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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 561-567, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985527

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the vaccination status of enterovirus type 71 (EV71) inactivated vaccines in China from 2017 to 2021 and provide evidence for making policy on immunization strategy against hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). Methods: Using the reported dose number of EV71 vaccination and birth cohort population data collected by the China immunizaiton program information system to estimate the cumulative coverage of EV71 vaccine by the end of 2021 among the birth cohorts since 2012 at national, provincial, and prefecture levels, and analyze the correlation between the vaccination coverage and the potential influencing factors. Results: As of 2021, the estimated cumulative vaccination coverage of the EV71 vaccine was 24.96% in birth cohorts since 2012. The cumulative vaccination coverage was between 3.09% and 56.59% in different provinces, between 0 and 88.17% in different prefectures. There was a statistically significant correlation between vaccination coverage in different regions and the region's previous HFMD prevalence and disposable income per capita. Conclusions: Since 2017, the EV71 vaccines have been widely used nationwide, but the coverage of EV71 vaccination varies greatly among regions. Vaccination coverage is higher in relatively developed regions, and the intensity of previous epidemic of HFMD may have a certain impact on the acceptance of the vaccine and the pattern of immunization service. The impact of EV71 vaccination on the epidemic of HFMD requires further studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enterovirus A, Human , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/prevention & control , Vaccines, Inactivated , Viral Vaccines , Enterovirus , Vaccination , China/epidemiology
2.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Prevención y Control de Enfermedades; 1 ed; Mar. 2022. 378-411 p. ilus.(Boletín Epidemiológico, 31, SE 12).
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1373031

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de mano, pie y boca (EMPB) es una patología infecciosa pediátrica común, causada por el enterovirus (EV) de la familia Picornaviridae, incluidos EV-A71 y los virus Coxsackie (CV) CV-A2, CV-A6, CV-A10 y CV- A16. Aunque generalmente es autolimitada, puede provocar graves complicaciones asociadas con una infección neurológica (encefalitis, meningitis) o una enfermedad respiratoria fatal. La mayoría de los casos presentan fiebre, erupciones cutáneas en manos y pies y vesículas o úlceras en la mucosa bucal. Los casos afectan principalmente a niños entre los 0 a 5 años, pero también puede afectar a niños mayores y adultos


Subject(s)
Picornaviridae , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiologic Measurements , Enterovirus A, Human , Epidemiological Monitoring , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 207-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935372

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) among people ≥6 years old in Beijing from 2011 to 2020. Methods: The incidence data of HFMD cases from 2011 to 2020 were collected from the National Notifiable Infectious Disease Reporting System of China Information for Disease Control and Prevention and the etiological surveillance of HFMD in 29 sentinel hospitals from 16 districts of Beijing. Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the distributions, pathogen constituents, and changes of HFMD cases in Beijing people ≥6 years old. Results: From 2011 to 2020, a total of 38 183 cases of HFMD were reported among people ≥6 years old in Beijing, of which 46 (0.12%) cases were severe. The average annual reported incidence was 19.04/100 000. The ratio of males to females were 1.37∶1(22 064∶16 119). The proportion of HFMD in people ≥6 years old increased from 7.56%(2 606/34 488) in 2011 to 24.54% (546/2 225) in 2020. The average incidence of HFMD was higher in Shunyi district, Yanqing district, and Tongzhou district than in other districts in Beijing. The positive rate of enterovirus in sentinel surveillance was 66.78% (1 976/2 959), the proportion of enterovirus group A 71 (EV-A71) was 45.29% (101/223) in 2014, no EV-A71 positive was detected in 2020, and the proportion of Coxsackievirus A 6 (CV-A6) increased from 15.11% (34/225) in 2016 to 81.08% (60/74) in 2020. Conclusions: From 2011 to 2020, the proportion of cases with HFMD in people ≥6 years old in Beijing increased yearly, and the proportion of EV-A71 positive patients decreased basically. Since 2016, CV-A6 has gradually become the dominant pathogen. More attention should be paid to the epidemic situation and dynamic pathogen changes of hand foot mouth disease in people ≥6 years old.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , China/epidemiology , Enterovirus , Enterovirus A, Human , Enterovirus Infections/epidemiology , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/epidemiology
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1343-1349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928061

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the inhibitory effect of Pien Tze Huang(PZH) on enterovirus 71(EV71). To be speci-fic, chemiluminescence method was adopted to evaluate the toxicity of PZH to African green monkey kidney(Vero) cells and human rhabdomyosarcoma(RD) cells, and cytopathic effect(CPE) method to assess the inhibition on EV71-GFP reporter virus and EV71 C4 wild-type virus. The results showed that PZH had low cytotoxicity to Vero cells and RD cells, with the half-maximal cytotoxic concentration(CC_(50)) of about 0.691 3-0.879 2 mg·mL~(-1) for the two. In addition, PZH can effectively inhibit the replication of EV71 within the non-cytotoxic concentration range, and dose-dependently alleviate the cytopathic changes caused by virus infection, with the half-maximal effective concentration(EC_(50)) of 0.009 2-0.106 3 mg·mL~(-1). On the basis of the above results, the green fluorescent protein(GFP), indirect immunofluorescence assay(IFA), and median tissue culture infective dose(TCID_(50)) were employed to assess and verify the anti-EV71-GFP and anti-EV71 C4 activity of PZH. The results demonstrated that PZH can dose-dependently lower the expression of GFP by EV71-GFP and structural protein VP-1 by EV71 C4 and decrease the production of progeny infectious viruses. The EC_(50) of PZH for EV71-GFP and EV71 C4 was about 0.006 0-0.006 2 mg·mL~(-1) and 0.006 6-0.025 6 mg·mL~(-1), respectively. This study suggested that PZH may exert antiviral activity by acting on EV71 and interfering with the expression of VP-1. At the moment, there is still a lack of specific anti-EV71 drugs. This study proposed a new idea for the symptomatic treatment of EV71 infections such as hand-foot-mouth disease and verified an effective drug for the treatment of EV71 infections.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chlorocebus aethiops , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Enterovirus A, Human/physiology , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Vero Cells
5.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 494-503, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939587

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a widespread infectious disease that causes a significant disease burden on society. To achieve early intervention and to prevent outbreaks of disease, we propose a novel warning model that can accurately predict the incidence of HFMD.@*Methods@#We propose a spatial-temporal graph convolutional network (STGCN) that combines spatial factors for surrounding cities with historical incidence over a certain time period to predict the future occurrence of HFMD in Guangdong and Shandong between 2011 and 2019. The 2011-2018 data served as the training and verification set, while data from 2019 served as the prediction set. Six important parameters were selected and verified in this model and the deviation was displayed by the root mean square error and the mean absolute error.@*Results@#As the first application using a STGCN for disease forecasting, we succeeded in accurately predicting the incidence of HFMD over a 12-week period at the prefecture level, especially for cities of significant concern.@*Conclusions@#This model provides a novel approach for infectious disease prediction and may help health administrative departments implement effective control measures up to 3 months in advance, which may significantly reduce the morbidity associated with HFMD in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Cities/epidemiology , Data Visualization , Disease Outbreaks/statistics & numerical data , Forecasting/methods , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/prevention & control , Incidence , Neural Networks, Computer , Reproducibility of Results , Spatio-Temporal Analysis , Time Factors
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 771-783, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935458

ABSTRACT

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has been widespread in the world, and caused fever, rashes and other clinical symptoms of children, and sometimes inducing respiratory failure, brainstem encephalitis, and other complications, even death. The disease is mainly caused by enterovirus 71 (EV-A71) and coxsackievirus 16 (CV-A16). Since 2013, the proportion of HFMD cases caused by other enteroriruses has gradually increased, causing severe and even fatal cases. This paper summarizes the research progress in the epidemiological and etiological characteristics of HFMD in China since 2008.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , China/epidemiology , Encephalitis , Enterovirus , Enterovirus A, Human , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/epidemiology
7.
West Indian med. j ; 69(3): 177-179, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341894

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an acute viral infection occurring mostly in infants and children. Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection mostly occurs in children < 5 years of age. Severe cases, however, are usually encountered in children under the age of 3 years, and exceedingly rare in teenagers > 14 years and adults. In this report, we present the case of an 11-year-old boy presenting with a hand, foot and mouth disease typical of HFMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/diagnosis , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/drug therapy , Histamine Antagonists/administration & dosage
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2304-2308, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879191

ABSTRACT

Antiviral Oral Liquid is modified on the basis of Baihu Decoction in Treatise on Febrility Diseases by ZHANG Zhongjing and Qingwen Baidu Yin in Qing Dynasty, with effects in clearing toxic heat, repelling dampness and cooling blood. It is widely used in clinical treatment of common colds, influenza and upper respiratory tract infection, mumps, viral conjunctivitis and hand-foot-mouth disease, with a good clinical efficacy and safety. Based on a questionnaire survey of clinicians and a systematic review of study literatures on Antiviral Oral Liquid, the international clinical practice guidelines development method was adopted to analyze the optimal available evidences and expert experiences in the "evidence-based, consensus-based and experience-based" principles. The consensus was jointly reached by more than 30 multidisciplinary experts nationwide, including clinical experts of traditional Chinese and Western medicine in the field of respiratory diseases and infectious diseases, and methodological experts. In the study, literatures were retrieved based on clinical problems in the clinical survey as well as PICO clinical problems. The GRADE system was used for the classification and evaluation of evidence, and fully combined with clinical expert experience, so as to reach expert consensus by the nominal grouping method. This expert consensus recommended or suggested indications, usage and dosage, course of treatment, intervention time for treatment, and the safety and precautions of Antiviral Oral Liquid for treatment of influenza, and can provide reference for the rational use of this drug in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Consensus , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1141-1148, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the epidemic situation of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Hunan Province, China, from 2008 to 2019, as well as its spatial autocorrelation characteristics and spatial-temporal clustering, and to provide a reference for the prevention and control of HFMD in Hunan Province.@*METHODS@#Spatial autocorrelation and spatial-temporal clustering analyses were used to analyze the monitoring data of HFMD in Hunan Province from 2008 to 2019.@*RESULTS@#The epidemic situation of HFMD in Hunan Province from 2008 to 2019 showed obvious seasonal distribution, with a low incidence rate in January to March and a high incidence rate in April to July. As for population distribution, children aged 0-5 years had the highest number of HFMD cases and accounted for 95.89% (1 460 391/1 522 910) of all cases, with a mean annual incidence rate of 2 197.784/100 000, and scattered children had the highest number of cases and accounted for 82.59% (1 257 739/1 522 910) of all cases. The global spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the onset of HFMD in Hunan Province showed a significant clustering distribution, and the local spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the high clustering areas of HFMD were mainly the districts and counties of Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Yueyang cities. Time-space scanning showed that clustering time was mainly April to July; the cases were clustered in the northeast of Hunan Province from 2008 to 2010 and in the central part of Hunan Province from 2011 to 2019.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The high incidence rate of HFMD is observed in April to July in Hunan Province. Children under 5 years of age are at a high risk of this disease. Spatial-temporal clustering is observed for the epidemic of HFMD, mainly clustered in the northeastern and central areas of Hunan Province. It is suggested that the results may be used as guidance to determine the key areas for HFMD prevention and control in Hunan Province and optimize the allocation of health resources.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , China/epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/epidemiology , Incidence , Spatio-Temporal Analysis
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 491-497, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942207

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe the epidemiological and etiological characteristics of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) among children aged 5 years and younger in Ningbo after the access of entero-virus-A71 vaccine (2016 to 2019).@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study were performed in children aged 5 years and younger in Ningbo from 2016 to 2019. Data for incidence of HFMD was collected from the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance Reporting System and the Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) System, while the demographic information was derived from the Immunization Information System. Speci-mens were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and the Wilson method was used to estimate the incidence rate and 95% confidence interval.@*RESULTS@#From 2016 to 2019, a total of 1 044 800 residential children were observed in this population-based cohort. In the study, 102 471 cases of HFMD were diagnosed in 2 651 081 person-years, revealing an overall incidence density of 3 865.25/100 000 person-years. There was no significant decline in the number of the cases after the vaccine was available. The number of the patients of hand foot mouth disease during the four years was 93 421, of whom 84 875 (90.85%) had only one incident record, while 8 946 (9.15%) had 2 or more cases in this period; there were 69 771 (66.06%) patients who only needed to see a doctor once for each disease, 19.92% of the patients needed to be treated twice, and 14 801 (14.02%) patients needed to go to the hospital or clinic three times or more. The incidence of HFMD showed obvious seasonality and periodicity, which mainly concentrated in April to July each year, and the epidemic cycle was 2 years; most of the cases were 1 to 3-year old children, with more cases in male. The incidence density varied across the region, with the highest density observed in Ninghai (4 524.76/100 000 person-years), followed by Xiangshan (3 984.22/100 000 person-years). In 3 748 library-conformed cases, 2 834(75.61%) were detected positive, among which enterovirus-A71, Cox-A16 and other enteroviruses accounted for 9.03%, 31.55% and 59.42%, respectively. During the study period, the cumulative coverage of enterovirus-A71 vaccine increased year by year, with the proportion of enterovirus-A71 and severe cases both gradually decreasing.@*CONCLUSION@#The current status of hand, foot and mouth disease in Ningbo is still serious. Children under 3-year old (especially male children aged 1 year) were the key population for prevention and control. Vaccination might lead to changes in major pathogenic virus type, of which more attention should be paid to the potential impact on disease surveillance, prevention and control.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Male , China/epidemiology , Enterovirus , Enterovirus Infections , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies
11.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 4-4, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880323

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Severe hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) is a life-threatening contagious disease among young children and infants. Although enterovirus A71 has been well acknowledged to be the dominant cause of severe HFMD, there still remain other unidentified risk factors for severe HFMD. Previous studies mainly focused on identifying the individual-level risk factors from a clinical perspective, while rare studies aimed to clarify the association between regional-level risk factors and severe HFMD, which may be more important from a public health perspective.@*METHODS@#We retrieved the clinical HFMD counts between 2008 and 2014 from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, which were used to calculated the case-severity rate in 143 prefectural-level cities in mainland China. For each of those 143 cities, we further obtained city-specific characteristics from the China City Statistical Yearbook (social and economic variables) and the national meteorological monitoring system (meteorological variables). A Poisson regression model was then used to estimate the associations between city-specific characteristics (reduced by the principal component analysis to avoid multicollinearity) and the case-severity rate of HFMD. The above analysis was further stratified by age and gender to examine potential modifying effects and vulnerable sub-populations.@*RESULTS@#We found that the case-severity rate of HFMD varied dramatically between cities, ranging from 0 to 8.09%. Cities with high case-severity rates were mainly clustered in Central China. By relating the case-severity rate to city-specific characteristics, we found that both the principal component characterized by a high level of social and economic development (RR = 0.823, 95%CI 0.739, 0.916) and another that characterized by warm and humid climate (RR = 0.771, 95%CI 0.619, 0.960) were negatively associated with the case-severity rate of HFMD. These estimations were consistent across age and gender sub-populations.@*CONCLUSION@#Except for the type of infected pathogen, the case-severity rate of HFMD was closely related to city development and meteorological factor. These findings suggest that social and environmental factors may also play an important role in the progress of severe HFMD.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , China/epidemiology , Cities/epidemiology , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/virology , Incidence , Risk Factors
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e199-e203, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100481

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad mano-pie-boca (EMPB) típica es exantemática, con sintomatología clásica de fiebre, exantema papulovesicular en las manos y los pies, asociada o no a herpangina. Es causada, principalmente, por enterovirus 71 y virus Coxsackie A16, miembros del género Enterovirus. En los últimos años, se han descrito brotes mundiales de EMPB con manifestaciones atípicas causadas, sobre todo, por el virus Coxsackie A6. La EMPB atípica se considera emergente con características clínicas y epidemiológicas peculiares: la afección de adultos, el predominio en invierno y un amplio espectro de manifestaciones clínicas en la extensión y la distribución de las lesiones. Las características morfológicas de las lesiones son muy variables: pueden simular varicela, impétigo o vasculitis.Se describe el caso de un niño de 4 años con EMPB atípica. Se detalla su forma de presentación, evolución clínica, metodología diagnóstica y terapéutica empleada.


Typical hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is an exanthematous viral disease with a classic symptomatology of fever, papulovesicular rash on the hands and feet with or without herpangina. It is usually caused by enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus A16, members of the genus Enterovirus. Recently, worldwide outbreaks of HFMD with atypical manifestations caused by Coxsackievirus A6 have been described. Atypical HFMD is considered an emerging disease due to its peculiar clinical and epidemiological characteristics: it affects adults, has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations in the extension and distribution of the lesions and occurs in winter. The morphological characteristics of the lesions are very variable and can be misdiagnosed as chickenpox, impetigo or vasculitis. Here we describe the symptoms, clinical evolution, diagnostic methodology and treatment employed on a 4-year-old male patient with atypical HFMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Enterovirus A, Human/classification , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/diagnosis , Coxsackievirus Infections/epidemiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Genotype , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/therapy
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5745-5752, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878837

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to investigate the active components and molecular mechanism of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid on hand, foot and mouth disease(HFMD) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking methods. The potential active components of 8 herbs in Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid were selected through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database(TCMSP), Batman database and relevant literature consultation. Then related targets for the medicine were analyzed through PubChem and Swiss Target Prediction database, while related targets for HFMD were analyzed through GeneCards platform. The common targets for medicine and disease were put into STRING database to obtain the potential targets of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid for treatment of HFMD. The Cytoscape software was used to establish the "herbs-components-targets-disease" network. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed based on STRING platform and Cytoscape software to screen the core targets. Based on Metascape platform, GO function enrichment analysis and KEGG signal pathway enrichment analysis were carried out. The main active components and potential key targets of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid were verified by molecular docking with Autodock vina 1.1.2 software. A total of 118 potential active components and 123 potential targets for treatment of HFMD were collected. PPI network indicated a total of 23 key targets, such as AKT1, MAPK1, IL6, VEGFA, EGFR, TNF, HRAS, CCND1, and CXCL8. GO function enrichment analysis results showed that there were 381 GO biological processes, 127 GO cellular components, and 117 GO molecular functions(P<0.01). KEGG enrichment analysis showed that 116 signal pathways were obtained(P<0.01), and the results showed that it was mainly associated with TNF signal pathway, IL-17 signal pathway, inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. Molecular docking results showed that the main active components all had a high binding ability with the main potential key targets. This study preliminarily investigated the multi-pathways, multi-targets and multi-components molecular mechanism of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid for treatment of HFMD, providing theoretical references for further researches on its active components and action mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Signal Transduction
15.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 421-430, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828997

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We aimed to assess the features of notifiable infectious diseases found commonly in foreign nationals in China between 2004 and 2017 to improve public health policy and responses for infectious diseases.@*Methods@#We performed a descriptive study of notifiable infectious diseases among foreigners reported from 2004 to 2017 in China using data from the Chinese National Notifiable Infectious Disease Reporting System (NNIDRIS). Demographic, temporal-spatial distribution were described and analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 67,939 cases of 33 different infectious diseases were reported among foreigners. These diseases were seen in 31 provinces of China and originated from 146 countries of the world. The infectious diseases with the highest incidence number were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) of 18,713 cases, hepatitis B (6,461 cases), hand, foot, and mouth disease (6,327 cases). Yunnan province had the highest number of notifiable infectious diseases in foreigners. There were different trends of the major infectious diseases among foreign cases seen in China and varied among provinces.@*Conclusions@#This is the first description of the epidemiological characteristic of notifiable infectious diseases among foreigners in China from 2004 to 2017. These data can be used to better inform policymakers about national health priorities for future research and control strategies.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , China , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Epidemiology , HIV Infections , Epidemiology , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B , Epidemiology , Incidence , Prevalence
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 391-394, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture combined with conventional symptomatic and supportive treatments on swallowing function and nutritional status in children with severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 children with severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 34 cases in each one. Symptomatic and supportive treatments such as lowering temperature, tranquilizing and mechanical ventilation were adopted in the control group. On the basis of the treatments in the control group, acupuncture was applied at Lianquan (CV 23), Jialianquan (Extra), cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2), Fengfu (GV 16), Fengchi (GB 20), Yamen (GV 15), scalp motor and sensory areas in the observation group, once a day, 6 times a week, one month as a course and totally 3 courses were required. Time spent on restoring swallowing function was observed in both groups. Besides, score of dysphagia disorder survey (DDS) and nutritional status were evaluated before and after treatment, and the clinical effects were compared.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 91.2% (31/34) in the observation group, which was superior to 73.5% (25/34) in the control group (<0.05). The time of restoring swallowing function in the observation group was advanced than the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the DDS scores after treatment were decreased in both groups, and the reduction in the observation group was larger than the control group (all <0.05). After the treatment, the normal rate of nutritional status was 61.8% (21/34) in the observation group, which was superior to 32.4% (11/34) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional treatment, acupuncture can effectively treat the severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia, improve the swallowing function and nutritional status.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Deglutition Disorders , Therapeutics , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3539-3546, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828414

ABSTRACT

The efficacy and safety of Xiao'er Chaigui Tuire Granules for the treatment of hand, foot and mouth disease were syste-matically evaluated. Four Chinese databases of CNKI, CBM, WanFang, VIP and four English databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, Web of Science were retrieved by computers. With Chinese and English words "Xiao'er Chaigui Tuire Granules" "hand, foot and mouth disease" as the subject and keywords, randomized controlled trials(RCT) for the effect of Xiao'er Chaigui Tui-re Granules alone and combined with Western medicine in the treatment of hand, foot and mouth disease were retrieved, and the retrieval time was generally from the establishment of the database to January 20, 2020. Then all the relevant documents that meet the requirements and be included in the quality evaluation standard were screened out, relevant baseline data information was extracted, and a final evaluation was conducted for the quality of relevant literatures. The quality evaluation was conducted by the latest RevMan 5.3 software version-based tools. The reliability of the data relating to the results of the literatures was analyzed by statistical data. A total of 7 RCTs were included. The total sample size was 619, including 321 in the experimental group and 298 in the control group. Meta-analysis results show that: Xiao'er Chaigui Tuire Granules could improve the total clinical effectiveness(RR=1.28, 95%CI[1.11, 1.46], P=0.000 4; RR=1.62, 95%CI[1.06, 2.48], P=0.02); Xiao'er Chaigui Tuire Granules combined with Western medicine could significantly shorten the healing time of oral ulcers in children with hand, foot and mouth disease(MD=-1.11, 95%CI[-1.44,-0.78], P<0.000 01; MD=-2.13, 95%CI[-2.37,-1.89], P<0.000 01; MD=-1.10, 95%CI[-1.38,-0.82], P<0.000 01); on the basis of conventional treatment, Xiao'er Chaigui Tuire Granules combined with Western medicine could reduce the fever time(MD=-1.21, 95%CI[-2.15,-0.27], P=0.01; MD=-1.93, 95%CI[-2.35,-1.51], P<0.000 01; MD=-2.00, 95%CI[-2.60,-1.40], P<0.000 01), with no serious adverse reaction. The results showed that, in the treatment of hand, foot and mouth disease, compared with the conventional treatment method of Western medicine alone, the combined use of Xiao'er Chaigui Tuire Granules had more obvious advantage in effectively shortening the healing time of oral ulcers in children and effectively reducing the antipyretic time. Moreover, it had a better clinical efficacy in treating the patients with hand, foot and mouth disease in the early stage in terms of the improvement and control of symptoms and pathology, with a significantly increased effectiveness and no serious adverse reaction. It could be considered to be combined with therapies based on syndrome differentiation. However, due to the small sample size of clinical studies currently included, and the low quality of clinical studies further included, the quality of the studies included was low, which affected the scientific reliability and quality of the conclusions of the study. Therefore, further clinical results are still required for further confirmation.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3547-3555, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828413

ABSTRACT

Lanqin Oral Liquid is a Chinese patent medicine which contains Isatidis Radix, Scutellariae Radix, Gardeniae Fructus, Phellodendri Chinensis Cordex and Sterculiae Lychophorae Semen. It is known for the pharmaceutical effect on the upper respiratory tract infection as it is beneficial for relieving the swelling of pharyngeal. In terms of Chinese medicine, it offers a clearing action on heat and toxic materials. According to the principle of Chinese medicine, different diseases can be treated by the same therapy as long as they have the same syndrome. Based on this unique diagnosis and treatment approach, Lanqin Oral Liquid was applicable to diseases with syndrome of excessive heat in lung and stomach. It was therefore commonly be used in the therapeutic approach towards hand, foot and mouth disease as well. However, no systematic evaluation had yet been done to verify this Chinese patent medicine on the efficacy and clinical safety for the disease. In order to achieve the manner of evidence-based medicine, this study had adopted a systematic review and Meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Lanqin Oral Liquid in the treatment of hand, foot and mouth disease. All related randomized controlled trials(RCT) were searched in the following data bases: CNKI, WanFang, VIP, SinoMed, Cochrane Library and PubMed. Based on the method provided by the Cochrane collaboration, the study assessed the quality of papers selected and RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform Meta-analysis. Totally 24 studies were included with 3 491 sample size, which 1 826 cases were treatment group and 1 665 cases were control group. From the results of Meta-analysis, the total effective rate of combination of Lanqin Oral Liquid and Western medicines shown better than Western medicine alone in the treatment for hand, foot and mouth di-sease, but mild adverse event were also found(RR=1.20,95%CI[1.16,1.23],P<0.000 01). Incidence of adverse reaction between experimental and control group was statistically insignificant(RR=1.16, 95%CI[0.79, 1.70], P=0.45). No conclusion was able to made in terms of the remission time of clinical symptoms, as the studies included were not qualified for Meta-analysis. As a matter of fact, the number of existing studies related to the Lanqin Oral Liquid were limited with poor quality as well. In other words, high quality studies were essential to further evaluate the efficacy and safety of Lanqin Oral Liquid.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Research Design
19.
Clinics ; 75: e1619, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133488

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the association between platelet (PLT) count and the risk and progression of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). METHODS: In total, 122 HFMD patients and 40 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. The differences between variables among the different subgroups were compared. Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the relationship between various parameters and HFMD risk/progression. Sensitivity analysis was conducted by detecting the trend of the association between PLT count quartiles and HFMD risk/progression. A generalized additive model was used to identify the nonlinear relationship between PLT count and HFMD risk/progression. The relationship between gender and PLT count as well as the risk/progression of HFMD was detected using a stratified logistic regression model. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed in terms of age, male/female ratio, white blood cell (WBC) count, and PLT count between patients with stage I-II, III-IV HFMD and healthy controls. Moreover, the alanine aminotransferase and magnesium levels between patients with stage I-II and III-IV HFMD significantly differed. Moreover, a significant difference was noted in the male/female ratio among the different PLT groups. The group with a low PLT count had a lower risk of HFMD progression than the group with a high PLT count (Q4) (p=0.039). Lower age, male gender, and WBC count were found to be associated with HFMD risk. Meanwhile, PLT count was correlated to HFMD progression. The sensitivity analysis yielded a similar result using the minimally adjusted model (p for trend=0.037), and minimal changes were observed using the crude and fully adjusted model (p for trend=0.054; 0.090). A significant nonlinear relationship was observed between PLT count and HFMD progression after adjusting for age, gender, and WBC (p=0.039). CONCLUSIONS: PLT was independently associated with HFMD progression in a nonlinear manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Platelet Count , Logistic Models , China , Disease Progression , Leukocyte Count
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