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Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección de Intervenciones por Curso de Vida y Cuidado Integral; 1 ed; Jun. 2023. 119 p.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1437907


Los estándares de calidad han sido diseñados para ser evaluados mediante un proceso con las siguientes características: i) Evaluación orientada a resultados centrados en el/la usuario/a (adolescentes); ii) evidencias medibles de los procesos y resultados evaluados; iii) flexibilidad para evaluar diversas evidencias que los equipos de salud presenten para demostrar el cumplimiento; y, iv) seguimiento a usuarios/as trazadores/ras. (Anexo N°5 para adolescentes).

Quality Assurance, Health Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Adolescent Health , Health Facilities , Health Services Research
Ethiop. Med. j ; 61(2): 131-142, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1426892


Background: The COVID-19 outbreak response in Nigeria was challenged by the existing weak health sector and the frontline health workers for COVID-19 pandemic response are exposed to the pathogen. One militating factor undermining the control and prevention of COVID-19 in Nigeria was poor compliance to preventive measures. This study assessed the compliance with COVID-19 prevention protocols among healthcare workers in Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. Methods: A cross sectional study and subjects were selected through a multi-stage sampling technique. Data collection was done using interviewer-administered semi-structured questionnaire over a period of five months (JuneOctober, 2021). Data was analyzed using IBM, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 27.0 and p value was set at <0.05 as the threshold for statistical significance. Results: Majority (60.1%), of the respondents got information on COVID-19 protocols through seminars and workshops. However, more than a quarter (28.8%) of the respondents said the use of available PPE was suboptimal. More than one-third, (35.8%), of respondents believe the protocols are too strict. There is, however, good perception (93.3%), but relatively lower compliance (58.7%) of COVID-19 protocols among the staff. Age, marital status and sex were associated with compliance towards COVID-19 protocols in this study (P<0.05). Identified significant predictors (p<0.05) of compliance include age (AOR=1.944), female sex (AOR=7.829). Conclusion: Most respondents had good knowledge of availability, perception of effectiveness, but relatively lower compliance with the COVID-19 protocols in this facility. The government or hospital authority make sure that necessary steps to further boost compliance are taken

Humans , COVID-19 , Medical Staff, Hospital , Perception , Patient Compliance , Disease Prevention , Health Facilities
Curationis ; 46(1): 1-11, 2023.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1436838


Background: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV services has become an integral part of antenatal services. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission was introduced in all the regions of Ghana, but mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) continued to increase. Objectives: To explore and describe midwives' perceptions and attitudes towards PMTCT of HIV services. Method: Quantitative research approach and descriptive cross-sectional design were used. The population includes all midwives between the ages of 21 and 60 years who work in antenatal care (ANC) clinics in 11 district hospitals in the Central Region of Ghana where the study was conducted. Forty-eight midwives were interviewed using a census sample process. Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 21. Correlation analysis was performed to find the relationships between the attitudes and the perceptions of the midwives on PMTCT of HIV services. Results: Seventy percent of midwives had positive perceptions of PMTCT of HIV services and 85% had positive attitudes towards the provision of PMTCT of HIV services. Midwives were screening all pregnant women who visited the ANCs and referring those who tested positive to other institutions where they can be monitored. Some of the concerns considered were views on retesting HIV-infected pregnant women throughout their pregnancy. There was a positive correlation between attitudes and perceptions of midwives on PMTCT of HIV services. Conclusion: Midwives had positive perceptions and positive attitudes towards the PMTCT of HIV services that they were providing to antenatal attendees. Also, as the attitudes of the midwives towards PMTCT of HIV services improved, their perceptions of PMTCT services also improved. Contribution: Decentralisation of PMTCT of HIV services to community-based health facilities is appropriate to enable sub-district health facilities to test for HIV and provide counselling services to pregnant women.

Perception , HIV Infections , HIV Seropositivity , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Health Facilities , Midwifery , Attitude , Pregnant Women
Nigerian Dental Journal ; 31(1): 19-26, 24/06/2023.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1442818


Background: Ameloblastoma is a benign epithelial odontogenic neoplasm which is common among the dwellers of sub-Saharan Africa. The various histologic types have been elucidated. Aim: This study aimed to assess the prevalent histologic types of ameloblastoma in a Lagos secondary health care facility. Materials and methods: A five-year retrospective review of histopathologically diagnosed slides was done. Data extracted include the age, gender, location, ethnicity, and histologic variants, which were analysed with SPSS version 26. Percentages, ratio, mean, standard deviation were determined, and p-value ⩽ 0.05 was considered significant. Result: A total of 77 histopathologically diagnosed ameloblastoma slides were included in this study. Males were more affected than females in ratio 1.2:1 with the mean age 33.61±13.3. Ameloblastoma was commonest in the third decade of life and more in the mandible than maxilla. The commonest histologic type was the conventional/follicular type which occurred more in males and this was followed by the unicystic/intraluminal type. Conclusion: The commonest histologic variant was the follicular (conventional) and occurred more in males. This was followed by the intraluminal (unicystic) histologic variant that was commoner in females in this Lagos State secondary health care facility.

Ameloblastoma , Odontogenic Tumors , Health Facilities
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(4): 946-957, out.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411163


Equipos são dispositivos médicos que, ao apresentarem desvios de qualidade, podem ocasionar agravos a elevado número de pessoas. Este estudo objetivou avaliar o perfil das notificações de queixas técnicas realizadas no Sistema Notivisa, desenvolvido pela Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, para discussão sobre o seu impacto na segurança do paciente. Por meio de metodologia quantitativa foram avaliados equipos comercializados no período de 2016 a 2017, cinco anos após a instituição da certificação metrológica compulsória. As principais queixas técnicas se referiram a problemas na integridade (82,70%): defeito mecânico, vazamentos, problemas no corta-fluxo, oclusão de fluido e descolamento, problemas na embalagem ou rotulagem (8,54%) e presença de corpo estranho e sujidades (7,97%). Tais falhas podem interferir nos procedimentos diagnósticos e/ou de tratamento, como a administração de medicamentos quimioterápicos, de antibióticos e também a realização de transfusões. Assim, a tecnovigilância é fundamental para a segurança sanitária no mercado a partir da identificação dos riscos e da possibilidade de mitigá-los, promovendo a segurança do paciente.

Infusion sets are medical devices that, when presenting quality deviations, can cause harm to a large number of people. This study aimed to evaluate the profile of technical complaint notifications made on the Notivisa System, developed by Anvisa ­ Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (National Agency for Health Surveillance), so as to discuss its impact on patient safety. By means of quantitative methodology, devices sold from 2016 to 2017 was evaluated, five years after the establishment of compulsory metrological certification. The main technical complaints referred to integrity problems (82.70%): mechanical defect, leaks, flow shutdown issues, fluid obstruction and detachment, packaging or labeling problems (8.54%) and presence of foreign bodies and dirt (7.97%). Such failures can interfere with diagnostic and/or treatment procedures such as the administration of chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics and also the transfusion process. Thus, the technovigilance is essential for health safety in the market, based on the identification of risks and the possibility of mitigating them, thus promoting the patient safety.

Los equipos son aparatos médicos quepueden resultar en daños a un gran número de personas por si acaso presentan desviaciones de calidad. El objetivo de esta investigación ha sido evaluar el perfil de notificacio-nes de quejas técnicasregistradas en el Sistema Notivisa, desarrollado por Anvisa ­ Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (Agencia Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitaria) con miras a la discusión de su impacto en la seguridad del paciente. Valiéndose de la metodología cuantitativa se evaluaron los equipos comercializadosdesde 2016 hasta 2017, que coincide con los cinco años tras la institución de la certificación metrológica obligatoria. Las principales quejas técnicas (82,70%) se refirieron a problemas de integridad: defecto me-cánico, fugas, problemas en el corta flujo oclusión y despegue de fluidos, dificultades en el embalaje o en la rotulación (8,54%) además de la presencia de cuerpo extraño y suciedades (7,97%). Dichos desperfectospueden obstaculizar los procedimientos de diagnóstico y/o de tratamiento, como la administración de fármacos quimioterapéuticos, antibióticos y también la realización de trasfusiones. De ahí que la tecnovi-gilancia sea fundamental para la vigilancia sanitaria en el mercado a partir de la identificación de riesgos sumada a la posibilidad de paliarlos, fomentando la seguridad del paciente.

Male , Total Quality Management , Equipment and Supplies , Quality Control , Risk Management , Health Surveillance , Hospital Care , Patient Care , Health Facilities
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección Ejecutiva de Intervenciones por Curso de Vida y Cuidado Integral. Etapa de Vida Adolescente y Joven; 1 ed; Dic. 2022. 72 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1402778


La publicación describe experiencias exitosas de salud en adolescentes y jóvenes ejecutadas en los establecimientos de salud y otras instituciones con el objetivo de evidenciar, documentar y dar a conocer las experiencias de trabajo que se vienen realizando en nuestro país y que contribuyen con el bienestar de la población adolescente y joven. En total se presentaron al concurso 54 experiencias, de los cuales, a través del cumplimiento de los requisitos establecidos en la base del concurso, sólo 51 experiencias cumplieron los requisitos solicitados, y a través de una rúbrica se calificó y se obtuvo 8 experiencias exitosas ganadoras: 2 experiencias en trabajo en comunidad, 1 experiencia en Talleres, 2 experiencias en trabajos con familias, 1 experiencia en docencia y 2 experiencias en paquete de atención integral de salud

Primary Health Care , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Comprehensive Health Care , Adolescent Health , Health Facilities
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Oficina General de Comunicaciones. Oficina General de Gestión de Recursos Humanos; 7 ed; Oct. 2022. 19 p. ilus.(Contigo MINSA, 7).
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1402592


Desde el 27 de octubre de este año, fecha en que asumimos la gestión, también aceptamos el reto de darle a nuestro Ministerio de Salud (MINSA), un rostro humano, social e inclusivo que permita brindar un servicio digno y de calidad en cada posta, centro de salud y hospital de todo el país. Este compromiso se evidencia, también, en el avance que hemos logrado en los procesos de cambio de grupo ocupacional y de línea de carrera, nombramiento y homologación de los trabajadores de salud, pues reconocemos que la estabilidad laboral del personal es clave para brindar un mejor servicio a la población. Hemos ratificado el compromiso del sector de seguir fortaleciendo el Esquema Regular de Vacunación y contra la COVID-19, así como apoyar a los pacientes oncológicos, lo cual tenemos que abordar mediante un trabajo multisectorial, con planes multianuales para cumplir con los indicadores que hoy se ven trazados con políticas de Estado. Asimismo, conocedores de la realidad del primer nivel de atención y de los hospitales de referencia y apoyo, dotaremos a los establecimientos de salud, de equipamiento y medicamentos necesarios para cerrar las brechas existentes con énfasis en la salud preventiva y el concepto de médico de familia. Por último, reivindicamos el esfuerzo del personal de salud que estuvo en la primera línea de batalla frente a la COVID-19, reafirmando nuestro compromiso de seguir trabajando por el cumplimiento de sus derechos laborales

Organization and Administration , Preventive Health Services , Primary Health Care , Health Centers , Health Personnel , Total Quality Management , Health Management , COVID-19 , Health Facilities , Hospitals
San Salvador; MINSAL; oct. 26, 2022. 73 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1402336


Los presentes Lineamientos técnicos para el funcionamiento y la atención en los hogares de espera materna (HEM), han sido creados para brindar al personal del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud, las disposiciones para la atención a las mujeres en etapas de embarazo, puerperio y persona recién nacida a fin de dar cumplimiento a lo establecido en la Ley Nacer con Cariño para un Parto Respetado y un Cuidado Cariñoso y Sensible para el Recién Nacido, en adelante La Ley. Este documento permitirá generar las condiciones para que toda mujer en etapas de embarazo, puerperio y persona recién nacida, pueda tener una experiencia positiva del parto, por medio de una amplia gama de servicios, entre los cuales se encuentra la sensibilización a partir de la preparación prenatal integral, la provisión a la mujer embarazada y su familia de la información necesaria para la búsqueda de atención oportuna en los establecimientos de salud, así como conocer sus derechos y obligaciones

These Technical Guidelines for the operation and care in Maternity Waiting Homes (HEM) have been created to provide the staff of the National Integrated Health System with provisions for care for women in stages of pregnancy, puerperium and person newborn in order to comply with the provisions of the Born with Affection Law for a Respectful Childbirth and Affectionate and Sensitive Care for the Newborn, hereinafter The Law. This document will generate the conditions so that all women in stages of pregnancy, puerperium and newborn person, can have a positive experience of childbirth, through a wide range of services, among which is awareness-raising based on comprehensive prenatal preparation, provision to pregnant women and their families of the necessary information to seek timely care in health facilities, as well as to know their rights and obligations

Pregnant Women , Postpartum Period , Health Facilities , Women , Health , Jurisprudence
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 73(3): 283-316, July-Sept. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1408053


RESUMEN Introducción: el espectro de acretismo placentario (EAP) es una condición asociada a sangrado masivo posparto y mortalidad materna. Las guías de manejo publicadas en países de altos ingresos recomiendan la participación de grupos interdisciplinarios en hospitales con recursos suficientes para realizar procedimientos complejos. Sin embargo, algunas de las recomendaciones de estas guías resultan difíciles de aplicar en países de bajos y medianos ingresos. Objetivos: este consenso busca formular recomendaciones generales para el tratamiento del EAP en Colombia. Materiales y métodos: en el consenso participaron 23 panelistas, quienes respondieron 31 preguntas sobre el tratamiento de EAP. Los panelistas fueron seleccionados con base en la participación en dos encuestas realizadas para determinar la capacidad resolutiva de hospitales en el país y la región. Se utilizó la metodología Delphi modificada, incorporando dos rondas sucesivas de discusión. Para emitir las recomendaciones el grupo tomó en cuenta la opinión de los participantes, que lograron un consenso mayor al 80 %, así como las barreras y los facilitadores para su implementación. Resultados: el consenso formuló cinco recomendaciones integrando las respuestas de los panelistas. Recomendación 1. Las instituciones de atención primaria deben realizar búsqueda activa de EAP en pacientes con factores de riesgo: placenta previa e historia de miomectomía o cesárea en embarazo previo. En caso de haber signos sugestivos de EAP por ecografía, las pacientes deben ser remitidas de manera inmediata, sin tener una edad gestacional mínima, a hospitales reconocidos como centros de referencia. Las modalidades virtuales de comunicación y atención en salud pueden facilitar la interacción entre las instituciones de atención primaria y los centros de referencia para EAP. Se debe evaluar el beneficio y riesgo de las modalidades de telemedicina. Recomendación 2. Es necesario que se definan hospitales de referencia para EAP en cada región de Colombia, asegurando el cubrimiento de la totalidad del territorio nacional. Es aconsejable concentrar el flujo de pacientes afectadas por esta condición en unos pocos hospitales, donde haya equipos de cirujanos con entrenamiento específico en EAP, disponibilidad de recursos especializados y un esfuerzo institucional por mejorar la calidad de atención, en busca de tener mejores resultados en la salud de las gestantes con esta condición. Para lograr ese objetivo los participantes recomiendan que los entes reguladores de la prestación de servicios de salud a nivel nacional, regional o local vigilen el proceso de remisión de estas pacientes, facilitando rutas administrativas en caso de que no exista contrato previo entre el asegurador y el hospital o la clínica seleccionada (IPS). Recomendación 3. En los centros de referencia para pacientes con EAP se invita a la creación de equipos que incorporen un grupo fijo de especialistas (obstetras, urólogos, cirujanos generales, radiólogos intervencionistas) encargados de atender todos los casos de EAP. Es recomendable que esos grupos interdisciplinarios utilicen el modelo de "paquete de intervención" como guía para la preparación de los centros de referencia para EAP. Este modelo consta de las siguientes actividades: preparación de los servicios, prevención e identificación de la enfermedad, respuesta ante la presentación de la enfermedad, aprendizaje luego de cada evento. La telemedicina facilita el tratamiento de EAP y debe ser tenida en cuenta por los grupos interdisciplinarios que atienden esta enfermedad. Recomendación 4. Los residentes de Obstetricia deben recibir instrucción en maniobras útiles para la prevención y el tratamiento del sangrado intraoperatorio masivo por placenta previa y EAP, tales como: la compresión manual de la aorta, el torniquete uterino, el empaquetamiento pélvico, el bypass retrovesical y la maniobra de Ward. Los conceptos básicos de diagnóstico y tratamiento de EAP deben incluirse en los programas de especialización en Ginecología y Obstetricia en Colombia. En los centros de referencia del EAP se deben ofrecer programas de entrenamiento a los profesionales interesados en mejorar sus competencias en EAP de manera presencial y virtual. Además, deben ofrecer soporte asistencial remoto (telemedicina) permanente a los demás hospitales en su región, en relación con pacientes con esa enfermedad. Recomendación 5. La finalización de la gestación en pacientes con sospecha de EAP y placenta previa, por imágenes diagnósticas, sin evidencia de sangrado vaginal activo, debe llevarse a cabo entre las semanas 34 y 36 6/7. El tratamiento quirúrgico debe incluir intervenciones secuenciales que pueden variar según las características de la lesión, la situación clínica de la paciente y los recursos disponibles. Las opciones quirúrgicas (histerectomía total y subtotal, manejo quirúrgico conservador en un paso y manejo expectante) deben incluirse en un protocolo conocido por todo el equipo interdisciplinario. En escenarios sin diagnóstico anteparto, es decir, ante un hallazgo intraoperatorio de EAP (evidencia de abultamiento violáceo o neovascularización de la cara anterior del útero), y con participación de personal no entrenado, se plantean tres situaciones: Primera opción: en ausencia de indicación de nacimiento inmediato o sangrado vaginal, se recomienda diferir la cesárea (cerrar la laparotomía antes de incidir el útero) hasta asegurar la disponibilidad de los recursos recomendados para llevar a cabo una cirugía segura. Segunda opción: ante indicación de nacimiento inmediato (por ejemplo, estado fetal no tranquilizador), pero sin sangrado vaginal o indicación de manejo inmediato de EAP, se sugiere realizar manejo en dos tiempos: se realiza la cesárea evitando incidir la placenta, seguida de histerorrafia y cierre de abdomen, hasta asegurar la disponibilidad de los recursos recomendados para llevar a cabo una cirugía segura. Tercera opción: en presencia de sangrado vaginal que hace imposible diferir el manejo definitivo de EAP, es necesario extraer el feto por el fondo del útero, realizar la histerorrafia y reevaluar. En ocasiones, el nacimiento del feto disminuye el flujo placentario y el sangrado vaginal se reduce o desaparece, lo que hace posible diferir el manejo definitivo de EAP. Si el sangrado significativo persiste, es necesario continuar con la histerectomía haciendo uso de los recursos disponibles: compresión manual de la aorta, llamado inmediato a los cirujanos con mejor entrenamiento disponible, soporte de grupos expertos de otros hospitales a través de telemedicina. Si una paciente con factores de riesgo para EAP (por ejemplo, miomectomía o cesárea previa) presenta retención de placenta posterior al parto vaginal, es recomendable confirmar la posibilidad de dicho diagnóstico (por ejemplo, realizando una ecografía) antes de intentar la extracción manual de la placenta. Conclusiones: esperamos que este primer consenso colombiano de EAP sirva como base para discusiones adicionales y trabajos colaborativos que mejoren los resultados clínicos de las mujeres afectadas por esta enfermedad. Evaluar la aplicabilidad y efectividad de las recomendaciones emitidas requerirá investigaciones adicionales.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) is a condition associated with massive postpartum bleeding and maternal mortality. Management guidelines published in high income countries recommend the participation of interdisciplinary teams in hospitals with sufficient resources for performing complex procedures. However, some of the recommendations contained in those guidelines are difficult to implement in low and medium income countries. Objectives: The aim of this consensus is to draft general recommendations for the treatment of PAS in Colombia Materials and Methods: Twenty-three panelists took part in the consensus with their answers to 31 questions related to the treatment of PAS. The panelists were selected based on participation in two surveys designed to determine the resolution capabilities of national and regional hospitals. The modified Delphi methodology was used, introducing two successive discussion rounds. The opinions of the participants, with a consensus of more than 80 %, as well as implementation barriers and facilitators, were taken into consideration in order to issue the recommendations. Results: The consensus drafted five recommendations, integrating the answers of the panelists. Recommendation 1. Primary care institutions must undertake active search of PAS in patients with risk factors: placenta praevia and history of myomectomy or previous cesarean section. In case of ultrasound signs suggesting PAS, patients must be immediately referred, without a minimum gestational age, to hospitals recognized as referral centers. Online communication and care modalities may facilitate the interaction between primary care institutions and referral centers for PAS. The risks and benefits of telemedicine modalities must be weighed. Recommendation 2. Referral hospitals for PAS need to be defined in each region of Colombia, ensuring coverage throughout the national territory. It is advisable to concentrate the flow of patients affected by this condition in a few hospitals with surgical teams specifically trained in PAS, availability of specialized resources, and institutional efforts at improving quality of care with the aim of achieving better health outcomes in pregnant women with this condition. To achieve this goal, participants recommend that healthcare regulatory agencies at a national and regional level should oversee the process of referral for these patients, expediting administrative pathways in those cases in which there is no prior agreement between the insurer and the selected hospital or clinic. Recommendation 3. Referral centers for patients with PAS are urged to build teams consisting of a fixed group of specialists (obstetricians, urologists, general surgeons, interventional radiologists) entrusted with the care of all PAS cases. It is advisable for these interdisciplinary teams to use the "intervention bundle" model as a guidance for building PAS referral centers. This model comprises the following activities: service preparedness, disease prevention and identification, response to the occurrence of the disease, and debriefing after every event. Telemedicine facilitates PAS treatment and should be taken into consideration by interdisciplinary teams caring for this disease. Recommendation 4. Obstetrics residents must be instructed in the performance of maneuvers that are useful for the prevention and treatment of massive intraoperative bleeding due to placenta praevia and PAS, including manual aortic compression, uterine tourniquet, pelvic packing, retrovesical bypass, and Ward maneuver. Specialization Obstetrics and Gynecology programs in Colombia must include the basic concepts of the diagnosis and treatment of PAS. Referral centers for PAS must offer online and in-person training programs for professionals interested in improving their competencies in PAS. Moreover, they must offer permanent remote support (telemedicine) to other hospitals in their region for patients with this condition. Recommendation 5. Patients suspected of having PAS and placenta praevia based on imaging, with no evidence of active vaginal bleeding, must be delivered between weeks 34 and 36 6/7. Surgical treatment must include sequential interventions that may vary depending on the characteristics of the lesion, the clinical condition of the patient and the availability of resources. The surgical options (total and subtotal hysterectomy, one-stage conservative surgical management and watchful waiting) must be included in a protocol known by the entire interdisciplinary team. In situations in which an antepartum diagnosis is lacking, that is to say, in the face of intraoperative finding of PAS (evidence of purple bulging or neovascularization of the anterior aspect of the uterus), and the participation of untrained personnel, three options are considered: Option 1: In the absence of indication of immediate delivery or of vaginal delivery, the recommendation is to postpone the cesarean section (close the laparotomy before incising the uterus) until the recommended resources for safe surgery are secured. Option 2: If there is an indication for immediate delivery (e.g., non-reassuring fetal status) but there is absence of vaginal bleeding or indication for immediate PAS management, a two-stage management is suggested: cesarean section avoiding placental incision, followed by uterine repair and abdominal closure, until the availability of the recommended resources for safe surgery is ascertained. Option 3: In the event of vaginal bleeding that prevents definitive PAS management, the fetus must be delivered through the uterine fundus, followed by uterine repair and reassessment of the situation. Sometimes, fetal delivery diminishes placental flow and vaginal bleeding is reduced or disappears, enabling the possibility to postpone definitive management of PAS. In case of persistent significant bleeding, hysterectomy should be performed, using all available resources: manual aortic compression, immediate call to the surgeons with the best available training, telemedicine support from expert teams in other hospitals. If a patient with risk factors for PAS (e.g., myomectomy or previous cesarean section) has a retained placenta after vaginal delivery, it is advisable to confirm the possibility of such diagnosis (by means of ultrasound, for example) before proceeding to manual extraction of the placenta. Conclusions: It is our hope that this first Colombian consensus on PAS will serve as a basis for additional discussions and collaborations that can result in improved clinical outcomes for women affected by this condition. Additional research will be required in order to evaluate the applicability and effectiveness of these recommendations.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Placenta Accreta/diagnosis , Placenta Accreta/therapy , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Primary Health Care , Colombia , Health Facilities
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Personal de la Salud. Observatorio de Recursos Humanos en Salud; 1 ed; Ago. 2022. 687 p. ilus.(Serie Bibliográfico Recursos Humanos en Salud, 35).
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1382091


La publicación consta de trece capítulos, que se describen a continuación: El Capítulo I proporciona información de los recursos humanos en el Sector Salud, donde se destaca la densidad de recursos humanos a nivel nacional, y la densidad de los profesionales médicos, enfermeros y obstetras por cada 10,000 habitantes; y por región. También se considera la disponibilidad de recursos humanos por cada una de las entidades del Sector. El Capítulo II presenta un panorama global de los recursos humanos en el Ministerio de Salud y los Gobiernos Regionales, segmentados por una serie de variables de interés según los departamentos; así tenemos la información de recursos humanos por género, por sedes asistenciales y administrativas, por la categoría del establecimiento, por niveles de atención, por áreas urbanas y rurales, por zonas de frontera, por establecimientos de salud en zonas alejadas, en zonas de frontera, en zonas del VRAEM según departamento, incluyendo por establecimientos de salud clasificados como estratégicos por el Ministerio de Salud. El Capítulo III detalla la información sobre recursos humanos por variables laborales y sociales, según departamento, resaltando su distribución por grupo ocupacional y género, por cargo de los profesionales de salud, por zonas urbanas y rurales, por quintiles de pobreza, por régimen y condición laboral, por establecimientos ubicados en zonas alejadas y de frontera, por establecimientos estratégicos, y en zonas del VRAEM. Los Capítulos IV y V proporcionan información respecto a la disponibilidad de médicos en el Ministerio de Salud y los Gobiernos Regionales, incluidos los médicos especialistas. Asimismo, enfatizan la información sobre el número de médicos por régimen y condición laboral, por sedes administrativas, sedes asistenciales, categoría del establecimiento, por niveles de atención, quintiles de pobreza, zonas urbanas y rurales, por zonas alejadas y de frontera, por establecimientos de salud estratégicos y los ubicados en el VRAEM. También se identifica la disponibilidad de médicos especialistas clasificados por género según especialidad, por especialidades básicas, por sedes asistenciales y sus respectivas categorías, por sedes administrativas, por niveles de atención, por quintil de pobreza, por régimen y condición laboral de cada una de las especialidades. Los Capítulos VI, VII y VIII presentan un panorama sobre la disponibilidad de enfermeros, obstetras y odontólogos en el Ministerio de Salud y los Gobiernos Regionales, clasificados según departamento, género, régimen y condición laboral, por sedes asistenciales y sus respectivas categorías, por sedes administrativas, por niveles de atención, quintiles de pobreza, distribución por zonas urbanas y rurales, por zonas de frontera, por establecimientos de salud en zonas alejadas y de frontera, por establecimientos de salud clasificados como estratégicos, y establecimientos ubicados en el VRAEM. Los Capítulos IX, X y XI detallan información sobre la disponibilidad de técnicos asistenciales en enfermería, técnicos asistenciales en general y profesionales de la salud respectivamente, del Ministerio de Salud y los Gobiernos Regionales; clasificados por departamento, género, régimen y condición laboral, por sedes asistenciales y sus respectivas categorías, por sedes administrativas, por niveles de atención, quintiles de pobreza, distribución por zonas urbanas y rurales, por zonas de frontera, por establecimientos en zonas alejadas y de frontera, por establecimientos de salud clasificados como estratégicos, y establecimientos ubicados en el VRAEM. El Capítulo XII, proporciona información sobre los profesionales que realizan el Residentado Médico en el Sector Salud, destacando la información del número de plazas, postulantes, ingresantes, y las modalidades de ingreso. El Capítulo XIII, presenta información de los profesionales de la salud que realizan el SERUMS, destacando la información de las plazas adjudicadas remuneradas para médicos, enfermeros, obstetras y odontólogos, ofertadas por cada institución del Sector Salud.

Physicians , Allied Health Occupations , Health Personnel , Dentists , Allied Health Personnel , Workforce , Observatory of Human Resources for Health , Health Facilities , Health Services Needs and Demand , Occupational Groups , Nurses, Male
San Salvador; MINSAL; jun. 06, 2022. 69 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1393091


El presente manual de procesos y procedimientos, documenta las principales actividades de atención integral en procedimientos quirúrgicos seguros, como parte del proceso de atención en salud integral e integrada a la persona en el curso de vida con enfoque de atención primaria en salud, describe el sistema de operación de los establecimientos de salud, mediante el enfoque por procesos, fomentando el desarrollo organizacional y el mejoramiento continuo para el cumplimiento de la misión institucional. Establece las bases para la ejecución de los procesos y procedimientos, unificando criterios de contenido que permite la sistematización de las actividades y la definición de la metodología para efectuarlas

This manual of processes and procedures documents the main activities of comprehensive care in safe surgical procedures, as part of the process of comprehensive and integrated health care to the person in the course of life with a focus on primary health care, describes the system of operation of health establishments, through a process approach, promoting organizational development and continuous improvement for the fulfillment of the institutional mission. Establishes the bases for the execution of processes and procedures, unifying content criteria that allows the systematization of activities and the definition of the methodology to carry them out

Surgical Procedures, Operative , Health , Process Assessment, Health Care , Health Facilities , Primary Health Care , El Salvador , Methods
San Salvador; MINSAL; mar. 03, 2022. 52 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1363031


El presente manual de procesos y procedimientos documenta las principales actividades de atención integral en hospitalización como parte del proceso de atención en salud integral e integrada a la persona en el curso de vida con enfoque de atención primaria en salud, describe el sistema de operación de los establecimientos de salud, mediante el enfoque por procesos, fomentando el desarrollo organizacional y el mejoramiento continuo para el cumplimiento de la misión institucional. Esta herramienta táctica y operativa, permite integrar las actividades y tareas de manera ágil, para el logro de la prestación de servicios con calidad de hospitalización con los diferentes niveles de atención, facilitando el cumplimiento de las normativas y lineamientos de programas especiales o por ciclo de vida vigentes en el Ministerio de Salud, así como la armonización con la sistematización y uso de herramientas tecnológicas que sea necesario implementar para volver más eficaz el trabajo del talento humano en salud

This manual of processes and procedures documents the main activities of comprehensive care in hospitalization as part of the process of comprehensive and integrated health care to the person in the course of life with a focus on primary health care, describes the operating system of the health establishments, through a process approach, promoting organizational development and continuous improvement for the fulfillment of the institutional mission. This tactical and operational tool allows activities and tasks to be integrated in an agile manner, in order to achieve the provision of hospitalization quality services with the different levels of care, facilitating compliance with the regulations and guidelines of special programs or by cycle of care. in force in the Ministry of Health, as well as harmonization with the systematization and use of technological tools that need to be implemented to make the work of human talent in health more effective

Comprehensive Health Care , Hospitalization , Primary Health Care , El Salvador , Health Facilities
Fisioter. Bras ; 23(1): 18-36, Fev 11, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358397


Introdução: As atividades desenvolvidas nos estabelecimentos de saúde muitas vezes constituem um risco à saúde dos profissionais e pacientes, principalmente em relação às doenças infectocontagiosas. Nesse contexto, sabe-se que os pacientes atendidos pelo profissional fisioterapeuta variam desde atletas a indivíduos imunossuprimidos, o que torna imprescindível a inserção desta temática no currículo dos estudantes. Objetivo: Investigar a percepção dos estudantes de Fisioterapia de uma universidade pública acerca de conceitos de biossegurança e algumas doenças infectocontagiosas. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo quali-quantitativo do tipo descritivo exploratório de caráter transversal, no qual foram aplicados questionários sobre a conduta do fisioterapeuta frente às doenças infectocontagiosas. A amostra, definida por conveniência, foi composta por 105 estudantes. Resultados: Cerca de 67,3% dos estudantes reconheceram o conceito de biossegurança. Em relação às precauções de contato, 59% dos discentes afirmaram serem necessárias em casos de escabiose, 46,7% na furunculose e 34,3 % no impetigo. Conclusão: A partir do presente estudo, foi possível concluir que apesar do elevado percentual de respostas assertivas, o aprendizado adquirido durante a formação acadêmica pode ser perdido no decorrer das práticas ocupacionais, o que demonstra a importância da educação continuada na prática clínica do profissional fisioterapeuta. (AU)

Students , Communicable Diseases , Physical Therapy Modalities , Health Risk , Physical Therapists , Health Facilities , Containment of Biohazards
Niger. J. Dent. Res. (Online) ; 7(1): 60-66, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1354980


Objective: This study compared the concentration of salivary lactoferrin in patients with and without chronic periodontitis and investigated correlations with clinical variables of the disease. Methods: The study included 102 participants (51 cases and 51 controls) who presented at the Periodontology Clinic of University of Benin Teaching Hospital and met the selection criteria of '4mm and above' periodontal probing depths (PPD) and positive bleeding on probing (BOP) using community periodontal index (CPI) probe. Healthy participants (controls) were patients that had PPD less than or equal to 3mm, absence of BOP and simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) not more than 1.2. Baseline OHI-S and CPI scores were recorded. Saliva samples were collected and analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. All data were analyzed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.0. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the mean (SD) lactoferrin concentration of control participants 5.27(0.59) mg/l and case participants 6.74(0.61) mg/l (p<0.001). Participants with probing pocket depths (PPD) of 6mm or more had a significantly higher mean concentration [6.85(0.06) mg/l] than that of those with PPD 4-5mm [6.71(0.67) mg/l] (p< 0.001)Lactoferrin levels were highest in participants with 'poor' oral hygiene [6.85(0.60) mg/l] and lowest in those with 'good' oral hygiene [6.65(0.83) mg/l]. Conclusion: Salivary lactoferrin levels were higher among participants with chronic periodontitis than those without chronic periodontitis and correlates positively with the main clinical characteristics of the disease

Saliva , Lactoferrin , Chronic Periodontitis , Health Facilities
Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 23(1): 57-65, 2022.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1357605


Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health concern despite being a curable and preventable disease. The treatment of TB using a cocktail of drugs over a period of six months under the directly observed treatment short-course strategy has led to a reduction in cases but is plagued by some challenges that leads to unsuccessful or poor outcomes, which can ultimately result in spread of infections, development of drug resistance and increase in morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study are to determine outcomes of TB treatment in Dalhatu Araf Specialist Hospital, Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria and the factors that may be associated with the outcomes. Methodology: This was a retrospective study using the medical records of patients who were registered for TB treatment over a five-year period between 2016 to 2020. Data from TB registers including demographic and relevant clinical information, and treatment outcomes, were extracted into a structured data extraction format, and analysed with SPSS version 21.0 software package. Univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted, and Chi square test was used to determine association between TB outcomes and independent variables at 95% confidence interval and p<0.05 was considered as the significant value. Results: Records of 1,313 patients were studied, 744 (56.7%) were males while 569 (43.3%) were females. The age range of the patients was ≤ 1 year - 96 years, with a mean age of 30±16.7 years. Most were pulmonary TB cases (88.8%, n=1,166), newly diagnosed (95.5%, n=1254), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) negative at the time of TB diagnosis (63.7%, n=837). Eight hundred and seven (61.5%) patients had successful treatment, and 34% (n=446) had unsuccessful outcomes made of 'loss to follow-up' 25.8% (n=339), deaths 7.8% (n=102) and treatment failure 0.4% (n=5), while 2.3% (n=30) were transferred out and 2.3% (n=30) removed from TB register. Treatment success rate was significantly higher in patients with pulmonary TB (p=0.0024), residents in Lafia LGA (p=0.0005), those treated in 2016 (p=0.0006) and bacteriologically confirmed cases (p<0.0001), while death rate was significantly lower among patients who were HIV-negative at the time of TB diagnosis (p<0.0001). Conclusion: TB treatment success rate in this study fell short of the WHO average rate. High rates of 'loss to followup' and deaths in this study is a wake-up call to all stakeholders in the facility and the State to put in place measures to reduce poor outcomes of TB treatment.

Tuberculosis , Patient Compliance , Treatment Outcome , Medication Adherence , Health Facilities
Health SA Gesondheid (Print) ; 27(NA): 1-8, 2022.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1359081


Background: Neonatal care is provided by various levels of healthcare facilities in South Africa. Intensive care for neonates is only provided at the higher levels, hence the need for transfers from lower-level to higher-level facilities (e.g. primary hospitals to tertiary hospitals) or across levels of facilities, particularly when life-threatening situations arise (e.g. cardiac deterioration, respiratory deterioration and desaturation). Aim: The aim of the study was to explore neonatologists' views regarding the neonatal transfer process and to describe the preparedness of advanced life support (ALS) paramedics to undertake such transfers. Setting: The setting consisted of neonatologists from three provinces i.e. KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng and Western cape. Method: A qualitative descriptive design was utilised in this study. Semistructured interviews were conducted on the public health hospitals in three provinces (N = 9; n = 3) with neonatologists (N = 7; n = 7) who were involved in the transfers of critically ill neonates. The process of thematic analysis was used. Results: The themes that emerged in this study were: an awareness of local contextual realities related to neonatal transfers, challenges evident within the context of neonatal transfers, decision-making around the transfer of ill neonates, ALS paramedic preparedness for transfers and good clinical governance Conclusion: The study found that there was a need to be aware of local contextual realities confronting neonatal transfers, a need for greater preparedness for paramedics to undertake these transfers, a need for a sound referral processes and a need for coordinated transfer effort between paramedics, hospital staff and transport team members for the successful transfer of critically ill neonates. Contribution: The findings highlight the challenges confronting the neonatal transfer process in South Africa through the lens of neonatologist at public hospitals. Hence, the study reinforces the preparedness and coordination of the transfer process, along with more efficient communication between paramedics, hospital staff and the transfer team.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Transportation of Patients , Patient Transfer , Health Facilities , Hospitals, Public , Neonatologists
African Health Sciences ; 22(3): 24-33, 2022-10-26. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1400771


Background: Fertility desire is the plan of people to have a child or more children in the face of being diagnosed with HIV and plan to a commitment to implement the desire. Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Hawassa city public health facilities from May 09 ­July 07/07/2019. Four hundred (400) study participants were selected using a simple random sampling technique. Data were collected by using interviewer-administered pre-tested structured questionnaires and chart review. The collected data were entered into EPI data version 3.1 software and then transported to SPSS version 20 for cleaning and data analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to identify associated factors at p<0.05 was taken as a significant value with a 95% confidence level. Results: A total of 400 clients were included in the study giving a response rate of 97 %. The overall fertility desire was 53.6 % (95%CI: 48.7%, 58.2%). Age, sexual practice in the last six months and discussing reproductive health with ART providers were significantly associated with fertility desire. Younger age was positively associated with fertility desire, age group (18-29), [Adjust odds ratio = 5.75 95%CI (2.85, 11.57)], age group (30-39), [Adjust odds ratio= 4.71 95%CI:(2.55, 8.71)] Sexual practice in the last six months [Adjust odds ratio = 3.00 95%1.46, 6.16)] and counseling reproductive health with ART provider [Adjust odds ratio = 3.10 95%CI:(1.86,5.15)] Conclusion: The prevalence of fertility desire in this study was higher than previous studies while factors associated with fertility desire were age, sexual practice in the last six months, and discussing reproductive health with ART providers

Art , Modalities, Alimentary , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , HIV , Fertility , Child , Health Facilities
S. Afr. j. child health (Online) ; 16(4): 194-196, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411503


Background. Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of an infant's life is the recommended gold standard for infant feeding; however, mixed feeding (MF) is common in various settings. In South Africa (SA), especially in the Tlokwe subdistrict of North West Province, there is little information on the association between sociodemographic factors and infant MF practices.Objective. To identify the sociodemographic factors associated with MF practices in a cohort of mothers of infants aged 4 - 14 weeks in the Tlokwe subdistrict of North West.Methods. The study setting was 8 health facilities in the Tlokwe subdistrict. Participants comprised postpartum women with infants aged 4 - 14 weeks. Data analysis used SPSS version 25.0. Normal data are presented as means (standard deviation (SD)), skewed data as median values (25th, 75th percentiles) and categorical values as percentages and frequencies.Chi-square tests and logistic regression analysed the association between sociodemographic factors and MF practices at time point 2 (10 - 14 weeks).Results. The majority of the mothers were aged between 25 and 29 years, and 37% had at least 2 live children. MF increased with infant age. There was no significant association between any of the sociodemographic variables and MF practices. Logistic regression analysis showed a significant association between increased parity and MF. There was also a significant association between changes in infant-feeding practices after receiving the child support grant at 10 - 14 weeks. Conclusion. The high proportion of mothers who mixed-fed indicates that it is still the norm, as in other SA contexts. Therefore, strengthened breastfeeding education regarding appropriate infant-feeding choices in the promotion of infant development and survival for the short and long term should be emphasised. S Afr J Child Health 2022;16(4):192-197. factors associated with mixed-feeding practices among a cohort of mothers with infants aged 4 - 14 weeks in Tlokwe subdistrict, North West Province, South Africa N M Semenekane,1 MSc (Nutrition); C B Witten,1,2 PhD (Nutrition); E Swanepoel,3 MSc (Dietetics);H S Kruger,1 PhD Nutrition 1 Centre of Excellence for Nutrition, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa2 Division of Health Professions Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa3 School of Physiology, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Partial Breastfeeding , Breast Feeding , Health Facilities , Infant , Mothers , Maternal Health , Sociodemographic Factors
PAMJ - One Health ; 9(NA): 1-11, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1425713


Introduction: adolescents in developing countries are often vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unplanned pregnancies. It is estimated that about 13 million adolescent girls have unplanned births each year in developing countries. This study examined the scope of the School Health Education Programme (SHEP) and health-seeking behaviours of female adolescents in Junior High School (JHS). Methods: this qualitative research used the narrative approach. Group discussions were conducted among 100 female adolescents aged 12-19 years. Interviews were conducted among five community health workers in five health centres that provide reproductive health services. The in-depth interviews and group discussions were documented, transcribed and analyzed using NVivo 11, whilst thematic analysis was used in analyzing data. Results: the mean age of adolescents was 15.5 years, with 74% reporting having knowledge of STDs. It was observed that the SHEP offers various information on health issues such as menstrual hygiene, STDs, personal hygiene, contraceptives, personal development and unsafe abortion practices. Adolescent reproductive health services were also available in the health centres but patronage was low as a result of perceived negative attitude of health workers and trust. Knowledge on issues of reproductive health is insufficient among JHS female adolescents, with many of them relying on the media and peers for reproductive health support. Conclusion: in this study, female adolescents are generally involved in risky sexual behaviour due to their low level of knowledge on reproductive issues and their unwillingness to patronize available reproductive health services because of the health system and cultural barriers.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Health Education , Reproductive Health , Health Facilities , Information Seeking Behavior
Ethiop. j. health dev. (Online) ; 36(2): 1-10, 2022-06-07. Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380435


Maternal mortality in Ethiopia is the highest in the world (412/100,000). Health facility delivery is the cornerstone in reducing maternal mortality. However, health facility delivery is low in Ethiopia, due to poor access and ill-equipped health facilities. Maternity waiting home(MWH)is one of the comprehensive packages of essential obstetric services, enabling women to access well-equipped health facilities. However, there are limited studies on maternal waiting home use in Ethiopia. This study aimedto use the integrated behavioral model, toassess maternal waiting home use and associated factors among mothers in the East Bellessa district, northwest Ethiopia.Method:A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted fromthe1-27 of March 2020. The multistage sampling technique was used to select a total of 624 mothers. Data was collected usingthe face-to-face interview technique. The reliability and validity of the itemswere checked using exploratory factor analysis. Multivariable logistic regressions wereconducted toidentify the factors associated with maternal waiting home use. Findings with a p-value <0.05 with a 95% confidence interval were considered statistically significant in the final model.Result.Overall, 20.5% (95% CI=17.3-23.7) of mothers used maternity waiting homes for the index of childbirth. Husband educational status (AOR=3.78, CI =1.44-9.93), the knowledge on maternitywaiting homes(AOR=3.97, CI=2.27-6.95), between 2 and 3antenatal care follow ups(AOR=0.14 CI=0.06-0.31), experiential attitude (AOR=2.37, CI=1.64-3.44), descriptive norms(AOR=0.66, CI=0.47-0.94), perceived behavioral control (AOR=1.07, CI=1.02-1.13) and behavioral intention (AOR=1.37, CI=1.1-1.71) were associated with maternity waiting home use.Conclusion:Maternity waiting home utilization was low. Husband's education status, antenatal care follow-up, knowledge on maternal waiting homes, experiential attitude, descriptive norms, perceived behavioral control and behavioralintention were positively significantly associated with MWH utilization. Therefore, strengthening the use antenatal care services, husbands'education, and developing a positive attitude towards MWH may improve the use of maternity waitinghomesamong women. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2022; 36(2):000-000]Keyword:Maternity waiting home, mothers,integrated behavioral model, Ethiopia

Behavioral Medicine , Maternal Mortality , Health Facilities , Delivery of Health Care, Integrated , Diet, Reducing