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1.
Más Vita ; 4(2): 196-214, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392174

ABSTRACT

La hipertensión arterial (HTA) es una de las causas de muertes a nivel mundial, esta enfermedad incrementa significativamente los riesgos de sufrir cardiopatías, encefalopatías, nefropatías y otras enfermedades. Su prevalencia está asociada a países de bajos y medianos ingresos, y se consideran factores de riesgos al estrés, alcoholismo, obesidad, tabaquismo, drogas, alimentación, genética, raza, y ciertas patologías como diabetes mellitus, algunas de ellas consideradas como factores de riesgo modificables y que pueden ser medidas de prevención y control en su tratamiento. Objetivo: Recopilar información sobre los transcriptores riesgos modificables relacionados a la hipertensión arterial. Materiales y Métodos: El estudio es del tipo descriptivo, La metodología es una revisión narrativa, con recopilación de literatura referente al tema y disponible en la web, se emplearon los descriptores: hipertensión, factores de riesgo. Resultados: Aporte de información relevante sobre los factores de riesgos modificables entre ellos el consumo de tabaco y alcohol, reducción de peso, alimentación, actividades físicas, reducción del consumo de sal, aumento del consumo de hortalizas y frutas, además de la disminución en el consumo de alimentos grasos, sales, y un control periódico de la tensión arterial, bajo la supervisión médica que son considerados para la prevención y control de la HTA, como métodos alternativos para control y prevención de esta enfermedad. Conclusiones: Los factores de riesgo modificables que predominan son el consumo de grasas, ausencia del control del índice de masa corporal y de la presión arterial, así como el consumo excesivo de sal y presencia de estrés. Los factores de riesgo no modificables que predisponen a hipertensión arterial prevalentemente son los antecedentes familiares de HTA y de obesidad. Se ha determinado que los cambios en el estilo de vida, así como una conducta sana para la prevención y control de riesgos que son modificables atenúan la prevalencia de la misma(AU)


Arterial hypertension (AHT) is one of the causes of death at the Worldwide, this disease significantly increases the risk of heart disease, encephalopathies, nephropathies and other diseases. Its prevalence is associated with countries of low and medium income, and are considered risk factors for stress, alcoholism, obesity, smoking, drugs, food, genetics, race, and certain pathologies such as diabetes mellitus, some of them considered as modifiable risk factors and that can be prevention and control measures in their treatment. Objective: Collect information on transcriptionists modifiable risks related to hypertension arterial. Materials and methods: The study is of the descriptive type, the methodology is a narrative review, with a compilation of literature on the subject and available on the web, used the descriptors: hypertension, risk factors. Results: Contribution of relevant information on modifiable risk factors, including the consumption of tobacco and alcohol, weight reduction, nutrition, physical activities, reduction of salt intake, increased consumption of vegetables and fruits, in addition to the decrease in the consumption of fatty foods, salts, and periodic control of blood pressure, under the medical supervision that are considered for the prevention and control of hypertension, such as alternative methods for control and prevention of this disease. Conclusions: The modifiable risk factors that predominate are the consumption of fats, absence of control of body mass index and blood pressure, as well as excessive consumption of salt and presence of stress. Non-modifiable risk factors that predispose to high blood pressure are predominantly a family history of hypertension and obesity. It has been determined that changes in lifestyle, as well as behavior healthy for the prevention and control of risks that are modifiable attenuate the prevalence ofthe same(AU)


Subject(s)
Risk Factors , Hypertension/diagnosis , Life Style , Tobacco Use Disorder , Brain Diseases , Prevalence , Alcoholism , Heart Diseases , Kidney Diseases , Obesity
2.
J. Health NPEPS ; 7(1): 1-13, Jan-Jun, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1380551

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:traçar o perfil epidemiológico de cardiopatas que contraíram COVID-19 no primeiro ano pandêmico. Método:estudo observacional, do tipo coorte retrospectiva. Foram incluídos cardiopatas com resultado de PCR positivo, de março a dezembro de 2020. Excluíram-se os registros com dados incompletos para as variáveis analisadas. Na análise bivariada, foram calculadas as razões de prevalência (com IC 95%) como medida de associação entre a variável dependente (cardiopatia) e as variáveis independentes (idade, sexo, escolaridade e zona de residência) empregando-se o teste do χ2de Mantel Haenszel. Resultados:identificou-se associação com significância estatística em relação às variáveis faixa etária, sexo e escolaridade. O maior risco de ocorrer desfecho desfavorável, foi para a faixa etária acima de 70 anos (59,97%), seguido do intervalo de idade de 60 a 69 anos (38,31%), sexo masculino (45,28%) e escolaridade para o nível superior. Conclusão:evidenciou-se que os cardiopatas requerem maiores cuidados após o diagnóstico da doença, especialmente pelo fato deste grupo apresentar um maior índice de mortalidade.


Objective:to establish the epidemiological profile of patients with heart disease who contracted COVID-19 in the first pandemic year. Method:observational, retrospective cohort study. Patients with heart disease with positive PCR results from March to December 2020 were included. Records with incomplete data for the variables analyzed were excluded. In the bivariate analysis, the prevalence ratios (with CI 95%) were calculated as a measure of association between the dependent variable (cardiopathy) and the independent variables (age, sex, education and area of residence) using the χ2 test of Mantel Haenszel. Results:an association with statistical significance was identified in relation to the variables age, sex and education. The highest risk of an unfavorable outcome was for the age group over 70 years old (59.97%), followed by the age range from 60 to 69 years old (38.31%), male sex (45.28%) and schooling to higher level. Conclusion:it was evidenced that patients with heart disease require greater care after the diagnosis of the disease, especially because this group has a higher mortality rate.


Objetivo:establecer el perfil epidemiológico de los pacientes con cardiopatías que contrajeron COVID-19 en el primer año de pandemia. Método:estudio observacional de cohortes retrospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes con cardiopatías con PCR positiva de marzo a diciembre de 2020. Se excluyeron los registros con datos incompletos para las variables analizadas. En el análisis bivariado se calcularon las razones de prevalencia (con IC 95%) como medida de asociación entre la variable dependiente (cardiopatía) y las variables independientes (edad, sexo, escolaridad y zona de residencia) mediante la prueba de χ2 de Mantel Haenszel. Resultados:se identificó una asociación con significancia estadística en relación a las variables edad, sexo y escolaridad. El mayor riesgo dedesenlace desfavorable fue para el grupo de edad de más de 70 años (59,97%), seguido del rango de edad de 60 a 69 años (38,31%), sexo masculino (45,28%) y nivel de escolaridad superior. Conclusión:se evidenció que los pacientes con cardiopatía requieren mayor cuidado luego del diagnóstico de la enfermedad, sobre todo porque este grupo presenta una mayor tasa de mortalidad.


Subject(s)
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , COVID-19 , Heart Diseases
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 25-30, maio 05,2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370544

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar a incidência, os fatores associados e o impacto das complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca pediátrica. Metodologia: estudo de coorte, prospectivo, que incluiu lactentes e crianças submetidas à cirurgia cardíaca em um hospital pediátrico, no período de novembro de 2016 a julho de 2019. Foram coletados dados dos prontuários referentes ao sexo, idade, presença de outras malformações associadas, tipo de cardiopatia, ocorrência de complicações pulmonares, tempo de ventilação mecânica (VM) e de internamento na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) e óbito. Resultados: a amostra foi constituída por 111 lactentes e crianças, mediana da idade de 13 meses (7-32 meses), 54,1% do sexo feminino. Quanto ao tipo de cardiopatia, 80,2% foram cianogênicas. As complicações pulmonares ocorreram em 44,1% dos casos, sendo a mais frequente a atelectasia. A mediana do tempo de VM foi 8 horas (1-48h) e 45 (40,5%) permaneceram na VM por mais de 24h. A mediana do tempo de internamento na UTI foi de 7 dias (4-12dias). Evoluíram a óbito 7 (14,3%) pacientes. Conclusão: a amostra investigada apresentou incidência elevada de complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca


Objective: to determine the incidence, associated factors and impact of pulmonary complications in the postoperative period of pediatric cardiac surgery. Methodology: prospective cohort study, which included infants and children undergoing cardiac surgery in a pediatric hospital, from November 2016 to July 2019. Data were collected from medical records regarding sex, age, presence of other associated malformations, type of heart disease, occurrence of pulmonary complications, duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) and admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) stay and death. Results: the sample consisted of 111 infants and children, median age 13 months (7-32 months), 54.1% female. As for the type of heart disease, 80.2% were acyanotic. Pulmonary complications occurred in 44.1% of cases, with atelectasis being the most frequent. The median time on mechanical ventilation (MV) was 8 hours (1-48h) and 45 (40.5%) remained on MV for more than 24h. The median length of stay in the ICU was 7 days (4-12 days). 7 (14.3%) patients died. Conclusion: the investigated sample had a high incidence of pulmonary complications in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Thoracic Surgery , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Heart Defects, Congenital , Hospitals, Pediatric , Respiration, Artificial , Prospective Studies , Heart Diseases
4.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 69(1): 40-45, ene.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1389166

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se analizaron los niveles séricos de creatina quinasa-MB (CK-MB) y lactato deshidrogenasa (LDH) en 10 perros diagnosticados con enfermedad valvular degenerativa y en seis perros clinicamente sanos, con el objetivo de evaluar si sus niveles séricos indican daño miocárdico. Las muestras de suero se analizaron mediante el método UV. Se utilizó la prueba de diferenciación de medias para determinar diferencias entre medias, y la prueba de correlación de Pearson para determinar si existe correlación entre los niveles séricos de ambas enzimas. Los valores de CK-MB y de LDH fueron significativamente diferentes entre los dos grupos de pacientes. Los niveles de CK-MB y LDH tuvieron correlación positiva, pero no significativa.


ABSTRACT Serum levels of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were analyzed in 10 dogs diagnosed with degenerative valvular disease and in six clinically healthy dogs with the objective of evaluating whether their serum levels indicate myocardial damage. Serum samples were analyzed by UV method. The mean differentiation test was used to determine differences between means and the Pearson correlation test was performed to determine if there was a correlation between the serum levels of both enzymes. The CK-MB and LDH values were significantly different between the two groups of patients. The levels of CK-MB and LDH had a positive but not significant correlation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Biomarkers , Creatine Kinase , Dogs , Heart Diseases , Isoenzymes , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Ultraviolet Rays , Blood , Pyruvic Acid , Serum , Jugular Veins
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(2): 108-112, 20220000. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368488

ABSTRACT

Los pacientes con infección perioperatoria por COVID-19 tienen un alto riesgo de muerte y complicaciones posoperatorias. En la actualidad, la infección por COVID-19 en Irak representó 1.696.390 casos con 19.087 muertes. Un estudio nacional, único y observacional que incluyó pacientes con infección por COVID-19 que se sometieron a cualquier tipo de cirugía en el Hospital General de Abu-Graib, Bagdad, Irak, durante el período del 19 de marzo de 2020 al 30 de abril de 2021. Tiempo desde el diagnóstico de la infección por COVID-19 El día de la cirugía se recogió como factor categórico dividido en: (a) 0-3 semanas; (b) 4­6 semanas; (c) >6 semanas. Edad; sexo; estado físico de la Sociedad Americana de Anestesiólogos (ASA); comorbilidades cardíacas; comorbilidades respiratorias; indicación de cirugía; grado de cirugía; y se documentaron los tipos quirúrgicos. Se incluyeron un total de 378 pacientes con una edad media de 47,89±16,03 años. Las mujeres eran más que los hombres (65,87% > 34,13%). Aproximadamente, el 76,72% de los pacientes pertenecían a ASA I-II, mientras que el 23,28% eran ASA III-IV. Alrededor del 19,05% de los pacientes sufría de comorbilidades cardíacas. 266/378 de los pacientes se quejaron de comorbilidades respiratorias. Cirugía indicada en 35,45% condiciones benignas, 27,5% obstetricia, 7,65% cirugía oncológica y 29,4% operaciones traumáticas. Operaciones mayores documentadas en 205/378 pacientes. Las intervenciones quirúrgicas de urgencia realizadas en (176, 46,56%), mientras que los casos electivos fueron 202/378 (53,44%). En total, en el momento de la operación, 80 (21,16 %) pacientes tenían un diagnóstico preoperatorio de COVID-19. El tiempo desde el diagnóstico de COVID-19 hasta la cirugía fue de 0 a 3 semanas en 98 pacientes (25,93 %), de 4 a 6 semanas en 115 pacientes (30,42 %) y >6 semanas en 165 pacientes (43,65 %). La tasa de mortalidad postoperatoria global fue del 9,52% (36/378). Con respecto a la complicación cardiaca de la O.P., no hubo asociación significativa en relación al momento previo a la cirugía (p=0,08). Sin embargo, la complicación cardíaca global fue del 16,4%. En general, el 44,97 % (170/378) de los pacientes desarrollaron una complicación pulmonar por O.P. durante el período de seguimiento. Hasta donde sabemos, este es el primer estudio que proporciona datos sólidos sobre el momento óptimo para la cirugía después de la infección por COVID-19 en Irak. El momento óptimo de la cirugía después de la infección por COVID-19 fue de más de 6 semanas. Descubrimos que los riesgos de morbilidad y mortalidad por O.P. son mayores si los pacientes son operados dentro de las 6 semanas posteriores al diagnóstico de infección por COVID-19.


Patients with perioperative COVID-19 infection are at high risk of death and complications postoperatively. Nowadays, COVID-19 infection in Iraq accounted 1,696,390 cases with 19,087 deaths. A national, single, and observational study that included patients with COVID-19 infection undergoing any type of surgery in Abu-Graib General Hospital, Baghdad Iraq during period from 19 March 2020 to 30 April 2021. Time from the diagnosis of COVID-19 infection to day of surgery was collected as a categorical factor divided into: (a) 0­3 wks; (b) 4­6 wks; (c) >6 wks. Age; sex; American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status; cardiac comorbidities; respiratory comorbidities; indication for surgery; surgery grade; and surgical types were documented. A total of 378 patient were included with mean age was 47.89±16.03 years. Females were more than males (65.87% > 34.13%). Approximately, 76.72% of patients belonged within ASA I-II, whereas 23.28% were ASA III-IV. About 19.05% of patients suffered from cardiac comorbidities. 266/378 of patients complained from respiratory comorbidities. Surgery indicated in 35.45% benign conditions, 27.5% obstetrics, 7.65% oncological surgery, and 29.4% traumatic operations. Major operations documented in 205/378 patients. Emergencies surgical intervention done in (176, 46.56%), whereas elective cases were 202/378 (53.44%). In total at operation timing, 80(21.16%) patients had a preoperative COVID-19 diagnosis. The time from COVID-19 diagnosis to surgery was 0­3 weeks in 98 patients (25.93%), 4­6 weeks in 115 patients (30.42%), and >6 weeks in 165 patients (43.65%). The overall postoperative mortality rate was 9.52% (36/378). In regard to P. O. cardiac complication, there was no significant association in relation to timing before surgery (p=0.08). However, the overall cardiac complication was 16.4%. Overall, 44.97% (170/378) of patients developed a P. O. pulmonary complication within period of follow-up. To our knowledge this is the first study to provide strong data regarding the optimal timing for surgery following COVID-19 infection in Iraq. The optimal timing of surgery after COVID-19 infection was more than 6 wks. We found that risks of P. O. morbidity and mortality are greatest if patients are operated within 6 wks of diagnosis of COVID-19 infection


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Respiratory Tract Diseases/complications , Comorbidity , Aftercare , Emergencies , COVID-19/surgery , COVID-19/complications , Heart Diseases/complications , Time Factors
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): 54-57, feb 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353495

ABSTRACT

No es clara la carga de morbimortalidad de la lesión cardíaca clínicamente evidente secundaria a la enfermedad por coronavirus de 2019 (COVID-19) en los niños en edad escolar. A lo largo de 12 meses, en un importante hospital pediátrico académico en la región del medio oeste de Estados Unidos, hubo 1481 casos de COVID-19 sin hospitalización en niños en edad escolar por lo demás sanos, en quienes se hicieron 195 pruebas cardíacas. Si bien aparecieron hallazgos fortuitos, no se descubrió ninguna patología cardíaca relacionada con la COVID-19. Además, ~3 % de los niños solamente tuvieron síntomas cardíacos agudos que requirieron una evaluación por el área de cardiología pediátrica. Los niños que no fueron hospitalizados por COVID-19 tienen un riesgo muy bajo de desarrollar daño cardíaco clínicamente significativo y son más propensos a presentar hallazgos fortuitos.


The burden of clinically-apparent cardiac injury secondary to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in school-age children is unclear. Over 12 months at a large academic pediatric hospital in the Midwestern portion of the United States, there were 1481 COVID-19 positive non-hospitalized otherwise healthy schoolaged children with 195 having cardiac testing performed. While incidental findings occurred, no definitive COVID-19 related cardiac pathology was discovered. Additionally, only ~3 % of children had acute cardiac symptoms necessitating evaluation by pediatric cardiology. School-age children who were not hospitalized for COVID-19 have a very low risk of having clinically significant cardiac damage and are more likely to discover incidental findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Heart Diseases/epidemiology , Schools , United States , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
7.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(285): 7300-7312, fev.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372125

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar o perfil dos usuários da Atenção Primária acerca do serviço de eletrocardiograma com laudo por telecardiologia. Método: trata-se de um artigo oriundo de um trabalho de conclusão de curso (monografia), estudo descritivo, exploratório, documental, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com 31 pacientes de um município de Minas Gerais que realizaram eletrocardiograma com laudo por telecardiologia em uma Estratégia de Saúde da Família. A busca dos dados foi realizada durante o 1º semestre de 2018, entre os meses de março e maio. Os dados foram discutidos conforme epidemiologia descritiva simples uni-variada não paramétrica e não probabilística. Resultados: houve prevalência do sexo feminino, idade média de 49,8 anos e sobrepeso. As comorbidades autorreferidas mais prevalentes foram a hipertensão e o histórico familiar. A dor torácica, queimação, pontadas, formigamento e pressão arterial descompensada foram as principais queixas para a realização do ame e o diagnóstico mais prevalente foi a normalidade. Conclusão: apesar da maior parte dos exames não terem evidenciado alterações, as variáveis socioeconômicas, metabólicas e genéticas constituem fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares.(AU)


Objective: to identify the profile of primary care users about the electrocardiogram service with telecardiology reports. Method: this is an article originated from a course conclusion work (monograph), this is a descriptive, exploratory, documentary study with a quantitative approach, conducted with 31 patients from a city from Minas Gerais who underwent electrocardiogram with telecardiology report in a Family Health Strategy. The data search was conducted during the 1st semester of 2018, between the months of March and May. The data were discussed according to simple descriptive epidemiology univariate non-parametric and non-probabilistic. Results: There was a prevalence of female gender, mean age of 49.8 years and overweight. The most prevalent self-reported comorbidities were hypertension and family history. Chest pain, burning, pricking, tingling and decompensated blood pressure were the main complaints for the exam and the most prevalent diagnosis was normality. Conclusion: despite the fact that most of the exams showed no alterations, socioeconomic, metabolic and genetic variables are risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases(AU)


Objetivo: identificar el perfil de usuarios de atención primaria sobre el servicio de electrocardiograma con informe de telecardiología. Método: este es un artículo resultante de un trabajo de finalización de curso (monografía), estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, documental, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado con 31 pacientes de una ciudad de Minas Gerais a los que se les realizó electrocardiograma con informe de telecardiología en una Estrategia de Salud de la Familia. La búsqueda de datos se realizó durante el 1er semestre de 2018, entre los meses de marzo y mayo. Los datos se analizaron según la epidemiología descriptiva simple uni-variante no paramétrica y no probabilística. Resultados: hubo prevalencia de sexo femenino, edad media de 49,8 años y sobrepeso. Las comorbilidades autorreferidas más prevalentes fueron la hipertensión y la historia familiar. El dolor torácico, ardor, pinchazo, hormigueo y descompensación de la presión arterial fueron las principales quejas para realizar el examen y el diagnóstico más prevalente fue la normalidad. Conclusión: aunque la mayoría de los exámenes no mostraron cambios, las variables socioeconómicas, metabólicas y genéticas constituyen un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de enfermedades cardiovasculares.(AU)


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Telemedicine , Electrocardiography , Heart Diseases
9.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368359

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Introdução: As doenças cardiovasculares tornaram-se um grave problema de saúde pública no Brasil e compreendem uma das causas de afastamento do trabalho. Entretanto, sua ocorrência pode ser evitada se houver a identificação precoce de fatores de risco cardiovascular. Objetivo: Investigar a frequência de fatores de risco cardiovascular em funcionários de uma indústria de Alagoas e averiguar diferenças em sua ocorrência entre os setores de trabalho. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal analítico, realizado em fevereiro de 2019, com funcionários do setor administrativo e do setor operacional de uma indústria alagoana. Foram coletados dados sociodemográficos, antropométricos, clínicos e de estilo de vida. Consideraram-se como fatores de risco cardiovascular: pressão arterial alterada, indicadores antropométricos de risco cardiovascular, tabagismo, etilismo, sedentarismo e antecedentes pessoais ou familiares de doenças crônicas. A análise estatística foi realizada com auxílio do pacote estatístico R, usando o pacote Rcmdr. Para averiguar possíveis diferenças entre os fatores de risco em funcionários do setor administrativo e do setor operacional, realizou-se o teste t para amostras independentes, quando variáveis contínuas, e o teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson, quando categóricas, adotando-se nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Foram avaliados 56 funcionários, com média de idade de 33 ± 8,5 anos. Destes, 80,4% eram do sexo masculino, 62,5% estavam com excesso de peso, 58,9% consumiam álcool, 53,6% realizavam alguma atividade física e 51,8% apresentavam antecedentes familiares cardiovasculares. Não houve diferença quanto à ocorrência desses fatores entre os setores de trabalho. Conclusão: Os fatores de risco cardiovascular mais frequentes foram excesso de peso, consumo de álcool e presença de antecedentes familiares, não tendo sido identificada diferença entre os trabalhadores do serviço operacional e administrativo. No entanto, a presença desses fatores é preocupante, principalmente por se tratar de amostra relativamente jovem (AU)


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are a serious public health problem in Brazil and comprise one of the causes of absence from work. However, its occurrence can be avoided if there is an early identification of cardiovascular risk factors. Objective: To investigate the frequency of cardiovascular risk factors in employees of an industry in Alagoas and to investigate differences in their occurrence between the sectors of work. Methods: This is an analytical cross-sectional, carried out in February 2019, with employees from the administrative sector and the operational sector of an industry in Alagoas. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, clinical and lifestyle data were collected. Altered blood pressure, anthropometric indicators of cardiovascular risk, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and personal or family history of chronic diseases were considered as cardiovascular risk factors. The statistical analysis was performed with the statistical package R, using the package Rcmdr. In order to ascertain possible differences between risk factors in employees of the administrative sector and the operational sector, the t test for independent samples was performed, when continuous variables, and the Pearson chi-square test was performed, when categorical variables, adopting a level significance of 5%. Results: 56 employees were evaluated, with a mean age of 33 ± 8.5 years. Of these, 80.4% were male, 62.5% were overweight, 58.9% consumed alcohol, 53.6% performed some physical activity and 51.8% had a cardiovascular family history. There was no difference in the occurrence of these factors between the sectors of work. Conclusion: The most frequent cardiovascular risk factors were overweight, alcohol consumption and presence of family history, with no difference being identified between workers in the operational sector and the administrative sector. However, the presence of these factors is worrying, mainly because it is a relatively young sample (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Heart Diseases/epidemiology
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 19-23, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360714

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the association between orthostatic changes in blood pressure and mortality in elderly cardiopath patients. METHODS: A cohort of 455 elderly cardiopath patients, monitored at a referral outpatient cardiology clinic in Pernambuco, Brazil, from October 2015 to July 2018. The exposure groups were formed according to their orthostatic changes in blood pressure following the requirements of the Brazilian Guidelines for Hypertension. RESULTS: Orthostatic hypotension was present in 46 patients (10.1%), 91 had orthostatic hypertension (20%), and 318 had no orthostatic alterations (69.9%). There were 52 deaths during follow-up. The results demonstrated that there was no statistically significant association between orthostatic hypotension and overall mortality (HR 1.30; 95%CI 0.53-3.14; p=0.567) nor between orthostatic hypertension and overall mortality (HR 0.95; 95%CI 0.65-1.39; p=0.34). Survival in relation to the exposure groups presented no statistically significant difference (p=0.504). CONCLUSION: There was a low frequency of orthostatic hypotension and a mild high frequency of orthostatic hypertension when compared with previous studies, and no association was observed with overall mortality or with the survival time of elderly patients with heart disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Heart Diseases , Hypertension , Hypotension, Orthostatic/diagnosis , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Determination
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939509

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Neiguan" (PC 6) on cardiac function of ventriculus sinister in rats with spontaneously hypertensive (SHR), and to explore the mediation effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1)/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS).@*METHODS@#Six 12-week-old male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats were taken as the normal group. Eighteen 12-week-old SHR were randomly divided into a model group, an EA group and a sham EA group, 6 rats in each group. The rats in the EA group were treated with EA (disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency, 1 mA in current intensity) at "Neiguan" (PC 6), 30 min each time, once a day for 8 weeks. The rats in the sham EA group were treated with superficial needling at "Neiguan" (PC 6) with no electrical stimulation applied. After treatment, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) were tested by echocardiographic analysis. The left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), heart rate (HR), the maximum rate of increase/decrease of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax) were detected. The serum content of ET-1 was detected by ELISA. Western blot was used to evaluate the expression of ETAR, eNOS in myocardial tissue of left ventricular.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, LVEF, LVFS, +dp/dtmax/LVSP and -dp/dtmax/LVSP were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), while LVSP, LVEDP, +dp/dtmax and -dp/dtmax were increased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, LVEF, LVFS, +dp/dtmax/LVSP and -dp/dtmax/LVSP were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and LVSP and LVEDP were decreased (P<0.01) in the EA group. Compared with the normal group, the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR in myocardial tissue were increased (P<0.01), whereas expression of eNOS was decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR in myocardial tissue were decreased (P<0.05), whereas expression of eNOS was increased (P<0.05) in the EA group.@*CONCLUSION@#EA intervention may alleviate hypertensive cardiac function damage by up-regulating the expression of eNOS protein in myocardial tissue, down-regulating the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR protein in myocardial tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Endothelin-1/genetics , Heart Diseases , Hypertension/therapy , Male , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927287

ABSTRACT

The use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) in young women has been increasing in recent years owing to greater awareness about inherited cardiac conditions that increase the risk of sudden death. Traditional placement of ICDs in the infraclavicular region among young women often leads to visible scars, a constant prominence that causes irritation from purse or bra straps and can result in body image concerns and device-related emotional distress. In this case series, two women with long QT syndrome required placement of ICDs for prevention of sudden cardiac death. Submammary placement of ICDs was performed in collaboration with electrophysiologists. We describe our local experience and technique in submammary placement of ICDs as well as the challenges faced.


Subject(s)
Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , Defibrillators, Implantable , Female , Heart Diseases , Humans , Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Singapore
13.
South African Family Practice ; 64(3): 1-8, 19 May 2022. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380567

ABSTRACT

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The condition remains a management challenge in resource-constrained environments. This study analysed the management and outcomes of patients presenting with AMI at a district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal. Methods: A descriptive study that assessed hospital records of all patients diagnosed with AMI over a 2-year period (01 August 2016 to 31 July 2018). Data extracted recorded patient demographics, risk factors, timing of care, therapeutic interventions, follow up with cardiology and mortality of patients. Results: Of the 140 patients who were admitted with AMI, 96 hospital records were analysed. The mean (standard deviation [s.d.]) age of patients was 55.8 (±12.7) years. Smoking (73.5%) and hypertension (63.3%) were the most prevalent risk factors for patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in contrast to dyslipidaemia (70.2%) and hypertension (68.1%) in patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Almost 49.5% of patients arrived at hospital more than 6 h after symptom onset. Three (12.5%) patients received thrombolytic therapy within the recommended 30-min time frame. The mean triage-to-needle time was 183 min ­ range (3; 550). Median time to cardiology appointment was 93 days. The in-hospital mortality of 12 deaths considering 140 admissions was 8.6%. Conclusion: In a resource-constrained environment with multiple systemic challenges, in-hospital mortality is comparable to that in private sector conditions in South Africa. This entrenches the role of the family physician. There is need for more coordinated systems of care for AMI between district hospitals and tertiary referral centres.


Subject(s)
Ischemic Stroke , Heart Diseases , Hospitals, District , Inferior Wall Myocardial Infarction , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Patient Reported Outcome Measures
14.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1358295

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender as principais complicações ocasionadas pelo vírus SARS-CoV-2 no sistema cardíaco do público idoso. Métodos: trata-se de uma revisão sistemática da literatura de abordagem qualitativa e característica descritivo-exploratória realizada no ano de 2020. Resultados: as complicações cardíacas mais prevalentes na população idosa foram miocardite, arritmias, insuficiência cardíaca, infarto agudo, choque cardiogênico, lesão miocárdica aguda e parada cardiorrespiratória. O principal biomarcador cardíaco foi a troponina, apresentando elevação superior ao percentil 99°, evidenciando a necessidade de tratamento em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Considerações Finais: o aparecimento desse vírus causou grande prejuízo no campo da saúde, especialmente a população idosa, que apresenta risco elevado de óbito ao contrair essa doença. Destarte, é de extrema importância se ater a mensuração da troponina sérica no público alvo e realizar monitorização longitudinal, utilizando para tal a telecardiologia, uma vez que diminuem as chances de contaminação entre infectado e profissional de saúde


Objective: to understand the main complications of SARS-CoV-2 in the elderly cardiac system. Methods: systematic literature review conducted in 2020. Results: the most prevalent cardiac complications in the elderly population were myocarditis, arrhythmias, heart failure, acute infarction, cardiogenic shock, acute myocardial injury and cardiorespiratory arrest. The main cardiac biomarker was troponin, showing an elevation above the 99th percentile, evidencing the need for treatment in the Intensive Care Unit. Final Considerations: the appearance of this virus has caused great damage in the health field, especially the elderly population, who is at high risk of death when contracting this disease. Therefore, it is important to stick to the measurement of serum troponin in the target audience and perform longitudinal monitoring, using telecardiology for this purpose, since they reduce the chances of contamination between infected and health professionals


Objetivo: comprender las principales complicaciones del SARS-CoV-2 en el sistema cardíaco anciano. Métodos: revisión sistemática de la literatura realizada en 2020. Resultados: las complicaciones cardíacas más prevalentes en la población anciana fueron miocarditis, arritmias, insuficiencia cardíaca, infarto agudo, shock cardiogénico, lesión miocárdica aguda y parada cardiorrespiratoria. El principal biomarcador cardíaco fue la troponina, mostrando una elevación por encima del percentil 99, evidenciando la necesidad de tratamiento en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Consideraciones finales: la aparición de este virus ha provocado un gran daño en el campo de la salud, especialmente en la población anciana, que se encuentra en alto riesgo de muerte al contraer esta enfermedad. Por tanto, es importante ceñirse a la medición de troponina sérica en el público objetivo y realizar un seguimiento longitudinal, utilizando para ello la telecardiología, ya que reducen las posibilidades de contaminación entre los infectados y los profesionales sanitarios


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Troponin , Health of the Elderly , COVID-19/complications , Heart Diseases/etiology , Patient Care Team , Shock, Cardiogenic , Telecardiology , Heart Arrest , Heart Failure , Intensive Care Units , Myocarditis
16.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.76-79, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349378
17.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.298-302, ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352326
18.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.436-441, tab, ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352663
19.
Hepatología ; 3(1): 29-39, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1396214

ABSTRACT

La hepatopatía congestiva comprende el espectro de manifestaciones a nivel del hígado, con injuria inducida como consecuencia de la congestión venosa hepática por una alteración en el flujo venoso del tracto de salida hepático. La etiología más frecuente es la falla cardiaca derecha, que por aumento de la presión venosa central, lleva retrógradamente al aumento de la presión venosa hepática, disminución del flujo hepático y disminución de la saturación de oxígeno, con congestión a nivel sinusoidal y particular compromiso de los hepatocitos de la zona 3. Generalmente tiene una presentación subclínica en cuanto a manifestaciones hepáticas que son enmascaradas por los signos y síntomas de falla cardiaca. El diagnóstico comprende la suma de hallazgos serológicos, imagenológicos e histológicos, luego de una exclusión de otras patologías con posible injuria hepática. El tratamiento se basa en el manejo de la falla cardiaca de base, y el pronóstico a su vez, queda supeditado a la fase de la enfermedad cardiaca de base. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura con el fin de construir una revisión de esta entidad, con conceptos actualizados a partir de la evidencia reciente.


Congestive liver disease comprises the spectrum of manifestations secondary to liver injury as a consequence of hepatic venous congestion due to a disturbance in the hepatic venous outflow. The most frequent cause is right heart failure, which, due to an increase in central venous pressure, leads retrogradely to an increase in hepatic venous pressure, a decrease in liver inflow and a decrease in oxygen saturation, with sinusoidal congestion and characteristic compromise of zone 3 hepatocytes. Its presentation is usually subclinical in terms of liver manifestations, masked by the signs and symptoms of heart failure. The diagnosis includes the sum of serological, imaging and histological findings, after exclusion of other entities involving liver injury. Treatment is based on the management of the underlying heart failure and the prognosis is as well dependent on the stage of the underlying heart disease. A literature search was carried out in order to create a review of this entity with updated concepts based on recent evidence.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Liver Diseases , Central Venous Pressure , Heart Transplantation , Heart Diseases , Heart Failure
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