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Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC6478, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364801


ABSTRACT Primary cardiac tumors are rare, with an incidence between 0.0017 and 0.19%, and are asymptomatic in up to 72% of cases. Approximately 75% of tumors are benign, and nearly 50% of these are myxomas. Concerning location, 75% of myxomas are in the left atrium, 15 to 20% in the right atrium, and more rarely in the ventricles. The finding of cardiac myxomas usually implies immediate surgical excision to prevent embolic events and sudden cardiac death. Reports with documented growth rate are rare, and the actual growth rate remains a controversial issue. We report the rapid growth rate of a right atrial myxoma in an oligosymptomatic 69-year-old patient, with negative previous echocardiographic history in the last two years, who refused surgery upon diagnosis, enabling monitoring of myxoma growth.

Humans , Aged , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Myxoma/surgery , Myxoma/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Incidence , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 498-502, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152825


Abstract Objectives: Left atrial disease is an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke and can be used to predict atrial fibrillation (AF). We examine whether left atrial enlargement (LAE) could predict stroke recurrence in patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS). Materials and methods: Sixty-four patients with a confirmed diagnosis of ESUS were followed for a median of 22 months. Clinical data and echocardiogram findings were recorded. The echocardiogram interpretation was performed centrally and blindly. The Brown ESUS – AF score was used to categorize patients into high (human resource planning [HRP]: score > 2) and low-risk patients (non-HRP score 0-1). Stroke recurrence was the primary outcome. Results: The median age was 62 years (range: 22-85 years); and 33 (51.6%) were men. The median initial NIHSS score was three points (range: 0-27). Twelve (18.8%) patients were categorized as HRP. We found a significant tendency toward recurrence among HRP versus non-HRP patients. Three (25%) HRP versus 2 (3.8%) non-HRP experienced recurrence (OR: 8.3 95% CI 1.2-57; p=0.042); this association was related to severe atrial dilatation (OR: 14.5 95% CI 0.78-277, p = 0.02) and age > 75 years (OR: 12.7 95% CI 1.7-92.2, p = 0.03). We found no differences in recurrence in a univariate analysis. Conclusions: Patients with severe LAE who are 75 years old or older have a significant tendency to experience stroke recurrence.

Resumen Objetivos: La patología atrial izquierda es factor de riesgo independiente para infarto cerebral y puede utilizarse para predecir fibrilación auricular. Examinamos si el crecimiento aurícular izquierdo puede predecir recurrencia en pacientes con infarto embolico de origen indeterminado (ESUS). Materiales y métodos: Sesenta y cuatro pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de ESUS fueron seguidos por una mediana de seguimiento de 22 meses. Registramos los datos clínicos y ecocardiográficos. La interpretación ecocardiográfica fue centralizada y cegada. La escala de Brown ESUS – AF fue utilizada para categorizar a los pacientes en riesgo alto (HRP puntaje > 2) y bajo riesgo (no-HRP: puntaje 0-1). El descenlace primario fue recurrencia de infarto cerebral. Resultados: Mediana de edad fue de 62 años (rango: 22-85 años); 33 (51.6%) fueron hombres. La mediana inicial de la escala de NIHSS fue de 3 putnos (rango de 0 a 27). 12 (18.8%) pacientes fueron de alto riesgo (HRP) y 52 (81.3%) de bajo riesgo (non- HRP). El grupo HRP mostró tendencia significatica hacia mayor recurrencia. Tres (25%) HRP versus 2 (3.8%) no-HRP experimentaron recurrencia (OR: 8.3 IC 95% 1.2-57; p = 0.042); esta asociación se relacionó con dilatación auricular severa (OR: 14.5 IC 95% 0.78-277, p = 0.02) y edad > 75 años (OR: 12.7 IC 95% 1.7-92.2, p = 0.03). En el análisis multivarioado, no encontramos significativas. Conclusiones: El crecimiento auricular izquierdo severo y la edad mayor de 75 años mostraron tendencia significativa a recurrencia de infarto cerebral.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Cardiomegaly/complications , Embolic Stroke/epidemiology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Recurrence , Severity of Illness Index , Echocardiography , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Age Factors , Cardiomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Embolic Stroke/etiology , Heart Atria/pathology
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 723-728, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057508


Abstract Introduction: Adrenocortical and renal cell carcinomas rarely invade the right atrium (RA). These neoplasms need surgical treatment, are very aggressive and have poor prognostic and surgical outcomes. Case series: We present a retrospective cohort of nine cases of RA invasion through the inferior vena cava (four adrenocortical carcinomas and five renal cell carcinomas). Over 13 years (2002-2014), nine patients were operated in collaboration with the team of urologists. Surgery was possible in all patients with different degrees of technical difficulty. All patients were operated considering the imaging examinations with the aid of CPB. In all reported cases (renal or suprarenal), the decision to use CPB with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) on surgical strategy was decided by the team of urological and cardiac surgeons. Conclusion: Data retrospectively collected from patients of public hospitals reaffirm: 1) Low incidence with small published series; 2) The selected cases did not represent the whole historical casuistry of the hospital, since they were selected after the adoption of electronic documentation; 3) Demographic data and references reported in the literature were presented as tables to avoid wordiness; 4) The series highlights the propensity to invade the venous system; 5) Possible surgical treatment with the aid of CPB in collaboration with the urology team; 6) CPB with DHCA is a safe and reliable option; 7) Poor prognosis with disappointing late results, even considering the adverse effects of CPB on cancer prognosis are expected but not confirmed.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Heart Atria/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Heart Atria/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Invasiveness
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(3): 372-376, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013471


Abstract We are going to present a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma in the right atrium, which is a very rare entity. The patient had a right atrial mass, which prolapsed through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle, causing functional tricuspid valve stenosis. The tumor was completely resected and the patient had an uneventful postoperative period. Histopathological examination reported malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The patient presented to the emergency department five weeks after discharge with dyspnea and palpitation. Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed recurrent right atrial tumor mass. His clinical status has worsened, with syncope and acute renal failure. On the repeated echocardiography, suspected tumor recurrence was observed in left atrium, which probably caused systemic embolization. Considering the aggressive nature of the tumor and systemic involvement, our Heart Council decided to provide palliative treatment by nonsurgical management. His status deteriorated for the next few days and the patient succumbed to a cardiac arrest on the 4th day.

Humans , Male , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Echocardiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tricuspid Valve Prolapse/pathology , Tricuspid Valve Prolapse/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Angiography , Fatal Outcome , Rare Diseases , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 85-92, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985239


Abstract Sclerosing mediastinitis (SM), previously named chronic fibrosing mediastinitis, is an inflammatory process that in its end-stage results to sclerosis around the mediastinal structures. SM is quite rare and has been correlated with inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, as well as malignancy. SM may either present in a mild form, with minor symptoms and a benign course or in a more aggressive form with severe pulmonary hypertension and subsequent higher morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of SM may be difficult and quite challenging, as symptoms depend on the mediastinal structure that is mainly involved; quite often the superior vena cava. However, practically any mediastinal structure may be involved by the fibrotic process, such as the central airways, as well as the pulmonary arteries and veins, leading to obstruction or total occlusion. The latter may be impossible to undergo proper surgical excision of the lesion, and is considered to be a real challenge to the surgeon. We herein report a case of SM that presented with arterial and venous compression. The imaging appearance was that of unilateral pulmonary edema, associated with lung collapse. The case is supplemented by a non-systematic review of the relevant literature.

Humans , Female , Adult , Pulmonary Edema/etiology , Pulmonary Atelectasis/etiology , Sclerosis/complications , Mediastinitis/complications , Pulmonary Edema/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Atelectasis/pathology , Pulmonary Atelectasis/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Constriction, Pathologic/pathology , Constriction, Pathologic/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Mediastinitis/pathology , Mediastinitis/diagnostic imaging
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(3): 384-391, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973761


Abstract Background: Light-chain (AL) cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is characterized by fibril deposits, which are composed of monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains. The right ventricle is mostly involved in AL-CA and impairment of its function is a predictor of worse prognosis. Objectives: To characterize the volumetric and functional properties of the right atrium (RA) in AL-CA by three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE). Methods: A total of 16 patients (mean age: 64.5 ± 10.1 years, 11 males) with AL-CA were examined. Their results were compared to that of 15 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (mean age: 58.9 ± 6.9 years, 8 males). All cases have undergone complete two-dimensional Doppler and 3DSTE. A two-tailed p value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Significant differences could be demonstrated in RA volumes respecting cardiac cycle. Total (19.2 ± 9.3% vs. 27.9 ± 10.7%, p = 0.02) and active atrial emptying fractions (12.1 ± 8.1 vs. 18.6 ± 9.8%, p = 0.05) were significantly decreased in AL-CA patients. Peak global (16.7 ± 10.3% vs. 31.2 ± 19.4%, p = 0.01) and mean segmental (24.3 ± 11.1% vs. 38.6 ± 17.6%, p =0.01) RA area strains, together with some circumferential, longitudinal and segmental area strain parameters, proved to be reduced in patients with AL-CA. Global longitudinal (4.0 ± 5.2% vs. 8.2 ± 5.5%, p = 0.02) and area (7.8 ± 8.1% vs. 15.9 ± 10.3%, p = 0.03) strains at atrial contraction and some circumferential and area strain parameters at atrial contraction were reduced in AL-CA patients. Conclusion: Significantly increased RA volumes and deteriorated RA functions could be demonstrated in AL-CA.

Resumo Fundamento: A amiloidose cardíaca (AC) de cadeias leves (AL) é caracterizada por depósitos fibrilares, que são compostos por cadeias leves de imunoglobulina monoclonal. O ventrículo direito é mais afetado pela AC-AL, e o comprometimento da sua função é preditor de um prognóstico pior. Objetivos: Caracterizar as propriedades volumétricas e funcionais do átrio direito (AD) na AC-AL por ecocardiografia tridimensional de speckle-tracking (3DSTE). Métodos: Um total de 16 pacientes (idade média: 64,5 ± 10,1 anos, 11 homens) com AC-AL foram examinados. Seus resultados foram comparados aos de 15 controles saudáveis pareados por idade e gênero (média de idade: 58,9 ± 6,9 anos, 8 homens). Todos os casos foram submetidos a Doppler bidimensional completo e 3DSTE. Um valor p bicaudal inferior a 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Diferenças significativas foram demonstradas em volumes do AD com respeito ao ciclo cardíaco. O total (19,2 ± 9,3% vs. 27,9 ± 10,7%, p = 0,02) e as frações ativas de esvaziamento atrial (12,1 ± 8,1 vs. 18,6 ± 9,8%, p = 0,05) foram significativamente menores nos pacientes com AC-AL. Picos de strain no AD em áreas globais (16,7 ± 10,3% vs. 31,2 ± 19,4%, p = 0,01) e segmentares médias (24,3 ± 11,1% vs. 38,6 ± 17,6%, p = 0,01), juntamente com alguns parâmetros de strain por áreas circunferenciais, longitudinais e segmentares, mostraram-se menores em pacientes com AC-AL. Strains globais longitudinais (4,0 ± 5,2% vs. 8,2 ± 5,5%, p = 0,02) e por área (7,8 ± 8,1 vs. 15,9 ± 10,3%, p = 0,03) na contração atrial e alguns parâmetros de circunferência e de strain por área na contração atrial foram menores em pacientes com AC-AL. Conclusão: Foi possível demonstrar o aumento significativo dos volumes do AD e a deterioração de suas funções na AC-AL.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Amyloidosis/pathology , Amyloidosis/diagnostic imaging , Prognosis , Reference Values , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Case-Control Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Heart Atria/physiopathology , Heart Diseases/physiopathology , Heart Diseases/pathology , Amyloidosis/physiopathology
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(3): 364-372, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973751


Abstract Background: Chagas Disease (CD) is an important cause of morbimortality due to heart failure and malignant arrhythmias worldwide, especially in Latin America. Objective: To investigate the association of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with heart remodeling and cardiac arrhythmias in patients CD. Methods: Consecutive patients with CD, aged between 30 to 65 years old were enrolled. Participants underwent clinical evaluation, sleep study, 24-hour Holter monitoring, echocardiogram and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Results: We evaluated 135 patients [age: 56 (45-62) years; 30% men; BMI: 26 ± 4 kg/m2, Chagas cardiomyopathy: 70%]. Moderate to severe OSA (apnea-hypopnea index, AHI, ≥ 15 events/h) was present in 21% of the patients. OSA was not associated with arrhythmias in this population. As compared to patients with mild or no OSA, patients with moderate to severe OSA had higher frequency of hypertension (79% vs. 72% vs. 44%, p < 0.01) higher nocturnal systolic blood pressure: 119 ± 17 vs. 113 ± 13 vs. 110 ± 11 mmHg, p = 0.01; larger left atrial diameter [37 (33-42) vs. 35 (33-39) vs. 33 (30-36) mm, p < 0.01]; and a greater proportion of left ventricular dysfunction [LVEF < 50% (39% vs. 28% vs. 11%), p < 0.01], respectively. Predictor of left atrial dimension was Log10 (AHI) (b = 3.86, 95% CI: 1.91 to 5.81; p < 0.01). Predictors of ventricular dysfunction were AHI > 15 events/h (OR = 3.61, 95% CI: 1.31 - 9.98; p = 0.01), systolic blood pressure (OR = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.02 - 1.10; p < 0.01) and male gender (OR = 3.24, 95% CI: 1.31 - 8.01; p = 0.01). Conclusions: OSA is independently associated with atrial and ventricular remodeling in patients with CD.

Resumo Fundamento: A doença de Chagas (DC) é uma causa importante de morbimortalidade por insuficiência cardíaca e arritmias malignas em todo o mundo, especialmente na América Latina. Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) com remodelação cardíaca e arritmias cardíacas em pacientes com DC. Métodos: Foram incluídos pacientes consecutivos com DC, com idade entre 30 e 65 anos. Os participantes foram submetidos à avaliação clínica, estudo do sono, Holter de 24 horas, ecocardiograma e monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial. Resultados: Foram avaliados 135 pacientes [idade: 56 (45-62) anos; 30% homens; IMC: 26 ± 4 kg/m2, cardiomiopatia chagásica: 70%]. AOS moderada a grave (índice de apneia-hipopneia, IAH, ≥ 15 eventos/h) estava presente em 21% dos pacientes. AOS não estava associada a arritmias nessa população. Em comparação com pacientes com AOS leve ou ausente, pacientes com AOS moderada a grave apresentaram maior frequência de hipertensão (79% vs. 72% vs. 44%, p < 0,01) e pressão arterial sistólica noturna mais alta: 119 ± 17 vs. 113 ± 13 vs. 110 ± 11 mmHg, p = 0,01; diâmetro do átrio esquerdo maior [37 (33‑42) vs. 35 (33-39) vs. 33 (30-36) mm, p < 0,01]; e maior proporção de disfunção ventricular esquerda [FEVE < 50% (39% vs. 28% vs. 11%), p < 0,01], respectivamente. O preditor de dimensão do átrio esquerdo foi Log10 (IAH) (β = 3,86, IC 95%: 1,91 a 5,81; p < 0,01). Os preditores de disfunção ventricular foram IAH >15 eventos/h (OR = 3,61, IC 95%: 1,31 - 9,98; p = 0,01), pressão arterial sistólica (OR = 1,06, IC95%: 1,02 - 1,10; p < 0,01) e sexo masculino (OR = 3,24, IC 95%: 1,31 - 8,01; p = 0,01). Conclusões: A AOS está independentemente associada à remodelação atrial e ventricular em pacientes com DC.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/complications , Ventricular Remodeling , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/etiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/pathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Echocardiography , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/physiopathology , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/pathology , Anthropometry , Multivariate Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/physiopathology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/pathology , Heart Atria/physiopathology , Heart Atria/pathology
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(3): 306-308, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958418


Abstract Giant cell myocarditis is a rare and highly lethal disorder with resultant cardiac insufficiency. It necessitates aggressive immune suppression therapy, although the results are often fatal. When it affects only the atria, the characteristics of the disease changes completely. In this case report, we present atypical presentation of atrial giant cell myocarditis with mass lesion, which completely resolved after successful surgical resection without immuno suppression therapy.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Giant Cells/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/pathology , Myocarditis/surgery , Myocarditis/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Treatment Outcome , Diagnosis, Differential , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/diagnosis , Myocarditis/diagnosis
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(5): 438-441, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897935


Abstract The median sternotomy remains the standard approach in cardiovascular surgery but, in some conditions, it can be considered difficult to perform, especially in patients with history of esophagectomy. This case report describes a successful resection of a left atrial myxoma through a right anterolateral thoracotomy approach in a patient with a previous retrosternal gastric tube reconstruction. The decision for the best surgical approach was made after a heart surgery team discussion. Through this surgical access, a safe and excellent exposure of the left atrium was possible, and a complete resection of the myxoma was performed without any injury to the gastric tube.

Humans , Male , Aged , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Myxoma/surgery , Thoracotomy , Gastrostomy , Treatment Outcome , Heart Atria/surgery , Heart Atria/pathology
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(3): 228-230, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897906


Abstract The development of left atrial myxoma after coronary artery bypass graft surgery is a rare entity. A 60-year-old man with previous off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting four years ago with patent coronary grafts was diagnosed with left atrial mass. The patient underwent successful resection of the same through minimally invasive right anterolateral thoracotomy. Histopathology of the atrial mass confirmed the diagnosis of atrial myxoma.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Heart Neoplasms/etiology , Heart Neoplasms/pathology , Myxoma/etiology , Myxoma/pathology , Reoperation , Time Factors , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/methods , Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Sternotomy/methods , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Myxoma/surgery
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(2): 129-134, Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838688


Abstract Background: Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography coupled with speckle-tracking echocardiographic (STE) capability is a novel methodology which has been demontrated to be useful for the assessment of left atrial (LA) volumes and functional properties. There is increased scientific interest on myocardial deformation analysis in adult patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot (cTOF). Objectives: To compare LA volumes, volume-based functional properties and strain parameters between cTOF patients and age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Methods: The study population consisted of 19 consecutive adult patients with cTOF in sinus rhythm nursing at the University of Szeged, Hungary (mean age: 37.9 ± 11.3 years, 8 men, who had repair at the age of 4.1 ± 2.5 years). They all had undergone standard transthoracic two-dimensional Doppler echocardiographic study extended with 3DSTE. Their results were compared to 23 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (mean age: 39.2 ± 10.6 years, 14 men). Results: Increased LA volumes and reduced LA emptying fractions respecting cardiac cycle could be demonstrated in cTOF patients compared to controls. LA stroke volumes featuring all LA functions showed no differences between the 2 groups examined. LA global and mean segmental uni- and multidirectional peak strains featuring LA reservoir function were found to be diminished in adult patients with cTOF as compared to controls. Similarly to peak strains reduced global and mean segmental LA strains at atrial contraction characterizing atrial booster pump function could be demonstrated in cTOF patients as compared to controls. Conclusions: Significant deterioration of all LA functions could be demonstrated in adult patients with cTOF late after repair.

Resumo Fundamento: Ecocardiografia tridimensional (3D) acoplada à técnica de speckle-tracking (3DSTE) é uma nova metodologia útil para a avaliação de volumes e propriedades funcionais do átrio esquerdo (AE). Há crescente interesse científico na análise da deformação miocárdica em adultos com tetralogia de Fallot corrigida (cTOF). Objetivos: Comparar os volumes de AE, propriedades funcionais baseadas no volume e parâmetros de strain entre pacientes com cTOF e controles saudáveis pareados por idade e sexo. Métodos: A população do estudo consistiu em 19 adultos com cTOF consecutivos, em ritmo sinusal, acompanhados na Universidade Szeged, Hungria (idade média: 37,9 ± 11,3 anos; 8 homens; com correção cirúrgica aos 4,1 ± 2,5 anos de idade). Todos foram submetidos a ecocardiografia transtorácica bidimensional com Doppler padrão e 3DSTE. Os resultados foram comparados aos de 23 controles saudáveis pareados por idade e sexo (idade média: 39,2 ± 10,6 anos; 14 homens). Resultados: Aumento dos volumes de AE e redução das frações de esvaziamento de AE em relação ao ciclo cardíaco foram demonstrados em pacientes com cTOF em comparação aos dos controles. Os volumes de ejeção de AE caracterizando todas as funções do AE não diferiram entre os dois grupos. Strains de AE global e segmentar médio uni- e multidimensional, caracterizando função de reservatório de AE, estavam diminuídos em adultos com cTOF em comparação aos de controles. À semelhança dos strains de pico, reduzidos strains de AE global e segmentar médio na contração atrial, caracterizando função de bomba atrial, foram demonstrados em pacientes com cTOF em comparação aos de controles. Conclusões: Demonstrou-se significativa deterioração das funções de AE em adultos com cTOF em fase tardia após correção.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tetralogy of Fallot/surgery , Tetralogy of Fallot/pathology , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Myocardium/pathology , Organ Size , Reference Values , Stroke Volume , Tetralogy of Fallot/physiopathology , Tetralogy of Fallot/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Atrial Function , Heart/physiopathology , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Myocardial Contraction/physiology
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 54(4): 425-429, 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-912668


Hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is a malignant neoplasm originating from the vascular endothelium, with high metastatic power and commonly described in the spleen, liver, and right atrium. Thus, the objective of the present study is to report the occurrence of HSA at the base of the left atrium of a male, elderly, Lhasa Apso dog, treated with cyanosis, orthopedic position, cough. In the physical examination, the presence of crackling was observed in pulmonary lobes, murmur in focus of mitral and tricuspid grade IV\VI. The recommended emergency therapy was performed until the clinical improvement of the animal. After echocardiography, mitral and tricuspid valvular degeneration was confirmed, as well as the presence of an irregular, mixed echocardiogram, extra-cardiac, immobile at the base of the left atrium, measuring 2.9 x 1.44 cm in diameter. The clinical therapy established stabilized the clinical picture for 128 days, with recurrence of pulmonary edema and severe hemorrhagic pleural effusion, with the owners opting for euthanasia of the animal and necropsy confirming the definitive diagnosis of extrahepatic SAH at the base of the left atrium.(AU)

O hemangiossarcoma (HSA) é uma neoplasia maligna originada no endotélio vascular, com alto poder metastático e comumente descrito no baço, fígado e átrio direito. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho é relatar a ocorrência do HSA na base do átrio esquerdo de um cão, macho, idoso, da raça Lhasa Apso, atendido apresentando cianose, posição ortopneica e tosse. No exame físico foi observado presença de crepitação em lobos pulmonares e sopro em foco de mitral e tricúspide grau IV\VI. Foi realizada terapia emergencial preconizada até a melhora clínica do animal, e após a ecocardiografia confirmou-se a degeneração valvular mitral e tricúspide, bem como a presença de uma imagem irregular, de ecogenicidade mista, extracardíaca e imóvel na base do átrio esquerdo, medindo 2,9 x 1,44 cm de diâmetro. A terapia clínica instituída estabilizou o quadro clínico por 128 dias, havendo recidiva do edema pulmonar e efusão pleural hemorrágica grave, com os proprietários optando pela eutanásia do animal e a necropsia, confirmando o diagnóstico definitivo do HSA extracardíaco na base do átrio esquerdo.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Heart Atria/pathology , Hemangiosarcoma/veterinary , Mitral Valve/pathology , Tricuspid Valve/pathology , Vascular Neoplasms/veterinary
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(4): 378-380, Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827856


Abstract A 78-year-old patient presented with shortness of breath after falling down. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed an extensive thrombus in the right atrium (RA), extensive thrombosis of the inferior vena cava (IVC), and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). A magnetic resonance confirmed the thrombosis of the RA extending to the IVC, which was apparently fused to the abdominal aortic aneurysm (compression? erosion?). This case illustrates a severe and rare complication of a non-treated AAA. There probably was IVC erosion by the aortic aneurysm, leading to blood stasis and extensive thrombosis of the IVC and right cardiac chambers.

Resumo Uma paciente de 78 anos procurou o serviço de emergência apresentando dispneia após sofrer queda da própria altura. O ecocardiograma transtorácico mostrou um extenso trombo no átrio direito (AD), trombose extensa da veia cava inferior (VCI), e aneurisma de aorta abdominal (AAA). A ressonância magnética confirmou a trombose do AD estendendo-se até a VCI, a qual aparentemente apresentava fusão ao aneurisma da aorta abdominal (compressão? erosão?). Este caso ilustra uma complicação grave e rara de um AAA não tratado. Provavelmente houve uma erosão da VCI pelo aneurisma da aorta resultando em estase sanguínea e trombose extensa da veia cava inferior e cavidades cardíacas direitas.

Humans , Female , Aged , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Vena Cava, Inferior/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnostic imaging , Thrombosis/pathology , Vena Cava, Inferior/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/pathology , Rare Diseases , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/pathology , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging