Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 634
Filter
1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e240398, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553456

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to assess the polymerization effectiveness of bulk-fill composite resins in longitudinal microhardness. Methods: Blocks of bulk-fill composite resin with thicknesses of 6 mm were analyzed with Vickers microhardness. The resin blocks were divided into two groups (n=6): resin AURA and OPUS. The microhardness test was performed before (base and top) and after (longitudinal microhardness) sectioning the blocks at distances of 2 mm, 4 mm, and 6 mm from the top of the block. The mean microhardness values were tabulated and subjected to ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results: The OPUS bulk-fill resin samples presented microhardness means of 55.9 kgf/mm2, 53.7 kgf/mm2, and 49.3 kgf/mm2, the AURA bulk-fill resin samples presented microhardness means of 57,02 kgf/mm2, 55,86 kgf/mm2 e 51,77 kgf/mm2 for the distances of 2 mm, 4 mm, and 6 mm, respectively. Tukey's statistical test showed a significant difference in microhardness values at different distances of 2 mm, 4 mm, and 6 mm (p<0.001) for each resin. Although there was a statistically significant difference within and between the groups assessed, all samples showed polymerization effectiveness when comparing the top and base of the block. Conclusion: Polymerization was effective in different thicknesses (2 mm, 4 mm, and 6 mm) in both resins studied. The microhardness ratio was adequate when comparing the base and top


Subject(s)
Efficacy , Composite Resins , Polymerization , Hardness
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e230282, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1510253

ABSTRACT

Aim: Evaluate the roughness, microhardness and color change of different Bulk Fill resins when submitted to the condition of gastroesophageal reflux and bulimia. Methods: 60 specimens (n = 10) of Bulk-Fill composite resins were made: M1 ­ Filtek™; M2 ­ Tetric N-Ceram and M3 ­ OPUS, through a matrix 2x6 mm and light cured by the VALO light source. After polishing, initial analyzes (48 hours - T0) of surface roughness (Ra), microhardness (VHN) and color change (ΔE) were performed. To simulate the oral condition of severe gastroesophageal reflux and bulimia, the specimens were immersed in hydrochloric acid (S1) (pH 1.7) 4 minutes a day, for 7 days. Control group specimens were immersed in artificial saliva (S2). Subsequently to immersions, mechanical brushing was performed for 3 minutes, three times a day, simulating 7 days of brushing. And again, the analyzes of Ra, VHN and ΔE were performed (7 days - T1). Thus, hydrochloric acid immersion, mechanical brushing and Ra analysis were repeated at 14 days (T2) and 21 days (T3); and T2, T3 and T4 (3 years) for VHN and ΔE. Results: After Shapiro-Wilk statistical test, ANOVA and Tukey test with Bonferroni adjustment (p>0.05), M3 showed the lowest Ra at all times compared to the other resins, while the highest Ra was at T0. M1 and T1 showed higher VHN. And M2 and T4 showed higher ΔE. Conclusion: Bulk Fill resins can be indicated for patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux and Bulimia, nonetheless, Tetric N-Ceram resin showed the worst results


Subject(s)
Color , Composite Resins , Hardness , Hydrochloric Acid , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Bulimia
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226202, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393187

ABSTRACT

Aim: Resin modified glass ionomer (RMGI) is class of material that can be used as sealant for preventing and arresting the progression of caries in pits and fissures. As these are hybrid materials, their properties can be affected by factors related to the polymerization process. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the influence of different generations of LED curing units (Elipar DeepCure-L and VALO Grand) on Knoop microhardness values (KHN) of RMGI sealants (Clinpro XT and Vitremer). Methods: Forty cylindrical specimens (6mm ø x 1 mm high) were prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions and divided into four groups (n=10) according to the type of RMGI and LED used. The KHN of the top surface of each sample was calculated 7 days after light-curing. Data were submitted to two-way ANOVA (α = 0.05). Results: Vitremer had higher KHN values than Clinpro XT after using both LEDs (p<0.0001), but especially when light-cured with the use of VALO Grand (p<0.0001). Whereas the KHN value of Clinpro was not influenced by the LED device (p>0.05). Conclusions: Top surface microhardness values of RGMI sealants were affected by both material composition and generations of LED curing units used. Third generation LED curing units seemed to be more efficient for the polymerization of RMGI-based sealants


Subject(s)
Pit and Fissure Sealants , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization , Hardness
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226630, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393209

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present study aimed to asses enamel microhardness after office bleaching with diode laser and LED light compared to the conventional bleaching procedure. Methods: Thirty-nine human premolar teeth were collected and randomly divided into three groups regarding of the bleaching technique. Group 1: Snow O bleaching gel with LED light-curing unit; Group 2: Snow L bleaching gel with diode laser irradiation; and Group 3: Opalescence Boost bleaching gel with no light source in group 3. Enamel surface changes were evaluated in one tooth in each study group and one intact tooth as a reference under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). In the remaining samples (n=12), enamel microhardness was determined by Vickers microhardness test before and after bleaching. Data were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA to compare microhardness changes, followed by post hoc Tukey tests at the 0.05 significance level. Results: Enamel microhardness decreased in all the groups after bleaching, with the maximum decrease in microhardness in the Snow O bleaching group with LED light, which was significantly higher than the other groups (P=0.002). The two other groups did not exhibit any significant difference in microhardness decrease (P>0.05). Conclusion:Based on the limitations of this study, it can be concluded power bleaching with 980nm diode laser was less time-consuming compare to conventional bleaching procedure and yielded better outcomes in terms of enamel surface microhardness compared to the use of an LED light-curing unit


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Dental Enamel , Lasers, Semiconductor , Curing Lights, Dental , Hardness
5.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220720. 98 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1379709

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o desempenho de quatro resinas bulk fill (Filtek Bulk Fill (FBF), Opus Bulk Fill (OBF), Sonicfill (SF) e Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill (TNBF)) e uma resina convencional (Charisma Diamond (CD)) quanto às seguintes propriedades: resistência à flexão (RF), módulo de elasticidade (ME) e dureza Knoop (KHN) em função da profundidade e após a realização de um envelhecimento acelerado. Corpos de prova em formato de barra foram confeccionados simultaneamente em diferentes profundidades (1, 2, 3, 4 e 5 mm) para realização dos testes de resistência à flexão (n=10), módulo de elasticidade (n=10) e dureza Knoop (n=3). Os testes foram realizados em dois momentos, previamente e após a realização de um envelhecimento acelerado, que consistiu na realização de uma termociclagem com banhos alternados em água a 5 e 55ºC, com 1 min de imersão em cada, por 2000 ciclos. Os resultados para o teste de RF e ME mostraram que os valores para estas duas propriedades diminuíram em função da profundidade e após a realização da termociclagem para todas as resinas estudadas. Apenas a resina TNBF não apresentou diferença estatística para valores de ME após o envelhecimento acelerado. Quanto à dureza, os valores também diminuíram em função da profundidade, porém aumentaram após a realização do envelhecimento acelerado. Apenas a resina SF não apresentou diferença estatística entre os valores de dureza antes e após o envelhecimento. A resina convencional CD após a ciclagem térmica foi a única que apresentou relação base/topo (2 mm) acima de 80%. Nenhuma das resinas do tipo bulk fill apresentou uma relação base/topo acima de 80% para a dureza quando avaliadas na espessura máxima recomendada. Com base nos resultados obtidos, pode-se afirmar que, quando fotoativadas na espessura máxima recomendada, apenas a resina convencional CD apresentou resultados condizentes com a homogeneidade esperada em todas as condições deste estudo. Entretanto, para as resinas do tipo bulk fill, pode-se observar que as propriedades estudadas, de modo geral, sofreram uma diminuição significativa em função da profundidade. Para o envelhecimento, a dureza, diferentemente dos outros parâmetros, mostrou uma tendência de aumento.


Subject(s)
Aging , Composite Resins , Elastic Modulus , Hardness
6.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 116 p. tab, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396694

ABSTRACT

A fim de atender à demanda do público que atualmente busca por alimentos mais saudáveis, as indústrias têm procurado alternativas que possibilitem a aplicação de ingredientes que agreguem valor nutricional aos produtos. A redução de gorduras saturadas e trans em produtos alimentícios, bem como a inserção de cereais ou farinhas nutricionais, vem sendo aplicadas em produtos de panificação. Biscoitos recheados possuem como bases geralmente biscoitos à base de farinha de trigo. O objetivo foi desenvolver formulação de biscoitos recheados com substituição de gordura vegetal por organogel no recheio e de farinha de trigo por farinha de sorgo no biscoito, a fim de agregar valor nutricional ao produto. Foram desenvolvidos biscoitos recheados: 1) recheio controle e com substituição da gordura vegetal dos recheios por organogel elaborado com sistema emulsionado (colágeno + óleo vegetal + água), a fim de diminuir concentrações de gorduras saturadas e trans. 2) para a base elaborouse biscoitos controle (farinha de trigo) e com substituição parcial e total de farinha de trigo por farinha de sorgo em 50% (50FS) e 100% (100FS). Foram conduzidas nos recheios e das bases dos biscoitos análises físicas e físico-químicas (textura, atividade de água, cor, composição centesimal e reologia) para avaliação e para análise de estabilidade de 6 semanas. Os resultados apresentaram que o biscoito 50FS obteve melhor valor de textura (Controle: 16,09 ± 1,28 N; 50FS: 19,63 ± 5,68 N e 100FS: 10,09 ± 0,65 N) e menor teor de atividade de água (Semana 01: 0,327±0,01 e Semana 06: 0,389 ± 0,00) do que o biscoito controle, durante análise de estabilidade. O biscoito 100FS apresentou coloração mais avermelhada. Os biscoitos 50FS e 100FS apresentaram maior teor proteico do que o controle (Controle: 5,37 ± 0,23 %; 50FS: 5,64 ± 0,49 % e 100FS: 5,75 ± 0,49 %). O recheio com organogel apresentou maior dureza (N) durante análise de estabilidade do que o recheio controle (Semana 6 Organogel: 6,81±1,48; Controle: 4,29±0,38). Os parâmetros de adesividade, coesividade e gomosidade do recheio com organogel não apresentaram diferenças significativas (p > 0,05). Os valores de atividade de água da formulação com organogel foram mais altos do que o recheio controle (Semana 6 Organogel: 0,730±0,00; Controle: 0,555±0,01). O valor de L* foi maior para o recheio controle, apresentando coloração mais amarelada do que a formulação com organogel. O recheio com organogel apresentou redução de 65 % do teor lipídico e aumento do teor proteico. Os recheios controle, com organogel e de mercado apresentaram comportamento tixotrópico durante a avaliação reológica, sendo que o produto de mercado teve comportamento próximo à formulação controle, com recuperação quase total da estrutura. Foram desenvolvidos cinco produtos, sendo três inovadores com valor nutricional agregado, atendendo às legislações vigentes, vida útil mínima de 6 semanas e ao apelo do mercado atual, podendo ser comercializados como biscoito recheado


In order to satisfy the demand of the public that is currently looking for healthier foods industries have been looking for alternatives that allow the application of ingredients that add nutritional value to the products. The reduction of saturated and trans fats in food products, as well as the insertion of cereals or nutritional flours, has been applied in bakery products. Filled cookies are usually based on wheat flour. The objective was to develop a formulation of filled cookies with replacement of vegetable fat for organogel in the filling and wheat flour for sorghum flour in the biscuit, in order to add nutritional value to the product. In this study, cookies filled with vegetable fat and wheat flour were used as a control where: 1) filling was replaced by organogel elaborated with an emulsified system (collagen + vegetable oil + water); and 2) base was prepared with partial and total replacer of wheat flour for sorghum flour in 50% (50FS) and 100% (100FS). Physical and physicochemical analyzes (texture, water activity, color, proximate composition and rheology) were carried out on the fillings and bases of the biscuits for evaluation and for the stability analysis of 6 weeks. The results showed that the 50FS cookies had a better texture value (Control: 16,09±1,28 N; 50FS: 19,63±5,68N and 10,09±0,65 N) and lower content of water activity (Week 1: 0,327±0,01 and Week 6: 0,389±0,00) than the control cookie during stability analysis. The 100FS had a more reddish color. The 50FS and 100FS cookies had a higher protein content than the control (Control: 5,37±0,23 %; 50FS 5,64±0,49 %). The fillings with organogel showed a higher hardness (N) than the control during stability analysis (Week 6 Organogel: 6,81±1,48; Control: 4,29±0,38). The parameters of adhesiveness, cohesiveness and guminess of the filling with organogel showed no significant differences (p> 0.05). The water activity values of the organogel formulation were higher than the control filling (Week 6 Organogel: 0,730±0,00; Control: 0,555±0,01). The value of L * was higher for the control filling, showing a more yellowish color than the formulation with organogel. The filling with organogel showed a 65% reduction in lipid content and an increase in protein content. The control, organogel and market fillings showed a thixotropic behavior in the rheological evaluation, and the market product had a behavior close to the control formulation, with almost total recovery of the structure. Five products were developed, three of which were innovative with added nutritional value, in compliance with current legislation, a minimum shelf life of 6 weeks, which can be sold as a stuffed cookies.


Subject(s)
Plant Oils , Food Production , Cookies , Fats/administration & dosage , Rheology/instrumentation , Staining and Labeling/instrumentation , Edible Grain/adverse effects , Collagen/adverse effects , Sorghum/classification , Date of Validity of Products , Flour/analysis , Hardness , Industry/classification , Nutritive Value
7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 509-515, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935894

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of permeable resin on the surface structure, microhardness and color of tooth enamel after bleaching. Methods: Premolars extracted for orthodontic needs were selected (provided by the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery of the first affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University) and randomly divided into A, B and C 3 groups. Each group was randomly divided into control subgroup, resin subgroup, bleaching subgroup and combined subgroup. Samples in the control subgroup did not receive any treatment. Those in the bleaching subgroup and combined subgroup were treated with cold light whitening. Those in the resin group and combined group were treated with permeable resin. Samples in the group A were observed by scanning electron microscope immediately after treatment and 2 weeks after treatment, and the microhardness of samples in the group B was measured before treatment, immediately after treatment and 2 weeks after treatment (the sample size of each time point was 8 in each subgroup). In group C, chromaticity was measured and chromatic aberration (ΔE value) was calculated before treatment, immediately after treatment and 1 and 2 weeks after treatment (10 samples in each subgroup). Results: Scanning electron microscope showed that the enamel surface of the resin subgroup and the combined group was smooth immediately after treatment, which was basically the same as that of the control subgroup, but covered with resin, and microporous defects and mineral deposits could be seen on the surface of the bleaching subgroup. Two weeks after treatment, the enamel surface of each subgroup was smooth, there was no obvious difference. Immediately after treatment, the microhardness of the control subgroup, resin subgroup, bleaching subgroup and combined subgroup were (354±33), (364±21), (411±30) and (350±17) HV, respectively (F=9.39,P<0.05). The microhardness of the bleaching subgroup was significantly higher than that of the other subgroups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in microhardness among the four subgroups before treatment and 2 weeks after treatment (F=0.34, 2.75, P>0.05). Immediately after treatment, the ΔE values of the control subgroup, resin subgroup, bleaching subgroup and combined subgroup were 0.00±0.00, 2.29±1.86, 7.20±1.94 and 8.00±0.88, respectively (F=74.21,P<0.05); except that there was no significant difference between bleaching subgroup and combined subgroup (P>0.05), there were significant differences among the other subgroups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in ΔE value among control subgroup, resin subgroup and bleaching subgroup at each time point (F=1.66, 0.30, 0.96, P>0.05). The difference in the combined subgroup immediately after treatment was significantly higher than that at 1 and 2 weeks after treatment (t=4.73, 4.23,P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between 1 and 2 weeks after treatment (t=0.75, P>0.05), and the color tended to be stable. Conclusions: When whitening healthy enamel, simple cold light whitening or cold light whitening combined with permeation resin can achieve whitening effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Color , Dental Enamel , Hardness , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Tooth Bleaching Agents/pharmacology
8.
RFO UPF ; 26(2): 299-312, 20210808. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1452536

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Várias fontes de luz têm sido utilizadas desde que os materiais fotoativados foram introduzidos na odontologia. Diodos emissores de luz (LEDs) se popularizaram como a principal opção para a polimerização dos materiais restauradores. O objetivo nessa revisão da literatura foi avaliar a influência das fontes de luz emitidas por diodo (LEDs) de segunda e terceira geração sobre a dureza de compósitos restauradores. Revisão de literatura: Nas bases de dados PubMed e Google Scholar foram pré-selecionados 239 artigos na língua inglesa entre os anos de 2010 e 2020, utilizando os termos: lightcuring, LED light sources, and dental LEDs. Dos 239 artigos inicialmente selecionados, 37 artigos foram avaliados devido aos critérios de inclusão/exclusão no estudo. Considerações finais: Vários estudos apontaram diferenças importantes na dureza dos compósitos restauradores testados, tanto na superfície de topo quanto na base. No entanto, essas diferenças estavam mais associadas a características como: estado de conservação do LED, irradiância, tempo de ativação, espectro de emissão dos aparelhos e sua compatibilidade ao fotoiniciador presente no compósito. Assim, podemos considerar que o monitoramento das condições do aparelho, e a escolha correta da fonte de luz de acordo com o compósito a ser utilizado são essenciais para maximizar a dureza dos compósitos restauradores, pois embora os aparelhos de terceira geração sejam preferencialmente indicados para compósitos com fotoiniciadores alternativos, os aparelhos que emitem luz azul apresentam vantagens quando o compósito é ativado apenas pela Canforoquinona.(AU)


Objective: Several light sources have been used since the light-curing materials were introduced in dentistry. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have become popular as the main option for the polymerization of restorative materials. This literature review aimed to evaluate the influence of second and third generation Light-emitting Diode (LEDs) sources on the hardness of restorative composites. Literature Review: In the PubMed and Google Scholar databases, 239 scientific papers in English were pre-selected between 2010 and 2020 using light-curing, LED light sources, and dental LEDs. After reading, 37 articles were selected to compose the review. Several studies have pointed out significant differences in the hardness of the tested restorative composites, both on the top and base surfaces. However, these differences were more associated with characteristics such as: LED conservation conditions, irradiance, curing time, the emission spectrum of the devices and their compatibility with the photoinitiator used in the composite. Final Considerations: Thus, it can be considered that monitoring the condition of the device and the correct choice of light sources according to the composite to be used is essential to maximize the hardness of the restorative composites, because although third-generation devices are preferably indicated for composites with alternative photoinitiators, devices that emit blue light have advantages when the composite is activated only by Camphorquinone.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Composite Resins/chemistry , Curing Lights, Dental , Hardness , Dental Materials/chemistry , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Polymerization
9.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(2)ago. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386539

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of carbonated beverage on the surface microhardness of two acrylic materials used to fabricate temporary restorations. The study was experimental in vitro. Forty blocks of acrylic resins used in provisional restorations were made, 20 from Alike® (GC AMERICA INC., Lot 1712161) and 20 from Acryptemp® (Zhermack S.P.A., Lot 302334). After that, the blocks were immersed in distilled water for 24 hours. After this time, the initial surface microhardness was measured. Then the 20 samples of the experimental group were immersed in a carbonated drink (coca cola - soda) for 12 minutes per day, for 5 days. Finally, the final surface microhardness was measured using the Vickers microdurometer. Measures of central tendency and dispersion were used, and the Student's t test and ANOVA were performed. A mean surface microhardness of 8.8 and 7.2HV was found for the PMMA resin group (Initial and final respectively), and 9.5 and 8HV for the bisacrylate group. Statistically significant differences were found when comparing the beginning and end of each group and when comparing the two materials. The acrylic resin of polymethylmethacrylate (Alike® GC AMERICA INC.) Presented higher surface microhardness compared to the bis acrylic resin (Acrytemp® Zhermack S.P.A), after being exposed to a carbonated drink.


RESUMEN: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar y comparar el efecto de la bebida carbonatada en la microdureza superficial de dos materiales acrílicos utilizados para confeccionar restauraciones provisionales. El estudio fue experimental in vitro. Se confeccionaron 40 bloques de resinas acrílicas utilizadas en provisorios, 20 de Alike® (GC AMERICA INC., Lote 1712161) y 20 de Acryptemp® (Zhermack S.P.A., Lote 302334). Posterior a ello, se sumergió los bloques en agua destilada por 24 horas. Pasado este tiempo se procedió a medir la microdureza superficial inicial. Luego las 20 muestras del grupo experimental se sumergieron en una bebida carbonatada (coca cola-gaseosa) durante 12 minutos por día, durante 5 días. Por último se midió la microdureza superficial final mediante el microdurómetro de Vickers. Se utilizaron medidas de tendencia central, dispersión y se realizaron la prueba t de Student y ANOVA. Se encontró una microdureza superficial media de 8,8 y 7,2HV para el grupo de resina PMMA (Inicial y final respectivamente), y 9,5 y 8HV para el grupo de bisacrilato. Se halló diferencias estadísticamente significativas al comparar el inicio y final de cada grupo y al comparar los dos materiales. La resina acrílica de polimetilmetacrilato (Alike® GC AMERICA INC.) presentó mayor microdureza superficial en comparación con la resina bis acrílica (Acrytemp® Zhermack S.P.A), después de ser expuestas a una bebida carbonatada.


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins/analysis , Carbonated Beverages/adverse effects , Peru , Hardness
10.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(2)ago. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386541

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of the superficial application of two different modeling resins on the surface microhardness and discoloration of composite resins. Material and Methods: The present study used two different composites and modeling resins. The composites were placed in plastic molds. Subsequently, the modeling resins were applied on the surface of the two composite groups. The microhardness and color pertaining to all the groups were evaluated. The current study used the One-Way ANOVA and Kruskal Wallis tests, in order to perform the statistical evaluation (p<0.05). Results: The present study compared the microhardness pertaining to the groups and the highest microhardness values were observed in the Estelite Asteria group (none), whereas the lowest values were observed in the GC Essentia group (Ultradent). Moreover, the current study evaluated the color stability and the greatest discoloration was observed in the control group of the GC Essentia group, whereas the least discoloration was observed in the Estelite Asteria group that included the samples prepared using Ultradent Wetting Resin. Conclusions: The results of the present study demonstrated that the use of modeling resins, which facilitate the placement of composite resins, reduced the microhardness and discoloration of composite resins. The aforementioned effect can be attributed to the variations in the structure of the filling. However, further studies are warranted to support and verify the results of the current study.


RESUMEN: Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar y comparar los efectos de la aplicación superficial de dos resinas humectantes sobre la microdureza superficial y la decoloración de las resinas compuestas. Material y métodos: El presente estudio utilizó dos resinas humectantes y resinas de modelado diferentes. Las resinas compuestas se colocaron en moldes de plástico. Posteriormente, se aplicaron las resinas humectantes sobre la superficie de los dos grupos. Se evaluó la microdureza y el color de todos los grupos. El presente estudio utilizó las pruebas One-Way ANOVA y Kruskal Wallis, para realizar la evaluación estadística (p<0.05). Resultados: Los valores más altos de microdureza se observaron en el grupo Estelite Asteria, mientras que los menores valores se observaron en el grupo GC Essentia (Ultradent). La mayor decoloración se observó en el grupo control o el grupo GC Essentia, mientras que la menor decoloración se observó en el grupo Estelite Asteria con Ultradent Wetting Resin. Conclusiones: Los resultados del presente estudio demostraron que el uso de resinas humectantes, que facilitan la colocación de resinas compuestas, redujo la microdureza y decoloración de las resinas compuestas. El efecto mencionado anteriormente se puede atribuir a las variaciones en la estructura del relleno. Sin embargo, se necesitan más estudios para respaldar y verificar los resultados del presente estudio.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins/analysis , Hardness , Hardness Tests , Tooth Discoloration , Turkey
11.
Dent. press endod ; 11(2): 18-24, maio-ago.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359533

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a microdureza do tecido dentinário bovino após a exposição a soluções irrigantes em Endodontia. Métodos: Amostras de dentina bovina foram divididas aleatoriamente em seis grupos (n=10) e submetidas aos seguintes tratamentos: soro (60 min); NaOCl a 2,5% (hipoclorito de sódio) (60 min); CHX gel a 2% (clorexidina) (60 min); EDTA a 17% (ácido etilenodiaminotetracético) (1 min); NaOCl a 2,5% + EDTA a 17% (60 + 1 min) e CHX gel a 2% + EDTA a 17% (60 + 1 min). A microdureza Knoop foi utilizada para as medidas. Os dados foram avaliados pelo teste ANOVA, seguido pelo método de Duncan, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: A solução de NaOCl a 2,5%, seguida ou não de EDTA a 17%, reduziu significativamente a microdureza dentinária (p<0,05). A exposição à clorexidina gel a 2%, seguida ou não de EDTA a 17%, não resultou em alterações na microdureza dentinária (p>0,05). Conclusão: NaOCl a 2,5% reduziu significativamente a microdureza da dentina bovina após 60 minutos de exposição (AU).


Objective: Evaluate the microhardness of bovine den- tin tissue after exposure to endodontic irrigating solu- tions. Methods: Bovine dentin samples were randomly divided into 6 groups (n = 10) and submitted to the following treatments: saline (60 min); 2.5% NaOCl (sodium hypochlorite) (60 min); 2% gel CHX (chlorhexidine) (60 min); 17% EDTA (Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid) (1 min); 2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA (60 + 1 min) and 2% gel CHX + 17% EDTA (60 + 1 min). Knoop microhardness was used for the measurements. Data were evaluated by ANOVA test followed by Duncans Method at 5% signifi- cance level. Results: The 2.5% NaOCl solution, followed or not by 17% EDTA, significative reduced the dentin microhardness (p <0.05). Exposures to 2% gel chlorexidine, followed or not by 17% EDTA, did not result in alterations at dentin tissue microhardness (p>0.05). Conclusion: 2.5% NaOCl significatively reduces the microhardness of bovine dentin after 60 minutes of exposure (AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Root Canal Irrigants , Sodium Hypochlorite , Chlorhexidine , Dentin , Hardness
12.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(2): e054, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254593

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar la microdureza superficial de discos de acrílico de autocurado y termocurado en distintos periodos de tiempo. Metodología: Este estudio experimental, un ensayo en laboratorio in vitro, incluyó 80 discos de acrílico (Vitalloy), 40 de autocurado (A) y 40 de termocurado (T) divididos en 8 subgrupos: grupo control de autocurado GA0 (n = 10), grupo control de termocurado GT0 (n = 10), grupo de autocurado almancenado 1 día GA1 (n = 10), grupo de termocurado almacenado 1 día GT1 (n = 10), grupo de autocurado almacenado 7 días GA7 (n = 10), grupo de termocurado almacenado 7 días GT7 (n = 10), grupo de autocurado almacenado 21 días GA21 (n = 10), grupo de termocurado almacenado 21 días GT21 (n = 10); luego se evaluó la microdureza superficial Vickers de los discos de resina acrílica previamente almacenados en suero fisiológico en los distintos periodos de tiempo. Posteriormente, los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente mediante test de Anova y Tukey. El nivel de significancia estadística se tomó como p < 0,05. Resultados: Los valores encontrados fueron en el GT0 (20,45 ± 0,93 VHN); GA0(16,25 ± 0,79 VHN); GT1 (20,08 ± 0,66 VHN); GA1 (15,97 ± 0,78 VHN); GT7 (19,57 ± 1,54 VHN); GA7 (14,33 ± 0,48 VHN); GT21 (19,17 ± 1,26 VHN); GA21 (14,64 ± 0,52 VHN), presentando diferencias estadísticamente significativas ambos grupos autocurado y termocurado (p < 0,001). Conclusión: Los grupos de resinas acrílicas de termocurado presentaron mejores valores de microdureza que los grupos de resinas acrílicas de autocurado en los distintos periodos de tiempo evaluados. (AU)


Objective: To compare surface microhardness of self-curing and heat-curing acrylic discs in different periods of time. Methodology: This in vitro laboratory study, consisted of 80 acrylic discs (Vitalloy), 40 self-cured (A) and 40 heat-cured (T) divided into 8 subgroups: self-cure control group GA0 (n=10), heat-cure control group GT0 (n=10), self-cure group stored 1 day GA1 (n=10), heat-cure group stored 1 day GT1 (n=10), self-cure group stored 7 days GA7 (n=10), heat-cure group stored 7 days GT7 (n=10), self-cure group stored 21 days GA21 (n=10), and heat-cure group stored 21 days GT21 (n=10). Vickers surface microhardness of the acrylic resin discs previously stored in physiological serum was then evaluated at the different time periods. Subsequently, the data was statistically analyzed using ANOVA and TUKEY tests. The level of statistical significance was set at P <0.05. Results: The values found were in GT0 (20.45±0.93 Vickers hardness number [VHN]); GA0 (16.25±0.79 VHN); GT1 (20.08±0.66 VHN); GA1 (15.97±0.78 VHN); GT7(19.57±1.54 VHN); GA7 (14.33±0.48 VHN); GT21 (19.17±1.26 VHN); GA21 (14.64±0.52 VHN), with statistically significant differences between the self-cure and heat-cure groups (P<0.001). Conclusion: The groups of heat-curing acrylic resins presented better microhardness values than the groups of self-curing acrylic resins in the different time periods evaluated. (AU)


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Hardness , In Vitro Techniques
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(3): 935-940, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385402

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Diversos estudios reportan que el tipo de alimento influye directamente en los patrones cinemáticos de la masticación. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar y comparar los ciclos masticatorios de participantes adultos y completamente dentados durante la masticación de alimentos de diferente textura y dureza (maní y zanahoria) utilizando articulografía electromagnética 3D. Se evaluaron 11 participantes sanos (5 hombres; 6 mujeres), de 31,9 ± 5,2 años de edad. Mediante articulografía electromagnética 3D, se registró la masticación de dos alimentos de prueba (maní y zanahoria). Los datos de movimiento mandibular fueron procesados con MATLAB® y obteniendo diferentes parámetros-frecuencia masticatoria en ciclos por segundo, velocidad de descenso y ascenso mandibular, área de las proyecciones de cada ciclo masticatorio en los tres planos del espacio-que fueron comparados según tipo de alimento y género de los participantes. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre las áreas de los ciclos masticatorios en el plano horizontal según tipo de alimento, siendo mayor para la masticación de zanahoria (P=,003). Así mismo, se detectaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre las áreas sagitales de los ciclos entre hombres y mujeres, siendo mayor en mujeres (P=,042). Nuestros resultados concuerdan con otros estudios que afirman que la textura del alimento influye en las características cinemáticas de los ciclos masticatorios.


SUMMARY: Several studies report that the type of food directly influences the kinematic patterns of mastication. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the chewing cycles of adult and fully dentate participants during the mastication of foods of different texture and hardness (peanuts and carrots) using 3D electromagnetic articulography. Eleven healthy participants (5 men; 6 women), 31.9 ± 5.2 years old, were evaluated. By means of 3D electromagnetic articulography, the mastication of two test foods (peanuts and carrots) was recorded. The data associated to mandibular movement were processed with MATLAB® obtaining different parameters-masticatory frequency in cycles per second, mandibular descent and ascent rate, area of the projections of each masticatory cycle in the three planes of space-which were compared according to type of food and sex of the participants. Statistically significant differences were found between the areas of the masticatory cycles in the horizontal plane according to type of food, being greater for carrots (P=.003). Likewise, statistically significant differences were detected between the sagittal areas of the cycles between men and women, being greater in women (P=.042). Our results agree with other studies that affirm that the texture of the food influences the kinematic characteristics of the masticatory cycles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hardness , Mastication/physiology , Biomechanical Phenomena , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Electromagnetic Phenomena
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 78-84, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180726

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the exposure reciprocity law of a multi-wave light-emitting diode (LED) on the light transmittance (LT), depth of cure (DOC) and degree of conversion in-depth (DC) of a bulk fill composite. A bulk fill composite (EvoCeram® bulk fill, Ivoclar Vivadent) was photoactivated using the multi-wave LED (VALO™ Cordless, Ultradent). The LED was previously characterized using a spectrophotometer to standardize the time of exposure when using the Standard or Xtra-Power modes with the same radiant exposure of 20J/cm2. LT was evaluated through samples of the bulk fill composite every millimeter till 4 mm in-depth. DOC was evaluated according to the ISO 4049. DC of the central longitudinal cross-section from each sample of the DOC test was mapped using FT-NIR microscopy. Data were statistically analyzed according to the experimental design (α=0.05; ß=0.2). The radiant exposure in the violet wavelength range for Standard and Xtra-Power was 4.5 and 5.0 J/cm2, respectively; for the blue wavelength range the radiant exposure for Standard and Xtra-Power was 15.5 and 15.0 J/cm2, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the DOC using Standard or Xtra-Power light-curing modes, but the DOC was lower than the claimed by the manufacturer (4 mm). The DC was not significantly affected by the light-curing mode up to 4 mm in depth (p>0.05). According to exposure reciprocity law, the reduction in exposure time using the same radiant exposure did not affect the depth of cure of the bulk fill composite.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da lei de reciprocidade de um diodo emissor de luz (LED) multi-wave na transmitância de luz (LT), profundidade de cura (DOC) e grau de conversão em profundidade (DC) de um compósito bulk fill. Material e Métodos: Um compósito bulk fill (EvoCeram®, Ivoclar Vivadent) foi fotoativado utilizando um LED multi-wave (VALO ™ Cordless, Ultradent). O LED foi previamente caracterizado usando um espectrofotômetro para padronizar o tempo de exposição utilizando os modos Standard ou Xtra-Power com a mesma dose de energia de 20 J/cm 2. A LT foi avaliada através de amostras do compósito bulk fill a cada milímetro até 4 mm de profundidade. O DOC foi avaliado de acordo com a ISO 4049. O DC foi realizado em forma de mapeamento da seção transversal longitudinal central de cada amostra do teste de DOC utilizando microscopia FT-NIR. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente de acordo com o delineamento experimental (α=0,05; ß=0,2). A exposição radiante na faixa de comprimento de onda violeta para os modos Standard e Xtra-Power foi de 4,5 e 5,0 J/cm2, respectivamente; e para a faixa de comprimento de onda azul, a exposição radiante para os modos Standard e Xtra-Power foi de 15,5 e 15,0 J/cm2, respectivamente. Não houve diferença estatística no DOC utilizando os modos de fotopolimerização Standard ou Xtra-Power, mas o DOC foi menor do que o reivindicado pelo fabricante (4 mm). O DC não foi afetado significativamente pelo modo de fotopolimerização até 4 mm de profundidade (p>0,05). De acordo com a lei de reciprocidade da exposição, a redução no tempo de exposição utilizando a mesma exposição radiante não afetou a profundidade de cura do compósito bulk fill.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Curing Lights, Dental , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Color , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Polymerization , Hardness
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 85-90, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180721

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the chemical composition and microhardness of human enamel treated with an Enamel Matrix Derivative (EMD) solution, and the bond strength between composite resin and this enamel. Thirty human enamel samples were randomly divided into three groups: Untouched Enamel (UE), Demineralized Enamel (DE) and Demineralized Enamel Treated with EMD (ET). DE and ET groups were subjected to acid challenge and ET treated with EMD (EMD was directly applied over conditioned enamel and left for 15 min). Samples from each group (n=4) had chemical composition assessed through to attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR). Knoop microhardness of enamel samples from each group (n=10) was measured. For the microshear bond strength, the samples were etched for 30 s, and the adhesive was applied and cured for 10 s. Two matrixes were placed on the samples, filled with Filtek Z350 XT composite and cured for 20 s, each. The matrix was removed, and the microshear bond strength of each group (n=10) was tested. Data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis test (for microhardness), to analysis of variance and to Tukey's test (for microshear bond strength); (α=0.05). FTIR results have shown phosphate (hydroxyapatite indicator) in 900-1200 cm-1 bands in the UE and ET groups, which were different from the DE group. Microhardness and microshear analyses recorded higher statistical values for the UE and ET groups than for DE. EMD application to demineralized enamel seems to have remineralized the enamel; thus, the microhardness and bond strength was similar between UE and ET groups.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a composição química e microdureza do esmalte humano tratado com solução de Derivados da Matriz do Esmalte (EMD) e a resistência de união entre compósito e este esmalte. Trinta amostras de esmalte humano foram aleatoriamente divididas em três grupos: Esmalte Intocado (UE), Esmalte Desmineralizado (DE) e Esmalte Desmineralizado Tratado com EMD (ET). Os grupos DE e ET foram submetidos a desafio ácido e ET tratado com EMD (O EMD foi aplicado diretamente sobre esmalte condicionado e deixado por 15 minutos). Amostras de cada grupo (n = 4) tiveram composição química avaliada através de espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformada de Fourier com reflectância total atenuada (FTIR-ATR). A microdureza Knoop das amostras de esmalte de cada grupo (n=10) foi mensurada. Para a resistência ao microcisalhamento, as amostras foram condicionadas por 30 s, o adesivo aplicado e foto-ativado por 10 s. Duas matrizes plásticas (1 mm de comprimento) foram posicionadas sobre as amostras, preenchidas com compósito Filtek Z350 XT e foto-atiavadas por 20 s cada. As matrizes foram removidas e a resistência ao microcisalhamento de cada grupo (n=10) foi testada. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste de Kruskal-Wallis (para análise da microdureza), à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (para análise da resistência ao microcisalhamento); (α=0.05). Os resultados do FT-IR mostraram fosfato (indicador de hidroxiapatita) na banda entre 900-1200 cm-1 nos grupos UE e ET, diferentemente do grupo DE. Análises de microdureza e microcisalhamento demonstraram resultados estatisticamente superiores para os grupos UE e ET quando comparados ao DE. A aplicação de EMD ao esmalte desmineralizado parece ter remineralizado o esmalte; assim, a microdureza e a resistência de união foram semelhantes entre os grupos UE e ET.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Shear Strength , Hardness
16.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2021. 137 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1436158

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar o efeito da aplicação de agentes antioxidantes após o clareamento dentário e previamente à cimentação de laminados cerâmicos na estabilidade cromática do conjunto restaurador, assim como nas propriedades mecânicas de nanodureza (HIT), módulo de elasticidade (Eit*), grau de conversão, resistência de união e morfologia da interface adesiva. Ademais, a neutralização de peróxido de hidrogênio e a caracterização superficial do esmalte, como ângulo de contato, energia de superfície, energia livre total de interação, microscopia eletrônica de varredura e espectroscopia de energia dispersiva do substrato submetido à ação das soluções antioxidantes e do agente clareador também foram analisados. Duzentos e quarenta e dois blocos de esmalte dentário (7x8x0,6mm) foram utilizados para o processo de cimentação e distribuídos em grupos experimentais de acordo com os métodos de procedimentos (grupo não clareado, grupo clareado com Whiteness HP Maxx 35%), tipos de antioxidantes adotados (controle; ácido ascórbico 10% e α-tocoferol 10%) e períodos de cimentação (após 24 horas e 14 dias do processo de cimentação) (n = 22). Foi utilizado o sistema adesivo Tetric N Bond Universal e o cimento resinoso Variolink Esthetic LC (Ivoclar Vivadent) como agentes cimentantes. Os dados foram submetidos a testes estatísticos de normalidade e analisados por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Os dados da morfologia da interface adesiva, obtidas pela microscopia confocal a laser, foram submetidas ao teste Kappa inter-examinadores e os dados foram submetidos aos testes Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn (α = 0,05). Os resultados mostraram que, de modo geral, a utilização da solução antioxidante α-tocoferol 10% pós-clareamento no período mediato promoveu resultados satisfatórios com relação à estabilidade cromática do conjunto restaurador, assim como para as propriedades mecânicas, grau de conversão, resistência de união e morfologia da interface adesiva comparado ao grupo clareado sem associação dos agentes antioxidantes, tanto para o período mediato, quanto para o período de 14 dias (p< 0,05). A solução de αtocoferol 10% apresentou maiores valores de neutralização do peróxido de hidrogênio e maiores valores de molhabilidade do esmalte em relação aos grupos controle e ácido ascórbico (p< 0,05). A energia de superfície e energia livre total de interação do esmalte dentário foi significativamente influenciada pelo tratamento clareador (p< 0,05). Dessa forma, conclui-se que o emprego da solução antioxidante α-tocoferol 10% promoveu resultados promissores, sugerindo que o mesmo poderia ser utilizado mediatamente após o clareamento dental na cimentação de laminados cerâmicos(AU)


The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of antioxidant agents application after tooth bleaching and prior to luting of ceramic veneers on color stability of the restorative set, as well as on mechanical properties of nanohardness (HIT), elastic modulus (Eit*), degree of conversion, bond strength and morphology of the adhesive interface. Furthermore, the hydrogen peroxide neutralization and surface characterization of enamel, such as contact angle, surface energy, total free energy of interaction, scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy of the substrate submitted to the action of antioxidant solutions and bleaching agent were also analyzed. Two hundred forty two dental enamel blocks (7 x 8 x 0.6 mm) were used for the luting process and distributed into experimental groups according to the procedure methods (unbleached group, bleached group with Whiteness HP Maxx 35%), types of antioxidants adopted (control; 10% ascorbic acid and 10% α-tocopherol) and the luting periods (24 hours and 14 days after the luting process) (n = 22). Tetric N Bond Universal adhesive system and Variolink Esthetic LC resin cement (Ivoclar Vivadent) were used as luting agents. Data were submitted to statistical tests of normality and analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05). The adhesive interface morphology data, obtained by confocal laser microscopy, were submitted to the interexaminer Kappa test and the data were submitted to Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn´s tests (α = 0.05). The results showed that, in general, the use of 10% α-tocopherol antioxidant solution after bleaching in mediate period promoted satisfactory results regarding the color stability of the restorative set, as well as for the mechanical properties, degree of conversion, shear bond strength and adhesive interface morphology compared to the bleached group without antioxidant agents association, both for the mediate and 14-day period (P < 0.05). The 10% αtocopherol solution showed higher hydrogen peroxide neutralization values and higher enamel wettability values compared to the control and ascorbic acid groups (P < 0.05). Surface energy and total free energy of interaction of tooth enamel were significantly influenced by the bleaching treatment (P < 0.05). Thus, it is concluded that the use of 10% αtocopherol antioxidant solution promoted promising results, suggesting that it could be used mediately after tooth bleaching on luting of ceramic laminates(AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Ceramics , Cementation , Antioxidants , Ascorbic Acid , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Surface Properties , Oxidative Stress , Resin Cements , Tocopherols , Dental Cements , Dental Enamel , Shear Strength , Elastic Modulus , Hardness , Hydrogen Peroxide
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210171, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350892

ABSTRACT

Abstract Some evidence in vitro suggested that amoxicillin and fluoride could disturb the enamel mineralization. Objective: To assess the effect of amoxicillin and of the combination of amoxicillin and fluoride on enamel mineralization in rats. Methodology: In total, 40 rats were randomly assigned to four groups: control group (CG); amoxicillin group (AG - amoxicillin (500 mg/kg/day), fluoride group (FG - fluoridated water (100 ppm -221 mg F/L), and amoxicillin + fluoride group (AFG). After 60 days, the samples were collected from plasma and tibiae and analyzed for fluoride (F) concentration. The incisors were also collected to determine the severity of fluorosis using the Dental Fluorosis by Image Analysis (DFIA) software, concentration of F, measurements of enamel thickness, and hardness. The data were analyzed by ANOVA, Tukey's post-hoc test, or Games-Howell post-hoc test (α=0.05). Results: Enamel thickness of the incisors did not differ statistically among the groups (p=0.228). Groups exposed to fluoride (AFG and FG) have higher F concentrations in plasma, bone and teeth than those not exposed to fluoride (CG and AG). The groups showed a similar behavior in the DFIA and hardness test, with the FG and AFG groups showing more severe fluorosis defects and significant lower hardness when compared with the AG and CG groups, with no difference from each other. Conclusion: The rats exposed to fluoride or fluoride + amoxicillin developed dental fluorosis, while exposure to amoxicillin alone did not lead to enamel defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Fluorides/toxicity , Fluorosis, Dental/etiology , Dental Enamel , Hardness , Amoxicillin/toxicity , Incisor
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210120, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340104

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Our study aims to synthesize, characterize, and determine the effects of a ChNPs suspension on human enamel after cariogenic challenge via pH-cycling. Methodology ChNPs were synthesized by ion gelation and characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Dynamic Light Scattering. Forty enamel blocks were divided into four groups (n=10/group): (i) ChNPs suspension; (ii) chitosan solution; (iii) 0.05% sodium fluoride (NaF) solution; and (iv) distilled water. Specimens were exposed to cariogenic challenge by cycling in demineralization solution (3 h) and then remineralized (21h) for 7 days. Before each demineralization cycle, the corresponding solutions were passively applied for 90 s. After 7 days, specimens were examined for surface roughness (Ra) and Knoop hardness (KHN) before and after the cariogenic challenge; % KHN change (variation between initial and final hardness), and surface topography by an optical profilometer. The data were analyzed by repeated-measures ANOVA, One-way ANOVA, and Tukey tests (α=0.05). Results TEM images showed small spherical particles with diameter and zeta potential values of 79.3 nm and +47.9 mV, respectively. After the challenge, all groups showed an increase in Ra and a decrease in KHN values. Optical profilometry indicated that ChNPs- and NaF-treated specimens showed uneven roughness interspersed with smooth areas and the lowest %KHN values. Conclusion The ChNPs suspension was successfully synthesized and minimized human enamel demineralization after a cariogenic challenge, showing an interesting potential for use as an oral formulation for caries prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Chitosan , Nanoparticles , Sodium Fluoride , Cariostatic Agents , Dental Enamel , Hardness
19.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e2119150, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154070

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Third generation of LED light curing units might be used in short exposure periods for orthodontic brackets bonding. Objective: This study evaluated the effect of the different radiant exposure (RE) values: Manufacturers' instructions (MI), ½ MI, 1/4 MI and Turbo mode. Two third-generation LED curing units were used: VALO® and Bluephase 20i® . The degree of conversion (DC) and Vickers hardness (VHN) of an orthodontic composite (OC) (Transbond XT) under metallic (MB) or ceramic brackets (CB) were measured. Methods: OC was applied to the bracket base, which was then placed over an attenuated total reflectance (ATR) table coupled to an infrared light spectroscope, or to a glass surface for the VHN analysis. The specimens were light-cured and DC values were calculated. The VHN was obtained in a microhardness tester. The data were analyzed with 2-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post-hoc test (pre-set α=0.05). Linear regression analysis evaluated the relationship between RE values and dependent variables. Results: CB allowed higher DC and VHN values than MB (p< 0.001). No significant difference was noted among groups when CB were used. For MB, MI groups showed the highest DC and VHN values. A significant, but weak relationship was found between delivered RE values and dependent variables. Conclusions: The decrease in RE values from third generation LED CU did not jeopardize the DC values when CB were used, but can compromise DC and VHN values when MB are used.


RESUMO Introdução: A terceira geração de LEDs fotopolimerizadores pode ser utilizada em curtos períodos de exposição para a colagem de braquetes ortodônticos. Objetivo: O presente estudo avaliou o efeito dos diferentes valores de irradiância (IR): instruções do fabricante (IF), ½ IF, » IF e modo Turbo. Dois fotopolimerizadores LED de terceira geração (VALO® e Bluephase20i®) foram utilizados. Foram mensurados o grau de conversão (GC) e a dureza Vickers (VHN) de um compósito ortodôntico (CO) (Transbond XT) sob braquetes metálicos (BM) ou cerâmicos (BC). Métodos: O compósito ortodôntico foi aplicado na base do braquete e foi posicionado sobre uma mesa de refletância total atenuada (ATR) acoplada a um espectroscópio de infravermelho ou a uma superfície de vidro para análise de VHN. As amostras foram fotopolimerizadas e os valores de GC foram calculados. O VHN foi obtido em um microdurômetro. Os dados foram analisados com ANOVA de 2 fatores seguida do teste post-hoc de Tukey (predefinido α = 0,05). A análise de regressão linear avaliou a relação entre os valores de IR e as variáveis dependentes. Resultados: BC permitiu valores maiores de GC e VHN do que BM (p<0,001). Nenhuma diferença significativa foi observada entre os grupos quando BC foi utilizado. Para BM, os grupos de IF mostraram os maiores valores de GC e VHN. Uma relação significativa, mas fraca, entre os valores de IR entregue e as variáveis dependentes foi encontrada. Conclusões: A diminuição dos valores de IR dos fotopolimerizadores LED de terceira geração não prejudicou os valores de GC quando BC foram utilizados, mas pode comprometer os valores de GC e VHN quando BM são utilizados.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Orthodontic Brackets , Composite Resins , Curing Lights, Dental , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Polymerization , Hardness
20.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2021. 59 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413830

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a capacidade de soluções contendo HMP e F, sozinhos ou em associação, em induzir a remineralização dentinária em um protocolo in vitro. Blocos de dentina radicular bovina (4 × 6 cm, n = 100) foram preparados e submetidos à indução de lesões de cárie artificiais em dois terços da superfície; cada bloco foi utilizado como seu próprio controle. Em seguida, os blocos foram divididos em 10 grupos experimentais (n=10/grupo), de acordo com as soluções a serem testadas: (1) Placebo (sem F ou HMP); (2) 0,5% HMP; (3) 0,75% HMP; (4) 1% HMP; (5) 250 ppm F; (6) 500 ppm F; (7) 1100 ppm F; (8) 250 ppm F + 0,5% HMP; (9) 500 ppm F + 0,75% HMP e (10) 1100 ppm F + 1% HMP. Os blocos foram tratados por um minuto, duas vezes ao dia com as respectivas soluções, e submetidos a uma ciclagem de pH durante 7 dias. Em seguida, foram determinadas a porcentagem de recuperação da dureza de superfície (%RDS) e a área integrada da lesão de subsuperfície (ΔKHN). Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA e teste de Fisher LSD (p<0.05). Uma relação dose-reposta foi observada entre as concentrações de F nas soluções sem HMP e as variáveis %RDS e ΔKHN; quanto às soluções contendo apenas HMP, uma relação dose-resposta foi observada somente para ΔKHN. Em relação à %RDS, os grupos placebo e 0,5% HMP, e os grupos 0,75% e 1% HMP não apresentaram diferenças significativas entre si. Quando associado ao F, o HMP aumentou a capacidade de remineralização da superfície e subsuperfície dentinária, visto que os grupos contendo F + HMP apresentaram resultados significativamente melhores em relação aos grupos contendo F sozinho. Em acréscimo, a solução contendo 250 ppm F + 0,5% HMP promoveu um efeito remineralizador semelhante à solução contendo 500 ppm F. Já em relação à ∆KHN, diferenças estatísticas foram observadas entre todos os grupos na área tratada, sem diferenças significativas quanto às áreas controle e desmineralizada. Os resultados permitem concluir que a adição de HMP às soluções fluoretadas potencializou o efeito destas sobre a remineralização das lesões artificiais de cárie em dentina, tanto na superfície quanto em profundidade(AU)


The present study aimed to investigate the ability of solutions containing HMP and F, alone or in association, in promoting dentin remineralization in an in vitro protocol. Bovine root dentin blocks (4 × 6 cm, n = 100) were prepared, and caries-like lesions were induced in two thirds of the surface; each block served as its own control. Then, blocks were divided into 10 experimental groups (n = 10 / group), according to the solutions to be tested: (1) Placebo (without F or HMP); (2) 0.5% HMP; (3) 0.75% HMP; (4) 1% HMP; (5) 250 ppm F; (6) 500 ppm F; (7) 1100 ppm F; (8) 250 ppm F + 0.5% HMP; (9) 500 ppm F + 0.75% HMP and (10) 1100 ppm F + 1% HMP. Specimens were treated for one minute, twice a day with the respective solutions, and subjected to a pH-cycling regime for 7 days. Next, the percentage of the superficial hardness recovery (%SHR) and integrated loss of subsurface hardness (ΔKHN) were determined. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Fisher LSD's test (p<0.05). A dose-response relationship was observed between F concentrations in solutions without HMP and the variables %SHR and ΔKHN; as for the solutions containing HMP alone, a dose-response relationship was only observed for ΔKHN. Regarding %SHR, no significant differences were observed Placebo and 0.5% HMP groups, nor between 0.75% and 1% HMP groups. When associated with F, HMP was shown to increase the remineralizing capacity of the solutions both at the surface and the subsurface of dentin specimens, since the groups containing F + HMP showed significantly superior results compared to groups containing F alone. In addition, the solution containing 250 ppm F + 0.5% HMP promoted a remineralizing effect similar to that containing 500 ppm F. Regarding ∆KHN, significant differences were observed among all groups in the treated area, while no significant differences were observed among the groups in the control and demineralized areas. The results allowed the conclusion that the addition of HMP to fluoridated solutions significantly enhanced their remineralizing potential on dentin artificial caries lesions, both at the surface and in depth(AU)


Subject(s)
Phosphates , Tooth Remineralization , Dental Caries , Dentin , Fluorine , Hardness
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL