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Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 25-30, maio 05,2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370544


Objetivo: determinar a incidência, os fatores associados e o impacto das complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca pediátrica. Metodologia: estudo de coorte, prospectivo, que incluiu lactentes e crianças submetidas à cirurgia cardíaca em um hospital pediátrico, no período de novembro de 2016 a julho de 2019. Foram coletados dados dos prontuários referentes ao sexo, idade, presença de outras malformações associadas, tipo de cardiopatia, ocorrência de complicações pulmonares, tempo de ventilação mecânica (VM) e de internamento na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) e óbito. Resultados: a amostra foi constituída por 111 lactentes e crianças, mediana da idade de 13 meses (7-32 meses), 54,1% do sexo feminino. Quanto ao tipo de cardiopatia, 80,2% foram cianogênicas. As complicações pulmonares ocorreram em 44,1% dos casos, sendo a mais frequente a atelectasia. A mediana do tempo de VM foi 8 horas (1-48h) e 45 (40,5%) permaneceram na VM por mais de 24h. A mediana do tempo de internamento na UTI foi de 7 dias (4-12dias). Evoluíram a óbito 7 (14,3%) pacientes. Conclusão: a amostra investigada apresentou incidência elevada de complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca

Objective: to determine the incidence, associated factors and impact of pulmonary complications in the postoperative period of pediatric cardiac surgery. Methodology: prospective cohort study, which included infants and children undergoing cardiac surgery in a pediatric hospital, from November 2016 to July 2019. Data were collected from medical records regarding sex, age, presence of other associated malformations, type of heart disease, occurrence of pulmonary complications, duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) and admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) stay and death. Results: the sample consisted of 111 infants and children, median age 13 months (7-32 months), 54.1% female. As for the type of heart disease, 80.2% were acyanotic. Pulmonary complications occurred in 44.1% of cases, with atelectasis being the most frequent. The median time on mechanical ventilation (MV) was 8 hours (1-48h) and 45 (40.5%) remained on MV for more than 24h. The median length of stay in the ICU was 7 days (4-12 days). 7 (14.3%) patients died. Conclusion: the investigated sample had a high incidence of pulmonary complications in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Postoperative Complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Lung Diseases/etiology , Incidence , Prospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 471-479, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935172


Objective: To investigate the postoperative cardiopulmonary fitness of children with congenital heart diseases (CHD). Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 136 children after cardiac correction undergoing cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in Shanghai Children's Medical Center from March 1 to June 30, 2021 were selected. According to the surgical procedure, the children were divided into two groups: the biventricular correction group (BV group) (n=75) and single ventricular correction group (SV group) (n=61). The BV group was divided into two subgroups: simple congenital heart disease (S-CHD) group (n=35) and complex congenital heart disease (C-CHD) group (n=40). CPET parameters, including VO2 max, VO2/kg max, VO2/kg@AT, O2/HR max, HRR, PetCO2 max, CI, HRR at 1 min, VE/VCO2 slope, OUES/kg and EOV, were analyzed. CPET parameters of patients underwent different procedure were compared. In the subgroup analysis, CPET parameters of patients in S-CHD group and C-CHD group were compared. The parameters of the BV group were compared with the normal value. Linear correlation analysis was used to identify the correlation between the CPET parameters. Results: A total of 136 children with CHD after surgery were enrolled. The age was (9.4±3.1) (ranged 6.2-16.0) years, and there was 84 (61.8%) male. All the children completed CPET examination safely without experiencing serious circulation abnormalities. Compared with the SV group, the VO2/kg max ((32.6±6.9) ml·kg-1·min-1 vs. (23.5±5.9) ml·kg-1·min-1, P<0.001), O2/HR max ((7.24±2.93) ml/beat vs. (6.35±2.17)ml/beat, P=0.030), HRR at 1 min ((32.5±13.9) beat/min vs. (26.3±12.5) beat/min, P=0.036), OUES/kg (36.9±8.8 vs. 29.7±11.8, P=0.001) were significantly higher, VE/VCO2 slope (29.1±5.20 vs. 35.1±8.0, P<0.001) and incidence of EOV (32.0%(24/75) vs. 57.4%(31/61), P=0.027) were significantly lower in BV group. Compared with the simple CHD subgroup, VE/VCO2 slope and the incidence of EOV were higher, VO2/kg max, O2/HR max, HRR at 1 min and OUES/kg were lower in the complex CHD subgroup (all P<0.05). Cardiopulmonary function parameters of the BV group were lower than the normal value. Linear correlation analysis showed that VO2/kg@AT was strongly correlated with VO2/kg max (r=0.86, P<0.001), VO2/kg max was strongly correlated with OUES/kg (r=0.63, P<0.001), HRR was strongly correlated with CI (r=0.91, P<0.001), and VO2/kg max was strongly correlated with OUES/kg (r=0.63, P<0.001). VE/VCO2 slope was strongly correlated with PetCO2 max (r=1.00, P<0.001). Conclusions: The exercise cardiopulmonary function of children after single ventricular correction is weaker than that of biventricular correction, and the exercise tolerance of children after biventricular correction is lower than that of normal children. Among the children after biventricular correction, the exercise tolerance of children with complex CHD is lower than that of children with simple CHD. Postoperative CPET is of important realistic significance for CHD children.

Adolescent , Child , China , Exercise Test/methods , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Male , Oxygen Consumption , Retrospective Studies
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928593


OBJECTIVES@#To study the risk factors for postoperative delirium (POD) in children with congenital heart disease.@*METHODS@#A prospective nested case-control study was performed on children with congenital heart disease who underwent surgery in Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, from December 2020 to June 2021. The clinical data were compared between the POD group (n=114) and non-POD group (n=102). A multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for POD in children with congenital heart disease.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR=0.951, P<0.001), gender (OR=2.127, P=0.049), number of invasive catheters per day (OR=1.490, P=0.017), degree of postoperative pain (OR=5.856, P<0.001), and preoperative parental anxiety level (OR=1.025, P=0.010) were independent risk factors for POD in children with congenital heart disease.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk of POD increases in children with congenital heart disease who are younger, male, have higher number of invasive catheters per day, higher degree of postoperative pain, or higher preoperative parental anxiety level.

Case-Control Studies , Child , Delirium/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Male , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 20-24, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935633


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Pul-Stent as the treatment of postoperative branch pulmonary artery stenosis in children with congenital heart disease. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Thirty-three patients who underwent Pul-Stent implantation in Shanghai Children's Medical Center due to postoperative residual pulmonary artery stenosis from August 2014 to June 2015 were included. The immediate curative effect, follow-up and complications of Pul-Stent implantation were assessed. Comparisons between groups were performed with unpaired Student t test. Results: Pul-Stent implantation of 33 patients (19 males and 14 females) were performed successfully. Thirty-one patients underwent percutaneous stenting, and 2 patients underwent hybrid stenting. A total of 35 Pul-Stents were implanted (19 of model small, 15 of model medium and one of model large), 23 stents were planted in the proximal left pulmonary artery and 12 stents were in the proximal right pulmonary artery. The initial diameter of dilation balloon ranged from 6 to 16 mm, and the long sheath of percutaneous implantation ranged from 8 to 10 F in 29 patients (29/31, 94%). After stenting, the diameter of the narrowest segment of pulmonary artery increased from (4.0±1.7) mm to (9.1±2.1) mm in all patients (t=-21.60, P<0.001). The pressure gradient at the stenosis in 26 patients after biventricular correction decreased from (30.5±12.3) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (9.9±9.6) mmHg (t=12.92, P<0.001), and the right ventricular to aortic pressure ratio decreased from 0.57±0.14 to 0.44±0.12 (t=7.44, P<0.001). The pressure of the superior vena cava after stenting in 5 patients after cavopulmonary anastomosis decreased from (17.0±1.9) mmHg to (14.0±0.7) mmHg (t=2.86, P=0.046). Two patients died during reoperation for repairing other cardiac malformations. The remaining 31 patients were clinically stable during the follow-up period of (5.3±1.6) years, and one stent fracture was found on chest X-ray. Cardiac catheterization reexaminations in 16 patients showed that restenosis was found in one stent, while stent position and patency were satisfactory in the remaining stents. Nine children underwent post-dilation without stent fracture, displacement or aneurysm formation. Cardiac tomography showed no stent stenosis, fracture observed, or significant change in diameter of the stent in 8 patients. The inner diameter and pulmonary blood perfusion could not be accurately evaluated due to artifacts by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in 4 patients. Conclusions: Pul-Stent has good compliance and adequate radial strength, and can dilate further over time to accommodate for somatic growth. It performs safely and effectively in treating post-operative branch pulmonary artery stenosis in children.

Child , China , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Male , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stenosis, Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Vena Cava, Superior
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e211, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278304


Introducción: las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) son patologías frecuentes en pediatría. Son causa de importante morbimortalidad en la infancia. Son pacientes complejos, que requieren abordaje integral, en equipo interdisciplinario. Objetivos: describir las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y evolutivas de niños portadores de CC asistidos en la Unidad de Cardiología del HP-CHPR durante el año 2015, así como su estado nutricional y los factores que pudieran influir en este. Material y método: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, a través de la revisión de historias clínicas de pacientes portadores de CC, hospitalizados en la Unidad de Cardiología del HP-CHPR en 2015. Se describieron características epidemiológicas y clínicas de los pacientes. Resultados: en el período evaluado egresaron 63 pacientes, que representaron una tasa de 6,58/1.000 egresos hospitalarios. Tenían un promedio de edad de 23,8 meses. Un total de 8 pacientes fueron diagnosticados en el período prenatal, 54 presentaban CC no cianóticas. Habían sido sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico 24 niños, 13 con cirugía correctiva. Se diagnosticó desnutrición en 43%. Esta fue más prevalente en portadores de CC cianótica, de defectos complejos, y de cromosomopatías u otras malformaciones. Conclusión: los niños con CC representaron un pequeño porcentaje de quienes requirieron hospitalización en el HP-CHPR. El porcentaje de desnutrición fue elevado. Este estudio confirma la importante morbimortalidad de los niños pequeños portadores de CC. Es importante reconocer el mayor riesgo de estos pacientes y actuar en forma individualizada y oportuna.

Introduction: congenital heart disease (CHD) is a frequent pathology among children. It may cause significant morbidity and mortality during childhood. These are complex patients, who require a comprehensive approach and an interdisciplinary team. Objective: to describe the epidemiological, clinical and evolutionary characteristics of children with CHD assisted in the Cardiology Department of the Children Hospital-CHPR in 2015. Material and Methods: descriptive, retrospective study, review of clinical records of patients with CHD, hospitalized in the Cardiology Department of the Children's Hospital PRHC in 2015. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients were described. Results: 63 patients were hospitalized during the evaluated period, a total rate of 6.58/1.000 discharges. They had an average age of 23.8 months. Eight patients were diagnosed in the prenatal period, 54 presented non-cyanotic CHD. Twenty-four children had undergone surgical treatment, 13 had had corrective surgery. Malnutrition was diagnosed in 43% and it was more prevalent in cyanotic CHD carriers, complex defects, and chromosomopathies or other malformations. Conclusion: CHD represented a small percentage of the children who required hospitalization at the PH-PRHC. The percentage of malnutrition was high. The study confirmed the significant morbidity and mortality of these patients. It is important to recognize the highest risk of these patients and act in a customized and timely fashion.

Introdução: as cardiopatias congênitas (CC) são patologias comuns em pediatria. Elas são uma causa significativa de morbidade e mortalidade na infância. Os pacientes são complexos e requerem uma abordagem integral e uma equipe interdisciplinar. Objetivos: descrever as características epidemiológicas, clínicas e evolutivas de crianças com CC atendidas na Unidade de Cardiologia do Hospital Pediátrico PHPR durante o ano de 2015, descrever seu estado nutricional e os fatores que poderiam influenciá-lo. Material e métodos: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, feito por meio da revisão de prontuários de pacientes com CC, internados na Unidade de Cardiologia do HP-CHPR em 2015. Foram descritas as características epidemiológicas e clínicas dos pacientes. Resultados: no período avaliado, 63 pacientes receberam alta hospitalar, representando uma taxa de 6,5/1.000 altas hospitalares. Eles tinham uma idade média de 23,8 meses. Oito pacientes foram diagnosticados no período pré-natal, 54 apresentavam CC não cianótica. 24 crianças tinham sido submetidas a tratamento cirúrgico, 13 tinham recebido cirurgia corretiva. 43% foram diagnosticadas com desnutrição, a qual foi mais prevalente em portadores de CC cianótica, defeitos complexos e malformações cromossômicas ou outras. Conclusão: os CCs representaram um pequeno percentual de crianças que necessitaram de internação no HP-CHPR. O percentual de desnutrição foi alto. Este estudo confirma a morbidade e mortalidade significativas de crianças pequenas com CC. É importante reconhecer o risco aumentado desses pacientes e agir de forma individualizada e oportuna.

Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Malnutrition/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Prenatal Diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital/classification
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 736-742, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351672


Abstract Introduction: Major adverse events (MAE) are unexpected but undesirably frequent after pediatric congenital heart surgery and contribute to poorer outcomes. The aim of this study was to test the predictive value of a ratio between central venous oxygen saturation and arterial lactate (ScvO2/lactate) for MAE after pediatric congenital heart surgery in a Brazilian university hospital. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study in a tertiary care university hospital, including 194 infants and children submitted to surgery for congenital heart disease. The predictive value of ScvO2, lactate, and ScvO2/lactate ratio were assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). Results: The incidence of MAE was 16% — cardiac arrest/death, unplanned reoperation, and low cardiac output syndrome were the most common events. Overall, ScvO2/lactate ratio discriminated patients with and without MAE very well (AUC 0.842), performing better than either variable alone, with sensitivity of 48%, specificity of 94%, PPV of 60%, and NPV of 91%. Conclusion: A ScvO2/lactate ratio > 5 can accurately identify patients at low risk of MAE after pediatric congenital heart surgery, with very good specificity and NPV, but poor sensitivity and PPV.

Humans , Infant , Child , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Oxygen , Lactic Acid
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(5): 717-719, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351648


Abstract Although many anatomical variations may be encountered in children with double outlet right ventricle, coexistence of levo-malposed great vessels and left juxtaposed atrial appendages is uncommonly observed. This case report underlines the rarity of this anatomical combination and its clinical significance along with the surgical management in an infant.

Humans , Infant , Child , Transposition of Great Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Double Outlet Right Ventricle/surgery , Double Outlet Right Ventricle/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Arteries
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(5): 663-669, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351647


Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the clinical effect of preoperative health education based on the WeChat platform for parents of children with simple congenital heart disease. Methods: In this study, participants were randomly divided into an intervention group (WeChat group, n=40) and a control group (leaflet group, n=40) in our center. All parents were required to complete the Family Caregiver Task Inventory (FCTI) on the first visit and the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) and FCTI before the operation. Clinical, family and relevant data from children and parents were collected and subsequently analyzed. Results: Before the operation, the FCTI score and the ZBI score in the WeChat group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P=0.010, P=0.027, respectively). Compared to the FCTI score on the first visit, the preoperative status score was significantly lower in the WeChat group (P=0.008). The rate of loss to follow-up and complications in the WeChat group was also significantly lower than in the control group (P=0.003). Conclusion: Preoperative health education assisted by the WeChat platform for parents of children with simple congenital heart disease can effectively improve the parents' care ability and reduce the burden of care, preoperative complications and the rate of loss to follow-up.

Humans , Child , Parents , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Preoperative Care , Health Education , Prospective Studies
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(5): 438-443, sep.-oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1357210


Resumen Introducción: El origen anómalo de una de las ramas de la arteria pulmonar procedente de la aorta ascendente es poco frecuente. Objetivo: Identificar las características clínicas y quirúrgicas de los pacientes sometidos a reimplante de la rama afectada. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal, descriptivo, retrospectivo y retrolectivo, en el que se incluyeron los pacientes diagnosticados de origen anómalo de alguna de las ramas de la arteria pulmonar y que fueron tratados mediante cirugía correctiva en el Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, en el periodo del 1 de enero de 2003 al 31 de enero de 2019. De los expedientes se extrajeron las características demográficas, los antecedentes quirúrgicos, los diagnósticos, los reportes ecocardiográficos y tomográficos, la técnica quirúrgica y el estado posquirúrgico. Resultados: Se encontraron nueve pacientes sometidos a cirugía de corrección, con un promedio de edad de 2 ± 2 años, un peso de 11.4 ± 1.5 kg y una talla de 82 ± 15 cm. El 67% fueron de sexo masculino. La rama afectada con más frecuencia fue la derecha; el 68% se originaban directamente de la aorta y el 42% de un conducto arterioso persistente. La corrección con circulación extracorpórea tuvo un tiempo promedio de pinzamiento aórtico de 35 minutos y de soporte circulatorio de 45 minutos. Se utilizó el implante directo o con material sintético. Las complicaciones fueron falla ventricular, sangrado, arritmias y neumonía nosocomial. La mortalidad fue del 11%. Conclusiones: El tratamiento quirúrgico para el reimplante de la rama anómala de la arteria pulmonar es el procedimiento de elección, y con cuidados quirúrgicos y posteriores tiene un buen pronóstico a mediano y largo plazo.

Abstract Introduction: The anomalous origin of one of the branches of the pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is rare. Objective: To identify the clinical and surgical characteristics of the patients undergoing reimplantation of the affected branch. Method: An observational, cross-sectional, descriptive, retrospective and retrolective study was performed; patients diagnosed with anomalous origin of one of the branches of the pulmonary artery and treated by corrective surgery at the Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chavez, in the period from January 1, 2003 to January 31, 2019, were included. It was extracted from the files: demographic characteristics, surgical antecedents, diagnoses, echocardiographic and tomographic reports, surgical technique and post-surgical status. Results: Nine patients underwent correction surgery, with an average age of 2 ± 2 years, 11.4 ± 1.5 kg and height 82 ± 15 cm; 67% were male. The most frequent affected branch was the right, 68% originated directly from the aorta and 42% from a patent ductus arteriosus. The correction with extracorporeal circulation had an average aortic cross-clamp of 35 minutes and circulatory support of 45 minutes, the direct or synthetic implant was used. The complications were ventricular failure, bleeding, arrhythmias and nosocomial pneumonia. Mortality was 11%. Conclusions: Surgical treatment for reimplantation of the anomalous branch of the pulmonary artery is the procedure of choice, which with surgical and subsequent care has a good prognosis in the medium and long term.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Pulmonary Artery/abnormalities , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Replantation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 78(2): 123-129, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249117


Abstract Background: This study describes 35 years of experience in a tertiary care level hospital that treats cardiac patients with univentricular heart physiology who underwent Glenn surgery. Methods: The study consisted of a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent Glenn surgery, including variables related to pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative morbidity and mortality. Results: From 1980 to 2015, 204 Glenn surgeries were performed. The most common heart disease was tricuspid atresia IB (19.2%). In 48.1% of the cases, the procedure was performed with antegrade flow. A bilateral Glenn procedure was performed in 12.5% of the cases and 10.3% were carried out without using a cardiopulmonary bypass pump. Reported complications included infections, bleeding, arrhythmias, chylothorax, neurological alterations, and pleural effusion. The mortality rate was 2.9% Conclusions: Glenn surgery is a palliative surgery with good results. It significantly improves patient quality of life over a long period until a total cavopulmonary shunt is performed. The complications observed are few, and the mortality rate is low. Therefore, it is a safe surgery that should be used for univentricular congenital heart disease.

Resumen Introducción: El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir la experiencia de 35 años en un hospital de tercer nivel con pacientes cardiópatas con fisiología univentricular que fueron sometidos a cirugía de Glenn. Métodos: Se presenta un análisis retrospectivo de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía de Glenn. Se incluyeron variables relacionadas con la morbilidad y la mortalidad preoperatorias, transoperatorias y posoperatorias. Resultados: Desde 1980 hasta 2015 se realizaron 204 cirugías de Glenn para la corrección de cardiopatías. De ellas, la más frecuente fue la atresia tricuspídea IB (19.2%); en el 48.1% se realizó Glenn con flujo anterógrado, en el 12.5% Glenn bilateral y el 10.3% de las cirugías fueron sin apoyo de bomba de circulación extracorpórea. Las complicaciones reportadas fueron infecciones, sangrado, arritmias, quilotórax, alteraciones neurológicas y derrame pleural. La mortalidad fue del 2.9%. Conclusiones: La cirugía de Glenn es un procedimiento paliativo que se ha utilizado con buenos resultados. Mejora en forma importante la calidad de vida del paciente durante un largo periodo mientras que se realiza la derivación cavopulmonar total. Presenta pocas complicaciones y muy baja mortalidad, por lo que es una cirugía segura que debe ser utilizada para cardiopatías congénitas univentriculares.

Humans , Heart Bypass, Right , Heart Defects, Congenital , Pulmonary Artery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 91(1): 34-41, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152858


Abstract Objective: The real burden of (congenital heart defects [CHD]) and the improvement after surgical correction or palliation is both reflected in the quality of life (QoL). There are few studies in Latin-America that evaluate QoL in the CHD population. The purpose of this study was to measure the QoL after corrective or palliative surgery for CHD. Materials and methods: An observational, cross-sectional, and comparative study was carried out at the Miguel Hidalgo Centennial Hospital. Patients from 8 to 18 years old who underwent surgery for CHD were included during a period of 8 months. A total of 40 patients were included, together with a group of 80 healthy controls. From all participants, a KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire was taken. A comparative analysis of the results was performed. Results: Overall, patients with cardiac surgery had better QoL indexes than healthy controls (p < 0.0001). The difference was greatest in moods and emotions, autonomy, and parent relations. Conclusions: Self-perception of QoL in post-operative patients for congenital heart disease is similar and in certain dimensions higher than the healthy population, possibly due to socioeconomic differences, parental care, and styles of coping with their disease. Higher complexity studies that include psychosocial variables and parental perception are required, and a better understanding of the QoL determinants will improve the attention provided to the patient and their families.

Resumen Objetivo: Los efectos de las cardiopatías congénitas en los pacientes, así como la mejoría después de la paliación o la corrección quirúrgica, se reflejan en la calidad de vida (CV). Hay pocos estudios en Latinoamérica que evalúen la CV en esta población. El objetivo de este artículo es notificar la CV posterior a la operación paliativa o correctiva para defectos cardíacos congénitos. Material y métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional, transversal y comparativo en el Centenario Hospital Miguel Hidalgo. Durante un período de ocho meses se incluyó a pacientes de 8 a 18 años sometidos a una intervención para cardiopatías congénitas. Se reunió a dos grupos de 40 pacientes y 80 controles sanos, pareados por edad y sexo. A cada participante se le aplicó el cuestionario KIDSCREEN-52 y se realizó un análisis comparativo de los resultados. Resultados: Los pacientes sometidos a operación cardíaca tuvieron mejores índices de CV que los controles sanos (p < 0.0001). La mayor diferencia se obtuvo en los aspectos de estado de ánimo y emociones, autonomía y relación con los padres. Conclusiones: La autopercepción de la CV después de una intervención para cardiopatías congénitas es similar y, en ciertas dimensiones, mejor que la de la población sana, tal vez por diferencias socioeconómicas, atención de los padres y modelos de adaptación a la enfermedad. Se requieren estudios más extensos que incluyan variables psicosociales y percepción parental. Una mayor comprensión de los determinantes de la CV podría mejorar la atención ofrecida al paciente y su familia.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Mexico
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 91(1): 1-6, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152854


Resumen Introducción: Los defectos cardíacos congénitos constituyen el 30% de todas las anomalías congénitas. La prevalencia es de 8/1,000 recién nacidos vivos, sin predominio de género. Para una planificación quirúrgica óptima es esencial una evaluación precisa de la anatomía en los defectos cardíacos congénitos. Las modalidades de imagen como el ecocardiograma, la angiografía por cateterismo cardíaco, la tomografía computarizada (TC) o la resonancia magnética (RM) se utilizan de forma regular para el diagnóstico de las cardiopatías congénitas. Estos métodos pueden proporcionar reconstrucciones virtuales en reconstrucción volumétrica o 3D, pero no réplicas táctiles reales de la anatomía cardíaca. Objetivo: Realizar modelos de corazón impresos en 3D con la finalidad de proporcionar réplicas táctiles 3D reales de la anatomía cardíaca para visualizar de forma detallada todas las perspectivas posibles de las estructuras extracardíacas o intracardíacas. Métodos: Los datos de la imagen se obtuvieron en formato DICOM, se editaron en el paquete de software "3D slicer 4.3" y se exportaron para la impresión en formato de archivo (.stl). Resultados y conclusiones: Con la impresión 3D se puede evaluar de forma detallada la anatomía intracardíaca y extracardíaca con modelos cardíacos en tiempo real. Esta técnica es de gran utilidad, sobre todo en los defectos cardíacos congénitos complejos, ya que permite hacer una planificación precisa del procedimiento quirúrgico.

Abstract Introduction: Congenital heart disease makes up for 30% of all congenital anomalies. The prevalence is 8/1,000 live newborns, without predominance of gender. Imaging methods such as echocardiography, angiography, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging must be routinely used in congenital heart disease. The mentioned methods can provide virtual reconstructions in volumetric reconstruction or in three dimensional (3D), but only 3D-printed heart models can provide real 3D tactile replicas of cardiac anatomy. Objective: To make 3D printed heart models in order to provide real 3D tactile replicas of the cardiac anatomy that allow a detailed visualization from all possible perspectives, either of extracardiac or intracardiac structures. Methods: This information is useful for surgical decision making, especially in patients with complex cardiac defects. DICOM, edited in a software package "3D slicer 4.3" and exported for printing in file format (.stl). Results and conclusions: With 3D printing, the intracardiac and extracardiac anatomy can be evaluated in detail with real-scale cardiac models of the patient, avoiding unexpected findings. This technique is very useful especially in complex congenital heart defects, since it allows precise planning of the surgical procedure.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child , Adolescent , Patient Care Planning , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Models, Anatomic
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2370, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249003


RESUMO Objetivo Identificar os marcadores clínicos associados às alterações da deglutição em crianças após a correção da doença cardíaca congênita e correlacionar esses marcadores às categorias da escala Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery 1 (RACHS-1). Métodos Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo observacional, utilizando a base de dados eletrônica do centro de pediatria para crianças admitidas em um hospital, em decorrência de doença cardíaca congênita. Foram coletados dados da avaliação de deglutição e a presença de disfagia foi classificada de acordo com a Dysphagia Management Staging Scale (DMMS). Foram incluídos os dados demográficos, os marcadores clínicos e o risco de mortalidade, de acordo com a RACHS-1. Resultados A amostra final do estudo foi composta por 108 pacientes. Os achados mais relevantes foram: os sinais mais graves de disfagia estiveram associados ao aumento da permanência no hospital (p=0,005); ao maior número e tempo de intubações orotraqueais (p=0,022 e 0,005, respectivamente); ao maior tempo entre a admissão hospitalar e a avaliação da deglutição (p=0,003); ao maior tempo entre o procedimento cirúrgico e a avaliação da deglutição (p=0,043) e ao maior número de sessões fonoaudiológicas para remoção da via alternativa de alimentação e retorno seguro para via oral (p<0,001). Não foram encontradas correlações entre o risco de mortalidade das crianças e os sinais alterados na avaliação da deglutição. Conclusão Os resultados do estudo contribuem para o conhecimento atual de que crianças com doenças cardíacas que precisam de correção cirúrgica apresentam dificuldades alimentares e necessitam atendimento hospitalar prolongado. Não houve correlação entre as categorias da escala RACHS-1 e os sinais de alteração na avaliação clínica da deglutição.

ABSTRACT Purpose To identify clinical markers that are associated to swallowing alterations in infants after surgical repair of congenital heart disease (CHD) and to correlate these markers to the categories on the Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Disease 1 (RACHS-1) scale. Methods Using the Pediatric Center Database System we conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study on children admitted to the pediatric hospital unit due to CDH. We collected data on specific parameters of a clinical swallowing assessment (SA) and dysphagia was classified according to the Dysphagia Management Staging Scale. We also included demographic and clinical markers and patient´s risk of mortality was determined by using the RACHS-1. Results The final study sample consisted of 108 patients. Important findings were: the more severe signs of dysphagia are associated to an increased length of hospital stay (p=0.005); an increased number and duration of orotracheal intubation (p=0.022 and 0.005 respectively); an increased time between hospital admission and SA (p=0.003); an increased time between the surgical procedure and swallowing assessment (0.043); and an increased number of SLP sessions to remove alternate feeding methods and warrant safe oral feeding (p<0.001). No correlations were observed between the infant's risk of mortality and the altered sings on the clinical swallowing assessment. Conclusion The data from this study contributes to the current knowledge that children with heart condition requiring heart surgery in the first month of life have high risk of presenting feeding difficulties and will require prolonged hospital care. No correlation was observed between the categories on RACHS-1 and the altered signs on the clinical swallowing assessment.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Deglutition Disorders , Risk Adjustment , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Postoperative Care , Brazil , Cohort Studies , Enteral Nutrition , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(9): e10220, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249341


Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a common condition in preterm infants. The risk factors that contribute to NEC include asphyxia, apnea, hypotension, sepsis, and congenital heart diseases (CHD). The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between the treatment (surgery or drainage) and unfavorable outcomes in neonates with NEC and congenital heart diseases (NEC+CHD). A 19-year retrospective cohort study was conducted (2000-2019). Inclusion criterion was NEC Bell II stage. Exclusion criteria were associated malformation or genetic syndrome and those who did not undergo echocardiography or had a Bell I diagnosis. We included 100 neonates: NEC (n=52) and NEC+CHD (n=48). The groups were subdivided into NEC patients undergoing surgery (NECS, n=31), NEC patients undergoing peritoneal drainage (NECD, n=19), NEC+CHD patients undergoing surgery (NECCAS, n=21), and NEC+CHD patients who were drained (NECCAD, n=29). Multivariate analysis was performed to estimate the relative risk of death and the length of stay. Covariates were birth weight and gestational age. The group characteristics were similar. The adjusted relative risk of death was higher in the drainage groups [NECD (Adj RR=2.70 (95%CI: 1.47; 4.97) and NECCAD (Adj RR=1.97 (95%CI: 1.08; 3.61)], and they had the shortest time to death: NECD=8.72 (95%CI: 3.10; 24.54) and NECCAD=5.32 (95%CI: 1.95; 14.44). We concluded that performing primary peritoneal drainage in neonates with or without CHD did not improve the number of days of life, did not decrease the risk of death, and was associated with a higher mortality in newborns with NEC and clinical instability.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Brazil/epidemiology , Infant, Premature , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879813


OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of calorie-enriched formula on postoperative catch-up growth in infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A total of 100 infants with cyanotic CHD who underwent surgical operation from January to December, 2017, were randomly divided into a high-calorie group (receiving calorie-enriched formula after surgery) and a conventional group (receiving standard formula after surgery), with 50 infants in each group. All infants were followed up for 6 months. The observation indices included body height, body weight, prealbumin, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide before surgery, at the time of ventilator weaning and extubation after surgery, and at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Height-for-age Z-score (HAZ), weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ), and weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) were also assessed. Adverse reactions were recorded for both groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 25 cases (50%) and 21 cases (42%) of malnutrition in the high-calorie group and the conventional group respectively before surgery (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with the standard formula, calorie-enriched formula can better help with postoperative catch-up growth in infants with cyanotic CHD.

Body Weight , Energy Intake , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Infant , Malnutrition , Nutritional Status , Prospective Studies
Med. infant ; 27(2): 145-151, Diciembre 2020. ilus, Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1150455


Introducción: La ventilación mecánica (VM) forma parte de la recuperación postoperatoria (PO) de niños con cirugía de cardiopatía congénita, pero su uso no está exento de riesgos. El fracaso de extubación (FE) se ha asociado con internaciones prolongadas, aumento de complicaciones y mortalidad. El objetivo es determinar un valor de Vd/Vt predictor de extubación exitosa (EE). Material y métodos: estudio de cohorte prospectivo y observacional realizado del 1 de Enero al 31 de Diciembre de 2016 en niños menores de 6 meses cursando PO de cirugía cardiovascular con circulación extracorpórea (CEC) con requerimientos de VM por más de 48 horas. En los mismo se analizó el éxito o fracaso de extubación. Previo a la extubación se registraron valores de mecánica respiratoria; Vd/Vt, CO2 espiratoria final, Vt/kg, etc. Otras variables registradas: edad, sexo, peso, requerimiento de VM antes de la cirugía, fisiología de ventrículo único, duración de VM, complicaciones, duración de la internación y mortalidad. Las variables continuas se describieron como mediana y rango intercuartilo (25-75) y se compararon con prueba de Wilcoxon, las categóricas como proporciones o porcentajes y se analizaron con chi2 . Se efectuó un análisis bivariado con diferentes puntos de corte de Vd/Vt pre extubación para realizar un análisis de sensibilidad del valor predictivo de EE. Resultados: Se evaluó Vd/Vt en 67 pacientes, tres se eliminaron por parálisis cordal (1) y parálisis del diafragma (2). Mediana de edad 23 días (10-55), peso 3.2 Kg (2.89- 3.88), días de VM 5 (3-7), días de internación 15 (2- 128), mortalidad 7,8%. Se extubaron con éxito 76% de los pacientes (50/64). Las características demográficas de los pacientes, la mecánica respiratoria, gases de sangre arterial y EtCO2 no tuvieron asociación significativa con EE. Un Vd/Vt pre extubación < 0,53 se asoció con EE. Conclusión: En la población estudiada un valor de Vd/Vt <0,53 se asoció con EE. Los pacientes con ventrículo único presentaron mayor FE.(AU)

Introduction: Mechanical ventilation (MV) is part of postoperative (PO) recovery of children with congenital heart disease surgery, but is not without risks. Extubation failure (EF) has been associated with prolonged hospital stays and increased complication and mortality rates. The goal is to determine the value of Vd/Vt as a predictor of successful extubation (SE). Material and methods: A prospective and observational cohort study was conducted from January 1 to December 31, 2016, in children under 6 months of age undergoing cardiovascular surgery with extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and requiring MV for more than 48 hours. Intubation success or failure was evaluated. Prior to extubation, respiratory mechanics values, such as Vd/Vt, final expiratory CO2, and Vt/kg, were recorded. Other variables, including age, sex, weight, VM requirement before surgery, single ventricle physiology, VM duration, complications, length of hospital stay, and mortality were also recorded. Continuous variables were described as median and interquartile range (25-75) and compared with the Wilcoxon test. Categorical variables were described as proportions or percentages and analyzed with chi2. Bivariate analysis was performed with different pre-extubation Vd/Vt cut-off points to analyze the sensitivity of the predictive value for SE. Results: Vd/Vt was evaluated in 67 patients; three were excluded because of vocal fold (1) and diaphragm paralysis (2). Median age was 23 days (10-55), weight 3.2 Kg (2.89- 3.88), days on MV 5 (3-7), length of hospital stay 15 (2- 128), and mortality rate 7.8%. Overall, 76% of patients (50/64) were successfully extubated. Patient demographics, respiratory mechanics, arterial blood gases, and EtCO2 were not significantly associated with SE. A pre-extubation Vd/ Vt < 0.53 was associated with SE. Conclusion: In this series of patients, a Vd/Vt value of <0.53 was associated with SE. EF was increased in patients with a single ventricle (AU)

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Dead Space/physiology , Tidal Volume/physiology , Airway Extubation , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Critical Care