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1.
CoDAS ; 33(4): e20200076, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286109

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Elaborar un protocolo de evaluación y establecer valores de referencia de las ganancias del reflejo vestíbulo-ocular del canal semicircular horizontal obtenidas con el v-HIT en población pediátrica sin alteraciones vestibulares. Método Estudio cuantitativo, analítico, no experimental con muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. Se seleccionaron 39 sujetos entre 5 a 17 años, los cuales cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados El promedio de la ganancia obtenida para el conducto semicircular horizontal derecho fue de 0,93 y para el conducto semicircular izquierdo fue de 1,08. Existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre oídos. No existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los subgrupos de 5 a 10 años y 11 a 17 años. Conclusión La ganancia del reflejo vestíbulo-ocular en población pediátrica se acerca a los valores encontrados en la literatura científica internacional y de la población adulta. El protocolo confeccionado puede orientar a profesionales que están comenzando en la evaluación otoneurológica de esta población.


ABSTRACT Purpose To develop an assessment protocol and establish reference values of vestibulo-ocular reflex gain of the horizontal semicircular canal obtained with vHIT in a pediatric population without vestibular changes. Methods Quantitative, non-experimental, analytical study with a non-probabilistic convenience sample. A total of 39 subjects aged 5 to 17 years were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results The mean gain obtained of the horizontal right semicircular canal was 0.93 and of the left one, 1.08, with statistically significant differences between the ears. There were no statistically significant differences between the 5-to-10-year and 11-to-17-year subgroups. Conclusion The vestibulo-ocular reflex gain in children neared the values found in the international scientific literature and the adult population. The protocol developed can guide beginning professionals in the otoneurological evaluation of children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Vestibule, Labyrinth , Head Impulse Test , Reference Values , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Semicircular Canals
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(5): 534-544, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132631

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Ménière's disease is among the most frequent causes of vestibular disorders. Although it is a clinical diagnosis, a better understanding of the pathophysiology and clinical course of the disease through tests would allow improvement in the prognosis and more effective treatments. Objectives: To describe the results of the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic and video head impulse test in patients with a defined diagnosis of Ménière's disease and to correlate them with disease duration. Methods: The sample consisted of 50 participants, of whom 29 comprised the study group and 21 the control group. The individuals were submitted to a questionnaire, otoscopy, audiometry and vestibular function assessment through the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential and video head impulse test. Results: For the video head impulse test, lateral canal gain values below 0.77 were considered abnormal and for the vertical channels, below 0.61. The percentages of normality were 82.76% for lateral, 89.65% for posterior and 91.37% for anterior canals. For the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential, the upper limits of normal for latencies were defined as 18.07 ms for p13 and 28.47 ms for n23; and in the SG, 19.57% showed prolongation of latency of p13 and 4.35% of wave n23, whereas 18.96% did not show biphasic potential. Conclusions: For the video head impulse test, a decreased gain of the vestibulo-ocular reflex for the lateral canal was observed, with a higher incidence of overt type corrective saccades compared to the control group. For the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential, there was a significant difference between the groups for the inter-amplitude parameter, including for asymptomatic ears. There was no correlation between the results of the tests and disease duration.


Resumo Introdução: A doença de Ménière está entre as causas mais frequentes de vestibulopatias. Apesar de o diagnóstico ser clínico, compreender melhor a fisiopatologia e o curso clínico da doença por meio dos exames vestibulares permite melhores prognósticos e tratamentos. Objetivos: Descrever resultados do potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical e teste de impulso cefálico por vídeo em pacientes com diagnóstico de doença de Ménière definida e correlacionar com o tempo de doença. Método: A amostra foi constituída por 50 participantes, dos quais 29 compuseram o grupo de estudo e 21 formaram o grupo controle. Os indivíduos foram submetidos a um questionário clínico, otoscopia, avaliação audiológica e avaliação da função vestibular por meio do potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical e teste de impulso cefálico por vídeo. Resultados: Para teste de impulso cefálico por vídeo foram considerados alterados os valores de ganho para canal lateral abaixo de 0,77 e para os canais verticais abaixo de 0,61; e os percentuais de normalidade para o grupo de estudo foram 82,76% para lateral; 89,65% para posterior e 91,37% anterior. No potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical, os limites superiores das latências foram definidos 18,07 ms para p13 e 28,47 ms para n23; no grupo de estudo 19,57% apresentaram prolongamento da latência da p13 e 4,35% da onda n23 e 18,96% não apresentaram o potencial bifásico. Conclusões: No teste de impulso cefálico por vídeo observou-se ganho do reflexo vestíbulo ocular diminuído para os canais laterais, com maior ocorrência de sacadas corretivas do tipo overt. Para o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical observou-se diferença significante entre os grupos para o parâmetro interamplitude, inclusive para orelhas assintomáticas. Não foi evidenciada correlação dos resultados dos exames com o tempo de doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials , Meniere Disease , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Vestibule, Labyrinth , Head Impulse Test
4.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(1): 54-62, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099202

ABSTRACT

La vestibulopatía bilateral es poco frecuente, se caracteriza principalmente por inestabilidad al caminar o al estar de pie, visión borrosa inducida por el movimiento u oscilopsia al caminar o al realizar movimientos rápidos de la cabeza o del cuerpo, empeoramiento de la estabilidad en la oscuridad o terrenos irregulares, reducción de los síntomas al estar en condiciones estáticas, ganancia del reflejo vestíbulo-ocular angular reducida de forma bilateral, entre otros. Existen múltiples causas. Dentro de las causas identificables, se describen principalmente medicamentos ototóxicos, meningitis y enfermedad de Ménière. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 64 años diagnosticada con vestibulopatía bilateral posterior a tratamiento intramuscular con gentamicina por sobreinfección bacteriana cutánea de las manos. La evaluación vestibular complementada con videonistagmografía y prueba de impulso cefálico asistida por video confirman el diagnóstico y se inicia tratamiento con rehabilitación vestibular enfocada en promover la compensación central a través de estrategias de sustitución principalmente; además de habituación y adaptación vestibular, favoreciendo la estabilización de la mirada, mantención del equilibrio, control postural, marcha y reducción de los síntomas.


Bilateral vestibulopathy is infrequent, and it is characterized mostly by unstable walking or when standing, blurred vision induced by movement, or oscillopsia when walking or performing fast movements; worsening of the stability in darkness or uneven ground, but with lack of symptoms in static conditions. Other symptoms may include bilateral reduction of the oculo-vestibular reflex. Among the identifiable causes, there is the use of ototoxic medication, meningitis, Ménière's disease, although it can be idiopathic or have a neurological cause. We hereby describe the case of a 64-year-old woman, diagnosed with bilateral vestibulopathy secondary to intramuscular treatment with gentamicin due to a bacterial hand infection. Vestibular assessment was complemented with video-nystagmography and video head impulse test which confirmed the diagnosis, and therapy was started with vestibular rehabilitation focused on promoting central compensation mainly, through substitution strategies. Also, habituation exercise and vestibular adaptation strategies were used, thus promoting sight stabilization, balance maintenance, postural control, walking, and reduction of the symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Gentamicins/adverse effects , Bilateral Vestibulopathy/chemically induced , Bilateral Vestibulopathy/rehabilitation , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Audiometry , Superinfection , Electronystagmography , Head Impulse Test , Bilateral Vestibulopathy/diagnosis , Bilateral Vestibulopathy/physiopathology
5.
Clinics ; 74: e786, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Currently, cochlear implant procedures are becoming increasingly broad and have greatly expanded. Bilateral cochlear implants and cochlear implants are more frequently applied in children. Our hypothesis is that the video head impulse test may be more sensitive than the caloric test in detecting abnormal vestibular function before cochlear implant surgery. The objective of this study was to compare the video head impulse test and caloric test results of patients selected for cochlear implant procedures before surgery. METHODS: The patients selected for cochlear implant surgery were submitted to a bithermal caloric test and video head impulse test. RESULTS: By comparing angular slow phase velocity values below 5° in the bithermal caloric test (hypofunction) and video head impulse test with a gain lower than 0.8, we identified 37 (64.9%) patients with vestibular hypofunction or canal paresis and 21 (36.8%) patients with abnormal video head impulse test gain before the cochlear implant procedure. Of the 37 patients with caloric test vestibular hypofunction, 20 (54%) patients exhibited an abnormal gain in the video head impulse test. CONCLUSION: The caloric test is more sensitive than the video head impulse test (Fisher's exact test, p=0.0002) in detecting the impaired ear before cochlear implant delivery. The proportion of caloric test/video head impulse test positive identification of abnormal vestibular function or caloric test/video head impulse test sensitivity was 1.8:1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Caloric Tests/methods , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Cochlear Implants , Head Impulse Test/methods , Paresis/diagnosis , Video Recording , Preoperative Care/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719326

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Video head impulse tests (vHITs) and caloric tests are widely used to assess the loss of vestibular function in acute vestibular neuritis. Although previous studies have reported on the results of each test, longitudinal comparison of these tests is rare. In the present study, vHITs and caloric tests were performed in patients with unilateral vestibular neuritis during the acute phase and after a long follow-up period (>6 months). The goal of this study was to evaluate the changes in vHIT and caloric test results and to analyze the relationships between them. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Between September 2013 and December 2015, charts from 13 patients with unilateral vestibular neuritis were retrospectively reviewed. Among the 13 patients, caloric tests and vHITs were performed in 9 and 10 patients, respectively. Results of the vHITs and caloric tests were analyzed and the changes were compared. RESULTS: During the acute phase of vestibular neuritis, the results of the caloric test showed an increase in canal paresis (CP), and the results of the vHIT showed a decrease in horizontal gain. Although subjective symptoms improved in all patients after a long follow-up period (mean: 13.9 months), the occurrence of CP determined from the caloric test was not significantly changed (p=0.889). On the other hand, the mean horizontal gain of the vHIT had improved significantly (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: While CP determined from the caloric test did not change after a long follow-up period, the decreased horizontal gain in the vHIT was significantly recovered in patients with unilateral vestibular neuritis.


Subject(s)
Caloric Tests , Follow-Up Studies , Hand , Head Impulse Test , Head , Humans , Methods , Paresis , Retrospective Studies , Vestibular Neuronitis
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the correlation between video head impulse test (vHIT) and dizziness handicap inventory (DHI), which is commonly used to quantify severity of dizziness in vestibular neuritis (VN). SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Twenty VN patients undergoing vHIT either at the acute or follow-up stages of treatment were assessed by DHI questionnaire. Gain and gain asymmetry (GA) were correlated with DHI scores and abnormal vHIT rates were compared according to the severity of dizziness (mild ≤30; moderate-to-severe ≥32). RESULTS: vHIT gains significantly increased from the acute to follow-up stages (from 0.45±0.18 to 0.70±0.25), whereas GA and DHI scores decreased (GA, from 0.36±0.15 to 0.22±0.18; DHI scores, from 35±26 to 23±23). Although vHIT gains or GA showed no correlation with DHI scores at the acute stage, vHIT gains showed significant correlation with DHI scores at the follow-up (R-sq=0.32, p=0.01) stage. vHIT gains and GA did not differ according to the severity of dizziness during the acute stage; however, vHIT gains (0.78±0.25) of patients with mild dizziness were significantly higher than those (0.51±0.14) with moderate-to-severe dizziness at the follow-up stage. During the follow-up, all patients with moderate-to-severe dizziness showed abnormal vHIT gain, but 43% of patients with mild dizziness showed abnormal vHIT gain, showing a significant difference (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Reduced vHIT gain was significantly correlated with high degrees of dizziness at the follow-up, but not at the acute stage, suggesting that high-frequency canal dysfunction is contributed in part by the subjective dizziness at the follow-up. Our findings suggest that vHIT might give an indirect evidence for implementing vestibular rehabilitation for enhancing impaired vestibular function and relieving subjective dizziness.


Subject(s)
Dizziness , Follow-Up Studies , Head Impulse Test , Head , Humans , Methods , Rehabilitation , Vestibular Neuronitis
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of labyrinthectomy and intratympanic (IT) gentamicin injections on the contralateral labyrinth, we also assessed the response of each individual semicircular canal to each IT gentamicin application. METHODS: We performed a pilot observational study on tertiary, referral, academic settings. Thirteen patients with unilateral vestibular pathology were organized into two groups, group I (seven patients) receiving IT gentamicin and group II undergoing labyrinthectomy (six patients). All patients underwent six-canal video-head-impulse test in predetermined time intervals. Patients receiving gentamicin were additionally tested 3 to 5 days after every sequential injection, until all ipsilateral canals were ablated, to determine the order of response to gentamicin. We recorded the vestibular-ocular reflex gains and the presence of covert/overt saccades for each canal. RESULTS: The posttreatment ipsilateral gains were abnormal. No patient from the gentamicin group developed abnormal contralateral responses, while patients undergoing labyrinthectomy had abnormal contralateral responses from at least one canal, even several months posttreatment. Finally, the lateral semicircular canal was the first one to be affected by IT gentamicin followed by the posterior canal: the superior canal was ablated last. CONCLUSION: In our study, labyrinthectomy had an impact on the responses recorded from the contralateral ear, while IT gentamicin ablated the ipsilateral labyrinthine function without affecting the contralateral responses, possibly because of a milder, more gradual impact. We also show for the first time the order that IT gentamicin application affects the semicircular canals, with the lateral being the first to be affected.


Subject(s)
Ear , Ear, Inner , Gentamicins , Head Impulse Test , Humans , Observational Study , Pathology , Referral and Consultation , Reflex , Saccades , Semicircular Canals
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764339

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Conflicting results about vestibular function in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) prompted a systematic examination of the semicircular canal function, otolith function, and postural stability. METHODS: Sixteen patients with probable PSP [9 females, age=72±6 years (mean±SD), mean disease duration=3.6 years, and mean PSP Rating Scale score=31] and 17 age-matched controls were examined using the video head impulse test, caloric testing, ocular and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (o- and cVEMPs), video-oculography, and posturography. RESULTS: There was no evidence of impaired function of the angular vestibulo-ocular reflex (gain=1.0±0.1), and caloric testing also produced normal findings. In terms of otolith function, there was no significant difference between PSP patients and controls in the absolute peakto-peak amplitude of the oVEMP (13.5±7.2 µV and 12.5±5.6 µV, respectively; p=0.8) or the corrected peak-to-peak amplitude of the cVEMP (0.6±0.3 µV and 0.5±0.2 µV, p=0.3). The total root-mean-square body sway was significantly increased in patients with PSP compared to controls (eyes open/head straight/hard platform: 9.3±3.7 m/min and 6.9±2.1 m/min, respectively; p=0.032). As expected, the saccade velocities were significantly lower in PSP patients than in controls: horizontal, 234±92°/sec and 442±66°/sec, respectively; downward, 109±105°/sec and 344±72°/sec; and upward, 121±110°/sec and 348±78°/sec (all p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence of impairment of either high- or low-frequency semicircular function or otolith organ function in the examined PSP patients. It therefore appears that other causes such as degeneration of supratentorial pathways lead to postural imbalance and falls in patients with PSP.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Caloric Tests , Female , Head Impulse Test , Humans , Movement Disorders , Otolithic Membrane , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Saccades , Semicircular Canals , Supranuclear Palsy, Progressive , Tauopathies , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dizzy patients with abnormal otolith function tests, despite a normal caloric response, are defined as having specific (isolated) otolith organ dysfunction. This study was performed to compare the differences in clinical presentation between isolated otolith dysfunction (iOD) patients with lab- and Sx-based iOD group and lab-based iOD symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 23 iOD patients with normal caloric response but abnormal cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP), ocular VEMP, or subjective visual vertical were reviewed. Non-spinning vertigo was considered as otolith-related symptoms. The patients’ age, onset of dizziness, Numeric Rating Scale on the severity of dizziness, and concomitant vestibular disorders were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients in the lab-based iOD group were significantly older than those in the lab- and Sx-based iOD group. Known vestibular disorders were significantly more common in the lab-based iOD group (83.3%) compared to the lab- and Sx-based iOD group (18.2%). Despite the normal caloric response, catch-up saccade was found in the video head impulse test in more than half (54.5%) of the lab-based iOD group patients. There was no catch-up saccade in the lab- and Sx-based iOD group. There were no significant differences in gender ratio, frequency of dizziness attacks, and duration of illness. CONCLUSIONS: We propose new definitions of definite iOD (lab- and Sx-based iOD) and probable iOD (lab- or Sx-based iOD). These new definitions may help researchers to identify patients who are more likely to have true iOD, and facilitate comparisons of results between different studies.


Subject(s)
Dizziness , Head Impulse Test , Humans , Medical Records , Otolaryngology , Otolithic Membrane , Saccades , Vertigo
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Suppression head impulse paradigm (SHIMP) in video head impulse test is now newly used to test vestibular function. The aim of this study was to analyze normative values of SHIMP for healthy Korean subjects in each decade of life. METHODS: SHIMP and HIMP responses were measured with the video head impulse test in 70 healthy subjects. Vestibulo-ocular reflex gain and anticompensatory saccade were analyzed and compared at each decade of life. RESULTS: All subjects produced anticompensatory saccades in SHIMP. Gain values did not vary significantly with age. Gain values in SHIMP were lower than gain values in HIMP. The gain values of rightward impulse were higher than the gain values of leftward impulse. CONCLUSIONS: Gain values and anticompensatory saccades in SHIMP were consistently equal in each decade of life. Normative values of SHIMP seems largely unaffected by aging.


Subject(s)
Aging , Head , Head Impulse Test , Healthy Volunteers , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Saccades
12.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(3): 259-266, set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978810

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los síntomas vestibulares son motivo frecuente de consulta en la atención médica, el adulto mayor y en especial el género femenino está expuesto a riesgo de caída por esta causa. Es común que el tratamiento de este grupo de pacientes sea los supresores vestibulares, y la terapia de rehabilitación vestibular (RV) se indique excepcionalmente, olvidando en ocasiones que los elementos anatomofuncionales involucrados en las disfunciones vestibulares son la integración del aparato visual, vestibular, y somatosensorial, pilares en los que se fundamenta la RV. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es determinar si cinco sesiones RV son suficientes para disminuir la discapacidad funcional y el riesgo de caída en un grupo de pacientes con patología vestibular. Material y método: Estudio prospectivo con 14 pacientes de género femenino mayores de 61 años con diagnóstico de patología vestibular periférica. Se realizó evaluación de (dizziness handicap inventory) DHI, (timed up and go) TUG y (video head impulse test) vHIT previo y posterior a la intervención de cinco sesiones de RV. Resultados: Las tres variables estudiadas (DHI, TUG y vHIT) demostraron mejorías estadísticamente significativas en el grupo de pacientes. Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio permiten sugerir que la terapia de RV en pacientes adultos mayores, con patología vestibular periférica y sin medicación de supresores vestibulares, es una modalidad terapéutica adecuada y eficiente.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Vestibular symptoms are frequent reason for consultation in medical care, the elderly and especially the female gender is exposed to fall risk from this cause. It is common for the treatment of this group of patients to be vestibular suppressors while vestibular rehabilitation therapy is indicated exceptionally, sometimes forgetting that the anatomic and functional elements involved in vestibular dysfunctions are the integration of the visual, vestibular, and somatosensory, pillars in those that are based on vestibular rehabilitation (VR). Aim: The objective of this study is to determine if five VR sessions are sufficient to provide concrete quantitative data on the decrease of disability and risk of falling in a group of patients with vestibular pathology. Material and method: This prospective study included 14 female patients over 61 years of age with diagnoses of peripheral vestibular pathology. Dizziness handicap inventory (DHI), timed up and go (TUG) and video head impulse test (vHIT) were performed and after the intervention of five sessions of vestibular rehabilitation. Results: The three variables studied (DHI, TUG and vHIT) showed statistically significant improvements in the group of patients. Conclusions: The results obtained in this study allow us to suggest that VR therapy in elderly patients with peripheral vestibular pathology and without vestibular suppressor medication is an adequate, efficient and promising therapeutic modality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vestibular Diseases/therapy , Dizziness/prevention & control , Exercise Therapy/methods , Accidental Falls , Chile , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Head Impulse Test
13.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(3): 267-274, set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978811

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El video head impulse test es un método rápido, no invasivo y cómodo para evaluar el reflejo vestíbulo ocular, el cual está siendo utilizado con mayor frecuencia en la evaluación de pacientes con alteraciones del equilibrio. Sin embargo, en Chile se evidencia una falta de estudios relacionados a la confiabilidad interevaluador de dicha prueba. Objetivo: Determinar el nivel de concordancia de los resultados de la eficiencia del reflejo vestíbulo ocular de los canales semicirculares horizontales, obtenidos mediante la aplicación de la prueba video head impulse test, por parte de 3 evaluadores. Material y método: Estudio cuantitativo, correlacional, no experimental transversal descriptivo, con muestreo no probabilístico, de participación voluntaria. La prueba video head impulse test fue aplicada por 3 examinadores a 30 estudiantes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: El método de Bland y Altman mostró gran concordancia en las mediciones realizadas entre los 3 examinadores. La correlación intraclase para la ganancia del canal semicircular horizontal derecho e izquierdo fue de 0,85 y 0,91 respectivamente y de 0,75 para el valor de asimetría. Conclusión: El estudio mostró una confiabilidad interevaluador adecuada de la prueba video head impulse test para la evaluación de los canales semicirculares horizontales.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The video head impulse test is a rapid, non-invasive and comfortable method for the evaluation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex that is being used more often in the evaluation of patients with balance disorders. In Chile there is a lack of studies related to the inter-rater reliability for this test. Aim: To determine the level of agreement on the results for the vestibulo-ocular reflex of the horizontal semicircular canals obtained by the execution of the video head impulse test by 3 raters. Material and method: Quantitative, correlational, non-experimental, cross-sectional descriptive study with a type of non-probability sampling with voluntary participation. The video head impulse test was applied by 3 raters to 30 students who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Results: The Bland-Altman method demonstrated good agreement in the measurements made between the 3 raters. The inter-rater reliability for the gain of the left and right horizontal semicircular canals was 0.85 and 0.91 respectively and 0.75 for the asymmetry value. Conclusion: The study showed an adequate inter-rater reliability for the video head impulse test in the evaluation of the horizontal semicircular canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular/physiology , Head Impulse Test/standards , Chile , Reproducibility of Results , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Head Impulse Test/statistics & numerical data
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760079

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The suppression head impulse (SHIMP) test has emerged as one of the new vestibular function tests. The SHIMP test is an analysis of anti-compensatory saccadic movements in gazing moving targets as the head moves. In this study, we investigated the accuracy and sensitivity of the test. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We analyzed the results of SHIMP test (gain, amplitude, and latency) in 24 cases, which included normal, vestibular neuritis, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), Meniere's disease, bilateral vestibular function loss, temporal bone fracture, tuberculosis meningitis and acoustic schwannoma patients. We also carried out a physical exam, audiologic study, video electronystagmography (vENG) and a conventional video head impulse test to evaluate the feasibility of SHIMP test in cases of vesitibulopathy. RESULTS: In patients with vestibulopathy, the analysis of SHIMP test indicated high sensitivity and accuracy, which were supported by accompanying audio-vestibular studies. Patients suspected with BPPV, vestibular neuronitis and Meniere's disease showed low vestibulo ocular reflex (VOR) gain and delayed anticompensatory saccade with smaller and more scattered amplitudes than the control. Patients with bilateral vestibular function loss, temporal bone fracture, tuberculosis meningitis, and acoustic schwannoma showed delayed latency, and small amplitude or few anticompensatory saccades. Finally, changes in the SHIMP test values might be a hint that patients had recovered from vestibular neuronitis and tuberculosis meningitis. CONCLUSION: We found the feasibility of SHIMP test in detecting the pathologic condition of VOR in vestibulopathy patients. We argue that the usefulness of SHIMP test might be extended to evaluating the effectiveness of rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Electronystagmography , Head Impulse Test , Head , Humans , Meniere Disease , Methods , Neuroma, Acoustic , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Rehabilitation , Saccades , Temporal Bone , Tuberculosis, Meningeal , Vestibular Function Tests , Vestibular Neuronitis
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761277

ABSTRACT

Recently with the introduction of video head impulse test (vHIT), it can be easily performed quantitative and objective measurement of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). vHIT has been used as a clinical vestibular function test that can individually evaluate the function of each semicircular canal. Loss of VOR gain and corrective catch-up saccades that occur during the vHIT usually indicate peripheral vestibular hypofunction, whereas in acute vestibular syndrome, normal vHIT should prompt a search for a central lesion. In this study, we will examine the principle of vHIT and its interpretation, and explain its clinical application in peripheral and central vestibulopathy. In addition, we will compare the caloric test and the differences, and review the most recently introduced suppression head impulse paradigm test.


Subject(s)
Caloric Tests , Head Impulse Test , Head , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Saccades , Semicircular Canals , Vestibular Function Tests
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761268

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study is to investigate the clinical efficacy of the vestibular function tests (VFTs) and the predictability of lesion side of vestibular asymmetry parameters in acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy. METHODS: Medical records and results of VFTs (caloric, rotatory chair, and head impulse tests) of 57 patients with acute unilateral vestibulopathy were reviewed retrospectively. The VFTs were examined within 7 days after the clinical onset. RESULTS: For the caloric test, 74% showed significant canal paresis and the predictability of lesion side was 88%. For the sinusoidal harmonic acceleration test, 91% had low gain in at least 1 Hz, phase lead showed 70%, 89% showed phase asymmetry and the predictability of lesion side was 90%. For velocity step test, 67% had abnormal Tc asymmetry and the predictability of lesion side was 95%. In bedside head impulse test (HIT), abnormal catch up saccades were observed in 89% and the predictability of lesion side was 100%. For the video HIT, cover or overt catch-up saccades were observed in 95% and the predictability of lesion side was 100%. One hundred percent (100%) had low gain on the video HIT, but the lesion sides were uncertain because of bilateral involvements or artifacts. CONCLUSIONS: The most important things in the diagnosis of acute unilateral vestibulopathy are typical clinical symptoms and spontaneous nystagmus. A combination of rotatory, caloric, and HITs will result in a more complete examination of the vestibular system. Among them, HIT is recommended as the best tool in acute unilateral vestibulopathy.


Subject(s)
Acceleration , Artifacts , Caloric Tests , Diagnosis , Exercise Test , Head , Head Impulse Test , Humans , Medical Records , Paresis , Retrospective Studies , Saccades , Treatment Outcome , Vestibular Function Tests
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775947

ABSTRACT

To analyze the functional change of horizontal semicircular canals after cochlear implantation.Eighteen patients were enrolled in this study.Their vestibular function was evaluated by using the caloric test and video head impulse test before and one week,one month after CI surgery,respectively.The unilateral weakness(UW),slow phase velocity(SPV)in caloric test and gain in video head impulse test(vHIT-G)were observed.Caloric test was abnormal when UW>25% or SPV mean<6°/s,while vHIT was abnormal when vHIT-G<0.8.The SPV of the implanted ear were[(10.36±8.01)°/s;(14.77±14.24)°/s]pre-operatively,[(6.45±7.52)°/s;(5.14±4.67)°/s]1 week post-operatively and[(6.05±3.86)°/s;(6.27±4.17)°/s]1 month post-operatively.Statistically significant difference(<0.05)was found between pre-and post-operative period.The vHIT-G of the implanted ear were(0.73±0.33)pre-operatively,(0.65±0.32)1 week post-operatively and(0.71±0.36)1 month post-operatively.There was no statistically significant difference of vHIT-G between preand post-operative period((pre-operative/1 week post-operative)=0.084,(pre-operative/1 month post-operative)=0.679).Four patients presented with vertigo and one of them manifested slight unsteadiness post-operatively.All symptoms resolved within 7 days.These symptoms had no correlate with age,gender,implantedear and results of vestibular test.Cochlear implantation can affect the horizontal semicircular canal function,and the video head impulse test and caloric test should be used in a complementary fashion.


Subject(s)
Caloric Tests , Cochlear Implantation , Methods , Head Impulse Test , Humans , Semicircular Canals , Vertigo
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718230

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the clinical characteristics and vestibular function of patients with direction changing vibration induced nystagmus (DC VIN) and unilateral vestibular hypofunction and suggest clinical implication and a proposed mechanism of DC VIN. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: The records of 315 patients who underwent the VIN test were reviewed retrospectively. Among these, 18 patients (5.7%) showed DC VIN, and out of whom, 15 patients (4.8%) were diagnosed as unilateral vestibular hypofunction by caloric, rotation chair (RCT), and video head impulse test (vHIT). We analyzed the relationship between DC VIN and the dizziness characteristics, duration of disease, and the outcome of the vestibular function test. RESULTS: The mean age of 15 patients was 67.4±10.7 years and the mean duration of dizziness was 13.6±29.7 months. The caloric test revealed 25% of the patients to have significant canal paresis [Caloric vestibular neuritis (VN)], while 75% showed normal caloric response. However, unilateral vestibular hypofunction was observed by abnormal results in RCT or vHIT (Non-caloric VN). Seven patients showed ipsilateral DC VIN (nystagmus to vibrated side) and eight patients contralateral DC VIN (nystagmus to opposite side of vibration). Patients with ipsilateral DC VIN were shown to have a significant longer duration of dizziness than those with contralateral DC VIN. CONCLUSION: Although rare, DC VIN can also be found in patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction. Patients with DC VIN had a mild vestibular asymmetry with Non-caloric VN or Caloric VN in the process of compensation. The mechanism of ipsilateral DC VIN seems to be due to the small amount of vestibular asymmetry, which is smaller than the interaural attenuation of vibration.


Subject(s)
Caloric Tests , Compensation and Redress , Dizziness , Head Impulse Test , Humans , Methods , Paresis , Retrospective Studies , Vestibular Function Tests , Vestibular Neuronitis , Vibration
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716563

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Video head impulse test system (vHIT) is an easy-to-use test and there are numerous studies showing its efficacy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of vHIT as an initial test in determining vestibular hypofunction in patients with dizziness. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: The study recruited 103 outpatients who visited our ear clinic with dizziness. We performed both bedside head impulse test (bHIT), vHIT and bithermal caloric tests for 103 patients. Both bHIT and vHIT were consecutively performed in each subject on the same day by the same examiner. RESULTS: The sensitivity of bHIT and vHIT was determined based on the bithermal caloric test results, which showed that vHIT was more sensitive than bHIT. There was a significant negative correlation between vHIT gain and canal paresis (p < 0.05). Results of some patients indicated dissociation between vHIT and caloric test. CONCLUSION: T here is a significant correlation between the results of vHIT and caloric test. Although vHIT does not replace the caloric test, it would be useful to evaluate the initial vestibular loss in patients with dizziness.


Subject(s)
Caloric Tests , Dizziness , Ear , Head Impulse Test , Head , Humans , Methods , Outpatients , Paresis
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