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Journal de la Faculté de Médecine d'Oran ; 6(2): 787-794, 2023. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1415031


Introduction-Le diabète est un véritable problème de santé publique du fait de ses nombreuses complications potentielles, notamment cardiovasculaires. Notre objectif était de décrire le profil clinico-biologique chez une population de diabé tique type 2 et d'étudier la relation entre l'équilibre glycémique et les anomalies lipidiques avec les complications micro et macroangiopathiques. Matériels et méthodes -Nous avons mené une étude rétrospective portant sur 341 pa tients diabétiques type 2.Les données ont été analysées par le logiciel IBM® SPSS statis tics 20.0. Seules, les associations significatives (p ≤ 5%) étaient retenues. Résultats - quatre-vingt deux pourcent et demi des patients ont un taux d'HbA1c ≥7 %. Plus de 60 % ont une dyslipidémie. Cinquante deux pourcent des patients ont un taux du LDLc ≤ 1 g/l, et 64,4 % ont un taux du Non-HDLc >1g/l. Environ 66 % des patients ont une hypertension artérielle. quarante pourcent des patients ont présenté une macroangio pathie et 66,8 % une microangiopathie (p=0,0001). L'analyse par régression logistique, a montré que l'HbA1c est le paramètre biologique le plus associé aux complications macroangiopathiques (p=0,008), alors que pour les complications micro-angiopathiques, l'HTA était le seul facteur associé (p = 0,03). Pour la cardiopathie ischémique, la dyslipi démie et l'HTA étaient les facteurs les plus associés. Conclusion -Notre étude a montré une fréquence élevée des complications micro et macroangiopathiques et des anomalies lipidiques, ainsi qu'un très mauvais équilibre glycémique. L'HbA1c, la dyslipidémie et l'HTA sont les facteurs les plus associés au risque cardiovasculaire.

Background-Diabetes is a real health public problem because of its many potential complications, particularly the cardiovascular ones.The aim of this work was to describe the clinical and biological profile in type 2 diabetic population, then to study the relationship between glycemic control and lipid abnormalities with micro and macro vascular complications. Methods - It was about a retrospective study of 341 type 2 diabetes patients' with an average age of 60.1 ± 11.71 years.The IBM® SPSS statistics 20.0 software was used for analyzing data. Only significant associations (p ≤ 5%) were retained. Results -An HbA1c level ≥7% was observed in 82,5% of patients, More than 60% have dyslipidemia. 52,8% of them have an LDLc level ≤ 1 g/l, and 64,4% have a Non-HDLc level >1g/l. Sixty-six percent of patients have high blood pressure. The macrovascular disorders were observed on 30,9% of patients and microvascular ones on 66,8% of them (p = 0.0001).The logistic regression analysis showed that HbA1c was the most significant biological parameter (p=0,008). while for micro-vascular complications, high blood pressure was the only associated factor (p = 0.03). For ischemic heart disease, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure were the most associated factors. Conclusion - this study showed a high frequency of micro and macrovascular complications, lipid abnormalities and a very poor glycemic control. The elevation of HbA1c level, the high blood pressure and dyslipidemia are the most associated factors with a high cardiovascular risk.

Public Health , Retrospective Studies , Receptors, Proteinase-Activated , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Dyslipidemias , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Glycemic Control , Hypertension
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 56(suple. 2): 44-47, may. - ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396856


La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) es un factor de riesgo cardiovascular (FRCV) mayor. La DM confiere dos a cuatro veces más riesgo cardiovascular (RCV). El riesgo es aún más elevado en el paciente con DM2 que ha sufrido un infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM) o un accidente cerebrovascular (ACV). La dislipidemia de la DM2 consiste en triglicéridos elevados de ayuno, con mayor excursión posprandial, bajos niveles de HDLc, y alteraciones cuantitativas y cualitativas de LDLc y HDLc. El control glucémico apropiado en DM2 mejora en gran medida las alteraciones lipoproteicas. La terapia hipolipemiante es clave para reducir el RCV en la DM2. La reducción del RCV que se consigue con estatinas se basa en la reducción del LDLc y sus efectos pleiotrópicos. En pacientes que persisten con el perfil lipídico alterado, a pesar de dosis altas de estatinas, se debe considerar el agregado de otros agentes hipolipemiantes para reducir las lipoproteínas aterogénicas.

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a major cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF). Diabetes confers two to four times more cardiovascular risk (CVR). The risk is even higher in patients with T2D who have suffered an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or cerebrovascular accident (CVA). The dyslipidemia of T2D consists of high fasting triglycerides, with greater postprandial excursion, low levels of HDLc and qualitative alterations of LDLc and HDLc. Appropriate glycemic control in T2D greatly improves lipoprotein abnormalities. Lipid-lowering therapy is key to reducing CVR in T2D. The CVR reduction achieved with statins is based on the reduction of LDLc. In patients who persist with an altered lipid profile despite highdose statins, the addition of other lipid-lowering agents to reduce atherogenic lipoproteins may be considered.

Diabetes Mellitus , Cholesterol , Risk Factors , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Glycemic Control , Cholesterol, HDL
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 444-456, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385277


Abstract Background The neuropeptide Y (NPY) is one of the most abundant neurotransmitters in the nervous system. NPY acts as a potent stimulator of angiogenesis, inflammation, and adipogenesis, through the NPY 2 receptor (NPY2R). Changes in the NPY signaling pathway have been linked to Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Objectives The purpose of this study is to determine the association between variants in the NPY and NPY2R genes, as well as the severity of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods Approximately 221 ACS patients and 278 healthy controls were selected for this study. Four variants in NPY and two variants in NPY2R genes were genotyped using Taqman allelic discrimination and sequencing. The Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to verify the genotype frequencies. The logistic regression analyses were used for the evaluation of the studied variables. Haplotype analysis was used to evaluate the linkage disequilibrium (LD) between the variants (p<0.05). Results An association of NPY c.20T>C variant was found with the ACS group when compared to the healthy group. In the analysis between variants and risk factors in the ACS group, NPY c.84G>A was associated with hypertension. The analysis between TIMI risk showed a significance for NPY c.20T>C between the low and intermediate/high TIMI risk groups. In the haplotype analysis, strong linkage disequilibrium (LD) was found between the variants NPY c.150G>A and NPY c.-485T>C. Conclusion The NPY c.20T>C variant appears to contribute to the development of ACS. The NPY2R c.-1116A>G variant may contribute to the early development of ACS and the NPY c.84G>A variant appears to contribute to the development of hypertension. In addition, the NPY c.20T>C is associated with a protective effect in ACS severity.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Neuropeptide Y , Acute Coronary Syndrome/etiology , Receptors, Neuropeptide Y , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hypertension
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 500-510, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385267


Abstract Background: The use of combined oral contraceptives (COC) is a risk factor for atherosclerotic disease, and physical exercise can minimize this condition. Objective: To verify if high intensity interval training (HIIT) promotes changes in the lipid and inflammatory profile of women using COC. Methods: Sequential crossover study with women aged 20-30 years, classified as irregularly active by the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ), when using COC. A physical-clinical assessment was performed with anthropometric measurements, VO2max, and analysis of lipid and inflammatory profile. Participants were divided into 2 groups: the initial intervention group (GII), which began practicing HIIT for 2 months, and the posterior intervention group (GIP), which remained inactive for the same period. The GII and GIP would then alternate their conditions. The collected data was divided into: Initial moment (IM), post-exercise moment (PEM) and post-inactivity (PIM). The statistical analyses were performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, adopting a significance level of p <0.05 . Results: Twelve women were evaluated. After crossing the GII and GIP data, there was a difference in the C-reactive protein values between the IM of 4 (1.6-6.3 mg/dL) vs. PEM 2 (1.5-5 mg/dL); as well as between the PEM vs. the PIM= 4 (1.5-5.8 mg/dL), with a p -value = 0.04 in the comparisons. There was no change between the "moments" of the lipid profile, although it was possible to notice a reduction in resting HR and an increase in indirect VO2max. Conclusion: The HIIT program was able to reduce the inflammatory profile, but it did not alter the lipid profile of irregularly active women using COC.

Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Contraceptives, Oral, Combined/adverse effects , Atherosclerosis/prevention & control , High-Intensity Interval Training , Cross-Sectional Studies , Atherosclerosis/etiology , Heart Disease Risk Factors
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 488-497, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385270


Abstract Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide, including among physicians. Professional peculiarities increase cardiovascular risk in this population, making it relevant to analyze mortality in the medical population (MPop) and non-medical population (NMPop). Objectives: To compare the CVD mortality coefficient (MC) in between MPop and NMPop in Brazil by analyzing the epidemiological profile and the main causes of deaths from CVD. Methods: Time-series study with data obtained from the Mortality Information System of the Federal Council of Medicine and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, from 2014 to 2018. The variables age group, sex, race, occupation, and CVD that caused the death were assessed in MPop and NMPop. MC, relative risk and odds ratio between the populations were calculated. Tests for difference in proportions, with approximation to the normal distribution, and chi-squared tests were performed, assuming p<0.01 as statistically significant. Results: Both MPop and NMPop had a predominance of men (86.7% and 52.3%), senior citizens (85.9% and 79.7%) and white individuals (86.4% and 52.2%). The MCs of the MPop and NMPop was 92.2 and 255.1 deaths/100,000 individuals, respectively. The main cause of death was acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (32.5% and 24.6% in MPop and NMPop, respectively) followed by cerebrovascular accident (CVA) (5.1% and 10.5% in MPop and NMPop, respectively). Conclusion: In Brazil, mortality from CVD was more prevalent in white elderly males, and mainly caused by AMI and CVA. Being a doctor, man and over 60 years old represents a greater chance of death from CVD in comparison with non-physicians.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Physicians/statistics & numerical data , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Brazil , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Time Series Studies , Heart Disease Risk Factors
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(2): e2772, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408994


Introducción: La hipercolesterolemia familiar es una enfermedad con alta prevalencia, no tratada acorta la esperanza de vida, por lo que el diagnóstico a edades tempranas resulta fundamental. Las pruebas genéticas constituyen el gold standard para el diagnóstico de hipercolesterolemia familiar, sin embargo, la no disponibilidad del test genético no debe constituir un impedimento para la adecuada conducta en estos casos. Objetivo: Identificar criterios clínicos predictores en el diagnóstico por pesquisa de la hipercolesterolemia familiar. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo a partir de una muestra de 393 pacientes (casos índices) de HF en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras; durante el período 2008-2018. Resultados: En la pesquisa familiar fueron identificados 177 (15,66 por ciento) nuevos casos de hipercolesterolemia familiar, de ellos se clasifican como casos positivos 35 (19,77 por ciento), casos probables 58 (32,77 por ciento) y casos posibles 84 (47,46 por ciento). Las categorías del estrato Make early diagnosis to prevent early death MEDPED y la edad del caso índice resultaron ser las variables clínicas de interés con mayor probabilidad para identificar nuevos casos de hipercolesterolemia familiar. Conclusiones: los criterios clínicos estandarizados de la escala make early diagnosis to prevent early death P y la edad del caso índice resultaron ser indicadores predictivos de gran valor para identificar y estratificar casos con variantes fenotípicas de hipercolesterolemia familiar(AU)

Introduction: Familial hypercholesterolemia is a disease with high prevalence; it shortens life expectancy if it is not treated, so early diagnosis is essential. Genetic tests are the gold standard for the diagnosis of familial hypercholesterolemia, however, the unavailability of the genetic test should not be an obstacle to proper conduct in these cases. Objective: To identify predictive clinical criteria in the diagnosis by screening of familial hypercholesterolemia. Methods: A prospective descriptive study was carried out from a sample of 393 patients (index cases) of FH at Hermanos Ameijeiras Surgical Clinical Hospital from 2008 to 2018. Results: In the family investigation, 177 (15.66 percent) new cases of familial hypercholesterolemia were identified, 35 of them (19.77 percent) are classified as positive cases, 58 (32.77 percent) as probable cases and 84 as possible cases (47.46 percent)The stratum categories of Make Early Diagnosis to Prevent Early Death (MEDPED) and the age of the index case turned out to be the clinical variables of interest with the greatest probability to identify new cases of familial hypercholesterolemia. Conclusions: The standardized clinical criteria of the make early diagnosis to prevent early death P scale and the age of the index case turned out to be highly valuable predictive indicators to identify and stratify cases with phenotypic variants of familial hypercholesterolemia(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Dyslipidemias
Medisan ; 26(3)jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405809


Introducción: La COVID-19 ha afectado de manera desproporcionada a los adultos mayores, quienes tienen una evolución más desfavorable. Objetivo: Analizar los factores de riesgo cardiovascular asociados con la mortalidad de adultos mayores con COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico, de tipo caso-control, de 25 adultos mayores pertenecientes al Policlínico Docente Ramón López Peña de Santiago de Cuba, fallecidos por COVID 19 entre enero de 2020 e igual mes de 2022 (casos) y de 50 que no fallecieron (controles). Se determinó la razón de productos cruzados, el intervalo de confianza y el riesgo atribuible en expuesto porcentual. Resultados: La edad fue el marcador de riesgo de mayor asociación y la hipertensión arterial resultó ser la enfermedad asociada de mayor relevancia, para una razón de productos cruzados de 6,0 y 10,1, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Los hallazgos demostraron que deben identificarse los pacientes de edad avanzada, hipertensos, fumadores, obesos y con deterioro cognitivo, así como utilizar un enfoque preventivo que permita el diagnóstico y tratamiento tempranos, para evitar así desenlaces fatales por COVID- 19.

Introduction: The COVID-19 has affected in a disproportionate way the elderly who have a more unfavorable clinical course. Objective: To analyze the cardiovascular risk factors associated with the mortality of elderly with COVID-19. Methods: An analytic, case-control type study, of 25 elderly belonging to the Ramón López Peña Teaching Polyclinic was carried out in Santiago de Cuba, they died due to COVID 19 between January, 2020 and the same month in 2022 (cases) and 50 that didn't die (controls). The ratio of crossed products, confidence interval and attributable risk in exposed percentage were determined. Results: The age was the risk marker of more association and hypertension was the associated disease of more relevance, for a ratio of crossed products 6.0 and 10.1, respectively. Conclusions: The findings demonstrated that the patients of advanced age, hypertense, smokers, obese and with cognitive deterioration should be identified, as well as to use a preventive approach that allows the early diagnosis and treatment, to avoid this way fatal outcomes due to COVID-19.

Heart Disease Risk Factors , COVID-19 , Aged , Mortality
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 391-399, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375651


Abstract Background: Poor flexibility is a predictor of reduced physical activity. The association between trunk flexibility and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) is not well understood. Objective: To identify the prevalence of CVRFs and their association with trunk flexibility in individuals participating in a community-based health education program. Methods: Volunteers (51 men, 48 women) aged 20-85 years old, participants in a community-based health education program in the city of Santo Antônio de Goiás, Brazil, were selected for this study. Anthropometric measures including body mass, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist/height ratio (WHtR) were evaluated. Physical activity level was evaluated based on leisure activity participation, and trunk flexibility was evaluated by the sit and reach test. Data distribution was assessed using the Shapiro-Wilk test; Pearson's chi-square or Fisher's exact and Student t tests were performed for comparisons. To analyze the association between trunk flexibility and concomitant CVRFs, Spearman's correlation test and linear regression were employed. Statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05. Results: 7.2% of the volunteers had no CVRF, 10.3% had only one CVRF and 82.5% had two or more CVRFs, with no differences between sexes. Increased abdominal adiposity, as assessed by WHtR (p = 0.0097), and systemic arterial hypertension (p = 0.0003) were the most prevalent CVRFs, with differences between age groups. A strong negative correlation was found between mean trunk flexibility and the number of concomitant CVRFs (r = -0.96, p < 0.0028). Conclusion: The strong negative correlation between trunk flexibility and concomitant CVRF indicates an increased risk for cardiovascular events. Therefore, trunk flexibility measurement may be an additional tool for health promotion and prevention of cardiovascular and associated diseases in community health programs.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pliability , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Muscle Stretching Exercises , Obesity, Abdominal , Torso , Waist-Height Ratio
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 400-409, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375644


Abstract Background: Due to the growing concern about work-related social and health aspects, occupational health and safety has become relevant. Objective: This work aims to develop a model to assist cardiovascular risk management in a team of haul truck operators, who work in rotating shifts at a mining company in Brazil. Methods: This longitudinal study evaluated risk factors for cardiovascular diseases of 191 mineworkers at three times points - 2010, 2012, and 2015. In addition, the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases was calculated, and the risk factors were analyzed using the chi-square test, the U Mann-Whitney test, and binary logistic regression. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: In the study period, body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHR), systolic (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglycerides levels of the study group increased. In 2015, there was a high prevalence of alcohol intake, overweight or obesity, central obesity, inadequate WHR, high blood pressure, total cholesterol above 190 mg/dL, and triglycerides above 150 mg/dL. An association was identified between increased cardiovascular risk and age, SBP, HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and elevated glucose levels. Conclusion: Intense interventions for reduction and prevention of elevated alcohol intake, blood pressure levels, WHR, metabolic syndrome, blood glucose, and LDL-C levels, and low HDL-C levels are needed. In addition, a close monitoring of mine workers over 38 years of age who smoke, consume alcoholic beverages, and have altered blood glucose levels is important.

Humans , Male , Female , Occupational Health , Miners , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Tobacco Use Disorder , Alcohol Drinking , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Longitudinal Studies , Metabolic Syndrome , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Shift Work Schedule , Hypercholesterolemia
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 304-315, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375639


Abstract Background Obesity and overweight in childhood can increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease throughout live. Objectives This study provides an update of a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCT) published in 2014, to assess the effects of physical activity interventions on preventing cardiovascular risk factors in childhood. Methods This update combines data from the previous search with new data obtained from June 2013 to June 2020. Searches were performed on PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane CENTRAL. The RCTs enrolled used interventions with physical activity longer than six months in school children aged 6-12 years, and evaluated body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Data analysis was performed using a random-effects model and a P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results A total of 28,603 articles were retrieved, and 17 RCTs (11,952 subjects) were included. Physical activity interventions were associated with reduction in SBP [−2.11mmHg (95%CI −3.67, −0.54), I243%], DBP [−2.08mmHg (95%CI −3.68, −0,49), I265%] and TG [-0.08mmol/L (95% CI -0.13, -0.03), I20%], and increase in TC [0.17mmol/L (95%CI 0.04, 0.30), I20%]. However, the interventions were not associated with reductions in BMI [−0.03 kg/m2 (95%CI −0.17, 0.10), I20%]. Conclusion This update confirms and reinforces the beneficial effects of physical activity intervention in reducing systolic and diastolic blood pressure and TG levels.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Sports , Students , Exercise Test , Pediatric Obesity , Physical Conditioning, Human
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 373-381, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375643


Abstract Background: Current pacemakers allow for the continuous recording of the occurrence of arrhythmic events. One of the most frequent arrhythmias after implantation of a device is atrial fibrillation (AF), an important risk factor for embolic events. The frequency of this arrhythmia in pacemaker patients has not been widely studied. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence, incidence, and predictors of the occurrence of AF in patients with double-chamber pacemakers and without a history of atrial fibrillation prior to implantation. Methods: A dynamic, retrospective, and prospective cohort study was carried out with 186 patients undergoing biannual follow-up of the double-chamber pacemaker, without previous AF, in a single service, between 2016 and 2018. Clinical data were collected from the medical records and the telemetry of the device and the prevalence, incidence rate, relative risk by univariate analysis (by chi-square), and risk ratio were calculated by multivariate analysis (by Cox regression); values of p<0.05 were considered significant. Results: There was a prevalence of 25.3% FA, with an incidence of 5.64 cases / 100 persons-year. The median time for the development of arrhythmia was 27.5 months. Multivariate analysis identified 5 statistically significant predictors: male gender, OR: 2.54 [1.04-6.15]; coronary artery disease, OR: 2.98 [1.20-7.41]; hypothyroidism, OR: 3.63 [1.46-9.07]; prior heart surgery, OR: 2.67 [1.01-7]; and left atrial enlargement, OR: 2.72 [1.25-5.92]. Conclusions: The prevalence and incidence of AF in this population are high. Risk factors for AF were: male gender, coronary artery disease, hypothyroidism, prior heart surgery, and left atrial enlargement.

Humans , Male , Female , Pacemaker, Artificial , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Atrioventricular Node , Cohort Studies , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hypertension
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 16(2): 91-100, 20220504.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370064


La enfermedad COVID-19 ha ocasionado una de las crisis sanitarias más importantes de la historia. A propósito, se reporta el caso clínico de un trabajador de la salud sin antecedentes clínicos ni factores de riesgo cardiovascular que resultó contagiado, presentando secuela de hipertensión arterial que requirió tratamiento farmacológico. Existe la necesidad de continuar el estudio fisiopatológico de las consecuencias que genera esta patología, en especial de la relativa a la hipertensión arterial y la potencialidad de establecer una condición crítica y disfunción cardiovascular.

The COVID-19 disease has caused one of the most important health crises in history. In these terms, this clinical case is reported, which is related to a health worker with no medical history or cardiovascular risk factors. This patient was infected, presenting sequelae of arterial hyper-tension that required pharmacological treatment. It was showed the need to continue the pathophysiological study of the consequences generated by this pathology, especially regarding arterial hypertension and the potential to establish a critical condition and cardiovascular dysfunction.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Disease , COVID-19 , Hypertension , Patients , Health , Heart Disease Risk Factors
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410438


Objective: to assess the relationship between anthropometric indicators and laboratorial markers of cardiovascular risk in overweight/obese children and adolescents, in order to verify whether any anthropometric indicator has a better potential for use in screening cardiovascular risk in the population. Method: retrospective cross-sectional study enrolling 237 individuals aged 7 to 18 years. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist circumference/height index (WC/H), glucose, HOMA-IR, total cholesterol (TC), LDL, HDL, triglycerides and TC/HDL and LDL/HDL indexes were obtained. Associations between anthropometric and laboratory markers were tested in contingency tables using the chi-square test. Correlations were tested by Spearman's correlation. Results: higher WC (Freedman cutoffs) was associated with lower levels of HDL and higher score in the TC/HDL and LDL/HDL indexes, but, using +2 z-scores as the cutoff, there were associations with low HDL and higher HOMA-IR. WC/H indicator (0.5 cutoff) was not associated with any of the outcomes, but, using +2 z-scores, an association was found with HOMA-IR. Z-scores of WC, WC/H and BMI showed positive correlation with HOMA-IR, TC/HDL and HOMA-IR, respectively. Negative correlations were found between WC and WC/H z-scores with HDL. WC and WC/H z-score were related to changes in HDL and HOMA-IR. Conclusions: there seems to be an advantage in using WC alone as a possible predictor of dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in children and adolescents. It is not possible to state that WC, WC/H or BMI measurements differ in their abilities to identify Brazilian children and adolescents with risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (AU)

Objetivo: avaliar a relação entre indicadores antropométricos e marcadores laboratoriais de risco cardiovascular em crianças e adolescentes com sobrepeso / obesidade, a fim de verificar se algum indicador antropométrico tem melhor potencial para uso no rastreamento de risco cardiovascular na população. Método: estudo transversal retrospectivo com 237 indivíduos com idades entre 7 e 18 anos. Índice de massa corporal (IMC), circunferência da cintura (CC), índice de circunferência da cintura / altura (CC / H), glicose, HOMA-IR, colesterol total (CT), LDL, HDL, triglicerídeos e índices CT/HDL e LDL/HDL foram obtidos. As associações entre marcadores antropométricos e laboratoriais foram testadas em tabelas de contingência por meio do teste do qui-quadrado. As correlações foram testadas pela correlação de Spearman. Resultados: CC mais elevado (pontos de corte de Freedman) foi associado a níveis mais baixos de HDL e maior pontuação nos índices TC/HDL e LDL/HDL, mas, usando +2 escores z como ponto de corte, houve associações com HDL baixo e HOMA-IR mais alto. O indicador CC/H (0,5 ponto de corte) não foi associado a nenhum dos desfechos, mas, usando +2 escores z, foi encontrada associação com o HOMA-IR. Os escores Z de CC, CC/E e IMC mostraram correlação positiva com HOMA-IR, TC/HDL e HOMA-IR, respectivamente. Correlações negativas foram encontradas entre CC e escores z de CC/H com HDL. CC e escore z de CC/H foram relacionados a mudanças em HDL e HOMA-IR. Conclusões: parece haver vantagem em usar a CC isoladamente como possível preditor de dislipidemia e resistência à insulina em crianças e adolescentes. Não é possível afirmar que as medidas de CC, CC/E ou IMC diferem na capacidade de identificar crianças e adolescentes brasileiros com fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Insulin Resistance , Anthropometry , Dyslipidemias , Waist Circumference , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Obesity
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402703


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are a serious public health problem in Brazil and comprise one of the causes of absence from work. However, its occurrence can be avoided if there is an early identification of cardiovascular risk factors. Objective: To investigate the frequency of cardiovascular risk factors in employees of an industry in Alagoas and to investigate differences in their occurrence between the sectors of work. Methods: This is an analytical cross-sectional, carried out in February 2019, with employees from the administrative sector and the operational sector of an industry in Alagoas. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, clinical and lifestyle data were collected. Altered blood pressure, anthropometric indicators of cardiovascular risk, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and personal or family history of chronic diseases were considered as cardiovascular risk factors. The statistical analysis was performed with the statistical package R, using the package Rcmdr. In order to ascertain possible differences between risk factors in employees of the administrative sector and the operational sector, the t test for independent samples was performed, when continuous variables, and the Pearson chi-square test was performed, when categorical variables, adopting a level significance of 5%. Results: 56 employees were evaluated, with a mean age of 33 ± 8.5 years. Of these, 80.4% were male, 62.5% were overweight, 58.9% consumed alcohol, 53.6% performed some physical activity and 51.8% had a cardiovascular family history. There was no difference in the occurrence of these factors between the sectors of work. Conclusion: The most frequent cardiovascular risk factors were overweight, alcohol consumption and presence of family history, with no difference being identified between workers in the operational sector and the administrative sector. However, the presence of these factors is worrying, mainly because it is a relatively young sample (AU)

Introdução: As doenças cardiovasculares tornaram-se um grave problema de saúde pública no Brasil e compreendem uma das causas de afastamento do trabalho. Entretanto, sua ocorrência pode ser evitada se houver a identificação precoce de fatores de risco cardiovascular. Objetivo: Investigar a frequência de fatores de risco cardiovascular em funcionários de uma indústria de Alagoas e averiguar diferenças em sua ocorrência entre os setores de trabalho. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal analítico, realizado em fevereiro de 2019, com funcionários do setor administrativo e do setor operacional de uma indústria alagoana. Foram coletados dados sociodemográficos, antropométricos, clínicos e de estilo de vida. Consideraram-se como fatores de risco cardiovascular: pressão arterial alterada, indicadores antropométricos de risco cardiovascular, tabagismo, etilismo, sedentarismo e antecedentes pessoais ou familiares de doenças crônicas. A análise estatística foi realizada com auxílio do pacote estatístico R, usando o pacote Rcmdr. Para averiguar possíveis diferenças entre os fatores de risco em funcionários do setor administrativo e do setor operacional, realizou-se o teste t para amostras independentes, quando variáveis contínuas, e o teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson, quando categóricas, adotando-se nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Foram avaliados 56 funcionários, com média de idade de 33 ± 8,5 anos. Destes, 80,4% eram do sexo masculino, 62,5% estavam com excesso de peso, 58,9% consumiam álcool, 53,6% realizavam alguma atividade física e 51,8% apresentavam antecedentes familiares cardiovasculares. Não houve diferença quanto à ocorrência desses fatores entre os setores de trabalho. Conclusão: Os fatores de risco cardiovascular mais frequentes foram excesso de peso, consumo de álcool e presença de antecedentes familiares, não tendo sido identificada diferença entre os trabalhadores do serviço operacional e administrativo. No entanto, a presença desses fatores é preocupante, principalmente por se tratar de amostra relativamente jovem (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Occupational Health , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Chi-Square Distribution , Life Style
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(2): 142-148, abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367399


Introducción: la mortalidad asociada a infarto del miocardio (IM) no solo se debe a complicaciones cardiovasculares, sino también a complicaciones intrahospitalarias no cardiovasculares (CIHNC). El índice leuco-glucémico (ILG) se ha utilizado como un marcador pronóstico para el desarrollo de complicaciones cardiovasculares en el IM. Centramos este estudio en identificar el punto de corte de ILG para el desarrollo de CIHNC en pacientes con infarto de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST (IAMCEST). Material y métodos: en este diseño de un solo centro y transversal, incluimos pacientes con IAMCEST. El análisis bioquímico incluyó glucosa y leucocitos; se calculó ILG. Se realizaron análisis univariados y bivariados, curva ROC y análisis multivariado para el desarrollo de IAMCEST. Resultados: incluimos 1294 pacientes, 79.8% hombres y 20.2% mujeres. Las principales comorbilidades fueron: hipertensión arterial sistémica, diabetes mellitus y dislipidemia. Seiscientos cuarenta y cuatro pacientes (49.8%) presentaron CIHNC. El ILG > 1200 con área bajo la curva (AUC) 0.817 predice el desarrollo de CIHNC en pacientes con IAMCEST. Las variables que aumentaron el desarrollo de CIHNC fueron: ILG > 1200, creatinina > 0.91 mg/dL, diabetes mellitus y edad > 65 años. La neumonía intrahospitalaria y las complicaciones cardiovasculares aumentaron el riesgo de muerte entre los pacientes con IAMCEST. Conclusión: un LGI > 1200 aumentó más de nueve veces el riesgo de desarrollo de CIHNC en pacientes con IAMCEST.

Background: The myocardial infarction-associated (MI) mortality is not only due cardiovascular complications, but intrahospital non-cardiovascular complications (IHnCVCs). The leuko-glycemic index (LGI) has been used as a prognostic marker for the development of cardiovascular complications in MI. We focused this study on identifying the cut-off point of LGI for the IHnCVCs development in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Material and methods: In this single-center and cross-sectional design, we included patients with STEMI. The biochemical analysis included glucose and leucocytes; with them we calculated the LGI. Receiver operating characteristic curve, univariate and bivariate analysis, and multivariate analysis for IHnCVCs development were performed. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: We included 1294 patients, 79.8% were men and 20.2% women. The main comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. Six hundred forty-four (49.8%) patients presented IHNCVCs. The LGI > 1200 (AUC 0.817) predict the IHNCVCs development in STEMI patients. The variables that increased the IHNCVCs development were LGI > 1200, creatinine > 0.91 mg/dL, diabetes mellitus and age > 65 years. Hospital acquired pneumonia and cardiovascular complications increase the risk of death among STEMI patients. Conclusion: A LGI > 1200 increased, just over nine times, the risk of IHnCVC development in STEMI patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Glycemic Index , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/blood , Prognosis , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Nonagenarians , Mexico/epidemiology
Actual. nutr ; 23(2): 86-95, abr.2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417945


Introducción: Existe evidencia acerca de la estrecha relación entre las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, los hábitos alimentarios y la actividad física. Sobre el marco de los resultados de la 4ta. Encuesta Nacional de Factores de Riesgo (ENFR), se buscó un territorio isleño de la provincia de Buenos Aires, donde se suponía que el modo de vida podría influir positivamente. Objetivos: analizar la frecuencia de hábitos, la frecuencia de patologías crónicas y la relación entre estas; asumiendo que un estilo de vida alejado de las grandes ciudades llevaría a hábitos más saludables, y con ello, a mejores indicadores de salud. Material y métodos: Estudio de prevalencia. Pesquisa casa por casa sobre 42 hogares en Isla Santiago, donde se aplicó una encuesta y un examen físico, el cual incluyó: medidas antropométricas, presión arterial y glucemia capilar. Resultados: La mayoría de las viviendas (71,4%) tenían, al momento de la recolección de datos, árboles frutales o huerta en sus domicilios. Sin embargo, al realizar la comparación con la 4ta. ENFR, los resultados mostraron que se trataba de una población en la que la inactividad física, la mala alimentación y el consumo problemático de alcohol y tabaco superaba la media nacional. Las enfermedades crónicas resultaron con una tendencia similar a la nacional. Conclusiones: Si bien la accesibilidad a los recursos debe considerarse un elemento importante, esta característica se suma a otros por factores asociados como los socioculturales, la publicidad y aspectos sobre educación para la salud. Se destaca la importancia de trabajar profundamente en los hábitos poblacionales, así como hacer énfasis en la necesidad de implementar programas educativos eficientes y con una mirada loca

Introduction: There is evidence about the close relationship between chronic non-communicable diseases, eating habits and physical activity. Based on the results of the 4th National Survey of Risk Factors (ENFR), an island territory in the province of Buenos Aires was sought where it was assumed that the way of life could have a positive influence. Objectives: to analyze the frequency of habits, the frequency of chronic pathologies and the relationship between them; assuming that a lifestyle away from the big cities would lead to healthier habits, and with it, better health indicators. Material and methods: Prevalence study. A house-to-house survey of 42 homes on Santiago Island, where a survey and physical examination were applied, which included: anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and capillary blood glucose. Results: Most of the dwellings (71.4%) had fruit trees or orchards in their homes at the time of data collection. However, when making the comparison with the 4th ENFR, the results showed that it was a population in which physical inactivity, poor diet and problematic consumption of alcohol and tobacco exceeded the national average. Chronic diseases resulted in a trend similar to the national one. Conclusions: Although accessibility to resources should be considered an important element, this characteristic is added to others due to associated factors such as sociocultural, advertising and aspects of health education. The importance of working deeply on population habits is highlighted, as well as emphasizing the need to implement efficient educational programs with a local perspective

Humans , Feeding Behavior , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Chronic Disease
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 30(1): [1-18], jan.-mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378533


Uma das alternativas para manter o idoso ativo a fim de melhorar as capacidades funcionais e a qualidade de vida (QV) é o treinamento de força (TF). Porém, existem variáveis que devem ser consideradas na prescrição do TF como a velocidade de movimento. O objetivo do presente estudo foi realizar uma revisão sistemática para verificar o impacto de programas de TF realizados com diferentes velocidades de movimento na capacidade funcional e qualidade de vida em idosos saudáveis. Após seleção de artigos nas bases de dados Pubmed, Scopus e Web of Science foram encontrados 282 artigos, contudo, após a aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão foram considerados elegíveis 13 artigos para a revisão. Desses, 10 evidenciaram melhora na funcionalidade do grupo treinamento de força em alta velocidade (TFAV) ou resultado similar comparado ao treinamento tradicional (TT), dois encontraram resultados inalterados para ambos os grupos e um indicou que o grupo TT teve melhoras nos testes funcionais comparado ao TFAV. Quanto à QV, somente dois artigos avaliaram esta variável e foi observado resultado positivo utilizando o TFAV. Assim, foi observado que grande parte dos estudos sugere a realização do TFAV em detrimento do TT visando melhora ou manutenção da funcionalidade e QV. (AU)

One of the alternatives to keep the elderly active in order to improve functional capacities and quality of life (QL) is resistance training (RT). However, there are variables that should be considered in the prescription of RT as the speed of movement. The aim of the present study was to carry out a systematic review to verify the impact of RT programs carried out with different movement speeds on functional capacity and quality of life in healthy elderly people. After selecting articles in the Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science databases, 282 articles were found, however, after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 13 articles were considered eligible for review. Of these, 10 showed improvement in the functionality of the high-speed resistance training group (HSRT) or similar result compared to traditional training (TT), two found results unchanged for both groups and one indicated that the TT group had improvements in functional tests compared to HSRT. As for QL, only two articles evaluated this variable and a positive result was observed using HSRT. Thus, it was observed that most studies suggest the performance of HSRT at the expense of TT in order to improve or maintain functionality and QL. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Aged , Resistance Training , Walking Speed , Accidental Falls , Exercise , Functional Residual Capacity , Muscle Strength , Sarcopenia , Healthy Aging , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Movement