Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 99
Filter
1.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(2): e1253, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126503

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El seguimiento de los egresados constituye una herramienta para obtener un diagnóstico del contexto donde se desenvuelven e inducir reflexión en las instituciones de educación superior. Objetivo: Identificar la situación laboral de los egresados de la Facultad de Odontologia de la Universidad de Cartagena entre los años 1990 a 1999. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo longitudinal retrospectivo. La población estuvo constituida por 517 egresados del programa de odontología en el periodo 1990-1999, y la muestra por 213. Se estudiaron variables como la distribución de los egresados según las características sociodemográficas, la situación laboral, la situación económica, y la relación de la situación laboral con las características sociodemográficas. Resultados: El 82,6 por ciento se encontraba ejerciendo la carrera, de los cuales el 68,5 por ciento se hallaba ubicado laboralmente en la región Caribe y el 73,2 por ciento laboraba en el sector privado. El 70,9 por ciento de los participantes contaba con un ingreso promedio mensual mayor de 2 000 000 de pesos. Con respecto a la dedicación laboral, el 49,8 por ciento invertía tiempo completo en la actividad desarrollada y el tipo de contratación al que pertenecía era término indefinido en el 40,4 por ciento. Conclusiones: A pesar de la gran oferta de odontólogos que existe en Colombia actualmente, la mayoría de los egresados evaluados se encuentran laborando en su carrera, lo que les proporciona ingresos económicos suficientes para poder cubrir sus necesidades(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Following up the employment situation of graduates is a tool useful to obtain a diagnosis of the context where they perform their professional activities and induce higher education institutions to reflect upon the subject. Objective: Identify the employment situation of graduates from the University of Cartagena School of Dentistry in the period 1990-1999. Methods: An observational retrospective longitudinal descriptive study was conducted. The study population was 517 dental professionals graduating in the period 1990-1999, from whom a sample of 213 was obtained. Among the variables analyzed were the distribution of graduates according to their sociodemographic characteristics, employment situation, economic situation and the relationship between employment situation and sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Of the total sample, 82.6 percent were performing tasks related to their university studies. Of these, 68.5 percent had a job in the Caribe region and 73.2 por ciento in the private sector. The average monthly income of 70.9 percent of the participants was above 2 000 000 pesos. As to contractual conditions, 49.8 percent were hired full time and 40.4 percenthad an indefinite term contract. Conclusions: Despite the great offer of dentists in Colombia nowadays, most of the graduates evaluated have a job related to their studies, which provides them with sufficient economic means to meet their needs(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Practice Management, Dental , Universities , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Job Description , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
3.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 24: e190090, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040196

ABSTRACT

Proposições de modificação da Atenção no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) às pessoas que usam drogas têm desconsiderado suas necessidades, demandas e expectativas. A partir de contribuições da Saúde Coletiva, buscou-se compreendê-las por meio de pesquisa qualitativa que envolveu entrevistas semiestruturadas, grupos focais e observação participante em Centros de Atenção Psicossocial-Álcool e Drogas (Caps-AD). Constatou-se que os usuários se dirigem aos serviços não apenas para interromper o consumo de drogas, mas também para reduzi-lo, para receber atenção em relação a comprometimentos orgânicos ou psíquicos, construir laços sociais, ter acesso a condições básicas de vida e conquistar autonomia. A pesquisa, ao ampliar as compreensões sobre as demandas, necessidades e expectativas das pessoas que usam drogas, apresentou contribuições para a análise e redefinição das práticas e do modelo de atenção adotados no SUS.(AU)


Proposals to modify the care provided for drug users in the Brazilian National Health System (SUS) have not been considering their needs, demands and expectations. Based on contributions from Collective Health, our objective was to understand them by means of a qualitative research that involved semi-structured interviews, focus groups and participant observation at Alcohol and Drugs Psychosocial Care Centers (Caps AD). We found that users go to the services not only to interrupt drug use, but also to reduce it, to receive care for organic or psychological problems, to construct social bonds, to have access to basic life conditions, and to achieve autonomy. By amplifying the understanding about the demands, needs and expectations of people who use drugs, the research has contributed to the analysis and redefinition of the care practices and model adopted by SUS.(AU)


Las propuestas de modificación de la atención en el Sistema Brasileño de Salud (SUS) para las personas que usan drogas han desconsiderado sus necesidades, demandas y expectativas. A partir de contribuciones de la Salud Colectiva, se buscó comprenderlas por medio de una investigación cualitativa que envolvió entrevistas semiestructuradas, grupos focales y observación participante en Centros de Atención Psicosocial - Alcohol y Drogas (Caps AD). Se constató que los usuarios se dirigen a los servicios no solo para interrumpir el consumo de drogas, sino también para reducirlo, para recibir atención para comprometimientos orgánicos o psíquicos, construir lazos sociales, tener acceso a condiciones básicas de vida y conquistar autonomía. La investigación, al ampliar las comprensiones sobre las demandas, necesidades y expectativas de las personas que usan drogas, presentó contribuciones para el análisis y redefinición de las prácticas y del modelo de atención adoptados en el SUS.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/psychology , Drug Users/psychology , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Mental Health Services/ethics , Public Health , Delivery of Health Care
4.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eGS4442, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039730

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the legal demands of tiotropium bromide to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Methods We included secondary data from the pharmaceutical care management systems made available by the Paraná State Drug Center. Results Public interest civil action and ordinary procedures, among others, were the most common used by the patients to obtain the medicine. Two Health Centers in Paraná (Londrina and Umuarama) concentrated more than 50% of the actions. The most common specialty of physicians who prescribed (33.8%) was pulmonology. There is a small financial impact of tiotropium bromide on general costs with medicines of the Paraná State Drug Center. However, a significant individual financial impact was observed because one unit of the medicine represents 38% of the Brazilian minimum wage. Conclusion Our study highlights the need of incorporating this medicine in the class of long-acting anticholinergic bronchodilator in the Brazilian public health system.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar as demandas judiciais do brometo de tiotrópio para tratar a doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica. Métodos Foram considerados dados secundários dos sistemas gerenciais de assistência farmacêutica, disponibilizados pelo Centro de Medicamentos do Paraná. Resultados Ações civis públicas e ações ordinárias, de procedimento comum, entre outras, foram as mais praticadas pelos pacientes para obter o medicamento. Duas Regionais de Saúde do Paraná (Londrina e Umuarama) concentraram mais de 50% das ações. Quanto à especialidade dos médicos prescritores, 33,8% eram pneumologistas. Verificou-se discreto impacto financeiro do brometo de tiotrópio nos gastos gerais com medicamentos pelo Centro de Medicamentos do Paraná. Entretanto, também houve relevante impacto financeiro individual, pois uma unidade do medicamento consome 38% do salário mínimo. Conclusão O estudo aponta para a necessidade de incorporação deste medicamento da classe broncodilatadores anticolinérgicos de longa duração, no Sistema Único de Saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bronchodilator Agents/economics , Drugs, Essential/supply & distribution , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/economics , Judicial Role , Tiotropium Bromide/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/legislation & jurisprudence , Time Factors , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Drugs, Essential/economics , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Health Services Accessibility/economics , Health Services Accessibility/legislation & jurisprudence , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , National Health Programs
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(6): 796-800, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012986

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the human resources and services needed to meet the demand of the Brazilian population who would benefit from palliative care, based on the population growth projection for 2040. METHODS: Population and mortality estimates and projections were obtained from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Service needs were estimated based on literature data. RESULTS: The expected increase in the Brazilian population for 2000-2040 is 31.5%. The minimum estimate of patients with palliative care needs was 662,065 in 2000 and 1,166,279 in 2040. The staff required for each hundred thousand inhabitants would increase from 1,734 to 2,282, the number of doctors needed would increase from 4,470 to 6,274, and the number of nurses from 8,586 to 11,294, for the same period. CONCLUSION: The definition of a national strategy predicting the increasing palliative care needs of the population is necessary. The expansion of the support network for chronic and non-transmissible diseases is necessary, but the training of existing human resources at all levels of attention to perform palliative actions can be a feasible alternative to minimize the suffering of the population.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Estimar as necessidades de recursos humanos e serviços necessários para o atendimento de pacientes que se beneficiariam de cuidados paliativos a partir da projeção de crescimento da população brasileira até 2040. MÉTODO: As estimativas e projeções populacionais e de mortalidade foram obtidas nos dados do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística e do Sistema Único de Saúde. As estimativas de estrutura de serviços e recursos humanos foram realizadas a partir de dados da literatura. RESULTADOS: A expectativa de aumento da população brasileira entre 2000 e 2040 é de 31,5%. A estimativa mínima de pacientes com necessidades de cuidados paliativos foi de 662.065 em 2000 e é de 1.166.279 em 2040. O número de equipes necessárias para cada 100 mil habitantes passaria de 1.734 para 2.282 no mesmo período; o número de médicos foi de 4.770 para 6.274 e o número de enfermeiros necessários para atender as demandas dessa população foi de 8.586 para 11.294 nesse espaço de tempo. CONCLUSÃO: A definição de uma estratégia nacional prevendo a necessidade de cuidados crescentes da população se torna necessária. A expansão da rede de assistência a doenças crônicas e não transmissíveis se mostra necessária, porém a capacitação de recursos humanos já existentes em todos os níveis de atenção para desempenhar ações paliativas pode ser uma alternativa factível para minimizar o sofrimento da população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Palliative Care/trends , Health Workforce/trends , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Palliative Care/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Brazil , Forecasting , Health Workforce/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data
6.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(11): 1325-1333, nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985706

ABSTRACT

The fragmentation of a general specialty in subspecialties or derived specialties is a widely spread reality. Chilean health care system is becoming more complex, requiring more specialists. On the other hand, doctors in specialty training increasingly choose a subspecialty to continue their training and professional development. This contrasts with the growing need for well-trained general surgeons. We aimed to compare the evidence about the needs for general surgeons and the perspectives of Chilean physicians about their specialty training. A literature review about the intention of specialization in Chilean general surgery residents and the gaps in the Chilean health system, was performed. As of December 2016, there were 2,103 general surgeons in Chile, of whom 598 (28%) also have a subspecialty. Among the latter, 49% are plastic or vascular surgeons, which are also the specialties with the greatest demand in the public system. According to estimates of the Chilean Ministry of Health, on that year there was a deficit of 285 general surgeons and 142 subspecialists. These figures correspond to 18.5% and 23.8% of the existing resources. A survey published in 2009 reported that 78% of trainees in general surgery would prefer to continue studying a subspecialty, following the trend observed in the USA and Europe. Therefore, there is a disproportion between the intentions of general surgery trainees and the needs for these professionals in Chile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Specialization/statistics & numerical data , General Surgery/statistics & numerical data , Surgeons/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Specialization/trends , General Surgery/education , General Surgery/trends , Time Factors , Career Choice , Chile , Surgeons/education , Surgeons/trends , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Internship and Residency/trends
7.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 21(61): 309-320, abr.-jun. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-954284

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar as mudanças ocorridas nas características demográficas e sociais do país e discutir o desafio do desenvolvimento de políticas públicas, utilizando dados dos sistemas de informações e entrevistas com atores das políticas social e de saúde do país. Percebeu-se a redução da fecundidade, da natalidade e da mortalidade com aumento da esperança de vida ao nascer, caracterizando a terceira fase da transição demográfica. O investimento na saúde e na educação foi considerado essencial para que o país possa aproveitar esse momento. Houve significativa redução da pobreza, mas, em 2012, ainda representava 15,9% da população, o que exige manutenção, expansão e qualificação dos programas de transferência de renda. A transição demográfica proporciona oportunidades para o desenvolvimento de políticas que permitam o acesso universal à educação, à saúde e ao emprego e que superem os desafios do país.(AU)


El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar los cambios habidos en las características demográficas y sociales del país y discutir el desafío del desarrollo de políticas públicas, utilizando datos de los sistemas de informaciones y entrevistas con los actores de las políticas social y de salud del país. Se percibió la reducción de la fecundidad, de la natalidad y de la mortalidad con el aumento de la esperanza de vida al nacer, caracterizando la tercera fase de la transición demográfica. La inversión en salud y educación se consideró esencial para que el país pueda aprovechar este momento. Hubo una significativa reducción de la pobreza, pero en 2012 ella todavía representaba el 15,9% de la población, lo que exige mantenimiento, expansión y calificación de los programas de transferencia de renta. La transición demográfica proporciona oportunidades para el desarrollo de políticas que permitan el acceso universal a la educación, a la salud y al empleo y que superen los desafíos del país.(AU)


This study aimed to analyze the changes in the demographic and social characteristics of the country and to discuss the challenge for developing public policies, using data from information systems and interviews with actors of social policies and healthcare in Brazil. A reduction was observed in fertility, natality and mortality rates with an increased life expectancy at birth, representing the third stage of demographic transition. An investment in health and education was identified as essential for the country to take advantage of this moment. There was a significant reduction in poverty, but in 2012, it still accounted for 15.9% of the population, a compelling reason for the maintenance, expansion and qualification of income transfer programs. The demographic transition provides opportunities for the development of policies that allows universal access to education, health and employment and that overcome the challenges of the country.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Policy Making , Population Dynamics/trends , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Brazil , Public Health
9.
Cad. saúde pública ; 28(10): 1834-1840, out. 2012.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-653883

ABSTRACT

A população brasileira está envelhecendo de forma significativa, num contexto de melhora gradual dos índices sociais e econômicos do país. O aumento da longevidade acarreta maior uso dos serviços de saúde, pressionando os sistemas de saúde pública e previdência, gerando mais custos e ameaçando a sustentabilidade do sistema. A alternativa para evitar a sobrecarga desse sistema é investir em políticas de prevenção de doenças, estabilização das enfermidades crônicas e manutenção da capacidade funcional. Este artigo visa a analisar as dificuldades de implantação de programas de prevenção e as razões do fracasso de diversos programas de promoção da saúde, prevenção e gerenciamento de doenças crônicas no grupo etário dos idosos. Não há saída possível para a crise de financiamento e reestruturação do setor sem a implantação da lógica preventiva. O conhecimento científico já identificou corretamente os fatores de risco para a população idosa, mas isso não basta. Precisamos saber utilizar esse conhecimento para efetuar a necessária transição do modelo assistencial para o modelo de prevenção.


The Brazilian population is aging significantly within a context of gradual improvement in the country's social and economic indicators. Increased longevity leads to increased use of health services, pressuring the public and social welfare health services, generating higher costs, and jeopardizing the system's sustainability. The alternative to avoid overburdening the system is to invest in policies for disease prevention, stabilization of chronic diseases, and maintenance of functional capacity. The current article aims to analyze the difficulties in implementing preventive programs and the reasons for the failure of various programs in health promotion, prevention, and management of chronic diseases in the elderly. There can be no solution to the crisis in financing and restructuring the health sector without implementing a preventive logic. Scientific research has already correctly identified the risk factors for the elderly population, but this is not enough. We must use such knowledge to promote the necessary transition from a healthcare-centered model to a preventive one.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Chronic Disease/prevention & control , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Health Services for the Aged/trends , Brazil , Geriatric Assessment , Health Promotion , Health Services Needs and Demand/economics , Health Services for the Aged/economics , Life Expectancy/trends , Population Surveillance
10.
Cad. saúde pública ; 28(5): 955-964, maio 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-625493

ABSTRACT

Este estudo avalia a assistência hospitalar e ambulatorial e sua capacidade de responder às novas exigências neste contexto da transição demográfica brasileira. As informações foram obtidas dos estudos do IBGE, e sistemas de informações assistenciais do SUS (CNES, SIH e SIA). A redução das taxas de natalidade, fecundidade, mortalidade infantil e aumento da expectativa de vida ao nascer determinam ainda um crescimento demográfico, com redução da taxa de dependência, o que permite uma oportunidade para promover ajustes necessários. Entre 1999 e 2009, a população cresceu em mais 27,5 milhões de habitantes com redução de 26,7% dos leitos e 947 mil internações com distorções na distribuição por clínicas, mas com aumento da assistência de alta complexidade ambulatorial e hospitalar. Os resultados demonstram que vivemos um momento de transição do modelo assistencial que exige maior capacidade de planejamento do futuro da assistência à saúde, tornando mais complexa a rede assistencial e repensando o modelo de atenção à saúde, preparando-se para o grande crescimento da população idosa nas próximas décadas.


This paper assesses inpatient and outpatient care and their capacity to respond to changing demands in the context of the demographic transition in Brazil. The data were obtained from studies by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and databases in the National Health System (CNES, SIH, and SIA). The reduction in birth, fertility, and infant mortality rates and the increase in life expectancy at birth are still driving population growth, while decreasing the dependency rate, thereby providing the opportunity to make necessary adjustments. The population increased by more than 27.5 million from 1999 to 2009, with a 26.7% reduction in hospital beds and 947,000 hospitalizations, with distortions in the distribution by specialty, but with increases in high-complexity outpatient and inpatient care. The results show that Brazil is undergoing a transition in the healthcare model, requiring greater capacity for future planning of a more complex system and revising the model to prepare for a larger elderly population in the coming decades.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Delivery of Health Care/trends , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Hospitalization/trends , Population Dynamics/trends , Ambulatory Care/organization & administration , Ambulatory Care/trends , Brazil , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Health Planning/trends , Health Services Needs and Demand/organization & administration , National Health Programs , Population Growth
11.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 27(2): 93-102, feb. 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-542063

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To examine utilization of the National AIDS Hotline of Trinidad and Tobago (AIDSLINE), evaluate its validity as a reliable data source for monitoring national HIV-related needs, and identify changes in caller requests between two different time periods. Methods: A total of 7 046 anonymous hotline calls in 1998-2002 (T1) and 2 338 calls in 2007 (T2) were analyzed for associations between caller characteristics and call content. A subsample of the data was also analyzed qualitatively. T1 findings were compared with HIV-related data collected by national policy-makers during that period, to evaluate the hotline's validity as a data source, and findings from T2, to reveal changes in call content over time. Results: In T1, the hotline was well utilized for information and counseling by both the general population and those living with HIV/AIDS. Call content from T2 indicated an increase versus T1 in 1) general awareness of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases; 2) HIV testing; and 3) knowledge of HIV symptoms and transmission. HIV-related mental health needs, and the relationship between HIV and both child sexual abuse (CSA) and intimate partner violence (IPV), were identified as emerging issues. Conclusions: AIDSLINE is a well-utilized tool for providing information and counseling on national HIV-related issues, and a valid, cost-effective, easily accessed information source for planners and policy-makers involved in HIV management. Over the two study periods, there was an increase in HIV awareness and testing and in requests related to mental health, CSA, and IPV, but no change in sexual behaviors.


Objetivos: Evaluar la utilización de la Línea Directa Nacional de Trinidad y Tobago sobre Sida (AIDSLINE) y su validez como fuente confiable de información para monitorear las necesidades nacionales sobre el VIH, e identificar cambios en las preguntas de los usuarios en dos momentos diferentes. Métodos: Se buscaron asociaciones entre las características de los usuarios y el contenido de 7 046 llamadas anónimas recibidas entre 1998 y 2002 (T1) y 2 338 recibidas en 2007 (T2). Se tomó una submuestra para análisis cualitativo. Se compararon las características de las llamadas de T1 con: 1) los datos de la autoridad nacional sobre la infección por VIH en ese período, para evaluar la validez de AIDSLINE como fuente de información, y 2) con las de T2 para revelar los cambios en el contenido de las llamadas en el tiempo. Resultados: En T1, AIDSLINE se utilizó ampliamente para buscar información y consejería, tanto por la población general como por personas con VIH/sida. El contenido de las llamadas en T2 indicó un incremento con respecto a T1 en: 1) preocupación general sobre el VIH y otras enfermedades de transmisión sexual; 2) detección de la infección por el VIH; y 3) información sobre los síntomas de la infección y su transmisión. Se identificaron como preocupaciones emergentes las necesidades en salud mental relacionadas con el VIH y la relación entre esta infección y el abuso sexual de menores (ASM) y la violencia de pareja (VDP). Conclusiones: AIDSLINE es una herramienta ampliamente utilizada para brindar información y consejería sobre el VIH en el país y una fuente de información válida, efectiva en función del costo y de fácil acceso para los encargados de planear y elaborar políticas relacionadas con el VIH. Con respecto a T1, en T2 aumentaron la preocupación por el VIH y su detección y las preguntas sobre la salud mental, el ASM y la VDP, pero sin cambios en cuanto a la conducta sexual.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , HIV Infections , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Hotlines , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Trinidad and Tobago , Young Adult
13.
Femina ; 35(5): 329-332, maio 2006.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-458505

ABSTRACT

Para a OMS, a saúde sexual significa a integração de aspectos somáticos, afetivos, intelectuais e sociais. Objetivamos trazer à tona uma problemática de relevante importância, tendo em vista que as queixas sexuais são muito freqüentes na população em geral e talvez ainda subestimadas. É necessária a procura de soluções aplicáveis, principalmente no que diz respeito à preparação do médico, para a adequada abordagem das mesmas. Estudos demonstram que a disfunção sexual é um problema de saúde pública, e que lamentavelmente, a queixa sexual apesar de bastante freqüente, não constuma ser pesquisada nem detalhada pelos profissionais da saúde. Inicialmente, a queixa de disfunção sexual é feita ao clínico geral ou ao ginecologista. Os pacientes esperam que os médicos tenham o treinamento necessário para prover informações e resoluções para suas queixas sexuais. É provável que o profissional da saúde não esteja adequadamente preparado na abordagem destas queixas, motivo pelo qual há uma preocupação com o ensino efetivo do tema durante o curso de graduação. Apesar de existente, ainda é deficiente o ensino do manejo das disfunções sexuais, para que o profissional sinta-se preparado e à vontade para ouvir e, se possível oferecer a ajuda necessária às queixas de seus pacientes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Attitude of Health Personnel , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/etiology , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/psychology , Education, Medical, Continuing , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends
14.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2006 Sep; 54(3): 189-93
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-70753

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Children admitted in blind schools need low vision assessment for improving functional vision (useful residual vision). AIM: To ascertain the need for spectacles and magnifiers as low vision devices (LVD) in children with useful residual vision, attending blind schools. SETTING AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted in 13 blind schools in Delhi, North India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of a total of 703 children (less than 16 years of age) examined, 133 (18.91%) with useful residual vision were refracted and analyzed. High addition plus lenses (range 5-30 diopters) were used as spectacle magnifiers for near LVD assessment. "World health organization (WHO)/ prevention of blindness (PBL) eye examination record for children with blindness and low vision", was used to collect data. SPSS (statistical package for the social science), version 10.0 was used for analysis. RESULTS: Based on the vision of 133 children at initial examination, 70.7% children were blind and 12.0% were severely visually impaired (SVI). 20.3% children improved by at least one WHO category of blindness after refraction. With best correction, 50.4% children were still blind and 13.5% were SVI. Visual acuity in the better eye after refraction in 47 children (35.3%), improved with spectacles. Children with aphakia (17), coloboma (5), refractive error (5) and microphthalmos (4) benefited from spectacles. Of 124 children with low vision but having useful residual vision, 51 (41.1%) were able to read N-10 unaided or with distance spectacles and 30 children (22.6%) improved to N-10 with spectacle magnifiers and were prescribed the same. CONCLUSION: Visually impaired children with aphakia and congenital anomalies of the eye benefit from refraction and low vision services.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Blindness/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eyeglasses , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Humans , India/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Vision, Low/epidemiology
15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-46569

ABSTRACT

Advances in medical technology have led to increases in the life expectancy as well as increases in the number of older people, which makes population ageing an international priority in the 21st century. However, very little is known about the elderly in Nepal, one of the poorest countries of the world. Although the proportion of elderly is increasing both in absolute numbers and as a proportion of Nepal's total population, traditional family norms and values of supporting the elderly are eroding at an alarming rate. The objective of this paper is to illustrate population aging in Nepal using census data, other reports for the purpose of further research and inquiry.


Subject(s)
Aged/statistics & numerical data , Censuses , Developing Countries/statistics & numerical data , Family Characteristics/ethnology , Female , Fertility , Forecasting , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Humans , Intergenerational Relations/ethnology , Life Expectancy/trends , Male , Marital Status/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged , Mortality/trends , Nepal/epidemiology , Pensions/statistics & numerical data , Population Growth , Residence Characteristics/statistics & numerical data , Sex Distribution , Social Support , Social Values/ethnology , Socioeconomic Factors
17.
Ceylon Med J ; 2005 Jun; 50(2): 51-4
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-48601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To project hospitalisation trends due to selected non-communicable diseases (NCD) from 2005 to 2010. DESIGN: Morbidity data, maintained at the Medical Statistics Unit of the Ministry of Health, from 1981 to 2000, were used to model trends of hospitalisation due to diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disease and ischaemic heart disease. Linear and quadratic trends were used to model morbidity trends. RESULTS: For all three diseases considered, the increase in the incidence of hospitalisation is exponential. An increase is estimated in the incidence of hospitalisation by 36%, 40% and 29% due to diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disease and ischaemic heart disease, respectively, in 2010 as compared to 2005. The greatest burden and the largest increase in the rate of hospitalisation will be due to hypertensive disease. CONCLUSIONS: There will be an exponential increase in hospitalisation due to diabetes, hypertension and ischaemic heart disease. The health sector should provide additional resources to meet the demand.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends , Hospitalization/trends , Humans , Hypertension/epidemiology , Incidence , Models, Statistical , Morbidity , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Sri Lanka/epidemiology
19.
Rev. adm. pública ; 37(2): 379-407, mar.-abr. 2003. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-349809

ABSTRACT

Apresenta uma caracterizaçäo dos institutos de assistência aos servidores públicos com base em um questionário estruturado respondido pelos sócios da Associaçäo Brasileira de Institutos de Previdência Estaduais e Municipais (Abipem). Explica que o questionário auto-aplicado compreende questöes relativas à estrutura (legislaçäo e financiamento), aos processos de gestäo implementados pelos institutos e aos resultados apresentados (indicadores de cobertura e utilizaçäo). Observa que o modelo de seguro social é adotado pela maioria dos institutos. Entretanto, a manutençäo desse sistema está atrelada às mudanças da reforma previdenciária em discussäo, e essas organizaçöes correm o risco de perder a característica de seguro social público.


Subject(s)
Social Security/trends , Insurance, Health/trends , Public Sector , Research , State Government , Brazil , Health Maintenance Organizations/trends , Municipal Management , Health Services Research , Social Security/trends , Health Services Needs and Demand/trends
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL