Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 135
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Radiotherapy is one of the main therapies for colorectal cancer, but radioresistance often leads to radiotherapy failure. To improve the radioresistance, we explore the effect of oligomycin A, the H@*METHODS@#The effects of different concentrations of oligomycin A on the survival rate and glycolysis of HT29 colorectal cancer cells at different time points were investigated via MTT and glycolysis assay. siRNA-PFK1 was synthesized in vitro and transfected into HT29 cells. The effects of oligomycin A on radiosensitivity of HT29 colorectal cancer cells were measured via MTT and colony formation assay. Western blotting was used to detect the effect of oligomycin A on the expression of glycolytic enzyme PFK1. We compared difference between the effects of siRNA-PFK1 group and oligomycin A combined with siRNA-PFK1 group on cell survival and glycolysis. After 4 Gy X-ray irradiation, the effects of cell survival and glycolysis between the siRNA-PFK1 group and the oligomycin A combined with siRNA-PFK1 group were compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 0 μmol/L oligomycin A group, the cell survival rate of HT29 cells treated with 4 μmol/L oligomycin A was significantly increased (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Oligomycin A can promote the radioresistance of HT29 colorectal cancer cells, which may be related to up-regulation of the PFK1 expression and increase of cell glycolysis.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , HT29 Cells , Humans , Oligomycins/pharmacology , Radiation Tolerance
2.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190395, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132237

ABSTRACT

Abstract The α-tomatine is a steroidal glycoalkaloid found in immature tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) that has important biological functions including the inhibition of cancer cell growth and preventing metastasis. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of α-tomatine on cytotoxicity, cellular proliferation, apoptosis, and mRNA expression of APC, CCNA2, β-catenin, CASP9, BAK, BAX and BCL-XL in colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29. HT29 cells were treated with three concentrations of α-tomatine (0.1, 1 and 10 µg/mL), although only the 1 µg/mL concentration of α-tomatine was used to evaluate genetic expression patterns by real time-PCR. Results showed that α-tomatine was cytotoxic only at the 10 µg/mL concentration. Cell proliferation was significantly inhibited after the first 24 hours of treatment only with concentrations of 10 µg/mL. In contrast, there were no significant differences in apoptosis for any treatment. In the gene expression studies, only APC expression was significantly altered by α-tomatine treatment. In conclusion, α-tomatine has antiproliferative activity in the first 24h of treatment, does not induce apoptosis in this cell line and causes disruption of cell membranes, thereby increasing the expression of APC gene related to cell cycle.


Subject(s)
Tomatine/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , RNA, Messenger , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Gene Expression , HT29 Cells , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
3.
Intestinal Research ; : 527-536, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785863

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one of the mechanisms by which colorectal cancer (CRC) cells acquire migratory and invasive capacities, and subsequently metastasize. Parthenolide (PT) expresses multiple anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities that inhibit nuclear factor κB by targeting the IκB kinase complex. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether PT can inhibit TGF-β1-induced EMT in CRC cell lines.METHODS: HT-29 and SW480 cell lines were used in the experiment. Cell viability was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and sub-G1 analysis was measured by flow cytometry. The induction of EMT by TGF-β1 and inhibition of the process by PT was analyzed by phase contrast microscopy, wounding healing, cellular migration and invasion assays, and Western blotting.RESULTS: TGF-β1 inhibits HT-29 cell proliferation, but has no effect on SW480 cell proliferation; different concentrations of TGF-β1 did not induce apoptosis in HT-29 and SW480 cells. PT attenuates TGF-β1-induced elongated, fibroblast-like shape changing in cells. PT inhibits TGF-β1-induced cell migration and cell invasion. In addition, other EMT markers such as β-catenin, Vimentin, Snail, and Slug were suppressed by PT, while E-cadherin was increased by PT.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that PT inhibits TGF-β1-induced EMT by suppressing the expression of the mesenchymal protein and increasing expression of the epithelial protein. These findings suggest a novel approach for CRC treatment by suppression of TGF-β1-induced EMT.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cadherins , Cell Line , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Colorectal Neoplasms , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Flow Cytometry , Gastropoda , HT29 Cells , Humans , Microscopy, Phase-Contrast , Phosphotransferases , Snails , Transforming Growth Factors , Vimentin , Wounds and Injuries
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773096

ABSTRACT

Fourteen chemical constituents, including 5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-1-tetralone(1), 4,8-dihydroxy-1-tetralone(2), 4,5-dihydroxy-α-tetralone(3), blumenol B(4), dehydrovomifoliol(5), megastigm-5-ene-3,9-diol(6), juglanin B(7), blumenol C(8), loliolide(9), oleracone B(10), syringarsinol(11), pinoresinol(12), methyl 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoate(13), and isovanillic acid(14), were isolated from the dichloromethane fraction of 95% methanol extract of green walnut husks by silica gel and MCI column chromatography, and Pre-HPLC. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods, such as NMR, MS and so on. Among them, compounds 1, 4-6, 8-13 were isolated from the green walnut husks for the first time, and compounds 4-6, 8, 10, 12, 13 were isolated from the Juglans genus for the first time. All of isolates were detected their inhibitory activities against HeLa, HGC-27 and Ht-29 cell lines by the MTT assay. The result showed that compounds 2, 3, 7, 9 and 11 exhibited inhibitory activity against the tested cell line. The IC_(50) of 7 were 26.5, 9.0, 25.4 μmol·L~(-1), respectively.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , HT29 Cells , HeLa Cells , Humans , Juglans , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Chemistry
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1071-1078, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772221

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide and still lack of effective therapy so far. Petasin, a natural product found in plants of the genus Petasites, has been reported to possess anticancer activity. The present study aimed to investigate the anticolon cancer activity of petasin both in vitro and in vivo. The molecular mechanism of petasin was also further explored.@*METHODS@#Caco-2, LoVo, SW-620, and HT-29 cell lines were used to detect the inhibitory effect of petasin on colon cancer proliferation. Cell viability was determined using the MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. Cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. Hoechst 33258 staining was used to visualize morphological changes. Cell migration was assessed using a wound-healing migration assay, and cell invasion was investigated using Transwell chambers. Western blotting assays were employed to evaluate the expression levels of proteins in the protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway. Finally, in vivo activity of petasin was evaluated using the SW-620 subcutaneous tumor model established in Balb/c nude mice. Twelve rats were randomly divided into control group and 10 mg/kg petasin group. The tumor volume was calculated every 7 days for 28 days. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was performed to assess the apoptotic effect of petasin. Differences between two groups were assessed by analysis of independent-sample t tests.@*RESULTS@#Petasin significantly inhibited the proliferation of human colon carcinoma cell lines, induced apoptosis, and suppressed migration and invasion in SW-620 cells. Western blotting results showed that petasin decreased the phosphorylation of Akt (1.01 ± 0.16 vs. 0.74 ± 0.06, P = 0.042), mTOR (0.71 ± 0.12 vs. 0.32 ± 0.11, P = 0.013), and P70S6K (1.23 ± 0.21 vs. 0.85 ± 0.14, P = 0.008), elevated the expression of caspase-3 (0.41 ± 0.09 vs. 0.74 ± 0.12, P = 0.018) and caspase-9 (1.10 ± 0.27 vs. 1.98 ± 0.22, P = 0.009), decreased the Bcl-2 protein (2.75 ± 0.47 vs. 1.51 ± 0.36, P = 0.008), downregulated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 (1.51 ± 0.31 vs. 0.82 ± 0.11, P = 0.021) and MMP-9 (1.56 ± 0.32 vs. 0.94 ± 0.15, P = 0.039) in SW-620 cell. In vivo, 10 mg/kg petasin inhibited tumor growth in Balb/c nude mice (924.18 ± 101.23 vs. 577.67 ± 75.12 mm at day 28, P = 0.001) and induced apoptosis (3.6 ± 0.7% vs. 36.0 ± 4.9%, P = 0.001) in tumor tissues.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Petasin inhibits the proliferation of colon cancer SW-620 cells via inactivating the Akt/mTOR pathway. Our findings suggest petasin as a potential candidate for colon cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Apoptosis , Caco-2 Cells , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , HT29 Cells , Humans , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Genetics , Metabolism , Sesquiterpenes , Therapeutic Uses , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism
6.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 83-93, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771264

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant tumor in the digestive tract, and 30%-85% of CRCs express epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs). Recently, treatments using cetuximab, also named C225, an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody, for CRC have been demonstrated to cause an S492R mutation in EGFR. However, little is known about the biological function of S492R EGFR. Therefore, we attempted to elucidate its biological function in CRC cells and explore new treatment strategies for this mutant form. Our study indicated that EGFR and S492R EGFR accelerate the growth of CRC cells in vitro and in vivo and monoclonal antibody CH12, which specifically recognizes an EGFR tumor-specific epitope, can bind efficiently to S492R EGFR. Furthermore, mAb CH12 showed significantly stronger growth suppression activities and induced a more potent antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity effect on CRC cells bearing S492R EGFR than mAb C225. mAb CH12 obviously suppressed the growth of CRC xenografts with S492R EGFR mutations in vivo. Thus, mAb CH12 may be a promising therapeutic agent in treating patients with CRC bearing an S492R EGFR mutation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological , Pharmacology , Caco-2 Cells , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Therapeutics , ErbB Receptors , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Female , HT29 Cells , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mutation , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727863

ABSTRACT

Neddylation is a post-translational protein modification process. MLN4924 is a newly discovered pharmaceutical neddylation inhibitor that suppresses cancer growth with several cancer types. In our study, we first investigated the effect of MLN4924 on colon cancer cells (HCT116 and HT29). MLN4924 significantly inhibited the neddylation of cullin-1 and colon cancer cell growth in a time and dose-dependent manner. MLN4924 induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in HCT116 and HT29 cells. Moreover, MLN4924 also triggered autophagy in HCT116 and HT29 cells via suppressing the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. Inhibiting autophagy by autophagy inhibitor 3-MA or ATG5 knockdown reversed the function of MLN4924 in suppressing colon cancer cell growth and cell death. Interestingly, MLN4924 suppresses colon cell growth in a xenograft model. Together, our finding revealed that blocking neddylation is an attractive colon cancer therapy strategy, and autophagy might act as a novel anti-cancer mechanism for the treatment of colon cancer by MLN4924.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Death , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Heterografts , HT29 Cells , Humans , Protein Processing, Post-Translational
8.
Immune Network ; : 110-115, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51910

ABSTRACT

Aurora kinase A plays an essential role in mitosis including chromosome separation and cytokinesis. Aberrant expression and activity of Aurora kinase A is associated with numerous malignancies including colorectal cancer followed by poor prognosis. The aim of this study is to determine the inhibitory effects of LDD970, an indirubin derivative, on Aurora kinase A in HT29 colorectal cancer cells. In vitro kinase assay revealed that, LDD970 inhibited levels of activated Aurora kinase A (IC₅₀=0.37 mM). The inhibitory effects of LDD970 on Aurora kinase A, autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of histone H3 (Ser10), were confirmed by immunoblot analysis. Moreover, LDD970 inhibited migration of HT29 cells and upregulated apoptosis-related protein cleaved PARP. In cell viability assay, LDD970 was observed to suppress HT29 cell growth (GI₅₀=4.22 µM). Although further studies are required, results of the present study suggest that LDD970 provide a valuable insight into small molecule indirubin derivative for therapeutic potential in human colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Aurora Kinase A , Cell Survival , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cytokinesis , Histones , HT29 Cells , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Mitosis , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Prognosis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296520

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>A subcutaneous transplantation tumor model of human HT-29 cells was established in nude mice to study the anticarcinogenic activities and apoptosis-regulatory mechanistic effect of aqueous extract of fermented barley with Lactobacillus plantarum dy-1 (LFBE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HT-29 cells were transplanted via subcutaneous injection of 1 × 107cells into the right flank of each nude mouse. Then, nude mice were treated for 30 days with LFBE (high-dose 2 g·kg-1·d-1; low-dose 1 g·kg-1·d-1) and for 7 days with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU, 25 g·kg-1·d-1) by gavage and intraperitoneal injection, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Tumor volume and weight decreased significantly in both groups of nude mice treated with LFBE. In addition, the cell apoptosis rate of the LFBE group was significantly higher than that of the control group and 5-FU groups as measured by the TUNEL assay. Moreover, the real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and Western blot methods further confirmed these apoptosis-enhancing and growth-inhibiting effects. The involvement of LFBE in inducing apoptosis was confirmed by the expression of Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3, and cyclinD1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results showed that LFBE could induce subcutaneous transplantation tumor apoptosis in nude mice and could be used as a natural nutrient supplement or chemopreventive agent in the treatment of human colon cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Female , Fermentation , HT29 Cells , Hordeum , Chemistry , Humans , Lactobacillus plantarum , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Transplantation , Neoplasms, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311371

ABSTRACT

This study explored how bitter melon powder (BMP) alters the colonic microenvironment during the development of obesity-associated fatty liver in rats. We observed that BMP effectively inhibited the body weight gain and lipid accumulation in the liver, ameliorated glucose intolerance, and increased the colon weight after an 8-week treatment compared to that in the high-fat diet (HFD) group. BMP significantly decreased fecal water toxicity towards HT-29 cells, as revealed by the cell counting kit (CCK)-8 assay results, and the mRNA expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in colon mucosa. Additionally, gut permeability in the BMP group was restored to normal levels. Finally, BMP alleviated the inflammatory state of the rat colon mucosa and liver tissues as well as the systemic inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colon , Dietary Fats , Fatty Liver , Feces , Chemistry , HT29 Cells , Humans , Momordica charantia , Obesity , Powders , Rats
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Gastrointestinal disorders caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SesE) are a significant health problem around the globe. Probiotic bacteria have been shown to have positive effects on the immune responses. Lactobacillus acidophilus was examined for its capability to influence the innate immune response of HT29 intestinal epithelial cells towards SesE. The purpose of this work was to assess the effect of L. acidophilus PTCC 1643 on cultured intestinal epithelial cells infected with SesE. METHODS: HT29 cells were cultured in Roswell Park Memorial Institute medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and 1% penicillin/streptomycin. The cells were treated with L. acidophilus PTCC 1643 after or before challenge with SesE. At 2 and 4 hours post-infection, we measured changes in the expression levels of TLR2 and TLR4 via real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Treatment with L. acidophilus inhibited SesE-induced increases in TLR2 and TLR4 expression in the infected HT29 cells. Moreover, the expression of TLR2 and TLR4 in cells that were pretreated with L. acidophilus and then infected with SesE was significantly higher than that in cells infected with SesE without pretreatment. Taken together, the results indicated that L. acidophilus had an anti-inflammatory effect and modulated the innate immune response to SesE by influencing TLR2 and TLR4 expression. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggested that L. acidophilus PTCC 1643 was able to suppress inflammation caused by SesE infection in HT29 cells and reduce TLR2 and TLR4 expression. Additional in vivo and in vitro studies are required to further elucidate the mechanisms underlying this anti-inflammatory effect.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Epithelial Cells , Gene Expression , HT29 Cells , Humans , Immunity, Innate , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Lactobacillus , Probiotics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Salmonella enterica , Salmonella enteritidis , Salmonella
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84970

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The functional variant (rs56109847) in the 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTR) of the serotonin receptor 3E (HTR3E) gene is associated with female diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) in British populations. However, the relationship of the polymorphism both to HTR3E expression in the intestine and to the occurrence of Chinese functional gastrointestinal disorders has yet to be examined. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction amplification and restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses were employed to detect polymorphisms among Chinese Han women, particularly 107 patients with IBS-D, 99 patients with functional dyspepsia (FD), 115 patients with mixed IBS and 69 patients with IBS-D + FD. We also assessed microRNA-510 (miR-510) and HTR3E expression in human colonic mucosal tissues with immunohistochemistry and other methods. Dual-luciferase reporter assays were conducted to examine the binding ability of miR-510 and HTR3E 3'-UTR. RESULTS: Genotyping data showed the variant rs56109847 was significantly associated with IBS-D, but not with FD, mixed-IBS, or FD + IBS-D. HTR3E was abundantly expressed around the colonic mucosal glands but less expressed in the stroma. miR-510 expression decreased, whereas HTR3E expression increased in the colonic mucosal tissue of patients with IBS-D compared with those in controls. HTR3E expression was significantly higher in patients with the GA genotype than that in patients with the GG genotype. The single-nucleotide polymorphisms disrupted the binding site of miR-510 and significantly upregulated luciferase expression in HEK293 and HT-29 cells. CONCLUSIONS: The single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs56109847 led to reduced microRNA binding and overexpression of the target gene in intestinal cells, thereby increasing IBS-D risk in the Chinese Han population. The decreased expression of miR-510 might contribute to IBS-D.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Binding Sites , Colon , Diarrhea , Dyspepsia , Female , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Genotype , HT29 Cells , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Intestines , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Luciferases , MicroRNAs , Mucous Membrane , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Serotonin
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121859

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sorbus rufopilosa, a tsema rowan, is a species of the small ornamental trees in the genus Sorbus and the family Rosaceae found in East Asia. The bioactivities of S. rufopilosa have not yet been fully determined. The objective of this study is to evaluate the antioxidant and anticancer effects of ethanol extract of S. rufopilosa (EESR) and to determine the molecular mechanism of its anticancer activity in human colon carcinoma HT29 cells. METHODS: To examine the antioxidant activity of EESR, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity assay was performed. Inhibitory effect of EESR on cancer cell growth and proliferation was determined by water-soluble tetrazolium salt assay. To investigate the mechanism of EESR-mediated cytotoxicity, HT29 cells were treated with various concentrations of EESR and the induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry, 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining, and Western blot analysis. RESULTS: EESR showed significant antioxidant activity and inhibitory effect on HT29 cell growth in a dose-dependent manner. EESR induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase in a dose-dependent manner by modulating cyclin B, cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), and CDK inhibitor p21 expression. EESR-induced apoptosis was associated with the upregulation of p53, a death receptor Fas, and a pro-apoptotic protein Bax and the activation of caspase 3, 8, and 9, resulting in the degradation of PARP. CONCLUSIONS: EESR possessing antioxidant activity efficiently inhibits proliferation of HT29 cells by inducing both cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. EESR may be a possible candidate for the anticancer drug development.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Caspase 3 , CDC2 Protein Kinase , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Cycle , Colon , Cyclin B , Ethanol , Far East , Flow Cytometry , HT29 Cells , Humans , Rosacea , Rosaceae , Sorbus , Trees , Up-Regulation
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89894

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in therapy, colorectal cancer still has a grim prognosis. Although licorice has been used in East Asian traditional medicine, the molecular properties of its constituents including dehydroglyasperin D (DHGA-D) remain unknown. We sought to evaluate the inhibitory effect of DHGA-D on colorectal cancer cell proliferation and identify the primary signaling molecule targeted by DHGA-D. METHODS: We evaluated anchorage-dependent and -independent cell growth in HT-29 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. The target protein of DHGA-D was identified by Western blot analysis with a specific antibody, and direct interaction between DHGA-D and the target protein was confirmed by kinase and pull-down assays. Cell cycle analysis by flow cytometry and further Western blot analysis was performed to identify the signaling pathway involved. RESULTS: DHGA-D significantly suppressed anchorage-dependent and -independent HT-29 colorectal cancer cell proliferation. DHGA-D directly suppressed phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activity and subsequent Akt phosphorylation and bound to the p110 subunit of PI3K. DHGA-D also significantly induced G1 cell cycle arrest, together with the suppression of glycogen synthase kinase 3β and retinoblastoma phosphorylation and cyclin D1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: DHGA-D has potent anticancer activity and targets PI3K in human colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells. To our knowledge, this is the first report to detail the molecular basis of DHGA-D in suppressing colorectal cancer cell growth.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cyclin D1 , Flow Cytometry , G1 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Glycogen Synthase Kinases , Glycyrrhiza , HT29 Cells , Humans , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositols , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Prognosis , Retinoblastoma
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286892

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) for inhibiting E.coli K1 (E44) adhesion and invasion of an intestinal epithelial cell model with Muc2 gene knockdown established using CRISPR-Cas9 system.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two 20-25 bp sgRNAs targeting Muc2 were chemically synthesized to construct CRISPR expression vectors for transfection in wild-type human colonic cancer cell line Ht29. The efficiency of Muc2 knockdown was determined using Western blotting. After assessment of the viability and proliferation of the transfected cells with MTT assay, we evaluated the effects of the probiotics against E44 adhesion and invasion of the cells through a competitive exclusion assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Transfection of the cells with Lenticrisprv2 plasmid vectors resulted in a cell line with stable Muc2 knockdown by 81%. The inhibitory effects of probiotics against E44 adhesion and invasion of the transfected cells were markedly attenuated, and the relative adhesion and invasion rates of E44 were 72.23% (P<0.05) and 81.49% (P<0.05), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Muc2 knockdown causes attenuation of the inhibitory effects of probiotics against E44 adhesion and invasion of the intestinal epithelial cells, suggesting that up-regulation of Muc2 may serve as an important mechanism for the probiotics to reinforce the intestinal barrier and antagonize the pathogenic bacteria, which sheds light on a new strategy for prevention and treatment of bacterial intestinal infections.</p>


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Microbiology , Escherichia coli , Virulence , Gene Knockdown Techniques , HT29 Cells , Humans , Intestines , Cell Biology , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Mucin-2 , Genetics , Probiotics , Transfection , Up-Regulation
16.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 31(1): 303-310, jan./fev. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-963861

ABSTRACT

Angiogênese é um processo de surgimento de novos microvasos provenientes de vasos sanguíneos já existentes. O desenvolvimento tumoral e o processo de metástase são dependentes de angiogênese, pois o tumor em crescimento necessita de uma rede capilar que forneça nutrientes e oxigênio. A membrana corioalantóica de embrião de galinha (CAM) é um modelo experimental in vivo que oferece muitas vantagens, como a alta vascularização natural e alta taxa de reprodução, além de ser um modelo simples e de baixo custo. A CAM é composta por proteínas de matriz extracelular, que mimetizam o ambiente fisiológico de células cancerosas. A etapa de contagem do número total de vasos permite a determinação dos efeitos dos estímulos pró ou anti angiogênicos, portanto a padronização de um método eficaz é necessário. O presente estudo teve como objetivo geral avaliar o potencial angiogênico de células de uma linhagem de adenocarcinoma de cólon humano (HT29) e propor um método para quantificação da angiogênese induzida por células tumorais na CAM. Os embriões foram mantidos em sistema ex ovo. No oitavo dia, foram adicionados sobre a CAM, implantes de colágeno contendo células tumorais em diferentes concentrações. No décimo primeiro dia foi feito o registro fotográfico utilizando microscópio estereoscópico e foram determinados quatro scores para a quantificação e caracterização dos vasos, considerando-se se seccionavam o implante e também seu grau de ramificação. A contagem dos vasos, feita em uma área específica ao redor do implante, foi realizada após edição das imagens pelo programa Image Pro Plus. Os resultados mostraram aumento significativo do número de vasos que não seccionavam o implante para aqueles contendo 3 x 104 e 6 x 104 células. Pode-se concluir que a metodologia de contagem dos vasos, utilizando registros fotográficos e edições de imagens, é eficaz. Demonstrou-se que as células HT29 induzem a uma alteração no padrão de crescimento de novos vasos quando depositada sobre a CAM em implantes de colágeno e podem ser utilizadas como modelo experimental para se investigar o efeito de diferentes compostos sobre a angiogênese induzida por tumor.


Angiogenesis is a process of sprouting of new microvessels from existing blood vessels. The tumoral development and the metastasis process are angiogenesis dependent, because the growing tumor needs a capillaries network that provides nutrients and oxygen. The chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) is an experimental in vivo model which offer many advantages, such as the high natural vascularization and high reproducibility, besides the simplicity and low cost. The CAM contains extracellular matrix proteins, which mimics the physiological cancer cell environment. The counting of the total number of vessels allows a determination of pro- and anti-angiogenic effects of different stimulus, therefore patterning an effective method is necessary. The general goal of the present study was to evaluate the angiogenic potential of a human colon adenocarcinoma cell line (HT29) and propose a method to quantify angiogenesis induced by cancer cells on the CAM. Embryos were cultivated in an ex ovo system. At the eighth day, collagen implants containing cancer cells in different concentrations were added on the top of CAM. At the eleventh day, the photographic records were made by using stereoscope microscope and were determined four scores for vessels quantification and characterization. Vessels counting were done in a specific area around the implant, and edition of the captured images were done using Image Pro Plus software. Our results showed a significant increase in vessels that do not section the implant. It was demonstrated that HT29 cells induce a change in the pattern of growth of new blood vessels when placed on CAM into collagen implants and can be used as an experimental model for investigating the effect of different compounds on tumor-induced angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Chick Embryo , Collagen , HT29 Cells , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Microvessels , Neoplasms , Chickens
17.
Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015; 8 (5): 27-34
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-175777

ABSTRACT

Background: Recent evidence has suggested that epithelial cancers including colorectal cancer [CRC] have driven by a small population of self-renewing, multi-potent cells termed cancer stem cells [CSCs] which could be responsible for recurrence of cancer. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 [ALDH1] activity has used as a functional stem cell biomarker to isolate CSCs in different cancers such as colorectal cancer


Objectives: The main aim of this research was to determine the utility of ALDH1 activity along with CD44 and EPCAM in identifying stem cell-like cells in human HT-29 colonic adenocarcinoma cell line


Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, colon CSCs biomarkers including CD44, EPCAM and ALDH1 in colonospheres and parent cells have analyzed by flow cytometry. The expression levels of stemness genes in spheroid and parental cells have investigated using SYBR Green real-time PCR. In addition, in vivo xenografts assay has performed to determine tumorigenic potential of tumor spheroid cells in nude mice


Results: According to results, over 92% of spheroids were CD44+/EpCAM+, while parent cells only have expressed 38% of CD44/EpCAM biomarkers [P < 0.001]. Controversially, ALDH activity was about 2-fold higher in the parent cells than spheroid cells [P < 0.05]. In comparison with the parental cells, expression levels of ''stemness'' genes, like Sox2, Oct4, Nanog, C-myc, and Klf4 have significantly increased in colonosphere cells [P < 0.05]. Further, administration of 2500 spheroids could be sufficient to initiate tumor growth in nude mice, while 1x106 of parental cells has needed to form tumor


Conclusions: For the first time, we have shown that colonospheres with low ALDH1 activity has indicated increased tumorigenic potential and stemness properties. So, it hasn't seemed that ALDH1 could become a useful biomarker to identify CSCs population in HT-29 cell line


Subject(s)
Humans , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Isoenzymes , Retinal Dehydrogenase , Biomarkers, Tumor , Neoplastic Stem Cells , HT29 Cells , Hyaluronan Receptors , Antigens, Neoplasm , Cell Adhesion Molecules
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-204524

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Inonotus obliquus (I. obliquus, Chaga mushroom) has long been used as a folk medicine to treat cancer. In the present study, we examined whether or not ethanol extract of I. obliquus (EEIO) inhibits cell cycle progression in HT-29 human colon cancer cells, in addition to its mechanism of action. MATERIALS/METHODS: To examine the effects of Inonotus obliquus on the cell cycle progression and the molecular mechanism in colon cancer cells, HT-29 human colon cancer cells were cultured in the presence of 2.5 - 10 microg/mL of EEIO, and analyzed the cell cycle arrest by flow cytometry and the cell cycle controlling protein expression by Western blotting. RESULTS: Treatment cells with 2.5 - 10 microg/mL of EEIO reduced viable HT-29 cell numbers and DNA synthesis, increased the percentage of cells in G1 phase, decreased protein expression of CDK2, CDK4, and cyclin D1, increased expression of p21, p27, and p53, and inhibited phosphorylation of Rb and E2F1 expression. Among I. obliquus fractions, fraction 2 (fractionated by dichloromethane from EEIO) showed the same effect as EEIO treatment on cell proliferation and cell cycle-related protein levels. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that fraction 2 is the major fraction that induces G1 arrest and inhibits cell proliferation, suggesting I. obliquus could be used as a natural anti-cancer ingredient in the food and/or pharmaceutical industry.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Proliferation , Colonic Neoplasms , Cyclin D1 , DNA , Drug Industry , Ethanol , Flow Cytometry , G1 Phase , G1 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints , HT29 Cells , Humans , Medicine, Traditional , Methylene Chloride , Phosphorylation
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1252-1257, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320093

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of gambognic acid (GA) on TRAIL-induced apoptosis of cancer cells, human colon HT-29 cancer cells were treated with GA to promote apoptosis. Inhibition of the cell proliferation was measured with MTT assay and cell apoptosis was detected with formation of DNA ladders in agarose gel electrophoresis, and activation of caspase activity. The content of cytosolic reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured with flow cytometry. The activities of Caspase-3, -8, -9 were detected using spectrophotometric assay. The levels of c-FLIP, CHOP, DR4 and DR5 in cells were tested by Western blot. Combination of GA (1 µg · mL(-1)) and TRAIL (40 ng · mL(-1)) significantly reduced proliferation and increased apoptosis of HT-29 cells over those induced by each agent alone. Percentage of apoptotic cells was increased to 45.5%. GA markedly enhanced the intracellular ROS generation. Expression of CHOP, DR4 and DR5 was up-regulated to 7.38, 5.41, and 4.85 times of the control group, respectively. GA promoted activation of Caspase-3, -8, and -9 by TRAIL (P<0.05). Furthermore, the expression of anti-apoptotic protein c-FLIP was down-regulated to 0.22 ± 0.08 times of the control group. In conclusion, GA sensitizes HT-29 cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by promoting ROS-activated ERS pathways, up-regulating of DR4 and DR5, and inhibiting c-FLIP expression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Metabolism , Caspases , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colonic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Down-Regulation , HT29 Cells , Humans , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand , Pharmacology , Up-Regulation , Xanthones , Pharmacology
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2759-2763, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315256

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with differential expression of genes involved in inflammation and tissue remodeling, including FOXO3a, which encodes a transcription factor known to promote inflammation in several tissues. However, FOXO3a expression in tissues affected by UC has not been examined. This study investigated the effects of FOXO3a on UC pathogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>FOXO3a expression, in 23 patients with UC and in HT29 cells treated with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) for various durations, was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting analysis. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to quantify interleukin (IL)-8 expression in FOXO3a-silenced HT29 cells treated with TNF-α for various durations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The messenger RNA and protein expression of FOXO3a were significantly lower in UC tissues than those in normal subjects (P < 0.01). TNF-α treatment for 0, 0.5, 1, 6, and 24 h induced FOXO3 degradation in HT29 cells. FOXO3a silencing increased IL-8 levels in HT29 cells treated with TNF-α for 6 h (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FOXO3a may play an important role in the intestinal inflammation of patients with UC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Blotting, Western , Colitis, Ulcerative , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Forkhead Box Protein O3 , Genetics , Metabolism , HT29 Cells , Humans , Inflammation , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Interleukin-8 , Metabolism , Intestines , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL