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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): 6-13, feb 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353404

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las cardiopatías congénitas críticas (CCC) son las anomalías estructurales del corazón ductus-dependientes, que pueden llevar a la muerte o requieren tratamiento invasivo en el primer mes de vida. Objetivo. Conocer la prevalencia y distribución de CCC en recién nacidos de Argentina, en comparación con otros países, y la proporción de detección prenatal y de mortalidad perinatal. Material y métodos. Se utilizó material de la Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas de Argentina (RENAC) del período 2009-2018, y de otros sistemas de vigilancia de Estados Unidos (EE. UU.), Europa y Colombia. Para Argentina se analizó la proporción de detección prenatal, mortalidad perinatal y prevalencia de recién nacidos con CCC según jurisdicción y subsector de salud. Resultados. Prevalencia de CCC de 11,46 (IC95 %: 11,02-11,92) cada 10 000 nacimientos. El 43,93 % tuvo detección prenatal y la mortalidad perinatal fue del 25 %. La tetralogía de Fallot fue el defecto específico más frecuente. La prevalencia de CCC y el porcentaje de detección prenatal fue significativamente menor en el subsector público, mientras que la mortalidad perinatal fue mayor en este subsector. La prevalencia de CCC observada fue menor que en los registros de EE. UU. (NBDPN) y Europa (EUROCAT). El registro de Bogotá mostró prevalencias específicas diferentes. Conclusión. La prevalencia de CCC es más baja que la observada en otros países, y aún menor en el sector público de Argentina. Se enfatiza la necesidad de mejorar la detección prenatal e implementar la oximetría de pulso en recién nacidos como prueba de tamizaje obligatorio y universal.


Introduction. Critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) is a term that refers to ductus-dependent structural anomalies of the heart that may be fatal or require invasive management in the first month of life. Objective. To know the prevalence and distribution of CCHD among newborns in Argentina, compared to other countries, and the proportion of prenatal detection and perinatal mortality. Material and methods. Data provided by the National Network of Congenital Anomalies (Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas de Argentina, RENAC) for the 2009-2018 period and by other surveillance systems in the United States, Europe, and Colombia were used. For Argentina, the proportion of prenatal detection, perinatal mortality, and CCHD prevalence in newborns by jurisdiction and health system subsector were analyzed. Results. The prevalence of CCHD was 11.46 (95% confidence interval: 11.02-11.92) every 10 000 births. Prenatal detection was possible in 43.93% of cases, and perinatal mortality was 25%. Tetralogy of Fallot was the most frequent specific defect. The prevalence of CCHD and percentage of prenatal detection was significantly lower in the public subsector, whereas perinatal mortality was higher in this subsector. The prevalence of CCHD was lower than in the United States (NBDPN) and European (EUROCAT) registries. The Bogotá Registry showed different specific prevalence values. Conclusion. The prevalence of CCHD is lower than what has been observed in other countries, and even lower in the public sector of Argentina. The need to improve prenatal detection and implement pulse oximetry among newborns as a mandatory and universal screening is emphasized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Oximetry , Registries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(1): 61-67, jan. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360115

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Algumas síndromes têm características específicas e facilmente reconhecíveis, enquanto outras podem ser mais complexas de se identificar e podem apresentar diferentes manifestações fenotípicas, por exemplo. Um diagnóstico etiológico é importante para entender a natureza da doença, para estabelecer o prognóstico e para começar o tratamento, permitindo a inclusão de pacientes na sociedade e reduzindo o custo financeiro dessas doenças. Objetivo A proposta inicial deste estudo foi a triagem citogenética para detectar a síndrome de deleção 22q11.2 (SD22q11.2) em recém-nascidos e crianças com doença cardíaca congênita utilizando a técnica da amplificação multiplex de sondas dependente de ligação (MLPA). Assim, por meio da pesquisa, outras mudanças genômicas foram identificadas nesses pacientes cardíacos. Nosso objetivo se estendeu a investigar essas outras mudanças citogenéticas. Métodos Investigamos 118 recém-nascidos com doenças cardíacas congênitas nascidos consecutivamente durante um ano, utilizando a técnica da MLPA. Resultados A técnica da MLPA permitiu a detecção da SD22q11.2 em 10/118 pacientes (8,5%). Outras alterações genômicas foram identificadas em 6/118 pacientes (5%): 1p36 del, 8p23 del (2 casos), 7q dup, 12 dup e 8q24 dup. Conclusão Este estudo ressalta a relevância da detecção de alterações genômicas que estão presentes em recém-nascidos e crianças com doenças cardíacas congênitas por meio de ferramentas citogenômicas.


Abstract Background Some syndromes have specific and easily recognizable features, while others may be more complex to identify and may present different phenotypic manifestations, for example. An etiological diagnosis is important to understand the nature of the disease, to establish the prognosis and to start the treatment, allowing the inclusion of patients in society and reducing the financial cost of such diseases. Objective The initial proposal of this study was cytogenetic screening for the detection of the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome in consecutive newborns and infants with congenital heart disease using the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique. Therefore, throughout our research, other genomic alterations were identified in these cardiac patients. Thus, our objective was extended to investigate these other cytogenetic alterations. Methods We investigated 118 neonates with congenital heart diseases born consecutively during one year using the MLPA technique. Results The MLPA technique allowed the detection of 22q11.2DS in 10/118 patients (8.5%). Other genomic alterations were also identified in 6/118 patients (5%): 1p36 del, 8p23 del (2 cases), 7q dup, 12 dup and 8q24 dup. Conclusion This study highlights the relevance of detecting genomic alterations that are present in newborns and infants with congenital cardiac diseases using cytogenomic tools.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , DiGeorge Syndrome/diagnosis , DiGeorge Syndrome/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Brazil , Mass Screening , Chromosome Deletion , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods
3.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e211, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278304

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) son patologías frecuentes en pediatría. Son causa de importante morbimortalidad en la infancia. Son pacientes complejos, que requieren abordaje integral, en equipo interdisciplinario. Objetivos: describir las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y evolutivas de niños portadores de CC asistidos en la Unidad de Cardiología del HP-CHPR durante el año 2015, así como su estado nutricional y los factores que pudieran influir en este. Material y método: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, a través de la revisión de historias clínicas de pacientes portadores de CC, hospitalizados en la Unidad de Cardiología del HP-CHPR en 2015. Se describieron características epidemiológicas y clínicas de los pacientes. Resultados: en el período evaluado egresaron 63 pacientes, que representaron una tasa de 6,58/1.000 egresos hospitalarios. Tenían un promedio de edad de 23,8 meses. Un total de 8 pacientes fueron diagnosticados en el período prenatal, 54 presentaban CC no cianóticas. Habían sido sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico 24 niños, 13 con cirugía correctiva. Se diagnosticó desnutrición en 43%. Esta fue más prevalente en portadores de CC cianótica, de defectos complejos, y de cromosomopatías u otras malformaciones. Conclusión: los niños con CC representaron un pequeño porcentaje de quienes requirieron hospitalización en el HP-CHPR. El porcentaje de desnutrición fue elevado. Este estudio confirma la importante morbimortalidad de los niños pequeños portadores de CC. Es importante reconocer el mayor riesgo de estos pacientes y actuar en forma individualizada y oportuna.


Introduction: congenital heart disease (CHD) is a frequent pathology among children. It may cause significant morbidity and mortality during childhood. These are complex patients, who require a comprehensive approach and an interdisciplinary team. Objective: to describe the epidemiological, clinical and evolutionary characteristics of children with CHD assisted in the Cardiology Department of the Children Hospital-CHPR in 2015. Material and Methods: descriptive, retrospective study, review of clinical records of patients with CHD, hospitalized in the Cardiology Department of the Children's Hospital PRHC in 2015. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients were described. Results: 63 patients were hospitalized during the evaluated period, a total rate of 6.58/1.000 discharges. They had an average age of 23.8 months. Eight patients were diagnosed in the prenatal period, 54 presented non-cyanotic CHD. Twenty-four children had undergone surgical treatment, 13 had had corrective surgery. Malnutrition was diagnosed in 43% and it was more prevalent in cyanotic CHD carriers, complex defects, and chromosomopathies or other malformations. Conclusion: CHD represented a small percentage of the children who required hospitalization at the PH-PRHC. The percentage of malnutrition was high. The study confirmed the significant morbidity and mortality of these patients. It is important to recognize the highest risk of these patients and act in a customized and timely fashion.


Introdução: as cardiopatias congênitas (CC) são patologias comuns em pediatria. Elas são uma causa significativa de morbidade e mortalidade na infância. Os pacientes são complexos e requerem uma abordagem integral e uma equipe interdisciplinar. Objetivos: descrever as características epidemiológicas, clínicas e evolutivas de crianças com CC atendidas na Unidade de Cardiologia do Hospital Pediátrico PHPR durante o ano de 2015, descrever seu estado nutricional e os fatores que poderiam influenciá-lo. Material e métodos: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, feito por meio da revisão de prontuários de pacientes com CC, internados na Unidade de Cardiologia do HP-CHPR em 2015. Foram descritas as características epidemiológicas e clínicas dos pacientes. Resultados: no período avaliado, 63 pacientes receberam alta hospitalar, representando uma taxa de 6,5/1.000 altas hospitalares. Eles tinham uma idade média de 23,8 meses. Oito pacientes foram diagnosticados no período pré-natal, 54 apresentavam CC não cianótica. 24 crianças tinham sido submetidas a tratamento cirúrgico, 13 tinham recebido cirurgia corretiva. 43% foram diagnosticadas com desnutrição, a qual foi mais prevalente em portadores de CC cianótica, defeitos complexos e malformações cromossômicas ou outras. Conclusão: os CCs representaram um pequeno percentual de crianças que necessitaram de internação no HP-CHPR. O percentual de desnutrição foi alto. Este estudo confirma a morbidade e mortalidade significativas de crianças pequenas com CC. É importante reconhecer o risco aumentado desses pacientes e agir de forma individualizada e oportuna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Malnutrition/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Prenatal Diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital/classification
5.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 717-723, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1178355

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar características clínico-epidemiológicas de crianças portadoras de cardiopatia congênita residentes do município de Rio das Ostras referenciadas para unidades especializadas no estado do Rio de Janeiro. Método: Pesquisa descritiva, transversal realizada em duas unidades hospitalares no município do Rio de Janeiro, através da técnica documental retrospectiva por meio de dados nos prontuários. A coleta ocorreu entre setembro de 2018 a fevereiro de 2019. Resultados: Foram analisados 48 prontuários, com maior proporção entre os escolares (33,3%); do sexo masculino (58,3%); Em relação as cardiopatias, verificou-se com maior proporção as acianóticas (62,5%); destacando a comunicação interatrial com (14,6%); seguida da comunicação interventricular (12,5%) e coarctação da aorta (12,5%). Conclusão: A identificação dessas crianças no município de Rio das Ostras e a distribuição destas pelo território nacional são informações imprescindíveis para o planejamento e implementação de programas e políticas públicas que atendam as reais demandas deste segmento populacional


Objetivo: Analizar las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de los niños con cardiopatía congénita que viven en la ciudad de Rio das Ostras remitidos a unidades especializadas en el estado de Río de Janeiro. Método: Investigación descriptiva, transversal realizada en dos hospitales de la ciudad de Río de Janeiro, a través de una técnica documental retrospectiva a través de datos en registros médicos. La recolección se realizó entre septiembre de 2018 y febrero de 2019. Resultados: Se analizaron 48 registros médicos, con una mayor proporción entre los estudiantes (33.3%); hombre (58,3%); Con respecto a la enfermedad cardíaca, hubo una mayor proporción de acianóticos (62.5%); destacando la comunicación interauricular con (14,6%); seguido de comunicación interventricular (12.5%) y coartación aórtica (12.5%). Conclusión: La identificación de estos niños en la ciudad de Rio das Ostras y su distribución en todo el territorio nacional son información esencial para la planificación e implementación de programas y políticas públicas que satisfagan las demandas reales de este segmento de la población


Objective: To analyze the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of children with congenital heart disease living in the city of Rio das Ostras referred to specialized units in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Method: Descriptive, cross-sectional research conducted in two hospitals in the city of Rio de Janeiro, through retrospective documentary technique through data in medical records. The collection took place between September 2018 and February 2019. Results: 48 medical records were analyzed, with a higher proportion among students (33.3%); male (58.3%); Regarding heart disease, there was a greater proportion of acyanotic (62.5%); highlighting interatrial communication with (14.6%); followed by interventricular communication (12.5%) and aortic coarctation (12.5%). Conclusion: The identification of these children in the city of Rio das Ostras and their distribution throughout the national territory are essential information for the planning and implementation of programs and public policies that meet the real demands of this population segment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Health Policy , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Aortic Coarctation , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921835

ABSTRACT

Automatic classification of heart sounds plays an important role in the early diagnosis of congenital heart disease. A kind of heart sound classification algorithms based on sub-band envelope feature and convolution neural network was proposed in this paper, which did not need to segment the heart sounds according to cardiac cycle accurately. Firstly, the heart sound signal was divided into some frames. Then, the frame level heart sound signal was filtered with Gammatone filter bank to obtain the sub-band signals. Next, the sub-band envelope was extracted by Hilbert transform. After that, the sub-band envelope was stacked into a feature map. Finally, type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ convolution neural network were selected as classifier. The result shown that the sub-band envelope feature was better in type Ⅰ than type Ⅱ. The algorithm is tested with 1 000 heart sound samples. The test results show that the overall performance of the algorithm proposed in this paper is significantly improved compared with other similar algorithms, which provides a new method for automatic classification of congenital heart disease, and speeds up the process of automatic classification of heart sounds applied to the actual screening.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Heart , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Sounds , Humans , Neural Networks, Computer , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
9.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(3): 336-340, Jul.-Sep. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131052

ABSTRACT

Resumen La cardiología pediátrica y la cirugía cardiovascular han tenido avances importantes en los últimos años; las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) son una de las principales causas de mortalidad en niños. Muchos de los factores que determinan la evolución final de estos pacientes incluyen el tipo de cardiopatía y el tiempo del diagnóstico y tratamiento; infortunadamente, dos de los que presentan mayores efectos son el estado socioeconómico y el área geográfica de atención en México. El objetivo de este estudio es conocer el tipo de atención para los pacientes con CC en hospitales públicos del país.


Abstract Pediatric cardiology and cardiovascular surgery have made significant advances in recent years, congenital heart diseases (CHD) are one of the leading causes of mortality in children. Many of the factors that determine the final evolution of these patients include the type of heart disease, the time of diagnosis and treatment; unfortunately, in our country, two of those greatest impact area the socioeconomic status and the geographic area of attention. The objective of this study is to know the type of care for patients with CHD in public hospitals in the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Healthcare Disparities , Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy , Hospitals, Public/standards , Socioeconomic Factors , Right to Health , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Mexico
10.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(7): 419-424, 20200000. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1366939

ABSTRACT

Estudio descriptivo sobre la prevalencia e incidencia de Síndrome de Down en los Certificados Médicos Oficiales firmados en nuestro servicio en el período comprendido entre los años 2017- 2019, la prevalencia de cardiopatías congénitas en los mismos y la prevalencia de nacimientos con esta anomalía genética en nuestro hospital. Comparación con estadística nacional e internacional


Descriptive study on prevalence and incidence in Down Syndrome in the Official Medical Certificates signed by our service between years 2017-2019, the prevalence of con genital heart disease on these and the prevalence of birth with this genetic anomaly on our hospital. National and International comparison of statistics


Subject(s)
Humans , Birth Certificates , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Down Syndrome/pathology , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): 166-172, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1102720

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En las últimas décadas, el desarrollo de métodos diagnósticos, técnicas quirúrgicas y cuidados intensivos, aumentó la sobrevida de los niños con cardiopatía congénita. En este contexto, las secuelas a largo plazo adquirieron mayor relevancia. La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud mide el impacto de las enfermedades crónicas. Nuestro objetivo fue describir la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en pacientes con cardiopatía congénita operados durante el primer año de vida.Población y métodos. Estudio observacional, transversal, realizado entre agosto de 2017 y diciembre de 2018 en un hospital general universitario. Se utilizó el cuestionario PedsQL 4.0, versión genérica. Se incluyeron pacientes de entre 2 y 4 años con cardiopatía congénita operados durante el primer año de vida y niños sanos. Se compararon los resultados con T-Test o Wilcoxon según la distribución observada. Se consideró significativo el valor de p < 0,05.Resultados. Se incluyeron 31 pacientes. El 26 % tenían ventrículo único. La primera cirugía fue, en un 61,3 %, en el período neonatal. No hubo diferencia (p = 0,10) entre la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud global de la población con cardiopatía congénita y de los niños sanos. Sin embargo, se observaron puntajes más bajos con diferencia estadísticamente significativa en las esferas social (p = 0,0092) y escolar (p = 0,0001).Conclusiones. Nuestra cohorte de niños con cardiopatía congénita tiene una calidad de vida global comparable con la de los niños sanos, excepto en las escalas correspondientes a funcionamiento social y escolar.


Introduction. Advances in diagnostic methods, surgical techniques and postoperative intensive care have significantly increased the survival rates for children with congenital heart disease.In this context, long term sequelae acquired greater relevance. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a concept that helps to measure the impact of chronic diseases.The purpose of the current study was to describe HRQOL in children with congenital heart disease that undergo cardiac surgery during their first year of life.Methods. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted between August 2017 and December 2018 at a University General Hospital. PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales were used.Children with congenital heart disease between 2 and 4 years old who had cardiac surgery during their first year of life and healthy children were included.Scores were compared with T-test or Wilcoxon according to the observed distribution. p value < 0.05 was considered significant.Results. A total of 31 children with congenital heart disease (26 % with a single ventricle) and 62 healthy children were enrolled. The first surgery was in the neonatal period in 61.3 %.Our study showed no statistical differences (p = 0.10) between HRQOL Total Scale Score of children with congenital heart disease compared to healthy children. However, lower scores were observed with statistically significant differences in social (p = 0.0092) and school (p = 0.0001) scales.Conclusions. Our cohort of children diagnosed with congenital heart disease has a global quality of life comparable with healthy children except in social and school functioning scales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Quality of Life , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Cardiac Surgical Procedures
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 278-287, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137180

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Several interventional cardiology procedures are required in neonates with congenital heart disease. Interventional cardiology procedures have a higher risk of cardiac arrest compared to other interventions. At present, there is great heterogeneity in the perioperative management of congenital heart disease neonates undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization or therapeutic cardiac catheterization. Study objectives: Primary aim: Provide a systematic review of the most effective and/or safe anesthetic and perioperative management in neonates with congenital heart disease who undergo diagnostic cardiac catheterization or therapeutic cardiac catheterization. Secondary aim: Identify the medications, monitoring parameters and airway management used in the same population. Design: Systematic literature review. Setting: Catheterization laboratory. Methods: Literature was searched (December 2017) in electronic databases Medline, EMBASE, ScienceDirect, BIREME-Lilacs-Biblioteca Virtual de la Salud, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects and Health Technology Assessment Database. Main results: From 130 records identified, four studies met inclusion criteria and quality assessment. None of the studies were relevant to the primary objective. Regarding the secondary objectives, one study compared the efficacy and adverse effects of racemic ketamine and its S(+) ketamine enantiomer, one study reported the efficacy of subarachnoid anesthesia for high-risk children undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization, one study identified the factors associated to high severity adverse events related to sedation, anesthesia and airway, and one study retrospectively analyzed cardiac catheterization procedures in neonates weighing less than 2.5 kg. Conclusion: There are no evidence-based recommendations available for congenital heart disease neonates undergoing cardiac catheterization. More studies are required to evaluate the ideal anesthetic and perioperative management in this population.


Resumo Introdução: Vários procedimentos de cardiologia intervencionista são necessários em neonatos com doença cardíaca congênita. Os procedimentos de cardiologia intervencionista têm um risco maior de parada cardíaca em comparação com outras intervenções. Atualmente, há grande heterogeneidade no manejo perioperatório de neonatos com doença cardíaca congênita submetidos a cateterismo cardíaco diagnóstico ou cateterismo cardíaco terapêutico. Objetivo: Objetivo principal: fornecer uma revisão sistemática do manejo anestésico e perioperatório mais efetivo e/ou seguro em neonatos com doença cardíaca congênita submetidos à cateterismo cardíaco diagnóstico ou cateterismo cardíaco terapêutico. Objetivo secundário: Identificar os medicamentos usados, parâmetros monitorizados e manejo das vias aéreas utilizado na população estudada. Desenho: Revisão sistemática da literatura. Local: Laboratório de hemodinâmica e cateterismo cardíaco. Método: Foi realizada busca na literatura (Dezembro de 2017) nos seguintes bancos de dados eletrônicos: Medline, EMBASE, ScienceDirect, BIREME-Lilacs-Biblioteca Virtual de la Salud, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects e Health Technology Assessment Database. Resultados principais: Dos 130 registros identificados, quatro estudos obedeceram aos critérios de inclusão e de avaliação de qualidade. Nenhum dos estudos foi relevante para o objetivo principal. Em relação aos objetivos secundários, um estudo comparou a eficácia e os efeitos adversos da cetamina racêmica e seu enantiômero S(+) cetamina, um estudo relatou a eficácia da anestesia subaracnóidea em crianças de alto risco submetidas ao cateterismo cardíaco diagnóstico, um estudo identificou os fatores associados à maior gravidade de eventos adversos relacionados à sedação, anestesia e vias aéreas, e um estudo analisou retrospectivamente os procedimentos de cateterismo cardíaco em neonatos com peso inferior a 2,5 kg. Conclusão: Não há recomendações com base em evidências disponíveis para neonatos com doença cardíaca congênita submetidos a cateterismo cardíaco. Mais estudos são necessários para avaliar o manejo anestésico e perioperatório ideal nessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Cardiac Catheterization , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Anesthesia/standards
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(5): 786-792, maio 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131219

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O conhecimento sobre a própria doença pode ser importante para o autocuidado em pacientes com vários problemas e abrange a informação sobre o diagnóstico até as implicações clínicas mais importantes. Objetivo Identificar o nível de conhecimento de crianças e adolescentes com cardiopatia congênita (CC) sobre a sua doença, e analisar a relação entre o nível de conhecimento e a prática de atividade física. Métodos Estudo transversal com 335 pacientes com CC, de 8 a 13 anos, acompanhados em um serviço de cardiologia pediátrica de referência no Sul do Brasil. Os pacientes foram entrevistados em relação ao seu conhecimento sobre a CC e foi realizada revisão dos prontuários para obtenção de detalhes sobre a cardiopatia e os procedimentos. Foi utilizado o nível de significância p < 0,05. Resultados Mais de 50% das crianças e adolescentes não sabiam referir o nome de sua doença ou explicá-la. Após OR ajustado (ORaj), mostraram potencial para respostas incorretas ou não saber sua doença os pacientes cianóticos em relação aos acianóticos (ORaj: 2,29; IC95%: 1,76-6,71; p=0,019); crianças com menor nível de escolaridade (ORaj: 2,20; IC95%: 1,81-5,86; p=0,025); e não praticantes de atividade física (ORaj: 1,88; IC95%: 1,09-3,45; p=0,011). Conclusão As crianças e adolescentes cianóticos, com menor nível de escolaridade e que não praticavam de atividade física apresentaram pouco conhecimento sobre a sua doença. Há necessidade do desenvolvimento de estratégias de intervenções educativas para aumento do conhecimento e mudança comportamental na promoção da atividade física, de acordo com a complexidade da CC. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(5):786-792)


Abstract Background Knowledge about the disease itself can be important for self-care in patients with several problems and comprehends information about the diagnosis up to the most important clinical implications. Objective To identify the level of knowledge of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) about their illness, and to analyze the association between the level of knowledge and the practice of physical activity. Methods Cross-sectional study with 335 patients with CHD, aged 8 to 13 years, followed at a referral pediatric cardiology service in Southern Brazil. Patients were interviewed regarding their knowledge about CHD and a review of medical records was performed to obtain details on heart disease and procedures. A significance level p<0.05 was used. Results More than 50% of the children and adolescents did not know how to say the name of their disease or explain it. After adjusted OR (AOR), cyanotic patients in comparison to acyanotic ones (AOR: 2.29; 95%CI: 1.76-6.71; p = 0.019); children with lower level of schooling (AOR: 2.20; 95%CI: 1.81-5.86; p = 0.025); and those who did not practice physical activity (AOR: 1.88; 95%CI: 1.09-3.45; p = 0.011) showed potential for incorrect answers or did not know their disease. Conclusion Cyanotic children and adolescents, with a lower level of schooling and who did not practice physical activity, had little knowledge about their disease. It is necessary to develop educational intervention strategies to increase knowledge and change behavior in physical activity promotion, according to the CHD complexity. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(5):786-792)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Exercise/physiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis
14.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 35-41, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131003

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Implementing screening through pulse oximetry (PO) and a knowledge management model (KMM) for early detection of life-threatening congenital heart disease (CHD) in the neonatal period. Material and methods: Pilot study of PO implementation supported by clinical criteria performed in newborns at two public hospitals of Hidalgo State. Those who tested positive were referred for echocardiography and those diagnosed with critical CHD (CCHD) were referred to specialized hospitals for treatment. Results: 1748 newborns were screened: 29 positive, 62% with CHD and 13.8% with CCHD, one death, three referrals to palliative treatment. Conclusion: PO as a method of screening helps in early diagnosis of CHD added to clinical and echocardiography studies. KMM fosters innovation and resource management.


Resumen Objetivo: Implementar el tamizaje mediante la oximetría de pulso (OP) y un modelo de gestión del conocimiento (MGC) para la detección oportuna de cardiopatías congénitas (CC) que amenazan la vida en el período neonatal. Material y métodos: Estudio piloto de implementación de OP apoyado en criterios clínicos, realizado en recién nacidos (RN) de dos hospitales públicos de Hidalgo. Los pacientes que resultaron positivos fueron objeto de ecocardiografía (EC) y los diagnosticados con cardiopatías congénitas críticas (CCC) se refirieron a tratamiento. Resultados: Se tamizó a 1,748 RN (29 positivos), CC en 62% y CCC en 13.8 %, 1 muerte y 3 programados para operación paliativa. Conclusiones: La OP ayuda en el diagnóstico de CC en combinación con criterios clínicos y EC. Un MGC favorece la innovación y la gestión de recursos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Oximetry/methods , Neonatal Screening/methods , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Echocardiography , Pilot Projects , Early Diagnosis , Mexico
15.
Medwave ; 20(8): e8015, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128224

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Edwards o trisomía 18 es una entidad compleja, con afectaciones en los sistemas musculoesquelético, craneofacial, cardiovascular y neurológico. Su genética es variada, presentándose tanto de manera completa como en mosaicismo. Es infrecuente que la supervivencia supere el primer año de vida. Su caracterización fenotípica no es patognomónica, por lo cual el cariotipo es fundamental para el diagnóstico prenatal por medio de amniocentesis y cordocentesis mediante técnica de hibridación fluorescente in situ. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de ocho años que ha sobrevivido con esta condición, a pesar de presentar tetralogía de Fallot acompañada de malformaciones cardíacas graves. El diagnóstico comenzó por ecografía de tamizaje prenatal a las 16 semanas y ecografía de detalle, con amniocentesis y cariotipo de líquido amniótico, con resultado 47 XX+18. Ha sido tratada por múltiples especialidades médicas, debido a complicaciones osteomusculares, articulares, neurológicas, metabólicas y cardiovasculares que han limitado su calidad de vida. El manejo de estos pacientes requiere un equipo médico multidisciplinario. La consejería a los padres debe incluir aspectos relativos a la sobrevida, complicaciones frecuentes y riesgo-beneficio a evaluar antes de someter al menor a intervenciones quirúrgicas complejas o correctivas.


Edwards syndrome or trisomy 18 is a complex entity that involves the musculoskeletal, craniofacial, cardiovascular, and neurological systems. Its genetics are varied, presenting both in a complete and mosaic type. Survival rarely exceeds the first year of life. Its phenotype characterization is not pathognomonic, so karyotype is essential for diagnosis, prenatally by amniocentesis and cordocentesis by FISH technique. We present the case of an eight-year-old girl who has survived with this condition despite presenting tetralogy of Fallot and serious cardiac malformations. Diagnosis began with prenatal screening ultrasound at 16 weeks and detailed ultrasound, with amniocentesis and amniotic fluid karyotype, with a result of 47 XX+18. She has been treated by multiple medical specialties, due to musculoskeletal, joint, neurological, metabolic, and cardiovascular complications that have limited her quality of life. The management of these patients requires a multidisciplinary medical team, and counseling for parents should include aspects related to survival, frequent complications, and risk-benefit to be evaluated before subjecting the minor to complex or corrective surgical interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Quality of Life , Trisomy 18 Syndrome/physiopathology , Heart Defects, Congenital/physiopathology , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Trisomy 18 Syndrome/diagnosis , Trisomy 18 Syndrome/therapy , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy , Amniocentesis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879911

ABSTRACT

The electronic stethoscope combined with artificial intelligence (AI) technology has realized the digital acquisition of heart sounds and intelligent identification of congenital heart disease, which provides objective basis for heart sound auscultation and improves the accuracy of congenital heart disease diagnosis. At the present stage, the AI based cardiac auscultation technique mainly focuses on the research of AI algorithms, and the researchers have designed and summarized a variety of effective algorithms based on the characteristics of cardiac audio data, among which the mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC) is the most effective one, and widely used in the cardiac auscultation. However, the current cardiac sound analysis techniques are based on specific data sets, and have not been validated in clinic, so the performance of algorithms need to be further verified. The lack of heart sound data, especially the high-quality, standardized, publicly available heart sound database with disease labeling, further restricts the development of heart sound diagnostic analysis and its application in screening. Therefore, expert consensus is necessary in establishing an authoritative heart sound database and standardizing the heart sound auscultation screening process for congenital heart disease. This paper provides an overview of the research and application status of auscultation algorithm and hardware equipment based on AI in auscultation screening of congenital heart disease, and puts forward the problems to be solved in clinical application of AI auscultation screening technology.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Artificial Intelligence , Heart Auscultation/trends , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Humans , Mass Screening/methods
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(6): 1062-1069, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055061

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The improvement in surgical techniques has contributed to an increasing number of childbearing women with complex congenital heart disease (CCC). However, adequate counseling about pregnancy in this situation is uncertain, due to a wide variety of residual cardiac lesions. Objectives: To evaluate fetal and maternal outcomes in pregnant women with CCC and to analyze the predictive variables of prognosis. Methods: During 10 years we followed 435 consecutive pregnancies in patients (pts) with congenital heart disease. Among of them, we selected 42 pregnancies in 40 (mean age of 25.5 ± 4.5 years) pts with CCC, who had been advised against pregnancy. The distribution of underlying cardiac lesions were: D-Transposition of the great arteries, pulmonary atresia, tricuspid atresia, single ventricle, double-outlet ventricle and truncus arteriosus. The surgical procedures performed before gestation were: Fontan, Jatene, Rastelli, Senning, Mustard and other surgical techniques, including Blalock, Taussing, and Glenn. Eight (20,0%) pts did not have previous surgery. Nineteen 19 (47.5%) pts had hypoxemia. The clinical follow-up protocol included oxygen saturation recording, hemoglobin and hematocrit values; medication adjustment to pregnancy, anticoagulation use, when necessary, and hospitalization from 28 weeks, in severe cases. The statistical significance level considered was p < 0.05. Results: Only seventeen (40.5%) pregnancies had maternal and fetal uneventful courses. There were 13 (30.9%) maternal complications, two (4.7%) maternal deaths due to hemorrhage pos-partum and severe pre-eclampsia, both of them in women with hypoxemia. There were 7 (16.6%) stillbirths and 17 (40.5%) premature babies. Congenital heart disease was identified in two (4.1%) infants. Maternal and fetal complications were higher (p < 0.05) in women with hypoxemia. Conclusions: Pregnancy in women with CCC was associated to high maternal and offspring risks. Hypoxemia was a predictive variable of poor maternal and fetal outcomes. Women with CCC should be advised against pregnancy, even when treated in specialized care centers.


Resumo Fundamento: A contínua habilidade na conduta das cardiopatias congênitas complexas (CCC) tem permitido o alcance da idade fértil. Contudo, a heterogeneidade das lesões cardíacas na idade adulta limita a estimativa do prognóstico da gravidez. Objetivo: Estudar a evolução materno-fetal das gestantes portadoras de CCC e analisar as variáveis presumíveis de prognóstico. Método: No período de 10 anos, 435 gestantes portadoras de cardiopatias congênitas foram consecutivamente incluídas no Registro do Instituto do Coração (Registro-InCor). Dentre elas, foram selecionadas 42 gestações em 40 mulheres com CCC (24,5 ± 3,4 anos) que haviam sido desaconselhadas a engravidar. As cardiopatias de base distribuíram-se em: transposição das grandes artérias, atresia pulmonar, atresia tricúspide, ventrículo único, dupla via de saída de ventrículo direito, dupla via de entrada de ventrículo esquerdo e outras lesões estruturais. As cirurgias realizadas foram Rastelli, Fontan, Jatene, Senning, Mustard e outros procedimentos combinados, como tunelização, Blalock Taussing e Glenn. Oito pacientes (20%) não haviam sido operadas, e 19 (47,5%) apresentavam hipoxemia. O protocolo de atendimento incluiu: registro da saturação de oxigênio, hemoglobina sérica, hematócrito, ajuste das medicações, anticoagulação individualizada e hospitalização a partir de 28 semanas de gestação, em face da gravidade do quadro clínico e obstétrico. Na análise estatística, o nível de significância adotado foi de 0,05. Resultado: Somente 17 gestações (40,5%) não tiveram complicações maternas nem fetais. Houve 13 problemas maternos (30,9%) e 2 mortes (4,7%) causadas por hemorragia pós-parto e pré-eclâmpsia grave, ambas em pacientes que apresentavam hipoxemia. Houve 7 perdas fetais (16,6%), 17 bebês prematuros (40,5%) e 2 recém-nascidos (4,7%) com cardiopatia congênita. As complicações materno-fetais foram significativamente maiores em pacientes que apresentavam hipoxemia (p < 0,05). Conclusão: O alcance da idade reprodutiva em pacientes com CCC é crescente; contudo, a má evolução materno-fetal desaconselha a gravidez, particularmente nas pacientes que apresentam hipoxemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/physiopathology , Heart Defects, Congenital/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/classification , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/mortality , Prognosis , Maternal Mortality , Gestational Age , Fetal Mortality , Heart Defects, Congenital/classification , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/mortality
20.
Med. infant ; 26(2): 92-98, Junio 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009182

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de deleción 22q11.2, también llamado síndrome Velo-Cardio-Facial (VCFS/del22q11.2) o síndrome de DiGeorge, es una entidad causada por una anomalía cromosómica, deleción en la región q11.2 (brazo largo) del cromosoma 22. Se trata de una enfermedad multisistémica de expresión variable que afecta el aparato cardiovascular, la inmunidad, las funciones endocrinológicas, la cavidad oral, el desarrollo neurocognitivo, con una expresión facial particular. La prevalencia estimada es de 1:2000/4000. Objetivos: Identificar y describir las cardiopatías congénitas más frecuentemente asociadas a pacientes con síndrome de microdeleción 22q11.2. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo que analiza los pacientes con diagnóstico de microdeleción 22q11.2 atendidos en el Hospital Garrahan desde Octubre de 1998 hasta Febrero 2018. El criterio diagnóstico fueron signos clínicos compatibles y la presencia de la microdeleción 22q11.2 por técnica de FISH o MLPA. Resultados: Población: 321 pacientes, 151 Femeninos (47%) 170 Masculinos (53%). Rango etario: 0 a 197 meses (1 día a 16,4 años). Mediana de edad al diagnóstico clínico: 31 meses. El 74,4% (239/321) de los pacientes evaluados con microdeleción 22q11.2 tuvieron cardiopatías congénitas asociadas a facies peculiar. Las cardiopatías congénitas más frecuentemente asociadas fueron conotroncales. De los pacientes con cardiopatías congénitas el 68,6% requirió cirugía cardiovascular. Fallecieron 24 pacientes (10%) con cardiopatías congénitas asociadas y en el 93% la causa de muerte estuvo relacionada a la afección cardiológica. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con microdeleción 22q11.2 se asocian con un alto porcentaje de cardiopatías congénitas, la gran mayoría son complejas (conotroncales) y requieren resolución quirúrgica en los primeros años de vida. Es de vital importancia la evaluación multidisciplinaria de este grupo especial de pacientes con cardiopatía asociada a otras alteraciones extra cardíacas para el diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento oportuno (AU)


Introduction: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, also called velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS/del22q11.2) or DiGeorge syndrome, is a condition caused by chromosomal abnormality, a deletion in the q11.2 region (long arm) of chromosome 22. VCFS is a multisystem disease of variable expression that affects the cardiovascular, immune, and endocrine systems, the oral cavity, neurocognitive development, and is associated with specific facial features. The estimated prevalence is 1:2000/4000. Objectives: To identify and describe the most common congenital heart defects associated with 22q11.2 micro-deletion syndrome. Materials and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, and retrospective study analyzing patients diagnosed with a 22q11.2 microdeletion seen at Garrahan Hospital from October 1998 to February 2018. Diagnostic criteria were compatible clinical signs and the presence of a 22q11.2 microdeletion identified by FISH or MLPA. Results: Population: 321 patients, 151 female (47%) and 170 Male (53%). Age range: 0 to 197 months (1 day to 16.4 years). Median age at clinical diagnosis: 31 months. Overall, 74.4% (239/321) of patients with a 22q11.2 microdeletion had congenital heart defects associated with a peculiar facies. The most commonly associated congenital heart defects were conotruncal. Of the patients with congenital heart defects, 68.6% required cardiovascular surgery. Of the patients with congenital heart defects 24 patients died (10%) and in 93% the cause of death was related to the heart disease (p 0.002). Conclusions: A high percentage of patients with a 22q11.2 microdeletion have congenital heart defects, which are complex (conotruncal) in the majority, requiring surgical treatment in the first years of life. Multidisciplinary evaluation of this special group of patients with heart defects associated with other extracardiac disorders is essential for an early diagnosis and timely treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , DiGeorge Syndrome/diagnosis , DiGeorge Syndrome/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Tetralogy of Fallot/etiology , Tetralogy of Fallot/genetics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/etiology , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/genetics
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