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1.
Distúrb. comun ; 34(2): e54773, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396718

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Perda Auditiva Induzida por Ruído (PAIR) é um agravo que acomete os trabalhadores expostos a ruídos e está entre os agravos que devem ser notificados no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN). Objetivo: Analisar o impacto das ações desenvolvidas pelo Centro de Referência em Saúde do Trabalhador (CEREST-DF) em relação às notificações de PAIR no Distrito Federal. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo longitudinal, retrospectivo com base na análise de dados secundários de notificações de PAIR do SINAN-DF, desde sua implementação; foram levantados relatórios dos CEREST-DF sobre as ações desenvolvidas; e análise de documentos dos CEREST procurando pelas ações que foram realizadas sobre PAIR e o impacto que causaram. Resultados: utilizando ações, como: projetos, palestras, busca-ativa, entre outros, o CEREST realiza a prática da educação em saúde, e, com o conhecimento fornecido ao público-alvo, é perceptível o aumento de notificações nos mesmos períodos de realização das ações com os trabalhadores e empregadores. Além disso, a contratação de fonoaudiólogo para a equipe do CEREST também eleva estes números, pois é o profissional envolvido na saúde auditiva de modo geral. Conclusão: A partir deste estudo foi possível observar que as ações do CEREST se refletem no número de notificações de PAIR no SINAN, reduzindo a subnotificação.


Introduction: Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) is a hearing impairment that affects workers exposed to loud noises and is one of the conditions that must be reported to the Brazilian Disease Reporting Information System (SINAN). Objective: To analyze the impact of the measures developed by the Reference Centers in Workers' Health (CEREST-DF) in relation to NIHL notifications in the Brazilian Federal District. Methods: A longitudinal, retrospective study was carried out based on the analysis of secondary data of NIHL notifications from SINAN-DF. Since its implementation. CEREST-DF reports were collected on the measures developed and analysis of CEREST documents looking for measures that were carried out with NIHL and the effect they caused. Results: Utilizing educational measures such as projects, lectures, active search, among others CEREST carries out health education, and to target audiences, there was a noticeable increase in notifications in the same periods of these measures being carried out with employees and employers. In addition, a speech therapist was hired by the CEREST team what also helped to increase these numbers, since speech therapists are professionals involved in the health of hearing. Conclusion: This study made it possible to see that the measures carried out by CEREST are reflected in the number of NIHL notifications in SINAN which helped to reduce under-reporting.


Introducción: La Pérdida Auditiva Inducida por Ruido (PAIR) es un problema que afecta a los trabajadores expuestos al ruido y se encuentra entre los problemas que deben ser reportados en el Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN; Sistema de Información Sanitaria Notificable).Objetivo:Analizar si las acciones desarrolladas por el Centro de Referência em Saúde do Trabalhador do Distrito Federal (CEREST-DF; Centro de Referencia de Salud Ocupacional) reflejan en el número de notificaciones de PAIR en el DF. Métodos:Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, retrospectivo, basado en el análisis de datos secundarios de notificaciones de PAIR del SINAN-DF, desde su implementación; Se recopilaron informes de CEREST-DF sobre las acciones desarrolladas; y análisis de documentos de CEREST buscando las acciones que se tomaron sobre PAIR y el impacto que causaron. Resultados: Utilizando acciones como: proyectos, conferencias, búsqueda activa, entre otras, CEREST realiza la práctica de educación en salud, y, con el conocimiento proporcionado al público objetivo, se nota el incremento de notificaciones en los mismos períodos de acciones con trabajadores y empleadores. Además, la contratación de un (a) logopeda para el equipo de CEREST también eleva estos números, ya que éste (ésta) es el (la) profesional relacionado (a) con la salud auditiva en general. Conclusión: A partir de este estudio se pudo observar que las acciones de CEREST se reflejan en el número de notificaciones de PAIR en SINAN, reduciendo el subregistro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Notification , Disease Prevention , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/prevention & control , Occupational Accidents Registry , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Surveillance of the Workers Health , Health Information Systems/statistics & numerical data , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/epidemiology
2.
j.tunis.ORL chir. cerv.-fac ; 47(3): 30-34, 2022. tales, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1392585

ABSTRACT

Analyser le lien entre la surdité professionnelle induite par le bruit et les caractéristiques socioprofessionnelles des travailleurs. Méthodes: C'était une étude prospective et analytique, par enquête avec évaluation audiométrique du 1er août au 30 septembre 2020, concernant 92 travailleurs des deux centrales de la Société Nationale d'Electricité de N'Djamena.Les tests de khi2et de corrélation de Pearson étaient utilisés à la recherche d'un lien entre la surdité due au bruit et les facteurs socioprofessionnels; une différence était dite statistiquement significative si p <0,05. Résultats: L'échantillon était constitué de 96% d'hommes. L'âge variait de 23 à 64 ans avec une moyenne de 38,7 ± 9,0 ans. Quarante-sept (51%) employés étaient formés sur la sécurité en milieu professionnel. Les agents de quarts représentaient 45% des cas (n=41). La durée d'exposition moyenne au bruit était de 10,8 ± 8,5 ans. Le port des équipements de protection individuelle était régulier dans 86% des cas (n =79). La surdité professionnelle a été observée dans 55% des cas (n=51). L'âge (p <10-3) et la durée d'exposition au bruit (p=0,002) étaient les facteurs associés significativement à la surdité. Conclusion: L'âge et l'ancienneté sont les facteurs prédictifs de la surdité chez les travailleurs exposés aux bruits des centrales électriques de N'Djamena.


Subject(s)
Humans , Power Plants , Genetic Testing , Precision Medicine , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Occupational Diseases
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935817

ABSTRACT

Objective: To learn about the noise exposure and health status of workers and analyze factors that may affect the health outcomes of workers in an auto manufacturing enterprise in Tianjin City. Methods: In September 2020, occupational hygiene survey, noise exposure level detection and occupational health examination data collection were carried out in an auto parts manufacturing enterprise. Chi square test and unconditional logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the health effects of noise exposure and hearing loss of 361 noise exposure workers. Results: The rates of over-standard noise exposure, hearing loss and hypertension were 69.39% (34/49) , 33.24% (120/361) and 11.36% (41/361) , respectively. There were upward trends on age and noise-working years for hearing loss and hypertension rates (χ(2)=-5.95, -6.16, -2.81, -2.74, P<0.05) . Unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that age>35 years old, noise exposure length of service >10 years and noise L(EX, 8 h)>85 dB (A) were risk factors for hearing loss (OR=3.57, 95%CI: 1.09, 11.75; OR=4.05, 95%CI: 1.97, 8.25; OR=1.75, 95%CI: 1.00, 3.05; P=0.036, 0.001, 0.047) . Conclusion: This company has a high rate of job noise exceeding the standard, and noise-exposed workers have more serious hearing loss. Age, noise exposure and high noise exposure are risk factors for hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Adult , Automobiles , Deafness , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/etiology , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/complications , Occupational Exposure/analysis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935792

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the literature of related research reports on occupational hearing loss (ONIHL) , study the characteristics of the subject and determine the research hotspots. Methods: In December 2020, PubMed database was searched by bibliometrics for ONIHL published in PubMed database from January 1971 to December 2020. Bicomb 2.03 software was used to extract the subject. The publication year, publication country, source magazine and subject words were summarized and analyzed. Results: A total of 1 473 papers were included in this study, and the number of papers was 66 from 1971 to 1980, and 628 from 2011 to 2020, an increase of nearly 10 times. The top three countries were the United States, China and Germany, with 31.5% (464/1473) , 11.5% (171/1473) and 6.2% (91/1473) ; The cross-sectional study was the most applied type; The top five words for 2011-2020: Mental Illness, polymorphism, cardiovascular disease, high frequency hearing impairment and standards and regulations. Conclusion: Susceptibility Genes, Psychological Disorders, Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Assessment are hot areas in ONIHL at present. Researchers should focus on major fields and grasp future trends as a whole.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Humans , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases , PubMed , United States
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935786

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the protective effects of metformin on noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and its differential protein omics expression profile. Methods: In January 2021, 39 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, noise exposure group and metformin+noise exposure group, with 13 rats in each group. Rats in the noise exposure group and metformin+noise exposure group were continuously exposed to octave noise with sound pressure level of 120 dB (A) and center frequency of 8 kHz for 4 h. Rats in the metformin+noise exposure group were treated with 200 mg/kg/d metformin 3 d before noise exposure for a total of 7 d. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) was used to test the changes of hearing thresholds before noise exposure and 1, 4, 7 d after noise exposure in the right ear of rats in each group. Tandem mass tag (TMT) quantitative proteomics was used to identify and analyze the differentially expressed protein in the inner ear of rats in each group, and it was verified by immunofluorescence staining with frozen sections. Results: The click-ABR thresholds of right ear in the noise exposure group and metformin+noise exposure group were significantly higher than those in the control group 1, 4, 7 d after noise exposure (P<0.05) . The click-ABR threshold of right ear in the metformin+noise exposure group were significantly lower than that in the noise exposure group (P<0.05) . Compared with the noise exposure group, 1035 up-regulated proteins and 1145 down-regulated proteins were differentially expressed in the metformin+noise exposure group. GO enrichment analysis showed that the significantly differentially expressed proteins were mainly involved in binding, molecular function regulation, signal transduction, and other functions. Enrichment analysis of KEGG pathway revealed that the pathways for significant enrichment of differentially expressed proteins included phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-protein kinase B (PI3K-Akt) signaling pathway, focal adhesion, diabetic cardiomyopathy, mitogen, and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Immunofluorescence experiments showed that compared with the noise exposure group, the fluorescence intensity of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) in the metformin+noise exposure group was increased, and the fluorescence intensity of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 (eIF4EBP1) was decreased. Conclusion: Noise exposure can lead to an increase in rat hearing threshold, and metformin can improve noise-induced hearing threshold abnormalities through multiple pathways and biological processes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Auditory Threshold/physiology , Cochlea , Ear, Inner , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/prevention & control , Male , Metformin/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935771

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between occupational noise exposure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in a large Chinese population. Methods: In December 2019, the study included 21412 retired participants from the Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort Study at baseline from September 2008 to June 2010, occupational noise exposure was evaluated through workplace noise level and/or the job titles. In a subsample of 8931 subjects, bilateral hearing loss was defined as a pure-tone mean of 25 dB or higher at 0.5, 1 , 2, and 4 kHz in both ears. Logistic regression models were used to explore the association of occupational noise exposure, bilateral hearing loss with 10-year CVD risk. Results: Compared with participants without occupational noise exposure, the 10-year CVD risk was significantly higher for noise exposure duration ≥20 years (OR=1.20, 95%CI:1.01-1.41 , P=0.001) after adjusting for potential confounders. In the sex-specific analysis, the association was only statistically significant in males (OR=2.34, 95%CI: 1.18-4.66, P<0.001) , but not in females (OR=1.15, 95%CI:0.97-1.37, P=0.153). In the subsample analyses, bilateral hearing loss, which was an indicator for exposure to loud noise, was also associated with a higher risk of 10-year CVD (OR= 1.17, 95% CI:1.05-1.44, P <0.001) , especially for participants who were males (OR =1.24, 95% CI:1.07-2.30, P<0.001) , aged equal and over 60 years old (OR=2.30, 95%CI: 1.84-2.88, P<0.001) , and exposed to occupational noise (OR=1.66, 95%CI: 1.02-2.70, P=0.001). Conclusion: Occupational noise exposure may be a risk factor for CVD.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Hearing Loss, Bilateral/complications , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 489-494, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939583

ABSTRACT

High level noise can damage cochlear hair cells, auditory nerve and synaptic connections between cochlear hair cells and auditory nerve, resulting in noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Recent studies have shown that animal cochleae have circadian rhythm, which makes them different in sensitivity to noise throughout the day. Cochlear circadian rhythm has a certain relationship with brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glucocorticoids, which affects the degree of hearing loss after exposure to noise. In this review, we summarize the research progress of the regulation of cochlear sensitivity to noise by circadian rhythm and prospect the future research direction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Auditory Threshold , Circadian Rhythm , Cochlea , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Hair Cells, Auditory , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Noise/adverse effects
8.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2585, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383887

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo descrever as notificações de perda auditiva induzida por ruído (PAIR) no Brasil, segundo aspectos sociodemográficos e laborais, no período de 2006 a 2019. Métodos estudo transversal e descritivo, realizado com dados das fichas de notificação de PAIR no Brasil, oriundos do Sistema de Informações de Agravos de Notificação. Os dados foram acessados por meio da página do Centro Colaborador de Vigilância aos Agravos à Saúde do Trabalhador. Foram analisadas as frequências absolutas e relativas de variáveis sociodemográficas e de características do trabalho. Resultados no período, foram notificados 7.819 casos de PAIR no Brasil. O ano de 2016 e o estado de São Paulo registraram o maior número de notificações, com 1.106 e 2.488 casos, respectivamente. Em todo o período, houve maior proporção de casos em indivíduos com carteira assinada (55,0%), gênero masculino (88,2%), cor de pele branca (59,1%) e faixa etária de 50 a 59 (33,7%). O ruído contínuo foi predominante no ambiente de trabalho (41,1%) e 51,1% dos indivíduos faziam uso de medidas de proteção individual, enquanto para 12,6% a proteção foi coletiva. Conclusão foram notificados 7.819 casos de PAIR no Brasil no período analisado, número que pode ser considerado desproporcional, em relação à prevalência desse agravo. A subnotificação observada impacta a compreensão da magnitude do problema e, consequentemente, o desenvolvimento e implementação de ações e programas de saúde pública, voltados para a saúde e segurança do trabalhador.


ABSTRACT Purpose To describe the notifications of NIHL in Brazil, according to sociodemographic and labor aspects, in the period from 2006 to 2019. Methods Cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out with data from notification forms for noise-induced hearing loss in Brazil, from SINAN. The data were accessed through the page of the Collaborating Center for Surveillance of Workers' Health Disorders (ISC-UFBA). Absolute and relative frequencies of sociodemographic variables and work characteristics were analyzed. Results During the period, 7,819 cases of NIHL were reported in Brazil. The year 2016 and the state of São Paulo registered the highest number of notifications, with 1,106 and 2,488 cases, respectively. Throughout the period, there was a higher proportion of cases in: individuals with a formal contract (55.0%), male (88.2%), white (59.1%) and aged between 50 and 59 years (33.7%). Continuous noise was predominant in the work environment (41.1%) and 51.1% of the individuals used individual protection measures, while 12.6% were protected collectively. Conclusion A total of 7,819 cases of NIHL were reported in Brazil in the period analyzed, a number that can be considered disproportionate in relation to the prevalence of this condition. The observed underreporting impacts on the understanding of the magnitude of the problem, and, consequently, on the development and implementation of public health actions and programs, aimed at worker health and safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Accidents Registry , Disease Notification/statistics & numerical data , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/epidemiology , Brazil , Health Information Systems , Sociodemographic Factors
9.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e1032, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341418

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En el año 2002 un artefacto explosivo improvisado estalló sobre la población civil afrocolombiana refugiada en una iglesia y generó una masacre. Los sobrevivientes presentaron importantes afectaciones en la salud, sin un estudio completo hasta la fecha. Objetivo: Establecer el perfil de salud auditiva en la comunidad de sobrevivientes a la masacre de Bojayá, Chocó. Métodos: A partir de evaluaciones clínicas audiológicas con anamnesis, otoscopia, audiometría, logoaudiometría e impedanciometría en 61 personas supervivientes, se efectuó un estudio descriptivo incluyendo variables sociodemográficas, factores de riesgo, signos y síntomas auditivos, y diagnósticos audiológicos. Resultados: Un 72,13 por ciento de los participantes fueron mujeres. Además de la exposición al estallido de artefacto explosivo improvisado, que les afectó tanto en recinto cerrado (78,69 %), como en exteriores adyacentes (3,28 por ciento) o ubicaciones más distantes; los principales factores de riesgo auditivo encontrados fueron la infección de oído previa (26,87 por ciento). Un 70,49 por ciento sufría de tinnitus y 14,75 por ciento de vértigo. El 81,97 por ciento de sobrevivientes (n = 50) presentaron alteraciones en su audición, sin estudio previo. Un 81 por ciento de quienes se encontraron con algún grado de hipoacusia, reportaban el antecedente de exposición al estallido dentro del espacio cerrado de la iglesia. Conclusiones: El perfil de salud auditiva de la comunidad de sobrevivientes a la masacre de Bojayá, Chocó, se caracterizó por la presencia de dificultades auditivas, tinnitus, otalgia, vértigo, antecedentes de trauma acústico y perforaciones timpánicas. El principal diagnóstico encontrado fue hipoacusia conductiva bilateral(AU)


Introduction: In 2002 an improvised explosive device exploded over a church with Afro-Colombian civilians sheltering there, generating a massacre. The survivors presented important health problems without a complete study to date. Objective: To establish the hearing health profile in the community of survivors of the Bojayá Massacre, Chocó. Methods: Based on clinical audiological evaluations with anamnesis, otoscopy, audiometry, speech audiometry and impedance in 61 survivors, a descriptive study was carried out including sociodemographic variables, risk factors, auditory signs and symptoms, and audiological diagnoses. Results: 72.13 percent of the participants were women. In addition to exposure to the explosion of an improvised explosive device, which affected indoors (78.69 percent), and in adjacent outdoors (3.28 percent) or more distant locations, the main auditory risk factors found were previous infection of ears (26.87 percent). 70.49 percent suffered from tinnitus and 14.75 percent from vertigo. 81.97 percent of survivors (n=50) presented alterations in their hearing, without previous study. 81 percent of those who encountered some degree of hearing loss reported a history of exposure to the blast within the closed space of the church. Conclusions: The hearing health profile of the community of survivors of the Bojayá massacre, Chocó, was characterized by the presence of hearing difficulties, tinnitus, earache, vertigo, a history of acoustic trauma, and tympanic perforations. The main diagnosis found was bilateral conductive hearing loss(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Audiometry, Speech , Tinnitus , Health Profile , Earache , Explosions , Explosive Agents , Hearing Loss, Conductive , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Residence Characteristics , Survivors , Gender Identity
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888295

ABSTRACT

Occupational noise is one of the most common occupational hazards in the workplace. Long-term exposure to occupational noise could not only lead to the damage of the hearing system, but also may cause a certain impact on the cardiovascular system. Studies have shown that occupational noise exposure was positively associated with cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction. However, the results of studies on occupational noise exposure and stroke are still controversial. This paper reviews the relationship between occupational noise exposure and hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, myocardial infarction by summarizing the epidemiological data of domestic and foreign population in recent years. Our study could provide evidence for the design and implementation of well-designed epidemiological and mechanism studies, and the recognition of the role of occupational noise exposure in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases, so as to better protect workers' health.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Humans , Hypertension/etiology , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888294

ABSTRACT

Non-steady state noise has become the main type of workplace noise. Compared with steady state noise, non-steady state noise may cause more serious hearing loss. This paper reviews the new situation of occupational hearing loss caused by non-steady state noise exposure, the overview of international noise exposure assessment standards and new challenges, and the new evidence of non-steady state noise induced hearing loss, so as to provide the basis for the future research of non-steady state noise induced hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Auditory Threshold , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Humans , Noise , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888276

ABSTRACT

According to the research on the pathogenesis of the hidden hearing loss in recent years, the occurrence of the hidden hearing loss is earlier than the permanent hearing threshold shift. This paper reviews the risk factors of hidden hearing loss, the pathogenesis of noise-induced hidden hearing loss, and the detection methods of hidden hearing loss. To explore the significance of hidden hearing loss in occupational health surveillance, and to provide reference for hearing protection of workers exposed to noise and hearing loss early in the future.


Subject(s)
Hearing , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Humans , Noise, Occupational , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Exposure , Occupational Health
13.
São Paulo; SES/SP; 2021. 37 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-CTDPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1291381
14.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 30(2): e2020607, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249801

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar fatores associados à notificação de perda auditiva induzida por ruído (Pair), no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo ecológico para estimar a proporção de municípios notificantes de Pair. Foram empregados modelos de regressão logística para identificar fatores associados. Resultados: Entre 2013 e 2015, 277 (5,0%) municípios notificaram Pair. A notificação foi mais comum entre municípios com cobertura por Cerest (OR=1,62 - IC95% 1,02;2,59) ou que sediavam unidade de Cerest em seu território (OR=4,37 - IC95% 2,75;6,93), a menor distância da capital do estado (OR=1,43 - IC95% 1,06;1,92) e com alto índice de desenvolvimento humano (OR=2,35 - IC95% 1,16;4,75). Entre os municípios situados em área com cobertura de Cerest, a notificação foi mais comum quando na equipe havia fonoaudiólogo (OR=1,96 - IC95% 1,47;2,63) e era baixa a rotatividade de profissionais (OR=1,88 - IC95% 1,40;2,52). Conclusão: Fatores contextuais influenciam na notificação de Pair, notadamente a existência e qualificação dos Cerest.


Objetivo: Investigar factores asociados con la notificación de pérdida auditiva inducida por ruido (Pair) en el Sistema de Información de Agravamientos de Notificación Obligatoria en Brasil. Métodos: Estudio ecológico para estimar la proporción de municipios notificantes de Pair. Se utilizaron modelos de regresión logística para identificar factores asociados. Resultados: Entre 2013-2015, 277 (5,0%) municipios notificaron Pair. La notificación fue más común entre los municipios con cobertura de los Centros de Referencia en Salud Ocupacional (Cerest) (OR=1,62 - IC95% 1,02; 2,59), o que albergaron Cerest (OR=4,37 - IC95% 2,75; 6,93), cercanos a la capital (OR=1,43 - IC95% 1,06; 1,92) y con alto índice de desarrollo humano (OR=2,35 - IC95% 1,16; 4,75). Entre los municipios en área de cobertura de Cerest, la notificación fue más alta cuando había fonoaudiólogo en el equipo (OR=1,96 - IC95% 1,47; 2,63) y baja rotación de profesionales (OR=1,88 - IC95% 1,40; 2,52). Conclusión: Factores contextuales influyen en la notificación de Pair, en particular, la existencia y cualificación de los Cerest.


Objective: To investigate factors associated with the notification of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), on the Notifiable Health Conditions Information System (SINAN) in Brazil. Methods: This was an ecological study to estimate the proportion of municipalities that had notified NIHL. Logistic regression models were used to identify associated factors. Results: Between 2013-2015, 277 (5.0%) municipalities notified NIHL. Notification was more prevalent among municipalities in an Occupational Health Referral Center (CEREST) coverage area (OR=1.62 - 95%CI 1.02;2.59) or those that had a CEREST in their territory (OR=4.37 - 95CI% 2.75;6.93), those that were closer to the state capital (OR=1.43 - 95%CI 1.06;1.92) and those with a high human development index (OR=2.35 - 95%CI 1.16;4.75). Among the municipalities located in a CEREST coverage area, notification was more frequent when there was a speech-language-hearing professional in the team (OR=1.96 - 95%CI - 1.47;2.63) and when employee turnover was low (OR=1.88 - 95%CI 1.40;2.52). Conclusion: Contextual factors influence NIHL notification, particularly the presence of CERESTs and their qualification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Health/standards , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/epidemiology , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Brazil/epidemiology , Information Systems , Public Health Surveillance
15.
CoDAS ; 33(4): e20190189, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249629

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo realizar uma revisão sistemática sobre a efetividade de intervenções para prevenção da perda auditiva induzida por ruído ocupacional, atualizando os achados da mais recente versão da revisão sistemática Cochrane do mesmo tema. Estratégia de pesquisa As buscas ocorreram nas bases PubMed, Web of Science e Scopus. Critérios de seleção Como intervenções, foram considerados: controles de engenharia/administrativos; dispositivos de proteção auditiva (DPA); vigilância auditiva e monitoramento audiológico. Análise dos dados Para a análise de risco de viés, cada estudo foi avaliado de acordo com a adoção de randomização, alocação, cegamento, desfecho, outras fontes de viés. Resultados Foram obtidas 475 referências no total. Destas, 17 estudos cumpriram os critérios de inclusão: um randomizado, um de série temporal interrompida e 15 de antes e depois. A maioria dos estudos foi realizada em indústrias; três em ambiente militar e/ou de treinamento de tiro; um em orquestra e outro em construção civil. A maioria dos estudos mostrou alto risco de viés. Seis estudos verificaram redução da exposição ao ruído a curto prazo por meio de controles de engenharia/administrativos; um verificou impacto positivo decorrente de mudança na legislação; cinco verificaram efeitos positivos dos DPA na diminuição da exposição ao ruído e dos treinamentos educacionais no uso do DPA; e dois encontraram redução dos níveis de ruído e aumento no uso do DPA decorrentes da implementação de programas de conservação auditiva. Conclusão Todos os estudos analisados concluíram que as intervenções utilizadas resultaram em efeitos positivos sobre a audição e/ou sobre a exposição ao ruído. Em relação aos efeitos de longo termo, a grande maioria dos estudos limitou-se a avaliar efeitos imediatos ou de curto termo, reforçando que estudos incluindo follow-up de longo termo devem ser desenvolvidos.


Abstract Purpose To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions to prevent occupational hearing loss, following up on the findings of the most recent version of Cochrane systematic review on the same topic. Research strategy Searches were carried out in PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases. Selection criteria The following interventions were considered: engineering/administrative controls; hearing protection devices (HPD); and audiological monitoring. Data analysis For bias risk analysis, each study was assessed according to randomization, allocation, blinding, outcomes, other sources of bias. Results 475 references were obtained. Of these, 17 studies met the inclusion criteria: one randomized, one interrupted time series, and 15 before and after studies. Most studies were conducted in industries; three in military and/or shooting training environments; one in an orchestra, and one in construction. Most studies showed a high risk of bias. Six studies found a reduction in short-term exposure to noise through engineering/administrative controls; one found a positive impact due to changes in legislation; five studies have found positive effects of HPD in reducing exposure to noise and of educational trainings in the use of HPD; lastly, two studies found a reduction in noise levels and an increase in the using of HPD due to the implementation of hearing conservation programs. Conclusão Todos os estudos analisados concluíram que as intervenções utilizadas resultaram em efeitos positivos sobre a audição e/ou sobre a exposição ao ruído. Em relação aos efeitos de longo termo, a grande maioria dos estudos limitou-se a avaliar efeitos imediatos ou de curto termo, reforçando que estudos incluindo follow-up de longo termo devem ser desenvolvidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/prevention & control , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control , Follow-Up Studies
16.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(3): e3220, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155336

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to validate indicators and parameters to construct an assessment instrument for the Hearing Conservation Program. Methods: methodological research to validate the content and layout of indicators to assess the Hearing Conservation Program, using the Delphi method, as well as the semantic validation of an assessment instrument for the program, in compliance with the procedures used by the European group DISABKIDS. A total of 20 speech-language-hearing therapists participated in the study, answering validation questionnaires. The answers were tabulated and analyzed considering descriptive statistical data, establishing the item content validity index, the scale content validity index, the percentage of absolute agreement, and the content analysis. Results: of the 64 items submitted for validation, two were not considered appropriate. The set of items was considered representative. The validated indicators and parameters provided the means to construct an assessment instrument of the degree of implementation of the Hearing Conservation Program, which proved to be semantically valid. Conclusion: the indicators were validated to meet and represent the functions of quality, control, and follow-up of the Hearing Conservation Program, aiding administrators to carry out their responsibilities and making it possible to construct evaluative instruments.


RESUMO Objetivo: validar indicadores e parâmetros para a construção de um instrumento de avaliação do Programa de Conservação Auditiva. Métodos: pesquisa metodológica de validação de conteúdo e aparência de indicadores para avaliação do Programa de Conservação Auditiva mediante aplicação do método Delphi, bem como a validação semântica de um instrumento de avaliação do programa seguindo os procedimentos adotados pelo grupo europeu DISABKIDS. Participaram do estudo 20 fonoaudiólogos, os quais responderam a questionários de validação. As respostas foram tabuladas e analisadas considerando dados estatísticos descritivos, pelo estabelecimento dos índices de validade de conteúdo por Item (I- IVC), de validade de conteúdo por nível de escala (S-IVC), de nível percentual de concordância absoluta e Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: dos 64 itens submetidos à validação, dois não foram considerados pertinentes. O conjunto de itens foi considerado representativo. Os indicadores e parâmetros validados subsidiaram a construção de um instrumento para avaliação do grau de implantação do Programa de Conservação Auditiva, o qual se apresentou válido semanticamente. Conclusão: os indicadores foram validados de modo a atender e representar as funções de qualidade, controle e acompanhamento do Programa de Conservação Auditiva, auxiliando os gestores no exercer de suas funções e subsidiando a construção de instrumentos avaliativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Program Evaluation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/prevention & control , Noise, Occupational/prevention & control , Delphi Technique
17.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(1): e0719, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143683

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to determine the auditory effects of noise exposure from recreational and occupational sources among dentistry students. Methods: forty-two dentistry students, routinely exposed to occupational noise, and 72 students from other health science schools were recruited (control group). Audiometric testing, otoacoustic emissions and questionnaires to assess recreational and occupational noise were applied to the sample. The presence of a notch was determined for each participant audiometry´s test based on the criteria proposed by Coles et al. Differences in notch prevalence were analyzed by applying univariate regression models as well as a multivariate model adjusted by covariates. Results: non-significant differences in auditory thresholds between groups were found. The controls exhibited a significantly higher prevalence of a notch at 4 kHz than the group exposed to noise. However, the differences were not statistically significant in the multivariate model adjusted by recreational noise exposure. Conclusions: the occupational noise exposure was not significantly associated to auditory system dysfunction. In addition, the differences in notch prevalence could be related to recreational noise exposure.


RESUMEN Objetivo: determinar los efectos auditivos producto de la exposición a ruido recreacional y ocupacional en estudiantes de Odontología. Métodos: se reclutó a 42 estudiantes de odontología expuestos rutinariamente a ruido ocupacional, y a 72 estudiantes de otras carreras del área de la salud (grupo control). Se evaluó mediante audiometría, emisiones otoacústicas, junto con aplicar cuestionarios para determinar la exposición a ruido ocupacional y recreacional. A partir de los umbrales audiométricos e determinó la presencia de escotoma usando el criterio de Coles et al. Se analizaron las diferencias en prevalencia de escotomas entre los grupos mediante regresiones logísticas, ajustando por otras variables. Resultados: no existieron diferencias significativas en los umbrales audiométricos entre los grupos estudiados. El grupo control mostró mayor prevalencia de escotoma en 4 kHz al ajustar por sexo y edad, sin embargo, dejó de ser significativa al ajustar adicionalmente por exposición a ruido recreacional. Conclusiones: la exposición a ruido ocupacional no se asoció a alteraciones auditivas. Además, las diferencias en prevalencia de escotomas estarían relacionadas a exposición a ruido recreacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/diagnosis , Noise, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Audiometry , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous
18.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(1): e7620, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155324

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to assess the implementation of hearing conservation programs in two large companies. Methods: an evaluative research that analyzed a type 1b implementation. The study was conducted in three stages, namely: establishing the company's degree of implementation, analyzing the companies' policies and structures, and lastly, analyzing the influence of the companies' policies and structures on their degree of implementation. The following analyses were conducted to collect data: interviews, document analysis, and observation. Results: the hearing conservation program in Company A was classified as implemented (91.1%), while in Company B, it was partially implemented (62.7%). The context in Company A was favorable to implementing the program, whereas in Company B, the context was considered unfavorable, due to disadvantageous categories. Also, the characteristics of the implementation context influenced the placement of the program either positively or negatively. Conclusion: there were satisfactory results regarding the implementation of the hearing conservation program in both companies assessed.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a implantação do programa de conservação auditiva em duas empresas de grande porte. Métodos: trata-se de uma pesquisa avaliativa de análise de implantação do tipo 1b. O estudo foi conduzido em três etapas, sendo: determinação do grau de implantação do Programa de Conservação Auditiva das empresas avaliadas; análise dos contextos políticos e estruturais das empresas avaliadas; e, por fim, uma análise da influência dos contextos políticos e estruturais no grau de implantação nas empresas avaliadas. Foram realizadas as seguintes análises para coleta dos dados: entrevistas, análise documental e observacional. Resultados: o Programa de Conservação Auditiva na 'empresa A' foi classificado como 'implantado' (91,1%) e na 'empresa B' como 'parcialmente implantado' (62,7%). O contexto de implantação da 'empresa A' se apresentou favorável à implantação do programa. Já na 'empresa B' o contexto foi considerado desfavorável, tendo categorias não favoráveis. Foi possível relacionar, também, que as características do contexto de implantação influenciaram positiva ou negativamente na implantação do programa. Conclusão: houve resultados satisfatórios quanto à implantação do Programa de Conservação Auditiva em ambas as empresas avaliadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Program Evaluation/statistics & numerical data , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/prevention & control , Noise, Occupational/prevention & control , Private Sector , Noise Monitoring , Models, Theoretical
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(6): 703-710, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142603

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The 72 kDa heat shock protein, HSP72, located intracellularly provides cochlear cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory roles in the inner ear during stressful noise challenges. The expression of intracellular HSP72 (iHSP72) can be potentiated by alanyl-glutamine dipeptide supplementation. Conversely, these proteins act as pro-inflammatory signals in the extracellular milieu (eHSP72). Objective: We explore whether noise-induced hearing loss promotes both intracellular and extracellular HSP72 heat shock response alterations, and if alanyl-glutamine dipeptide supplementation could modify heat shock response and prevent hearing loss. Methods: Female 90 day-old Wistar rats (n = 32) were randomly divided into four groups: control, noise-induced hearing loss, treated with alanyl-glutamine dipeptide and noise-induced hearing loss plus alanyl-glutamine dipeptide. Auditory brainstem responses were evaluated before noise exposure (124 dB SPL for 2 h) and 14 days after. Cochlea, nuclear cochlear complex and plasma samples were collected for the measurement of intracellular HSP72 and extracellular HSP72 by a high-sensitivity ELISA kit. Results: We found an increase in both iHSP72 and eHSP72 levels in the noise-induced hearing loss group, which was alleviated by alanyl-glutamine dipeptide treatment. Furthermore, H-index of HSP72 (plasma/cochlea eHSP72/iHSP72 ratio) was increased in the noise-induced hearing loss group, but prevented by alanyl-glutamine dipeptide treatment, although alanyl-glutamine dipeptide had no effect on auditory threshold. Conclusions: Our data indicates that cochlear damage induced by noise exposure is accompanied by local and systemic heat shock response markers. Also, alanyl-glutamine reduced stress markers even though it had no effect on noise-induced hearing loss. Finally, plasma levels of 72 kDa heat shock proteins can be used as a biomarker of auditory stress after noise exposure.


Resumo Introdução: A proteína de choque térmico de 72 kDa, HSP72 localizada intracelularmente, tem papéis citoprotetores e anti-inflamatórios cocleares na orelha interna durante situações de ruído estressantes. A expressão dessa proteína pode ser potencializada pela suplementação com dipeptídeo de alanil-glutamina. Por outro lado, essas proteínas atuam como sinais pró-inflamatórios no meio extracelular. Objetivo: Investigar se a perda auditiva induzida por ruído promove alterações tanto das proteínas HSP72 intracelulares quanto extracelulares na resposta de choque térmico e se a suplementação com alanil-glutamina pode modificar a resposta de choque térmico e evitar a perda auditiva. Método: Ratos Wistar fêmeas, com 90 dias de idade (n = 32), foram divididos aleatoriamente em quatro grupos: controle, perda auditiva induzida por ruído, tratados com alanil-glutamina e perda auditiva induzida por ruído mais alanil-glutamina. Os potenciais evocados auditivos do tronco encefálico foram avaliados antes da exposição ao ruído (124 dB NPS por 2 h) e 14 dias após. A cóclea, o complexo nuclear coclear e amostras de plasma foram coletadas para mensuração de HSP72 intra e extracelular com um kit Elisa de alta sensibilidade. Resultados: Houve um aumento nos níveis de HSP72 intra e extracelular no grupo perda auditiva induzida por ruído, que foi minimizado pelo tratamento com alanil-glutamina. Além disso, o índice H das HSP72 (razão HSP72 extracelular/HSP72intracelular plasma/cóclea) aumentou no grupo perda auditiva induzida por ruído, mas foi limitado pelo tratamento com alanil-glutamina, embora o alanil-glutamina não tenha efeito no limiar auditivo. Conclusões: Nossos dados indicam que o dano coclear induzido pela exposição ao ruído é acompanhado por marcadores da resposta de choque térmico locais e sistêmicos. Além disso, alanil-glutamina reduziu os marcadores de estresse, mesmo não tendo efeito sobre a perda auditiva induzida por ruído. Finalmente, os níveis plasmáticos de proteínas de choque térmico de 72 kDa podem ser usados como biomarcador do estresse auditivo, após a exposição ao ruído.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/prevention & control , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/drug therapy , Rats, Wistar , Heat-Shock Response , Dietary Supplements , Dipeptides , Heat-Shock Proteins
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