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1.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 82: e39152, maio 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1509946

ABSTRACT

Formulações contendo álcool etílico 70% (p/p) podem ser classificadas como cosméticos, medicamentos ou saneantes, dependendo da apresentação e local de uso. Foram largamente empregadas como antisséptico na forma líquida e gel no combate à pandemia provocada pelo SARS-CoV-2. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade de 60 produtos em relação ao teor e rotulagem, destinados à higienização das mãos, superfícies e de uso hospitalar comercializadas em São Paulo. Realizou-se a avaliação do teor de álcool etílico por determinação direta em densímetro digital e comparação das informações da rotulagem com as da legislação de referência e com o rótulo aprovado pela Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA). Os resultados demonstraram que 48,3% das amostras apresentaram resultados inferiores aos limites regulatórios e às concentrações descritas no rótulo do produto para o teor de álcool etílico. Além disso, 5% apresentaram prazo de validade informado no rótulo acima de 180 dias, em desacordo com a RDC 350/20. Os níveis de insatisfatoriedade encontrados neste estudo indicam a necessidade de monitoramento da qualidade dos produtos disponíveis no mercado brasileiro com o propósito de apoiar as autoridades sanitárias nas atividades de fiscalização. (AU)


Formulations containing 70% ethyl alcohol (w/w) can be classified as cosmetics, medicines, or sanitizers depending on the presentation and place of use. These formulations were widely used as an antiseptic in the fight against the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, available in both liquid and gel forms. The present study aimed to assess the quality of 60 products, intended for hand and surface hygiene and hospital use, sold in São Paulo. The ethyl alcohol content was evaluated by direct determination using a digital densimeter, and the labeling information was compared with the reference legislation and the label approved by ANVISA (Brazil's National Health Surveillance Agency). The results showed that 48.3% of the products had ethyl alcohol content below the regulatory limits and concentrations specified on the product label. Additionally, 5% of the products had an expiration date on the label that exceeded 180 days, contrary to RDC 350/20 regulations. The levels of unsatisfactory products found in this study indicate the need for continuous monitoring of the quality of products available in the Brazilian market. Such monitoring is crucial to support health authorities in their inspection activities and ensure the efficacy and safety of antiseptic and disinfectant products used in the context of public health. (AU)


Subject(s)
Product Labeling , Hand Disinfection , Guidelines as Topic , Ethanol , SARS-CoV-2 , Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Pandemics
2.
Pensar Prát. (Online) ; 26Fev. 2023. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1434341

ABSTRACT

Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo identificar e analisar as diretrizes de formação de treinadores de handebol em países que alcançaram resultados expressivos no contexto internacional nos últimos anos. Trata-se de uma pesquisa documental, realizada en-tre dezembro de 2020 e janeiro de 2021. Os dados foram extraídos dos endereços eletrônicos oficiais das respectivas (con)federações nacionais, por um instrumento elaborado pelos autores e, posteriormente, foram analisados por meio da análise temática. Os achados denotam o envolvimento das (con)federações na formação dos treinadores, que, por sua vez, apresentou características padronizadas e hierarquizadas, proporcionando diferentes níveis de treinadores, relacionados aos diversos contextos de atuação da modalidade (AU).


This study aimed at identifying and analyzing handball coaches' development guidelines in countries that got significant results in the international background in the last few years. It's a documental research performed between december 2020 and january 2021. The data was collected from the official websites of the respective national (con)federations using an instrument de-signed by the authors. It was analyzed through thematic analysis. The findings denote the engagement of the (con)federations in the coaches' development, which presented standardized and hierar-chical characteristics, providing different levels of coaches for each of the related fields of handball (AU)


Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo identificar y anali-zar las directrices de la formación de entrenadores de balonmano en naciones que lograron resultados expresivos en contexto inter-nacional en los últimos años. Se trata de una investigación docu-mental realizada entre diciembre de 2020 y enero de 2021. Los da-tos fueran obtenidos de las direcciones electrónicas oficiales de las (con)federaciones utilizando una herramienta confeccionada por los autores y después fue analizado mediante análisis temática. Los hallazgos denotan la participación de las (con)federaciones en la for-mación de entrenadores que, por su vez, presentó características estandarizadas y jerarquizadas proporcionando distintos grados de entrenador para cada ámbito de actuación en lo balonmano (AU).


Subject(s)
Professional Training , Mentoring , Team Sports , Guidelines as Topic , Education, Continuing/methods
3.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene, 06, 2023. 69 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1411695

ABSTRACT

En El Salvador las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles se han incrementado progresivamente en las últimas décadas, actualmente ocupan un lugar relevante en la ocurrencia de morbilidad y mortalidad en la población. El aparecimiento de nuevos casos, sumado a la alta cifra de los ya existentes, ha producido un incremento en la demanda de servicios de salud, tanto de atenciones ambulatorias, como de hospitalizaciones. Como parte esencial de este esfuerzo y con participación de especialistas del MINSAL y del ISSS, se han actualizado los protocolos médicos para el trasplante de riñón que fueron elaborados en el año 2019. EL presente documento contiene la inclusión de nuevos criterios, con los que se ha actualizado el contenido técnico, en relación con los procedimientos médicos que regirán la realización de los procesos de trasplante renal en la red de hospitales del SNIS, involucrados en la donación y trasplante con donantes vivos y que proporcionarán a pacientes que los reciban, la oportunidad de una mejor calidad de vida


In El Salvador, chronic noncommunicable diseases have increased progressively in recent decades, currently occupying a relevant place in the occurrence of morbidity and mortality in the population. The appearance of new cases, added to the high number of existing ones, has produced an increase in the demand for health services, both for outpatient care and hospitalizations. As an essential part of this effort and with the participation of MINSAL and ISSS specialists, the medical protocols for kidney transplantation that were prepared in 2019 have been updated. This document contains the inclusion of new criteria, with which has updated the technical content, in relation to the medical procedures that will govern the performance of kidney transplant processes in the SNIS network of hospitals, involved in donation and transplantation with living donors and that will provide patients who receive them, the opportunity of a better quality of life


Subject(s)
Kidney Transplantation , Guidelines as Topic , Living Donors , Transplants , Gift Giving , El Salvador , Ambulatory Care
4.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(2): 154-158, Apr.-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448344

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the effects of hospital cardiorespiratory physical therapy protocol on the functional capacity and quality of life of patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods From January to December 2019, bilateral dynamometry, Manovacuometry and Ventilometry, peak expiratory flow "Peak Flow", 6-min walk test (6MWT), SF-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) were applied in patients who have undergone an allogeneic or autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), pre-conditioning (initial evaluation) and pre-discharge (final evaluation). The patients were submitted to an intervention protocol, consisting of aerobic training, muscle strengthening and respiratory muscle training, between the two assessments. Results 29 patients were enrolled in the study and 24 (83%) completed all procedure. Myeloablative and reduced intensity conditioning were performed in 89.6% and 10.4%, respectively; 17 (58%) patients have undergone an autologous HSCT; 10 (35%) identical related allogeneic HSCT, and 2 (7%) haploidentical allogeneic HSCT. The median number of interventions per patient was 3 (1-9). A decreasing in the right and left dynamometry (p ≤ 0.0001 and 0.002, respectively) and, also in the distance covered in the 6MWT (p = 0.004), was observed after HSCT. There was no significant difference in respiratory muscle strength, quality of life and fatigue sensation. Conclusion Cardiorespiratory rehabilitation can preserve functional capacity and quality of life.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Quality of Life , Physical Therapy Modalities , Guidelines as Topic
5.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 18(1): 16-18, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442725

ABSTRACT

Recientemente se publicó la actualización de la norma técnica del programa para control y eliminación de la Tuberculosis (PROCET). En lo que se refiere al tratamiento de la Tuberculosis (TB) sensible en niños, el esquema depende de la situación clínica del paciente, pero el tiempo de tratamiento es de 6 meses en todos los tipos de TB, exceptuando algunas situaciones especiales como en la meningitis o en coinfección con VIH. Posteriormente se publicaron las guías de la OMS proponiendo algunos cambios en el tratamiento de la TB sensible, el principal de ellos es una reducción de 6 a 4 meses en la TB sensible no grave en niños entre 3 meses y 16 años.


The update of the Chilean Tuberculosis Guidelines (PROCET) was recently published. Regarding the treatment of drug susceptible Tuberculosis (TB) in children, the regimen depends on the clinical situation of the patient, but the duration is 6 months in all types of TB, except for some special situations such as meningitis or co-infection with HIV. Subsequently, the WHO guidelines were published, proposing some changes in the treatment of drug susceptible TB, the main one being a reduction from 6 to 4 months in non-severe TB without evidence of drug resistance, in children between 3 months and 16 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Guidelines as Topic , World Health Organization , Chile , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/drug therapy , Time-to-Treatment
6.
Saúde Soc ; 32(1): e211011pt, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424476

ABSTRACT

Resumo Com alta transmissibilidade e demanda por atendimento hospitalar, a covid-19 teve impactos (como ansiedade, medo e insegurança) sobre o equilíbrio psicológico de pacientes, seus familiares e profissionais da saúde. Diante disso, o objetivo deste artigo é mapear intervenções psicológicas no contexto hospitalar frente à covid-19, a fim de subsidiar a constituição de protocolos. Observou-se que visitas virtuais, trabalho de luto antecipatório e técnicas de psicoeducação, através de psicoterapia breve, mostram-se necessários dentro do contexto de unidades fechadas, Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTIs) e emergências, como forma de enfrentamento que permite a elaboração de sentimentos, como medo, angústia e ansiedade. Para ambulatórios, destacam-se os plantões psicológicos, através de videochamadas, de demanda espontânea, além de encaminhamento para psicoterapia externa, voltados a profissionais com sintomas de pânico, ansiedade, depressão e exaustão. Mesmo com intervenções psicológicas originadas a partir desse contexto, evidencia-se a falta de protocolos com abrangência nacional e eficazes para o ambiente hospitalar, tanto para pacientes e familiares como para profissionais que atuam diretamente com o vírus. Portanto, cabe ao Brasil aperfeiçoar o modelo apresentado pela Comissão Nacional de Saúde da China, ou construir protocolos próprios de acordo com o contexto sociocultural, compreendendo suas diferentes formas de comunicação e enfrentamento. É essencial considerar sentimentos de cansaço dos profissionais da saúde, de forma que se sugerem ações como grupo de acolhimento de demandas emocionais geradas nesta pandemia.


Abstract With high transmission and demand for hospital care, COVID-19 caused impacts (such as anxiety fear, and insecurity) on the psychological balance of patients, family members, and health professionals. Therefore, the objective of this article is to map psychological interventions in the hospital context against COVID-19, to support the constitution of protocols in this environment. We observed that virtual visits, anticipatory mourning work, and psychoeducational techniques, via brief psychotherapy are necessary within the context of closed units, Intensive Care Units (ICU's), and emergencies, as a way of coping that allow the elaboration of feelings such as fear, anguish , and anxiety. For outpatient clinics, psychological shifts in hospitals, via video calls, of spontaneous demand, in addition to referral to external psychotherapy, for professionals with symptoms of panic, anxiety, depression, and exhaustion stand out. Even with psychological interventions originating from this context, the lack of protocols with national coverage and effectiveness for the hospital environment is evident, both for patients and families and for professionals who work directly with the virus. Therefore, it is up to Brazil to improve the model presented by the National Health Commission for the People's Republic of China, or build our own protocols according to the sociocultural context, comprising their different forms of communication and confrontation. In addition, it to Considering the feelings of tiredness of health professionals is essential, so that actions such as a group to acknowledge emotional demands generated in this pandemic are suggested.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychology, Medical , Psychotherapy , Guidelines as Topic , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Panic , Adaptation, Psychological , Depression , User Embracement
7.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 06, 2022. 90 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1411699

ABSTRACT

El presente documento es una guía que proporciona herramientas para la autogestión y autoevaluación, tanto a las maternidades como al personal que desarrolla sus actividades en ellas a fin de adherirse al cumplimiento de la Ley Nacer Con Cariño para un Parto Respetado y un Cuidado Cariñoso y Sensible para el Recién Nacido (LNCC), del cual surge el modelo de atención Maternidades Nacer con Cariño (MNCC) como marco macro previo a la implementación de cualquier tipo de acciones estratégicas en instituciones donde nacen personas. Incluye conceptos básicos de la atención materno infantil con un enfoque de derechos que facilita la transición de un modelo médico hegemónico a un modelo biopsicosocial, centrado en la familia. Además, ofrece elementos que permitirán el análisis objetivo de cada área relacionada con las MNCC y su personal, fomentando una mejora en la cultura organizacional como en la interacción personal de salud y los/as usuarios/as


This document is a guide that provides tools for self-management and self-assessment, both to maternity hospitals and to the personnel who carry out their activities in them, in order to adhere to compliance with the Born With Sweetie Law for a Respectful Childbirth and Affectionate and Sensitive Care for the Newborn , from which the Maternity Born with Love care model arises as a macro framework prior to the implementation of any type of strategic actions in institutions where people are born. It includes basic concepts of maternal and child care with a rights-based approach that facilitates the transition from a hegemonic medical model to a biopsychosocial model, centered on the family. In addition, it offers elements that will allow the objective analysis of each area related to the and its personnel, promoting an improvement in the organizational culture as well as in the personal interaction of health and the users


Subject(s)
Guidelines as Topic , Hospitals, Maternity , Love , Child Care , Health , Parturition , El Salvador
8.
San Salvador; MINSAL; nov. 29, 2022. 27 p. ilus, tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1427682

ABSTRACT

El presente protocolo tiene por objeto, establecer que la finalidad de los trabajadores de salud es la atención de las emergencias obstétricas para salvaguardar la vida de la embarazada y su hijo, garantizando el derecho a la privacidad, trato digno y respetuoso, bajo secreto profesional. Se establecen las obligaciones para el personal de salud de cumplimiento a estos derechos, el cual debe centrarse en brindar una atención técnica y abstenerse de incluir en los reportes médicos la percepción del profesional o juicios de valor del proceso de morbilidad que ha llevado a la mujer embarazada o puérpera a la consulta, que no sea de utilidad para la atención de la emergencia


The purpose of this protocol is to establish that the purpose of health workers is the care of obstetric emergencies to safeguard the life of the pregnant woman and her child, guaranteeing the right to privacy, dignified and respectful treatment, under professional secrecy. Obligations are established for health personnel to comply with these rights, which must focus on providing technical care and refrain from including in medical reports the professional's perception or value judgments of the morbidity process that has led to the woman pregnant or postpartum to the consultation, which is not useful for emergency care


Subject(s)
Guidelines as Topic , Parturition , Postpartum Period , Emergencies , Human Rights , Prenatal Care , Pregnant Women , El Salvador
9.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 25(293): 8788-8799., out.2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402083

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Desenvolver e validar um Protocolo sobre Processamento de Produtos para Saúde na Central de Material e Esterilização de um Hospital Universitário de São Paulo. Método: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo metodológico de desenvolvimento de um protocolo sobre processamento de produtos para a saúde.Realizada a revisão da literatura, elaboração do conteúdo escrito e de imagens. A validação foi feita por meio da Técnica Delphi com a participação de juízes. Para medir a concordância das respostas obtidas, foi utilizado o Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (IVC). Resultados: Após a segunda rodada do processo de validação pela Técnica Delphi, o IVC global do protocolo foi de 1.0, alcançando o nível de maior concordância. A versão final do protocolo possui 45 páginas, 8 itens abordados, 32 subitens e 20 ilustrações. Conclusão:O protocolo possibilitou reorganizar processos, estabelecer fluxos e padronizar condutas com embasamento científico para os profissionais de saúde.(AU)


Objective: To develop and validate a Protocol on the Processing of Health Products at the Material and Sterilization Center of a University Hospital in São Paulo. Method: This is a descriptive methodological study of the development of a protocol on the processing of health products. A literature review, written content and images were developed. Validation was performed using the Delphi Technique with the participation of judges. To measure the agreement of the answers obtained, the Content Validity Index (CVI) was used. Results: After the second round of the validation process using the Delphi Technique, the global CVI of the protocol was 1.0, reaching the highest level of agreement. The final version of the protocol has 45 pages, 8 items covered, 32 sub-items and 20 illustrations. Conclusion: The protocol made it possible to reorganize processes, establish flows and standardize scientifically based conducts for health professionals.(AU)


Objetivo: Desarrollar y validar un Protocolo de Procesamiento de Productos de Salud en el Centro de Material y Esterilización de un Hospital Universitario de São Paulo. Método: Se trata de un estudio metodológico descriptivo de la elaboración de un protocolo sobre el procesamiento de productos sanitarios. Se elaboró una revisión de literatura, contenido escrito e imágenes. La validación se realizó mediante la Técnica Delphi con la participación de jueces. Para medir la concordancia de las respuestas obtenidas se utilizó el Índice de Validez de Contenido (IVC). Resultados: Tras la segunda ronda del proceso de validación mediante la Técnica Delphi, el CVI global del protocolo fue de 1,0, alcanzando el mayor nivel de acuerdo. La versión final del protocolo tiene 45 páginas, 8 ítems cubiertos, 32 sub ítems y 20 ilustraciones. Conclusión: El protocolo permitió reorganizar procesos, establecer flujos y estandarizar conductas con base científica para los profesionales de la salud.(AU)


Subject(s)
Sterilization , Disinfection , Guidelines as Topic , Resource Guide , Nursing Assessment
10.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(3): e38310, sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1450177

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la técnica de imagen híbrida de SPECT-CT combina la imagen de la tomografía por emisión de fotón único (SPECT) con el estudio de tomografía computada (TC), obteniendo información funcional y anatómica en un mismo estudio. La dosis efectiva total de radiación ionizante recibida en los estudios SPECT-CT puede ser estimada a partir de la dosis efectiva atribuible a la actividad administrada del radiofármaco y la dosis efectiva del componente de tomografía computada (TC). Objetivos: estimar la dosis efectiva total en los protocolos SPECT-CT utilizados en población adulta y determinar el aporte adicional del estudio TC sobre la dosis efectiva total. Método: se evaluaron 258 estudios SPECT-CT para estimar la dosis efectiva total aportada por la administración de los radiofármacos y los estudios de TC de baja dosis. Para estimar el aporte de ambos componentes se utilizaron factores de conversión específicos de cada radiofármaco y región explorada mediante TC. Resultados: la dosis efectiva total (media ± DS) en los estudios SPECT-CT fueron: 12,4 ± 1,44 mSv en el estudio de perfusión miocárdica, 1,14 ± 0,25 mSv en ganglio centinela de mama, 8,6 ± 0,6 mSv paratiroides, 1,48 ± 1,02 mSv tiroides y los estudios óseos de las regiones de cuello 4,5 ± 0,3, tórax 6,07 ± 0,3 mSv, abdomen y pelvis 6,1 ± 0,3 mSv. La dosis de radiación aportada por el estudio TC se encuentra entre 0,46 mSv para la región del tórax en el estudio de ganglio centinela de mama y 2,3 mSv para el SPECT-CT óseo en la región de abdomen y pelvis. Conclusión: se logró estimar la dosis efectiva en los protocolos SPECT-CT de uso clínico más frecuente en población adulta y el aporte de los estudios TC a la dosis efectiva total siendo relativamente baja comparado con la dosis aportada por los radiofármacos administrados con la excepción del estudio de ganglio centinela donde la contribución del componente TC es aproximadamente la mitad de la dosis efectiva total.


Introduction: SPECT-CT Hybrid image technique combines the SPECT (single-photon emission computed tomography) image with the CT (computerized tomography) image to obtain both functional and anatomical images in the same study. The total effective ionizing radiation dose received in SPECT-CT studies may be estimated based on the effective dose from the radiopharmaceutical administered and the effective dose from the CT (computerized tomography) component. Objectives: the study aims to estimate the total effective dose in SPECT-CT protocols applied for the adult population, and to determine the additional contribution from the CT component to the total effective dose. Method: 258 SPECT-CT studies were evaluated to estimate the total effective dose from the administration of radiopharmaceuticals and low dose CT studies. Specific conversion factors for each radiopharmaceutical and area of the body explored with the CT were used to estimate radiation doses from both components. Results: total effective dose (average ± SD) in the SPECT-CT studies was: 12.4 ± 1.44 mSv in the myocardial perfusion study, 1.14 ± 0.25 mSv in the breast sentinel lymph node study, 8.6 ± 0.6 mSv in the parathyroid study, 1.48 ± 1.02 mSv in the thyroid study. As to bone studies, doses found were: 4.5 ± 0.3, in neck studies, 6.07 ± 0.3 mSv in thoracic studies and 6.1 ± 0.3 mSv in abdominal and pelvic studies. The radiation dose from the CT study ranges from 0.46 mSv for the thoracic region on the breast sentinel lymph node study to 2.3 mSv for the bone SPECT-CT study of the abdominal and pelvic region. Conclusions: we managed to estimate the effective dose in the the most frequently used SPECT-CT protocols for the adult population and the contribution of CT studies to the total effective dose. It was found to be relatively low when compared to the dose contributed by the radiopharmaceuticals administered, with the exception of the sentinel lymph node study for which the contribution from the CT study is approximately half the total effective dose.


Introdução: a técnica de imagem híbrida SPECT-CT combina a imagem de tomografia por emissão de fóton único (SPECT) com o estudo de tomografia computadorizada (TC), obtendo informações funcionais e anatômicas no mesmo estudo. A dose efetiva total de radiação ionizante recebida em estudos SPECT-CT pode ser estimada a partir da dose efetiva atribuível à atividade administrada do radiofármaco e da dose efetiva do componente de tomografia computadorizada (TC). Objetivos: estimar a dose efetiva total nos protocolos SPECT-CT utilizados na população adulta e determinar a contribuição adicional do estudo de TC na dose efetiva total. Método : 258 estudos SPECT-CT foram avaliados para estimar a dose efetiva total fornecida pela administração de radiofármacos e estudos de TC de baixa dose. Para estimar a contribuição de ambos os componentes, foram utilizados fatores de conversão específicos para cada radiofármaco e região explorada pela TC. ⁠ Resultados: a dose efetiva total (média ± DP) nos estudos SPECT-CT foi: 12,4 ± 1,44 mSv no estudo de perfusão miocárdica, 1,14 ± 0,25 mSv no linfonodo sentinela mamário, 8,6 ± 0,6 mSv paratireoide, 1,48 ± 1,02 mSv estudos de tireoide e ossos das regiões do pescoço 4,5 ± 0,3, tórax 6,07 ± 0,3 mSv, abdômen e pelve 6,1 ±0,3mSv. A dose de radiação fornecida pelo estudo de TC está entre 0,46 mSv para a região do tórax no estudo do linfonodo sentinela da mama e 2,3 mSv para o SPECT-CT ósseo na região do abdome e pelve. Conclusão: foi possível estimar a dose efetiva nos protocolos de SPECT-CT mais utilizados clinicamente na população adulta e a contribuição dos estudos de TC para a dose efetiva total, sendo relativamente baixa em relação à dose fornecida pelos radiofármacos administrados com a exceção do estudo do linfonodo sentinela onde a contribuição do componente TC é aproximadamente metade da dose efetiva total.


Subject(s)
Radiation Protection/standards , Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography Computed Tomography/standards , Guidelines as Topic , Nuclear Medicine
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408167

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La gestión de riesgo perioperatorio sustentado en los programas o protocolos de recuperación precoz o mejorada después de la cirugía valida la calidad en los cuidados perioperatorios con disminución de la incidencia de morbilidad y mortalidad basado en la evidencia de un conjunto de acciones que cubren todo el período perioperatorio. Objetivo: Validar el programa de recuperación precoz después de la cirugía colorectal en los pacientes quirúrgicos electivos en los hospitales Provincial Docente de Oncología María Curie, Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech de la provincia de Camagüey y General Universitario Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y del Castillo en la provincia de Granma. Métodos: La investigación se ejecutó en dos fases. En la Fase I se realizó validación externa e interna del programa de recuperación precoz de la cirugía colorectal electiva por consulta de expertos mediante escala Likert. En la Fase II se realizó un estudio piloto experimental con dos grupos de 119 pacientes cada uno. Resultados: La mayor parte de los pacientes del grupo de estudio, 97,5 por ciento tuvieron una recuperación precoz óptima basada en no dolor, no íleo paralítico, no complicaciones cardiovasculares, ni respiratorias perioperatorias. El 94,1 por ciento de grupo de estudio egresó en condición de vivo, con una estadía de cinco días en promedio, inferior a los nueve del grupo control. Conclusiones: El programa de recuperación precoz muestra disminución de la incidencia de morbilidad y mortalidad así como reducción de estadía hospitalaria. Con beneficios tanto para el paciente como para los servicios de salud(AU)


Introduction: Perioperative risk management supported by programs or protocols for early or improved recovery after surgery validates the quality of perioperative care, with a decrease in the incidence of morbidity and mortality based on the evidence of a set of actions covering the entire perioperative period. Objective: To validate the program for early recovery after colorectal surgery in elective surgical patients at María Curie Provincial Teaching Oncological Hospital and Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Hospital, both in Camagüey Province, as well as at Carlos Manuel de Céspedes General University Hospital in Granma Province. Methods: The research was carried out in two phases. In phase I, external and internal validation of the early recovery program for elective colorectal surgery was carried out by means of expert consultation using a Likert scale. In phase II, an experimental pilot study was carried out with two groups of 119 patients each. Results: Most of the patients in the study group (97.5 percent) had optimal early recovery, based on the fact that they did not present pain, paralytic ileus, either cardiovascular or respiratory complications perioperatively. 94.1 percent of the patients in the study group were discharged in the condition of living, with an average hospital stay of five days, lower than the nine days of the control group. Conclusions: The early recovery program shows a decrease in the incidence of morbidity and mortality, as well as a reduction in hospital stay, with benefits for both the patient and the health services(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Risk Management , Colorectal Surgery , Perioperative Care , Medical Oncology , Guidelines as Topic
12.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408246

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los cuidados perioperatorios estandarizados ayudan a asegurar que todos los pacientes reciban un tratamiento óptimo. Objetivo: Aplicar un método de cuidados perioperatorios multimodales sistemáticos, en pacientes sometidos a cirugía pulmonar mayor. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión narrativa de la literatura relevante, publicada sobre el tema en las bases de datos MEDLINE, Cochrane, además de Medigraph, en idiomas inglés, español y francés. Se hizo énfasis en los artículos de los últimos 5 años, sobre todo estudios aleatorizados, bases de datos institucionales y nacionales, revisiones sistemáticas, metanálisis y programas y protocolos ERAS/ERATS, además de artículos de revisión. Desarrollo: Los estudios obtenidos fueron evaluados por los autores por separado y, más tarde, en conjunto para definir cuáles se ajustaban a los objetivos. El protocolo se dividió en 5 fases: preoperatoria, ingreso hospitalario, preoperatoria inmediata, intraoperatoria, posoperatoria. Para cada una de ellas se definieron las acciones a realizar, según la evidencia disponible. Conclusiones: La implantación del protocolo permitirá pasar de una fase empírica a una investigativa, de manera que se podrán obtener resultados superiores en el tratamiento quirúrgico de los pacientes enrolados en las investigaciones que se realicen(AU)


Introduction: Standardized perioperative care helps ensure that all patients receive optimal treatment. Objective: To apply a method of systematic multimodal perioperative care in patients undergoing major pulmonary surgery. Methods: A narrative review was performed of the relevant literature published on the subject in MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Medigraph databases in English, Spanish, and French. Emphasis was made on articles from the last 5 years, especially randomized studies, institutional and national databases, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and ERAS/ERATS programs and protocols, as well as review articles. Discussion: The studies retrieved were evaluated by the authors separately and, later, together to define which ones met the objectives. The protocol was divided into 5 phases: preoperative, hospital admission, immediate preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative. For each of them, the actions to be carried out were defined, according to the available evidence. Conclusions: The implementation of the protocol will allow to go from an empirical phase to an investigative one, so that better results can be obtained in the surgical treatment of patients enrolled in the investigations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Perioperative Care/methods , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Guidelines as Topic
13.
Cambios rev. méd ; 21(1): 746, 30 Junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392775

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Los Comités de Ética de Investigación en Seres Humanos deben proteger la dignidad, los derechos, el bienestar y la seguridad de los sujetos investigados; evalúan aspectos éticos, metodológicos y jurídicos de los protocolos de investigación, competencia otorgada por el ente sanitario del país que ameritó observar si se cumplió. OBJETIVO. Evaluar la situación de los Comités de Ética de Investigación en Seres Humanos, basados en la percepción del cursillista, la normativa, las repercusiones y consecuencias para mantener su condición activa y su trascendencia. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio descriptivo, transversal y ambispectivo con un universo de 1 327 profesionales del área de la salud y una muestra de 385 encuestados que expresaron su percepción sobre trece Comités de Ética de Investigación en Seres Humanos a nivel nacional, con revisión bibliográfica nacional e internacional, se excluyeron los suspendidos. Se aplicó encuesta validada online, período abril a octubre de 2019. Data analizada en Excel y SPSS versión 23. RESULTADOS. El 76,92% Comités de Ética de Investigación en Seres Humanos fueron de la ciudad de Quito. Los cursillistas percibieron que el 64,16%, no trascendieron en su labor; desconocieron que: la Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia de la Salud, cuestionó el nombramiento de algún miembro un 97,14%; el cuestionamiento estuvo basado en la norma vigente un 79,48%; sobre la aprobación del plan anual de capacitación en investigación, 2019, un 95,06%; el plan anual de capacitación específico un 77,40%, y no recibieron directrices ni retroalimentación en temas de capacitación en calidad de investigador, un 90,39%. Además, percibieron que los Comités fueron responsables de capacitar otros Comités de ética de Investigación en Seres Humanos, un 81,82% y a los investigadores, un 85,71%; que deben elaborar el plan anual de educación específica para los miembros del comité, un 89,35%. CONCLUSIÓN. Se identificó entre los problemas que los investigadores casi no los conocen y hay necesidad de actualizar la norma que afectó el funcionamiento. Los justificativos para mantener la condición activa no se cumplieron, se evidenció la necesidad de asesoría para los comités por parte de las autoridades competentes, sin lograr conformación consolidada con actores y repercutió en su trascendencia.


INTRODUCTION. The Research Ethics Committees on Human Beings must protect the dignity, rights, well-being and safety of the research subjects; evaluate ethical, methodological and legal aspects of the research protocols, a competence granted by the health entity of the country that merited see if it is done. OBJECTIVE. Evaluate the situation of the Ethics Committees for Research in Human Beings, based on the perception of the trainee, the regulations, the repercussions and consequences to maintain their active condition and their transcendence. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Descriptive, cross-sectional and ambispective study with a universe of 1,327 professionals in the health area and a sample of 385 respondents who expressed their perception of thirteen Research Ethics Committees on Human Beings at the national level, with national and international bibliographic review. those suspended were excluded. An online validated survey was applied, from April to October 2019. Data analyzed in Excel and SPSS version 23. RESULTS. 76.92% Human Research Ethics Committees were from the city of Quito. The trainees perceived that 64,16%, did not transcend in their work; they did not know that: the National Directorate of Health Intelligence, questioned the appointment of a member 97,14%; the questioning was based on the current norm 79,48%; on the approval of the annual research training plan, 2019, 95,06%; the specific annual training plan 77,40%, and did not receive guidelines or feedback on training issues as a researcher, 90,39%. In addition, they perceived that the Committees were responsible for training other Human Beings Research Ethics Committees, 81,82% and the researchers, 85,71%; that they must prepare the annual specific education plan for the members of the committee, 89,35%. CONCLUSION. It was identified among the problems that the researchers hardly know them and there is a need to update the norm that affected the operation. The justifications to maintain the active condition were not fulfilled, the need for advice for the committees by the competent authorities was evidenced, without achieving a consolidated conformation with actors and had repercussions on its importance. hardly know them and there is a need to update the norm that affected the operation. The justifications to maintain the active condition were not fulfilled, the need for advice for the committees by the competent authorities was evidenced, without achieving a consolidated conformation with actors and had repercussions on its importance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Research Design , Bioethics , Ethical Review/standards , Ethics Committees, Research , Principle-Based Ethics , Ethics, Research , Research Personnel , Clinical Protocols , Guidelines as Topic , Ethicists , Directive Counseling , Research Subjects , Ecuador , Advisory Committee on Health Research , Ethics, Institutional , Legislation, Medical
14.
San Salvador; MINSAL; jun.05, 2022. 38 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1402146

ABSTRACT

Proporcionar las disposiciones técnicas para la instalación y funcionamiento de salas de lactancia materna en centros de trabajo, con la finalidad de acompañar, apoyar e informar a las madres para mantener el proceso de lactancia exclusiva y complementaria, contribuyendo así al crecimiento optimo y desarrollo saludable de la niñez salvadoreña


Provide the technical provisions for the installation and operation of breastfeeding rooms in workplaces, in order to accompany, support and inform mothers to maintain the exclusive and complementary breastfeeding process, thus contributing to the optimal growth and healthy development of Salvadoran childhood


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding , Workplace , Guidelines as Topic , El Salvador , Growth , Methods , Mothers
16.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mayo. 23, 2022. 94 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1411949

ABSTRACT

Los presentes protocolos han sido creado con la finalidad de proporcionar al personal que labora dentro del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud (SNIS), la información necesaria para brindar la Atención de Primer Nivel adecuada a la mujer en etapa de preconcepción, embarazo, a su familia y la comunidad en sus áreas de responsabilidad, generando de esta manera las condiciones para que toda mujer en etapa de embarazo pueda tener un parto respetado así como su hijo o hija pueda recibir un Cuidado Cariñoso y Sensible, por medio de una alta gama de servicios y la sensibilización a partir de la educación prenatal, que permita tener la información necesaria para la búsqueda de atención oportuna en los establecimientos de salud, también hace prevalecer los derechos y obligaciones de las mujeres gestantes que hacen uso del establecimiento, de tal manera que garantice la seguridad de la mujer y del bebé por nacer. Este documento establece las responsabilidades de cada nivel de atención, las acciones de promoción, educación prenatal y atención clínica por parte del personal de salud. Además, incluye los instrumentos necesarios para el seguimiento, monitoreo y supervisión por las instancias correspondientes. Este conjunto de acciones permitirá la adecuada implementación de la Ley Nacer con Cariño para un Parto Respetado y un Cuidado Cariñoso y Sensible para el Recién Nacido (en adelante la Ley) y por tanto garantizando la reducción de la morbimortalidad materna y neonatal


These protocols have been created with the purpose of providing the personnel who work within the National Integrated Health System, the necessary information to provide adequate First Level Care to women in the preconception, pregnancy, and family stages. and the community in their areas of responsibility, thus creating the conditions so that every pregnant woman can have a respected birth, as well as her son or daughter can receive Affectionate and Sensitive Care, through a wide range of services. and sensitization based on prenatal education, which allows having the necessary information to seek timely care in health establishments, also makes the rights and obligations of pregnant women who use the establishment prevail, in such a way as to guarantee the safety of the woman and the unborn baby. This document establishes the responsibilities of each level of care, promotion actions, prenatal education, and clinical care by health personnel. In addition, it includes the necessary instruments for follow-up, monitoring and supervision by the corresponding instances. This set of actions will allow the adequate implementation of the Born with Affection Law for a Respectful Childbirth and Affectionate and Sensitive Care for the Newborn (hereinafter the Law) and therefore guaranteeing the reduction of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality


Subject(s)
Prenatal Care , Breast Feeding , Guidelines as Topic , Parturition , Postpartum Period , Primary Health Care , Aftercare , El Salvador
17.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1469, abr.2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1422457

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar se as informações sobre a COVID-19 direcionadas às mulheres gestantes, disponíveis em sites populares, estão de acordo com as recomendações do Ministério da Saúde. Métodos: estudo descritivo/comparativo, realizado em sites populares mais acessados por mulheres leigas. Foi elaborado um checklist com informações relevantes sobre COVID-19 e gestação, com base nas recomendações do Ministério da Saúde e da literatura. O checklist apresentava os tópicos: pré-natal; gestante com suspeita ou diagnóstico de COVID-19; aleitamento materno; recomendações quanto à via de parto e interrupção da gestação; orientações para trabalho de parto e parto; orientações para cuidado no pós-parto; agentes farmacológicos, outros tratamentos e monitoramento da infecção por COVID-19; gestantes profissionais ou não da área da saúde; e risco de infecção por transmissão vertical e no pós-parto. Resultados: após aplicação do checklist, 210 sites foram selecionados para análise do seu conteúdo na íntegra. Observou-se que nenhum deles apresentou o conteúdo elencado de acordo com as evidências sobre gestação, parto/nascimento, pós-parto e COVID- 19 disponíveis até o presente momento. As informações mais negligenciadas sobre COVID-19 e gestação estavam no conjunto de informações sobre "Agentes farmacológicos, outros tratamentos e monitoramento da infecção COVID-19". As informações sobre o "pré-natal" foram as que mais apresentaram informações corretas nos sites analisados. Conclusão: os sites trouxeram informações importantes para as mulheres gestantes e puérperas; contudo, muitas vezes, essas informações estavam incompletas. Espera-se que as evidências deste estudo possam contribuir para o aprimoramento da educação em saúde, de modo a indicar novas possibilidades de comunicação com base em fontes confiáveis.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar si la información sobre la COVID-19 dirigida a las mujeres embarazadas disponible en los sitios web populares se ajusta a las recomendaciones del Ministerio de Salud. Métodos: estudio descriptivo/comparativo, realizado con los sitios populares a los que más acceden las mujeres laicas. Se elaboró una checklist con información relevante sobre la COVID-19 y el embarazo, basándose en las recomendaciones del Ministerio de Salud y en la bibliografía. La checklist presentó los temas: cuidados prenatales, mujeres embarazadas con sospecha o diagnóstico de COVID-19, lactancia materna, recomendaciones para la vía del parto y la interrupción del embarazo, directrices para el trabajo de parto y el parto, directrices para la atención posparto, agentes farmacológicos, otros tratamientos y seguimiento de la infección por COVID-19, mujeres embarazadas o no en el área de la salud y riesgo de infección por transmisión vertical y posparto. Resultados: después de aplicar la checklist, se seleccionaron 210 sitios para el análisis completo de su contenido. Se observó que ninguno de ellos presentó el contenido listado de acuerdo con la evidencia sobre embarazo, parto/nacimiento, posparto y COVID-19 disponible hasta la fecha. La información más descuidada sobre COVID-19 y embarazo fue en el conjunto de información sobre "Agentes farmacológicos, otros tratamientos y seguimiento de la infección por COVID-19". La información sobre "Prenatal" fue la que presentó la información más correcta sobre los sitios analizados. Conclusión: los sitios aportaron información importante para las mujeres embarazadas y posparto, sin embargo, a menudo estaban incompletos. Se espera que la evidencia de este estudio pueda contribuir a la mejora de la educación para la salud, con el fin de indicar nuevas posibilidades de comunicación basadas en fuentes confiables.


ABSTRACT Objective: to assess whether information about COVID-19 aimed at pregnant women, available on popular websites, is in accordance with the recommendations of the Ministry of Health. Methods: descriptive/comparative study, carried out on popular websites most accessed by lay women. A checklist was prepared with relevant information about COVID-19 and pregnancy, based on the recommendations of the Ministry of Health and the literature. The checklist presented the topics: prenatal care; pregnant woman with suspected or diagnosed COVID-19; breastfeeding; recommendations regarding the mode of delivery and termination of pregnancy; guidelines for labor and delivery; guidelines for postpartum care; pharmacological agents, other treatments, and monitoring of COVID-19 infection; professional or non-professional pregnant women in the health area; and risk of infection by vertical and postpartum transmission. Results: after applying the checklist, 210 websites were selected for full content analysis. It was observed that none of them presented the content listed according to the evidence on pregnancy, delivery/birth, postpartum and COVID-19 available to date. The most neglected information about COVID-19 and pregnancy was in the information set on "Pharmacological agents, other treatments and monitoring of COVID-19 infection". Information about "prenatal care" was the one that most presented correct information on the analyzed websites. Conclusion: the websites provided important information for pregnant and postpartum women; however, this information was often incomplete. It is hoped that the evidence from this study can contribute to the improvement of health education, in order to indicate new possibilities of communication based on reliable sources.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Postnatal Care , Prenatal Care , Health Education , Guidelines as Topic , Health Communication , COVID-19 , Breast Feeding , Environmental Monitoring , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Postpartum Period
18.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 30(1): 94-105, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376480

ABSTRACT

Resumo A adequação terapêutica é definida como uma decisão médica compartilhada, com pacientes e familiares, que busca ajustar recursos terapêuticos e diagnósticos adequados a cada plano de cuidados. Este artigo objetiva apresentar um protocolo sobre adequação terapêutica implementado em um hospital universitário. Tal protocolo visa nortear práticas de profissionais da saúde sob a luz dos princípios bioéticos, legais e clínicos pertinentes a cada caso. Conclui-se que o protocolo pode auxiliar nas decisões de abstenção ou suspensão de determinado tratamento de pacientes com doença grave, progressiva e irreversível.


Abstract Therapeutic adequacy is defined as a medical decision shared with patients and family members and that seeks to adjust therapeutic and diagnostic resources appropriate to each care plan. This article aims to present a protocol on therapeutic adequacy implemented in a university hospital. This protocol aims to guide practices of health professionals in the light of the bioethical, legal and clinical principles relevant to each case. It is concluded that the protocol can assist in the decisions to abstain or suspend certain treatment procedures of patients with severe, progressive and irreversible diseases.


Resumen La adecuación terapéutica se define como una decisión médica, compartida con pacientes y familiares, que busca ajustar los recursos terapéuticos y diagnósticos a cada plan de cuidado. Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar un protocolo de adecuación terapéutica desarrollado en un hospital universitario. El protocolo buscó orientar las prácticas de los profesionales de la salud a la luz de los principios bioéticos, legales y clínicos pertinentes a cada caso. Se concluye que el protocolo puede auxiliar en las decisiones de abstención o suspensión de un tratamiento en pacientes con enfermedad grave, progresiva e irreversible.


Subject(s)
Palliative Care , Bioethics , Guidelines as Topic , Decision Making, Shared
19.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mar. 2, 2022. 65 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1411967

ABSTRACT

Los presentes protocolos tienen por objeto, establecer los criterios y pautas en el Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud. SNIS, para vigilar y atender la salud en la preconcepción, embarazo, parto, puerperio y recién nacido de bajo riesgo con base a la Ley Nacer con Cariño para un Parto Respetado y un Cuidado Cariñoso y Sensible para el Recién Nacido, y promueven la efectividad y la seguridad de la atención; sistematizando practicas sanitarias que han demostrado ser seguras, eficaces y menos costosas. Los mismos deben ser aplicados en todos los niveles de atención, para lograr la reducción de la morbilidad y mortalidad materna perinatal


The purpose of these protocols is to establish the criteria and guidelines in the National Integrated Health System. SNIS, to monitor and care for health in pre-conception, pregnancy, childbirth, puerperium and low-risk newborns based on the Born with Affection Law for a Respectful Childbirth and Affectionate and Sensitive Care for the Newborn, and promote effectiveness and safety of care; systematizing sanitary practices that have proven to be safe, effective and less expensive. They must be applied at all levels of care, to achieve the reduction of perinatal maternal morbidity and mortality


Subject(s)
Prenatal Care , Guidelines as Topic , Perinatal Care , Parturition , Postpartum Period , Risk , Morbidity , Mortality , Preconception Care , El Salvador
20.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(1): 49-57, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400098

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: A incidência das doenças alérgicas cresceu nas últimas décadas. Na tentativa de conter o aumento da alergia alimentar (AA) ao longo dos anos, estratégias de prevenção vêm sendo implementadas. Para promover um melhor entendimento dos dilemas que permeiam a introdução alimentar no primeiro ano de vida, esse artigo trata de uma revisão bibliográfica narrativa sobre a introdução dos alimentos complementares no primeiro ano de vida e possíveis associações com a prevenção primária da alergia alimentar. Fonte dos dados: Publicações relevantes foram pesquisadas nas bases de dados Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PubMed, Guidelines International Network, National Guidelines Clearinghouse e revisadas recomendações do guia e do consenso nacional de alergia alimentar. Resultados: Estudos observacionais diversos e ensaios clínicos randomizados estão disponíveis, bem como recomendações publicadas por organizações científicas; no entanto, de qualidade variável. Foram consideradas as recomendações de diretrizes de prática clínica classificadas como de alta qualidade e publicações recentes ainda não categorizadas de forma sistemática em sua qualidade, mas internacionalmente reconhecidas como relevantes para a atenção primária. Conclusão: Até o momento, não há evidências consistentes de que a introdução precoce, antes dos 6 meses, dos alimentos alergênicos, contribua para a prevenção de alergia a alimentos na população geral.


Objective: The incidence of allergic diseases has increased in recent decades. In an attempt to contain the increase in food allergy (AA) over the years, prevention strategies have been implemented. To promote a better understanding of the dilemmas that permeate the introduction of food in the first year of life, this article deals with a narrative literature review on the introduction of complementary foods in the first year of life and possible associations with the primary prevention of food allergy. Data source: Relevant publications were searched in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PubMed, Guidelines International Network, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, and revised recommendations from the national food allergy guide and consensus. Results: Several observational studies and randomized controlled trials are available, as well as recommendations. published by scientific organizations; however, of variable quality. Recommendations from clinical practice guidelines classified as high quality and recent publications not yet systematically categorized in their quality, but internationally recognized as relevant to primary care, were considered. Conclusion: To date, there is no consistent evidence that the early introduction, before 6 months, of allergenic foods contributes to the prevention of food allergy in the general population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Food Hypersensitivity , Infant Food , Primary Health Care , Primary Prevention , Societies, Medical , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Incidence , MEDLINE , Health Strategies , Guidelines as Topic , PubMed , Alkalies , Allergy and Immunology , Food , Hypersensitivity
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