Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 6.466
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 649-655, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394875

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess the satisfaction of patients undergoing hand surgery in relation to their hospitalization, their feelings, and the consequences resulting from the surgical procedure as well as to evaluate their opinion and feelings in relation to the surgical procedure and to detect possible weaknesses in the health care of patients undergoing hand surgery. Method Cross-sectional observational clinical study, with a quali-quantitative focus, carried out in an outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital specialized in hand care, with patients of both genders, aged 18 to 75 years, who have undergone corrective surgical procedures of hand pathologies in the last 5 years. Results We obtained a total of 54 participants, 26 females and 28 males, with a minimum age of 18 years and a maximum of 73 years. Patient satisfaction for the 11 moments evaluated had means between 8 and 10, showing great satisfaction. For the other five moments evaluated, the means were between five and eight. We did not get any satisfaction average below fivr. Conclusion The absolute satisfaction of patients undergoing hand surgery is dependent on the humanization of health care, especially in relation to surgical consequences, which require further follow-up. The surgical consequences that require greater follow-up and hinder the routine activities of patients are pain on hand mobilization, limitation of the range of motion, and parathesthesia; thus, proper management of these complaints leads to greater satisfaction.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a satisfação dos pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de mão em relação a sua internação, seus sentimentos, e as consequências decorrentes do procedimento cirúrgico bem como avaliar sua opinião e seus sentimentos em relação ao procedimento cirúrgico e detectar possíveis fragilidades na atenção à saúde do paciente submetido a cirurgia de mão. Método Estudo clínico observacional de corte transversal, com enfoque quali-quantitativo, realizado em um ambulatório especializado em cuidado da mão de um hospital de ensino, com os pacientes de ambos os gêneros, com idade de 18 a 75 anos, que tenham sido submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos corretivos de patologias da mão nos últimos 5 anos. Resultados Obtivemos o total de 54 participantes, sendo 26 do sexo feminino e 28 do sexo masculino, com idade mínima de 18 anos e máxima de 73 anos. Em relação à satisfação dos pacientes em 11 momentos avaliados, as médias foram entre 8 e 10, mostrando grande satisfação. Para os outros cinco momentos avaliados, as médias ficaram entre cinco e oito. Não obtivemos nenhuma média de satisfação abaixo de cinco. Conclusão A satisfação absoluta dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de mão é dependente da humanização da assistência à saúde, principalmente em relação às consequências cirúrgicas, que demandam maior acompanhamento. As consequências cirúrgicas que demandam maior acompanhamento e que dificultam as atividades rotineiras dos pacientes são dor à mobilização da mão, limitação do arco de movimento, e parestesia; assim, o manejo adequado dessas queixas leva à maior satisfação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Satisfaction , Orthopedic Procedures , Humanization of Assistance , Hand/surgery
2.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(2): 174-185, Jan.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394946

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The practice of digestive endoscopy is a physically demanding activity, with musculoskeletal disorders present in 39 % to 89 % of endoscopists, associated with "excessive use" maneuvers. Due to a lack of knowledge of this problem in endoscopists in Colombia, the main objective is to determine the prevalence, types, and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders in specialists and graduate students. The secondary objective is to identify the occupational impact, treatments used, and importance of prevention and education in ergonomics. Materials and methods: Analytical cross-sectional observational study. Electronic survey methodology, open from June 1 to 30, 2021. Purposive sampling of 450 endoscopists from four scientific associations and eleven graduate programs, including 50 questions in six groups according to the objectives. We validated 203 responses, with 131 confirmations of musculoskeletal disorders, the group on which the analysis was performed. Results: Global prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of 64.5 % and prevalence in graduate students of 58.6 %. There was more significant involvement of the upper limbs (right shoulder, left thumb, right elbow), followed by lower back, neck, knees, and hips. Graduate students reported pain in the right hand/fingers (right thumb) and the lower back. There was no significant difference due to work factors, but there was a tendency for more reports when increasing the volume of procedures and years of professional practice. The labor impact showed 78 % absenteeism. The most used treatments were medication, physiotherapy, and rest; 93.8 % had not received ergonomic education. However, there is a positive perception (74.1 % to 90.9 %) of receiving formal training. Discussion: The prevalence reflected the health and safety problem for the endoscopist. Demographic risk factors plus those of the endoscopic practice give rise to an individualized risk framework that enables endoscopists to understand learning and training as a way to prevent musculoskeletal disorders in themselves and their work team.


Resumen Introducción: la práctica de la endoscopia digestiva es una actividad físicamente exigente, con trastornos musculoesqueléticos presentes en el 39 % a 89 %, asociados con maniobras de "uso excesivo". Debido al desconocimiento de este problema en endoscopistas de Colombia, el objetivo principal fue determinar la prevalencia, tipos y factores de riesgo del trastorno musculoesquelético en especialistas y estudiantes de posgrado. El objetivo secundario fue identificar el impacto laboral, los tratamientos utilizados y la importancia atribuida a la prevención y educación en ergonomía. Metodología: estudio observacional de corte transversal analítico. Metodología de encuesta electrónica, abierta del 1 al 30 de junio de 2021. Muestreo intencionado a 450 endoscopistas de 4 asociaciones científicas y 11 programas de posgrado, en el que se incluyeron 50 preguntas en 6 grupos según los objetivos. Se validaron 203 respuestas, con 131 confirmaciones de trastornos musculoesqueléticos, grupo al cual se le realizó el análisis. Resultados: prevalencia global de trastornos musculoesqueléticos de 64,5 % y prevalencia en estudiantes de posgrado de 58,6 %. Hubo mayor afectación de miembros superiores (hombro derecho, pulgar izquierdo, codo derecho); luego, en la espalda baja y cuello; y en las rodillas y caderas. En estudiantes de posgrado se registró dolor en la mano-dedos derechos (pulgar derecho) y en la espalda baja. No hubo diferencia significativa por aspectos laborales, pero hubo tendencia a un mayor reporte al aumentar el volumen de procedimientos y años de práctica profesional. El impacto laboral mostró 78 % de ausentismo laboral. Los tratamientos más empleados fueron medicamentos, fisioterapia y reposo. El 93,8 % no había recibido capacitación ergonómica y hay percepción positiva (74,1 % a 90,9 %) de recibir una didáctica formal. Discusión: la prevalencia evidenció el problema de salud y seguridad para el endoscopista. Los factores de riesgo demográficos más los propios de la práctica endoscópica generan un marco de riesgo individualizado que le permite al endoscopista entender el aprendizaje y la capacitación para prevenir trastornos musculoesqueléticos en sí mismo y su equipo de trabajo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Risk , Risk Factors , Endoscopy , Fingers , Ergonomics , Occupational Groups , Pain , Specialization , Therapeutics , Thumb , Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Absenteeism , Equipment and Supplies , Hand , Neck
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 742-749, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385659

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Nos motivó esta presentación los hallazgos observados en la sala de disección sobre las relaciones de la rama palmar profunda de la arteria ulnar y el ramo profundo del nervio ulnar, las diferentes disposiciones de esta rama, el cruzamiento, cuando existe, entre ambos elementos y las pocas referencias sobre el tema, todo con miras a favorecer el abordaje profundo de la palma de la mano y contribuir al conocimiento del área en donde se practican las neurotomías del ramo profundo del nervio ulnar y/ o sus ramas.


SUMMARY: We are motivated by the findings observed in the dissection room on the relationship between the deep palmar branch of ulnar artery and the deep branch of ulnar nerve, the different dispositions of this branch, the crossing, when it exists, between both elements and the few references on the subject, all with a view to favoring the deep approach to the palm and contributing to the knowledge of the area where neurotomies of the deep branch of ulnar nerve and/or its branches are performed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ulnar Nerve/anatomy & histology , Ulnar Artery/anatomy & histology , Hand/anatomy & histology , Hand/innervation , Hand/blood supply
4.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(1): 124-129, mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388417

ABSTRACT

Resumen El presente caso es un ejemplo del síndrome de la mano inútil de Oppenheim secundario a un astrocitoma cervical alto. La pérdida sensorial propioceptiva y discriminativa suspendida con conservación de la termoalgesia y el tacto crudo en ambas extremidades superiores es secundaria al daño a la entrada de la raíz dorsal y al núcleo cuneiforme. La torpeza y las dificultades para una prensión precisa con la mano se deben al daño del núcleo proprioespinal en las astas dorsales a nivel C3-C4. Este núcleo integra influencias excitadoras descendentes del tracto corticoespinal e interneuronas inhibitorias controladas por los sistemas descendentes y las aferencias de las extremidades anteriores. Probablemente la pérdida de las aferentes cervicales propioceptivas inhibitorias sea la culpable de las dificultades para agarrar con las manos.


The present case is an example of the useless hand syndrome of Oppenheim secondary to a high cervical astrocytoma. The suspended proprioceptive and discriminative sensory loss with conservation of thermoalgesia and crude touch in both upper extremities is secondary to damage to dorsal root entry and cuneate nucleus. The clumsiness and difficulties in precise grasping with the hand are due to damage of the propriospinal nucleus in the dorsal horns at C3-C4 level. This nucleus integrates descending excitatory influences from corticospinal tract and inhibitory interneurons controlled by descending systems and the forelimb afferents. Probably the loss of the inhibitory proprioceptive cervical afferents is the culprit of the difficulties in grasping by the hands.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Upper Extremity , Agnosia , Hand , Multiple Sclerosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928878

ABSTRACT

Intelligent and precision medical treatment is the future development trend of surgical operations. We proposed a core architecture of orthopedic robots with human-like thinking based on the growing demand for orthopedic robots and disadvantages of current robots, it consists of brain, eyes and hands three modules according to functions. The architecture design is extremely in line with the doctor's logic so that the work process of the orthopedic robot is similar to the process of traditional surgery which is mainly done by the doctor's brain-eye-hand coordination. It realizes the digitization of the doctor's thinking, the immediacy and visualization of surgical information and the accuracy of surgical operation process. The clinical application proved that the orthopedic robot has the advantages of higher accuracy, less radiation and shorter operation time, which can be further promoted clinically.


Subject(s)
Hand , Humans , Robotics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928209

ABSTRACT

An auxiliary dining robot is designed in this paper, which implements the humanoid feeding function with theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ) theory and aims at the demand of special auxiliary nursing equipment. Firstly, this robot simulated the motion function of human arm by using the tandem joints of the manipulator. The end-effector used a motor-driven spoon to simulate the feeding actions of human hand. Meanwhile, the eye in hand installation style was adopted to instead the human vision to realize its automatic feeding action. Moreover, the feeding and drinking actions of the dining robot were considered comprehensively with the flexibility of spatial movement under the lowest degree of freedom (DOF) configuration. The structure of the dining robot was confirmed by analyzing its stresses and discussing the specific application scenarios under this condition. Finally, the simulation results demonstrate high-flexibility of the dining robot in the workspace with lowest DOF configuration.


Subject(s)
Computer Simulation , Equipment Design , Hand , Humans , Movement , Robotics/methods
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1411624

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas aisladas del hueso grande son muy infrecuentes en los niños y se producen por traumatismos de alta energía. Pueden pasar desapercibidas en la valoración inicial y las radiografías solo permiten identificar las lesiones en huesos osificados, por lo que son necesarias pruebas complementarias, como la resonancia magnética, para descartar posibles lesiones del carpo asociadas, sobre todo en menores de 10 años. Se presenta el caso de una fractura aislada del hueso grande con aparición de quiste sinovial por causa traumática en un paciente pediátrico, tratado mediante inmovilización con yeso antebraquial durante cuatro semanas, con buena evolución. Conclusión: El manejo de estos casos depende de la gravedad de la lesión y, aunque por lo común evolucionan bien con un tratamiento conservador, su diagnóstico precoz permite elegir la mejor opción y evitar posibles complicaciones, como la falta de consolidación o la necrosis avascular. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Isolated capitate fractures, caused by high-energy trauma, are rare in children. They can be missed at the initial assessment of the patient and radiographs only allow the identification of lesions in ossified bones, so complementary tests such as magnetic resonance imaging are necessary to rule out possible associated carpal lesions, especially in children under 10 years old. We present the case of an isolated capitate bone fracture with the appearance of a synovial cyst due to trauma in a pediatric patient, treated by immobilization with a short arm cast for four weeks, with good evolution. Conclusion: The management of these cases depends on the severity of the injury. In most cases conservative treatment is enough but early diagnosis allows us to choose the best option and avoid possible complications as nonunion or avascular necrosis. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Synovial Cyst , Carpal Bones , Fractures, Bone , Hand
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(2): 396-400, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385638

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The purpose of this research is to determine a regression equation for estimation of stature from hand length measurements. This research was carried out on 1001 subjects (504 male and 497 female) among the population of Montenegrin adolescents. The stature and hand length measurements were taken according to the ISAK protocol, and the data were analyzed statistically; the relationships between stature and hand length measurements were derived using simple correlation. A comparison of the means of hand length measurements between sex was performed using a t-test, while a linear regression analysis was employed to examine the extent to which hand length t measurements can reliably predict stature. The results of this research study confirmed that hand length reliably predicts stature in both sexes of Montenegrin adolescents and revealed a very useful finding for physical anthropologists and experts from related fields.


RESUMEN: El propósito de esta investigación fue determinar una ecuación de regresión para la estimación de la estatura a partir de medidas de la longitud de la mano. Este estudio se llevó a cabo en 1001 sujetos (504 hombres y 497 mujeres) entre la población de adolescentes montenegrinos. Las medidas de estatura y longitud de mano se tomaron de acuerdo con el protocolo ISAK, y los datos se analizaron estadísticamente; las relaciones entre las medidas de estatura y longitud de la mano se derivaron mediante correlación simple. Se realizó una comparación de las medias de las medidas de la longitud de la mano entre sexos mediante una prueba t, mientras que se empleó un análisis de regresión lineal para examinar hasta qué punto las medidas t de la longitud de la mano pueden predecir la estatura de forma fiable. Los resultados de este estudio confirmaron que la longitud de la mano predice de manera confiable la estatura en adolescentes montenegrinos de ambos sexos y reveló un hallazgo muy útil para antropólogos físicos y expertos en áreas relacionadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Body Height , Hand/anatomy & histology , Anthropometry , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Montenegro
9.
Salud trab. (Maracay) ; 29(2): 128-145, dic. 2021. ilus., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1411741

ABSTRACT

Los estudios antropométricos son el método más común de recopilar datos morfo métricos humanos utilizados para fines ergonómicos en el diseño de maquinaria, herramientas y equipos para el trabajo. Objetivo: explorar los estudios existentes a nivel mundial sobre el diseño metodológico de estudios de antropométrica de mano y fuerza de mano de las poblaciones laborales, para el periodo 2009-2019. Metodología: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de literatura nacional e internacional, haciendo uso de la estrategia PICO, se buscó material científico en bases de datos, metabuscadores y literatura gris. La revisión se realizó en 03 fases. Resultados: Se revisaron 629 investigaciones, de ellas 19 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión, 74% describieron variables antropométricas de mano, 21% variables antropométricas de mano junto con fuerza de mano y 5% exploró la variable fisiológica fuerza de mano. Se observó que 2012 y 2016 fueron los años con el mayor número de publicaciones e India, Colombia y México los países con el mayor número de publicaciones. De los 19 estudios se extrajeron y compararon las variables población y muestra (tamaño y distribución por sexo) edad, métodos estadísticos aplicados, variables antropométricas usadas, instrumentos, equipos y técnicas de medición utilizados. Conclusiones: Evidentemente, existe escasez de datos antropométricos de mano y fuerza de mano de población laboral venezolana y es necesario realizar estudios que amplíen la data de variables antropométricas requerida para diseñar puestos de trabajo que ayuden a mejorar la salud y productividad laboral(AU)


Anthropometric studies are the most common method of collecting human morphometric data, used for ergonomic purposes in the design of machinery, tools, and equipment for work. The objective: explore existing studies worldwide on the methodological design of anthropometric studies of hand and hand strength of working populations, for the period 2009-2019. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the national and international scientific literature, using the PICO strategy, searching databases, metasearch engines and the gray literature. The review was carried out in three phases. Results: 629 articles were identified, of which 19 met the inclusion criteria, 74% described hand anthropometric variables, 21% hand anthropometric variables together with hand strength and 5% explored the physiological variable hand strength. The years 2012 and 2016 had the highest number of publications and India, Colombia and Mexico were the countries with the greatest number of publications. From the 19 studies, we extracted and compared the population and sample variables (size and distribution by sex) age, statistical methods applied, anthropometric variables used, instruments, equipment and measurement techniques used. Conclusions: Obviously, there is a scarcity of hand anthropometric data and the Venezuelan labor force, making it necessary to conduct studies that expand the amount of data on anthropometric variables required to design jobs that help improve health and labor productivity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Review Literature as Topic , Anthropometry , Hand Strength , Methodology as a Subject , Hand , Workforce
10.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(4): 437-441, out.dez.2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399813

ABSTRACT

Atopic Dermatitis, also called atopic eczema, is a complex systemic inflammatory disease with heterogeneous clinical morphologies. Common features are eczematous lesions, intense pruritus and chronic or relapsing disease course. Eczematous lesions typically show an age-related distribution. However, this disease can present different phenotypes, like follicular/papular dermatitis and prurigo nodularis. We reported a male, 22 years old, phototype IV, African descent, with personal and familial history of atopy. He reported pruritus, xerosis and lesions on skin since he was 2 years-old, with relapsing and chronic course. Clinical examination showed disseminated perifollicular accentuation and rough follicular papules. Extensor surfaces of the legs showed excoriated papules and nodules, beside generalized post-inflammatory hypopigmentation. He had lichenified plaques on the back, neck, hands and foot. Skin biopsy showed spongiosis, parakeratosis and irregular acanthosis at the epidermis. The diagnosis was late and occurred only in adulthood. Due to the extensive and relapsing presentation, he received Cyclosporin 3 mg/Kg/day, associated to steroids and emollients, with improvement of pruritus, xerosis and lechinification. But he maintained perifollicular accentuation. The patient presented common features of Atopic Dermatitis, like chronic and relapsing lesions, history of atopic, dry skin, pruritus, and early disease onset. However, atypical morphologies were presented, exemplified by prurigo nodularis and follicular/papular dermatitis. Other relevant finding it was the fact that the lesions occurred outside the classic areas, with prevalence on extensor surfaces and trunk. These atypical morphologies and unusual location of lesions are prevalent on adults with high phototypes, as seen in this case. It is essential to identify these challenging phenotypes, because the diagnosis of Atopic Dermatitis is clinical. Given the diversity of clinical presentation and difficult to recognize some cases, this article will contribute to demonstrate atypical manifestations and common features in non-white patients, facilitating correct diagnosis and early treatment.


A dermatite atópica, também chamada de eczema atópico, é uma doença inflamatória sistêmica complexa, com morfologias clínicas heterogêneas. As características comuns são lesões eczematosas, prurido intenso e curso crônico ou recidivante. Lesões eczematosas geralmente mostram uma distribuição relacionada à idade. No entanto, essa doença pode apresentar diferentes fenótipos, como dermatite folicular/papular e prurigo nodular. Relatamos um homem, 22 anos, fototipo IV, afrodescendente, com história pessoal e familiar de atopia. Referia prurido, xerose e lesões na pele desde os 2 anos, com recidiva e curso crônico. O exame clínico mostrou acentuação perifolicular disseminada e pápulas foliculares ásperas. As superfícies extensoras das pernas apresentavam pápulas e nódulos escoriados, além de hipopigmentação pós-inflamatória generalizada. Notaram-se placas liquenificadas no dorso, pescoço, mãos e pés. A biópsia de pele demonstrou espongiose, paraqueratose e acantose irregular na epiderme. O diagnóstico foi tardio e ocorreu apenas na idade adulta. Devido ao quadro clínico extenso e recidivante, recebeu Ciclosporina 3 mg/Kg/dia, associada a esteroides e emolientes, com melhora de prurido, xerose e liquenificação, mas manteve a acentuação perifolicular. O paciente apresentava características comuns de dermatite atópica, como lesões crônicas e recidivantes, história de atopia, pele seca, prurido e início precoce da doença, no entanto, foram apresentadas morfologias atípicas, exemplificadas por prurigo nodular e dermatite folicular/papular. Outro achado relevante foi o fato das lesões localizarem-se em áreas não clássicas da doença, com predomínio nas superfícies extensoras e tronco. Essas morfologias atípicas e localizações incomuns são prevalentes em adultos com fototipos elevados, como visto neste caso. É essencial identificar esses fenótipos desafiadores, porque o diagnóstico de dermatite atópica é clínico. Devido à diversidade de apresentações clínicas e dificuldade de reconhecimento de alguns casos, este artigo contribuirá para demonstrar manifestações atípicas e características comuns em pacientes não brancos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Phenotype , Hypopigmentation , Blacks , Dermatitis, Atopic , Pruritus , Skin , Therapeutics , Back , Cyclosporine , Diagnosis , Torso , Foot , Hand , Neck
11.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 15(2): 47-56, 20210516.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248307

ABSTRACT

La adecuada higiene de manos puede reducir la incidencia de muchas enfermedades infecciosas respiratorias e intestinales, entre otras. Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental, con el objetivo de implementar un programa educativo acerca de la higiene de manos en 45 niños de 4to grado de la Escuela Primaria Guerrillero Heróico, Cienfuegos, Cuba, durante los meses de octubre 2018 - diciembre 2019. El diseño de un conjunto de acciones respondió a las necesidades de aprendizaje identificadas, produciéndose un cambio significativo con un valor p<0,05. El 80% de los involucrados tuvo un nivel bajo de conocimientos teóricos sobre higiene de manos antes de la aplicación del programa educativo y solo un 6,6 % resultó calificado como bueno. Entre las razones declaradas por las que no se lavan las manos, los infantes señalaron la falta de recur-sos para eso y la insuficiente percepción del riesgo que conlleva esa conducta. La mayoría decla-ró que recibían información al respecto en el ambiente escolar y a través de la televisión.


Proper hand hygiene can reduce the incidence of many infectious respiratory and intestinal diseases, among others. A quasi-experimental study was carried out to implement an educational program on hand hygiene in 45 students of 4th level of the Guerrillero Heróico Elementary School, Cienfuegos, Cuba, during the months of October 2018 - December 2019. The design of a range of actions responded to the identified learning needs, producing a significant change with a value of p <0.05. In this study, the 80% had a low level of theoretical knowledge about hand hygiene before the application of the educational program and only 6.6% were rated as good. Among the reasons stated for not washing their hands, infants indicated the lack of resour-ces for it and the insufficient perception of the risk that this behavior entails. The majority stated that they had received information on the matter at school and on television.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Students , Hygiene , Hand , Schools , Disease , Learning
12.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 117-120, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288181

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La resección gástrica atípica ha demostrado ser beneficiosa para tumores submucosos. La técnica pre senta mayor riesgo cuando estos se desarrollan próximos a la unión esófago-gástrica (UEG). Para esta limitación se propuso la resección intragástrica mediante una técnica mixta combinando laparoscopia y endoscopia. En nuestro medio no existen publicaciones al respecto. Se trata de una mujer de 42 años, con lesión subepitelial-subcardial de 2 cm, evaluada mediante videoendoscopia alta (VEDA), compa tible con tumor del estroma gastrointestinal (GIST) evaluado mediante ecoendoscopia. La lesión fue resecada mediante abordaje combinado laparoendoscópico. Bajo visión laparoscópica se introdujeron en cavidad abdominal trocares con balón, y bajo visión endoscópica intragástrica se introdujeron estos en el estómago y se fijó la pared gástrica a la pared abdominal insuflando dichos balones. Posterior mente se realizó la resección de la lesión con sutura mecánica. El abordaje combinado es seguro y eficaz, simple en manos entrenadas, pero constituye una opción reproducible en casos seleccionados.


ABSTRACT Atypical gastric resection has proved to be beneficial to treat submucosal tumors. The technique is more difficult when these tumors develop next to the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ). Intragastric resection combining endoscopic and laparoscopic approach was proposed to solve this limitation. There are no publications about this technique in our environment. A 42-year-old female patients with a 2-mm subepithelial tumor below the cardia evaluated by upper gastrointestinal (UGI) videoendoscopy and endoscopic ultrasound suggestive of a gastrointestinal stroma tumor (GIST) underwent resection using the combined laparo-endoscopic approach. Under laparoscopic guidance, balloon-tipped trocars were introduced in the abdominal cavity and then into the stomach using endoscopic view. The balloons were inflated to fix the gastirc wall to the abdominal wall. The lesion was resected using mechanical stapler. The combined approach is safe and efficient, and simple to perform for trained professionals, constituting a reproducible option in selected cases.


Subject(s)
Laparoscopy , Esophagogastric Junction , Neoplasms , Patients , Stomach , Surgical Instruments , Vision, Ocular , Women , Wounds and Injuries , Cardia , Endosonography , Mechanics , Abdominal Cavity , Endoscopy , Environment , Hand , Methods
13.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200094, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180821

ABSTRACT

Resumo O diagnóstico da síndrome compartimental em regiões que não são frequentemente afetadas, por possuírem uma boa relação continente-conteúdo, pode se tornar difícil, uma vez que o cirurgião terá dificuldades em alcançar um diagnóstico apenas por um sinal ou sintoma isolado. Assim, muitas vezes, pode-se protelar a conduta adequada, desencadeando danos ao paciente. A paciente era uma mulher, de 29 anos, que foi atendida com dor em mão esquerda por queimadura, com lesão em região anterior à tabaqueira anatômica de tamanho significativo. A paciente já havia sido submetida a cirurgia na sua cidade de origem com desbridamento de pele e tecido subcutâneo há 30 dias, com evolução sem melhora do quadro doloroso. Estava em uso de antibioticoterapia (ceftriaxona 1 g de 12 em 12 horas) e analgesia com dose terapêutica de morfina de 8 em 8 horas.


Abstract In areas that are not commonly affected by compartment syndrome because they have a good content/container ratio, diagnosis of the condition can be a challenge, since surgeons will find it difficult to make a diagnosis on the basis of an isolated sign or symptom. As a result, the correct treatment can very often be delayed, causing harm to the patient. In this case, the patient was a 29-year-old woman who was seen for a painful left hand secondary to a large burn injury to the area anterior of the anatomical snuffbox. She had already undergone surgery in her home town 30 days previously, with debridement of skin and subcutaneous tissue, but the pain had not improved. She was on antibiotic therapy (ceftriaxone, 1g every 12 hours) and analgesia, with therapeutic morphine doses every 8 hours.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Compartment Syndromes/surgery , Compartment Syndromes/physiopathology , Burns/surgery , Compartment Syndromes/diagnosis , Fasciotomy , Hand
14.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): 67-73, 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378559

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones digitales son extremadamente frecuentes y cuando estas involucran al pulgar pueden comprometer importantemente la función de la mano, tanto así que su amputación afecta hasta un 50% la función global de la mano y disminuye su fuerza hasta en un 20%. Para poder mantener el largo del pulgar en muchas ocasiones se requiere de cobertura mediante el uso de colgajos, los cuales no siempre son realizados por un cirujano de mano. La elección correcta del colgajo es esencial para evitar la restricción de movilidad y limitación funcional del dedo lesionado, existiendo múltiples alternativas descritas, que varían en su capacidad de cobertura y complejidad, haciendo difícil una adecuada elección. Nuestro objetivo es resumir y entregar una estrategia de análisis de lesiones del pulgar que permita comprender el tipo de lesión y objetivos del tratamiento quirúrgico, para así optimizar la cobertura según cada caso y los resultados a largo plazo.


Digital injuries are frequent in medical practice. When they involve the thumb, it is important to consider that an amputation affects up to 50% of the hands' function and decreases its strength by up to 20%. Management of thumb injuries often requires coverage with local flaps, which are not always performed by hand surgeons. Choosing the right flap is essential to avoid restrictions in mobility and functional limitations of the injured finger. Our objective is to summarize and provide a strategy for the analysis of thumb injuries that may help to understand the different types of lesions, and the surgical approaches recommend in order to optimize coverage and long term results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thumb , Surgical Flaps , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Hand
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877619

ABSTRACT

The evolution from "vessel dominated by heart" of "heart dominating pericardium meridian of hand-


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Hand , Meridians , Moxibustion , Pericardium
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1365-1369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of electroacupuncture (EA), motor training (MT) and EA combined with MT on motor learning and motor cortex excitability in healthy subjects, and to explore the effect of EA combined with MT on synaptic metaplasticity.@*METHODS@#Using self-control design, 12 healthy subjects were assigned into an EA group, a motor training group (MT group) and an EA plus motor training group (EA+MT group) successively, wash-out period of at least 2 weeks was required between each group. EA was applied at left Hegu (LI 4) in the EA group for 30 min, with continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency and 0.5-1 mA in density. Motor training of left hand was adopted in the MT group for 30 min. EA and motor training were adopted in the EA+MT group successively. The time of finishing grooved pegboard test (GPT) was observed, and the average amplitude of motor evoked potentials (MEPs), the rest motor threshold (rMT) and the latency were recorded by transcranial magnetic stimulation technique before intervention (T0), after intervention (T1) and 30 min after EA (T3) in the EA group and the EA+MT group, T0 and T1 in the MT group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with T0, the time of finishing GPT was shortened at T1 in the MT group and at T2 in the EA group and the EA+MT group (@*CONCLUSION@#In physiological state, electroacupuncture combined with motor training have a synergistic effect on motor learning, while have no such effect on excitability of cerebral motor cortex.


Subject(s)
Electroacupuncture , Evoked Potentials, Motor , Hand , Humans , Motor Cortex
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1153-1158, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921025

ABSTRACT

The discovery of modern evolutionary anatomy shows that the persistent median artery in the upper arm is a common variant with an increasing trend. This phenomenon can explain well the transition from the eleven meridians described in the Han silk and bamboo slips to the twelve meridians finalized in


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Hand , Humans , Meridians
18.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e56251, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356107

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar as práticas assistenciais no uso do cateter venoso central para a prevenção das Infecções Primárias da Corrente Sanguínea em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Método: estudo transversal realizado em um Hospital Universitário entre março e junho de 2018 com profissionais de uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Utilizaram-se questionário estruturado e observação não participante dos procedimentos inserção, preparo e administração de medicação e troca de curativos de cateter central. Os dados foram analisados por meio da estatística descritiva com aplicação do Teste Qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher. Resultados: participaram 83 profissionais de enfermagem e 25 médicos. Foram observadas 260 administrações de medicações, 32 inserções de cateter e 29 trocas de curativos. Houve inadequação da prática de higienização das mãos nos procedimentos de manutenção, principalmente entre os técnicos de enfermagem. Os melhores resultados foram preparo da pele (94%), secagem espontânea do antisséptico antes das punções (96,87%) e respeito às trocas dos equipos de infusão contínua e intermitente (93,42%). Conclusão: o seguimento dasmedidas preventivas estava comprometido em oportunidades importantes para evitar Infecções Primárias da Corrente Sanguínea, sendo necessário reforçar a educação permanente e a implementação de protocolos assistenciais.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar las prácticas asistenciales en el uso del catéter venoso central para la prevención de las Infecciones Primarias de la Circulación Sanguínea en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Método: estudio transversal realizado en un Hospital Universitario entre marzo y junio de 2018 con profesionales de una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Se utilizaron cuestionario estructurado y observación no participante de los procedimientos inserción, preparación y administración de medicación y cambio de vendajes de catéter central. Los datos fueron analizados por medio de la estadística descriptiva con aplicación delaPrueba Chi-cuadrado y exacta de Fisher. Resultados: participaron 83 profesionales de enfermería y 25 médicos. Se observaron 260 administraciones de medicamentos, 32 inserciones de catéter y 29 intercambios de vendajes. Hubo inadecuación de la práctica de higienización de las manos en los procedimientos de mantenimiento, principalmente entre los técnicos de enfermería. Los mejores resultados fueron preparación de la piel (94%), secado espontáneo del antiséptico antes de las punciones (96,87%) y respeto a los cambios de los equipos de infusión continua e intermitente (93,42%). Conclusión: el seguimiento de las medidas preventivas estaba comprometido en oportunidades importantes para evitar Infecciones Primarias de la Circulación Sanguínea, siendo necesario reforzar la educación permanente y la implementación de protocolos asistenciales.


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze healthcare practices in the use of central venous catheters for the prevention of Primary Bloodstream Infections in an Intensive Care Unit. Method: cross-sectional study conducted in a University Hospital between March and June 2018 with professionals working in an Intensive Care Unit. A structured questionnaire and non-participant observation of the procedures related to insertion, preparation and administration of drugs and change of central catheter dressings were used. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and applying the Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests. Results: a total of 83 nursing professionals and 25 physicians participated. There were 260 drug administrations, 32 catheter insertions and 29 dressing changes. There was inadequacy of the hand hygiene practice in maintenance procedures, especially among nursing technicians. The best results were: skin preparation (94%), spontaneous drying of the antiseptic before punctures (96.87%) and respect for the changes of continuous and intermittent infusion sets (93.42%). Conclusion: the follow-up of preventive measures was undermined in important opportunities to avoid Primary Bloodstream Infections, being necessary to reinforce continuing education and implementation of healthcare protocols.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Circulation , Infections , Physicians , Professional Practice , Bandages , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Cross Infection , Sepsis , Education, Continuing , Disease Prevention , Catheters , Patient Safety , Central Venous Catheters , Hand Hygiene , Licensed Practical Nurses , Hand , Intensive Care Units , Nurse Practitioners , Nurses, Male
19.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 601-612, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353966

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome del túnel carpiano es la neuropatía por atrapamiento más común que genera compresión del nervio mediano. La cirugía de liberación abierta del nervio mediano tiene un papel importante, especialmente, en pacientes que no responden al manejo conservador o con diagnóstico de síndrome del túnel carpiano con criterios de gravedad. El propósito de este estudio fue describir los resultados funcionales, la satisfacción y la fuerza objetiva a mediano (6-24 meses) y largo plazo (>24 meses) con la técnica abierta convencional en la población local. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo con datos retrospectivos de resultados clínicos funcionales a mediano y largo plazo en pacientes sometidos a cirugía de liberación abierta del nervio mediano como tratamiento del síndrome del túnel carpiano. Se determinaron el nivel funcional según el BCTQ y la FSS, la fuerza de agarre con un dinamómetro electrónico y la satisfacción. Resultados: Se realizaron 100 procedimientos entre mayo de 2012 y septiembre de 2018, con un seguimiento posoperatorio >6 meses. La mayoría eran mujeres (83%) con una mediana de la edad de 59 años. El 97% obtuvo resultados buenos y excelentes a mediano plazo y el 90%, a largo plazo, con una mediana de fuerza de 17 kg (RIC 7,4) y una satisfacción de 90 (RIC 20) a mediano y largo plazo. Conclusiones: La cirugía abierta de liberación del nervio mediano en pacientes con síndrome del túnel carpiano logra resultados buenos y excelentes a mediano y largo plazo en cuanto a funcionalidad, fuerza y satisfacción. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy that causes compression of the median nerve. Open median nerve release surgery plays an important role, especially in patients with failed conservative management or with a diagnosis of severe CTS. The purpose of the following study is to describe the functional outcomes, satisfaction, and objective strength in the medium (6 to 24 months) and long term (greater than 24 months) with the conventional open technique in the local population. Materials and methods: Descriptive observational study based on retrospective data of functional clinical outcomes in the medium and long term in patients undergoing open release surgery of the median nerve as a treatment for CTS. Functional level according to the BCTQ and FSS, grip strength with an electronic dynamometer, and satisfaction were determined. Results: 100 procedures were performed between May 2012 and September 2018, with a follow-up of more than 6 months. The majority were women (83%) with a total median age of 59 years showing good to excellent results in the 97% in the medium term and 90% in the long term, with a median strength of 17 kg (Interquartile range: 7.4) and satisfaction of 90 (Interquartile range: 20). Conclusions: Open surgery to release the median nerve in patients with CTS shows good to excellent functional outcomes, satisfaction, and strength in the medium and long term. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Electromyography , Muscle Strength , Hand
20.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 639-644, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353970

ABSTRACT

Los seudoaneurismas de las arterias de la mano son infrecuentes, se han publicado escasos reportes de casos de adultos, secundarios a un trauma cerrado o abierto. El diagnóstico se confirma mediante ecografía Doppler y otros estudios complementarios. Si no se trata, se puede complicar con trombosis, embolia distal de arterias digitales, lesión nerviosa o necrosis. La cirugía es el tratamiento recomendado y consiste en resección del segmento dañado y ligadura simple, arteriorrafia o reconstrucción vascular con injerto. Los objetivos de este reporte son describir un caso de seudoaneurisma hipotenar secundario a una herida penetrante en un niño y, dada la rareza de este cuadro, revisar, de manera no sistemática, la bibliografía actual. Nivel de evidencia: IV


Pseudoaneurysms of the arteries of the hand are infrequent; few reports of cases in adult patients, secondary to closed or open trauma, have been found in the literature. The diagnosis is confirmed by Doppler ultrasound and other complementary studies. If it is left untreated, the complications include thrombosis, distal digital artery embolism, nerve injury, or necrosis. Surgery is the recommended treatment and consists of resection of the pseudoaneurysm and simple ligation, arteriorraphy, or vascular reconstruction with graft. The objective of this report is to describe a case of hypothenar pseudoaneurysm due to penetrating injury in a pediatric patient, and, due to the rarity of this condition, to conduct a non-systematic review of the current literature. Level of evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Ulnar Nerve , Aneurysm, False , Hand/pathology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL