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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 639-647, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345247

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A fração de ejeção (FE) tem sido utilizada em análises fenotípicas e na tomada de decisões sobre o tratamento de insuficiência cardíaca (IC). Assim, a FE tornou-se parte fundamental da prática clínica diária. Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar características, preditores e desfechos associados a alterações da FE em pacientes com diferentes tipos de IC grave. Métodos: Foram incluídos neste estudo 626 pacientes com IC grave e classe III-IV da New York Heart Association (NYHA). Os pacientes foram classificados em três grupos de acordo com as alterações da FE, ou seja, FE aumentada (FE-A), definida como aumento da FE ≥10%, FE diminuída (FE-D), definida como diminuição da FE ≥10%, e FE estável (FE-E), definida como alteração da FE <10%. Valores p inferiores a 0,05 foram considerados significativos. Resultados: Dos 377 pacientes com IC grave, 23,3% apresentaram FE-A, 59,5% apresentaram FE-E e 17,2% apresentaram FE-D. Os resultados mostraram ainda 68,2% de insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção reduzida (ICFEr) no grupo FE-A e 64,6% de insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção preservada (ICFEp) no grupo FE-D. Os preditores de FE-A identificados foram faixa etária mais jovem, ausência de diabetes e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) menor. Já os preditores de FE-D encontrados foram ausência de fibrilação atrial, baixos níveis de ácido úrico e maior FEVE. Em um seguimento mediano de 40 meses, 44,8% dos pacientes foram vítimas de morte por todas as causas. Conclusão: Na IC grave, a ICFEr apresentou maior percentual no grupo FE-A e a ICFEp foi mais comum no grupo FE-D.


Abstract Background: Ejection fraction (EF) has been used in phenotype analyses and to make treatment decisions regarding heart failure (HF). Thus, EF has become a fundamental part of daily clinical practice. Objective: This study aims to investigate the characteristics, predictors, and outcomes associated with EF changes in patients with different types of severe HF. Methods: A total of 626 severe HF patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV were enrolled in this study. The patients were classified into three groups according to EF changes, namely, increased EF (EF-I), defined as an EF increase ≥10%, decreased EF (EF-D), defined as an EF decrease ≥10%, and stable EF (EF-S), defined as an EF change <10%. A p-value lower than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Out of 377 severe HF patients, 23.3% presented EF-I, 59.5% presented EF-S, and 17.2% presented EF-D. The results further showed 68.2% of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in the EF-I group and 64.6% of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in the EF-D group. The predictors of EF-I included younger age, absence of diabetes, and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The predictors of EF-D were absence of atrial fibrillation, lower uric acid level, and higher LVEF. Within a median follow-up of 40 months, 44.8% of patients suffered from all-cause death. Conclusion: In severe HF, HFrEF presented the highest percentage in the EF-I group, and HFpEF was most common in the EF-D group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Heart Ventricles
2.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(2): e401, ago. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1289997

ABSTRACT

La diabetes mellitus, la insuficiencia cardíaca y la enfermedad renal crónica tienen alta prevalencia en la población. Asimismo, estas patologías están comprendidas en un "círculo vicioso" porque comparten mecanismos fisiopatológicos que predisponen a su coexistencia en un mismo paciente, incrementando significativamente el riesgo de eventos cardiovasculares. Recientemente se han agregado al arsenal terapéutico las gliflozinas, un grupo de fármacos con beneficios en las tres enfermedades mencionadas. Saber cómo se desarrolló la investigación con estos fármacos y sus mecanismos de acción es fundamental para optimizar el tratamiento de los pacientes.


Diabetes mellitus, heart failure, and chronic kidney disease are highly prevalent in the population. Likewise, these pathologies are included in a "vicious circle" because they share pathophysiological mechanisms that predispose to their coexistence in the same patient, significantly increasing the risk of cardiovascular events. Gliflozins, a group of drugs with benefits in the three mentioned pathologies, have recently been added to the therapeutic arsenal. Knowing how research with these drugs and its mechanisms of action is essential to optimize the treatment of patients.


Diabetes mellitus, insuficiência cardíaca e doença renal crônica são altamente prevalentes na população. Estas patologias fazem parte de um "círculo vicioso", compartilhando mecanismos fisiopatológicos que predispõem à coexistência no mesmo paciente, e aumentando significativamente o risco de eventos cardiovasculares. As gliflozinas, são un grupo de drogas com benefícios das três patologias citadas, foram adicionadas recentemente ao arsenal terapêutico. Saber como foram desenvolvidas as pesquisas com esses medicamentos e seus mecanismos de ação é essencial para otimizar o tratamento dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/drug therapy , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/pharmacology , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Treatment Outcome
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(1): 129-139, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152979

ABSTRACT

Resumo A fibrilação atrial é a arritmia sustentada mais comum na prática clínica com predileção pelas faixas etárias mais avançadas. Com o envelhecimento populacional, as projeções para as próximas décadas são alarmantes. Além de sua importância epidemiológica, a fibrilação atrial é destacada por suas repercussões clínicas, incluindo fenômenos tromboembólicos, hospitalizações e maior taxa de mortalidade. Seu mecanismo fisiopatológico é complexo, envolvendo uma associação de fatores hemodinâmicos, estruturais, eletrofisiológicos e autonômicos. Desde os anos 1990, o estudo Framingham em análises multivariadas já demonstrou que, além da idade, a presença de hipertensão, diabetes, insuficiência cardíaca e doença valvar é preditor independente dessa normalidade do ritmo. Entretanto, recentemente, vários outros fatores de risco estão sendo implicados no aumento do número de casos de fibrilação atrial, tais como sedentarismo, obesidade, anormalidades do sono, tabagismo e uso excessivo de álcool. Além disso, as mudanças na qualidade de vida apontam para uma redução na recorrência de fibrilação atrial, tornando-se uma nova estratégia para o tratamento de excelência dessa arritmia cardíaca. A abordagem terapêutica envolve um amplo conhecimento do estado de saúde e hábitos do paciente, e compreende quatro pilares principais: mudança de hábitos de vida e tratamento rigoroso de fatores de risco; prevenção de eventos tromboembólicos; controle da frequência; e controle do ritmo. Pela dimensão de fatores envolvidos no cuidado ao paciente portador de fibrilação atrial, ações integradas com equipes multiprofissionais estão associadas aos melhores resultados clínicos.


Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained arrhythmia in clinical practice, with a preference for older age groups. Considering population ageing, the projections for the next decades are alarming. In addition to its epidemiological importance, atrial fibrillation is evidenced by its clinical repercussions, including thromboembolic phenomena, hospitalizations, and a higher mortality rate. Its pathophysiological mechanism is complex and involves an association of hemodynamic, structural, electrophysiological, and autonomic factors. Since the 1990s, the Framingham study of multivariate analyses has demonstrated that hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, and valvular disease are independent predictors of this rhythm abnormality along with age. However, various other risk factors have been recently implicated in an increase of atrial fibrillation cases, such as sedentary behavior, obesity, sleep disorders, tobacco use, and excessive alcohol use. Moreover, changes in quality of life indicate a reduction in atrial fibrillation recurrence, thus representing a new strategy for excellence in the treatment of this cardiac arrhythmia. Therapeutic management involves a broad knowledge of the patient's health state and habits, comprehending 4 main pillars: lifestyle changes and rigorous treatment of risk factors; prevention of thromboembolic events; rate control; and rhythm control. Due to the dimension of factors involved in the care of patients with atrial fibrillation, integrated actions performed by interprofessional teams are associated with the best clinical results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Atrial Fibrillation/therapy , Thromboembolism , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921733

ABSTRACT

Zhenwu Decoction(ZWD) has a history of more than 1 800 years in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), which is used to treat various diseases characterized by Yangqi deficiency and exuberant water and dampness. It is currently the classic prescription for the treatment of chronic heart failure(CHF). This study provides a basis for the treatment of CHF with ZWD by elaborating the traditional efficacy, theoretical basis, and underlying mechanism of the prescription. Based on the research methods and judgment basis of quality markers(Q-markers) of Chinese medicine, the Q-markers of ZWD in the treatment of CHF were predicted from the aspects of transfer and traceability, specificity, effectiveness, compatibility environment, measurability, and processing. Demethyl-coclaurine,benzoylaconine, atractylenolide Ⅲ, paeoniflorin, 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, pachymic acid, and dehydrotumulosic acid can be used as Q-markers of ZWD for treating CHF. The result provides a reference for exploring the pharmacodynamic substances of ZWD in the treatment of CHF.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921644

ABSTRACT

Compound Renshen Buqi Granules have been widely used to treat chronic heart failure(CHF) due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis, but the mechanism of action remains unclear. This paper explored the pathogenesis of CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis and the intervention mechanism of Compound Renshen Buqi Granules based on quantitative proteomics for uncovering the biological basis. SD rats were divided into the normal control(N) group, normal+Compound Renshen Buqi Granules(ND) group, model(M) group, model+Compound Renshen Buqi Granules(D) group, and positive control(Y) group. The rat model of CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis was established by ligation of the left anterior descending(LAD) coronary artery and chronic sleep deprivation. The rats in the ND group and D group were provided with Compound Renshen Buqi Granules, while those in the Y group received valsartan. Six weeks later, the serum was sampled and the data-dependent acquisition(DDA) was employed for the non-targeted quantitative proteomics analysis of the differences in protein expression among groups, followed by the targeted analysis of differentially expressed proteins(DEPs) generated by data-independent acquisition(DIA). Compared with the N group, the rats in the M group pre-sented with decreased body weight, grip strength, and pulse amplitude and increased RGB value on the tongue surface. The pathomorphological examination revealed inflammatory cell infiltration, cell degeneration and necrosis, tissue fibrosis, etc. After the intervention with Compound Renshen Buqi Granules, multiple indicators were reversed. As demonstrated by proteomics results, there were 144 and 111 DEPs found in the M group and ND group in comparison with the N group. Compared with the M group, 107 and 194 DEPs were found in the D group and the Y group, respectively. Compared with the ND group, 119 DEPs were detected in the D group. As illustrated by DIA-based verification, the quantitative results of six proteins in each group were consistent with those by DDA. The syndrome indicators and pathomorphological examination results demonstrated that the protein expression profile of rats with CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis changed obviously. However, Compound Renshen Buqi Granules were able to reverse the differential expression of immune proteins to regulate CHF of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, which has provided clues for figuring out the pathogenesis of CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis and the intervention mechanism of Compound Renshen Buqi Granules.


Subject(s)
Animals , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Panax , Proteomics , Qi , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879027

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Xinmailong Injection in the treatment of heart failure after acute myocardial infarction. Seven Chinese and English databases, namely CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, SinoMed and PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, were retrieved from the establishment of the database to March 2020. Randomized controlled trials for Xinmailong Injection in the treatment of heart failure after acute myocardial infarction were screened out. Cochrane collaboration network bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate the literature quality of the studies included, and RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. A total of 926 relevant literatures were retrieved, and 12 studies were finally included, involving 972 patients, including 486 patients in the treatment group and 486 patients in the control group. The quality of the literatures included was generally low. The results of Meta-analysis showed that Xinmailong Injection combined with Western medicine could decrease the levels of BNP(SMD=-5.90, 95%CI[-8.45,-3.36], P<0.000 01) and NT-proBNP(SMD=-2.28, 95%CI[-3.13,-1.43], P<0.000 01) and decrease the levels of cTnI(SMD=-2.91, 95%CI[-4.21,-1.60], P<0.000 1), increase LVEF(MD=4.67, 95%CI[4.19, 5.16], P<0.000 01), increased 6 MWT(MD=73.90, 95%CI[67.51, 80.28], P<0.000 01], decreased LVEDD(MD=-5.46, 95%CI[-9.66,-1.25], P=0.01), reduce the level of serum inflammatory factor(hs-CRP, CRP, IL-6). In terms of safety, less adverse reactions occurred in the study, with no impact on the treatment. The results showed that clinical use of Xinmailong Injection combined with Western medicine in the treatment of heart failure after acute myocardial infarction can further alleviate clinical symptoms and relevant indexes, with less adverse reactions. However, due to the limitations in quantity and quality of the clinical studies included, the positive results can only be used as a hint and reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment, and more high-quality studies are needed to further confirm its efficacy.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Humans , Injections , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878941

ABSTRACT

The incidence of heart failure has increased year by year, with a negative impact on quality of life and life expectancy of patients. Reproduction of animal models that meet the characteristics of clinical symptoms is a prerequisite for conducting experimental studies relating to heart failure. Based on the characteristics of clinical symptoms of heart failure in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and Western medicine, the existing common animal models of heart failure were explored, and the clinical anastomosis of the existing animal models was analyzed based on the clinical diagnostic criteria of heart failure in TCM and Western medicine. After analysis and comparison, it can be seen that the existing modeling methods are mostly single-factor animal models, with certain gaps between the characteristics of clinical multi-factors and interactions that jointly lead to heart failure, and the modeling methods were mostly guided by Western medicine, with a lack of TCM pathogenic factors in the model process, which is different from the clinical diagnostic criteria of Chinese and Western medicine for heart failure. In terms of syndrome differentiation, heart failure is classified into heart and lung Qi deficiency syndrome, Qi and Yin deficiency syndrome, heart and kidney Yang deficiency syndrome, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, Yang deficiency and water flooding syndrome, phlegm-drinking obstructive lung syndrome, Yin and yang exhausted syndrome. The existing animal models mostly confused them, with no effective and recognized method for modeling at present. There are major limitations in studies of Chinese medicine. Therefore, based on clinical characteristics of heart failure in Chinese and Western medicine, this article analyzed the existing animal models, defined their advantages and disadvantages and application prospects, and then suggested further improving the corresponding animal models of heart failure and standardizing the model evaluation, so as to improve the clinical coincidence between animal models and Chinese and Western medicine, make heart failure animal models better serve scientific studies, and promote relevant mechanism studies, pathological change studies and drug screening.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Humans , Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Animal , Quality of Life
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(6): e10577, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285665

ABSTRACT

Endothelial dysfunction is a well-known component of the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF), with proven prognostic value. Dietary supplementation with whey protein (WP) has been widely used to increase skeletal muscle mass, but it also has vascular effects, which are less understood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of WP supplementation on the systemic microvascular function of HF patients. This was a blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial that evaluated the effects of 12-week WP dietary supplementation on systemic microvascular function, in patients with HF New York Heart Association (NYHA) classes I/II. Cutaneous microvascular flow and reactivity were assessed using laser speckle contrast imaging, coupled with pharmacological local vasodilator stimuli. Fifteen patients (aged 64.5±6.2 years, 11 males) received WP supplementation and ten patients (aged 68.2±8.8 years, 8 males) received placebo (maltodextrin). The increase in endothelial-dependent microvascular vasodilation, induced by skin iontophoresis of acetylcholine, was improved after WP (P=0.03) but not placebo (P=0.37) supplementation. Moreover, endothelial-independent microvascular vasodilation induced by skin iontophoresis of sodium nitroprusside, was also enhanced after WP (P=0.04) but not placebo (P=0.42) supplementation. The results suggested that dietary supplementation with WP improved systemic microvascular function in patients with HF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Vasodilation , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Skin , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , Endothelium, Vascular , Pilot Projects , Dietary Supplements , Whey Proteins/pharmacology , Microcirculation
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(6): 1063-1069, dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152946

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Estudos revelam que pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) e frequência cardíaca (FC) <70 batimentos por minuto (bpm) evoluem melhor e têm menor morbimortalidade em comparação com FC >70. Entretanto, muitos pacientes com IC mantêm FC elevada. Objetivo Avaliar se os pacientes acompanhados em ambulatório de cardiologia têm sua FC controlada e como estava a prescrição dos medicamentos que reduzem a mortalidade na IC. Métodos Foram analisados de forma consecutiva pacientes que passaram em consulta e que já acompanhavam em ambulatório de cardiologia, idade > 18 anos e com diagnóstico de IC e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) <45%. Os pacientes em ritmo sinusal foram divididos em dois grupos: FC ≤70 bpm (G1) e FC >70 bpm (G2). Na análise estatística, foram utilizados os testes t de Student, Qui-quadrado. Foi considerado significante p <0,05. Utilizamos o programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) para análise. Resultados Foram avaliados 212 pacientes de forma consecutiva. Destes, 41 (19,3%) apresentavam fibrilação atrial ou eram portadores de marca-passo e foram excluídos desta análise; assim, 171 pacientes foram analisados. Os pacientes em ritmo sinusal tinham idade média de 63,80 anos (±11,77), sendo 59,6% homens e FEVE média de 36,64% (±7,79). Com relação à etiologia, a isquêmica estava presente em 102 pacientes (59,65%), enquanto a cardiopatia chagásica em 17 pacientes (9,9%); 131 pacientes eram hipertensos (76,6%), enquanto 63 pacientes (36,84%) eram diabéticos. Quanto à FC, 101 pacientes apresentaram FC ≤70 bpm (59,06%) G1 e 70 pacientes (40,93%) FC >70 bpm (G2). A FC média no G1 foi de 61,53 bpm (±5,26) e no G2, 81,76 bpm (±9,52), p <0,001. A quase totalidade dos pacientes (98,8%) estava sendo tratada com carvedilol prescrito na dose média de 42,14 mg/dia (±18,55) no G1 versus 42,48 mg/dia (±21,14) no G2, p=0,911. A digoxina foi utilizada em 5,9% dos pacientes no G1 versus 8,5% no G2, p=0,510. A dose média de digoxina no G1 foi de 0,19 mg/dia (±0,06) e no G2 foi de 0,19 mg/dia (±0,06), p=0,999. A maioria dos pacientes (87,72%) utilizou o inibidor da enzima de conversão da angiotensina (IECA) ou bloqueador do receptor da angiotensina (BRA), e 56,72% utilizaram espironolactona. A dose média de enalapril foi de 28,86 mg/dia (±12,68) e de BRA foi de 87,80 mg/dia (±29,80). A maioria dos pacientes utilizou IECA ou BRA e com doses adequadas. Conclusão O estudo revelou que 40,93% dos pacientes estavam com FC acima de 70 bpm, apesar de o betabloqueador ter sido prescrito para praticamente todos os pacientes e em doses elevadas. Outras medidas precisam ser adotadas para manter a FC mais controlada nesse grupo de frequência mais elevada. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(6):1063-1069)


Abstract Background Studies have shown that heart failure (HF) patients with heart rate (HR) < 70 bpm have had a better clinical outcome and lower morbidity and mortality compared with those with HR > 70 bpm. However, many HF patients maintain an elevated HR. Objective To evaluate HR and the prescription of medications known to reduce mortality in HF patients attending an outpatient cardiology clinic. Methods We consecutively evaluated patients seen in an outpatient cardiology clinic, aged older than 18 years, with diagnosis of HF and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 45%. Patients with sinus rhythm were divided into two groups - HR ≤ 70 bpm (G1) and HR > 70 bpm (G2). The Student's t-test and the chi-square test were used in the statistical analysis, and a p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The SPSS software was used for the analyses. Results A total of 212 consecutive patients were studied; 41 (19.3%) had atrial fibrillation or had a pacemaker implanted and were excluded from the analysis, yielding 171 patients. Mean age of patients was 63.80 ± 11.77 years, 59.6% were men, and mean LVEF 36.64±7.79%. The most prevalent HF etiology was ischemic (n=102; 59.6%), followed by Chagasic (n=17; 9.9%). One-hundred thirty-one patients (76.6%) were hypertensive and 63 (36.8%) diabetic. Regarding HR, 101 patients had a HR ≤70 bpm (59.1%) and 70 patients (40.93%) had a HR >70 bpm (G2). Mean HR of G1 and G2 was 61.5±5.3 bpm and 81.8±9.5 bpm, respectively (p<0.001). Almost all patients (98.8%) were receiving carvedilol, prescribed at a mean dose of 42.1±18.5 mg/day in G1 and 42.5±21.1mg/day in G2 (p=0.911). Digoxin was used in 5.9% of patients of G1 and 8.5% of G2 (p=0.510). Mean dose of digoxin in G1 and G2 was 0.19±0.1 mg/day and 0.19±0.06 mg/day, respectively (p=0,999). Most patients (87.7%) used angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB), and 56.7% used spironolactone. Mean dose of enalapril was 28.9±12.7 mg/day and mean dose of ARB was 87.8±29.8 mg/day. The doses of ACEI and ARB were adequate in most of patients. Conclusion The study revealed that HR of 40.9% of patients with HF was above 70 bpm, despite treatment with high doses of beta blockers. Further measures should be applied for HR control in HF patients who maintain an elevated rate despite adequate treatment with beta blocker. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(6):1063-1069)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Stroke Volume , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Ventricular Function, Left , Treatment Outcome , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Heart Rate , Middle Aged
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 821-827, nov. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142272

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O tratamento com sacubitril-valsartana teve seu benefício prognóstico confirmado no ensaio PARADIGM-HF. No entanto, dados sobre alterações no teste de esforço cardiopulmonar (TECP) com o uso de sacubitril-valsartana são escassos. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os parâmetros do TECP antes e depois do tratamento com sacubitril-valsartana. Métodos Avaliação prospectiva de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) crônica e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo ≤40%, mesmo sob terapia padrão otimizada, que iniciaram tratamento com sacubitril-valsartana, sem expectativa de tratamentos adicionais para a IC. Os dados do TECP foram coletados na semana anterior e 6 meses depois do tratamento com sacubitril-valsartana. Diferenças estatísticas com valor p <0,05 foram consideradas significativas. Resultados De 42 pacientes, 35 (83,3%) completaram o seguimento de 6 meses, uma vez que 2 (4,8%) morreram e 5 (11,9%) interromperam o tratamento devido a eventos adversos. A média de idade foi de 58,6±11,1 anos. A classe NYHA (classificação da New York Heart Association) melhorou em 26 (74,3%) pacientes. O consumo máximo de oxigênio (VO2max) (14,4 vs. 18,3 ml/kg/min, p<0,001), a inclinação VE/VCO2 (36,7 vs. 31,1, p<0,001) e a duração do exercício (487,8 vs. 640,3 s, p<0,001) também melhoraram com o uso de sacubitril-valsartana. O benefício foi mantido mesmo com a dose de 24/26 mg (13,5 vs. 19,2 ml/kg/min, p=0,018) de sacubitril-valsartana, desde que esta tenha sido a maior dose tolerada. Conclusões O tratamento com sacubitril-valsartana está associado a uma melhora acentuada do VO2max, da inclinação VE/VCO2 e da duração do exercício no TECP. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Sacubitril/valsartan had its prognosis benefit confirmed in the PARADIGM-HF trial. However, data on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) changes with sacubitril-valsartan therapy are scarce. Objective This study aimed to compare CPET parameters before and after sacubitril-valsartan therapy. Methods Prospective evaluation of chronic heart failure (HF) patients with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40% despite optimized standard of care therapy, who started sacubitril-valsartan therapy, expecting no additional HF treatment. CPET data were gathered in the week before and 6 months after sacubitril-valsartan therapy. Statistical differences with a p-value <0.05 were considered significant. Results Out of 42 patients, 35 (83.3%) completed the 6-month follow-up, since 2 (4.8%) patients died and 5 (11.9%) discontinued treatment for adverse events. Mean age was 58.6±11.1 years. New York Heart Association class improved in 26 (74.3%) patients. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) (14.4 vs. 18.3 ml/kg/min, p<0.001), VE/VCO2slope (36.7 vs. 31.1, p<0.001), and exercise duration (487.8 vs. 640.3 sec, p<0.001) also improved with sacubitril-valsartan. Benefit was maintained even with the 24/26 mg dose (13.5 vs. 19.2 ml/kg/min, p=0.018) of sacubitril-valsartan, as long as this was the highest tolerated dose. Conclusions Sacubitril-valsartan therapy is associated with marked CPET improvement in VO2max, VE/VCO2slope, and exercise duration. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Ventricular Function, Left , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Oxygen , Stroke Volume , Tetrazoles , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Drug Combinations , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Aminobutyrates
20.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 33(3): [rev01], 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117806

ABSTRACT

Nas últimas décadas, o aumento das indicações para dispositivos cardíacos eletrônicos implantáveis tem sido acompanhado pela elevação dos casos de complicações relacionadas ao seu uso, dentre elas a endocardite infecciosa. Apesar dos avanços diagnósticos e terapêuticos da doença, esta mantém elevada morbimortalidade. Os casos relacionados aos dispositivos apresentam importantes limitações referentes aos critérios e aos métodos diagnósticos que implicam na tomada de decisão terapêutica sobre retirada do dispositivo, com risco de morte e outras complicações. Ainda assim, o ecocardiograma mantém um grande valor no diagnóstico da endocardite infecciosa relacionada a dispositivos cardíacos e de suas complicações. O entendimento das limitações e dos desafios acerca do diagnóstico reforça a necessidade de mais estudos sobre do tema. O presente artigo visa descrever a epidemiologia, a microbiologia, os fatores de risco, a patogenia, o diagnóstico e o tratamento da endocardite infecciosa associada aos dispositivos cardíacos eletrônicos implantáveis, visando demonstrar, principalmente, o valor dos exames de imagem na abordagem dessa condição clínica, com ênfase nos achados ao ecocardiograma.


In recent decades, the increase in indications for implantable electronic cardiac devices has been accompanied by an increase in cases of complications related to their use, including infectious endocarditis. Despite the diagnostic and therapeutic advances of the disease, it maintains high morbidity and mortality. The cases related to the devices have important limitations regarding the criteria and diagnostic methods that imply in making a therapeutic decision about removing the device, with risk of death and other complications. Still, echocardiography remains of great value in the diagnosis of infective endocarditis related to cardiac devices and their complications. Understanding the limitations and challenges regarding diagnosis reinforces the need for further studies on the topic. This article aims to describe the epidemiology, microbiology, risk factors, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of infective endocarditis associated with implantable electronic cardiac devices, aiming to demonstrate, mainly, the value of imaging tests in addressing this clinical condition , with emphasis on echocardiogram findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Endocarditis, Bacterial/diagnosis , Endocarditis, Bacterial/microbiology , Endocarditis, Bacterial/epidemiology , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Infections/therapy , Pacemaker, Artificial , Staphylococcus aureus/pathogenicity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Vancomycin/administration & dosage , Comorbidity , Risk Factors , Defibrillators, Implantable , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Devices , Floxacillin/administration & dosage , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods
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