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1.
J. Health NPEPS ; 6(2): 1-15, dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1349305

ABSTRACT

RESUMOObjetivo:avaliar o conhecimento de professores sobre perda auditiva, auxiliares de audição e estratégias para favorecer a aprendizagem do aluno com deficiência auditiva no ensino regular. Método: estudo transversal, observacional e qualitativo. Participaram professores do ensino fundamental I de uma escola pública regular do Distrito Federal, Brasil. A coleta de dados foi realizada entre outubro e novembro de 2018 e os participantes responderam a um questionário composto por 16 questões abertas. As respostas foram categorizadas e estabeleceu-se a frequência (%) das variáveis. Resultados:nenhum professor relatou conhecimento sobre o sistema de frequência modulada, 61,54% não apresentaram conhecimento sobre o aparelho de amplificação sonora individual e 76,93% não apresentaram conhecimento sobre o implante coclear. Algunsprofessores (53,85%) acreditam que o uso da Língua Brasileira de Sinais é a principal estratégia para a comunicação com alunos com deficiência auditiva e há dúvidas quanto ao melhor método escolar para essa população. Conclusão: há desconhecimento dos professores acerca da deficiência auditiva e das estratégias de ensino-aprendizagem a serem utilizadas com essa população, principalmente no que diz respeito aos alunos usuários de dispositivos auditivos.


Objective:to assess the knowledge of teachers about hearing loss, hearing aids and strategies to promote the learning of students with hearing impairment in regular education. Method:cross-sectional, observational and qualitative study. Elementary school teachers from a regular public school in the Federal District, Brazil participated. Data collection was carried out between October and November 2018 and participants answered a questionnaire consisting of 16 open questions. The answers were categorized and established the frequency (%) of the variables. Results:no teacher reported knowledge about the modulated frequency system, 61.54% had no knowledge about the individual sound amplification device and 76.93% had no knowledge about the cochlear implant. Some teachers (53.85%) believe that the use of Brazilian Sign Language is the main strategy for communication with students with hearing impairment and there are doubts about the best school method for this population. Conclusion:there is a lack of knowledge on the part of teachers about hearing loss and the teaching-learning strategies to be used with this population, especially with regard to students who use hearing devices.


RESUMENObjetivo:evaluar los conocimientos de los docentes sobre la pérdida auditiva, los audífonos y las estrategias para promover el aprendizaje de los estudiantes con discapacidad auditiva en la educación regular. Método:estudio transversal, observacional y cualitativo. Participaron maestros de escuela primaria de una escuela pública regular del Distrito Federal, Brasil. La recolección de datos se llevó a cabo entre octubre y noviembre de 2018 y los participantes respondieron un cuestionario compuesto por 16 preguntas abiertas. Se categorizaron las respuestas y se estableció la frecuencia (%) de las variables.Resultados:ningún profesor informó tener conocimiento sobre el sistema de frecuencia modulada, el 61,54% no tenía conocimiento sobre el dispositivo de amplificación de sonido individual y el 76,93% no tenía conocimiento sobre el implante coclear. Algunos docentes (53,85%) creen que el uso de la Lengua de Signos Brasileña es la principal estrategia de comunicación con los estudiantes con discapacidad auditiva y existen dudas sobre el mejor método escolar para esta población. Conclusión:existe un desconocimiento por parte de los docentes sobre la discapacidad auditiva y las estrategias de enseñanza-aprendizaje a utilizar con esta población, especialmente en lo que respecta a los estudiantes que utilizan audífonos o otros dispositivos


Subject(s)
Schools , Mainstreaming, Education , Hearing Loss , Child , Faculty
2.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 15(3): 38-48, 20210830.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1337950

ABSTRACT

El estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar el perfil neurocognitivo pacientes pediátricos normo-yentes de edades entre 3 a 6 años, con respecto al de niños en ese mismo grupo etario que presen-tan discapacidad auditiva, los que utilizaban un implante coclear por entre 24 a 36 meses. Para alcanzarlo, se hizo una investigación con diseño no experimental de tipo comparativo y enfoque cuantitativo. Los datos se obtuvieron a partir de los informes neuropsicológicos archivados en las historias clínicas de 10 pacientes preescolares, atendidos en el Centro de Rehabilitación Integral Especializada "CRIE" en la ciudad de Cuenca en 2019, los que se dividieron en dos grupos (uno con los discapacitados auditivos y otros sin esa característica). El instrumento aplicado en esa institución fue el Cuestionario de Madurez Neuropsicológica (CUMANIN). Las diferencias entre los dos grupos resultaron estadísticamente significativas en la mayoría de las escalas valoradas, los niños sin discapacidad auditiva mostraron un desarrollo neurocognitivo superior al resto de los participantes. La correlación entre las dimensiones del desarrollo neurocognitivo: lenguaje expresivo y fluidez verbal, con respecto a la edad en los niños con discapacidad auditiva, cuyas cifras fueron negativas y se enmarcan en la categoría de fuerte o absoluta


The objective of the study was to compare the neurocognitive profile of normally hearing pediatric patients aged 3 to 6 years with that of children in the same age group with hearing impairment, those who used a cochlear implant for 24 to 36 months. To achieve this, a research was carried out with a non-experimental design of a comparative type and a quantitative approach. The data were obtained from the neuropsychological reports filed in the medical records of 10 preschool patients, treated at the Centro de Rehabilitación Integral Especializada "CRIE" in the city of Cuenca in 2019. The population were divided into two groups (one with the hearing impaired and others without that feature). The instrument applied in that institution was the Neuropsychological Maturity Questionnaire. The differences between the two groups were statisti-cally significant in most of the scales evaluated, the children without hearing impairment showed a neurocognitive development superior to the rest of the participants. The correlation between the dimensions of neurocognitive development: expressive language and verbal fluen-cy, with respect to age in children with hearing disabilities, whose figures were negative and fall into the category of strong or absolute


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Neuropsychological Tests , Child Development , Surveys and Questionnaires , Disabled Children
3.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 24(5): 252-256, mar.-abr. 2021. graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1283920

ABSTRACT

Lermoyez´ syndrome is an unusual clinical variant of Ménière's disease, because in both pathologies there is a peripheral vascular disorder, what It consists in the dilation of the labyrinthine membranes associated with an increase in the volume of the endolymph. Clinically, they have severe frequency fluctuations of hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo attacks. FinaIly, it evolves to the deterioration of hearing in all frequencies. Lermoyez´ síndrome, or labyrinthine angiospasm, has an unknown etiopathogeny, although several theories have been proposed, but none explains its nature, nor its clinical course, being one of them the allergy. Their diagnosis is clinical, they present the typical triad (peripheral vertigo crisis with neurosensory hearing loss and tinnitus and/or otic fullness), but they characterised by the improvement in hearing just after a sudden vertigo attack. With the development of the disease, dizziness attacks and hearing recovery become more and more rare, and disappear. Treatment aims to relieve symptoms during crises and improve disease progression. It is present the clinical case of Lermoyez syndrome, in a male patient with allergic pathology, who was diagnosed with Ménière's disease at the beginning. It is a rare syndrome described described in classical ENT (ear-nose-throat)


El síndrome de Lermoyez es una variante clínica inusual de la enfermedad de Ménière. En ambas afecciones existe un trastorno vascular periférico, que consiste en la dilatación de las membranas laberínticas, asociadas con aumento del volumen de la endolinfa. Clínicamente, el individuo presenta fluctuaciones en la audición (hipoacusia neurosensorial en las frecuencias graves), acúfenos y ataques de vértigo. En su evolución final se deteriora la audición en todas las frecuencias. El síndrome de Lermoyez, o angioespasmo laberíntico, tiene una etiopatogenia desconocida, aunque se han propuesto varias teorías, pero ninguna explica su naturaleza ni su curso clínico, y una de ellas es la alergia. Su diagnóstico es clínico, presentan la triada típica (crisis de vértigo periférico con hipoacusia neurosensorial y acúfenos o plenitud ótica), pero el síndrome de Lermoyez se caracteriza por la mejora de la audición tras un ataque brusco de vértigo. Con el avance de la enfermedad, los ataques de vértigo y la recuperación de la audición llegan a ser cada vez más raros, hasta desaparecer. El tratamiento tiene como finalidad aliviar los síntomas durante las crisis y mejorar la evolución de la enfermedad. Se presenta un caso clínico de síndrome de Lermoyez, en un paciente varón con afección alérgica, cuyo diagnóstico de inicio fue de enfermedad de Ménière. Es un síndrome infrecuente, descrito en la otorrinolaringología clásica


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Otolaryngology , Vertigo , Dizziness , Hearing Loss , Meniere Disease
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): 123-128, abril 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1151871

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los obstáculos en la comunicación entre médicos y personas sordas/hipoacúsicas pueden comportarse como factores de riesgo para la salud. El servicio de un intérprete profesional de Lengua de Señas Argentina (IPLSA), según la Ley N.º 26378, podría mitigar esto.Objetivo. Estimar la proporción de pediatras que conocen la Ley N.º 26378 y explorar si se asocia a recomendar a un IPLSA.Población y métodos. Estudio transversal con cuestionario electrónico autoadministrado a pediatras registrados en la Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría, que ejercían en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires.Resultados. Se evaluaron 381 respuestas. El 15,1 % conocía la Ley, y esto se asoció con recomendar a un IPLSA (OR: 3,7; IC 95 %: 1,1-12,9; p < 0,05).Conclusiones. La proporción de pediatras de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires que conocía la ley fue el 15,1 %. Esto se asoció significativamente con recomendar a un IPLSA


Introduction. Barriers in communication between physicians and Deaf or hard of hearing people may be risk factors for health. The services of a professional Argentine Sign Language interpreter (PASLI), by virtue of Act No. 26378, may mitigate this.Objective. To estimate the proportion of pediatricians who have knowledge of Act No. 26378 and whether this is associated with the recommendation of a PASLI.Population and methods. Cross-sectional study with a self-administered electronic questionnaire among pediatricians members of the Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría who practiced in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (CABA).Results. A total of 381 surveys were assessed. Of these, 15.1 % knew the Act, and this was associated with the recommendation of a PASLI (OR: 3.7; 95 % CI: 1.1-12.9; p < 0.05).Conclusions. The proportion of pediatricians working in CABA who knew the Act was 15.1 %. This was significantly associated with the recommendation of a PASLL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sign Language , Communication , Health Law , Argentina , Physician-Patient Relations , Awareness , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hearing Loss
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia using short auditory stimuli (60 dBnHL), and to investigate the differences in the inter-aural latency difference (ILD) of wave V between neonates with different total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Yuhuan People's Hospital of Zhejiang Province, from May 2019 to October 2020. The neonates were divided into a severe group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the mild group, the severe group had significantly higher proportions of neonates with abnormal hearing threshold and abnormal ILD (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum bilirubin in neonates affects the ILD of BAEP wave V, especially in those with severe hyperbilirubinemia. ILD at the optimal cut-off value of ≥0.4 ms shows potential value in the diagnosis of hearing impairment caused by neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.


Subject(s)
Bilirubin , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Hearing Loss , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal , Infant, Newborn , Prospective Studies
6.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 75-79, 2021.
Article in Fijian | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877167

ABSTRACT

@#Objective. The purpose of this study is to identify the incidence rate of 'refer' result in neonates born to diabetic mothers and to determine the association of maternal diabetes and the initial 'refer' result. Methods. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study which included neonates who had hearing screening test using transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions test (TEOAE) on both ears at the Philippine General Hospital Ear unit during three weeks. We obtained the demographic characteristics, presence/absence of maternal diabetes, and OAE results. Results. Among the 150 neonates, ten were born to diabetic mothers, with an age range of 2-8 days old. Forty percent of neonates of diabetic mothers had an initial 'refer' result compared with 7.9% of nondiabetic mothers' neonates. After logistic regression analysis, there is a significant association between maternal diabetes and initial 'refer' result in OAE with a p-value <0.05. If the mother is diagnosed with diabetes (gestational/pre-gestational), the odds of having an initial 'refer' result in the hearing screening is 2x higher. The odds can range from 2-43 times. Conclusion. The incidence rate of an initial 'refer' result in neonates of diabetic mothers is 40%. There is a significant association between maternal diabetes and the initial 'refer' result in the OAE test.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Mothers , Diabetes, Gestational , Hearing Loss , Mass Screening , Risk Factors , Hearing
7.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(1): e10620, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287867

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to describe the results of a neonatal hearing health program and verify whether there is an association between the presence of risk indicators for hearing loss and failure in the tests and diagnosis. Methods: a one-cohort, observational, retrospective study with secondary data contained in a spreadsheet concerning the family's sociodemographic condition, clinical history, and examination results of 7,800 participants who were submitted to hearing screening between 2010 and 2016. Absolute frequency and percentages were used in the description of the first and second stages. In the association between risk indicators and failures in the otoacoustic emissions, the odds ratio, confidence interval, and significance level at 0.5% were used. Results: the risk indicators in 8 out of the 12 infants presented with hearing loss were ototoxic medication and intensive care unit (ICU) stay, whereas the likelihood of failure in the otoacoustic emissions occurred along with 11 indicators. The likelihood of a diagnosis of hearing loss was 13 times greater when there was a risk indicator, 18 times greater when an ototoxic medication had been used, and 16.62 times greater when they stayed in ICUs. Conclusion: the results show that knowing the indicators leads to considering the actions the team in charge should take.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrever os resultados de um programa de saúde auditiva neonatal e verificar se há associação entre presença de indicador de risco para perda auditiva e falhas nos testes e no diagnóstico. Métodos: trata-se do estudo de uma coorte, observacional e retrospectiva, com dados secundários contidos em planilha eletrônica sobre condições sociodemográficas da família, história clínica e resultados dos exames de 7.800 participantes que realizaram a Triagem Auditiva, de 2010 a 2016. Na descrição da primeira e segunda etapa, utilizou-se frequência absoluta e valores percentuais. Na associação entre indicador de risco com falhas nas EOA, utilizaram-se Odds Ratio, Intervalo de Confiança e nível de significância 0,5%. Resultados: dos 12 lactentes com perda auditiva, oito apresentaram como indicador de risco, a medicação ototóxica e permanência em UTI, sendo que a chance de falhar nas EOA ocorreu com onze indicadores. A chance do diagnóstico de perda auditiva foi 13 vezes maior quando há indicador de risco, 18 vezes maior quando usou medicação ototóxica e 16,62 vezes maior com permanência em UTI. Conclusão: os resultados mostram que conhecer os indicadores levará à reflexão de ações a serem adotadas pela equipe responsável.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Screening/methods , Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Hearing Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Hearing Loss/etiology
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1151890

ABSTRACT

El 3 de marzo se celebró el Día Mundial de la Audición, por lo que quisiera aprovechar para tomar consciencia de la importancia de la detección temprana de las pérdidas auditivas en los niños, así como fomentar el cuidado auditivo y la prevención de la hipoacusia. Según la reciente publicación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), se estima que en la actualidad 1 de cada 5 personas en el mundo sufren algún grado de hipoacusia que no está siendo tratada, lo que corresponde al 5,5 % de la población mundial actual; esto genera un gasto en la economía global de US $ 980 billones anualmente (1). La OMS hace un llamado de atención a la población para tomar consciencia, ya que se estima que para 2050 la prevalencia de la pérdida auditiva aumentará a 1 de cada 4 personas (2). En este sentido, es muy importante que los otorrinolaringólogos, especialistas del área, enfoquemos nuestro ejercicio profesional diario a la prevención, detección temprana y el tratamiento óptimo de las pérdidas auditivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hearing Loss
9.
Clinics ; 76: e2370, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association among hypertension, tinnitus, and sensorineural hearing loss and evaluate the influence of other covariates on this association. METHODS: Baseline data (2008-2010) from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) were analyzed. Altogether, 900 participants were evaluated. The baseline assessment consisted of a 7-hour examination to obtain clinical and laboratory variables. Hearing was measured using pure-tone audiometry. RESULTS: Overall, 33.3% of the participants had hypertension. Participants with hypertension were more likely to be older, male, and diabetic compared to those without hypertension. The prevalence of tinnitus was higher among hypertensive participants and the odds ratio for tinnitus was higher in participants with hypertension than in those without hypertension. However, the difference was not significant after adjusting for age. Audiometric results at 250-8,000 Hz were worse in participants with hypertension than in those without hypertension in the crude analysis; however, the differences were not significant after adjustment for age, sex, diagnosis of diabetes, and exposure to noise. No significant difference was observed in hearing thresholds among participants having hypertension for <6 years, those having hypertension for ≥6 years, and individuals without hypertension. CONCLUSION: Hearing thresholds were worse in participants with hypertension. However, after adjusting for age, sex, diagnosis of diabetes, and exposure to noise, no significant differences were observed between participants with and without hypertension. A higher prevalence of tinnitus was observed in participants with hypertension compared to those without hypertension, but without significance after adjusting for age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tinnitus/epidemiology , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Hearing Loss/epidemiology , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/epidemiology , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Auditory Threshold , Brazil/epidemiology , Longitudinal Studies
10.
CoDAS ; 33(6): e20200054, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286139

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a influência do intervalo interestímulos no desempenho de crianças com deficiência auditiva de grau moderado e severo, adaptadas com aparelhos de amplificação sonora individuais (AASI), no teste PINT Brasil. Método Participaram do estudo 10 crianças com audição normal (GC) e 20 crianças com deficiência auditiva (GE). O teste PINT Brasil foi aplicado nas situações SEM pausa e COM pausa para os dois grupos. Resultados Na comparação entre as situações SEM pausa e COM pausa, houve diferença significativa apenas para o GE, indicando a SEM pausa com melhor desempenho. Nesta última condição, as oscilações ruidosas foram menores e não houve o acionamento repetido do redutor de ruído, o que possibilita a perda de informações da mensagem. Conclusão Conclui-se que o intervalo interestímulos no teste de percepção da fala PINT Brasil influenciou o desempenho das crianças com deficiência auditiva de grau moderado e severo, adaptadas com AASI. O melhor resultado foi encontrado na situação SEM PAUSA.


ABSTRACT Purpose This study aimed to investigate, using the PINT Brasil, the influence of the interstimulus interval on the performance of children with moderate and severe hearing loss fitted with hearing aids. Methods Ten children with normal hearing (CG) and 20 children with hearing loss (SG) participated in the study. Both groups were assessed using the speech perception test called PINT Brasil in PAUSE and NO PAUSE situations. Results When comparing the PAUSE and NO PAUSE situations, only the SG presented a statistically significant difference, indicating that the NO PAUSE situation had the best performance. In this situation, the noise oscillations were smaller, and the noise reduction algorithm, which may cause the loss of message information, was not repeatedly activated. Conclusion The interstimulus interval in the PINT Brasil influenced the performance of children with moderate and severe hearing loss fitted with hearing aids. The NO PAUSE situation presented the best results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Speech Perception , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Brazil , Noise
11.
CoDAS ; 33(5): e20200100, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286123

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a acurácia de instrumentos de custo acessível para triagem auditiva de adultos e idosos. Método Este estudo foi realizado com usuários de um Serviço de Saúde Auditiva do SUS. Todos foram submetidos a triagem com o aplicativo de smartphone MoBASA, o audiômetro Telessaúde (TS) e a versão eletrônica do Questionário de Handicap da Audição para Idosos (Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - screening version - eHHIE-S). Os examinadores foram cegos quanto aos resultados dos testes de triagem e para os dados de audiometria de tom puro (ATP). Foram considerados com deficiência auditiva aqueles com média quadritonal na ATP maiores que 40 dB na melhor orelha. Sensibilidade, especificidade e valores preditivos positivo (VPP) e negativo (VPN) foram calculados. O índice Kappa foi usado como um indicador de concordância entre ATP e os resultados da triagem. Resultados A amostra constou de 80 indivíduos entre 18 a 94 anos (55,18 ± 20,21). Na ATP, 21 indivíduos (26,25%) apresentaram audição normal e 59 (73,75%) perda auditiva incapacitante. Nos testes de triagem auditiva observou-se valores de sensibilidade, especificidade, VPP e VPN maiores do que 75% no MoBASA e na sensibilidade e VPN do TS e eHHIE-S. Já a especificidade e VPP do TS e eHHIE-S foram inferiores a 75%. O índice Kappa indicou concordância substancial (0,6) entre o ATP e os resultados do MoBASA. No TS e eHHIE-S foi constatada regular concordância (0,3). Conclusão O MoBASA demonstrou ser um método acurado para triagem auditiva de adultos e idosos com perda auditiva incapacitante.


ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the accuracy of affordable instruments for hearing screening of adults and the elderly. Methods This study was carried out with users of a Hearing Health Service of the Unified Health System. All were screened with the MoBASA smartphone application, the Telehealth audiometer (TH) and the electronic version of the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - screening version - eHHIE-S. The examiners were blinded to the results of the screening tests and pure tone audiometry (PTA). Hearing impairment was considered for those with a PTA quadritonal mean greater than 40 dB in the best ear. Sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV, respectively) were calculated. The Kappa index was used as an agreement indicator between the PTA and the screening results. Results The sample consisted of 80 individuals between 18 and 94 years old (55.18 ± 20.21). In the PTA test, 21 individuals (26.25%) had typical hearing and 59 (73.75%) hearing loss. In the hearing screening tests, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV values greater than 75% were observed with the MoBASA as well as in terms of sensitivity and NPV of the TH and the eHHIE-S. The TH and the eHHIE-S specificity and PPV were less than 75%. The Kappa index indicated a substantial agreement (0.6) between the PTA and the MoBASA screening results. The TH and the eHHIE-S showed regular agreement (0.3). Conclusion MoBASA proved to be an accurate method for hearing screening of adults and the elderly with disabling hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Deafness , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Mass Screening , Hearing , Middle Aged
12.
CoDAS ; 33(3): e20200016, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249619

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo verificar a aplicabilidade do THS em mensurar e diferenciar as queixas de zumbido, perda auditiva e tolerância ao som. Método Foi aplicado o questionário THS, composto por 4 questões sobre zumbido, 4 sobre perda auditiva e 1 sobre tolerância ao som. Previamente, todos os participantes realizaram uma bateria de exames de diagnóstico audiológico e foram divididos em grupos: audição normal bilateral com média até 25dB, com e sem queixa de zumbido (Grupos 1 e 3); diagnóstico de perda auditiva sensório neural de grau leve a moderado (26dB a 60dB), sem uso prévio de aparelho de amplificação sonora Individual (AASI), com queixa de zumbido crônico (≥6 meses) e também indivíduos sem queixa de zumbido (Grupos 2 e 4); idade igual ou superior a 18 anos. Resultados Foram incluídos no presente estudo 70 indivíduos. Em relação a análise do total entre os grupos pelo teste Kruskal-Wallis foram encontradas diferenças significativas nas seções sobre zumbido e perda auditiva, mas não houve significância da seção sobre tolerância ao som. Em relação às questões sobre zumbido apenas os grupos 3 e 4 pontuaram. Quanto às questões referentes à perda auditiva, os grupos sem perda (grupos 1 e 3) foram os que menos pontuaram. Em relação a questão do THS sobre tolerância ao som, o grupo 3 foi o que mais pontuou. Conclusão o questionário THS se mostrou como uma possível ferramenta para auxiliar na compreensão e diferenciação das queixas auditivas.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify the applicability of the Tinnitus and Hearing Survey (THS) to measure the different complaints of tinnitus, hearing loss and sound tolerance. Methods THS was performed, composed of 4 questions about tinnitus, 4 about hearing loss and one about sound tolerance. Previously, all participants performed a battery of audiological diagnostic tests and were then divided into 4 groups: Bilateral normal audiometry with mean up to 25dB, with and without tinnitus complaint (Groups 1 and 3); diagnosis of mild to moderate neural sensory hearing loss (26dB to 60dB), no previous use of individual hearing aids, complaining of chronic tinnitus (≥6 months) and individuals without tinnitus complaints (Groups 2 and 4); and age ≥18 years old. Results Seventy subjects were included in the present study. Regarding the analysis of the total between the groups by the Kruskal-Wallis test, significant differences were found in the sections about tinnitus and hearing loss, but there was no significance in the section regarding sound tolerance. Regarding the questions in Section A of the THS, only Groups 3 and 4 scored the highest. Regarding the questions related to Section B about hearing loss, the groups without hearing loss (Groups 1 and 3) scored the lowest. In relation to the question of the THS in Section C, Group 3 scored the highest. Conclusions The THS questionnaire proved to be a useful, quick and simple tool to assist the audiologist in the understanding and differentiation of the audiologic complaints.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Tinnitus/diagnosis , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hearing , Hearing Tests
13.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(3): 184-188, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1292707

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el tinnitus tiene efectos deletéreos sobre la calidad de vida de un paciente. Cuando la lesión está a nivel coclear, se puede usar acondicionamiento acústico para su tratamiento. Objetivo: determinar el cambio en la percepción del tinnitus antes y después de la intervención terapéutica. Metodología: se planteó un estudio de serie de casos. Pacientes con tinnitus no pulsátil de moderado a catastrófico tratados con estimulador REVE 134™. Se incluyeron pacientes que no mejoraron luego de 3 meses con tratamiento médico. Se les practicó microaudiometría (67 frecuencias) para definir la región coclear afectada. Se excluyeron pacientes con umbrales audiométricos > 60 dB, aquellos con lesiones retrococleares y quienes no desearon participar. Las variables de desenlace fueron Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), escala visual análoga (EVA) y Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire (TQR), que se midieron pretratamiento y a los 3 y 6 meses postratamiento. Resultados: se incluyeron 11 pacientes (hombres = 5, mujeres = 6). En 5 casos el tinnitus fue bilateral y en 6, unilateral. Los valores pretratamiento fueron THI = 61,4 ± 27,4, EVA = 6,9 ± 2,7 y TQR = 43,2 ± 31,9 (Kolmogorov-Smirnov, p > 0,05). Hubo mejoría estadísticamente significativa con el tratamiento, THI (3 meses = 30,6 ± 21,1; 6 meses = 19 ± 19,2), EVA (3 meses = 5,6 ± 2,3; 6 meses = 3,5 ± 2,0), TQR (3 meses = 25,6 ± 20,0; 6 meses = 14,3 ± 19,9); ANOVA de medidas repetidas (p = 0,007, p = 0,027, p = 0,037; respectivamente). Conclusión: el tratamiento con REVE 134™ fue efectivo en pacientes con tinnitus no pulsátil de moderado a catastrófico.


Introduction: tinnitus can affect the quality of life of a patient. Acoustic stimulation can be used as treatment when the cause of tinnitus is located in the cochlea. Objective: To determine changes in tinnitus perception before and after therapeutic intervention. Methodology: We performed a case series study. Patients with nonpulsatile tinnitus, with no improvement with medical therapy, and moderate to catastrophic grade were treated with the REVE 134™ system. A microaudiometry (67 frequencies) was performed to determine the cochlear regions affected. Patients with auditory thresholds >60 dB, retrocochlear pathologies and who did not want to participate in the study were excluded. The variables studied were Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire (TQR), that were measured before, three and six months after treatment. Results: 11 patients (male: 5, women: 6) were included. In 5 of them, tinnitus was bilateral and in 6, unilateral. Pretreatment values were: THI = 61.4 ± 27.4, VAS = 6.9 ± 2.7 and TQR = 43.2 ± 31.9 (Kolmogorov-Smirnov, p > 0.05). We found improvement in tinnitus perception with the therapy, and this values had statistical significance (THI: 3rd month = 30.6 ± 21.1; 6th month = 19 ± 19.2), VAS (3rd month = 5.6 ± 2.3; 6th month = 3.5 ± 2.0), TQR (3rd month = 25.6 ± 20.0; 6th month =14.3 ± 19.9); repetitive measures of ANOVA (p = 0.007, p = 0.027, p = 0.037; respectively). Conclusion: Treatment with REVE 134™ was effective in patients with moderate to catastrophic tinnitus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tinnitus , Cochlea , Hearing Loss
14.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(2): e2319, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155334

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to verify a possible association between hearing loss and dysphonia, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, thyroid diseases, and noise complaints. Methods: a cross-sectional study involving 60 teachers, mean age 47.05 years. Pure-tone threshold audiometry was used to assess hearing, the voice questionnaire and voice acoustic evaluation were used for voice perception and quality, and the standardized questionnaire verified noise complaint and comorbidities. The statistical analysis was conducted with Mann-Whitney and Fisher's exact tests and multivariate linear regression. Results: there was a significant association between hearing loss and diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and thyroid disease (both p <0.0001), but there was no association between noise complaints and hearing loss in this population. The regression showed that dysphonia (p = 0.0311) and diabetes mellitus (p = 0.0302) are independent risk factors for hearing loss. A correlation was found between hearing loss and voice characteristics: roughness, breathiness, tension, and resonance. Conclusion: this study showed that hypertension and thyroid diseases are factors associated with hearing loss. In addition, dysphonia and diabetes mellitus are independent factors associated with hearing loss in teachers. These results show the need for policies aimed at promoting teachers' health.


RESUMO Objetivo: verificar possível associação da perda auditiva com disfonia, hipertensão arterial (HA), diabetes mellitus (DM), doenças da tireoide e queixas de ruído. Métodos: estudo transversal envolvendo 60 professores, média de idade de 47,05 anos. Foi avaliada a audição por meio da Audiometria tonal limiar, a percepção e qualidade vocal com o questionário vocal e a avaliação vocal acústica, enquanto a queixa de ruído e as comorbidades envolvidas foram investigadas com o questionário padronizado. A análise estatística utilizou os testes Ex-act de Mann Whitney, Fisher e regressão linear multivariada. Resultados: houve associação significante entre perda auditiva e DM, HA e doenças da tireoide (ambas p <0,0001), mas não foi encontrada associação entre queixa de ruído e perda auditiva nesta população. A regressão mostrou que as variáveis disfonia (p = 0,0311) e DM (p = 0,0302) são fatores de risco independentes para perda auditiva. Houve correlação entre perda auditiva e as características vocais rugosidade, soprosidade, tensão e ressonância. Conclusão: este estudo demostrou que HA e doenças da tireoide são fatores associados a perda auditiva, além disso a disfonia e DM se constituem em fatores associados independentes para a perda auditiva em professores. Estes resultados mostram a necessidade de políticas direcionadas a promoção da saúde do professor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Hearing Loss/etiology , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Thyroid Diseases/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Dysphonia/complications , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Hypertension/complications , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects
15.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(1): e9620, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155322

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to survey the national and international literature on the impacts of the coronavirus infection on the auditory system. Methods: an integrative review with search in the BIREME, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Sciences databases. Inclusion criteria: articles in Portuguese and English whose subject was the coronavirus infection and its effects on the auditory system. Exclusion criteria: information from books and/or chapters, letters to editors, review articles, experience reports. The search strategy was based on the following combined descriptors, respectively in Portuguese and English: "Infecções por coronavírus", "Audição", "Perda auditiva", "Coronavirus infections", "Hearing", "Hearing Loss". Results: out of 43 articles found, two approached the issue. The first study assessed 20 patients that tested positive for COVID-19, though asymptomatic, who underwent pure-tone threshold audiometry and otoacoustic emissions. A significant increase in the auditory thresholds at high frequencies and a smaller response amplitude in the transient evoked otoacoustic emissions of those who tested positive for COVID-19 were observed when compared to that of controls. The second study reported the case of an asymptomatic 35-year-old COVID-19 female patient, who complained of otalgia and tinnitus, after being contaminated. The pure-tone threshold audiometry and tympanometry indicated mild unilateral (right ear) conductive hearing loss, with a type B tympanometric curve on that side. Conclusion: the studies included in this review showed different consequences of COVID-19 on hearing, with possible impairments on the sensory and mechanical structures of the auditory system. The knowledge of COVID-19 is limited, and further studies on its real impact on the auditory system are necessary.


RESUMO Objetivo: realizar um levantamento da literatura nacional e internacional sobre os impactos da infecção por coronavírus no sistema auditivo. Métodos: revisão integrativa com pesquisa nas bases de dados Bireme, PubMed, Scopus e Web of Sciences. Critérios de inclusão: artigos em português e em inglês que tinham como tema a infecção por coronavírus e seus efeitos no sistema auditivo. Critérios de exclusão: informações de livros e/ou capítulos, cartas ao editor, artigos de revisões e de relatos de experiência. Para a estratégia de busca, utilizou-se a combinação dos descritores em português e em inglês, respectivamente: "Infecções por coronavírus", "Audição", "Perda auditiva", "Coronavirus infections", "Hearing", "Hearing Loss". Resultados: dos 43 artigos encontrados, dois abordaram o tema proposto. O primeiro estudo avaliou 20 pacientes que testaram positivo para COVID-19, porém assintomáticos, esses realizaram audiometria tonal liminar e emissões otoacústicas. Observou-se como resultado um aumento significativo dos limiares auditivos nas altas frequências e menor amplitude de resposta no exame de emissões otoacústicas evocadas por estímulo transiente, quando comparados ao grupo controle. O segundo estudo relatou o caso de uma paciente de 35 anos de idade com COVID-19 assintomática, que apresentou queixa de otalgia e zumbido após a contaminação. A audiometria tonal liminar e timpanometria indicaram perda auditiva do tipo condutiva de grau leve unilateral à direita com curva timpanométrica do tipo B deste lado. Conclusão: os estudos incluídos mostraram diferentes repercussões da COVID-19 na audição, com possíveis acometimentos nas estruturas sensoriais e mecânicas do sistema auditivo. O conhecimento sobre a COVID-19 é limitado e mais estudos primários sobre seu real impacto no sistema auditivo são necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/complications , Hearing Loss/etiology , Sensation Disorders/etiology
16.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(10): e00202220, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339525

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a associação entre dificuldade auditiva autorreferida e exposição ocupacional a agentes otoagressores em trabalhadores brasileiros. Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS-2013). A variável dependente foi a dificuldade auditiva autorreferida, e foram analisadas três exposições principais: ruído, poeira industrial e substâncias químicas. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística, estimando-se as odds ratio (OR) brutas e ajustadas, com intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%). As variáveis principais de exposição foram ajustadas entre si e pelas covariáveis sexo, idade, ambiente de trabalho, tempo de trabalho e hipertensão arterial. Participaram deste estudo 36.442 trabalhadores. Maior prevalência de dificuldade auditiva foi observada em indivíduos expostos à poeira industrial (9,9%) (p < 0,001). Além disso, quanto maior a idade do trabalhador e tempo de trabalho, maior foi a prevalência do desfecho (p < 0,001). Na análise ajustada, trabalhadores expostos a ruído apresentaram 1,65 vez mais chance de referir dificuldade auditiva, quando comparados aos indivíduos não expostos (p < 0,001). O mesmo ocorreu com trabalhadores expostos à poeira industrial (OR = 1,36) (p = 0,012). Não foi observada associação entre o desfecho e a variável exposição a substâncias químicas (p = 0,120). Observou-se associação entre dificuldade auditiva e exposição ocupacional a ruído e à poeira industrial em trabalhadores brasileiros. Reforçam-se a importância do aprimoramento de políticas públicas em saúde auditiva e o desenvolvimento de ações voltadas à prevenção e ao monitoramento auditivo em ambiente ocupacional.


This study's objective was to estimate the association between self-reported hearing impairment and occupational exposure to hazardous noise and ototoxic agents in Brazilian workers. This was a cross-sectional study with data from the Brazilian National Health Survey (PNS-2013). The dependent variable was self-reported hearing impairment, and three principal exposures were analyzed: noise, industrial dust, and chemical substances. Logistic regression was performed, estimating crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). The principal exposure variables were adjusted for each other and by covariables sex, age, workplace, time on the job, and hypertension. 36,442 workers participated in the study. Higher prevalence of hearing impairment was seen in workers exposed to industrial dust (9.9%) (p < 0.001). The older the worker and the longer the time on the job, the higher the prevalence of hearing impairment (p < 0.001). In the adjusted analysis, workers exposed to noise showed 1.65 higher odds of reporting difficulty hearing, when compared to unexposed individuals (p < 0.001). The same was true for workers exposed to industrial dust (OR = 1.36) (p = 0.012). No association was observed between the outcome and exposure to chemical substances (p = 0.120). There was an association between hearing impairment and occupational exposure to noise and industrial dust in Brazilian workers. This emphasizes the importance of strengthening public policies for hearing health and the development of measures for prevention and auditory monitoring in the workplace.


El objetivo de este estudio fue estimar la asociación entre dificultad auditiva autoinformada y la exposición ocupacional a agentes otoagresores en trabajadores brasileños. Se trata de un estudio transversal, realizado con datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud (PNS-2013). La variable dependiente fue la dificultad auditiva autoinformada y se analizaron tres exposiciones principales: ruido, polvo industrial y substancias químicas. Se realizó un análisis de regresión logística, estimándose las odds ratio (OR) brutas y ajustadas, con intervalos de un 95% de confianza (IC95%). Las variables principales de exposición fueron ajustadas entre sí y por las covariables: sexo, edad, ambiente de trabajo, tiempo de trabajo e hipertensión arterial. Participaron en este estudio 36.442 trabajadores. La mayor prevalencia de dificultad auditiva se observó en individuos expuestos al polvo industrial (9,9%) (p < 0,001). Asimismo, cuanto mayor era la edad del trabajador y tiempo de trabajo, mayor fue la prevalencia del desenlace (p < 0,001). En el análisis ajustado, los trabajadores expuestos a ruido presentaron 1,65 veces más oportunidad de informar de dificultad auditiva, cuando se comparan con los individuos no expuestos (p < 0,001). Lo mismo sucedió con trabajadores expuestos a polvo industrial (OR = 1,36) (p = 0,012). No se observó una asociación entre el desenlace y la variable exposición a sustancias químicas (p = 0,120). Se observó una asociación entre dificultad auditiva y exposición ocupacional a ruido y polvo industrial en trabajadores brasileños. Se refuerza la importancia del perfeccionamiento de políticas públicas en salud auditiva y desarrollo de acciones dirigidas a la prevención y monitoreo auditivo en el entorno laboral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Exposure/statistics & numerical data , Hearing Loss/chemically induced , Hearing Loss/epidemiology , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/chemically induced , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Self Report
17.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(8): e00206620, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285858

ABSTRACT

Duas concepções teóricas são centrais na discussão sobre a deficiência auditiva e a surdez: a orgânico-biológica e a socioantropológica. Elas são fundamentalmente distintas na definição de uma hipotética fronteira da normalidade e no entendimento dos surdos como uma minoria linguística. O objetivo deste trabalho foi o de identificar como essas concepções se expressaram nas políticas de saúde voltadas às pessoas com deficiência auditiva/surdez no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foi realizada um pesquisa documental com foco nas políticas de saúde voltadas à deficiência auditiva/surdez de 1990 a 2019. Os documentos (n = 185) foram identificados na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde e no Sistema de Legislação da Saúde. Desses, foram selecionados 11 que versavam sobre normativas de implementação tecnológica ou ação prática na assistência com foco na deficiência auditiva/surdez, os demais tinham caráter fundamentalmente pontual. Os resultados evidenciam que todas as políticas analisadas foram pautadas na concepção orgânico-biológica, pois nenhuma referência às particularidades linguísticas e culturais do surdo foi identificada. Essa lógica pode contribuir para dificultar o acesso dessa população ao sistema de saúde, especialmente ao aumentar a barreira comunicacional. Para que de fato se cumpram os princípios doutrinários do SUS é central que as políticas de saúde incorporem os aspectos socioculturais, refletindo em suas formulações o surdo como um cidadão que apreende o mundo pelas vivências e experiências prioritariamente visuais, no qual a língua de sinais é elemento central.


Two theoretical definitions are central to the discussion on hearing impairment and deafness: the organic/biological definition and the social/anthropological definition. They differ essentially in the definition of a hypothetical boundary of normality and in the understanding of deaf individuals as a linguistic minority. This study aimed to identify how these definitions were expressed in the health policies for persons with hearing impairment/deafness in the Brazillian Unified National Health System (SUS). A document survey was performed with a focus on health policies for hearing impairment/deafness from 1990 to 2019. The documents (n = 185) were identified through the Virtual Health Library and Health Legislation System, 11 of which were selected that dealt with rulings on technological implementation or practical action in care with a focus on hearing impairment/deafness (the rest dealt with specific administrative issues). The results show that all 11 policies were based on the organic/biological conception, since no reference was found to deaf individuals' linguistic and cultural specificities. The logic may hinder access by this population to the health system, especially by increasing the communication barrier. In order to meet the principles of the SUS in practice, it is essential for health policies to incorporate sociocultural aspects, respecting deaf individuals as citizens who interact with the world mainly through their visual experiences, where sign language is a central element.


Dos concepciones teóricas son centrales en la discusión sobre deficiencia auditiva y sordera: la orgánico-biológica y la socio-antropológica. Ambas son fundamentalmente distintas en la definición de una hipotética frontera entre la normalidad y la concepción de los sordos como minoría lingüística. El objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar como ambas concepciones se expresaron en las políticas de salud, dirigidas a las personas con deficiencia auditiva/sordera, en el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS). Se realizó una investigación documental centrada en las políticas de salud, dirigidas a la deficiencia auditiva/sordera de 1990 a 2019. Los documentos (n = 185) se identificaron a partir de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud y del Sistema de Legislación de la Salud, de estos fueron seleccionados 11, que versaban sobre normativas de implementación tecnológica o acción práctica en la asistencia, centrándose en la deficiencia auditiva/sordera, los demás tenían un carácter fundamentalmente puntual. Los resultados evidencian que todas las políticas analizadas se pautaban por la concepción orgánico-biológica, puesto que no se identificó ninguna referencia a las particularidades lingüísticas y culturales del sordo. Esta lógica puede contribuir a dificultar el acceso de esta población al sistema de salud, especialmente al aumentar la barrera comunicativa. De hecho, para que se cumplan los principios doctrinarios del SUS es central que las políticas de salud incorporen aspectos socioculturales, reflejando en sus formulaciones sobre los sordos un tratamiento donde se les considere ciudadanos, que aprehenden el mundo mediante vivencias y experiencias prioritariamente visuales, en el que la lengua de signos es un elemento central.


Subject(s)
Humans , Persons With Hearing Impairments , Deafness , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Sign Language , Brazil , Health Policy
18.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(6): 748-762, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142601

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The voice of individuals with hearing impairment has been widely described, and can be compromised in all levels of the phonatory system. Objective: To develop and validate an instrument for evaluating the voice of this population. Methods: The instrument underwent the validation steps suggested by the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust. The study sample consisted of seventy-eight Brazilian people with cochlear implants (experimental group) and 78 individuals with normal hearing (control group), divided in groups by age range — children from 3 to 5 years; children from 6 to 10 years and adults from 18 to 46 years. The study sample participated in a voice recording of the sustained vowel /a/, connected speech and spontaneous conversation, in which three voice specialists rated using the proposed instrument. It consists of visual-analog scales of suprasegmental aspects, respiratory-phonatory coordination, resonance, phonation, additional parameters and general vocal perception. Results: Evaluation by an expert committee and a pilot test established content validity. Reliability measures showed excellent test-retest reproducibility for the majority of the parameters. Analysis with the ROC curve showed that perceptual evaluation with the sustained vowel did not strongly differentiate individuals with cochlear implants from those with normal hearing, and the parameter "speech rate" did not differentiate the groups at all. For the connected speech and spontaneous conversation, the majority of the parameters differentiated the experimental group from the control group with an area under the curve ≥0.7. The cutoff values with maximum specificity and sensitivity were 30.5 for mild, 49.0 for moderate and 69.5 for intense deviation. Conclusions: The protocol for the evaluation of voice in subjects with hearing impairment, PEV-SHI, is a reliable and useful tool for assessing the particularities of the voice of individuals with hearing impairment treated with cochlear implants and can be used in research and clinical settings to standardize evaluation and facilitate information exchange among services.


Resumo Introdução: A voz de indivíduos com deficiência auditiva tem sido amplamente descrita e pode estar comprometida em todos os níveis do sistema fonatório. Objetivo: Desenvolver e validar uma ferramenta para avaliar a voz dessa população. Método: A ferramenta foi submetida às etapas de validação sugeridas pelo Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 78 indivíduos brasileiros com implantes cocleares (grupo experimental) e 78 indivíduos com audição normal (grupo controle) divididos em grupos por faixa etária - crianças de 3 a 5 anos; crianças de 6 a 10 anos e adultos de 18 a 46 anos. Os participantes do estudo realizaram uma gravação de voz da vogal /a/ sustentada, fala encadeada e conversa espontânea, que foi avaliada por três especialistas em voz com o instrumento proposto. Este instrumento consistem em escalas visuais analógicas dos aspectos suprassegmentares da voz, coordenação pneumofonoarticulatória, ressoância, fonação, parâmetro adicional e impressão geral da qualidade vocal. Resultados: A avaliação por um comitê de especialistas e um teste-piloto estabeleceram a validade de conteúdo. Medidas de confiabilidade mostraram excelente reprodutibilidade teste-reteste para a maioria dos parâmetros. A análise com a curva ROC mostrou que a avaliação perceptivo-auditiva com a vogal sustentada não diferenciou significantemente os indivíduos com implante coclear daqueles com audição normal e o parâmetro "velocidade de fala" não diferenciou os grupos. Para a fala encadeada e conversa espontânea, a maioria dos parâmetros diferenciou o grupo experimental do grupo controle, com uma área sob a curva ≥ 0,7. Os valores de corte com máxima especificidade e sensibilidade foram 30,5 para desvio discreto, 49,0 para desvio moderado e 69,5 para desvio intenso. Conclusões: O protocolo de avaliação de voz do deficiente auditivo é uma ferramenta confiável e útil para avaliar as particularidades da voz de indivíduos com deficiência auditiva e implante coclear e pode ser utilizada em pesquisas e contextos clínicos para padronizar a avaliação e facilitar a troca de informações entre os serviços.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Speech Perception , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Speech Acoustics , Speech Production Measurement , Voice Quality , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results
19.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 12(2): e399, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144465

ABSTRACT

La hipoacusia tiene una incidencia notable entre los recién nacidos. Una intervención temprana durante el período de maduración auditiva permite minimizar los efectos en el desarrollo intelectual del infante. Se propone el desarrollo de un Registrador de Emisiones Otoacústicas Transientes como parte de un sistema de cribado neonatal basado en microcontroladores de alto rendimiento. La prueba consiste en aplicar periódicamente un estímulo tipo chasquido para obtener la respuesta coclear. Se promedian las señales adquiridas y se aplica la Transformada Rápida de Fourier. El espectro obtenido es dividido en bandas de media octava para analizar la correlación y la relación señal-ruido. Si estos parámetros son mayores que los umbrales de referencia en la mayoría de las bandas, se considera al paciente apto para el desarrollo normal. El firmware fue implementado sobre el procesador STM32F405 y evaluado con el simulador Baby Isao; obteniéndose una sensibilidad del 87.5 por ciento y una especificidad del 93.75 por ciento(AU)


Hearing loss is highly incident among newborns. Early intervention during the period of auditory maturation allows adequate levels of intellectual development to be achieved. The development of a Transient Otoacoustic Emissions Recorder is proposed as part of a neonatal screening system based on high-performance microcontrollers. The test consists of periodically applying a click stimulus to obtain the cochlear response. The acquired signals are averaged and the Fast Fourier Transform is applied. The spectrum obtained is divided into half-octave bands to assess the correlation as well as the signal-noise ratio. If these parameters are greater than the reference thresholds in most of the bands, the patient is considered suitable for normal cognitive development. The firmware was implemented on the STM32F405 processor and evaluated with the Baby Isao simulator; obtaining a sensitivity of 87.5 percent and a specificity of 93.75 percent(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Neonatal Screening , Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous , Fourier Analysis , Hearing Loss/epidemiology
20.
Rev. chil. fonoaudiol. (En línea) ; 19: 1-9, nov. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148476

ABSTRACT

El Discurso Narrativo (DN) es una unidad lingüística compleja utilizada en ciertos contextos y que refleja la organización del pensamiento. La evidencia científica muestra que la población sorda, usuaria de ayudas auditivas, presenta dificultades en los diferentes niveles del lenguaje, tanto expresivos como comprensivos, incluida la habilidad para narrar. Además, existe evidencia de que la intervención terapéutica ayudaría a mejorar su rendimiento. Sin embargo, los datos disponibles sobre las características y abordaje del DN en esta población son escasos. El objetivo del estudio es evaluar un programa piloto para trabajar habilidades narrativas en niños chilenos usuarios de ayudas auditivas. Se estudiaron 22 niños con un promedio de edad de 6,5 años, adaptados con audífonos y/o implante coclear. Se aplicó a este grupo de niños una evaluación inicial del DN utilizando el instrumento Evaluación del Discurso Narrativo (EDNA), obteniéndose la Etapa y Desempeño narrativo de cada niño. Luego, se creó y aplicó individualmente un programa de estimulación del discurso narrativo de 12 sesiones una vez por semana. Finalmente, se repitió la evaluación al final del programa. Se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los resultados obtenidos previo y posterior a la implementación del programa de estimulación. En relación con la Etapa del DN, antes de la intervención el 45,5% de los niños no estructuraba, lo cual se redujo a un 9.1% en la evaluación final. En cuanto al Desempeño, previo a la intervención el 72,7% de los niños presentaba un "déficit narrativo", lo cual se redujo a un 18,2% posterior a la aplicación del programa.


Narrative discourse is considered a linguistic unit that is used in a specific communicative context, being an indicator of thinking organization. Previous evidence shows how hearing aid users, have difficulties with different language skills, both expressive and comprehensive, including the ability to narrate. Additionally, there is evidence showing how therapeutic intervention would help to improve their narrative performance. However, the information available about the discursive skilland the effect ofstimulation programs on it in hearing impaired children is scarce. Accordingly, the present study aims to explore narrative performance in hearing impaired children users of hearing aids/cochlear implants, before and after a narrative speech stimulation program. Twenty-two children diagnosed with bilateral hearing loss users of hearing aids/cochlear implants with a mean age of 6.5 years were included. An initial assessment of the narrative skills was performed using Narrative Discourse Assessment (EDNA), which provided a narrative Stage and a Total score. A twelve-session stimulation program was developed and individually administered to children once a week. Finally, an assessment was performed after the program ended. In the initial assessment, 45.5% of children did not have a structured narrative speech, a percentage that was reduced to a 9.1% in the final evaluation. Statistically significant differences were observed on the EDNA scores when comparing initial and final assessments. The results obtained in the present investigation show how children who use hearing aids/cochlear implants improved significantly their narrative abilities after participating in a pilot narrative speech stimulation program.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Child Language , Cochlear Implantation , Narration , Hearing Loss/physiopathology , Hearing Loss/therapy , Aptitude , Pilot Projects , Hearing Aids
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