Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 192
Filter
1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 448-458, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the beneficial effect of electroacupuncture (EA) in experimental models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in vivo.@*METHODS@#Senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) mice were used as AD models and received EA at Yingxiang (LI 20, bilateral) and Yintang (GV 29) points for 20 days. For certain experiments, SAMP8 mice were injected intravenously with human fibrin (2 mg). The Morris water maze test was used to assess cognitive and memory abilities. The changes of tight junctions of blood-brain barrier (BBB) in mice were observed by transmission electron microscope. The expressions of fibrin, amyloid- β (Aβ), and ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (IBa-1) in mouse hippocampus (CA1/CA3) were detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), Western blot or immunohistochemical staining. The expression of fibrin in mouse plasma was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expressions of tight junction proteins zonula occludens-1 and claudin-5 in hippocampus were detected by qRT-PCR and immunofluorescence staining. Apoptosis of hippocampal neurons was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining.@*RESULTS@#Fibrin was time-dependently deposited in the hippocampus of SAMP8 mice and this was inhibited by EA treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, EA treatment suppressed the accumulation of Aβ in the hippocampus of SAMP8 mice (P<0.01), which was reversed by fibrin injection (P<0.05 or P<0.01). EA improved SAMP8 mice cognitive impairment and BBB permeability (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Moreover, EA decreased reactive oxygen species levels and neuroinflammation in the hippocampus of SAMP8 mice, which was reversed by fibrin injection (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Mechanistically, EA inhibited the promoting effect of fibrin on the high mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1)/toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE)/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) signaling pathways (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA may potentially improve cognitive impairment in AD via inhibition of fibrin/A β deposition and deactivation of the HMGB1/TLR4 and RAGE/NADPH signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Mice , Humans , Animals , NADP/metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products/metabolism , Blood-Brain Barrier/metabolism , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Electroacupuncture , Alzheimer Disease/therapy , Hippocampus/metabolism , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 645-652, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the protective effect of melatonin (Mel) against oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) in neonatal mice and the role of the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis.@*METHODS@#Neonatal C57BL/6J mice, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into a control group, a model group (OIR group), and a Mel treatment group (OIR+Mel group), with 9 mice in each group. The hyperoxia induction method was used to establish a model of OIR. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and retinal flat-mount preparation were used to observe retinal structure and neovascularization. Immunofluorescent staining was used to measure the expression of proteins and inflammatory factors associated with the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis and lymphocyte antigen 6G. Colorimetry was used to measure the activity of myeloperoxidase.@*RESULTS@#The OIR group had destruction of retinal structure with a large perfusion-free area and neovascularization, while the OIR+Mel group had improvement in destruction of retinal structure with reductions in neovascularization and perfusion-free area. Compared with the control group, the OIR group had significant increases in the expression of proteins and inflammatory factors associated with the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis, the expression of lymphocyte antigen 6G, and the activity of myeloperoxidase (P<0.05). Compared with the OIR group, the OIR+Mel group had significant reductions in the above indices (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the OIR group had significant reductions in the expression of melatonin receptors in the retina (P<0.05). Compared with the OIR group, the OIR+Mel group had significant increases in the expression of melatonin receptors (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mel can alleviate OIR-induced retinal damage in neonatal mice by inhibiting the HMGB1/NF-κB/NLRP3 axis and may exert an effect through the melatonin receptor pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , HMGB1 Protein , Melatonin/therapeutic use , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NF-kappa B , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Oxygen/adverse effects , Peroxidase , Receptors, Melatonin , Retinal Diseases/drug therapy
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3055-3065, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981436

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to investigate the effects of high mobility group box 1(HMGB1)-mediated pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell pyroptosis and immune imbalance on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-associated pulmonary hypertension(COPD-PH) in rats and the intervening mechanism of Compound Tinglizi Decoction. Ninety rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose Compound Tinglizi Decoction groups, and a simvastatin group. The rat model of COPD-PH was established by fumigation combined with lipopolysaccharide(LPS) intravascular infusion, which lasted 60 days. Rats in the low, medium, and high-dose Compound Tinglizi Decoction groups were given 4.93, 9.87, and 19.74 g·kg~(-1) Compound Tinglizi Decoction by gavage, respectively. Rats in the simvastatin group were given 1.50 mg·kg~(-1) simvastatin by gavage. After 14 days, the lung function, mean pulmonary artery pressure, and arterial blood gas of rats were analyzed. Lung tissues of rats were collected for hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining to observe the pathological changes. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR) was used to determine the expression of related mRNA in lung tissues, Western blot(WB) was used to determine the expression of related proteins in lung tissues, and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to determine the levels of inflammatory factors in the lung tissues of rats. The ultrastructure of lung cells was observed by transmission electron microscope. The forced vital capacity(FVC), forced expiratory volume in 0.3 second(FEV_(0.3)), FEV_(0.3)/FVC, peek expiratory flow(PEF), respiratory dynamic compliance(Cdyn), arterial partial pressure of oxygen(PaO_2), and arterial oxygen saturation(SaO_2) were increased, and resistance of expiration(Re), mean pulmonary arterial pressure(mPAP), right ventricular hypertrophy index(RVHI), and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide(PaCO_2) were decreased by Compound Tinglizi Decoction in rats with COPD-PH. Compound Tinglizi Decoction inhibited the protein expression of HMGB1, receptor for advanced glycation end products(RAGE), pro caspase-8, cleaved caspase-8, and gasdermin D(GSDMD) in lung tissues of rats with COPD-PH, as well as the mRNA expression of HMGB1, RAGE, and caspase-8. Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell pyroptosis was inhibited by Compound Tinglizi Decoction. Interferon-γ(IFN-γ) and interleukin-17(IL-17) were reduced, and interleukin-4(IL-4) and interleukin-10(IL-10) were incresead by Compound Tinglizi Decoction in lung tissues of rats with COPD-PH. In addition, the lesion degree of trachea, alveoli, and pulmonary artery in lung tissues of rats with COPD-PH was improved by Compound Tinglizi Decoction. Compound Tinglizi Decoction had dose-dependent effects. The lung function, pulmonary artery pressure, arterial blood gas, inflammation, trachea, alveoli, and pulmonary artery disease have been improved by Compound Tinglizi Decoction, and its mechanism is related to HMGB1-mediated pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell pyroptosis and helper T cell 1(Th1)/helper T cell 2(Th2), helper T cell 17(Th17)/regulatory T cell(Treg) imbalance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Caspase 8 , Pyroptosis , HMGB1 Protein/genetics , Hypertension, Pulmonary/etiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/genetics
4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 906-914, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of tumor cell lysate (TCL) with low high-mobility group B1 (HMGB1) content for enhancing immune responses of dendritic cells (DCs) against lung cancer.@*METHODS@#TCLs with low HMGB1 content (LH-TCL) and normal HMGB1 content (NH-TCL) were prepared using Lewis lung cancer (LLC) cells in which HMGB1 was inhibited with 30 nmol/L glycyrrhizic acid (GA) and using LLC cells without GA treatment, respectively. Cultured mouse DCs were exposed to different doses of NH-TCL and LH-TCL, using PBS as the control. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expressions of CD11b, CD11c and CD86 and apoptosis of the stimulated DCs, and IL-12 levels in the cell cultures were detected by ELISA. Mouse spleen cells were co-cultured with the stimulated DCs, and the activation of the spleen cells was assessed by detecting CD69 expression using flow cytometry; TNF-β production in the spleen cells was detected with ELISA. The spleen cells were then co-cultured with LLC cells at the effector: target ratios of 5:1, 10:1 and 20:1 to observe the tumor cell killing. In the animal experiment, C57/BL6 mouse models bearing subcutaneous LLC xenograft received multiple injections with the stimulated DCs, and the tumor growth was observed.@*RESULTS@#The content of HMGB1 in the TCL prepared using GA-treated LLC cells was significantly reduced (P < 0.01). Compared with NH-TCL, LH-TCL showed a stronger ability to reduce apoptosis (P < 0.001) and promote activation and IL- 12 production in the DCs. Compared with those with NH-TCL stimulation, the DCs stimulated with LH-TCL more effectively induced activation of splenic lymphocytes and enhanced their anti-tumor immunity (P < 0.05). In the cell co-cultures, the spleen lymphocytes activated by LH-TCL-stimulated DCs showed significantly enhanced LLC cell killing activity (P < 0.01). In the tumor-bearing mice, injections of LH-TCL-stimulated DCs effectively activated host anti-tumor immunity and inhibited the growth of the tumor xenografts (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Stimulation of the DCs with LH-TCL enhances the anti-tumor immune activity of the DCs and improve the efficacy of DCbased immunotherapy for LLC in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Dendritic Cells/immunology , Glycyrrhizic Acid/pharmacology , HMGB1 Protein , Lung Neoplasms/immunology
5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 702-709, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the inhibitory effect of aloin on the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells.@*METHODS@#Human gastric cancer MGC-803 cells treated with 100, 200 and 300 μg/mL aloin were examined for changes in cell viability, proliferation and migration abilities using CCK-8, EdU and Transwell assays. HMGB1 mRNA level in the cells was detected with RT-qPCR, and the protein expressions of HMGB1, cyclin B1, cyclin E1, E-cadherin, MMP-2, MMP-9 and p-STAT3 were determined using Western blotting. JASPAR database was used to predict the binding of STAT3 to HMGB1 promoter. In a BALB/c-Nu mouse model bearing subcutaneous MGC-803 cell xenograft, the effect of intraperitoneal injection of aloin (50 mg/kg) on tumor growth was observed. The protein expressions of HMGB1, cyclin B1, cyclin E1, E-cadherin, MMP-2, MMP-9 and p-STAT3 in the tumor tissue was examined using Western blotting, and tumor metastasis in the liver and lung tissues was detected using HE staining.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with aloin concentration-dependently inhibited the viability of MGC-803 cells (P < 0.05), significantly reduced the number of EdU-positive cells (P < 0.01), and attenuated the migration ability of the cells (P < 0.01). Aloin treatment dose-dependently down-regulated HMGB1 mRNA expression (P < 0.01), lowered the protein expressions of HMGB1, cyclin B1, cyclin E1, MMP-2, MMP-9 and p-STAT3, and up-regulated E-cadherin expression in MGC-803 cells. Prediction based on JASPAR database suggested that STAT3 could bind to the promoter region of HMGB1. In the tumor-bearing mice, aloin treatment significantly reduced the tumor size and weight (P < 0.01), lowered the protein expressions of cyclin B1, cyclin E1, MMP-2, MMP-9, HMGB1 and p-STAT3 and increased the expression of E-cadherin in the tumor tissue (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Aloin attenuates the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells by inhibiting the STAT3/HMGB1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Stomach Neoplasms , Cyclin B1 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , HMGB1 Protein , Signal Transduction , Cell Proliferation , STAT3 Transcription Factor
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 253-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971069

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of early use of sodium valproate on neuroinflammation after traumatic brain injury (TBI).@*METHODS@#A total of 45 children who visited in Xuzhou Children's Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from August 2021 to August 2022 were enrolled in this prospective study, among whom 15 healthy children served as the healthy control group, and 30 children with TBI were divided into a sodium valproate treatment group and a conventional treatment group using a random number table (n=15 each). The children in the sodium valproate treatment group were given sodium valproate in addition to conventional treatment, and those in the conventional group were given an equal volume of 5% glucose solution in addition to conventional treatment. The serum concentrations of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3), high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were measured in the healthy control group on the day of physical examination and in the children with TBI on days 1, 3, and 5 after admission. Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOS-E) score was evaluated for the children with TBI 2 months after discharge.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy control group, the children with TBI had significantly higher serum concentrations of NLRP3, HMGB1, TNF-α, and IL-1β on day 1 after admission (P<0.017). The concentration of NLRP3 on day 5 after admission was significantly higher than that on days 1 and 3 after admission in the children with TBI (P<0.017). On days 3 and 5 after admission, the sodium valproate treatment group had a significantly lower concentration of NLRP3 than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). For the conventional treatment group, there was no significant difference in the concentration of HMGB1 on days 1, 3, and 5 after admission (P>0.017), while for the sodium valproate treatment group, the concentration of HMGB1 on day 5 after admission was significantly lower than that on days 1 and 3 after admission (P<0.017). On day 5 after admission, the sodium valproate treatment group had a significantly lower concentration of HMGB1 than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). For the children with TBI, the concentration of TNF-α on day 1 after admission was significantly lower than that on days 3 and 5 after admission (P<0.017). On days 3 and 5 after admission, the sodium valproate treatment group had a significantly lower concentration of TNF-α than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). The concentration of IL-1β on day 3 after admission was significantly lower than that on days 1 and 5 after admission (P<0.017) in the children with TBI. On days 3 and 5 after admission, the sodium valproate treatment group had a significantly lower concentration of IL-1β than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). The GOS-E score was significantly higher in the sodium valproate treatment group than that in the conventional treatment group 2 months after discharge (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early use of sodium valproate can reduce the release of neuroinflammatory factors and improve the prognosis of children with TBI.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Valproic Acid/therapeutic use , HMGB1 Protein , Pilot Projects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Prospective Studies , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/pathology
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 77-83, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970955

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the pathogenic mechanism of the miR-340/high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) axis in the formation of liver fibrosis. Methods: A rat liver fibrosis model was established by injecting CCl(4) intraperitoneally. miRNAs targeting and validating HMGB1 were selected with gene microarrays after screening the differentially expressed miRNAs in rats with normal and hepatic fibrosis. The effect of miRNA expressional changes on HMGB1 levels was detected by qPCR. Dual luciferase gene reporter assays (LUC) was used to verify the targeting relationship between miR-340 and HMGB1. The proliferative activity of the hepatic stellate cell line HSC-T6 was detected by thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay after co-transfection of miRNA mimics and HMGB1 overexpression vector, and the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins type I collagen and α-smooth muscle actin (SMA) was detected by western blot. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of variance and the LSD-t test. Results: Hematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining results showed that the rat model of liver fibrosis was successfully established. Gene microarray analysis and bioinformatics prediction had detected eight miRNAs possibly targeting HMGB1, and animal model validation had detected miR-340. qPCR detection results showed that miR-340 had inhibited the expression of HMGB1, and a luciferase complementation assay suggested that miR-340 had targeted HMGB1. Functional experiments results showed that HMGB1 overexpression had enhanced cell proliferation activity and the expression of type I collagen and α-SMA, while miR-340 mimics had not only inhibited cell proliferation activity and the expression of HMGB1, type I collagen, and α-SMA, but also partially reversed the promoting effect of HMGB1 on cell proliferation and ECM synthesis. Conclusion: miR-340 targets HMGB1 to inhibit the proliferation and ECM deposition in hepatic stellate cells and plays a protective role during the process of liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Proliferation , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Fibrosis , Hepatic Stellate Cells , HMGB1 Protein/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism
8.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19791, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383988

ABSTRACT

Abstract In China, Scutellaria is used for treating inflammatory-related diseases. Baicalin is the main active component of Scutellaria and has protective effects on acute pancreatitis. However, the mechanism of Baicalin is still unclear. In this study, the protective effects of baicalin on acute pancreatitis induced by taurocholate and its mechanism are investigated. In this study, mice were randomly divided into three groups: sham operation, model, and treatment groups. Acute pancreatitis in mice was induced by intraperitoneal injection of taurocholate (35 mg/kg). The treatment group was given baicalin (100 mg/kg) 2 h before acute pancreatitis induction. The mRNA expression levels of miR-429, nuclear factor kappa B65(NF-kB65), toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), TNF receptor associated factor6 (TRAF6), NF-kappa-B inhibitor(IkB), Follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1), and interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) in the liver tissues 24 h after intraperitoneal injection were detected by RT-PCR. Then, the expression levels of NF-kB65, p-NF-κB65, TLR4, TRAF6, IkB, FSTL1, IRAK, p- IRAK, and p- IkB-а proteins were detected by Western blot. IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1 ß in plasma were measured by ELISA, and histopathological changes in the pancreases of the mice were observed. The results showed that after baicalin treatment, miR-429 expression in the pancreatic tissues and the expression levels of NF-kB65, TLR4, TRAF6, p-IkB-а, FSTL1, and p-IRAK decreased. Similarly, pancreatic myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and the plasma levels of IL-6, TNF-а, IL-12, IL-1ß1, endotoxin, serum amylase, and lipase were reduced. Thus, the pancreatic injury induced by taurocholate was alleviated. The present study indicates that pretreatment with Baicalin can alleviate acute pancreatic injury induced by taurocholate in mice. The mechanism may be associated with the decreased miR-429 expression, reduced FSTL1 signaling pathway activity, TLR4 and TLR4/MyD88 signaling pathway inhibition, and reduced pancreatic inflammation. FSTL1 is the regulatory target for miR-429


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , HMGB1 Protein/adverse effects , Scutellaria/adverse effects , Injections/classification , Pancreatitis/pathology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/instrumentation , Blotting, Western , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor , Follistatin/administration & dosage , Liver/abnormalities
9.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19473, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384023

ABSTRACT

Abstract RGX-365 is the main fraction of black ginseng conmprising protopanaxatriol (PPT)-type rare ginsenosides (ginsenosides Rg4, Rg6, Rh4, Rh1, and Rg2). No studies on the antiseptic activity of RGX-365 have been reported. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is recognized as a late mediator of sepsis, and the inhibition of HMGB1 release and recovery of vascular barrier integrity have emerged as attractive therapeutic strategies for the management of sepsis. In this study, we examined the effects of RGX-365 on HMGB1-mediated septic responses and survival rate in a mouse sepsis model. RGX-365 was administered to the mice after HMGB1 challenge. The antiseptic activity of RGX-365 was assessed based on the production of HMGB1, measurement of permeability, and septic mouse mortality using a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis mouse model and HMGB1-activated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We found that RGX-365 significantly reduced HMGB1 release from LPS- activated HUVECs and CLP-induced release of HMGB1 in mice. RGX-365 also restored HMGB1-mediated vascular disruption and inhibited hyperpermeability in the mice. In addition, treatment with RGX-365 reduced sepsis-related mortality in vivo. Our results suggest that RGX- 365 reduces HMGB1 release and septic mortality in vivo, indicating that it is useful in the treatment of sepsis.


Subject(s)
HMGB1 Protein/analysis , Panax/adverse effects , Permeability , Sepsis/pathology , Ginsenosides , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/classification , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/adverse effects
10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 505-511, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928995

ABSTRACT

High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a non-histone nuclear protein in most eukaryocytes. Inside the nucleus, HMGB1 plays an important role in several DNA events such as DNA repair, transcription, telomere maintenance, and genome stability. While outside the nucleus, it fulfils more complicated functions, including promoting cell proliferation, inflammation, angiogenesis, immune tolerance and immune escape, which may play a pro-tumoral role.Meanwhile, HMGB1 acts as an anti-tumoral protein by regulating immune cell recruitment and inducing immunogenic cell death (ICD) during the carcinogenesis process. Therefore, abnormal expression of HMGB1 is associated with oncogenesis, development, and metastasis of cancer, which may play a dual role of pro-tumor and anti-tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinogenesis , Cell Proliferation , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Neoplasms/pathology , Neovascularization, Pathologic
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 493-500, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) in the diagnosis, efficacy monitoring and prognosis of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#Fifty newly diagnosed MM patients before and after chemotherapy and 50 hematological outpatients from October 2018 to May 2020 were selected. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the serum HMGB1 and sRAGE levels of the patients. ROC was used to further analyze the efficacy of serum HMGB1 and sRAGE levels on the diagnosis of MM. At the same time, the serum levels of HMGB1 and sRAGE before and after chemotherapy were compared, and their values in the evaluation of curative effect of MM patients were analyzed. According to the mean values of serum HMGB1 and sRAGE, all the patients were divided into different groups, the clinical characteristics and survival status of the patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#Before treatment the serum HMGB1 level of the patients in MM group was higher than that in control group, while sRAGE level was lower (t=11.363,6.127, P<0.001). The AUC of serum HMGB1 and sRAGE in the MM patients was 0.955 and 0.811, respectively. After 3 courses of chemotherapy, HMGB1 level of the patients in CR group was lower than before chemotherapy, while in PD group was higher, as well as sRAGE level of the patients in PR group (P<0.05). There were significant differences in R-ISS stage, HGB, CRP, ESR, CD56, CD117, D13S319 deletion between HMGB1 high expression group and HMGB1 low expression group (χ2=3.920, 6.522, 6.65, 4.16, 3.945, 6.65, 4.16, P<0.05), while there were significant differences in ISS stage, CRP and CD56 between sRAGE low expression group (28 cases) and sRAGE high expression group (22 cases) (χ2=4.565, 4.711, 5.547, P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the patients in HMGB1 low expression group had better survival condition, for PFS Tlow>Thigh (χ2=9.470, P<0.05), and for OS Tlow>Thigh (χ2=7.808, P<0.05); there was no difference in the survival of sRAGE high expression group and low expression group, for PFS Tlow<Thigh (χ2=1.661, P>0.05), and for OS Tlow<Thigh (χ2=2.048, P>0.05). Cox analysis showed that LDH and HMGB1 were the factors affecting the prognosis of the patients, and both of them affected PFS (HR=2.771, 95% CI: 1.002-7.662, P=0.049; HR=6.022, 95% CI: 1.689-21.470, P=0.006), while HMGB1 also affected OS (HR=4.275, 95% CI: 1.183-15.451, P=0.027).@*CONCLUSION@#The serum HMGB1 and sRAGE have certain auxiliary value for the diagnosis and curative effect monitoring of newly diagnosed MM patients, and serum HMGB1 is expected to be an auxiliary detection index for the prognosis of MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , HMGB1 Protein/blood , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Prognosis , Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products/blood
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 641-648, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936358

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of dihydromyricetin (DHM) on cardiac insufficiency in diabetic rats and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHOD@#Twenty-four male SD rats were randomized equally into normal control group, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) group fed on a high-glucose and high-fat diet for 6 weeks with low-dose streptozotocin (STZ) injection, metformin (MET) group with daily intragastric administration of MET (150 mg/kg) for 8 weeks after T2DM modeling, and dihydromyricetin (DHM) group with daily intragastric administration of DHM (250 mg/kg) for 8 weeks after modeling. The levels of fasting blood glucose, low density lipoprotein (LDL-C), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of the rats were measured, and plasma levels of insulin and high mobility group protein-1 (HMGB1) were detected with ELISA. The cardiac function of the rats was assessed using color echocardiography, ECG was measured using a biological signal acquisition system, and myocardial pathology was observed with HE staining. The protein expressions of HMGB1, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 and phospho-NF-κB p65 (p-NF-κB p65) in the myocardial tissue were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the rats in T2DM group showed significant anomalies in cardiac function after modeling with significantly increased plasma HMGB1 level and expressions of HMGB1, NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p65 proteins in the myocardial tissue (P < 0.05 or 0.01). Treatment with DHM significantly improved the indexes of cardiac function of the diabetic rats (P < 0.05 or 0.01), decreased plasma HMGB1 level and down-regulated the protein expressions of HMGB1 and p-NF-κB p65 in the myocardial tissue (P < 0.05 or 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#DHM treatment can improve cardiac function in diabetic rats possibly by down-regulation of HMGB1 and phospho-NF-κB p65 expressions in the myocardium.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Flavonols , HMGB1 Protein , Heart Failure , Metformin/therapeutic use , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 93-100, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effect against intestinal mucosal injury in rats following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#SD rat models of TBI were established by fluid percussion injury (FPI), and the specimens were collected at 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after TBI. Another 15 rats were randomly divided into shamoperated group (n=5), TBI with saline treatment (TBI+NS) group (n=5), and TBI with PD treatment (TBI+PD) group (treated with 30 mg/kg PD after TBI; n=5). Body weight gain and fecal water content of the rats were recorded, and after the treatments, the histopathology of the jejunum was observed, and the levels of D-lactic acid (D-LAC), diamine oxidase (DAO), ZO-1, claudin-5, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected. Lipid peroxide (LPO) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) 2 content, jejunal pro-inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF- α), Sirt1 activity, SOD2 and HMGB1 acetylation level were also determined after the treatments.@*RESULTS@#The rats showed significantly decreased body weight and fecal water content and progressively increased serum levels of D-LAC and DAO after TBI (P < 0.05) with obvious jejunal injury, significantly decreased expression levels of ZO-1 and claudin-5, lowered SOD2 and Sirt1 activity (P < 0.05), increased expression levels of LPO, ROS, and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and enhanced SOD2 and HMGB1 acetylation levels (P < 0.05). Compared with TBI+NS group, the rats in TBI+PD group showed obvious body weight regain, increased fecal water content, reduced jejunal pathologies, decreased D-LAC and DAO levels (P < 0.05), increased ZO-1, claudin-5, SOD2 expression levels and Sirt1 activity, and significantly decreased ROS, LPO, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and acetylation levels of SOD2 and HMGB1 (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PD alleviates oxidative stress and inflammatory response by activating Sirt1-mediated deacetylation of SOD2 and HMGB1 to improve intestinal mucosal injury in TBI rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Glucosides/pharmacology , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sirtuin 1/metabolism , Stilbenes/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 161-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935768

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the intestinal time-dependent changes in Parkinson's disease (PD) mouse model constructed by intraperitoneal injection of paraquat (PQ) and to establish the brain-gut axis connection initially. Methods: In October 2019, 48 mice were randomly divided into treated group and control groups: treated 4-week (P-4) group, treated 6-week (P-6) group, treated 8-week (P-8) group, control 4-week (C-4) group, control 6-week (C-6) group, and control 8-week (C-8) group. The treated group was injected with 15 mg/kg PQ solution and the control group was injected with 0.9% saline (0.2 ml/20 g) by intraperitoneal injection twice a week. After the initial state (0 weeks) and the treatment at the end of 4, 6 and 8 weeks, the mood changes and motor functions of mice were assessed by neurobehavioral tests (open field test, pole climbing test, tail suspension test and elevated plus maze test) . And the number of fecal pellets for 1 h and water content were calculated to assess the functional status of the gastrointestinal tract. Western blotting experiments were performed to detect the expression levels of α-synuclein (α-syn) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in the nigrostriatal region of the mouse brain, the tight junction markers zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and Occludin, the inflammatory markers of integrin αM subunit (CD11b) , inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) , high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) , interleukin-1β (IL-1β) , and the neuronal markers βⅢ-tubulin and α-syn protein in the colon.Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect the expression levels of colonic tight junction proteins ZO-1 and Occludin. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to detect the expression levels of TH in the substantia nigra region of the midbrain, and the co-localization of colonic intestine neuronal marker (βⅢ-tubulin) and Ser129 α-syn in the colonic. Results: Compared with the initial state (0 weeks) and C-8 group, mice in the P-8 group had significantly higher pole climbing test scores and resting time, and significantly lower total active distance, mean active speed, percentage of open arm entry and 1 h fecal instances (P<0.05) . After poisoning, the 1 h fecal water content of model mice first increased and then decreased, the P-4 and P-6 groups were significantly higher than the simultaneous point control group, and the P-8 groups were significantly lower than the initial state (P<0.05) . Compared with control, P-4 and P-6 groups, the expression levels of ZO-1 and Occludin in the P-8 group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) . Compared with control group, the expression levels of CD11b and IL-1β in the P-4 group were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Compared with control and P-4 group, the expression levels of CD11b, iNOS, HMGB1 and IL-1β in the P-6 and P-8 groups were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Compared with the control and P-4 groups, the expression levels of βⅢ-tubulin in the colon of mice in the P-8 group were significantly decreased, and the expression levels of α-syn and Ser129 α-syn were significantly increased (P<0.05) . The expression level of Ser129 α-syn in the colon of model mice was negatively correlated with the expression level of βⅢ-tubulin (r(s)=-0.9149, 95%CI: -0.9771--0.7085, P<0.001) . Ser129 α-syn and βⅢ-tubulin co-localization in the colonic intermuscular plexus region increased gradually with the time of exposure. Compared with the control, P-4 and P-6 groups, the expression level of TH in the nigrostriatal region of the brain was significantly decreased, and the expression levels of α-syn and Ser129 α-syn were significantly increased in the P-8 group (P<0.05) . Correlation analysis showed that the relative expression level of Ser129 α-syn in the nigrostriatal region of the brain was negatively correlated with the expression level of TH in the model mice (r(s)=-0.9716, 95% CI: -0.9925--0.8953, P<0.001) . Conclusion: The PD mouse model is successfully established by PQ, and the intestinal function of the model mice is reduced in a time-dependent manner. And on this basis, it is preliminary determined that the abnormal aggregation of α-syn may be an important substance connecting the brain-gut axis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Brain-Gut Axis , Disease Models, Animal , HMGB1 Protein , Intestines , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Occludin , Paraquat/toxicity , Parkinson Disease , Tubulin , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/metabolism , Water
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1251-1255, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351480

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of high-mobility group box 1 and its specific receptor, receptor for advanced glycation end products with acute lung injury in patients with acute aortic dissection. METHODS: A total of 96 acute aortic dissection patients were divided into acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury group (38 cases) and acute aortic dissection without acute lung injury group (58 cases), according to partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen. In addition, 44 healthy individuals were selected for the control group. The blood samples were taken. The serum high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen was measured. RESULTS: 24 h after admission, the high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels in acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury and acute aortic dissection without acute lung injury groups were significantly higher than those in the control group, respectively (p<0.05), and each index in acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury group was significantly higher than that in acute aortic dissection without acute lung injury group (p<0.05). At each time point within 96 h after admission, compared with acute aortic dissection without acute lung injury group, in acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury group, the high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels were increased, respectively, and the partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen was decreased. The correlation analysis showed that, in acute aortic dissection patients, the high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels were negatively correlated with partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen, respectively (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The serum high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels may be associated with the occurrence of acute lung injury in acute aortic dissection patients. Monitoring the high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels can evaluate the risk of acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/etiology , Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products/metabolism , Aortic Dissection , Glycation End Products, Advanced
16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 253-262, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878254

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine (Dex) on hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (HIRI) and the underlying mechanism. The in vitro HIRI was induced by culturing HL-7702 cells, a human hepatocyte cell line, under 24 h of hypoxia and 12 h of reoxygenation. Quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were performed to detect the expression levels of long non-coding RNA MALAT1, microRNA-126-5p (miR-126-5p) and high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1). Bioinformatics prediction and double luciferase assay were used to verify the targeting relationship between miR-126-5p and MALAT1, HMGB1. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA) and ATP levels in culture medium were detected by corresponding kits. The results showed that Dex significantly reduced the levels of ROS and MDA, but increased the level of ATP in HL-7702 cells with HIRI. HIRI up-regulated the expression levels of MALAT1 and HMGB1, and down-regulated the level of miR-126-5p. Dex reversed these effects of HIRI. Furthermore, Dex inhibited HIRI-induced cellular apoptosis, whereas MALAT1 reversed the effect of Dex. This inhibitory effect of Dex could be restored by up-regulation of miR-126-5p. The results suggest that Dex protects hepatocytes from HIRI via regulating MALAT1/miR-126-5p/HMGB1 axis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , HMGB1 Protein/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Reperfusion Injury/genetics
17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 87-92, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effects of dihydromyricetin on the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer BGC-823 cells and explore the molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#BGC-823 cells in routine culture were treated with different concentrations of dihydromyricetin (0, 40, 60, 80, 100, and 120 μg/mL) for 24 h, and the changes in cell viability were detected using CCK-8 assay; colony forming assay and Transwell assay were performed to assess the changes in colonyforming and migration abilities of the cells, respectively. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the treated cells were determined using ELISA, and Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, cyclin D1, cyclin E1, HSP70 and HMGB1 and the phosphorylation levels of Akt and Stat3.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 assay showed that dihydromyricetin treatment dose-dependently inhibited the viability of BGC-823 cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dihydromyricetin inhibits the proliferation and migration of BGC-823 cells through suppressing the activation of Akt/stat3 signaling pathways and HMGB1 expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Flavonols , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Stomach Neoplasms
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1631-1636, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of high mobility group protein 1(HMGB1) on the proliferation and cytokine expression of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC).@*METHODS@#Different concentrations of recombinant human HMGB1 protein (100, 200, 400, 800 and 1000 ng/ml) were incubated with MSC for 24, 48, 72 h and the proliferation of MSC were detected respectively by using the CCK-8 method and flow cytometry. The best concentrations of HMGB1 incubated with MSC was determined (200 ng/ml, 1000 ng/ml), and the flow cytomerty was used to determine the effect of HMGB1 on the proliferation of MSC. The mRNA expression levels of IL-10, TGF- β1, TSG-6 and IFN-γ in MSC incubated with HMGB1 protein were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The result of MSC identification and flow cytometry showed that the CD105, CD73 and CD90 were expressed, but did not expression CD45, CD34, CD11b, CD19 and HLA-DR; CCK-8 showed that HMGB1 at the concentrations of 100 ng/ml, 200 ng/ml and 400 ng/ml could promote the proliferation of MSC incubated for 24, 48 and 72 h as compared with the control group (P<0.05), and the most effective concentration was 200 ng/ml; flow cytometry showed that the compared with the control group, HMGB1 200 ng/ml could induce MSC from G1 phase to S phase to promote the proliferation of MSC; QPCR showed that the mRNA expression of MSC cytokines IL-10, TGF-β1, TSG-6 increased while IFN-γ decreased at the concentration of 200 ng/ml HMGB1 as compared with the control group. ELISA experiments showed that the HMGB1 200 ng/ml acting on MSC for 48 h could significantly promoted the secretion of IL-10, TGF-β 1 and TSG-6(P<0.05), while IFN-γ showed no significant difference as compared with control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Recombinant human HMGB1 can promote the proliferation and secretion of MSC in healthy people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , HMGB1 Protein , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1566-1569, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the significance of inflammasome NLRP3 in children with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) by detecting its changes before and after treatment.@*METHODS@#Twenty children with ITP diagnosed and treated in Xuzhou Children's Hospital were enrolled as observation group, and 10 healthy children as control group. The mRNA levels of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 were measured by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), the serum levels of IL-18, IL-1β, and high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) were detected by ELISA, and the protein level of NLRP3 was detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#In newly diagnosed ITP children, the serum levels of IL-18, IL-1β and HMGB1 significantly decreased after treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 mRNA levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were significantly lower than those before treatment (P<0.05). NLRP3 protein expression decreased significantly after treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of NLRP3 inflammasome and downstream inflammatory factors are decrease after treatment in children with ITP, which may be used as effective prognostic markers.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , HMGB1 Protein , Inflammasomes , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 876-881, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922169

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of silencing the high-mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1) combined with docetaxel (DTX) on the proliferation and apoptosis of PCa cells and its possible action mechanism.@*METHODS@#The expression of HMGB1 mRNA in different PCa cell lines and normal prostatic epithelial cells was detected by RT-qPCR. The PC-3 cells were transfected with different HMGB1 small interfering RNAs (si-HMGB1, si-HMGB1-2 and si-HMGB1-3), and the silencing effect was detected. The effects of different concentrations of DTX on the proliferation of the PC-3 cells was determined by MTT. Then the PC-3 cells were randomly divided into five groups: control (conventional culture), si-HMGB1-NC (si-HMGB1-NC transfection), si-HMGB1 (si-HMGB1-3 transfection), DTX (20 nmol/L DTX), and si-HMGB1+DTX (si-HMGB1-3+20 nmol/L DTX transfection), followed by measurement of the survival rate of the cells by MTT, their apoptosis rate by flow cytometry, and the expressions of HMGB1, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2-associated X (Bax) proteins in different groups by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The expression of HMGB1 mRNA in the PC-3 cells was the highest and the lowest after transfection with si-HMGB1-3. DTX inhibited the proliferation of the PC-3 cells at various concentrations. Compared with the control group, the si-HMGB1 and DTX groups showed significantly decreased A values, cell survival rates and HMGB1 and Bcl-2 expressions, but increased cell apoptosis rates and Bax expressions (P < 0.05). In comparison with the si-HMGB1 and DTX groups, the si-HMGB1+DTX group exhibited a remarkably decreased A value, cell survival rate and Bcl-2 expression, but increased cell apoptosis and Bax expression. The expression of the HMGB1 protein was markedly lower in the si-HMGB1+DTX than in the DTX group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Silencing HMGB1 combined with DTX chemotherapy can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of PCa cells, which may be attributed to its regulatory effect on the expressions of the Bcl-2 family-related proteins.、.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Docetaxel/pharmacology , HMGB1 Protein/genetics , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL