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Univ. salud ; 24(1): 55-64, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361186


Introducción: La leptospirosis es una zoonosis emergente, endémica en Colombia, que afecta tanto animales domésticos como silvestres. Es considerada de riesgo laboral, ya que la transmisión al ser humano está asociada a la exposición con animales o ambientes infectados. En el departamento de Nariño, la producción de cuyes para el consumo humano se realiza en sistemas de crianza tradicionales que podrían favorecer la infección por Leptospira interrogans en esta especie. Objetivo: Detectar molecularmente la infección natural por especies patógenas del género Leptospira en cuyes que son destinados para el consumo humano en el municipio de Pasto. Materiales y métodos: Se tomaron 270 muestras de tejido renal en cuyes sacrificados en dos mataderos. Las muestras fueron analizadas mediante Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa (PCR) convencional y coloración diferencial de Warthin Starry (W-S). Resultados: En la evaluación de las 270 muestras, 4 (1,5%) fueron positivas para PCR y una de las muestras demostró la presencia de Leptospira bajo tinción W-S. Conclusiones: Mediante el uso de técnicas moleculares se evidenció L. interrogans en el tejido renal de Cavia porcellus. La circulación del patógeno en esta población representa un riesgo de infección para humanos y animales domésticos en contacto con estos sistemas productivos.

Introduction: Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonosis that is endemic in Colombia and affects both domestic and wild animals. It is considered an occupational risk since human transmission is associated with exposure to infected animals or environments. In the department of Nariño, the production of guinea pigs for human consumption applies traditional rearing systems that could cause animals to get infected with Leptosipira interrogans. Objective: To molecularly identify natural infection by pathogenic species of the genus Leptospira in guinea pigs used for human consumption in the municipality of Pasto (Colombia). Materials and methods: 270 kidney tissue samples were taken from guinea pigs slaughtered in two facilities. Samples were analyzed through conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Warthin Starry (W-S) differential staining. Results: While 4 (1.5%) out of the 270 samples were categorized as positive using PCR, only 1 sample showed the presence of Leptospira through W-S staining. Conclusions: Molecular techniques were useful to identify L. interrogans in kidney tissue of Cavia porcellus. Dissemination of this pathogen within this population represents an infection risk for humans and domestic animals that are in close proximity to these productive systems.

Humans , Animals , Guinea Pigs , Zoonoses , Guinea Pigs , Leptospira interrogans , Leptospirosis , Animal Diseases
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 130-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927698


In order to obtain virus-like particles (VLPs) for prevention of bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 (BVDV-1), the C-Erns-E1-E2 region was cloned into a pFastBacDaul vector for generating the recombinant Bacmid-BVDV-1 in DH10Bac Escherichia coli. The recombinant baculovirus Baculo-BVDV-1 was produced by transfecting the Sf9 cells with Bacmid-BVDV-1. The expressed protein and the assembled VLPs were determined by immunofluorescence, Western blotting and electron microscopy. Guinea pigs were immunized with inactivated VLPs coupled with the Montanide ISA-201 adjuvant. The immunogenicity of VLPs was evaluated by monitoring the humoral immune response with neutralizing antibody titer determination, as well as by analyzing the cell-mediated immune response with lymphocyte proliferation assay. The protective efficacy of VLPs was evaluated by challenging with 106 TCID50 virulent BVDV-1 strain AV69. The results showed that the recombinant Baculo-BVDV-1 efficiently expressed BVDV structural protein and form VLPs in infected Sf9 cells. The immunization of guinea pigs with VLPs resulted in a high titer (1:144) of neutralizing antibody, indicating an activated cellular immunity. Significantly lower viral RNA in the blood of the post-challenged immunized guinea pigs was observed. The successful preparation of BVDV VLPs with insect cell expression system and the observation of the associated immunogenicity may facilitate further development of a VLPs-based vaccine against BVD.

Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Diarrhea , Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral , Guinea Pigs , Mineral Oil , Viral Envelope Proteins , Viral Vaccines
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200297, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351560


ABSTRACT Objective Iron deficiency and vitamin A deficiency are two of the main micronutrient deficiencies. Both micronutrients are essential for human life and children's development. This study aimed to investigate the effects of vitamin A deficiency on ferritin and transferrin receptors' expression and its relationship with iron deficiency. Methods Five diets with different vitamin A-to-iron ratios were given to thirty five 21-day-old male Wistar rats (separated in groups of seven animals each). The animals received the diet for six weeks before being euthanized. Serum iron and retinol levels were measured as biochemical parameters. Their duodenums, spleens, and livers were analyzed for the expression of ferritin and transferrin receptors by Western Blotting. Results Regarding biochemical parameters, the results show that when both vitamin A and iron are insufficient, the serum iron content (74.74µg/dL) is significantly lower than the control group (255.86µg/dL). The results also show that vitamin A deficiency does not influence the expression of the transferrin receptor, but only of the ferritin one. Conclusion Vitamin A deficiency regulates the expression of ferritin in young male Wistar rats.

RESUMO Objetivo A deficiência de ferro e de vitamina A são duas das principais deficiências de micronutrientes, sendo que ambos são essenciais para a vida humana e o desenvolvimento das crianças. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o efeito da deficiência de vitamina A na expressão de ferritina e o receptor de transferrina e sua relação com a deficiência de ferro. Métodos Cinco dietas com diferentes proporções de vitamina A para ferro foram administradas a 35 ratos Wistar machos de 21 dias de vida (sete animais por grupo). Os animais receberam a dieta por seis semanas antes de serem eutanasiados. Os níveis séricos de ferro e retinol foram medidos como parâmetros bioquímicos. Duodeno, baço e fígado foram analisados quanto à expressão de ferritina e o receptor de transferrina por Western Blotting. Resultados Em relação aos parâmetros bioquímicos, os resultados mostram que quando a vitamina A e o ferro são insuficientes, o teor de ferro sérico (74.74µg/dL) é significativamente menor do que no grupo controle (255.86µg/dL). Os resultados também mostram que a deficiência de vitamina A não influencia a expressão do receptor da transferrina, mas da ferritina. Conclusão A deficiência de vitamina A regula a expressão de ferritina em ratos Wistar machos jovens.

Animals , Guinea Pigs , Rats , Vitamin A Deficiency , Receptors, Transferrin , Ferritins , Rats, Wistar , Diet
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3211-3220, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921418


To develop Senecavirus A (SVA) virus-like particles (VLPs), a recombinant prokaryotic expression plasmid pET28a-SVA-VP031 was constructed to co-express SVA structural proteins VP0, VP3 and VP1, according to the genomic sequence of the field isolate CH-FJ-2017 after the recombinant proteins were expressed in E .coli system, and purified by Ni+ ion chromatographic method. The SVA VLPs self-assemble with a high yield in vitro buffer. A typical VLPs with an average diameter of 25-30 nm which is similar to native virions by using TEM detection. Animals immunized by SVA VLPs shown that the VLPs induced high titers neutralizing antibodies in Guinea pigs. This study indicated that the VLPs produced with co-expressing SVA structural proteins VP0, VP3 and VP1 in prokaryotic system is a promising candidate and laid an important foundation for the development of a novel SVA VLPs vaccine.

Animals , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Escherichia coli/genetics , Genomics , Guinea Pigs , Picornaviridae/genetics
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2779-2785, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887840


To investigate whether the engineered Lactobacillus plantarum expressing the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) S1 gene can protect animals against PEDV, guinea pigs were fed with recombinant L. plantarum containing plasmid PVE5523-S1, with a dose of 2×10⁸ CFU/piece, three times a day, at 14 days intervals. Guinea pigs fed with wild type L. plantarum and the engineered L. plantarum containing empty plasmid pVE5523 were used as negative controls. For positive control, another group of guinea pigs were injected with live vaccine for porcine epidemic diarrhea and porcine infectious gastroenteritis (HB08+ZJ08) by intramuscular injection, with a dose of 0.2 mL/piece, three times a day, at 14 days intervals. Blood samples were collected from the hearts of the four groups of guinea pigs at 0 d, 7 d, 14 d, 24 d, 31 d, 41 d and 48 d, respectively, and serum samples were isolated for antibody detection and neutralization test analysis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The spleens of guinea pigs were also aseptically collected to perform spleen cells proliferation assay. The results showed that the engineered bacteria could stimulate the production of secretory antibody sIgA and specific neutralizing antibody, and stimulate the increase of IL-4 and IFN-γ, as well as the proliferation of spleen cells. These results indicated that the engineered L. plantarum containing PEDV S1 induced specific immunity toward PEDV in guinea pigs, which laid a foundation for subsequent oral vaccine development.

Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Coronavirus Infections/veterinary , Guinea Pigs , Lactobacillus plantarum/genetics , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus/genetics , Swine , Swine Diseases , Viral Vaccines/genetics
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 744-748, May-June, 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128947


Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease of worldwide spread. It is caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania and is transmitted to animals and humans through the bite of sand flies. In Brazil, leishmaniasis is one of the zoonoses of major importance and expansion. The objective of this work is to describe the clinical, pathological, immunohistochemical and molecular findings of cutaneous leishmaniasis by Leishmania enriettii in guinea pig (Cavia porcellus). Three animals had nodular and alopecia lesions on the muzzle, ears and ulcerated lesions on the distal extremities of the pelvic limbs. The males (2) also had diffuse thickening of the scrotal skin. Samples of the ulcerated cutaneous lesions were evaluated by cytology which were observed as amastigote forms of Leishmania. One of the animals was euthanized and necropsied. Histopathology showed abundant dermal infiltrate of macrophages, plasma cells, lymphocytes and multinucleated giant cells. Numerous macrophages contained parasitoid vacuoles with amastigote forms, evidenced by immunohistochemical examination. The molecular characterization based on the SSUrDNA gene identified the species as L. enrietti. The diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis in these cases was based on pathological findings and confirmed by immunohistochemistry, PCR and sequencing.(AU)

A leishmaniose é uma doença parasitária de distribuição mundial. É causada por protozoários do gênero Leishmania e é transmitida para animais e seres humanos por meio da picada de flebotomíneos. No Brasil, a leishmaniose é uma das zoonoses de maior importância e expansão. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever os achados clínicos, patológicos, imuno-histoquímicos e moleculares de leishmaniose cutânea por Leishmania enriettii em cobaia (Cavia porcellus). Três animais apresentavam lesões nodulares e alopécicas no focinho e orelhas, além de lesões ulceradas nas extremidades distais dos membros pélvicos. Nos machos (2), foi observado espessamento difuso da pele escrotal. Amostras das lesões cutâneas ulceradas foram avaliadas por citologia, nas quais foram observadas formas amastigotas de Leishmania. Um dos animais foi submetido à eutanásia e necropsiado. Na histopatologia, foi observado infiltrado dérmico abundante de macrófagos, plasmócitos, linfócitos e com células gigantes multinucleadas. Numerosos macrófagos continham vacúolos parasitóforos com formas amastigotas, evidenciados por meio do exame de imuno-histoquímica. A caracterização molecular baseada no gene de SSUrDNA identificou a espécie como L. enrietti. O diagnóstico de leishmaniose cutânea nesses casos foi baseado nos achados patológicos e confirmado pelas técnicas de imuno-histoquímica, PCR e sequenciamento.(AU)

Animals , Guinea Pigs , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/veterinary , Leishmania enriettii/isolation & purification , Guinea Pigs/microbiology , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Zoonoses , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Alopecia
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 190-195, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131595


ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate periostin and collagen I expression during a scleral remodeling in myopic eyes and to determine their role in collagen remodeling of the myopic sclera. Methods: Fifty one-week-old guinea pigs were divided into the control and form-deprivation myopia (FDM) groups. The eyes of animals in the form-deprivation myopia group were covered for 2, 4, and 8 weeks, or were covered for 4 weeks and then uncovered for 2 weeks. The diopters and axial lengths in the eyes in each group of guinea pigs were measured. Immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction were used to detect the relative protein and mRNA expressions of periostin and collagen I in the scleral tissues of guinea pig. Results: Before masking, guinea pigs in the control and form-deprivation myopia groups were hypermetropic and did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Hypermetropic refraction in the control group gradually decreased. In guinea pigs from the form-deprivation myopia group, the refractive power gradually changed from +2.14 ± 0.33 D to -7.22 ± 0.51 D, and the axial length gradually changed from 5.92 ± 0.37 mm to 8.05 ± 0.34 mm from before until the end of masking. Before covering, no significant difference was observed in the relative collagen I and periostin mRNA and protein expression levels in the sclera of the guinea pig control and form-deprivation myopia groups (p>0.05). The relative collagen I and periostin protein and mRNA expression levels in the sclera of guinea pigs in the form-deprivation myopia group at 2, 4, and 8 weeks, and after covering the eyes for 4 weeks followed by uncovering for 2 weeks, were significantly lower than those in the control group (p<0.05). The collagen I and periostin mRNA expression levels were positively correlated with protein expression levels in the sclera of guinea pigs (protein: r=0.936, p<0.05; mRNA: r=0.909, p<0.05). Conclusions: Periostin was expressed in the myopic sclera of guinea pigs, and changes in periostin and collagen I expression were highly consistent. Periostin and collagen I may be involved in the regulation of scleral remodeling in myopia.

RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a expressão da periostina e do colágeno I durante o remodelamento escleral em olhos míopes e determinar seu papel na remodelação do colágeno da esclera miópica. Métodos: Cinquenta cobaias com uma semana de idade foram divididas em grupo controle e miopia de privação de forma. Os olhos dos animais no grupo de miopia de privação de forma foram cobertos por 2, 4 e 8 semanas, ou foram cobertos por 4 semanas e depois descobertas por 2 semanas. As dioptrias e comprimentos axiais dos olhos em cada grupo de cobaias foram medidos. A imunohistoquímica e a reação em cadeia da polimerase com transcrição reversa foram utilizadas para detectar as expressões relativas de proteína e mRNA de periostina e colágeno I em tecidos esclerais das cobaias. Resultados: Antes do mascaramento, as cobaias nos grupos controle e miopia de privação de forma eram hipermetrópicas e não diferiam significativamente (p>0,05). A refração hipermetrópica no grupo controle diminuiu gradualmente. Nas cobaias do grupo de miopia de privação de forma, a potência de refração mudou gradualmente de +2,14 ± 0,33 D para -7,22 ± 0,51 D e o comprimento axial mudou gradualmente de 5,92 ± 0,37 mm para 8,05 ± 0,34 mm desde antes até o final do mascaramento. Antes do mascaramento, nenhuma diferença significativa foi observada nos níveis de expressão de mRNA e proteína de colágeno I e periostina na esclera dos grupos controle e miopia de privação de forma (p>0,05). Os níveis relativos de expressão de colágeno I e proteína periostina e mRNA na esclera de cobaias no grupo de miopia de privação de forma em 2, 4 e 8 semanas, e após cobertura dos olhos por 4 semanas seguido de descoberta por 2 semanas, foram significativamente menores que aqueles no grupo controle (p<0,05). Os níveis de expressão de mRNA, colágeno I e proteína periostina foram positivamente correlacionados com os níveis de expressão de proteína na esclera das cobaias (proteína: r=0,936, p<0,05; mRNA: r=0,909, p<0,05). Conclusões: A periostina foi expressa na esclerótica míope de cobaias e as alterações na expressão de periostina e colágeno I foram altamente consistentes. A periostina e o colágeno I podem estar envolvidos na regulação do remodelamento escleral na miopia.

Humans , Sclera , Myopia, Degenerative , RNA, Messenger , Collagen , Disease Models, Animal , Guinea Pigs
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(3): 314-320, mayo 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116301


In order to evaluate the potential of this formulation (P. lentiscus L. oil-based ointment) to heal wounds, experimental wounds were done on guinea pigs and efficiency was comparatively assessed against a reference ointment, Cicaderma®. Wound contraction was performed on days 5, 10 and 15. Tissue sections were also evaluated histopathological on days 7, 14 and 21. Results showed that for all days (5, 10 and 15), the highest wound contraction values were attained for the P. lentiscus oil-based ointment treated group with wound contraction values of 19.38, 55.8 and 77.11%, respectively, as compared to the reference drug Cicaderma® where contractions were 7.97%, 49.53% and 71.44%, respectively. Vehicle and negative control groups however showed no statistically significant wound healing activity on the excision wound model. These experimental studies revealed that the P. lentiscus oil-based ointment displays remarkable wound healing activity, in accordance with its use in traditional medicine.

Con el fin de evaluar el potencial de esta formulación (ungüento a base de aceite de P. lentiscus L.) para curar heridas, se realizaron heridas experimentales en cobayos y se evaluó comparativamente su eficacia respecto de un ungüento de referencia, Cicaderma®. La contracción de la herida se realizó los días 5, 10 y 15. Las secciones de tejido también se evaluaron histopatológicamente los días 7, 14 y 21. Los resultados mostraron que para todos los días (5, 10 y 15), se obtuvieron los valores más altos de contracción de la herida para el grupo tratado con ungüento a base de aceite de P. lentiscus con valores de contracción de la herida de 19.38, 55.8 y 77.11%, respectivamente, en comparación con el medicamento de referencia Cicaderma® en donde las contracciones fueron 7.97%, 49.53% y 71.44%, respectivamente. Sin embargo, los grupos de control de vehículo y negativo no mostraron actividad de curación de heridas estadísticamente significativa en el modelo de herida por escisión. Estos estudios experimentales revelaron que la pomada a base de aceite de P. lentiscus muestra una notable actividad de curación de heridas, de acuerdo con su uso en la medicina tradicional.

Animals , Male , Guinea Pigs , Ointments/pharmacology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Pistacia/chemistry , Seeds
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(2): 222-227, March-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132576


Abstract Introduction: The use of electron microscopy in the study of the inner ear has allowed us to observe minute details of the hair cells, especially in ototoxicity studies; however, the preparation of this material is a difficult and delicate task. In an attempt to simplify the handling of these materials, two agents, toluidine blue and ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid were tested, in addition to the elimination of osmium tetroxide during the preparation of albino guinea pig cochleae. We also tested the applicability of these methodologies in an ototoxicity protocol. Objective: To verify the quality of the images obtained with and without the use of ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid, toluidine blue and osmium tetroxide in the preparation of cochleae of albino guinea pigs for the scanning electron microscopy. Methods: Three groups of cochleae were used. In Group 1, 10 cochleae were prepared with the usual methodology, dissecting the optical capsule without decalcification and using osmium tetroxide as a post-fixative agent. In Group 2, we prepared 10 cochleae decalcified with ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid, injecting toluidine blue in the endolymphatic space to facilitate the identification of the organ of Corti. In Group 3, we used 4 cochleae of guinea pigs that received 3 doses of cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg, D1-D5-D6), two prepared according to the methodology used in Group 1 and two with that used in Group 2. Scanning electron microscopy images were obtained from the organ of Corti region of the basal turn of each cochlea. Results: The organ of Corti was more easily identified with the use of toluidine blue. The dissection of the cochlea was more accurate in the decalcified cochleae. The quality of the images and the preservation of the organ of Corti obtained with the two methodologies were similar. Conclusion: The proposed modifications resulted in images of similar quality as those observed using the traditional methodology.

Resumo Introdução: O emprego da microscopia eletrônica no estudo da orelha interna permitiu observar detalhes minuciosos das células ciliadas especialmente em estudos de ototoxicidade. Entretanto, o preparo desse material é trabalhoso e delicado. Para simplificar a manipulação desses materiais, testou-se o uso de dois agentes, azul de toluidina e ácido etilenodiamino tetra-acético, além da retirada do tetróxido de ósmio na preparação de cócleas de cobaias albinas. Testamos também a aplicabilidade dessas metodologias em um protocolo de ototoxicidade. Objetivo: Verificar a qualidade das imagens obtidas com e sem o uso de ácido etilenodiamino tetra-acético, azul de toluidina e tetróxido de ósmio na preparação de cócleas de cobaias albinas para a microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Método: Foram utilizados três grupos de cócleas. No Grupo 1 preparou-se 10 cócleas com a metodologia usual, dissecando a cápsula ótica sem descalcificac¸ão e utilizando tetróxido de ósmio como pós-fixador. No Grupo 2 preparamos 10 cócleas descalcificadas com ácido etilenodiamino tetra-acético, injetando azul de toluidina no espac¸o endolinfático para facilitar a identificação do órgão de Corti. No Grupo 3 utilizamos 4 cócleas de cobaias que receberam 3 doses de cisplatina (7,5 mg/kg, D1-D5-D6), duas preparadas com a metodologia do Grupo 1 e duas com a do Grupo 2. Foram obtidas imagens da microscopia eletrônica de varredura da região do órgão de Corti do giro basal de cada cóclea. Resultados: O órgão de Corti foi mais facilmente identificado com o azul de touidina. A dissecção da cóclea foi mais precisa nas cócleas descalcificadas A qualidade das imagens e a preservac¸ão do órgão de Corti obtidas com as duas metodologias foi similar. Conclusão: As modificações propostas resultaram em imagens de qualidade similar as observadas com o uso da metodologia tradicional.

Animals , Female , Cisplatin/toxicity , Cochlea/drug effects , Cochlea/ultrastructure , Organ of Corti/drug effects , Organ of Corti/ultrastructure , Osmium Tetroxide/administration & dosage , Tolonium Chloride/administration & dosage , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Edetic Acid/administration & dosage , Guinea Pigs , Hair Cells, Auditory/drug effects , Hair Cells, Auditory/ultrastructure
Braz. j. biol ; 80(1): 87-96, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089291


Abstract Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the lungs, and it causes oxidative stress. Lavandula dentata is an aromatic herb with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. This study examined the activity of L. dentata extract on a guinea pig model of asthma. Adult males were divided into five groups: First group was control, second was asthma model induced by OVA, third was treated with L. dentata extract orally (300 mg/kg) for 21 days; the fourth was an asthma model with L. dentata extract (300 mg/kg) and fifth was treated with Tween 80 for 21 days. OVA treatment increased IgE, triglycerides, total cholesterol, glucose levels in serum, WBC count in blood and MDA in lungs. Also, OVA reduced SOD activity, GSH content in lungs, and GGT activity in serum (p<0.05). L. dentata extract treatment in asthma model reduced elevated IgE, triglycerides, total cholesterol, glucose levels in serum, and MDA in lungs (p<0.05), while it increased GSH content in lungs (p<0.05). These results suggest the possibility that L . dentata extract can exert suppressive effects on asthma, and may provide evidence that it is a useful agent for the treatment of allergic airway disease, it also limits oxidative stress induced by OVA. L. dentata extract appears to have hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic activities.

Resumo A asma é uma doença inflamatória dos pulmões e causa estresse oxidativo. Lavandula dentata é uma erva aromática com atividades anti-oxidantes e antiinflamatórias. Este estudo examinou a atividade do extrato de L. dentata em um modelo de asma de cobaia. Os machos adultos foram divididos em cinco grupos: o primeiro grupo foi controle, o segundo modelo foi o da asma induzido pela OVA, o terceiro foi tratado com extrato de L. dentata por via oral (300 mg / kg) por 21 dias; o quarto foi um modelo de asma com extrato de L. dentata (300 mg / kg) e o quinto foi tratado com Tween 80 por 21 dias. O tratamento com OVA aumentou a IgE, os triglicerídeos, o colesterol total, os níveis de glicose no soro, a contagem de leucócitos no sangue e o MDA nos pulmões. Além disso, o OVA reduziu a atividade da SOD, o conteúdo de GSH nos pulmões e a atividade da GGT no soro (p <0,05). O tratamento com extrato de L. dentata no modelo de asma reduziu a IgE elevada, triglicérides, colesterol total, níveis séricos de glicose e MDA nos pulmões (p <0,05), enquanto aumentou o conteúdo de GSH nos pulmões (p <0,05). Estes resultados sugerem a possibilidade do extrato de L. dentata poder exercer efeitos supressores sobre a asma, e pode fornecer evidências de que é um agente útil para o tratamento de doenças alérgicas das vias aéreas, além de limitar o estresse oxidativo induzido pela OVA. O extrato de L. dentata parece ter atividades hipolipemiantes e hipoglicêmicas.

Animals , Male , Asthma , Lavandula , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Plant Extracts , Ovalbumin , Disease Models, Animal , Guinea Pigs
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190260, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132251


Abstract Creating experimental models for obtaining stem cells from adipose tissue is necessary to elucidate their peculiar features. Objective: This study proposed a reliable reproducible and consistent experimental model for obtaining mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue. Material and Method: Lines of New Zealand rabbits, Wistar rats and CaviaPorcellus guinea pigs (4 animals per species) were used. Fatty tissue mesenchymal stem cells were removed from dorsal, epididymal and inguinal regions. Percentage viable cells and percentage cells expanded and submitted to chondrogenic differentiation were compared by animal species and collection site. Results: Chondrogenic differentiation occurred in a similar manner across all samples, independently of animal species or collection site. Among samples assessed, the inguinal region of rats yielded the highest percentage of viable and expanded cells. Conclusion: A reliable, reproducible and consistent model for obtaining mesenchymal stem cells was produced. Of the several variables analysed, the best results were obtained from the inguinal region of the rat.

Animals , Guinea Pigs , Rats , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 29(1): e014319, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058013


Abstract The role of rodents as reservoirs of helminths of public health importance is not well known. The zoonotic potential of Syphacia spp. has been confirmed; therefore, the study aimed to estimate the occurrence of oxyurid nematodes in small rodents from pet shops and breeding clubs in Slovakia. Fecal samples of 586 pet rodents kept in 133 cages were collected between 2016 and 2018 and examined by Faust´s flotation method. Four species of oxyurid nematodes, Syphacia muris, S. obvelata, Aspiculuris tetraptera and Paraspidodera uncinata were detected. A. tetraptera was found in the faecal samples of all rodent species included in this survey. The number of positive boxes varied from 5.4% in hamsters to 70.0% with mice. The prevalence of Syphacia muris was highest in Mongolian gerbils where up to 75.0% boxes were positive; S. obvelata was found in 26.7% of boxes with mice, 25.0% of boxes with Mongolian gerbils and 3.2% of boxes with rats. The high prevalence of Syphacia spp. in all animal species points out the infection risk for humans. Animals offered for sale are often in close contact with human beings; therefore they should be regularly tested for parasites and then effectively dewormed.

Resumo O papel dos roedores como reservatórios de helmintos de importância para a saúde pública não é bem conhecido. O potencial zoonótico de Syphacia spp. foi confirmado; portanto, o estudo teve como objetivo estimar a ocorrência de nematóides oxiurídeos em pequenos roedores de pet shops e clubes de reprodução na Eslováquia. Amostras fecais de 586 roedores mantidos em 133 gaiolas foram coletadas entre 2016 e 2018 e examinadas pelo método de flotação de Faust. Foram detectadas quatro espécies de nematódeos oxiurídeos, Syphacia muris, S. obvelata, Aspiculuris tetraptera e Paraspidodera uncinata, A. tetraptera foi encontrado nas amostras fecais de todas as espécies de roedores incluídas nesta pesquisa. O número de gaiolas positivas variou de 5,4% em hamsters a 70,0% em camundongos. A prevalência de Syphacia muris foi maior nos gerbilos da Mongólia, onde até 75,0% das gaiolas foram positivas; S. obvelata foi encontrada em 26,7% das gaiolas com camundongos, 25,0% das gaiolas com gerbilos da Mongólia e 3,2% das gaiolas com ratos. A alta prevalência de Syphacia spp. em todas as espécies animais aponta o risco de infecção para os seres humanos. Animais oferecidos para venda estão frequentemente em contato próximo com seres humanos; portanto, eles devem ser regularmente testados quanto a parasitas e, então, efetivamente desparasitados.

Animals , Oxyuriasis/veterinary , Oxyuroidea/isolation & purification , Rodent Diseases/parasitology , Feces/parasitology , Pets/parasitology , Neglected Diseases/veterinary , Oxyuriasis/diagnosis , Oxyuriasis/epidemiology , Oxyuroidea/classification , Rats/parasitology , Rodent Diseases/diagnosis , Rodent Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence , Gerbillinae/parasitology , Cricetinae/parasitology , Slovakia/epidemiology , Pets/classification , Neglected Diseases/diagnosis , Neglected Diseases/epidemiology , Guinea Pigs/parasitology , Mice/parasitology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827259


BACKGROUND@#We previously demonstrated that continuous exposure to nitrous acid gas (HONO) for 4 weeks, at a concentration of 3.6 parts per million (ppm), induced pulmonary emphysema-like alterations in guinea pigs. In addition, we found that HONO affected asthma symptoms, based on the measurement of respiratory function in rats exposed to 5.8 ppm HONO. This study aimed to investigate the dose-response effects of HONO exposure on the histopathological alterations in the respiratory tract of guinea pigs to determine the lowest observed adverse effect level (LOAEL) of HONO.@*METHODS@#We continuously exposed male Hartley guinea pigs (n = 5) to four different concentrations of HONO (0.0, 0.1, 0.4, and 1.7 ppm) for 4 weeks (24 h/day). We performed histopathological analysis by observing lung tissue samples. We examined samples from three guinea pigs in each group under a light microscope and measured the alveolar mean linear intercept (Lm) and the thickness of the bronchial smooth muscle layer. We further examined samples from two guinea pigs in each group under a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a transmission electron microscope (TEM).@*RESULTS@#We observed the following dose-dependent changes: pulmonary emphysema-like alterations in the centriacinar regions of alveolar ducts, significant increase in Lm in the 1.7 ppm HONO-exposure group, tendency for hyperplasia and pseudostratification of bronchial epithelial cells, and extension of the bronchial epithelial cells and smooth muscle cells in the alveolar duct regions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#These histopathological findings suggest that the LOAEL of HONO is < 0.1 ppm.

Alveolar Epithelial Cells , Animals , Bronchi , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Emphysema , Epithelial Cells , Guinea Pigs , Hyperplasia , Inhalation Exposure , Lung , Pathology , Male , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Nitrous Acid , Toxicity
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782293


0.05). Dogs inoculated with the former vaccine developed a significantly higher immune titer than non-vaccinated dogs.CONCLUSION: The Cabopol-adjuvanted, inactivated CAV-2 vaccine was safe and induced a high VNA titer in dogs.

Adenoviruses, Canine , Amino Acids , Animals , Dogs , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Formaldehyde , Guinea Pigs , Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells , Urea , Vaccines
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 24(3): 7286-7290, sep.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115252


RESUMEN Objetivo. Evaluar el consumo, la digestibilidad y el crecimiento de cuyes alimentados con dos alimentos (A y K) formulados para esta especie y un alimento para conejos en crecimiento con suplementación de vitamina C (AC+VC). Materiales y métodos. Dieciocho cuyes (Cavia porcellus) de 248±38 g de peso vivo inicial se distribuyeron en un diseño completamente al azar con un arreglo factorial 3 × 2 (tipo de alimento y género). La ingesta de alimento, fibra detergente neutro, el aumento de peso, la conversión alimenticia, y los cambios en las variables morfométricas se midieron diariamente, mientras que la digestibilidad de la MS y FDN se determinaron al final del periodo. Resultados. No hubo diferencias en el consumo de MS (p=0.88); sin embargo, la digestibilidad de la MS fue mayor (p<0.01) en los alimentos para cuyes e inferior en AC+VC. El consumo y digestibilidad de FDN fueron mayores en AC+VC (p<0.01). La ganancia diaria fue similar entre los tratamientos (p>0.05). No hubo diferencias (p>0.01) en las variables morfométricas entre los alimentos, pero los machos fueron más grandes que las hembras (p<0.01). Conclusiones. Los cuyes pueden ser alimentados con alimento de conejo suplementado con vitamina C.

ABSTRACT Objective. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the feed intake, digestibility and growth of pigs fed with two feeds (A and K) specially formulated for this species and a commercial feed for growing rabbits with supplementation of vitamin C (RF+VC). Materials and methods. Eighteen Guinea pigs of 248±38 g initial body weight were distributed in a completely randomized design with factorial arrangement 3×2 (dietary treatments and sex). Feed and neutral detergent fiber intake, weight gain, feed/gain, and morphometric variables were measured individually for 30 days. Dry matter and neutral detergent fiber digestibility were measured during the last seven days of the experiment. Results. There were no differences on feed intake (p=0.88); however, the dry matter digestibility was higher (p<0.01) in feeds formulated for Guinea pigs (A and K) and lower in the rabbit feed plus vitamin C. The intake and digestibility of NDF were higher in the RF+VC and lower in feeds for Guinea pigs (p< 0.01). The average daily gain was similar among the treatments (p>0.05). There were no differences (p>0.01) in the morphometric variables among dietary treatments, but there were sex differences as the males were bigger than the females (p<0.01). Conclusions. The results indicate that Guinea pigs can be fed with rabbit feed supplemented with vitamin C.

Animals , Guinea Pigs , Ascorbic Acid , Guinea Pigs , Animal Feed
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 267-275, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040018


Abstract Introduction Riluzole (2-amino-6-trifluoromethoxy benzothiazole) is known as a neuroprotective, antioxidant, antiapoptotic agent. It may have beneficial effects on neuronal cell death due to cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. Objective To evaluate the effect of riluzole on cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in guinea pigs. Methods Twenty-four guinea pigs, studied in three groups, underwent auditory brainstem response evaluation using click and 8 kHz tone burst stimuli. Subsequently, 5 mg/kg of cisplatin were administered to all animals for 3 days intraperitoneally (i.p.) to induce ototoxicity. Half an hour prior to cisplatin, groups 1, 2 and 3 received 2 ml of saline i.p., 6 mg/kg of riluzole hydrochloride i.p., and 8 mg/kg of riluzole hydrochloride i.p., respectively, for 3 days. The auditory brainstem responses were repeated 24 hours after the last drug administration. The cochleae were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results After drug administiration, for 8,000 Hz stimulus, group 1 had significantly higher threshold shifts when compared with groups 2 (p < 0.05) and 3 (p < 0.05), and there was no significant difference in threshold shifts between groups 2 and 3 (p > 0.05). Transmission electron microscopy findings demonstrated the protective effect of riluzole on the hair cells and the stria vascularis, especially in the group treated with 8 mg/kg of riluzole hydrochloride. Conclusion We can say that riluzolemay have a protective effect on cisplatin- induced ototoxicity. However, additional studies are needed to confirm these results and the mechanisms of action of riluzole.

Animals , Male , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/drug effects , Cisplatin/adverse effects , Riluzole/pharmacology , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/chemically induced , Auditory Threshold/drug effects , Stria Vascularis/drug effects , Stria Vascularis/pathology , Cochlear Nerve/drug effects , Cochlear Nerve/pathology , Riluzole/therapeutic use , Models, Animal , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Guinea Pigs , Hair Cells, Auditory/drug effects , Hair Cells, Auditory/pathology , Nerve Degeneration/chemically induced
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020661


RESUMEN: Objetivo: de este estudio fue determinar la efectividad de dos biomateriales, el plasma rico en fibrina (PRF) y la membrana de colágeno en la regeneración ósea guiada. Materiales y método: Fueron utilizados 30 cobayos adultos machos entre 900 a 1100 g. divididos en tres grupos de 10 cobayos cada uno (Grupo A: Control, grupo B: Membrana de colágeno y grupo C: Plasma rico en fibrina). A cada grupo se le creó un defecto óseo mandibular unilateral de 2mm. Al grupo A no se colocó un biomaterial, en los grupos B y C sí se colocaron los biomateriales en los defectos óseos. A los 15 y 30 días de cicatrización se realizaron cortes histológicos para evaluar la cantidad de fibroblastos, osteocitos y osteoblastos. Resultados: A los 15 días el grupo C formó 40,6 ± 8,08 osteocitos/camp y el grupo B 27,6 ± 4,72 (p<0.05); a los 30 días el grupo C: 30,6 ± 11,55 y el grupo B: 23,6 ±3,85 (p>0.05). Conclusión: El PRF induce una mayor proliferación celular de forma significativa que los otros grupos en los primeros días de cicatrización; a los 30 días la proliferación es similar con el grupo de membrana de colágeno sin existir diferencias significativas.

ABSTRACT: Aim: of this study was to determine the effectiveness of two biomaterials, fibrin-rich plasma (PRF) and collagen membrane in guided bone regeneration. Materials and method: Thirty male guinea pigs were used, weighing between 900 and 1100 g., divided into three groups of 10 guinea pigs each (Group A: control, group B: collagen membrane and group C: fibrin-rich plasma). Each group had a 2-mm unilateral mandibular bone defect. Group A did not receive any biomaterial; in groups B and C the biomaterials were used in the bone defects. After 15 and 30 days of healing, histological sections were performed to evaluate the amount of fibroblasts, osteocytes and osteoblasts. Results: After 15 days, group C formed 40.6 ± 8.08 osteocytes / camp and group B 27.6 ± 4.72 (p <0.05); After 30 days, group C: 30.6 ± 11.55 and group B: 23.6 ± 3.85 (p> 0.05). Conclusion: During the first 15 days of healing, PRF induces a greater cellular proliferation than the other groups in a significant way; after 30 days, the proliferation is similar to the collagen membrane group without significant differences.

Guinea Pigs , Bone Regeneration , Fibrin , Collagen , Intervention Studies
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(7): 549-560, July 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040708


Guinea pigs are animal models widely used in research related to developmental biology. The objective of this work was to demonstrate the process of formation and differentiation of urinary organs in females of the species in the prenatal period. Four females were used at 25, 30, 45 and >65 DG (days of gestation). The animals were dissected, and then macroscopic and microscopic descriptions of the urinary organs were performed. At 25 DG metanephros were present in the urogenital crest into the abdominal cavity. Collecting ducts and glomerular precursor cells could be visualized. After this period, metanephros underwent microstructural modifications to form the kidneys at the end of the prenatal period. After 30 DG, the renal parenchyma already had a cortex, where the glomerulus and proximal convoluted tubules were present; and the medulla, where distal convoluted tubules, collecting ducts, and pelvis were present. The pelvis of each kidney was drained by the ureters. The ureters also underwent tissue differentiation to be differentiated (mucosa with transitional epithelium and lamina propria of connective tissue, muscular, and adventitia) at the end of the prenatal period. The urinary vesicle also underwent tissue changes to form the tunics similar to those found in the ureters, with emphasis on the greater volume of the muscular tunica and the lamina propria that constituted the submucosa in this organ. The pelvic urethra was evidenced by a mucosa lined by transitional epithelium, submucosa, muscular and adventitia. Finally, a partial clitoral urethra and a urethral meatus in the prepuce of the clitoris were also evidenced. The urethral channel began to form with the emergence of the urethral plate and the urethral groove at 30 DG and thereafter with the fusion of the urethral folds to form a partially channeled urethra in the clitoris. A urethral meatus was observed in the most distal portion of the clitoral tissue, formed by the fusion of the prepuce. It is concluded that the urinary organs of guinea pig have similar development to that described in domestic animals, except for the partial clitoral urethra and evident urethral meatus.(AU)

Os porquinhos-da-índia são modelos animais amplamente utilizados em pesquisas relacionadas a biologia do desenvolvimento. O objetivo deste trabalho foi demonstrar o processo de formação e diferenciação dos órgãos urinários em fêmeas da espécie no período pré-natal. Foram utilizadas quatro fêmeas aos 25, 30, 45 e >65 DG (dias de gestação). Os animais foram dissecados e então, realizaram-se descrições macroscópicas e microscópicas dos órgãos urinários. Aos 25 DG os metanefros estavam presentes na crista urogenital da cavidade abdominal. Podiam ser visualizados ductos coletores e células precursoras glomerulares. Após este período, os metanefros sofreram modificações microestruturais para formar os rins ao final do período pré-natal. Após os 30 DG, o parênquima renal já apresentava um córtex, onde estavam presentes os glomérulos e túbulos convolutos proximais, e a medula onde estavam presentes túbulos convolutos distais, ductos coletores e a pelve. A pelve de cada rim era drenada pelos ureteres. Os ureteres também sofreram diferenciação tecidual para estarem com suas túnicas diferenciadas (mucosa com epitélio de transição e lâmina própria de tecido conjuntivo; muscular; e, adventícia) ao final do período pré-natal. A vesícula urinária também passou por modificações teciduais para formar as túnicas semelhantes as dos ureteres, com destaque para o maior volume da túnica muscular e a lâmina própria que constituiu a submucosa neste órgão. Uma uretra pélvica foi evidenciada por uma mucosa revestida por epitélio de transição, submucosa, muscular e adventícia. Por último, uma uretra parcialmente clitoriana e um meato uretral no prepúcio do clitóris também foi evidenciado. O canal uretral começou a se formar com o aparecimento da placa uretral e do sulco uretral aos 30 DG e posteriormente com a fusão das pregas uretrais para formar uma uretra parcialmente canalizada no clitóris. Observou-se um meato uretral na porção mais distal do tecido clitoriano, formado pela fusão do prepúcio. Conclui-se que os órgãos urinários do porquinho-da-índia possuem desenvolvimento semelhante ao descrito em animais domésticos, com exceção da uretra parcialmente clitoriana e do meato uretral evidente.(AU)

Animals , Female , Sex Differentiation , Urethra/growth & development , Urinary Tract/growth & development , Guinea Pigs/anatomy & histology , Guinea Pigs/growth & development