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2.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 32(3): 258-268, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353226

ABSTRACT

Hysterectomy is the most common gynecological surgery in non-pregnant women. There are different surgical approaches for total hysterectomy, abdominal, vaginal, laparoscopic and robotic routes. The choice is determined by different factors such as uterine size, malformations, surgical risks, skill of the surgeon, expected postoperative quality of life, and monetary costs. The surgical technique is well described in the literature, however, there are certain anatomical and functional considerations that must be known before performing the hysterectomy to avoid complications. The most frequent complications are hemorrhage, infections, thromboembolism, urinary and gastrointestinal tract injuries. Majority can be avoided with an adequate procedure and management of pre-existing comorbidities. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Hysterectomy/methods , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hysterectomy/trends
3.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(supl.1): S67-S74, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138650

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La reciente pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) ha hecho resurgir preocupación sobre la exposición inadvertida del equipo quirúrgico a agentes infecciosos transmisibles por vía aérea durante el acto quirúrgico. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la confección de un sistema de filtrado simple y de bajo costo que permite reducir el riesgo de exposición al virus, particularmente en el proceso de aspiración, recambio y remoción del neumoperitoneo en cirugía laparoscópica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Se diseñó e implementó un circuito cerrado de evacuación y de filtrado del neumoperitoneo en cirugías ginecológicas laparoscópicas en un centro de salud terciario. El circuito incluye un filtro HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air) y una trampa de vacío que contiene una solución de inactivación en base a amonio cuaternario o hipoclorito de sodio. RESULTADOS: Desde su implementación se han realizado 17 cirugías laparoscópicas ginecológicas por diversas patologías. Dos de ellas fueron en pacientes Covid-19 (+). A la fecha no se han reportado contagios en el equipo médico que participó en la cirugía. CONCLUSIONES: Es posible implementar un sistema de evacuación del neumoperitoneo en cirugía laparoscópica presumiblemente eficaz en minimizar el riesgo de exposición al virus SARS-COV-2 (Covid-19). Su bajo costo lo hace especialmente recomendable en países en vías de desarrollo.


INTRODUCTION: The recent SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemics has raised concern on the incidental exposition of health team to air transmissible infectious agents during surgeries. The main goal of this work is to communicate a simple and low-cost filtering system allowing to reduce the risk of contagion related to the virus, associated with pneumoperitoneum removal during surgical laparoscopy. METHODS: A closed circuit of gas removal and filtering was developed and implemented in laparoscopic gynecologic procedures at a tertiary teaching hospital. The circuit included an HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air) filter and a vacuum trap containing an inactivating solution based on quaternary ammonium or sodium hypochlorite. RESULTS: Since its introduction, seventeen laparoscopic surgeries have been carried out for different gynecologic pathologies. Two of them in Covid (+) cases. To date, no contagion has been reported among health teammates participating in these surgeries. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to implement a pneumoperitoneum evacuation system in laparoscopic surgery presumably effective in minimizing the risk of exposure to the SARS-COV-2 virus (Covid-19). Its low cost makes it especially recommended in developing countries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Pneumoperitoneum , Security Measures , Sodium Hypochlorite , Laparoscopy/methods , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Low Cost Technology , Ammonium Compounds , Betacoronavirus
4.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 343-350, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138630

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Actualmente la cirugía laparoscópica es el gold standard de la mayoría de las cirugías ginecológicas benignas. Se estima una tasa de complicaciones en cirugía ginecológica por laparoscopía de 3.2 por 1000 pacientes, donde alrededor del 50% ocurren al momento de la primera entrada. Existen numerosas clasificaciones de las complicaciones quirúrgicas, entre ellas, la clasificación Clavien-Dindo se centra en el tratamiento postquirúrgico y tiene como objetivo unificar criterios y hacerlas comparables entre distintos centros. OBJETIVO: Describir las complicaciones en cirugía laparoscópica ginecológica en el Hospital Padre Hurtado, destacando el subgrupo de primera entrada y su clasificación Clavien-Dindo. METODOLOGÍA: Cohorte retrospectiva que incluyó a todas las pacientes operadas por laparoscopía en el pabellón de ginecología del Hospital Padre Hurtado desde el año 2014 al 2017. Se utilizó el software SPSS statistics v25, con prueba X2 para el análisis de las variables no paramétricas y t de Student para las variables paramétrica, considerando una significación estadística con p<0,05. RESULTADOS: De las 513 cirugías laparoscópicas ginecológicas realizadas en el período evaluado, sólo el 4,3% del total de las pacientes tuvieron complicaciones. De éstas, un 9% fueron de primera entrada, y en todos los casos fueron complicaciones menores o Clavien-Dindo I y II. Hubo 2 complicaciones Clavien-Dindo >III B, lo que correspondió a un 0,39%. CONCLUSIÓN: En nuestro grupo hubo una baja incidencia de complicaciones quirúrgicas y de primera entrada lo que es comparable con otras series publicadas.


INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic surgery is currently the gold standard of most benign gynecological surgeries. A complication rate in gynecological laparoscopy is 3.2 per 1000 patients, where around 50% occur at the time of the first entry. There are numerous classifications of surgical complications, among them, Clavien-Dindo classification focuses on post-surgical treatment and aims to unify criteria and lets compare between different centers. OBJECTIVE: To describe the complications in gynecological laparoscopic surgery at the Padre Hurtado Hospital, highlighting the first entry subgroup and Clavien-Dindo classification. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective cohort that included all gynecological laparoscopy patients in Padre Hurtado Hospital from 2014 to 2017. The SPSS statistics v25 software was used, with X2 test for the analysis of non-parametric variables and t Student for the parametric variables, considering a statistical significance with p <0.05. RESULTS: 513 gynecological laparoscopic surgeries was performed in the evaluated period, only 4.3% of the total patients had complications. Of these, 9% were first entry, and in all cases were minor complications or Clavien-Dindo I and II. There were 2 patients with Clavien-Dindo complications > III B, which corresponded to 0.39%. CONCLUSION: In our group there was a low incidence of surgical complications and first entry which is comparable with other published series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Genital Diseases, Female/surgery , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Intraoperative Complications/classification , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology
5.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(3): 222-235, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126157

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: Están demostradas las ventajas de la cirugía laparoscópica para el paciente en términos de dolor, rápida recuperación y precisión quirúrgica, sin embargo, no existen estudios nacionales respecto al impacto en los cirujanos. El objetivo de este trabajo es realizar un estudio prospectivo de evaluación ergonómica de ginecólogos que operan cirugía laparoscópica. MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron métodos de evaluación específica por ergónomo experto y percepción de los participantes. Se evaluaron, carga global de trabajo (NASA-tlx), carga bio-mecánica (REBA) y la percepción de molestias músculo-esqueléticas (Escala de Discomfort Corporal). Se recogieron datos personales y de la cirugía, para explorar la existencia de dificultades técnicas. RESULTADOS: 86,7% de los ginecólogos evidenciaron altos niveles de carga global de trabajo, siendo las variables esfuerzo y rendimiento, las de mayor puntaje. El nivel de riesgo bio-mecánico, fue catalogado como medio en la totalidad de la población. 60% manifestó discomfort corporal durante la cirugía. En cuanto a las dificultades técnicas, el efecto fulcrum estuvo presente en el 46% de los cirujanos, el mismo porcentaje tuvo síntomas de ojo seco. El 68% alguna vez accionó el pedal equivocado y ha sentido parestesia del pulgar. CONCLUSIONES: La cirugía laparoscópica ginecológica, presenta una elevada carga global de trabajo. El ginecólogo percibe un importante discomfort corporal y algunas dificultades técnicas. Es necesario incorporar medidas ergonómicas, para minimizar y/o disminuir los factores de riesgo mental y físicos, y así prevenir el desgaste precoz y lesiones a futuro en los cirujanos.


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic surgery had demonstrated advantages such as less pain, rapid recovery and surgical precision. There are no national data regarding the impact on surgeon's health. This is a prospective study on ergonomic evaluation and laparoscopic surgery performed by gynecologists. METHODS: Specific evaluation methods were used such as Global workload (NASA-tlx), bio-mechanical load (REBA) and the perception of musculoskeletal discomfort (Body Part Discomfort Scale). Personal opinions and surgery data were collected to explore the existence of technical difficulties. RESULTS: 86.7% of gynecologists cataloged surgery as high level of global workload. Effort and performance variables were most important. Bio-mechanical risk level was classified as medium in the entire population. 60% showed body discomfort during surgery. Regarding technical difficulties, fulcrum effect was present in 46% of surgeons, the same percentage had dry eye symptoms. 68% have a pedal error activation during surgery and felt paresthesia of the thumb. CONCLUSIONS: Gynecological laparoscopic surgery has a high overall workload. The gynecologist perceives an important body discomfort and some technical difficulties. It is necessary to incorporate ergonomic measures, to minimize and / or reduce mental and physical risk factors, and thus prevent early wear and future injuries in surgeons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Ergonomics , Pain/epidemiology , Posture , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Biomechanical Phenomena , Dry Eye Syndromes , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Workload , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Assessment , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology
7.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 553-560, nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057477

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the pressure-controlled, volume-guaranteed (PCV-VG) and volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) modes for maintaining adequate airway pressures, lung compliance and oxygenation in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy in the Trendelenburg position. Methods: Patients (104) who underwent laparoscopic gynecologic surgery with a body mass index between 30 and 40 kg.m-2 were randomized to receive either VCV or PCV-VG ventilation. The tidal volume was set at 8 mL.kg-1, with an inspired oxygen concentration of 0.4 with a Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) of 5 mmHg. The peak inspiratory pressure, mean inspiratory pressure, plateau pressure, driving pressure, dynamic compliance, respiratory rate, exhaled tidal volume, etCO2, arterial blood gas analysis, heart rate and mean arterial pressure at 5 minutes after induction of anesthesia in the and at 5, 30 and 60 minutes, respectively, after pneumoperitoneum in the Trendelenburg position were recorded. Results: The PCV-VG group had significantly decreased peak inspiratory pressure, mean inspiratory pressur, plateau pressure, driving pressure and increased dynamic compliance compared to the VCV group. Mean PaO2 levels were significantly higher in the PCV-VG group than in the VCV group at every time point after pneumoperitoneum in the Trendelenburg position. Conclusions: The PCV-VG mode of ventilation limited the peak inspiratory pressure, decreased the driving pressure and increased the dynamic compliance compared to VCV in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy. PCV-VG may be a preferable modality to prevent barotrauma during laparoscopic surgeries in obese patients.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a eficácia dos modos de ventilação garantida por volume controlado por pressão (PCV-VG) e ventilação controlada por volume (VCV) para manter pressões adequadas nas vias aéreas, complacência pulmonar e oxigenação em pacientes obesos submetidos à histerectomia laparoscópica na posição de Trendelenburg. Métodos: Cento e quatro pacientes submetidos à cirurgia ginecológica laparoscópica, com índice de massa corporal entre 30 e 40 kg.m-2, foram randomizados para receber ventilação com VCV ou PCV-VG. O volume corrente foi fixado em 8 mL.kg-1, com uma concentração inspirada de oxigênio de 0,4 e pressão positiva expiratória final (PEEP) de 5 mmHg. Registramos os seguintes parâmetros: pressão de pico inspiratório, pressão inspiratória média, pressão de platô, driving pressure, complacência dinâmica, frequência respiratória, volume corrente expirado, etCO2, gasometria arterial, frequência cardíaca e pressão arterial média aos 5, 30 e 60 minutos, respectivamente, após o pneumoperitônio na posição de Trendelenburg. Resultados: O grupo PCV-VG apresentou uma redução significativa da pressão de pico inspiratório, pressão inspiratória média, pressão de platô, driving pressure e aumento da complacência dinâmica comparado ao grupo VCV. Os níveis médios de PaO2 foram significativamente maiores no grupo PCV-VG do que no grupo VCV em todos os momentos após o pneumoperitônio na posição de Trendelenburg. Conclusões: O modo de ventilação PCV-VG limitou a pressão de pico inspiratório, diminuiu a driving pressure e aumentou a complacência dinâmica, comparado ao VCV em pacientes obesas submetidas à histerectomia laparoscópica. O PCV-VG pode ser uma modalidade preferida para prevenir o barotrauma durante cirurgias laparoscópicas em pacientes obesos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Head-Down Tilt , Obesity/complications , Oxygen/metabolism , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Tidal Volume/physiology , Lung Compliance/physiology , Prospective Studies , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Middle Aged
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 408-409, Mar.-Apr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040053

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A healthy 37 - year - old woman referred to our clinic with one - year history of recurrent urinary tract infection, dysuria and frequency. Her past medical history informed us that an IUD (Copper TCu380A) had been inserted 11 years ago. Eleven months after the IUD insertion she had become pregnant, unexpectedly. At that time, she had undergone gynecological examination and abdominal ultrasound study. However, the IUD had not been found, and the gynecologist had made the diagnosis of spontaneous fall out of the IUD. She had experienced normal pregnancy and caesarian section with no complications. On physical examination, pelvic examination was normal and no other abnormalities were noted. Urinalysis revealed microhematuria and pyuria. Urine culture was positive for Escherichia coli. Ultrasound study revealed a calculus of about 10 mm in the bladder with a hyperdense lesion. A plain abdominal radiograph was requested which showed a metallic foreign body in the pelvis. We failed to remove the IUD by cystoscopic forceps because it had strongly invaded into the uterine and bladder wall. Despite previous papers suggesting open or laparoscopic surgeries in this situation (1, 2), we performed a modified cystoscopic extraction technique. We made a superficial cut in the bladder mucosa and muscle with J - hook monopolar electrocautery and extracted it completely with gentle traction. This technique can decrease the indication of open or laparoscopic surgery for extraction of intravesical IUDs. In the other side of the coin, this technique may increase the risk of uterovesical fistula. Therefore, the depth of incision is important and the surgeon should cut the bladder wall superficially with caution. Although present study is a case report which is normally classified as with low level of evidence, it seems that our modified cystoscopic extraction technique is a safe and useful method for extraction of partially intravesical IUDs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Device Removal/instrumentation , Cystoscopy/methods , Intrauterine Devices/adverse effects , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Foreign-Body Migration/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods
9.
The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine ; 75(3): 2389-2396, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1272751

ABSTRACT

Background: Since the introduction of laparoscopic surgeries, postoperative pain has been generally reduced. However, it can still peak, especially during the early postoperative period and becomes the main cause of overnight hospital stay and prolonged convalescence after this day-case surgical procedure. Thus, optimizing postoperative pain relief, not only to sub-serve reduction of its intensity but to also enhance the recovery and shorten length of stay became the broader target of multimodal pain control regimens nowadays. That is why; searching for a drug that would be effective in reducing pain, safe from major adverse effects and can meanwhile possess an opioid-sparing potentiality would be a merit so as to improve the success rate of ambulatory day-care surgeries. Objective: To study the analgesic effects of preemptive single oral dose of paracetamol, celecoxib and pregabalin in patients undergoing gynecological laparoscope. Method: Preoperative evaluation, preparation and premedication was assessment, and routine laboratory investigations was done. Postoperative pain, Level of Sedation was measured. Results: There was statistical significant difference between the three groups regarding VAS. There was statistical significant difference between the three groups regarding the total pethidine consumption. Regarding postoperative level of sedation, blood glucose there was no statistical significant difference between the three groups. Conclusion: Oral pregabalin in a dose of 150 mg 2 hour before surgery, is significantly attenuating pain intensity and total meperidine consumption during the first 6 hours postoperatively


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Administration, Oral , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Laparoscopy , Pain, Postoperative , Pregabalin
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1263-1264, Nov.-Dec. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040047

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sacrocolpopexy is the gold-standard repair for apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). However, over half of women with POP who undergo the surgery experience recurrence, particularly those with higher preoperative stage, younger age, and greater body weight. We address the challenges of repairing recurrent POP in a patient with a prior transabdominal mesh sacrohysteropexy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Reoperation , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Middle Aged
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(5): 996-1004, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975635

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate differences in perioperative complications and short-term outcomes of patients who underwent abdominal sacrocolpopexy / sacrohysteropexy, laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy / sacrohysteropexy, or laparoscopic pectopexy due to apical prolapse. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 110 patients who underwent apical prolapse surgery between January 1, 2011, and July 31, 2017. Only symptomatic uterine or vaginal vault prolapse patients with stage 2-4, according to the pelvic organ prolapse quantification system, were included. Baseline and intraoperative variables of groups; perioperative complications, including hemorrhage, urinary, and wound complications, blood transfusion, ileus, and short-term outcomes were compared. Results: A total of 68 abdominal sacrocolpopexies (44 sacrocolpopexies and 24 sacrohysteropexies), 14 laparoscopic sacrocolpopexies (10 sacrocolpopexies and 4 sacrohysteropexies), and 28 laparoscopic pectopexies (16 pectopexies and 12 pectohysteropexies) were analyzed. Baseline characteristics and intraoperative variables were similar. However, the mean operating time was significantly shorter in the laparoscopic pectopexy group (74.9 min) when compared with that of the other groups (p < 0.01). During the six-month follow-up period, no prolapse recurrence and mesh erosion / exposure were observed in any group. De-novo stress urinary incontinence, urgency, and defecation problems, as well as perioperative complication rates, were not statistically significantly different between the groups. Conclusions: Although the complication rates and short-term outcomes were not significantly different between the groups, minimally invasive approaches were associated with reduced procedural-related morbidity. Laparoscopic pectopexy is a promising endoscopic prolapse surgery and can be an alternative technique to sacrocolpopexy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Intraoperative Complications , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Operative Time , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(7): 397-402, July 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the perioperative results and safety of performing gynecological surgeries using robot-assisted laparoscopy during implementation of the technique in a community hospital over a 6-year period. Methods This was a retrospective observational study in which the medical records of 274 patients who underwent robotic surgery from September 2008 to December 2014 were analyzed. We evaluated age, body mass index (BMI), diagnosis, procedures performed, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, the presence of a proctor (experienced surgeon with at least 20 robotic cases), operative time, transfusion rate, perioperative complications, conversion rate, length of stay, referral to the intensive care unit (ICU), and mortality. We compared transfusion rate, perioperative complications and conversion rate between procedures performed by experienced and beginner robotic surgeons assisted by an experienced proctor. Results During the observed period, 3 experienced robotic surgeons performed 187 surgeries,while 87 surgeries were performedby 20 less experienced teams, always with the assistance of a proctor. The median patient age was 38 years, and the median BMI was 23.3 kg/m2. The most frequent diagnosis was endometriosis (57%) and the great majority of the patients were classified as ASA I or ASA II (99.6%). The median operative time was 225 minutes, and the median length of stay was 2 days. We observed a 5.8% transfusion rate, 0.8% rate of perioperative complications, 1.1% conversion rate to laparoscopy or laparotomy, no patients referred to ICU, and no deaths. There were no differences in transfusion, complications and conversion rates between experienced robotic surgeons and beginner robotic surgeons assisted by an experienced proctor. Conclusion In our casuistic, robot-assisted laparoscopy demonstrated to be a safe technique for gynecological surgeries, and the presence of an experienced proctor was considered a highlight in the safety model adopted for the introduction of the robotic gynecological surgery in a high-volume hospital and, mainly, for its extension among several surgical teams, assuring patient safety.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar os resultados perioperatórios e a segurança da realização de cirurgias ginecológicas por laparoscopia robô-assistida durante a implementação da técnica num hospital comunitário ao longo de 6 anos. Métodos Este foi umestudo retrospectivo observacional, comanálise dos prontuários de 274 pacientes que se submeteramà cirurgia robótica de setembro de 2008 a dezembro de 2014. Avaliamos idade, índice de massa corpórea (IMC), diagnóstico, procedimentos realizados, classificação da Sociedade Americana de Anestesiologia (ASA), presença de um preceptor (cirurgião experiente, compelomenos 20casos robóticos), tempocirúrgico, taxa de transfusão, complicações perioperatórias, taxa de conversão, tempo de internação, encaminhamento para Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) e mortalidade. Comparamos taxa de transfusão, complicações perioperatórias e taxa de conversão entre procedimentos realizados por cirurgiões experientes com a técnica e cirurgiões iniciantes na robótica, sempre assistidos por um preceptor experiente. Resultados Durante o período observado, 3 cirurgiões experientes realizaram 187 cirurgias, enquanto que 87 cirurgias foram realizadas por 20 equipes menos experientes, sempre com a presença de um preceptor. A mediana da idade foi 38 anos, e a mediana do IMC foi 23,3 kg/m2. O diagnósticomais frequente foi endometriose (57%) e a grande maioria das pacientes foi classificada como ASA I ou ASA II (99,6%). O tempo de cirurgia teve uma mediana de 225 minutos, e o tempo de permanência hospitalar teve uma mediana de 2 dias. Observamos 5,8% de taxa de transfusão, 0,8% de taxa de complicações perioperatórias, 1,1% de taxa de conversão para laparoscopia ou laparotomia e não houve pacientes encaminhadas à UTI, nem óbitos. Não houve diferença nos índices de transfusão, complicações e conversão entre cirurgiões experientes e cirurgiões iniciantes na robótica, assistidos por umpreceptor experiente. Conclusão Em nossa casuística, a laparoscopia robô-assistida demonstrou ser uma técnica segura para cirurgias ginecológicas, e a presença de um preceptor experiente foi considerada um ponto de destaque no modelo de segurança adotado para a introdução da cirurgia robótica em ginecologia num hospital de grande volume e, principalmente, na sua expansão entre diversas equipes cirúrgicas, mantendo a segurança das pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patient Safety/standards , Middle Aged , Models, Theoretical
14.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(4): 481-485, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891437

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the technique of uterine transplantation and the use of drugs used in the process of immunosuppression. Methods: We included 12 sows, and immunosuppression was performed with minimal doses of cyclosporine, and cross-match was done to exclude the possibility of blood incompatibility. Hysterectomy was performed in the donor under general anesthesia, with the removal of the aorta and inferior vena cava in monobloc, and anastomosis of these vessels was made in the recipient. Results: Six experiments were performed, and on the immediate postoperative period, five animals had good reperfusion. However, on the seventh postoperative day, histological analysis showed rejection in five animals. Conclusion: The experimental model of uterine transplantation is feasible, but monitoring doses of immunosuppressants is pivotal to prevent rejection episodes.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a técnica de transplante uterino e o uso de drogas no processo de imunossupressão. Métodos: Foram incluídas 12 porcas, sendo realizada imunossupressão com doses mínimas de ciclosporina, e prova cruzada para afastar a possibilidade de incompatibilidade sanguínea. Realizou-se, na doadora, histerectomia sob anestesia geral, com a retirada, em monobloco, da aorta e da veia cava inferior, de tal forma que, na receptora, fosse possível realizar a anastomose com estes vasos. Resultados: Foram realizados seis experimentos e, no pós-operatório imediato, houve boa reperfusão em cinco animais. Entretanto, no sétimo dia de pós-operatório, as análises histológicas demonstraram rejeição em cinco deles. Conclusão: O modelo experimental de transplante uterino é factível, mas a monitorização das doses de imunossupressores é importante, a fim de impedir os episódios de rejeição.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Uterus/transplantation , Immunosuppression , Cyclosporine/administration & dosage , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Infertility, Female/surgery , Postoperative Period , Swine , Pregnancy, Animal , Disease Models, Animal , Graft Rejection/immunology
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(6): 1115-1121, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892914

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Anterior Elevate® mesh kit system (AES) in woman with symptomatic stage 3 or 4 anterior and/or apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Materials and Methods: This retrospective, monocentric, single surgeon study enrolled between May 2010 and January 2013 fifty-six woman experiencing symptomatic anterior vaginal prolapse with or without apical descent (POP-Q stage 3 or 4). All women received a AES and 7 (12.5%) received a concomitant transvaginal hysterectomy. Primary endpoint was anatomic correction of prolapse; success was defined as POP-Q stage ≤ 1 or asymptomatic stage 2. Secondary endpoints were quality-of-life (QOL) results and patients' safety outcomes, which were assessed by 3 validated self-reporting questionnaires at baseline and annually: ICIQ-UI short form, ICIQ-VS and P-QOL. All patients completed 2-years and 28 women 3-years of follow-up. Surgical approach was modified in women with uterus, moving the two-propylene strips anteriorly around the cervix itself crossing one another, so the left will take place in the right side and the right on the opposite. This modification was made in order to better support the uterus. Results: Vaginal mesh exposure was present in 3 (5,3%) patients. Very good anatomical outcomes were seen, with one (1,8%) failure at 6-months, 4 (7,1%) at 1-year, 6 at 2-years (10,7%). Statistically significant improvements were seen in the ICIQ-VS and P-QOL questionnaires throughout follow-up. Conclusion: Our data suggest that AES is a minimally-invasive transvaginal procedure to repair anterior and apical POP, with good evidence related to mid-term safety and efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Treatment Outcome
16.
Clinics ; 72(3): 178-182, Mar. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study reports the first four cases of a uterine transplant procedure conducted in sheep in Latin America. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success of uterine transplantation in sheep. METHOD: The study was conducted at Laboratory of Medical Investigation 37 (LIM 37) at the University of São Paulo School of Medicine. Four healthy mature ewes weighing 40-60 kg were used as both the donor and recipient for a transplant within the same animal (auto-transplant). Institutional guidelines for the care of experimental animals were followed. RESULTS: The first two cases of auto-transplant were performed to standardize the technique. After complete uterine mobilization and isolation of the blood supply, the unilateral vascular pedicle was sectioned and anastomosed on the external iliac vessels. After standardization, the protocol was implemented. Procurement surgery was performed without complications or bleeding. After isolation of uterine arteries and veins as well as full mobilization of the uterus, ligation of the distal portion of the internal iliac vessels was performed with subsequent division and end-to-side anastomosis of the external iliac vessels. After vaginal anastomosis, the final case presented with arterial thrombosis in the left uterine artery. The left uterine artery anastomosis was re-opened and flushed with saline solution to remove the clot from the artery lumen. Anastomosis was repeated with restoration of blood flow for a few minutes before another uterine artery thrombosis appeared on the same side. All four animals were alive after the surgical procedure and were euthanized after the experimental period. CONCLUSION: We describe the success of four uterine auto-transplants in sheep models.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Models, Animal , Sheep/surgery , Uterus/transplantation , Anastomosis, Surgical , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Iliac Artery/surgery , Infertility, Female/surgery , Reperfusion , Reproducibility of Results , Transplantation, Autologous , Uterus/blood supply
17.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 82(1): 12-18, feb. 2017. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899870

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El prolapso genital femenino altera significativamente la calidad de vida de la mujer. El prolapso apical es el segundo más frecuente después del defecto de pared anterior y la colposuspensión al ligamento sacroespinoso es una de las técnicas quirúrgicas descritas para su tratamiento. Objetivos: Determinar la factibilidad de la corrección del prolapso apical en pacientes sometidas a la colposuspensión al ligamento sacroespinoso, utilizando el dispositivo de captura de sutura CapioTM. Materiales y métodos: Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes intervenidas desde junio de 2015 a junio de 2016, en la unidad de piso pélvico del Hospital Luis Tisné Brousse, basándose principalmente en la evaluación del punto C del Prolpase Organ Pelvic Quatinfication (POP-Q). Resultados: Se intervinieron 15 pacientes, con edad promedio de 60,7 ± 6,8 años. Todas presentaron prolapso genital estadio III o IV. El seguimiento se realizó entre 3 y 13 meses después de la cirugía. Ninguna presentó complicaciones graves durante ni después de la cirugía y sólo una paciente recidivó. Conclusiones: La colposuspensión al ligamento sacroespinoso con CapioTM, es una técnica factible, segura y eficaz para el tratamiento del prolapso apical, sin embargo, es necesario mayor tiempo de seguimiento y estudios comparativos con otras técnicas de colposuspensión.


Introduction: Female genital prolapse significantly alter the quality of life of women. The apical prolapse is the second common defect after anterior wall and the colposuspension to sacrospinous ligament is one of the described surgical techniques for its treatment. Objective: To determine the feasibility of apical prolapse correction in patients undergoing sacrospinous colposuspension using the suture capture device CapioTM. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing this surgery from June 2015 to June 2016, including an objective assessment focused mainly in the C point of Prolapse Organ Pelvic Quatinfication (POP-Q) and a subjective evaluation of the patient. Results: 15 patients, of which only 11 were able to complete follow-up, were included. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 60.7 ± 6.8 years, and all were classified as prolapse stages III or IV. The evaluation was performed in average 6.75 ± 3.39 months after surgery, with a minimum of 3 and a maximum of 13 months. No patient had several complications during or after surgery and only one recurred. Conclusions: The colposuspension to sacrospinous ligament with CapioTM is a safe and effective alternative for the treatment of apical genital prolapse. However, a longer follow-up study is needed, in addition to comparative studies with other colposuspension techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Ligaments/surgery , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Prolapse/pathology , Treatment Outcome
18.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(1): 94-101, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842646

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The Gestational Trophoblastic Disease includes an interrelated group of diseases originating from placental tissue, with distinct behaviors concerning local invasion and metastasis. The high sensitivity of the serial dosages of human chorionic gonadotrophin, combined with advances in chemotherapy treatment, have made gestational trophoblastic neoplasia curable, most often through chemotherapy. However, surgery remains of major importance in the management of patients with gestational trophoblastic disease, improving their prognosis. Surgery is necessary in the control of the disease's complications, such as hemorrhage, and in cases of resistant/relapsed neoplasia. This review discusses the indications and the role of surgical interventions in the management of women with molar pregnancy and gestational trophoblastic neoplasia.


RESUMO Doença trofoblástica gestacional inclui um grupo interrelacionado de doenças originadas do tecido placentário, com tendências distintas de invasão local e metástase. A alta sensibilidade das dosagens seriadas de gonadotrofina coriônica humana aliada aos avanços do tratamento quimioterápico tornou a neoplasia trofoblástica gestacional, curável, na maioria das vezes, através da quimioterapia. No entanto, a cirurgia permanece ainda, da maior importância na condução de pacientes com doença trofoblástica gestacional, melhorando seu prognóstico. A cirurgia é necessária no controle de complicações da doença, tais como hemorragia, e em casos de neoplasia resistente/recidivada. Esta revisão discute as indicações e o papel das intervenções cirúrgicas durante o manejo de mulheres com gravidez molar e neoplasia trofoblástica gestacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/surgery , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Obstetric Surgical Procedures/methods
19.
Clinics ; 71(9): 487-493, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of abdominal sacral colpopexy and sacrospinous ligament suspension with the use of vaginal mesh for apical prolapse. METHOD: This retrospective study was conducted from 2005 to 2012 and included 89 women with apical prolapse who underwent surgery. Assessments included pre- and postoperative Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) stage. Rates of objective cure and immediate/late complications were compared. RESULTS: In total, 41 of the 89 women underwent sacrospinous ligament suspension, and 48 of the women underwent abdominal sacral colpopexy. A total of 40.4% of the women had vault prolapse (p=0.9361). Most of them had no complications (93.2%) (p=0.9418). Approximately 30% of the women had late complications; local pain was the main symptom and was found only in women who underwent the abdominal procedure (25.6%) (p=0.001). Only the women who were submitted to the vaginal procedure had mesh exposure (18.4%). The objective success rate and the rate of anterior vaginal prolapse (p=0.2970) were similar for both techniques. CONCLUSION: Sacrospinous ligament suspension was as effective and had a similar objective success rate as abdominal sacral colpopexy for the treatment of apical prolapse. Sacrospinous ligament suspension performed with the use of vaginal mesh in the anterior compartment was effective in preventing anterior vaginal prolapse after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Ligaments/surgery , Surgical Mesh , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Sacrococcygeal Region , Statistics, Nonparametric , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 38(9): 456-464, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843898

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the anatomic and functional results of a laparoscopic modified Vecchietti technique for the creation of a neovagina in patients with congenital vaginal aplasia. Methods Retrospective study of nine patients with congenital vaginal aplasia submitted to the laparoscopic Vecchietti procedure, in our department, between 2006 and 2013. The anatomical results were evaluated by assessing the length, width and epithelialization of the neovagina at the postoperative visits. The functional outcome was evaluated using the Rosen Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire and comparing the patients' results to those of a control group of 20 healthy women. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Statistics version 19.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA), Student t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher exact test. Results The condition underlying the vaginal aplasia was Mayer-Rokitansky-KüsterHauser syndrome in eight cases, and androgen insensitivity syndrome in one case. The average preoperative vaginal length was 2.9 cm. At surgery, the mean age of the patients was 22.2 years. The surgery was performed successfully in all patients and no intra or postoperative complications were recorded. At the first postoperative visit (6 to 8 weeks after surgery), the mean vaginal length was 8.1 cm. In all cases, the neovagina was epithelialized and had an appropriate width. The mean FSFI total and single domain scores did not differ significantly from those of the control group: 27.5 vs. 30.6 ( total); 4.0 vs. 4.2 (desire); 4.4 vs. 5.2 (arousal); 5.2 vs. 5.3 (lubrication); 4.2 vs. 5.0 ( orgasm); 5.3 vs. 5.5 (satisfaction) and 4.4 vs. 5.4 ( comfort ). Conclusions This modified laparoscopic Vecchietti technique is a simple, safe and effective procedure, which allows patients with congenital vaginal aplasia to have a satisfactory sexual activity, comparable to that of normal controls.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados anatômicos e funcionais da técnica laparoscópica modificada de Vecchietti para a criação de uma neovagina em pacientes com aplasia vaginal congênita. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de nove pacientes com aplasia vaginal congênita submetidas à técnica laparoscópica modificada de Vecchietti, no nosso departamento, entre 2006 e 2013. Os resultados anatômicos foram aferidos através da avaliação do comprimento, largura e reepitelização da neovagina nas consultas pós-operatórias. Os resultados funcionais foram avaliados com recurso à versão em português do questionário Female Sexual Function Index de Rosen, comparando os resultados das pacientes aos de um grupo de controle de 20 mulheres saudáveis. A análise estatística foi realizada utilizando o programa SPSS Statistics versão 19.0), o teste t de Student, teste U de Mann-Whitney e teste exato de Fisher. Resultados A etiologia subjacente à aplasia vaginal foi a síndrome de Mayer-Roki-tansky-Küster-Hauser em oito casos, e a síndrome de insensibilidade aos andrógenos em um caso. O comprimento vaginal médio pré-operatório era de 2,9 cm. À data da cirurgia, a média de idade das pacientes era de 22,2 anos. A cirurgia foi realizada com sucesso em todos os casos, sem registo de complicações intra ou pós-operatórias. Na primeira avaliação pós-operatória (6 a 8 semanas após a cirurgia), o comprimento vaginal médio foi de 8,1 cm. Em todos os casos, a neovagina estava reepitelizada e com amplitude adequada. As pontuações médias, total e de cada domínio, obtidas no questionário de avaliação da função sexual não diferiram significativamente das do grupo controle: 27,5 vs 30,6 (total); 4.0 vs 4.2 (desejo); 4,4 vs 5,2 (excitação); 5,2 vs 5 , 3 (lubrificação); 4,2 vs 5,0 (orgasmo); 5,3 vs 5,5 (satisfação) e 4,4 vs 5,4 ( conforto ). Conclusões A técnica laparoscópica modificada de Vecchietti é um procedimento simples, seguro e eficaz, permitindo às pacientes com aplasia vaginal congênita uma atividade sexual satisfatória, comparável à dos controles normais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Laparoscopy , Vagina/abnormalities , Vagina/surgery , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Self Report , Sexuality , Treatment Outcome , Vagina/physiology
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