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1.
j.tunis.ORL chir. cerv.-fac ; 47(3): 53-58, 2022. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1392709

ABSTRACT

Objectifs: évaluer les résultats thérapeutiques et étudier les facteurs pronostiques de la surdité brusque.Patients et méthodes: Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective à propos de 61 patients (39 hommes et 22 femmes) pris en charge pour surdité brusque dans le service d'Otorhinolaryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale de l'hôpital Bourguiba de Monastir durant une période de 16 ans (2001-2016). Une analyse statistique a été réalisée afin d'identifier les facteurs influençant le pronostic de la surdité brusque. Le seuil de significativité retenu était de 5%. Résultats:L'âge moyen était de 43 ans [16-80 ans]. Le taux global de récupération auditive était de 45%. Les facteurs pronostiques selon l'analyse uni variée étaient: un antécédent d'hypoacousie controlatérale, la présence d'un vertige associé, la sévérité de la perte auditive initiale, une courbe audiométrique de type E, l'absence du réflexe stapédien et le recours à l'oxygénothérapie hyperbare (OHB). En analyse multivariée, les seuls facteurs retenus étaient une perte auditive initiale supérieure ou égale à 70 dB, la présence d'un vertige et l'absence d'un épisode infectieux précédant la survenue de la surdité. Conclusion: Notre étude a permis de retenir comme facteurs de mauvais pronostic indépendants la perte auditive initiale supérieure ou égale à 70 dB, la présence d'un vertige et l'absence d'un épisode infectieux précédant la survenue de la surdité. Ceci nous incite à une réflexion quant au protocole thérapeutique adopté dans notre service et à indiquer l'OHB, qui est normalement prescrite en cas de non réponse, en première intention, afin d'optimiser la récupération auditive.


Subject(s)
Deaf-Blind Disorders , Hearing Disorders , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Audiometry , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural
2.
Health sci. dis ; 23(8): 40-44, 2022. tables,figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1391097

ABSTRACT

In Cameroon, the prevalence of deafness in children is 3.6%. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical profile of these hearing impaired children at the time of diagnosis. Patients and methods.This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that took place between November 2020 and June 2021 and involved 127 hearing impaired children. Results.The mean age of these children was 9.2 ± 3.9 years, with extreme values of 1 and 15 years. The sex ratio was 1.3. The average number of children in the siblings was 3.5 ± 1.8 children and 30.7% occupied the 1st rank in their siblings. The average birth weight was 3269 ± 0.685g. The neonatal history was found in 11.81% of the cases while the postnatal history related to 32.28% of the cases. Maternal alcoholism and parental genital infections were found during pregnancy. Familial deafness was found in one of the mothers (0.4%) and in the siblings in 3.1% (n=4). At the time of diagnosis, the median age was between 0 and 24 months, the mode of onset was old and 96.9% of children had bilateral deafness. The absence of reaction to noise and the delay of language were the most found modes of revelation. Moderate and severe deafness were the most represented and were mostly sensory or mixed. Among these deaf children, 4%presented a handicap or an associated pathology. Conclusion.The causes of child deafness in Yaoundé are acquired in perinatal period. This deafness is diagnosed in the perilingual period and remains dominated by bilateral deafness, whether severe or profound


Subject(s)
Child Health , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Aphasia , Pathology, Clinical , Health Profile , Prevalence , Health of the Disabled
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 457-461, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285715

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Prognosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss may be predicted using several parameters of laboratory blood analysis. Objective To identify and investigate the most significant indicator parameters related to the poor prognosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Methods Eighty-eight patients were included, and three groups were constituted: non-recovery group with14 patients, recovery group with 33 patients and control group with 41 individuals. We compared fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio, C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, white blood cell and hemoglobin of the groups. Then, we investigated the most significant indicator parameters related to the poor prognosis of sudden hearing loss. Results The mean hemoglobin, mean platelet-lymphocyte ratio and median white blood cell values did not significantly differ among three groups (p = 0.36, p = 0.86 and p = 0.79, respectively). A significant difference of median fibrinogen-albumin ratio, C-reactive protein-albumin ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was evident among three groups (p < 0.001, p = 0.003 and p = 0.002, respectively). Median fibrinogen-albumin ratio, C-reactive protein-albumin ratio and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio values were significantly greater in the non-recovery group, compared with the controls (p < 0.001, p = 0.003 and p = 0.005, respectively). Median fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio, C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio were significantly greater in the recovery group, compared with the controls (p < 0.001, p = 0.013 and p = 0.005, respectively). Moreover, the median fibrinogen-albumin ratio was significantly greater in the non-recovery group compared with the recovery group (p = 0.017). However, no statistically significant difference of median C-reactive protein-albumin ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte was evident between the non-recovery and recovery groups (p = 0.15). Conclusion Increased levels of fibrinogen-albumin ratio may be predictive for poor prognosis in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss.


Resumo Introdução O prognóstico de perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita pode ser previsto com vários parâmetros da análise laboratorial do sangue. Objetivo Identificar e investigar os parâmetros indicadores mais significativos relacionados ao mau prognóstico da perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita. Método Foram incluídos 88 pacientes e três grupos foram constituídos: grupo não recuperado, com14 pacientes; grupo com recuperação, 33 pacientes, e grupo controle com 41 indivíduos. Foram comparadas a relação fibrinogênio/albumina, proteína C-reativa/albumina, relação neutrófilos/linfócitos, relação plaquetas/linfócitos, glóbulos brancos e hemoglobina dos grupos. Em seguida, investigamos os parâmetros indicadores mais significativos relacionados ao prognóstico ruim da perda súbita de audição. Resultados A média de hemoglobina, média da relação plaquetas/linfócitos e mediana dos valores de glóbulos brancos não diferiram significativamente entre os três grupos (p = 0,36, p = 0,86 e p = 0,79, respectivamente). Uma diferença significante da média da relação fibrinogênio/albumina, proteína C-reativa/albumina e neutrófilos/linfócitos foi evidente entre os três grupos (p < 0,001, p = 0,003 e p = 0,002, respectivamente). Os valores da mediana da relação fibrinogênio/albumina, proteína C-reativa/albumina e relação neutrófilos/linfócitos foram significantemente maiores no grupo sem recuperação, em comparação com os controles (p < 0,001, p = 0,003 e p = 0,005, respectivamente). As medianas da relação fibrinogênio/albumina, relação proteína C-reativa/albumina e relação neutrófilos/linfócitos foram significantemente maiores no grupo com recuperação, em comparação com os controles (p < 0,001, p = 0,013 e p = 0,005, respectivamente). Além disso, a mediana da relação fibrinogênio/albumina foi significantemente maior no grupo não recuperado comparado ao grupo com recuperação (p = 0,017). No entanto, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante da mediana da relação proteína-C reativa/albumina e relação neutrófilos/linfócitos entre os grupos sem recuperação e com recuperação (p = 0,15). Conclusão Níveis elevados de relação fibrinogênio/albumina podem ser preditores de mau prognóstico em pacientes com perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Prognosis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Fibrinogen/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Albumins
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1103-1107, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of different electroacupuncture (EA) frequencies and wave patterns combined with medication and medication alone for sudden hearing loss (SHL), and to explore better electroacupuncture stimulation parameters.@*METHODS@#All of 118 patients with SHL were randomly divided into an acupuncture and medication group 1 (group 1, 30 cases, 1 case dropped off), an acupuncture and medication group 2 (group 2, 30 cases), an acupuncture and medication group 3 (group 3, 31 cases) and a medication group (27 cases, 1 case dropped off ). The patients in the medication group were treated with conventional medication. On the base of the medication group, the patients in the group 1, 2, and 3 were treated with acupuncture at Ermen (TE 21), Tinggong (SI 19), Tinghui (GB 2), Fengchi (GB 20), etc. on the affected side, and EA at Ermen (TE 21)-Yifeng (TE 17), Tinghui (GB 2)-Yifeng (TE 17) alternately. The 3 groups were given continuous wave with frequency of 2 Hz, continuous wave with frequency of 50 Hz, and disperse-dense wave with frequency of 2 Hz/50 Hz respectively. The treatment was given once a day, 10 days were as one course, with 2 courses in total. Before and after treatment, the pure tone hearing threshold test was performed, and the curative effect of pure tone hearing threshold test and the curative effect of tinnitus, ear fullness and dizziness were compared in the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the pure tone hearing threshold test values of each group were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional medication treatment, the addition of electroacupuncture can effectively improve the hearing and ear stuffiness symptoms of patients with SHL, and the disperse-dense wave with frequency of 2 Hz/50 Hz is more effective.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Hearing Loss, Sudden/therapy , Humans , Tinnitus/therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942513

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the gadolinium imaging findings of inner ear in patients with sudden deafness and to analyze its clinical features. Methods: From November 2017 to July 2020, 21 patients with sudden deafness in the People's Hospital of Dongsheng District, Ordos City were selected as the research objects, including 14 males and 7 females, aged 36-76 years, with a median age of 50 years. The course of disease was 1-19 days, with an average of 5.5 days. The patients received audiology tests, laboratory examination, and intravenous gadolinium angiography, each of whom was scanned twice by 3D-FLAIR sequence: once before intravenous gadolinium injection, and once again 4.5-6.0 h after intravenous gadolinium injection. The following corresponding clinical treatment was given. The imaging manifestations and clinical features were observed. Results: Among 21 cases of sudden deafness in acute stage, the signal intensity of 11 cases was significantly higher than that of the contralateral ear, and 2 cases had vestibular labyrinthine hydrops. In laboratory examination, only 2 cases of total deafness had increased WBC count and faster erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and the rest had no abnormality. The hearing types of 21 patients with sudden deafness were: total deafness in 8 cases, flat decline in 10 cases, low frequency decline in 1 case, high frequency decline in 2 cases. The total effective rate was 57% (12/21). The hearing types of 11 patients with abnormal gadolinium angiography were total deafness in 5 cases, flat decline in 5 cases and high frequency decline in 1 case. The total effective rate was 64% (7/11). Conclusion: Gadolinium angiography is abnormal in some patients with sudden deafness, and the permeability of blood labyrinth barrier may be increased, which is worthy of further study.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Deafness , Female , Gadolinium , Hearing Loss, Sudden/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Vestibule, Labyrinth
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942454

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the correlations of different appearances of labyrinthine 3D-FLAIR MRI with clinical features and prognosis in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). Methods: Clinical data of patients with unilateral ISSNHL hospitalized from May 2017 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the results of 3D-FLAIR MRI, the patients were divided into three groups including hyperintense with absorption, hyperintense without absorption and normal. The differences and correlations among the three groups in clinical characteristics (gender, age, deafness side, duration, treatment days, dizziness/vertigo, basic diseases, vestibular function, deafness classification and typing) and prognosis were analyzed by SPSS 20.0 software. Results: Data were collected from 1 245 cases, including 739 (59.36%) with normal signal, 288 (23.13%) hyperintense without absorption, and 218 (17.51%) hyperintense with absorption. The side ratio, treatment days, dizziness/vertigo incidence, vestibular dysfunction, deafness classification and typing were different among the three groups (P<0.001). The incidence of right side was significantly higher in both the hyperintense with and without absorption groups than that in the normal. The vestibular dysfunction was more common in the hyperintense with absorption group than in the normal and hyperintense without absorption groups. It showed statistical differences in the dizziness/vertigo incidence, deafness classification, treatment days, and deafness typing compared between groups, which was the most significant in the hyperintense with absorption group, followed by the hyperintense without absorption group. There was no statistical difference in the total effective rate among the three groups (P=0.139), whereas a significant difference in the recovery rate (P<0.001). The prognosis was significantly correlated with duration, age, treatment days and dizziness/vertigo in the normal group (all P<0.001), correlated with duration and treatment days in the hyperintense with absorption group (both P<0.001), only correlated with the duration in the hyperintense without absorption group (P<0.001). Conclusion: 3D-FLAIR MRI manifestation is closely related to the clinical features and efficacy of ISSNHL. It is helpful to clarify the pathology of inner ear, which is expected to be a new imaging indicator for disease evaluation.


Subject(s)
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/diagnostic imaging , Hearing Loss, Sudden/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(2): 247-254, March-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132580

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Sudden hearing loss is an otorhinolaryngological emergency that often leads to severe damage to the auditory and vestibular function. The vestibular evoked myogenic potential is a test that allows a noninvasive evaluation of the otolithic system function and vestibulospinal and vestibulo-ocular pathways. Objective: To evaluate the importance of vestibular evoked myogenic potential in determining the prognosis of patients with sudden hearing loss. Methods: A search for articles published up to December 2018 was performed in the PubMed, Cochrane, VHL and LILACS databases using MeSH descriptors. Retrospective and prospective articles were included containing cervical or ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential in sudden hearing loss patients and information on associated vertigo and/or dizziness. Results: Sixteen of 62 initially selected articles met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. Regarding the methodology of the evaluated studies, 8 studies were prospective, six were retrospective, one contained part of the data from a retrospective analysis and another part from a prospective analysis, and one study was cross-sectional. A total of 872 patients were evaluated (50.22% males and 49.77% females) with a mean age of 51.26 years. Four hundred and twenty-six patients (50.35%) had vertigo and/or dizziness associated with sudden hearing loss. The cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential was performed in all studies, but only seven assessed the ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential. The cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential showed alterations in 38.65% of 846 evaluated ears, whereas ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential showed alterations in 47.88% of 368 evaluated ears. The hearing recovery rate was analyzed by 8 articles, with 63.4% of 410 evaluated ears showing hearing recovery. Conclusions: The studies suggest that the assessment of the vestibular system using vestibular evoked myogenic potential seems to be important in the prognosis of sudden hearing loss. For better follow-up of patients with sudden hearing loss, the emphasis should not be limited to the cochlea, but also include the diagnosis and treatment of vestibular abnormalities, regardless of the presence of vertigo.


Resumo Introdução: A surdez súbita é uma emergência otorrinolaringológica que frequentemente cursa com graves danos à função auditiva e vestibular. O potencial evocado miogênico vestibular é um exame que permite a avaliação não invasiva da função do sistema otolítico e das vias vestíbulo-espinhal e vestíbulo-ocular. Objetivo: Avaliar a importância do potencial evocado miogênico vestibular na determinação do prognóstico dos pacientes com surdez súbita. Método: Uma busca de trabalhos publicados até dezembro de 2018 foi realizada nos bancos de dados PubMed, Cochrane, BVS e Lilacs com descritores cadastrados no MeSH. Foram incluídos artigos retrospectivos e prospectivos que contivessem o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical ou ocular em pacientes com surdez súbita e informações sobre vertigem e/ou tontura associados. Resultados: Dezesseis de 62 artigos selecionados inicialmente preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram analisados. Quanto à metodologia dos trabalhos avaliados, 8 estudos foram prospectivos, seis retrospectivos, um continha parte dos dados oriunda de uma análise retrospectiva e outra parte de uma análise prospectiva e um estudo foi transversal. Foram avaliados 872 pacientes (50,22% do gênero masculino e 49,77% feminino) com média de 51,26 anos. Do total de pacientes, 426 (50,35%) apresentavam vertigem e/ou tontura associada à surdez súbita. O potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical foi realizado em todos os estudos, porém o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular ocular em apenas sete. O potencial evocado miogênico vestibular cervical apresentou alteração em 38,65% de 846 orelhas avaliadas, enquanto o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular ocular estava alterado em 47,88% das 368 orelhas avaliadas. A taxa de recuperação auditiva foi analisada por 8 artigos, 63,4% de 410 orelhas avaliadas apresentavam recuperação auditiva. Conclusões: Os estudos demonstram que a avaliação do sistema vestibular com o uso do potencial evocado miogênico vestibular parece ter importância no prognóstico da surdez súbita. Para melhor acompanhamento do paciente com surdez súbita a ênfase não deve se restringir à cóclea, mas também no diagnóstico e tratamento de alterações vestibulares, independentemente da presença de vertigem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Hearing Loss, Sudden/physiopathology , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials/physiology , Prognosis
9.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(2): 180-184, March-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132566

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Sudden hearing loss is a significant otologic emergency. Previous studies have revealed a coexistence of sudden hearing loss with chronic inflammation. The predictive importance of C-reactive protein/albumin values as a prognostic factor has been shown in various inflammatory and tumoral conditions. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio in sudden hearing loss can be used for prognostic purposes and whether there is a relationship between the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio. Methods: A retrospective examination was made of 40 patients diagnosed with idiopathic sudden hearing loss and a control group of 45 healthy subjects. The pure tone averages of all the patients were determined on first presentation and repeated at 3 months after the treatment. The patients were separated into 2 groups according to the response to treatment. The neutrophil/lynphocyte ratio and the C-reactive protein/albumin ratios were calculated from the laboratory tests. Results: The patients included 16 females and 24 males with a mean age of 44.1 ± 14.2 years and the control group was composed of 23 females and 22 males with a mean age of 42.2 ± 13.8 years. The mean C-reactive protein/albumin ratio was 0.95 ± 0.47 in the patient group and 0.74 ± 0.13 in the control group. The difference was statistically significant (p = 0.009). The mean C-reactive protein/albumin ratio was 0.79 ± 0.12 in the response to treatment group and 1.27 ± 0.72 in the non-response group, with no significant difference determined between the groups (p = 0.418). The mean neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio was 3.52 ± 3.00 in the response to treatment group and 4.90 ± 4.60 in the non-response group, with no statistically significant difference determined between the groups (p = 0.261). Conclusion: C-reactive/albumin ratio was significantly higher in patients with sudden hearing loss than in the control group. Although C-reactive protein/albumin ratio was found to be lower in sudden hearing loss patients who responded to treatment compared to those who did not, the difference between two groups was not statistically significant.


Resumo Introdução: A perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita ou surdez súbita é uma emergência otológica significativa. Estudos anteriores revelaram uma coexistência dessa condição com inflamação crônica. A importância preditiva dos valores da relação proteína C-reativa/albumina como fator prognóstico tem sido demonstrada em várias condições inflamatórias e tumorais. Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar se a relação proteína C-reativa/albumina na perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita pode ser usada para fins prognósticos e se existe uma associação entre as relações neutrófilo/linfócito e proteína C-reativa/albumina. Método: Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 40 pacientes com diagnóstico de perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita idiopática e um grupo controle de 45 indivíduos saudáveis. As médias de tons puros de todos os pacientes foram determinadas na primeira consulta e repetidas 3 meses após o tratamento. Os pacientes foram separados em 2 grupos de acordo com a resposta ao tratamento. As relações neutrófilo/linfócito e proteína C-reativa/albumina foram calculadas a partir de testes laboratoriais. Resultados: Os pacientes incluíam 16 mulheres e 24 homens, com média de 44,1 ± 14,2 anos, e o grupo controle por 23 mulheres e 22 homens, com média de 42,2 ± 13,8 anos. A média da relação proteína C-reativa/albumina foi de 0,95 ± 0,47 no grupo de pacientes e de 0,74 ± 0,13 no grupo controle e a diferença foi estatisticamente significante (p = 0,009). A média da relação proteína C-reativa/albumina foi de 0,79 ± 0,12 do grupo com resposta ao tratamento e de 1,27 ± 0,72 no grupo sem resposta, sem diferença significante entre os grupos (p = 0,418). A média da relação neutrófilo/linfócito foi de 3,52 ± 3,00 no grupo com resposta ao tratamento e de 4,90 ± 4,60 no grupo sem resposta, sem diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos (p = 0,261). Conclusão: A relação proteína C-reativa/albumina foi significantemente maior nos pacientes com perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita do que no grupo controle. No entanto, embora a relação proteína C-reativa/albumina tenha sido menor nos pacientes com perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita que responderam ao tratamento em comparação a aqueles que não apresentaram resposta, a diferença entre os dois grupos não foi estatisticamente significante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Hearing Loss, Sudden/drug therapy , Hearing Loss, Sudden/blood , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/drug therapy , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/blood , Prognosis , Serum Albumin/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Lymphocyte Count , Neutrophils
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829008

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) has demonstrated efficacy in improving hearing levels of patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL); however, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. HBOT alleviates the inflammatory response, which is mediated by Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 and nuclear factor (NF)-κB. In this study we investigated whether HBOT attenuates inflammation in ISHHL patients alteration of TLR4 and NF-κB expression.@*Methods@#ISHHL patients ( = 120) and healthy control subjects ( = 20) were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly divided into medicine group treated with medicine only ( = 60) and HBO group receiving both HBOT and medicine ( = 60). Audiometric testing was performed pre- and post-treatment. TLR4, NF-кB, and TNF-α expression in peripheral blood of ISSHL patients and healthy control subjects was assessed by ELISA before and after treatment.@*Results@#TLR4, NF-κB, and TNF-α levels were upregulated in ISSHL patients relative to healthy control subjects; the levels were decreased following treatment and were lower in the HBO group than that in the medicine group post-treatment ( < 0.05 and < 0.01).@*Conclusion@#HBOT alleviates hearing loss in ISSHL patients by suppressing the inflammatory response induced by TLR4 and NF-κB signaling.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , China , Female , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Therapeutics , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Therapeutics , Humans , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Inflammation , Genetics , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , NF-kappa B p50 Subunit , Genetics , Metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect of electro-nape-acupuncture (ENA) combined with hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) and single HBOT on refractory flat descending idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL).@*METHODS@#A total of 78 patients were randomized into an ENA combined with HBOT (ENA+HBOT) group and a HBOT group, 39 cases in each one. Patients in both groups were treated with oral extract of ginkgo biloba leaves and mecobalamin tablets. On the basis of the conventional medication treatment, HBOT was adopt in the HBOT group. On the basis of the treatment in the HBOT group, electro-nape-acupuncture was applied at Fengchi (GB 20), Gongxue (Extra), Zhongzhu (TE 3), Waiguan (TE 5) and Yifeng (TE 17), Tinggong (SI 19), Tinghui (GB 2) and the vertigo-auditory area of affected side in the ENA+HBOT group. Pulse acupuncture instrument was connected at Fengchi (GB 20) and Gongxue (Extra) for 30 min (with continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency), the needles were retained for another 30 min after electroaupuncture. The treatment was given once a day, 6 times a week for 4 weeks in both groups. Before the treatment and 2,4 weeks into the treatment, the average auditory threshold, the scores of tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) and dizziness handicap inventory (DHI) were observed, and the therapeutic effect was evaluated in both groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the average auditory threshold, the scores of THI and DHI of 2,4 weeks into the treatment were decreased in both groups (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electro-nape- acupuncture can improve the mean auditory threshold and the symptoms of tinnitus and dizziness in patients with refractory flat descending idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Dizziness , Therapeutics , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Therapeutics , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Therapeutics , Humans , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Plant Extracts , Therapeutic Uses , Tinnitus , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome , Vitamin B 12 , Therapeutic Uses
12.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 733-738, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055504

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Glucocorticoids are considered the first-line therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss. But there is currently no consensus on administering them as a single dose versus multiple divided daily doses. Objective: We aim to evaluate the treatment outcome of sudden sensorineural hearing loss between a single-dose and multiple divided daily doses of steroid treatment. Methods: A total of 94 patients who were diagnosed and treated for sudden sensorineural hearing loss and followed up for more than three months were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were divided into single-dose and multiple divided-dose groups, based on their medication regimens. Hearing thresholds were repeatedly measured: on the initial visit and 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after the initial treatment. Treatment outcomes were analyzed by comparing hearing recovery rates and post-treatment audiometric changes. Results: The hearing threshold was significantly reduced at three months post-treatment in both groups. The hearing recovery rate of the single-dose group was significantly higher than that of the multiple divided-dose groups. Audiometric changes showed no statistical difference either in pure tone threshold or speech discrimination. Conclusion: When oral steroids are indicated for sudden sensorineural hearing loss, both a single dose and multiple divided doses can be effective for treatment and have comparable results. However, the single-dose regimen seems to be more efficacious than the divided-dose regimen.


Resumo Introdução: Os glicocorticoides são considerados terapia de primeira linha para perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita. Contudo, atualmente não há consenso em como para administrá-los, se em dose única ou múltiplas doses diárias. Objetivo: Nosso objetivo é avaliar o resultado do tratamento da perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita com uma dose única ou várias doses diárias de tratamento com esteróides. Método: Um total de 94 pacientes que foram diagnosticados e tratados para perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita e acompanhados por mais de três meses pós-tratamento foram avalia-dos retrospectivamente. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos de dose única diária e dose diária dividida em múltiplas tomadas, baseado em seu regime medicamentoso. Os limiares auditivos foram medidos repetidamente: na visita inicial e em 1 semana, 1 mês e 3 meses após o tratamento inicial. Os resultados do tratamento foram analisados comparando-se as taxas de recuperação da audição e as alterações audiométricas pós-tratamento. Resultados: O limiar auditivo foi significativamente reduzido aos três meses pós-tratamento em ambos os grupos. A taxa de recuperação auditiva no grupo de dose única foi significativamente maior do que no grupo de dose diária dividida em múltiplas tomadas. As alterações audiométricas não mostraram diferença estatística, tanto no limiar de tom puro quanto na discriminação da fala. Conclusão: Quando esteroides orais são indicados para perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita, tanto uma dose única quanto múltiplas doses podem ser eficazes para o tratamento e têm resultados comparáveis. No entanto, o regime de dose única diária parece ser mais eficaz do que o regime de dose diária dividida em múltiplas tomadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Hearing Loss, Sudden/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/drug therapy , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Steroids/administration & dosage , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Administration, Oral , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 65-69, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002178

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Low-tone sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is a well-recognized disease, in which the hearing loss is restricted to low frequencies. In contrast to lowtone SSHL, high-tone SSHL is characterized by high-frequency (4,000, 8,000 Hz) hearing loss and preservation of low-, middle-frequency hearing. Objective The objective of this study is to compare the hearing recovery and longterm outcome of low-tone SSHL with those of patients affected by high-tone SSHL in a follow-up of ~ 3 years. Methods The low-tone SSHL and high-tone SSHL groups included 27 and 20 patients, respectively; the patients of both groups were treated with intravenous steroids. Predictive factors (gender, affected side, delay of treatment, follow-up time) were also examined. Results Overall, complete hearing recovery was observed in 77.7% of the patients in the low-tone SSHL group and in 15% of the patients in the high-tone SSHL group. In the high-tone SSHL group, a higher proportion of patients reported tinnitus compared with the low-tone SSHL group (13 cases [65%] versus 3 cases [11%]); however, recurrences were more common in the low-tone SSHL (22%, 6 patients) compared with the hightone SSHL (2 cases [10%]) group. No predictive factor was found to statistically impact on hearing outcome. Conclusion After initial therapy, the low-tone SSHL patients have more favorable hearing outcome than high-tone SSHL patients. However, recurrences occurred more frequently in the low-tone SSHL group, while the high-tone SSHL group was more often accompanied by residual symptoms, such as tinnitus. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hearing Loss, High-Frequency/rehabilitation , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/rehabilitation , Prognosis , Auditory Threshold , Steroids/administration & dosage , Epidemiologic Factors , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Hearing Loss, Sudden
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Auditory brainstem response (ABR) can be utilized to verify the hearing threshold and determine the existence of retrocochlear pathology in sudden deafness. However, little is known about the significance of ABR characteristics as a prognostic factor in sudden deafness. The purpose of this study is to evaluate which characteristics of ABR is associated with the prognosis of sudden deafness. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We studied patients who were diagnosed with unilateral sudden deafness from January 2017 to May 2018. ABR results of click stimuli at 90 dB nHL were analyzed by the latency of wave I, III, and V. RESULTS: A total of 113 patients (55 men and 58 women) participated in the study. Hearing recovery was observed in 94 cases (83.2%). The absolute latency of wave I, III, and V was prolonged in the affected ears when compared with the unaffected ears. Hearing improvement was only correlated to the interaural latency delay of wave I (Pearson's r=−0.278, p<0.05). Prolonged interaural latency delay was noted from complete toward slight hearing recovery group. When the hearing outcome was evaluated by the interaural latency delay of wave I at 0.2 ms, the result of under 0.2 ms was significantly better than that over 0.2 ms and no visible wave I. CONCLUSION: Prolonged interaural delay of wave I over 0.2 ms and no visible wave I in ABR showed worse hearing outcome in sudden deafness. This finding may provide ABR as a potential prognostic indicator in sudden deafness.


Subject(s)
Ear , Evoked Potentials , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Hearing , Humans , Male , Methods , Pathology , Prognosis
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760126

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the difference in audiologic-vestibular and clinical characteristics between acute cochlea-vestibulopathy (ACV) and idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of 91 patients diagnosed as sudden hearing loss (ACV; n=20, ISSNHL; n=71). Patients with vestibular hypofunction were categorized as ACV and all others as ISSNHL. Demographics and clinical findings were compared. Audiologic features such as degree of hearing loss, type of audiometric configuration and hearing improvements were analyzed. In addition, vestibular function test results and hearing recovery were further analyzed among ACV group. RESULTS: Demographics and other clinical findings were not much different between groups. There was a significant difference with respect to audiologic features between the ACV group and ISSNHL group: the initial hearing threshold of the ACV group was higher than that of the ISSNHL group, and their treatment onset was also shorter. There was also a significant difference in the hearing outcome showing very low rate of complete recovery in ACV group. The final hearing threshold of the ACV group was higher than that of the ISSNHL group. Dizziness was the only significant variable in the multiple regression analysis. In the ACV group, the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential inter-aural amplitude difference (cVEMP IAD) ratio showed a correlation to the hearing recovery in some frequencies; patients with no cVEMP response showed poor outcome compared to those with cVEMP waveform. CONCLUSION: The ACV group shows a poor prognosis just as in the case of sudden hearing loss defined in the traditional sense of vertigo. The IAD value of the vestibular evoked myogenic potentials test will be helpful in assessing hearing improvement, especially when a high IAD value at the middle frequency is associated with a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Demography , Dizziness , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Humans , Methods , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Vertigo , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials , Vestibular Function Tests
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760108

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although poor hearing outcomes have been associated with acute noise-induced hearing loss (ANIHL), only limited studies exist on this issue. This study evaluated the prognosis of ANIHL in comparison to idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) and investigated the types of noise causing these disorders. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss due to noise exposure were included in the ANIHL group if the threshold shift was more than 30 dB in three or more consecutive frequencies within the study period (from January 2010 to December 2016). The ANIHL group included 19 patients. As a matched-control group, treated patients with ISSNHL (n=95) were selected as a way of controlling the known prognostic factors that were evenly distributed between groups. Selected prognostic variables used for matching included age, sex, the degree of initial hearing loss, the number of days before the start of treatment, and treatment method. RESULTS: The overall hearing recovery rate of ANIHL was 11% and that of the control group was 80% (p<0.001). Noise exposure in military service (37%) and leisure activities (37%) was the most prominent cause of ANIHL. CONCLUSION: The hearing outcome of ANIHL was worse than that of ISSNHL. It is thus necessary to establish national guidelines for environmental noise regulations and to raise awareness of hazardous noise exposure.


Subject(s)
Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Hearing , Humans , Leisure Activities , Methods , Military Personnel , Noise , Prognosis , Social Control, Formal
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1013-1015, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776223

ABSTRACT

Intractable sudden deafness is a kind of primary sudden deafness that is insensitive to the comprehensive treatment in modern medicine. Due to the close relationship between the ear and the "heart", combined with the characteristics of intractable sudden deafness, in the theoretic guidance of "the heart housing the mind", the acupuncture therapy for regulating the mind and nourishing the heart was introduced in treatment of intractable sudden deafness, the relevant theoretic evidences were explored and elaborated with the typical case.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Therapeutics , Humans , Psychophysiology
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(5): 705-708, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-957458

ABSTRACT

Abstract It is known that in less than a third of patients presenting sudden hearing loss, the disorder can be attributed to viral infection, trauma, neoplasms, and vascular and autoimmune diseases. However, the role of the HIV in the onset of this disease has not yet been well described. A 46-year-old female, in an immunosuppression state induced by HIV infection, presented with sudden bilateral hearing loss, with no improvement despite treatment. Several mechanisms were reported by which the virus could induce damage to the auditory pathway. However, little is known regarding the prevention and treatment of this morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , HIV Infections/complications , Hearing Loss, Sudden/virology , Hearing Loss, Bilateral/virology , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/virology , Immunocompromised Host , Middle Aged
19.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 245-249, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975577

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) is hearing loss of at least 30 dB in at least 3 contiguous frequencies within at least 72 hours. There are many different theories to explain it, and many differentmodalities are used for its management, such as: systemic steroids (SSs), intratympanic steroid injection (ITSI), hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HOT), antiviral drugs, and vasodilators or vasoactive substances. Objectives This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of the combination of the most common treatmentmodalities of ISSNHL and to compare the results if HOTwas not one of the treatment modalities administered. Methods The study was conducted with 22 ISSNHL patients with ages ranging from 34 to 58 years. The patients were divided into 2 groups; group A included 11 patients managed by SSs, ITSI, antiviral therapy, and HOT simultaneously, and group B included 11 patients exposed to the aforementioned modalities, with the exception of HOT. Results After one month, all of the patients in group A showed total improvement in hearing in all frequencies, with pure tone average (PTA) of 18.1 ± 2.2, while in group B, 5/11 (45.5%) patients showed total improvement, and 6 /11 (54.5%) patients showed partial improvement, with a total mean PTA of 28.1 ± 8.7. Conclusion The early administration of HOT in combination with other clinically approved modalities (SSs, ITSI, antiviral therapy) provides better results than the administration of the same modalities, with the exception of HOT, in the treatment of ISSNHL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hearing Loss, Sudden/therapy , Injection, Intratympanic , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Acyclovir/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Combined Modality Therapy
20.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 17(1): 121-127, jul.17,2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910099

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a Surdez Súbita (SS) é uma emergência médica de baixa prevalência, porém com potencial de perda auditiva irreversível para o paciente. Possui diversos e ainda incertos mecanismos etiopatológicos. Recentemente a literatura vem trazendo a associação da SS com a classe dos inibidores da fosdodiesterase-5 (IPDE-5), a qual inclui medicamentos para tratamento de impotência sexual. Objetivo: relatar caso clínico de paciente idoso que apresentou SS após fazer uso de medicamento da classe dos IPDE-5, pesquisando na literatura qual a provável fisiopatologia. Metodologia: trata-se de estudo qualitativo, descritivo do tipo relato de caso clínico, realizado através da coleta de dados do prontuário médico, que foram comparados com literatura especializada. Resultado: paciente masculino, 72 anos, engenheiro, procurou atendimento referindo hipoacusia e plenitude aural à direita notados subitamente há três dias. Relata ter feito uso de Tadalafil 5mg, anteriormente aos sintomas. Anamnese e exame físico direcionaram para hipótese diagnóstica de SS, de modo que exames complementares foram solicitados. À audiometria evidenciou-se perda auditiva sensorioneural moderada a severa em orelha direita. Após tratamento com prednisolona oral e mesilato de codergocrina, paciente apresentou melhora, com audiometria evidenciando perda sensorioneural leve em orelha direita. Conclusão: a relação entre SS e o uso de IPDE-5 está cada vez mais evidente de acordo com a literatura. É provável que possa haver ativação de vias de estresse celular, contribuindo para patologia


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Hearing Loss, Sudden/chemically induced , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors/adverse effects , Tadalafil/adverse effects
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