. De 11 acciones específicas observadas,7(64%) presentaron 100% de conformidad. Se observó reducción en la incidencia global de infecciones primarias de corriente sanguínea de 10,6 para 3,1 por 1000 pacientes/día. Conclusión: Aunque las acciones observadas tuvieron conformidades específicas, el uso de la lista de verificación fue inferior a lo esperado. Estrategias para monitoreo, coaching y acciones educativas podrian contribuir para una asistencia segura.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a conformidade do processo assistencial envolvendo a inserção do cateter vascular central (CVC) em hemodiálise. Método: Abordagem quantitativa, de corte transversal, desenvolvida no serviço de hemodiálise de um hospital de referência do estado de Sergipe, Brasil. Amostra constituída por 1.342 ações avaliadas, correspondendo a 122 formulários para monitoramento e controle da inserção de CVC. A coleta de dados ocorreu de julho a dezembro de 2016. Resultados: A taxa de adesão ao uso do formulário de inserção foi de 54,9%. O procedimento avaliado alcançou 93% de conformidade geral. Das 11 ações específicas observadas, sete (64%) apresentaram 100% de conformidade. Observou-se redução da densidade de incidência global das infecções primárias da corrente sanguínea de 10,6 para 3,1 infecções por 1.000 pacientes/dia. Conclusão: Apesar das ações observadas alcançarem conformidades específicas desejadas, a utilização do checklist foi aquém do esperado. Estratégias para monitoramento, coaching e ações educativas e organizacionais podem contribuir para uma assistência segura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Infection Control/standards , Guideline Adherence/standards , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Quality Assurance, Health Care/methods , Brazil , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis/instrumentation , Renal Dialysis/methods , Infection Control/statistics & numerical data , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Central Venous Catheters/statistics & numerical data
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(5): 602-611, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014269

ABSTRACT

Background: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) promote better quality and equity in health care and potentially they could improve patients' outcomes. However, their implementation is hindered by a number of factors including some related to health care professionals. Aim: To assess the perceptions and attitudes of primary care physicians regarding CPGs developed by the Chilean Ministry of Health in the context of the Health Sector Reform. Material and Methods: An adaptation of the survey "Knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards Clinical Practice Guidelines" was sent to 1,264 primary care physicians in Chile and answered completely by 354. The analysis assessed the attitudes towards CPG, their use in primary care and their relationship with socio demographic features of respondents. Results: Eighty two percent of respondents reviewed the flowcharts of the guidelines, 85% consulted their online version. The classification of evidence levels and the strength of recommendations generated a high level of confidence with the guidelines in 70 and 64% of respondents. Eighty five percent considered that CPG could help to standardize clinical practice. The most relevant barrier hindering CPG use was the lack of a brief, simple and easy to access format in 63% of respondents. The three dimensions of the theory of planned behavior (attitude toward behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control) were associated with a greater frequency of guideline use. A higher age and not being Chilean were associated with a lower frequency of use. Conclusions: The identified factors associated with CPG use should be considered in future guideline design.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Primary Health Care/standards , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/standards , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Physicians, Primary Care/standards , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data , Attitude of Health Personnel , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Guideline Adherence/standards , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Physicians, Primary Care/statistics & numerical data
5.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(2): 552-565, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1003461

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate, from the literature, the effectiveness of the implementation of the multimodal strategy for health professionals compliance with Hand Hygiene and its sustainability over time. Method: Integrative review, with a view to answering the following question: "Is the implementation of the multimodal strategy effective in health professionals compliance with Hand Hygiene and can it be sustained over time?". The MEDLINE, SCOPUS, LILACS and CINAHL databases were used to retrieve the primary articles. Results: Twenty-five studies were analyzed. Among the components of the multimodal strategy, three need to be better worked: health education, feedback from practices and management involvement. Although it needs to focus more on its five elements, interventions based on the multimodal strategy have favored HH compliance and its long-term sustainability. Conclusion: The strategy proved to be effective for HH compliance, especially when all integrating components are adequately addressed.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar, a partir de la literatura, la eficacia de la implementación de la estrategia multimodal en la adhesión de los profesionales de salud a la Higiene de las Manos y su sostenibilidad a lo largo del tiempo. Método: Revisión integradora, para responder a la siguiente pregunta: "¿La implementación de la estrategia multimodal es eficaz en la adhesión de los profesionales de la salud a la Higiene de las Manos y puede ser sostenida a lo largo del tiempo?" Se utilizaron las bases de datos MEDLINE, SCOPUS, LILCAS y CINAHL para recuperar los artículos primarios. Resultados: Se analizaron 25 estudios. Entre los componentes de la estrategia multimodal, tres necesitan ser mejor trabajados: educación en salud, feedback de prácticas e involucramiento de la gestión. Aunque necesite un mayor enfoque de sus cinco elementos, las intervenciones basadas en la estrategia multimodal favorecieron la adhesión a la HM y su sostenibilidad a largo plazo. Conclusión: La estrategia se mostró eficaz en la adhesión a la HM, en particular cuando todos los componentes integradores están adecuadamente contemplados.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar, a partir da literatura, a eficácia da implementação da estratégia multimodal para adesão dos profissionais de saúde à Higiene das Mãos e sua sustentabilidade ao longo do tempo. Método: Revisão integrativa, com vistas a responder a seguinte questão: "A implementação da estratégia multimodal é eficaz na adesão dos profissionais de saúde à Higiene das Mãos e pode ser sustentada ao longo do tempo?". Utilizaram-se as bases de dados MEDLINE, SCOPUS, LILACS e CINAHL para recuperar os artigos primários. Resultados: Foram analisados 25 estudos. Dentre os componentes da estratégia multimodal, três precisam ser melhor trabalhados: educação em saúde, feedback de práticas e envolvimento da gestão. Embora necessite maior enfoque dos seus cinco elementos, as intervenções baseadas na estratégia multimodal favoreceram a adesão à HM e sua sustentabilidade em longo prazo. Conclusão: A estratégia se mostrou eficaz para adesão à HM, em especial, quando todos componentes integradores são adequadamente contemplados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Guideline Adherence/standards , Education, Continuing/standards , Hand Hygiene/standards , Education, Continuing/methods , Hand Hygiene/methods
6.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 190-198, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004332

ABSTRACT

Background: Gestational diabetes (GD) impacts maternal and fetal morbidity. In 2012, the World Diabetes Foundation provided financing project in Barranquilla (Colombia), aimed to implement a clinical guide for the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Aim: To estimate the adherence of the guide in primary care centers. Material and Methods: A Cross-sectional study of pregnant women suspected of having gestational diabetes. Pregnant women were classified according to the week of admission to the prenatal control program: < week 24 or later. Women with a fasting blood glucose over 92 mg/dL and under 126 mg/dL or with some positive result to the oral glucose tolerance test were included. Results: Nine percent (1,887 women) of 21,699 registries of pregnant women, were at risk for gestational diabetes. Of these, 1,880 registries with complete data were analyzed. Sixty nine entered the program at less than 24 weeks of pregnancy and 71% had had a fasting blood glucose measured in the first control. In 69.2% of these women, criteria for gestational diabetes was met. A glucose tolerance test was suggested to women with a blood glucose below 92 mg/dl. Among 72% of the latter, the glucose tolerance test met the criteria for gestational diabetes. Among the 498 women who entered the program after 24 weeks of gestation, 68% met the criteria for gestational diabetes with the fasting blood glucose levels. In 90 women, a glucose tolerance test was performed and 80% met the criteria for gestational diabetes. Conclusions: An adequate adherence to guidelines favors the detection of pregnant women with gestational diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Primary Health Care/standards , Mass Screening/standards , Diabetes, Gestational/diagnosis , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Prenatal Care/standards , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Blood Glucose/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gestational Age , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Colombia/epidemiology , Guideline Adherence/standards
7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(1): 48-54, jan.-fev. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-981576

ABSTRACT

Background: Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is one of the main risk factors for heart disease. Among the benefits linked to different modalities of physical exercise, post-exercise hypotension (PEH) is a key point for exercise prescription in this condition. Objective: To investigate and compare PEH in response to continuous aerobic exercise (CONT) and high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), matched by volume, in sedentary individuals. Methods: A randomized cross-over study, composed of sedentary, healthy male subjects submitted to two acute physical exercise protocols matched by volume, HIIE and CONT, on a treadmill. Hemodynamic measures for the evaluation of PEH were performed pre, immediately after exercise and every five minutes thereafter, during one hour of recovery. Two-way ANOVA with repeated measurements was used for comparisons between groups and Bonferroni post hoc test as appropriate. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Both exercise protocols promoted significant PEH, with reductions in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP). HIIE promoted a reduction of SBP and MAP at the 15th minute, whereas the same effect was observed at the 30th following CONT. Conclusion: Both HIIE and CONT, matched by volume, promote PEH of similar magnitude. However, PEH occurs earlier following HIIE, suggesting a better time /effectiveness ratio, and an additional beneficial effect of this modality


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise , Sedentary Behavior , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypotension , Research Design , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Cardiomegaly , Guideline Adherence/standards , Exercise Test , Heart Rate
8.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(4): 1963-1969, Jul.-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-958689

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the adhesion of the nursing team to the practice of hands hygiene (HH) and the use of latex gloves in a hemodialysis service. Method: this is a descriptive-exploratory study with a quantitative approach, performed between August and October 2016 in a hemodialysis service in the countryside of São Paulo State, Brazil, where the nursing team adhered to HH and the use of gloves. All ethical aspects have been contemplated. Results: there were 1090 opportunities for HH, with the adhesion rate being only 16.6%. Regarding the use of gloves, of the 510 opportunities observed, there was correct use in 45%, reuse in 25% and absence of latex gloves in 29% of the time. Conclusion: the rate of HH and adherence to gloves is far from ideal, contributing to the increased risk of infection for both the user and the professional.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la adhesión del equipo de enfermería a la práctica de higienización de las manos (HM) y al uso de guantes en un servicio de hemodiálisis. Método: el estudio descriptivo-exploratorio y cuantitativo, realizado entre agosto y octubre de 2016 en un servicio de hemodiálisis del interior del estado de São Paulo, Brasil, donde se observó la adhesión del equipo de enfermería a la HM y al uso de guantes. Todos los aspectos éticos fueron contemplados. Resultados: se observó 1090 oportunidades de HM, siendo la tasa de adhesión de apenas el 16,6%. En cuanto al uso de guantes, de las 510 oportunidades observadas, hubo utilización correcta en un 45%, la reutilización en un 25% y ausencia del uso de guantes en un 29%. Conclusion: la tasa de HM y la adhesión al uso de guantes están muy por debajo del ideal, contribuyendo al aumento del riesgo de infección, tanto para el usuario y para el profesional.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a adesão da equipe de enfermagem à prática de higienização das mãos (HM) e ao uso de luvas em um serviço de hemodiálise. Método: estudo descritivo-exploratório de abordagem quantitativa, realizado entre agosto e outubro de 2016 em um serviço de hemodiálise do interior do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, onde foi observada a adesão da equipe de enfermagem à HM e ao uso de luvas. Todos os aspectos éticos foram contemplados. Resultados: observou-se 1090 oportunidades de HM, sendo a taxa de adesão de apenas 16,6%. Quanto ao uso de luvas, das 510 oportunidades observadas, houve utilização correta em 45%, a reutilização em 25% e ausência do uso de luvas em 29% das vezes. Conclusão: a taxa de HM e a adesão ao uso de luvas estão muito aquém do ideal, contribuindo para o aumento do risco de infecção, tanto para o usuário como para o profissional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Dialysis/nursing , Gloves, Protective/statistics & numerical data , Hand Hygiene/standards , Patient Care Team/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Guideline Adherence/standards , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Hand Hygiene/methods , Hand Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , Personal Protective Equipment/statistics & numerical data
9.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(3): 1189-1193, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-958643

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Hand hygiene plays a key role in the prevention of healthcare-associated infections. Therefore, this study aims to analyze nurses' adherence to hand hygiene and identify intervention strategies to improve this procedure. Method: Integrative literature review, using the Cochrane methodology, to answer the following question: "What is the level of effectiveness of training in improving nurses' adherence to hand hygiene?". Results: Studies show that nurses' adherence to hand hygiene has increased from 42.9% to 61.4% (p<0.001), or even from 63% to 76% (p<0.005) after a specific training intervention. Conclusion: After training, nurses' adherence to hand hygiene improved, particularly when compared to the other professionals involved. Despite its simplicity, the implementation of a training program and its subsequent follow-up have a positive on nurses' attitudes and adherence to hand hygiene.


RESUMEN Objetivo: La higienización de las manos se considera una medida preponderante para prevenir las Infecciones Asociadas a la Atención Sanitaria. De este modo, se pretende conocer la adhesión de los enfermeros al procedimiento e identificar estrategias de actuación con el fin de aumentar la higienización. Método: Revisión integradora de la literatura, orientada por la metodología Cochrane, para responder a la pregunta: «En relación a los enfermeros, ¿cuál es la eficacia del proceso formativo en la adhesión a la higienización de las manos?¼. Resultados: los estudios demuestran el aumento de la adhesión a la higienización de las manos por parte de los enfermeros, del 42,9 % al 61,4% después de la intervención específica (p <0,001) y también el 63 % frente al 76 % (p <0,005). Conclusión: los procesos formativos aumentan la adhesión de los enfermeros. Este aumento es más significativo en comparación con el resto de las clases profesionales involucradas. El proceso formativo y su monitorización, a pesar de la simplicidad, siguen teniendo un efecto positivo en las actitudes y la adhesión de los enfermeros a la higienización de las manos.


RESUMO Objectivos: A higienização das mãos é considerada uma medida preponderante na prevenção das Infeções Associadas aos Cuidados de Saúde. Deste modo, pretende-se conhecer a adesão dos enfermeiros ao procedimento e identificar estratégias de atuação de forma a aumentar a mesma. Método: Revisão integrativa de literatura, norteada por metodologia Cochrane, de modo a responder à questão "Em relação aos enfermeiros, qual a eficácia do processo formativo na adesão à higienização das mãos?". Resultados: estudos demonstram o aumento da adesão à higienização das mãos por parte dos enfermeiros de 42,9% para 61,4% após intervenção específica (p<0,001) e ainda 63% versus 76%, (p<0,005). Conclusão: os processos formativos aumentam a adesão dos enfermeiros, sendo esse aumento mais significativo comparativamente às restantes classes profissionais envolvidas. O processo formativo e sua monitorização, apesar da simplicidade, continuam a ter um efeito positivo nas atitudes e na adesão dos enfermeiros à higienização das mãos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Guideline Adherence/standards , Education, Nursing, Continuing/methods , Hand Hygiene/standards , Nurses/standards , Nurses/psychology , Infection Control/methods , Infection Control/standards , Nurse's Role , Hand Hygiene/methods
10.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(2): 259-264, Mar.-Apr. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-898451

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the perception and attitude of health professionals (HPs) about the patient participation in hand hygiene (HH). Method: A cross-sectional study with 150 HPs from a university hospital in Brazil. A descriptive analysis was conducted. Results: Simple hand hygiene was the preferred method of HPs, rather than hand rubbing with alcohol-based solutions. A total of 83.3% of the HPs supported the patient participation in reminding them about HH, but 48% reported that they would feel uncomfortable; 45.3%, comfortable; and 20.7% were familiar with the "Patients for Patient Safety" program. Conclusion: HPs showed limited knowledge about HH, opposing recommendations on the topic. The contradiction between the HPs acceptance and attitude when questioned by the patient regarding HH was revealed, reflecting a lack of knowledge about the WHO program and the need to implement educational practices in health.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Investigar la percepción y actitud de profesionales de salud (PS) sobre la participación del paciente en la higienización de manos (HM). Método: Estudio transversal, realizado con 150 PS de un hospital universitario de Brasil. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo. Resultados: La higiene simple de manos fue el método preferido de los PS, en detrimento de la fricción con preparación alcohólica. De los PS, 83,3% apoyaban a la participación del paciente en recordarlos sobre la HM, pero 48% relataron que se sentirían incómodos; 45,3%, confortables; y 20,7% conocían el programa "Pacientes en Defensa de su Seguridad". Conclusión: Los PS mostraron conocimiento limitado sobre HM, contraponiendo las recomendaciones sobre el tema. Además, revelaron contradicción entre su aceptación y actitud a respecto de que sean cuestionados por el paciente sobre la HM, refletando desconocimiento del programa de la OMS y la necesidad de implementación de prácticas educativas en salud.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a percepção e atitude dos profissionais de saúde (PS) sobre a participação do paciente na higienização das mãos (HM). Método: Estudo transversal, realizado com 150 PS de um hospital universitário do Brasil. Realizou-se uma análise descritiva. Resultados: A higiene simples das mãos foi o método preferido dos PS, em detrimento da fricção com preparação alcoólica. Dos PS, 83,3% apoiavam à participação do paciente em lembrá-los sobre a HM, mas 48% relataram que se sentiriam desconfortáveis; 45,3%, confortáveis; e 20,7% conheciam o programa "Paciente Pela Segurança do Paciente". Conclusão: PS mostraram conhecimento limitado sobre a HM, contrapondo as recomendações sobre o tema. Revelou-se a contradição entre a aceitação e atitude dos PS em serem questionados pelo paciente a respeito da HM, refletindo desconhecimento do programa da OMS e a necessidade de implementação de práticas educativas em saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Patient Participation/methods , Health Personnel/standards , Guideline Adherence/standards , Hand Hygiene/methods , Patient Participation/psychology , Patient Participation/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Attitude of Health Personnel , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Personnel/psychology , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Hand Hygiene/standards , Hand Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(supl.1): 562-567, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-898500

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the determining factors in hand hygiene management among nurses and identify associated collective health challenges. Method: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Data were collected using a questionnaire that was applied in four internal medicine units of a hospital of reference in Portugal. Results: The sample was composed of 50 nurses aged 26 to 55 years (mean age of 34.88 years); 80% were women, 58% had a Bachelor's degree, and had 5-30 years of nursing practice (X̄ =11.94;±5.92). The vast majority of nurses (90%) reported complying with the existing recommendations on hand hygiene in pre-established moments. However, none of the nurses were able to identify all the moments for hand hygiene using water and soap or alcohol-based handrub. Conclusion: This study shows that continuous training, adequate materials/structures in the units, and redesigned administration/supervision practices are determining factors to achieve higher levels of adherence to hand hygiene among nurses, as well as increased quality and safety in care delivery, which is a current collective health challenge.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir los factores determinantes en la gestión de la higiene de las manos por enfermeros e identificar los desafíos inherentes para la salud colectiva. Método: Estudio descriptivo-transversal. Los datos se recogieron mediante un cuestionario en cuatro unidades de medicina interna de un hospital de referencia en Portugal. Resultados: se incluyó a 50 enfermeros con una edad media de 34,88 años (entre los 26 y 55 años), el 80 % del sexo femenino, el 58 % son licenciados y desempeñan sus funciones de 5 a 30 años (X̄ = 11.94; ± 5.92). De ellos, el 90 % considera que respeta las recomendaciones existentes sobre higiene de las manos en los momentos estipulados para tal efecto. Sin embargo, los enfermeros no identificaron ninguno de los momentos para realizar este procedimiento, con agua y jabón o solución antiséptica de base alcohólica. Conclusión: Las contribuciones como formación continua, adecuación de los materiales / estructuras de las unidades y reconstrucción de prácticas por gestores / supervisores emergen en este trabajo como factores determinantes para alcanzar niveles superiores de adhesión a la higiene de las manos por enfermeros, de calidad y seguridad, un desafío actual para la salud pública.


RESUMO Objectivo: Descrever fatores determinantes na gestão da higiene das mãos por Enfermeiros e identificar desafios inerentes para a saúde coletiva. Método: Estudo descritivo-transversal. Dados coletados por questionário em quatro unidades de medicina interna de um hospital de referência em Portugal. Resultados: incluídos 50 enfermeiros, idade média 34,88 anos (entre os 26 e 55 anos), 80% sexo feminino, 58% são licenciados e exercem funções entre 5-30 anos (X̄ =11.94;±5.92). Destes, 90% considera respeitar as recomendações existentes sobre higiene das mãos nos momentos estipulados para o efeito. Porém, nenhum dos momentos para a realização deste procedimento, com água e sabão ou solução antissética de base alcoólica, foi identificado por todos os enfermeiros. Conclusão: Contribuições como formação contínua, adequação dos materiais/estruturas das unidades e reconstrução de práticas por gestores/supervisores emergem neste trabalho como fatores determinantes para atingir níveis superiores de adesão à higiene das mãos por enfermeiros, de qualidade e segurança, desafio atual para a saúde pública.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Infection Control/standards , Guideline Adherence/standards , Hand Hygiene/standards , Nurses/standards , Portugal , Patients' Rooms/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Infection Control/methods , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Workforce , Middle Aged
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31(supl.1): e60, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889458

ABSTRACT

Abstract We reviewed the literature to evaluate: a) The compliance of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on bleaching with the CONSORT; and b) the risk of bias of these studies using the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool (CCRT). We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed and other electronic databases, to find RCTs focused on bleaching (or whitening). The articles were evaluated in compliance with CONSORT in a scale: 0 = no description, 1 = poor description and 2 = adequate description. Descriptive analyses of the number of studies by journal, follow-up period, country and quality assessments were performed with CCRT for assessing risk of bias in RCTs. 185 RCTs were included for assessment. More than 30% of the studies received score 0 or 1. Protocol, flow chart, allocation concealment and sample size were more critical items, as 80% of the studies scored 0. The overall CONSORT score for the included studies was 16.7 ± 5.4 points, which represents 52.2% of the maximum CONSORT score. A significant difference among journal, country and period of time was observed (p < 0.02). Only 7.6% of the studies were judged at "low" risk; 62.1% were classified as "unclear"; and 30.3% as "high" risk of bias. The adherence of RCTs evaluating bleaching materials and techniques to the CONSORT is still low with unclear/high risk of bias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/standards , Dental Bonding/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Guideline Adherence/standards , Research Design/standards , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Risk Factors , Dental Bonding/methods , Publication Bias , Risk Assessment , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data
13.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(2): 188-199, mar.-abr. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-845401

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Un protocolo, en términos generales, es definido como un acuerdo entre profesionales expertos en un determinado tema y en el cual se han esclarecido las actividades a realizar ante una determinada tarea. Objetivo: elaborar un protocolo para la vigilancia de la salud laboral que contribuya a promover el bienestar físico-mental y social de los trabajadores. Materiales y Métodos: están referidos a los tipos de investigación utilizados: exploratorios, descriptivos y explicativos. En cuanto a los métodos empíricos aplicados se incluyen la revisión bibliográfica, el método científico inductivo-deductivo y el análisis y la síntesis. Resultados: se desarrolla el protocolo de vigilancia de la salud laboral con los diferentes subprotocolos: Medicina preventiva y del trabajo; Prevención secundaria; Higiene industrial; Seguridad industrial; y Organización, gestión y control. Conclusiones: se destaca que la elaboración del protocolo de vigilancia de la salud laboral constituye una guía para los empresarios de los diferentes aspectos y estructuras organizativas que deben tenerse en cuenta en las empresas (AU).


Introduction: a protocol, in general terms, is an agreement between professionals with expertise in a definite theme in which the activities to carry out certain task have been clarified. Objective: to work a protocol out for the occupational health surveillance that could contribute promoting the workers’ physic-mental and social welfare. Materials and Methods: the kinds of research used are exploratory, descriptive and explicative ones. The used empirical methods are bibliographic review, the inductive-deductive scientific method, analysis and synthesis. Results: the protocol of occupational health surveillance is worked out with its different sub-protocols: Preventive and occupational medicine, Secondary prevention, Industrial hygiene, Industrial security, and Organization, management and control. Conclusions: it is highlighted that working the protocol of occupational health surveillance is a guide for the businessmen of the different organizational aspects and structures that have to be taken into account in the enterprises (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Occupational Health/standards , Guideline Adherence/standards , Public Health Surveillance/methods , Risk Factors , Observational Study , Occupational Health Services/methods
14.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 70(1): 96-103, jan.-fev. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-843627

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: verificar os fatores associados e o nível de adesão às precauções padrão dos profissionais de enfermagem do setor de clínica médica de um hospital de ensino. Método: estudo quantitativo, transversal, analítico, realizado com 54 profissionais de enfermagem, por meio da aplicação da Escala Psicométrica de Adesão às Precauções Padrão, traduzida e validada para o português do Brasil. Resultados: o escore global de adesão foi intermediário (4,41); não houve correlação estatisticamente significativa entre adesão e categoria profissional (p=0,404) e com o tempo de exercício profissional (p= 0,612). Verificou-se correlação do item Lava as mãos após a retirada de luvas descartáveis (p=0,026) com profissionais com tempo de trabalho, na área, superior a 10 anos. Conclusão: a adesão às medidas de precaução padrão pela equipe de enfermagem foi intermediária, não tendo diferença estatisticamente significativa em relação à categoria profissional e ao tempo de exercício profissional.


RESUMEN Objetivo: verificar los factores asociados y el nivel de adhesión a precauciones estándar en profesionales de enfermería del sector de clínica médica de un hospital de enseñanza. Método: estudio cuantitativo, transversal, analítico, realizado con 54 profesionales de enfermería, a través de la aplicación de la Escala Psicométrica de Adhesión a las Precauciones Estándar, traducida y validada al portugués brasileño. Resultados: el puntaje global de adhesión fue intermedio (4,41); no hubo correlación estadísticamente significativa entre adhesión y categoría profesional (p=0,404) ni con tiempo de ejercicio profesional (p=0,612). Se verificó correlación del ítem Lava sus manos luego de quitarse los guantes descartables (p=0,026) en profesionales con tiempo de actuación en el área mayor a 10 años. Conclusión: la adhesión a medidas de precaución estándar del equipo de enfermería fue intermedia, sin diferencia estadísticamente significativa respecto de categoría profesional y tiempo de actuación profesional.


ABSTRACT Objective: analyze related factors and the level of adherence to standard precautions of nursing professionals from the clinical medical division of a teaching hospital. Method: a quantitative, cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted with 54 nursing professionals using the Psychometric Scale of Adherence to Standard Precautions, translated and validated to Brazilian Portuguese. Results: the global score of adherence was intermediate (4.41); no statistically significant correlation was observed between adherence and professional category (p=0.404) and length of professional practice (p= 0.612). A correlation was observed between 'Washes hands after removing disposable gloves' (p=0.026) and professionals with nursing practice above 10 years. Conclusion: adherence to standard precautions by the nursing team was intermediate, with no statistically significant difference in relation to the professional category and length of professional practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Infection Control/standards , Guideline Adherence/standards , Nurses/standards , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Infection Control/statistics & numerical data , Clinical Competence/standards , Clinical Competence/statistics & numerical data , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Teaching/organization & administration , Hospitals, Teaching/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged , Nurses/statistics & numerical data
15.
Brasília; CONITEC; maio 2016. tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-837377

ABSTRACT

A Diretriz Diagnóstica e Terapêutica do Adenocarcinoma de Próstata foi desenvolvida com o objetivo de contribuir para a qualificação do cuidado dos pacientes por esta condição. Na elaboração desta Diretriz adotam-se os mesmos critérios e passos que garantam eficácia, segurança, efetividade e reprodutibilidade dos procedimentos de diagnóstico e tratamento em um determinado tipo de câncer. Em oncologia, recomenda-se a adoção de diretrizes terapêuticas, que apontam o que é válido técnico-cientificamente, para orientar condutas e protocolos institucionais. Essa particularidade nesta área se dá em função da grande variedade de situações tumorais e clínicas em que se podem encontrar os pacientes com um determinado tipo de câncer e a disponibilidade de múltipplas escolhas terapêuticas para uma mesma situação tumoral, tornando assim, na mioria dos casos, impróprio, se não indevido, estabelecer protocolos em oncologia, reiterando a importância das diretrizes terapêuticas. A Diretriz Diagnóstica e Terapêutica do Adenocarcinoma de Próstata foi recomendada inicialmente pela Conitec e submetida à Consulta Pública com o fim de considerar a visão da sociedade sobre o texto bem como receber as contribuições, tanto de conteúdo científico quanto de relato de experiência ou opinião. O texto foi revisado pelo Grupo Elaborador, considerando as contribuições recebidas e novamente apresentado ao Plenário da Conitec. Os membros do Plenário, em sua 42a Reunião Ordinária, realizada nos dias 02 e 03 de dezembro de 2015, deliberaram por recomendar a aprovação das Diretrizes Diagnósticas e Terapêuticas do Adenocarcinoma de Próstata. Os membros da CONITEC presentes na reunião do plenário do dia 03 de dezembro de 2015 deliberaram por recomendar a aprovação da Diretrizes Diagnósticas e Terapêuticas do Adenocarcinoma de Próstata. A Portaria Nº 498, de 11 de maio de 2016 - Aprova as Diretrizes Diagnósticas e Terapêuticas do Adenocarcinoma de Próstata.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Clinical Protocols , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Prostatic Neoplasms/therapy , Health Policy , Brazil , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Guideline Adherence/standards , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Unified Health System
16.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 24: e2678, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-960949

ABSTRACT

Objective to describe strategies used by health professionals on the implementation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for the prevention of urinary infection related to catheterism. Method systematic review on literature based on data from CINAHL(r), Nursing & Allied Health Collection, Cochrane Plus Collection, MedicLatina, MEDLINE(r), Academic Search Complete, ACS - American Chemical Society, Health Reference Center Academic, Nursing Reference Center, ScienceDirect Journals and Wiley Online Library. A sample of 13 articles was selected. Results studies have highlighted the decrease of urinary tract infection related to catheterism through reminder systems to decrease of people submitted to urinary catheterism, audits about nursing professionals practice and bundles expansion. Conclusion the present review systemizes the knowledge of used strategies by health professionals on introduction to international recommendations, describing a rate decrease of such infection in clinical practice.


Objetivo descrever as estratégias que os profissionais de saúde utilizam na implementação das guidelines emanadas pelo Centers for Disease Control and Prevention na prevenção da infeção do trato urinário associada ao cateterismo. Método revisão de literatura em bases de dados CINAHL(r), Nursing & Allied Health Collection, Cochrane Plus Collection, MedicLatina, MEDLINE(r), Academic Search Complete, ACS - American Chemical Society, Health Reference Center Academic, Nursing Reference Center, ScienceDirect Journals e Wiley Online Library. Selecionou-se uma amostra de 13 artigos. Resultados estudos evidenciam a diminuição da infeção do trato urinário associada ao cateterismo através de: sistemas lembrete para diminuição de pessoas submetidas ao cateterismo urinário; auditorias sobre prática dos profissionais de enfermagem e aplicação de bundles. Conclusão a presente revisão sistematiza o conhecimento das estratégias utilizadas pelos profissionais de saúde na implementação de recomendações internacionais, descrevendo a diminuição da taxa destas infeções na prática clínica.


Objetivo describir las estrategias que los profesionales de la salud utilizan en la implementación de las directrices emitidas por los Centers for Disease Control and Prevention en la prevención de la infección del tracto urinario asociada al cateterismo. Método revisión sistemática de la literatura en las bases de datos CINAHL(r), Nursing & Allied Health Collection, Cochrane Plus Collection, MedicLatina, MEDLINE(r), Academic Search Complete, ACS - American Chemical Society, Health Reference Center Academic, Nursing Reference Center, ScienceDirect Journals y Wiley Online Library. Se seleccionó una muestra de 13 artículos. Resultados los estudios muestran una disminución de la infección del tracto urinario asociada al cateterismo mediante: sistemas recordatorios para la disminución de personas sometidas a cateterismo urinario; auditorías sobre la práctica de los profesionales de enfermería y aplicación de bundles. Conclusión esta revisión sistematiza el conocimiento de las estrategias utilizadas por los profesionales de la salud en la implementación de las recomendaciones internacionales, describiendo la disminución de la tasa de estas infecciones en la práctica clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Tract Infections/prevention & control , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Guideline Adherence/standards , Catheter-Related Infections/prevention & control , Health Personnel
18.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 19(5): 517-524, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764494

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACTCONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: The appropriate use of antibiotic prophylaxis in the perioperative period may reduce the rate of infection in the surgical site. The purpose of this review was to evaluate adherence to guidelines for surgical antibiotic prophylaxis.METHODS:The present systematic review was performed according to the Cochrane Collaboration methodology. The databases selected for this review were: Medline (via PubMed), Scopus and Portal (BVS) with selection of articles published in the 2004-2014 period from the Lilacs and Cochrane databases.RESULTS:The search recovered 859 articles at the databases, with a total of 18 studies selected for synthesis. The outcomes of interest analyzed in the articles were as follows: appropriate indication of antibiotic prophylaxis (ranging from 70.3% to 95%), inappropriate indication (ranging from 2.3% to 100%), administration of antibiotic at the correct time (ranging from 12.73% to 100%), correct antibiotic choice (ranging from 22% to 95%), adequate discontinuation of antibiotic (ranging from 5.8% to 91.4%), and adequate antibiotic prophylaxis (ranging from 0.3% to 84.5%).CONCLUSIONS:Significant variations were observed in all the outcomes assessed, and all the studies indicated a need for greater adherence to guidelines for surgical antibiotic prophylaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/statistics & numerical data , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/standards , Guideline Adherence/standards
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66182

ABSTRACT

This study introduces the Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) appraisal system by the Korean Academy of Medical Sciences (KAMS). Quality management policies for CPGs vary among different countries, which have their own cultures and health care systems. However, supporting developers in guideline development and appraisals using standardized tools are common practices. KAMS, an organization representing the various medical societies of Korea, has been striving to establish a quality management system for CPGs, and has established a CPGs quality management system that reflects the characteristics of the Korean healthcare environment and the needs of its users. KAMS created a foundation for the development of CPGs, set up an independent appraisal organization, enacted regulations related to the appraisals, and trained appraisers. These efforts could enhance the ability of each individual medical society to develop CPGs, to increase the quality of the CPGs, and to ultimately improve the quality of the information available to decision-makers.


Subject(s)
Guideline Adherence/standards , Models, Organizational , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Quality Assurance, Health Care/standards , Republic of Korea
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