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1.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eGS5129, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056069

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Economic evaluation of a scientific advisory program with the Public Defenders Office to mitigate the impacts of the judicialization on health in the municipality, as well as the implementation of an active follow-up program to monitor health outcomes arising from court demands. Methods: A two-step study, the first documental, retrospective, with data collection of lawsuits in the region of Barbalha (CE), Brazil, from 2013 to 2018, and the second stage, prospective and intervention, through mediation between the citizen and the Public Defenders Office, aiming to reduce the occurrence of the judicialization, and the monitoring of the health outcomes of the processes. The study adopted the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards protocol for economic health assessments. The data obtained from the processes were grouped and treated for characterization of the scenario. A comparison of the profile of the lawsuits in the period of 12 months before and after the installation of the program to delimit a complete fiscal cycle was carried out. Results: The advisory service promoted a decrease of 40% (p=0.01) in lawsuits. There was a 31% reduction in court costs (p=0.003), with medicines accounting for 33% of this amount. There was a decrease in inputs outside the Sistema Único de Saúde lists (27%; p=0.003), however there was no statistical difference among several demanding groups, suggesting an equanimous approach. Conclusion: Data from the initial survey were comparable to those reported in Brazil regarding the profile of judicial demands. In view of the scenario, the proposal proved feasible as a means to mitigate the costs of the judicialization through mediation. Finally, the initiative can serve as a model for adoption by municipalities that have characteristics similar to those presented in this study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliação econômica de um programa de aconselhamento científico junto à defensoria pública para minimizar o impacto da judicialização da saúde no município, bem como da implementação de um programa de pesquisa ativa para monitorar os desfechos em saúde provenientes de demandas judiciais. Métodos: Estudo conduzido em duas etapas. A primeira foi documental, retrospectiva, e composta por dados coletados de processos judiciais de 2013 a 2018 da região de Barbalha, no estado do Ceará. A segunda etapa foi prospectiva e de intervenção, conduzida por meio da mediação entre o cidadão e a defensoria pública, com o objetivo de reduzir a ocorrência da judicialização e monitorar os resultados dos processos de saúde. O estudo adotou o protocolo para avaliações econômicas em saúde Roteiro para Relato de Estudos de Avaliação Econômica. Os dados obtidos foram agrupados e tratados para caracterização do cenário. Comparou-se o perfil dos processos no período de 12 meses antes e após a instalação do programa para delimitar ciclo fiscal completo. Resultados: O serviço de consultoria promoveu redução de 40% (p=0,01) nas ações judiciais. Além disso, observou-se redução de 31% nos custos judiciais (p=0,003) com a medicação sendo responsável por 33% desse valor. Observou-se redução no uso de insumos não constantes nas listas do Sistema Único de Saúde (27%; p=0,003), contudo, sem diferença estatística entre os grupos. Conclusão: Os dados desta pesquisa foram comparáveis aos já relatados em pesquisas brasileiras quanto ao perfil de demandas. A proposta mostrou-se viável como meio de mitigar os custos da judicialização por meio da mediação. Essa iniciativa pode servir como modelo para os municípios que possuem características similares às apresentadas em nosso estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Judicial Role , Health Services Accessibility/legislation & jurisprudence , Health Services Needs and Demand/legislation & jurisprudence , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Cities , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Health Care Costs/legislation & jurisprudence , Health Services Accessibility/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , National Health Programs/legislation & jurisprudence
3.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eGS4442, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039730

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the legal demands of tiotropium bromide to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Methods We included secondary data from the pharmaceutical care management systems made available by the Paraná State Drug Center. Results Public interest civil action and ordinary procedures, among others, were the most common used by the patients to obtain the medicine. Two Health Centers in Paraná (Londrina and Umuarama) concentrated more than 50% of the actions. The most common specialty of physicians who prescribed (33.8%) was pulmonology. There is a small financial impact of tiotropium bromide on general costs with medicines of the Paraná State Drug Center. However, a significant individual financial impact was observed because one unit of the medicine represents 38% of the Brazilian minimum wage. Conclusion Our study highlights the need of incorporating this medicine in the class of long-acting anticholinergic bronchodilator in the Brazilian public health system.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar as demandas judiciais do brometo de tiotrópio para tratar a doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica. Métodos Foram considerados dados secundários dos sistemas gerenciais de assistência farmacêutica, disponibilizados pelo Centro de Medicamentos do Paraná. Resultados Ações civis públicas e ações ordinárias, de procedimento comum, entre outras, foram as mais praticadas pelos pacientes para obter o medicamento. Duas Regionais de Saúde do Paraná (Londrina e Umuarama) concentraram mais de 50% das ações. Quanto à especialidade dos médicos prescritores, 33,8% eram pneumologistas. Verificou-se discreto impacto financeiro do brometo de tiotrópio nos gastos gerais com medicamentos pelo Centro de Medicamentos do Paraná. Entretanto, também houve relevante impacto financeiro individual, pois uma unidade do medicamento consome 38% do salário mínimo. Conclusão O estudo aponta para a necessidade de incorporação deste medicamento da classe broncodilatadores anticolinérgicos de longa duração, no Sistema Único de Saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bronchodilator Agents/economics , Drugs, Essential/supply & distribution , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/economics , Judicial Role , Tiotropium Bromide/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/legislation & jurisprudence , Time Factors , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Drugs, Essential/economics , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Health Services Accessibility/economics , Health Services Accessibility/legislation & jurisprudence , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , National Health Programs
4.
Clinics ; 72(9): 568-574, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890737

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to analyze the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of critically ill patients who were denied intensive care unit admission due to the unavailability of beds and to estimate the direct costs of treatment. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed with critically ill patients treated in a university hospital. All consecutive patients denied intensive care unit beds due to a full unit from February 2012 to February 2013 were included. The data collected included clinical data, calculation of costs, prognostic scores, and outcomes. The patients were followed for data collection until intensive care unit admission or cancellation of the request for the intensive care unit bed. Vital status at hospital discharge was noted, and patients were classified as survivors or non-survivors considering this endpoint. RESULTS: Four hundred and fifty-four patients were analyzed. Patients were predominantly male (54.6%), and the median age was 62 (interquartile range (ITQ): 47 - 73) years. The median APACHE II score was 22.5 (ITQ: 16 - 29). Invasive mechanical ventilation was used in 298 patients (65.6%), and vasoactive drugs were used in 44.9% of patients. The median time of follow-up was 3 days (ITQ: 2 - 6); after this time, 204 patients were admitted to the intensive care unit and 250 had the intensive care unit bed request canceled. The median total cost per patient was US$ 5,945.98. CONCLUSIONS: Patients presented a high severity in terms of disease scores, had multiple organ dysfunction and needed multiple invasive therapeutic interventions. The study patients received intensive care with specialized consultation during their stay in the hospital wards and presented high costs of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bed Occupancy/statistics & numerical data , Critical Care/economics , Critical Care/statistics & numerical data , Critical Illness/economics , Critical Illness/therapy , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , APACHE , Brazil/epidemiology , Critical Illness/mortality , Health Care Costs , Health Services Accessibility/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay/economics , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Prospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors
5.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 34(3): 64-71, set. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-695257

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se identificar as demandas de cuidado domiciliar da criança nascida exposta ao HIV, sob a perspectiva da teoria ambientalista. Trata-se de estudo qualitativo exploratório-descritivo realizado de janeiro a abril de 2011. Participaram dez mães infectadas pelo HIV, com crianças nascidas expostas ao vírus, em Fortaleza, Ceará. Constituíram-se como instrumentos de coleta de dados: câmera fotográfica descartável e digital e formulários para captação de informações em saúde associadas ao ambiente domiciliar. Os resultados foram contextualizados de acordo com a teoria e organizados em categorias: "vulnerabilidades associadas à estrutura física da moradia"; "ar intradomiciliar e peridomiciliar impuro"; "água utilizada para consumo"; "rede de esgoto e saneamento"; "iluminação e ventilação da residência". Conclui-se que o ambiente domiciliar oferece condições ambientais desfavoráveis para a criança. Urge a realização de intervenções focalizadas no ambiente domiciliar, para promover a saúde da criança nascida exposta ao HIV.


Se objetivó identificar las demandas de atención en el hogar de los niños nacidos expuestos al VIH en la perspectiva de la teoría ambientalista. Estudio cualitativo exploratorio-descriptivo realizado entre enero y abril de 2011. Participaron diez madres VIH-positivas con bebés expuestos al virus, en Fortaleza, Ceará. Fueron instrumentos de recolección de datos: cámara desechable y digital y formularios para capturar información sobre la salud asociada con el ambiente del hogar. Los resultados fueron contextualizados de acuerdo a la teoría y organizado en categorías: vulnerabilidades asociadas con la estructura física de la casa; aire intra y peridoméstico impuro; agua utilizada para el consumo; saneamiento y alcantarillado; iluminación y ventilación de la residencia. Se concluye que el hogar ofrece condiciones ambientales desfavorables para el niño. Hay necesidad de intervenciones específicas en el entorno del hogar para promover la salud de los niños nacidos expuestos al VIH.


The purpose of this study was to identify the demands of home care of children born exposed to HIV in the perspective of the environmental theory. It consists of an exploratory descriptive qualitative study, developed between January and April of 2011. Study participants were ten HIV-infected mothers with infants exposed to the virus, living in Fortaleza, Ceará. The data collection instruments included: a disposable digital camera and forms to obtain information on health associated with the home environment. Results were contextualized according to the theory and organized into the following categories: vulnerabilities associated with the physical structure of the house; contaminated intra and peridomestic air; unclean water used for drinking; sanitation and sewerage system; lighting and ventilation of the house. In conclusion, the home environment offers unfavorable environmental conditions for the child. Targeted interventions in the home environment are necessary so as to promote the health of children born exposed to HIV.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Environmental Exposure , Family Health , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Health Services Needs and Demand , Housing , Infant Care , Social Determinants of Health , Air Pollution, Indoor/economics , Air Pollution, Indoor/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Environmental Exposure/economics , Environmental Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Family Health/economics , Family Health/statistics & numerical data , HIV Infections/congenital , HIV Infections/transmission , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data , House Calls , Housing/economics , Housing/statistics & numerical data , Hygiene/economics , Hygiene/standards , Infant Care/economics , Infant Care/standards , Infant Care/statistics & numerical data , Infection Control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Models, Theoretical , Photography , Poverty , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Risk Assessment , Sanitation/economics , Sanitation/statistics & numerical data , Social Determinants of Health/economics , Social Determinants of Health/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Water Pollution/economics , Water Pollution/statistics & numerical data , Water Supply/economics , Water Supply/statistics & numerical data
6.
Cad. saúde pública ; 28(10): 1834-1840, out. 2012.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-653883

ABSTRACT

A população brasileira está envelhecendo de forma significativa, num contexto de melhora gradual dos índices sociais e econômicos do país. O aumento da longevidade acarreta maior uso dos serviços de saúde, pressionando os sistemas de saúde pública e previdência, gerando mais custos e ameaçando a sustentabilidade do sistema. A alternativa para evitar a sobrecarga desse sistema é investir em políticas de prevenção de doenças, estabilização das enfermidades crônicas e manutenção da capacidade funcional. Este artigo visa a analisar as dificuldades de implantação de programas de prevenção e as razões do fracasso de diversos programas de promoção da saúde, prevenção e gerenciamento de doenças crônicas no grupo etário dos idosos. Não há saída possível para a crise de financiamento e reestruturação do setor sem a implantação da lógica preventiva. O conhecimento científico já identificou corretamente os fatores de risco para a população idosa, mas isso não basta. Precisamos saber utilizar esse conhecimento para efetuar a necessária transição do modelo assistencial para o modelo de prevenção.


The Brazilian population is aging significantly within a context of gradual improvement in the country's social and economic indicators. Increased longevity leads to increased use of health services, pressuring the public and social welfare health services, generating higher costs, and jeopardizing the system's sustainability. The alternative to avoid overburdening the system is to invest in policies for disease prevention, stabilization of chronic diseases, and maintenance of functional capacity. The current article aims to analyze the difficulties in implementing preventive programs and the reasons for the failure of various programs in health promotion, prevention, and management of chronic diseases in the elderly. There can be no solution to the crisis in financing and restructuring the health sector without implementing a preventive logic. Scientific research has already correctly identified the risk factors for the elderly population, but this is not enough. We must use such knowledge to promote the necessary transition from a healthcare-centered model to a preventive one.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Chronic Disease/prevention & control , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Health Services for the Aged/trends , Brazil , Geriatric Assessment , Health Promotion , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Health Services for the Aged/economics , Life Expectancy/trends , Population Surveillance
8.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 31(3): 260-268, mar. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-620127

ABSTRACT

Esse artigo descreve quatro dimensões de acesso à saúde - disponibilidade, aceitabilidade, capacidade de pagamento e informação, correlacionado-as aos seus indicadores e tecendo considerações sobre a complexidade do conceito de acesso. Para a revisão desses conceitos foram pesquisadas as bases de dados PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO e World Health Organization Library & Information Networks for Knowledge (WHOLIS). Veículos de grande circulação, como a revista The Economist, o jornal The Washington Post e os arquivos da rede BBC também foram pesquisados. O conceito de acesso à saúde modificou-se ao longo do tempo, tomando uma forma mais complexa. As primeiras análises, datadas da década de 1970, sugeriam uma forte relação do acesso com o aspecto geográfico (disponibilidade) e financeiro (capacidade de pagamento). A literatura mais recente procura abordar aspectos menos tangíveis, como os aspectos cultural, educacional e socioeconômico, incorporando o elemento aceitabilidade nas análises. A literatura mostra ainda que ter informação está na base do acesso à saúde, estando essa noção associada aos conceitos de empoderamento e de letramento para a tomada de decisões de saúde. Concluiu-se que a melhoria do acesso à saúde e a garantia de uma maior equidade não serão obtidas com ações cujo foco se limite aos sistemas de saúde. Em vez disso, dependem de ações inter-setoriais e políticas sociais e econômicas que permitam dissipar diferenças de renda e educação.


This article describes four dimensions of health access-availability, acceptability, ability to pay and information-correlating these dimensions to indica-tors and discussing the complexity of the concept of access. For a study of these four dimensions, searches were conducted using the PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO, and World Health Organization Library & Information Networks for Knowledge (WHOLIS) databases. Large-circulation media vehicles, such as The Economist, The Washington Post, and the BBC network were also searched. The concept of health access has become more complex with time. The first analyses, carried out in the 1970s, suggested a strong emphasis on geographical (availability) and financial (ability to pay) aspects. More recently, the literature has focused on less tangible aspects, such as cultural, educational, and socioeconomic issues, incorporating the element of acceptability into the notion of health access. The literature also shows that information provides the starting point for access to health, in association with health empowerment and literacy for health care decision-making. The study concludes that improvements in access to health and the guarantee of equity will not be achieved by initiatives focusing on health care systems alone, but rather will depend on intersectoral actions and social and economic policies aimed at eliminating income and education differences.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Services Accessibility/economics , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data , Cost of Illness , Educational Status , Healthcare Disparities , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Socioeconomic Factors
9.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-139239

ABSTRACT

Background. Families living below the poverty line in countries which do not have universal healthcare coverage are drawn into indebtedness and bankruptcy. The state of Andhra Pradesh in India established the Rajiv Aarogyasri Community Health Insurance Scheme (RACHIS) in 2007 with the aim of breaking this cycle by improving the access of below the poverty line (BPL) families to secondary and tertiary healthcare. It covered a wide range of surgical and medical treatments for serious illnesses requiring specialist healthcare resources not always available at district-level government hospitals. The impact of this scheme was evaluated by a rapid assessment, commissioned by the government of Andhra Pradesh. The aim of the assessment was to explore the contribution of the scheme to the reduction of catastrophic health expenditure among the poor and to recommend ways by which delivery of the scheme could be improved. We report the findings of this assessment. Methods. Two types of data were used for the assessment. Patient data pertaining to 89 699 treatment requests approved by the scheme during its first 18 months were examined. Second, surveys of scheme beneficiaries and providers were undertaken in 6 randomly selected districts of Andhra Pradesh. Results. This novel scheme was beginning to reach the BPL households in the state and providing access to free secondary and tertiary healthcare to seriously ill poor people. Conclusion. An integrated model encompassing primary, secondary and tertiary care would be of greater benefit to families below the poverty line and more cost-effective for the government. There is considerable potential for the government to build on this successful start and to strengthen equity of access and the quality of care provided by the scheme.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Health Services Accessibility , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Humans , India , Insurance, Health/economics , Male , Middle Aged , Poverty/economics , Program Evaluation , Public Health/economics , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 57(2): 138-143, mar.-abr. 2011. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-584063

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Apresentar a experiência de uma operadora de plano de saúde (Unimed-Manaus) na cidade de Manaus, Estado do Amazonas, com o credenciamento de serviços de imagem e a indução de demanda pela oferta dos novos serviços (Lei de Roemer). MÉTODOS: Trata-se de uma pesquisa de caráter retrospectivo, com estudo de série temporal, abordando o período de janeiro de 1998 a junho de 2004, lapso de tempo em que ocorreu a implantação dos serviços de tomografia computadorizada e da ressonância magnética no âmbito dos serviços oferecidos por aquele plano de saúde. A análise estatística consistiu em uma parte descritiva e uma inferencial, sendo esta última utilizando teste paramétrico de média (teste t de Student e ANOVA) e o teste de correlação de Pearson. Foi adotado um alfa de 5 por cento e um intervalo de confiança de 95 por cento. RESULTADOS: Foi possível identificar na Unimed-Manaus que a oferta de novos serviços de imagem foi capaz de, por si só, gerar um aumento da demanda do serviço caracterizando o fenômeno descrito por Roemer. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste trabalho ressaltam a necessidade de se estar atento ao fato de que a oferta de novos serviços no setor da saúde poderá acarretar, por si só, um aumento de sua utilização sem que haja uma demanda real.


OBJECTIVE: To present the experience of a health plan operator (Unimed-Manaus) in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil, with the accreditation of imaging services and the demand induced by the supply of new services (Roemer's Law). METHODS: This is a retrospective work studying a time series covering the period from January 1998 to June 2004, in which the computed tomography and the magnetic resonance imaging services were implemented as part of the services offered by that health plan operator. Statistical analysis consisted of a descriptive and an inferential part, with the latter using a mean parametric test (Student T-test and ANOVA) and the Pearson correlation test. A 5 percent alpha and a 95 percent confidence interval were adopted. RESULTS: At Unimed-Manaus, the supply of new imaging services, by itself, was identified as capable of generating an increased service demand, thus characterizing the phenomenon described by Roemer. CONCLUSION: The results underscore the need to be aware of the fact that the supply of new health services could bring about their increased use without a real demand.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data , Insurance, Health , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Brazil , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Insurance, Health/economics , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/economics , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/economics
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 129(5): 291-299, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-604788

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Morbidly obese individuals are major consumers of healthcare services, with high associated costs. Bariatric surgery is an alternative for improving these individuals' comorbidities. There are no studies comparing costs before and after bariatric surgery in Brazil. The aim here was to analyze results relating to healthcare usage and direct costs among morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING: Historical cohort study on patients receiving healthcare through a private health plan in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. METHODS: All healthcare services and their associated costs were included in the analysis: hospitalization, hospital stay, elective outpatient consultations, emergency service usage and examinations. The analyses were treated as total when including the whole years before and after surgery, or partial when excluding the three-month periods adjacent to the operation. RESULTS: For 382 obese patients who underwent open bariatric operations, there were 53 hospitalizations one year before and 95 one year after surgery (P = 0.013). Gastrointestinal complications were the main indications for post-procedure hospitalizations. The partial average cost almost doubled after the operation (US$ 391.96 versus US$ 678.31). In subgroup analysis, the costs from patients with gastrointestinal complications were almost four times greater after bariatric surgery. Even in the subgroup without complications, the partial average cost remained significantly higher. CONCLUSION: Although bariatric surgery is the only path towards sustained weight loss for morbidly obese patients, the direct costs over the first year after the procedure are greater. Further studies, with longer follow-up, might elucidate whether long-term reversal of this trend would occur.


CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Indivíduos obesos mórbidos são grandes consumidores de serviços de saúde, com altos custos associados. A cirurgia bariátrica é uma alternativa para melhorar suas comorbidades. Não existem estudos comparando custos antes e após a cirurgia bariátrica no Brasil. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar os resultados assistenciais e gastos diretos de pacientes obesos mórbidos submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Coorte histórica de pacientes assistidos por um plano de saúde na cidade de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos na análise todos os serviços de saúde e seus custos associados: hospitalizações, permanência hospitalar, consultas eletivas e de emergência e exames. A análise foi tratada como total quando incluía todo o ano anterior e posterior à cirurgia, e parcial quando excluía os trimestres adjacentes à cirurgia. RESULTADOS: Para 382 pacientes obesos operados, houve 53 internações um ano antes e 95 um ano após a cirurgia (P = 0,013). As principais indicações para internação pós-procedimento foram complicações relacionadas ao trato gastrointestinal. O custo parcial médio quase dobrou no período pós-operatório (US$ 391,96 versus US$ 678,31). Em análise de subgrupo, pacientes com complicações do trato gastrointestinal apresentaram custos quase quatro vezes maiores no período pós-bariátrica, e mesmo no subgrupo sem estas complicações, o custo parcial médio permaneceu significativamente maior. CONCLUSÃO: Embora a cirurgia bariátrica seja o único caminho para perda de peso sustentada nos pacientes obesos mórbidos, os custos diretos até um ano pós-procedimento são maiores. Novos estudos, com maior tempo de acompanhamento, poderão verificar se essa tendência se reverte no longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Bariatric Surgery/economics , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Age Factors , Body Mass Index , Brazil , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/statistics & numerical data , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/economics , Obesity, Morbid/economics , Postoperative Period , Preoperative Period , Sex Factors , Time Factors
13.
Rev. saúde pública ; 43(2): 352-358, abr. 2009.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-507823

ABSTRACT

La idoneidad del concepto de willingness to pay (disponibilidad a pagar) es revisado en las evaluaciones económicas que se realizan en el campo de la salud. Por un lado, existe dentro de la literatura económica un número importante de investigadores que señalan los múltiples problemas metodológicos que entrañan las estimaciones de willingness to pay. Por otro lado, aún el debate teórico-conceptual acerca de la agregación de las preferencias individuales dentro de una demanda agregada no ésta del todo resuelto. Sin embargo, durante los últimos 20 años la estimación de la disponibilidad a pagar dentro de las investigaciones económicas ha aumentado de forma significativa, siendo en muchos casos uno de los principales factores de la toma de decisión en políticas de salud. Plantease alguna de las limitaciones de esta técnica, así como el posible efecto distorsionador que podría tener sobre las evaluaciones económicas que se realizan en el área de la economía de la salud.


The adequacy of the concept of willingness to pay within health economics evaluations is reviewed. A considerable number of researchers in the literature have pointed out multiple methodological issues involving willingness-to-pay estimates. On the other hand, the theoretical discussion about the aggregation of individual preferences within an aggregate demand remains open. However, over the last 20 years, willingness-to-pay estimates alongside health economics research significantly increased and in many cases they are one of the key factors for decision making on issues of health policies. The article describes some limitations of this approach as well as the potential distorting effect that it might have on health economics evaluations.


São revisadas as limitações do uso do conceito de willingness to pay (disposição a pagar) nas avaliações econômicas que se realizam no campo da saúde. Há na literatura econômica muitos investigadores que assinalam os múltiplos problemas metodológicos inerentes às estimações de willingness to pay. Por outro lado, o debate teórico-conceitual acerca da agregação das preferências individuais dentro de uma demanda agregada não está totalmente resolvido. Contudo, durante os últimos 20 anos, a estimação da disposição a pagar calculada pelos estudos tem aumentado de forma significativa, sendo em muitos casos um dos principais fatores de tomada de decisão em políticas de saúde. São apresentadas algumas das limitações desta técnica, assim como o possível efeito de distorção que poderia ter sobre as avaliações econômicas em saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Care Rationing/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Patient Satisfaction , Choice Behavior , Cost-Benefit Analysis/methods , Financing, Personal
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 135(1): 54-62, ene. 2007. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-443002

ABSTRACT

Resource allocation in primary health care is a worldwide issue. In Chile, the state allocates resources to city halls using a mechanism called "per capita". However, each city hall distributes these resources according to the historical expenses of each health center. None of these methods considers the epidemiological and demographic differences in demand. This article proposes a model that allocates resources to health centers in an equitable, efficient and transparent fashion. The model incorporates two types of activities; those that are programmable, whose demand is generated by medical teams and those associated to morbidity, generated by patients. In the first case the health promotion, prevention and control activities are programmed according to the goals proposed by health authorities. In the second case, the utilization rates are calculated for different sociodemographic groups. This model was applied in one of the most populated communities of Metropolitan Santiago and proved to increase efficiency and transparency in resource allocation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Local Government , Models, Economic , Primary Health Care/economics , Resource Allocation/organization & administration , Chile , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Health Care Rationing/organization & administration , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Mortality/trends
15.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 39(3): 29-35, sept.-dic. 2000. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-288802

ABSTRACT

Frente a la alta prevalencia de patologías bucodentales, los recursos económicos que se invierten para la resolución de esas patologías resultan insatisfactorios. Se hace necesario, no sólo una respuesta integral con fuerte componente preventivo, sino la articulación y coordinación intra-extrasectorial para dar atención y demanda programada a escolares. Transformar la demanda espontánea del resto de la población en atención programada y mantenimiento de la salud. La incorporación del Sistema de Salud al mercado donde el factor económico tiene gran importancia requieren un estado fijador de políticas que se constituya en un regulador para que el sistema sea lo menos inequitativo posible al dar respuestas eficientes y eficaces


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Comprehensive Dental Care/economics , Health Care Costs , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Argentina/epidemiology , Dental Caries/epidemiology , DMF Index , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Periodontal Index , Health Policy/trends , General Practice, Dental/trends
16.
Saúde Soc ; 9(1/2): 127-50, jan.-dez. 2000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-291212

ABSTRACT

Objetiva estudar os fatores que determinam o aumento dos gastos em saúde; é uma revisão crítica, com um levantamento sistemático das publicações dos últimos dez anos, considerando-se os principais estudiosos da disciplina da economia da saúde no Brasil e de outros países. Os fatores que agem na demanda por serviços de saúde são de natureza variada, podendo se sobrepor, o que aumenta ainda mais a demanda: necessidade sentida, fatores psicossociais, seguridade social, demografia, epidemiologia, utilização dos serviços, regulamentação e fatores culturais. Os que agem na oferta da assistência à saúde são: progresso técnico-médico, difusão da inovação e multiplicação dos centros de assistência à saúde. Os fatores da demanda não podem ser rapidamente contidos, enquanto que os de oferta são muito mais facilmente controlados, mas são poucos os exemplos encontrados na literatura sobre o sucesso das medidas de controle


Subject(s)
Health Services Administration/economics , Health Expenditures , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Cost Control , Cultural Factors , Health Services Misuse/economics , Cost Efficiency Analysis , Diffusion of Innovation , Epidemiologic Factors , Review , Budgets/organization & administration , Social Security , Health Services , Biomedical Technology
17.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 2000 Mar; 18(1): 29-37
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-115056

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out with the purpose of assessing the dental treatment requirement and analysis of cost in the management of dental caries among primary school children of Kerala. The sample consisted of 750 primary school children and their parents. 68.5% children were affected with dental caries. Decayed teeth accounted for the largest component. One surface restorations were the most frequent type of treatment required followed by extractions, pit and fissure sealants and pulp therapy. The treatment cost increased in direct proportion to the number of teeth involved. The average cost incurred for various dental treatment varied from Rs. 50 (consultation) to Rs. 300 (for filling and extraction) depending on the nature of treatment. Only 1/3rd of children requiring immediate dental treatment had approached for any form of dental consultation. The study also revealed that all the children who had approached the dentist for consultation and treatment had only done for temporary relief in relation to emergency management.


Subject(s)
Child , Cluster Analysis , Cost of Illness , Dental Caries/economics , Dental Restoration, Permanent/economics , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Humans , India/epidemiology , Prevalence , Sampling Studies , Urban Health
18.
Rev. enferm. Hosp. Ital ; 2(5): 19-24, dic. 1998. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-294713

ABSTRACT

En esta investigación exploratoria, los autores pretenden aplicar una metodología de análisis de datos que permita obtener información respecto de las características de la demanda y la oferta de atención de enfermería en servicios de internación de dependencia pública y privada. Se utilizan para ello indicadores que permiten ver la utilización y el rendimiento de las camas, la complejidad de los usuarios, las actividades de enfermería en términos de tiempo de atención, así como la cuanticalificación de la oferta mediante la disponibilidad y el nivel de formación del personal. La importancia de este estudio es que problematiza la relación oferta/demanda en términos de situaciones de compensación y descompesación de la misma


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Delivery of Health Care/economics , Nursing Service, Hospital/economics , Nursing Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Nursing Service, Hospital/organization & administration , Nursing Service, Hospital , Nursing Service, Hospital , Argentina
20.
Salud pública Méx ; 39(2): 117-24, mar.-abr. 1997. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-217475

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Generar información sobre los costos de producción de servicios de salud. Material y métodos. Siguiendo los criterios de Kessner se seleccionaron como trazadores: hipertensión, diabetes, diarreas y neumonías. Posteriormente, se definió el manejo de casos y, por medio de la metología de costeo por manejo de caso, se definieron las funciones de producción, así como los insumos y costos unitarios requeridos para satisfacer la demanada de servicios médicos de cada enfermedad. Se procesaron los datos en una hoja de cálculo para identificar los costos de manejo de casos hospitalarios y ambulatorios para cada enfermedad de estudio es posible identificar el peso relativo, tanto de las distintias funciones de producción, como de los diferentes tipos de insumos. Dependiendo de las frecuencias relativas, tanto insumos como funciones de producción se clasificaron en alto, medio y bajo impacto sobre el costo total de manejo de caso Conclusiones. A partir de la información generada se sugiere replantear los procesos de planeación, organización y asignación de recursos, en función de demandas de servicios hospitalarios y ambulatorios para cada trazador. Asimismo, se sugieren acciones para propiciar ganancias económicas en la utilización de recursos y en el uso más eficiente de los mismos


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Ambulatory Care/economics , Communicable Diseases , Communicable Diseases/economics , Costs and Cost Analysis , Diabetes Mellitus/economics , Diarrhea/economics , Chronic Disease/economics , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Hypertension/economics , Hospital Costs , Mexico , Pneumonia/economics
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