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4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(11): 853-861, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357073

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding complementary and alternative medicine methods of patients who were admitted to gynecology outpatient clinics. Methods In the present survey, a questionnaire on complementary and alternative medicine practices was applied on 1,000 women (ages between 18 and 83 years old) who were admitted to the gynecology outpatient clinic of a tertiarymaternity hospital. Demographic features and knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about these methods were inquired in face-to-face interviews. Results While 80.7% of the total participants thought that complementary and alternative medicine was beneficial, only 37.5% of them had used these methods previously. The rate of prior knowledge on this subject was of 59.7% and the source of information was physicians for 8.5% of the patients. However, 72.4% of all participants wanted to obtain information on these methods and 93.7% wanted to be informed by physicians. In the decision tree model, having knowledge about complementary and alternative medicine was the most effective factor determining its use (p<0.001). Phytotherapy was found to be the most used method, with 91.4%. The most preferred plant was onion (18.9%), and the most common reasons for herbal use were stress (15.4%) and fatigue (15.2%). Conclusion More than one-third of the patients who applied to the gynecology outpatient clinics used one of the complementary and alternativemedicine methods at least once. As gynecologists and obstetricians, we need to be more knowledgeable about these methods to provide correct guidance to our patients for accessing accurate and effective information.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o conhecimento, as atitudes e os comportamentos em relação aos métodos de medicina complementar e alternativa de pacientes internadas em ambulatórios de ginecologia. Métodos Na presente pesquisa, um questionário sobre práticas de medicina complementar e alternativa foi aplicado a 1.000 mulheres (idades entre 18 e 83 anos) que foram admitidas nos ambulatórios de ginecologia de uma maternidade terciária. Características demográficas e conhecimento, atitudes e comportamentos sobre esses métodos foram investigados em entrevistas pessoais. Resultados Enquanto 80,7% do total de participantes achavam que a medicina complementar e alternativa era benéfica, apenas 37,5% deles haviam usado esses métodos anteriormente. A taxa de conhecimento prévio sobre o assunto foi de 59,7% e a fonte de informação foi médica para 8,5% dos pacientes. No entanto, 72,4% de todos os participantes queriam obter informações sobre esses métodos e 93,7% queriam ser informados por médicos. No modelo de árvore de decisão, ter conhecimento sobre medicina complementar e alternativa foi o fator mais eficaz para determinar seu uso (p<0,001). A fitoterapia foi o método mais utilizado, com 91,4%. A planta preferida foi a cebola (18,9%), e osmotivos mais comuns para o uso de ervas foram estresse (15,4%) e fadiga (15,2%). Conclusão Mais de um terço das pacientes que se inscreveram no ambulatório de ginecologia utilizaram um dos métodos de medicina complementar e alternativa pelo menos uma vez. Como ginecologistas e obstetras, precisamos ter mais conhecimento sobre estes métodos a fimde fornecer orientações corretas aos nossos pacientes para o acesso a informações precisas e eficazes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Complementary Therapies , Gynecology , Attitude , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Phytotherapy , Middle Aged
6.
San Salvador; MINSAL; oct. 21, 2021. 80 p. ilus, tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1353178

ABSTRACT

En el Ministerio de Salud (MINSAL), la ultrasonografía es una herramienta accesible en la mayoría de los hospitales extendiéndose cada vez más dentro de la Redes integrales e integradas de Salud RIIS, por lo que, el presente manual tiene la finalidad de unificar criterios que servirán para el fortalecimiento de especialistas en el área de la ginecología y obstetricia


In the Ministry of Health (MINSAL), ultrasonography is an accessible tool in the most hospitals expanding more and more within the Comprehensive networks and integrated Health RIIS, therefore, this manual has the purpose of unifying criteria that will serve to strengthen specialists in the area of gynecology and obstetrics


Subject(s)
Specialization , Ultrasonography , Gynecology , Hospitals , Obstetrics
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(10): 789-792, Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357057

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Abnormal uterine bleeding is more frequent in adolescence. Although, most commonly, it has a non-structural etiology, it may be due to any cause described. Clinical case A 12-year-old adolescent, with no relevant personal history, menarche 1 month before, was observed in the emergency department for severemenstrual bleeding with progressive worsening, and hemodynamic repercussion in need of transfusion support. Physiological ovulatory dysfunction associated with possible previously unknown coagulopathy was considered to be the most likely diagnosis and medical treatment was initiated. Without response, the patient was submitted to sedated observation and uterine aspiration, which ultimately led to the diagnosis of a Burkitt Lymphoma. Discussion Although structural causes, and particularly malignancy, whether gynecological or not, are a rare cause of abnormal uterine bleeding in this age group, they must be considered, thus enhancing the fastest and most appropriate treatment.


Resumo Introdução A hemorragia uterina anormal é mais frequente na adolescência. Apesar de maioritariamente de etiologia não estrutural, pode dever-se a qualquer causa descrita. Caso clínico Adolescente de 12 anos, sem antecedentes pessoais relevantes, com menarca há 1 mês, observada no serviço de urgência por hemorragia menstrual grave com agravamento progressivo e repercussão hemodinâmica com necessidade de suporte transfusional. Foi colocada a hipótese de disfunção ovulatória fisiológica associada a eventual coagulopatia desconhecida previamente e foi instituído tratamento médico. Por ausência de resposta a tratamento médico, foi submetida a observação sob sedação e aspiração uterina que evidenciou tratar-se de um Linfoma de Burkitt. Discussão Apesar de as causas estruturais, e particularmente as neoplasias, do foro ginecológico ou não, serem uma causa rara de hemorragia uterina anormal nesta faixa etária, elas devem ser levadas em consideração potenciando assim um tratamento mais célere e adequado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Uterine Hemorrhage , Gynecology , Menarche
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 648-654, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351772

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To identify how health providers recognize postpartum hemorrhage early and the difficulties involved in it. Methods An exploratory, descriptive study using a qualitative approach through a semi-structured interview technique. In total, 27 health professionals (nursing tech nicians, nurses, medical residents in Gynecology and Obstetrics, hired medical doctors, and medicine professors) working in a tertiary-level hospital of reference in women's health care in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study through an invitation. After they accepted the invitation, they signed the free and informed consent form. All interviews were recorded and transcribed, and a thematic analysis was conducted. We found three analysis categories: a) perception of the severity: "there is something wrong with the women"; b) difficulties in the early diagnosis of postpartum hemorrhage; and c) the process to improve obstetrical care. Results Caregivers believe teamwork and communication should be improved. Besides the visual estimation of blood loss, the nursing team is attentive to behavioral symptoms like irritability, while the medical staff follow protocols and look for objective signs, such as altered vital signs. Conclusion Besides the objective evaluations, the subjective perceptions of the providers are involved in the clinical judgement regarding the diagnosis of postpartum hemorrhage, and this should be included in a broader diagnosis strategy.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar como os profissionais de saúde reconhecem precocemente os casos de hemorragia pós-parto e as suas dificuldades. Métodos Realizou-se um estudo exploratório, descritivo, com uma abordagem qualitativa por meio da técnica de entrevista semiestruturada. Por meio de um convite, participaram do estudo 27 profissionais saúde (técnicas de enfermagem, enfermeiras, residentes de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, e médicos contratados e docentes) que trabalhavam em um hospital de nível terciário de referência no atendimento à saúde da mulher no estado de São Paulo. Depois que os participantes aceitaram o convite, eles assinaram o termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido. Todas as entrevistas foram gravadas, transcritas, e realizou-se uma análise temática. Identificaram-se três categorias de análise: a) percepção da gravidade: "há algo de errado com as mulheres"; b) dificuldades no diagnóstico precoce da hemorragia pós-parto; e c) o processo para melhorar a atenção em obstetrícia. Resultados Os profissionais de saúde acreditavam que o trabalho em equipe e a comunicação deviam ser aperfeiçoados. Além da estimativa visual da perda de sangue, a equipe de enfermagem estava atenta a sintomas comportamentais como irritabilidade, ao passo que o pessoal médico seguia protocolos e procurava sinais objetivos, como sinais vitais alterados. Conclusão Além das avaliações objetivas, as percepções subjetivas dos provedores estão envolvidas no julgamento clínico do diagnóstico de hemorragia pós-parto, e isto deve ser incluído em uma estratégia de diagnóstico mais ampla.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Gynecology , Postpartum Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Postpartum Hemorrhage/therapy , Obstetrics , Brazil , Attitude of Health Personnel , Qualitative Research
11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(8): 3345-3357, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285947

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar e analisar as representações sociais de aborto para ginecologistas e obstetras. Para tal, foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 20 ginecologistas e obstetras, 10 homens e 10 mulheres de 34 a 67 anos de idade, que atuavam em hospitais da Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Os resultados apontam que o aborto é recorrente no cotidiano dos entrevistados, mobilizando a elaboração de representações sociais que os ajudam a torná-lo um objeto familiar. Tipologicamente, as representações identificadas foram representações sociais polêmicas. A maioria dos participantes objetivava o aborto como Decisão/Direito, o ancorando em valores básicos, como a liberdade, que orientavam a realização do aborto e o apoio à sua legalização. Paralelamente, outra parcela dos participantes objetivou o aborto enquanto Assassinato, o ancorando em valores básicos considerados inquestionáveis, como a vida, o que implicava na defesa do feto e na objeção de consciência à realização do aborto.


Abstract The scope of this study was to identify and analyze the social representations of abortion for gynecologists and obstetricians. The methodology used was the Semi-Structured Interview with 20 gynecologists and obstetricians (10 males and 10 females) from 34 to 67 years of age, who worked in hospitals in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte in the State of Minas Gerais. The results showed that abortion is recurrent in the daily routine of the interviewees, mobilizing the elaboration of social representations that help them to make it a familiar topic. Typologically, the representations identified were polemic social representations. Most participants objectified the abortion as Decision/Right, anchoring it in basic values, such as liberty, which oriented the practice of abortion and support its legalization. In parallel, another group of participants configured abortion as Murder, anchoring it in basic values considered unquestionable, such as life, which implied in the defense of the fetus, and conscientious objection to the practice of abortion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Abortion, Induced , Gynecology , Brazil
15.
Biociencias ; 16(1): 11-23, 20210601.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1291166

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Determinar la relación entre APGAR al minuto y la presencia de oligohidramnios en gestantes a término atendidas en el Hospital Niño Jesús de Barranquilla durante el período 2018 a 2019. Materiales y métodos:Estudio descriptivo, trasversal, retrospectivo, tipo serie de casos. Se incluyeron 203 mujeres embarazadas que fueron atendidas en el Hospital Niño Jesús, con embarazo a término y diagnostico ultrasonográfico de oligohidramnios (ILA menor o igual a 5 cm),durante los años 2018 y 2019. Se relacionaron variables sociodemográficas y gineco obstétricas con el resultado del APGAR y del ILA y se compararon los resultados utilizando Chi2 y prueba de Fisher. Resultados:El promedio de edad de las participantes fuede 23,6 años (DE+/-: 5,7); 48,8% provenían de municipios del departamento del Atlántico y 18,2% de Venezuela; 48,3% tenían un ILA de 4 a 4,9 y 8,4% tuvieron APGAR al minuto menor a 7; 4,9% tuvieron productos con bajo peso al nacer; 15,3% de los que tuvieron ILA de 1 a 3 tuvieron APGAR menor de 7, frente a 5,6% de los que tuvieron ILA de 4 a 5 (Chi2: 5,13; p: 0,024). Así mismo, 40% de las que tuvieron bajo peso al nacer presentaron APGAR <7 en contraste con 6,7% de las que tuvieron productos con peso normal(Fisher: 0,005). Conclusión: Se encontró una relación directamente proporcional entre el valor del ILA y los resultados del APGAR al minuto, y esta relación debe analizarse mediante un estudio de casos y controles. De igual forma se dedujo que el nivel inferior más seguro de líquido amniótico con el que se pueden presentar menos resultados perinatales adversos como la asfixia perinatal es con un ILA igual o mayor de 4 cm.


Objective: To determine the relationship between minute APGAR and the presence of oligohydramnios in full-term pregnant women attended at the Niño Jesús Hospital in Barranquilla during the period 2018 to 2019. Materials and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study, case series type. 203 pregnant women who were treated at the Niño Jesús Hospital, with term pregnancy and ultrasound diagnosis of oligohydramnios (ILA less than or equal to 5 cm), during the years 2018 and 2019 were included. Sociodemographic and gyneco-obstetric variables were related to the APGAR and ILA and results were compared using Chi2 and Fisher's test. Results: The average age of the participants was 23.6 years (SD +/-: 5.7); 48.8% came from municipalities in the Atlántico department and 18.2% from Venezuela; 48.3% had an ILA of 4 to 4.9 and 8.4% had APGAR at one minute less than 7; 4.9% had products with low birth weight; 15.3% of those with ILA from 1 to 3 had APGAR less than 7, compared to 5.6% of those with ILA from 4 to 5 (Chi2: 5.13; p: 0.024). Likewise, 40% of those with low birth weight had APGAR <7 in contrast to 6.7% of those with normal-weight products (Fisher: 0.005). Conclusion: A directly proportional relationship was found between theILA value and the APGAR results per minute, and this relationship should be analyzed through a case-control study.Similarly, it was deduced that the safest lower level of amniotic fluid with which less adverse perinatal results can occur, such as perinatal asphyxia, is with an ILA equal to or greater than 4 cm


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Gynecology , Embryonic Structures
20.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 15(2): 28-38, 20210516.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248208

ABSTRACT

La vulnerabilidad de los adolescentes se acentúa durante la maternidad debido a las posibles complicaciones biopsicosociales para el binomio madre-hijo. Así, se desarrolló un estudio observacional, descriptivo y de corte transversal, con un enfoque cuantitativo, cuya población estuvo integrada por 62 madres adolescentes, en puerperio inmediato, ingresadas en el Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia en el contexto de un hospital del segundo nivel de atención de la ciudad de Riobamba, durante el primer semestre del año 2019. Predominaron las edades perte-necientes a la etapa de la adolescencia tardía (77,4%), las autoidentificadas como mestizas, las que profesaban religión católica, el estado civil de unión libre o solteras y las de profesión de ama de casa. También, aquellas que no planificaron su embarazo (71%) y las que consideraron como deseado a su hijo. La mayoría de los adolescentes declararon no usar métodos anticoncep-tivos, no tener antecedentes patológicos familiares (67,74%) ni personales de interés (45,16%); aunque, entre estos últimos destacaron las infecciones de vías urinarias, que también constitu-yeron la principal enfermedad durante el embarazo. Preponderaron las embarazadas que se hicieron más de 5controles prenatales, las que cumplieron con las indicaciones y acudieron a las consultas de seguimiento, así como, la ausencia de complicaciones en los recién nacidos. El autoconcepto de las adolescentes puérperas participantes no se afectó gravemente en ninguna de estas, existiendo un predominio de afección entre moderada y leve, además de la categoría ninguna. En relación con el desempeño, predominaron aquellas en las que no se afectó.


The vulnerability of adolescents is accentuated during motherhood due to possible biopsychoso-cial complications for the mother-child binomial. An observational, descriptive, and cross-sec-tional study was developed with a quantitative approach. The population was made up of 62 adolescent mothers, in the immediate puerperium, admitted to the Gynecology and Obstetrics Service in the context of a second-level hospital of attention in the city of Riobamba, during the first semester of the year 2019. The predominated results were: the ages belonging to the late adolescence stage (77.4%), those self-identified as mestizo, those who professed a Catholic religion, the civil status of free union or single and those of the profession of housewife. Besides, those ones who did not plan their pregnancy (71%) and those ones who considered their child as desired. Most of the adolescents declared that they did not use contraceptive methods, did not have a family pathological history (67.74%) or personal history of interest (45.16%); although, among the latter, urinary tract infections stood out, which were also the main disease during pregnancy. The preponderance of pregnant women who underwent more than 5 prenatal check-ups, those who complied with the indications and attended follow-up consultations, as well as the absence of complications in the newborns. The self-concept of the participating puer-peral adolescents was not seriously affected in any of them, with a predominance of affection between moderate and mild, including the category none. In relation to performance, those ones that were not affected predominated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Obstetrics , Parenting , Gynecology , Hospitals
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