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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the mutation site in a pedigree affected with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and verify its impact on the protein function.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the proband and his pedigree members for the extraction of genomic DNA. Mutational analysis was performed on the proband through whole-exome sequencing. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing. A series of molecular methods including PCR amplification, restriction enzyme digestion, ligation and transformation were also used to construct wild-type and mutant eukaryotic expression vectors of the PKD2 gene, which were transfected into HEK293T and HeLa cells for the observation of protein expression and cell localization.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor a c.2051dupA (p. Tyr684Ter) frame shift mutation of the PKD2 gene, which caused repeat of the 2051st nucleotide of its cDNA sequence and a truncated protein. Immunofluorescence experiment showed that the localization of the mutant protein within the cell was altered compared with the wild-type, which may be due to deletion of the C-terminus of the PKD2 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2051dupA (p. Tyr684Ter) mutation of the PKD2 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of ADPKD in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
DNA Mutational Analysis , Female , Frameshift Mutation , HEK293 Cells , HeLa Cells , Humans , Male , Pedigree , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant/physiopathology , Protein Kinases/genetics , Protein Transport/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism in stable cell strains expressing Mini-hF9 gene with nonsense mutation.@*METHODS@#Mini-hF9 gene and its nonsense mutants were transfected into HeLa cells independently, and stable cell strains were obtained after G418 resistance screening and monoclonal transformation. The altered splicing and protein expression of mRNA in Mini-hF9 gene in stable cell strains were detected by using RT-PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The wild type and nonsense mutated human coagulation factor IX stable cell strains were constructed successfully, which were named HeLa-F9-WT, HeLa-F9-M1 and HeLa-F9-M2. Only normal splicing Norm was detected in the wild-type cell strain HeLa-F9-WT; Norm and Alt-S1 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M1; while Norm, Alt-S1 and Alt-S2 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M2.@*CONCLUSION@#The nonsense associated altered splicing (NAS) pathway, which generated alternately spliced transcripts, might be triggered in coagulation factor IX gene with nonsense mutation.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Factor IX/metabolism , HeLa Cells , Humans , Mutation , RNA Splicing , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
3.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200163, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153296

ABSTRACT

HIGHLIGHTS Isolate, fractionate and characterize extracts obtained from soursop leaves. Use of emerging green technologies such as microwave-ultrasound hybridization. The extracts contain kaempferol, procyanidins, catechin, and quercetin. The total ethanolic extract demonstrates cytotoxic effect on HeLa cells.


Abstract Cervical cancer is classified as the fourth most common malignancy in women. Natural compounds are a therapeutic alternative in cancer therapy. The aim of the study is to isolate, fractionate, and characterize extracts obtained from soursop leaves (Annona muricata L.) and determine their cytotoxic effect against HeLa cervical cancer cells and non-carcinogenic fibroblast 3T3 cells. The phytochemicals of soursop leaves were extracted through emerging green technologies such as the novel use of microwave-ultrasound hybridization and the use of environmentally friendly solvents (water and ethanol), in addition to the purification of extracts enriched in polyphenols by liquid chromatography with Amberlite XAD-16. Total aqueous and ethanolic extract were purified, as well as the fraction one of each extract. The extracts recovered from soursop leaves contained kaempferol and its isomers, procyanidins, catechin, and quercetin. The viability of the cells was determined with the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. HeLa and 3T3 cells were exposed to concentrations of 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, and 250 ppm of a solution of soursop leaf extract powder. The MTT assay showed that soursop leaf extracts were toxic to both cell lines in general, however, the ethanolic extract at 25 and 50 ppm demonstrated inhibition in cell viability against the HeLa cancer line and low cytotoxicity for 3T3 fibroblast cells. In conclusion, the novel microwave-ultrasound hybridization technology allows the extraction of polyphenols that may have a potential cytotoxic effect on cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , HeLa Cells , Annona/chemistry , Polyphenols/isolation & purification , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/isolation & purification , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Catechin/chemistry , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Ethanol , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879151

ABSTRACT

The paclitaxel-loaded and folic acid-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nano-micelles(PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs) were prepared by the emulsion solvent evaporation method, and the parameters of paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were optimized with the particle size and PDI as evaluation indexes. The morphology of the nano-micelles was observed by transmission electron microscopy(TEM), and the stability, drug loading and encapsulation efficiency were systematically investigated. In vitro experiments were performed to study the cytotoxic effects of nano-micelles, apoptosis, and cellular uptake. Under the optimal parameters, the nano-micelles showed the particle size of(125.3±1.2) nm, the PDI of 0.086±0.026, the zeta potential of(-20.0±3.8) mV, the drug loading of 7.2%±0.75%, and the encapsulation efficiency of 50.7%±1.0%. The nano-micelles were in regular spherical shape as observed by TEM. The blank FA-PLGA-NMs exhibited almost no inhibitory effect on the proliferation and growth of tumor cells, while the drug-loaded nano-micelles and free PTX exhibited significant inhibitory effects. The IC_(50) of PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs and PTX was 0.56 μg·mL~(-1) and 0.66 μg·mL~(-1), respectively. The paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were potent in inhibiting cell migration as assessed by the scratch assay. PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs had good pro-apoptotic effect on cervical cancer HeLa cells and significantly promoted the uptake of HeLa cells. The results of in vitro experiments suggested that PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs could target and treat cervical cancer HeLa cells. Therefore, as nanodrug carriers, PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs with anti-cancer activity are a promising nano-system for improving the-rapeutic effects on tumors.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Female , Folic Acid , Glycolates , HeLa Cells , Humans , Micelles , Paclitaxel , Particle Size , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 233-243, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878252

ABSTRACT

There is increasing evidence that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays critical roles in cancer progression. However, the role of long non-coding RNA 00665 (LINC00665) in most cancers is poorly understood. The purpose of the present study was to reveal the functional role of LINC00665 in cervical cancer cells. HeLa cells were subjected to LINC00665 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) or control shRNA treatment to investigate the metastasis and proliferation phenotype of cervical cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Transcriptome sequencing experiments of HeLa cells in LINC00665 silencing or control group were conducted, and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened. The DEGs were subjected to Metascape database functional analysis and gene set enrichment analysis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers and a key element of WNT/β‑catenin pathway, CTNNB1 (catenin beta 1), were detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence assay. The results showed that silencing LINC00665 reduced cell viability of Hela cells, up-regulated protein expression level of E-cadherin, down-regulated protein expression levels of N-cadherin, Vimentin and CTNNB1, and inhibited cell migration and invasion of HeLa cells. Bioinformatics analysis results showed that LINC00665 might promote EMT by activating WNT-CTNNB1/β‑catenin signaling pathway. These results indicate that LINC00665 has functions in transcriptional EMT regulation via WNT-CTNNB1/β‑catenin signaling pathway and therefore can be developed as a therapeutic target for cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , HeLa Cells , Humans , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(2): e8901, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055498

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to explore the role of the SULF2-mediated ERK/AKT signaling pathway in cervical cancer. SULF2 expression was detected in tumor tissues and tumor-adjacent normal tissues from cervical cancer patients. HeLa cells were divided into six groups: control group, NC group, SULF2 siRNA group, SULF2 group, SULF2 + LY294002 group, and SULF2 + U0125 group. In each group, HeLa cells received the corresponding treatment, followed by measurement of the cellular biological characteristics and expression of the ERK/AKT signaling pathway. We also confirmed the effect of SULF2 in vivo using a xenograft model in nude mice. SULF2 was upregulated in cervical cancer tissues, which was specifically associated with the clinical stage, histological differentiation, and lymphatic metastasis. Compared to the control group, the SULF2 siRNA group displayed decreased expression of SULF2, concomitant with reduced proliferation, migration, and invasion, but there was an increase in the apoptosis rate of HeLa cells, as well as downregulation of the p-Akt/Akt, p-ERK/ERK, and Bax/Bcl-2 ratios and cyclin D1. Additionally, tumor growth was significantly inhibited in the xenograft model of nude mice. The results in the SULF2 group were quite the opposite in which SULF2 facilitated the growth of cervical cancer cells, which was reversed by LY294002 or U0126. SULF2 is highly expressed in cervical cancer, and thus, downregulation of SULF2 can inhibit the ERK1/2 and AKT signaling pathways to suppress the proliferation, invasion, and migration of cervical cancer cells while facilitating apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Rabbits , Sulfatases/metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , Apoptosis , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Sulfatases/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , HeLa Cells , Signal Transduction , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MAP Kinase Signaling System/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Staging
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827972

ABSTRACT

Fourteen compounds were isolated from the ethanol extract of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum by various chromatographic techniques, including column chromatographies on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic techniques as S-3'-hydroxy-7,2',4'-trimethoxyisoxane(1), 2-(2',4'-dimethoxyphenyl)-6-hydroxybenzofuran(2), 2-(2'-hydroxy-4'-methoxyphenyl)-6-methoxybenzofuran(3), 7,2',4'-trimethoxydihydroisoflavone(4), sativanone(5), 3,9-dimethoxy-6H-benzofuro[3,2-c]chromen-6-one(6),(6 aS,11 aS)-homopterocarpin(7),(6 aS,11 aS)-8-hydroxy-3,9-dimethoxypterocarpan(8),(6 aS,11 aS)-3,8,9-trimethoxypterocarpan(9), isodalbergin(10), isoliquiritigenin(11), butein(12), butin(13) and 3,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone(14). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, while 2 and 3 were new natural products, 6, 8, 9 and 14 were isolated for the first time from Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum. Compounds 1-14 were tested for their cytotoxic activity against human hepatoma cell line BEL-7402, human gastric cancer cell line SCG-7901, human lung cancer cell line A549, human chronic myeloid leukemia cell line K562 and HeLa human cervical cancer cellline by MTT method. Compound 1 exhibited significant cytotoxicity with IC_(50) values ranging from 2.85 to 11.62 μg·mL~(-1). In addition, 2, 11 and 12 showed weak cytotoxic activities.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , HeLa Cells , Humans
9.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 31(1): 3-6, 31-03-2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119005

ABSTRACT

Papillomaviruses have been infecting people since the beginning of human life on earth. The most relevant chapters of this story were written by the brilliant, diverse, and prominent scientists of their respective times. However, an important part of this story is the Papillomavirus victims and their adverse situations. There have also been disputes over intellectual primacy of the discoveries and the collaborators who were not given the recognition according to the role they played. This article will guide the reader through the remarkable facts of this conflicting and interesting relationship between humans and the Papillomavirus


O papilomavírus tem infectado pessoas desde o começo da vida humana na Terra. Os capítulos mais relevantes dessa história foram escritos por mãos brilhantes de diversos e proeminentes cientistas em seus respectivos tempos. No entanto, parte importante dessa história também foi construída por vítimas do papilomavírus e suas situações adversas. Houve também disputas sobre a primazia intelectual das descobertas e os colaboradores cujo reconhecimento é menor que o papel que desempenhavam. Este artigo levará o leitor por um breve passeio pelos fatos marcantes dessa conflituosa e interessante relação entre o homem e o papilomavírus


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomaviridae , Papanicolaou Test , History , Viruses , HeLa Cells , Infections
10.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 106-116, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Hypoxia—a characteristic of almost all types of solid tumors—has been associated with poor outcomes in several human malignancies. Genipin—an active constituent of Gardenia fruit— has been reported to exert an anti-tumor effect in several cancers. In this study, we investigated inhibition of angiogenesis using Genipin-mediated hypoxia-induced hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1) and VEGF expression in human cervical cancer cells.METHODS: Under normoxic and hypoxic conditions, the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF in cervical cancer HeLa cells was detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Luciferase reporter assays were used to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the hypoxia-induced survivin activation.RESULTS: Surprisingly, we found that Genipin suppressed the HIF-1α accumulation during hypoxia in human liver cancer cell line (HepG2), human prostate cancer cell line (LNCaP), colon cancer cell line (HCT116), and breast cancer cell line (MDA231). Genipin treatment also significantly reduced hypoxia-induced secretion of VEGF.CONCLUSIONS: Suppression of HIF-1α accumulation following treatment with Genipin under hypoxia was associated with PI3K and MAPK pathways. Taken together, these results suggested that Genipin inhibits HIF-1α expression through inhibition of PI3K and MAPK signaling pathways. These results provide new insights into a potential mechanism of the anticancer properties of Genipin.


Subject(s)
Hypoxia , Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Line , Colonic Neoplasms , Gardenia , HeLa Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Luciferases , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prostatic Neoplasms , Reverse Transcription , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1079-1087, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771820

ABSTRACT

Here we investigate the physical and chemical properties of chiral self-assembling peptides and the role of uterine trauma regeneration. The circular dichroism was used to analyze secondary structure of chiral self-assembled peptide, and Congo red staining was used to observe the macroscopic process of peptide self-assembling. Erythrocyte lysis assay was used to examine the cleavage of peptide on cell membrane. The nanofiber scaffolds self-assembled by Chiral self-assembling peptides were used as the three-dimensional culture material to observe the growth effect of Hela cell. CCK-8 (cell counting kit-8) was used to study cell viability level between 2D (2-dimensional) and 3D (3-dimensional) culture environment. Rats endometrium curettage model was founded to evaluate the changes by immunohistochemistry staining and and HE staining. The secondary structure of chiral self-assembling peptides was stable β-sheet, and peptide could form dense membrane structure after 24 hours self-assembling cultured in salt ions. There was no harmful for the cell membrane of the peptide before and after self-assembling. Animal experiments show that chiral self-assembling peptide can significantly reduce the inflammatory response, promote the production of neovascularization, and accelerate the repair process. Chiral self-assembling peptide, as a new type of scaffold material, can construct a three-dimensional cell culture environment and used to repair uterine trauma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Endometrium , Female , HeLa Cells , Humans , Nanofibers , Peptides , Rats , Regeneration
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773230

ABSTRACT

According to drug design flattening principle,a series of novel indole podophyllotoxin derivatives which were introduced different indole substituents in C-4 position on the basis of podophyllotoxin nucleus were synthesized with the starting material podophyllotoxin and 1 H-indole-5-carboxylic acid. Its anti-tumor activity in vitro was tested in order to screen for high-efficiency and low-toxic compounds. Six target compounds were synthesized,and were confirmed by~1 H-NMR,~(13)C-NMR,HR-ESI-MS and melting point determination analysis. All these target compounds were not reported by previous literature. Using etoposide as positive control drug,all the target compounds were screened for cytotoxicity against He La cells,K562 cells and K562/A02 cell in vitro by MTT method. The antitumor activity screening results showed that compounds 4 b,4 e,4 f exhibited higher inhibitory rate against He La cells and K562 cells than those of control drug VP-16. This route has the advantages on simple operation and reasonable design,provides some practical reference value for the further development on the structure modification of podophyllotoxin and study on anti-tumor activity.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , HeLa Cells , Humans , Indoles , Pharmacology , K562 Cells , Podophyllotoxin , Pharmacology , Structure-Activity Relationship
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773096

ABSTRACT

Fourteen chemical constituents, including 5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-1-tetralone(1), 4,8-dihydroxy-1-tetralone(2), 4,5-dihydroxy-α-tetralone(3), blumenol B(4), dehydrovomifoliol(5), megastigm-5-ene-3,9-diol(6), juglanin B(7), blumenol C(8), loliolide(9), oleracone B(10), syringarsinol(11), pinoresinol(12), methyl 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoate(13), and isovanillic acid(14), were isolated from the dichloromethane fraction of 95% methanol extract of green walnut husks by silica gel and MCI column chromatography, and Pre-HPLC. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods, such as NMR, MS and so on. Among them, compounds 1, 4-6, 8-13 were isolated from the green walnut husks for the first time, and compounds 4-6, 8, 10, 12, 13 were isolated from the Juglans genus for the first time. All of isolates were detected their inhibitory activities against HeLa, HGC-27 and Ht-29 cell lines by the MTT assay. The result showed that compounds 2, 3, 7, 9 and 11 exhibited inhibitory activity against the tested cell line. The IC_(50) of 7 were 26.5, 9.0, 25.4 μmol·L~(-1), respectively.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , HT29 Cells , HeLa Cells , Humans , Juglans , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Chemistry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776046

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions,roles,and clinical significance of microRNA-365(miR-365)and E74-like factor 4(ELF4)in cervical cancer. Methods The expressions of miR-365 in normal cervical tissues(n=34),cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1(CIN 1)(n=31),cervical intraepithelial neoplasia2-3(CIN 2-3)(n=37),squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix(SCC)(n=33),and three cervical cancer cell lines(C33A cells,Hela cells,and SiHa cells)were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qPCR).Bioinformatic prediction and luciferase reporter gene assay were performed to verify whether ELF4 was a direct target of miR-365.Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to detect ELF4 expression in cervical cancer cells and in different pathological cervix tissues.CCK8 assay was used to detect the effect of overexpression or inhibition of miR-365 on the proliferation of cervical cancer cells at different time points.The relationships among the miR-365 expression,ELF4 expression,and clinicopathological parameters of cervical cancer were analyzed by correlation analysis. Results qPCR results showed that compared with the normal cervical cell HcerEpic,the expressions of miR-365 in CIN1,CIN2-3,and cervical cancer tissues gradually decreased with the increased pathologic grade,and its expressions also decreased in different cervical cancer cell lines.The luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that ELF4 was the direct target of miR-365.Western blot showed that the expression of ELF4 increased in all three cervical cancer cell lines compared with normal cervical epidermal cell(P=0.013,P=0.002,P=0.004).Immunohistochemistry showed that ELF4 expression was up-regulated in CIN and cervical cancer tissues.CCK8 assay showed that overexpression of miR-365 inhibited cell proliferation,while inhibition of miR-365 promoted the proliferation of three cervical cancer cells(PConclusion The decreased expression of miR-365 in human cervical cancer cells relieves its inhibitory effect on ELF4,which promotes the proliferation of cervical cancer cells and the formation of tumor.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Female , HeLa Cells , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775986

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the methylation status of SALL3 gene promoter region in normal cervical tissues,cervical cancer tissues,and cervical cancer cell lines and thus explore the relationship between methylation status and the expression of SALL3 gene.Methods The DNA methylation statuses of SALL3 gene in normal cervical,cervical cancer tissues and cervical cancer cell lines were analyzed by methylation-specific PCR(MS-PCR).The expressions of SALL3 mRNA in cervical cancer cell lines,cervical cancer tissues,and normal cervical tissues were detected by RT-PCR.Results In cervical cancer and matched peri-carcinomatous samples,the methylation levels of SALL3 were up-regulated(CCa .CCap:=0.046;CCa .NC =0.039)and the protein expressions were down-regulated(CCa .CCap:=0.012;CCa .NC =0.000)when compared with normal cervix samples.The mRNA levels of SALL3 in HeLa and SiHa cells treated with 5-Azacytidine were elevated in a dose-dependent manner(HeLa:=0.001;SiHa:=0.002).The methylation level of SALL3 was higher in high risk human papillomavirus(HPV)-positive cervical samples than in HPV-negative cervical samples(=0.014),which also resulted in a descending SALL3 expression in HPV-positive samples(=0.021).Conclusions The hypermethylation of SALL3 in promoter regions inhibits the expression of SALL3 in cervical cancer tissue samples.Infection with high-risk HPV serotypes may increase the methylation of SALL3 promoter region,silence its expression,and thus promote the development of cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Methylation , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , HeLa Cells , Homeodomain Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Papillomavirus Infections , Genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Genetics
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of genistein on the anticancer effects of chemotherapeutic agents, we examined the effect of a genistein and cisplatin combination on CaSki human cervical cancer cells. METHODS: After the cervical cancer cells (HeLa cells, CaSki cells) had been cultured, cisplatin and genistein were added to the culture medium, and the cell activity was measured using MTT assay. The CaSki cells were cultured in a medium containing cisplatin and genistein, and then, the cells were collected in order to measure p53, Bcl2, ERK, and caspase 3 levels by western blotting. RESULTS: Both the HeLa and CaSki cells had decreased cell viabilities when the cisplatin concentration was 10 μM or higher. When combined with genistein, the cell viabilities of the HeLa and CaSki cells decreased at cisplatin concentrations of 8 μM and 6 μM, respectively. The administration of genistein increased the toxicity of cisplatin in the HeLa and CaSki cells. In the CaSki cells, the p-ERK1/2 level decreased by 37%, the p53 expression level increased by 304%, and the cleaved caspase 3 level increased by 115% in the cisplatin+genistein group compared to that in the cisplatin group. Bcl2 expression was reduced by 69% in the cisplatin+genistein group compared to that in the cisplatin group. CONCLUSION: Genistein enhances the anticancer effect of cisplatin in CaSki cells, and can be used as a chemotherapeutic adjuvant to increase the activity of a chemotherapeutic agent.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Caspase 3 , Cell Line , Cell Survival , Cisplatin , Genistein , HeLa Cells , Humans , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
17.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 244-247, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760565

ABSTRACT

A new isoprenylated stilbene, flavestinK (1) together with two known isoprenylated stilbenes, flavestin B (2), flavestin G (3), and two isoprenilated flavanones, 4-O-methyl-8-isoprenylnaringenin (4) and 8-isoprenyl-5,7-dihydroxyflavanone (5) were isolated from the leaves of Macaranga recurvata Gage. All of the structures have been determined based on HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR spectral data. All of the isolated compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against three human cancer cells (HeLa, T47D and WiDr). Compound 1 showed higher activity than doxorubicin against HeLa cells with IC₅₀ value of 13.1 µg/mL.


Subject(s)
Doxorubicin , Euphorbiaceae , Flavanones , HeLa Cells , Humans , Stilbenes
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764074

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There have been contradictory reports on the pro-cancer or anti-cancer effects of mesenchymal stem cells. In this study, we investigated whether conditioned medium (CM) from hypoxic human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) (H-CM) showed enhanced anti-cancer effects compared with CM from normoxic hUC-MSCs (N-CM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Compared with N-CM, H-CM not only strongly reduced cell viability and increased apoptosis of human cervical cancer cells (HeLa cells), but also increased caspase-3/7 activity, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and induced cell cycle arrest. In contrast, cell viability, apoptosis, MMP, and cell cycle of human dermal fibroblast (hDFs) were not significantly changed by either CM whereas caspase-3/7 activity was decreased by H-CM. Protein antibody array showed that activin A, Beta IG-H3, TIMP-2, RET, and IGFBP-3 were upregulated in H-CM compared with N-CM. Intracellular proteins that were upregulated by H-CM in HeLa cells were represented by apoptosis and cell cycle arrest terms of biological processes of Gene Ontology (GO), and by cell cycle of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. In hDFs, negative regulation of apoptosis in biological process of GO and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway of KEGG pathways were represented. CONCLUSIONS: H-CM showed enhanced anti-cancer effects on HeLa cells but did not influence cell viability or apoptosis of hDFs and these different effects were supported by profiling of secretory proteins in both kinds of CM and intracellular signaling of HeLa cells and hDFs.


Subject(s)
Activins , Hypoxia , Apoptosis , Biological Phenomena , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Survival , Culture Media, Conditioned , Fibroblasts , Gene Ontology , Genome , HeLa Cells , Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763017

ABSTRACT

β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) can be cleaved by α-, and γ-secretase at plasma membrane producing soluble ectodomain fragment (sAPPα). Alternatively, following endocytosis, APP is cleaved by β-, and γ-secretase at early endosomes generating β-amyloid (Aβ), the main culprit in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, APP endocytosis is critical for Aβ production. Recently, we reported that Monsonia angustifolia, the indigenous vegetables consumed in Tanzania, improved cognitive function and decreased Aβ production. In this study, we examined the underlying mechanism of justicidin A, the active compound of M. angustifolia, on Aβ production. We found that justicidin A reduced endocytosis of APP, increasing sAPPα level, while decreasing Aβ level in HeLa cells overexpressing human APP with the Swedish mutation. The effect of justicidin A on Aβ production was blocked by endocytosis inhibitors, indicating that the decreased APP endocytosis by justicidin A is the underlying mechanism. Thus, justicidin A, the active compound of M. angustifolia, may be a novel agent for AD treatment.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Cell Membrane , Cognition , Endocytosis , Endosomes , HeLa Cells , Humans , Tanzania , Vegetables
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765077

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In this article, we estimated the combined effect of radiotherapy (RT) with ultrasound (US) wave and the ability of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) to improve their combined therapeutic effects. METHODS: At first, HeLa cells received the various treatment modalities: RT (6 MV; 0.5, 1, and 2 Gy), US irradiation (1 MHz; 0.5, 1, and 1.5 W/cm2, 1 minute), and RT+US. Afterwards, the enhanced effect of US on RT was evaluated. Then, the effect of the synthesized GNPs at different concentrations (0.2, 1, and 5 µg/mL, 24 hours) was evaluated to assess the effect on HeLa cells combined with RT+US. Cell survival rates in the different treatment groups at 24, 48, and 72 hours post-treatment were evaluated using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and trypan blue assays. RESULTS: Our results show US irradiation could enhance the effect of RT at the same radiation dose and could be utilized as a sensitizer agent for RT. Moreover, our findings indicate RT+US in combination with different nanoparticle concentrations could enhance the effect of RT+US so that they can improve the treatment results up to 9.93 times and act as sonodynamic-radiosensitivity. These results also indicate that the combination of RT with US along with GNPs has synergistic effects compared to RT or US alone. Cell survival results show that combining the low US waves (1.5 W/cm2), GNPs (5 μg/mL), and X-rays (2 Gy) increase the cytotoxicity on HeLa cell up to 95.8%. CONCLUSION: We concluded that GNPs could act as a good sensitizing agent in RT+US irradiation and could result in the synergistic effects.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , HeLa Cells , Humans , Nanoparticles , Radiotherapy , Therapeutic Uses , Trypan Blue , Ultrasonography , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
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