Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 4.034
Filter
1.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 41(3): 51-64, 20231103. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1518122

ABSTRACT

Objective. To identify the nursing guidelines for caregivers of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) after hospital discharge. Methods. This is an integrative literature review of articles published between 2016 and 2022. In order to select the studies, the controlled descriptors "Nursing Care", "Nursing", "Heart Defects, Congenital", "Caregivers" and "Child" were used in four scientific databases ­ LILACS, SCIELO, PUBMED and BDENF. Results. The current integrative literature review analyzed 11 articles from the original sample. The main nursing care issues are those related to nutrition, oral health, leisure and physical activity, care with medication and the surgical wound, as well as the need to offer support to these children's families. The authors emphasize that nurses are present at various moments in a child's life, including at birth, but the approach to CHD is scarce in Invest Educ Enferm. 2023; 41(3): e05Nursing guidelines for caregivers of children with congenitalheart disease after discharge: Integrative Reviewtheir basic training as nurses, as well as in their professional practice, and there is a shortage of continuing education proposals for the care of children with CHD. Conclusion. The study showed that nursing guidelines are focused on basic care and family support for these children. Lastly, this study highlighted the important role of nurses in terms of consolidating guidelines on the care needs of these children.


Objetivo. Identificar las orientaciones de enfermería para los cuidadores de niños con cardiopatía congénita (CC) después del alta hospitalaria. Métodos. Se trata de una revisión bibliográfica integradora de los artículos publicados entre 2016 a 2022. Se utilizaron los descriptores controlados "Nursing Care", "Nursing","Heart Defects, Congenital", "Caregivers" y "Child" para seleccionar los estudios en cuatro bases de datos científicas - LILACS, SCIELO, PUBMED y BDENF. Resultados. Se analizaron 11 artículos de la muestra original en esta revisión. Los principales tipos de cuidados de enfermería son los aspectos relacionados con la nutrición, la salud bucodental, el ocio y la actividad física, los cuidados con la medicación y la herida quirúrgica, así como la necesidad de ofrecer apoyo a las familias de estos niños. Los autores enfatizan que, aunque, las enfermeras están presentes en diversos momentos de la vida del niño, incluyendo el nacimiento, el abordaje de la ECC es escaso en su formación básica como enfermeras, así como en su práctica profesional, y faltan propuestas de formación continua en el cuidado de estos niños. Conclusión. El estudio mostró que las orientaciones de enfermería se centran en los cuidados básicos y en el apoyo familiar a niños con ECC. Por último, este estudio se evidenció el importante papel de las enfermeras en la consolidación de las orientaciones para las necesidades de atención de estos niños.


Objetivo. Identificar as orientações de enfermagem para cuidadores de crianças com cardiopatias congênitas (CC) após alta hospitalar. Métodos. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura de artigos publicados entre 2016 e 2022. Para seleção dos estudos, foram utilizados os descritores controlados "Nursing Care", "Nursing", "Heart Defects, Congenital", "Caregivers"), y "Child" em duas bases de dados científicos ­ LILACS, SCIELO, PUBMED e BDENF. Resultados. Na presente revisão integrativa da literatura, foram analisados onze artigos da amostra original. Os principais cuidados de enfermagem são os relacionados com à alimentação, saúde bucal, lazer e atividade física, cuidados com medicamentos e com a ferida operatória, como também a necessidade de oferecer apoio à família dessas crianças. Os autores ressaltam que o enfermeiro está presente em diversos momentos da vida da criança, inclusive, no nascimento, porém a abordagem sobre CC é escassa na sua formação básica como enfermeiro, assim como em sua atuação profissional, percebendo-se escassez de propostas de educação continuada para o cuidado de crianças com CC. Conclusão. O estudo apontou que as orientações de enfermagem estão voltadas ao cuidados básicos da assistência e ao apoio familiar dessas crianças. Por fim, foi evidenciado nessa pesquisa o importante papel do enfermeiro para a consolidação das orientações das necessidades voltadas ao cuidar dessas crianças.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Child , Caregivers , Heart Defects, Congenital , Nursing Care
3.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514480

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los defectos congénitos son un problema global que anualmente afecta a 7,9 millones de recién nacidos, los cuales constituyen la primera causa de muerte en los países desarrollados, y la segunda en países en vías de desarrollo, como es el caso de Cuba. Objetivos: Determinar la prevalencia de defectos congénitos folato-sensibles entre nacidos vivos, nacidos muertos e interrupciones electivas del embarazo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en la provincia de Villa Clara donde se incluyeron todos los casos con defectos congénitos folato-sensibles diagnosticados entre 2013 y 2018. Resultados: Las cardiopatías congénitas conotruncales, el síndrome Down y los defectos del tubo neural fueron los fenotipos clínicos más prevalentes. La tasa de prevalencia ajustada fue de 5,79 por 1 000 nacimientos. Se constató una mayor tasa de prevalencia entre nacidos muertos y se interrumpió el 43,26 % de los embarazos con defectos diagnosticados prenatalmente. Las mayores tasas de prevalencia ajustada de cardiopatías y hendiduras labiopalatinas se identificaron en los municipios de Corralillo y Quemado de Güines, mientras que Placetas tuvo las mayores tasas de defectos del tubo neural y síndrome Down, y Manicaragua las de gastrosquisis. Conclusiones: La mayor frecuencia de defectos congénitos entre nacidos muertos puede estar en relación con la gran expresividad variable de los defectos estudiados, donde se incluyen fenotipos clínicos de gravedad. En los diferentes municipios con elevadas tasas de prevalencia de estos defectos están involucrados diferentes factores de riesgo ambientales que actúan sobre un genotipo que predispone a estos defectos congénitos.


Introduction: congenital defects are a global problem, annually affecting 7.9 million newborns. They constitute the leading cause of death in developed countries and the second one in developing countries like Cuba. Objective: to determine the prevalence of folate-sensitive birth defects among live births, stillbirths and elective pregnancy terminations. Methods: a descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in Villa Clara province, where all cases with folate-sensitive birth defects diagnosed between 2013 and 2018 were included. Results: conotruncal congenital heart diseases, Down syndrome and neural tube defects were the most prevalent clinical phenotypes. The adjusted prevalence rate was 5.79 per 1,000 births. A higher prevalence rate was found among stillbirths and 43.26% of pregnancies with prenatally diagnosed defects were terminated. The highest rates of adjusted prevalence of cleft lip and palate and heart diseases were identified in Corralillo and Quemado de Güines municipalities, while Placetas had the highest rates of neural tube defects and Down syndrome, as well as Manicaragua those of gastroschisis. Conclusions: the higher frequency of congenital defects among stillbirths may be related to a highly variable expressivity of the studied defects, where serious clinical phenotypes are included. Different environmental risk factors acting on a genotype that predisposes these congenital defects are involved in the different municipalities with high prevalence rates of these defects.


Subject(s)
Heart Defects, Congenital , Neural Tube Defects
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(4): e202202568, ago. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1442529

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las cardiopatías congénitas complejas son las malformaciones más frecuentes con una importante carga de morbimortalidad. Se busca conocer el estado de salud y discapacidad de niños operados en un hospital de tercer nivel. Población y métodos. Fueron evaluados en las áreas de crecimiento, neurodesarrollo y discapacidad 84 pacientes entre 21 y 39 meses de edad operados con circulación extracorpórea durante el primer año de vida. Resultados. La mayoría de los niños crece por debajo del percentil 50 en los tres parámetros, con mayor compromiso en aquellos con síndrome genético asociado. La frecuencia de discapacidad fue del 55 %. En el grupo con CC aislada, la gravedad de la cardiopatía y el examen neurológico patológico al alta se asociaron con discapacidad (p = 0,047 y p = 0,03). Contar solo con cobertura de salud pública se asocia a un menor acceso a intervenciones oportunas (p = 0,02). Conclusiones. Cerca de la mitad de los pacientes evoluciona con discapacidad moderada-grave. Es competencia del equipo de salud conocer las morbilidades más allá del aspecto cardiovascular y los factores de riesgo. Las barreras en el acceso a las intervenciones adecuadas advierten a los profesionales sobre la relevancia de buscar estrategias para vencerlas y lograr el máximo potencial de desarrollo de los pacientes.


Introduction. Complex congenital heart defects are the most frequent malformations and entail a significant burden of disease. The objective of this study was to determine the health status and disability of children who underwent surgery at a tertiary care hospital. Population and methods. A total of 84 patients aged 21 to 39 months who had a surgery with extracorporeal circulation during their first year of life were assessed in terms of growth, neurodevelopment, and disability. Results. In most children, growth was below the 50th percentile in all 3 parameters, and greater involvement was observed in those with an associated genetic disorder. The frequency of disability was 55%. In the group with isolated congenital heart disease, the severity of disease and a pathological neurological examination at discharge were associated with disability (p = 0.047 and p = 0.03). Having only public health coverage was associated with less access to timely interventions (p = 0.02). Conclusions. Nearly half of the patients develop moderate-severe disability. Being aware of morbidities beyond the cardiovascular aspect and risk factors is part of the health care team's scope. Barriers in access to appropriate interventions caution health care providers of the relevance of seeking strategies to overcome them and achieve the maximum development potential of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Child Development , Health Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies
6.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(2): 62141, 02/08/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1452465

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Cardiopatia Congênita (CC) é uma doença crônica, caracterizada por anormalidades estruturais e funcionais no sistema cardiocirculatório, podendo ocorrer por fatores genéticos, mutações, alterações cromossômicas ou mesmo ter uma origem multifatorial. Estudos discutem sobre a possibilidade da CC criar um ambiente estressor para a criança e sua família, sobretudo para sua mãe, por ser o elemento da família que, geralmente, assume o acompanhamento e a execução dos cuidados com a criança. Objetivo: Identificar e descrever a percepção e sentimentos maternos acerca da doença do filho, suas dificuldades, o impacto da doença na qualidade de vida da família e suas angústias diante do futuro. Método: Pesquisa qualitativa, transversal, descritiva, com coleta de dados feita entre os meses de Dezembro de 2022 e Fevereiro de 2023, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas realizadas por ligação telefônica, gravada, com 13 mães de crianças com CC. O processo de análise foi orientado pela análise de conteúdo do tipo temática. Resultado: O estresse está presente na fala da maior parte das mães. Essas falas trazem à cena o fato de que este se condensa especialmente nos períodos iniciais do processo: descoberta da doença do filho, notícia da(s) cirurgia(s), responsabilidade pelos cuidados que se prolongam, isolamento materno. Conclusão: O medo da morte, do futuro e do desenvolvimento da criança são fantasmas que também circulam nas manifestações maternas e expressam a dificuldade em antecipar aos seus filhos uma subjetividade, condição de base para o desenvolvimento geral adequado. (AU)


Introduction: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a chronic disease, characterized by structural and functional abnormalities in the cardiocirculatory system, which may occur due to genetic factors, mutations, chromosomal alterations, or even have a multifactorial origin. Studies discuss the possibility of CC creating a stressful environment for the child and his family, especially for his mother, as she is the family member who generally takes on the monitoring and execution of care for the child. Objective:To identify and describe maternal perceptions and feelings about their child's illness, their difficulties, the impact of the disease on the family's quality of life, and their anxieties about the future. Method:Qualitative, cross-sectional, descriptive research, with data collection carried out between December 2022 and February 2023, through semi-structured interviews conducted by telephone, recorded, with 13 mothers of children with CC. The analysis process was guided by thematic content analysis. Result:Stress is in the speech of most mothers. These statements bring to the fore the fact that stress is condensed especially in the early stages of the process: discovery of the child's illness, news of the surgery(s), responsibility for prolonged care, and maternal isolation. Conclusion: Fear of death, the future and the child's development are ghosts that also circulate in maternal manifestations and express the difficulty in anticipating their children, a basic condition for adequate general development. (AU)


Introducción: La cardiopatía congénita (CC) es una enfermedad crónica, caracterizada por anomalías estructurales y funcionales en el sistema cardiocirculatorio, que pueden deberse a factores genéticos, mutaciones, alteraciones cromosómicas o incluso tener un origen multifactorial. Los estudios discuten la posibilidad de que el CC genere un ambiente estresante para el niño y su familia, especialmente para su madre, ya que es ella la que generalmente asume el seguimiento y ejecución del cuidado del niño. Objetivo: Identificar y describir las percepciones y sentimientos maternos sobre la enfermedad del hijo, sus dificultades, el impacto de la enfermedad en la calidad de vida de la familia y sus angustias sobre el futuro. Método: Investigación cualitativa, transversal, descriptiva, con recolección de datos realizada entre diciembre de 2022 y febrero de 2023, a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas realizadas por teléfono, grabadas, con 13 madres de niños con CC. El proceso de análisis fue guiado por el análisis de contenido temático. Resultado: El estrés está presente en el habla de la mayoría de las madres. Estas declaraciones traen a la luz el hecho de que el estrés se condensa especialmente en las primeras etapas del proceso: descubrimiento de la enfermedad del niño, noticia de la(s) cirugía(s), responsabilidad por cuidados prolongados, aislamiento materno. Conclusión: El miedo a la muerte, al futuro y al desarrollo del niño son fantasmas que también circulan en las manifestaciones maternas y expresan la dificultad de anticiparse a sus hijos, condición básica para un adecuado desarrollo general. (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Perception , Heart Defects, Congenital , Mothers/psychology , Child Development , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sickness Impact Profile , Qualitative Research , Psychological Distress
7.
MedUNAB ; 26(1): 40-47, 20230731.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525304

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La atresia pulmonar con comunicación interventricular es una cardiopatía compleja que enmarca grandes desafíos en su etapa pre y postquirúrgica; el uso del soporte vital extracorpóreo con membrana de oxigenación restablece la oxigenación y perfusión al organismo para permitir recuperación y complementar estudios. El objetivo de este caso clínico es determinar la atención de enfermería en la fase aguda post quirúrgica. Se expondrá usando el modelo teórico de Dorothea Orem: teorías de déficit de autocuidado y teoría de sistemas. Esta cardiopatía es la forma más severa de la tetralogía de Fallot. Tiene una incidencia del 2% entre todas las cardiopatías. Metodología. Es el caso de una preescolar con atresia pulmonar con comunicación interventricular, se describe los procesos realizados desde el diagnóstico, la intervención percutánea y reparo quirúrgico, así como el manejo de lesión residual en el marco del uso de diferentes tecnologías. Se resalta como elemento clave el uso del soporte con oxigenación con membrana extracorpórea usada como puente a decisión. Resultados. El plan de atención de enfermería en esta fase crítica logró los resultados planteados como la adecuada perfusión y oxigenación, recuperación de la función ventricular, estabilización hemodinámica para ser llevada al reparo de la lesión residual. Este novedoso soporte fue implementado dos veces durante la misma hospitalización y con resultados exitosos. Conclusiones. Caso de difícil manejo con terapias convencionales, pero con aplicación de una atención integral de enfermería; el uso de tecnología y de diversas especialidades permitió un egreso de la menor sin complicaciones. Palabras clave: Atresia Pulmonar; Oxigenación por membrana extracorpórea; Atención de Enfermería; Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Pediátrico; Cardiopatías Congénitas.


Introduction. The pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect is a complex heart disseas that possess great challenges in pre and post-surgical stages; the use of vital support extracorporeal with membrane oxygenation restores oxygen and perfusion to the body to allow recovery and complement studies. The objetive of this case report is to determinate the nurse attention in the acute post quirulgical phase. It will be presented using Dorothea Orem's theoretical model: theories of self-care deficits and systems theory. This heart disease is the most severe form of tetralogy Fallot. It has an incidence of 2% among all heart diseases. Methodology. This is the case of a kindergarten with pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect, the processes carried out from diagnosis, percutaneous intervention and surgical repair are described, as well as the management of residual injury within the framework of the use of different technologies. The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support used as a decision bridge is highlighted as a key element. Results. The nursing care plan in the critical phase achieved the results proposed as adequate perfusion and oxygenation, recovery of the ventricular function, hemodynamic stabilization to be carried out to repair the residual injury. This newfangled support was implemented twice during the same hospitalization with sucessful result. Conclusions. Case report with struggle managment with conventional therapies but with the application of comprehensive nursing care; the use of technology and the work of various specialities allowed the minor to be discharged without complications. Keywords: Pulmonary Atresia; Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation; Nursing Care; Intensive Care Units, Pediatric; Heart Defects, Congenital.


Introdução. A atresia pulmonar com comunicação interventricular é uma cardiopatia complexa que apresenta grandes desafios em sua fase pré e pós-cirúrgica. O uso de suporte de vida extracorpóreo com membrana de oxigenação restaura a oxigenação e a perfusão do corpo para permitir a recuperação e complementar os estudos. O objetivo deste caso clínico é determinar os cuidados de enfermagem na fase aguda pós-cirúrgica. Será apresentado utilizando o modelo teórico de Dorothea Orem: teorias do déficit de autocuidado e teoria de sistemas. Esta doença cardíaca é a forma mais grave de tetralogia de Fallot. Tem uma incidência de 2% entre todas as doenças cardíacas. Metodologia. É o caso de uma criança em idade pré-escolar com atresia pulmonar com comunicação interventricular, são descritos os processos realizados desde o diagnóstico, intervenção percutânea e reparação cirúrgica, bem como o manejo da lesão residual no âmbito da utilização de diferentes tecnologias. Destaca-se, como elemento-chave, a utilização de suporte com oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea como ponte para a decisão. Resultados. O plano de cuidados de enfermagem nesta fase crítica alcançou os resultados propostos como perfusão e oxigenação adequadas, recuperação da função ventricular, estabilização hemodinâmica a ser realizada para o reparo da lesão residual. Este novo suporte foi implementado duas vezes durante a mesma hospitalização e com resultados bem-sucedidos. Conclusões. Caso de difícil manejo com terapias convencionais, mas com aplicação de cuidados integrais de enfermagem, o uso da tecnologia e de diversas especialidades permitiu que a criança recebesse alta sem complicações. Palavras-chave: Atresia Pulmonar; Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea; Cuidados de Enfermagem; Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica; Cardiopatias Congênitas.


Subject(s)
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Pulmonary Atresia , Heart Defects, Congenital , Nursing Care
8.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(1): e57102, 01/06/2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436180

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A forma de alimentação mais segura nos bebês cardiopatas pode ser um desafio para escolha da equipe multiprofissional. Objetivo: Identificar as principais dificuldades de deglutição nas diferentes formas de oferta de alimentação em lactentes cardiopatas congênitos. Métodos: A questão norteadora foi: "Quais as principais dificuldades de deglutição nas diferentes formas de oferta de alimentação em lactentes cardiopatas congênitos?". A população foi delimitada como lactentes cardiopatas, considerando amamentação como exposição de interesse e alimentação em mamadeira considerado grupo comparação. Dificuldades de deglutição foram consideradas desfecho. Foram selecionados artigos sem restrição de idioma, independentemente do ano de publicação até abril de 2019, que apresentassem no título, resumo ou corpo do artigo relação com o objetivo da pesquisa e os critérios de elegibilidade, com delineamento observacional. Após a extração dos dados, as medidas foram transformadas em percentagem, e descritas em uma síntese qualitativa. Resultados: Foram encontrados 828 artigos ao total, sendo que após análises, foram incluídos 11 artigos ao total. As principais dificuldades apresentadas pelos lactentes cardiopatas em seio materno foram: tosse, engasgo, cianose, queda da saturação periférica de oxigênio e incoordenação entre sucção, respiração e deglutição. As dificuldades de deglutição mais encontradas na oferta de seio materno foram: tosse, engasgo, cianose, queda de saturação, incoordenação entre sucção-respiração-deglutição, fadiga, escape oral, tempo prolongado de alimentação, vedamento-labial inadequado, preensão inadequada do bico, e ausculta cervical alterada. Conclusão: Os lactentes cardiopatas apresentam dificuldades de deglutição tanto em seio materno quanto em mamadeira, sendo observada maior frequência de apresentações das dificuldades, com mamadeira. (AU)


Introduction: The safest way of feeding babies with heart disease can be a challenge for the multidisciplinary team to choose. Objective: To identify the main swallowing difficulties in the different forms of feeding in infants with congenital heart disease. Methods: The guiding question was: "What are the main swallowing difficulties in the different forms of feeding in infants with congenital heart disease?". The population was defined as infants with heart disease, considering breastfeeding as exposure of interest and bottle feeding considered a comparison group. Swallowing difficulties were considered the outcome. Articles without language restriction were selected, regardless of the year of publication until April 2019, which presented in the title, abstract or body of the article a relationship with the objective of the research and the eligibility criteria, with an observational design. After data extraction, the measurements were transformed into percentages and described in a qualitative synthesis. Results: A total of 828 articles were found, and after analysis, 11 articles were included in total. The main difficulties presented by infants with heart disease at the mother's breast were coughing, choking, cyanosis, drop in peripheral oxygen saturation and incoordination between sucking, breathing and swallowing. The swallowing difficulties most found in the offer of the mother's breast were: cough, choking, cyanosis, drop in saturation, incoordination between sucking-breathing-swallowing, fatigue, oral leakage, prolonged feeding time, inadequate lip sealing, inadequate nipple grip, and altered cervical auscultation. Conclusion: Infants with heart disease have swallowing difficulties both in the mother's breast and in the bottle, with a higher frequency of presentations of difficulties being observed with the bottle. (AU)


Introducción: La forma más segura de alimentación en bebés com enfermidades del corazón puede ser um desafío para el equipo multidisciplinario para elegir. Objetivo: Identificar las principales dificultades deglutorias em las diferentes formas de alimentación en lactantes com cardiopatías congénitas. Métodos: La pregunta orientadora fue: "¿Cuáles son las principales dificultades deglutorias em las diferentes formas de alimentación en lactantes com cardiopatías congénitas?" La población se definió como lactantes com cardiopatías, considerando la lactancia materna como exposición de interés y la alimentación com biberón considerada una grupo de comparación. Las dificultades para tragar se consideraron el desenlace. Se seleccionaron artículos sin restricción de idioma, independentemente del año de publicación hasta abril de 2019, que presentaran em el título, resumen o cuerpo del artículo relación com el objetivo de la investigación y los criterios de elegibilidad, com um diseño observacional. Después de la extracción de datos, las medidas se transformaron em porcentajes y se describieron en una sínteses cualitativa. Resultados: Se encontraron un total de 828 artículos, y después del análisis, se incluyeron 11 artículos en total. Las principales dificultades que presentaron los lactantes com cardiopatia em el pecho materno fueron: tos, ahogo, cianosis, caída de la saturación periférica de oxígeno y falta de coordinación entre la succión, la respiración y la deglución. Las dificultades de deglución más encontradas em la oferta del pecho de la madre fueron: tos, ahogo, cianosis, descenso de la saturación, descoordinación entre succión-respiración-deglución, fatiga, escape oral, tiempo de alimentación prolongado, sellado labial inadecuado, agarre inadecuado del pezón y auscultación cervical alterada. Conclusión: Los lactantes com cardiopatia presentan dificultades para la deglución tanto em el pecho materno como em el biberón, observándose una mayor frecuencia de presentaciones de dificultades con el biberón. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Bottle Feeding , Breast Feeding , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition/physiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications
9.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 36(1): e282, abr. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1509332

ABSTRACT

Coração em criss-cross (ou coração entrecruzado) foi descrito pela primeira vez em 1974. Trata-se de uma malformação cardíaca congênita, rara, ocorrendo 8 casos a cada 1.000.000 de crianças, e representando somente 0,1% das malformações congênitas. Os métodos diagnósticos de escolha são o ecocardiograma transtorácico, a ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC), a angiotomografia (TC) e, eventualmente, o cateterismo cardíaco. Neste relato, descreve-se o caso de um recém-nascido com coração em criss-cross somado à dupla via de saída do ventrículo direito (VD), com vasos mal posicionados, além de comunicação interatrial (CIA), comunicação interventricular (CIV), displasia de valva tricúspide e veia cava superior esquerda persistente. Não se sabe a etiologia exata dessa malformação, mas parece ocorrer pela rotação dos ventrículos em seu eixo longitudinal, não acompanhada das rotações atrial e das valvas atrioventriculares (AV). Esse movimento produz uma alteração das vias de entrada dos ventrículos, determinando que o VD se posicione em plano superior e o esquerdo em plano inferior. Apesar de ainda não se saber a exata causa dessa anomalia, acredita-se que uma alteração genética possa estar levando a esses casos: a mutação do gene Cx43. O diagnóstico do caso em questão foi dado pela ecocardiografia transtorácica e da TC de aorta e artérias pulmonares, que mostraram, além do criss-cross, outras alterações, como dupla via de saída do VD, CIA e CIV amplas.(AU)


Criss-cross heart was first described in 1974. It is a rare congenital heart malformation that occurs in 8 cases per 1,000,000 children, and represents only 0.1% of congenital malformations. The diagnostic methods of choice are transthoracic echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), computed tomography angiography (CT) and, sometimes, cardiac catheterization. This report describes the case of a newborn with a criss-cross heart in addition to double-outlet right ventricle (RV), with poorly positioned vessels, in addition to atrial septal defect (ASD), interventricular septal defect, tricuspid valve dysplasia and persistent left superior vena cava. The exact etiology of this malformation is not known, but it seems to occur due to rotation of the ventricles in their longitudinal axis, not accompanied by rotation of the atrial and atrioventricular (AV) valves. This movement produces abnormal ventricular inlets, determining that the RV be positioned on a superior plane and the left ventricle on an inferior plane. Although the exact cause of this anomaly is still unknown, it is believed that a genetic abnormality may be leading to these cases: mutation of the Cx43 gene. Diagnosis of the case concerned was given by transthoracic echocardiography and computed CT of the aorta and pulmonary arteries, which showed, in addition to the criss-cross heart, other abnormalities, such as double-outlet RV, large ASD and ventricular septal defect (VSD).(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Crisscross Heart/etiology , Crisscross Heart/diagnostic imaging , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Ventricles/abnormalities , Double Outlet Right Ventricle/diagnosis , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava/diagnosis , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/diagnosis
11.
Ann. Health Res. (Onabanjo Univ. Teach. Hosp.) ; 9(3): 169-178, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1512792

ABSTRACT

Delayed detection of congenital heart diseases in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) contributes to the poor outcome of infants with cardiac anomalies. Fetal echocardiography (FE) can detect heart defects in-utero as early as the 18th gestational week (GA), giving parents and medical professionals time to prepare for the baby's delivery and appropriate treatment. University College Hospital, Nigeria, is one of the few centres in Nigeria where FE is performed. Objectives: To examine the indications for referral for FE and the diagnoses made in our first four years of performing FE. Methods: FE was performed in the antenatal clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, using the GE Voluson P6 machine with a 2-6-RS probe. Demographic information was obtained from the antenatal clinic records of the women who had FE using a semi-structured questionnaire. FE diagnoses were retrieved from the FE register. Results: A total of 129 women whose records were available were studied. The mean age of the women was 31.7±5.5 years. Forty-two women (32.6%) were referred because of echogenic foci, making this the most common indication for FE. Twenty-nine (22.5%) fetuses had structural heart defects, the most common being Ventricular Septal Defect. Conclusion: There is a need for Obstetricians and Paediatricians to be aware of the indications for fetal echocardiography and refer women appropriately


Subject(s)
Humans , Echocardiography , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents , Echogenic Bowel , Fetal Movement , Heart Defects, Congenital
12.
Journal de la Faculté de Médecine d'Oran ; 6(2): 819-824, 2023. figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1415186

ABSTRACT

La double discordance est une cardiopathie congénitale complexe extrêmement rare, elle se caractérise par une discordance auriculo-ventriculaire suivie d'une autre discordance ventriculo-artérielle. Son diagnostic est posé généralement à l'âge adulte par des examens d'imagerie. Son pronostic dépend essentiellement des autres malformations congénitales cardiaques associées, des arythmies et des troubles de la conduction, ainsi que de la fonction systolique du ventricule droit en position systémique. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient âgé de 23 ans, porteur d'une cardiopathie congénitale complexe cyanogène. Il s'agit d'une double discordance associée à une large communication interventriculaire sous aortique avec un shunt inversé et une hypoplasie de l'artère pulmonaire. Ce diagnostic a été confirmé par l'imagerie multimodale. Non opéré, le patient a vu son stade fonctionnel s'aggraver rapidement avec une dyspnée qui est passée d'un stade I à un stade III-IV de la New York Heart Association (NYHA), et apparition de signes hypoxiques et congestifs. A travers cette observation, nous avons précisé les caractéristiques anatomocliniques de cette cardiopathie congénitale complexe cyanogène, son exploration, ses options thérapeutiques, ainsi que le rôle péjoratif de son association avec d'autres malformations congénitales.


Double discordance is an extremely rare complex congenital heart disease; It is characterized by atrioventricular discordance followed by another ventriculo-arterial discordance. Its diagnosis is usually made in adulthood by imaging examinations. Its prognosis depends mainly on other associated congenital heart defects, arrhythmias and disorders of the conduction, as well as systolic function of the right ventricle in the systemic position. We report the case of a 23-year-old patient with a complex cyanogen heart disease.It is a double discordance associated to an interventricular communication with reverse shunt and an hypoplasia of the pulmonary artery.This Diagnosis was confirmed in multimodal imaging. Non-operated, the patient saw his functional status worsen rapidly with dyspnea which went from stage I to stage III-IV of the New York Heart Association (NYHA), and appearance of hypoxic and congestive signs. Through this observation, we have clarified the anatomoclinical characteristics of this complex congenital cyanogens heart disease, the necessary explorations and the different therapeutic options, as well as the pejorative role of its association with other congenital malformations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pulmonary Artery , Therapeutics , Transposition of Great Vessels , Heart Defects, Congenital , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Congenital Abnormalities
13.
Ghana Med. J. (Online) ; 57(2): 148-155, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1436230

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine the usefulness of cardiovascular physical examination (CPE) as a screening tool in a lowresource setting for detecting congenital heart disease (CHD) in newborns delivered at the Maternity Unit of Korle Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH), Accra, Ghana. Design: A hospital-based cross-sectional study with a comparison group component. Setting: Maternity Unit of the KBTH, Accra, Ghana. Participants: Over eight months, newborns aged 1-14 days delivered at ≥ 34 weeks' gestation at the Maternity Unit, KBTH, were recruited into the study. Intervention: Each newborn was examined using a set of CPE parameters for the presence of congenital heart disease. Those with suggestive features of CHD had a confirmatory echocardiogram test. Main Outcome Measure: Abnormal CPE features and their corresponding echocardiogram findings. Results: A total of 1607 were screened, with 52 newborns showing signs of CHD on CPE, of which 20 newborns were proven on echocardiogram to have congenital heart disease. Abnormal CPE parameter that was associated with CHD was murmur (P=0.001), dysmorphism (p=0.01), newborns with chest recessions (p=0.01) and lethargy (p=0.02). CPE's sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 95%, 60.7%, 36.5% and 98,1%, respectively. The most common acyanotic CHD found was isolated atrial septal defect (ASD), followed by patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The only cyanotic CHD found was a case of tricuspid atresia. Conclusion: Cardiovascular physical examination at birth is an effective and inexpensive screening tool for detecting CHD in newborns, which can easily be utilised in low-resource settings.


Subject(s)
Physical Examination , Mass Screening , Diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital , Infant, Newborn , Cardiovascular Diseases , Hospitals, Teaching
14.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 12-12, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971202

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Few prospective studies have investigated the association between paternal occupational exposures and risk of infant congenital heart defects (CHDs). We investigated the associations between paternal occupational exposures, frequency of use, and concurrent or sequential exposure to a mixture of compounds and the risk of infant CHDs.@*METHODS@#Our study examined 28,866 participants in the Japan Environment and Children's Study. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) associated with paternal occupational exposures during the 3 months until pregnancy was noticed after adjustment for potential confounding factors of the infant CHDs. CHD diagnosis was ascertained from medical record.@*RESULTS@#In total, 175 were diagnosed with infant CHDs. The number of fathers who were exposed to the following substances at least once a month were: 11,533 for photo copying machine/laser printer, 10,326 for permanent marker, 8,226 for soluble paint/inkjet printer, 6,188 for kerosene/petroleum/benzene/gasoline, 4,173 for organic solvents, 3,433 for chlorine bleach/germicide, 2,962 for engine oil, 2,931 for insecticide, 2,460 for medical sterilizing disinfectant, 1,786 for welding fumes, 1,614 for dyestuffs, 1,247 for any products containing lead-like solder, 986 for herbicide, 919 for radiation/radioactive substances/isotopes, 837 for lead-free solder, 341 for microbes, 319 for formalin/formaldehyde, 301 for agricultural chemical not listed above or unidentified, 196 for general anesthetic for surgery at hospital, 171 for anti-cancer drug, 147 for chromium/arsenic/cadmium, 88 for mercury and 833 for other chemical substances. Paternal occupational exposure regularly to photo copying machine or laser printer and soluble paint/inkjet printer were associated with higher risks of infant CHDs: the adjusted ORs (95%CIs) were 1.38 (1.00-1.91) and 1.60 (1.08-2.37), respectively. The higher risks were also observed for occasional exposure to engine oil, any products containing lead-like solder lead-free solder, and microbes; the adjusted ORs (95%CIs) were 1.68 (1.02-2.77), 2.03 (1.06-3.88), 3.45 (1.85-6.43), and 4.51, (1.63-12.49), respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Periconceptional paternal occupational exposure was associated with a higher risk of infant CHDs. Further studies using biomarkers of the association between paternal occupational exposure and infant CHDs are warranted.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Infant , Child , Japan/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Case-Control Studies , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Fathers
15.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 4-4, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971194

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common congenital malformations in humans. Inconsistent results emerged in the existed studies on associations between air pollution and congenital heart disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of gestational exposure to air pollutants with congenital heart disease, and to explore the critical exposure windows for congenital heart disease.@*METHODS@#The nested case-control study collected birth records and the following health data in Tianjin Women and Children's Health Center, China. All of the cases of congenital heart disease from 2013 to 2015 were selected matching five healthy controls for each case. Inverse distance weighting was used to estimate individual exposure based on daily air pollution data. Furthermore, the conditional logistic regression with distributed lag non-linear model was performed to identify the association between gestational exposure to air pollution and congenital heart disease.@*RESULTS@#A total of 8,748 mother-infant pairs were entered into the analysis, of which 1,458 infants suffered from congenital heart disease. For each 10 µg/m3 increase of gestational exposure to PM2.5, the ORs (95% confidence interval, 95%CI) ranged from 1.008 (1.001-1.016) to 1.013 (1.001-1.024) during the 1st-2nd gestation weeks. Similar weak but increased risks of congenital heart disease were associated with O3 exposure during the 1st week and SO2 exposure during 6th-7th weeks in the first trimester, while no significant findings for other air pollutants.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study highlighted that gestational exposure to PM2.5, O3, and SO2 had lag effects on congenital heart disease. Our results support potential benefits for pregnancy women to the mitigation of air pollution exposure in the early stage, especially when a critical exposure time window of air pollutants may precede heart development.


Subject(s)
Infant , Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Air Pollutants/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/etiology , China/epidemiology , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Maternal Exposure/adverse effects
16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 235-239, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970273

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application value of percutaneous peripheral interventional therapy in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septal (PA-IVS). Methods: Retrospective case summary. The data was collected from 25 children who were hospitalized at the Children's Hospital,Zhejiang University School of Medicine from August 2019 to August 2022, had been diagnosed with PA-IVS by echocardiography, and underwent interventional treatment. The sex, age, weight, operation time, radiation exposure time, and radiation dose of the patients were collected. The patients were divided into the arterial duct stenting group and the non-stenting group. Preoperative tricuspid annular diameters and Z scores, right ventricular length diameters, and right ventricular/left ventricular length-diameter ratios were compared by paired t-tests. Right ventricular systolic pressure difference, oxygen saturation, lactic acid before and after the surgery were compared for 24 children who received percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty. Right ventricular improvement in 25 children after operation was analyzed. The correlation between postoperative oxygen saturation and postoperative right ventricular systolic blood pressure difference, the degree of pulmonary valve opening and the Z value of tricuspid valve ring in the non-stenting group were analyzed. Results: A total of 25 patients with PA-IVS were enrolled in the study, of whom 19 were males and 6 females, with an age at surgery of 12 (6, 28) days and a weight of (3.7±0.5) kg. One of them underwent only stenting of the arterial duct; 20 children underwent only percutaneous pulmonary valve perforation and balloon angioplasty; 4 children underwent both procedures. The Z-value of the tricuspid ring was -1.5±1.2 in the group with arterial duct stenting, and -0.1±0.4 in the group without stenting (t=2.77, P=0.010). The tricuspid regurgitant flow rate 1 month after surgery was significantly lower than the preoperative ((3.4±0.6) vs. (4.8±0.9) m/s, t=6.62,P<0.001). In the 24 children with percutaneous pulmonary valve perforation and balloon angioplasty, the preoperative right ventricular systolic blood pressure was (110±32) mmHg, and the postoperative systolic blood pressure was (52±19) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) (F=59.55, P<0.001). The factors that may affect postoperative oxygen saturation in 20 cases of non-stenting group were analyzed. The results suggested that the pre and post-operative right ventricular systolic blood pressure differences (r=-0.11, P=0.649), and the pulmonary valve orifice opening (r=-0.31, P=0.201) and tricuspid annulus Z value (r=-0.18, P=0.452) at 1 month after the operation were not significantly correlated with the postoperative oxygen saturation. Conclusions: Interventional therapy can be used as the first choice for one-stage operation of PA-IVS. Percutaneous pulmonary valve perforation and balloon angioplasty are more suitable for children with well-developed right ventricles, tricuspid annulus, and pulmonary arteries. While the smaller the tricuspid annulus, the more dependent it is on the ductus arteriosus and thus patients are more suitable for arterial duct stenting.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Humans , Pulmonary Atresia/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Retrospective Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 136-140, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970252

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the outcomes of different types of pulmonary atresia in neonates treated by ductus arteriosus stenting. Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort study. A total of 19 neonates who had pulmonary atresia treated by ductus arteriosus stenting in Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from April 2014 to June 2021 were included. They were divided into the intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) group and the ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD) group. Ductus arteriosus stents were implanted by different approaches. These children were followed up regularly at the 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the surgery and annually since then to evaluate the outcome. Independent sample t-test was used for the statistical analysis. Results: There were 12 children in PA-IVS group and 7 in PA-VSD group. All of them were full term in fants. The gestational age of the PA-IVS group and the PA-VSD group was (38.8±1.1) and (37.7±1.8) weeks, the birth weights were (3.2±0.4) and (3.4±1.1) kg, and the age at operation was (10±9) and (12±7) days, respectively, without significant difference (all P>0.05). Among the 12 children with PA-IVS, 9 had stents successfully implanted through the femoral artery and 3 through the femoral vein. Of the 7 children with PA-VSD, 2 had the stents successfully implanted via the femoral artery and 2 failed, and the remaining 3 had stents successfully implanted via the left carotid artery. There was no postoperative thromboembolism, arteriovenous fistula, pseudoaneurysm or other vascular complications. Five children with PA-VSD who had successful operations were followed up at 6 months of age. They all had the operation for pulmonary atresia, repair of the ventricular septal defect, removal of arterial duct stents, and ligation of the arterial duct. All children survived without any stent displacement or stenosis and biventricular circulation was achieved during the follow-up. Conclusions: Ductus arteriosous stenting can be the first-stage treatment for children with PA-IVS and PA-VSD. In addition to the traditional femoral vein and femoral artery approach, the carotid artery can be used as a route for stent placement.


Subject(s)
Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant , Pulmonary Atresia/surgery , Ductus Arteriosus , Retrospective Studies , China , Heart Defects, Congenital , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Stents
18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 126-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970250

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of transcatheter pulmonary valve perforation in the treatment of neonatal pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS). Methods: The clinical data on surgical treatment and follow-up in 16 patients with PA-IVS who underwent transcatheter pulmonary valve perforation in Women and Children's Hospital, Qingdao University from October 2018 to October 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The right ventricular systolic pressure and percutaneous oxygen saturation (SpO2) were compared before and after operation. In addition, the SpO2 and echocardiographic data at preoperative and the last follow-up were compared. Comparisons between groups were performed using paired-samples t test. Results: Among the 16 patients (10 males and 6 females) with the age at operation of 19 (14, 26) days, 12 cases underwent transcatheter pulmonary valve perforation successfully, 2 cases were transferred to surgery department for open-heart pulmonary valvulotomy, and the remaining 2 cases were transmitted to surgery department for transthoracic pulmonary valve perforation. The age at operation of the 12 patients who underwent transcatheter pulmonary valve perforation was 18 (14, 27) days, and the weight was (3.6±0.4) kg. The immediate postoperative right ventricular systolic pressure decreased significantly ((57±16) vs. (95±19) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), t=7.49, P<0.001), and the postoperative SpO2 was improved effectively (0.90±0.48 vs.0.75±0.09, t=-5.61, P<0.001). The follow-up time was 22 (7, 33) months for 12 patients who underwent transcatheter pulmonary valve perforation successfully. At the last follow-up, the ratio of right to left ventricular transverse diameter was significantly higher than that before operative (0.55±0.05 vs. 0.45±0.05, t=-3.27,P=0.007). Furthermore, the Z-scores of pulmonary valvular diameter (-0.78±0.23 vs. -1.73±0.56, t=-8.52, P<0.001) and the tricuspid valvular diameter (-0.52±0.12 vs. -1.46±0.38, t=-10.40, P<0.001) were all significantly higher than preoperative data. At last, all the patients achieved biventricular circulation without death or major complications. Conclusion: Transcatheter pulmonary valve perforation is a safe and effective therapy for neonatal PA-IVS, and its curative effect has been confirmed by the medium follow-up data.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Female , Pulmonary Valve/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Pulmonary Atresia/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital
19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 200-207, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969867

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the levels of selenium, iron and copper in cord blood of neonates and the risk of congenital heart disease (CHD), and analyze their interaction effects. Methods: The subjects were obtained from the birth cohort in Lanzhou area established from 2010 to 2012. A baseline survey was conducted in the first trimester, and the follow-up was conducted in the second trimester, third trimester and 42 days after delivery. The umbilical vein blood was collected from newborns at delivery, and information on their birth outcomes was extracted from medical records. A nested case-control study was used to select 97 neonates with CHD newly diagnosed by echocardiography as the case group, and 194 neonates were selected as the control group by 1∶2 matching according to their mother's age, block and CHD onset time. Inductively coupled ion mass spectrometry was used to detect the concentrations of selenium, iron and copper in neonatal cord blood. The element exposure was categorized into three groups, the low, medium and high concentrations, according to the quartiles Q1 and Q3 of selenium, iron and copper concentrations in the control group. The association between cord blood selenium, iron and copper concentrations and CHD was analyzed by conditional logistic regression model using medium concentration as the reference standard. The association of their interactions with CHD was analyzed by a phase multiplication model. Results: The M (Q1, Q3) concentration of neonatal cord blood copper was 746.12 (467.48, 759.74) μg/L in the case group and 535.69 (425.21, 587.79) μg/L in the control group, with a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). After adjustment for confounders, logistic regression models showed that the risk of CHD development was increased in neonates with either high copper in cord blood (OR=4.062, 95%CI: 2.013-8.199) or high copper combined with high iron (OR=3.226, 95%CI: 1.343-7.750). No correlation was observed between selenium and iron concentrations and the development of CHD in neonates. There was a multiplicative interaction between copper and iron in cord blood on the risk of developing CHD (OR=1.303, 95%CI: 1.056-1.608). Conclusion: There is a multiplicative interaction between iron and copper elements. The high copper and the high copper combined with high iron in umbilical cord blood are risk factors for neonatal CHD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Copper/analysis , Selenium , Iron/analysis , Fetal Blood/chemistry , Case-Control Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 58-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969743

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the current situation of fetal heart defects in Yunnan Province and surrounding high altitude areas and the social factors affecting pregnancy outcome. Methods: This is a retrospective study. Pregnant woman who underwent fetal echocardiography and diagnosed as fetal cardiac defects in Yunnan Fuwai Cardiovascular Hospital from June 2017 to January 2021 were included. According to the clinical prognostic risk scoring system and grading criteria of fetal cardiac birth defects, the cases were divided into grade Ⅰ to Ⅳ. The disease distribution and proportion of each prognostic grade, pregnancy outcomes were analyzed and compared. The cases were divided into continued pregnancy group and terminated pregnancy group according to pregnancy outcome. The social factors that may affect the selection of pregnancy outcomes were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of 4 929 fetal echocardiography examination data were collected, and 4 464 cases (90.57%) were from Yunnan Province and surrounding high altitude areas. 2 166 cases of heart defects were finally analyzed, including 998 cases of congenital heart disease (CHD), 93 cases of cardiac tumors, cardiomyopathy and arrhythmia, 1 075 cases of foramen ovale, ductus arteriosus abnormalities and normal variations. The pregnant women were (29.2±5.0) years old with (25.6±3.8) gestational weeks. The number of cases with prognostic grade from Ⅰ to Ⅳ was 1 037 (47.88%), 620 (28.62%), 314 (14.50%), and 44 (2.03%), respectively. And 151 cases (6.97%) were not classified. The cases of normal variation and thin aortic arch development accounted for 42.66% (924/2 166), 5.22% (113/2 166), respectively. The top 3 diseases of grade Ⅱ were ventricular septal defect, coarctation of aorta and mild-moderate pulmonary stenosis, respectively, and their distribution was 11.63% (252/2 166), 3.92% (85/2 166) and 2.35% (51/2 166) respectively in all cases of heart defects, and 25.25% (252/998), 8.52% (85/998) and 5.11% (51/998) respectively in cases of CHD. Among the cases rated as grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ, most of them were complicated congenital heart disease, and the disease types are scattered. The more common cases in grade Ⅲ were complete transposition of great arteries (accounting for 2.40% (52/2 166) of all cases with heart defects, 5.21% (52/998) of all cases with CHD) and pulmonary artery occlusion (type Ⅰ to Ⅲ) with ventricular septal defect (accounting for 2.17% (47/2 166) of all cases with heart defects, and 4.71% (47/998) of all cases with CHD). In grade Ⅳ, single ventricle (0.74% (16/2 166) of all cases with heart defects, 1.60% (16/998) of all cases with CHD) and left ventricular dysplasia syndrome (0.65% (14/2 166) of all cases with heart defects, 1.40% (14/998) of all cases with CHD) are more common. A total of 1 084 cases were successfully followed up, and 675 cases were born, 392 cases were terminated, spontaneous abortion occurred in 17 cases. The proportion of terminated pregnancy cases was significantly increased from grade Ⅰ to Ⅳ, accounting for 5.24% (21/401), 27.78% (70/252), 89.54% (214/239) and 95.56% (43/45), respectively. Among the terminated pregnancy cases, those with grade Ⅲ accounted for the highest proportion (54.59% (214/392)). The distribution of terminated pregnancy cases was mainly complex congenital malformations or diseases with very poor prognosis (pregnancy outcome grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ), and proportion of terminated pregnancy with pregnancy outcome grade Ⅰ and Ⅱ cases (normal variation or good prognosis) accounted for 5.36% (21/392) and 17.86% (70/392), respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pregnant women with low education (high school and below: OR=2.73, 95%CI 1.26-5.93, P<0.001; illiteracy: OR=3.27, 95%CI 1.29-7.10, P<0.001) and low family income (Annual income<100 000 yuan: OR=2.47, 95%CI 1.69-5.12, P<0.001) were more likely to choose termination of pregnancy in case of fetal heart defect. Conclusion: In Yunnan province and the surrounding high altitude areas, the disease distribution of fetal heart defect is mainly simple or low-risk disease, but the complex malformation, especially the disease with poor pregnancy outcome, accounts for a relative high proportion. Pregnancy termination also occurs in some cases with good pregnancy outcome. The education level and family income of pregnant women may affect their choice of pregnancy outcome in case of fetal heart defect.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Altitude , China/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Echocardiography , Fetal Heart/diagnostic imaging
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL