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2.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(Supl. 2): 685-706, fev 11, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359601

ABSTRACT

Programa de Pós-graduação em Imunologia (PPGIm) a mais de 30 anos, vem formando recursos humanos de excelência, capacitados para as atividades de ensino e pesquisa em Imunologia e áreas correlatas, muitos já absorvidos por instituições da Bahia e de outros estados. O PPGIm tem realizado reuniões científicas visando difusão do conhecimento científico e integração acadêmica com a graduação e a pós-graduação da própria UFBA e outras IES. A ExpoPPGIm, Reunião Anual do Programa, já se tornou um evento tradicional, que acontece a cada ano, com a primeira edição no ano 2000, constituindo um fórum de integração de profissionais, pesquisadores e jovens cientistas, alunos de graduação e pós-graduação da UFBA e outras IES do Estado da Bahia, do Brasil e de outros Países com interesse no amplo domínio da Imunologia. O objetivo da ExpoPPGIm é divulgar conhecimento científico em Imunologia e áreas correlatas, gerado localmente, na Bahia, no Brasil, e outros países, tendo como público-alvo estudantes de graduação e pós-graduação, pesquisadores da UFBA e outras IES e profissionais da área.


Subject(s)
Allergy and Immunology , Health Postgraduate Programs
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 251-258, 20220316. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362961

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La simulación como estrategia de aprendizaje activo se ha constituido en una herramienta centrada en el estudiante, para la construcción de aprendizajes en entornos seguros y el perfeccionamiento de sus habilidades técnicas. La evaluación objetiva estructurada de habilidades técnicas (OSATS, por sus siglas en inglés) es una herramienta evaluativa en el área quirúrgica, que puede ser implementada en los programas en microcirugía. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal y doble ciego, donde se incluyeron 34 estudiantes de especialidades quirúrgicas, quienes fueron evaluados mediante los OSATS para los módulos finales: módulo 1: disección vascular; módulo 2: ejecución de sutura de puntos independientes; y módulo 3: ejercicios de revascularización. Al finalizar la materia, los estudiantes evaluaron la implementación de esta metodología por medio de una encuesta de satisfacción. Resultados. La evaluación del diseño de la guía práctica tipo OSATS por los estudiantes fue satisfactoria (88,2 %). Al evaluar la actividad de disección y sutura en microcirugía la consideraron de gran utilidad (88,2 %), para los ejercicios de anastomosis y revascularización (aprobación del 79,5 %). La aplicabilidad práctica y la calidad de los ejercicios mediante guías de evaluación OSATS tuvieron 94,2 % de aceptación. Conclusión. Las escalas OSATS son un instrumento útil, valido y objetivo para el modelo de evaluación por competencias en habilidades técnicas, que puede ser implementado en los modelos de enseñanza en simulación, contando con confiabilidad, validez de contenido y de constructo. Es aplicable en los programas de microcirugía, con una percepción positiva por parte de los estudiantes.


Introduction. Simulation as an active learning strategy has become a student-centered tool for the construction of learning in safe environments and the improvement of their technical skills. The Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) is an evaluation tool in the surgical area, which can be implemented in microsurgery programs. Methods. Descriptive, cross-sectional and double-blind study, which included 34 students from surgical specialties, who were evaluated through the OSATS for the final modules: module 1: vascular dissection; module 2: execution of independent sutures; module 3: revascularization exercises. At the end of the course, the students evaluated the implementation of this methodology under evaluation by means of a satisfaction survey. Results. The evaluation of the design of the practical guide OSATS-type by the students was satisfactory (88.2%). When evaluating the dissection and suturing activity in microsurgery, they consider it very useful (88.2%), for anastomosis exercises and revascularization exercise (79.5% approval). The practical applicability and quality of the exercises using OSATS evaluation guides had 94.2% acceptance.Conclusion. The OSATS scales are a useful, valid and objective instrument for the evaluation model for technical skills, which can be implemented in simulation teaching models, with reliability, content and construct validity. It is applicable in microsurgery programs, with a positive perception by students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Competency-Based Education , Education, Medical , Microsurgery , Simulation Exercise , Health Postgraduate Programs , Learning Health System
4.
Edumecentro ; 13(3): 382-400, jul.-sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286273

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: los diseños curriculares posuniversitarios responden a elevadas exigencias en la formación académica como formas concretas del encargo social a las instituciones de educación superior en cada país. Objetivo: argumentar conceptos e ideas sobre la concepción y diseño del programa de doctorado en "Ciencias básicas como fundamento de las clínicas médicas". Métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica y documental que incluyó 32 fuentes entre leyes, resoluciones, reglamentos, indicaciones, instrucciones, artículos originales y artículos de revisión. Se seleccionaron 25, teniendo en cuenta su pertinencia y actualización según objetivo del trabajo. La búsqueda digital se realizó en SciELO, Google Académico e Infomed. Resultados: se identificaron conceptos y categorías fundamentales en la concepción y diseño de programas doctorales, se reconocieron ideas principales en la formación de un núcleo central de diseño, se logró una integración consecuente entre normativas nacionales vigentes y particularidades de la universidad de ciencias médicas como institución autorizada para la formación doctoral. Conclusiones: el programa de doctorado en "Ciencias básicas como fundamento de las clínicas médicas" mediante la interacción efectiva entre las normativas establecidas, diferentes argumentaciones teóricas encontradas en la literatura, las tradiciones y condiciones contextuales de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara, sin afectar el rigor, la originalidad y la pertinencia social. Se reconoció lo local como necesidad para la descentralización deseada y como expresión de compromiso y autonomía universitaria; en la que se manifiesta una posición profesional y ética ante los riesgos de formulaciones muy centralizadas y uniformes como posibles limitaciones en los procesos formativos.


ABSTRACT Background: post-university curricular designs respond to high demands in academic training as concrete forms of social commitment to higher education institutions in each country. Objective: to argue concepts and ideas about the conception and design of the doctoral program in "Basic Sciences as the foundation of medical clinics." Methods: a bibliographic and documentary review was carried out that included 32 sources including laws, resolutions, regulations, indications, instructions, original articles and review articles. 25 were selected, taking into account their relevance and updating according to the objective of the work. The electronic search was carried out in SciELO, Google Scholar and Infomed. Results: fundamental concepts and categories were identified in the conception and design of doctoral programs, main ideas were recognized in the formation of a central design nucleus, a consistent integration between current national regulations and particularities of the University of Medical Sciences as an authorized institution for doctoral training was achieved. Conclusions: the doctoral program in "Basic Sciences as the foundation of medical clinics" through the effective interaction between established regulations, different theoretical arguments found in the literature, traditions and contextual conditions of Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences, without affecting rigor, originality and social relevance. The local was recognized as a need for the desired decentralization and as an expression of university commitment and autonomy; in which a professional and ethical position is manifested in the face of the risks of highly centralized and uniform formulations as possible limitations in the training processes.


Subject(s)
Education, Professional , Health Postgraduate Programs , Mentoring
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 582-598, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291151

ABSTRACT

Frente a los desafíos de la Educación Basada en Competencia, este consenso Delphi de la División de Educación de la Asociación Colombiana de Cirugía informa sobre las mínimas competencias profesionales esperadas del cirujano egresado de los veinte programas de Especialización en Cirugía General en Colombia. Un total de 105 profesores de los programas de especialización evaluaron tres áreas de competencia profesional: 1) atributos profesionales generales del residente durante su formación, 2) competencias prácticas (procedimientos quirúrgicos) que los residentes deben realizar al final de su entrenamiento y 3) Actividades Profesionales Confiables (APC) que los residentes deben ejecutar sin supervisión al final de su entrenamiento. Los resultados informan un alto nivel de consenso en el 100 % los atributos profesionales generales y APC, y del 75 % en diferentes procedimientos quirúrgicos. El consenso abre la puerta para el desarrollo de un currículo nacional de la especialidad y tiene implicaciones para la práctica educativa e investigación futura


Faced with the challenges of Competence-Based Education, this Delphi consensus from the Education Division of the Colombian Association of Surgery reports on the minimum professional competencies expected of the surgeon who graduated from the twenty residency programs in General Surgery in Colombia. A total of 105 professors from the training programs evaluated three areas of professional competence: 1) general professional attributes of the resident during their training, 2) practical skills (surgical procedures) that residents must perform at the end of their training, and 3) Activities Trusted Professionals (APC) that residents must run unsupervised at the end of their training. The results report a high level of consensus in 100% general professional attributes and APC, and 75% in different surgical procedures. The consensus opens the door for the development of a national specialty curriculum and has implications for educational practice and future research


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Health Postgraduate Programs , Delphi Technique , Colombia , Competency-Based Education , Curriculum , Consensus
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 582-598, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291152

ABSTRACT

Frente a los desafíos de la Educación Basada en Competencia, este consenso Delphi de la División de Educación de la Asociación Colombiana de Cirugía informa sobre las mínimas competencias profesionales esperadas del cirujano egresado de los veinte programas de Especialización en Cirugía General en Colombia. Un total de 105 profesores de los programas de especialización evaluaron tres áreas de competencia profesional: 1) atributos profesionales generales del residente durante su formación, 2) competencias prácticas (procedimientos quirúrgicos) que los residentes deben realizar al final de su entrenamiento y 3) Actividades Profesionales Confiables (APC) que los residentes deben ejecutar sin supervisión al final de su entrenamiento. Los resultados informan un alto nivel de consenso en el 100 % los atributos profesionales generales y APC, y del 75 % en diferentes procedimientos quirúrgicos. El consenso abre la puerta para el desarrollo de un currículo nacional de la especialidad y tiene implicaciones para la práctica educativa e investigación futura


Faced with the challenges of Competence-Based Education, this Delphi consensus from the Education Division of the Colombian Association of Surgery reports on the minimum professional competencies expected of the surgeon who graduated from the twenty residency programs in General Surgery in Colombia. A total of 105 professors from the training programs evaluated three areas of professional competence: 1) general professional attributes of the resident during their training, 2) practical skills (surgical procedures) that residents must perform at the end of their training, and 3) Activities Trusted Professionals (APC) that residents must run unsupervised at the end of their training. The results report a high level of consensus in 100% general professional attributes and APC, and 75% in different surgical procedures. The consensus opens the door for the development of a national specialty curriculum and has implications for educational practice and future research


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Health Postgraduate Programs , Delphi Technique , Colombia , Competency-Based Education , Curriculum , Consensus
7.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 13(1): e397, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251737

ABSTRACT

La Escuela Nacional de Salud Pública ha contribuido de forma sustancial a la formación de los recursos humanos en las áreas académicas y profesionales del sistema de salud cubano, a través del desarrollo de un amplio programa de formación académica de posgrado y de superación profesional; esta última caracterizada por el desarrollo de cursos, entrenamientos, diplomados, talleres, conferencias y otras formas que generan en la institución gran número de actividades de superación. Este cúmulo de actividades presenta insuficiencias en su gestión y están desprovistas de tecnologías informáticas, que brindarían mejoras en su desempeño. Por tales motivos se realizó una investigación de desarrollo tecnológico con el objetivo de diseñar un sistema web para la gestión de actividades de superación profesional en la Escuela Nacional de Salud Pública en el año 2019. Se empleó la metodología de desarrollo de software AUP-UCI, el entorno de trabajo Vue.js escrito en lenguaje de programación JavaScript, se utilizó MongoDB como gestor de base de datos, y la herramienta Case Visual Paradigm de Lenguaje Unificado de Modelado. Se implementaron algunas funcionalidades del sistema, que se encuentra listo para fase de despliegue. El sistema satisface las necesidades de información para el proceso de superación profesional en la institución, favorece la toma de decisiones de los directivos, docentes, y usuarios vinculados en el proceso, además muestra gran factibilidad su aplicación y extensión a otras instituciones de posgrado de la educación superior de salud y otros sectores(AU)


The National School of Public Health has contributed substantially to the training of human resources in the academic and professional areas of the Cuban health system, due to the development of an extensive program of academic postgraduate training and professional upgrading. The latter is characterized by the expansion of courses, trainings, diplomas, workshops, conferences and others, generating numerous professional development activities in the institution, all of them with insufficiencies in their management and devoid of computer technologies to provide improvements in their performance. For these reasons, a technological development research was carried out in 2019 with the aim of designing a web system for the management of professional development activities at the National School of Public Health. The AUP-UCI software development methodology was used, the Vue.js working environment written in JavaScript programming language and MongoDB as the database manager, and the Case Visual Paradigm tool of Unified Modeling Language. Some functionalities of the system were implemented, which are ready for the deployment phase. The proposed system satisfies the information needs for the improvement of professional upgrading in the institution, favors decision-making by managers, professors, and users linked to the process, shows great feasibility of its application and extension to other postgraduate educational institutions in health and other sectors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Computer Communication Networks , Health Postgraduate Programs , Information Technology Management
8.
Educ. med. super ; 35(2): e2783, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1286226

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La familia funciona como una unidad de atención en la medicina familiar. Junto con las personas y la comunidad se conforman los escenarios principales de las acciones de salud en la formación posgraduada de Medicina General Integral, que asume así una atención integral a la persona desde el punto de vista biopsicosocial. Objetivo: Describir la evolución del sistema de objetivos y contenidos en los programas de formación de la especialidad Medicina General Integral, propuestos para el abordaje de la familia y la medicina familiar en la educación de posgrado en Cuba. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva, de corte educacional. Se emplearon métodos teóricos y empíricos en función de la revisión bibliográfica y documental, relacionada con los objetivos y contenidos sobre familia y medicina familiar en el posgrado. Se hizo análisis, síntesis y contrastación de criterios, a partir de los materiales revisados. Resultados: La especialidad Medicina General Integral ha transitado hasta 2018 por cinco programas de estudios. Los contenidos familia y medicina familiar se ubican a partir del tercero, en función de profundizar y consolidar las habilidades necesarias para la intervención, tanto educativa como terapéutica de la familia. El primero carecía de integralidad, y la quinta y actual versión está organizada mediante cursos. Conclusiones: El abordaje del sistema de objetivos y contenidos sobre la familia y la medicina familiar en el programa de la especialidad Medicina General Integral ha evolucionado hacia su inclusión progresiva, que contribuye a perfeccionar las competencias de los egresados en el cumplimiento del ejercicio de la medicina familiar(AU)


Introduction: Family functions as a unit during the process of care provision in family medicine. People and the community together make up the main scenarios of health actions in postgraduate training in Family Medicine, which allows comprehensive care for the person from the biopsychosocial point of view. Objective: To describe the evolution of the system of objectives and contents in the training programs of the Family Medicine specialty, proposed for the managment of family and family medicine in postgraduate education in Cuba. Methods: A descriptive and educational research was carried out. Theoretical and empirical methods were used, focused on bibliographic and document review, related to the objectives and contents about family and family medicine in postgraduate studies. Analysis, synthesis and contrast of criteria were used, based on the reviewed materials. Results: Until 2018, the Family Medicine specialty has gone through five study programs. The contents about family and family medicine are included to be studied from the third program, in order to deepen and consolidate the necessary skills for intervention, both educational and therapeutic, of the family. The first one lacked comprehensiveness, and the fifth and current version is organized through courses. Conclusions: The way the system of objectives and contents about family and family medicine are dealt with in the program of the Family Medicine specialty has evolved towards its progressive inclusion, which contributes to perfecting the competences of graduates, in order to fulfill the practice of medicine family(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Program Evaluation , Family Practice/education , General Practice/education , Community Health Services , Health Postgraduate Programs
9.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 462-470, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254292

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistectomía es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos más realizados a nivel mundial, por lo que su aprendizaje es cada vez más necesario para los médicos residentes en entrenamiento, pero sin comprometer la seguridad de los pacientes. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el impacto de la participación de los médicos residentes en los principales desenlaces clínicos de la colecistectomía. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo de cohortes, donde se incluyeron los pacientes llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica, desde junio de 2019 hasta julio de 2020. Se llevó a cabo el análisis estadístico para describir medidas de frecuencia, tendencia central, dispersión y análisis bivariados para los desenlaces de interés. Resultados. Se incluyeron 482 pacientes a quienes se les practicó colecistectomía, 475 de ellas por vía laparoscópica. El 62,5 % fueron mujeres y el 76,2 % se realizaron de carácter urgente. En el 96 % de los procedimientos se contó con la participación de un residente. En el análisis bivariado no se encontró una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre la participación del residente y un impacto negativo en los desenlaces clínicos de las variables relevantes. Discusión. No hay evidencia de que la participación de médicos residentes en la colecistectomía laparoscópica se asocie con desenlaces adversos en los pacientes, lo que sugiere estar en relación con una introducción temprana y responsable a este procedimiento por parte de los docentes, permitiendo que la colecistectomía sea un procedimiento seguro


Introduction. Cholecystectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures worldwide, so its learning is increasingly necessary for resident physicians in training, but without compromising the safety of patients. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of the participation of resident physicians on the main clinical outcomes of cholecystectomy. Methods. A prospective cohort study was performed, which included patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecys-tectomy from June 2019 to July 2020. Statistical analysis was carried out to describe measures of frequency, central tendency, dispersion, and bivariate analysis for outcomes of interest. Results. 482 patients who underwent cholecystectomy were included, 475 of them laparoscopically; 62.5% were women and 76.2% were performed urgently, and 96% of the procedures involved the participation of a resident. In the bivariate analysis, no statistically significant difference was found between resident participation and a negative impact on the clinical outcomes of the relevant variables. Discussion. There is no evidence that the participation of resident physicians in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with adverse outcomes in patients, which suggests being related to an early and responsible introduction to this procedure by teachers, allowing cholecystectomy to be a safe procedure


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Education, Medical , Cholelithiasis , Health Postgraduate Programs , Intraoperative Complications
10.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 411-420, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253937

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Una parte fundamental del entrenamiento de un residente de cirugía es lograr un volumen operatorio suficiente para alcanzar una competencia adecuada en su vida laboral independiente. Tanto el volumen como la autonomía, son desafíos para los programas de residencia en cirugía general de Colombia. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio multinstitucional, con la participación de 5 programas de especialización en cirugía general, de diferentes regiones del país. Se utilizó la bitácora electrónica Logbook para el registro de procedimientos durante un periodo de 12 meses. Se hizo un análisis de la base de datos recolectada. Resultados. Un total de 111 médicos residentes participaron en el estudio. Se registraron 29.622 procedimientos quirúrgicos, que correspondieron a 23.206 pacientes. El 51,7 % de los procedimientos fueron cirugías electivas, el 46,9 % cirugías de urgencia y el 1 % de emergencia. El 22,6 % de los procedimientos se realizó a través de un abordaje mínimamente invasivo. Los cinco procedimientos quirúrgicos más frecuentemente registrados fueron: colecistectomía (n=4341), apendicectomía (n=2558), herniorrafia inguinal (n=2059), herniorrafia umbilical (n=1225) y lavado peritoneal (n=1198). En promedio, cada residente realizó 27 cirugías por mes y en estos procedimientos el rol predominante del residente fue el de cirujano principal, desde momentos tempranos en su formación (a partir del segundo año). Discusión. Es posible lograr a nivel nacional el registro de las actividades a través de una bitácora. Los médicos residentes colombianos realizan un número de cirugías similares o mayores a lo descrito en otros países. Debemos actualizar nuestras expectativas según la formación que reciben actualmente los médicos residentes


Introduction. A critical part of training for a surgical resident is achieving sufficient operating volume to achieve adequate competence in their independent practice. Both volume and autonomy are challenges for general surgery residency programs in Colombia. Methods.A multinstitutional study was performed, with the participation of 5 specialization programs in general surgery, from different regions of the country. The electronic Logbook was used to record procedures for a period of 12 months. An analysis of the collected database was made. Results. A total of 111 resident physicians participated in the study. There were 29,622 surgical procedures registered, corresponding to 23,206 patients. Overall, 51.7% of the procedures were elective surgeries, 46.9% were urgent surgeries and 1% were emergency surgeries. 22.6% of the procedures were performed through a minimally invasive approach. The five most frequently recorded surgical procedures were: cholecystectomy (n=4341), appendectomy (n=2558), inguinal herniorrhaphy (n=2059), umbilical herniorrhaphy (n=1225), and peritoneal lavage (n=1198). On average, each resident performed 27 surgeries per month, and in these procedures the predominant role of the resident was that of the main surgeon, from early in their training (from the second year on). Discussion. It is possible to achieve a national record of activities through a log. Colombian resident physicians perform a number of surgeries similar or greater than those described in other countries. We must update our expectations based on the training currently received by resident physicians.


Subject(s)
General Surgery , Registries , Education, Medical , Colombia , Competency-Based Education , Health Postgraduate Programs , Electronic Health Records
11.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(2): e3303, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251824

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El Ministerio de Salud Pública de Cuba realiza numerosos esfuerzos por garantizar la informatización de sus procesos, donde la superación profesional representa un eslabón fundamental. La Escuela Nacional de Salud Pública implementa la Maestría en Informática en Salud, dirigida a los directivos del sector que participan en el proceso de informatización. Sin embargo, el programa actual no se enfoca hacia el desarrollo de habilidades técnicas de los especialistas informáticos. Objetivo: Diseñar el programa académico de la Maestría en Informática Médica Aplicada y evaluar su impacto en el proceso de informatización de la salud pública cubana. Método: Estudio con enfoque mixto, alcance descriptivo, de tipo retrospectivo y diseño no experimental, de corte transversal. Se realizó un análisis documental para fundamentar el diseño del programa académico de la maestría y se aplicó un cuestionario para evaluar su impacto en el proceso de informatización de la salud pública cubana, con una muestra aleatoria (n=63). Resultados: Se diseñó el programa académico de la Maestría en Informática Médica Aplicada, con una estructura de 78 créditos. Fue coordinado por la Universidad de las Ciencias Informáticas en colaboración con la Escuela Nacional de Salud Pública. Además, se evaluó su impacto en el proceso de informatización de la salud pública cubana a partir de análisis estadísticos con los datos obtenidos. Conclusiones: El programa implementado es pertinente e impacta en el proceso de informatización de la salud pública cubana, muestra de ello lo constituye las estadísticas de la primera edición en curso de la maestría.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The Ministry of Public Health in Cuba is making numerous efforts to embed an informatics infrastructure in all its process where professionals with a high level of knowledge on the subject it´s essential. The National School of Public Health implements the Master's Degree in Health Informatics, aimed at the sector's managers who are involving in the informatics process. However, the current program does not focus on developing the technical skills of computer specialists. Objective: To design the academic program of the Master's Degree in Applied Medical Informatics and to evaluate its impact on the informatics process of Cuban public health. Method: A mixed approach, descriptive, retrospective and non-experimental design, and cross-sectional study, was carried out. A documentary analysis was conducted to support the design of the program and a questionnaire was applied to evaluate its impact on the informatics process of Cuban public health, with a sample randomly selected (n=63). Results: The academic program for the Master's Degree in Applied Medical Informatics was designed with a structure of 78 credits. Created in mutual collaboration between the Universidad de las Ciencias Informáticas (UCI) and the National School of Public Health. In addition, its impact on the informatics process of Cuban Public Health was evaluated on the basis of statistical analysis of data obtained. Conclusions: The program implemented is advisable and its successfully impact on the informatics process of Cuban public health, was reflected in the statistics of the first ongoing edition of the master's program.


RESUMO Introdução: O Ministério de Saúde Pública de Cuba realiza numerosos esforços para garantir a informatização de seus processos, onde o aperfeiçoamento profissional representa um elo fundamental. A Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública implementa o Mestrado em Informática em Saúde, destinado a gestores do setor que participam no processo de informatização. No entanto, o programa atual não se concentra no desenvolvimento de habilidades técnicas de especialistas em informática. Objetivo: Desenhar o programa acadêmico do Mestrado em Informática Médica Aplicada e avaliar seu impacto no processo de informatização da saúde pública cubana. Método: Estudo com abordagem mista, âmbito descritivo, tipo retrospectivo e desenho não experimental, transversal. Foi realizada uma análise documental para subsidiar o desenho do programa acadêmico do mestrado e aplicado um questionário para avaliar seu impacto no processo de informatização da saúde pública cubana, com amostra aleatória (n=63). Resultados: Foi elaborado o programa acadêmico do Mestrado em Informática Médica Aplicada, com uma estrutura de 78 créditos. Foi coordenado pela Universidade de Ciências Informáticas em colaboração com a Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública. Além disso, avaliou-se seu impacto no processo de informatização da saúde pública cubana com base em análises estatísticas com os dados obtidos. Conclusões: O programa implantado é relevante e impacta o processo de informatização da saúde pública cubana, exemplo disso são as estatísticas da primeira edição em andamento do mestrado.


Subject(s)
Medical Informatics/education , Medical Informatics/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Public Health Informatics/education , Health Postgraduate Programs , Professional Training
12.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 205-220, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222631

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Se desconoce el estado de la investigación en educación médica en cirugía general (IEMC) en Colombia en el siglo XXI. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliométrica de la literatura es realizar un análisis de las publicaciones relacionadas con la IEMC en Colombia a partir del año 2000. Métodos. Se incluyeron artículos originales, escritos en español o inglés, publicados por grupos de investigación que cuentan al menos con un investigador colombiano como autor principal o coautor. Se definieron variables demográficas e indicadores bibliométricos para cada estudio y autor. Resultados. Un total de 63 estudios fueron incluidos. Estas publicaciones se enfocaron predominantemente en investigación sobre bienestar, enseñanza clínica y simulación a nivel de postgrado. El 36 % de los artículos sobre IEMC fueron publicados en revistas sin indexación (ISI/SCOPUS); 13 artículos (20,6 %) fueron publicados en re-vistas en el cuartil 1 (Q1). El promedio de citas por artículo fue 9,3.Discusión. La producción intelectual en educación en cirugía en Colombia tiene bajo impacto a nivel internacional. Los hallazgos encontrados pueden ser utilizados para organizar y priorizar la investigación en educación quirúrgica en el país


Introduction. The state of research in medical education in general surgery (IEMC) in Colombia in the XXI century is unknown. The objective of this bibliometric review of the literature is to conduct an analysis of the publications related to the IEMC in Colombia from the year 2000.Methods. Original articles, written in Spanish or English, published by research groups that have at least one Co-lombian researcher as main author or co-author, were included. Demographic variables and bibliometric indicators were defined for each study and author.Results. A total of 63 studies were included. Publications predominantly focused on wellness research, clinical teaching, and simulation at the graduate level; 36% of the articles on IEMC were published in non-indexed journals (ISI / SCOPUS), 13 articles (20.6%) were published in journals in quartile 1 (Q1). The average number of citations per article was 9.3.Discussion. Intellectual production in Colombian surgery education shows low impact at international level. These findings can be used to prioritize research in surgical education in the country


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Medical , Health Postgraduate Programs , Research , General Surgery , Bibliometrics , Impact Factor
13.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 312-323, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223996

ABSTRACT

Introduction. The COVID-19 pandemic has led health services to adapt, surgical training has had to restructure, and personal life has had to thrive hardships. We aimed to describe the evolution of surgeons' and residents' per-ceptions about the impact COVID-19 has had on Colombia's surgical practice.Methods. Descriptive cross-sectional study using a structured electronic survey among general surgery residents, and graduated surgeons who have a clinical practice in Colombia.Results. 355 participants were included, with a median age of 37 years (IQR 30, 51), and 32.1% female. There were 28.7% residents, 43.3% general surgeons, and 27.8% subespecialist in surgery. Overall, 48.7% of respondents were from Bogotá, and 38.8% worked at academic private hospitals. Although almost all participants reported having used telemedicine platforms during the pandemic, 58% of the respondents did not view telemedicine as sufficient for follow-up consults. More than 80% of surgeons surveyed reported that their monthly incomes had been reduced. Discussion. The second survey showed a better-perceived adherence to safety protocols at their institutions than at the beginning of the pandemic. However, the toll on economic and academic domains are substantial among the surgical community. As the pandemic's effects are expected to last longer in our region, telemedicine services acceptance and healthcare providers' job stability need to be improved in Colombia


Introducción. La pandemia ha llevado a los servicios de salud a adaptarse, la formación quirúrgica ha tenido que reestructurarse y la vida personal ha tenido que prosperar en las dificultades. Nuestro objetivo fue describir la evolución de las percepciones de cirujanos y médicos residentes sobre el impacto que ha tenido el COVID-19 en la práctica quirúrgica de Colombia. Métodos. Estudio de corte transversal descriptivo mediante encuesta estructurada distribuida electrónica-mente a médicos residentes de cirugía general, cirujanos generales o sub-especialistas, con práctica clínica en Colombia. Resultados. Se incluyeron 355 participantes, con una mediana de edad de 37 años (RIC 30-51) y el 32,1 % fueron mujeres. El 28,7 % eran médicos residentes, el 43,3 % cirujanos generales y el 27,8 % subespecialistas en cirugía. El 48,7 % de los encuestados vivían en Bogotá y el 38,8 % trabajaba en hospitales académicos privados. Aunque la mayoría ha utilizado plataformas de telemedicina durante la pandemia, el 58 % de los encuestados no consideró que la telemedicina fuera suficiente para las consultas postoperatorias. Más del 80 % de los cirujanos encuestados informaron que sus ingresos mensuales se habían reducido. Discusión. La segunda encuesta mostró una mejor percepción de la adherencia a los protocolos de seguridad en sus instituciones que al comienzo de la pandemia. Sin embargo, el costo en los dominios económicos y académicos es considerable entre la comunidad quirúrgica. Dado que se espera que los efectos de la pandemia duren más en nuestra región, es necesario mejorar la aceptación de los servicios de telemedicina y la estabilidad laboral de los proveedores de atención médica en Colombia


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections , Health Postgraduate Programs , Perception , General Surgery , Surveys and Questionnaires , Colombia , Pandemics
15.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154863

ABSTRACT

En Cuba, el proceso de superación en oftalmología comienza en el período colonial y republicano, con un carácter elitista, lo cual se modifica al triunfar la revolución. En esa época la actividad social más importante fue extender los servicios oftalmológicos hasta los lugares recónditos para facilitar la atención a la población. Considerando lo anterior se realizó el presente estudio con el objetivo de caracterizar las diferentes etapas del proceso de superación de los oftalmólogos cubanos. Se presentan algunos fundamentos teóricos que justifican la necesidad de la superación permanente y continuada de los oftalmólogos, tomando en cuenta sus peculiaridades formativas. Se concluye que en la oftalmología cubana la superación profesional constituye una vía importante para brindar servicios de excelencia en todos los niveles de atención de salud.


In Cuba, the training process in ophthalmology begins in the colonial and republican period, with an elitist character, that is modified after the triumph of the revolution. In that time the most important social activity was to extend the ophthalmological services up to the most isolated places to facilitate population care. Considering the above-mentioned the present study, aimed at characterizing the different stages of the Cuban ophthalmologists training process, was carried out. Some theoretical foundations that justify the necessity of the permanent and continuous training of the ophthalmologists are presented, taking into account their training peculiarities. It is concluded that in Cuban ophthalmology the professional training constitutes an important way to offer excellence services in all health care levels.


Subject(s)
Ophthalmology/education , Health Postgraduate Programs , Professional Training , History of Medicine
16.
São Paulo; EEUSP; 2021. 153 p. tab.
Monography in English, Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, PIE | ID: biblio-1253556

ABSTRACT

O conteúdo deste livro é resultado do estudo que teve como objetivo formular respostas institucionais ao sofrimento psíquico de estudantes universitários de cursos da área da saúde, no contexto do campus do Quadrilátero da Universidade de São Paulo (USP). O tema da saúde mental dos universitários é complexo, dado que se conjuga com a dinâmica social como um todo e particularmente com a sociabilidade na universidade. Nos dias atuais, observa-se aumento da preocupação com o problema, que tem sido tratado sob diferentes ângulos, em âmbito nacional e internacional. O estudo foi realizado na modalidade de Resposta Rápida (do Inglês Rapid Response) elaborado em 90 dias, conforme proposto pelo McMaster Health Forum2. Trata-se de uma modalidade de síntese de evidência para política e foi desenvolvida como parte das atividades de estágio sanduíche da doutoranda do Programa de Pós-Graduação da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, Emiliana Maria Grando Gaiotto, no McMaster Health Forum, da McMaster University, no Canadá, com financiamento CAPES/USP/Print. Este trabalho foi desenvolvido por professoras e pesquisadores de diversas instituições - Escola de Enfermagem da USP (EEUSP), da Faculdade de Odontologia da USP (FOUSP), do Curso de Terapia Ocupacional da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, RS, da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz de Brasília, DF, do Laboratório de Implementação do Conhecimento em Saúde, do Hospital do Coração, do Instituto de Saúde da Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de São Paulo (IS), que integram a EVIPNET Brasil, uma rede para políticas informadas por evidências. Para delinear o problema, foram identificados na literatura elementos envolvidos na produção de sofrimento psíquico entre universitários. No contexto da USP, identificou-se também serviços/programas de apoio à saúde mental disponíveis aos universitários e os do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Enquetes com informantes-chave, estudantes de graduação e pós-graduação de cursos da área da saúde da USP, possibilitaram melhor compreensão das dificuldades e necessidades dos estudantes e orientaram as buscas de estratégias para enfrentar o problema. O problema foi equacionado por meio de um protocolo que estabeleceu a pergunta de pesquisa e os objetivos da revisão da literatura, bem como o processo de busca da literatura e as fontes a serem pesquisadas. As buscas foram realizadas entre maio e junho de 2020, em 21 fontes de dados bibliográficos, incluindo literatura cinzenta. O relatório em Português foi finalizado em setembro de 2020 e traduzido para o inglês, recebendo feedback do McMaster Health Forum em outubro. A partir desse feedback foram feitos ajustes no texto e as versões em Português e Inglês estão reunidas neste E-book, com a finalidade de apoiar a implementação de política de fortalecimento dos estudantes da área da saúde. As evidências desses estudos embasaram a elaboração de quatro opções que convergem para o estabelecimento de uma política universitária de fortalecimento da saúde mental de estudantes dos cursos da área da saúde, e indicam integrar programas oferecidos pela universidade entre si e aos serviços do SUS, bem como monitorar as necessidades em saúde mental e avaliar continuamente as ações oferecidas. A literatura na área, a escuta de informantes chave e o levantamento dos recursos de atenção em saúde mental da USP e do SUS permitiram compreender a multiplicidade de elementos que estão nas bases do sofrimento psíquico de universitários dos cursos da área da saúde e identificar respostas a elas, o que permitiu mostrar a complexidade do problema e a insuficiência atual das respostas institucionais oferecidas. A síntese rápida da literatura identificou um conjunto expressivo de evidências sobre intervenções, majoritariamente indicadas por estudos classificados como de alta qualidade. Esses resultados podem embasar a implementação de medidas consistentes para dar respostas ao sofrimento psíquico, que vem acometendo os estudantes na atualidade e comprometendo seu futuro. É possível, sob a responsabilidade da universidade, estabelecer uma política sólida, com ações coordenadas, contínuas e integradas ao SUS, para o fortalecimento de jovens universitários. Equacionar e levar a cabo as ações previstas em cada uma das opções é um desafio, e requer da Universidade envolvimento e compromisso institucional com planejamento, desenvolvimento e implementação de uma política para o fortalecimento da saúde mental de universitários da área da saúde. Para isso, é imprescindível a adoção de instrumentos capazes de reconhecer as necessidades em saúde e as manifestações de sofrimento psíquico de estudantes, estabelecer comissões institucionais para a elaboração, implementação, avaliação e ampla divulgação de ações/programas internos à universidade, integrando-os entre si e com os serviços do Sistema Único de Saúde. A adoção das opções para uma política de fortalecimento da saúde mental de estudantes, ou de parte delas pela Universidade, com vistas a superar a atual condição de fragmentação e escassez das ações, tratá proteção aos estudantes, bem como confiança para finalizar seus estudos, com a garantia de ter suas necessidades atendidas Embora as opções tenham sido elaboradas para apoiar o equacionamento do problema na USP, elas podem ser estendidas para diferentes universidades brasileiras. As autoras reconhecem que os desafios são enormes e que extrapolam os muros das universidades. No período em que este livro foi editado, no final de 2020, a Política Nacional de Saúde Mental, Álcool e Outras Drogas sofria pesada ameaça do Ministério da Saúde, por meio de mudanças que, se efetivadas, resultarão no desmonte da Rede de Atenção Psicossocial (RAPS), conquistada em processo histórico e político-legislativo, com ampla mobilização e participação social. A política de saúde mental de caráter antimanicomial efetivou avanços na atenção à saúde mental pública e gratuita, que promoveu a dignidade daqueles que enfrentam o adoecimento psíquico. Em meio a mais um ataque ao Sistema Único de Saúde, é necessário que as universidades se posicionem para reafirmar seus compromissos com a causa pública e com a ciência.


The content of this book is the result of a study1 that aimed to formulate institutional responses to the psychic distress of university students in health courses, in the context of the health quad campus of the University of São Paulo (USP). The theme of university students' mental health is complex, given that it combines with the social dynamics as a whole and particularly with sociability at the university. Nowadays, an increase in the concern about the problem is observed, which has been treated from different angles, both nationally and internationally. The study was carried out in the Rapid Response modality and prepared in 90 days, as proposed by the McMaster Health Forum2 . This is a modality of synthesis of evidence for policy and was developed as part of the sandwich internship activities of PhD student at the Graduate Program of the Nursing School of the USP, Emiliana Maria Grando Gaiotto, at the McMaster Health Forum, McMaster University, in Canada, with CAPES/USP/Print funding. This paper was developed by professors and researchers from different institutions: USP Nursing School (Escola de Enfermagem da USP, EEUSP), USP Dentistry School (Faculdade de Odontologia da USP, FOUSP), Occupational Therapy Course at the Medical School of the Federal University of Pelotas, RS, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation from Brasília, DF, Laboratory for the Implementation of Knowledge in Health, Hospital do Coração, and Health Institute (Instituto de Saúde, IS) of the São Paulo State Health Secretariat, which are part of EVIPNET Brasil, a network for evidence-informed policies. To outline the problem, elements involved in the production of psychic distress among university students were identified in the literature. In the context of the USP, mental health support services/programs available to university students and those of the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde, SUS) were also identified. Polls with key informants, undergraduate and graduate students in courses in the health area at the USP, enabled a better understanding of the students' difficulties and needs and guided the search for strategies to face the problem. The problem was equationed by means of a protocol that established the research question and the objectives of the literature review, as well as the literature search process and the sources to be researched. The searches were carried out between May and June 2020, in 21 sources of bibliographic data, including the gray literature. The report in Portuguese was finalized in September 2020 and translated into English, receiving feedback from the McMaster Health Forum in October. Based on this feedback, adjustments were made to the text and the Portuguese and English versions are included in this E-book, in order to support the implementation of a policy to strengthen students in the health area. The evidence from these studies supported the development of four options that converge for the establishment of a university policy to strengthen the mental health of students in health courses, and indicate integrating programs offered by the university with each other and with the services provided by the SUS, as well as monitoring mental health needs and continuously evaluating the actions taken. The literature in the area, listening to key informants and surveying the resources for mental health care of the USP and the SUS allowed us to understand the multiplicity of elements that underlie the psychic distress of university students in health courses and identify responses to them, which allowed showing the complexity of the problem and the current insufficiency of the institutional responses offered. The rapid synthesis of the literature identified a significant body of evidence on interventions, mostly indicated by studies classified as of high quality. These results can support the implementation of consistent measures to respond to psychic distress, which has been affecting students today and compromising their future. Under the responsibility of the university, it isRapid possible to establish a solid policy, with coordinated and continuous actions integrated to the SUS, for the strengthening of young university students. Equating and carrying out the actions provided for in each of the options is a challenge, and requires the University's involvement and institutional commitment to planning, developing and implementing a policy to strengthen the mental health of university students in the health area. To such an end, it is indispensable to adopt instruments capable of recognizing the needs in the health area and the manifestations of the students' psychic distress, to establish institutional commissions to elaborate, implement, evaluate and widely disseminate internal university actions/programs, integrating them with each other and with the services offered by the Unified Health System. The adoption of the options for a policy to strengthen the students' mental health, or of part of them by the University, with a view to overcoming the current condition of fragmentation and scarcity of actions, provides protection to the students, as well as confidence to finish their studies, with the guarantee of having their needs met. Although the options have been designed to support equationing the problem at the USP, they can be extended to different Brazilian universities. The authors recognize that the challenges are enormous and that they go beyond the walls of universities. In the period when this book was published, at the end of 2020, the National Policy on Mental Health, Alcohol and Other Drugs suffered a heavy threat from the Ministry of Health, through changes that, if implemented, will result in the dismantling of the Psychosocial Care Network (Rede de Atenção Psicossocial, RAPS), an achievement in a historical and political-legislative process, with ample social mobilization and participation. The anti-asylum mental health policy made advances in public and free mental health care, which promoted the dignity of those who face psychic illness. In the midst of yet another attack on the Unified Health System, it is necessary for universities to position themselves to reassert their commitments to the public cause and to science.


Subject(s)
Humans , Student Health Services , Adaptation, Psychological , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Health Postgraduate Programs , Mental Health Assistance , Psychological Distress , Brazil
17.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 15(1): 33-41, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283060

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El Concurso Nacional de Ingreso al Sistema Nacional de Servicio de Salud (CONISS) es una de las modalidades más conocidas para acceder a una especialización médica en Chile. Se basa en la evaluación de 5 rubros diferentes y en los últimos años no ha sido capaz de cubrir la demanda de los postulantes haciendo necesario un mejor conocimiento de este. El objetivo del estudio es describir los resultados del concurso CONISS de los últimos 4 años según las universidades de los participantes. Material y método: Estudio observacional, corte transversal, descriptivo. Asociación de puntajes obtenidos por los estudiantes con su respectiva universidad, obteniéndose datos de la página de superintendencia de Salud y utilizándose software Microsoft Excel® para su procesamiento. Resultados: El total de egresados fue de 6.092, provenientes de 22 universidades chilenas. Destaca la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile por liderar en el rubro 1 y el puntaje total durante los 4 años y la Universidad Pedro de Valdivia por encontrarse en el último puesto. Los rubros 4 y 5 fueron los que más se completaron. Las universidades con mejor desempeño en el rubro 1 fueron también las que obtuvieron mejor desempeño en el puntaje final. Discusión: El rubro 1 es el que posee mayor importancia en el resultado final del concurso y no se encuentra estandarizado entre universidades quedando sujeto al criterio de cada institución. No completar el resto de los rubros representa una desventaja comparativa pues la mayoría tiene buenos puntajes, pero estos resultados se ven limitados en gran medida por las calificaciones.


INTRODUCTION: The National Entrance Contest to the National Health Service System (CONISS) is one of the best known modalities to access a medical specialization in Chile. It is based on the evaluation of 5 different areas (items) and in recent years it has not been able to meet the demand of the applicants, making it necessary to know more about the subject. The objective of the study is to describe the results of the CONISS by university for the last 4 years. Material and method: Observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study. Association of scores obtained by students with their respective university, obtaining data from the Superintendency of Health page and using Microsoft Excel® software for processing. Results: The total number of graduates was 6,092, from 22 Chilean universities. The Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile stands out for leading in item 1 and the total score during the 4 years and "Pedro de Valdivia" University for being in the last position. Items 4 and 5 were the most completed. The universities with the best performance in item 1 were also the ones that obtained the best performance in the final score. Discussion: Item 1 is the one that has the greatest importance in the final result of the contest and is not standardized among universities, being subject to the criteria of each institution. Not achieving the other items implies a comparative disadvantage as most participants have good scores, but these results are largely limited by grades.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Educational Measurement , Chile , Health Postgraduate Programs , Observational Study , Academic Performance , Medicine
18.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(1): e041, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155926

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: O presente trabalho apresenta uma sucinta retrospectiva da pós-graduação stricto sensu brasileira e elucida o atual panorama quantitativo das subáreas avaliativas da área de medicina. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo esboçar um panorama crítico da pós-graduação médica. Método: O método, aqui utilizado, contempla uma revisão das normativas que conduziram a formação da pós-graduação stricto sensu brasileira e uma categorização e análise estatística de dados fornecidos pela Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, complementados por informações da Plataforma Sucupira e do último censo do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, com recorte das áreas avaliativas da medicina e atenção a elas. Resultado: Como resultado, observou-se que, em junho de 2019, o Brasil atingiu 4.590 programas de pós-graduação, sendo 262 distribuídos nas áreas avaliativas da medicina. A partir desse quantitativo, apresentam-se uma tabela, dois quadros, uma figura e sete gráficos que demostram diferentes aspectos do Sistema Nacional de Pós-Graduação. Conclusão: Em conclusão, no que se refere ao Sistema Nacional de Pós-Graduação, descrevem-se, como ponto forte, a expansão e o crescimento da pós-graduação, e indicam-se, como ponto frágil, os traços de assimetrias regionais. Em face das subáreas da medicina, são evidenciadas as características de cada área avaliativa, incluindo relações entre modalidades, níveis e conceitos dos programas de pós-graduação. Por fim, fica a perspectiva de que, além do número de programas de pós-graduação e de seus respectivos conceitos, um panorama qualitativo deve considerar indicadores como produção científica e impacto social, temas a serem abordados em estudos futuros, utilizando-se dados e as ferramentas metodológicas específicas.


Abstract: Introduction: This work offers a succinct retrospective of the Brazilian stricto sensu graduate program and elucidates the current quantitative panorama of the evaluative sub-areas of Medicine. Objective: This study aimed to outline a critical panorama of medical Graduate Program. Method: The method addressed here includes a review of the regulations that led to the formation of the Brazilian stricto sensu graduate programs and a categorization and statistical analysis of data provided by CAPES (Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel), complemented by information from the Sucupira Platform and the latest census published by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, focusing on the evaluative areas of Medicine. Result: It was observed that in June 2019, Brazil reached 4,590 Graduate Programs, of which 262 programs were distributed in the evaluative areas of Medicine. Based on this quantity, tables, images and graphs are presented that show different aspects of the National Graduate System. Conclusion: With regard to the National Graduate System, the expansion and growth of graduate studies are described as a strong point, whereas the characteristics of regional asymmetries are indicated as a shortcoming. In view of the sub-areas of medicine, the characteristics of each evaluation area are highlighted, including relationships between modalities, levels and Graduate Program, and scores. Finally, the view persists that, in addition to the number of Graduate Program, and their respective scores, a qualitative panorama should consider indicators such as scientific production and social impact, themes to be addressed in future studies, using specific methodological data and tools.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Medical, Graduate/statistics & numerical data , Health Postgraduate Programs , Brazil , Education, Medical, Graduate/history , Educational Measurement/methods
19.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(1): 72-76, 2021. ilus., tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1349140

ABSTRACT

Con el objeto de ponderar las condiciones actuales requeridas para un programa doctoral en Ciencias de la Salud en Colombia, se elaboró un documento base y de posición para explorar su viabilidad y factibilidad de desarrollo. Mediante una estrategia de revisión teórica, discusión de expertos y definición de categorías, se establecieron temas centrales para el estudio y comprensión de la situación. A través de un proceso heurístico, se definieron cinco categorías clave; "historia de los doctorados", "perspectiva global", "situación nacional", "elementos en la FUCS" y "prospectiva", que muestran un panorama mundial de sobreoferta y precariedad laboral versus la necesidad y la posibilidad de generar localmente desarrollos e innovaciones en salud, a condición que un doctorado respete condiciones de excelencia, integralidad y protección del estudiante y del talento humano formado. La conclusión fundamental es que un programa PhD en Ciencias de la Salud es viable en la medida de la factibilidad y la fortaleza de factores tales como unos proyectos bien planteados y ejecutados, un equipo de supervisores y codirectores expertos y competentes, y un conjunto de capacidades administrativa, financiera y estructural, todo lo cual implica, al final, voluntades políticas y directivas.


A base and position document was designed with the objective of considering the current conditions required to conceptualize a doctorate program in health sciences in Colombia, and explore its viability and feasibility. Some central topics were established by means of a theoretical review, expert discussion and defining categories in order to gain a better understanding of the situation. Five key categories were defined by an heuristic process, that is, "history of doctorates"; "global perspective"; "situation at the national level"; "elements available in the FUCS"; and "prospective", which show a global panorama of excess offer and job insecurity versus the need and the possibility to generate local health care developments and innovations to conduct a doctorate program respecting excellence, integrity and students and trained human talent. The fundamental conclusion was that a PhD program in health sciences depends on how feasible and strong some factors such as well formulated and implemented projects, a team of expert and competent supervisors and co-directors and a set of administrative, financial and structural capabilities are, all ultimately implying political and directive will


Subject(s)
Health Sciences , Health Postgraduate Programs , Colombia , Higher Education Policy
20.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 11: 3984, 20210000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1291566

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar os referenciais teórico/metodológico das dissertações/teses com abordagem qualitativa e mista, dos Programas de Pós-graduação Stricto sensu em Enfermagem públicos mineiros. Método: Descritivo, retrospectivo e documental, com acesso às bibliotecas digitais dos Programas. Identificou-se 888 dissertações e 164 teses no período de 1996 a 2019. Dados coletados por instrumento autoral e analisados pela estatística descritiva. Resultados: Das 888 dissertações, 503 (56,64%) delineamento quantitativo, 345 (38,86%) qualitativo e 40 (4,5%) misto/quali-quanti. Das 164 teses, 92(56,10%) delineamento quantitativo, 64 (39,02%) qualitativo e 8 (4,88%) misto/quali-quanti. Referenciais predominantes: Análise temática e de Conteúdo/Bardin/Minayo; Fenomenologia; Estudo de Caso; Teoria das Representações Sociais/Análise Crítica do Discurso; Hermenêutica-Dialética;Análise Compreensiva; Sociologia Compreensiva do Cotidiano, Etnografia, Análise Estrutural Narração e Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados. Conclusão: Esses referenciais contribuem para translação do conhecimento e qualidade do cuidado de Enfermagem(AU)


Objective: To characterize the theoretical/methodological references of theses/ dissertations with qualitative and mixed approach of Postgraduate Programs in Nursing at Federal Universities in Minas Gerais. Method: Descriptive, retrospective and documentary study, carried out by accessing digital libraries of the programs. The sample consisted of 888 dissertations and 164 theses between 1996 and 2019. Data collected by authorial instrument and analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results: Out of the 888 dissertations, 503 (56.64%) quantitative design, 345 (38.86%) qualitative, and 40 (4.5%) mixed/quali-quanti. Out of the 164 theses, 92 (56.10%) quantitative design, 64 (39.02%) qualitative and 8 (4.88%) mixed/quali-quanti. Predominant references: Thematic and Content Analysis/Bardin/Minayo; Phenomenology; Case study; Theory of Social Representations/Critical Discourse Analysis; Hermeneutics-Dialectic; Comprehensive Analysis; Comprehensive Sociology of Everyday Life, Ethnography, Structural Analysis of Narration and Grounded Theory. Conclusion: These references contribute to the translation of knowledge and quality of nursing care.(AU)


Objetivo: Caracterizar los referentes teóricos/metodológicos de las disertaciones/tesis con enfoque cualitativo y mixto, de programas de posgrado Stricto sensu en enfermería, de universidades públicas de Minas Gerais. Método: Descriptivo, retrospectivo y documental, con acceso a las bibliotecas digitales de los programas. Fueron identificadas 888 disertaciones y 164 tesis, desde 1996 hasta 2019. Datos recogidos mediante instrumento autoral y analizados por estadística descriptiva. Resultados: De las 888 disertaciones, 503 (56,64%) presentaron diseño cuantitativo; 345 (38,86%) cualitativo y 40 (4,5%) mixto. De las 164 tesis, 92 (56,10%) con diseño cuantitativo; 64 (39,02%) cualitativo y 8 (4,88%) mixto. Referencias predominantes: Análisis Temático y de Contenido/Bardin/Minayo; Fenomenología; Estudio de caso; Teoría de las Representaciones Sociales/Análisis Crítico del Discurso; Hermenéutica-Dialéctica; Análisis comprensivo; Sociología Comprensiva de lo Cotidiano, Etnografía, Análisis Estructural de la Narración y Teoría Fundamentada en Datos. Conclusión: Estos referentes contribuyen a la traslación del conocimiento y calidad del cuidado de enfermería(AU)


Subject(s)
Nursing Research , Nursing , Education, Nursing, Graduate , Health Postgraduate Programs , Study Characteristics
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