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1.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 29: e2722, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533842

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo investigar os impactos comunicativos, sociais e emocionais gerados pela adoção de medidas protetivas contra a COVID-19 e associá-los ao grau da perda auditiva e ao tempo de uso dos aparelhos de amplificação sonora individual. Métodos estudo transversal e quantitativo, com 72 indivíduos, divididos em adultos e idosos, com perda auditiva bilateral, de grau até moderadamente severo, protetizados antes da pandemia em um programa público de saúde auditiva e que mantiveram uso efetivo dos dispositivos. Os sujeitos foram convidados a participar do estudo enquanto aguardavam consulta. Os prontuários foram acessados, a fim de coletar informações sobre o perfil audiológico e adaptação/uso dos aparelhos de amplificação sonora individual. Em sala silenciosa, foi aplicado, oralmente, protocolo contendo questões objetivas e os dados foram tabulados e submetidos aos testes estatísticos Igualdade de Duas Proporções e Qui-Quadrado. Resultados nos dois grupos, um número significativo de usuários teve a comunicação impactada pelo uso de máscaras e pelo distanciamento físico, predominando, entre os adultos, a dificuldade com as tecnologias digitais (celulares/computadores), enquanto nas videochamadas, os prejuízos comunicativos foram mais experenciados pelos idosos. Os empecilhos comunicativos e sociais existiram, independentemente do perfil audiológico e do tempo de uso dos dispositivos. Quando questionados se deixaram de se comunicar e se as medidas afetaram a sua vida social, as respostas ficaram divididas entre "sim/às vezes" e "não". Quanto ao impacto emocional das medidas protetivas, constatou-se maior repercussão entre os adultos. Conclusão as medidas protetivas afetaram a comunicação dos usuários de aparelhos de amplificação sonora individual, porém, não desencorajaram as trocas comunicativas e as interações sociais de, aproximadamente, metade da amostra, sendo o impacto emocional mais evidente nos adultos. Tais dificuldades não estiveram relacionadas ao perfil audiológico e uso diário dos dispositivos.


ABSTRACT Purpose to investigate the communicative, social, and emotional impacts generated by adopting protective measures against COVID-19 and associate them with the degree of hearing loss and the time of use of hearing aids. Methods cross-sectional quantitative study, with 72 individuals, divided into adults and older adults, with bilateral hearing loss up to moderately severe degree, users of hearing aids fitted before the pandemic in a public hearing health program who had maintained effective use of the devices. The participants were invited to participate in the study while waiting for an appointment and signed the consent form. After that, medical records were accessed to collect information about audiological profiles and the fitting/use of hearing aids. Afterward, a protocol with objective questions was orally applied in a silent room. Data were tabulated and subjected to Equality of Two Proportions and Chi-Square statistical tests. Results in both groups, a significant number of users had communication impacted by the use of masks and by social distancing, with difficulty with digital technologies (cell phones/computers) predominating among adults, while older adults more commonly experienced communicative impairments during video calls. The communicative impediment existed regardless of the audiological profile and device use time. When asked if they stopped communicating and if the measures affected their social life, the sample was divided between "yes/sometimes" and "no". As for the emotional impact of protective measures, there was a greater impact among adults. Conclusion protective measures affected the communication of hearing aids users but did not discourage communicative exchanges and social interactions for approximately half of the sample, with the emotional impact being more evident in adults. Such difficulties were not related to the audiological profile and daily use of the devices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Social Change , Social Environment , Communication , Personal Protective Equipment , Digital Technology , Physical Distancing , COVID-19/prevention & control , Hearing Aids , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Sickness Impact Profile , Persons With Hearing Impairments , Hearing Loss
2.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(3): 63637, 25/10/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526043

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A COVID-19 pode afetar o sistema auditivo, justificando a avaliação da audição de indivíduos infectados. Objetivo: analisar a via auditiva até o tronco encefálico de indivíduos acometidos por COVID-19 comparados ao grupo controle. Método: Estudo observacional transversal analítico realizado em uma amostra não probabilística de adultos que tiveram COVID-19, que foram comparados com um grupo controle, sem queixa auditiva. A avaliação consistiu em: medidas de imitância acústica, audiometria tonal liminar (ATL), emissões otoacústicas evocadas por estímulo transiente (EOET) e potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico (PEATE). Resultados: Foram avaliados 77 indivíduos, sendo, 41 participantes do grupo COVID-19 (idade média de 26,3) e 36 do grupo controle (idade média de 25,8). Os limiares auditivos estavam dentro dos padrões da normalidade para todos os indivíduos do grupo COVID-19, sendo significativamente maiores para as frequências de 1000, 2000 e 3000 Hz à direita. A amplitude das EOET foi significativamente menor na banda de frequência de 1500 à direita. Houve correlação significativa e negativa para as frequências de 1000 Hz e 3000 Hz à direita e para as frequências de 1000, 2000 e 3000 Hz à esquerda, entre EOET e ATL. Foi verificado aumento da latência absoluta da onda I, do PEATE, na orelha esquerda. Conclusão: a COVID-19 afetou locais específicos do sistema auditivo. Houve diminuição da acuidade auditiva e do funcionamento das células ciliadas externas da cóclea, bem como aumento do tempo de condução neural do som na porção distal do VII par craniano à esquerda. (AU)


Introduction: COVID-19 can affect the auditory system, justifying the evaluation of the hearing of infected individuals. Objective: to analyze the auditory pathway to the brainstem of individuals affected by COVID-19 compared to the control group. Method: Analytical cross-sectional observational study carried out in a non-probabilistic sample of adults who had COVID-19, who were compared with a control group, without hearing complaints. The evaluation consisted of: acoustic immittance measurements, pure tone audiometry (PTA), transient stimulus-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) and brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP). Results: 77 individuals were evaluated, 41 participants in the COVID-19 group (average age of 26.3) and 36 in the control group (average age of 25.8). Hearing thresholds were within normal limits for all individuals in the COVID-19 group, being significantly higher for the frequencies of 1000, 2000 and 3000 Hz on the right. TEOAE amplitude was significantly lower in the 1500 frequency band on the right. There was a significant and negative correlation for the frequencies of 1000 Hz and 3000 Hz on the right and for the frequencies of 1000, 2000 and 3000 Hz on the left, between TEOAE and PTA. An increase in the absolute latency of wave I, of the BAEP, was observed in the left ear. Conclusion: COVID-19 affected specific locations in the auditory system. There was a decrease in auditory acuity and the functioning of the outer hair cells of the cochlea, as well as an increase in the neural conduction time of sound in the distal portion of the VII cranial nerve on the left. (AU)


Introducción: COVID-19 puede afectar el sistema auditivo, justificando la evaluación de la audición de individuos infectados. Objetivo: analizar la vía auditiva hacia el tronco encefálico de individuos afectados por COVID-19 en comparación con el grupo control. Método: Estudio observacional analítico transversal realizado en una muestra no probabilística de adultos que padecieron COVID-19, quienes fueron comparados con un grupo control, sin escuchar quejas. La evaluación consistió en: mediciones de inmitancia acústica, audiometría de tonos puros (ATP), otoemisiones acústicas provocadas por estímulos transitorios (OAET) y potenciales evocados auditivos del tronco encefálico (PEATE). Resultados: Se evaluaron 77 individuos, 41 participantes en el grupo COVID-19 (edad promedio de 26,3 años) y 36 en el grupo control (edad promedio de 25,8 años). Los umbrales de audición estaban dentro de los límites normales para todos los individuos del grupo de COVID-19, siendo significativamente más altos para las frecuencias de 1000, 2000 y 3000 Hz de la derecha. La amplitud de OAET fue significativamente menor en la banda de frecuencia de 1500 de la derecha. Hubo correlación significativa y negativa para las frecuencias de 1000 Hz y 3000 Hz a la derecha y para las frecuencias de 1000, 2000 y 3000 Hz a la izquierda, entre OAET y ATP. Se observó un aumento de la latencia absoluta de la onda I, del PEATE, en el oído izquierdo. Conclusión: COVID-19 afectó ubicaciones específicas del sistema auditivo. Hubo una disminución de la agudeza auditiva y del funcionamiento de las células ciliadas externas de la cóclea, así como un aumento del tiempo de conducción neural del sonido en la porción distal del VII par craneal izquierdo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , COVID-19/complications , Hearing/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Hearing Loss/etiology , Hearing Tests
3.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(3): 60822, 25/10/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526063

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Com base na necessidade do diagnóstico audiológico e da intervenção precoce na vida de uma criança com perda auditiva, faz-se necessário a elaboração de protocolos de avaliação auditiva que forneçam o maior número de informações. Objetivo: Analisar um programa de saúde auditiva infantil com relação à adesão à triagem auditiva e procedimentos de diagnóstico. Metodologia: Pesquisa de caráter transversal com análise quantitativa. Realizado em três etapas: 1ª etapa: triagem auditiva de neonatos de alojamento conjunto; 2ª etapa: reteste das falhas; 3ª etapa: diagnóstico audiológico dos lactentes que falharam nas etapas anteriores com a utilização do Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Estado Estável (PEAEE) em conjunto com o Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Tronco Encefálico (PEATE). Resultados: Em 2019, 1.898 neonatos foram triados e destes, 287 (15.2%) falharam na primeira testagem em pelo menos uma orelha. Um total de 197 (10.3%) foram retestados e 14 (0,73%) falharam em pelo menos uma orelha. Dez (0,52%) neonatos retornaram para diagnóstico compondo uma amostra homogênea de neonatos nascidos a termo. Um neonato apresentou perda auditiva unilateral. O tempo necessário para coleta de dados no PEAEE foi de 20 minutos. Conclusão: O PEAEE pode ser considerado uma alternativa a ser utilizado na bateria de testes na avaliação audiológica infantil, juntamente com outros procedimentos, utilizando-se do princípio de verificação cruzada e adicionando uma informação valiosa, especialmente com relação às baixas frequências. (AU)


Introduction: Based on the need for audiological diagnosis and intervention as soon as possible in the life of a child with hearing loss, it is necessary to elaborate of hearing evaluation protocols with high efficiency, which provide the greatest amount of information. Aim: To analyze a pediatric hearing health program regarding their adherence to hearing screening, failure rates, and diagnostic procedures. Method: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative study, and consisted of tree stages: Performed in three steps: 1st step: hearing screening of rooming-in neonates; 2nd stage: retest of failures; 3rd stage: audiological diagnosis of infants who failed in the previous stages using the Steady State Response (ASSR) together with the Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry (BERA). Results: In 2019, 1,898 infants were submitted to the program, of whom 287 (15.2%) failed the screening in at least one of the ears. A total of 197 (10.3%) infants attended the retest and 14 (0.73%) failed the TOAE in at least one of the ears. Ten (0.52%) infants returned for diagnosis. The sample was homogeneously full-term children. One child showed unilateral HL. The average amount of time required to collect information in the ASSR was 20 minutes. Conclusion: For diagnosis, ASSR can be an alternative to be used in the battery of examinations in pediatric hearing assessment along with the other procedures, using the cross-check principle and adding valuable information, especially regarding the low frequencies. (AU)


Introducción: En base a la necesidad de diagnóstico audiológico e intervención lo antes posibles en la vida de un niño con pérdida auditiva, es necesario elaborar protocolos de evaluación auditiva de alta eficiencia, que proporcionan la mayor cantidad de información. Objetivo: Analizar un programa de salud auditiva infantil en cuanto a la adherencia al tamizaje auditivo, tasa de fracaso y procedimientos diagnósticos. Metodología: Investigación transversal con análisis cuantitativo, Realizado en tres pasos: 1er paso: tamizaje auditivo de los neonatos en alojamiento conjunto; 2ª etapa: retest de fallas; 3ª etapa: diagnóstico audiológico de los lactantes que fracasaron en las etapas anteriores utilizando el Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Estado Estacionario junto con el Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Tallo Cerebral. Resultados: Em 2019, se cribaron 1,898 neonatos y de estos, 287 (15,2%) no pasaron la primera prueba en al menos un oído. Un total de 197 (10,3) fueron reevaluados y 14 (0,73%) fallaron en al menos un oído. Diez (0,52%) neonatos regresaron para diagnóstico, conformando una muestra homogénea de neonatos a término, con una edad gestacional media de 39 semanas y dos días. Un neonato tuvo pérdida auditiva unilateral. El tiempo de recogida de los resultados en el ASSR fue de 20 min. Conclusión: Para el diagnóstico, la ASSR puede considerarse una alternativa para ser utilizada en la batería de pruebas en la evaluación audiológica infantil, junto con otros procedimientos, utilizando el principio de verificación cruzada y agregando información valiosa, especialmente en lo que se refiere a las bajas frecuencia. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Neonatal Screening/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Early Diagnosis , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Hearing Loss/etiology
4.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(2): 59932, 02/08/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444680

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As infecções congênitas durante a gravidez são indicadores de risco para a deficiência auditiva. Objetivo: Verificar a frequência da deficiência auditiva nas crianças atendidas num serviço público com indicadores de risco de infecções congênitas. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal retrospectivo. A população do estudo foi de crianças de 0 a 3 anos atendidas no período de 2011 a 2019. Foi realizada consulta e análise no banco de dados da Instituição extraindo informações das crianças quanto à presença de infecção congênita relatada (citomegalovírus, herpes, rubéola, sífilis, toxoplasmose, HIV e Zika vírus) e o diagnóstico audiológico completo. A amostra deste estudo foi constituída por 558 crianças e foram analisadas a presença de coocorrência entre as infecções ou de outros indicadores de risco para a deficiência auditiva. Realizou-se análise descritiva para estabelecer a frequência da deficiência auditiva em relação a cada infecção congênita isolada ou associada a outros indicadores de risco. Resultados: 14,40% das crianças apresentavam o relato de infecção congênita isolada ou em combinação com outro IRDA. A frequência da deficiência auditiva foi de 1,25%, com a presença da perda auditiva sensorioneural em seis crianças (85,71%) e uma perda auditiva do tipo condutiva (14,29%), das quais seis foram bilaterais (85,71%) e uma unilateral (14,29%). Esta frequência de deficiência auditiva foi relacionada ao histórico de citomegalovírus (57,14%), seguido de toxoplasmose (28,57%) e rubéola com Zika vírus (14,29%). Conclusão: A frequência do diagnóstico de deficiência auditiva foi de 1,25% nas crianças com relato de infecções congênitas. (AU)


Introduction: Congenital infections during pregnancy are risk indicators for hearing loss. Purpose: To verify the frequency of hearing loss in children attended at the public service with risk indicators for congenital infections. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. The population consisted of children aged 0 to 3 years attended in the period from 2011 to 2019. Consultation and analysis were carried out in the Institution's database, extracting information from the children regarding the presence of reported congenital infection (cytomegalovirus, herpes, rubella, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, HIV and Zika virus) and the complete audiological diagnosis. The sample of this study consisted of 558 children and the presence of co-occurrence between infections or other risk indicators for hearing loss was analyzed. Descriptive analysis was performed to establish the frequency of hearing loss in relation to each congenital infection isolated or associated with other risk indicators. Results: 14.40% of the children had a report of isolated congenital infection or in combination with another risk indicator. The frequency of hearing loss was 1.25%, with sensorineural hearing loss in six children (85.71%) and a conductive hearing loss (14.29%), of which six were bilateral (85, 71%) and one unilateral (14.29%). This frequency of hearing loss was related to the history of cytomegalovirus (57.14%), followed by toxoplasmosis (28.57%) and rubella with zika virus (14.29%). Conclusion: The frequency of diagnosis of hearing loss was 1.25% in children with reports of congenital infections. (AU)


Introducción: Las infecciones congénitas durante el embarazo son indicadores de riesgo de hipoacusia. Propósito: Verificar la frecuencia de hipoacusia en niños atendidos en el servicio público con indicadores de riesgo de infecciones congénitas. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal retrospectivo. La población de estudio estuvo constituida por los niños de 0 a 3 años atendidos en el periodo de 2011 a 2019. Se realizó consulta y análisis en la base de datos de la Institución, extrayéndose información de los niños en cuanto a la presencia de infección congénita reportada (citomegalovirus, herpes, rubéola, sífilis, toxoplasmosis, VIH y virus Zika) y el diagnóstico audiológico completo. La muestra de este estudio estuvo constituida por 558 niños y se analizó la presencia de coocurrencia entre infecciones u otros indicadores de riesgo de hipoacusia. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo para establecer la frecuencia de hipoacusia con relación a cada infección congénita aislada o asociada a otros indicadores de riesgo. Resultados: El 14,40% de los niños tenían reporte de infección congénita aislada o en combinación con otro indicador de riesgo. La frecuencia de hipoacusia fue del 1,25%, con hipoacusia neurosensorial en seis niños (85,71%) y hipoacusia conductiva (14,29%), de los cuales seis fueron bilaterales (85,71%) y uno unilateral (14,29%). Esta frecuencia de hipoacusia se relacionó con el antecedente de citomegalovirus (57,14%), seguido de toxoplasmosis (28,57%) y rubéola con virus zika (14,29%). Conclusión: La frecuencia de diagnóstico de hipoacusia fue de 1,25% en niños con reporte de infecciones congénitas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Hearing Loss/etiology , Congenital Abnormalities , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Hearing Loss/epidemiology
5.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(2): 56880, 02/08/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510271

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o empoderamento está atrelado à autoadvocacia e a aprendizagem de ambos por pessoas com deficiência é fundamental para que essas conquistem o poder pessoal de gerir seus destinos. Objetivo: elencar as estratégias de intervenção utilizadas para o empoderamento do indivíduo com deficiência auditiva. Metodologia: realizou-se busca nas bases de dados Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Public Medicine Library (PubMed) e na ferramenta de buscas Google Acadêmico, por meio do cruzamento de descritores previamente selecionados. Foram incluídos estudos que avaliassem, propusessem estratégias ou discutissem sobre o empoderamento do indivíduo com deficiência auditiva. Resultados: Foram encontrados 186 estudos. Destes, 18 foram lidos na íntegra e 11 foram incluídos nesta revisão. O ano de publicação dos estudos variou de 2011 a 2021. Os estudos incluídos discutem, em algum momento, sobre o empoderamento de indivíduos com deficiência auditiva, porém a minoria propõe e relata resultados de estratégias de intervenção para trabalhar esse aspecto. Os estudos propõem que o empoderamento inicie por meio dos pais, nos centros de intervenção precoce. O empoderamento dos adolescentes com deficiência auditiva faz-se extremamente necessário e estratégias de intervenção em grupo podem ser benéficas para este fim. Somente um estudo brasileiro propôs uma estratégia de intervenção para essa população. Conclusão: O empoderamento deve começar por meio dos pais, logo após o diagnóstico da deficiência auditiva. Adolescentes podem tornar-se modelos para seus pares quanto a esse aspecto e adultos devem ser empoderados antes da adaptação do dispositivo de escuta. (AU)


Introduction: empowerment is linked to self-advocacy and the learning of both by people with disabilities is essential for them to conquer the personal power to manage their destinies. Purpose: to list the intervention strategies used for the empowerment of individuals with hearing impairment. Methodology: a search was carried out in the Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS), Public Medicine Library (PubMed) databases and in the Google Scholar search engine, by crossing previously selected descriptors. Studies that evaluated, proposed strategies or discussed the empowerment of individuals with hearing impairment were included. Results: 186 studies were found. Of these, 18 were read in full and 11 were included in this review. The year of publication of the studies ranged from 2011 to 2021. The included studies discuss, at some point, the empowerment of individuals with hearing impairment, but the minority proposes and reports results of intervention strategies to work on this aspect. The studies propose that empowerment start through parents, in early intervention centers. The empowerment of adolescents with hearing impairment is extremely necessary and group intervention strategies can be beneficial for this purpose. Only one Brazilian study proposed an intervention strategy for this population. Conclusion: Empowerment must start through the parents, right after the diagnosis of hearing loss. Adolescents can become role models for their peers in this regard and adults must be empowered before adapting the listening device. (AU)


Introducción: el empoderamiento está vinculado a la autogestión y el aprendizaje de ambos por parte de las personas con discapacidad es fundamental para que adquieran el poder personal para gestionar sus destinos. Objetivo: enumerar las estrategias de intervención utilizadas para el empoderamiento de las personas con discapacidad auditiva. Metodología: se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos de Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS), Public Medicine Library(PubMed) y en el buscador Google Scholar, cruzando descriptores previamente seleccionados. Se incluyeron estudios que evaluaron, propusieron estrategias o discutieron el empoderamiento de las personas con discapacidad auditiva. Resultados: Se encontraron 186 estudios. De estos, 18 se leyeron en su totalidad y 11 se incluyeron en esta revisión. El año de publicación de los estudios osciló entre 2011 y 2021. Los estudios incluidos discuten, en algún momento, el empoderamiento de las personas con discapacidad auditiva, pero la minoría propone e informa resultados de estrategias de intervención para trabajar en este aspecto. Los estudios proponen que el empoderamiento comience a través de los padres, en los centros de intervención temprana. El empoderamiento de los adolescentes con discapacidad auditiva es extremadamente necesario y las estrategias de intervención grupal pueden ser beneficiosas para este propósito. Solo un estudio brasileño propuso una estrategia de intervención para esta población. Conclusión: El empoderamiento debe comenzar con los padres, inmediatamente después del diagnóstico de pérdida auditiva. Los adolescentes pueden convertirse en modelos a seguir para sus compañeros en este sentido y los adultos deben empoderarse antes de adaptar el dispositivo de escucha. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Empowerment , Hearing Loss , Health Advocacy , Health Promotion
6.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e57951, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435932

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A deficiência auditiva tem um efeito profundo na vida dos idosos. O apoio dos familiares no processo de reabilitação cria meios para facilitar a aceitação da deficiência e o uso dos dispositivos auditivos. Objetivo: Analisar a percepção dos familiares quanto à restrição da participação causada pela deficiência auditiva em indivíduos idosos usuários de aparelho de amplificação sonora individual (AASI) e compará-la com a autopercepção do próprio idoso quando a este aspecto. Métodos: A amostra foi composta por 48 indivíduos, que foram divididos em dois grupos, sendo GI o grupo de idosos, composto por 24 idosos com perda auditiva sensorioneural bilateral usuários de AASI; e GF o grupo de familiares, composto por 24 familiares, que acompanhavam esses idosos. Os participantes do GI responderam ao questionário de autoavaliação Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE) e os participantes do GF responderam ao questionário Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly for Spouses (HHIE-SP). Resultados: Não houve correlação entre o tempo de uso do AASI e o escore obtido no questionário. Observou-se que, quanto maior a idade do idoso, piores foram os resultados encontrados no domínio "emocional" do HHIE para o grupo GI e para os domínios "social" e "emocional" para o grupo GF. Além disso, houve correlação entre os dois grupos, indicando que, quanto piores os resultados no HHIE para o GI, também foram piores os resultados no HHIE-SP respondido pelo GF. Conclusão: Arestrição de participação social e os aspectos emocionais influenciados pela perda auditiva em indivíduos idosos usuários de AASI são fatores percebidos pelos familiares que os acompanham nas consultas fonoaudiológicas. (AU)


Introduction: Hearing loss has a profound effect on the lives of the elderly. The support of family members in the rehabilitation process creates ways to facilitate the acceptance of the disability and the use of hearing devices. Objective: To analyze the perception of family members regarding the restriction of participation caused by hearing impairment in elderly individuals users of hearing aids and compare it with the self-perception of the elderly in this regard. Methods: The sample consisted of 48 individuals, who were divided into two groups, EG being the elderly group, composed of 24 elderly people with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, who use HA; and FG the group of family members, composed of 24 family members, who accompanied these elderly people. EG participants answered the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE) self-assessment questionnaire and FG participants answered the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly for Spouses (HHIE-SP). Results: There was no correlation between the time of HA use and the score obtained in the questionnaire. It was observed that the older the person, the worse the results found in the "emotional" domain of the HHIE for the EG group, and the "social" and "emotional" domains for the FG group. In addition, there was a correlation between the two groups, indicating that the worse the results in the HHIE for the EG, the worse the results in the HHIE-SP answered by the GF. Conclusion: The restriction of social participation and the emotional aspects influenced by hearing loss in the elderly who use HA are factors perceived by family members who accompany them in audiology appointments. (AU)


Introducción: La discapacidad auditiva tiene un profundo efecto en la vida de los adultos mayores. El apoyo de los familiares en el proceso de rehabilitación crea vías para facilitar la aceptación de la discapacidad y el uso de audífonos. Objetivo: Analizar la percepción de los familiares sobre la restricción de la participación causada por la deficiencia auditiva en ancianos usuarios de audífonos y compararla con la autopercepción de los ancianos al respecto. Métodos: La muestra estuvo conformada por 48 individuos, quienes fueron divididos en dos grupos, siendo GI el grupo de adultos mayores, compuesto por 24 adultos mayores con hipoacusia neurosensorial bilateral, que utilizan audífonos; y GF el grupo de familiares, compuesto por 24 familiares, que acompañaban a estos individuos. Los participantes del GI respondieron el cuestionario Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE) y los participantes del GF respondieron el cuestionario Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly for Spouses (HHIE-SP). Resultados: No hubo correlación entre el tiempo de uso del audífono y la puntuación obtenida en el cuestionario. Se observó que a mayor edad del adulto mayor, peores resultados encontrados en el dominio "emocional" del HHIE para el grupo GI y para los dominios "social" y "emocional" para el grupo GF. Además, hubo correlación entre los dos grupos, indicando que a peores resultados en el HHIE para el GI, peores resultados en el HHIE-SP contestado por el GF. Conclusión: La restricción de la participación social y los aspectos emocionales influenciados por la hipoacusia en adultos mayores usuarios de audífonos son factores percibidos por los familiares que los acompañan en las consultas de audiología.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Perception , Family , Social Participation/psychology , Social Adjustment , Social Perception , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss/complications
7.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e58742, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436216

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A integridade do sistema auditivo é essencial para o desenvolvimento das habilidades auditivas e aquisição da linguagem da criança. Considerando a alta prevalência de perda auditiva em recém-nascidos, devido a infecções congênitas que ocorrem durante a gestação, há a necessidade de investigar os efeitos da Covid-19 na audição do RN. Objetivo: Verificar a associação entre perda auditiva em neonatos de gestantes diagnosticadas com COVID-19. Estratégia de Pesquisa: A busca de artigos científicos foi realizada nas bases de dados Medline (Pubmed), LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, Web of Science e Bireme sem restrição de idioma, período e localização. Para complementar e evitar viés de risco foi realizada uma busca por literatura cinzenta no Google Acadêmico. Critérios de Seleção: A revisão sistemática foi conduzida de acordo com as recomendações do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) e incluiu estudos que pontuaram ≥ 6 pontos de acordo com o protocolo de pontuação qualitativa proposto por Pithon et al. (2015). Análise dos dados: Os artigos elegíveis foram analisados e quantificados seguindo os critérios propostos no presente estudo com juízes cegos nas etapas de recuperação. Resultados: foram recuperados 29 artigos com potencial de inclusão, dos quais 6 responderam à questão norteadora com potencial de elegibilidade. Quatro estudos encontrados não detectaram associação entre infecção materna por COVID-19 e perda auditiva congênita. Conclusão: A infecção por COVID-19 durante a gravidez não parece ser fator de risco para perda auditiva congênita e não foram verificadas alterações auditivas impactantes que comprometessem estes neonatos por infecção vertical. (AU)


Introduction: The integrity of the auditory system is essential for children to develop auditory skills and acquire language. Considering the high prevalence of hearing loss in newborns due to congenital infections that occur during pregnancy, there is a need to investigate the effects of COVID-19 on newborns' hearing. Objective: To verify the association between hearing loss in newborns whose mothers had been diagnosed with COVID-19 during pregnancy. Research Strategy: Scientific articles were searched in the MEDLINE (PubMed), LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, Web of Science, and BIREME databases, without restrictions on the language, time, and place of study. The grey literature was also searched in Google Scholar to complement the sample and avoid risk bias. Selection Criteria: The systematic review followed the recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and included studies that scored ≥ 6 points according to the protocol for qualitative scoring proposed by Pithon et al. (2015). Data analysis: It was performed using a specific form for systematic reviews prepared by two researchers in Excel®. Results: 29 potentially eligible articles were retrieved, six of which answered the research question. Four studies did not detect an association between maternal COVID-19 infection and congenital hearing loss. Conclusion: COVID-19 infection during pregnancy does not seem to be a risk factor for congenital hearing loss and there were no impacting hearing changes due to vertical infection that might affect these newborns. (AU)


Introducción: La integridad del sistema auditivo es fundamental para el desarrollo de las habilidades auditivas y la adquisición del lenguaje de los niños. Considerando la alta prevalencia de hipoacusia (HL) en recién nacidos (RN), debido a infecciones congénitas que ocurren durante el embarazo, surge la necesidad de investigar los efectos del Covid-19 en la audición del recién nacido. Objetivo: Verificar la asociación entre hipoacusia en neonatos de gestantes diagnosticadas con COVID-19. Estrategia de investigación: La búsqueda de artículos científicos se realizó en las bases de datos Medline (Pubmed), LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, Web of Science y Bireme, sin restricción de idioma, período y ubicación. Para complementar y evitar sesgos de riesgo, se realizó una búsqueda de literatura gris en Google Scholar. Criterios de selección: La revisión sistemática se realizó de acuerdo con las recomendaciones de los Elementos de información preferidos para revisiones sistemáticas y metanálisis (PRISMA). Los estudios que obtuvieron una puntuación ≥ 6 puntos según el protocolo de puntuación cualitativa propuesto por Pithon et al. (2015). Análisis de datos: Se realizó mediante un formulario específico para revisión sistemática elaborado por dos investigadores del Programa Excel®. Resultados: se recuperaron 29 artículos con potencial de inclusión, de los cuales 6 respondieron a la pregunta orientadora Cuatro estudios encontrados no detectaron una asociación entre la infección materna por COVID-19 y la pérdida auditiva congénita. Conclusión: La infección por COVID-19 durante el embarazo no parece ser un factor de riesgo para la pérdida auditiva congénita y no hubo cambios auditivos impactantes que pudieran comprometer a estos recién nacidos debido a la infección vertical. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , COVID-19 , Hearing Loss/congenital , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Risk Factors , Hearing Loss/etiology
8.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e56757, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436220

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A deficiência auditiva em crianças prejudica a aquisição e o desenvolvimento da linguagem oral, o que pode ser minimizado com o diagnóstico e a confirmação da surdez nos primeiros meses de vida. O Potencial Evocado auditivo de estado estável (PEAEE) destaca-se diante dos demais potenciais evocados auditivos devido à facilidade de registro, à objetividade das respostas, à estimulação de várias frequências simultaneamente, em ambas as orelhas, além da identificação da audição residual. Objetivo: Verificar a contribuição do PEAEE na definição terapêutica (escolha do implante coclear ou aparelho de amplificação sonora) para a reabilitação auditiva de crianças. Método: Foram analisados os registros de 20 crianças de um mês a três anos de idade com perda auditiva neurossensorial de grau severo ou profundo bilateral e que foram submetidas ao PEAEE e ao potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico frequência específica (PEATE-FE). Ambos realizados nas frequências de 500 Hz e 2000 Hz no equipamento Smart-EP Intelligent Hearing Systems®. Resultados: Houve diferença entre os exames quanto à ocorrência de resíduo auditivo, pois, um número significativo de indivíduos apresentou respostas ausentes no PEATE-FE e respostas presentes no PEAEE. Não ocorreu associação entre a presença de resíduo auditivo, o grau da perda e a idade da criança com o tipo de intervenção terapêutica. Conclusão: A presença de resíduo auditivo, a classificação do grau da perda e a idade da criança não influenciaram na conduta terapêutica final. (AU)


Introduction: Hearing impairment in children debilitates the acquisition and development of oral language, which can be minimized with diagnosis and confirmation of deafness in the first months of life. Auditory Steady State Evoked Potential (ASSEP) analysis stands out from others auditory evoked potentials due to the ease of recording, objectivity of the answers, stimulation of several frequencies simultaneously, in both ears, besides the identification of residual hearing. Purpose: Determine the contribution of the ASSEP for the therapeutic definition (election of cochlear implantation or hearing aid device) in hearing rehabilitation of children. Methods: The records of 20 children aged one month to three years with severe or profound bilateral neurosensory hearing loss, who were submitted to ASSEP and specific frequency brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) analysis were analyzed. Both tests performed at frequencies of 500 Hz and 2000 Hz using the equipment Smart-EP Intelligent Hearing Systems®. Results: There was difference between the exams regarding the occurrence of residual hearing, since a significant number of individuals had absent responses on the BAEP and present responses on the ASSEP. There was no association between the presence of residual hearing, degree of hearing loss and the child's age with the type of therapeutic intervention. Conclusion: The presence of residual hearing, classification of the degree of loss and child's age exerted no influence on the final conduct. (AU)


Introducción: La deficiencia auditiva en niños hace daño a la adquisición y el desarrollo del lenguaje oral, que se puede minimizar con el diagnóstico y confirmación de la sordera en los primeros meses de vida. El Potencial Evocado de Estado Estable (PEAEE) se destaca de los demás potenciales evocados auditivos por la facilidad de registro, objetividad de las respuestas, estimulación de varias frecuencias simultáneamente, en ambos oídos, además de la identificación de audición residual. Objetivo: Verificar la contribución del PEAEE para la definición de las terapéuticas adoptadas (elección de implantación coclear o audífono) en la rehabilitación auditiva de niños. Método: Fueron analizados los registros de 20 niños de un mes a tres años de edad con pérdida auditiva sensorineural de grado severo o profundo bilateral y que fueron sometidas al PEAEE y al potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico por frecuencia específica (PEATE-FE). Ambos se realizaron en las frecuencias de 500 Hz y 2000 Hz en el equipo Smart-EP Intelligent Hearing Systems®. Resultados: Hubo diferencia entre los exámenes con respecto a la ocurrencia de residuo auditivo, dado que, un número significativo de sujetos presentaron respuestas ausentes en PEATE-FE y respuestas presentes en PEAEE. No hubo asociación entre la presencia de residuo auditivo, el grado de pérdida y la edad del niño con el tipo de intervención terapéutica. Conclusión: La presencia de residuo auditivo, clasificación del grado de pérdida y edad del niño no influyeron en la conducta final. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Hearing Loss/therapy , Correction of Hearing Impairment , Retrospective Studies , Cochlear Implantation , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss, Bilateral/diagnosis , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/diagnosis , Language Development
9.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023205, 14 fev. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414611

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Hearing impairment compromises the child's language development and learning process. Neonatal screening, diagnosis, and hearing intervention are actions that must be carried out for comprehensive hearing healthcare in childhood. OBJECTIVE: To assess access to children's hearing healthcare services and the factors that influence access. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 104 children who underwent neonatal hearing screening and were referred for diagnosis. The sources were the databases, where demographic, social, and variables related to the access and use of health services were collected. Percentage distribution of categorical variables and measures of central tendency and dispersion of continuous variables were performed. To assess the association of dependent and independent variables, the Chi-square test was used with a 5% significance level. RESULTS: Only 56 (53.3%) of screened children attended hearing healthcare services. Of these, 41 went to the studied service, and 24 completed the diagnosis. Three children had hearing loss and were candidates for cochlear implants. The mean age at diagnosis was 211 days and the standard deviation was 155.9 days. The duration of diagnosis was 135 days and the standard deviation was 143.2 days. There was no statistical significance between access to health services and the distance of the service, age, and education of the mother. CONCLUSION: There is a lack of access to the service and completion of the diagnosis and children are not assisted at appropriate ages. The mother's age and education and distance to the service did not influence access to and use of the service.


INTRODUÇÃO: A deficiência auditiva compromete o desenvolvimento da linguagem e o processo de aprendizagem na criança. A triagem neonatal, o diagnóstico e a intervenção auditiva são ações que devem ser realizadas para a atenção integral à saúde auditiva na infância. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o acesso aos serviços de saúde auditiva infantil e os fatores que influenciam no acesso. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 104 crianças que realizaram a triagem auditiva neonatal e foram encaminhadas para diagnóstico. As fontes foram os bancos de dados, onde foram coletadas variáveis demográficas, sociais e relacionadas ao acesso e uso dos serviços de saúde. Foram realizadas a distribuição percentual das variáveis categóricas e medidas de tendência central e dispersão das variáveis contínuas. Para avaliar a associação das variáveis dependentes e independentes foi utilizado o teste Qui-quadrado com nível de 5% de significância. RESULTADOS: Apenas 56 (53,3%) crianças compareceram, dessas 41 foram para o serviço estudado, 24 concluíram o diagnóstico e 3 apresentaram deficiência auditiva. A média de idade no diagnóstico foi de 211 dias, com desvio padrão de 155,9 dias e a duração do diagnóstico foi de 135 dias, com desvio padrão de 143,2 dias. Não houve significância estatística entre o acesso ao serviço de saúde e a distância, idade e escolaridade da mãe. CONCLUSÃO: Existe uma evasão no acesso ao serviço e na conclusão do diagnóstico e as crianças não são assistidas em idades oportunas. A idade e escolaridade da mãe e a distância não influenciaram no acesso e uso ao serviço.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Child Health , Neonatal Screening , Social Determinants of Health , Health Services Accessibility , Hearing Loss , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
South Sudan med. j. (Online) ; 16(3): 102-105, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1452140

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Middle ear effusion (MEE) is a common childhood disorder that causes hearing impairment due to the presence of fluid in the middle ear which reduces the middle ear's ability to conduct sound. Temporary or persistent hearing loss as a result of MEE causes speech, language and learning delays in children. There are few studies on MEE in Tanzania despite the huge burden of hearing loss among children with adenoid hypertrophy which is a known risk factor for MEE. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 420 children aged nine years and below having adenoid hypertrophy with or without MEE. The diagnosis of adenoid hypertrophy was confirmed with a lateral view x-ray of the nasopharynx and tympanometry for cases with MEE. The primary objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of MEE among children with adenoid hypertrophy. Results: The prevalence of MEE among children with adenoid hypertrophy was 61.7%, with 218 (51.9%) males and 202 (48.1%) females. The most affected age group was 2-4 years with an incidence 193 (46%) and in this age group, males (53.9%) were more affected than females (46.1%). Generally, males, 134 (51.7%) were more affected by MEE than females, 125 (48.3%) of all 259 children with MEE. In terms of age group predominance by MEE, children aged 3-4 years, 107(41.3%) were more affected than all other age groups. Additionally, 4 (1.5%) children with MEE presented with hearing loss. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of MEE among children with adenoid hypertrophy but no significant association with hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Otitis Media with Effusion , Hearing Loss , Hypertrophy , Referral and Consultation
11.
Afr. j. disabil. (Online) ; 12: 1-10, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1413185

ABSTRACT

Background: Third-party disability (TPD) has been studied in multiple patients including those with aphasia and hearing loss. Only one study has been done in relation to caregivers of adults with dysphagia. Third-party disability has been analysed using the International Classification of Function and Disability (ICF) framework. This study, therefore, used the ICF model to explore TPD of caregivers of adults with dysphagia for the context of Johannesburg in South Africa. Objectives: To describe how caregivers experience TPD when caring for adults with a dysphagia in Johannesburg. Methods: Data were collected from five primary adult caregivers, who were all family members, from government clinics in Johannesburg. This article reports the findings from the interviews that were analysed thematically using a top-down analysis approach. Results: Caregivers experienced challenges related to TPD mostly related to difficulties of being able to do activities of daily living for themselves, their household chores and attending social engagements. The use of body structure and function from the ICF model was not overtly applicable to the caregiver population. A new visual representation has been suggested to highlight the key themes to augment the social and psychological changes as seen on the ICF framework and demonstrated the specific interaction that these factors had on one another. Conclusion: Third-party disability is present in caregivers of patients with dysphagia. Healthcare workers need to be aware of the impact that this can have when preparing home management strategies. This newly devised representation can assist in creating a locally relevant patient-centred care approach but requires future input.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Health Strategies , Disease Management , Hearing Loss , Family Characteristics , Caregivers
12.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 117-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971418

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clarify the phenotypes of the newborns with SLC26A4 single-allele mutation in deafness genetic screening and second variant; to analyze the SLC26A4 genotype and hearing phenotype. Methods: 850 newborns born in Beijing from April 2015 to December 2019 were included and there were 468 males and 382 females. They received genetic deafness screening for 9 or 15 variants, with the result of SLC26A4 single-allele mutation. Firstly, three step deafness gene sequencing was adopted in this work, i.e., the first step was "SLC26A4 gene whole exons and splice sites" sequencing; the second step was "SLC26A4 gene promoter, FOXI1 gene and KCNJ10 gene whole exons" sequencing; and the third step was detection for "SLC26A4 gene copy number variation". Secondly, we collected the results of newborn hearing screening for all patients with the second mutation found in the three step test, and conducted audiological examinations, such as acoustic immittance, auditory brainstem response and auditory steady state response. Thirdly, for novel/VUS mutations, we searched the international deafness gene database or software, such as DVD, ClinVar and Mutation Taster, to predict the pathogenicity of mutations according to the ACMG guideline. Lastly, we analyzed the relationship between genotype and phenotype of newborns with SLC26A4 single allele mutation. Results: Among 850 cases, the median age of diagnosis was 4 months. In the first step, 850 cases were sequenced. A total of 32 cases (3.76%, 32/850) of a second variants were detected, including 18 cases (2.12%, 18/850) with identified pathogenic variants; 832 cases were sequenced and 8 cases of KCNJ10 gene missense variants were detected among the second step. No missense mutations in the FOXI1 gene and abnormal SLC26A4 gene promoter were detected; the third step sequencing results were all negative. Genotypes and hearing phenotypes included 18 cases combined with the second clear pathogenic variant, 16 cases (16/18) referred newborn hearing screening and 2 cases (2/18) passed in both ears; degree of hearing loss consisted of 18 profound ears (18/36), 13 severe ears (13/36) and 5 moderate ears (5/36); audiogram patterns comprised 17 high frequency drop ears (17/36), 14 flat ears (14/36), 3 undistinguished ears (3/36), and 2 U shaped ears (2/36); 11 cases underwent imaging examination, all of which were bilateral enlarged vestibular aqueduct. As for 22 cases of other genotypes, all passed neonatal hearing screening and the hearing diagnosis was normal, including 9 cases with VUS or possibly novel benign variants, 8 cases with KCNJ10 double gene heterozygous variants, and 5 cases with double heterozygous variants. Conclusions: The probability of individuals with SLC26A4 single-allele variant who merge with a second pathogenic variant is 2.12%, all of which are SNV, which can provide scientific basis for the genetic diagnosis and genetic counseling of SLC26A4 variants. Those who have merged with second pathogenic variant are all diagnosed with sensorineural hearing loss. Patients with KCNJ10 gene mutations do not manifest hearing loss during the infancy, suggesting the need for further follow-up.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Alleles , Deafness/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Genotype , Hearing Loss/genetics , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype , Sulfate Transporters/genetics , Vestibular Aqueduct , Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying/genetics
13.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 116-120, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988879

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Recent advances in epigenetic studies continue to reveal novel mechanisms of gene regulation and control, however little is known on the role of epigenetics in sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in humans. We aimed to investigate the methylation patterns of two regions, one in RB1 and another in GJB2 in Filipino patients with SNHL compared to hearing control individuals. @*Methods@#We investigated an RB1 promoter region that was previously identified as differentially methylated in children with SNHL and lead exposure. Additionally, we investigated a sequence in an enhancer-like region within GJB2 that contains four CpGs in close proximity. Bisulfite conversion was performed on salivary DNA samples from 15 children with SNHL and 45 unrelated ethnically-matched individuals. We then performed methylation-specific real-time PCR analysis (qMSP) using TaqMan® probes to determine percentage methylation of the two regions. @*Results@#Using qMSP, both our cases and controls had zero methylation at the targeted GJB2 and RB1 regions. @*Conclusion@#Our study showed no changes in methylation at the selected CpG regions in RB1 and GJB2 in the two comparison groups with or without SNHL. This may be due to a lack of environmental exposures to these target regions. Other epigenetic marks may be present around these regions as well as those of other HL-associated genes.


Subject(s)
Hearing Loss , Methylation
14.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 73-84, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988875

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study explores the potential of the HeLe Service Delivery Model, a community-based newborn hearing screening (NHS) program supported by a web-based referral system, in improving provision of hearing care services. @*Methods@#This prospective observational study evaluated the HeLe Service Delivery Model based on records review and user perspectives. We collected system usage logs from July to October 2018 and data on patient outcomes. Semi-structured interviews and review of field reports were conducted to identify implementation challenges and facilitating factors. Descriptive statistics and content analysis were used to analyze quantitative and qualitative data, respectively. @*Results@#Six hundred ninety-two (692) babies were screened: 110 in the RHUs and 582 in the Category A NHS hospital. Mean age at screening was 1.4±1.05 months for those screened in the RHU and 0.46±0.74 month for those in the Category A site. 47.3% of babies screened at the RHU were ≤1 month old in contrast to 86.6% in the Category A hospital. A total of 10 babies (1.4%) received a positive NHS result. Eight of these ten patients were referred via the NHS Appointment and Referral System; seven were confirmed to have bilateral profound hearing loss, while one patient missed his confirmatory testing appointment. The average wait time between screening and confirmatory testing was 17.1±14.5 days. Facilitating factors for NHS implementation include the presence of champions, early technology adopters, legislations, and capacity-building programs. Challenges identified include perceived inconvenience in using information systems, cost concerns for the patients, costly hearing screening equipment, and unstable internet connectivity. The lack of nearby facilities providing NHS diagnostic and intervention services remains a major block in ensuring early diagnosis and management of hearing loss in the community. @*Conclusion@#The eHealth-enabled HeLe Service Delivery Model for NHS is promising. It addresses the challenges and needs of community-based NHS by establishing a healthcare provider network for NHS in the locale, providing a capacity-building program to train NHS screeners, and deploying health information systems that allows for documentation, web-based referral and tracking of NHS patients. The model has the potential to be implemented on a larger scale — a deliberate step towards universal hearing health for all Filipinos.


Subject(s)
Neonatal Screening , Hearing Loss , Health Information Systems , Community Health Services , Delivery of Health Care
15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 681-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986945

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether tanshinone ⅡA can protect the apoptosis of mice cochlear pericytes induced by high glucose and its specific protective mechanism, so as to provide experimental evidence for the prevention and treatment of diabetic hearing loss. Methods: C57BL/6J male mice were used to prepare type 2 diabetes model, which were divided into normal (NG) group, diabetic (DM) group, diabetic+tanshinone ⅡA (HG+tanshinone ⅡA) group and tanshinone ⅡA group. Each group had 10 animals. Primary cochlear pericytes were divided into NG group, HG group (high glucose 35 mmol/L), HG+tanshinone ⅡA (1, 3, 5 μmol/L) group, HG+Tanshinone ⅡA+LY294002 (PI3K/AKT pathway inhibitor) group, LY294002 group, tanshinone ⅡA group and DMSO group. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) was used to measure hearing threshold. Evans blue was used to detect the permeability of blood labyrinth barrier in each group. TBA methods were used to detect oxidative stress levels in various organs of mice. Morphological changes of stria vascularis were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE). Evans blue was used to detect the vascular labyrinth barrier permeability in cochlea. The expression of apoptosis protein in stria vascularis pericytes was observed by immunofluorescence. Pericytes apoptosis rate was observed by flow cytometry. DCFH-DA was combined with flow cytometry to detect intracellular ROS content, and Western blot was used to detect the expression of apoptotic proteins (Cleaved-caspase3, Bax), anti-apoptotic proteins (BCL-2) and pathway proteins (PI3K, p-PI3K, AKT, p-AKT). SPSS software was used for statistical analysis. Independent sample t test was performed, and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Animal experiments: Tanshinone ⅡA decreased the hearing threshold of DM group [(35.0±3.5) dB SPL vs. (55.3±8.1) dB SPL] (t=4.899, P<0.01), decreased the oxidative stress level in cochlea (t=4.384, P<0.05), improved the structure disorder, atrophy of cochlea vascular lines, vacuole increased phenomenon. Tanshinone ⅡA alleviated the increased permeability of the blood labyrinth barrier [Evans blue leakage (6.84±0.27) AU vs. (8.59±0.85) AU] in the cochlea of DM mice (t=2.770, P<0.05), reversed the apoptotic protein: Caspase3 (t=4.956, P<0.01) and Bax (t=4.388, P<0.05) in cochlear vascularis. Cell experiments: Tanshinone ⅡA decreased intracellular ROS content in a concentration-dependent way (t=3.569, P<0.05; t=4.772, P<0.01; t=7.494, P<0.01); Tanshinone ⅡA decreased apoptosis rate and apoptotic protein, and increased the expression of anti-apoptotic protein, p-PI3K/PI3K and p-AKT/AKT in concentration-dependent manner (all P values<0.05); LY294002 reversed the protective effect of tanshinone ⅡA on pericytes apoptosis (all P values<0.05). Conclusion: Tanshinone ⅡA can inhibit the apoptosis of cochlear pericytes induced by high glucose by reducing oxidative stress level and activating PI3K/AKT signaling pathway under high glucose environment, thus playing a protective role in diabetic hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Apoptosis , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Evans Blue , Glucose , Hearing Loss , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Pericytes/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Signal Transduction
16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 460-469, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986912

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the phenotypic-genotypic characteristics of hereditary deafness caused by OTOA gene variations. Methods: Family histories, clinical phenotypes and gene variations of six pedigrees were analyzed, which were diagnosed with hearing loss caused by OTOA gene variations at the PLA General Hospital from September 2015 to January 2022. The sequence variations were verified by Sanger sequencing and the copy number variations were validated by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in the family members. Results: The hearing loss phenotype caused by OTOA variations ranged from mild to moderate in the low frequencies, and from moderate to severe in the high frequencies in the probands, which came from six sporadic pedigrees, among which a proband was diagnosed as congenital deafness and five were diagnosed as postlingual deafness. One proband carried homozygous variations and five probands carried compound heterozygous variations in OTOA gene. Nine pathogenic variations (six copy number variations, two deletion variations and one missense variation) and two variations with uncertain significance in OTOA were identified in total, including six copy number variations and five single nucleotide variants, and three of the five single nucleotide variants were firstly reported [c.1265G>T(p.Gly422Val),c.1534delG(p.Ala513Leufs*11) and c.3292C>T(p.Gln1098fs*)]. Conclusions: OTOA gene variations can lead to autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss. In this study, the hearing loss caused by OTOA defects mostly presents as bilateral, symmetrical, and postlingual, and that of a few presents as congenital. The pathogenic variations of OTOA gene are mainly copy number variations followed by deletion variations and missense variations.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Copy Number Variations , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Deafness/genetics , Hearing Loss/genetics , Phenotype , Genotype , Nucleotides , Pedigree , Mutation , GPI-Linked Proteins/genetics
17.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1523329

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o nível de satisfação dos usuários de Aparelho de Amplificação Sonora Individual (AASI) atendidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Método: Estudo de caráter analítico, quantitativo, transversal e de natureza exploratória. No período entre julho a setembro de 2022 foram coletados no prontuário e durante a entrevista, os dados sociodemográficos e clínicos de 50 participantes, selecionados por conveniência nas sessões de acompanhamento e entrega do AASI no Setor de Saúde Auditiva do Centro Estadual de Reabilitação e Readaptação Dr. Henrique Santillo (CRER). Para avaliar a satisfação dos usuários, utilizou o questionário Satisfaction With Amplification in Daily Life (SADL) com subescalas de avaliação como: efeitos positivos, fatores negativos, imagem pessoal, serviços e custos. Resultados: A amostra deste estudo apresentou 50 participantes, com idade média de 62 anos e prevalência de 66% do sexo feminino. Esse dado levanta a hipótese da população feminina ter um papel ativo na busca da assistência de saúde. Em relação aos sintomas auditivos, grande parte dos pacientes queixaram de hipoacusia (86%) e zumbido (76%) como sinais que os motivaram a procura por um atendimento especializado. O tipo de perda auditiva prevalente foi a neurossensorial (77%) de grau moderado (50%), característica audiológica com maior percentual em ambas as orelhas. Por meio dos dados obtidos a partir da aplicação do questionário SADL, pode-se observar que a subescala de Serviços e Custos (5,85) e Efeitos positivos (5,84) evidenciou uma média superior comparado com as outras subescalas, indicando maior satisfação de tais condições proporcionadas pelo AASI. Conclusão: A maioria dos indivíduos usuários de AASI demonstraram estar satisfeitos com uso do dispositivo. O tempo curto entre o diagnóstico audiológico e a concessão da prótese auditiva, tipo e grau de perda auditiva em conjunto com o acompanhamento periódico para monitorar o processo de adaptação, foram fundamentais para fornecer boa audibilidade, compreensão de fala adequada e sobretudo melhora na qualidade de vida


The present study aimed to evaluate the level of satisfaction of hearing aid users by the Unified Health System. Methods: Study analytical, quantitative, cross-sectional and exploratory. In the period between July and September 2022, the sociodemographic and clinical data of 50 participants were collected from the medical records and during the interview, selected for convenience in the follow-up sessions and delivery of the hearing aids at the Hearing Health Sector of the State Center of Rehabilitation and Readaptation Dr. Henrique Santillo (CRER). To assess user satisfaction, the Satisfaction With Amplification in Daily Life (SADL) questionnaire was used, with evaluation subscales such as: positive effects, negative factors, personal image, services and costs. Results: The sample of this study had 50 participants, with a prevalence of 66% female and mean age of 62 years. This data raises the hypothesis that the female population has a more active role in the search for health care. Regarding auditory symptoms, most patients complained of hypoacusis (86%) and tinnitus (76%) as signs that motivated them to seek specialized care. The prevalent type of hearing loss was sensorioneural (77%) of moderate degree (50%), an audiological characteristic with the highest percentage in both ears. Through the data obtained from the application of the SADL questionnaire, it can be observed that the subscale Service and Costs (5.85) and Positive Effects (5.84) showed a higher mean compared to the other subscales, indicating greater satisfaction with such conditions provided by the hearing aids. Conclusion: Due to the analyzed data, it is concluded that hearing aid users are satisfied with this device. The short time among the audiological diagnosis and the granting of hearing aids, type and degree of hearing loss, together with periodic follow-up to monitor the adaptation process, were essential to provide good audibility, adequate speech understanding and, above all, improvement in the quality of life


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Patient Satisfaction , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss , Unified Health System , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 64-66, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003652

ABSTRACT

@#A 19-year-old woman presented with an 11-month history of sudden-onset left sided hearing loss accompanied by vertigo and headache. Audiometric testing revealed profound left- sided hearing loss. A contrast-enhanced MRI of the internal auditory canal performed 5 months after symptom onset was interpreted as showing a vascular loop, probably the anterior inferior cerebellar artery, abutting and indenting on the left vestibulocochlear nerve; and a prominent and high-riding left jugular bulb. In this study, the internal auditory canals were assessed to be of normal width, with walls that were smooth and sharply defined. A cerebral CT angiogram subsequently performed did not show any abnormal findings related to the previously identified vascular loop. On the basis of these radiologic findings, the patient was advised surgery by physicians at a tertiary- care institution, presumably to address the identified vascular loop. A second opinion was sought by the patient.


Subject(s)
Hearing Loss
19.
Psicol. esc. educ ; 27: e245088, 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529246

ABSTRACT

En este trabajo se presenta el diseño, la implementación y la evaluación de un programa de intervención educativa para un estudiante con diagnóstico de hipoacusia severa, ceguera congénita, discapacidad intelectual y motriz. La finalidad de la intervención es mejorar la conexión del niño con el entorno y trabajar la anticipación de acontecimientos en su vida diaria. Para ello se trabajan principalmente tres áreas de desarrollo: adaptativa, motora y cognitiva. Los resultados obtenidos en las evaluaciones pretest y postest reflejan ligeras mejoras en los tres ámbitos tras la intervención, y por tanto, una evolución en la edad de desarrollo del estudiante. Algunas de las conclusiones más relevantes son que el trabajo individualizado con personas con discapacidad múltiple influye positivamente en su desarrollo, y que existe una falta de instrumentos de evaluación estandarizados que se adapten a las características de las personas con discapacidades múltiples y severas.


Neste estudo apresenta-se a configuração, a implementação e a avaliação de um programa de intervenção educativa para um estudante com diagnóstico de hipoacusia severa, cegueira congênita, deficiência intelectual e motora. A finalidade da intervenção é melhorar a conexão da criança com o entorno e trabalhar a antecipação de acontecimentos em sua vida diária. Para isso trabalham-se principalmente três áreas de desenvolvimento: adaptativa, motora e cognitiva. Os resultados obtidos nas avaliações pré-teste e pós-teste indicam melhora nos três âmbitos após a intervenção, e por tanto, uma leve evolução na idade de desenvolvimento do estudante. Algumas das conclusões mais relevantes são que o trabalho individualizado com pessoas com deficiência múltipla influi positivamente em seu desenvolvimento, e que existe uma falta de instrumentos de avaliação estandardizadas que se adaptem às características das pessoas com deficiências múltiplas e severas.


This paper presents the design, implementation and evaluation of an educational intervention program for a student with a diagnosis of severe hearing loss, congenital blindness and intellectual and motor disability. The aim of the intervention is to improve the child's connection with the environment and to work on anticipating events in his daily life. For that purpose, three areas of development are mainly worked: adaptive, motor and cognitive. The results obtained in pretest and posttest evaluation reflect slight improvements in the three areas after the intervention, and therefore, an evolution in the student's developmental age. Some of the most relevant conclusions are that individualized work with people with multiple disabilities positively influences their development, and that there is a lack of standardized assessment instruments adapted to the characteristics of people with multiple and severe disabilities.


Subject(s)
Blindness , Disabled Persons , Education, Special , Hearing Loss
20.
Rev. chil. fonoaudiol. (En línea) ; 22(1): 1-10, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1444905

ABSTRACT

Numerosos estudios apuntan a las dificultades del lenguaje oral que pueden presentar las personas con discapacidad auditiva a lo largo de su desarrollo. No obstante, se conoce poco acerca del nivel de competencia pragmática que alcanzan y cómo esta área se desarrolla. En esta investigación se pretenden abordar las características pragmáticas de cuatro adultos españoles con discapacidad auditiva congénita a través del Protocolo Rápido de Evaluación Pragmática Revisado (PREP-R), que evalúa diferentes niveles de pragmática: textual, enunciativa e interactiva y, además,aporta un índice de habilidad pragmática general, específica y de base gramatical. Los participantes fueron evaluados mediante videograbaciones de muestras de lenguaje espontáneo en conversación con un familiar. Los resultados indican que, en general, los cuatro sujetos presentan un buen nivel de competencia pragmática, que se manifiesta a la hora de ajustar los actos de habla. Sin embargo, para regular su lenguaje, tienden a utilizar conductas compensatorias como: estrategias verbales que les permiten ganar tiempo extra para la construcción de sus emisiones, empleo de actos verbales y/o paraverbales compensatorios y el uso de gestos que completan su producción verbal. Estos datos indican que, aunque los participantes de este estudio presentan buenas habilidades pragmáticas, es necesario seguir desarrollando estrategias a nivel de intervención que les permitan comunicarse sin dificultades en diferentes contextos y con distintos interlocutores.


Numerous studies reveal the oral language difficulties that people with hearing loss may present throughout their development. However, little is known about the level of pragmatic competence they achieve and how this area evolves. This research aims to address the pragmatic characteristics of four Spanish adults with congenital hearing loss through Protocolo Rápido de Evaluación Pragmática -Revisado (PREP-R, which can be translated as Quick Protocol for Pragmatic Evaluation -Revised). This test assesses different levels of pragmatics: textual, enunciative, and interactional, and also provides an indicator for general, specific, and grammatically-based pragmatic ability. The participants were assessed by videotaping spontaneous speech samples in conversation with a family member. The results indicate that, in general, the four subjects present an adequate level of pragmatic competence, which is manifested in their adjustment of speech acts. Nevertheless, they show a tendency to use compensatory behaviors toregulate their speech, such as verbal strategies that allow them to gain extra time to construct their utterances, compensatory verbal and/or paraverbal acts, and gestures that complement their verbal productions. These data indicate that, although the participants of this study show good pragmatic skills, it is necessary to continue developing intervention strategies that allow them to communicate without difficulties in different contexts and with different communication partners.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Hearing Loss/congenital , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Language , Hearing Tests/methods
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