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1.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(3): 676-685, jul.-set. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398925

ABSTRACT

Em entrevista à Reciis, a professora e cientista Sonia Vasconcelos relata sobre a sua trajetória profissional e acadêmica que a aproximou do campo da ética e da integridade científica. Destaca sobre o quanto as dimensões históricas, sociais, culturais e linguísticas da comunicação científica estão implicadas nas percepções e nos pressupostos da integridade na ciência. Conforme a pesquisadora, a pandemia de covid-19, que desencadeou uma maior velocidade de publicação, correção de literatura científica e a explosão de preprints e as suas certificações em curto espaço de tempo, promoveu mudanças e desafios para o aprimoramento das políticas sobre ética e integridade na comunicação da ciência. Sonia Vasconcelos é professora do Instituto de Bioquímica Médica Leopoldo de Meis (IBqM) da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), atuando na área de Educação, Gestão e Difusão em Biociências do IBqM.


In an interview to Reciis, professor and scientist Sonia Vasconcelos reports on her professional and academic trajectory that brought her closer to the field of ethics and scientific integrity. She highlights how the historical, social, cultural, and linguistic dimensions of scientific communication are implicated in the perceptions and assumptions of integrity in science. According to the researcher, the covid-19 pandemic, which led to a greater speed of publication, correction of the literature, and the explosion of preprints in a short period of time, triggered changes to and increased challenges toward improving policies on ethics and integrity in science communication. Sonia Vasconcelos is a professor at Institute of Medical Biochemistry Leopoldo de Meis (IBqM) at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), working in the science education and policy area of IBqM.


En entrevista con Reciis, la profesora y científica Sonia Vasconcelos relata su trayectoria profesional y académica que la acercó al campo de la ética y la integridad científica. Destaca cómo las dimensiones históricas, sociales, culturales y lingüísticas de la comunicación científica están involucradas en las percepciones y supuestos de integridad en la ciencia. De acuerdo con la investigadora, la pandemia de covid-19, que desencadenó una mayor velocidad de publicación, corrección de la literatura científica y la explosión de preprints y sus certificaciones en un corto período de tiempo, promovió cambios y desafíos para la mejora de las políticas en materia de ética y integridad en la comunicación de la ciencia. Sonia Vasconcelos es profesora del Instituto Leopoldo de Meis de Bioquímica Médica (IBqM) de la Universidad Federal de Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), actuando en el área de educación científica y política del IBqM


Subject(s)
Humans , Science , Health Research Evaluation , Scientific Communication and Diffusion , Ethics , COVID-19 , Research , Communication , Science, Technology and Society , Evaluation Studies as Topic
3.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 30(1): 4-5, 04-abr-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1378885

ABSTRACT

En esta carta al editor, se discute la metodología y las características de los adultos mayores mexicanos en el estudio "Percepción de los adultos mayores acerca de su calidad de vida. Una perspectiva desde el contexto familiar".


In this letter to the editor, it is discussed the methodology and the characteristics of Mexican older adults of the study "Perception of older adults about their quality of life. A perspective from the familial context".


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Research/standards , Mass Screening/methods , Sampling Studies , Health Research Evaluation , Mexico
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18849, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360168

ABSTRACT

Abstract To assess the performance indicators for pharmaceutical services (PS) in primary health care (PHC), the level of satisfaction with pharmacy services among users and managers / pharmacists' impressions in relation to the findings were evaluated. The study used mixed methods, including a retrospective and descriptive study of the performance indicators for PS in PHC, an observational study on the level of satisfaction and a qualitative study of users' perception of pharmacy services at Health Units. Managers and pharmacists' impressions of the study results were also collected. Only 44.4% of pharmacies had a full-time pharmacist. From the establishments visited, 5.3% did not have an air-conditioned environment, and only 33.3% of the items essential to the Good Practices of Storage of Medicines and Supplies criteria were fulfilled. Although 77.9% of the prescribed medicines were dispensed, it did not reach the 80% standard. The satisfaction level of users was 3.2±0.6, indicating dissatisfaction with pharmacies' services. By means of an evaluation of each item within the questionnaire, it was possible to observe that variables related to pharmaceutical care presented low scores in relation to other domains, thus evidencing the fragility of the pharmaceutical- patient relationship in users' perception. Managers and pharmacists suggested that these results were related to the inadequate physical infrastructure of pharmacies, work overload, lack of recognition and undervaluation of pharmacists, lack of interaction within the PHC team, high turnover of pharmacists, and lack of PS prioritization by the administration. PS in PHC has structural and organizational weaknesses that require changes. In general, users are dissatisfied with pharmacies' services, especially with pharmaceutical care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Personal Satisfaction , Pharmacists/classification , Pharmaceutical Services/organization & administration , Primary Health Care/classification , Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data , Consumer Behavior , Emergency Medical Services/organization & administration , Health Manager , Organization and Administration/statistics & numerical data , Pharmacies , Diagnosis of Health Situation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Equipment and Supplies/supply & distribution , Health Research Evaluation
7.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(1): 54-61, março 2021. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361752

ABSTRACT

A saúde baseada em evidências se refere ao uso criterioso do conhecimento científico existente, oriundo de pesquisas clínicas, utilizando metodologias específicas que garantam solidez e clareza nas informações a serem aplicadas na tomada de decisão clínica. Dessa forma, reduzem-se as incertezas no julgamento clínico. O objetivo deste artigo foi descrever a metodologia PICO e a qualidade dos estudos com base no sistema GRADE. (AU)


Evidence-based health refers to the judicious use of existing scientific knowledge from clinical research, using specific methodologies that ensure solidity and clarity to the information to be applied in clinical decision-making, thus reducing uncertainties in clinical judgment. The objective of this article is to describe PICO methodology and the quality of studies in the GRADE system. (AU)


Subject(s)
Health Research Evaluation , Evidence-Based Practice/standards , GRADE Approach/standards , Publication Bias , Methodology as a Subject , Data Accuracy , Systematic Reviews as Topic
9.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2220-2232, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144729

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el desarrollo de competencias investigativas e innovativas en los profesionales, es esencial para la aplicación de resultados generados por la investigación y por la innovación. Objetivos: evaluar la validez y fiabilidad de un cuestionario destinado a cuantificar el nivel de desarrollo de competencias investigativas e innovativas de profesores de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Matanzas. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio de tipo evaluativo, de enero a mayo del 2019. La validación del contenido se realizó aplicando los postulados de Moriyama. Su consistencia interna por el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach y la validez de construcción lógica por análisis factorial de los componentes principales. Resultados: el Alfa de Cronbach obtenido fue de ,930. La validación de contenido permitió considerar que la formulación de los ítems, es razonable, justifican su presencia en el cuestionario. Las categorías propuestas para ser incluidas en la construcción del instrumento son adecuadas. Los resultados sugirieron la presencia de cuatro factores que explicaron el 71,16 % de la varianza acumulada por todos los factores. Conclusiones: los resultados de validez fueron favorables. Está disponible un instrumento con condiciones adecuadas y criterios válidos que justifican su uso y aplicación en el terreno investigativo (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the development of research and innovative competences in the professionals is essential for the application of results generated by research and innovation. Objective: to assess the validity and reliability of a questionnaire designed to quantify the development level of research and innovative competences of professors of the University Of Medical Sciences Of Matanzas. Materials and methods: an evaluative-kind study was carried out from January to May 2019; the content validation was made applying Moriyama´s postulates, its internal consistence applying Chronbach´s alpha coefficient, and its logical construction validity applying the factorial analysis of the main components. Results: the obtained Chronbach´s alpha was ,930. The content validation allowed considering that items formulation is reasonable, justifying their presence in the questionnaire. The categories proposed to be included in the instrument construction are adequate. The results suggest the presence of four factors explaining 71.16 % of the variance accumulated by all the factors. Conclusions: the validity results are favorable. An instrument is available with adequate conditions and valid criteria justifying its use and application in the research field (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators , Universities/standards , Health Sciences, Technology, and Innovation Management , Health Research Evaluation , Faculty/education
10.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 151-155, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129377

ABSTRACT

Para que una persona sea merecedora de la autoría de una investigación debe haber realizado alguna contribución académica sustancial para que esta pudiera llevarse a cabo y, además, ser capaz de dar cuenta públicamente de la integridad de sus procesos y sus resultados. Este artículo resume: 1) la matriz propuesta por L. W. Roberts para contribuir a definir las autorías durante las etapas iniciales de la investigación, 2) los criterios de autoría del Comité Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas para definir quiénes merecen dichos créditos y quiénes no, 3) la taxonomía de 14 roles propuesta por la Declaración CRediT para transparentar las tareas realizadas por cada una de las personas proclamadas autoras de una investigación biomédica y 4) las principales conductas que degradan la transparencia de las autorías. (AU)


For a person to deserve an investigation authorship he/she must have made some substantial academic contribution so that that research could be carried out and, in addition, must be able to publicly account for the integrity of their processes and their results. This article summarizes: 1) the matrix proposed by Roberts to help defining authorship during the initial stages of the investigation; 2) authorship criteria of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors to define who deserves such credits and who does not; 3) the 14-role taxonomy proposed by the CRediT Declaration to transparent the tasks performed by each of the proclaimed authors of a biomedical research; 4) the main behaviors that degrade the transparency of authorships. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Research/standards , Authorship/standards , Peer Review, Research , Ethics, Research , Health Research Evaluation , Scientific Publication Ethics , Scientific and Technical Publications , Authorship and Co-Authorship in Scientific Publications , Scholarly Communication/standards
13.
Physis (Rio J.) ; 30(4): e300412, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143449

ABSTRACT

Resumo Embora em franca expansão, a pesquisa qualitativa enfrenta desafios no campo da saúde. O objetivo é analisar o ensino de pesquisa qualitativa em saúde na pós-graduação no Brasil na perspectiva de atores envolvidos no processo, visando compreender desafios e possibilidades na formação de futuros pesquisadores. Foram conduzidos três grupos focais, totalizando 37 participantes no espaço de um congresso de pesquisa qualitativa em saúde. Emergiram quatro categorias na análise: campo científico biomédico; produtivismo e avaliação acadêmica; estratégias de ensino e currículo e formação de educadores. Os resultados revelam desafios na formação de pesquisadores em pesquisa qualitativa no Brasil num campo científico dominado pela tradição positivista, baixo letramento de cientistas em métodos qualitativos e predomínio da cultura acadêmica produtivista. Conclui-se que o preconceito dificulta a formação de novos pesquisadores, mas há iniciativas de excelência na formação, como o ensino obrigatório dessa abordagem na graduação e o ensino interdisciplinar na pós-graduação.


Abstract Although expanding rapidly, qualitative research faces challenges in the health field. The objective is to analyze the teaching of qualitative research in health in graduate studies in Brazil from the perspective of actors involved in the process, aiming to understand challenges and possibilities in the education of future researchers. Three focus groups were conducted with 37 participants in the space of a qualitative health research conference. Four categories emerged in the analysis: biomedical scientific field; productivism and academic evaluation; teaching strategies, and curriculum and educator training. The results reveal challenges in the education of researchers in qualitative research in Brazil in a scientific field dominated by the positivist tradition, low literacy of scientists in qualitative methods and a predominance of academic productivist culture. It is concluded that prejudice hinders the education of new researchers, but there are initiatives of excellence in training, such as the mandatory teaching of this approach at undergraduate courses and interdisciplinary education at graduate level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Research Personnel , Qualitative Research , Education , Health Research Evaluation , Health Postgraduate Programs , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Teaching , Brazil , Focus Groups , Curriculum
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 202 p
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1398400

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Documentar as ações e informações associadas ao cuidado oferecido ao paciente é uma preocupação constante para os profissionais da saúde. Na enfermagem o planejamento das atividades relacionadas ao cuidado segue um modelo conhecido como Processo de Enfermagem, realizado em cinco etapas: avaliação, diagnóstico, resultados do paciente, prescrição e evolução. Cada etapa deve ser documentada com precisão passando a integrar os registros do prontuário clínico. Essa documentação pode ser avaliada por meio de indicadores: medidas que quantificam os aspectos mensuráveis de uma variável, usadas em programas de melhoria da qualidade. Objetivo: propor indicadores de qualidade da documentação clínica de enfermagem. Método: estudo metodológico, desenvolvido em três etapas: teórica, empírica e analítica. A etapa teórica compreendeu: geração de tópicos de conteúdo e itens de análise documental mediante revisão bibliográfica; análise de conteúdo e semântica realizada por cinco especialistas, dois enfermeiros recém- formados e oito graduandos em enfermagem que revisaram e validaram as definições conceituais e operacionais dos tópicos e as descrições dos itens quanto a sua elegância, clareza e pertinência; confecção do instrumento de avaliação da documentação clínica de enfermagem (IADOCE). Na etapa empírica foi realizada a análise da documentação de enfermagem em 204 prontuários clínicos de pacientes internados por quatro ou mais dias, em 2013, em dois hospitais do município de São Paulo (A e B). Cada prontuário foi analisado por dois enfermeiros (avaliação interpares) que verificaram de forma independente os registros de enfermagem de três datas: da internação, da data central do período de permanência e data de saída do sistema de cuidados. A confiabilidade interpares foi analisada pelo Kappa de Cohen e intervalo de confiança 95%. Na fase final foram propostos sete indicadores da documentação clínica de enfermagem. Para o cálculo dos indicadores foi considerado o percentual de conformidade dos registros documentais com os critérios de avaliação estabelecidos. Resultados: Das 316 descrições de tópicos de conteúdo e itens compilados mediante revisão da literatura, após as análises da etapa teórica, sugestões dos especialistas e pré-teste, resultaram em um instrumento com sete tópicos de conteúdo e 88 itens chamado Instrumento de Avaliação da Documentação Clínica de Enfermagem (IADOCE). A concordância interavaliadores, analisada pelos valores de Kappa situou-se entre mediana e quase perfeita: em 67,3% foi quase perfeita, em 21,2% forte; nos 11,5% restantes, entre moderada e mediana. Foi proposto um Indicador de Qualidade da Documentação Clínica global (IQDCGlobal), derivado de sete IQDC parciais, entre os quais se distribuíram 88 critérios. A conformidade da documentação avaliada com os critérios dos indicadores propostos variou de 0,5% a 100,0%; os IQDC variaram entre 62,33% e 93,48% na instituição A e 72,18% e 84,23% na instituição B. O IQDC global mostrou diferença de 2,1% entre as duas amostras avaliadas. Conclusões: o estudo permitiu propor sete indicadores da qualidade da documentação clínica de enfermagem e o método para sua utilização em prontuários hospitalares. Novos estudos permitirão adequá-los ao uso em outros contextos do cuidado.


Introduction: Documenting the actions and information associated with the care offered to the patient is a constant concern for health professionals. In nursing, the planning of activities related to care follows a model known as the Nursing Process, carried out in five stages: assessment, diagnosis, patient results, prescription and evaluation. Each step must be accurately documented and integrated into the records of the clinical record. This documentation can be evaluated using indicators: measures that quantify the measurable aspects of a variable, used in quality improvement programs. Aim: to propose quality indicators for clinical nursing documentation. Method: methodological study, developed in three stages: theoretical, empirical and analytical. The theoretical stage comprised: generation of content topics and documentary analysis items through bibliographic review; content and semantics analysis carried out by five specialists, two newly graduated nurses and eight nursing undergraduates who reviewed and validated the conceptual and operational definitions of the topics and the item descriptions regarding their elegance, clarity and relevance; making the assessment instrument for clinical nursing documentation (IADOCE). In the empirical stage, the analysis of nursing documentation was performed on 204 clinical records of patients hospitalized for four or more days, in 2013, in two hospitals in the city of São Paulo (A and B). Each medical record was analyzed by two nurses (peer review) who independently checked the nursing records for three dates: admission, the central date of the period of stay and the date of leaving the care system. Peer reliability was analyzed by Cohen\'s Kappa and 95% confidence interval. In the final phase, seven indicators of clinical nursing documentation were proposed. For the calculation of the indicators, the percentage of compliance of the documentary records with the established evaluation criteria was considered. Results: of the 316 descriptions of content topics and items compiled through literature review, after the analysis of the theoretical stage, suggestions from experts and pre-test, resulted in an instrument with seven content topics and 88 items called Documentation Assessment Instrument Nursing Clinic (IADOCE). The inter-rater agreement, analyzed by the Kappa values, was between median and almost perfect: in 67.3% it was almost perfect, in 21.2% strong; in the remaining 11.5%, between moderate and median. A global Clinical Documentation Quality Indicator (IQDCGlobal) was proposed, derived from seven partial IQDCs, among which 88 criteria were distributed. The conformity of the assessed documentation with the criteria of the proposed indicators ranged from 0.5% to 100.0%; the IQDC varied between 62.33% and 93.48% in institution A and 72.18% and 84.23% in institution B. The global IQDC showed a difference of 2.1% between the two samples evaluated. Conclusion: the study allowed us to propose seven indicators of the quality of clinical nursing documentation and the method for its use in hospital records. New studies will allow them to be adapted for use in other care contexts.


Subject(s)
Health Research Evaluation , Nursing Process , Health Evaluation , Nursing Records , Medical Records , Total Quality Management
16.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 37, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130785

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: To verify the validity of the 2016-revised Fibromyalgia Survey Questionnaire (FSQ) by telephone interview compared to self-administration and to produce a valid version of FSQ in Brazilian Portuguese language. Methods: The Brazilian version of FSQ was produced following the recommendations for cross-cultural adaptation. Validity of Brazilian FSQ self-administration was assessed by checking agreement of its results with fibromyalgia diagnosis according the 1990 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Reproducibility and validity of FSQ by telephone were assessed by comparing its results with the previous FSQ self-administration. Results: A Brazilian Portuguese version (FSQ-Brazil) was produced. FSQ-Brazil had good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha between 0.73 and 0.94). Agreement between the results obtained by self-administration of FSQ-Brazil and by telephone interview was substantial or almost perfect for almost all questions about pain sites and all questions about other somatic symptoms (Cohen's kappa higher than 0.6). There were small but significant bias toward higher scores of widespread pain index and fibromyalgia severity scale in the telephone interview compared to self-administration. Fibromyalgia definition by self-administration and telephone interview with FSQ-Brazil both revealed substantial agreement with the diagnosis based on ACR 1990 criteria (Cohen's kappa 0.62 and 0.65; respectively). Conclusions: FSQ-Brazil demonstrated good internal consistency, reproducibility and validity both by self-administration and by telephone interview. However, caution must be taken with the interpretation of quantitative scores of widespread pain index and symptoms severity scale, which slightly differed according the method (self-administration or interview) in our study.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain Measurement/instrumentation , Fibromyalgia/physiopathology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Research Evaluation
17.
In. Buenos Aires. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección Provincial de Gestión del Conocimiento. Políticas de salud centradas en derechos. La Plata, Buenos Aires. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección Provincial de Gestión del Conocimiento, 2020. .
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1252710

ABSTRACT

El módulo 3 del Curso Políticas de salud centradas en derechos busca conceptualizar la importancia de la investigación cuando es puesta al servicio de la resolución de los principales problemas de salud de la población. Se aborda la investigación en salud haciendo hincapié en quién financia, qué se financia, y quién traduce la investigación en políticas públicas


Subject(s)
Research Support as Topic , Health Research Evaluation , Social Validity, Research , Mediation Analysis , Biomedical Research , Health Sciences, Technology, and Innovation Management
18.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 71(3): e374, sept.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093573

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La pesquisa activa de casos de tuberculosis en la Atención Primaria de Salud como parte del programa de control de la enfermedad en Cuba, tiene retos de implementación que requieren ser estudiados. Objetivo: Explorar las opiniones de los actores de salud involucrados en la implementación de la pesquisa activa de casos de tuberculosis en Las Tunas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cualitativo, en dos etapas, anidado en un estudio de intervención en Las Tunas. En la primera etapa (septiembre-diciembre, 2010) se entrevistaron médicos y enfermeras de la familia de los municipios Jobabo y Las Tunas; y en la segunda etapa (marzo, 2012), todos los jefes de programa (provincial y municipales) y un experto en tuberculosis. Se utilizaron categorías de análisis deductivas e inductivas. Resultados: La pesquisa activa de casos de tuberculosis se reconoció como un procedimiento novedoso asociado a la búsqueda de sintomáticos respiratorios en el hogar, la dispensarización y el trabajo con grupos vulnerables. Al inicio hubo barreras para la implementación del procedimiento, posteriormente fue aceptado. Las ventajas fueron: diagnóstico oportuno e incremento del número de casos pesquisados, entre otras. La falta de tiempo, el incremento en la carga de trabajo y la fluctuación del personal fueron las principales dificultades. Conclusiones: El estudio proporciona información valiosa para la implementación del procedimiento como parte del programa de control de la tuberculosis. Devela la brecha entre la percepción de los actores involucrados en la implementación de intervenciones en salud en estudios pilotos y la que tienen los implicados en su puesta en práctica(AU)


Introduction: The active case finding of tuberculosis in Primary Health Care as part of the disease control program in Cuba, has challenges at implementation that need to be studied. Objective: To explore the opinions of the health stakeholders involved in the implementation of active case finding of tuberculosis in Las Tunas. Methods: A qualitative study was carried out in two stages, nested in an intervention study in Las Tunas. In the first stage (September-December, 2010) family doctors and nurses in Jobabo and Las Tunas municipalities were interviewed; and in the second stage (March 2012), all program managers (provincial and municipal) and an expert on tuberculosis were interviewed. Deductive and inductive analysis categories were used. Results: The active case finding of tuberculosis was recognized as a novel procedure associated with the screening for respiratory symptoms among all family members during home visits, classification of the entire population into risk groups and working with vulnerable groups. At the beginning there were barriers to the implementation of this procedure, which was subsequently accepted. Timely diagnosis and increase in the number of cases investigated were the advantages, among others. The lack of time, the increase in workload and the staff turnover were the main difficulties. Conclusions: This study provides valuable information for implementing this procedure as part of tuberculosis control program. It reveals the gap between the perception of the stakeholders involved in the implementation of health interventions in pilot studies and from those engaged in their implementation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care/methods , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Health Research Evaluation , Early Medical Intervention/methods , Tuberculosis/epidemiology
19.
Saúde Soc ; 28(2): 95-110, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014592

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo bibliográfico tem o objetivo de examinar estudos de avaliação da atenção primária à saúde (APS) no Brasil, enfatizando principalmente o desenho metodológico adotado e características-chave de avaliação. Foram consultadas as bases Scientific Electronic Library Online, Portal de Periódicos da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde e Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, utilizando-se a combinação de vocabulários estruturados para indexação e buscando-se artigos publicados entre 2007 e 2017 que abordassem informações originárias de avaliação em serviços brasileiros de APS. Foram selecionados 41 artigos, sendo analisadas, entre outras variáveis, ano de publicação, modalidade do artigo, serviço de APS investigado, desenho metodológico, características avaliativas e desdobramentos e potencialidades oportunizados pela avaliação. Dos 41 produtos de pesquisa, a maioria originou-se de estudos de campo (86,8%) e foi desenvolvida exclusivamente em Unidades de Saúde da Família (48,9%). Quanto aos aspectos metodológicos, observou-se o predomínio de abordagens quantitativas, sendo o Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCATool) o instrumento mais utilizado nos estudos. Observou-se também que a produção nacional sobre a avaliação em APS refletiu o cenário histórico-político nacional de estruturação desse nível de atenção e assumiu, em sua maioria, características de pesquisa avaliativa com enfoque na avaliação da qualidade. A revisão informa o panorama nacional acerca da avaliação na APS, que denotou o pluralismo conceitual e prático que envolve essa área, mas também limitações e desafios.


Abstract This bibliographic study aims to analyze evaluation studies of primary health care (PHC) in Brazil, focusing on the methodological design adopted and some key evaluation features. We searched the Scientific Electronic Library Online, the Scientific Journals Portal of the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (LILACS) database and the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), using a structured vocabulary search and selecting articles published between 2007 and 2017 that addressed the evaluation of Brazilian PHC services. Forty-one articles were selected by analyzing the following characteristics, among others: year of publication, article modality, PHC service investigated, methodological design, evaluation characteristics and evaluation outcome and potential. Of these 41 studies, the majority (86.8%) originated in field research conducted exclusively in Family Health Units (48.9%). Methodologically, most studies were quantitative; and the Primary Care Assessment Tool was the most used instrument. We also found that Brazilian studies on PHC evaluation reflected the national historical-political structuring of PHC, and for the most part, they reported quality evaluation research. Our review presents the national panorama on PHC evaluation, highlighting the field's conceptual and practical pluralism, but also its limitations and challenges.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Health Research Evaluation , Employee Performance Appraisal , Health Services Research
20.
Rev. cuba. med ; 58(1): e980, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093599

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre la utilidad de las guías de práctica clínica, los protocolos y algoritmos en la praxis médica cotidiana, con el objetivo de describir los elementos teórico-metodológicos que sustentan su desarrollo, evaluación y seguimiento que determinan su uso racional dentro del método clínico. Se utilizó el motor de búsqueda Google Académico con los descriptores: método clínico, guía de práctica clínica, protocolo, algoritmo y metodología de evaluación, en las bases de datos SciELO, Medline-Pubmed y LILACS. Además, se utilizaron libros de texto de medicina interna. Se llegó a la conclusión de que estos documentos contribuyen al desarrollo del método clínico y toman un nivel directriz en los procesos asistenciales. Permiten sistematizar la evidencia investigativa reciente, estandarizar la práctica, facilitar la toma de decisiones y su carácter flexible posibilita la libertad de los proveedores de salud. Deben cumplir requisitos de calidad que se evalúan a través de herramientas previamente diseñadas, lo que facilita su uso crítico-reflexivo. Se recomienda potenciar estas guías como estrategia en la salud cubana(AU)


A bibliographic review was carried out on the usefulness of clinical practice guidelines, protocols and algorithms in everyday medical praxis. The objective was to describe the theoretical-methodological elements supporting the development, evaluation and monitoring which determine the rational use within the clinical method. The Google Academic search engine was used with the descriptors clinical method, clinical practice guide, protocol, algorithm and evaluation methodology, in SciELO, Medline-Pubmed and LILACS databases. In addition, internal medicine textbooks were used, as well. It was concluded that these documents contribute to the development of the clinical method and they lead the care processes. They allow systematizing recent research evidence, standardizing practice, facilitating decision-making and the flexible nature enables the freedom of health providers. They must meet quality requirements which are evaluated through previously designed tools, facilitating the critical-reflective use. It is recommended to strengthen these guidelines as a strategy in Cuban health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Health Research Evaluation , Methodology as a Subject , Algorithms
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