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1.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 39(3): 63-76, 15 octubre del 2021. Tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1348092

ABSTRACT

Objective. This work sought to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on oral hygiene care aimed at nursing care staff, on the incidence of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) in adults from an ICU in Colombia. Methods. Quasi-experimental study pre- and post-educational intervention aimed at nursing staff in which theoretical-practical sessions were conducted during 12 weeks to explain different oral hygiene techniques according to the oral conditions of patients. The study gathered sociodemographic, clinical, and characteristic variables of the oral and dental care received. The VAP was diagnosed according with international criteria. Results. The educational intervention received participation from 60 individuals (40 nurses and 20 nursing aides), 80% were women. The work collected data from 171 patients, 70 (40.9%) cared for after the educational intervention. Daily oral and dental care by the staff increased from 29.6% to 92.8% after the intervention. Although the accumulated incidence of VAP diminished from 8.9% to 2.8% and the rate of incidence dropped from 9 to 3.5 cases per 1,000 days of intubation, these changes were not statistically significant. Conclusion. The educational intervention aimed at the nursing staff in oral care reduced the incidence of VAP in adults connected to ventilator in ICU; although this decrease was not statistically significant, it was a clinically relevant result for the institution, which is why it is necessary to continue the educational strategies on oral health studied in this staff.


Objetivo. Evaluar el impacto de una intervención educativa sobre los cuidados de higiene oral dirigida a personal asistencial de enfermería, en la incidencia de Neumonia Asociada a Ventilador (NAV) en adultos de una UCI en un hospital de Pereira, Colombia. Métodos. Estudio cuasiexperimental pre y posintervención educativa dirigida a personal de enfermería en la que se realizaron sesiones teórico-prácticas durante 12 semanas para explicar diferentes técnicas de higiene oral según la condición bucal de los pacientes. Se recolectaron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y características de la atención bucodental recibida. Se diagnosticó la NAV de acuerdo con criterios internacionales. Resultados. En la intervención educativa participaron 60 personas (40 enfermeros y 20 auxiliares de enfermería), 80% eran mujeres. Se recolectaron datos de 171 pacientes, 70 (40.9%) atendidos después de la intervención educativa. La atención bucodental diaria por parte del personal se incrementó de 29.6% a 92.8%, después de la intervención. Aunque la incidencia acumulada de NAV disminuyó de 8.9% a 2.8% y la tasa de incidencia bajó de 9 a 3.5 casos por 1000 días de intubación, estos cambios no fueron estadísticamente significantes. Conclusión. La intervención educativa dirigida al personal de enfermería en cuidado oral redujo la incidencia de NAV en los adultos conectados a ventilador en UCI; si bien esta disminución no fue estadísticamente significativa, sí fue un resultado clínicamente relevante para la institución, por lo que deben continuarse las estrategias educativas estudiadas en salud bucal.


Objetivo. Avaliar o impacto de uma intervenção educacional sobre cuidados de higiene bucal dirigida a profissionais de enfermagem sobre a incidência de Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação (PAV) em adultos ventilados em uma UTI na Colômbia. Métodos. Estudo quase experimental antes e após intervenção educativa dirigido a trabalhadores de enfermagem em que foram realizadas sessões teórico-práticas durante 12 semanas para explicar as diferentes técnicas de higiene bucal de acordo com a condição bucal dos pacientes. Foram coletadas variáveis sociodemográficas, clínicas e características dos cuidados bucais recebidos. A PAV foi diagnosticada de acordo com critérios internacionais. Resultados. Na intervenção educativa, participaram 60 pessoas (40 enfermeiras e 20 auxiliares de enfermagem), 80% eram mulheres. Os dados foram coletados de 171 pacientes, 70 (40.9%) compareceram após a intervenção educativa. A higiene bucal diária pela equipe aumentou de 29,6% para 92.8% após a intervenção. Embora a incidência cumulativa de VAP tenha diminuído de 8.9% para 2.8% e a taxa de incidência tenha diminuído de 9 para 3,5 casos por 1000 dias de intubação, essas alterações não foram estatisticamente significativas. Conclusão. A intervenção educativa direcionada à equipe de enfermagem em higiene bucal reduziu a incidência de PAV em adultos conectados a um ventilador na UTI; embora essa redução não tenha sido estatisticamente significativa, foi um resultado clinicamente relevante para a instituição, portanto, as estratégias educacionais em saúde bucal estudadas nessas pessoas devem ser mantidas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene , Health Education, Dental , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Staff , Incidence
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 237-244, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348220

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um relato de experiência, que descreve, sob estratégia narrativo-argumentativa, as significâncias político-pedagógicas atreladas ao planejamento estratégico de ações de educação em saúde bucal vivenciadas em um ambiente escolar e experimentadas por acadêmicos estagiários de um curso de Odontologia. Após análise detalhada, algumas inferências se destacaram: o reconhecimento do ambiente escolar como território fértil para o desenvolvimento de ações promotoras de saúde; a efetividade do instrumento "TPC" (Teorizar-Praticar-Criticar) no direcionamento dos acadêmicos estagiários no planejamento estratégico de atividades de educação em saúde bucal; a importância de se disseminar, em espaços científicos, os aprendizados advindos de experimentações práticas de estágios.


This is a report on an experience that describes, under a narrative-argumentative strategy, the political-pedagogical significance linked to the strategic planning of oral health education actions experienced in a school environment and experienced by university trainees from a Dentistry course. After a detailed analysis, some inferences were observed: the recognition of the school environment as a fertile territory for the development of health-promoting actions; the effectiveness of the "TPC" (Theorize-Practice-Criticize) instrument in directing university trainees in the strategic planning of oral health education activities; the importance of disseminating, in scientific spaces, the learning from practical experimentation during internships.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Play and Playthings , Strategic Planning/standards , Health Education, Dental/methods , Oral Hygiene/education , Students, Dental , Training Support/methods , Health Policy, Planning and Management/organization & administration , Oral Health/education , Scientific and Technical Activities , Health Promotion/methods , Learning
3.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 25(3): 466-471, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340193

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se realizó un estudio de intervención educativa en 48 estudiantes de la Escuela Primaria «Paco Cuesta¼, ubicada en el área de salud «XX Aniversario¼ del municipio Santa Clara, Villa Clara, durante el curso escolar 2016 - 2017. Los objetivos de esta investigación fueron: identificar las necesidades de aprendizaje sobre hábitos bucales deformantes en escolares de cuarto grado, y evaluar, a corto plazo, los resultados obtenidos en la población objeto de estudio. Los resultados demostraron que los adolescentes modificaron positivamente la información que tenían sobre estas temáticas a partir de las instrucciones de los profesionales.


ABSTRACT An educational intervention study was carried out in 48 students belonging to "Paco Cuesta" Primary School which is located in the «XX Anniversary¼ health area from Santa Clara municipality, Villa Clara, during the 2016-2017 academic year. The objectives of this research were to identify the learning needs about deforming oral habits in fourth-grade school children, and to evaluate the results obtained, in the population under study, in the short term period. The results showed that the adolescents positively modified the information they had on these topics based on the instructions of the professionals.


Subject(s)
Tongue Habits , Health Education, Dental , Fingersucking , Malocclusion
4.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 189-194, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292408

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La salud oral en pacientes con síndrome de Down (SD) es un reto, ya que las alteraciones en la motricidad ocasionadas por la discapacidad intelectual (DI) hacen que tareas como la remoción del biofilm oral o placa dentobacteriana (PDB) con el cepillado sea deficiente. La efectividad de los cepillos eléctricos (CE) comparada con los manuales (CM) en afectados con SD sigue siendo un tema debatible ya que no se ha encontrado una homogeneidad de resultados. Es conveniente mayor investigación sobre el tema, debido a que el SD es considerada la alteración cromosómica más frecuente y la causa principal de DI en el mundo. Objetivo: Conocer la efectividad del CE en comparación con el CM para la remoción de PDB en pacientes mexicanos con SD de entre seis y 14 años. Material y métodos: Estudio transversal experimental, con emparejamiento de sujetos con SD de ambos géneros según la edad (seis a 14 años), asignando el cepillo a utilizar (grupo 1 CM o grupo 2 CE). Se realizó educación dental y método de cepillado con la técnica de Fones, así como control de PDB antes y después el efectuado por medio del índice de O'Leary durante tres días. Se analizaron los resultados utilizando estadística descriptiva e inferencial (prueba de normalidad Lilliefors, prueba t para variables independientes y dependientes). Se aceptó un análisis de significancia p < 0.05. Resultados: La utilización de la t para muestras independientes presentó una mejoría en incremento de dicho marcador de O'Leary en el conjunto total en los tres días de seguimiento respectivamente (t = 6.9, p < 0.00002; t = 8.4, p < 0.00000; y t = 9.5, p < 0.00000). Al comparar por prueba t aplicada a muestras dependientes el índice de O'Leary basal versus cada una de las evaluaciones de seguimiento también se observaron diferencias significativas en los dos conjuntos (grupo 1: p = 0.003, p = 0.0006 y p = 0.0017; grupo 2: p = 0.007, p = 0.0006 y p = 0.0002). Conclusión: La instrucción dental y motivación del paciente fueron determinantes hacia el buen desempeño del cepillado de los dientes y remoción de placa en el par de colectivos, es decir, la reafirmación de la técnica de Fones incrementa gradualmente la mejoría de la forma de uso del cepillo en niños con SD. Ambos métodos con CM y con CE fueron efectivos a fin de remover significativamente la placa, observándose una mayor mejoría en el grupo con CE, sugiriendo que éste disminuye la dificultad de la higiene bucal en personas con SD. Esta línea de investigación es importante en el beneficio de la condición oral de esta población (AU)


Introduction: Oral health in patients having Down syndrome (DS) is a challenge since the changes in motor skills caused by intellectual disability (ID) deteriorate tasks such as the removal of biofilm or dental plaque (DP) with brushing. The effectiveness of electric toothbrushes (ET) compared to manual toothbrushes (MT) in DS patients remains debatable since no homogeneity of results has been found. Further research on the subject is advisable as DS is considered the most frequent chromosomal alteration and the leading cause of ID in the world. Objective: To know the effectiveness of the ET in contrast to the MT for the removal of DP in Mexican DS patients between six and 14 years old. Material and methods: Experimental cross-sectional study, with the pairing of DS subjects of both genders according to age (six to 14 years), assigning the brush to be used (group 1 MT or group 2 ET). Dental education and brushing were performed employing the Fones technique and DP control before and after brushing employing the O'Leary index for three days. The results were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Lilliefors normality test, t-test for independent and dependent variables). A significance test p < 0.05 was accepted. Results: The t-test for independent samples showed an improvement in the increase of the O'Leary index in the complete group in the three days of follow-up respectively (t = 6.9, p < 0.00002; t = 8.4, p < 0.00000; and t = 9.5, p < 0.00000). When comparing by t-test for dependent samples the baseline O'Leary index versus each of the follow-up evaluations, significant differences were also observed in both groups (group 1: p = 0.003, p = 0.0006 and p = 0.0017; group 2: p = 0.007, p = 0.0006 and p = 0.0002). Conclusion: The dental education and motivation of the patient were decisive for the good performance of tooth brushing and removal of the plaque in both groups. The reaffirmation of the Fones technique gradually increases the improvement of the brushing technique in DS children. Both brushings using MT and ET were effective in removing the biofilm significantly. However, a greater improvement was observed in the group with ET, suggesting that it reduces their difficulty with tooth brushing. This line of research is important to benefit the oral condition of this population (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Toothbrushing , Dental Plaque Index , Down Syndrome , Dental Care for Disabled , Oral Hygiene , Effectiveness , Health Education, Dental , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Biofilms , Motor Skills
5.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 205-208, jul.-ago. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292587

ABSTRACT

El maltrato infantil es un tema polémico en la actualidad, y se caracteriza por realizar acciones u omisiones intencionales destinadas a menoscabar o afectar la integridad física y/o psicológica de un menor. Frecuentemente se considera a la caries en niños como un indicador objetivo de maltrato infantil. La caries es una enfermedad extremadamente común en la población infantil en México y en el mundo, por lo que su relación con el maltrato infantil carece de un sustento real. El desarrollo de caries en niños no es un evento premeditado ni intencional, es más bien la consecuencia de malos hábitos higiénicos y dietéticos que el odontólogo tiene la obligación de corregir y erradicar para asistir a los pacientes pediátricos a recuperar su salud bucodental. El objetivo del presente artículo es debatir la relación entre la caries temprana de la infancia y el maltrato infantil (AU)


Child abuse is currently a controversial issue and is characterized by intentional actions or omissions intended to undermine the physical and/or psychological integrity of a minor. Caries in children is often considered an objective indicator of child abuse. Caries is an extremely common disease in the child population in Mexico and in the world, so its relationship with child abuse lacks any real support. The development of cavities in children is not a premeditated or intentional event, it is rather the consequence of poor hygienic and dietary habits that the dentist has the obligation to correct and eradicate in order to assist pediatric patients to regain their oral health. The aim of this article is to discuss the relationship between early childhood caries and child abuse (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child Abuse , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/etiology , Oral Hygiene , Parent-Child Relations , Bottle Feeding/adverse effects , Health Education, Dental , Diet, Cariogenic/adverse effects
6.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 221-228, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293110

ABSTRACT

La diabetes mellitus es una de las enfermedades sistémicas con mayor prevalencia en la población mundial. Este padecimiento representa uno de los factores de riesgo más importantes asociados con la enfermedad periodontal. El paciente con enfermedades crónicas como la diabetes necesita una disciplina convencida diaria y prolongada a través del tiempo (años) como única manera de reducir el impacto sistémico que deteriora la calidad de vida. Cuando se adhiere al tratamiento es posible observarlo en su condición estomatológica; sin embargo, cuando no se logra, se genera un deterioro en las condiciones bucales, principalmente enfermedad periodontal. En este artículo se presentan dos casos clínicos en los cuales se puede observar la mejoría de las condiciones bucales una vez que el paciente decide adherirse a su tratamiento. En el primero se aprecian las manifestaciones de manera notoria de un desapego en años posteriores. Se debe tener en cuenta que la adhesión al tratamiento no sólo depende de factores concernientes al paciente, también intervienen factores asociados al medio ambiente, situación económica, interacción médico-paciente, entre otros, por lo que resulta importante incentivar continuamente y acompañar al paciente en su tratamiento, así como conocer y entender la problemática de una enfermedad sistémica (AU)


Diabetes mellitus is one of the most prevalent systemic diseases in the world population. This condition represents one of the most important risk factors associated with periodontal disease. The patient with chronic diseases such as diabetes needs a daily and prolonged convinced discipline over time (years), as the only way to reduce the systemic impact, which deteriorates the quality of his life: when he has adherence to treatment it is possible to observe it in his stomatological condition, however when it is not achieved, a deterioration in the oral conditions is generated, mainly periodontal disease. This article presents two clinical cases where the improvement of oral conditions can be observed once the patient decides to adhere to their treatment. In the first one, the manifestations of a detachment in later years are noticeable. It should be taken into account that adherence to treatment does not only depend on factors concerning the patient. Also involved are factors associated with the environment, economic situation, doctorpatient interaction, among others, so it is important to continually encourage and accompany the patient in their treatment, as well as to know and understand the problem of a systemic disease (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Periodontal Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Patient Care Planning , Health Education, Dental , Chronic Disease , Risk Factors , Treatment Refusal , Health Services Needs and Demand , Mexico
7.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3069, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289397

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La caries dental y la enfermedad periodontal son las enfermedades bucodentales más prevalentes, con una tendencia al aumento de las maloclusiones. Se considera la promoción de salud como un proceso educativo a través del cual la comunidad logra ejercer control de su salud. Objetivo: Identificar las necesidades educativas sobre salud bucodental en el grado prescolar, en Sagua la Grande, Villa Clara, durante el curso escolar 2017-2018. Método: Investigación descriptiva transversal en Sagua la Grande, durante el curso 2017-2018. La población quedó constituida por 326 niños, 24 docentes y 326 familias. La variable estudiada fue necesidades educativas sobre salud bucodental en el grado preescolar. Resultados: Se evidenció que no se realizan acciones educativas sobre salud bucodental. No existen proyectos ni un programa de capacitación sobre salud bucodental para los docentes que la sustente. No es concebida la salud bucal dentro del sistema de trabajo metodológico del sector. No se analizan contenidos de salud bucodental en consejos de dirección y preparaciones metodológicas Los docentes realizan escasas acciones educativas sobre salud bucodental. El nivel de conocimientos sobre salud bucodental fue evaluado de mal en los niños (74,23 por ciento), en docentes (41,67 por ciento) y familias (47,24 por ciento). Conclusiones: Se evidenció que no se realizan acciones educativas sobre salud bucodental y predominó el nivel de conocimientos sobre salud bucodental evaluado de mal en niños, docentes y familias(AU)


Introduction: Dental caries and periodontal disease are the most prevalent oral conditions, with a tendency to an increase in malocclusions. Health promotion is considered to be an educational process by which the community gains control of their health. Objective: Identify the educational needs related to oral health in the preschool grade. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Sagua la Grande during the school year 2017-2018. The study population was 326 children, 24 teachers and 326 families. The variable analyzed was educational needs related to oral health in the preschool grade. Results: It was found that educational actions related to oral health are not performed, nor is there an oral health training program for teachers or projects supporting it. Oral health is not included in the system of methodological work for the sector. Oral health contents are not discussed in management meetings or methodological preparation sessions. Teachers conduct a scant number of oral health educational actions. Knowledge about oral health was evaluated as poor in 74.23 percent of the children, 41.67 percent of the teachers and 47.24 percent of the families. Conclusions: It was found that oral health educational actions are not performed and knowledge about oral health is poor among children, teachers and families(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Health Education, Dental/methods , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Malocclusion/etiology , Health Promotion/methods
8.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 42(2): 145-154, jun./dez. 2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292905

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou verificar a influência de escolares participantes de um programa de educação em saúde bucal nas práticas diárias de sua família, por meio da percepção de seus pais e/ou responsáveis legais. A pesquisa, caracterizada como um estudo exploratório descritivo com abordagem quanti-qualitativa, foi composta por 146 pais e/ou responsáveis de escolares com idade entre 4-12 anos. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionário estruturado, autoaplicado, com perguntas abertas e fechadas. As questões propostas abordaram conhecimento por parte dos pais sobre as atividades de educação em saúde bucal realizadas na escola, a importância que os mesmos atribuem a essas atividades, bem como o aprendizado com os filhos e a existência de mudança de hábitos em casa. Ao todo, 86% dos entrevistados tinham conhecimento das atividades educativas e preventivas desenvolvidas na escola e todos relataram ser importante tais atividades, principalmente no que se refere à saúde, cuidado e orientação das crianças. A maioria dos participantes da pesquisa (75%) relatou ter aprendido algo referente à saúde bucal com seus filhos, e desses, 30% citaram a escovação como sendo o fator de maior aprendizado. Além disso, 76% relataram a existência de mudanças nos hábitos de saúde bucal de sua família. Pode-se concluir que os escolares foram capazes de transmitir o conhecimento adquirido na escola para seus familiares, o que pode contribuir para a mudança da rotina de saúde bucal da sua família. Palavras-chave: Educação em saúde bucal; Promoção da saúde; Serviços de saúde escolar.


This study aimed to verify the influence of schoolchildren participating in an oral health education program on their family's practices, through the perception of their parents and / or legal guardians. A research, characterized as a descriptive exploratory study, with quantitative and qualitative approach was composed of 146 parents and / or guardians of students aged 4-12 years. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire, applied automatically, with open and closed questions. The questions approached address the knowledge of parents about oral health education activities performed at school, the importance they attach to these activities, as well as learning with their children and changing habits at home. In performing 86% of respondents were aware of educational and preventive activities developed at school and all reported to be important activities, especially with regard to health, care and guidance of children. Most survey participants (75%) reported having learned something related to oral health from their children and 30% cited brushing as the factor of greatest learning. In addition, 76% reported changes in their family's oral health habits. It can be concluded that the students were able to transmit the knowledge acquired at school to their family members, which can contribute to changing your family's oral health routine.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , School Health Services , Health Education, Dental , Health Promotion
9.
Rev. APS ; 23(4): 805-817, 2021-06-23.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358355

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a influência das ações realizadas pelo Programa de Educação pelo Trabalho (PET-Saúde) no trabalho e conhecimento em saúde bucal de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde (ACS). Método: Utilizou-se um instrumento de pesquisa validado para a análise da influência do conhecimento em saúde bucal dos ACS, em estudo transversal desenvolvido em dois distritos administrativos municipais (DAGUA e DASAC). Os dados obtidos foram analisados estatisticamente pelo SPSS. Resultados: Os ACS eram em maioria do sexo feminino com idade entre 30 a 39 anos e renda familiar de um a três salários, a maioria residia na comunidade há mais de seis anos e atuava na comunidade entre 1 e 3 anos, abrangendo cerca de 500 a 599 indivíduos nas suas microáreas. Observou-se que a maioria dos ACS não realizava atividade de educação em saúde bucal por não terem recebido capacitação para tal, com exceção dos ACS do distrito administrativo sob área de cobertura da Universidade Federal do Pará, onde o PET-Saúde se fez pertinente. Sobre o conhecimento em saúde bucal, os ACS dos distritos DAGUA e DASAC obtiveram nível moderado. Conclusões: O PET-Saúde proporcionou construção coletiva do conhecimento para os ACS retornando em mudanças positivas sobre o cuidado em saúde bucal para as comunidades. Percebeu-se maior nível de conhecimentos relacionados à saúde bucal entre os ACS do DAGUA, apesar de não ter havido grande diferença entre os distritos analisados. As atividades do PET deveriam ser incorporadas nos projetos pedagógicos, dos cursos de graduação e ter caráter de continuidade nas comunidades fortalecendo as ações de integração ensino-serviço-comunidade.


Objective: To evaluate the influence of actions carried out by the Work-Based Education Program (WBEP-Health) on oral health work and the knowledge of Community Health Workers (CHW). Method: A validated research instrument was used to analyze the influence of oral health knowledge on CHW in a cross-sectional study developed in two municipal administrative districts (DAGUA and DASAC). Results obtained were submitted to statistical analysis using SPSS. Results: CHW were mostly females, between 30 and 39 years old, with a family income of one to three years, the majority resided in the community for more than six years and used to work in the community for 1 to 3 years, covering about 500 to 599 individuals within their micro area. It was observed that the majority of the CHW did not perform oral health education activity, due to a lack of training, except for the CHW of administrative district under the coverage area of the Federal University of Pará, where the WBEP-Health made itself relevant. In relation to knowledge about oral health, the CHW of the districts DAGUA and DASAC were classified as moderate. Conclusions: WBEP-Health provided a collective construction of knowledge for CHW, resulting in positive changes in oral health care for communities. It was observed that the knowledge level in relation to oral health was greater in the CHW from the district DAGUA, even though the difference between districts was insignificant. WBEP activities should be incorporated into pedagogical projects, undergraduate courses with continued work within communities strengthening integrated teaching-service-community actions.


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Health Education, Dental , Community Health Workers
11.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(1): 2808-2821, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156777

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el diseño de instrumentos de medición es un proceso complejo que exige una elaboración rigurosa para lograr la obtención de un test que responda a las exigencias que generó su construcción. La validez es un proceso que requiere seriedad, tiene gran importancia en la actualidad porque permite la elaboración de instrumentos que facilitan medir parámetros con mayor veracidad. Objetivo: validar el contenido de instrumentos evaluativos del conocimiento sobre salud bucodental, en niños del grado preescolar, personal docente y familias. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio evaluativo en el período de 2017-2019. Se valoraron los siguientes instrumentos de medición del conocimiento sobre salud bucodental: entrevistas dirigidas a niños, cuestionarios al personal docente y a las familias. La validación de contenido se realizó mediante el método de Moriyama y la técnica Delphi. Resultados: la validación de los instrumentos evidenció que el 100 % de las preguntas fueron razonables y comprensibles, sensibles a variaciones, con suposiciones básicas justificables, con componentes claramente definidos y derivables de datos factibles de obtener. En la validación por Delphi el 100 % de las preguntas fueron evaluadas con las categorías de muy adecuado y bastante adecuado. Conclusiones: los instrumentos evaluados resultaron ser confiables mediante la validez de contenido, lo que contribuyó al aumento de la rigurosidad del proceso investigativo (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the design of measuring instruments is a complex process that requires a rigorous preparation to obtain a test answering the demands generating its construction. Validity is a process that requires reliability, it is currently of great importance since it allows the elaboration of instruments that allow measuring parameters with greater veracity. Objective: to validate the content of instruments for evaluating oral health knowledge in preschool children, teaching staff and families. Materials and methods: an evaluative study was carried out during the time period 2017 - 2019. Interviews addressed to children and questionnaires to teaching staff and families, both instruments for measuring knowledge on oral health, were assessed: Content validation was performed using the Moriyama method and the Delphi technique. Results: the validation of the instruments showed that 100% of the questions were reasonable and understandable, sensitive to variations, with justifiable basic assumptions, with clearly defined components that are derived from data feasible to obtain. In the Delphi validation, 100% of the questions were evaluated with categories of very adequate and quite adequate. Conclusions: The evaluated instruments turned out to be reliable through content validity, which increases the rigor of the research process (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Oral Health/education , Interview , Validation Studies as Topic , Health Education, Dental , Memory and Learning Tests
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(1): 177-190, jan. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1284527

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A educação em saúde bucal tem um papel importante no processo de empoderamentodos usuários do Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Álcool e Drogas, um espaço especializado no atendimento psicossocial a esses usuários.A natureza dessassubstânciassejamelas lícitas(álcool e tabaco)ou ilícitas(alucinógenos, opióides, sedativos etc.)causam um efeito devastador para os tecidos bucais e prejuízo à qualidade de vida.Objetivo:Descrever uma oficina de construção de jogos para promover o cuidado em saúde bucal no referido Centrona cidade de Caicó, Rio Grande do Norte.Metodologia:Duranteo segundo ano do Programa de Residência em Atenção Básica da Escola Multicampi de Ciências Médicasda Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, são realizados rodízios na Atenção Secundária e Terciária no Sistema de Saúde Municipal. A intervenção descritaocorreu em maio/2019.Realizaram-seencontrosabordando a temática da saúde bucal, conduzidos pela dentista residentecom a participação da artesã, psicóloga e profissional de educação física. Estavam presentes nos encontros de 10 a 15 usuários, de ambos os sexos.Durante os três encontros foram realizados construção de jogos, utilização dos jogos produzidos, roda de conversa sobre saúde bucale um quadro com orientações de higiene bucal. A atividade foirealizada no espaço destinado às oficinas de artesanatoque faziam parte da rotina do serviço. Resultados:Foram produzidos quatro jogos educativos e um quadro com orientações de higiene bucal, que ficaram disponíveis para os usuários do serviço.Conclusões:Essa atividade além de ser uma oportunidade de ócio criativo podecontribuir com a compreensão dos conteúdos relacionados a saúde bucalque são abordados dentro do jogo, incentiva a discussão sobre o tema e estimula o autocuidado, reforçando e orientando as boas práticas de higiene (AU).


Introduction: Oral health education has an important role in the process of empowering users of the Psychosocial Care Center for Alcohol and Drugs, a space specialized in psychosocial care for these users. The nature of these substances, whether licit (alcohol and tobacco) or illicit (hallucinogens, opioids, sedatives, etc.), has a devastating effect on oral tissues and impairs quality of life. Objective:To describe a game-building workshop to promote oral health care in that Center in the city of Caicó, Rio Grande do Norte. Methodology:During the second year of the Primary Care Residency Program at the Multicampi School of Medical Sciences at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, there is a rotation within the services of secondary and tertiary care in the Municipal Health System. The described intervention took place in May/2019. Meetings were held addressing the theme of oral health, conducted by the resident dentist with the participation of the artisan, psychologist and physical education professional. 10 to 15 users of both sexes were present at the meetings. During the three meetings, games were built and used, there was also a conversation about oral health and a chart with oral hygiene guidelines was produced. The activity took place in the space destined for the craft workshops that were part of the service routine. Results:Four educational games and a chart with oral hygiene guidelines were produced, which were made available to service users. Conclusions: This activity, in addition to being an opportunity for creative leisure, can contribute to the understanding of content related to oral health that are addressed within the game, encourages discussion on the topic and stimulates self-care, reinforcing and guiding good hygiene practices (AU).


Introducción:La educación en salud bucal tiene un papel importante en el proceso de empoderamiento de los usuarios del Centro de Atención Psicosocial de Alcohol y Drogas, un espacio especializado en la atención psicosocial de estos usuarios. La naturaleza de estas sustancias, ya sean lícitas (alcohol y tabaco) o ilícitas (alucinógenos, opioides, sedantes, etc.), tiene un efecto devastador sobre los tejidos bucales y perjudica la calidad de vida.Objetivo: Describir un taller de construcción de juegos para promover el cuidado de la salud bucal en ese Centro de la ciudad de Caicó, Rio Grande do Norte. Metodología:Durante el segundo año del Programa de Residencia de atención primaria en la Escuela multicampi de Ciencias Médicas de la Universidad Federal de Rio Grande do Norte, atención secundaria y terciaria se rotan en el sistema de salud municipal. La intervención descrita tuvo lugar en mayo/2019. Se realizaron encuentros abordando el tema de la salud bucal, conducidos por el dentista residente con la participación del artesano, psicólogo y profesional de educación física. En las reuniones estuvieron presentes entre 10 a 15 usuarios de ambos sexos. Durante los tres encuentros se construyeron juegos, se utilizaron juegos, una conversación sobre salud bucal y un cuadro con pautas de higiene bucal. La actividad se desarrolló en el espacio destinado a los talleres artesanales que formaban parte de la rutina del servicio.Resultados: Se elaboraron cuatro juegos educativos y una mesa con pautas de higiene bucal, que se pusieron a disposición de los usuarios del servicio. Conclusiones:Esta actividad, además de ser una oportunidad de ocio creativo, puede contribuir a la comprensión de contenidos relacionados con la salud bucal que se abordan dentro del juego, fomenta la discusión sobre el tema y fomenta el autocuidado, reforzando y orientando buenas prácticas de higiene (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mental Health , Health Education, Dental , Games, Recreational , Health Promotion , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Problem-Based Learning
13.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1290-1295, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1291023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the self-perception of oral health by the elderly assisted by the public system of a municipality in Minas Gerais. Methods: descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, carried out with 100 elderly people during dental care in a public clinic and in a reference center. The data were treated using simple descriptive statistical analysis. Results: it was observed that the changes not noticeable by the elderly were: dry mouth sensation, decreased taste, decreased salivary flow and increased gingival problems. These consider it impossible to avoid tooth loss, however they reported that care for the remaining teeth and periodic consultation with the dentist are necessary. The reasons for seeking the professional were: toothache, gum pain, need for dental treatment and mouth injury. Conclusion: the elderly showed a satisfactory perception of their oral health. You are aware of oral changes resulting from aging, as well as care


Objetivo: analisar a autopercepção de idosos atendidos em uma clínica odontológica pública e em um centro de referência de um município de Minas Gerais sobre sua saúde bucal. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo descritivo, transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, realizada com 100 idosos durante atendimento odontológico em uma clínica pública e em um centro de referência. Utilizou-se um questionário semiestruturado, adaptado e validado. O tratamento dos dados se deu por meio de análise estatística descritiva simples. Resultados: observou-se prevalência de idosos do sexo feminino, casado, branco, renda de 1-2 salários, ensino médio completo e de outros municípios. As alterações não perceptíveis pelos idosos são: sensação de boca seca, diminuição do paladar, diminuição no fluxo salivar e aumento dos problemas gengivais. Os idosos consideram ser impossível evitar a perda dentária, todavia relataram que cuidados com os dentes remanescentes e consulta periódica ao cirurgião-dentista são necessários. Os motivos da procura ao dentista foram: dor de dente, dor na gengiva, necessidade de tratamento dentário e lesão na boca. Conclusão: a maior parte dos idosos apresenta uma percepção satisfatória quanto a sua condição atual de saúde bucal. Tem ciência das alterações bucais advindas do processo de envelhecimento, bem como das medidas de cuidados


Objetivo: Analizar la autopercepción de salud bucal por ancianos asistidos por el sistema público de una ciudad de Minas Gerais. Métodos: estudio descriptivo, transversal, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado con 100 ancianos durante la atención odontológica en una clínica pública y en un centro de referencia. Los datos fueron tratados mediante análisis estadístico descriptivo simple. Resultados: se observó que los cambios que los ancianos no notaron fueron: sensación de boca seca, disminución del sabor, disminución del flujo salival y aumento de los problemas gingivales. Estos consideran imposible evitar la pérdida de dientes, pero informaron que es necesario cuidar los dientes restantes y consultar periódicamente con el dentista. Las razones para buscar al profesional fueron: dolor de muelas, dolor de encías, necesidad de tratamiento dental y lesiones en la boca. Conclusión: los ancianos mostraron una percepción satisfactoria de su salud bucal. Tiene consciencia de los cambios orales resultantes del envejecimiento, así como de la atención


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Health of the Elderly , Geriatric Dentistry/statistics & numerical data , Perception , Health Education, Dental , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143403

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence and risk indicators of caries among nursing mothers in a tertiary hospital. Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 408 nursing mothers aged 15 to 52 years who brought their children for immunization in a tertiary hospital in Enugu, Nigeria. Data on socio-demographic profile, parity, dental visits were collected. The presence of dental caries was recorded using the World Health Organization criteria. Results: The prevalence of dental caries was 11.0%, and the mean DMFT was 0.18. There was a statistically significant association between level of education (p<0.001), past dental visit (p<0.001) and the occurrence of dental caries. Caries was more prevalent in the mandibular teeth than the maxillary teeth. The left mandibular first and second permanent molars had the highest occurrence of dental caries. Missing (M) component of the DMFT index was highest and the care index was low. The significant predictors of caries among nursing mothers were fair oral hygiene and having below tertiary education. Conclusion: The prevalence of caries and the care index were both low in this study population. The significant predictors of dental caries were a tertiary level of education and poor oral hygiene. Incorporating oral health education during postnatal care can help reduce dental caries' occurrence and complications among nursing mothers in the study population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Socioeconomic Factors , Oral Hygiene Index , Health Education, Dental/methods , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Nigeria/epidemiology , Breast Feeding , Logistic Models , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Data Interpretation, Statistical
15.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 51-55, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252692

ABSTRACT

La mujer gestante sufre cambios fisiológicos y psicológicos durante los meses de embarazo que pueden derivar en problemas de salud bucal. A través de diversos estudios se observó que múltiples factores actúan como determinantes en lo que a la atención odontológica de la embarazada respecta, entre los cuales se pueden encontrar, la realidad sociocultural de la paciente, su nivel de instrucción educativo, sus conocimientos en cuanto a la atención odontológica, factores de riesgos, entre otros. El profesional odontólogo, tiene en sus manos recursos que pueden ser de gran ayuda por lo que su papel es de suma importancia, desde la educación preventiva, brindando conocimientos técnicos hasta la atención odontológica en sectores vulnerables. El objetivo de este trabajo consistió en reunir la evidencia que se corresponda con el análisis de los conocimientos y prácticas de salud bucal en mujeres embarazadas con el fin de organizar los trabajos hallados en un cuerpo de conocimiento fundamentado (AU)


The pregnant woman suffers physiological and psychological changes during the months of pregnancy that can lead to oral health problems. Through various studies it was observed that multiple factors act as determinants regarding dental care of the pregnant woman, among which can be found the sociocultural reality of the patient, her educational level of instruction, her knowledge regarding dental care, risk factors, among others. The dental professional has resources in her hands that can be of great help, so her role is of the utmost importance, from preventive education, providing technical knowledge to dental care in vulnerable sectors. The objective of this work was to gather the evidence that corresponds to the analysis of oral health knowledge and practices in pregnant women to organize the studies found in a well-founded body of knowledge (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy/physiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health , Comprehensive Dental Care , Diagnosis, Oral , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Health Education, Dental , Risk Factors , Databases, Bibliographic
16.
Physis (Rio J.) ; 31(2): e310213, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287540

ABSTRACT

Resumo Saúde bucal deficiente pode interferir na saúde geral do indivíduo acamado, prolongando o tempo de recuperação ou agravando a enfermidade. Nesse contexto, esse estudo teve o objetivo de identificar os problemas de saúde bucal percebidos por cuidadores e pacientes acamados domiciliados cadastrados em unidades da ESF no município de Teresópolis, região serrana do Estado do Rio de janeiro. Realizou-se um estudo exploratório baseado em entrevistas. Os principais problemas de saúde bucal referidos foram a dor de dente, a cárie dental, os dentes permanentes perdidos, as lesões na mucosa e a doença periodontal. Esses resultados ajudam a compreender a real demanda de serviços odontológicos possibilitando oferecer um atendimento que respeite as prioridades dos indivíduos. Tais achados apontam para a necessidade de um maior suporte por parte da equipe de saúde para essas famílias. Existe a necessidade de atividades de educação em saúde bucal para o paciente e seu cuidador, orientação quanto a higiene oral, identificação de lesões orais e tratamento clínico.


Abstract Poor oral health may interfere with the general health of the bedridden subject, prolonging recovery time or aggravating the disease. In this context, this study aimed to identify oral health problems perceived by caregivers and home care bedridden patients registered in ESF units in the city of Teresópolis, located in the mountainous region of the state of Rio de Janeiro. An exploratory study based on interviews was conducted. The main referred oral health problems were toothache, dental caries, lost permanent teeth, mucosal lesions and periodontal disease. These results help to understand the demand for dental services, making it possible to provide a service that respects the individual's priorities. These findings point to the need for greater support from the health team for these families. There is a need for oral health education activities for the patient and their caregiver, guidance on oral hygiene, identification of oral lesions and clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Concept , Oral Health , Public Health Dentistry , Family Health Strategy , Bedridden Persons , Home Care Services , Perception , Brazil , Health-Disease Process , Health Education, Dental
17.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(3): 48-53, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1342952

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Cárie na Primeira Infância (CPI) é o termo utilizado para descrever a cárie dentária em crianças menores de 6 anos de idade. Objetivo: Relatar o tratamento reabilitador estético e funcional de uma criança com CPI. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 5 anos de idade, compareceu à clínica de Odontopediatria da Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba (FOA/UNESP), acompanhado pela mãe, que relatou como queixa principal dor e presença de cárie. Ao exame clínico intrabucal, constatou-se na arcada superior lesões de cárie em todos os dentes, exceto nos dentes 55, já restaurado, e dente 65, hígido. Na arcada inferior, lesões de cárie foram observadas nos dentes 74 e 84. Após diagnóstico clínico e radiográfico, optou-se por realizar a confecção de coroa de aço para os dentes 74 e 84, exodontia dos dentes 51, 52, 61 e 64, instalação de aparelho mantenedor de espaço funcional removível e restaurações dos demais dentes afetados com compósito resinoso. Conclusão: Foi possível recuperar as funções estéticas, fonéticas e mastigatórias do paciente, colaborando para a melhora da autoestima da criança, o que gerou satisfação dos familiares. A educação em saúde bucal realizada com a criança e os responsáveis foi essencial para o sucesso do tratamento e a manutenção da saúde bucal.


Introduction: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the term used to describe dental caries in children under 6 years of age. Objective: Report the aesthetic and functional rehabilitation treatment of a child with ECC. Case report: A 5-year-old male patient was attended at the to the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the Araçatuba Dental School (FOA/UNESP), accompanied by his mother, who reported pain and dental caries as the main complaint. On intraoral clinical examination, caries lesions were found in all upper teeth, except for tooth 55, already restored, and tooth 65, healthy. In the lower arch, caries lesions were observed in teeth 74 and 84. After clinical and radiographic diagnosis, it was decided for the manufacture of steel crown for teeth 74 and 84, extraction of teeth 51, 52, 61 and 64, installation of removable functional space maintenance device and restorations of the other affected teeth with composite resin. Conclusion: In view of the treatment performed, it was possible to recover the aesthetic, phonetic and masticatory functions, contributing to the improvement of the child's self-esteem as well assatisfaction of family members. Oral health education carried out with the child and his parents was essential for the success of the treatment and the maintenance of oral health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/rehabilitation , Self Concept , Health Education, Dental , Dental Caries/psychology
18.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Porto Alegre ; 61(2): 13-21, jul-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281071

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Para garantir que as instruções sobre saúde bucal para crianças sejam administradas assertivamente, deve-se conhecer o nível de conhecimento sobre saúde bucal infantil dos pais/responsáveis. Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento dos pais/responsáveis sobre hábitos saudáveis de higiene bucal e dieta na infância. Materiais e Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo observacional transversal. Foi aplicado um questionário estruturado aos pais/responsáveis contendo dados de identificação e 10 perguntas destinadas ao tema. Foi realizada análise descritiva dos dados obtidos. Resultados: O estudo incluiu uma amostra de 86 pais/responsáveis de escolares de duas escolas públicas em Minas Gerais. A maioria dos participantes já recebeu informações sobre a importância da saúde bucal e da alimentação saudável (93%) assim como também concordam que os dentes decíduos devem ser escovados todos os dias (91,9%). Todos os participantes acharam essas informações importantes para a manutenção da saúde bucal das crianças (100%). A quantidade de dentifrício fluoretado menor que a metade da extensão das cerdas da escova de dente foi recomendada por 23,3% dos participantes, 15,3% responderam que o fio dental deve ser utilizado durante a higiene bucal das crianças. Um total de 40,7% acredita que a ingestão de alimentos açucarados pela criança interfere no desenvolvimento da cárie. Conclusão: Embora a maioria dos participantes já tenha recebido informações sobre a importância da higiene bucal e da alimentação saudável e todos achem essas informações importantes para manutenção da saúde bucal das crianças, algumas questões sobre o assunto ainda não são de conhecimento da maioria dos pais/responsáveis. (AU)


Introduction: To ensure that instructions on oral health for children are administered assertively, you must know the level of knowledge about children's oral health of parents/caregivers. Objective: Assess the knowledge of parents/ caregivers about healthy hygiene and diet habits in childhood. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional observational study. A structured questionnaire was applied to parents/caregivers containing identification data and 10 questions for the theme. Descriptive analysis was performed on the data obtained. Results: It included a sample of 86 parents/caregivers of schoolchildren from two public schools in Minas Gerais. Most participants have already received information about the importance of oral health and healthy eating (93%) as well as agreeing that primary teeth should be brushed every day (91.9%). All participants found this information important for maintaining children's oral health (100%). The amount of fluoride dentifrice less than half the length of the toothbrush bristles was recommended by 23.3% of the participants, 15.3% answered that dental floss should be used during children's oral hygiene. A total of 40.7% believe that the child's intake of sugary foods interferes with the development of caries. Conclusion: Although most of the participants have already received information about the importance of oral hygiene and healthy eating, and everyone thinks this information is important for maintaining the oral health of children, some questions on the subject are not yet known to most parents/caregivers. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , Parents , Knowledge , Diet, Healthy/statistics & numerical data , Health Education, Dental , Dentistry
19.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(5): 503-511,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139213

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La aspiración de egresar un estomatólogo general suficientemente preparado para resolver los problemas de salud bucal periodontal más generales y prevalentes es una exigencia social que se revela en el actual plan de estudio de la carrera de Estomatología. Objetivo: Elaborar unos referentes teóricos de la preparación del estudiante de Estomatología en función de la educación para la salud bucal periodontal. Método: De enero a julio de 2020, en la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas Guantánamo se realizó una revisión narrativa sobre el tema a través de una búsqueda en bases de datos electrónicas (Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, REDALYC, Scopus). Se sistematizaron referentes teóricos que sustentan la preparación del estudiante de Estomatología en función de la educación para la salud bucal periodontal. Conclusiones: Se evidencia la necesidad de esta preparación dada su implicación en el modo de actuación profesional para una Atención Bucal Periodontal Integral. Las bases para esta finalidad emergen de la conjugación armoniosa de referentes filosóficos, sociológicos, legales, psicológicos, pedagógicos y didácticos en función de la práctica de la profesión.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The aim to graduate a general dentist with a high standard in knowledge to solve the most general and prevalent periodontal oral health issues is a social demand that is revealed in the current study program of dentistry major. Objective: To elaborate some theoretical references concerning dentistry student preparation in terms of education for periodontal oral health. Method: From January to July 2020, at the Facultad de Estomatología in the Universidad de Ciencias Médicas Guantanamo, a narrative review on the subject was carried out through a search in electronic databases (Virtual Health Library, LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, REDALYC, Scopus). It was systematized all the theoretical references that support the preparation of the dentistry students in terms of education for periodontal oral health. Conclusions: It is evident the necessity of this type of training due to its implication in the way to the best professional performance for an integral oral care. The foundations for achieving this goal emerge from the harmonious conjugation of philosophical, sociological, legal, psychological, pedagogical and didactic referents, in accordance to the practice of the profession.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontics/education , Health Education, Dental/methods , Students, Dental
20.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 90-94, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128958

ABSTRACT

Las afecciones bucodentales constituyen un problema de salud pública por su alta prevalencia y su fuerte impacto individual y colectivo en términos de dolor, malestar y discapacidad social y funcional. El Centro de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria San Pantaleón, ubicado en la provincia de Buenos Aires, brinda asistencia sanitaria gratuita a la comunidad. Un relevamiento documentó que el 97% de los concurrentes presentaba caries y no se lavaban los dientes por falta de cepillo y pasta dental. Se decidió llevar adelante un programa de promoción de la salud bucodental. El objetivo fue evaluar su implementación; que incluyó: a) rastreo de caries y problemas odontológicos; b) coordinación interinstitucional; c) entrega de cepillos y pasta dental; d) intervención educativa; e) extensión comunitaria. Participaron en forma irregular 120 niñas, niños y adolescentes entre 5 y 18 años del Centro de Apoyo Escolar Fundación Bajo Boulogne. Se realizaron dos encuentros educativos y entrega de cepillos y pasta dental. En la revisión odontológica inicial sobre 60 participantes se detectaron caries en 43 (71,6%), que fueron derivados para tratamiento odontológico, pero concurrieron solo 26 (60,4%). El conocimiento sobre salud bucodental mostró cambios entre los más pequeños luego de las intervenciones educativas. Se logró implementar el programa, cumplimentando las actividades propuestas. Pero surgieron barreras que dificultaron la cobertura. En cuanto a la eficacia de la intervención educativa, no se logró mostrar cambios en el conocimiento. Se consiguió la detección oportuna, la incorporación de hábitos como el cepillado dentro de la institución educativa, la articulación para mejorar el acceso a la atención y la vinculación entre los diferentes actores comunitarios. (AU)


Oral disorders are a public health problem due to their high prevalence and their strong individual and collective impact in terms of pain, discomfort, and social and functional disability. The San Pantaleón Family and Community Medicine Center, located in the province of Buenos Aires, provides free healthcare to the community. A survey documented that 97% of those present had cavities and did not brush their teeth due to a lack of brush and toothpaste. It was decided to carry out an oral health promotion program. The objective was to evaluate its implementation; which included: a) tracking of caries and dental problems; b) inter-institutional coordination; c) delivery of brushes and toothpaste; d) educational intervention; e) community extension. 120 girls and boys and adolescents between 5 and 18 years of age from the Bajo Boulogne Foundation School Support Center irregularly participated. Two educational meetings were held, handing out brushes and toothpaste. In the initial dental review of 60 participants, caries was detected in 43 (71.6%), who were referred for dental treatment, with only 26 (60.4%) concurring. Oral health knowledge showed changes among the youngest after educational interventions. It was possible to implement the program, completing the proposed activities. Barriers arose that made coverage difficult. Regarding the effectiveness of the educational intervention, it was not possible to show changes in knowledge. Timely detection was achieved, the incorporation of habits such as brushing within the educational institution, articulation to improve access to care and the link between the different community actors. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Oral Health/education , Health Education, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Oral Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , School Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Toothbrushing/statistics & numerical data , Oral Health/trends , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Public Health/statistics & numerical data , Health Education, Dental/methods , Health Education, Dental/trends , Community Dentistry/education , Community Dentistry/statistics & numerical data , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control
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