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1.
Braz. j. anesth ; 73(4): 401-408, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447624

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background In-hospital cardiac arrest is a common situation in hospital settings. Therefore, healthcare providers should understand the reasons that could affect the results of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We aimed to determine the independent predictors for poor outcomes after the return of spontaneous circulation in in-hospital cardiac arrest patients, and also look for a relationship between patient's background parameters and the status at intensive care unit. Methods We did a retrospective cohort study using cardiac arrest patients admitted to the intensive care unit after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation between 2011-2015. Patients' data were gathered from hospital database. Estimated probabilities of survival were computed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazard models were used to determine associated risk factors for mortality. Results In total, 197 cardiac arrest patients were admitted to anesthesia intensive care unit after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a 4-years period. Of 197 patients, 170 (86.3%) died in intensive care unit. Median of survival days was 4 days. Comorbidity (p= 0.01), higher duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (p= 0.02), lower Glasgow Coma Score (p= 0.00), abnormal lactate level (p= 0.00), and abnormal mean blood pressure (p= 0.01) were the main predictors for increased mortality in cardiac arrest patients after intensive care unit admission. Conclusion The consequent clinical status of the patients is affected by the physiological state after return of spontaneous circulation. Comorbidity, higher duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, lower arrival Glasgow Coma Score, abnormal lactate level, and abnormal mean blood pressure were the main predictors for increased mortality in patients admitted to the intensive care unit after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coma/complications , Heart Arrest/therapy , Hospital Mortality , Intensive Care Units , Lactates
2.
Rev. Anesth.-Réanim. Med. Urg. Toxicol. ; 15(1): 59-61, 2023. figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1438442

ABSTRACT

La COVID-19 est associée à un état d'hypercoagulabilité. L'incidence du thrombus intraventriculaire gauche est relativement faible en absence d'une cardiopathie hypokinétique sévère avec altération de la fraction d'éjection. Nous rapportant le cas d'un homme de 37 ans infecté par le SARS-CoV-2 présentant un thrombus intraventriculaire gauche en absence de cardiopathie connue. Le décès était survenu suiteà un arrêt cardiaque.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Heart Arrest , Thrombosis , Young Adult , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 12: 4617, nov. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1417344

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:construir, validar e testar um cenário de simulação clínica para o manejo da parada cardiorrespiratória e cerebral para o ensino de enfermagem.Método:foi realizado design de estudo metodológico de desenvolvimento educacional realizado em três fases: elaboração de cenário simulado sobre parada cardiorrespiratória cerebral, validação do conteúdo e teste do cenário simulado com estudantes de graduação em enfermagem. A análise dos dados se deu pelo Índice de Validade de Conteúdo, considerando-se adequado um valor > 0,90 entre os juízes experts em enfermagem, e o Alfa de Cronbach para determinar a concordância da satisfação e autoconfiança na aprendizagem dos estudantes. Resultados:o cenário de simulação mostrou-se adequado para utilização no processo de ensino e aprendizagem e melhoria das competências cognitivas, comportamentais e psicomotoras, e obteve excelente índice de validação de conteúdo e na testagemdo cenário foi considerado satisfatório. Conclusão:considerou-se validado e apto para o uso nas práticas simuladas


Objective:to build, validate, and test a clinical simulation scenario for the management of cardiorespiratory and cerebral arrest for nursing education. Method:amethodological study design of educational development was carried out in three phases: development of a simulated scenario on cerebral cardiac arrest, content validation and testing of the simulated scenario with undergraduate nursing students. Data were analyzed using the Content Validity Index, with a value > 0.90 considered adequate among expert nursing judges, and Cronbach's alpha to determine the agreement of satisfaction and self-confidence in student learning. Results:the simulation scenario proved adequate for use in the teaching and learning process and to improve cognitive, behavioral and psychomotor skills, and obtained an excellent content validation index. Conclusion:it was considered validated and suitable for use in simulated practice.


Objetivo:construir, validar y probar un centro de simulación clínica para el manejo de la parada cardiorrespiratoria y cerebral para la enseñanza de la enfermería. Método:se realizó un diseño de estudio metodológico de desarrollo educativo llevado a cabo en tres fases: elaboración de un escenario simulado sobre parada cardiorrespiratoria cerebral, valoración del contenido y prueba del escenariosimulado con estudiantes de grado en enfermería. Los datos se analizaron mediante el índice de validez del contenido (un valor > 0,90 se consideró adecuado entre los jueces expertos en enfermería) y el alfa de Cronbach para determinar la concordancia de la satisfacción y la autoconfianza en el aprendizaje de los estudiantes. Resultados:el escenariode simulación se mostró adecuado para su uso en el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje y la mejora de las competencias cognitivas, conductuales y psicomotoras, y obtuvo un excelente índice de valoración del contenido y en la prueba del escenariose consideró satisfactorio. Conclusión:se considera validado y apto para el uso en prácticas simuladas


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Simulation Exercise , Education, Nursing , Simulation Training , Models, Educational , Heart Arrest
4.
Cambios rev. méd ; 21(1): 719, 30 Junio 2022. ilus, grafs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402501

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La estimulación cardíaca temporal de larga duración con cable activo y marcapaso permanente externo es una técnica recientemente incluida en las guías de manejo de bradicardias sintomáticas. CASOS CLÍNICOS. Se describen 4 casos de pacientes sometidos a estimulación cardíaca temporal de larga duración con cable activo y marcapaso permanente externo de la unidad de Hemodinámica del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, con indicaciones diversas. DISCUSIÓN. El tiempo medio de permanencia con el cable activo y el marcapaso externalizado fue 23 días. No hubo complicaciones del procedimiento. Un paciente falleció por causas no relacionadas con la estimulación y 2 se recuperaron en sus domicilios. CONCLUSIÓN. La técnica de estimulación temporal utilizando marcapasos permanentes recuperados se muestra extremadamente útil para mantener un marcapaso cardíaco seguro, incluso ambulatorio y por largo tiempo, hasta el implante de dispositivos definitivos. Su limitación es la factibilidad de hacerlo solo en centros de tercer nivel.


INTRODUCTION. Long-duration temporary cardiac pacing with active lead and permanent external pacemaker is a technique recently included in the guidelines for the management of symptomatic bradycardias. CLINICAL CASES. We describe 4 cases of patients who underwent long-duration temporary cardiac pacing with active lead and external permanent pacemaker at the Hemodynamics Unit of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, with different indications. DISCUSSION. The mean length of stay with the active lead and externalized pacemaker was 23 days. There were no procedural complications. One patient died of causes unrelated to pacing and 2 recovered at home. CONCLUSIONS. The technique of temporary pacing using retrieved permanent pacemakers is extremely useful for maintaining safe cardiac pacing, even on an outpatient basis and for a long period of time, until implantation of definitive devices. Its limitation is the feasibility of doing it only in third level centers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pacemaker, Artificial , Bradycardia , Cardiology , Heart , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics , Prostheses and Implants , Tertiary Healthcare , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Advanced Cardiac Life Support , Ecuador , Endocarditis , Hospital Care , Heart Arrest , Heart Ventricles , Anti-Bacterial Agents
5.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1445, abr.2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1394543

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the knowledge of rescuers before and after training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation with the realistic simulation method. Method: this is a quasi-experimental study carried out with 41 Basic Life Support rescuers covering 8 bases of the 18th Regional Health of Paraná. The rescuers responded to the Instrument for Assessment of Training in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation applied before and after the realistic simulation. Results: there was a statistically significant difference (p < 0.02) in 6 of the 10 questions, which addressed: the sequence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers; the electrical charge of the automatic external defibrillator; the position, depth, and speed of chest compressions; the compression/ventilation ratio; and the handling of the automatic external defibrillator. In the other two questions — recognition of cardiorespiratory arrest and positive pressure ventilation device — there was no change in the answer alternative. There were 60% of correct answers for the questions when assessing prior knowledge and 90% of correct answers after the phases of the realistic simulation. Conclusion: rescuers did not fully complete the pre-test questionnaire; however, after the realistic simulation strategy, there was a significant increase in this knowledge. These results showed an improvement in the cognitive knowledge of rescuers after the simulation, which was confirmed by the increase in knowledge expressed in the post-test. This methodology can also be successfully applied to this professional category.


RESUMEN Objetivo: comparar el conocimiento de los socorristas antes y después de la capacitación de la reanimación cardiopulmonar con el método de la simulación real. Método: estudio cuasi-experimental, realizado con 41 socorristas del Soporte Vital Básico cubriendo 8 bases de la 18 Regional de Salud de Paraná. Los socorristas respondieron al Instrumento para la Evaluación de la Formación en Reanimación Cardiopulmonar, aplicado antes y después de la simulación real. Resultados: se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p < 0,02) en 6 de las 10 preguntas, que abordaban: la secuencia de maniobras de reanimación cardiopulmonar; la carga eléctrica del desfibrilador externo automático; la posición, profundidad y velocidad de las compresiones torácicas; la relación compresión/ventilación; y el manejo del desfibrilador externo automático. En dos preguntas -reconocimiento de la parada cardíaca y dispositivo de ventilación con presión positiva- no hubo cambios en la respuesta alternativa. Hubo un 60% de respuestas correctas para las preguntas al evaluar los conocimientos previos y un 90% de respuestas correctas después de las fases de la simulación real. Conclusión: los socorristas no responden totalmente a la cuestión de la prueba previa, mientras que, tras la estrategia de simulación realista, se produjo un aumento significativo de este conocimiento. Estos resultados demostraron una mejora en el conocimiento cognitivo de los socorristas después de la simulación, comprobada por el aumento del conocimiento expreso en el post-test, que esta metodología también puede ser aplicada con éxito a esta categoría profesional.


RESUMO Objetivo: comparar o conhecimento de socorristas antes e depois da capacitação de reanimação cardiopulmonar com o método da simulação realística. Método: estudo quase-experimental realizado com 41 socorristas do Suporte Básico de Vida que contemplam 8 bases da 18° Regional de Saúde do Paraná. Os socorristas responderam ao Instrumento para Avaliação da capacitação em Ressuscitação Cardiopulmonar aplicado antes e depois da simulação realística. Resultados: obteve-se diferença estatisticamente significativa (p < 0,02) em 6 das 10 questões, as quais abordaram: a sequência das manobras de reanimação cardiopulmonar; a carga elétrica do desfibrilador externo automático; a posição, a profundidade e a velocidade das compressões torácicas; a relação compressão/ventilação; e o manuseio do desfibrilador externo automático. Já em outras duas questões — reconhecimento da parada cardiorrespiratória e dispositivo de ventilação com pressão positiva — não houve mudança quanto à alternativa de resposta. Encontraram-se 60% de acertos das questões quando avaliado o conhecimento prévio e 90% de acertos após as fases da simulação realística. Conclusão: os socorristas não atingiram com totalidade o questionário de pré-teste; entretanto, após a estratégia da simulação realística, houve um aumento significativo desse conhecimento. Esses resultados demonstraram melhoria no conhecimento cognitivo dos socorristas após simulação, o que foi comprovado pelo aumento de conhecimento expresso no pós-teste. Essa metodologia também pode ser aplicada com sucesso a essa categoria profissional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Emergency Responders/education , Simulation Training/methods , Health Strategies , Simulation Exercise , Defibrillators , Heart Arrest/prevention & control
7.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 25(286): 7420-7435, mar.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372403

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar quais os principais fatores relacionados às complicações torácicas após massagem cardíaca. Método: Consiste em uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Utilizou-se a estratégia de População, Interesse e Contexto (PICo) para a construção da pergunta norteadora. As buscas foram realizadas entre os meses de julho a setembro de 2021 na Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS), e bases de dados: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Literatura LatinoAmericana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) e no serviço da U. S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) PubMed. Após filtragem, foram obtidos 250 artigos que com a leitura criteriosa dos títulos, resumos e aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão, 10 estudos foram selecionados. Resultados: existem fatores que interferem na eficácia da compressão e podem comprometer a saúde do indivíduo. Conclusão: apesar da massagem cardíaca possuir riscos, é imprescindível a sua realização no atendimento pré-hospitalar da PCR(AU)


Objective: to identify the main factors related to thoracic complications after cardiac massage. Method: It consists of an integrative literature review. The Population, Interest and Context (PICo) strategy was used to construct the guiding question. Searches were carried out between the months of July to September 2021 in the Virtual Health Library (VHL), and databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS) and in the US National Library of Medicine (NLM) PubMed service. After filtering, 250 articles were obtained which, after carefully reading the titles, abstracts and application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 10 studies were selected. Results: there are factors that interfere with the effectiveness of compression, which can compromise the individual's health. Conclusion: although cardiac massage has risks, it is essential to perform it in pre-hospital CPA care.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar los principales factores relacionados con las complicaciones torácicas posteriores al masaje cardíaco. Método: consiste en una revisión integradora de la literatura. Se utilizó la estrategia Población, Interés y Contexto (PICo) para construir la pregunta guía. Las búsquedas se realizaron entre los meses de julio a septiembre de 2021 en la Virtual Health Library (BVS) y en las bases de datos: Online Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) y en la Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina de los Estados Unidos. (NLM) Servicio PubMed. Luego del filtrado, se obtuvieron 250 artículos, con lectura atenta de los títulos, resúmenes y aplicación de los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, se seleccionaron 10 estudios. Resultados: existen factores que interfieren con la efectividad de la compresión, comprometiendo la salud del individuo. Conclusión: aunque el masaje cardíaco tiene riesgos, es fundamental realizarlo en la atención prehospitalaria de la CPA(AU)


Subject(s)
Thoracic Injuries , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Heart Arrest
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388711

ABSTRACT

Resumen La embolia de líquido amniótico es una condición catastrófica propia del embarazo que ocurre típicamente durante el parto o justo posterior a este, cuyo sustrato fisiopatológico no ha sido aclarado por completo. Se ha estimado, según cifras de los Estados Unidos, que su incidencia rondaría 1 por cada 12.953 partos, y en el Reino Unido 1 por cada 50.000 partos; sin embargo, estas cifras pueden ser imprecisas debido a que no existen una referencia ni un consenso respecto a los criterios diagnósticos, además de que el cuadro clínico se puede confundir con otras emergencias obstétricas. Se presenta el caso de una paciente sin antecedentes mórbidos que presenta un cuadro de embolia de líquido amniótico no fatal, caracterizado por un estado fetal no tranquilizador durante la inducción del trabajo de parto, seguido de un paro cardiorrespiratorio durante la cesárea de urgencia y la rápida y catastrófica aparición de signos clínicos de una coagulopatía de consumo grave. Se describen además las complicaciones posoperatorias y su manejo, entre ellas un síndrome de Sheehan y la aparición de convulsiones tónico-clónicas generalizadas con alteración de neuroimágenes.


Abstract Amniotic fluid embolism is a catastrophic pregnancy condition that typically occurs during or inmediately after delivery, and whose pathophysiological background has not been fully clarified. According to US records the incidence of amniotic fluid embolism could been around 1 for every 12,953 births and in the United Kingdom 1 for every 50,000 births, however these numbers may be imprecise because there is no gold standard as well as no consensus regarding the diagnostic criteria, in addition that the clinical presentation can be misdiagnosis with other obstetric emergencies. We present the clinical case of a patient without a morbid history who presents with a non-fatal amniotic fluid embolism, characterized by an non-reassuring fetal status during labor induction, followed by cardiorespiratory arrest during emergency cesarean section and the rapid and catastrophic appearance of clinical signs of a severe consumptive coagulopathy. Postoperative complications and their management are also described, including Sheehans syndrome and the appearance of generalized tonic-clonic seizures with impaired neuroimaging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Embolism, Amniotic Fluid/surgery , Heart Arrest/etiology , Hypopituitarism/etiology , Cesarean Section , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Emergencies , Heart Arrest/therapy , Hypopituitarism/therapy
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 197-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935670

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic factors of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) who had undergone cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in China. Methods: From November 2017 to October 2018, this retrospective multi-center study was conducted in 11 hospitals in China. It contained data from 281 cases who had undergone CPR and all of the subjects were divided into CHD group and non-CHD group. The general condition, duration of CPR, epinephrine doses during resuscitation, recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), discharge survival rate and pediatric cerebral performance category in viable children at discharge were compared. According to whether malignant arrhythmia is the direct cause of cardiopulmonary arrest or not, children in CHD and non-CHD groups were divided into 2 subgroups: arrhythmia and non-arrhythmia, and the ROSC and survival rate to discharge were compared. Data in both groups were analyzed by t-test, chi-square analysis or ANOVA, and logistic regression were used to analyze the prognostic factors for ROSC and survival to discharge after cardiac arrest (CA). Results: The incidence of CA in PICU was 3.2% (372/11 588), and the implementation rate of CPR was 75.5% (281/372). There were 144 males and 137 females with median age of 32.8 (5.6, 42.7) months in all 281 CPA cases who received CPR. CHD group had 56 cases while non-CHD had 225 cases, with the percentage of 19.9% (56/281) and 80.1% (225/281) respectively. The proportion of female in CHD group was 60.7% (34/56) which was higher than that in non-CHD group (45.8%, 103/225) (χ2=4.00, P=0.045). There were no differences in ROSC and rate of survival to discharge between the two groups (P>0.05). The ROSC rate of children with arthythmid in CHD group was 70.0% (28/40), higher than 6/16 for non-arrhythmic children (χ2=5.06, P=0.024). At discharge, the pediatric cerebral performance category scores (1-3 scores) of CHD and non-CHD child were 50.9% (26/51) and 44.9% (92/205) respectively. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the independent prognostic factors of ROSC and survival to discharge in children with CHD were CPR duration (odds ratio (OR)=0.95, 0.97; 95%CI: 0.92~0.97, 0.95~0.99; both P<0.05) and epinephrine dosage (OR=0.87 and 0.79, 95%CI: 0.76-1.00 and 0.69-0.89, respectively; both P<0.05). Conclusions: There is no difference between CHD and non-CHD children in ROSC and survival rate of survival to discharge was low. The epinephrine dosage and the duration of CPR are related to the ROSC and survival to discharge of children with CHD.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Heart Arrest/therapy , Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927875

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the incidence,mortality,and risk factors of bleeding-related perioperative cardiac arrest(POCA). Methods We carried out a single-center retrospective case-control study which enrolled all the POCA cases reported from January 2010 to September 2020 in the patient safety incident reporting system of Peking Union Medical College Hospital.For the screening of risk factors,the patients were respectively assigned into the POCA group and the control group at a ratio of 1∶3 according to the same sex,age,American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA)physical status,and type of surgery in the same month.Potential risk factors for POCA were first selected by univariate analysis.The significant risk factors were then checked based on the clinical experience and further included in the multivariate Logistic regression model. Results Totally 16 bleeding-related POCA cases were collected from the patient safety incident reporting system among the study period,with an overall incidence of 0.36/10 000.The blood loss volume of POCA group and control group was(7 037.50±5 477.70)ml and(375.63±675.14)ml,respectively(P<0.001),and 14(87.5%)patients suffering from bleeding-related POCA died within three days after anesthesia.According to the univariate analysis,patients' body mass index[(21.79±3.57)kg/m2 vs.(24.26±3.91)kg/m2,P=0.043],hemoglobin level[(113.44±31.08)g/L vs.(131.75±19.70)g/L,P=0.039],and alanine aminotransferase level[(17.31±7.73)U/L vs.(26.91±24.73)U/L,P=0.022]were significantly lower in the POCA group than in the control group.Further Logistic regression analysis showed that smaller body mass index and lower preoperative hemoglobin level were independently associated with the occurrence of bleeding-related POCA. Conclusions Bleeding-related POCA rarely occurred but had high mortality.Adequate precautions should be taken for the patients who are to receive surgeries with high risk of intraoperative massive bleeding.Elevating preoperative hemoglobin level might decrease the incidence of bleeding-related POCA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Heart Arrest/etiology , Hemoglobins , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Cogitare Enferm. (Online) ; 27: e84170, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1404373

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo desenvolver e validar um aplicativo multimídia em plataforma móvel para o ensino de suporte básico na parada cardiorrespiratória para estudantes de graduação da área de saúde. Método estudo metodológico conduzido em duas etapas: desenvolvimento do aplicativo e validação de conteúdo por especialistas. O aplicativo foi desenvolvido a partir do Design Instrucional Contextualizado, seguindo as etapas de análise, desenho (design), desenvolvimento e implementação. Para a validação de conteúdo, 11 especialistas avaliaram o aplicativo quanto à relevância, à clareza, à coerência, às informações, à apresentação, à navegabilidade, à acessibilidade e ao design. Resultados o aplicativo SBVida foi desenvolvido para dispositivos móveis em plataforma Android. Foi alcançado Índice de Validade de Conteúdo geral de 0,87. Conclusão o aplicativo SBVida foi desenvolvido e validado e pode contribuir para a preparação e a capacitação complementar a estudantes e profissionais de Enfermagem e de demais áreas da saúde.


ABSTRACT Objective: to develop and validate a multimedia application on a mobile platform for teaching basic support in cardiac arrest to undergraduate health care students. Method methodological study conducted in two stages: development of the application and content validation by experts. The application was developed based on Contextualized Instructional Design, following the stages of analysis, design, development, and implementation. For the content validation, 11 experts evaluated the application regarding relevance, clarity, coherence, information, presentation, navigability, accessibility, and design. Results The SBVida application was developed for mobile devices on the Android platform. An overall Content Validity Index of 0.87 was achieved. Conclusion The SBVida application was developed and validated and can contribute to the preparation and further training of students and professionals from Nursing and other health fields.


RESUMEN Objetivo desarrollar y validar una aplicación multimedia en una plataforma móvil para la enseñanza del soporte básico en la parada cardíaca a estudiantes de pregrado de salud. Método estudio metodológico realizado en dos etapas: desarrollo de la aplicación y validación del contenido por expertos. La aplicación se ha desarrollado basándose en el Design Instruccional Contextualizado, siguiendo las etapas de análisis, diseño, desarrollo e implementación. Para la validación del contenido, 11 expertos evaluaron la aplicación en cuanto a relevancia, claridad, coherencia, información, presentación, navegabilidad, accesibilidad y diseño. Resultados La aplicación SBVida fue desarrollada para dispositivos móviles en la plataforma Android. Se obtuvo un Índice de Validez de Contenido global de 0,87. Conclusión la aplicación SBVida fue desarrollada y validada y puede contribuir a la preparación y perfeccionamiento de estudiantes y profesionales de Enfermería y otras áreas de la salud.


Subject(s)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Heart Arrest , Technology
13.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210466, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1375413

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo construir, validar e avaliar vídeo educativo para estudantes de enfermagem sobre a parada cardiorrespiratória obstétrica. Método estudo metodológico, composto pela construção do vídeo, validação de conteúdo por 22 especialistas em parada cardiorrespiratória obstétrica e avaliação por 21 estudantes de graduação em enfermagem. Utilizou-se o Instrumento de Validação de Conteúdo Educacional em Saúde, para validação com os especialistas, e o questionário adaptado do Suitability Assessment of Materials, para avaliação dos estudantes. Na validação com juízes e com o público-alvo, foi considerado válido o item com concordância mínima de 80%, obtida a partir do Índice de Validação de Conteúdo e do Teste Binomial. Resultados o vídeo, com duração de 8 minutos e 53 segundos, contemplou as etapas da assistência de enfermagem na realização do suporte básico de vida à gestante acometida por parada cardiorrespiratória. Na validação de conteúdo, dos 18 itens avaliados, 16 tiveram concordância de 100%, um obteve 95% e o item restante obteve 81%. Na avaliação dos estudantes, dos 13 itens avaliados, 12 possuíram concordância de 100% e o item restante possuiu 95%. Conclusão e implicações para a prática o vídeo foi considerado válido pelos especialistas em parada cardiorrespiratória obstétrica e compreensível pelos estudantes de enfermagem, assim, trata-se de recurso educativo viável para contribuir com a formação da enfermagem.


RESUMEN Objetivo construir, validar y evaluar videos educativos para estudiantes de enfermería sobre parada cardiopulmonar obstétrica. Método estudio metodológico, consistente en la construcción del video, validación de contenido por 22 expertos en parada cardiorrespiratoria obstétrica y evaluación por 21 estudiantes de enfermería. Se utilizó el Instrumento de Validación de Contenidos Educativos en Salud, para la validación con los expertos, y el cuestionario adaptado del Suitability Assessment of Materials, para la evaluación de los estudiantes. En la validación con jueces y público objetivo, se consideró válido el ítem con una concordancia mínima del 80%, obtenido del Índice de Validación de Contenido y la Prueba Binomial. Resultados el video, de 8 minutos y 53 segundos, contempló los pasos del cuidado de enfermería en la realización de soporte vital básico a gestantes afectadas por paro cardíaco. En la validación de contenido, de los 18 ítems evaluados, 16 tuvieron un 100% de concordancia, uno tuvo un 95% y el restante un 81%. En la evaluación de los estudiantes, de los 13 ítems evaluados, 12 tuvieron un 100% de concordancia, y el ítem restante tuvo un 95%. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica el video fue considerado válido por especialistas en parada cardiopulmonar obstétrica y comprensible por estudiantes de enfermería, por lo que es un recurso educativo viable para contribuir a la formación en enfermería.


ABSTRACT Objective to construct, validate and assess educational video for nursing students about obstetric cardiopulmonary arrest. Method this is a methodological study consisting of video construction, content validation by 22 experts in obstetric cardiopulmonary arrest and assessment by 21 undergraduate nursing students. The Health Educational Content Validation Instrument was used for validation with experts, and a questionnaire adapted from the Suitability Assessment of Materials, for student assessment. In the validation with judges and the target audience, the item with a minimum agreement of 80% was considered valid, obtained from the Content Validation Index and the binomial test, was considered valid. Results video, lasting 8 minutes and 53 seconds, contemplated nursing care stages in carrying out basic life support to pregnant women affected by cardiac arrest. In content validation, of the 18 items assessed, 16 had 100% agreement, one had 95% and the remaining item had 81%. In students' assessment, of the 13 items assessed, 12 had 100% agreement, and the remaining item had 95%. Conclusion and implications for practice the video was considered valid by experts in obstetric cardiopulmonary arrest and understandable by nursing students, thus it is a viable educational resource to contribute to nursing education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Audiovisual Aids , Pregnancy , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/education , Education, Nursing/methods , Heart Arrest/nursing , Students, Nursing , Electric Countershock/nursing , Cesarean Section/nursing , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/nursing , Pregnant Women , Methods
14.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1358295

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender as principais complicações ocasionadas pelo vírus SARS-CoV-2 no sistema cardíaco do público idoso. Métodos: trata-se de uma revisão sistemática da literatura de abordagem qualitativa e característica descritivo-exploratória realizada no ano de 2020. Resultados: as complicações cardíacas mais prevalentes na população idosa foram miocardite, arritmias, insuficiência cardíaca, infarto agudo, choque cardiogênico, lesão miocárdica aguda e parada cardiorrespiratória. O principal biomarcador cardíaco foi a troponina, apresentando elevação superior ao percentil 99°, evidenciando a necessidade de tratamento em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Considerações Finais: o aparecimento desse vírus causou grande prejuízo no campo da saúde, especialmente a população idosa, que apresenta risco elevado de óbito ao contrair essa doença. Destarte, é de extrema importância se ater a mensuração da troponina sérica no público alvo e realizar monitorização longitudinal, utilizando para tal a telecardiologia, uma vez que diminuem as chances de contaminação entre infectado e profissional de saúde


Objective: to understand the main complications of SARS-CoV-2 in the elderly cardiac system. Methods: systematic literature review conducted in 2020. Results: the most prevalent cardiac complications in the elderly population were myocarditis, arrhythmias, heart failure, acute infarction, cardiogenic shock, acute myocardial injury and cardiorespiratory arrest. The main cardiac biomarker was troponin, showing an elevation above the 99th percentile, evidencing the need for treatment in the Intensive Care Unit. Final Considerations: the appearance of this virus has caused great damage in the health field, especially the elderly population, who is at high risk of death when contracting this disease. Therefore, it is important to stick to the measurement of serum troponin in the target audience and perform longitudinal monitoring, using telecardiology for this purpose, since they reduce the chances of contamination between infected and health professionals


Objetivo: comprender las principales complicaciones del SARS-CoV-2 en el sistema cardíaco anciano. Métodos: revisión sistemática de la literatura realizada en 2020. Resultados: las complicaciones cardíacas más prevalentes en la población anciana fueron miocarditis, arritmias, insuficiencia cardíaca, infarto agudo, shock cardiogénico, lesión miocárdica aguda y parada cardiorrespiratoria. El principal biomarcador cardíaco fue la troponina, mostrando una elevación por encima del percentil 99, evidenciando la necesidad de tratamiento en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Consideraciones finales: la aparición de este virus ha provocado un gran daño en el campo de la salud, especialmente en la población anciana, que se encuentra en alto riesgo de muerte al contraer esta enfermedad. Por tanto, es importante ceñirse a la medición de troponina sérica en el público objetivo y realizar un seguimiento longitudinal, utilizando para ello la telecardiología, ya que reducen las posibilidades de contaminación entre los infectados y los profesionales sanitarios


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Troponin , Health of the Elderly , COVID-19/complications , Heart Diseases/etiology , Patient Care Team , Shock, Cardiogenic , Telecardiology , Heart Arrest , Heart Failure , Intensive Care Units , Myocarditis
15.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(3): 482-488, dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1352673

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Verificar o conhecimento de estudantes do ensino médio sobre parada cardiorrespiratória e reanimação cardiopulmonar e avaliar o aprendizado de forma imediata e tardia após treinamento teórico e prático. Métodos: Estudo experimental longitudinal, prospectivo, quantitativo, realizado em uma instituição pública e uma privada, por meio de questionário sobre suporte básico de vida. A estatística foi descritiva e inferencial por Teste Friedman e Mann Whitney. Resultados: Os estudantes possuíam conhecimentos insuficientes, apresentando uma melhora significativa de forma imediata e tardia. As duas instituições apresentaram desempenho equivalente quanto aos acertos nos períodos pós-treinamento imediato e tardio. Os sinais de parada, manobras de reanimação e passos para utilização do desfibrilador externo tiveram menores índices de acertos. Conclusões: Após treinamento, os estudantes demonstraram conhecimento para atuar diante de uma parada cardíaca e reanimação cardiopulmonar. (AU)


Objective: To verify the knowledge of high school students about cardiopulmonary arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to evaluate learning immediately and late after theoretical and practical training. Methods: Longitudinal, prospective, quantitative experimental study, carried out in a public and a private institution, using a questionnaire on basic life support. The statistics were descriptive and inferential by the Friedman and Mann Whitney tests. Results: The students had insufficient knowledge, showing a significant improvement immediately and late. The two institutions had an equivalent performance in terms of correct answers in the immediate and late post-training periods. The stop signs, resuscitation maneuvers and steps to use the external defibrillator had lower success rates. Conclusion: After training, students demonstrated knowledge to act in the face of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (AU)


Objetivo: Identificar los conocimientos previos de los estudiantes de secundaria sobre el paro cardiopulmonar y la reanimación cardiopulmonar y verificar el grado de aprendizaje inmediatamente y tarde después de la capacitación teórico-práctica. Métodos: Estudio experimental longitudinal, prospectivo, cuantitativo, realizado en una institución pública y privada, utilizando un cuestionario sobre soporte vital básico. Las estadísticas fueron descriptivas e inferenciales por las pruebas de Friedman y Mann Whitney. Resultados: Los estudiantes tenían conocimientos insuficientes, mostrando una mejora significativa inmediata y tardía. Las dos instituciones tuvieron un desempeño equivalente en términos de respuestas correctas en los períodos inmediatos y tardíos posteriores a la capacitación. Las señales de alto, las maniobras de reanimación y los pasos para usar el desfibrilador externo tuvieron tasas de éxito más bajas. Conclusión: Después del entrenamiento, los estudiantes demostraron conocimiento para actuar frente al paro cardíaco y la reanimación cardiopulmonar. (AU)


Subject(s)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Students , Health Education , Nursing , Heart Arrest
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(5): 1030-1035, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350007

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A redução da mortalidade e das sequelas de uma vítima de parada cardíaca depende de um atendimento eficaz, rápido e iniciado o mais precocemente possível. O suporte básico de vida (SBV) compreende uma série de etapas que podem ser iniciadas fora do ambiente hospitalar, e ensinadas para qualquer pessoa em cursos específicos. Porém, é importante que o socorrista retenha o conhecimento e as habilidades, pois nunca se sabe quando será necessário realizar uma ressuscitação cardiopulmonar (RCP). Entretanto, estudos mostram que existe uma perda das habilidades em executar uma RCP já com 30 dias após o treinamento, com variações segundo algumas características das pessoas e da atividade profissional. Objetivo Avaliar se os estudantes de medicina são capazes de reter as habilidades por mais de seis meses. Métodos Estudo prospectivo, caso controle, observacional. Estudantes de medicina realizaram um curso sobre morte súbita e parada cardíaca de 40 horas. A avaliação das habilidades foi realizada imediatamente após o curso e seis meses depois. Foram comparadas as notas individuais entre dois momentos, foi avaliada a porcentagem de acerto em cada etapa e uma análise global do atendimento foi classificado como ótimo, bom e ruim. Os avaliadores e critérios foram os mesmos nos dois momentos. Os dados foram analisados pelos teste-t pareado e teste de McNemar, onde para um nível de confiança de 95% o critério para significância foi p < 0,05. Resultados Cinquenta estudantes (27 do sexo feminino) do primeiro ano, com idade entre 18 e 24 anos (média 21), realizaram o curso. O número de etapas cumpridas de forma correta após seis meses foi significativamente menor que logo após o curso (10,8 vs 12,5 p < 0,001). O sexo e idade não interferiram nos resultados. A qualidade global foi considerada ótima em 78% dos atendimentos realizados logo após o curso, significativamente, maior que os 40% após seis meses (p < 0,01). Após seis meses, maior número de erros foi observado nas etapas relacionadas às habilidades mais práticas (como posicionamento das mãos). Conclusão Seis meses após o curso observamos uma perda significativa das habilidades, entre estudantes de medicina, prejudicando a eficácia global do atendimento.


Abstract Background Reduction of mortality and sequelae of cardiac arrest depends on an effective and fast intervention, started as soon as possible. Basic life support involves a series of steps that may be initiated out of the hospital setting and taught to any person in specific courses. However, it is important that the rescuers retain the knowledge and skills to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as one never knows when they will be required. Studies have shown that a loss of skills occurs as early as 30 days after the training course, with variations according to personal and professional characteristics. Objectives to assess whether medical students are able to retain skills acquired in a BLS course for more than six months. Methods Prospective, case-control, observational study. Medical students attended a 40-hour course on sudden death and cardiac arrest. Skills acquired during the course were evaluated immediately after and six months after the course. Students' individual scores were compared between these time points, the percentage of correct answers was evaluated, and overall performance was rated as excellent, good, and poor. Observers and evaluation criteria were the same immediately after the course and six months later. Data were analyzed using the paired t-test and the McNemar test. The 95% confidence interval was established, and a p < 0.05 was set as statistically significant. Results Fifty students (27 female) in the first year of medical school aged from 18 to 24 years (mean of 21 years) attended the course. The number of steps successfully completed by the students at six months was significantly lower than immediately after the course (10.8 vs 12.5 p < 0.001). Neither sex nor age affected the results. Overall performance of 78% of the students was considered excellent immediately after the course, and this percentage was significantly higher than six months later (p < 0.01). After six months, the steps that the students failed to complete at six months were those related to practical skills (such as a correct hand positioning). Conclusion A significant loss of skills was detected six months after the BLS course among medical students, compromising their overall performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Students, Medical , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Heart Arrest/therapy , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies
18.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(5): 440-446, oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358081

ABSTRACT

Los pacientes en estado crítico presentan disfunción fisiológica que provoca inestabilidad en órganos y sistemas del cuerpo, con desenlaces fatales y lesiones irreversibles o incluso la muerte. En los servicios de Medicina Interna de los hospitales de México, en especial en los públicos, hay pacientes críticos con múltiples patologías que requieren vigilancia en el cumplimiento de diversas metas de su tratamiento. Se presenta un compendio de las guías y metas de patologías críticas con mayor prevalencia en los servicios de Medicina Interna, las cuales son necesarias para guiar el tratamiento.


Patients with critical illness develop physiological dysfunction which provokes multi-organ system failure and triggers fatal outcomes and irreversible injuries or even death. Inside Internal Medicine services of Mexican hospitals, especially in public hospitals, there is a considerable number of critically ill patients with multiple pathologies who require surveillance to reach clinical goals of their treatment. We present a summary of guidelines and goals of the most prevalent critical diseases inside Internal Medicine services, which are necessary to guide treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Critical Illness , Practice Guidelines as Topic , COVID-19 , Internal Medicine , Pathology , Sepsis , Hepatic Insufficiency , Heart Arrest , Hospitals, Public , Mexico
19.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(3): 143-149, jul.-sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381356

ABSTRACT

Las altas tasas de letalidad y mortalidad a causa del paro cardiorespiratorio por fibrilación ventricular son considerados un problema de salud pública, cobrando gran relevancia la posibilidad de que sean revertidos rápidamente con la presencia de profesionales capacitados o por personal "lego" actualizados en reanimación cardiopulmonar. El objetivo del presente artículo de revisión fue analizar las nuevas recomendaciones de la American Heart Association para reanimación cardiopulmonar y atención cardiovascular de emergencia para el año 2020.


High rates of lethality and mortality due to ventricular fibrillation cardiorespiratory arrest are considered a public health problem, Thus, the possibility of reversed quickly by trained professionals or updated "lego" staff in cardiopulmonary resuscitation is taking great relevance. The objective of this review article was to discuss the New Recommendations of the American Heart Association for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care for 2020.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adult , Cardiology/standards , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/standards , Cardiology Service, Hospital/standards , Emergency Service, Hospital/standards , Heart Arrest/therapy , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/adverse effects , Evidence-Based Medicine/standards , Advanced Cardiac Life Support/standards , American Heart Association , Heart Arrest/diagnosis , Heart Arrest/physiopathology
20.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e201, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280177

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Post-anesthetic complications, particularly respiratory complications, continue to be a source of concern due to their high frequency, particularly in pediatrics. Objective: To describe the incidence of respiratory complications in the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity center during a six-month period, and to explore the variables associated with major respiratory complications. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort study based on clinical record reviews. The records of the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity pediatric institution located in Medellin, Colombia, were reviewed. This center uses a nursing-based care model that includes patient extubation in the post-anesthesia care unit. Results: The records of 1181 patients were analyzed. The cumulative incidences of major complications were bronchospasm 1.44%, laryngospasm 0.68% and respiratory depression 0.59%. There were no cases of cardiac arrest or acute pulmonary edema. A history of respiratory infection less than 15 days before the procedure, rhinitis and female sex were associated with major respiratory complications. Conclusions: A low frequency of respiratory complications was found during care provided by nursing staff trained in anesthesia recovery and pediatric airway in the post-anesthesia care unit.


Resumen Introducción: Las complicaciones postanestésicas, especialmente las respiratorias, siguen siendo causa de preocupación por su alta frecuencia, en particular, en la población pediátrica. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de complicaciones respiratorias en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución de mediana complejidad, en un período de seis meses y explorar las variables relacionadas con las complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, basado en la valoración de historias clínicas. Se revisaron los registros de la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución pediátrica de mediana complejidad ubicada en Medellín. Esta institución utiliza un modelo de atención -basado en enfermería- que incluye la extubación del paciente en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos. Resultados: Se analizaron los registros de 1181 pacientes. La incidencia acumulada de complicaciones mayores fue: broncoespasmo 1,44 %, laringoespasmo 0,68 % y depresión respiratoria 0,59 %. No se presentaron casos de paro cardiaco ni de edema agudo de pulmón. El antecedente de infección respiratoria menor a 15 días, rinitis y sexo femenino se asociaron con complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Conclusiones: Durante la atención en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos por parte del personal de enfermería entrenado en la recuperación de la anestesia y de la vía aérea de los pacientes pediátricos, se encontró una baja frecuencia de complicaciones respiratorias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pulmonary Edema , Respiratory Insufficiency , Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Bronchial Spasm , Rhinitis , Laryngismus , Cohort Studies , Colombia , Edema , Heart Arrest , Infections , Nursing Staff
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