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1.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(2)2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283771

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A elevação das pressões de enchimento secundária à disfunção diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo ocupa papel central na fisiopatologia da insuficiência cardíaca. Mesmo assim, as diretrizes internacionais falham em detectar a disfunção diastólica em uma parte dos casos. Objetivo: Avaliar a função de reserva do átrio esquerdo, estimada pelo strain longitudinal de pico do átrio esquerdo, nos casos de função diastólica indeterminada. Método: Estudo observacional com indivíduos em ritmo sinusal e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada, submetidos ao ecocardiograma e divididos em três grupos conforme a análise conjunta da relação E/e´ e do volume de átrio esquerdo indexado: Grupo 1, se pressões de enchimento normais; Grupo 2, se pressões de enchimento elevadas e Grupo 3, se pressões de enchimento indeterminadas. Speckle tracking bidimensional foi empregado para medir o strain longitudinal de pico do átrio esquerdo. Análise de variância, teste t Student e curva receptor-operador (ROC) foram empregados na análise estatística. Resultado: Foram incluídos 58 pacientes, com 61 ± 14 anos, sendo 57% mulheres, com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo de 62 ± 7%. Os Grupos 2 e 3 tiveram strain longitudinal de pico do átrio esquerdo menor que o Grupo 1 (20 ± 5% versus 22 ± 6% versus 30 ± 8%, respectivamente, p=0,004), mas não diferiram entre si (p=0,93). O strain longitudinal de pico do átrio esquerdo foi preditor de pressões de enchimento elevadas (p=0,026, área sob a curva=0,80), obtendo-se sensibilidade de 60% e especificidade de 80% com valor de corte ≤ 20%. Conclusão: A função de reserva do átrio esquerdo dos indivíduos com função diastólica indeterminada é similar à dos indivíduos com disfunção diastólica avançada, conferindo ao strain longitudinal de pico do átrio esquerdo o potencial de auxiliar na reclassificação da função diastólica indeterminada.(AU)


Background: Elevation of left ventricular filling pressures secondary to diastolic dysfunction plays a central role in the pathophysiology of heart failure. However, international guidelines still fail to diagnose diastolic dysfunction in some cases. Objective: To evaluate left atrial reservoir function in indeterminate diastolic function Method: Observational study with individuals in sinus rhythm and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, submitted to echocardiogram and divided into three groups according to the combined analysis of E/e´ ratio and indexed left atrium volume: Group 1, if normal left ventricular filling pressures; Group 2, if increased left ventricular filling pressures and Group 3, if indeterminate left ventricular filling pressures. Twodimensional speckle tracking was used to measure peak left atrial strain (LAS). Analysis of variance, Student's t test and receiver-operator curve (ROC) were used in the statistical analysis. Results: We included 58 patients who had 61 ± 14 years old, 57% of whom were women, and had average left ventricular ejection fraction 62 ± 7%. Groups 2 and 3 had lower LAS than Group 1 (20 ± 5% versus 22 ± 6% versus 30 ± 8%, respectively, p = 0.004), but did not differ between them (p = 0.93). LAS was a good predictor of elevated left ventricular filling pressures (p = 0.026; area under the curve = 0.80), obtaining sensitivity of 60% and specificity of 80% with a cut-off value ≤ 20%. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the left atrial reservoir function of individuals with indeterminate diastolic function is similar to that of individuals with advanced diastolic dysfunction, rendering LAS the potential to support the reclassification of indeterminate diastolic function.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Echocardiography, Doppler , Comorbidity , Observational Study
2.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(3): e702, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1367083

ABSTRACT

La hernia hiatal es una entidad relativamente frecuente y puede ser un hallazgo incidental en un estudio ecocardiográfico. Describimos el caso de una paciente con diagnóstico de masa en la aurícula izquierda (AI) sin clara etiología, a quien se le realiza el diagnóstico de hernia hiatal por resonancia magnética cardíaca (RMC) y luego se demuestra mediante ecocardiografía de contraste el contenido gástrico de la masa tras la ingestión de una bebida carbonatada, lo que permite de forma rápida y sencilla aclarar el diagnóstico.


Hiatal hernia is a relatively common entity, and may be an incidental finding in an echocardiographic study. We describe the case of a patient with a diagnosis of a mass in the left atrium with no clear etiology, in whom the diagnosis of hiatal hernia is made by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and then demonstrated by contrast echocardiography the gastric content of the mass after the ingestion of a carbonated drink, which allows quickly and easily to clarify the diagnosis.


A hérnia de hiato é uma entidade relativamente comum, e pode ser um achado incidental em um estudo ecocardiográfico. Descrevemos o caso de um paciente com diagnóstico de massa em átrio esquerdo sem etiologia definida, em que o diagnóstico de hérnia de hiato é feito por ressonância magnética cardíaca e posteriormente demonstrado por ecocardiografia contrastada com uma bebida gaseificada, permitindo esclarecer de forma rápida e fácil o diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Heart Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Hiatal/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler , Diagnosis, Differential , Multimodal Imaging , Carbonated Water , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 1010-1012, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143999

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report the case of a 60-year-old patient who underwent orthotopic heart transplant 14 years earlier. Routine echocardiography showed giant masses in the left atrium. There were no symptoms or thromboembolic events in the past. Magnetic resonance imaging study revealed very enlarged left atrium (8.7 × 10.6 cm) occupied by irregular smooth mass (7 × 5 × 6.1 cm) with a stalk that was attached to the posterior left atrial wall in the area of graft suture lines. Intraoperative examination revealed a massive thrombus (12 × 10 cm) that filled almost the entire left atrial area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Thromboembolism , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Heart Transplantation/adverse effects , Heart Diseases/surgery , Heart Diseases/etiology , Heart Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Thrombosis/etiology , Echocardiography , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
4.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 498-502, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152825

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Left atrial disease is an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke and can be used to predict atrial fibrillation (AF). We examine whether left atrial enlargement (LAE) could predict stroke recurrence in patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS). Materials and methods: Sixty-four patients with a confirmed diagnosis of ESUS were followed for a median of 22 months. Clinical data and echocardiogram findings were recorded. The echocardiogram interpretation was performed centrally and blindly. The Brown ESUS – AF score was used to categorize patients into high (human resource planning [HRP]: score > 2) and low-risk patients (non-HRP score 0-1). Stroke recurrence was the primary outcome. Results: The median age was 62 years (range: 22-85 years); and 33 (51.6%) were men. The median initial NIHSS score was three points (range: 0-27). Twelve (18.8%) patients were categorized as HRP. We found a significant tendency toward recurrence among HRP versus non-HRP patients. Three (25%) HRP versus 2 (3.8%) non-HRP experienced recurrence (OR: 8.3 95% CI 1.2-57; p=0.042); this association was related to severe atrial dilatation (OR: 14.5 95% CI 0.78-277, p = 0.02) and age > 75 years (OR: 12.7 95% CI 1.7-92.2, p = 0.03). We found no differences in recurrence in a univariate analysis. Conclusions: Patients with severe LAE who are 75 years old or older have a significant tendency to experience stroke recurrence.


Resumen Objetivos: La patología atrial izquierda es factor de riesgo independiente para infarto cerebral y puede utilizarse para predecir fibrilación auricular. Examinamos si el crecimiento aurícular izquierdo puede predecir recurrencia en pacientes con infarto embolico de origen indeterminado (ESUS). Materiales y métodos: Sesenta y cuatro pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de ESUS fueron seguidos por una mediana de seguimiento de 22 meses. Registramos los datos clínicos y ecocardiográficos. La interpretación ecocardiográfica fue centralizada y cegada. La escala de Brown ESUS – AF fue utilizada para categorizar a los pacientes en riesgo alto (HRP puntaje > 2) y bajo riesgo (no-HRP: puntaje 0-1). El descenlace primario fue recurrencia de infarto cerebral. Resultados: Mediana de edad fue de 62 años (rango: 22-85 años); 33 (51.6%) fueron hombres. La mediana inicial de la escala de NIHSS fue de 3 putnos (rango de 0 a 27). 12 (18.8%) pacientes fueron de alto riesgo (HRP) y 52 (81.3%) de bajo riesgo (non- HRP). El grupo HRP mostró tendencia significatica hacia mayor recurrencia. Tres (25%) HRP versus 2 (3.8%) no-HRP experimentaron recurrencia (OR: 8.3 IC 95% 1.2-57; p = 0.042); esta asociación se relacionó con dilatación auricular severa (OR: 14.5 IC 95% 0.78-277, p = 0.02) y edad > 75 años (OR: 12.7 IC 95% 1.7-92.2, p = 0.03). En el análisis multivarioado, no encontramos significativas. Conclusiones: El crecimiento auricular izquierdo severo y la edad mayor de 75 años mostraron tendencia significativa a recurrencia de infarto cerebral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Cardiomegaly/complications , Embolic Stroke/epidemiology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Recurrence , Severity of Illness Index , Echocardiography , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Age Factors , Cardiomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Embolic Stroke/etiology , Heart Atria/pathology
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 713-721, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137324

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To modify the chronic atrial fibrillation of atrial tachycardia pacing in beagles with a homemade pacemaker placed outside the body and to evaluate connective tissue growth factor and fibrosis of atrial tissue in our modified atrial tachycardia pacing beagle model. Methods: Twelve adult beagles of either sex were randomly divided into an atrial tachycardia pacing group and a control group (n=6 in each group). We performed the temporary pacemaker implantation at the right atrial appendage and put the pacemaker into the pocket of dog clothing in the atrial tachycardia pacing group. After eight weeks of atrial tachycardia pacing, the electrocardiography, transthoracic echocardiography, hematoxylin-eosin staining, and Masson's staining of the right atrial appendages were performed along with the immunohistochemistry, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and Western blot analysis of connective tissue growth factor, collagen I, and collagen III. Results: In the atrial tachycardia pacing group, atrial fibrillation was induced in five beagles (83.3%); the left atrium enlarged significantly; more canines had mitral regurgitation; and the Masson's staining, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and Western blot results demonstrated more obvious fibrosis of the left atrium. Conclusion: The modified beagle model of atrial fibrillation using a right atrium pacemaker outside the body was effective, increased connective tissue growth factor and collagen I messenger ribonucleic acid overexpression, and induced atrial fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Dogs , Pacemaker, Artificial , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Disease Models, Animal , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 471-476, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137315

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To examine the relationship between the left atrial (LA) thrombus presence and the epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness. Methods: Three hundred and twelve consecutive rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (RMVS) patients with mitral valve area (MVA) < 2 cm2 were included in this cross-sectional study. Patients were divided into two groups, those with and those without LA thrombus. Routine biochemical analysis and electrocardiographic examinations were carried out. EAT was measured using transthoracic echocardiography. Results: LA thrombus was determined in 84 (26.9%) RMVS patients. In echocardiographic examinations, higher mean gradient and LA diameter as well as lower MVA were found in the group with LA thrombus (P<0.001). In this group, higher C-reactive protein (CRP) and EAT values were also determined (P<0.001). There was significant correlation between EAT and MVA, CRP, LA appendage peak flow velocity, LA anteroposterior diameter, and mean gradient (P<0.001). Higher EAT values were identified as independently associated with the presence of LA thrombus (odds ratio 59.5; 95% confidence interval 12.1-290.10; P<0.001). Conclusion: Transthoracic echocardiography, routinely used in patients with RMVS, can measure EAT to determine patients who are under risk for thrombus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Thrombosis/complications , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve Stenosis/etiology , Mitral Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Adipose Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 399-401, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137256

ABSTRACT

Abstract Primary malignant neoplasms of the heart are rare. Cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma is the second most common primary sarcoma. We report a rare case of a 49-year-old woman with a huge biatrial cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma treated by performing surgical resection followed by salvage chemotherapy for local recurrence. Cardiac sarcoma that occupy both atria are extremely rare. Although the prognosis of cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma is dismal, surgical resection should be recommended as a first line therapy to clarify the diagnosis and to relieve symptoms associated with the tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Rhabdomyosarcoma/surgery , Rhabdomyosarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/surgery , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(3): 372-376, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013471

ABSTRACT

Abstract We are going to present a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the right atrium, which is a very rare entity. The patient had a right atrial mass, which prolapsed through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle, causing functional tricuspid valve stenosis. The tumor was completely resected and the patient had an uneventful postoperative period. Histopathological examination reported malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The patient presented to the emergency department five weeks after discharge with dyspnea and palpitation. Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed recurrent right atrial tumor mass. His clinical status has worsened, with syncope and acute renal failure. On the repeated echocardiography, suspected tumor recurrence was observed in left atrium, which probably caused systemic embolization. Considering the aggressive nature of the tumor and systemic involvement, our Heart Council decided to provide palliative treatment by nonsurgical management. His status deteriorated for the next few days and the patient succumbed to a cardiac arrest on the 4th day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Echocardiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tricuspid Valve Prolapse/pathology , Tricuspid Valve Prolapse/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Angiography , Fatal Outcome , Rare Diseases , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(4): 441-450, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001289

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Recent studies suggest that left atrial (LA) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) can quantify the underlying tissue remodeling that harbors atrial fibrillation (AF). However, quantification of LA-LGE requires labor-intensive magnetic resonance imaging acquisition and postprocessing at experienced centers. LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony assessment is an emerging imaging technique that predicts AF recurrence after catheter ablation. We hypothesized that 1) LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony is associated with LA-LGE in patients with AF and 2) LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony is greater in patients with persistent AF than in those with paroxysmal AF. Method: We conducted a cross-sectional study comparing LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony and LA-LGE in 146 patients with a history of AF (60.0 ± 10.0 years, 30.1% nonparoxysmal AF) who underwent pre-AF ablation cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in sinus rhythm. Using tissue-tracking CMR, we measured the LA longitudinal strain in two- and four-chamber views. We defined intra-atrial dyssynchrony as the standard deviation (SD) of the time to peak longitudinal strain (SD-TPS, in %) and the SD of the time to the peak pre-atrial contraction strain corrected by the cycle length (SD-TPSpreA, in %). We used the image intensity ratio (IIR) to quantify LA-LGE. Results: Intra-atrial dyssynchrony analysis took 5 ± 9 minutes per case. Multivariable analysis showed that LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony was independently associated with LA-LGE. In addition, LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony was significantly greater in patients with persistent AF than those with paroxysmal AF. In contrast, there was no significant difference in LA-LGE between patients with persistent and paroxysmal AF. LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony showed excellent reproducibility and its analysis was less time-consuming (5 ± 9 minutes) than the LA-LGE (60 ± 20 minutes). Conclusion: LA Intra-atrial dyssynchrony is a quick and reproducible index that is independently associated with LA-LGE to reflect the underlying tissue remodeling.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos recentes sugerem que o realce tardio com gadolínio (RTG) no átrio esquerdo (AE) pode quantificar a remodelação tecidual subjacente que abriga a fibrilação atrial (FA). No entanto, a quantificação do RTG-AE requer um trabalho intenso de aquisição por ressonância magnética e pós-processamento em centros experientes. A avaliação da dessincronia intra-atrial no AE é uma técnica de imagem emergente que prediz a recorrência da FA após ablação por cateter. Nós levantamos as hipóteses de que 1) a dessincronia intra-atrial está associada ao RTG-AE em pacientes com FA e 2) a dessincronia intra-atrial é maior em pacientes com FA persistente do que naqueles com FA paroxística. Método: Realizamos um estudo transversal comparando a dessincronia intra-atrial no AE e o RTG-AE em 146 pacientes com história de FA (60,0 ± 10,0 anos, 30,1% com FA não paroxística) submetidos à ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) durante ritmo sinusal antes da ablação da FA. Com utilização de RMC com tissue tracking, medimos o strain longitudinal do AE em cortes de duas e quatro câmaras. Definimos a dessincronia intra-atrial como o desvio padrão (DP) do tempo até o pico do strain longitudinal (DP-TPS, em %) e o DP do tempo até o pico do strain antes da contração atrial corrigido pela duração do ciclo (DP-TPSpreA, em %). Utilizamos a razão da intensidade da imagem (RIM) para quantificar o RTG-AE. Resultados: A análise da dessincronia intra-atrial levou 9 ± 5 minutos por caso. A análise multivariada mostrou que a dessincronia intra-atrial no AE esteve independentemente associada ao RTG-AE. Além disso, a dessincronia intra-atrial no AE foi significativamente maior em pacientes com FA persistente do que naqueles com FA paroxística. Por outro lado, não houve diferença significativa no RTG-AE entre pacientes com FA persistente e paroxística. A dessincronia intra-atrial no AE mostrou excelente reprodutibilidade e sua análise foi menos demorada (5 ± 9 minutos) do que o RTG-AE (60 ± 20 minutos). Conclusão: A dessincronia intra-atrial no AE é um índice rápido, reprodutível e independentemente associado ao RTG-AE para indicar remodelação tecidual subjacente. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2019; 112(4):441-450)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Atrial Remodeling/physiology , Atrial Fibrillation/therapy , Stroke Volume/physiology , Time Factors , Echocardiography/methods , Linear Models , Observer Variation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Catheter Ablation/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Atria/physiopathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
14.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(2): 96-102, abr.-junh. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-994667

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A pré-hipertensão e a hipertensão estágio I estão associadas ao remodelamento do ventrículo esquerdo (VE). No presente estudo, comparamos os parâmetros ecocardiográficos de lesão de órgãos-alvo pré-clínicos da hiper-tensão arterial em indivíduos com pré hipertensão e hipertensão estágio I selecionados a partir da mesma população. Métodos: Comparou-se as medidas ecocardiográficas basais dos participantes incluídos no estudo PREVER com pré-hi-pertensão (PREVER-prevention; n = 106) ou hipertensão estágio I (PREVER-treatment; n = 128). Investigou-se também as diferenças relacionadas ao sexo, verificadas nos parâmetros ecocardiográficos. Resultados: A pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica média mostrou-se significativamente maior no grupo hipertensão estágio I (141,0/90,4 mmHg) quando comparada com o grupo pré-hipertensão (129,3/81,5 mmHg, P<0,001 para ambos os grupos). A média de idade foi de 55 anos (30 a 70), com um número quase igual de homens e mulheres, dos quais 80% eram brancos e 7% tinham diabetes. A maioria dos parâmetros de massa do VE, dimensão do AE e função diastólica mostrou-se semelhante entre os grupos pré-hipertensão e hipertensão estágio I. Os indivíduos hipertensos apresentavam AE com maior diâmetro e maior espessura da parede posterior, além de menores velocidades laterais e, mesmo após ajuste para idade, sexo e índice de massa corporal. A análise em relação ao sexo mostrou VE com maior massa na hipertensão estágio I em comparação à pré-hipertensão apenas em mulheres (141,1 ± 34,1 gvs. 126,1 ± 29,1 g, P<0,05). Conclusões: Em indivíduos de meia-idade com baixo risco cardiovascular, as diferenças nos parâmetros ecocardiográficos relacionadas à lesão de órgãos-alvo são sutis entre a pré-hipertensão e a hipertensão estágio I, embora mulheres com hipertensão estágio I tenham VE com massa significativamente maior, o que pode indicar resposta adaptativa específica do sexo à pressão arterial em estágios iniciais de hipertensão


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Echocardiography/methods , Prehypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/diagnosis , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Cardiovascular Diseases , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Guidelines as Topic/standards , Arterial Pressure , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(3): 249-257, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989346

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Few reports exist on the relationship of the left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) with its most important features including enlargement of the left atrium and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and with the right ventricular (RV) function. Objective: To determine the correlation between the left atrial size and the RV function and dimensions in patients with and without LVDD and LVH. Methods: Fifty patients were included, 25 (40% men) of them with LVDD, aged 67.1 ± 10.6 years (study group) and 25 without LVDD (52% men) aged 49.9 ± 16.3 years (control group). Patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography with evaluation of the left atrial size and volume (LAV), LVDD, LVH, and RV function and dimensions. P-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: LAV > 34 mL/m2 and left atrial size > 40 mm were associated with lower absolute values of tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and RV lateral S' (p ≤ 0.001, Pearson's correlation coefficient -0.4 and -0.38, respectively) in the study group. Patients in the study group showed higher incidence of LVH (p = 0.02) and greater left atrial diameter (p = 0.03) compared with the control group. In addition, greater left atrial diameter (p = 0.02) and LAV (p = 0.01) values were found in patients with LVDD grade II compared with LVDD grade I. Conclusions: The present study determined, for the first time, the correlation of left atrial enlargement with progressive RV dysfunction in patients with LVDD.


Resumo Fundamentos: A relação entre a disfunção diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo (DDVE), seus achados mais importantes, como aumento do átrio esquerdo e hipertrofia ventricular esquerda (HVE), e a função do ventrículo direito (VD) tem pouca documentação na literatura científica. Objetivo: Avaliar a correlação entre o tamanho atrial esquerdo em indivíduos com e sem DDVE e HVE e função e dimensões do VD. Métodos: Foram selecionados 50 pacientes, sendo 25 com DDVE (grupo de estudo [GE]; 67,1 ± 10,6 anos; 40% homens) e 25 sem DDVE (grupo-controle [GC]; 49,9 ± 16,3 anos; 52% homens). Os pacientes foram submetidos a ecocardiografia transtorácica com avalição do tamanho e volume atrial esquerdo (VAE), DDVE, HVE, dimensões e função do VD. Valores de p < 0,05 indicaram significância estatística. Resultados: VAE > 34 ml/m2 e tamanho atrial esquerdo > 40 mm apresentaram menores valores absolutos de excursão sistólica do plano do anel tricúspide (TAPSE) e S' lateral do VD (p ≤ 0,001, coeficiente de correlação de Pearson de -0,4 e -0,38, respectivamente) no GE. O GE apresentou maior incidência de HVE e maior diâmetro atrial esquerdo quando comparado ao GC (p = 0,02 e p = 0,03, respectivamente). O GE apresentou maior diâmetro e VAE nos indivíduos com DDVE grau II quando comparados aos indivíduos com DDVE grau I (p = 0,02 e p = 0,01, respectivamente). Conclusões: O presente estudo permitiu correlacionar de maneira inédita o aumento atrial esquerdo com diminuição progressiva da função ventricular direita em pacientes com disfunção diastólica de VE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Ventricular Function, Right/physiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Organ Size , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography, Doppler , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging
16.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 89(1): 12-19, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038471

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes y objetivos: La relación entre los depósitos de grasa corporal y las dimensiones de la aurícula izquierda (AI) no ha sido del todo explorada. Nuestro objetivo es determinar si existe relación no solo con los depósitos de grasa corporal totales, sino específicamente con los depósitos grasos regionales. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo, que incluyó pacientes consecutivos remitidos a nuestra institución con orden de realización de angiotomografía computarizada toracoabdominal gatillada con electrocardiograma por distintas indicaciones clínicas. Las mediciones de la AI se realizaron en la fase sistólica, utilizando vistas de cuatro y dos cámaras. Resultados: Se incluyeron un total de 87 pacientes. La edad media fue de 66.4 ± 12.5 años; un 67% de los sujetos fueron hombres. El volumen de la AI indexado por la superficie corporal fue de 48.0 ± 16.6 cm3/m2. Identificamos correlaciones significativas entre las dimensiones de la AI y la edad (p < 0.05). Sin embargo, no se evidenciaron correlaciones significativas entre las dimensiones de la AI y los distintos depósitos de grasa corporal, ya sea totales o regionales. Conclusiones: En este estudio, no identificamos relaciones significativas entre las dimensiones de la AI y los depósitos de grasa corporal globales o regionales.


Abstract Background and Objectives: The relationship between body fat depots and the left atrial (LA) dimensions has not been fully explored. Our objective is to determine if there is a relationship not only with total body fat depots, but specifically with regional fatty depots. Materials and Methods: It was an observational, retrospective study that included consecutive patients referred to our institution with an order to perform computed tomography angiography triggered by electrocardiogram for different clinical indications. Measurements of the LA were made in the systolic phase, using four and two cameras views. Results: A total of 87 patients were included. The mean age was 66.4 ± 12.5 years; 67% were men. The LA volume indexed by the body surface area was 48.0 ± 16.6 cm3/m2. We identified significant correlations between the LA dimensions and the age (p < 0.05). However, no significant correlations were found between the LA dimensions and the body fat depots, either total or regional. Conclusions: In this study, we did not identify significant relationships between LA dimensions and global or regional body fat depots.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Adipose Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography , Heart Atria/anatomy & histology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Organ Size , Retrospective Studies
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 104-106, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985251

ABSTRACT

Abstract Congenital aneurysm or enlargement of the right atrium is a rare condition. Two children operated on at the age of 14 months and 11 years old for congenital aneurysm of the right atrium are reported. Both presented cardiomegaly and symptoms of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. Diagnosis was established by echocardiography. Surgical resection was successful. Both patients are free of symptoms and their chest X-ray and echocardiogram are normal. The first patient is now in her 17th postoperative year. The patients' evolution suggests that the surgery is a curative procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Adolescent , Heart Aneurysm/surgery , Heart Aneurysm/congenital , Echocardiography , Radiography, Thoracic , Treatment Outcome , Dilatation, Pathologic , Electrocardiography , Heart Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/abnormalities , Heart Atria/surgery , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 101-103, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985240

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aorto-atrial fistulas due to cardiac trauma are rare, and survivors require immediate surgical correction. Here, we report a case of an aorto-right atrial fistula due to penetrating trauma after a 16-year evolution, which developed symptoms of acute coronary syndrome and was treated with myocardial revascularization and correction of the aorto-cameral fistula.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Aortic Diseases/etiology , Wounds, Stab/complications , Aortography/methods , Cineangiography/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/surgery , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/etiology , Coronary Angiography/methods , Electrocardiography , Acute Coronary Syndrome/surgery , Acute Coronary Syndrome/etiology , Heart Atria/injuries , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 85-92, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985239

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sclerosing mediastinitis (SM), previously named chronic fibrosing mediastinitis, is an inflammatory process that in its end-stage results to sclerosis around the mediastinal structures. SM is quite rare and has been correlated with inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, as well as malignancy. SM may either present in a mild form, with minor symptoms and a benign course or in a more aggressive form with severe pulmonary hypertension and subsequent higher morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of SM may be difficult and quite challenging, as symptoms depend on the mediastinal structure that is mainly involved; quite often the superior vena cava. However, practically any mediastinal structure may be involved by the fibrotic process, such as the central airways, as well as the pulmonary arteries and veins, leading to obstruction or total occlusion. The latter may be impossible to undergo proper surgical excision of the lesion, and is considered to be a real challenge to the surgeon. We herein report a case of SM that presented with arterial and venous compression. The imaging appearance was that of unilateral pulmonary edema, associated with lung collapse. The case is supplemented by a non-systematic review of the relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pulmonary Edema/etiology , Pulmonary Atelectasis/etiology , Sclerosis/complications , Mediastinitis/complications , Pulmonary Edema/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Atelectasis/pathology , Pulmonary Atelectasis/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Constriction, Pathologic/pathology , Constriction, Pathologic/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Mediastinitis/pathology , Mediastinitis/diagnostic imaging
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8446, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019563

ABSTRACT

Left atrial diameter (LAD) has been considered an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF) relapse after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). However, whether LAD or other factors are more predictive of late recurrence in patients with paroxysmal AF remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the value of pulmonary vein (PV) parameters for predicting AF relapse 1 year after patients underwent cryoablation for paroxysmal AF. Ninety-seven patients with paroxysmal AF who underwent PVI successfully were included. PV parameters were measured through computed tomography scans prior to PVI. A total of 28 patients had recurrence of AF at one-year follow-up. The impact of several variables on recurrence was evaluated in multivariate analyses. LAD and the time from first diagnosis of AF to ablation maintained its significance in predicting the relapse of AF after relevant adjustments in multivariate analysis. When major diameter of right inferior pulmonary vein (RIPV) (net reclassification improvement (NRI) 0.179, CI=0.031-0.326, P<0.05) and cross-sectional area (CSA) of RIPV (NRI: 0.122, CI=0.004-0.240, P<0.05) entered the AF risk model separately, the added predictive capacity was large. The accuracy of the two parameters in predicting recurrence of AF were not inferior (AUC: 0.665 and 0.659, respectively) to echocardiographic LAD (AUC: 0.663). The inclusion of either RIPV major diameter or CSA of RIPV in the model increased the C-index (0.766 and 0.758, respectively). We concluded that major diameter of RIPV had predictive capacity similar to or even better than that of LAD for predicting AF relapse after cryoablation PVI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Veins/anatomy & histology , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Heart Atria/anatomy & histology , Pulmonary Veins/diagnostic imaging , Recurrence , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome , Catheter Ablation/methods , Cryosurgery/methods , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
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