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1.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 30(1): 72-73, 20240000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551445

ABSTRACT

El microtrasplante capilar, método FUE, es la cirugía para la recuperación capilar que consta en la extracción de unidades foliculares con punches de distintos diámetros y longitudes, desde una zona llamada dadora, generalmente occipital y/o temporal aunque pueden utilizarse otras partes del cuerpo como barba, tórax, abdomen y pubis, para luego de seleccionarse y conservarse en forma adecuada ser implantadas en la llamada zona receptora. Tanto los avances en la técnica como en el uso de instrumental de última generación generan resultados mejores y más naturales, con una recuperación más rápida y menor daño de sus zonas dadoras.


Hair transplant, FUE method, is surgery for hair recovery that consists of the extraction of follicular units with punches of different diameters and lengths, from an area called the donor; usually occipital and/or temporal; although they can be used on other parts of the body such as beard, thorax, abdomen and pubes. After being appropriately selected and preserved, they are implanted in the so-called receiving area. Both advances in technique and in the use of cutting-edge instruments generate better and more natural results, with faster recovery and less damage to the donor areas


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Instruments , Transplantation/methods , Hair Follicle/transplantation , Alopecia/therapy , Hair/pathology
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 28-49, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414722

ABSTRACT

A beleza está diretamente ligada ao aspecto dos cabelos, em todos os tempos e todas as culturas. O cabelo ao longo da vida é sujeito a vários tipos de mudanças, sejam elas naturais ou artificiais, conduzidas por uma vontade de mudar, muitas vezes, seja por representar uma nova fase, como também é símbolo de autocuidado, vaidade, sucesso, possuem significativa importância na aparência e autoestima das pessoas e, por isso, a queda capilar pode atingir a qualidade de vida do indivíduo. Neste sentido, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar procedimentos estéticos minimamente invasivos e não cirúrgicos com ênfase na queda capilar. Para tanto, foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica integrativa, de caráter descritivo nas principais bases de dados em saúde: SciELO, Google Acadêmico, PubMed e livros de medicina, nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol, considerando o período de 2007 a 2022. De acordo com o último censo da Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia, a queixa de alopecia está entre as dez mais frequentes nos consultórios dermatológicos. As doenças capilares mais importantes estão divididas em dois grupos, as cicatriciais quando a perda de cabelo é acompanhada por cicatrizes resultando em calvície permanente, e as não cicatriciais onde a calvície não é permanente levando a diminuição e o afinamento gradual do cabelo. A alopecia não cicatricial é a mais frequente e as mais comuns entre elas são a alopecia androgenética e o eflúvio telógeno. Muitos pacientes procuram tratamento para melhorar a aparência e a autoestima, que podem estar relacionados a quadros de ansiedade e depressão. Esses tratamentos devem ser individualizados, onde se deve avaliar as características individuais de cada paciente. Os tratamentos capilares estéticos podem contribuir de forma significativa para a redução da baixa autoestima, contribuindo para recuperação da autoconfiança através do crescimento capilar proporcionado pela estética. Sendo assim, conclui-se que os resultados coletados na revisão de literatura foram satisfatórios, de forma onde mostra que os medicamentos, suplementos e tratamentos estéticos na queda capilar vem evoluindo cada vez mais. Contudo, mais estudos acerca do assunto são necessários.


Beauty is directly linked to the appearance of hair, in all times and all cultures. Hair throughout life is subject to various types of changes, whether natural or artificial, driven by a desire to change, often because it represents a new phase, as it is also a symbol of self-care, vanity, success, they have significant importance in people's appearance and self-esteem and, therefore, hair loss can affect the individual's quality of life. In this sense, the objective of this study was to evaluate minimally invasive and non- surgical aesthetic procedures with an emphasis on hair loss. To this end, an integrative bibliographic review was carried out, of a descriptive nature, in the main health databases: SciELO, Google Scholar, PubMed and medical books, in Portuguese, English and Spanish, considering the period from 2007 to 2022. According to the latest census by the Brazilian Society of Dermatology, the complaint of alopecia is among the ten most frequent complaints in dermatological offices. The most important hair diseases are divided into two groups, scarring when hair loss is accompanied by scars resulting in permanent baldness, and non-scarring where baldness is not permanent leading to gradual thinning and thinning of the hair. Non-scarring alopecia is the most frequent and the most common among them are androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium. Many patients seek treatment to improve their appearance and self-esteem, which may be related to anxiety and depression. These treatments must be individualized, where the individual characteristics of each patient must be evaluated. Aesthetic hair treatments can contribute significantly to reducing low self-esteem, contributing to the recovery of self-confidence through hair growth provided by aesthetics. Therefore, it is concluded that the results collected in the literature review were satisfactory, in a way that shows that medicines, supplements and aesthetic treatments in hair loss have been evolving more and more. However, more studies on the subject are needed.


La belleza está directamente ligada al aspecto del cabello, en todos los tiempos y en todas las culturas. El cabello a lo largo de la vida está sujeto a diversos tipos de cambios, ya sean naturales o artificiales, impulsados por un deseo de cambio, a menudo, ya sea para representar una nueva etapa, como también es un símbolo de auto- cuidado, la vanidad, el éxito, tienen una importancia significativa en la apariencia y la autoestima de las personas y, por lo tanto, la pérdida del cabello puede afectar la calidad de vida del individuo. En este sentido, el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los procedimientos estéticos mínimamente invasivos y no quirúrgicos con énfasis en la pérdida de cabello. Para ello, se realizó una revisión bibliográfica descriptiva integradora en las principales bases de datos de salud: SciELO, Google Scholar, PubMed y libros de medicina, en portugués, inglés y español, considerando el período de 2007 a 2022. Según el último censo de la Sociedad Brasileña de Dermatología, la queja de alopecia está entre las diez más frecuentes en las consultas de dermatología. Las enfermedades capilares más importantes se dividen en dos grupos, las cicatriciales, cuando la caída del cabello va acompañada de cicatrices que dan lugar a una calvicie permanente, y las no cicatriciales, cuando la calvicie no es permanente, dando lugar a un adelgazamiento y reducción gradual del cabello. Las alopecias no cicatriciales son las más frecuentes y entre ellas destacan la alopecia androgenética y el efluvio telógeno. Muchos pacientes buscan tratamiento para mejorar su aspecto y autoestima, que pueden estar relacionados con la ansiedad y la depresión. Estos tratamientos deben ser individualizados, donde se deben evaluar las características individuales de cada paciente. Los tratamientos capilares estéticos pueden contribuir significativamente a la reducción de la baja autoestima, contribuyendo a la recuperación de la confianza en uno mismo gracias al crecimiento del cabello que proporciona la estética. Por lo tanto, se concluye que los resultados recogidos en la revisión bibliográfica fueron satisfactorios, mostrando que los medicamentos, suplementos y tratamientos estéticos para la caída del cabello están evolucionando cada vez más. Sin embargo, son necesarios más estudios sobre el tema.


Subject(s)
Cosmetic Techniques/instrumentation , Alopecia/drug therapy , Scalp , Self Concept , Review , Dry Needling/instrumentation , Hair/pathology
3.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2023. 125 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437845

ABSTRACT

O dano capilar causado pelo descolorimento oxidativo é muito intenso, sendo que dois fatores são responsáveis por essa ação: primeiro, a ação direta e danosa do oxidante em diversas estruturas capilares e segundo, o dano oxidativo primário facilita o dano causado por outros agentes físicos (luz, temperatura) e químicos (tensoativos), que comumente tem ação nos cabelos. Desenvolver conceitos e tecnologias que possam tornar o oxidante específico para a melanina e por conseguinte efetuando o descolorimento sem causar danos ao fio é extremamente desejável. Neste trabalho buscaremos entender de que forma a luz visível pode aumentar a ação do oxidante sem danificar o fio colateralmente. O objetivo principal deste trabalho é demonstrar que é possível utilizar a luz visível, que é absorvida pela melanina, para tornar esse pigmento mais suscetível ao agente oxidante e desta forma, permitir que o descolorimento seja realizado com concentrações pequenas de oxidante. Também almejamos desenvolver métodos de análises por microscopia ótica de fluorescência e de reflexão para mensurar o dano nas estruturas dos fios processados com oxidante e na presença ou ausência da luz


The capillary damage caused by oxidative discoloration is very intense, and two factors are responsible for this action: first, the direct and harmful action of the oxidant on several capillary structures and second, the primary oxidative damage facilitates the damage caused by other physical agents (light, temperature) and chemicals (surfactants), which commonly have action on the hair. Developing concepts and technologies that can make the oxidant specific to melanin and therefore discoloring without causing damage to the hair is extremely desirable. In this work we will try to understand how visible light can increase the oxidant's action without damaging the wire collaterally. The main objective of this work is to demonstrate that it is possible to use visible light, which is absorbed by melanin, to make this pigment more susceptible to the oxidizing agent and, thus, to allow the discoloration to be carried out with small concentrations of oxidizer. We also aim to develop methods of analysis by optical fluorescence and reflection microscopy to measure the damage to the structures of the threads processed with oxidizer and in the presence or absence of light


Subject(s)
Oxidation , Hair Bleaching Agents/adverse effects , Light/adverse effects , Melanins/agonists , Chemical Compounds , Fluorescence , Hair , Microscopy/methods
4.
Occup. health South. Afr. (Online) ; 29(2): 75-82, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1527094

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hairdressers are exposed to hazardous chemicals in haircare products, which can cause adverse respiratory, skin, and reproductive effects. The incidence of these effects can be reduced with good occupational health and safety (OHS) knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP). Objective: The objective of the study was to assess Johannesburg hairdressers' knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards occupational health and safety. Methods: Three hundred and eighty-three hairdressers were recruited into this crosssectional study. They were categorised into employees/wage earners (earning a salary or wage, n = 151), or business owners (self-employed, n = 232). Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. The data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26. Frequency tables were generated and chi-square tests were used to test differences between KAP amongst business owners and wage earners. Results: Most of the study participant were female (n = 237, 61.9%). A higher proportion of business owners than wage earners knew that hairdressing was hazardous to their health, in general (n = 44, 29.1% and n = 120, 51.7%, respectively), and with regard to specific health risks such as asthma, cancer, and skin diseases. However, more of the wage earners than the business owners had good attitudes towards the wearing of personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves, (n = 143, 94.7% and n = 210, 90.5%, respectively). Overall, wage earners practised better OHS than business owners, e.g. 67.5% (n = 102) and 55.2% (n = 128) reported that they wore gloves, respectively. Conclusion: Wage earners had poorer OHS knowledge than those who owned or operated hairdressing salons. Both had good attitudes towards OHS, but self-employed hairdressers had poorer OHS practices. Training, including workshops and seminars, is needed to improve KAP regarding OHS amongst all hairdressers, regardless of their employment status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Diseases , Hazardous Substances , Beauty and Aesthetics Centers , Hair , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
5.
Afr. health sci. (Online) ; 23(4): 35-41, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1532774

ABSTRACT

Background: Antiretroviral hair drug levels are currently being used to monitor adherence to HIV treatment. There is currently a dearth of literature on the preferred technique(s) of hair harvest for medical testing in the context of African multicultural settings. Objective: To explore the preferred techniques(s) of hair harvest for medical testing among TB patients. Methods: We used a descriptive phenomenological approach to conduct interviews for 15 TB patients from the 06th through the 24th of June 2022. Data was organized by N-VIVO version 10 and analysed step by step using a thematic analytical approach. Results: Participants aged <30 years were more knowledgeable, positively perceived, and experienced about the salon-based hair cutting technique compared to those aged≥30 years old. Participants aged ≥30 had experience, flexibility to use, and were knowledgeable in all three techniques, Overall, for all age categories (<30,30-40 and >40 years), majority of the respondents were knowledgeable, flexible and experienced in using all the three techniques. Conclusion: The majority of TB patients were knowledgeable, experienced and flexible about the hair cutting techniques however, efforts are needed to educate the youth that hair for medical testing can be cut by any of the three techniques without changing their cosmetic look.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , HIV Infections , Hair , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Diagnosis
6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 398-415, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982558

ABSTRACT

Hair loss affects millions of people at some time in their life, and safe and efficient treatments for hair loss are a significant unmet medical need. We report that topical delivery of quercetin (Que) stimulates resting hair follicles to grow with rapid follicular keratinocyte proliferation and replenishes perifollicular microvasculature in mice. We construct dynamic single-cell transcriptome landscape over the course of hair regrowth and find that Que treatment stimulates the differentiation trajectory in the hair follicles and induces an angiogenic signature in dermal endothelial cells by activating HIF-1α in endothelial cells. Skin administration of a HIF-1α agonist partially recapitulates the pro-angiogenesis and hair-growing effects of Que. Together, these findings provide a molecular understanding for the efficacy of Que in hair regrowth, which underscores the translational potential of targeting the hair follicle niche as a strategy for regenerative medicine, and suggest a route of pharmacological intervention that may promote hair regrowth.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Quercetin/pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Hair , Hair Follicle , Alopecia
7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 176-185, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981852

ABSTRACT

Biological matrix reference material is a reference material that combines the target material with the biological matrix. The biological matrix reference material has higher consistency with the authentic specimens in forensic toxicology, and its application has a positive effect on improving the accuracy of test results. This paper reviews the research on the matrix reference materials corresponding to three common biological test materials (blood, urine and hair). In order to provide reference for the development and application of biological matrix reference materials in forensic toxicology, this paper mainly introduces the research progress of preparation technology of biological matrix reference materials and some existing products and their parameters evaluation.


Subject(s)
Forensic Toxicology/methods , Hair , Body Fluids
8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 151-160, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish an LC-MS/MS method based on single hair micro-segmental technique, and verify the detection of 42 psychoactive substances in 0.4 mm hair segments.@*METHODS@#Each piece of single hair was cut into 0.4 mm segments and extracted by sonication and the segments were immersed in dithiothreitol-containing extraction medium. Mobile phase A was the aqueous solution containing 20 mmol/L ammonium acetate, 0.1% formic acid, and 5% acetonitrile. Mobile phase B was acetonitrile. An electrospray ionization source in positive ion mode was used for data acquisition in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode.@*RESULTS@#The 42 psychoactive substances in hair had a good linear relationship within their respective linear ranges (r>0.99), the limits of detection were 0.2-10 pg/mm, the limits of quantification were 0.5-20 pg/mm, the intra-day and inter-day precisions were 1.5%-12.7%, the intra-day and inter-day accuracies were 86.5%-109.2%, the recovery rates were 68.1%-98.2%, and the matrix effects were 71.3%-111.7%. The method was applied to hair samples collected from one volunteer at 28 d after a single dose of zolpidem, with zolpidem detected in 5 hairs was 1.08-1.60 cm near the root tip, and the concentration range was 0.62-20.5 pg/mm.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The micro-segmental technique of single hair analysis can be applied to the investigation of drug-facilitated sexual assault cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Zolpidem , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Hair , Acetonitriles , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
9.
Surg. cosmet. dermatol. (Impr.) ; 14: 2022;14:e20220034, jan.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412344

ABSTRACT

Foi realizada uma revisão de literatura narrativa, sobre a associação de enxerto de gordura e transplante de cabelos com a técnica FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) em cicatrizes do couro cabeludo. Os dados foram coletados a partir de estudos encontrados nas bases Medline, Lilacs e IBECS. Foram citados registros bibliográficos de vários autores que pesquisaram as células mesenquimais do tecido gorduroso, com descrição das técnicas utilizadas. A conclusão foi de que a técnica de transplante capilar em duas etapas, com transplante prévio de gordura é eficaz, segundo os artigos revisados.


We developed a narrative literature review on the association of fat grafting and hair transplantation using the Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) technique in scalp scars. Data were collected from studies found in Medline, Lilacs, and IBECS databases. Bibliographical records of several authors who researched mesenchymal cells in adipose tissue were cited, describing the techniques used. The conclusion was that the two-stage hair transplantation technique, with previous fat transplantation, is effective, according to the reviewed articles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Association , Adipose Tissue/transplantation , Cicatrix , Hair/transplantation , Scalp/surgery
10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 595-600, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984152

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a combined high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method to detect the synthetic cannabinoid CUMYL-PEGACLONE in e-cigarette oil and hair.@*METHODS@#HPLC-MS/MS and GC-MS were used to establish the detection method of CUMYL-PEGACLONE, and the hair of drug-involved persons and the seized e-cigarette oil were detected.@*RESULTS@#The main mass spectrometry characteristic ions m/z of CUMYL-PEGACLONE measured by GC-MS were 91, 179, 197, 254 and 372. CUMYL-PEGACLONE had a good linear relationship in the mass concentration range of 2-50 ng/mL, and the linear correlation coefficient (r) was greater than 0.99. The limit of detection (LOD) of CUMYL-PEGACLONE in hair was 0.01 ng/mg, and the limit of quantitation (LOQ) was 0.02 ng/mg. The LOD of CUMYL-PEGACLONE in e-cigarette oil was 1 ng/mg, and the LOQ was 2 ng/mg. The average recoveries of CUMYL-PEGACLONE under the attempt at high, intermediate and low levels in blank human hair and e-cigarette oil matrix were 98.2%-132.4% and 93.5%-110.6%, and the intraday and intraday precision were 1.2%-12.9% and 0.7%-2.9%. CUMYL-PEGACLONE was detected in the hair of 15 drug-involved persons. Except for 1 person who was lower than LOQ, the concentration of CUMYL-PEGACLONE in the hair of other 14 persons was 0.035-0.563 ng/mg. The mass fraction of CUMYL-PEGACLONE in 2 e-cigarette oil were 0.17% and 0.21%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The established HPLC-MS/MS and GC-MS methods are applied to the detection of HPLC-MS/MS in drug-related cases, which provides strong evidence support for the handling authority to quickly investigate these cases, and also provides a reference for the identification of such substances in future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Illicit Drugs/analysis , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems , Cannabinoids , Hair/chemistry , Limit of Detection , Substance Abuse Detection/methods
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(5): 605-608, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345135

ABSTRACT

Abstract Five cases of telogen effluvium undergoing resolution are shown, with the presence of frontal, bitemporal, and occipital hair regrowth. Diagnosing acute telogen effluvium after the end of the active phase can be challenging, especially when the pull test is negative. The differential diagnosis includes alopecia areata and traction alopecia. Clinical signs of hair regrowth after telogen effluvium can help in the diagnosis. The frontal and temporal areas have more telogen hairs and are more affected. On the occipital area, hairs seem to have the same behavior. The acute telogen effluvium triad during resolution is proposed: frontal fringe, temporal recess and occipital fringe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alopecia Areata/diagnosis , Acute Disease , Diagnosis, Differential , Alopecia/diagnosis , Hair
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(5): 569-573, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345156

ABSTRACT

Abstract Monilethrix is a rare defect of the hair shaft, with most cases showing an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance and variable clinical expression. It is characterized by hypotrichosis secondary to hair fragility. The diagnosis is made through trichoscopy, detecting typical findings such as periodic narrowing at regular intervals, giving the hair the appearance of beads in a rosary. This article reports the case of six members of a family diagnosed with monilethrix with alopecia of varying degrees.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alopecia Areata , Hair Diseases , Scalp , Alopecia/diagnosis , Alopecia/genetics , Hair
13.
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 33: e224920, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1279593

ABSTRACT

Resumo Transição capilar é o processo de abdicação de alisamentos químicos ou físicos dos cabelos, reassumindo suas texturas naturais. A presente pesquisa, de natureza qualitativa, visou a investigar a construção dos sentidos de identidade em mulheres negras que passaram pela transição capilar. Participaram do estudo 12 mulheres negras com idades compreendidas entre 18 e 34 anos. Para a coleta de dados foram utilizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas que foram analisadas através da análise de posicionamento. A transição capilar mudou a forma de posicionamento em relação a si, ao cabelo, à sociedade e à construção da autoimagem. Além de elucidar o processo de reafirmação identitária das interlocutoras, o estudo fomenta a discussão do racismo na sociedade brasileira, ao tratar da desvalorização da estética negra e, por conseguinte, do enaltecimento da branquitude.


Abstract Hair transition is the process of abdicating chemical or physical hair straightening, resuming its natural textures. This qualitative research aimed at investigating the construction of the meanings of identity in black women who went through the hair transition. Twelve black women between the ages of 18 and 34 participated in the study. For the data collection, semi-structured interviews were used and analyzed through the positioning analysis. Hair transition has changed the way of positioning towards itself, hair, society and the construction of self-image. In addition to elucidating the identity affirmation process of the interviewees, the study instigates the discussion of racism in Brazilian society, by dealing with the devaluation of black aesthetics and, therefore, the praise of whiteness.


Resumen La transición capilar es el proceso de abdicar del alisado químico o físico del cabello, retomando sus texturas naturales. La presente investigación, de carácter cualitativo, tuvo como objetivo investigar la construcción de los significados de la identidad en mujeres negras que atravesaron la transición capilar. Participaron del estudio doce mujeres negras de entre 18 y 34 años. Para la recolección de datos se utilizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas, las cuales fueron analizadas mediante análisis de posicionamiento. La transición capilar cambió la forma de posicionamiento en relación con una misma, el cabello, la sociedad y la construcción de la autoimagen. Además de dilucidar el proceso de afirmación identitaria de las interlocutoras, el estudio fomenta la discusión del racismo en la sociedad brasileña, al abordar la devaluación de la estética negra y, por tanto, el elogio de la blancura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Women/psychology , Black People , Racism , Social Construction of Ethnic Identity , Hair/growth & development , Self Concept , Esthetics , Personal Narrative
14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 479-485, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985236

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a detection method for common new psychoactive substances of synthetic cannabinoids in hair with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Methods In the 1 mL of internal standard methanol solution, 20 mg hair was added. After cryogenic grinding and ultrasonic extraction, the extract was separated by ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 1.8 μm). The mobile phase A was aqueous solution that composed of 20 mmol/L ammonium acetate, 0.1% formic acid, and 5% acetonitrile. The mobile phase B was acetonitrile. Electrospray ionization source in positive ion mode was used for data acquisition in multi-reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Results The seven common new psychoactive substances of synthetic cannabinoids in hair had a good linear relationship within their respective linear ranges (r>0.99), the limits of detection were 0.5-2 pg/mg, the limits of quantification were 1-5 pg/mg, the intra-day and inter-day precisions were 0.1%-12.6%, the intra-day and inter-day accuracies were 89.2%-110.7%, the recovery rates were 52.3%-93.3%, and the matrix effects were 19.1%-95.2%. Conclusion The established method has a simple sample preparation process and high sensitivity. It is suitable for qualitative and quantitative analysis of common new psychoactive substances of synthetic cannabinoids in hair.


Subject(s)
Cannabinoids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Hair , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(4): 518-520, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130901

ABSTRACT

Abstract Syphilis is an infectious disease that has afflicted mankind for centuries, but a recent increase in worldwide incidence has been evidenced. The authors describe a patient with typical lesions of secondary syphilis and moth-eaten alopecia, whose dermoscopic examination demonstrated empty hair follicles, vellus hair, follicular hyperkeratosis, peripheral black dots, dilated and tortuous vessels, reddish brown background, and hypopigmentation of the hair shafts. Furthermore, this case presented an erythematous background more evident than previously described cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Syphilis, Cutaneous , Dermoscopy , Hair Follicle , Hair , Hair Diseases
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 96-100, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056404

ABSTRACT

During aging, usually graying of the hair occurs as a result of oxidative stress. Driven by social acceptance and self-perception of the exterior appearance, both men and women rely on hair dyeing products, in order to mask the graying hair. At the same time, a frequent use of synthetic products and treatment can damage the hair shaft; for this reason, this study aimed to evaluate the morphological effect of the herbal dye derived from Lawsonia inermis (henna), on hair. Dyed hairs were evaluated by means of SEM. Subsequently, they were compared, qualitatively and quantitatively, with undyed hairs. Results showed a positive impact on the cuticula pattern and on the diameters of the examined samples, after henna application. Different results, about the degree and the type of morphological changes occurring on pigmented hairs, may depend on the phenotype and on the health condition of hair, before dye treatment.


Durante el envejecimiento, generalmente se produce el envejecimiento del cabello como resultado del estrés oxidativo. Motivados por la aceptación social y la autopercepción de la apariencia, tanto hombres como mujeres confían en productos para teñir el cabello para enmascarar las canas. Al mismo tiempo, el uso frecuente de productos y tratamientos sintéticos puede dañar el tallo del cabello. Por esta razón, este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el efecto morfológico del tinte derivado de Lawsonia inermis (henna) en el cabello. Los cabellos teñidos se evaluaron mediante SEM. Posteriormente, se compararon, cualitativa y cuantitativamente, con cabellos sin teñir. Los resultados mostraron un impacto positivo en el patrón de la cutícula y en los diámetros de las muestras examinadas, después de la aplicación de henna. Los diferentes resultados, sobre el grado y el tipo de cambios morfológicos que ocurren en los cabellos pigmentados, pueden depender del fenotipo y del estado de salud del cabello, antes del tratamiento con tinte.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Hair Follicle/drug effects , Lawsonia Plant , Hair Dyes/pharmacology , Hair Follicle/ultrastructure , Hair/drug effects , Hair/ultrastructure
17.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 41: [10], 01/01/2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128576

ABSTRACT

Formaldehyde is an active compound, irregularly used in hair products, that has the property of straighten and waterproofing the wires. However, it is highly toxic and can stimulate dermatological hypersensitivity and cancer. In this context it is of fundamental importance the inspection of these products that can be used in safe conditions for the consumer, without formaldehyde in concentrations higher than the allowed. Thus, the aim of this research was the qualitative and quantitative identification formaldehyde in samples of hair straighteners that was obtained by donation in the beauty salons of Araraquara-SP. In addition, the analysis of the packaging labels of the products tested were conducted, following the requirements of the national legislation - RDC 07/2015 which defines the mandatory labeling standards for cosmetic products. A qualitative analysis for formaldehyde identification is based on the formation of a purple colored complex. The quantitative analysis was performed by spectrophotometry. The qualitative and quantitative formaldehyde analysis methods were applied to 13 bottles of hair straighteners. When submitted to qualitative analysis, all samples showed formaldehyde presence. The quantitative analysis demonstrated that the samples identified as B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J and M presented formaldehyde concentration of 3.5 to 14.5%, which is above of the limit recommended by the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA), of 0.2%. In the label analysis, in all samples were found irregularities.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Product Labeling/legislation & jurisprudence , Cosmetics/analysis , Formaldehyde/analysis , Hair , Spectrophotometry/methods , Indicators and Reagents/administration & dosage
18.
Rev. chil. salud pública ; 24(1): 23-29, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121594

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las desigualdades socioeconómicas y territoriales se relacionan con la salud de la población santiaguina; sin embargo, los mecanismos causales que generan las inequidades en salud no están del todo claros. En este trabajo, se cuantifica el estrés de individuos viviendo en diferentes comunas, y se lo discute como causa y consecuencia de procesos vinculados con inequidades en salud. EL OBJETIVO era relacionar el Índice de Calidad de Vida Urbana (ICVU) de la comuna de residencia de individuos en Santiago de Chile con las concentraciones de cortisol en pelo (CCP), un biomarcador de los niveles de estrés fisiológico crónico. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se exploró la relación entre CCP y la edad, el sexo y el ICVU de la comuna de residencia en 80 estudiantes de educación superior en Santiago de Chile. RESULTADOS: No se encontraron correlaciones significativas entre CCP y la edad o el sexo de los participantes. Se encontró una correlación significativa entre CCP y los valores del ICVU de la comuna de residencia, además de encontrar diferencias significativas entre CCP y los distintos rangos de ICVU (Superior, Promedio e Inferior).DISCUSIÓN: Los resultados sugieren considerar las diferencias individuales de CCP como resultado de desigualdades socio-territoriales y también como posible causa de inequidades en salud. Se recomienda incluir el rol del estrés en las políticas públicas de salud, ampliando las redes de apoyo y prevención de estrés en los sectores con bajo ICVU.


INTRODUCTION: Socioeconomic and urban inequalities are associated with health in Santiago; nonetheless, the causal mechanisms underlying health inequalities are not entirely clear. This article quantifies the stress of individuals living in different municipalities and discusses its role as cause and consequence in the generation of health inequalities. THE OBJECTIVE of this study was to determine the relationship between the Urban Quality of Life Index (UQoLI) of individuals' municipality of residence in Santiago, Chile with their hair cortisol concentrations (HCC), a biomarker of chronic physiological stress.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relationship of HCC with age, sex and UQoLI was explored in a sample of 80 university students in Santiago, Chile. RESULTS: No significant correlations were found between HCC and age and sex. A significant correlation was found between HCC and UQoLI, and significant differences were found be-tween HCC at different levels of UQoLI (High, Average, and Low).DISCUSSION: Results suggest that HCC differences could be considered a result of urban in-equalities, as well as a possible cause of health inequalities. The role of stress should be inclu-ded in public health policies, to expand support networks and prevent stress, especially among people living in areas with low urban quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Stress, Physiological , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Hair/chemistry , Urban Population , Biomarkers/analysis , Chile/epidemiology , Residence Characteristics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Status Disparities
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20190018, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135127

ABSTRACT

Resumo A alopecia é uma complicação comum da terapia anticoagulante que pode ter repercussões psicológicas importantes nos pacientes, especialmente nos do sexo feminino, e interferir na decisão de extensão da anticoagulação. Esta revisão tem como objetivo descrever os mecanismos potencialmente envolvidos na gênese da alopecia durante a terapia anticoagulante, pois eles ainda não estão totalmente esclarecidos, e as terapias existentes, para a adoção das condutas mais adequadas.


Abstract Alopecia is a common complication of anticoagulant therapy that may have important psychological repercussions for patients, especially female patients, and can interfere with the decision to extend anticoagulation. This review aims to describe the mechanisms potentially involved in the genesis of alopecia during anticoagulant therapy, since these are not yet fully understood, and discusses the existing therapies for the most appropriate management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alopecia/etiology , Alopecia/physiopathology , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Warfarin/adverse effects , Heparin/adverse effects , Alopecia/therapy , Factor Xa Inhibitors/adverse effects , Hair/physiology
20.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 38-38, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826294

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Many studies have investigated heavy metal exposure could increase the occurrence of congenital heart defects (CHDs). However, there are limited data regarding the relationship between cobalt exposure and CHD occurrence in offspring. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between cobalt exposure in mothers and the risk of CHDs in offspring.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#In order to explore the association between cobalt exposure and occurrence of congenital heart defect (CHD), a case-control study with 490 controls and 399 cases with CHDs in China were developed. The concentrations of cobalt in hair of pregnant woman and fetal placental tissue were measured and processed by a logistic regression analysis to explore the relationship between cobalt exposure and risk of CHDs.@*RESULTS@#The median concentration of hair cobalt in the control and case group was 0.023 ng/mg and 0.033 ng/mg (aOR, 1.837; 95% CI, 1.468-2.299; P < 0.001), respectively. And the median (5-95% range) fetal placental cobalt concentrations were 19.350 ng/g and 42.500 ng/g (aOR, 2.924; 95% CI, 2.211-3.868; P < 0.001) in the control and case groups, respectively. Significant differences in the middle level of cobalt in hair were found in the different CHD subtypes, including septal defects, conotruncal defects, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (P < 0.001). Dramatically, different cobalt concentrations in fetal placental tissue were found in all subtypes of cases with CHDs (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The finding suggested that the occurrence of CHDs may be associated with cobalt exposure.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Case-Control Studies , China , Cobalt , Hair , Chemistry , Heart Defects, Congenital , Maternal Exposure , Placenta , Chemistry , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Risk Factors
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