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1.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(1): e202, jun. 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383636

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las anomalías congénitas (AC) son un problema de salud pública con impacto en la infancia, la mortalidad infantil (MI) y la discapacidad. En Uruguay, así como en otros países desarrollados, las AC y la prematuridad son las principales causas de MI. Objetivos: el objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar las anomalías más frecuentes en el país entre 2011 y 2014, y evaluar los factores de riesgo. Material y método: los datos se obtuvieron del Registro Nacional de Defectos Congénitos y Enfermedades Raras y Estadísticas Vitales del Ministerio de Salud Pública. Resultados: se determinó que prácticamente la mitad de los casos fueron: cardiopatías congénitas, síndrome de Down y defectos del tubo neural (anencefalia, encefalocele y mielomeningocele), representando 0,42% (812/191.820) y 2,85% (38/1334) de los nacidos vivos (NV) y de los óbitos fetales respectivamente. Las prevalencias por 10.000 NV y OF fueron: 38,52 y 149,93 para cardiopatías congénitas; 3,6 y 7,5 para síndrome de Down; 2,1 y 127,4 para defectos del tubo neural. La edad materna avanzada fue el principal factor de riesgo de síndrome de Down. Los factores de riesgo observados en las tres anomalías seleccionadas fueron: prematurez, depresión neonatal y bajo peso al nacer. Conclusiones: las anomalías congénitas en general y las seleccionadas en este trabajo en particular, constituyen una causa relevante de morbimortalidad en el período neonatal e infantil, plausibles de prevención. El diagnóstico temprano es fundamental para planificar servicios de salud especializados. Los resultados aquí presentados se pueden utilizar como línea de base para medir el impacto de las acciones de salud a nivel nacional.


Introduction: congenital anomalies (CA) are a public health problem with an impact on childhood, infant mortality (IM) and disability. In Uruguay, as well as in other developed countries, CA and prematurity are the main causes of IM. Objectives: analyze the most frequent anomalies in the country in 2011-2014 and evaluate risk factors. Material and methods: the data were obtained from the National Record of Congenital Defects and Rare Diseases and health statistics from the Ministry of Public Health. Results: it was determined that practically half of the cases were: congenital heart disease, Down syndrome and Neural Tube Defects (anencephaly, encephalocele and myelomeningocele), accounting for 0.42% (812/191,820) and 2.85% (38/1334) of live births and stillbirths respectively. The prevalence per 10,000 NV and stillbirths were: 38.52 and 149.93 for Congenital Heart Disease; 3.6 and 7.5 for Down Syndrome; 2.1 and 127.4 for neural tube defects. Advanced maternal age was the main risk factor for Down syndrome. The risk factors observed in the three selected anomalies were: prematurity, neonatal depression and low birth weight. Conclusions: congenital anomalies in general, and those selected in this study in particular, are a relevant cause of morbidity and mortality in newborns and infants, likely to be prevented. Early diagnosis is essential for planning specialized health services. The results presented in the present paper can be used as a baseline to measure the impact of health actions at national level.


Introdução: as anomalias congênitas (AC) são um problema de saúde pública com impacto na infância, na mortalidade infantil (MI) e na deficiência. No Uruguai, assim como em outros países desenvolvidos as AC e prematuridade são as principais causas de MI. Objetivos: analisar as anomalias mais frequentes no país, entre 2011-2014 e avaliar os fatores de risco. Material e métodos: os dados foram obtidos do Registro Nacional de Defeitos Congênitos e Doenças Raras e estatísticas vitais do Ministério da Saúde Pública. Resultados: determinou-se que praticamente a metade dos casos eram: cardiopatias congênitas, Síndrome de Down e Defeitos do tubo neural (anencefalia, encefalocele e mielomeningocele), representando 0,42% (812/191.820) e 2,85% (38/1334) de nascidos vivos-NV e natimortos, respectivamente. As prevalências por 10.000 NV e natimortos foram: 38,52 e 149,93 para Cardiopatia Congênita; 3,6 e 7,5 para Síndrome de Down; 2,1 e 127,4 para defeitos do tubo neural. A idade materna avançada foi o principal fator de risco para a síndrome de Down. Os fatores de risco observados nas três anomalias selecionadas foram: prematuridade, depressão neonatal e baixo peso ao nascer. Conclusões: as anomalias congênitas em geral e as selecionadas neste estudo em particular, constituem causa relevante de morbimortalidade no período neonatal e infantil, possível de ser prevenida. O diagnóstico precoce é fundamental para o planejamento de serviços de saúde especializados. Os resultados aqui apresentados podem ser usados como base para medir o impacto das ações de saúde realizadas a nível nacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Down Syndrome/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Neural Tube Defects/epidemiology , Uruguay/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Meningomyelocele/epidemiology , Encephalocele/epidemiology , Anencephaly/epidemiology
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): e133-e136, junio 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368481

ABSTRACT

El complejo ring-sling es una asociación entre el sling de la arteria pulmonar y la estenosis traqueal congénita por anillos traqueales completos. El sling de la arteria pulmonar es una forma rara de anillo vascular dentro de las cardiopatías congénitas. Se presenta el caso clínico de un niño con estridor laríngeo asociado a dificultad respiratoria evaluado en otro centro, donde se realizó endoscopia respiratoria y se observó compresión traqueal extrínseca. Ante la sospecha clínica de anillo vascular, se solicitó angiotomografía computada (angioTC) y se confirmó diagnóstico de sling de arteria pulmonar. Fue derivado a nuestro hospital y durante la intervención quirúrgica se realizó nueva endoscopia respiratoria y traqueobroncografía. Se llegó al diagnóstico de estenosis traqueal congénita con bronquio derecho accesorio (pig bronchus) y anillos vasculares completos, ambos reparados en el mismo acto quirúrgico.


The ring-sling complex is an association between pulmonary artery sling and congenital tracheal stenosis. Pulmonary artery sling is a rare form of vascular ring in congenital heart disease. The clinical case of a child with inspiratory laryngeal stridor associated with respiratory distress is presented, evaluated in another center where respiratory endoscopy was performed, observing extrinsic tracheal compression. Given the clinical suspicion of a vascular ring, CT angiography was requested, confirming the diagnosis of pulmonary artery sling. He was referred to our hospital and during the surgical intervention a new respiratory endoscopy and tracheobronchography were performed, reaching the diagnosis of congenital tracheal stenosis, right accessory bronchus (pig bronchus) and complete vascular rings, both repaired in the same surgical act.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Tracheal Diseases , Tracheal Stenosis/surgery , Tracheal Stenosis/diagnosis , Bronchial Diseases/surgery , Vascular Malformations/complications , Vascular Ring/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Pulmonary Artery/abnormalities , Trachea/abnormalities , Bronchi/abnormalities , Bronchi/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic
4.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 37(1): e402, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1390040

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la hipertensión pulmonar asociada a cardiopatías congénitas del adulto implica un amplio espectro de situaciones clínicas complejas de difícil manejo para el cardiólogo clínico. Revisión: se repasarán los principales aspectos fisiopatológicos relacionados con el desarrollo de hipertensión pulmonar en los diferentes grupos de cardiopatías congénitas, así como los criterios para establecer el diagnóstico. Se discutirá el tratamiento guiado por perfil de riesgo y los grupos farmacológicos disponibles en nuestro medio. Por último, se discutirán grupos especiales, como el síndrome de Eisenmenger y la embarazada con cardiopatía e hipertensión pulmonar. Conclusión: es importante tener presente de todas formas que la hipertensión pulmonar en este escenario puede tener un mal pronóstico (como en el síndrome de Eisenmenger), por lo cual se deben realizar los mayores esfuerzos para hacer un diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento oportuno de estos pacientes.


Introduction: pulmonary hypertension associated with congenital heart disease in adults involves a wide spectrum of complex clinical situations that are difficult to manage for the clinical cardiologist. Review: the main pathophysiological aspects related to the development of pulmonary hypertension in the different groups of congenital heart disease will be reviewed, as well as the criteria to establish the diagnosis. Treatment guided by risk profile and the pharmacological groups available in our setting will be discussed. Finally, special groups such as Eisenmenger syndrome and pregnant women with heart disease and pulmonary hypertension will be discussed. Conclusion: it is important to keep in mind, however, that pulmonary hypertension in this scenario could have a poor prognosis (for example in Eisenmenger syndrome), which is why every effort should be made to make an early diagnosis and timely treatment of these patients.


Introdução: a hipertensão pulmonar associada à cardiopatia congênita em adultos envolve um amplo espectro de situações clínicas complexas e de difícil manejo para o cardiologista clínico. Revisão: serão revistos os principais aspectos fisiopatológicos relacionados ao desenvolvimento da hipertensão pulmonar nos diferentes grupos de cardiopatias congênitas, bem como os critérios para estabelecer o diagnóstico. Serão discutidos o tratamento guiado pelo perfil de risco e os grupos farmacológicos disponíveis em nosso meio. Por fim, serão discutidos grupos especiais como síndrome de Eisenmenger e gestantes com cardiopatia e hipertensão pulmonar. Conclusão: de qualquer forma, é importante ter em mente que a hipertensão pulmonar nesse cenário pode ter um prognóstico ruim (como na síndrome de Eisenmenger), razão pela qual todo esforço deve ser feito para o diagnóstico precoce e tratamento oportuno desses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Hypertension, Pulmonary/etiology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Hypertension, Pulmonary/physiopathology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/therapy
5.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 61-66, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397635

ABSTRACT

Congenital mitral valve disease is a rare form of mitral regurgitation. The etiological diagnosis is often challenging. The transthoracic echocardiogram is presented as a good initial approach method. The case of a 29-year-old patient referred for the diagnosis of severe congenital mitral regurgitation in parachute is presented. This report aims to illustrate the clinical and echocardiographic presentation of congenital mitral regurgitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Prevalence , Mitral Valve/surgery , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 81-88, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397711

ABSTRACT

Congenital heart disease includes a wide range of heart defects that appear at birth, corresponding to the most frequent group of genetic alterations. They represent the most frequent birth defects in the world, affecting millions of newborns annually. Chile is not exempt from this public health problem, estimating a prevalence of 8-10 per 1,000 live births, similar to international figures. Some of these defects are not diagnosed in a timely manner due to various causes, including causes such as poor clinical translation and limited accessibility to the Public Health system. Thanks to the improvement of technological resources, more cases of congenital heart disease are diagnosed every day and the time of diagnosis is getting earlier. The case presented below refers to a 47-year-old male patient with several comorbidities, who underwent a Doppler echocardiogram during his hospitalization due to acute respiratory failure, where a systodiastolic flow was detected in one of the compatible pulmonary arteries, with a patent ductus arteriosus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/therapy , Septal Occluder Device , Echocardiography , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis
7.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(2): 25-31, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399214

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil epidemiológico e clínico de crianças com cardiopatias congênitas admitidas entre 2018 e 2019 em um hospital de referência em Pernambuco. Métodos: Trata-se de um corte transversal envolvendo 310 crianças com cardiopatias congênitas. Foram obtidos dados epidemiológicos e clínicos em prontuários através de formulários padronizados. Houve tabulação em planilha Excel e análise estatística descritiva por meio do Software SPSS 25. Resultados: Verificou-se média de 21,69 meses de idade e predominância do sexo masculino (55,5%). Os principais fatores de risco maternos foram infecção durante a gestação (21,3%) e idade avançada (15,8%). Dentre as doenças crônicas, destacaram-se hipertensão arterial (6,1%) e diabetes mellitus (4,2%). Os predisponentes do paciente foram prematuridade (16,1%), baixo peso ao nascer (17,7%), trissomia do 21 (17,7%) e malformações extracardíacas (7,1%). Sinais e sintomas respiratórios constituíram o principal motivo de hospitalização, sendo registradas dispneia (55,8%), tosse (30,3%) e alterações de ausculta pulmonar (16,1%). Também motivou o internamento a presença de cianose (20,3%). O sopro cardíaco se apresentou na maioria dos pacientes (80,0%). Em percentual relevante dos casos, o diagnóstico ocorreu durante a hospitalização (16,8%). Conclusão: O conhecimento acerca do perfil das cardiopatias congênitas auxilia o diagnóstico, sendo necessária a ampliação do conhecimento científico nesta temática... (AU)


Objetivo: Describir el perfil epidemiológico y clínico de niños con cardiopatías congénitas ingresados entre 2018 y 2019 en un hospital de referencia de Pernambuco. Métodos: estudio transversal con 310 niños con cardiopatías congénitas. Los datos epidemiológicos y clínicos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas mediante formularios estandarizados. Se realizó tabulación en planilla de Excel y análisis estadístico descriptivo con el Software SPSS 25. Resultados: La edad media fue 21,69 meses y predominio del sexo masculino (55,5%). Los principales factores de riesgo maternos fueron infección durante el embarazo (21,3%) y edad avanzada (15,8%). Las principales enfermedades crónicas fueron hipertensión arterial (6,1%) y diabetes mellitus (4,2%). Los predisponentes del paciente fueron prematuridad (16,1%), bajo peso al nacer (17,7%), trisomía 21 (17,7%) y malformaciones extracardiacas (7,1%). Signos y síntomas respiratorios fueron el principal motivo de hospitalización, con disnea (55,8%), tos (30,3%) y alteraciones en la auscultación pulmonar (16,1%). Cianosis (20,3%) también motivó la hospitalización. El soplo cardíaco estuvo presente en la mayoría de los pacientes (80,0%). En un porcentaje relevante de casos, el diagnóstico se produjo durante la hospitalización (16,8%). Conclusión: El conocimiento sobre el perfil de las cardiopatías congénitas ayuda al diagnóstico, siendo necesario ampliar el conocimiento científico sobre este tema... (AU)


Objective: Describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of children with congenital heart diseases admitted between 2018 and 2019 to a referencial hospital in Pernambuco. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 310 children with congenital cardiopathy. The data was obtained in the medical charts, using standardized forms. Tabulation was made in an Excel spreadsheet and descriptive statistical analysis done through SPSS 25 Software. Results: The average age was 21,69 months and most patients were male (55,5%). The main risk factors were infection during pregnancy (21,3%) and advanced age (15,8%). Among chronic diseases, hypertension (6,1%) and diabetes mellitus (4,2%) stood out. Predisposing factors related to the patient were prematurity (16,1%), low weight at birth (17,7%), trisomy 21 (17,7%) and extracardiac malformations (7,1%). Respiratory signs and symptoms were the main cause of hospitalization, such as dyspnea (55,8%), cough (30,3%) and changes in pulmonary auscultation (16,1%). Cyanosis also motivated admission (20,3%). Most patients presented heart murmur (80%). In a significant amount of cases, the diagnosis was made during the hospital admission (16,8%). Conclusion: the awareness about the profile of congenital heart diseases helps the diagnosis, and is necessary to expand scientific knowledge on this topic... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Chronic Disease , Heart Defects, Congenital , Hospitalization , Comprehensive Health Care , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Hospitals, Pediatric
8.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 6(2): 43-48, 20220520. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379347

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las cardiopatías congénitas son alteraciones estructurales del corazón y/o grandes vasos que se desarrollan durante la embriogénesis, existe un aumento aparente de la incidencia de las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) en las investigaciones recientes, especialmente de las cardiopatías acianógenas, como la comunicación interventricular (CIV) e interauricular (CIA), así como en menor grado otras cardiopatías, como transposición de grandes vasos (TGV) y el síndrome de corazón izquierdo hipoplásico (SCIH). Material y métodos: estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo sobre la incidencia de cardiopatías congénitas en pacientes ingresados en la Unidad de Neonatología del Hospital Infantil Robert Reid Cabral durante el período 2016-2018 (hasta la semana epidemiológica #38). La muestra fue de 76 pacientes (n=76). Resultados: la incidencia de cardiopatías congénitas fue 4.97 %. El 59.2 % eran masculino. Mas de 65 % de pacientes procedían de la región este del país. La disnea representó más de 70 % de los motivos de consulta, seguida de cianosis. 35.5 % de las cardiopatías correspondieron a CIV, que fue la patología cardíaca congénita más frecuentemente presentada, seguida por CIA. Conclusión: observamos una incidencia global de cardiopatías congénitas de 4.97 % con predominio en sexo masculino. Los pacientes procedían de la región este en más de la mitad de los casos, y presentaron con mayor frecuencia disnea como motivo de consulta. La incidencia más elevada de cardiopatía congénita fue la CIV


Introduction: Congenital heart diseases are structural alterations of the heart and/or great vessels that develop during embryogenesis. There is an apparent increase in the incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in recent research, especially acyanotic heart disease, such as communication interventricular (VSD) and interatrial (ASD), as well as to a lesser degree other heart diseases, such as transposition of the great vessels (TGV) and hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Material and methods: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study on the incidence of congenital heart disease in patients admitted to the Neonatology Unit of the Robert Reid Cabral Children's Hospital during the period 2016-2018 (until epidemiological week #38). The sample was 76 patients (n=76). Results: The incidence of congenital heart disease was 4.97%. 59.2% were male. More than 65% of patients came from the eastern region of the country. Dyspnea represented more than 70% of the reasons for consultation, followed by cyanosis. 35.5% of the heart diseases corresponded to VSD, which was the most frequently presented congenital heart disease, followed by ASD. Conclusion: We observed a global incidence of congenital heart disease of 4.97% with a predominance in males. The patients came from the eastern region in more than half of the cases, and more frequently presented dyspnea as a reason for consultation. The highest incidence of congenital heart disease was VSD


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Dominican Republic/epidemiology
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 25-30, maio 05,2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370544

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar a incidência, os fatores associados e o impacto das complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca pediátrica. Metodologia: estudo de coorte, prospectivo, que incluiu lactentes e crianças submetidas à cirurgia cardíaca em um hospital pediátrico, no período de novembro de 2016 a julho de 2019. Foram coletados dados dos prontuários referentes ao sexo, idade, presença de outras malformações associadas, tipo de cardiopatia, ocorrência de complicações pulmonares, tempo de ventilação mecânica (VM) e de internamento na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) e óbito. Resultados: a amostra foi constituída por 111 lactentes e crianças, mediana da idade de 13 meses (7-32 meses), 54,1% do sexo feminino. Quanto ao tipo de cardiopatia, 80,2% foram cianogênicas. As complicações pulmonares ocorreram em 44,1% dos casos, sendo a mais frequente a atelectasia. A mediana do tempo de VM foi 8 horas (1-48h) e 45 (40,5%) permaneceram na VM por mais de 24h. A mediana do tempo de internamento na UTI foi de 7 dias (4-12dias). Evoluíram a óbito 7 (14,3%) pacientes. Conclusão: a amostra investigada apresentou incidência elevada de complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca


Objective: to determine the incidence, associated factors and impact of pulmonary complications in the postoperative period of pediatric cardiac surgery. Methodology: prospective cohort study, which included infants and children undergoing cardiac surgery in a pediatric hospital, from November 2016 to July 2019. Data were collected from medical records regarding sex, age, presence of other associated malformations, type of heart disease, occurrence of pulmonary complications, duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) and admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) stay and death. Results: the sample consisted of 111 infants and children, median age 13 months (7-32 months), 54.1% female. As for the type of heart disease, 80.2% were acyanotic. Pulmonary complications occurred in 44.1% of cases, with atelectasis being the most frequent. The median time on mechanical ventilation (MV) was 8 hours (1-48h) and 45 (40.5%) remained on MV for more than 24h. The median length of stay in the ICU was 7 days (4-12 days). 7 (14.3%) patients died. Conclusion: the investigated sample had a high incidence of pulmonary complications in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Thoracic Surgery , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Heart Defects, Congenital , Hospitals, Pediatric , Respiration, Artificial , Prospective Studies , Heart Diseases
10.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(287): 7678-7684, abr.2022. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1372592

ABSTRACT

RESUMO | Objetivo: Identificar preditores de complicação no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca pediátrica. METODO: Estudo quantitativo que analisou retrospectivamente 88 prontuários de pacientes submetidos a procedimento cirúrgico no ano de 2018. Para analise dos dados foi aplicado o teste exato de Fisher e o modelo logístico univariado. Os resultados foram expressos pelo odds ratio (OR) com nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: observou-se idade média de 3,61 anos com predominância do sexo feminino. Complicações circulatórias, metabólicas, renais, respiratórias e cardiovasculares foram identificadas intra e pós-operatória. Foi identificada correlação estatística preditiva de complicações em: uso de diuréticos, hipertensão arterial, insuficiência de valva atrioventricular, hipertrofia de ventrículo direito, trissomia de cromossomo 21, leucócitos alterados nos pré-operatórios, sangramento intraoperatório, derrame pericárdico e alterações no ecocardiograma pós-operatório. CONCLUSÃO: Variáveis de condições clínicas, medicações em uso, defeitos congênitos e intercorrências intraoperatórias quando associados às complicações encontradas no pós-operatório de cirurgias cardiopediátricas mostram-se como preditivos de risco.


ABSTRACT | Objective: To identify predictors of complications in the postoperative period of pediatric cardiac surgery. METHOD: Quantitative study that retrospectively analyzed 88 medical records of patients undergoing surgical procedure in 2018. Fisher's exact test and the univariate logistic model were applied to analyze the data. The results were expressed by odds ratio (OR) with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: A mean age of 3.61 years was observed, with a predominance of females. Circulatory, metabolic, renal, respiratory and cardiovascular complications were identified intra-and postoperatively. A predictive statistical correlation of complications was identified in: use of diuretics, hypertension, atrioventricular valve insufficiency, right ventricular hypertrophy, trisomy 21, altered WBCs preoperatively, intraoperative bleeding, pericardial effusion and postoperative echocardiogram changes. CONCLUSION: Variables of clinical conditions, medications in use, congenital defects and intraoperative complications when associated with complications found in the postoperative period of cardiopediatric surgeries are shown to be predictive of risk.


RESUMEN | Objetivo: Identificar los predictores de complicaciones en el postoperatorio de la cirugía cardiaca pediátrica. MÉTODO: Estudio cuantitativo retrospectivo de 88 historias clínicas de pacientes operados en 2018. Se aplicó la prueba exacta de Fisher y el modelo logístico univariante. Los resultados se expresaron mediante odds ratio (OR) con una significación del 5%. RESULTADOS: La edad media era de 3,61 años con mayoría de mujeres. Se indentificaron complicaciones circulatorias, metabólicas, renales, respiratorias y cardiovasculares intra y postoperatorias. Se identificó una correlación estadística predictiva de complicaciones en: el uso de diuréticos, la hipertensión arterial, la insuficiencia valvular auriculoventricular, la hipertrofia ventricular derecha, la trisomía 21, la alteración de los leucocitos preoperatorios, la hemorragia intraoperatoria, el derrame pericárdico y las alteraciones en el ecocardiograma postoperatorio. CONCLUSIÓN: Las variables del estado clínico, los medicamentos en uso, los defectos congénitos y las complicaciones intraoperatorias cuando se asocian a las complicaciones encontradas en el postoperatorio de las cirurgías cardiopediátricas se muestran como predictoras de riesgo.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Thoracic Surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): 6-13, feb 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353404

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las cardiopatías congénitas críticas (CCC) son las anomalías estructurales del corazón ductus-dependientes, que pueden llevar a la muerte o requieren tratamiento invasivo en el primer mes de vida. Objetivo. Conocer la prevalencia y distribución de CCC en recién nacidos de Argentina, en comparación con otros países, y la proporción de detección prenatal y de mortalidad perinatal. Material y métodos. Se utilizó material de la Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas de Argentina (RENAC) del período 2009-2018, y de otros sistemas de vigilancia de Estados Unidos (EE. UU.), Europa y Colombia. Para Argentina se analizó la proporción de detección prenatal, mortalidad perinatal y prevalencia de recién nacidos con CCC según jurisdicción y subsector de salud. Resultados. Prevalencia de CCC de 11,46 (IC95 %: 11,02-11,92) cada 10 000 nacimientos. El 43,93 % tuvo detección prenatal y la mortalidad perinatal fue del 25 %. La tetralogía de Fallot fue el defecto específico más frecuente. La prevalencia de CCC y el porcentaje de detección prenatal fue significativamente menor en el subsector público, mientras que la mortalidad perinatal fue mayor en este subsector. La prevalencia de CCC observada fue menor que en los registros de EE. UU. (NBDPN) y Europa (EUROCAT). El registro de Bogotá mostró prevalencias específicas diferentes. Conclusión. La prevalencia de CCC es más baja que la observada en otros países, y aún menor en el sector público de Argentina. Se enfatiza la necesidad de mejorar la detección prenatal e implementar la oximetría de pulso en recién nacidos como prueba de tamizaje obligatorio y universal.


Introduction. Critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) is a term that refers to ductus-dependent structural anomalies of the heart that may be fatal or require invasive management in the first month of life. Objective. To know the prevalence and distribution of CCHD among newborns in Argentina, compared to other countries, and the proportion of prenatal detection and perinatal mortality. Material and methods. Data provided by the National Network of Congenital Anomalies (Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas de Argentina, RENAC) for the 2009-2018 period and by other surveillance systems in the United States, Europe, and Colombia were used. For Argentina, the proportion of prenatal detection, perinatal mortality, and CCHD prevalence in newborns by jurisdiction and health system subsector were analyzed. Results. The prevalence of CCHD was 11.46 (95% confidence interval: 11.02-11.92) every 10 000 births. Prenatal detection was possible in 43.93% of cases, and perinatal mortality was 25%. Tetralogy of Fallot was the most frequent specific defect. The prevalence of CCHD and percentage of prenatal detection was significantly lower in the public subsector, whereas perinatal mortality was higher in this subsector. The prevalence of CCHD was lower than in the United States (NBDPN) and European (EUROCAT) registries. The Bogotá Registry showed different specific prevalence values. Conclusion. The prevalence of CCHD is lower than what has been observed in other countries, and even lower in the public sector of Argentina. The need to improve prenatal detection and implement pulse oximetry among newborns as a mandatory and universal screening is emphasized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Oximetry , Registries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 31, 2022. 40 p. ilus, graf, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1361736

ABSTRACT

Para dar cumplimiento a lo establecido en la Política Nacional de Apoyo al Desarrollo Infantil Temprano "Crecer Juntos", el Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud (SNIS) da inicio a la implementación del tamizaje cardiaco como una estrategia costo efectiva que incidirá en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de las cardiopatías congénitas en recién nacidos para su identificación temprana y referencia oportuna y pertinente. El presente documento es resultado de una exhaustiva revisión bibliográfica, que servirá para la capacitación de los recursos del SNIS, de igual manera como base para realizar las gestiones de compra del equipo idóneo; incorporando un cuidado cariñoso y sensible que se requiere para un desarrollo integral y con esto asegurar un mejor presente y un grandioso porvenir como un derecho de la niñez


To comply with the provisions of the National Policy to Support Early Childhood Development "Grow Together", the National Integrated Health System (SNIS) begins the implementation of cardiac screening as a cost-effective strategy that will affect diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart disease in newborns for their early identification and timely and pertinent reference. This document is the result of an exhaustive bibliographic review, which will serve for the training of SNIS resources, in the same way as a basis for carrying out the procedures for purchasing the ideal equipment; incorporating loving and sensitive care that is required for comprehensive development and thereby ensure a better present and a great future as a child's right


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Screening , Heart Defects, Congenital , Child Development , Diagnosis
13.
Rev. chil. neuropsicol. (En línea) ; 16(1): 11-16, ene. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362017

ABSTRACT

Las cardiopatías congénitas se consideran una de las anomalías que alteran la irrigación y el intercambio de oxigenación adecuado a las principales venas y arterias. Esto puede generar consecuencias en el desarrollo neurológico que se puede traducir en retraso psicomotor, déficits de aprendizaje, dificultades académicas y problemas de integración social. Para mejorar los trastornos cognitivos, se propone la habilitación cognitiva basada en los principios de mecánica y robótica de LEGO® Education. El objetivo de este estudio fue medir el efecto de un programa de intervención, basado en el uso de ensamblado y programación robótica con LEGO® Education, sobre las funciones frontales básicas como primera aproximación a un modelo propuesto en pacientes cardiópatas congénitos que han sido sometidos a cirugía cardiovascular. Se trató de un estudio de serie de casos, en el que finalizaron el tratamiento una niña y dos niños con cardiopatías congénitas con RACHS 2 y 3. Se aplicaron sub-escalas BANFE-2 y el cuestionario neuropsicológico de daño frontal antes y después del tratamiento; así como una escala para medir el nivel de ejecución por intervención, durante las ocho sesiones. Los resultados muestran en la escala BANFE2, cambios en las medias de las funciones frontales básicas, de daño leve-moderado y normal a normal alto, principalmente en memoria de trabajo y fluidez verbal. En esta primera aproximación, el método LEGO® Education mostró ser una buena herramienta para la habilitación neuropsicológica de estos pacientes.


Congenital heart diseases are considered to be an anomaly which alter the irrigation and the adequate exchange of oxygenation to the main veins and arteries. They can have neurodevelopmental consequences that could translate into psychomotor retardation, learning deficits, academic difficulties, and social integration problems. Cognitive empowerment based on the mechanics and robotics principles of LEGO® Education is proposed to improve cognitive disorders. In this study, the objective was to measure the effect of an intervention program, based on the use of assembly and robotic programming with LEGO® Education, upon basic frontal functions as a first approach to a proposed model in congenital heart disease patients who have undergone cardiovascular surgery. This was a case-series study, in which a girl and two boys with congenital heart disease with RACHS 2 and 3, completed the treatment. BANFE-2 subscales and the neuropsychological questionnaire of frontal damage were applied before and after the treatment; as well as a scale to measure the level of performance per intervention, through all the eight sessions. The BANFE-2 scale showed changes in the means of frontal functions, from mild-moderate damage and normal to high normal, mainly in working memory and verbal fluency. In this first approach, LEGO® Education method proved to be a useful tool for the neuropsychological empowerment of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Robotics , Cognition Disorders/rehabilitation , Heart Defects, Congenital/rehabilitation , Mechanics , Frontal Lobe/physiology , Learning
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(1): 61-67, jan. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360115

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Algumas síndromes têm características específicas e facilmente reconhecíveis, enquanto outras podem ser mais complexas de se identificar e podem apresentar diferentes manifestações fenotípicas, por exemplo. Um diagnóstico etiológico é importante para entender a natureza da doença, para estabelecer o prognóstico e para começar o tratamento, permitindo a inclusão de pacientes na sociedade e reduzindo o custo financeiro dessas doenças. Objetivo A proposta inicial deste estudo foi a triagem citogenética para detectar a síndrome de deleção 22q11.2 (SD22q11.2) em recém-nascidos e crianças com doença cardíaca congênita utilizando a técnica da amplificação multiplex de sondas dependente de ligação (MLPA). Assim, por meio da pesquisa, outras mudanças genômicas foram identificadas nesses pacientes cardíacos. Nosso objetivo se estendeu a investigar essas outras mudanças citogenéticas. Métodos Investigamos 118 recém-nascidos com doenças cardíacas congênitas nascidos consecutivamente durante um ano, utilizando a técnica da MLPA. Resultados A técnica da MLPA permitiu a detecção da SD22q11.2 em 10/118 pacientes (8,5%). Outras alterações genômicas foram identificadas em 6/118 pacientes (5%): 1p36 del, 8p23 del (2 casos), 7q dup, 12 dup e 8q24 dup. Conclusão Este estudo ressalta a relevância da detecção de alterações genômicas que estão presentes em recém-nascidos e crianças com doenças cardíacas congênitas por meio de ferramentas citogenômicas.


Abstract Background Some syndromes have specific and easily recognizable features, while others may be more complex to identify and may present different phenotypic manifestations, for example. An etiological diagnosis is important to understand the nature of the disease, to establish the prognosis and to start the treatment, allowing the inclusion of patients in society and reducing the financial cost of such diseases. Objective The initial proposal of this study was cytogenetic screening for the detection of the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome in consecutive newborns and infants with congenital heart disease using the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique. Therefore, throughout our research, other genomic alterations were identified in these cardiac patients. Thus, our objective was extended to investigate these other cytogenetic alterations. Methods We investigated 118 neonates with congenital heart diseases born consecutively during one year using the MLPA technique. Results The MLPA technique allowed the detection of 22q11.2DS in 10/118 patients (8.5%). Other genomic alterations were also identified in 6/118 patients (5%): 1p36 del, 8p23 del (2 cases), 7q dup, 12 dup and 8q24 dup. Conclusion This study highlights the relevance of detecting genomic alterations that are present in newborns and infants with congenital cardiac diseases using cytogenomic tools.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , DiGeorge Syndrome/diagnosis , DiGeorge Syndrome/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Brazil , Mass Screening , Chromosome Deletion , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929009

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The integrated model of prenatal diagnosis and postnatal treatment for congenital heart disease (CHD) leads to an increasing number of operation in infants. This study aims to reveal the risk factors for postoperative early mortality and delayed recovery in infants less than 3 months old, who underwent surgical treatment for CHD in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University during the past 5 years.@*METHODS@#Clinical variables were collected via medical records. Delayed recovery was defined as the time of postoperative intubation, or cardiac intensive cure unit (CICU) stay, or hospital stay longer than its third quartile. Risk factors for early postoperative prognosis and the odds ratio (OR) were analyzed with logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 511 infants underwent surgical treatment for CHD from January 2016 to June 2020 were retrospectively reviewed, including 217 (42.5%) infants with complex CHD. The median age was 60 days (3 hours-90 days); and median weight was 4.5 (1.7- 8.4 kg). There were 26 postoperative mortalities, making the incidence at 5.1%, including 5 (5/294, 0.7%) mortalities in patients with uncomplicated CHD, and 21 (9.6%) mortalities in patients with complex CHD. Based on multivariable analysis, risk factors for postoperative mortality were diagnosis of complex CHD (OR=5.53, P<0.001), weight under 4.0 kg (OR=9.86, P<0.001), preoperative symptoms (OR=3.17, P=0.012), and emergency operation (OR=11.66, P<0.001). The median time for postoperative intubation, CICU stay, and hospital stay were 21.0 (0.3-979.0) hours, 3.0 (0.5-91.0) days, and 11.5 (3.0-105.0) days, respectively. A total of 177 (34.6%) infants delayed recover, with risk factors including diagnosis of complex CHD (OR=3.41, P=0.001), weight under 4.0 kg (OR=4.55, P<0.001), and preoperative symptoms (OR=3.91, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Surgical treatment for infants (<3 months) with CHD is still a challenge, particularly for infants with complex CHD and weight under 4.0 kg. We can improve the prognosis of CHD treatment in infants by establishing the integrated model of prenatal diagnosis and postnatal treatment to choose the most suitable time window, avoid symptoms before surgery, and reduce emergency operation.


Subject(s)
Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Humans , Infant , Length of Stay , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Pregnancy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Maternal periconceptional folic acid supplement is by far the most effective primary prevention strategy to reduce the incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in offspring. It was revealed that the underlying mechanisms are complex, including a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between periconceptional folic acid supplement, the genetic polymorphisms of maternal folic acid receptor 1 gene (FOLR1) and folic acid receptor 2 gene (FOLR2) and the impact of their interaction on the risk of CHD in offspring, and to provide epidemiological evidence for individualized folic acid dosing in hygienic counseling.@*METHODS@#A case-control study on 569 mothers of CHD infants and 652 mothers of health controls was performed. The interesting points were periconceptional folate supplements, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of maternal FOLR1 gene and FOLR2 gene.@*RESULTS@#Mothers who took folate in the periconceptional period were observed a decreased risk of CHD [adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=0.58, 95% CI 0.35 to 0.95]. Our study also found that polymorphisms of maternal FOLR1 gene at rs2071010 (G/A vs G/G: aOR=0.67, 95% CI 0.47 to 0.96) and FOLR2 gene at rs514933 (T/C vs T/T: aOR=0.60, 95% CI 0.43 to 0.84; C/C vs T/T: aOR=0.55, 95% CI 0.33 to 0.90; the dominant model: T/C+ C/C vs T/T: aOR=0.59, 95% CI 0.43 to 0.81; and the addictive model: C/C vs T/C vs T/T: aOR=0.70, 95% CI 0.56 to 0.88) were significantly associated with lower risk of CHD [all P<0.05, false discovery rate P value (FDR_P)<0.1]. Besides, significant interaction between periconceptional folate supplements and rs2071010 G→A (aOR=0.59, 95% CI 0.41-0.86) and rs514933 T→C (aOR=0.52, 95% CI 0.37 to 0.74) on CHD risk were observed (all P<0.05, FDR_P<0.1).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Periconceptional folate supplements, polymorphisms of FOLR1 gene and FOLR2 gene and their interactions are significantly associated with risk of CHD. However, more studies in different ethnic populations with a larger sample and prospective designs are required to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Dietary Supplements , Female , Folate Receptor 1/genetics , Folate Receptor 2/genetics , Folic Acid/administration & dosage , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Hospitals , Humans , Infant , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928977

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To provide reference basis for reducing the mortality for children under 5 years old and promote the healthy development, the mortality for children under 5 years old and the main causes for death in Liuyang City from 2013 to 2020 are analyzed.@*METHODS@#The data of 725 cases of death for children under 5 years old in Liuyang City from 2013 to 2020 were collected.The causes and difference of death among the children were analyzed retrospectively by descriptive statistic methods.@*RESULTS@#There were a total of 144 516 live births in Liuyang City from 2013 to 2020. The mortality for children under 5 years old was 5.01‰, for infants was 3.39‰, and for newborns was 1.63‰. The male child mortality was 5.28‰, and the female child mortality rate was 4.72‰, with significant difference (P>0.05). The mortality for children under 5 years old was seasonal fluctuation, without significant difference among seasons (P>0.05). For the past 5 years, the top 3 causes for death among children under 5 years old were preterm birth and low birth weight, congenital heart disease, and pneumonia. Before death, 341 cases (47.04%) were treated in provincial hospitals, 198 cases (27.31%) in county-level hospitals, 56 cases (7.72%) in village-level hospitals, and 130 cases (17.93%) were not treated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The mortality for children under 5 years old in Liuyang City is gradually reduced in the past 5 years. The main causes for death are premature birth and low birth weight, congenital heart disease and pneumonia. We should develop healthy education, improve the rate of prenatal diagnosis, promote the construction of obstetrics and paediatrics, and fundamentally reduce the mortality for children under 5 years old.


Subject(s)
Cause of Death , Child , Child Mortality , Child, Preschool , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital , Humans , Infant , Infant Mortality , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pneumonia/epidemiology , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 197-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935670

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic factors of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) who had undergone cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in China. Methods: From November 2017 to October 2018, this retrospective multi-center study was conducted in 11 hospitals in China. It contained data from 281 cases who had undergone CPR and all of the subjects were divided into CHD group and non-CHD group. The general condition, duration of CPR, epinephrine doses during resuscitation, recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), discharge survival rate and pediatric cerebral performance category in viable children at discharge were compared. According to whether malignant arrhythmia is the direct cause of cardiopulmonary arrest or not, children in CHD and non-CHD groups were divided into 2 subgroups: arrhythmia and non-arrhythmia, and the ROSC and survival rate to discharge were compared. Data in both groups were analyzed by t-test, chi-square analysis or ANOVA, and logistic regression were used to analyze the prognostic factors for ROSC and survival to discharge after cardiac arrest (CA). Results: The incidence of CA in PICU was 3.2% (372/11 588), and the implementation rate of CPR was 75.5% (281/372). There were 144 males and 137 females with median age of 32.8 (5.6, 42.7) months in all 281 CPA cases who received CPR. CHD group had 56 cases while non-CHD had 225 cases, with the percentage of 19.9% (56/281) and 80.1% (225/281) respectively. The proportion of female in CHD group was 60.7% (34/56) which was higher than that in non-CHD group (45.8%, 103/225) (χ2=4.00, P=0.045). There were no differences in ROSC and rate of survival to discharge between the two groups (P>0.05). The ROSC rate of children with arthythmid in CHD group was 70.0% (28/40), higher than 6/16 for non-arrhythmic children (χ2=5.06, P=0.024). At discharge, the pediatric cerebral performance category scores (1-3 scores) of CHD and non-CHD child were 50.9% (26/51) and 44.9% (92/205) respectively. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the independent prognostic factors of ROSC and survival to discharge in children with CHD were CPR duration (odds ratio (OR)=0.95, 0.97; 95%CI: 0.92~0.97, 0.95~0.99; both P<0.05) and epinephrine dosage (OR=0.87 and 0.79, 95%CI: 0.76-1.00 and 0.69-0.89, respectively; both P<0.05). Conclusions: There is no difference between CHD and non-CHD children in ROSC and survival rate of survival to discharge was low. The epinephrine dosage and the duration of CPR are related to the ROSC and survival to discharge of children with CHD.


Subject(s)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Heart Arrest/therapy , Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy , Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Male , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 20-24, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Pul-Stent as the treatment of postoperative branch pulmonary artery stenosis in children with congenital heart disease. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Thirty-three patients who underwent Pul-Stent implantation in Shanghai Children's Medical Center due to postoperative residual pulmonary artery stenosis from August 2014 to June 2015 were included. The immediate curative effect, follow-up and complications of Pul-Stent implantation were assessed. Comparisons between groups were performed with unpaired Student t test. Results: Pul-Stent implantation of 33 patients (19 males and 14 females) were performed successfully. Thirty-one patients underwent percutaneous stenting, and 2 patients underwent hybrid stenting. A total of 35 Pul-Stents were implanted (19 of model small, 15 of model medium and one of model large), 23 stents were planted in the proximal left pulmonary artery and 12 stents were in the proximal right pulmonary artery. The initial diameter of dilation balloon ranged from 6 to 16 mm, and the long sheath of percutaneous implantation ranged from 8 to 10 F in 29 patients (29/31, 94%). After stenting, the diameter of the narrowest segment of pulmonary artery increased from (4.0±1.7) mm to (9.1±2.1) mm in all patients (t=-21.60, P<0.001). The pressure gradient at the stenosis in 26 patients after biventricular correction decreased from (30.5±12.3) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (9.9±9.6) mmHg (t=12.92, P<0.001), and the right ventricular to aortic pressure ratio decreased from 0.57±0.14 to 0.44±0.12 (t=7.44, P<0.001). The pressure of the superior vena cava after stenting in 5 patients after cavopulmonary anastomosis decreased from (17.0±1.9) mmHg to (14.0±0.7) mmHg (t=2.86, P=0.046). Two patients died during reoperation for repairing other cardiac malformations. The remaining 31 patients were clinically stable during the follow-up period of (5.3±1.6) years, and one stent fracture was found on chest X-ray. Cardiac catheterization reexaminations in 16 patients showed that restenosis was found in one stent, while stent position and patency were satisfactory in the remaining stents. Nine children underwent post-dilation without stent fracture, displacement or aneurysm formation. Cardiac tomography showed no stent stenosis, fracture observed, or significant change in diameter of the stent in 8 patients. The inner diameter and pulmonary blood perfusion could not be accurately evaluated due to artifacts by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in 4 patients. Conclusions: Pul-Stent has good compliance and adequate radial strength, and can dilate further over time to accommodate for somatic growth. It performs safely and effectively in treating post-operative branch pulmonary artery stenosis in children.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Male , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stenosis, Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Vena Cava, Superior
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 471-479, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935172

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the postoperative cardiopulmonary fitness of children with congenital heart diseases (CHD). Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 136 children after cardiac correction undergoing cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in Shanghai Children's Medical Center from March 1 to June 30, 2021 were selected. According to the surgical procedure, the children were divided into two groups: the biventricular correction group (BV group) (n=75) and single ventricular correction group (SV group) (n=61). The BV group was divided into two subgroups: simple congenital heart disease (S-CHD) group (n=35) and complex congenital heart disease (C-CHD) group (n=40). CPET parameters, including VO2 max, VO2/kg max, VO2/kg@AT, O2/HR max, HRR, PetCO2 max, CI, HRR at 1 min, VE/VCO2 slope, OUES/kg and EOV, were analyzed. CPET parameters of patients underwent different procedure were compared. In the subgroup analysis, CPET parameters of patients in S-CHD group and C-CHD group were compared. The parameters of the BV group were compared with the normal value. Linear correlation analysis was used to identify the correlation between the CPET parameters. Results: A total of 136 children with CHD after surgery were enrolled. The age was (9.4±3.1) (ranged 6.2-16.0) years, and there was 84 (61.8%) male. All the children completed CPET examination safely without experiencing serious circulation abnormalities. Compared with the SV group, the VO2/kg max ((32.6±6.9) ml·kg-1·min-1 vs. (23.5±5.9) ml·kg-1·min-1, P<0.001), O2/HR max ((7.24±2.93) ml/beat vs. (6.35±2.17)ml/beat, P=0.030), HRR at 1 min ((32.5±13.9) beat/min vs. (26.3±12.5) beat/min, P=0.036), OUES/kg (36.9±8.8 vs. 29.7±11.8, P=0.001) were significantly higher, VE/VCO2 slope (29.1±5.20 vs. 35.1±8.0, P<0.001) and incidence of EOV (32.0%(24/75) vs. 57.4%(31/61), P=0.027) were significantly lower in BV group. Compared with the simple CHD subgroup, VE/VCO2 slope and the incidence of EOV were higher, VO2/kg max, O2/HR max, HRR at 1 min and OUES/kg were lower in the complex CHD subgroup (all P<0.05). Cardiopulmonary function parameters of the BV group were lower than the normal value. Linear correlation analysis showed that VO2/kg@AT was strongly correlated with VO2/kg max (r=0.86, P<0.001), VO2/kg max was strongly correlated with OUES/kg (r=0.63, P<0.001), HRR was strongly correlated with CI (r=0.91, P<0.001), and VO2/kg max was strongly correlated with OUES/kg (r=0.63, P<0.001). VE/VCO2 slope was strongly correlated with PetCO2 max (r=1.00, P<0.001). Conclusions: The exercise cardiopulmonary function of children after single ventricular correction is weaker than that of biventricular correction, and the exercise tolerance of children after biventricular correction is lower than that of normal children. Among the children after biventricular correction, the exercise tolerance of children with complex CHD is lower than that of children with simple CHD. Postoperative CPET is of important realistic significance for CHD children.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , China , Exercise Test/methods , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Male , Oxygen Consumption , Retrospective Studies
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